Juniata sentinel. (Mifflintown, Pa.) 1846-1873, January 17, 1866, Image 1
' TBI OOKSTITOTIOM TB tI10-B a JStVaCBMaiT OF TBB LAWS. . EDITOR AKD. PUBLISHER. VOLUME XIX, NO 41. MIFFLINTOWN. JUNUT A COUNTY, PEJ'A. JANUARY 17, 1866. WHOLE NUMBER 977. - P - TERMS OF PUBLICATION. Taa Joitjat lirain is- blisb.ed ever Wtna BAMf. Maia Mr, : " a-w: u wiLsnM ' . Tbt SUBSCRIPTION PRICE of the paper will be TWO DOLLARS per year in advance, westward, bv the construction of the At and Ii.50 if not paid within the year. j. .(,,,!'". ., , - in. flUNo paper discontinued until ail ar- j ottc and Great eslern Rat. road. They rearcges are paid except at the option of the aimed at a continious six foet eauge from ADTBBTiaiBO. The rates of ADYERTIS- ;ew York t0 St I'0"'. nd that has bead ISO are for one square, of eight iit.es or less, ' accomplished or soon will be. Tbe first one timj. 75 cents ; three. $1 60; and 50 ctg. ' , .'" ,. , for each subsequent insertion. Administra- gd movement of the Lagl.sh operators, tor's. Executor's and Auditor's Notices, $,0. beirjg about completed, Sir' Motion PetO Professional and """iness Cards, not exceed- : ,he t Ra;lro:ld Kia 0f Europe, w;th m 2a lines, and including copy of paper. 1 " I 1 u $8.00 per year. Merchants advertising party of capitalists, visited this country, changeable quarterly) $ 15 per year, includ- 1 on, I iUn,.n,l!u ;t n .u : lng paper at their Stores. Notices in reading columns, ten cents per line. per qu 3usmtss Carbs. JEREMIAH LYONS, Mifflintown, Juniata County. Pa.. OfEoe Main street South of Bridge str et. E. C. STEWART, ATTORN EY-AT-LAW, Mijlitttoicn, Juniata Co., Pa., Offers his professional services to the pub lio. Collections and all other business will receive prompt attention.- Otfcce first door North of Belford's Store, (upstairs.) TTTILLIAM M. ALLISON, Attorney at Law, otan nbTir. Will attend to all business entrusted to his are. Office en Main Street, Mifflintown, I'a. JOIINT.LSAIIM. MIFFLINTOWN, JCNIATA COUXTT, PA. OFFERS his professional services t the public. Prompt attention given to the prosecution of claims against the Government, collections and all other business entrnsted to bis care- Office, Main Street, one door South of Snyder' Hotel. . Sept. 2'), 18ttS. ATTOUXE Y-A T-L A W, MISFLISTOWN, JUXIATA CO., PA.. t03ice Main Street, in the room formerly occupied by Km. M. Allison. Esq.) COLLECTION'S, AND ALL OTUEK BUS ioess connected with the profession promptly attended to. Oct. 18, '65. DR. P. C. RI WDIO, orPattemon, Pa., wishes to inform his friends and pa trons that be has removed to tbe bouse on Bridge Street opposite Todd & Jordan's Store. April6-tf VENDUE CRIEWJ AUCTIONEER The undersigned offers his services t the public as Vendue Cryer and Auctioneer. He aas had a very large experience, and feels confident that he can give satisfaction to all who may employ him. Ha may be addressed at MitBintown, or found at bis home in Fer managh township. Orders may also be left at Mr. Will s Hotel. Jan. 25, 1801. WILLIAM GIVEN. ALEX. SPEDDY7 LESl'ECTFULLi' offers his services to the XL publia of Juniata county. Having had a lnrge experience in the business of Vendue Crying, be feels confident that he can render eneral satisfaction. He can at all times be consulted at his residence in Mifflintown, Pa. Aug. 16, 1865. ffliLiiAKi Ultima t rrHE undersigned wUl promptly attend to : a- the collection or claims against either the tata or National Government, Pensions, Back 8 Pay, Bounty, Extra Pay, and all other claims rising oat of tbe.present or any other war, ollected. JEREMIAH LYONS, Attorney-t-Law. Mifflintown, Juniata Co., Pa. febl Pensions! Pensions! ALL PER30.VS WHO HAVE BEEN DIS ABLE DURING THE PRESENT WAR ARE ENTITLE TO A PENSION. All per sons who intend applying for a Pension must eall on the Examining Surgeon to know weth er their Disability is sufficient to entitle them to a Pension. All disabled Soldiers will call n the undersigned who has been appointed Tension Examining Surgeon for Juniata and adjoin.DS Counties. " P. C. BCNDIO, M. D.. Patterson, Pa. ' Dee. 9, 18.-tf. : Deafes, Blindnesg anal Catarrh, : OREATED with the utmost success, by Dr. J. J. ISAACS, Oculit and Anrtist. (former ly of Leyden, Holland.) No. 519 PINE Street PhflaitAJr.liia. Testimonials from the most Job Work. The prices or JOB WOKK, : They were received with the utmost oos for thirtv Bills, one eight sheet, $1.25: one-1 , : ; - - fourth, $2,00; one-half. $3,00; and addition-j P11'"", nd had every . opportunity to es al numbers, half price raud for Blanks. $2,00 j tiuiute coirectly the resources of the Couu reliable sources in the City and Country can i on tonnage, or surrender tbe whol; tcem t aeeu ei his Office. The medical faculty are wal,h f the west to the errasD of Invited to accoraniny their tiatients. as be is no secrets in his practice. ARTIFICIAL tl'ES, inserted without pain. No charge aaada for examination. Feb, 15. '65.-ly gELLING OFF AT COST At tie rocra now occupied by me a. a Cloth lag Store, will be occupied for other purpo ses in tbe Spring. I now offer my entire tock of CLOTHING at cost prices, for OVERCOATS, DRESS COATS, PANTS, TBS7S, trXDJIR vOIfeUSa, k. Givsmaa t V t ti. ' - F. ? TvT'7T, THE ENGLISH RAILROAD RAID. j Some years' ago a party of English 6ap- ITattsts eouiHWEecd the extension of the sir feet guage railroads from New York j .. . r . 1 . i railroad lines in the Northern States. try. While here they couceived or ma tured the graud idea of construe inj a cuntinioui lino through IVmisylrnta, profes.-cdiy for the' purpose of developing certain portions of the Sat9 not floored with railroads; and instead -of proposing their scheme to tbe legislative p.wer t i tbe State, they have attempted to secure the necessary ir.inohie for a thronuh route by leasing the Catawissa and purchas m several charters held by specu'ators. They have secured poswssiiiin of the Morris and Esex road of New Jersey, which with tr.e Lehigh Valley, Qunkate and Catawissa gives them a through line from New York to Milton. 'They have also purchased the Centre and Spruce Urek and the Western Central charters by which they hooe to reach Frauklin, and also to intersect their own road below Greenville, in Mcreer county. Thus do a party of English capitalist, an .organisation foreign and uutrieu Jly to all our interests, attempt to acquire possession of a thiough route in our State, that would paralyze both Pitts burg sod Philadelphia, and use our terri tory merely to s?cepour cwa wealth and that of tbe West, to foreign markets. Such an enterprise miht receive the sanction of a Pennsylvania legislature, but it wonld bo under restrictions aud cin dition.t which were not deemed important in granting local charters such as tbe Ca-; tawm?a and Centre and Spruce . Creek roads. At first blush most men are prepared to welcome capital from any. part of tbe wot Id to construct railroads in Pennsylva nia; but when the aim and well matured rurpose of this enterprise are considered, it would be a suicidal act to allow the pro posed routa io be coustructed without a revision of its franchise by the proper legislative power. - To understand the character of this enterprise, and its fatal consequences upon our industry and com merce, we must lo k to the settled policy of English capitalista as acted upon with fatal consistency since they have commenc ed tbe eigaotic work ot controlling the trade of the North and West. England Las bean ready for years to make almost any sacrifice to control our trade- I's first aim was to cripple our industry and paralyze our commerce and improvements, and its secondary aim was to possess the trade which should enrich our own com- men-ial emporiums. Acting upon this poli cy the English government authorized tbe 'construction of the Great Trunk line in Canada, some years afro ; and to enable it to COmpete successfully with all tbe great . . , , Hues lu tu' uuilcu ciaica, us vuuua, stock, real estate, rolling stock and all its property, were exempted from taxation.' Thus were millions of dollarsf made from tbu oppressive taxes of the English gov em men t solely for the purpose of striking a fatal blow at the commerce, the indus try and transporting lines of this country By this enterprise the English carrier now gives a bill of lading iu Detroit or Chicago throuch to Liverpool, and a fe years ago the English line could carry a barrel of flour thtough Canada to Port land and from thence to New York or Philadelphia at a less cost or certainly net a greater cost, than it could be transport ed over the direct lines through the States. This enterprise necessitated New York and Pennsylvania to remove their taxes - -n o t England The proposition to secure franchise by stealth through Pennsylvania, and con Bfrn?t a thorough line from tbe West to New York, is but a part of the grand schema that originated tbe Great Trunk and would be tbe consult ation of the tame. It would benefit a few localities, because it would hasten their development Jbri tluK W !i',.f M wrrrt it: bat it would be the work of death to i Pennsylvania : commerce, ad' would' fa time be fearfully destructive to tbe- great industrial interests of the North! Phila delphia and Pitinbarg are tbe great Man ufacturing centres of this country, and this enterprise would strike at tbe vitalg 'of both. '' It would not only'' isolate tbem i but it must cripple them far' beyond aoy ! present calculation. Philadelphia has in- "ku sulub luunetjn millions oi auliare in the Pennsylvania and Philade'phia and Erie Railroads. These investments were made not -with the view of direct profits on the'stuck, but mainly for the purpose of bringing to our great commercial aud ma'iuficturing centres a fair share of tbe wealth of the West. Pittsburg as a great manafaofuiitig city, gathers wealth from East aud West, and after conipensa- tmj her vast industry and capital, diffuses it aga:n to 'home market; on every bandj b'tt here conies the giai;: foe of both our commi-iciul aud industrial prosperity and proposes to sweep the wealth of both 'and hike it, aitfiout tribute or any comDensa t'.oo, to foreign market,' thus "using our own domain to coropais our destruction Cut there is another aud a graver ob. jectiou to this enterprise that has not as yet cutered into the discussion on tbe sub ject so far as we have observed it.' It is of course carefully concealed by the friends of tbe measure, and perhaps many of its opponents with most neutrals do not at all appreciate the magnitude of the peril this movement will eventally inau gurate to our industry. While commerce aud local development appear ou the sur face to be the great aim of the English njovenieut through the heart of the North, it is vident, upon a careful examination of the enterprise from its inception until now, that its chief aim, io. English esti mation, is to create a power in our own midst that can be made almost totally de structive of our industry io aoy depress, ion of our industrial pursuits. Let it not be forgotten that from the dW ihe great Trunk line was originated until the completion of the Atlantic and Great W cstctn, the English investments in Rail roads have not been made to pay dividends on stock. They have been made by tbe English capitalists, who are the English manufacturers, for the purpose of coutrol ing ultimately the industry of both En gland and our continent; and they need but tbe completion of the through route in Pennsylvania to place the manufactur ing interests of our State and of the North almost entirely at their mercy. Just now this danger is not apparent. Our industry is prosperous and we!' re quited; but tbe time will come, in the mutations of trade, when English coal will blacken our wharfs as of old, and En glish fabrics and manufactured artioles of of all kinds will be able to compete suc cessfully with our own. Then would the death b!ow be struck by this gigantic En. glish artery of trade. Then would the fabrics of the English looms and tbe ban- di-work of the English manufacturers crowd our stores, aud they could be scatt ered through the very heart of our own enierpr'se, at nominal cost of transporta tion, and thus would the English cheap labor bring its work in competition with us at our very doors from the Sea-board to tbe Mississippi. In such a contest, we would have no remedy to rescue us from the remorseless grasp of English enterprise withou; degrading our labor to the English standard. It would be the great artery of death, and we cannot but regard its success as the crushing blow to be felt iu but a few years, to all our present high hopes of industrial progress. Let us be wise in time If it is the in terest of England to develop our own State, it is ten fold more our own interest to do it ; and the fact that the Atlantic and Great Western proposes to develop where the people themselves do not pre tend to say that capital can be compensat. iug io doing o is the very best evidence that the enterprise must have ulterior pur poses and'intercsts which cauootbe in har mony with our own prosperity. We ask tbe calm, honest, earnest attention of the leg islature to this question, and entreat for it an intelligent judgment that will not lose sight of the thousand sinews of in. d us try on which our greatness and wealth depend. Let it not bejeopatded, and above all let it not be placed at the mercy of English capital, whose only hope of success is in our own destruction. Frank. Jin R'vvr.tary V ' IEACHERS' ASSOCIATION,, - ,..jc. .; , '-' Tbe regular annual Teacher's Associa tion of this eounty, convened at Thomp- sontown, on the 28th of December, 1865 j and coatinued three days. The teachsrs present effected a temperary organization by electing A. Baum President, T. Rum- baugh Vice President, and "W. Smith Secretary! Subsequently, ' this organiza-1 tioo was made permanent and completed by electing Miss Lizzie Seiber Correspond ing Secretary, and reelecting J. R. Wirt Treasurer. ' ' ' . . Tbe teachers attending, though in tbe minority,' were, nevertheless, stimulated by encturagemeot received from aid, lent by "friends of thejeause" and deep inter est tvinced on the part of the spectators. An epitome of the most important part of the proceedings embraces 1st School room and educational discussions. I. A discussion opened by Mr. Zim merman, followed by. Messrs G. AV. Lloyd, T- Rumbaugh, W. Smith and others on Educational eventt and best m((feAf eoDdootiug Associations. . T. Wsiiwlo. on. the Dronriety ' of the ''Introduction of Higher Branches in Common Schools" by B. Neilds, vVni Seiber, II. B. Zimmerman, A. II. Weid. man, It Lauver, W. Smith, G. W. Lloyd and 0. B. Super. : 3. A discussion on tbe resolution, lie suhed, That the teacher, who fails to at. tend educational meetings when within his time and reach, has not the cause of education at heart, by Messrs. Smith. Garman, Lauver, Rumbaugh and others. 4. Should teachers be responsible for the conduct of pupils outside of school hours, discussed by Messrs. Smith, Beid Ier, Lukens, Wright, Wirt and Zimmer man. 5. Theory and Practice of Teaching was discussed at length by tLe teachers generally. ' II. Lectures by H. B. Zimmerman, County Superintendent on Logical, Anal- ysis and n. fll. Under on reomansnip. III. Essays bv W. Smith II. M. Cri derand Misses 8. E. Beaty, T. Kauff man, Lizzie Seiber, Fanny Greenleaf and Kate Kauffman, all on important subjects. IV. Select Reading by A. P. Flint and J. R. Wirt. - An important item of the proceedings, was the adoption of tbe report of the com mute on an Appoal to tbe Clergymen and Direetois of tbe County, in reference to tbe education of the rising generation. Three hundred copies were ordered to oe printed and distributed by Messrs. G. W Lloyd, J. R. irt, II. B. Zimmerman, W. Smith and Miss Lizzie Seiber, Exe cutive Committee for the ensuing year. The County Editors publishing gratuit ously for tbe Association last year were teudered a vote of thanks for thus liber ally lending to tbe cause of education. Ou motion tbe next County Institute be held at McAlistersville. In the presence of a large concourse of people on Thursday evening Proressional Certificates were granted to Mr. Levi Bossier and Misses Lizzie Seiber and Kate Kauffman. The following resolutions were offered and adopted : Resolved. That Clark's Grammar is the best system of English Grammar with which we are acquainted, and we reccom- mend it to the Directors for adoption throughout tbe county. Resolved. That we believe a greater effort on tbe part of Teachers and friends of education is necessary to secure proper progress in the caose of education ; and to this end, we respectfully urge all teachers to double their diligence in the good cause, knowing that they who share in the labor, shall share in tffe reward. Resolved. That any teacher, manifest ing no interest in educational meetings, not attending them when oonvenient, but sitting in his school room while tbey are in progress, has not tbe spirit of a teacher a4 s not teaching for the good of tbe pupils, but for filthy lucre's sake. Resolved. That the thanks of this As sociation are due and are hereby tendered to the citizens of Thompsootown and vi cinity, who manifested so much interest in (he cause of education by attending the Association and kecpiogthe teachers free of expense. t a Tt a wwaar ra A. .bau iu, rres. Wellington Smith, Scy- "Now children," asked a ' scboo' inspector, "who loves all men ?" 'A Iittle girl; about four years old, and evidently not posted ia uu uusiacuieui luuvrerou For the SmtML (meetafal as tbe Htila boy's attempt to at- trnt tub nWiHm8rmwrai:ST.'tTet to-twoa. who, biting leudUr j . D ILNT JOHNSON. ' ' . Reading the caption of this articlo, one j might be led to ask : Do the Democrats sus.ain the Administration of Andrew 'Johnson 1 : We will now briefly consider- whether in faot they do sustain him, or whether they are merely trying to blind- fold the people in order to attain pow- er. The record of the Democratic - Party, during tbe four years of war and blood shed, is known to every one. They villi- fled the administration of Abraham Lin coln, in almost every word they spoke, in regaid to our . natioual troubles. They opposed the raising of armies, if not di rectly then indirectly, at every opportu nity. When the President called for vol unteers they wanted a draft, when he or dered a draft, then it was 'tyranical" meas ure known .only to "despots." Every measure that. was adopted to suppress the rebellion, was, by them decried and de.- nouoeed ai Ovulation of the Constitu tion 'i- - "usurpation of power, jr uovii a.'vra vi irvwvtt aauva I . ' , T e . , , tyrants only. In fact-they could I - . .t. n . i a..i known see no point in the Constitution that loged any power in the President to sup press a rebellion. They advocate tbe rijhtt of States to secede. Their Iligh Priest, Yallandigham even had tie audi city to propose, in Congrca, a dissolution of the Union, but amically, of course, he thought the interest of the different sec tions demanded a dissolution. They sent their men to Canada, and threatened, and in some instances even eemmitted vi olence on enrolling officers snd resisted tbe draft. Tbey declared that they bad no quarrel with the south, and therefore had no occasion to fight. When the last Rebel fortifications were already tottering udder tbe roar of Federal cannon, they yet declared that Jeff. Davis anc General Lee were "too cunning for Lincoln and tilti l, i ml, i rra " that tltn inrlenanrlpni0 . . 0 , . , 4 , . , . j nized. Such was tbe course they pursued, such their principles and party creed Where was Andrew Johnson during all this bloody struggle J Did be, al though a Southern man, act with that party 1 lie did not. God bless our no ble Chieftain. In his Bative State, sur rounded on every si da by just such men as we have, only a little more courages, he was sacrificing wealth and honor for the maiotaioaoce of the Union, and tbe ad ministration of Abraham Lincoln. lie BtoSd as a giant rock, as an immoveable pillar, in the cause of his country. But he was not always in Tennessee. lie was also in the State of Pennsylvania at one time. lie visited our State Capitol to speak a word of encouragement to tbe loyal people of our Commonwealth. How was he received f With a warm heart of sympathy by the union men, but was re fused tbe use of the Hall cf the House of Representatives, by Democratic Legis lators. Did Andrew Jodnson ever counsel ' re sistance to the draft, or violence to en rolling officers? Did he ever try to send men to Canada to avid the draft, or did be ever declare drafting as an uncoostitu- I tional and tyranical measure? We call upon any Democrat to point out Mr. Johnson's public record, or any act of the kind, if they will do so, we will cheer fully send him over to that party, ss that is the place where he would, in that case properly belong. Or is the past public record ot Mr. Johnsan, (including the four years of war,) and the record ot the Democratic party, in consonance with each other ? Is the condition of reconstruc tion, forever prohibiting slavery, which the President so emphatically demands of the Beceded States, in consonanc with tbe pro-slavery principles, so loudly proclaim ed by the Democratic Press throughout tbe whole country 7 Tbe differene is too obvious, and the the record too plain as to admit of any questions. But now they come out and claim to sustain him as a Democrat ! Is their sus taining him honestly meant, or is it a mere bait to bring bim back into their ranks, in order to build up their corrupt party ? The latter, we prusume is the case. It is not possible that so great a party wonld, as a body, ebange principles so Budden. They have merely changed their base, still keeping tbe same ends in view get- j ting into power FT-1 T Ia maav ttiA TrAairlonfc I Alien: cuueotuib y w . Ytk info tte'ir pttivAU fsr atoir ay father read about the Attraction of GraT- Ittation. rot it in his bead to attract the Mwm q as to m.fce her tend nearer to Earth , as he was desirous of getting g nearer iew - of that luminary, and so nmg whiie the moon was rising he was found by his father, holding up a hot buckwheat cake in the air, whea his fath er inquired what he was doing, the boy replied with philosophical coolness, "I am trying, with this cake, to attraot tbe Moon and I have pulled her out considerably from behind that mountain." His father laughed at him and told him that the Moon was yet all right, and in its natural bourse. So with the Democratic Party and An drew Johnson; thy may boast that they have "pulled him out" already "consid erably" from behind that Mountain the Republican party yet, when they come to examine closely, they will find their mistake. An" editor of a Dcmooratio paper was , overheard tbl other evening to say to a fr.end, "when I look over my files of tbe ' , ', last four years, I am ashamed to say a word iu vindication of Johnson's admin istration, and yet it is the only thing we can do to make us a name again." Theso are the reasons why they sustain him in outward appearances ; it is not that the President - is tending any nearer their views, or that they have changed their priiiiijile for the better. A REMARKABLE CASE. A Kalamazoo, Mich., correspondent of Detroit Advertiser, relates the following : "A Mrs. Howland, who has long been a resident of this county, and who has been hopelessly insane for nearjy thirty years, was sent for by her husband in Cal ifornia. Accompanied by her daughter-in-law, ibey left here and proceeded on their journey by steamer. When out about four days from New York a most violent storm arose, which lasted three days, seriously threatening the destruc tion of the steamer and all on board. When, however, tbe storm abated, what was tbe surprise and delight of tbe daugh ter to fiud that tbe old lady had suddenly recovered her mind and was perfectly sane, though she was at loss to know how she was in the place, and nnder the cir cumstances she found herself on awaken ing from such a long sleep of the intel lect facualtits. On arriving at San Fran, cisco what was the astonishment of the husband to meet her whom he bad not seen for nine years, an d whom he deemed hopelessly a maniac, sound and well, joy fully recognizing him. This was a year ago. Letters recently received by her friends here state that there has been no return of the disease whatever, and that she is well and entirely cured. Is there anoth er such a case of cure ou record T About Slkioh Riding and Widows. A friend of ours who has made sleigh riding the study of his life, assured us that widows (young of course,") where the best consolation in a sleigh ride. They are reputed dangerous, but the peril, per haps, enhances the pleasure. If a wid ow is not attainable, the single blessed are eligible as substitutes. Very young ladies are not desirable ; tbey are apt to fret frightened if the hwrse should run away, aud don't enjoy the "spills." It requires a good deal of dexterity to con duct the "spills" properly. Care should be taken in the selection ot a spot where the snow is pretty deep. The lady should have time to compose herself gracefully for tbe plunge. Tbe gentleman should ' throw a somersault over the lady, so as not to fall on her when she is shot out. The lady should be pitched out gracefully at the side of the sleigh. In case she is buried deep in the enow bank, do not at temp to pull her out by her balmorals, or wait until she is thawed otit out, Drive to tbe nearest hotel, take a drink, borrow a shovel, and go back and dig her out like a man. ' Saw A person speaking of an acquain tance, who though extremely avarioious, was always abusing the avarice of others, added. "Is it not strange that zVi man will oot take the beam out of his own eye be fore he attempt the mote in other peo ple's ?" "Why, no, I dare say, he wonld, cried Sheridan, "if he was sure of selling the timber." .