Newspaper Page Text
~...------- - 7
_O, „....t. .. t; .., ~ 4 . .
,i, - 4-4 , „ ; '.. -, 1 , 3.. , r . :•i 1 „. ,+ ~
' I, t . ,r- t - 0 ,, , 1 1* . _i - 1,, .. 2 - ii"Nr ., Wl ci a 7 T,,il I.li i,n,l: - ., - .,11. , .a - _ , ,e tr.!' t.ls: : LUZ.) !le; 1::/ : :, !.4 4 1 rd'
• '. I o.: I.e tj I,i Li I:,
. -_ •--uri f ri PI 'rritrii in't.f - 1.: . 1 ~,, ~.., '' - 1., ' '._`.' ) if., `f " tif ~,...,.: ,*, 11 '0 ,1 5 IV. ' ri 4 te• , _) 4. - ' , -c-P" • ~,3; ~...,
i 4 4 l ' iIY 4 - 7 l 7l '',"...,::,.' I
,1 .. , I . ~, „ I , : 7 11 1! -: kti i, , : 4,.1 ~. L - '.: .I' , . \ 4l :,,,. . r?rr . : :: j.. . ~ i ~,,,
~. ' "...!):`,..:,- . - '1: - ; -.:,, • ' ,,, csi- ~., Mr
•-: i .tr . - -....; ,' ';
7.-. 1 '•
- "".• • -- -:-__. -.4..--
. -- . 71: "i ..`• ' • ,-; ~. i - l.;f , -.i : 1-I.t . )i ! , c " r‘i
j 17 ' ''' C. , 6 "43.
, ~ ...-- g.
:::- - - ••• ' --. , ~...
..f.".' . ' .l '• 1 1 '
''• l' ': :.,-/' 'I I '
.. • '
i"" .!1' 4 - % "'''','. , i ' - . 'ILI , ,-' 1 - 4 i- • 3 ; i
~. , •-.'. ',.. ,
, Ti ET s r ° - ,- t. , r. ,
.11 1g 9 - I
. F. , ,' -
;i :' .-'' '..
cr : („ 7 .-f..i. ~....; ~. ,
.. ...b. '
•-..ri. ..,....; - , ... ..
~.- . ...34..-3 2 -4 . 41 ,
, ''' ' :,..
I. . . :' .•:- •:, :' I 1 ',' -4',. .;.. - a .., `'- ''' '' :•' ' '
..L • '.. --',/"..' :., -.. t i
1: :. :"-',,. . -;(, .- _.- -
, . -
. - , , •,;,,,• ~.• •..,•., : , ~...., , ~. . - ...- -,..,... ;-- ......., •7i Il lri,
' ' 1 , ; • ~.1 : ; '.' 1
~, 1 71 •Al t!.: ! -, r ......,..! !,,..,,, I 11 •s , , •, - , i , '' . .
A. J. G.EitilrthOk - , Pr9prietor.
TAMES E. CARMALT, ATTORNEY
AT LAW., .9ffled bier §tone Witmer.
Montrone. Dec. IS, 11366,. tf
D. , :tiJSK, ATTORNEY AT .
T LAyr, 'Montrose, Pe. Once oppositC the
Tratikptigotil, seer the , Court HOole. D 9 ,11 '64
DR. E. L. GARDNER,
HYSICIAN and SURGEON...Montrose, Pa, Gives
especial attention terdlseases of the Heart and
Longs and all Surgical diseases. Office over tho Post
office. Boards id Searle's Hotel. [Sept , " ; ISSU.
BALDWIN, ALLEN, & MITCHELL,
TA ALERS Flodr,Salt, Pork. Fish, Lard, Grain,
ji Feed, Candles, Clover and Timothy Seed. Also,
Groceries, such aiSnuatv, 'Molasses, Syrups, Tea and
Coffee. West side of Public Avenue.
Montrose, April 11, 1866.
• BURNS 4L- NICHOLS,
TIEALERS in Drum, Medicines, Chemicals, Dye.
1 . ) studs, PatutsicillOrarnieb..Liquom Spices. P 41 2-
es Articles. Patent 'Medicines; Perfumery and Toilet Ar
ucles. tar preiteptio., carefully compounded:
Public Avenue, above Searle's Hotel, Montrose, Pa.
A B. Mums, Altos limucms.
tiept. 11, 1666.
D. W. SEARLE,
TTORNEY AT LAW, ofilre over the Store of Z
1.1.. Cobb. opposite Beatles Hotel, Atootemse. Pa. -
May 1, IMB
Dr.. E. P. HINES,
UIAS pernsanently.located at Friendsvilleforthepar
pose of practicing. medicine and snrgery in all its
brarrt•es. lletnaylte found at the Jackson [loue.
I %fliee hours from El a. m.. to 9 p. m. latilGtf
Frtendexille, Pa., Jan. (sth, ISOG.
ROGERS & ELY,
Lao ozsisoaci. .416•12.otic.xLeorasi,
iCi 0 MILES ci. t loam.° for ,
febl 64tf Auburn 4 Corners, Pa.
M. C. SUTTON,
ap7 651 Friendsvllle, Pa.
C. S. GILBERT,
ger; 641 f Great. Bend, Pa.
STROUD & BROWN, '•
i:rar. AND UPC INSURANCE, AGENTS. AD
I basiness attended to prompt ly, on fair terms. Of
f -e sr>t door north of L. :Montrose Hotel," west side of
l'ub!ic Avenue, Montrose, Pa. [Jan. 1. /566.
tILLINGS t•TfODD, - • CHARLES L. known..
C. 0. FOII,DHAN,
1 - ) 00 T SITOSII,-aler and Manufactnrer Montrose,
P l'n. Shop on Main street, one door brio* the Poet
Oftlee. All kinds of work ...ade to order, and repniring
th , ne neatly. janl G 5
DR. E. L. BLAKESLEE,
PIITSICIAN & SURGEON. has located at Brodolyii,
sc•i'a co., Pa. Will attend promptly to all calla
!t, w r..cla be may be favored. Office at L. M. Bald-
Aln's. [July 11—ly
RESPECTFULLY announces that he is TIJIP pre
pared to cut all kinds of Garments in the most
Fashionable Style, and warranted to tit with elegance
d ease. 'Shop over I. N. Bullard's Store, Montrose.
DOCT. E. L. HANDRICK,
PDSSICtAN & SURGEON. respectfully tenders his
professional services to the citizen of Friends-
‘ - ine and vicinity. gay—Oface Lu the otliceof Dr. Lect.
anards at .1. Liosford's. jly2oo Vitt
ABEL TURRELL, •
EALER In Drags, Dfedlctnes, Cbemicala, Dye
/ Stuffs, Glass Ware, Paints, 01Is, Varnish, Win
•s Glass, Groceries, Fancy Goods. Jewelry Perfn -
•re ..te —Agent for all the moat popular PATENT g' -
DR. - WM. SMITH,
OL It, E n bENTIST,—Moutrre, Pa.
in Latbrops* new bniltilttg, over A .V-3.
.c limit. All Dental operations will be . 14dialc
c: firmed in good style and warranted. •
c•1110NAIILE TAIICYR, Montrose, Pa. Shop
nne door west of Scarle's Hotel.
Of All orders filled promptly, in first-rate style.
..Izltl2, dons on short notice, and warranted to fit
WM. W. SMITH,
( BTNET AND CHAIR MANUFACTURERS,—Foot
1. of Main street, Montrose, Pa.
SBIONABLBTAILOFL-31ontrosn, Pa. Shop ,
I in Phccnix Block, over store of Bead, Wittrons :,
&Fut. ter. All work warranted as to fit and finish.
Pu•nn r done on short notice; ln best style. jan'al
DEALER in Staplcand Fancy Dry Goods. Crockery,
Hard were,, Iron, Stoves, Drums, OM, and Paints,
Boots nod Shoes. Hato tad Cape. Fart., Buffalo Robe!,
Groceries, Provisions, Xs.
WM. H. COOPER & CO.,
T . ) ANICERS. Montrose, Pa. Succeesons to Poat,Cooper
/1 & co. Office,. Lathrop's new building, Tnrnpiker-it.
atrwrrota COOP= HENRY DIUNIKEIL
A. 0. WARREN,
3 TTORNEY AT LAW. Bounty, Back,Pay, PC 11 0 021 ;
and Rae:option Claims Attended. to. - fob]
WOtlee first door below Boyd's Store, Montrose,Pa
loN. 'HOTEL, NEW MILFORD,
t-) Ea. Lately v icept by R. C. Vail.
JOHN .FAUROT, Proprietor.
Meals alwaya ready. Time to eat. without being
hurried, for peraont arriving titi the map, wishing to
take the care:'
DAYTON HOUSE, GREAT- BEND,
Pk, NEAR THE RAILROAD DEPOT.
The Roue leveen At" b°l3lll of 140 might for the
eceomelodatton of Poeseogere.
awe DAVID THOMAS, Proprietor.
The Montrose Dempar#
PCRLISSIED MGT TUESDAY MORNING, AT MONTROSE.
SITSVIERANNA COLINTT, PA., SIT
g• Ar. C - 33 RV.. IT 13 CO IV,
A T $2 PER ARNIM tle apv44act—azing
, . .
. .. . .
Botiness adv , 'ertlieniente Ineerned At ti Pet ltraare 1 "
it hoes. three time!, and tints for each adlitiotud.week.
•,,r'y ad4eittaere, with penal changes; eirtrged CO
femur equarog, 'quarter column sls.' halt column $O6,
one column $69. and other amounts inexact proportion.
Bu ' ine " cards Of three fluelr, -.., 'or one dollar a line.
tarLogell,uotices iit the ens wary rates, —sbont 60
~ r cent. in - addition' to Wane rates.
Job Printing meittee sU aza rfteeriti
For t4o Democrat.
A History of the Great Strr. in
:7•Ditrifoaca At~r~effi Labe
The following-letter is from General
" MOUNT livarsoN, 294u1y, 1792.
To Aix-x:Aiiai , ,ltuiiivi,M. , -).
My Dear Sir:4-4 have endeavored to
learn from sensible . and moderate ,teen,
governnieiit = gibe
sentiments which; aro entertained of pub
lic measures. These all agree that the
country is prosperous and happy, but
they seemed to be alarmed at that system
of policy, and thaso interpretations of the
Constitution, which have-taken placo in
::";They soy, that 411114 itt*Eqe - A
in paper speculation is barren and useless,'
producing, like that on a gaming table, no
accession , to itselfi and i withdrawn from
commerce and agriculture,where it would
have produced an'aaition to the common
That it has furnished effectual nieans ; of
corrupting such a portion of the Legisla
ture, as turns the balance between the
honest voters, whichever way it is direct
That this corrupt squadron, deciding
the voice of the Legislature, have mani
fested their dispositions to get rid of the
limitations imposed by the Constitution
on ,the general Legislature;- limitations
on the filth of which the States acceded
to that instrbment.
That the ultimate object of all this is
to prepare the way for a eliange from the
present republican fortif i;:iftiavernment to
that of a monarchy, of which the British
Constitution is to be the model.
That this was contemplated in the Con
vention, they say is no secret, because its
it - Wiz' iVai — impracticable, lint they are
still.ea; .objeot, and are
predisposing everything fur its ultimate
Of all the mischief's objected to the sys
tem of measures before mentioned, none,
they add, is so afflicting fatal to eve
ry honest, hope, as s . the corruption ?if The
Legislature. As it was the earliest of
thesemettsures, it beellizin ttro instrtirnent
of produeinglhe rest, and 'will be the in
strument of producing. in future, a King,
Lords, and Commons, or whatever
those who may direct it may choose.
• That the anti federal champions are
now strengthened in argument by the
fulfillment of their predictions, which has
been brotight,4botit l y the- monarchical
federalists thenaSelve, who, Laving 'been
for the neW l goVernment merelj as a step:
pin stone to Monarchy, have themselves
adopted the very constructions of the
Constitution,-of which, when advocating
the acceptance before the tribunal of the
people, they declared 'it . unstiseeptible—
while the reputlicau federalists, who es
poused the same government for its in
trinsic merits, are. disarmed of their wea
pons—that which they denied as prophe
cy, being - now become true history.
TO obtain light and to pursue truth be
,sole aim, and wishing to' have be-'
fore rue explanations of, as well as the
complaints on measures in which the pub
lic interest, harmony, and peace are so
deeply concerned, you will oblige me by
furnishing me with. your ideas upon the
discontents here enumerated."
We desire to direct the attention of the
reader, to the vaskimportance of the facts
contained in this letter of the Father of
our country to theiofficer . onderr,the.gov.
eminent :whosetbre was selects by
thelteptiblican paty.as the likeness of
the statesman : -whose political •principles
were a refleCtion of their oulri. And look
first. at. the date of this letter! .As early
as I 7.92itheXather of, our, country writesto Alexid4r tramilton/Und telli
that known friends of the United States
government., were 'alarmed 'at the policy
of the 14.7eder,al party, aud• of theirioter
pretitione of the' ConstitutiOn. That
Federalists 'manifested a disposition to
get rid of the limitations iniposed by the
Constitution_, on the faith of which limi
tations the Seate.s.nccgded.to that instru
That here is proof positive that the pea
ple of_ the - Clued States would never
have put themselves under a general gov.
ernment, but would have continued their
State sovereignty and independence, had
not.tile framers of, the..t;onstitution, by
their writings in-tbe Federalist and ,otlier
papers, pledgtil'efutieTiii•thatlia gen
t oral government would Never 'interfere
with the rights of, the'Stateti.', forth=
el proof we shall give these interpreta
tions of Alexander Hamilton - 'himiielf*
show that. a ..free And goveinment
they were framing for the': people and
what a'u '
surpation and breach of 4.pllght
ed faith" it for the Republican party
to pursue the course they have pursued
awl are still pursuing. 2 , •
That the Federalists were accused at
thaVearly day of taking measures which
prepare the way tor a monarchy, and that
they _acceptedis a step.
fing-atone. to A thione, with a - King;
orts and COntinoos:' • ,• •
And lastly, that General Washington,
'MONTROSE, PA. TITESD4i ' - qs:x ,4 9 * 1867
. „ .
in thlYpriyate ,and confidential letter to
Aleiii r bder.taMilton, lias proved himself
tohavie been a pure patriot, seeking only
Vie happiness and prosperity of his peo
ple, and was in no, way implicated with
these trionerchicarredoralistain trying to
"advert the 'Constitution and prepare the
way for monarchy. He was wholly inno
cent himself, and ignorant of these treas
onable desigiwin . . others ;- and he writes
in all ,confidence to his Secretary of , the
Treasury; nd asks him. tO irnish him
With his ideas upon the discontents here
enumerated. lf`Alexander Ilamilton ev
er answered this letter, it is not to be
found among the correspondence of Gen.
Washington. Arnowg hundreds of other
letters we fail to find an answer in this.
It' would seem as if Washington waited
some time for, an answer, but failing to
'receive any, he addressed another letter
,Upon the same subject to Thomas Jeffer
son, Secretary of State, dated Mount Ver
'non, Ang. 23d, 1792. To this letter Mr.
'Jefferson' wrote the following reply,
which is found in Sparks Writings and
. Correspondence of Gen. Washington.:.
" MONTICELLO, 9 Sept. 1792.
"'To President Washington :
"Dear Sir :—I received your letter of
Aug: 23d, and
. proceed to answer that
part of it wherein you notice the internal
dissensions which have taken place with
in our government. That
seusions have taken place is certain, and
even among those who are nearest to you
in'the administration. To no one have
they given deeper concern than to my
self—to no one equal mortification at be
ing myself a partner of them. That I
have- utterly disapproved of the system of
the Secretary of the Treasury; I acknowl
edge and avow,
and this was not merely
a speculative difference. His system
flowed from principles adverse to libariy,
and was'calculated to undermine and de
molish the republic by creating an influ
ence in his department over the members
of the Legislature. If what was actually
doing begat uneasiness in those who
wished for virtuous government; what
was further proposed was not less threat
ening to the frietrds of the Constittition.
For in a report on the subject.of mane- •
factures, it was expressly 'assumed that
the, general governmetiv has.a right: t? ex
ercise all powers which may be for the
general welfare—that is to say, all the le
gitimate powers of government—since no
government has a right to do whist is not
for the welfare of the governed. • Thus,
the objects of theseplans is to draw all
the powers of government into7the hands
of the general Legislature (Congress),for
the pnrpyse of subverting, sterby step,
the principles of the Constitution, under
the commancl, of the Sec . retary of the
Treasury, Who has often declared the Con
stitution to be a thing of nothing, which
must be changod. I bee. to notice his
charges against me in Fenno's Gazette,
that I wrote letters from Europe to my
friends to oppose the present Constitu
tion, while depending. The charge is
most false. No man in the United States,
I suppose, approved of every tittle of the
Constitution ; no one I beliei'e approved
more of it than I did - and more of it. was
certainly disapproved ' by my accuser than
me, and of its parts most vitally republi
can. Of this, the few lessees I wrote on
the subject will be a proof, and for my
own justification I must tax you with the
reading of them when I return to where
they are. You will there see that my ob
jection to the Constitution. was, that it,
wanted a bill of rights, securing freedoni
of religion, freedom of the press, freedom
from standing armies, trial by jury, and a
constant habeas corpus act. Col. Hamil
tonss objection to it was, that it wanted a
King and House of Lords. He wished
the general government should have•pow
er to make laws binding the States in all
cases whatsoever. Our country has' tho't
otheswise. Has he acquesced ? No !"
Jefferson sent the letters he wrote
from Europe, which we shall publish in
this history, to Gen. Washington, and re
ceived a reply of which the following is
" 18 Oct. 1782
"To THOS. JEFFERSON
"My Dear Sir :—I did not require the
evidence of the extracts you sent me from
letters written to different persons, to
convince the of your attachment to the
Constitution of the United States, or of
your disposition to promote the general
welfare of this country."
Jefferson would not have dared to write
this letter to Gen. Washington if it had
not been true. Alexander Hamilton, the
leader of the Republican party wanted a
King and House of Lords in America.
He - wanted "the general government to
hate the power of making . :laws binding
the States in all cases whatsoever." This
would have made our government a des
potism in the start. But the people of the
United States refuSed to give the genet
al- government'the power these monarch
ists wanted, and they commenced to
usurp it. The Democrats defeated their
object .and were hated accordingly.
IFrom that day to this the struggle be
tween Federalism • and Dernocraey has
been going on. The Democrats' for the
people ir. the Constitution, freedom of re
ligion; freedom of the:press;.an'd triat by
jury. They wanted -a .constant babeaS
corpus,act, which would, save the peeple
from being thrustinto dungeons, and I ePt
there for years, without a chanCe Of prov
ing their innocence:' Thereismo tyrdarti,
cal act of , the most I tyrannical' goir_ern
meats on earth; 'Which was not repeated
by thisltepUbliOan party as Soon as' they
gotthe power,:eVeiy one of which . is for
bidden-by the Ccitistitntion, which Aler
ander Hamilton dedlaro . was a 'ihini ; r, of
nothing, and'ehould - be .set atide H the
Democracy is,finally crushed, and these
Federal monarchists saccedrin . their de
signs, the American government will be
no other than an American despotism.
Ship Canal Across the Isthmus -of
One of the grand internationaL works
of the future is the ship canal that shall
cross the rocky ridges of the. Darien Isth
mus and open up a,highway for vessels
of the largest tonnage from the Atlantic
to the Pacific Ocean.
On the 19th of March last the •Senate
requested the Secretary of the Navy to
furnish, through the Superintendent of
the Naval Observatory, a report - ion the
different inter.oceanic •routes proposed
between the Atlantic and the:Pacific with
such information as would' determine
what are not. practically lines for the con
struction of a Ship canal. In response to
this, Rear Admiral Davis has presented a
most interesting. and exhaustive report,
which condenses all the facts respecting
the surveys and examinations made of the
several proposed, lines.
There are three routes specified in
what geogyapliers have called the . Isth
The first of these is from the Chepo, or
Bayanos' River to San Bias ,on, theAtian
tic, called Mandringa, or thh Gulf 140-
zanilla o,he second from the Gulf of San
bfiguel to Caledonia Bay; and the third
from the Gulf of San Miguel to the south
part of the of Darien , or to some' ,
point on the lower part of the Atrato.
The first of these routes,
f rona the Che
po to San Blai; is Of Special interest, be
cause so exclusively guardedby the jeal
ousy of kstile
. Indians. It is known as
the narios4.4l part of the isthinus, and it
is reperied that. they haul their canoes or
wooden sledi from the waters .of one side
of the mountain to those of the other,
while a remarkable depression is saiOto
be observed in those mountains. But
strange to say, no satisfactory explana
tion has ever been made, and the most re
liable information concerning it is due to
the private enterprise of a citizen ofNew
York; Mr. Frederick M. Kelly, who, hav
ing repeated efforts to discover a suitable
route further south along the Atrato,
made an exploration in 1804. There is
an excellent harbor at San Bias, and ou
the Pacific side one of eighteen, feet in
depth. But the river and ground neces
sitates a tunnel sirnilar%tti . the far Ons, one
of Mount Benis. The drzplerations were,
howevei., hurriedly made, and oh one di
rect line, though the surveyors thought a
more faVorable one could be found furth
The great practical :route, however, in
the estimation of Admiral Davis, is that
from the Gulf of San Miguel, to Caledonia
Bay. This short, has, spacious, excellent ,
,each end of the. route • 'with
sufficient rise and fall of tide to;b; xrtade
available for constructing docks on the
Pacific side. It possesses historic inter-,
est, as at Angie, on the Caledonia .Bay.
One of the first settlements was made by
Europeans, and Jbough it has received
more attention than any other except the.
Panama route, the expeditions of Eng
land, France, and this country, have been
singularly unsuccessful. Ur. 4isborne,
Captain i'revost, and the ill-fated but he
roic party of Lieutenant, Strain*, were an
baffie4l. Dr., Cullen is the, only person
who claims to have-crossed, directly be
tween the two great hays. lie says:
" From the seashore (Port Eadoces) a
plain extends for nearly two miles 'to the
base of a ridge of hills, which runs paral
lel v. the coast, and whose highest sum
mit is about 350 feet. This ridge is not
quite continuous and. unbroken, but is di
vided by traverse valleys, thrOugh which
the Agleseniqua, Aglatomate, and other
rivers have their course, and - whose high
est, elevations do' .not exceed 150 feet.
The base of this ridge is only two miles
in width, and from its south side a level
plain extends for thirteen miles to a point
on the River Savana, called Canasas,
weich is aboat twenty miles above its
This route the admiral thinks, will'per
mit weans! "Without locks and even with
out alunnel, and yet not surpass either in
ditfitiulty, in labor, or in' the amount 'of
time or money consumed in its construe:
tion, several other monuments of hbman
genius and enterprise in_pait times and in
oar own diy."
The 'Admiral fegrata 'that Dr. Cullen's
statements are not i moie in detail, but,
supports them b 7 the estimates of Admi
ral Fitzroy, Airian,. the old buceaneers,
the noted William ratterSon,whash titre
sight and liberality are a remaricabla,t'rl-,
buts to his powe'ra: 40tiidio,'it Frettik
gentlemen, -made ho biploration from,the
Pacific side, starting from the mouth of
the Lara, but ivascow elled:io;eittrn t by
The Ati ate - .beetiiilZs re thor-
9oughly explored: -- `Under the auspices of
Xr. Kelly an iexpedition was sent oui- on.
der the direction:of Mm .I'fautwitie, In
1852, and iinother4be , (year following an
der,M-essrs.. Lane and Porter 'all of whom
did, good service, but . established this re
,sult 'by, exatnining,theihead - vraterii•of the
Atrato, "that nature forbids , us altogett
•eXL,to eaten:at. the idea - an Ulf- - anion of
the two ocbms.in this ; directionl': i Mr.
Kelly started two) other - 'e xpeditioni in
118547- , -Oue,from‘ the: Pncifie side,;under
Mr.? William - Rennisbornd•-the ,btlier from
the Atlantic side under-Mr. Lane... -
subsequently our government sent an
, expedition under General Michler and
the late Commander T. A. Craven, , to
make a more thorough exploration. They
did their work.with- scientific accuracy,
and the result, of their researches confirm
the labors of Mr. Kelly's explorers as to
to the height of the Summit, and 'give full
date for an' independent judgment as to
the eligibility of !ilia route. - - ,
When .we .consider that, , the annual salt
inv.° thestradeof the world' by the con
struction of this canal would' be =bird on
to fifty millions of dollars, and to 'our own
people seven-tenths of that sum, we won
der at the apathy which has so long been
content to let, the want Of forty miles of
canal, no matter bow expensive •its con
struction, impose such an enormous vast,
age upon.the world's commerce,.
It is time that the government hadau
thorized a complete. survey of this imper
fectly. known isthmus, and the -proper
steps were taken to wedi-thiongh-its,natt
row surface, the waters , of
and Pacific,--aVational Inteltigencer.
A Chief rlnstice in the Stocks.
When Lord Catntlen held-the chiefship
of the Common Pleas, bo "was walking
with hislriend,Lord Deere • on. the out
skirts of an Essex village; - when they
passed the parish stocks:' ."`••• -
. A w.uuder,!!„said-,,the''Olfaafi-jtistiee,
" whether a roart-jothe stocks endures a
punistnnentahatiS phfrieall) painful ? I
am inclined to thin; - that; apart from_the
sense !cif . and , cither- Mental
anguish, the prisoner sufferati - othini ,; un
less- the 'populace express 'their-'eatßsfac
tion, by pelting him rwith'•bribTlnitS:""
" Suppose yon settle your &rib - Why
placing your feet, in the 116 - 161;" 'rejoined
Lord Daare, carelessly. • . -
" By Jove, I will !" exclaimed the Chief
Justice; "and in a trice he waS sitting on
the ground; with his feet eotrie fifteen"
inches above the let;el of his 'Aeat, 4 and his
ankles encircled bY hard wood.
"lion•, Bacre," fie exclaimed. enthusi
astically, "fasten the bolt - 4, 'in c d,leaVO ine
for ten minatoi ' • •
Like a•courteous host sort 'Deere com
plied with the whim of 'ilia guest," and
having placed it out of his power to lib=
erate himself, bade - him' for ten
minutes, Intending to saunter along the
laneland -return strthe eltpiration of the
appointed period - , Lord'' Daere' niovea,
away,-,and, falling into , one of -his C,iiito
rnary the of TBV erie. - soon,fOrgot: nit - Abut`
the -stocks; his friend's' :frealr and his
friend. • - •' I• • •
In the meantime the Chief titistice went'
thfough: every torture of-an agonizing
punishment—acute shootings along the
confined limbs, aching in-the feetongry
pulsations tinder thui tnettodolenieramps
,the tnu4e,s and , ibighs, gnaWitig.
at..the.point,ivhere, Pe.rOort-catne in im
mediate with the cold ground:—pins-and,
needles everywhere. , •
.Among the various forms of his physi
cal discomfort, faintness, fever s .giddiness,
and ra g ing thirst may beJmentioned.
implo,r;(l.; peasant to liberate dlian, and
the fellow. answered with a shout of de
risioe. He hailed a passing clergyman,
and eXplailred' that he t was apt a.culpriti
btit Lerd Camden, Chief Justice of the ,
Com Mon Pleas, and one of Lord Decrees
"Ah !" observed the man of cloth, not
so much answering the wretched culprit
as passing judgment on. his ease, ' 4 mad
with liquor. Yes, drunkenness is sadly
on the increase ; 'tis droll, though, for a.
drunkard to imagine himself a chief jus
tice !" and on he passed.
A farmer's wife jogged by on her pil
lion, and hearin4, the wretched man ex
claim, that he uld die of thirst, the
goed creature gave bitu a_juicy apple,and
hoped that his punishment would prove
for the good of his soul.
Not ten minutes, but tenhours did the
C'bief Justice ait.iti the stocks,-aurwben
at length hp was i narried into Lord Da
cre'a hou'ss ho was in no humor to laugh
at his own miserable,.Plight. Not 'long
afterwards he presided ata trial in which
a workman , brought en action, againit a
magistrate who., boa wronifiilly placed.
him in the stocks. The counsel tor the
defence happening to lafigh
meat of the plaintiff, who maintained that.
he had suffered intense. pain dpringihe
confinement. Lord Camden • leaned for.
ward and inquired in a whisper,-"Broth.
er, were you ever in thestocks ?" , 4.
,"Never,.,ray hard,". answered the; ad.
vocate, a, 10p1j,...0f lively l astoblish,
t000 t„ • •. ,
"I have been," Was the whispered re
ply,."and let me assure you that the ag
ony' inflicted by the stocks is—awfal!"
1- 1, ,t;
"If 7, M erl!.
80M - 6 g out Olsten. .
•, ; •
- 4pterd..,o• 9 to, after
di being dred
out of theirtnatitral'' hods' arid' htilne?;'le
,welt understood,:_;but where Iliernorde 4 '.
fr9inx. ll4 !-A , 4ey,Rre,9l).tained Auct in. what-,
aumbers they jFe„taltea, it , may interest
oni i'eaderi(tO learn.„ earlihistoric
•tituifihey havirbeen Yeelrone s sifitabte
and palatable articleroldiet. The ROiiiiiis
used theauf as found: to their natural state
_on . .their,eniists t aji,d also initipagated,theta
by'artitiCial • plan Ong in „beds . or IR pits, as
le done al th kipreteit t dssy. in
or ecitintrt! hfivai 'such vast iminbers of
, theni slippeddown the huntaieesuphages
as-in our Amin! are bow in the
midst and the heightof the seasoa for oys
te.t eating; vbich, well for that departin't
of testacea,, does not continue all the year
-round. • Froth Aug ust is the breti
ding . Season,* . andl during iet time oysters
are not believed-to be :edible—a popular
error which we. have 11Q wish to correct,
as it saves the stock from - 910404km,, '•
Oysters are fontid; all 'aletig the A:thititio
noasyin- the - quiet' wateri'ot the hails 'and
depttrof froin twelve-to' thir
,,ty feet. ; They Mt:reuse, -.at, a prodigious
rate, the spawn of a singlenyster contain
ing tens of thotisandS of eggs, or, iccord
iug to some naturalists, hundreds of thou
.sands. They ute found, also, hi the Pa c eifie
Ocean, in the northern latitudes. Europe
isisupplied from its own waters, although
large quantities have been exportedthith
er trout this country. An: idea' CP their
prolificness may.' be formed fronythefolki
wing statement:.few years- ago the
French, supply grounds became unproduc
tive, through over-drugging, and an en.
erprise- of propagation • was undertaken.
Three thousaud tares, in a favorable bay,
'were sown. with three ruidiUn breeding
oysters. Inlessthan six mouths the bun
dles of brush-wood sunk into the water.
to eonfine the young and minute oysters,
were found * , though,ttot larger than a sheaf
of wheacto hail attached to each of them
not , febi Min • tiveiiiy' . ' - thalisand young
oysters.:. : -
'The MO species of oysters roost-used
in the United States „ore: termed ;York
River and York,Aay, the former being
taken on the 99aat l el
So u th, add &latter On" Ile bt.w
shores and Iclorth. Baltimdre is- the ler
gest, eentreof Aie.oyster trade, the stock
tieing supplied from .the Chesapeake. and
Other bays and their tributaries. By.the
most recent statistics Within our ,reiteb,
although the trade lir now much'thore ex
tensive, we find that thirty-three oys.ei
firms in Baltimore packed 1,500,000 bush
els, Abotto,7o, vessels. were employed in
the Chesapeake anti its . tributaries in and
chiiig f ",and POO inore,,in carrying oysters
to niarket.'. 4bout 41400 hands were
einplOyed in these vessels, and about 20,-
000 more in "shucking" and packing the
oysters. The value of the oysters packed
during the season  was $1,200,000.
Since the close of the war the business
has. largely. increased. In other ports, at
North and South, the trade is extensive.
Thd"Chief Inspector of Virginia reported
the quantity exported in the season of,
1852 9 to be over 2,400,900 builiels, - all
of which wene.taken in the York, Rappti-'
hannock, Potomac rivers, and Hampton
It is found that oysters bread butler, grow
faster, and are ofbetterquality when sown .
artifielaliti beds, than whin left in their
native localities. It is mainly from suoh
beds, thatlslew York - is supplied With the'
immense number required for its market
and, trade.. The localities' best adapteit
to the purpose; and producing the beat
ditiele, are those in which the fresh water
of rivers Mingles with the brine of the
sea. , . Thence as-the-place is chosen with'
reference to the depth of water, the oys
ters are raised from the bottom by , a ton
bandied and long toothed iron rake,.and
towed' into boats: At vast packing:estab
lishments, they aresummarily and rapidly
uuhoused from their shells and packed us
cans or in kegs B,nd sent, throughout the
country. How they are finally disposed
of, in individual use, roasted in the shell,
fried, stewed and raw, most people are
well informed by personal and pleasant
experience. To the few who have not
tried them-and still regard them ail nasty. ,
things, we have no power of langnhge nor
figures of, rhetoric , capable of convincing
them that they do not look upon theays
ter question in the proper light.—P,iteburg
DowN ON mis.—On one
,oacasio,a Lo- .
renzo Dow, While preaching, took the lib
erty of denouncing a riely man in thercom
-munity, recently deceased. The result
was an -arrest, a trial for.siander, and lin
prisonment in the county jail, After Lo
renzo got out of his "iim6Aheannounced
that, in spite of-.thin [in .his- opiniOn] an
juPt PrinishMent; he ehould preach at a
given timokfiermon about "another rich
man," The, populace. Wet greatly exalted
sad anrcwded,autlience greeted hie , apl
pearance. With great solemnity lati'allea-.1
ed the Bible and ,read,'”And there 'was:.
another rich-pan,who died and went to,
then stopped short ,;4eemed:
suddenly : impressed.: '}Brethren; L! shall
not. Mention the placetlyis-,rich man:went'
to for fear he has some relatives in Ibis
congregation who will sue me for defama
tion of character."