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E. B. HAWLEY, Proprietor.
LITTLES 6t 81LAILESLEE,
Attortieye in Nunwlion at Law. 0111ce .the one
.heretofore occupied by R.ll. 41 O. P. Little. on Wain
' soureet..l4outroue, Pa.
tyrrut. Gin. T. Lerrtat. L L. ILG.Wt.LI.
MCKLNZIE. C. C. PLCUOT, W. U. McCain.
McKENZIE, rmunoir a co.
Dealer. , In Dry Goods, Clothing, Ladles and Ism*
Ann Sane,- lino, •agent. for the crest American
Tea and Coffee Company. [Montrone, Pa . sp. 1.0.1
CHARLES N. STODDAHD,
.Dealrr In 800. and Shoo, a. Bats and Cap, Leather and
Pindinnii. Main Stmel. door below Scark , o liotel.
Work ma de to order. and repairing done neatly.
Molar°lie. Jan. 1. 181 n.
SHAVING AND HAIR DRESSING
Shop In the new ?anteater Winn% where he !ern
Unfound ready to attend all who mar want anything
In hie line. Montrose, Pa. Oct. is, DO.
AUCTIONE Ell—Sella Pre Good.. end Verchanlce—alao
attend* at Venduea All orders left at my house will
receive prompt situation. Wet. 1. 1869-0
0. M. HAWLEY,
DEALER to DRY GOODS. GROCERM,CROCKIMAY.
Ilardware. lints, Cape, Bonte,Sleva. Ready Slade Cloth
log, Palate, OIL, etc., New Milford, Pa. [Sept. 8,'89.
DR. S. W. DAYTON,
PBTSICIAN b StlitGEON. tender. his 'amine. to
tar cltizena of Brent Bend and vitinity, Office at hie
reaidence, oppoette Barnum Boast, G't. Bend village.
Sept. let. IiUM.-11
CHAMBERLIN & MeC01.1.1. , M. , Attorney,. and Conn
wellors at Law. Onlce in the nriek Block over the
BAnk [Montrone Anc.
A. Csaanent.m. . • J. B. Meeow..ex.
A. & D. R. LATHROP,
I A I.F.ILS in Dry Goode. Groceries,
crockery and glassware, table and pocket cutlery.
Paints, ails, dye stuffs, hats. boob , and shoes, c.ole
letther. Perfumery &c. Brick Block - , adj.*lnlng the
Daet. Montrose. [ August 11, 1RM...-tf
A. L•rnnor, - - D, R. Laummr.
A. 0. WARREN,
ATTORNEY A . LAW. Bounty, Back Pay. Penton.
and Rat o' on Claim. attended to. Ofnee
helms. Boyd's Store. Ittontruer. . (An. L
W. W. W. 4
A TTOITNET UT LAW, Montrose„ Pa, Office with L
F. Fitch. [Montrose, Aug. ,1,
M. C. SUTTON,
Auctioneer, and Insurance Agent,
.1 pm.. Friend.vllle, Pa.
C. S. GILBERT,
Great Bend, Pa
augl .ii t
17. el. B‘ictickz:Loor.
Anr 1, !mg.. Broeddy°, hi
AllriN AMg TAGJIL Molder..., Pa. %hop over
Chu•dler • e Store, AP order, Alit dto neat-rate style.
.port notice, and warranted to at,
C \ RINCT AND CllAllt A(.11•RE101.-1 . ". 0
of MAW •treet, Noutreme, jautz. 1. MO.
DEALER In Staple and Fancy Dr) liooda, Crockery
Ilardw.ire. Irn, Stoves, ru Oile. and Paiute
DOOL I. 11 d C D ap, Far, flodalo Rohe. ,
artwork,. Prorisione Mew Milford. Ca
DR. E. P. DINES,
list permanently located at Friendsville for the par
pose sips racing medicine and surgery in all It.
branches* Ile may he 1 , ,0nd at the Jackson Honer.
Office hours from sa. m., ton p. m.
Fricudsville. Pa.. Ana, I. 1869.
STROUD & BROWN,
FIRS AND UFOS IN 3 . 3.1)01CR MCSW7II. Al
business attended to prolaplly. on fair ten... Ofdce
first door north of ' Montrotke Ilotel:* west vide O.
Public Avenue, Montrose. Ps. (hog. I. IWfA.
DILE.TRO* STROVE.. • - Beau.
RESPECTFULLY announces that he Is n.v.
p er tr
ared to cut all lalifif of ents In mot,
la Style. warnsotest Gar to m at wad, the
ad use. Shop over the Pont Mace. ISontrosv. Ps
WM. D. LUSK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Xontrooe, Po. Office oppo.
site the TArhell oeirlhe Court !loose.
Aug. 1. ISOO.—tf
DR. W. W. SMITH,
DENTIST. Ituom uvr r 13.. yd & rul u'v ifs rd
ware Store. (MeV bourn (rum 9a. m. to
outro.., Aug. 1, 18s9.—tf
DEALER u, 1H e. Patent Medtrine., Chemical.
Liquors, Nada. liiie,Ltp -tnli•. Vartashee, Win
Glwee. t:n,reric•, tan•• Ware, Wali sod Window P.,
per. Stone ware. Lntnpr. Nertierne, Machinery Oil,.
Tra•ee•, Gone, Ammunition. Solver, :vet:torte,
Rroehe•, Fanry Goode. Jewelry, Perin •e,
being tone of the moot ono:crone, extensive. and
cohabit collection. of Goode In Soeonetinrino Co.—
E•tallllsbrd In 1e45. illootrove, Pa.
D. AV. SEARLE,
A TTOYLNEY AT LAW. office Deer the fitom of A.
Lotbrop. lo tho Brick Block. Xontro.c.
Dlt. L„ RICIIABDSON,
PHYSICIAN R qv RGEos. tenders his professional
*erriawr to the citizens of Montrose and rlelnity.—
DHlce at his rooldeuoe, on the corner nast of got', &
Woe. Foundry. [Aug. I, ISO 7.
DR. E. L. GARDNER,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON. Montrose. Pa. Give..
especial attention to dioceses of the Heart end
Loozs and all gamical diseases. Omer over W. B.
Haan.. Boards at Seeries Hotel 1.4.0,7,.1. IRV).
BERMS at' IVICIZOLIi,
p3\.-11`; In Drugs. 11i tend. Chemicals. Dye
st As. Vaints, Oils, Varnish. Llqaore, Spice.. Fan.
nr • s. Patent Medicines, Perfumery and Toilet As
dries. ar'Prescriptious can't:Lily compounded.—
Pnotic Avenge, above Searle's lintel. Montrose. Pa
A. ii firnsts, Amos NicnoLn.
An 1. 11419
DU. E. Iv HANDRICK,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, respectfully tenders ht.
professional services to the eftiseo of Fricndrolle
end vicinity. VIP - Office lochs office of Dr. Ler
Boards st J. Ifoeford's. Aug. 1.180.
The Hayti Bather. 'returns has thanks for the kind ma
mma..., that has enahled Mm to net the hest rert—lM
- ha ! I haent time to tell the whole story, bet come
and see for tourseves ral — at the Old Stand. Igo toad
lant.thing allowed In the shop. .I.Bprll 18, mu.
All those in want of raise Teeth or other dental work
should call at the other of the mlecribers. who are pre
pared to do all kind. of work to their line on short notice.
Particular attention paid to making full and partial
area of meth on guld. Miser. or aluminum plate also on
Westotis cast composition : the two latter preferable to
arm of the:chemer If atleioncco now need for dental plates.
Tectb oryonngprrsone regulated. and made togrew in
The advantace of haying work done by permanently 10..
cated and responsible parties. must be apparent to all
Alt work warranted. Please call and examine sped•
meta ofplate work at our odic*. over Boyd d+ Co's bard.
W. W. IfAlv -
Montrose. Aug. 18. 15139.—t1
w. W. & BROMEIL
A Ne* and large etipply.
Montrose, Nov. 24, 1190. ABEL TCRRIELL
for 6 Corm.
I stood to:rifibilii foam- white lace,
With pearls in my shining hair ;
And I hid my heart with a smiling face, •
And the gazers said " How fair—
HoW blithe and bright is the maid to-night,
Who stands at the altar there r
And I heard them praise the costly rings
That purchased my nuptial vow ;
Praise the jewel that clings and strings
And burdens niy finger now—
The milk-white pearls that twine in my cads.
And headily burden my brow.
Praise, as we praise thd frozen tree
That the hoar-white Crest begems,
And the cold cute keen; but ire only see
The diadems ;
And the leaves beneath, in the cruel wreath,
We've never a thought for them.
Bought, with a heap of shining gold!
Bring hither a red-hot rod,
And brand my forehead, and write there, "Sold !
And lost to Heaven and God."
Yet, weak heart, wait I you choose your fate,
All jewelled and golden shod.
'Turns hut a breath—
And yet a woman's fair name wilted,
And friends once warm grew cold and stilted,
And life was worth than death.
One venomed word,
irhat struck its coward, poisoned blow
In craven whispers, bushed and low,
And yet the wide worse beard.
'Twas but one whisper—one--
That muttered low for very shame,
That thing the slanderer dare not name,
And yet its Work was done. '
A hint so slight,
And yet so !nighty In its power,
A huntrin soul in one short hour,
Lies crushed heneath its blight
- • -.10. 4111. , - -
e Wanted to Grow.
Dear little bright-eyed Willie,
Always so full of glee,
Always so veryntisebievona,
The pride of our borne is be.
One bright summer day we found him
Close by the garden wall,
Standing so brave and dignified
Beside a sunflower MIL
His tiny feet he bad novena:l
The stalk of the grad, tall sunflower
Ile grasped with his chubby hand.
When he isle us standing near him,
Gazing so wonderingly
At his babyahip, he gstrtod us
With a merry shout of glee.
We asked our darling what pleased him
lie replied, with a fare aglow, '
" Mamma, I'm going to be a man—
I've planted myself to grow r
—Backeamon--a lady's waterfall
—Modesty in a woman is like color on
her cheek—rdecidedly becominS if not
—An exchange sass there is one thing
that can always be found, and that ns
—Gen. Grant has been a fishing on the
Hudson with his Secretary of State.
—Punch says that when Lot's wife was
turned Go salt be took a fresh one.
—The library of the British Museum
now• contains one million six hundred
—The King of Belgium sent all his
plate to England as soon as the war wus
declared between France and Prussia.
—The sparrows are so thick and trou
blesome in Germany that the buys get a
penny fur killing six of them.
—A groic of trees in Cah•aras county,
California, has one giant eighty-four feet
in circumference at the roots.
A punster asks whether if Titian's wife
had been named Polly, that fact would
have made her a politician ?
—Coffee leaves are now extensively sold
in Lyndon for tea leaves, and afford a not
unpleasant and inocnous beverage, very
grateful to the palate.
—An observer of human nature reports
that he has seen people possessing the
peculiarity of three hands—a right hand,
a left baud, and a little behind hand.
—An act of the Legislature of Virgin
ia was entitled : " A supplement to an
uct entitled An act to amend an act timi k
king it penal to alter the mark of ah un
• —The Florida mosquitoes, blown over,
for the first time, this season, and in
swarms, too, to the English coast, were
taken in that country fee a new species of
—lt is an unusual thing for an open
field to;O:le struck with lightning; yet it
is no unusual thing,in harvest time, for a
fariner to find that his entire crop of corn
has been shocked.
—A life insurance policy belonging to
an Anterin traveller is now counter
signed and stamped in Italy and Switzer
land, the officials taking it for a passport.
—The Chicago papers recommend that
the common council should publish a
comic` weekly, for which a report of its
proceedings would furnish abundant ma
—The Chinese make from quicksilver
the most beautiful vermillion known in
the arta. ' English and American vermil
ion, as!found in the market, is far inferi.
or in brilliancy and' quality to that of
MONTROSE, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCT. 5, 1870.
FRANCE IN 1924
now the Allies Entered Parts.
Although the "Spanish ulcer," as Na
poleon Bonaparte himself termed the
Peninsular War,. unquestionably sapped;
his military strength to a considerable !
extent, his downfall and the capture of i
Paris are more directly traceable to the
disastrous campaign in Russia. Of an
army of more than half a million of men,
not one-tenth part surviving the horrors
of the retreat from Moscow, retreated
through Prussian territory, pursued by !
the victorious Russians, in the spring of
1811 This had the ultimate effect of '
emancipating Prussia from the control
of 'France. Since the Battle of Jena.
Prussia had' suffered every indignity at!
the hands of her conqueror. Her ter
ritory had been divided. The first re
of money imposed upon her'
after her great defeat, amounting to $1.30,-
000,000, had been vigorously and merci
lessly enforced. The vast armies of Na
poleon bad been quartered upon and
marched across her fertile valleys and had
devoured and destroyed the accumulations
and means of subsistence of large sec
tions of the country, utterly impoverish
ing the unfortunate inhabitants. The peo
ple had begun to doubt the wisdom of their
king in submitting to a despotism which
already inflicted greater exactious upon
its forced allies than injuries upon its
open foes. Upon the expectation that a
rebellion against the alliance and yoke of
France would be attempted. the pjople of
Prussia hailed the occupation of Berlin ;
by the Russians, regarding the latter as
deliverers front French oppression ; and
throughout Prussia, with all o u tburst of
patriotic ardor, the people flew to arms. A
coldness was manifested by Napoleon to- .
ward the Kiog of Prussia because of thus
attitude of the subjects of the—hitter;
Napoleon did not believe in the ex pres
sions of good faith on the part of King
William. and alienated tine King's friend-;
ship by the expression of his sin:pit:bins,
The - King took offence at last, and thus !
was preciditated a treaty between Prussia' ,
and Russia that formed the nucleus "l•;
the Great Alliance which, when ultimately
cemented by defeats as well as victorie;,
clustering, the armies of all Enrols. upon
French soil, broke the power of France
and destroyed the empire of Ntqadeon.
The battle of Leipsic. itself a victory
consequent upon the growth of the alli
ance, may be regarded in some respects
as the first step of the adNance of the al
lies 'upon Paris. The battle of Ilanati,
which followed a few days after that of.
Leipsie, was the last battle fought by
Napoleon beyond the [thine. The canc-
Paigr mwhifilA iviirteii.B'thwiirthiee6n
either side of the fthine had enjoyed
short rest and recuperation in winter
quarters. has many feature:: in cmunin
with the present war, as well in the
cality of the operations as in the probable
ultimate results. To trace in detail the
various steps by which principally during,
the year 1813 the Great A Mallet' WAS
formed, would require the narration of
the entire history of Europe during one
of her most eventful years. Suffice it that
the gravitating force which attracted the
nations to the. alliance grew with its ac
cretions, and to Prussia and Russia there
were eventually added Sweden and Aus
tria; Bavaria and the other German
States, even Saxony, being forced in ;
Naples and Demerit yielded to a species
of necessity, while its numbers were
swelledsby the Spanish, Portnguees, Dutch
and English, the last bringing, in ad
dition to numbers, the "sinews of war." ,
The plan of that campaign. like that
of the present year, consisted in the mi
l-MICE' of three armies upon nance. The''
"grand army" under Prince Schwartzen
berg, 250,000 strong, advanced through
Swozerland (with the permission of that
State) by the passes of the Jura M00n...!
tains into France. Blucher's “Army of
Silesia," 1-10,000 .strong. moves! by way
of Mayence, merely blockading that town.
into the "Champagne country." Ber- !
nadotte had the "Army of the North,"
175,000 strong, and passing through
Flanders, was to besiege Antwerp, reduce!
the Low Countries or secure their alliance,',
and enter France frotn the extreme north.'
The grand army and Blucher's army of
Silesia crossed the Rhine in December,
1813. The principal portion of tint
grind army swept with a wide front
through Lorraine, its extreme right wing
in its movement touching or lapping the
southern edge of the path which in the
present war has been selected by the army
of the Crown Prince after the defeat, of
MacMithou at Woerth, and thus passed
into the plains of Burgundy, endangering
the city of Lyons. Blucher's army left
large detachments to mask or reduce.
Metz, Saar Louis, Th ion v ille and Lo x
emburg, and pushed his advanced forces
to Yitry and SL Dizier.
Nap;leon WaB prompt in providing, to
meet the impending dangers. lie left an
Empress Regent and an infant son in
Paris, and went forward on the
January to the headquarters of his army
at Chalons. The next day he advanced
to Vitry, and on the following morning.
resuming his march, he met and defeated
a portion of Blucher's forces at St. Dizier,
cutting in two Blucher's army, whose
headquarters bad at the time advanced be
yond, about 28 miles southwest, •to
Brienne. The next day Blucher narrow
ly escaped being crushed by the sudden
onseliaof the forces which Napoleon hur
ried to Brienne. By the first of Feb
ruary Schwartzenherg and Blucher had
joined their forces. In the battles of
Brienne and ht Rothiere, Napoleon was
for the first time defeated on the soil of
France and retreated to Troyes.
Instead of promptly pursuing Napo
leon, the allies, who were embarrassed
about the subsistence of such large forces.
divided their armies again. Prince
Schwartzenberg in a leisurely way—for it
was winter, and the roads were in a fright-
fill condition—started for Troyes. Bluch
er directed his forces toward a point half
way on the road from Chalons to Paris.
Napoleon left a small force as a feint of
defense at Troyes to serve as a scare-crow
to Sehwartzenberg, and, by a forced
march over a rugged district Blucher's
forces on their road to the, river Marne,
defeating them in detail at Champaubert,
Moutmirul; and Vanobampa in a locality
from thirty to thirty-three cafics west,of
Chalons. Meanwhile Sdiwartzenberg
marched slowly into Trope, thence to
Niigata. .Bray,land Monterean, sweeping
everything south of Paris, mid producing
great alarm iu that capital. Napoleon,
spurred by the, exigency, 4arehed his
forces westward between the Seine and
the Marne, and striking the flank of
wartzeuberg'S advance alotig the form
er river, defeated detaelune!t after de
tachment., in detail, until Schwartzenivrg
become thoroughly alarmed, asked an
armistice, and retreated back to Troyes.
The battle of . Moutereau, in which the
Prince of Wurtemberg was defeated, was
the last battle Napoleon ever won ; but
while his star was in the ascendant, and
in the councils of the Allies a retreat be
yound the Rhine was under considera
At last a portion of the "Army of the
, s,, t h . " w hi c h h a d n ot met with success
at Antwerp, added its weight to the allied
forces operating ,
guard, under NVinzengernde and Bulow,
directed their march towards Paris, pass
ing throtlgh It - hat is now the Department
of the Nord, capturing, in their conrse,
with extraordinary rapidity, the cities of
A ',sites, Lion.,Soissons. and Rheims, and
(lamed conmmnication eith Itm e h er a t
Chalons, who was busy recuperating his
shattered forces. But the proposed re
tri-at of the grand army required Blucher's
presence at Troyes with SchwartlAmberg.
The grand army retreated hevond Chau
mont OD the way to I.aingres. but, fortu
nately, it was decided at a council of war
to liberate Blucher from their movements,
and to permit his army to co-operate with
that portion of the army of the North
which had adtanced into Vrance. Bluch
er was to follow the River Marne;
Schwartzenberg, if he advanced again, the
This measure turned the scale of
Napoleon followed Blucher, who start
ed for the aline point, between Chalons
and Paris. on the road to which he had
before been so unfortunate. But this
time he got to the right batik of the
Marne. at Mtaux and when the Emperor
reached its left bank at that place, it was
but to find the bridges demolished and
the rear guard of the army of Silesia fast
ills:Lille:lring, over thedistant hills. Bluch
er had heard of his approach while Na
poleon was yet at SezZanne, and succeed
ed in r aching Soissond in safety. A
series of battles and seven, engagements
between Napoleons frees and Blucher's
army of Silesia, reinforced by the large
detaehments of the army of the North
under Winzengerode and Billow, took
place in the vicinity of Loon. Soissons
were indecisive, - but t lacy 'continually
eakened Napoleon. Ile was. moreorer,
in perpetual fear of the ath mice of Sub wart
zenberg with the grand army, which,
returning from its proposed retreat, pass
ed again through Troyes. At length he
fonnil tt necessary to cross the Marne to
niect it. After an indecisii,e engagement
at Areis-sur-Aube, Napoleon undertook
to get behind teliwartzenthwg and strike
his line of communications in the rear.
This movement of Napoleon threw
open the road to Paris by way of Sezanne
to the grand arm , : of Seh wartzenherg, and
they seized the advantge. Blucher came
down drum thn north at the same time. to
strike a large portion of Napoleon's army
that was marching to juin. him in his en
deavor to strike the rear of the grand
army. This part of Napoleon's army was
met and utterly defeated at Fete Clram
penoise, and its broken fragments fled to
Paris. The allies crossed the Marne near
Meaux on the 28th of March, there Man
: rleting the union of the three armies.
and on the morning of 30th March, 1814,
mils:area before the barriers of Paris.
The citizen-soldiers of Paris were of
little value fur defense, as Napoleon had
never allowed them the use of arms.
Such forces us could be collected were
hurried to the front outside the city.
Active lighting commenced before day
light. and a tremendous battle took place,
in which the allies, according to some
statements, lost 110 l e ss than eighteen
thousand men. At length the vast forces
of the allies began to be collected upon
the hill surrounding the town. They
formed a crescent of six miles around the
north and cast sides of Paris, the eC-
IrentitieS ott either side touching the
Marne and the Seine. The French army,
eutiveNly curved within this crescent,
fought in vain against overwhelming num
bers, and were forced hack about noon
upon the city. withdrawing within the
barriers only when the order to stop fir
-lug was given, preparatory to capitulation.
The hills overlooking Paris were now
densely crowded with the victors, while
three hundred pieces of cannon were
ready, as the Russians ;xpressed it to
make "Father Paris pay for Mother Mos
In nceonlanee %tit% the instructions
left by Napoleon, in thit event of such a
disaster, the Empress and her infant son
left the city, taking the road to Ram
bonillet. The inhabitants of Paris were
plunged into sadness by her departure.
Strange to say, when the city had capitu
lated they prepared to receive the con
querors with aeclamadon. A crowd in
sulted or destroyed the busts and monu
ments of Nadolcon I, and endeavored
unsuccessfully with a 'ope to pull down
his statue front the column in the Place
Vendome. Failing in the latter unth-r
-taking, they wrapped it in a sheet—in
order, said Napoleon, on hearing of it,
"that I might not look upon thvhr base
ness." The Emperor Alexander after
wards felt obliged to issue a proclamation
to stop the demolitiontof the monuments
The next morning, the Allies, entering
in procession, found the streets thronged,
the windows and housetops crowded with
the Citizens anxious to witness the great
military spectacle. No etfort had been
`spared to give the -.pomp and circum-
I stance of glorious war" to the occasion,
las fur as the Allies were concerned. Uni
forms had been brought by the household
• troops of the Emperor of Russia, kept
clean and dry in their knapsacks, with
expectation of making a display on this
,t • ire'
rt • .
or I . . R.. AT
occasion, and these were carefully put in
eider. Of course, the sovreigns them-
Selves were decked out with unusual care.
Paris, ever alive to the elegance of a
spectacle, went into rapturea,,eiyer the
maguificence displayed, and,,appluuded
the victorious host, and espeep}ly the
monarchs, with the wildest enthusiasm.,
The Emperor Alexander bud on his arm l
a white scarf, which he had prey,ionsly
worn as a distinctive badge in battle.
The King of Prussia rode at, his right,
Wad Priuee Sob wurtzenberg on Ida left, a
brilliant staff following them,
A group of "loyalists," who since morn
ing had been perambulating the streets of
Paris with a white banner, met the sov
ereigns with entuhusiastie cris -of "Vice
Louis Dix/iullieme: lice Almandre !
fire Guillaume!" Large numbers or,
elegantly dressed ladies waved their hand
kerchiefs in welcome, as site rof their
countrymen says, "with the passionate
vivacity of their sex," from the hotels in
the finest qaarters or the city. lu the
Boulevard de la Madeleine, people stepped
op and risspeethilly kissed the traimiitos
of the horses sabres, and the hoots of tl'ie
sovereigns. Fifty thousand chosen troops
of the Silesian and grand armies, with
their trains of artillery, made the Intik of
the procession. Nothing was Mitre re
marked than the admirable state of good
order and equipment of the men and
horses. The procession entered by the
gate and crossed the Fatibeur,, ,, of fit.
Martin, made the circuit of half of Paris
by the interior boulevards, and halted in
the Champs Ely:sees, where the Cossacks
bivouacked for the night. During the
next day, April 1, Talleyrund called to
gether the Senate. The day following.
the Senate received the Emperor Alex
ander, and on the 3d April passed decrees
for a provisional government and de
throning the Emperor, who, without an
army, and almost without attendants,
had reached Fontainebleau too late, if
indeed it had been posilde under any
circumstances, to save his capital. In
the format treaty with Napoleon which
the allies made u few days afterward, np
pun -his signing ad abdication renouncing
the empire of France and the kingdom
of Italy for himself and his descendants,
, it is noticeable that he was nevertheless
permitted to retain the title of Emperor.
4e. 4.-- --
Among the Ludlum
It w a s a lonely Ace that yming Rob
ert Granthrought his bride to. A little,:
without a duct r. a clergyman. or a store
keeper. A few rough buildings, erected
for the convenience of the traders, was all
that was to be seen by n•ay or a villa g e, eS•
cept the wigwams of the Indians, who
collected in large numbers here, to dis
pose of their skins to the traders, and to
receive the government supplies:
lieFr ivlio distributed These supplies.
Indians called him "The Ogamar," which
means the father. Very young he looked
to be culled father• by those dignified,
dark browed warriors, who gathered
around hitn on par -day. One pay-day,
when they were all collected, he informed
them that he was soon to bring a bride to
the little house that he had been build
ing. They received the news with their
usual gravity, and the oldest among them
" We arc glad to hear that we are to
have a mother, and w•e wish oar father
much joy." ;.
Robert Grant stniled'when he thou iht
of the young girl whoin this old chief
had given the title of mother. In a ; few
weeks after this, Robert brought his
young wife to her home in the wilder
The steamboat that landed the bridal
pair at the small wharf built by the trad
ers, landed also the housekeeping articles
to furnish their little room. There was a
row of dark faces, and 'many curious eycts
turned toward her, when Katy (hint.
leaning upon her husband's arm, stepped
off the plank and stood, with sinking
hegrt. looking np-m a scene that was tru
ly desolate enough, for the great forest
seemed fairly to shoulder the waters of
the hike, and no habitation was to be
seen. These Indians, too; she wit afraid
Robert whispered encouraging: words
in her ear. Some of the old Indians
came forward gravely, and shook bands
with their "father." They said some
words of welcome to Katy, but she did
not understand, so she could only bow
and smile. Her lips trembled, and it was
a pitiful sight, for she was still afraid of
the s'arage looking' men.
In a few days the little house began to
seem like a charming home to' her. — lt
contained only two rooms, but one of
them was rarp•Aed, and there Were white
curtains at the windows, and pictures an
the' walls, and a snow-white bed. In the
kitchen, there was a stove that was always
black and shiny, sonic shelves filled With
croakery. and a little table, that at meal
times, was set out with a ' white cloth,
bright tea-pot, and silver spoons. Katy
was very nervous at first. when she looked.
up from her tea-tray and saw huff a doz
en black faces pressed against the window
panes. l'pim the first day, she would
have run to put the 'etrtains down, but
Robert said that they ivere all riientlly,
and ft was only good-natured to is them
look at the bride.
Once, the oldest woman in the' tribe;
said to he over a hundred years old, came
to the little house accompanied by her
children, grandchildren, and great grand
children. She said she wanted to see her
"mother' Robert invited her in, and
lead Katy forward. Katy sat down by
the withered old squaw and allowed her
to i.-mine her face.
"Nichechin," she said, "kaet **ch
in?' Pretty, ver y pretty.
This was not the last time that' Katy
heard these words, applied to 'lwr. The
squaws made her frequent visitS, and they
all said she was "kaget nichechin," Thq
partioularyly admired her' hair,'whiCh f4II
in ringlets over her shoulders, and they
had never seen anythins • like it befai.
They would take it up.ui theirhands, nqd
stroke it, then drawing it out Ri- its fall
length, laugh to see it spring' : back drito
the pretty curl. She coul4 not, under
stand what they said, but when-';Robert
was there, he would ioterpret,!for he IMO'
I learned to speak their laOgilligtk'
VOLIME XXII;'NU3 BER'4O.
. . •
" "What'do yOuyour. ; 'hair
make it twist so ? Would tiak.'
.von not gire'us'somtithing so make our
hair twist, too, so that we shall be pretty,
like you? Then, perhaps our husbands
will' he good to us as your is to OU."
Vtiol things tliey led WO fires, for
their laz)r husbands made therddiY
heavy . work. Katy inn& friends with
them, Even the old chiefs would come
and sit cross-legged: upon her kitchen
floor, and' watched her, ail she went brisk
ly about ht,r work. ' Ai they did not un
derstand many thing,A she did, they had a
kind of superstitious awe 'of her.
Robert kept a cow, and Katy made I
many pounds of butter from . the rich
cream. When the Indians saw her 'churn- i
fug, they said, "Ugh, ugh !" They were
very much surprised that she should spend
her time turning a crank around and
round, but at lust came to the conclusion
that it was, a religimis ceremony.
'Kitty had brought with' her many of '
the little Iniurfes and refinements that
she had been Accustomed to'in her , child
hood's home. among them a large bottle
of cologne water. 1, , i10w this bottle stood
upon the bureau in her chamber, but
when the door was open, it could be seen
from the kitchen. Buffalo, a stout young
Indian, who often visited the ogamar's
houss,•lkodubservedit, and he thotight it
was the lire water that he lured so well ;
so one morning lie came to the house and
squatted upon the kitchen floor, stealthi
ly watching his chance, and when Katy
was busy, with her back to the bed-room
door, he glided in, seized it., and, drawing
the cork, took a large swallow, With u
fond !" droplied the bottle, and
began doubling hinisblf up, uhd
about, lifting first. one leg and'. then the
other, while his hands were pressed on
-Too much fire, too much fire; burn
up my inside !" gasped he.
"l)enr me! Teat. me! all my cologne
gone I" said Katy, butsoeing the poor tel
low's distress, her good feelings overcame
her vexation and she run fur some water
which she gave him to drink.
Buffalo went off very much humbled,
and was not seen-again - at .tho Ogumar's
house for many dayS:
Katy was happy in her new home, for
she loved her husband, and they ived
busy and useful lives. There was much
she could do to aid the poor squaWs who
were so ignorant that they did not make
themselves as comfortable as they • might
have dune, even with the little that they
ffns essecL She had many pleasures, too,
or she rock on horseback with her bus
band. taking lbogjannts ot'er 'the rough
country; and at sunset they often went
out in the canoes, paddled by theindians.
it was very pleasant,,to,sit upon the soft
skins in the bottom of the canoe midi .be
paddled rapidlV"over the waters of the
Frith trrYr tutoCtstrziorPor aeiffn gsu n.
A year passed away like a dream, and
the time drew near when Robert must go
to Washingtou to make his report to the
"Kitelie Ogamar," or great father, as the
Indians called the president. Ile waited
until some of the traders had arrived in
die place„ and then hid good bye to his
little wife, who tried to be brava and not
cry when he went away.
"It was for only is month, and there
was Albert Datis his:friend, who would
watched . cret her in his absence," '
Albert Davis waaa shrewd trader, but
good-hearted and faithful friend. Albert
felt that his wife would bens safe- under
bid cure as if he were himself by her side.
The parting came and passed. Row very
lonely the house was without Hobert.
Albert Davis slept every night, wrapp
ed in his blanket, on the kitchen floor,
' but still Katy would woke Sometimes in
the night, with a start of terror. One
night she awoke thus and listened. What
did she hear? Some one breathing in the
room, she was-cpiite sure. She lay, hold
ing her breath, not during to move or
scream. At, last she could nut endure it
no longer, so she gave one spring. from
the bed towards the bureau, and lit a
match. Nothing cu be seen, but she felt
sure that an Indian was skulking, behind
the foot-hdard. She.knew well that the
way to matiage,an Indian was to show no
fear, but to face him boldly. She lit a
candle and bioked about. Still nu one to
be seen. Then she listened again, and
heard the breathing distinctly. Now it
sounded toward the window. By this
time her fears were somewhat allayed, so
she stepped quickly up to the window and
there, beneath it lay
' large dog that be
ed to the Indian Buffalo. e was in
the habit of coming to the house, as Katy
sometimes took pity on the poor starved
creature and, fed him. It was his breath
ing that bud sounded so near to her in
the stillness of the night. Katy went to
bed withopt disturbing Albert Davis, but
she had been so frightened that she could
not sleep soundly all night.
Upon the next day, Katy saw a strange
and alarming sight. Several Indians
lpassed the house, war paint. Frightful
ooking creatures they were, and she
waited autionsly for Albert Davis to come
in and explain to her what was going on.
Ile cause soon, knowing that-she would be
" Oh, Albert!" said .Katy, looking as
pale as if she had toner had any bright
pretty color in lielclie4.3. "IVhat has
happened'?"'" " •' -
"Well," said• Albert. "there has another
tribe of Indians squatted 'not a dozen .
miles from here, and our folks are tearing
salad about it. They've got on their war;
paint, and they are having a dance down
yonder. if roil go to the door, you can
hear them yell like a puck of wolves."
"Oh, Itobext, Hobert! if you were only
here„' rammed Katy, .
"I wish he was here," said Albert.,
"He's got smite influence with 'em, and if
something, - 'don't . ' twit 'em, there'll be 1
bloodshed; but never you fear, Katy.
havn't any thought of harming us, and if
our folks get the best of it. ;in the fight,
we're safe entingh."
"Bat if the'strange Indians beat ours ri
and come derin here to burn their wig-'I
wares ?" said Katy, ivlthlrei bling voice.
"There is myntlile," 'Ve' fed Albert,
"and Joint Fletcher and i lin Cook-art)
goo 4 shots. 1,1 fancy Are three ootilitiseatt
ter a score ottliquT rascally red de.014. 7 ~.
The Indians lied otr into:
Albert with the other two tiriderif:Tept
2 . 2 . 21-t. , .2 ,2.2317
watch over the little house all day. At
night, wild whoops were head-in the &w
-est. 1:11e ludiarimere:teigning back to
their Ivigwatus vic.toriona; add beatfhg
scalpi in triumph._
"It is all right," /said. Albert, coming
into the little house., ~ " Qur have
driven the strange Lulling from out of
their hu n ting / gr,ouudit, amd,have brought
home six scale." ,
"Horrible!' 'elelainier r.aty."
"You had better stiffen your nerve
madame fur they intend' to bringg them
here, and hi the absince of the °gamut;
you are expected to do honor to the bravo
-011, I can't,' I can't II said peer
"I should f.i nt at the sight,"
• pi list, control yours@ f,". , said :AL
bert, earnestly. "We had. better keep on
the right side of dhese.pierges just now,
while they are excited. Find some rib
bons or bright rags, and decorate .the
scalps. That is all that will lie
.1 Katy pressed her lips bard' tail:abet,
and went to do as he hid. In a moment
the Indians were at the door., ha' pules
were carried by six of the brayos, and the
scalps were dangling upon die, ends Of the
bades. K i dy opened the door; ' and
owed low before --her,•.presanting the
scalps for her inspection.) Shit
at the sight of the bloody trop4o4;:.biat
nerved herself CO do what AS ltneir. t ahe
must. She - brought:oat some . hright., re 4
ribbons, and- tied ono upon •'each 'of the
war locks of thsisealpii. She then Presets:
ted each warrior with q ping of tobaoda.
Albert bad given her the tobacco for them.
It was an article much in demand - 4mm*
the Indians, and he had a stock' of it'lo
exchange for skin's. •
The Indians were highly delighted with
her behavior, and each received ,his ping
of tobacco with a graii6ed WOO Mel'
took their departure with the scalps Stitt
borne upon -the poles, and tliey'spent the
night in dancing arourid thent smelting
the tobacco in their pipes. '
Three days after this eyent ,Rob ert came back. Katy flew into his arms, and
sobbed upon bin breast'. '
the tears arlity... • '
"I havo,seen Albert,"• 161 be, "and
have, heard what a brave little Amman you
For Miother year Rober,t.and
ed in their little horns in•the
Then they , bade adieu -tor theiri-dark
broweil friends, and took their baby ton
Robert with them to live in A city, .where
he editicl be educated. They grew.' rich
and • prosperous, but they never f0f194
their two years among the IndierieatAd
whenever a wandering cotupinf of theth
came through the-city where they lived;
the squaws tumid a parehaser: for their
baskets or bead work, in the rich 44,
Great; and they oft) m tleC'eiyed gifti,o44
alwayg kind wbida from but
The New Geology,
The new geology finds that the sun is
made of the same material as the earths
but is on fire. It is'a "great fiery globe,
surrounded by an atmosphere of ititense
. gasses and vapors, that are con
tt n nutty rising and falling,. like ourelonds.;.
according to their temperature; Flawed
of burning hydrogen flare out seventy . or,
ninety thousand miles beyond the dazzling,
atmosphere of the light:
' The stars, so far as-theyean boexamin
ed.; yeld similar results as to the material,
of ;which they are composed. q'he nehtilten
are 'made tql ' some '6l' remote solid stems
but ;some chieflr'ef ,
gases us hydrogen-and nitrogen: •
The planets generally resembles the'
earth in form, solidity, in atmosphereyid
their general ndation l tti the qua and, his .
system. Mars, for histance, is whitened
in every one of his long winters, over all
the polar regions, Ify heavy fallii ;of snow,
which melt away aguintin summer. '
Meteorites, which are small 'planets
turned out of their'cenrse, have disclosed
at least twenty-seven of the elements,
found in rocks.
"The inevitable onneinsion derived
from the study of the.-heavenly bodies— .
of sun, earth. stars, meteoritics arid
Idic—is that the immeasurable SpaPO
fall of matter of the same 'kind, but ag
gregatetl in different fitshifins; sometimes
being gaseous, at other times•solirt;
times to a state of most 'intense heat; at
other times cooled stillio!eptly to stimit:ofr.
the presence of life, as in the earth and.
Mars, or cold, barren, and' lifeless, as in ..
meteorites. Whether the gaseous condi.;
tion of matter preceded in'many R articu-'
bar case the solid, we cannot tell.
Protect the Partridges.
We call the attention of all persons in.,
tereetoditi the piocortatioit of our Eitinp
birds, which are 'in great danger of bd
coming almost estinet, to the 'following'
Act of Assembly intended for, the pro
tection of Partridges, approved :April 9, •
1870. There is 'an impression 64 this is
a local Act confined in ifs operation to
the counties of Adams, York and Frank
lin, but this impression. is erroneons"as
the act is general. in its,wording and ex-.
tends over the - whole Qomonwealtb.,
hope to see it rigidly enfOrced.
" A supplement to the act priividiig .
for the taking of game:" •
"Sec. 2 'Plat no perkion shall kill,
,take or have in his or her posses
lion any quail orVirginia partridge for ,
the period of threi3 yenta, under a penalty
of ten dollars for each and every bird so,,
killed or had in possession or exposed for,
PROVIDED, That nothing in thivriet,
shall be construed to prevent iudiviatuda
or associations for the protection, preiervat
tion and propagation of'gatne from r Al
ering alive by nets or Amps, 4 or .
Virginia partridges, for illef,nole . pferao
of preserving them alive over the, waiter
and for no other pnrpose;Whatisoeio."
",My gracious." said Ike, "if some
fairy would ,give, wings wouldn't 1 go
- round, among the Athets though; Pd go
to Mars and - Venus, and Jupiter, and all
the rest of theth."
"And Satan," said Mrs. Partinitea,,
striking, in, "lied I'm afraid you . gb
: there whether you have wings or not.
Ike w4istled and turned the subject tn.
I an omage,theriold lady had: