Newspaper Page Text
v.r1 ,. r "" " - i - - ;-1 .fc,.! . . . ... , -u , y m'm . - ' -5
A 1. Gl'SS & Ch"
TBI CONSTITUTION THB CRION AND TBI "ftCIMINT of TBI LAWS.
VOLUME XIX, NO. 14.
HIFFLOTOWN, JUNIATA COUNTY, PEili'A. JULY 12, ,1865.
WHOLE NUMBER, 950.
il ill I I
DELIVERED IN TUB
McAlistcrsville and Thompsontown,
TUIRSU4Y, 3VK tut,
NG A DAY APPOINTED BY j i;ut w,-do e ask for Cuher argument
3 PRESIDENT AS A, DAY OFjor csaIUD,e t0 arouse our feeli ns or awake
H U IVS ILf ATI ON
In Honor and Memory Of Hia Excellency
tw, m, ir vmtLtts v
ImiIc PretilfHt of t he L'r.ited Stntrr,
tv s in i x ti n i;.
. Preliminary I'orrPf potilrC.
Mc.tiMTitimviM.E. June C'!fc !?00.
Tu chs Ilev. M. L. Suimiel,
Wc the tinder
lined fjtiicn- (if !cAIister-iHe. being prrs-
rut sn-l benriug sermon prcniici by you
ti iuc iciuiik ' iiut r-i utiv, nut: mi, we
-.v. .- ... . - f.
' you see proper, f.j so doing
yOU Will IRUcli 'j'
ana manv cifucna
HI GH Mc.VUSTK.i:,
, , . J T M.U1fTi;R, ;
- . JAMES 1AVIS.
MeAnrtEKiviLi K. Juno 'itli,' lR.
Ti F. Casei.. K. Ckvv aw Otiiirs,
V,.iir note, rciii-9iin? : '""" b'1
i eopy of tut ormiti Hclivercd on ihe day of j men. Y ashington died uict!y at au ad--,r
Nvian.l Ft t hand. In rrPly I vanoe(J , ' R. surrouDJed ly ramiv
oulJ say that n a n ! intoii.U.d tor pulli-j J J
Tiion. and did 1 follow my nwu convic-: and friend many, uo doubt were there
'i.m. would not con..nt lo i aa I to mju;rtcr tQ waIlt wipc til(J cM
vnu tiaTt considered it w jrtiiv of pntlit!i.n, 1 ...
ud live nldiesfcl mc fora inpy. I yield t0!Eweat 'rm his brow and address him iu
voar wi.hes and Ucrtwiili turnish you a copy I words of kindness and cheer. He was
Xo w',h it. ruu fhiuk be'l. ! . . .
Yuurs Truly. conscious that Ins departure was drawing
M i. Smxitf... j near that oii all earthly glory would
Til K ADf)KK.a.
c art; ajciiiuicu uiruiu iu uic saut-iua- ,
scmblud aaiu in the sanctua-
r of God. in obedience to a call iued
by the Chief LxeoumY of the nation "j
Dui-inc tlii- last tour vwars. that ''have
Ihiring the last tour years, that '-have
. i i .- i .i. ...
Tie men Bonis, men mc r3""1"" providcce, were submissive" to the will
cf our Republic, frequent calls, have pro- ;f f,oJ and ,rued ;n hifi Ky
redeu troin the same Maus.ou, but not ww,c u true th&tc
from the same heart. Of, have we lfe ;o bjJ ublll!(S;Wj allJ to
Msea.bled here and our hou.-es of Wor- f rrovijentiuI we cantM w ob.
.hip have resoundedw.ththcvo.ee cf Lerrc a marted difference in the d.cum
thautsgivmg and praise then aga.u have , .tten,Jin tho as, d, of Mr.
we prostrated ourselves a humble suppli
ants, confessing our many sius, both as
individuals and as a nation and unitedly
have wo implored the- Most High to:
vouchsafe unto us peace and happiness.
i i l. - j r I l r
1 uis louir iui.kcu tor anu pravcu i.t t
" r J . f
. . '
n uuai success nave uecii rcauzca una
.. .. .f
we are at peace. J'ut while this is the i
casi. vc Iiave also realized the truthful
ness of the declaration that there is no , - . .. ., . , iV . ,
farce, vet it must be confessed that dur
tloom without the blight. ,No snn wih-! . , - - , .
out tie cloud, and no j..y but is soon t
..vcrwhelmed with sorrow. A n.tion ex.;
aued may be soon speedily hum.l.a- j
lcd . !
1 he w.ni that matured plans for the j
iy ana we.rare o, uie nation nes gone
to Him wo gave it. The hand that held,
ith an irou grasp the helm of the snip
s ' K
nf state, while rocked and tossed by the
' r '
elorxa of poluical strife .-nd war's carnage,
lie palsied and cold iu death-unseen iu
e . i f .1 . . . : I t
ABltAUAM J.1NCOI.N IS Iio:
more, asbassioated by the vilest of wretches
and killed.., .Gone, while standing as Mo
ses, on Pisgah's top, -and gsziug into a
land made glorious, because made free.
Gone, while the stars in our nationality
beamed in beauty and shone- over hill aud
vale, forest' and field, river, lake and
scean. Gone, as the last armed rebel waa
fleeing and the last echo of war's rattle
was dying away in the distance. - He
sleeps his last sleep, and as we gather
around, the spot that holds his - remains I
nd gare npon it, already moistened by a t died away, the chiu.ing of bells were
nation's tears, and as 've touch the white J yet echoing along the hills and the val
marble standing in silent beauty to his j leys, wore borne upon the breere of hcav
niemory, we cxclai.n. '-JIuw are-tht wiyi-jeD, to every village and hamlet, the sound
ty falLn !" ! of gladness was swept along on every
It may be, that we can, at this late j gale a people long afflicted were ootigrav
hour, consider the circumstances conoeet-j ulating themselves upon the prospects of
ed with the life and death of our late!a. speedy recovery. The national sky,
President, mure dispassioualely, with Jess j which four years bad been darkened by
fear of being-Influenced'hy any improper ' cloud aud storm, wore rapidly brightning,
spirit or opinion, than if we ; had imme- and many rays of the nun of peace had al
diatly nor" ertaken the task : ; ready warmed and gladened a : nation's
It is true it seems but yesterday that heart, and all eyes were directed to him
tb. unwelcome uewy flashed over the a the instrument, in the hand of God.,
wires, otartlmg a nation. But yesterday i who should eooii introduce us to a nation
that the funeral cortcg" ended its .jour-j disenthralled and direct our vision to the
ppt and the body onsigncd to the tomb.
) Every where as the solemn prooetsion
passed, a nation's love was manifested in
tears, in sighs and in mourning. . 1
That the departure of great and useful
tn(?n should be particularly and with prop
er Eoiemnity uoticed, is founded . upon
reason and not without precedent in the
sacred volume. Josiah died the tears of
Israel flowed, and to his niemoty the sol
euin dirpe wan aim
j our sympathies under circumstances, such
I " lttve ,assed before us" TLo deltU of
lhe ?re:tt na and n0','e benefactors
of their race filU the heart, aud it eau
; only unburden itself oy an outburst of
At the death of Washington, at the
mere mention of whose name a thrill of
patriotism trembles upon the altar of
tvery heart, a tuition was mournfully
moved, aud they wept. All the attcuti-jn are informed that when he visited Get
i and service that a nation could render to tysburp and stood Upon the ground just
embalm his memory aud pcrtuate his fame
; were freely given, and to-day, notwith-
many years have elapsed,
j memory is still cherished, aud around
CTei y hearthstone he is honored- and re-
I numbered as the '"Father of his country."
' Such, aUo. and indeed more particularly
J has been tbc death ot Abraham Lin
, cola. Alas ! "how iho tidings moved us.
'chilled our hearts, curdled ourblood !"
j But ho different Were the circumstances
t it r.irwltit .p tYta A..t ..( I. . ..
varuish from his reason, and his soul ap
pear before (iod, calmly, and as serene a
i i , i .
asuuiuiii mi, lie ui baiucu Ills iiui,
. . v . , . .. je-larft:re
Mr aM(1 ut thej. j
i wept, iney inoKea upon u as a customary j
.. ... . . ...
Lincoln . I lis assassination and death
was the resnlt of lung, deep and wicked
deliberation. Four years ago it was made
j necessary that he should proceed quietly
and secretly to the Capitol, in order to e-
.i j r .i t i
cape the dacger of the vile assassin who
then awaited his arrival at the citv of
j .loiwiinsianumg many mane ngiii 01
I thf mnftpr and rpririA it a a rArliotiliiti.
x J: 1 i- i . p
u has bcen ol,owad by thgt Mme wicked
. culminatln:; at last in what WM
then rttn- iMten.Ie his emel murder I
Coming at the time it did, however, it was
. , . , strui?!,lethe last blow of l
a M imi the ,jfe
of t,,c nationi a feeb,c upQn
I . .. . , - , .
I the surface, at which the drowning man
t - i j
ink death struggles vamlv grasped.
I u , foct exhibition of the Wrft of
! rebcl;on3a offspriDg tff 80Uthcru
All the circumstances connected with
it were planned with remarkable coolness
and the instrument of death leveled and
discharged before a large and fashionable
audience. How sudden and unexpected.
Neitiier the victim of this foul deed nor
the nation has a moment for preparation
or refketi'-u. .As a clap of thunder in a
clear sky alarms, so .indeed was this nation
awakened to a proper realization of its
humility and sorrow. Scarcely had the
voice of rejoicing over victories achieved.
sun of peace in his full meridian glory J and love, seemed, to be the ciimax of his ! murdered Chief Magistrate as it lay be
1 K f
tt was in the midst of such prospects and
hopes, in the midst of bonfires and illu
minations that this dark deed was com
mitted. O how wonderful and how mys
terious are thy providences, Lord of hosts.
" How are the mighty fallen?"
1 n venturing to speak of his life and
character, we confess our inability, at least
to do him justice. But he needs no eulo
gy frotu U3. In the great purposes of
God his work is finished . He hasper-
formed .his part of the stupendous pro
gramme, and death has taken him beyond
our censure, and through grace far above
our praise. What, his professions
of piety were, we were not very familiar.
We know, however, that he was a con
stant reader of the Bible, and in all his
public acts seemed to be guided and in
flceuccd by its solemn teachings. Me
was regular upou divine worship and ob
servant of the means ot grace, and we
oouorutod ai a nation's burial place, heJ
here solemnly dedicated lirmself to ' tkV.Buv.t -. not forget- the thoUsabds . of
liord Jesus Christ. ' Though never be
fore had he made a public profession, but
there, surrounded as he was by the
j graves of the noble dead, and standing
upon the very ground, where was fought
a battle, that more than any other,' decid
ed the fate of his Country ! He was deep
ly impressed and yielded himseltto hisSa
vior. .?o then, if we are correctly in
formed, we are not ignorant in whom
he believed and what were his hopes.
As a man he seeirs to have had im
pressed upon him the stamp of greatness,
and had he enjoyed the advantage of ear
ly training, would have towered far above
many ot his fellows. In whatever sphere
in life, he moved the faithless and the
poor always found a friend always ready
and willing to render all the assistance in
his power to the distressed. We aee this'kr his country." lie sleeps away yonder
trait f his character fully eviuced in his
public life. When the lives of many
were placed, asit were, his Im.
,.. i rAmiirAit lint mnnnttnn in in.
.-j-.. . - ...
sure their execution, he withheld what
justice seemed to demand, and through
the kiuducss of hia heart said to the guil
ty offender, -'lire."
In principles he was correct and pure,
a mind deliberate and Btiong a judg
ment discrimiuatiug and ready always
himself and always great. W!ien victory
irowncd our banuers and success attend
ed our efforts when all appeared hope
ful an d bright aud when a nation's heart
bouuded at the prospect, be was unusually
calm, yet appreciating the situation gave
God the praise. If cloud and storm over
cast our national sky, and tho thunder
ing of battle rolled along the banks of the
Potomac aud shook the walls of his man
sion ,if the lightning of discharged instru
ments of war and death illuminated the
surrounding hills aud cast a melancholly
reflection upon the dome of the Capitol,
whe,! "drcad fear" crept over a dwappoiut-
ed aud disheartaued people, he was unmov.
- ,f tLe tide 01 Partj ebbed "nd flow
ed, pressing on every side, if confusion
of sentiment and interest presented them
selves, he stood "firm like the rock in mid-
ocean lifts its mystic top above the j
waves and remains unshaken" by the j
storms which agitate the waters." No-1
ble man, pure and good, a "bosom trans-!
parent and deep, in the bottom of whose !
heart was rooted every tender and
sympathetic v-ituc." He has fallen, but
not without bearing with him the love
and admiration of a great people. He
has fallen a martyr to liberty, the brighest
martyr that ever crimsoned the throne of
Liberty, with human blood. He has
fallen but there linger around his grave
many memories of his truth and grateful
ness, and his spirit is followed by the ex
ultations and prayers of four millions of
a race, whose shackels unloosed lay harm-K
less at their feet. He is dead, but his
record lives lives engraven Upon the
hearts oi his countrymen.'
Whatever may have been bis faults If'
faults lie had, and "however much he may
have been censured, ridiculed and aland
ed it is an indisputable' fact that there was
not a heart, within our vast domain that
beat higher aud warmer for the : glory of
hia country, none who felt a greater in
terest, and none who Were more willing to
make sacrifices for her peace, safety and
happiness.. The Union one and insepara-1
ble the Union as framed by our fore
fathers and made sacred i bv their trials
amhi'ioo. ,. When inquired of in reference
to soother Institutions, lie replied, ''My
dtty is to save -the Country. I will save
the Union if it must be at the sacrifice of
their toad and cherished institution. Ilow
faithful! he kept his word and how far
he succeeded in hia effort, we know, the
World knors, and generations yet unborn,
frill learn ff it with proud and grateful
heartft. A) Washington's cams is honor
ed, and es e has ever been Iddked up to
as the institiaient in the hand of God, of
bringing .into existence and develop
ing this gtcat republio, ao indeed will the
time come all prejudices, having been
buried, ttat the name of LlNrttLS will
be passed around every fireside, and, with
even mort pleasing and grateful remem
brance, H the instrument in the hand of
God, of JaviBg our country. . Honor to
whom bDer is due.
. While, hotfever, the mighty have fal
len, the great and good have been laid
low ; o'er whose deaths the country has
manifested its humility and sorrow; we
brave ana noble boys who have 'also fal
leu ; who have offered themselves as
willing sacrifices upon the altar" of their
country; who lay unobserved perhaps
by the multitude in their cold and lonely
graves. Let their sacrifices be fully ap
preciated T Let their ' memories have a
seat in our hearts ! Let us fly on the
wings of thought to the distant spot where
sleeps their remains and bedeck their
homely graves with garlands -of flowers !
Let us speak of their uames,and of their
glorious deeds ttith gratitude ; aud with
hearts lifted to God in thankfulness try
to emulate them in their devotion to
country. For some of us it will be a
proud answer to give to the inquiry !
"Where is your son, your husband, your
father and your brother" tasay "he died
near the battle ground - a battle that
spoke well for the valor of our men, and
aided much in bringing - to a favorable
issue this terrible contest. We may
miss them at home, a link in the family
chain has been broken, but they re:t with
the love and admiration ef a great people
hovering around their graces. Methinks
I tear, warm from the heart of my pa
triotic countrymen the solema declaration,
"peace to their ashes." '
During the four years of war ; but
more particularly iu this last cruel act of
rebellion, two important facts arc forcibly
presented to tho mind.
j 1- We have revealed, as already inti
mated the deep wickedness of this rebel
lion, far deeper indeed than we were want
to consider it. .Not content with the
most inhuman treatment of our prisoners
of war, many of whom -were destitute of
food, raimeot and shelter, compelled even
in sickness and pain to lay on the orch
ing sand of Belle Isle, a mould in the
daaip dungeon of - Libby many have
been reduced to mere skeletons while
many a starved veteran's bones lay bleach
ing near the '-Jeatt line !" 2?ot content
with this we say, they resort to the de
graded alternative, and in cod blood as
sassinate and murder noble and defence-
less citizens. How lost to honor and
principle to what a gTeat extent have
they departed from those fine impulses
that move Upon the hearts of tho morally
enlightened and refined. They have
evinced a barbarism that casts the dark
ages into the shade and causes human
ity to blush. Their retribution awaits them.
Let .justice be done and whatever may
be our private judgments or opinions let
the laws of the land be executed let
those who have been guilty of treason,
suffer treason's penalty. Let those who
have violated the law and have endeavor
ed to destroy the Government, that has
fostered and nourished them, receive the
condemnation their offences, merit. The
peace,safety and happiness of the country
demands this. . Humanity demands this,
The wounded fathers, sons, and husbands
demand it a nation insulted and humili-
atfcd demaqds itthe blood of our coun
trymen demands it, yes a voice seems to
come np from the graves of our fallen
heroes 'saying let treason meet its reward.
This being the demand, where is the man
who has a spark of patriotism in his bo
som Or who has the least regard tor law,
order and justice, or believes iu the
sacredness of government will say nay:
There may ' nave been such,' but it
seems to us, that the cold remains of a
fore them, "marred by traitors," has ful
ly Convinced them ot their error and has
taught them that treason is crime a
crime the highest in the whole catalogue
of crimes and must be punished.
2. There is another fact which has
been brought out and it is one in which
every American tiiay hie proud. It has
been made apparent during the great
struggle through which we have passed,
that our government is one of beauty
aiiii permanency that it cannot be
destroyed at the will of evil atld design
ing men j but founded as it is and de
fended by the Great I'ower and a noble
peep!?, all earthly efforts to subvert
it are unavaling.
The great and leading idea,
leaders of the rebellion, was to
this government; and upon its ruins
built a great slave empire. They imag
ined this government was assuming or
would assume a position antagonistic to
the creation of the contemplated empire ;
and in ordci to faCe these measures they
inaugurated this . War. They have
prosecuted it with a fierceness and bar
barism unparalled ih the history of the
world. Finding that they were fast fail
ing that Gen. Grant, the great hewer
down of Slave Confederacy, was tight
ening the ends, that walls in the shape of
the sturdy sons of the North, Were almost,
arouud them ; they sought to paralyse!
our efforts create anarchy aiid confusion
leave a nation without its head, and thus
if possible, create a cfevice, thrdUgh Which;
weasel like, they might escape. But
again are they baffled and disappointed.
Though they succeed in laying low a
noble ruler though thsy succeeded in
darkening a brighter star, yes even era
sing it from a nation's firmament ; another
instantly appears, with almost equal
brilliancy to cheer the sad heart of our
people. In the great design they failed.
Instead of dispiriting and eausing us to
languish in the great work; it inspired ns
to new and nobler deeds more firmly unit
ed our hearts, and gave Us stronger deter
mination to stand to the storm, until the
last armed traitor was vanquished.
While it had this effect upon us, it show
ed to the world that, although a Buler in
America may be dethroned, another soon
takes his place not a moment lost, the
government in all its departments never
ceases but moves harmoniously along
A glorious country is this in which we
IiVe ! The sun never shone ever a better
nor let fall a ray Upon a brighter land.
Through the paiu and struggle of the
revolution was it born, for many years it
grew and waxed strong ; yet it must be
confessed it had within it the seed of its
own destruction. That seed was fostered
and nourished by treason until 1S61
when it burst forth in all its deformity
and fierceness, but to its own destruction.
For four long years we have battled with
this clement; until to-day we find it
prostrate at our feet and a nation lives
It is true, as a lion, we long slept -slept,
indeed, while ball and shell were
crumbling the walls of Sumter : and itsaw
not until the danger became imminent,
that he aroused from that slumber shook
his heavy inane, and leaped upon tLe en-
emy. It required months and vears of
experience to teach us the character of
those with whom we were battling, and
what was really necessary in order to
meet them and secure our peace and safe
ty. But is it not a remarkable fact, that
in this travail of blood we have advanced.
We have been renewed and regenerated,
made more glorious even in the midst
of battle and blood we have grown. We
grew at Bull Run, at Pittsburg Landing,
at Vicksbnrg, at Port Hudson, at Gettys
burg and in the Wilderness, &c, We
grew in population we grew in resour
ces, ic wisdom,, power and truth. We
grew in conscience and in liberty, and
now, that the last sound of war has been
hushed, a naction mighty and free will
rise in the greatness of its strength ; and
by the aid of Almighty God go forth,
performing a great and glorious mission.
. Let us in conclusion consider some
lessons that have been taught, particular
ly in this last cruel act 1 . We have here a
lesson of providence. We have learned
that God is ever all the Ruler and Gov
ernor of all the nations 'of the earth.
His ' control not' only extends to the
mightiest orb that flies through space, hut
also ' to ' the minutest particle that lies
at our feet. He coticea net only the fall
of the great and good of bis creation.-
but also the sparrow falls not without hia
knowledge. We presume there are but
few who 4MbUv th.lt graat . tnith, and
believing it, cannot help but soe His
hand in the great struggle and in every
event of it.
Defeat taught U3 many salutary lessons
it showed us the folly ot trying to win be
fore we slew, and to continue thus, was
but tramping the road to inevitable ruia,
The providence of God has taught s
that treason is a crime deep, dark and
hateful, upon which high Heaven frowns
and at which a christian people shudder.
It has taught us that human bondage
is a Cation's curse that subverts the
j great fundamental principles ot the gos-
ntl, and towers to the level ot the brute
its victims and its advocates; and the on
ly course for a nation that Wishes to bo
great and glorious, is to sound the voice
of freedom until its echo flies round the
world. - r - -
- We cannot fail, especially, lo observe
the provideuce of God in the death of
tho President. Notwithstanding many
plans were devised plots laid to take
his life yet in the Whole term of his
office he was mercifully protected. Ilia
work was not yet done, his mission was
not yet performed, and it Was not until
God saw that his part of the great task -had
been completed, that he gave per
mission and the foul murderer succeeds in
"It mxiit need be that offences com,
&!t ao unto that man by whom the of
Doss it not appear, providential, my
dear brethren, that Ackahaji Ll.vcoi
should be spared until the rebellion was
riven, shattered and dismantled, and
struggling in iu last spasm over the
gulf that lay wide stretched for its re
ception. Docs it net appear providential
that he should be permitted to hold the
helm until the last storm had been passed
and the last angry billow had been over
come and theoU ship was poioticgr, and
within hailing distance of the harbor oi
peace; a wonderful providence indeed,
wonderful and mysterious though it be
let us be submissive.
2. We leain that government is divine.
This appears from the declarations of
scripture and from matters of fact.
Government is of God. "The po were
that be are ordained of God : ' therefore
let every, coul submit to the powers.
Every individual that is protected in his
person and property, enjoys the benefits
and privileges of his government, is
bonnd to yield obedience and aid in its
maintalnance. We conclude that it
divine fron. the fact that it has withstood
great efforts to subvert it, God has de
fended and preserved it, the mighty
powers which were hctled against it have
failed and as a rock along the ocean's shores
has withstood the long and severo dash
ing of the waves, so has our government
stood noble and ctrcng. t Beloved
America ! the land ' our fathers, the land
of oUr birth! wc love your institutions!
your fair fields your mountains and val
leys, your lakes and rivers and your rolling
ocean. May the Lord of Hosts continue
to preserve and bless thee and having
brought thee out of the furnace causa
nis face to shine upon thee continually.
3. We should be lead in humility tu
confess our sins, both individually and at
a nation. That this dispensation may be
sanctified to our good we should prostrate
ourselves, before God and plead for par
don. And to day as a nation of mourn
ers, assembled before Him, let our hearts
and our united prayers co up, as the
ayer of one man, let us lav our.
petitions at His feet and in faith await
His blessing in our cLurches--in the
clost and around. the family altar let the
voice of prayer be heard, and this prove
that we are a "Nation whose God is the
Lord," in whom alone we trust.
t&" A clergyman in Mobile went to
Gen. Granger, aud asked him if he pro
posed to compel the rebel clergy to pray
for Andrew Johnson. "Compel you !''
was the General's reply "why if your
prayers " don't do the President ( of the
United States any more good than they
have done Jeff Davis, it is of no sort of
consequence about your prayers any way."
19" Quilp when requested to take time
by the forelock.. expressed a doubt wheth
er the old fallcT had any lair left to
take hold cf. ,