Juniata sentinel. (Mifflintown, Pa.) 1846-1873, October 01, 1873, Image 1
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One inch ......., Two Inches Three inches t tW 11 It IW w 46 IW r rr thie-fonrth column... VOL. XXVII. MIFFLINTOWN, JUNIATA COUNTY, PENNA., OCTOBER 1, 1873. NO. 40. Hall column One column.... ... Poetry To a Coquette. ST WALTS a LLC If your eye were not so bine, 1 would resent your eoldoeas ; If my heart were not so true, I would repent my boldness. Y aay you love me, and yo iirt. As if to make me sealous ; Wbea I am touched and own the hurt, Yen say I am toe jealous. Cpon your lips great store of blipe Allure me to the banquet ; Bat when I reach to take a kiss. Ton pout, and say I can't, yet. Tour glance rob my day of peace ; Ton know that I adore you ; Bat when I plead upon my knees. Yon frown, and say I bore you. If my heart were not so true, I would repent my boldness ; If your eyes were aot so blue, I would reMnt your coldness. knstian Catoit. Words antl Tone. It la o so much what you say, As the manner la which yon say it ; It is not so much the language you use. As the tones in which you convey it. The words msy be mild and fair. And the tones may pierce like a dart ; The words may be soft ss the summer air. And the tone, may break the heart. 3IiKeellniajr. .tots Gathering. Among the many articles of com merce furnished by nature, unaided by man, in this semi-tropical climate of oars, is moss. This long, luxuriant parasite clothes and festoons the trees with its dull gray drapery all over the woods and swamps of lower Louisiana. The same humidity and warmth in the atmosphere which deprives man of the will to work, foster and nourish the growth of this strange plant, thus af fords him, if he would avail himself of the opportunities, an easy way of mak ing a living. The supply of moss in our forests is simply inexhaustible. There are trees loaded down with it standing on thousands of square miles in this state ; and even when the tree is denuded of this weird-like garb, in less than a year it comes out in a dress as ample as that of which it has been stripped. The waters of all our swamps are tilled with it, where it has dropped from the trees, and lies rotting, un gathered and uncared for. The whole country where this moss grows is acces sible to any one desirous of turning it to account. Bayous and streams navi gable for large boats intersect the woods and swamps where it grows in every direction. But strange to say this moss interest, which might be made so great here, is sadly neglected, although it presents so many inducements to those who are desirous of gaining an honest livelihood. Most of them with that prodigality and wastefulness which are part of the na ture of our people, cut the trees down to gather the moss on them, and thus kill the goose which lays the golden eggs, without even eating the goose, fur they leava the timber of the tree to rot where it lies, after stripping it of its somber covering. But some of them are more economical, and having an eye to future wants, more properly climb the trees among the moss, which they gather off the limbs and throw to the ground in a pile. Those heaps are left standing for some time, and the rain, with the dews, thoroughly saturating them, they undergo a species of "sweat ing," like tobacco, which rots off the gray covering and leaves the black fibrous horse hair like material, which is the moss of commerce. This is usu ally transported to market in flats and boats of the swamps. It is packed up near the place of curing in rude bales with rope ties. When it arrives in New Orleans it passes nnder the manipula tion of moss pickeries and through the machinery of gins after which it is pressed into bales under steam pressure, tiound with neat iron ties, and is then ready for shipment. The men who gather this moss nsually live on the banks and islands of the bayous which lead through the swamps. Most of those at present engaged in it are Ger mans and Creoles, who live very com fortably on the spots of high land which are found almost everywhere in the swamp country of Louisiana. They prepare their moss in rather a rough manner to be sold advantageously in the New Orleans market, but there the "country moss" is nearly rehandled and refined as it were by the exporters of Louisiana moss. There are at present only a few firms besides the "junkers" who deal to any great extent in the ar ticle. After the necessary preparation is made with the rough material these parties find no difficulty in selling their moss in the northern markets. The difficulty some of them have had to con tend against at times is the want of freight room for an article of balk as compared with other freights. The gin used by the exporters for preparing their stock was invented and afterward improved on for the special purpose of moss cleaning. New Orleans Times. Hearing with the Eyes. Beading has been happily defined to be "hearing with the eyes." And it has some very decided advantages over "hearing with the ears." In whatever we receive through the speech of others we are subject to their whims or pur poses. It may be agreeable, or far otherwise, for we have no choice in the matter, and must accept what is offered, or walk away, which to do is not always polite. As to "closing the ears," that is an expression too metaphorical to be practical. The latent cariosity of human beings compels them to listen, whether they like it or not Unpleasant words, or unpleasant sounds will persistently annoy. One cannot stop them. But "hearing with eyes" is a much more manageable matter. We can shut the book, or throw down the newspaper. To read, or not to read is entirely within oar own volition. Having free choice in the matter of reading, onr reading matter should be well selected. If good, it is mental sustenance; if bad, mental poison. Appetite grows by what it feeds on ; and inasmuch as tastes become per verted, he who reads most may often read to the most mental disadvantage. It is pleasant to think, as some hopeful people do, that the prevalent tendency is now in favor of useful reading. Bat it is evident, notwithstanding that there are large classes of readers, especially among the young, who might much better be asleep than employed over the sensational stuff which not only wastes their time, bnt perverts their principle. False views of life are created, and false notions of right and wrong. The modest maples an beginning to color up. JOHff MERRILL'S SECRET. Among the heterogeneous crowd who were to be my shipmates in the Amphion, I was particularly attracted to a slender youth from one of the back counties of New York state, who signed his name on the papers as John Merrill. He was nearly my own age, I judged ; and there was an air of quiet refinement about him, strikingly in contrast with the rude, boisterous character of the major ity of our associates. These last were about an average of such raw material as is recruited every day of the week at the metropolis, and shipped off to the whaling ports, to be manufactured into seamen. John was, from the first, retired and uncommunicative, though less so in his intercourse with me than with any one else. He never referred to his antece dents, though I had given him my whole autobiography before we had been a fortnight at sea. And as I found him a sympathizing listener whenever I wan ted to let my tongue ran on, 1 don't think I ever thought of esteeming him any the less for his reticence as to his past life. I merely thought that he must have some good reason for wishing to conceal his true history, and was too conscientious to invent a new one. One of John's eccentricities I knew not what else to call it was that he always kept his sea-chest locked. This is unusual in a whaler's forcastle, and always subjects the man doing it to un pleasant remarks, as implying a want of confidence in the honesty of his ship mates. It is common to say of the man who does it, that "he is either a thief himself, or else thinks the rest of ns are thieves." But John Merrill only blushed, without making any audible reply, when such catting insinuations were thrown out, as they occasionally were, in his hearing. They had no effect whatever, in producing any change in his habits. Even I myself, could never get a peep at his inventory. He was generous, even to a fault, in respect to giving or lending little matters ; bat he always kept his chest in the darkest corner of our little dark, triangular quarters, and when he took out or pat in anything, was careful never to leave it unlocked. As concerned his duty, he did not appear to be the stuff of which crack sailors are made. But he won upon the good opinion of the officers, even to gruff Mr. Baldwin, onr executive, a tarry old Triton, whom current report de clared to be web-footed. "I can't haze that boy," he would say. "We most ease him, till he has eaten a few barrels of salt horse to har den his sinews " I could not tell why, but I don't think I was ever envious of my comrade be cause the mate favored him in this way, while he drove me up to my utmost capacity. Both of ns were respectful and willing, and tried hard to do onr duty, and as he expressed it "make men of ourselves." And I think I felt rather elated to know that Mr. Baldwin dis covered that there was tougher material in me than John Merrill, and worked us accordingly. It was an honor to be selected to pull the mate's tub oar, while he was enrolled in the rear rank of the "ship-keepers." And I never complained, even when, in reefing top sails, the old salt would say kindly, "Step down, John Merrill, I want you to help me," while at the next moment, he roared at me on the yard in a voice of thunder, "Lay out there, you Bill, and take np the dog's ear ! What are you staring at in the bunt ?" I think I may have assumed a patron izing air in my intercourse with John, in consequence of all this. Feeling a professional superiority, I could not avoid letting it appear sometimes. But if so, he never seemed to notice it. If there was a sudden call in our watch for one of the boys to jump aloft and reef studding-sail halyards or loose a royal, John would start sometimes, but I would gently push him back and jump in ahead of him. I was prond of my ability to take the lead, and there was gratitude instead of indignation or shame in his clear, blue eye on such occasions. Some of the men standing near would, perhaps, intimate that he was wanting in pluck to let me do this, but I don't think I ever thought so, though of conrse I felt flattered by such remarks, as any body would. But John Merrill made sure, though slow, progress in his duties, and his sinews hardened np, as Mr. Baldwin had prophesied. Though delicate in frame, his health seemed perfect, and in some respects we had no better man among us. He was always ready to take an extra trick on the lookout, for he seemed to like being alone, where he could commune with his own thoughts. And he was soon acknowl edged to be the best helmsman on board. Did the sturdy old Amphion show a determination to carry her wheel an extra spoke to the windward at "full-and-by," or to make wayward sheers and yaws when off before it, no one could manage her like this quiet, timid youth. He was always ready to take my turn at the helm for me ; indeed, he would have taken them all if I would have let him. He could have done me no greater favor than this ; for no duty, however laborious or dangerous, was so irksome to me as steering the ship. To do it well, required an abstraction of the mind for two hoars from all other mat ters, with a touch and a kind of fore sight, or rather fore-feeling, in which John Merrill excelled, but which few rough-and-tumble sailors possess. Mr. Baldwin declared that he "never knew a right-down smart fellow who could steer more than a fair, decent trick ;" and that he "never knew an A 1 extra helmsman who was good for much else." And, after an observation of many years, I think his statement was not far from the truth. We made oar first port at Talcahnane, after doubling Cape Horn, and John and I, being in the same watch, were much together on shore. But he would never stay after dark, and appeared utterly insensible to the fascinations of the Chilian brunettes. He would not drink liquor, and his example in this respect had a good effect upon myself. We sailed for a cruise on the coast of Pern, after a short stay in port Among the men shipped to fill vacancies was one known as "California Tom," a fel low of infinite "gas," to whom John and I both took an instinctive aversion at first acquaintance. Bat he found some congenial spirits on board the Amphion, as such fellows will in any ship where they cast their fortunes. We had not been long at sea before it appeared that we had some one in our circle who disdained the nice little dis tinction of meum and tuum. Several articles had been mysteriously missed by different parties, and complaint were load and clamorous. A ship s forcaatle is as unfit a place for a thief as he can well find his way into. As much uneasiness is caused by fiia nrvawtrwvi as bv the knowledge that a powder tr"" aoeated somewhere under the deck, without knowing ex actly where. Woe to him if he is caught; for though Jack's standard of morality is, in many respects, no higher than it ought to be, he has no mercy for a pil fering shipmate. He has, it may be said, one code of morals to regulate his dealings with his own comrades, and another more elastic for the great bar barian world outside. We became a very unhappy family after this discovery, for, of course, mu tual confidence was lost, until it should appear who the offender was. No one was exempt from suspicion ; though the weight of it was equally divided be tween California Tom and my demure friend John Merrill. Each had his friends, who believed the other guilty, but while the boy modestly refrained from saying anything about it, Tom did not scruple to head his own party. "It's easy enough to see who the thief is," I heard him say one night, as ne occupied the Knot oi bis cronies, "It's that sleek-faced hypocrite that is at the wheel now." "Of course 'tis," said Derby, one of the "congenials. "It s enough to con demn any fellow to know that he keeps his donkey always locked np." "What business has one man to be allowed to lock his donkey, anyhow ?" demanded Tom, load enongh for all to hear. "I say, let's go and kick the lid open and see what's in it" "Sit nght down," said Frank Wight man, from onr side of the house ; for Tom had risen as if to carry his sugges tion into effect Don't undertake any thing of the kind. John Merrill isn't here to speak for himself, and no man shall break open his chest while I'm by to prevent it" "Don't you want to find oat who the thief is ?" asked Derby. "Of coarse I do ; and I don't think I should have to go far to do that If there's to be a general search of chests and bunks, I'm ready to agree to it at any time ; and perhaps the boy will be willing to open his, in such a case. But 1 say it sha'nt be kicked open in his absence." "It's plain enongh that he is the guilty one," said Tom, "when his chest is the only one locked, and " "I don't know about that," retorted Frank, with a significant look. "A thief might find other places for his plunder besides in his chest Indeed, if he's an old hand at it he would be likely to." This home thrust put an end to the discussion for the moment ; for Tom, as well as Derby and all the rest of his gang, were afraid of Wightman, who alone was a match for any of them. But when John was relieved from the wheel we told him what had occurred and how suspicion was thickening upon him. Frank asked him if he were willing to open his chest, and let as all have a look at its contents. "No," said he, quickly, "I am not willing." "But why not, if you are innocent ?" "I cannot say why not, but I can as sure you that I know nothing about the stolen things. You must either take my word for it, or if a general search is determined npon, open my chest by force, for 1 shall not consent to have it done" "I believe what you say, John," said Frank, "and so does Bill, here, that you are entirely innocent But there are many who don't, and there will be still more, if you don't satisfy them. Per haps if you would let me, alone, over haul it, or Bill, if that will suit you better, eh ?' "No, I cannot show the contents of it, even to BilL If the matter is pressed hard, I shall appeal to the old man for protection, though I don't know as that would do any good." "None at all," said Wightman and I, both at once. "What would he do, do yon think?" "Exercise bis authority, and demand the key at once or open it by force. He has heard about the thefts, as you know ; and I heard him tell Mr. Bald win that, if another case was reported, he should make a general search, and flog the thief, if he could be found." The boy rested his face npon his hands in thought, but made no answer. "Never mind, John," said Wightman ; "don't fret about it No harm shall come to you, anyhow. I'm satisfied of your truth, and if yon still decline to show your things, yon shan't be forced to, at least by anybody in this end of the ship, lint think this matter over, and perhaps to-morrow you'll feel differ ent about it I've no idle cariosity, myself, to want to know your secret ; but I would like to satisfy others, who haven't the same trust in your integrity, that I have." That night, in the middle watch, I was awakened by a slight clicking noise, and I saw California Tom, by the dim light of the hanging lamp, stealthily opening John's chest with a key. John himself, as all the rest of my watch, was sleeping soundly ; but I knew that he never left bis key wbere it could be found. It was always about his person night and day. Tom must have found a duplicate key to fit the chest. I was about to speak and give the alarm to Wightman and others ; but, on second thought, determined to wait a moment and see the result Tom had a bundle in one hand, which appeared to be a new flannel shirt, and, as the lock flew open at last, he lost no time in looking into the chest, pushed in the bundle and re-locked it and went on deck. I considered the matter and deter mined to tell Frank Wightman, which I did as soon as onr watch turned oat "Don't tell John," were his friend's words ; "I hope he won't open his ehest and discover it ; for I want to see what kind of a plot is hatching. John Merrill had the morning mast head, and went np to bis post at day light, without having had occasion to look into his chest Tom was np and stirring soon afterwards an unusual proceeding for him in a morning watch off duty and headed off Captain Soule as soon as be made his appearance above the deck. Presently the order was given to call all hands, and master them up. One of the mates was sent into the forecastle to see that no one lingered, and to have all the men s kit s and effects roused up to the sight of day. The captain was evidently in a towering rage, for he had passed lightly over several previous reports of theft, hoping the matter would be adjusted without his inter ference. But Tom had lost a new shirt daring the night, and Captain Soule had lost his patience. "I'll find it if it's inside the ship 1" said he ; "and I'll flog the man that stole it" Several bags and chests bad been emptied of their contents in the pres ence of us all ; for John had been called down from aloft, and stood thoughtful and agitated, at my aide. When the captain came to the locked cheat. . ... .H . , . "Wnose is tnis r ne aemanaea. "Mine, sir," said the lad. "Oi" me your key 1" "If youTl axons me, air I would like to speak a word with you by our selves, sir, if you please." But the captain was not in the humor to listen to any remonstrance at that moment "Let me go tnrough with this cursed business before I talk to anybody I It doesn't look well, anyhow, that you keep yonr chest locked np I" He swung back his heavy boots as he spoke, and with a single kick nnder the projecting edge of the lid, it flew open. "There's my shirt !" exclaimed Tom, seizing the bundle that lay on top. He shook it open, showed his marks, and it was at once recognized beyond all dispute. "Enough said ! We re on the rignt track, now," said Captain Soule. "Take up this chest and carry it aft !" and he closed the lid with a bang. "Mr. Baldwin," he continued, "strip John Merrill's back and seize him np ! It's a new thing for me to flog one of my men a thing I never did bnt I've sworn it in this case, and I'll keep my word. The poor boy overwhelmed with con' fusion, could hardly find a word to Erotest bis innocence, as tne mate led im aft But at this moment Frank Wightman neared the captain respect fully and touched him gently on the shoulder. A word was spoken ; the captain relaxed bis angry brow to listen to it, for Wightman was the best man in the forecastle. The two walked aft together, conversing very earnestly. I kept my eye on them till Frank made a signal which I understood, when I fol lowed. "Mr. Derrick," said the captain to the second mate, "keep everything as it stands, with the chests forward. Don't allow a man to touch a thing till further orders." He beckoned Wightman and myself to come below. But as he did not countermand the orders he had given about seizing John up, the mate, it seems proceeded to obey them. He prepared the seizings, bat when he or dered the boy to remove his shirt, he met with unexpected resistance. While I was relating to Captain Soule, in the forward cabin, what I had seen during the middle watch, there was a scuffle over oar heads, and John Merrill, in a frenzy of excitement, rushed down the stairs and into the after-cabin. "Hold on, Mr. Baldwin 1 Never mind what I told you, for the present !" And the captain followed the boy into the sanc tum while we awaited the result. In a minute afterwards he put his head out at the door with the strangest look on his face that I had ever seen a mortal man wear. "Wightman ! you and Bill pass John Merrill's chest down the stairs right into this room !" We obeyed the order, and set onr burden down at his feet But the lad was not to be seen as we looked about us. "That'll do. Yon may go on deck now I'll talk with yon agaiu soon." And the door was closed between us and the mystery. It was half an hour before Captain Soule came up and ordered the search continued. When he came to Tom's chest, he overhauled it very carefully ; but it was apparently emptied to the bottom without finding any stolen property But, still unsatisfied, he stood it np on one end, thumped it heavily, and threw it bottom up. A false bottom was dislodged and fell out, followed by the various missing articles! A general cry of indignation was raised, and a strong disposition was manifested to lynch California Tom. Bnt Mr. Baldwin took upon himself the office of executioner this time with a good will. "I always felt it in my bones that John Merrill was innocent," said he to Captain Soule ; "and when it came to. stripping bis shirt, somehow 1 hadn t any heart to do it" "I'm glad you didn't succeed in doing it," was the reply. "I couldn't have flogged him if he'd been guilty nor could yon, either." "How so, sir? "Do you think you could lay the cat on the back of a woman ?" That comical look of the captain's was reflected, nay, multiplied tenfold in the rough face of the old mate. "A woman !" he gasped out ; "John Merrill?" "Ay, a woman. Mr. Baldwin. Annie Carroll is her name, now." "Bnt what are you going to do with him, sir?" "Do with him ? With her, yon mean put him, or put her, or it, ashore, of course, as soon as I can make a port. We must give her a state-room in tne cabin, and have her wear such a dress as belongs to her sex. "Well, well," said Mr. Baldwin, re flectively, "I never had anything bring me np with a round tarn like that" Then a bright idea seemed to have struck him, and he demanded triumph antly, "Where's yonr clothes to dress ber in T "She's got all her dry goods in her chest, ready to wear." "What i in John Merrill s chest, do you mean ?" "Of course. Whose else should I mean ? That's why he she, I mean always kept it locked, and she was so secret about it" I shall not spend the time to tell how we talked the matter over in the fore castle that night, and compared notes, and went back to every little incident of the outward passage, that might be supposed to have any bearing upon this astonishing discovery. Of coarse there were those ready to say they had guessed the truth months ago ; but I venture to say that no man on board the Amphion bad the slightest suspicion of the truth, until it was revealed to Cap tain Soule, as I have related. And how much longer we might have been in the dark, but for the attempt to flog her, it is difficult to say. John Merrill stood no more watches on board the Amphion, nor went to the masthead. But Annie Carroll, a beau tiful young lady, save that she wore her hair rather too much au garcon, some times steered a trick at the wheel when she felt in the humor, until our arrival at Callao, where she became when her story was known, the heroine, the lioness of the hour. A passage home was secured for her ; and she took leave of us all, with no desire, as she con fessed, to follow any further the pro fessions of a sailor. It was the old, old story. An orphan, a harsh guardian, and an attempt to force her into a marriage with one she disliked. A madcap scheme, in which she had embarked from a wayward im- Eulse, and persisted in because she ardly knew how or when to retreat And we were constrained to admit, when we reviewed all the circumstances, that she had nobly sustained the double character, and bad preaet7ed all the finer attributes of her sex, while she laid aside the appareL And will it be wondered that aha lost her heart while on board the Amphion ? Not to me ; for, of course, I was but a boy in her eyes. But when I last saw John Merrill, he was Mrs. Captain Wightman, and still claimed to be, if not the boldest seaman, the beet helms man, at least, of tbe family circle. How She Became Green. Mr. Green was a good-looking man, very he dressed well was well posted up m matters of business, and had the reputation of being a smart man. But Mr. Green had lived thirty years with out a wife. It wasn't his fault, for he was fond of the society of tbe fairer sex. owned a fine house, which he rented for his board, and there were plenty of : LI. i - 3;. At -11 marriageable lauies in tne village. How happened it, then, that Mr. Green remained in a state of single blessedness? Want of courage. Mr. Green was a coward among the ladies. True, he could pick up a lady's hand kerchief, hold a skein of yarn, or give his arm in the politest manner to escort a lady from church. He had seen at least a half dozen women he would have married, or, who would have married him, but he never could muster suffi cient courage to ask either of them whether she would or not One evening he was visiting at the widow Smith s W mow Smith not twenty-six years had flown over her bead, and yet she bad been a widow three years, and had long put off her widow s weeds, she was pretty, bad placed her only child beside her hus band in the grave-yard, and sighed for a companion; and many a time bad she remarked to her friends she wondered why Mr. Green did not get married. He was an occasional caller at her house, and would have married her at an hour's notice. But she did not know it He had never whispered to her of love. He could talk about the crops the growth of the village the industry .of the young men, and all other matters which the widow did not care to hear about, but the "one thing" which would have struck her ear as the sweetest of sounds, he never mentioned. On the evening in question, the widow was excessively annoyed by her domestics. Hardly was Mr. Green seated when Bridget made her appear ance at tbe door. "Mrs. Smith, if it plaze yon," said the domestic, "will you look into the kitchen for a minnte?" Scarcely had Mrs. Smith returned, when the bushy head of John, the hired man, was thrust into the door, with : "Mrs. Smith." "How I hate the name of Smith !" said the lady. Mr. Green's eyes dilated for a mo ment he opened his mouth and ex claimed in hurried accents : "Make it Green, ma'am make it Green 1" And in less than a month there was no "Widow Smith" in our village. Injuries or the Ear. "Among the causes of injury t the ear must unfortunately be reckoned bathing. Not that this most important and heathful pleasure need, therefore, be in the least discouraged ; but it should be wisely regulated. Staying too long in the water certainly tends to produce deafness bb well as other evils; and it is a practice against which young persons of both sexes sbonld be care fully on their guard. But independently of this, swimming and floating are at tended with a certain danger from the difficulty of preventing the entrance of water into the ear in those positions. Now, no cold fluid should ever enter the ear ; cold water is always more or less irritating, and, if used for syring ing, rapidly produces extreme giddi ness. In the case of warm water, its entrance into the ear is less objection able, bnt even this is not free from disadvantage. Often the water lodges in the ears and produces an uncomfort able sensation till it is removed ; this should always be taken as a sign of danger. That the risk to hearing from unwise bathing is not a fancy is proved by the fact, well known to lovers of dogs, that those animals, if in the habit of jumping or being thrown into the water, so that their heads are covered, frequently become deaf. A knowledge of the danger is a sufficient guard. To be safe it is only necessary to keep the water from entering the ear. If this cannot be accomplished otherwise, the head may be covered. I should be added however, that wet hair, whether from bathing or washing, may be a cause of deafness, if it be suffered to dry of itself. Whenever wetted, the hair should be wiped till it is fairly dry. Norought the practice of moistening the hair with water, to make it curl, to pass without remonstrance. To leave wet hair about the ears is to run great risk of injuring them. In the washing of children, too, care should be taken that all the little folds of the outer ear are carefully and gently dried with a soft towel." Scientific American. Death -The Dread of Dying. Death with all its terrors, is not so much to be dreaded as men suppose. All the known evidence upon the sub ject goes to show that at the last it is bnt a painless sleep. At M we talk sentimentally about it, or jestingly, or defiantly. At 40 we are of a more seri ous mood ; we carry a grave or two in our hearts, and scarce care to stroll for choice in churchyards. At 60 we have accepted it as a dire necessity. "Friend after friend has dis appeared over that steep hill ; and the command to climb may come to as at any time." Of the feelings and last words of the dying, he says : "The old man prates pleasantly of the pastime of his sturdy youth, the old woman laughs again lovingly to her boy lover, and Napoleon expires a lonely exile at St Helena, with a last proud cry of Tete d'armee." Dr. Bailie said that in bis vast experience he had never known more than one out of every fifty dying men quit life one whit more conscious than when they entered it "Light, more light !" cries Goethe with his part ing breath. Dr. Cullen, when dying, faintly intimates to a friend : "I wish I could write ; I would describe how pleasant a thing it is to die." Bacon, at the point of death, writes with incapable fingers of the snow stuffed fowl which cost him life. Dr. Black, while eating bread and milk, dies so tranquilly that his stiffened fingers grasp the spoon with its contents unspiiled. Coffee cup in hand, the spirit of Charles Blagden passes away, while Guy Lussao notes the cup of un tasted coffee in the dead man's hand, not a drop having fallen to the ground. "That we live in the shadow of death" is true, but the shadow is no terrible darkness that need scare or terrify us, and when it completely envelopes us we shall be only Like on who wraps tb drapery of his much About him, and lie dowa Is pleasant dreams. Yon may depend upon it that he is a good man whose intimate friends are alt good, Windsor Forest. Windsor Forest whose romance be gins with Arthur and his knights; where the Saxon kings Uved, and where, in its castle, the most celebrated pageants and courtly ceremonies for many reigns performed is truly lamous. At first this forest comprehended a cir cumference of a hundred and thirty miles. It dwindled away with the lapse of time to seventy-seven miles, with three thousand head of deer. At pres ent the view from Windsor Castle is one of the finest in England. Eton College is in its neighborhood ; fnrtner on is Stoke Pegis, the scene of Gray s .iegy. On the extreme right is Runnymede, where King John signed Magna Charta. Nearer is the village of Datchet, where, according to Shakspeare, Sir John Fal staff was ducked by the Merry Wives of Windsor. In this park, too, was "Heme's Oak," immortalized by Shak speare : "There Is an old tale goes that Heme the hunter, Sometime a keener here la Wiadaor forest. Windsor Forest contains the largest artificial lake in Europe Virginia Water, formed in the reign of George III. There is a statue of this king in Windsor Park. It contains some mag nificent trees beeches thirty-six feet round, and two of the oaks near Cran bourne Lodge are thirty -eight feet round. Windsor Castle and Forest are more associated with royalty than any other in England. Here Edward III. instituted the Order of the Garter; here Queen Elizabeth hunted deer ; and here Charles L is buried. Queen Anne held her drawing rooms at Windsor Castle. In short, "the proud keep of Windsor" is associated with the most interesting events and persons in the History of England. Hainault Forest contains the unique "Lawn Farm," re claimed from the woods, which is said to be the original of "Warren Farm," in Dickens' novel of "Barnaby Rudge." Chigwell is not far off, and there is still an inn called "The Maypole." Every reader of history knows that William the Conqueror made himself detestable by seizing a tract of land covered with manors, towns, and vil lages, and converting it into the New Forest, and making most cruel and ar bitrary laws. At present it is twenty miles one way, and fifteen the other. Six thousand acres are enclosed for tim ber growth, scattered in different en closures, subject to forest laws. Forty eight thousand acres are enclosed against cattle, bnt not deer. In the purlieus of this forest there are some acres of freehold property, wnose pro prietors claim forest rights and privi leges. Beauliea Abbey, that beautiful monastic ruin, is here ; gypsies form a portion of thepopulation. The New Forest is celebrated for a breed of small half-wild horses, which belong to the borderers and cotters, and run wild till caught and tamed. Herds of hogs are fed on beech-mast in autumn, and here and there are flocks of sheep. In the New Forest, owing to the diversity of vegetation and the surface, the note of every British bird may be heard. The principal trees are oaks and beeches ; the ground is characterized by heathy lunds and carpet lawns, interspersed with woods ; parts are so high as to command magnificent views ; rivers and brooks run through it, and along its borders are bays with coast scenery, with broken cliffs and winding shores. The mention of Sherwood Forest re calls Robin Hood. Once it covered the whole of Nottingham County ; but Civilization has come, and the Forest is bat a vestige. At Bilhaugh there are oaks which cannot be less than six cen turies old. When Richard the Lion Hearted returned from his imprison ment in Austria, he visited Sherwood Forest, at that time a terror to the Nor mans. There the lost remnant of armed Saxons, still denying the conquest, found a refuge. A man wbo had long been the hero of the poor, the serfs, and the Anglo-Saxon race, lived there, too the famous Robert Hood ; the chronicles tell us little more than this of the partisan chief. The romances and ballads tell us all we know. He has a claim to the title of the Earl of Huntington ; it is in his epitaph on his tombstone at Kirklees. An old song relates that he was traveling, at the age of eighty, in the vicinity of the nunnery there, and was taken ill. The superior was his cousin : "She blooded bold Bobi Hood, till not a drop would ran." Pilgrims still frequent the wayside inn, and traces of the nunnery exist The fragment of Parliament Oak in this re gion is above a thousand years old. Some years since branches started from this trunk which yielded hundreds of acorns. In the heart of Sherwood For est stands Newstead Abbey, the ances tral home of Lord Byron, one of the best specimens of that style of architec ture, half castle, half nunnery, ruined, changed, and restored according to its owners. The fact that there are so many minor and miscellaneous forests, all named, with a pedigree, and nnder for est laws, proves the solidity and sense of the English a fact which America should open her eyes to, and make laws for the preservation of the forests so rapidly disappearing. Antiquity or Ulan. It has of late been the belief of a large class of men of science that the exist ence of the human race on the earth dates much further than was generally supposed, while the followers of Darwin and Lubbock have claimed that the hu man race has been in a constant state of progression from barbarism and brutish ancestry. Accounts were given of a human skeleton unearthed by the quarrymen in Neander valley, near the Dussel, at Eloenfeldt, in Rhenish Prus sia. The professors pronounced it to be of great antiquity, and were of the opinion that the Neander man, whose bones possessed in general the same qualities which characterize the mam moth found in neighboring districts, and inclosed in the same diluvial loam, lived together with the mammoth and other extinct animals of the drift period. The 3knll was the subject of measurement and calculation of brain power. Its capacity was found to be about equal to that of the average Polynesian and Hot tentot, and while the opinion of geolo gists differed in regard to minor points, all admitted the great antiquity of the skull and bones. A discovery "has just been reported in Kansas, which, if veri fied, is far more remarkable than the above described. The Osage Mission (Kansas) Journal says that a human skull was recently found near that place imbedded in a solid rock, which was broken open by blasting. Dr. J. C Weierley, of Osage Mission, compared it with a modern skull which he had in his office, found that it resembled the latter in its general share, though it was an inch and a quarter larger in its greatest diameter, and much better de veloped in some other particulars. He says of the relic : "It is that of the cranium of the human species, of largi size, imbedded in conglomary rock of tbe tertiary class, and found several feet beneath the surface. Parts of the frontal, parietal and occipital bones were carried away by explosion, lhe piece of rock holding the remains weighs some forty or fifty ponnds, with many impressions of marine shells, and through it runs a vein of quartz, or within the ctanium crystalized organic matter ; and by the aid of a microscope presents a beautiful appearance." If this be a fact, and it seems to bear the im press of truth in the description, neither Lyell nor Hugh Miller, nor any of the rest of the subterranean explor ers report anything so strange. The Neander man comes the nearest to it, but the Neanderthal bones were found in loam only two or three feet beneath the surface. This skull was discovered in solid rock. If the Kansas discovery be real, it is worthy of a thorough scientific investigation. I'rnits ol Siam. Siam is verily the queen of the tropics in regard to the abundance, variety.and unequaled. lnsciousness of her fruits. Here are found those of China, greatly enriched in tint ami flavor by being transplanted to this warmer climate ; and those of Western Asia, in this fruit ful soil far more productive than in the sterile regions of Persia and Arabia ; while numberless varieties from the Malayan and Indian archipelagoes, united with the host of those indige nous to the country, complete a list of some two hundred or more species of edible fruits. In this clime of peren nial iresnness trees Dear nearly tne year round, and so productive is the soil that the annual produce is almost in credible. The tax on orchards alone yields to the Crown a revenue of some hve millions of dollars per annum, as I was informed by the late "second king" of Siam. It is not unnsnol to find on a single branch the bud and blossom, together with fruit in several 1 liferent stages. Thus, at the merest trifle of ex pense a table may be supplied during the entire year with forty or fifty speci mens of fresh, ripe fruit. Among these are many varieties of oranges and pine apples, pnmeloes, shaddocks, pawpaws, guavas, bananas, plantains, duriuns. jack-fruit, melons, grapes, mangoes, cocoa-nuts, pomegranates, sonrsaps, linchies, custard apples, bread-fruit, cassew-nuts, plums, tamarinds, mango steens.rambnstans, and scores of others for which we have no names in our lan guage. Tropical fruits are generally juicy, sweet with a slight admixture of acid, luscious, and pecnliarly agreeable in a warm climate ; and when partaken of with temperance and due regard to quality they are highly promotive of health. For this reason Boodhists re gard the destruction of a fruit tree as quite an act of sacrilege, and their sa cred books pronounce a heavy maledic tion on those who wantonly commit so great a crime. One who has tasted the fruits of the tropics only at a distance from the soil that produces thera can form no conception of the real flavor of ! plums and grapes that never felt the frosty atmosphere of our northern clime ; of oranges plucked ripe from the fragrant stem ami eaten fresh while the morning dew still glitters on their golden-tinted cheeks ; of the rare, rosy pomegranate juice, luscious as nectar. Lippineott's Magazine. Japaneae Itetl. Dinner over, a siesta on the soft mats is next in order. These mats seem made for sleep and indolence. No booted foot ever defiles them. Every one leaves his clogs on the ground outside, and glides about in his mitten-like socks, which have each a special compartment for the great toe. My waiting damsel having gone out, and there being no such things as bells, I do as the natives and clap my hands. A far-off answer of lie i-j-t is retnrned, and soon the shuffling of feet is heard agaiu. The housewife appears with the usual low bow, and, smiling so as to again dis play what resembles a mouthful of coal, she listens to the request for a pillow. Opening the little closet before spoken of, she produces the desired article. It is not a ticking bag of baked feathers enclosed in a dainty, spotless case of white linen, bnt a little npright piece of wood, six inches high and long, and one wide, rounded at the bottom like the rockers of a cradle. On the top, lying in a groove, is a tiny rounded bag of calico filled with rice-chaff, about the size of a sansage. The pillow case is a piece of white paper wrapped around the top, and renewed in good hotels daily for each guest. One can rest about four or six inches of the side of his os occipitis on a Japanese pillow, and if he wishes may rock himself to sleep, though the words suggest more than the facts warrant. By sleeping on civilized feathers, one gets out of train ing, and the Japanese pillows feel very hard and very much in one place. The dreams which one has on these pillows are characteristic. In my first some imps were boring gimlet-holes in the side of my skull, until they had honey combed it and removed so much brain that I felt too light-headed to preserve my equilibrium. On the present occasion after falling asleep, I thought that the pillow on which I lay pressed its shape ! into my head, and the skull, to be re paired, was being trepanned. My head actually tumbling off the pillow was the cause of the fancied operation being snddenly arrested. IJppineotCs Mag azine. The ;irlM. The girls in the principle cities in this country are noted as follows : Baltimore, the wildest. Boston, the most intellectual. New York, the gayest and most ex pensive in dress. Washington, the most airy and super ficial. Philadelphia, the most refined and lady-like. Chicago, the fastest and most dissi pated. St. Louis, the most reckless. New Orleans, the most truthful. Cincinnati, the sweetest and mo&t amiable. Louisville, the proudest. Detroit, the handsomest. Cleveland, the most graceful and en tertaining in conversation. San Francisco, the most indifferent Richmond, the most anxious to be loved. Mobile, the most liberal entertainers. Hartford, the best musicians. Buffalo, the dullest Rochester, the longest hair. The girl in the country as making the best wife. The sudden fall of the thermometer says the New York Graphic, hap brought back to the city a rush of chilly persons who had lingered a little tco long in tbe lap of rural boarding '.ouses and hotels. Tbe trains are loaded down with prv ngers, and the express companies ai -'n to mad ness by the avalanche of trunks that is thrown npon them," ' Varieties. As charity covers a multitude of sins before God, so does politeness before men. Maine is establishing cheese factories, and it isn't considered such a mitey en terprise either. It costs Richmond, Va., $18.63 per annum for every child attending the public schools. A woman in an Hlinois penitentiary recently cut off a finger to escape being compelled to sew. Omaha has opened a "Pullman" hotel ; but as it hasn't wheels it isn't likely to go off well. Blacksmiths are the only people who can engage in forgery without danger of getting into trouble. A Cherry Valley lady's beau wanted to borrow five dollars of her, when she immediately put a V-to on his farther visits. An old bachelor says that women are like parrots; they are willing to bo caged up, if they can only have a ring to play with. Pauline Lucca has purchased a lot and will erect a handsome residence for herself On Fifth ftVfnnA. tipap thA (Vn tral Park, N. Y. The Govern mpnt Tina uakvaA avsv hundred barrels of Bourbon in Ken tucky, and the inspectors are now busy looking into the matter. The Ralonn-lcPATiAra all atoi tawn ova complaining of the difficulty of making milk-punches out of milk-and-water. The milkmen are quite cowed down about it. Long Island presents a fine opening for missionary operations. An enthu siastic in search of martyrdom can be easily accommodated among the Ameri can Aar-iars uown tnere. A patent medicine manufacturer ad vertises that persons should "never trifle with sickness." We don't see how he is going to sell his medicine if they take his advice. They can't take both. Lake Tahoe, Nevada, has a curiosity, naif a mile from shore a tree stands perpendicular in eighty feet of water. It projects ten feet above the surface, and is fastened so firmly to the bottom that it affords safe moorage to the largest crafts on the lake. Mrs. Gersbach, a merry wife of Mar tinez, California, playfully mixed lau danum in his favorite moustache enp, and also administered soothing Croton oil. But when even this would not touch him, she called in a friend who carried concealed weapons, and all was soon over. A young lady at Layfayette, Ind., sings all the popular songs while fast asleep, and knows nothing about it Now, if she were to change her tactics a little, and sing all the popular songs while her neighbors are asleep, so then would know nothing about it. we should consider her a success as a singist We learn from Nature that the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral, London, has recently been rendered secure from lightning-strokes by a complete system of conductors. They consist of eight half-inch strands of copper wire, octa gonal in form and leading from the cross ball and scroll over the sides of the dome, and thence down the rain falls to the sewers. The new counterfeit fifty-cent stamp is very dangerous. No difference can be distinguished between the printing and engraving of that and the genuine; so experts decide by the letter "p" in Treasurer Spinner's name. If on the right hand upper corner of the note is cot found the lower half of the loop of this letter, then there is "no loop or binge to hang a doubt on" that the stamp is counterfeit New cattle cars have been invented and patented which promise to supply the much needed accommodations re quisite for the humane and proper transportation of cattle. The car is forty-six feet long, and has accommo dation for sixteen head of cattle or horses. Each animal has a separate stall and the gates are on slides and move with the cattle. They stand eight in a row, on each side of the car, and all look outward. The hips of the animals come together, and they are exempt from all hurts or bruises. Tbe car is so arranged that the stock can be fed and watered on the way. Hippophagy is said to be on the in crease in France, and the artists of the kitchen are cudgelling their wits to in vent new styles of serving it up. A sir loin of horse, corned saddle would be a more appropriate term for it, perhaps is said to be superior in succulence to beef prepared in the same way. Cer tainly, if the horse is a thoroughbred, its fleBh ought to have a racier gusto than has that of tbe slow ox. Com panion and servant of man as the horse is, however, it seems almost like canni balism to transfer him from the stable to the table ; and in this country, at least, it is probable that he will, for many years yet, continue to enjoy the privilege of being curried instead of cooked. The bystanders who witnessed the following narrow escape related by a French paper, must have felt extremely anxious to wake. A child of five and a half years of age was playing at one of the windows of a house in the Rue de la Trappe, when it leant too far out and felL The mother darted to the window in agony, and saw her child hanging by its pinafore to an iron hook fastened to the half-opened shutter of a window on a lower story. In spite of the entrea ties of a neighbor, the unhappy mother stood gasping for breath, her hands clutching the window-sill, and her whole appearance a model for a statue of despair. Suddenly a voice cried: "Make haste ; his pinafore is tearing." The mother fainted, but the door had now been broken in, and the porter drew the shatter gently inwards, and thns at length succeeded in placing the child safe and sound on the floor of the room. An English paper reports the case of a Norwich laborer, who, being dissatis fied with his wife, placidly gave her in marriage to one o! his acquaintances, himself appearing to perform the cus tomary ceremony of giving her away at her wedding. Being promptly taken before a police-justice, he was punished for this little deviation from custom by imprisonment for two months, with hard labor. The journal from which we learn these remarkable facts comments as follows : "Mr. Earle's mode of deal ing with matrimonial 'incompatibility' has the merit of simplicity, and is, moreover, more humane than that often adopted by others of his class. It is better, no doubt, to 'give away a wife with whom one does not agree than to dance upon her in hobnailed boots. Bnt we are not yet quite prepared for such liberty of divorce aa Mr. Earle baa ventured to anticipate, and he must suffer like others fur being in advance of his age." !! n L ! i.a .,.