The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, December 25, 1866, Image 1

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A. J. GERRITSON, Publisher.'
The won rose beiiiVerat
prisusßlD ZVI= TtrMaier MOElgri„AT r92llritiMi,
. 3 1 4 1 1 61MalL a b r i k ir 4
-A. a'. x imx.resco
~s t PES amrtnt TN ADvaxcaron pm AT Reno or TRLII.
Business advertisement. to...eyed at $1- per square of
10 lines, three times, and Ode for.tach additional week.
Yearly advertisera, with usual changes, charged $lO
for four squares, quarter column $l5, half column $llO.
one column $6O. and other amounts in exact proportion.
Business cards of three lines, $5; or one dollar a line.
or Legataitipeto the ouiitoicial7lsteer
Job Priatfna executed neatly and promptly at
fair prices.
Deeds, Dort ees. Notes, Justices', Constables', _
Schseksed for silt; er I
AT LAW. Office over Stone di Warner.
Montrose, Dec. 18, tt
• •-• rep
\ - V - 1 . 1. D. LUSK, ATTORNEY AT
LAW, Montrose, Ps. Office opposite the
Franklin Hotel, near the Courtßon3e , Courtoov67 '66
10111YSICIAN and StUGROW , Vontrose, Pa. Gives
I - especial attention to diseases of the Genet and
Lange and all Surgical diseases. Office over the Post
Office.. Boards at Seariess Hotel. (Sept. 1. 1866.
DBALERS in riosir,l3alt. sit.. Lard, Grain,
Feed. Candles; Clover and Timothy Seed. Also,
Groceries, ouch ae Sugars. Molasses, Syrups, Tea and
Corea. West side of PublleAVOltte. ' • •
Montrose, April '1,1866.' •
nEALERS In Drury, Medicines. Chemicals, Tlye
-1./ aruirsdletipte.l:llls,Araenisb.Liquors. Spices. Fan
cy artlcletl.:fttentMetlernse. Perfumery and Toilet Ar
ndt& rffr Pr es cr: pt ions carefully compounded.
Public Alenue,aboye. : Scarlo Hotcl,lifontrose r ra.
L. B. Buttas;' " . . . Ares tlseeeis.
Sept. 11, 1366.
' • SiARLE, "
TTORNEY AT LAW. office over the Store of Z
111,. Cobb, opposite Searle's Hotel, Montrose, Pa.
Illy 1. 1866
peraLuentiVacatettatte4thaarthepar ,
La-pose erpraette erg medieto -b In 121 ftii
brane , ea. He may be found at the Jaeksbn Route.
(dee boors from A a. m.. to 9 p. m. janletf ,
Frfettdior4le,lra:;•7UM.lsth. 1950`. ' • • -
tallooxisaieta "eui.OltilOtbAbism-ao,
mylo• Brooklyn, ra.
fed 6 , 34 ti
__Aci r 4- nor", Pa.
Licteanuesect .411.12:oticaltsecar i p
ap7 65U Friendeville, Pa.
Lioezumeocil 466itietticosieeet• •
scr Wit Greats. Bend, Pa.
1, , 1RS AND , ,LIMB ANC% AGENTt. An
hu,ine•e nttended to prompily: octair terms. Of
fer Are door north of " Montrose Hotel," west bide of
Public Menne.. -Xonyttee.,:Pe.. - p[Jan.l,lB66.
hams bruova, • enact= L. Buoys.
~ ,•_ -
D 00 7' ,14779M6e1aer atld.-Xsneleetareir Altlntros',
LI Pa. Shop on..libla drag._ ..oPedoorbelow the-Post
Ocoee. All kinds-of meta :Ado toorder. and rc
dolikneatly. - /Pi 65-
DB., E. • BIAIttsLEF.,
&. SURGEON. has located at Bronslyn.
/ Sum a co., Pa. Will attend
_,promptly to all calls
nth which he may he favored. Office at L. M. Bald
'tee. j tnlYYl-1y
pared tos,ptAll icinde (3armeats In the most
Fashionable Stlteotild li4ranted *lrk elegance
tad ease. Shop ovei. NAttillard'aStore:Montrose.
DOLT. E. L. .HAN i Difitit;- •
iVii.jr*.f:t3tritexoN,tosietttally tendeichl
i a
Fl i P la aralgi. Ber A e t tn ef tra t o l ti e t il o f f
Bonds at 41.'llosford'ir. •• - - 1140 ' CO
r, PALER la Drugo,Stedleineh, Cheintei* 'Dyeti
1 /Stuffs, Gloss Ware, Panto, OEN-Varnish. Win
don Glate, Groceries,Fititey Goods;Jewelry Pert -
tneti:Zte—Astent tot tho most popular PATENT
mEDICEOIB,-Nontrofo. Pkg.
rR 1 7.11031 DEMTlST,=Mezitzdse;Ps, - -
' 2 °lce in Lathrop' siese bnildidg,' ol ret, .
t Beek: MI • Deutid'opeistlems'wlll be, •I • s A a
performed In good style sudieszitinted.
role door last - of Searles Hari.
tir orderkAretttrM, Or. hittait-rote *We
Craning don§ aharrnatice, -- ate warreatdSta St-
- W . 31. W. SMITH, •
of Main street, Montrose, Pa. If
. , .. P. UNES, .
I le MOMS tiV iliwtit store of Bead, Wstirosisl
a Footeni 141.11 lAD
s .. as to iit sod !WM.
euttlxvldde tuff wicupeOstieststyle, .SllllO
~ ,
D EA Lo wtawii /Latin giritiik ' 4i. v st , d , etz
wa re. hew, Stqvee. un_gs, Ms. and Paints,
Bootaandf heeerlaptioliad,CoPl . Furey Barg* Acobea*
Groceiles, Froth Win. New Milford. Pa.
r • .114
niallut (36OPERA CO.
Capirper '
kontroie;Ps. Ideceiscirito Post,
—4 •Clac_e3 410;seli new "banding. Tuntarast.
n- 1 4; 1 4/I-Vi r Aftglit,Y< 71 -:-i ; : 1
VAlT lNZT A L aregtr PB7 _ •P is li br2
ir'OCta est dootbeldlitadyd's Store: Montrose, Kw.
Neils of xsza t dp- Time irithinAbelEs
harried, for persons arriviDg on the stage, wwing to.
tats,theettre. • lOW
The Hone open at ali bourazaZAba.-Egittfat tap
secommonamrot Pasteffin__•
gm. Davao TIiONAI3, Proprietor.
. • I'=For the Democrat.
A. History of the Great Struggle in
pnerica between Liberty
and Despotbni.,
,Before proceeding farther with the
proofs that the Republicans, if President
Lincoln were now living, would abuse him
in the same manner as they now abuse
President Johnson, it is necessary to shew
what, this party, now calling itself a Rad
ical party, is. All know the Radicals as
the adversaries of the Democrats, but all
do not know the reasons for the antagon
ism which now exists, and has ever exist
ed between these two political parties in ,
the United States. The first, description
of these •Republicans which we give, is
taken from the pen of lion. John W. or
ney. In 1856 he wrote as follows:
"The adversaries of the Democratic
party Gave dissolved the American Union
in advance, so far as by their own action
they sin consunaate that direful result.—
They talk of peace, and in their conven
tions proclaim a policy which must end
in civil war. They appeal to Heaven 1,0
sanctify a movement which, if successful,
will destroy the fairest fabric of freedom
on the globe. They invite our country
men to support their cause in the midst
of the most irreverent blasphemies of the
Constitution. They have already suc•
ceeded in dividing the Christian Church,
and now they would lay thoir hands up.
on the bulwarks of our Liberties. He
would wrest the Constitution from the
glorious purposes to which it was dedica
ted by its founders, and they would erect
at Washington a sectional despotism,
whose presiding divinities would be hos
tility to the equality of the States, and re
lentless war upon the South. The party
that avows opposition and hatred toward
the Southern States as its motive and rule
of action, is entitled to no aid or comfort
from any man who loves his country, or
desires to be faithful to its government.—
The greatest, the wisest, and the best
men this country ever produced, have
warned us that the Union could. not last
under the control of such a party."
That is a truthful delineation of the par
ty which now controls the destinies of
this nation. Although the writer of The
abote, for the sake of Office, jOined
seittileret o, that party, is
.the sarap.:tb
dky, al then.l The Union Could-not last
under their control—and it will never be
restored under their control. This histo
ry will prove that theseadversaries of the
Democratic party are responsible for the
disseution of the Union, as far as it, is
That their hatred of the Southern peo
ple brought on the o:vil war.
That they were trilling for tho sake of
power, "to destroy the fairest fabrio of
freedom on the globe,"
That , they blasphemed the Constitution,
which was signed by the Father of our
country by denouncing it, as "An agree
ment with death and a covenant with
That tjley were the means of dividing
the'Christian churches North and South,
by holding the Southern people up to the
world as " the enemies of God," and that
it would be well pleasing in Ills sight to
have the uegroes ruse and cut the throats
of th,e-whites, .artilthatAbey, labored faitlf
.'ftir more than thirty . year®
setsile infinrrection, with all its
horrors, upon the South.
That they villified, abused, and slan
dered the Southern people for the ex
press purpose of driving them out of the
Union, and that they hate them no-worse
now that they can call them "Rebels,"
than they bated them before,
.1 9 these columns our extracts and
proofs must necessarily be brief, but We
will give a sample of the slanders and the
abuse heaped upon the Southern people
by the "adversaries of the Democratic
party," by the following extract from
the Independent of /856, a religious pa
per, published, as an organ of the Puri
tans. It says':
"The mass of the population of the
South are descended from the transport
ed convicts and outcasts of Great Britain.
Fora century previouslo-the Revolution,
thousands of these offscourings of the
jails and bulks of England; were poured
out on the shores of. Maryland, Virginia,
the Carolinas, and Georgia, and nowhere ,
else. These were the . penal colonies of
Great Britain.- 0 tlonons chivalry and
hereditary aristocracy of thiSouth I Peer
less fi rst families of Virginia and Caroli
na-I Look at thatole Of the pit whence
ye svere •digged! . Progeny- of the high.
wayrnen, and' horse thieves, and sheep
stealers, and pickpockets of old. England !
Go, vilest of , the living , vile, out of all
'communities of decent origin, and follow
ing your natural and moral arniities,seek
your real kindred and-' political fraterni
ties with those • whose ancestors founded
the coloainii of Nerd` Beath Wiles and
Van Diepiitl i t land! .o f o ,to Botany _Bay
and stain no longer the character of that
true and nobly_descearled,Lfree,Ameriead
r*e' who , too. king•llndured the
oattilitstjs COnnecticia With Ott... Go; her-!:
r editarroutcastal The- Northern PeoPhi
winAnO* '10111 ; real- , character ' Wilton&
ly and haartiko:sny good byeiand - good
riddanoilbrioroiv when once assured that
the Union is no longer lifirdened
MONTROSg;,PA., TIJESDAY:;,: - ,resc.r 2L118,0 "
graced by, your citizenship. Go, With the
joyful assent of 10,000,000'0f the country
men of Denzil Antics."
Now is it to be supposed that these, 10 0 -
°WM° people who were so analouS to
say good bye and goi:2 riddance torever
to the South, ever Intend to be burdened
.and disgraced again by Chetr citizenship ?
Are not the white'people of the South to
be disfranehised, and the' negroes to be
en fran Thizipf citizenship
taken from the' whiles anti - Conferred on
the blacks ? And have not the Demo
crats told the truth 'when they asserted
that this war was prosecuted on the part
oftheir adversaries for no`other purpose
than to subjugate the Southern people,
and reduce them below the level of their
negro slaves P
Before we proceed further we shall
prove the falsity and baseness of the above
tirade against the South. In the History
of the United States,' by John Howard
Hinton, an English historian, "who was
assisted," says the New Encyclopedia,
" by several European and American wri
ters," is the following contradiction of
the above slander.. It says:
"The Virginia company were directed
by Icing James to transport to Virginia
one hundred idle and dissolute persons,
then in custody for various misdemean
ors, They were distributed through the
colony as servants to the planters. Much
has been said on This ~by writers, but the
influence of these outcasts was not of long
coptinuauce, fur nearly the whole number
of then! died singie. The stain upon the
co)Ony ia.tAnjuAtly continued by historians,
who copy their predecessors, without ex
amining the source of information they
thjs manner error And preju
dice aro ofien, perpetuated, and gain
strength from the, lapse , of years."
As regards that ." true and nobly de
scended tree •Americen. people, who have
too long endured theirloathsome connee-
Lion with these Southerners," we shall
give a true history hereafter, and show
that besides enslaving both' ndians end'
Negroes, the Puritans 'inflicted physical
punishments on thevbite race In their
midst, who dissented from 'their notions
of religion,.etlual, =wording to the pope
laticm to elf the corporeal punishmentain
flict4by-theSoutherners•npon the negro'
slaves. They used tire latli'Over the baelth
,of the Quakers and'ibptiSts—they thrust
them into - the *locks,' into fined
them, banished thent,and distressed them .
and other "heretics" in various modes,
which if collected tegether, would unfold
an amount of cruelty far exceeding the
cruelty' they have accused the South of in
flicting upon the blacks in: the same length
of time. The Kit* of England interfered
and put a stop to their persecutions for a
time; but it will be proven that, If these
Southern people, towardstwhote they hold
such deadly hate, had not guarded the
Americmi, people against the intolerance
of the Puritans, they . would have contin
ued their persecutions tinder the govern
ment of the United' States. It was the
Democratic party that gave all the white
people of America their civil and relig
ious rights; of which the Puritans bad de
prived them, and this crusade ' against
this par North and South, is not otily
a politibal hut a religions persecution, by
the same Puritan party.
We shall prove "that, although these
New England Puritans pretend the South
ern people are descended from the pick
pockets and highwaymen of Old Eng
land, they sought a political alliance with
them and endeavored to bring them over
to Federalism ; arid that if the " Rebels,"
these " wicked slaveholdere"—these " de
"seendants of the outscourings of Great
Britain"—would have consented to form
a pOlitieal alliance with these countrymen
of Fisber Ames, and united with them
in - establishing either a monarchy or an
aristocracy over theArtlerican people, in
stead of a Democracy, they would have
thought them the wisest and best people
in the world.
We shall show that this very Frderal
statesman, Fisher Ames himself, one of
the aristocrats of New England, visited
Virginia for the express purpose of court
ing a political alliance with these " vilest
of the living vile." Yes I The very par
ty which is now courting the negroes of
the South first offered - their bands to their
masters, and were reftised. Hetice their
hatred and their spite against them.—
Now that they have them under their
feet by the conqudst of arms, they mean
to compel them at the point of the bay
onet to acquiesce in the establishment of
a „monarchy. As So uthern people
would not, assist , themot their own free,
will, but fought against then) when they
attempteitto fottnd a monarchy , in the
United States when the . government was,
formed, they now` deVlare that - they shall
.have no share in thatokrernmenti unless
they 'change that free 'government into 4.
despotlim—=change it from a Democracy
into a Monarch • •
• T4Onias Jefferson, ajs We all know; was
- the statesman -. who suceeeded, with the
aid of his 'party, in istablislungP aDemoc=
`Aleiatider Hamilton; as.. all know;
was in favoiof tniinarchy any man
had'donbis the'inteOtionorthe Repub.
finitifpartytO'dhnOhe fattier ourgoi
eriiinetif,- 1411 abut •"to`livrilk s'into"their
" loyal Convention" in Philiablphialait:
Sege tither rttri &ookat thd tiortralt
ing 'off thiAvall. It -Was that of tlie states
man who represented 'their prineipleg.-1.
Wad it the portrait of, Washington ? 190.
It was the portraieof Aleiabder Hata.-
tofi l lirhOtie 'prineitiles and purlioses'were
not tolaie Washington 'remembered as
the'" Father deee'nuOtry," tut is ICOg
Georgerthe-Fiest.' • '
• Namdeof States..
A Correspiiiident why the States I
are called by their present Jiames, and
what are their deriiations and meaning.
The "results of "our investigation in this
matter are the following:
Maine—So called from the Province of
Maine; France, in 'compliment of queen
Henrietta of
. England, who, it has, been
said, owned that province. This is the
commonly, received opinion.
Nevi Hampshire—Named by John Ma
son, in 1639 (who, with another, obtained
the grant from the crown) from Hamp
shire county, in England. The former
name 'of the domain was Lacona.
Verniont—From the French verb wont
or green mountain, indicative of the
mountaiinus nature of the State. This
name w i lls first officially recognized Jau.
16, 1777.
Massiehttetts--Indian tame, signify
ing "'the country about the great hills,"
1. e., the " Blue Hills."
Rhode Island—This name was adopted
in 17 front the island of Rhodes, in the
Mediterranean, because of its fancied re
sernblhnee to that Island.
•Connecticat—This is the English or
thography of the Indian word Quon-ch-ta
-crit, which signifies "the long river."
Newt . York—Named by the Duke of
-York, tinder color of title given him by
the English crown of 1564.
New Jersey• tSo'called in honor of Sir
George- Carteret, who Was Governor of
theisi+d of Jersey, in the Britsb channel.
Penqsylvania—From Admiral Penn,
the fodnder of the country," meaning
"Pentiqi Woods."
Delaware—ln honer of Thomas West,
Lord de la Ware, who 'visited the bay
and-died there in 1610.
Varyland—Aftei Henrietta Maria,
green-df Charles
Virginia , —So called in honor of Queen
Elizabeth, the "virgin
_qiieen;" in whose
reign Sir Walterßaleigh made the first
attem*to colonize that . region. "
North and South Carolina were Origi-'
nails' in oneotract Called " Caroline," after
the Queen of Chdrles IX. of France, in
1504. Subsequently; in 1062, the name
was altered to Carolina.
Georgia-So called in honor of George
11. of England, who established a colony
in that region in' 1732.
Florida—Prince de Leon, who discov
ered this portion of North America in
1516, named in Florida, in commemora
tion of the day he landed there, which was
the Pasquas de Florets of the Spaniards, or
" Feast of Flowers," otherwise known as
Easter Sunday.
Alabama—Formerly a portion of Mis
sissippi territory, admitted into the Un
ion as a State in ' 1819. The name is of
Indian origin, signifying, "here tve rest."
Mississippi-} ormerly a portion of the
province of Louisiana. So named in 1600
from the great river on its western line.
The term Is of Indiad origin meaning
1" long river."
Louisiana—FrotnLouis XIV, of France,
who for some time prior to 1763, owned
the territory. - - -
Arkansas—From " Kansas," the Indian
word for." smoky vatet," with the French
prefix "ate," bow.. • , -
Tennessee—lndian for " river of the
big bend," i. e., the Mississippi, -which is
its western boundary.
Kentucky—lndian fur ." at the head of
the river."
Ohio—From the Indian, meaning
"beautiful." Previously applied to the
river which traverses a great part of its'
Michigan—Previously applied to the
river which traverses a great part of its
border. •
Michigan—Previously applied to the
lake, the Indian name for a fish weir. So
called.• from the fancied resemblance of the
lake, to a fish trap.
Indiana—So called in 1802, from the
American Indians.
Illinois—From the Indian " Mina,"
men, and the French suffix " ois," to
gether signifying " tribe of men."
Wisconsin—lndian term for " a wide
rushing channel."
Missouri—Named in 1821, from the ,
great. branch of the Mississippi which
flows through it. Indian term meaning
lowa—From the Indian, signifying
"the drowsy ones."
Minnesota--lndian for "cloudy water."
California—. The name given by Cortes,
thellificotiei'er of tbatregtom - He probe
.lo-obtained • it frOm' an old Spanish xo
_maim; in which all imaginary island of
that name is described as abounding in ,
gold. '
Oregon—i-Aeoording to some , fro'm the
oregon, " river of the wesooth•
era ponslder it - derivedfrom , tbe
Which: n *ola,
.atitioaandY ra.OffiC'tObst. $
..-Til'ereire:tioW 10;000 idle tlo#roe9 iti
<',.., _
I , '
. . . .
Tespent.te!,Encoptee;: mom
One o the moat daring encountere
z cident to hunting life- ;: though fortunate `
ly resulting ixt, ;otlimg tiagotter-,,that we
have heard Of fOi. 4 Et tOngiitne,'iticenrred,*
the vicinity of Mad Creek one day last
week - . Mn Hd•Nii3hols, - -forixierly of this
place, started vat one -morning 'with bis
dog threagh apiece of ,woolis , i pear .
farm, §carcely,had, he entered the forest,,.
.over a mile from - his habitation, when'
suddenly 'up sprung alatge , linek front till
concealment, and .confiontang him - faCeote
face for an instant, madearearful.dasb ktt:
him. l Mr. ;%Ticholls,. though, having no
weapon of defense, never once thought of f
retreating, but firmly grasped one of the
animal's gigantic horns,
while the dog
took bold of his throat. For a while the
struggle between the three was most fear
ful—one moment the man bad the deer
down, but the deer, possessed of thatdex
terity, and nimbleness peculiar to them,
sprang to his feet again and again, using
all his endeavors in twirling' us antago
nists around. Mr. N. dare not lose.his
hold, and the only hope to save his life
was by encouraging the dog, which
meanwhile hung on to the "buck's throat
with canine tenacity. ~,To worry the buck
to exhaustion, With the assistance of the
dog, was the only means of conquering
, his adversary, and rfter a long and tire
some struggle was finally successful, when
he'Went and4cit a club and knocked the
animal in the head. At the end of the
combat Iff:l4 ieholls' clothing was entire
ly torn from him, and be had nothing to
cover the costurne.`wbich nature furnished
-him. He returned home through by
ways, and called, lead!) , to his wife to fur
nish him with clothing, and. then return
ing be brought his venisonheme, which,
after being dressed, weighed over 200
pounds. When we take into considera
tion the fact'that Mr. N. is very BMA
man, weighing only about 'lOO pounds,.
:this was a courageous undertaking, and
courageously did he meet it.— Wen. Free
Press. -
INortality of Officers eernparet with
Enlisted MM.
The Frov: . ost. Marshal's report, lately
issued by the War Department, gives
these striking statistics, Showing the corn
'parative mortality of officers, and enlisted
men dpring t be' War
Froma earefnl compilation of Or rolls, , _
'aninino r rit: ireitteot,
ter out , which resulted from, military ser
vice previously_ riend'ered„ appeankthat
280,739 men and officers have lost their
lives in the army. Of this number 5221
'commissioned officers and 00.886, enlisted
men have kilted in action or died of
wounds, while 2321 commissioned officers
and 182,329 enlisted men died Of disease,
or in some few cases- from accidents. It
will be observed that of killed in battle
and died of wounds • there is one officer
to eighteen men, showing somewhat great
er, mortality on the part of officers, who,
supposing the organization to be full, con
stitute about ono fifth part of, the forces.
On the other band, only one officer to
ninety men has died of disease. The re
markable disproportion so greatly, to the
advantage of the, commissioned :class, is
owing to several- causes. Officers:are bet
ter sheltered than:men, and their food is
generally better • quality and more va
ried in kind, solhat they suffer less from
disease of the digestive organs. They are
not so much, crowded together in tents
and quarters, and are therefore less sub
ject to contagiousand, epidemic maladies.
They have superior advantages in regard
to personal cleanliness. As prisoners of
war, too, they' were generally treated
more leniently, and, so: furniabed _fewer
names to the,mostality lists of. Anderson
vine, Salisbnry, and other similar, denaof
death.; I' •
APO er AIM metance, and by
no means the iglu% potential, was the su
perior morale„. the hopefulness and el tad
of spirit which. is given to a man by,
investing him With a commission, and its
accompanying authority, responsibility
and chances of advancement. It is wor
thy of note that in the colored troops the
disproportion between commissioned of
floors and enlisted men under these heads
is still more remarkable. In killed, or
died of wonods, the 'officers lost one in
about forty 'two, while the men lost but
about one in sixty six. But nnder the
head of deaths, by disease, the officers
show a loss of only one in seventy seven,
while that of men' rises to the enormous
proportion of nearly one in seven; which
is far the highest mortality front this
cause exhibited in the records of the ar
AN - HONORABLE Ebriorr.—Caitur Domi
tide, Tribune to the Homan people, eager
to ruin his enemy, . Marcus Seams, Chief
of the Senate, accused him publicly ohms , .
eral high crimes and misdemeanors. His
zeal in tbe'proseention tempted a slOve of
Scaurus, throUgh hope of a reward, to of
ler bimeeif PriVately as a Witting. 'But
justiebleresiiievailed over revenge for ;
Domitius, without utteringi iinglevrpra,
,ordered the .perildious wretch- to WI fat
tetedrand rnarlied instantly to his master.
SO Universally: was .thbf . action admired ! ,
'tluirit.tirouuredjkunitius many= bon - ors
`which :be' , .iontd scarcely have , boped for
' He was 'auouefisivelyutoted
"consul, censor, and high priest.
Great Pubilp„Wo#4,,,4
• Three great undertaking in. wigelyesp:
&rated' regionti, been - C.oookt /
seem- cid
Thel l elVifthe Tunnel 'fraitithe isr
Chicago two miles out under the ''bed
JAW' Miehigaft; to ;futiiiab a turpplYllif
,pure water-to ;; t hes Tenuirkible
suspension tedie . Str : rtifieinngiti, evei the
Ohio thier,i ads the railriontr-bridgiVover
thesttsgaehantia river; at HavretleGrici'
Baidrotithese •.cost.,eneimtriense. , stim r:
-money, and: Now
prising adventure. The ,Suggiketnons
bridge blis been subjected . tcrAhegreetest,
perils on account et the.- terrilde, freshet", --,
that sweep
_down thatstream, and, the9x7,i
treme,difficidty of building, piers in such
deep Water. So serious was the midertii
king felt to be, that- for it long thaw - lbw:
pewerful railroad corporatiOnnwoing the
line between Philadelphi ' a •and Baltimore, r
hesitate to undertake it. ,I.lcen" When
begun It'was' prosecuted Under extranr
dinary difficulties; and •subject •to iniconi
mon perileand , heavy-losses. But at...last-1
it w4fkfinioPdt and now 1 1!e-broad, §3 1 4-,
piebauna is no an obstaiile.,to the
travel between the North and SOkb: The
running time Philadelphia
Baltimore will now" be' 'Materially reduc
ed, and all. the , J dai ge kir 1 crimCdin 4 , the
river in. winter procjAceil by • will be
TheCinainnatibridge'alirers i triiti this,"
'altbongh4ike it; a railway bridge;
built shore tn• sbnie in • a single spabviii
other .wogd.a, inibeing al/Vended over the,
stream without . intermediate" , supports.,,
Of course, since the suspension
bridge waibullt peoplinliink less of these
things than, they 1 use , --to, .nevertheleni,
the passage of the Ohio river by such
structure is. really. an Au hiuvetnent, and
'the reader maylneasure its consequepoe- •
`by the, Ceat.—tWO, miliions ufdollars. • It
puts Chicitinari•in direct'. Co mmu ica tion
with the. whole railway system of the
South,end, enables the -enterprisingcity
to.,undertake a. more v igorous , competition'
for. Southern trade than• ever before.
The preamit ambition of the Cincinnati
ana seems to be to establish direct railway
connections wittr,.Cbarleaton,, Savannah,
Mobile, ,New Orleans, and, in fact, all ths
chief cities .of the South, so as to make
Cincinnati the western loons of.the South
ern:trade, , I The Chicago Jake tunnel: has
. )se.emed. t more, blow-dons) enterprise:than
'either,of,these, bat, in reality it was 'not'
so. the. boring was at a- sufficient depth
to avoid all .risk,..and.moderit seiences has
enabled engineers to conduct.such under
taking without ,any of . the perils once
thought to.inseparab'o frt m them. Still it
is not to denied, that the idea .was a very
bold one, and that the city has earriedit
oat. with a promptitude, skill and success
deserving. of all credit.
it is In such works as these, rather than ,
in the fancy work . of ori i amentat arc,hitio- ,
tare, that the present age of. Americans
.must establish its renowo, for while 14ri-.;,
repeat] critics may depreciate our ail,
fortsobey are totally unable to do gala
the matter of such structures ka. theel. •
Eterice the Paeifie Railroad, once fiaished,
will be regarded with a thousand fold
more 'wonder" and interest 'by foreign
travellers than if we could , w .ihem art .
eifurts 'rivaling those of Italy. ` Engineer
ing is•pre etainehtli the:national pride,
and we Must seeleto shine , by, its feats.—
. L Robinson Crnsoe Story. ---
Early hi Abe month - of ''January, 4104,
the captaitinnd crew , ' of :a , small sailing
vessel; inifling - front Sydney, Aastralia,„
were wrecked:on:one of= the riaiiihahited '
islands of AP Auckland group v -iathe far
South. Paeihc.TheyAve.d, there,tircnty
month's,' without see ing, a Mime' being, ,
dthrii'llitni''tfienuferveg. ' - The ' onlyiciOli
they were a 'haul nier, an ..aiitciin 'edit."'
and a gimlet.: With these they oontrivedt
to makes house ,with's fireplace lied , &Ilk L
neyto it . ':.They ,liv,ed on 1391 a, widgeon . ..
inussels,'ind a sweet root which seriied
for bread and potatoes. = Seila whiih they
found there in great utunhers; and Which
the captain in his diary says, " Went
roaring about the -woods like wild cattle,"
were their main dependence' for food.
After remaining in this . ‘ place for mote .
than a yearsome of 'the men became dhs; .1 .
contented and mutinous, giving the cop-
talc a gr,eat deal of trouble. 'Heat length •'.
adopted the plan of teaching school in the' .
evening, reading , prayers, and reading and
expounding the Scriptures to the best of
his ability: He found this 'plait to work
admirably. The 'men becante nanch inter
ested lathe Bible readings, and.nine of .
them who . were :read learned--
every part. "83 M 11011," remarks the 'cap.'
tale in his: diary,,.; . " for - 11110811 snaiden." l
At last the. captaur , deterinined to leave •
the island , .::The nearest laud was New
Zealand,fotir bandied - miles off, and , their
only crag waa.a little din 3 iirrwhich they •
i badosimpedironilthe wr. t. . There was '
extremerril-, in crossing Niel $ tract of .
stormy: ocean:in 'such a boat, bus he bad
grown -ahnosto , deeperate: He and t his
~n, en Tabled Vle sides of- the boat,' and , did:
whet electhey -could to it . ;:'ber for , sea. ,
0n171.870, beeide.tbe :captain, oonsent4NlSO
go us her, and they set ..efto T4 t y teach=
e d, New.Zealeedia autfetnwbere they St
lance:chartered tenth= awl: ••returned f o r.
their , comrades; .wboniithey toUnd , and ,
brought awayr.,,d.,•, i - ' ; : ~ • a,:. : 1 1, re;l' i , -It-.
X.,Y I
ir ,t
ct,.66, a