Newspaper Page Text
II. II. WILSOX,
VOLUME XIX, NO 31.
: . justness Car&s.
Mifflintown', Juniata County. T., Office
on Main street South of Bridge str et.
K. C. STEWART,
Mifflintoicn, Juniata Co., 1'a.,
, Offers hi professional services to the pub
lic. Collections and all other business will
receive prompt attention. Office first door
5orth of Delford's Store, (upstairs.)
TyiLLlAM M. ALLISON,
Attorney at Law,
"Will attend to all business entrusted to his
care. Office on Main Street, Mifflintown, fa.
JOHN T. L.SAIIM.
MIFFLISTOWN, JUNIATA COUNTY, PA.
OFFERS his professional services to the
public. Prompt attention given to the
prosecution of claims against the Government,
collections and all oilier business entrusted to
his care- Office, Main Street, one door South
of Snyder's Hotel.
. Sept. 20, IStio.
J. A. MIL. LI HEX,
ATTORXE Y-A T-L A W,
MiErnxTOwy, jjxiata co.,r.
(Office Main Street, in the room formerly
. occupied by Vim. M. Allison. Eso,.)
COLLECTIONS, AND ALL OTHER Bus
iness connected with the profession
promptly attended to. Oct. 18, 'C5.
R. P. V. RI XDIO, of Patterson,
I'a., wishes to inform his friends and pa
trons that be has removed to the house on
jtri'lge Street opposite Todd & Jordan's Store.
DR. S. O. K.EMrFER, flute army nr
geon) having located in Mifflintown, tend
ers his professional services to the citizens of
this placejind surrounding country.
in hospital, general, and army practice, feels
prepared to request a trial from those who
may be so unfortunate as to need medical kt
He will be found at Will's Hotel at I
honrs, except when professional engaged.
July ffJ, 1805.
The dndcrsig ned offers his services to the
public as Vendue Crjer and Auctioneer. He
lias had a very large experience, and feels
confident that he can give satisfaction to all
who may employ him. He may be addressed
at Mifflintown, or found at his home in Fer
managh township. Orders may also be left
at Mr. Will s Hotel.
Jan. 2ft, 1SC4. WILLIAM GIVEN.
RESPECTFULLY offers Lis services to the
public of Juniata county. Having had a
1-rge experience in the business of Vendue
Crying, he fcals confident that he can render
general satisfaction. He can at all times be
consulted at his residence in Mifflintown, Pa.
. Aug. 1U, lglj.j.
TnE undersigned will promptly attend to
the collection of claims against either the
Stale or National Government, Pensions, Back
Tar, Bounty, Extra Pay, and all other claims
arising out of the present or any other war,
Mifflintown, Jnniata Co., Pa. fvbl
ALL rERSO.VS WHO HAVE BEEN DIS
ABLE DURING THE PRESENT WAR
ARE ENTITLE TO A PENSION. All per
sons who intend applying for a Pension must
call on the fcxaminmg burgeon to know weth
e-r their Disability is sufficient to entitle them
to a Pension. All disabled Soldiers will call
on the undersigned who has been appointed
Pension Examining Surgeon for Juniata and
P. C. KCNDIO, M. D.,
Dec. 9, 13.-tf.
Deafness, Blinduess and Catarrh,
flREATED with the utmost success, by Dr.
X J. ISAACS, Oculist and Aurtist, (former
ly of Lcyden, Holland.) No. 619 PINE Street
Philadelphia. Testimonials from the most
reliable sources in the City and Country can
be see n at his Office. The medical faculty are
invited to accompany their patient, as h
lias no secrets in his practice. ARTIFICIAL
EVES, inserted without pain. No charge
made for examination. Feb, 15. '65.-ly
New Jlilliimry Establishment-
TnE UNDERSIGNED HEREBY INFORMS
the Ladies of Mifflintown and vicinity tha
she has just returned from the City with a
large assortment of Millinary goods which
the will dispose of at reasonable rates. Such
HATS, ISOtTOETS, &C,
made and repaired to order, also, new ones
ready made kept on hand and for sale cheap.
Sleeve, Coat and other patterns kept on hand
and for sale. Call and see before purchasing
Call at the residence of Nathan Keelev a
few d oora Efit of tb PmshviTian Church.
TILLIE M. KEL'LEY.
Oct: n, :-.
The Confession he Made before his
A LONG LIST OF CRIMES AS rERFETRA-
TED BY HIM.
BE JUSTIFIES HIMSELF 15 ALL HE
The da; before his execution, Champ
Ferguson made a confession to the local
editor of the Nashville Dispatch, which
he requested might not be published until
after his death. It ii quite Icnghty, and
Champ said that the statements compris
ed all the killing in which he figured.
We subjoin some portions of this docu
THE KILLING OF FKOGCL
The case of Frogg is another in which
I am falsely placed. The circumstances
are well known to many in that neighbor
hood. lie was with the Home Guards,
and instigated my arrest whilo I was
peaceably pursuing my vocation as a farm
er. Not satisfied with this, he laid in
wait on the highways to kill me. He
even went so far as to make his threats to
the neighbors that he intended to kill me,
On the day that I passed down the road
leading to Frogg's house, Mrs. ' Pleasant
lleatty called to me, and warned me that
Frogg was watcbing for an opportunity to
kill me. I had been cautioned by a num
ber of persons. There were two men
with me at the time Mrs. Beatty spoke to
us, and I told the boys that I would set
tle the matter by going direet to Frogg's
house and killing him. II is wife was at
the door pealing apples. I dismounted
and went in. lie was lying in bed, and
on seeing me, be pulled the cover over
- , - W - ...
wife ran away, and as I passed out I met
Mies Kusbel, who lives near there. She
asked mo what was the matter ? I told
her that Frogg was killed, and that she
had bettor go in and look after him. No
words whatever were lassed between
;g and myself. I consider myself
justified in killing him.
THE 6ALTSVILLE MASSACRE.
as ic has been termed, was no work of
mine. I was not in the fight, and did
not kill any negroes as charged. I ac
knowledge, however, that I killed Lieut
Smith in Emory and Henry hospital. I
had a motive in committing the act. He
captured a number of my men at different
times, and always killed the last one of
them. I was instigated to kill him, but I
will not say by whom, as I do not wish to
criminate my friends. Smith belonged to
the 13th Kentucky, and operated around
Burksvilla. I will say this much he
never insulted my wife or daughter, as
reported. lie was a relative of my fiist
wif'o' and always treated my family with
respect. He is the only man I killed at
or near Saltsvillc. and I am not sorry for
I confess that I shot the lad, Fount
Zachery, and stabbed him after he fell to
the ground. We were out on a scout,
and expected a fight that night. Jim
McIIcnr y was in command, and had giv
en us orders to shoot down any person
who might be seen with guns. As we
n eared a creek, the lad emerged from a
thicket with a gun on his shoulder. I
shot him on sight in obedience to the or
ders. .. ,.
JOSEPH STOVER AND OTHERS.
I killed Joseph Stover after ho had
shot at me twice. He was taking a third
aim when I shot him in the mouth, and
Fount Frost shot him in the side at the
same time. William Johnson was run
over a cliff and one of the boys shot him.
I shot and killed Pierce, an he was run
ning with a double-barreled shot gun.
They were all Home Guards, and seeking
I killed Elisha Kogie-, and done a
good trick when I did it. lie watched
my house day and night, and sometimes
until he was nearly frozen, to get to kill
me. II was a treacherous dog and richly
merited his fate. A number of very af
fecting stories are told in connection with
PETER ZACHERT AND OTHERS.
I killed Peter Zachery, after one of the
most desperate struggles that I ever had
in my life. We fell to the floor, and he
TBI COMTIICMOB TH UHIOI
WFUNTOWN, JUNIATA COUNTY,
kept shooting, while I would knock the
pistol aside ; I finally got out my knife
and stabbed him a few times, killing him.
There were several in the house, and we
had ordered them to surrender. Allen
Zachery was killed by one of the boys.
John Williams was shot by Ben. Barton,
and David Delk was shot by another of
our boys, all at the same time.
I killed John Crabtree, I went to
Piles' house in the night and stabbed him
and did another good job when I killed
him. He was a murderous villain, and
had went to men's houses and shot them
to get their money.
I killed A Bey Williams and a negro men
on tne mountains, x euui. auu siaooet
them. They were scouting after my con
mand, and they found the head of it
BOSW ELL TABER.
I killed Boswell Taber as a bushwhack.
er. lie bad killed three ot my men a
few days previous. Ho was in front of
his house when I shot him. He ought
to have been killed sooner.
NOT TROUBLED WITH HAUNTED DREAMS.
I am in good health and spirits. My
sleep is undisturbed by dreams, and I
have just concluded to give myself up to
these good friends of mine around hero,
and if they are determined to hang me,
it is all right I would like to live for
mf family, for they have lost all. I leave
tnem penniless. I am not worth a dollar.
I do not fear death, but I love my family,
and am greived to leave them on the
world without means. I have a firm be
lief in God and the future. A minister of
the Presbyterian Church was here to-day,
lam pleased to meet and talk 'with him
I was not surprised when the sentence of
death was read to me. I was looking for it
daily. If my family had plenty I could
it wtiinruta auurzner.
lTo said, in answer to a quession, that
"if he lived" until the 28th of Novem
ber he would be forty-fonr years of age.
He remarked that he had no choice of
the manner of death ; it all amounts to
the same thing in the end. I surren
dered to General Thomas on the letter or
order sent to all armed bands, me with
the rest. " I did not think they would
treat me as they have done. I am the
same man 1 was bctore the war. and my
intentions are the same, and will be till
the last minute of my life.
INCIDENTS TREVI0C8 TO AND AT THE
The Nashville Union reporter gives the
following incidents which occurred prior
to and at the execution. The reporter
HOW HE TOOK HIS SENTENCE.
The result of the trial was communica
ted to the prisoner by Col. Shafter, and
when the last sentence had been read, he
b arely remarked :
"As I expected, sir."
Till within the last four days of his ex
istence he was as profyne as when head
ing his band of outlaws, and uttering im
precations against all who remained true
to the Union against even his own
brother, one of whom died in support of
the S tars and Stripes, beneath which he
had been reared, and which neither prom
ises nor threats could induce him to de
scrt. He appeared as braced against ev
ery feeling of humanity as when, with
his own hand, he murdered the venerable
old man who had cradled him on his knee,
and to whom he was indebted for a thou
WHAT HE THOUGHT OF DTI NO.
"Have you any horror of the method of
your death ? . Would you prefer to be
shot?" we inquired.
".No, I have no particular objection to
hanging," said he; "It is no worse than
shooting ; it is only death, after all : of
course all of us hate to die, or be killed.
It makes no difference to me, as to how I
He then stated that he knew that he
must die ; and although he had not then
heard the result of his application for
pardon, he had no idea that there was the
remotest hope ; but he would die without
a shudder ; he had resolved upon it, and
he claimed that he had sufficient self-oon-
trol to meet his end without giving way.
This was on Thursday night, and at that
time, we must say that he did preserve as
much equanimity as he ever possessed.
His nerves were in splendid condition,
and his faco ruddy, as if he had but just
returned from a scout in his native hills.
ASD WOSCIkKHT OJ H1 LAWS.
PESN'A. NOVEMBER 8, 1865.
INTERVIEW WITH MIS FAMILY. '
It ww half-past ten o'clock yesterday
whoa the parting with . his family ; and
seldom have we witnessed a scone more
heart-rending. Mrs. F clung to her
husband and wept aloud ; "My God ! my
God 1" said she, "have I not already
suffered enough. Is my agony never to
cease ? and her tears cloked her utter
ance, and bug remained long, clasping her
husband, who stood lite a marble statue,
showing no outward ngns of emotion.
"Alone, alone, henceforth am I,", the at
length said ; "deprived of my supporter,
my husband ; Oh God, is there nothing
that will save my husband 1 Lost ! Lost !
Lost 1" Then suddenly ruing, she nerv
ed herself up aad exclaimed : .
"Die bravelr, Champ ; die bravely 1"
"I will," was the response of the on
demned. The daughter, too, was deeply afflicted ;
and after the two had been separated from
the prisoner, it was with difficulty that
they could sustain themselves, and but
for tiie assistance rendered them, they
would undoubtedly have fallen, fainting,
to toe floor.
The hour of eleven arrived, and Champ
was warned that the time had come when
he must prepare to die. "I'm ready,
when you are," said ho to Lieut. Chit
tenden, and he was led out by a guard of
eight men to the Bcaffold. His step was
firm, his carriage ereet, and his bearing
just what it had been from, the beginning.
He nerved himself up to the occasion ;
not a shudder marred the tranquility of
his frame : not a chance passed over his
His hands were pinioned behind him
with a strong cord. His dress was a
black suit, of coarse cloth, but neat and
olaan and on his hands were black
gloves. When he reached the scaffold.
Colonel Shafter inquired ; "Shall I help
yoa to ascend 1" "No," he replied
"1 11 walk up myselt : and be did so
with firm and unfaltering steps.
: On reaching the platform, he faced
the two or three hundred auditors and
the guards without blenching, but re
Tt-.ti-1-v -W .
quested mat vr. hunting snouia pray
for him. The doctor complied with the
request, and implored the Throne ot 6 race
to ihow mercy on the prisoner. The
prayer recognized the hand of God in all
things, and asked that the soul so soon to
be launched into eternity might find its
place on the right hand of God, as
fasting monument to His grace and to the
saving merits of J esug. He then repeat
ed the Lord's Prayer, and to it the audi
tors responed by one deep and solemn
During the prayer, the prisoner wept
the first evidence of eaiotion which he
had yet given. Col. Shafter took
handkerchief, and wiped the prisoner
eyes, bis own, at the aamo time, being
any other than dry.
After this, the Colonel read the char
ges and specifications against him Fur-
giion standing unmoved till he had read
the fifth, in which he was charged with
murdering the venerable Reuben Woods.
When that name was mentioned he drop
ed his head, and looked steadily on the
ground, for a time. He was evidently
affected : remorse had penetrated to his
callous heart. But like Pharoah, he soon
steeled himself .against the reproaches of
conscience, and raised his head and brav
ed the worst.
On reading the 1 1th specification, in
which he is charged with murdering an
old man named Rizer, and his little
daughter, he shook his head; and on
reading the 15th specification, in which
he is charged with murdering three sol
diers of the Union, army, he turned to
the colonel and said : "I could tell it bet
ter than that, colonel."
"I presume you could," was the reply,
and the reading was continued.
After the reading of the charges and
specifications the drop fell, and this un
fortunate man was called into tho pres
ence of his God.
Secretary Seward made a speech in
Auburn, New York, last week, in the
course of which he alluded to the efforts
of the Democracy to make the President
unfaithful to his principles and his
friends. Mr. Seward Said : -
Some of you seem to have been slight
ly disturbed by professions or demonstra
tion of favor toward the President, made
by parties who have heretofore opposed
his Administration, as well as the Admin
istration of his predecessor. Laughter.
And you ask, may not tho President yet
prove unfaithful to us? For myself, I
laid aside partisanship, if I had any, in
1861, when the salvation of the country
demanded that sacrifice. It is not, there
fore, my purpose to decend to mere par
tisanship stow. Andrew Johnson laid
aside, I am sure, whatever of pratisan
ship he had at the same time. Applause
That noble aot did not allow, but on the
other hand, i: forbade, collusion by the
friends of the Union with opconeats of
the policies of the war and of reconcili
ation which the Government has found it
necessary to pursue. Duty requires ab
solute and uncompromising fidelity to the
supporters of those policies, whosoever,
and of whatsoever party they may be.
Applause, Andrew Johnson has
practiced that fidelity against the violence
of enemies, to the sacrifice of his fortune
the hasard of his liberty, and even the
peril of his life. Enthusiastic cheering.
The same fidelity is still inden tilled with
the success of those policies, and, of
course, is necessary to tho achievement
of their magnificent ends. Loud ap
plause. Why should he now abaudon
those policies, and desert time-honored
and favored supporters, merely because
the dawning success of our efforts has
compelled former opponents to approve
and accept them ? Renewed applause.
Patriotism and loyalty equally, however,
require that fidelity in this case shall be
mutual. Be ye faithful, therefore, on
your pari, and although the security I
offer is unnecessary and superfluous, yet
I will guarantee fidelity on his part. lie
newed cheering. Those who hitherto
opposed the President, but now profess to
support him, either are sincere or insin
cere. Time must prove which is the fuct.
If they are sincere, who that has a loyal
heart must not rejoice in their late though
too long delayed conversion ? If they
are sincere, are we either less sagacious,
or have we less ability now than hereto
fore to counteract treacher to the national
cause 7 Perhaps you fear the integrity
of the man. I confess, with a full sense
of my accountability, that among all the
public men whom I hare met, or with
whom I have been associated or con
cerned. in tbis or any otber country, no
one has seemed to me to be more wholly
free from personal caprice and ee Ifish am
bition than Andrew Johnson : none to
be more purely and exclusively moved in
public action by love of country and good
will to mankind.
It is a remarkable fact thtt one of the
most abundant materials in nature iron
is the strongest of all known substances.
Made into best steel, a rod of one fourth
of an inch in diametor will sustain 0000
pounds before breaking; soft steel, 7000;
iron wire, buuu; bar-iron, 4UUU ; inter.
lor bar iron, M'Jv; cast-iron, iUUU to
3000 ; copper wire, 3000 ; silver, 2000 ;
gold, 2500 ; tin. 300 ; cast lino, 160 ;
sheet zinc, 1000; cast lead, 55; milled
lead, 200. Of wood, box and locust, the
same size, Will bold l-W ; tno toughest
ash, 1000 ; elm, 800 ; beech, cedar, white
oak, pitch pine, GOO ; chestnut nnd soft
maple, C50; poplar, 400. A rod of iron
about ten times as strong as a hemp
cord. A rope an inch in diameter will
oear about two and a half tons, but in
practice is not safe to subject it to a strafn
of more than about ono ton. Half an
inch in diameter, the strength will be one
quarter as much; a quarter of an inch,
one sixteenth as much, and so on. Amer
: BEAUTIFUL AND TRUE.
Well has a writer said : "Flowers are
not trifles, as one might know from the
care God has taken of them everywhere :
not one unfinished ; not one bearing the
marks of a brush or pencil. Fringing
the eternal borders of mountain winters,
gracing tne pulseless beat ot tne gray,
old granite, every where they are harmon
izing. Murderers do not ordinarily wear
roses in their bntton holes. Villains sel
dom train vines over cottage doors."
And another adds, "Flowers are for the
young and for the old, for the grave and
for the gray, for the living and for the
dead for all but the guilty, and for tie
guilty when they are penitent.'
EDITOR AXD rrBI.ISIJElC'
WHOLE NUMBER 967.
GIYE YOUR HORSES LIGHT AND AIR.
History informs us that a certain em
peror loved a favorite horse so much that
he had a golden manger made for him.
This extravagance appears unpaidcnablo
in the estimation of many, now-a-days,
and yet it is more pardonable than the op
poaito extreme meanness in the treat
ment of the horse. In looking at the
constructions of a very large proportion
of our horse-stablcB, I am sometimes led
to think that the object of the builder
must have been to see how widely he could
depart from every principle of humanity
and expediency humanity in compelling
a patient and faithful animal to remain
penned up in a close, dark, and filthy
apartment expediency in sacrificing not
only the comfort, but the health, and con
sequently the usefulness and value of the
Light is indispensible to the plant and.'
to the man, is it less so to the horse ? If
it is, why ? When the tyrants of the old
countries sought to inflict their most fear
ful punishments, next to death, confine
ment in a dark cell was considered tho
most severe. It is reasonable that tha
horse whose native home is in the desert
and wilderness, where there is nothing to
obstruct the free light of heaven is it
reasonable, I ask, that he should not suffer
from confinement in our generally dark
and gloomy stables ? Is it not a shame,
in a land like ours, where glass enough'
for a moderate sized window can be had
for fifty cents, that a valuable horse should
be shut up day after day in a dark stall or
stable ? Let every horse owners heart, if
he has one, answer 1
Is foul air wholesome for plants ? Cer
tainly not. Is it wholesome for men ?
Most emphatically, no 1 If not whole
some for plants or men, ean it be for
horses ? The answer is as emphatical'y,
Why then are the majority of our stables
constructed without the slightest regard
to that most important feature, ventila
tion ? In thousands of cases, an animal,
than which none other loves the fresh air
better, is doomed to confinement for days
and nights at a time, in a stable, the at
mosphere of which is so foul, that a man
would die in it. now many of the dis
eases to which our horses are subject, may
be traced to this unpardonable error. I
say unpardonable, for no man possessed' of
either common sense or common humani
ty, would thus punish one of the best and
most faithful friends the horse.
A word in conclusion. Farmers I if
you would have healthy, lively, servicea
ble horses, give them plenty of light.
God will supply it, if you will only fur
nish the means whereby it can be made to
reach your stables.' .
Look to the ventilation of your stables,
if you would not have prematurely old
and worn out horses. Depend upon it,'
plenty of light, and plenty of fresh air in
your stables, will save you many a dollar
in the course cf a lifetime.
A Lover o Horses'.
If gathered in the fall and placed in'
the yards, or mixed in heaps with for
mentable substances, forest leaves will' in
a short time decay, and become excellent
manure. The leaves of nil trees contain
phosphate and other valuable elements of
vegetable nutrition of a mineral character,
as well as the ingredients of humus. In
order, however, to facilitate the decompo
sition of the fibrous substances of the leaf,
it is well to mix a liberal quantity of lime
or ashes with the mass, and to see that it'
is kept moist until decomposition com
mences, unless the putrescent ingredients
of the heap are sufficient to effect the ob
ject. Brakes, mosses, small bushes, and,
indeed, all succulent and easily decompo
sable vegetable substances, are of value
in comporting. They decay rapidly, and
leave behind a residuum which is found
to be singularly salutary to almost cveiy
description of crop.'
teyllave our friends provided winter
shelter for their sheep ? or arc they
many of them neglecting it as usual
and, as usual, not having the best of luck
with their sheep. Depend upon it, that
cold in addition to wet. is hurtlul. You
will sec it more especially in the spriag.
Shelter isfeed saved ; strength kept, which
would bo lost.'