Juniata sentinel. (Mifflintown, Pa.) 1846-1873, October 04, 1865, Image 1

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    A Im CrSS Jl CO:
Srlftf JJctlrj,
Heart he U'J,
L t"r th darkness of the wot,
I Bow thou iltiitly, tad low
terns tt the what e'er 04 will,
Bt thou (till.
E tboa still !
!Ty H thy words are epokea,
'Till lfc word of God hth broken
Ilfe'e dark mytteriet, good r ill,
4 taou ttill.
Ti thy Father' work of gr,
Walt thoa yet before hit fot.
He, Hit tar proxite will fulfill,
Rett thou ttill t
Lord, toy God !
9y Ik fTe, O may I be
All eubmieeire, eilently, ,
To ike chastening of thy rod
Lord, my Qod !
Shepherd, Kief,
free tkr fullneee, (rant t me,
PteadfMt furlaee fuk la the.
'Till from night the .day ehall cpring,
6hepberd; King!
VANIA. Address of the National Union State
The Verdict in 1804
Pillow Citizbss : Id a ihort time
you will again be called upon to exercise
the kigheit privilege, and perform one of
the moat aacred duties of Freemen. One
year ago our State wai deeply agitated by
a conflict of opinion which Was emphati
cally and unmistakably settled at the bal
lot boi. Than the public mind was thor
fliighly aroawd by the warmth and ability
f the oon test. Oa both aides ware ar
rayed men who earnestly, and perhaps in
mat cates sincerely, endeavored to pur
sued their follow citixene that the tri
umph of thoir views wa indispensable to
the welfare and prosperity of the State,
the peace and enjoyment of the people,
aod the dura tun and lifo of the Nation.
After a long-contested and thorough can
vass, the people of Pennsylvania, by more
. than twenty thousand, and the people of
the Nation, by more than four hundred
thousand majority, rendered their ver
dict. Tbo linen were plainly drawn, aod
it a issue clearlv ard fullv made up. It
it impossible fr one to be mistaken as to
the charac'.er of the trial, cr the nature
of the verdict. The administration of
Abraham Lincoln waa on trial. The
American people were the jurors. The
ontest was waged by bis friends, under
most inauspicious circumstances, and in
the midst of unparalleled difficulties and
trials. No event, in the history of the
human tace, was so well calculated to test
filly and completely the capacity of man
for sel f- govern me tt. The people wera
nailed upon, voluntarily, to tai themsel
ves for the payment of an imirensa, and
daily increasing debt. They were asked
to furnish more men for the army; and
n the very eve of the election, Presi
dent Lincoln proceeded to enforce a
draft to fill up the army at all hasards,
preferring the suppression ol the rebell
ion and the life oi the Republic to hit
own tnccesa at the polls, as example of
'disinterested ptriotiim and of hero:o ac
tion, never t urpasaed by any ruler named
in history.
The people of the United States pror
4 themselves worthy of such a ruler.
animated by a lofty patriot iam, rising
above all considerations of selfishness, and
having resolved upon their kneea and in
their closets that the noble old Republic
of our fathtrt should not perish ; in spite
ef all our enemies at home and abroad,
tbo tyrant and aristocracies of Europe,
iht kinga of the earth, armed traitors in
the South, their sympathisers ia the
North, and all the enemies of human lib
arty, everywhere, they heroically and
courageously recorded their verdict at the
ballot-box. Both parties went into the
contett with their principle plainly in
tcribed upon their banners, and it ia im
pouibla to euppose that ths people did
not understand the natnre, extent and
m rhrtar of the which tby
The Union Convention at Baltimore,
which nominated Lincoln and Johnson,
dec'ared at foilowa :
"Retotvtd, That It U the duty of ev
ery American citizen to maintain against
all their enemies the integrity of the
Constitution and laws of the United
States, and that, laying aside all differ
ences of political opinion, we pledge our
selves aa Union men animated by a com
mon tentimeut, and aiming at a common
object, to do everything in our jtower io
aid the Government in quelling, by force
of arms, the rebellion now raging against
ita authority, and in bringing to the pun
ishment due to their crimes, the rebels
and traitors arrayed against it.
'Resolved, That we approve the deter
mination of the Government of the
United States not to compromise with
rebela, nor to offer any termt of peace ex
cept such at may be bated upon an "un
conditional surrender'' of their hostility,
and a return to their just allegiance to
the Constitution and lawa of the United
States and that we call upon the Govern
ment to maintain thia poaition and to
proseoute the war with toe utmost possi
ble vigor to the complete auppression ot
the rebellion, in full reliance upon the
self-saeriGce, the patriotism, the heroic
valor, and the undying devotion or the
American people to their country and ita
free institutions.
"Resolved, That Slavery was the cause,
and now constitutes the strength of this
rebellion, and as it must be alwaya and ev
erywhere hostile to the principles of re
publican government, justice and the nat
ural tafety demanJt ita utter and com
plete extirpation from the soil of the re
publio ; and that we uphold and main the
acts and proclamations by which the Gov
ernment, in its own defence, has aimel a
deajh blow at this gigautio evil. We are
in favor, furthermore, of such an amend
ment to the Constitution, to be made by
the people, in conformity with its provis
ions, as shall terminate and forever pro
hibit the existeuce of Slavery within the
limita of the jurisdiction of the United
In opposition to the views and princi
ple! thus announced, the representatives
of the party in opposition to the adminis
tration, met at Chicago, nominated Me
Clellao and Pendleton, and erected a plat
form, which among other things, contain
ed the following :
" RetoUed, That this convention does
explicitly declare, as the sense of the
American people, that atter four years ot
failure to restore the Uuiun by the expe
riment of war, during which, nuder iiie
pretence of a miliUry necessity of war
power higher than the Constitution, the
Constitution itself has been degtaded iu
every part, and public liberty aod private
right alike trodden down' aod the materi
al prosperity of the country essentially
impaired, justiee, humanity, liberty ana
public welfare demand that immediate ef
forts be made for accusation of hostilities,
with a view to an ultimate convention of
all the States, or other peaceable means
to the end that at the earliest practicable
moment peace mny be rcst.wd on the ba
sis of the Federal' Union of the States.
Daring the progress of the campaign
of 1964, the speakers, writers and can
vassers filled the country with their hopes
and fears, their opinions and prophecies.
In accordance with the platform of the
opposition, their leaders boldly denounced
the war as a failure, openly proclaimed
that the South never could be conquered,
aod that the re-election of Abraham Lin
coln would certainly prolong the war for
at least four years more, and fill the land
with debt, with ahame and disgrace, and
with untold horrors and woes, and finally
destroy the Republic of our fathers and
rear great military despotism on its ru
ins. On the other band, the friends of
the Administration urged that there could
be no safety for the nation, except in a
vigorous prosecution of the war, and that
he re-eleotion of Mr. Lincoln would go
tar and do much to hasten th overthrow
o the rebellion. The result is before the
nrU The nromieea and pledges of
Union men made in 1864, have all been
kept and fulfilled. Those of oar political
adversaries have all been diaaipa'ed and
nroved hollow, delusive and false. The
ballot-box exhibited a majority anprece-
dented in the history of the nation. The
enemies of liberty in foreign lands stood
aroalled at the result. The friends of the
Union everywhere took new courage.
The rebels trembled with fear , the heart
of the rebellion grew sick and sank in
the bosom of treason, and the sympathi
sers with rebellion in the North hid
themselves away from the public gate,
and many of them to-day deny that they
ever advocated the dootrines or made the
prophecies which they then so earnestly
def-nded, and to conndfntiy proclaimed
Thanks to the heroism, courage and" this ntterauce of the late so-called Demo
akill of American soldiera, sailors and of- Watte Convention. Let the whole army
Seers, and to the God of battles, tht war M freemen which tnarefced to victory in
ia over, our nation saved, and the good !lW4, under the banner of Abraham Lin-
old Repubjio atill livet. Peace hat again
spread her gentle wings ever out once
happy and ttill beloved land. The sound
t . . i . f . i
oi trumpets, me noise oi cannon ana mas-
ketry, the tread of armies, th victorious
cheers of our brave soldiers, and the sick
ening groana of the wounded and dying
are no longer heard in our borders. The
nation, as in fromer times, comes oat of
the fiery ordeal triumphant, iad now re
deemed and vindicated before the world)
stands forth more bright than ever before
as a beacon to the down-trodden and op
pressed of all lands, at a tenor to the ty
rants of the earth, as an atsylunt for the
oppressed of all nations and ai the wonder
aud admiration of the lovers of Freedom
The grass which we were told would
grow in the streets of Northern cities in
case of war, is now growing in the streets
where the prophecy was made. The ruin,
poverty and suffering which were to over-
take the people of the North, are resting
upon the people who prayed for such
blessings upon our heads. The new par
adise which waa to be discovered to delight
the taints of the "Southern Confederacy,"
is filled with darkness and gloom, with
sorrow and woe. The large and mighty
armiea of treason have been overthrown
aod scattered before the larger and mote
powerful armies of the Republio. Taait
ors aod their friend everywhere have
been compelled to yield to the greatness,
the power, the energy, the resources of
the nation, and the courape, skill and en
durance of her heroio soas.
Some of the leaden ef the rebellion
are buried beneath the soil they attempt
ed to desecrate, some are fugitives in for
eign lands, acd others are awarming the
National capitol and Crawling iuto the
White House, begging pardona from the
man whom of a!l othtra in tha land. thy
have moat fiercely denouced, and most
bitterly hate. The chief of the rebel
lion himself from his prison at Fortress
Monroe, surveys the ruin he has wrought
among bis own people, and silently ana
sullenly awaits the action of the Nation
he vainly attempted to destroy, to makt
known to him, in its own good time, the
doom he so richly merits.
In the North, we have prosperity and
plenty, all the evidences of increasing
power aod greatness, everywhere present,
aud the nation surely and certainly ad
vancing more rapidly than ever before in
the path of progress. Aud, notwithstand
ing all the calamities and sacrifices of
four years of bloody war made more
destructive by the inhumanity and bar
barism of our enemies we have just
welcomed to their homes more than one
million ot brave men who have saved the
nation and made their names immortal.
PAfQrt. After the settlement of the issues of
1865, so diaastrous'y ia the field, and so
overwhelmingly at the ballot box against
our adversaries, it would seem most sin
gular that the same question should be
again presented to the people of the Key
stone Stats. Bat they have selected their
ground and we willingly and gladly ac
cept the challenge. At the convention
of their organization, reseotly held at
Ilarrisburg, it was retolxed, that "the
men and tht party administering tha Gov
ernment tince 1801, have betrayed their
trust, violated their saored obligations,
disregarded the commanda of the funda
mental law, corruptly squandered the
public mo lie j, perverted the whole Gov
ernment from its original purposes, and
thereby have brought untold calamities
upon the country." The measures of the
administration of Abraham Lincoln, so
recently endorsed by so large a majority
of his countrymen, are here foolishly and
wickedly denounced by the members of I
this convention, and the people of Peon
sylvariia are gravely asked to sanction the
aet, reverse their own judgment and re
pudiate the verdict oi the nation solemn
ly rendered at the ballot-box.
The jSvc Semper TyrannU of the ever-to-be
execrated Booth, uttered as he rush
ed from the scene of the great crime of
the age, conveys no greater inault to the
memory of Abraham Lincoln, nor rant
more directly counter to the fellings and
ssntirnents of his couotrrmen thsn dws
I win, be called into the field, and march
tt the nolle in October, 1865, to resent
the intuit to his memory. Let there be
absentee! no deserters no ttrag-
... a a m
glenbut let all the old soldiers, omcers
and men with a host of new recruiu be
on hand, ready for the fight.
But our adversaries were hot content
to stop with thia resolution. They say
ia substance and effect that "war existed
as a fact npon th advent of the success
ful party In i860 to the seat of power,"
that "slaughter, 4ebt and disgrace are th
results of our 'ate civil war," and that
"no more pe9ns shall be murdered by
military compbeiona." We had thought
that it had been pretty well settled by the
American ptople that the war was caused,
commenced and toroed upon us by the ac
tiont and onduct of traitors, and that the
election of a President according to the
provision of the Constitution and laws
of the country, was nd beeause of war
whatever. We thought, too, that shc-
cess, the glory, greatness and renown of
our common country the death of trea
son, slavery, State sovereignty, and the
right of secessloiljand not simply, "debt.
disgrace aud slaughter" Were results of
the war. As the action of the Military
Commission had cost only the lives of a
few of the assassins of President Lincoln,
and as only a few of the vilest of the reb
els were in danger from similar trials, it
is next to impossible to divine a motive
for the hostility of the late convention to
ward military commissions. It would be
uncharitable to intimate that it originated
in sympathy with such criminals as Werz
or Jefferson Davit.
In contrast with tbit remarkable plat
form of our political opponents, we have
that of our own representatives, which.
among other things, contains the follow
"Yhe Union Party of Pennsylvania, in
state Convention assembled, declare :
"1. That as representatives of the
loyal people of the Commonwealth, we
reverently desire to offer our gratitude to
almighty Gud, whose favor has vouch
safed Victory to the national arms, enabled
to eradicate the crime of slavery from
our land, aad to render treason against
the Repubno impossible forevermore: aod
next to Him, our thauks are due and are
hereby teudered to our brave soldier aud
sailors, who, by their endurance, sacrifices
and illustrious heroism, have ke cured to
their country peace, aod to the down
trodden everywhere an awylum ot liber
ty; who have ahown that the war for the
restoration of the Union ia not a fail 'ire.
and whose valor has proven for all time
the fact that this eovcrnment of the peo
ple, by the people, for the people, is as
invincible in its strength as it is benefi
cent in its operations."
The doctrine and principles of the par
ty in 1861 have been re asserted by the
snnven'ion of 1865. It is confidently
believed that they will not be deserted nor
abandoned by the people at the polls in
October next.
Extraordinary efforts are being made
by our oppon euts to abtaln the votes ef
our fellow-citisens recently returned from
tht service of the country in the army of
the nation. In these efforts they should,
and it is confidently believed, that they
will fail :
1. Because a vigorous prosecution of
the war for the suppression of the rebell
ion has ever been urged by tha Union
party of the country.
2. Because the war has never been sus
tained err advocated by the leaders of the
party opposed to the administration.
3. Because the friends of tbe Union
cause have always sustained and snpport
e the soldiers in the field, and the lead
en of pretended Democracy have ridi
culed and derided the soldiers of
the Union, Calliig them '-Lincoln's
hirelings," "robben," "plunderers'
aud other epithets unfit for repetition.
4. Because when volunteers were call
ed for, they demanded draft.
5. Because when the draft come, they
opposed the commutation clause, and de
clared it was a discrimination against
the poor man.
6. Because when that clause was re
pealed they complained that the only hope
of the poor man was gone.
7. Because they denounced the war as
ft negro war, and did nothing to aid or
assi tt in carrying it Co,
3. Because they became highly indig
nant when negro troops were called for,
and threw the benefit of all their sym
pathies with the Sdttth.
9. Because they opposed1 every meas
ure the Government found it tiedesiary to
adopt for the suppression of the rebellion.
10. Because they magnified every reb
el success, and deprecated every Union
11. Because, in 1864, they declared
the war a failure.
12. Because, in 1S65, they declare
that the fruits of the war "debt, disgrace
and slaughter."
13. Becaue they trisd to present the
extention of the right of suffrage to ol
die in service. Their leaders opposed
it ia almost every form. Senator Wallace,
now Chairman of their State Central
Committee, said, (.see Record of 1361,
pages 335,339,) "I vote agaiust this bill
upon prinolpl, as well aa for form. It is
said that so meritortotls a clasa as volun
teer soldiers should not be disfranchi sed.
To thia I answer, that neither the Con
stitution of 1790, nor that of 1838, con
ferred this privilege, and the act of the
soldier in taking upon himself duties
that are from their nature incompatible
with the right of suffrage, deprives him
of this privilege. He disfranchises him
telf token he eecur to be citizen, and
take upoa kimutf the duties of a sol
dier." When the amendment of the
Constitution was submitted to a vote of
the people, many of the so-called Pemo
cratie oountica gave majorities against it,
while every county in the State (and it is
believed every election precinct) which
gave to Abraham Lincoln a majority ct
its votes, gave a majority in favor of the
Li. Their leaden almost invar'a' ly op
posed giving bounties to volunteers, while
the friends of tha Union party always
-ustsined and supported these measures.
15. Even since the war it over, they
employed their ablest lawyera in an effort
to declare the bounty laws stitution
stitutional, aud really peredaded their
two ftienua on the bench of the Supreme
Court to to hold.
16. When men were greatly needed to
fill up the ranks, and the Government or
dered a draft, they resisted, and all of
their representatives upon the bench of
tbe Supreme Court declared tbe law au
thorising the National Government to
take rich out of the State, by draft, was
unconstitutional and void. Men were on
ly obtained, and the nation saved because
their party was defeated at the polls in
1863, and the aot of three of these J udges
rebuked by the people, and one of their
places filled by a loyal and sound jude.
17. Because they have tried to injure
the credit, and disparage the currency of
the country, by means of which the pay,
bounties, and pensions of the sold iers can
alone be paid. This point they alto press
ed before the Supremo Court of the
State aud lailed by a division of three to
13. Because the platform of the Union
party rccogniiss the services of the sol
dier declares that the war was commenc
ed by rebels that pease was the result
of the courage and heroitm of the Union
army that the cause in which he fought
was holy and sicreJ, and tht hotsr, glo
ry, and prosperity to the country, aod not
"debt, disgrace and slaughter," are the
legitimate fruits of his toil.
19. Because when Union men express
ed the hope that cur troops might soon
b able to conquer the South, even by
their exhaustion and want of food, those
leaden of the new Democracy declared
that we would never conquer the South.'
and that "they had more to eat in the
South than we had in the North."
20. Because when rebels were starving
our brave soldiera by hundreds at Libby,
Belle Island, Andersonville, and else
where, these same leaden excused or mit
igated the crime by declaring that "they
fed our prisoners as well as they did their
own men ;" that "owing to the unconsti
tutional blockade of the tyrant Lincoln,
they could not obtain a sufficiency of
TION. The opposition1 has not been to eonsis-
Una in their oourse towarai a reiiaent
Johnton as they have oa the subjeot of,UIru' v
j hHtor? fjr the base purpose of reaching
the war. Prior to hie reaominatiou they u"lurJ i f
dwa.TiBM dMKttwd him --j L Oncd m &wil JffrZ
"Whole kfmbeb, 952.
From the time of his nomination until
the election , no epithets were too coarse.
From the inauguration until the death of
President Lincoln, they continued in the
same serain. After that they began to
flatter then to approach. When h or
dered the execution of the asaassins, they
sent forth a loud howl of indignation.
When be ordered a trial of the Andcaon
ville wholesale murderer, and talked of
trying Jefferson Davis, tbey wtr about
to give him up in despair. But now
they profeas to grow a little mere confi
dent. They endorsed him in Maiue and
New York. Tbey endorsed him (pro
vi Jed he will do a they wish) in Penn
sylvania. In 1833, tbey epoke of him
thu : Senator Lamberlon. Record of
1363, page 369 ; "But then he waa An
drew Johnson tha Democrat Now, how
ever, he has deserted his post of duty in
Tennessee ; he is stvltifying his past re
cord ; he hat become a ptuiioner on pow
er, and a defender of the unturpation
of Abraham Lincol n ; and he appetrs
amotuf us to-day as an int intrant peddler
of abolitionism." Senator Wallace,
page 374 ; "Durin g ail the existence of
tbe rebellion, where is Andrew Johnson f
In the Senate of the United States stak
ing protection fur himself and his fallows
under the bayonets of the soldien of
McClelian He ia uever found ia arms
In defence of his State, or valiantly fight
ing in defence ot tbe liberties of his peo
ple, against tbe armed cohorts of the re
bellion. Never, never." Sen.ntor Cly
mer, page 377 ; "I say, sir, that his,'
(Johnson's) "appoittmcnt, by the Presi
dent of the Uuited ta:ea, to that position
was a usurpation of power on the part
Of tfcS PlCHtd.Ut."
That is my position, so far as concerns
this pratetidui Governor of Taaoejsee.
But without any regard to any question
of h.s oSoial position, take Andrew
Johnson as an iWi'viaVzf. I
nerer, by my vote, will allow a msa to
come into these halls and from this place
speak to the people of this great State, in
support of what I know to be illegal,
unconstitutional and tyrannical acts of
the Federal Government. I know, air,
that Andrew J ohosou has gone aa far at
the fait Lest, and is ready to go ttill
further, to destroy, to uproot, to vplurn
every principls upoa which this great and
good Government of o'irs was founded.
1 know that he has beet with suppliant
knee before the throne of powar ; I know
that for peff or some other consideration,
he has s.Lccnmled to every measure pre
sented to him for approval or disapprov
al." These political leaden now are simply
Watching their chaucas. hoping thot om
thing may turn up which may enable
them to return to power, I h New York
they adopted a platform at variance with
all their past professions, and actually re
fused td Condemn negro suffrage 1 They
hope to ure President Johnson to sub
serve their selfish purposes.
For many years our political opponenta
seem to have a large investment in slavery
and the negro. Now that slavery is pret
ty generally admitted to be dead, it was
thought that they might allow the old sub
iect to rct. But not so. They return
to the question with as much apparent
teal and wtrmth as ever. Willi a full
knowledge of the faot that negro suffrage
and ctgro equality are not and ceuld not
possibly be an issue on the October con
test, they are making extraordinary ef
forts to mialcad aud deceivo their fellow
cifiiens into a contrary beliof. They
think that our hostility aod prejudices
against the negro aro so great, and that
they have so often appealed to thet with,
some show of success, that it is only ne
cessary to repeat the effort in order to ac
complish their designs. They toll you
that efforts are being made to elevate the
negro, and to place the two races on ait
equality. They seem to be very much
at.aid that some poor degraded negro may
outnrip them in the race cf life. Tbey
tell us that these negroes are weak, igno
rant, and inferior to the whites. If so it
would seem that tbey needed our help and
assistance to educate and instruct the in.
Tbe oniy danger of equality we can ee
is, that tuuxv white men, by continuing
longer iu such a oourse of argument, in
.... tit frntti r rp rinn and