Newspaper Page Text
A. J. GERRITSON,PubIisher.I
From the Gen ill 2 of Liberty.
John W. Geary and the
. Soldieis of
the Mexican War.
READ ! READ `>!:; READ 11
John VV. Geary the candidate of the
Radical Abolitionists for. GoVerner
Pennsylvania; was elected' Lieutenant
Colonel. of the
_gd,Pii. Regiment of Velum.
teers in the war with, Mexico, upon :the
organization of that re_ginient.in the cityi
of Pittsburg. William B. Roberts, of
this county, was colonel commanding,
who died in the city of Mexico. Afterhis
death Geary Was promoted to the col
onelcy. The Fayette County Volunteers
was attached, to this regiment, and known,
as Cu. H. They distinguisl.ed themselyes
fee ! - rallant conduct and intrepid bravery,.
in all the important engagements from
Vera Cruz to the oily of: Mexico, induct-,
ing the bloody assaults upon the gates of
They continued in service until the end'
of the war, and were honorably discharg-;
ed. The survivors, upon their return
h o me, were received with well earned and
hi g hly dinoinguished honors by theirfel
low citiztns. Here at the county seat,
they were honored by a splendid recep
tion, participated in by the citizens of the
citizens of die county generally, as well
as by the ladies, who greeted their, re
turn with alt that delieate attention and
refined taste peculiar to their sex. At
Connellsville also,they were the recipients
o f a handsome ovation, the heart felt tri
bute of the citizens 'mid ladies of that
p:ace and vicintv, The reception at Con
nellsville took place on Saturday, July 15,
IS4S. The -reception speech was made
by Dr. James C. Cummings, and the re
sponse by sergeant Peter A. Johns. Af
ter the delivery of the:speeches, and par
taking of an elegant dinner prepared for
the occasion, the returned soldiers met
together and unanimously adopted opre ;
amble and series of resolutions, which
show up the character of John W. Geary
in such a light as would - render his elec
tion as Governor an everlasting disgrace
to the State of Pennsylvania.
These resolutions were unanimously
adopted by true and tried soldiers, by
men who knew Geary well, and by men
who did not hesitate to - proclaim their
e,timate of his character, end that too not
iu tender, dainty sentences, but in well
( xpressed and forcible language. The
testimony of these proceedings gains ad
ditional force from the fact, that it. was
uttered at such a time and under such
circumstances, as to exempt it. entirely
from any imputation of political ind hen .
ces. The proceedings, were published in
the paper of this county, by request of
the soldiers, on the 21th of July, 1848,
and here fl!) , are. Again we say, read,
ad, real. •
Toe f: .liuwifiar.prearade and resolutions
were offered by the returned volunteers
of Company H, 2d Pennsylvania regi
ment, and unanimously adopted by the
WHEREAS, The discharge and arrival
home of the remaining members of the
Fayette Volunteers has again placed them
in the position of citizen of the State of
Pennsylvania, and enabled them to spe - ak
and "assert their rights, they now em
brace this occasion, the first opportunity
since return, to express their deep and
abiding indignation of the conduct of
John %V. Geary, since he was elected to
the command of the 2d Penn'a regiment,
at the city of Mexico. The said John W.
Geary procured his election by a mere
plurality of votes, by falsehood and Ile
eeption—while he was promising to give
Company Li the privilege of electing - their
own officers, according to the laws of the
State of Pennsylvania, he, the said Geary,
bargained with others for votes, promis
ing and giving appointments in said_Co.
11, to men from other companies who
might answer his peculiar purposes. The
law of Congress, on the 13th of May,
1846, calling for volunteers for the war
with Mexico, has this provision :
"Sec. 5. And be it further enacte4,that
the said volunteers so offering their.se.rvi
ees shall be accepted by the President,'-in
companies, battalions, squadrons and re
gimentsi whose officers shall be appoint
ed in the manner prescribed by law in
the several States and territoflealo which
such battalions, squadrons and regiments
shall respectively belong."
The said Geary, while he availed him
self of this law to get himself into a high.
pffice, refused' The right to ConipinY
which legally and properly belonged -to
Resolved, That we the remaining mem
bers of the Fayette county volunteers,-
view the conduct of the said John W.
Geary towards company if 44; au , outrage
upon their just rights, as secured to them
by the laws of Pennsylvania as well as the
laws of Congress. The whole course of
conduct of the said Geary being inconstst 7
ent with the character of a gentleman" or
man of honor—it was treating us as a•set
of men who did not know their rights,
and who could not appreciate thetn.:l4t
was corrupt and mercenary, in' SII its
bearings, characteristic of a low and gro=
veltog creature, hunting and seeking pOP-;
Warily for courage and patriotism that
he never harped , by bargaining with sup
ple toolikand mercenaries , - ;,ono, horn
at leapt^was a•notofions _
Resolved,. That the- .arrest :and trial of
Ist Sergt. John A;Cummiaga,by BC6Urt
Mertia. for :assert;Als 'rights
and those of his company t Was a.bas,e and
cowardly - eiercfsli of usuip'64l - oithbrity
on the part cif die said "_;Tkihn.'W,;o-eary—
aficir Nei The said Otiity; tiocittrieptitims
ly and trillainotislr -- Stilitifiiisedthe order
of- the Adjutant General' pt': this, Suite,
issfidd - tly directiOns'of.Gevernor Shunk,)
directing hito.to-fill-all yacancies in the
2d regiment of Pennsylvania vo u n feers,
by election—taking advantagO of his sto
len authority to cover up his worse than
base motives, and . to ?ejure the hard
earned lame - Of a brave and - gallant offi
cer. - -
On motion of Peter A. Johtis r it, was .
Retro7veci,'That • all 'the - 'harm, we wish
Col. Geary, is that his disgragernay fol
low him through all tile lanes and aven
ues of life, and that - he niny never die or
`:Soutition vs. Vankee.
The freedman who gave this shrewd
and philosophic view of the difference be
tween his old and new masters, we take
it is capable of getting his living without
the aid of a bureau, and of maintaining
his.." civil rights" without, the help of
"Now, white folks, I'se a gwine to tell
you de difference between a southern man
an'•de yankee. Well, de southern man
he stop at de hotel, he as for a mein, he
get de key ; he say, " here Jim, take my
valise." When he get in de room, he
say, "Jim, you. black rascal, brush my
coat and boots, and be in a hurry." While
I'se doing dat he wash hisself, comb his
bar, and take a drink, and when I gives
him de boots he hands me a dollar.
When de yankee stop at tie hotel he
say, "Mister • Jonsing,._;please brush my
boots—Mr. Jonsing, please carry dis note
to Mt. Smith at the railroad depo—Mr.
Jonsing, I guess I'll have to trouble you
to bring a pitcher of water , ,Mr-Jonsing
please carry dis message to de telegraff
office —Mr; Jonsing, I guess I ought to
have a cigar—run down and get a five
cent one." I coin back, and 'spec, of
course s he gib 'bout two dollars,but 'stead
of giving me the. money, he ax me to, take
a seat,aud tell him 'bout my grandfadder,
my grandniudder, my. brudder, and my
sister, and my cousins, au' my" old massa,
:and how much I's making, and how old I
is, and all slob nonsense, and den after a
,while be say, "Well,.Mr. Jonsing, I guess
I'll have to give you a dime afore I leave
here." Now, white folks, dat's!de differ
'once %weep de Southern. - man and de yan
kee, and it's every word truf.'!,
A Slander Silenced.
The Hon. Isaac Toticey, has effectually
silenced the stale calumny which has been
current ever since 1861, to the effect that
when Secretary of the Navy, at the close
:of Mr. Buchanan's administration, he so
disposed of the navy that none of it was
available for use in suppressing.the rebell
ion. Hon. Jobe Sherman, of Ohio, re
reiterated this charge in a speech
in Congress, in these w ords :
"Mr. Toucey scattered our vessels,
when under-. his command, all over, the
world, so that when another, and worthi
er citizen of your State came' to adminis
ter the affairs of the same department,
the whole navy under his command was
one vessel with ffve guns—spiked." •
Mr. Toucey having never before seen
the, charge made by Uresponsible person,
bad not deigned to notice it. -But on see
ing this speech of Mr. Sherman he atonce.
addressed u letter to - the - New:. york
Times, fromwhicir it. gives us pleasure to
copy this conclusive statement, which we
trust will forever . put to rest the base
falsehood which called it forth :
:,`‘ Here Were . thirteen 'ships, With 368
guns, at home, in the Atlantic navy
yards, which could have been -put-t-olsea,
in good order for service before the sbota
bardment of Fort Sumter. Thus we Lid.
on the Atlantic coast, at the inauguration
of Mr. Lincoln, a naval force of twenty-,
six vessels , carryin. , an armament of 554
guns, which .could be put to sea in good
order before the war cornineneed, against
an enemy that had no naval force what
ever ; for such had been the course of the
department.(in'.'premptly. removing all
seeds of .disaffection, that the secession of
eleVen States froin the Union lost not a
single vessel front the service."
Characteristic of the Yankee.
General Steedman and Fullerton's re
port relative to the Freedmen's Buresii,
shows up to the world, the diabolical,vm
dictive and cruet conduct of the clergy
men who are acting agents cif the Bureau,
towards the poor untbrtunate blacks that'
come under their conyol, , The itegroes
are tortured, Stied, imprisoned, together
with other punishments that are really
monstrous in this age of, civilization, for
offences that would not be, recognized by
the of this or any other city.
These puritanical apostles of liberky. rob
and maltreat cruelly ; all the negroes who
'will not allow thentselves to be robbed.
No slaveowner South ever acted iu so
MONTROSE, P 4., TUESDAY, MAY 29, 1866.
fiendish a manner towards his servants as
these Freedmen's Bureau agents are now
acting towards the contrabands ; and the
evidence of their guilt, upon investiga
tion, come's direct from the negroes them
selves. It is -a notorious fact, that-the
most cruel overneeretat the south prior:to
the *IT, carne from the:North-lied esiie.-
The Natiotia Tleplitliedn; a leading or
gan of the party says :
Equally adverse to the.great examples
of'nations in their career of conquest, and
alike abhorrent to the spirit of mercy
which has heretofore distinguished our
own country,• is the unwise policy of de
barring from franchise until a certain date
those who have voluntarily engaged in
Ht.he-Rebel service. Those familiar with
the subject must be aware that those
who fought were the -,most hotieSt, the
brave'st, and the best portion ofthe South.
Their influence iu the work of restoration
is most needed,.lieeause it, is the most ben
eficial. They are the natural. leaders. of
the South, and to make them enemies by
proscriptive legislation is to-pursue a sui
cidal policy. Outside of East Tennessee
the men who withheld syinpathy for their
section were of little repute in their vicin
age, and of • little valiie to the
public now. There may be some individ
ual exceptions to this rule, but they are
as rare as inconspicuous. This proscrip
tive course can have but one effect, to en
gender hatred and strife; which may fur
iiiislrpretext for further despotic 'enact.
meets: Tedded, - but One purpose - stand's
out in this whole plan of reconstruc ion,
and that is, to continue agitation and con
troversy on geograpical lines, in order to
govern the nation by, a sectional party nu
de" radical-lead. The very proposition is
an argument forimmediate representation
of the loyal men whom the South lave
chosen to sit in COngreks. -Not one valid
reason for postponement is advanced.
The great principle
_of_ universal suffrage,
fer-Wbiefrsce many prayers have been of
fered up, and for which ,so . many weary
speechesttive been made, is basely surren
dered fotiolitical poWer. •Th retain pow
er Congress has eot4otily. concluded to
fling the political rights of four millions of
negroes to the wind, but dares, in the
faun or public crezessii,yi and I n - defiance ,
ofevery humane and Christian instinct,
make eleven States the begatelle of party
machinations, and plaice millions accus
tomed to the rights of freemen nuder the
ban of degradation. When honor in man
is lost the best part of manhood goes
with it. When woman yields her chasti
ty the glory of her sex vanishes, and she
becomes the object of universal pity: But
these individual instances, melancholy as
they are, do not affect materially the
world at large. • When, however, men
who hold the commanding positions usu l i
ally occupied by statesmen, whose acts
make up the weal or woe of nations, for
get their duties to the law, eat their own
Words, violate their own professions, and
disregard the public safety, for no _other
seeming object but the retention of po
litical power, then the fame of the Re
public becomes involved, the chastity of
free institutions is threatened, and at such
times;by such deeds, nations become dis
honored, and the glory of a great race is
tinder Cover of Patriotism.
The Pittsburg Chroiiele, Republican
paper, uses the following pithy language:
“The objection to the representation of
the Southern States, that disloyal inten
tions are still cherished by their people,
will not stand criticism. The evidence
upon tvbich the objection is founded is
unsatisthetory; but if the facts did show
that much hostile feeling prevailed, in the
South, the conclusion would rennin Unim
paired that a people cannot be made con
tented and fraternal by mere force. Eng
land has made the experiment, and Ire
land, though firmly held, is still bitterly
hbatile to English rule. Our whole sys
tem is averse to such a role. Our people
themselves regard it with repugnance.
They want the Union. They fought for
it.' They will not patiently see, wadercover of patriotism, the thing accom
plished at the North, which they refused
to permit at titeSouth."c: , - ' -
The-above is, full of good sense, and ex
hibits the true 'Union feeling.
Circulate Democratic Newspapers.
One of the most vitally essential steps to secure dem
ocratic success in the coming ,campaign f s the circula
tion of ,Democretic newspapers among the people and
with a vitw to accomplish this much desired result, wo
call teem the leading Democrats in the , county to see
that every Democrat in the several townships is supplied
with a Democratle.newriewer. If any one appears to
be unwilling to .mbscribe, convince him that it is a du
ty he owes to himself
I to his family and the party to sus
tain its press. lf he s unable to pay. for ft (ore year
time him to take it for sir Menthe. Wejuive no doubt
but that there are hundreds Of voters* this county
who do not receive any local paper, and some of them
no paper at all.; If elicit One of them week] get a good
Democratic paper in his house it would have a great in
fluence. It is important, therefore, that every Demo
crattefamily should hare a good Democratic newspaper
i n his Nauru. The seeds ofcorrect principles thus sown
silently will ho sure in the end to spring apaud, produce
a gooditarveSt. We Submit these facts to our Demo
cratic friends, Daved.mocratic papers 011 your tables,
and when yourrepubitean neighbors come to visit you
they will pier there up and read them, and the truth win
i n thi s tril , be presented to many and produce convie
would through prejudice,
always ti o
wll s e tap r l s in °al th el ei ‘ r v o w n e lt h i(g Y ht nod never get their eyes
open. • A I,Mod democrat .shonld feel like supporting a
county Orgait. andthatbeip to spread the truth, Ylienv
persons do not think so far. Besides if paper s arc well
supporte re d, the
intereeir publishers will he
encouraged to make
Gov. Geary's Inaugural.
The person whom the anti Johnson Re.
publicans of Pennsylvania nominated for
Governor was formerly the Territorial
Governor of Kansas. His name is John
W. Geary. 'Doubtless ho can write hie
own name; perhaps he can'spellit correct
ly; but it is certain he cannot write - his
own messages. r When he was' in Haim
he stole them. Were he to be' elected
Governor of Pennsylvania of which hap.
pily there is small probability, he would
have to steal them - again. Pennsylvania
really deserves -a Governor capable of
writing his own messages. The common
school system of-that State ought not to
culminate in such gubernatorial imbecility.
We print below extracts from the inau
gural address of Governor Henry J. Gard
ner, delivered to the Massachusetts Legis
lature, in 1855, and extracts from Gover.
nor Geary's inaugural address of 1857 :
TRACT FROM GOV. IIk:NET J. GARDNER'S
INAUGURAL ADDRESS DELIVERED TO TUE
LEGISLATURE OF MASSACIIUSF:ITS, JAN. 9,
"Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Rep
, " Th at gracious Being, in whose hands
are alike the destinies of individuals an,d
of nations, has permitted us to assemble
this day intrusted with grave responsibili
ties and duties.
* * * * *
know no safer index in official an-
Lien than a conscientious conviction of
duty, none more fluctuating than the at
tempt to satisfy temporary caprice. Prin
ciples are enduring, and if disregarded,
sooner or later the verdict of condemna
tion will be recorded against those who
are thlse to their requirements.. Let us
then be true to our country and our duty.
Let the Success of principle, not of party,
be our desire—the benefit of the State,
not of a faction, our aim."—Munachuselis
Senate Document N 0.3 fur 18.55.
EXTRAOT ,FROXIGOV. JOHN W. GRA.E.IOB IN
AUGURAL ADDRESS DELIVERED TO THE
' TERRITORfiI„L LEGISLATURE OF KANSAS,
JAN. 12, 1857.
".Gentlemen of the Territorial Legislature of
" The all wise and beneficent Being,
who controls alike the destinies Of individ
uals and of nations, has permitted you to
convene this day charged with grave re
" For official action, I know no better
rule than a conscientious conviction of du
ty, none more variable than the vain at
tempt to conciliate temporary prejudice.
Principles and justice are eternal; and if
tampered with, sooner or later the sure
and indignant verdict of popular condem
nation against those who are untrue to
their leadings will be rendered. Let us
not be false to oar country, our duty, and
our constituents. The triumph of truth
and principle, not of partisan and selfish
objects, should be our steady purpose—.
the general 'welfare and not the interest
of a few our sole aim"—Kansas Journal
of Councils for 1857, pope 21.
There is much more of the same sort
of barefaced literary thieving. Perhaps
robbery would be the fitter term, for the
theft is accompanied with, violence. Gea
ry not only stole the Massachusetts Gov
ernor's appropriate sentiments and cor
rect English, but twists them into Geary.
grammar and dreary sense—not quite de
stroying the identity of the passage, how
Geary begins his theft by paying.two
compliments to the Deity in place of the
one which he steals. " Gracious Being"
becomes 1 ' the all wise and beneficent Be
ing." With this change we find no fault,
for it may signify . tbat the man who spiic
its Pennsylvania's stiffrages hes the germs
of a conscience in. him, and, like the Hot
tentot and the Thug, whose religions are
also of a very rudimentary sort, thought
it possible in the act of sin to propitiate
its rewarder, by ampler ascription to his
awful name. But the next disfigurement,
which Geary practices upon this stolen,
property is villainous. Goverflor Gard
, ner's Yinkees were perthitted to "assew
ble," intro ijted with grave responsibili
ties." Geary must needs " convene" his
legislators " charged." And so 4 goee,
on buttering his Stolen substantives with
superfluous adjectives, in the hope that
the loaf wilt be swallowed ere it is known
to be stolen. " Principles are'enduring,"
was the phrase at. the Hub, but Geary
strains over, the sentence and finally pro-.
claims that "principles and justice Are
eternal." Wc.) will not quarrel with Gear
ry over this transmogrification, though it
is a rule of truth as t.
.well as of rhetoric not.
to stretch the language beyond the
breadth of the fact. Justice probably is
eternal, but Geary must see , that in the
present instance it, has .been only nine
years in emieg xound; and as for princi
ples, which; he says, are eternaltoo,. it is
quite enough - for him to prove that the
stock which he had in Kansas in the win
ter of '57 will last him to the fall of '66,
to,satisfy honest Pennsylvanians whomto
cast their votes, for.--. World.
tffe A State Union (Johnson) Con
vention is to be held in - Indianapolis, Alay
aOth, to which the voiers.for Lincoln aud
Johnson, tow`. t he
the policy of
President Johnson, are 'invited. 11
signers are among the leading Iteptibli•
caps of Indiana.
The Leading Traitor.,
John W. Forney painted a portrait of
Wendell Phillips •in Aug. 18d2, which - we
copy. , snyta :
" Wendell Phillips is a traitor ' in his
soul. lie d 4 iffon) from 4 . efferson :Davis
only, in this., that Davis , has -drail). the
liword mlule plitPl.4l,in effective , prithont
Whatf strength, whali f dignity, has this
Republic,,which can, : permit, traitor!' in
Boston to atumil fceel .the.ferte t while
traitors inltichmondassail it - from the
battle Old? It sends men.te Port Wei
len for attacking the, Government, and
disowning the oath of allegiance, yet it
permits men in Boston, men of smooth
speech..and choice words and elegant
to glory in the fact that they dis
dained to owe allegiance to the country
or their birth, and at the same time
sought to divide and destroy it. Wen
dell Phillips is an enemy, a traitor, a per
nicious man. Ho should be abated. If
it can be done in no other way there is a
short and easy road from his home near
Boston to a casement in Fort Warren 1"
Andrew Johnson recently called Phil
lips a traitor, but Forney defends Phillips
and abuses the President. Phillips was
always a traitor; but the Republicans now
defend him because he is .one of their par
Feta PLAY.—After the Disunion press
get through with their abuse of Mr. Oly
merfor refusing a hearing to Audi**
Johnson in 1863, will they he kind enough
t,o allow President Johnson a hearing in
1866, by the publication of his speeches ?
Admitting that Mr. Clymer did vote
against allowing Mr. Johnson to speak to
the State Legislature three years ago,
who are gagging and throtling him so
fiercely now ?
— l -Thad. Stevens, in his late speech on
the Obstruction Resolutioni, said, with
fiendish malignity, that he would send
the eight millions of Southern- people to
" the Penitentiary of hell." What a gen.
tle hearted ruler he is 1-Robespierre was
kindness' and tenderness itself compared
to this old' brute.
—G. Hosaphat has a plan for paying
off the aational debt. His proposition is
to convert the entire indebtedness into
greenbacks and6ep them in circulation
until they naturally wear oqt.
Among Ihe apOipriations, made by
Congress we find : the 'followina :
" For defrayin the expenses Incident
to the death and ' burialof Abraham Lin
coln, $300,000 !"
" For the purchase of Ford's Theatre,
the scene of the assassination, $100,000."
Provost. 'Marshal 13inieral Fry Eipitted.
ltr. Conkling, (Disunionist) of New
York, while the Army Bill was underdis
cussion, is reported in the house proceed
ings as follows :
"There was one important thing for
the Bureau of the Provost Marshal Gen
eral to do, and that was to close its ac
counts, an d allow the country to know ,
what has become of the $26;000,000
which, under•thea43ti of March 13, 1883;
wept to its credit.
"He Pits. Conkling) had been directed
by the tircivernment to prosecute the As
sistant-Provost Marshal, Maj. Haddock,
who Was justified by his superior officers
down le the time when his sentence was
published, he having been convicted, of
the very basest forms;of official atrocity.
Every offense, from 'highway robbery up
and down, bad been charged and proved
against him; and - although. this Loan •
diagorged - 8200;000, 'the prosecu
tion, he had purchased: the other day, an
establishment in 'Philadelphia for whish
he lad paid $71 1 ,000 , down; and that tiaan'k
case was not a peculinr4ine. There nev
er bad been , a greater mockery,rn greater
burlesqtie, or greater fraud, on , the•pre
tense of honest adininistration,
ProvOst Marshal %rein averaged and
illustrated through the whole country.
It would turn:outithat,- of the six, or sev
en, or eight , hundred thousand menfor
whom enormous bounties had been paid,
not two thousand bad ever,gone to the
The. Rand-writing. on the . Wall;
Senator Lane; of Kansas, a Reptiblioan
of the strictest sect, in a "recent speeek
used this language
. "Eat it is 'said the tiretildent interfered
'with the, Connectierit elecopn . .
_T A me
say to thOßeitiblietipe juit,one _ word 9,43.
the subject of that' election, • bne, more
victory like that, and I shenld:thirik the
Republican party.Forild be imbersed. It
is but the first scratch of the handwriting:
upon the wall. 'lf you" permit the Deino.
°rule party. to take and occupy the plat
form of "
restoring theie, States , to the Un
ion, adinktitsg these Senators and Repro
ientatiyes to theii-plheis in Congress, I
venture the assertion, that the House of
Representatives ' stand :at the next
Congreis Onikenther,side as much se it
`stands ai our 'side thisliession. -
The people:of this country will; bawl
those States - restored—they„ have
those loyal members' is theuri places in
Col:10388—mnd !f.thei.eannot do.it.
.they RipubliVan party, if they cannot do
it through the Union party, they will do
it even through the Democratic party.
I ' VcAittSlE XXIII, NIJXJ3Utr,22—
,Lots of Government borids %the pock
ets of the rich, drawing interest and ex
ernst_front taxation. • ,
Who pays the interest ?
The man ' that labors and earns his
bread by ; the sweat of his brow. •
Thet fanner who tills the soil.
The mechanic:who ~ works up a heavy
init.& material: .
' "Mr. Poorman , bow much are ion tax:
ed on your little - $l,OOO farm ?"
s$ Thirty dollars 1"
" Mr.. Richman, host much do you pay
on your $lO,OOO bonds e
Not one cent, sir ! Mr. Jay Cooke
tells me that a national debt is a national
blessing, and I find it is, sir. Here are
$lO,OOO in;'personal property that don't
cost me a cent, and besides sir, I am
drawing six per cent. in gold, equalling
nearly nine hundred dollars in national
currency. Now, if I had that $10;900 in
a arm, I would have to pay $3OO, bnt
draw an interest of about $9OO, add this
$3OO to $9OO, and I have the advantage
over the land , holder of $1,200 in a single
"Is that the way it works, Mr. Rich
"Of course, sir ! It's a national bles
sing to me, and no mistake. So it has
been, to Mr. Jay Cooke, who made
500,000 in simply selling bonds !"
" But, Mr. Richman, must not thiSim-
Lionel• debt. and the interest thereon be
*" Of course, sir, ofecourse this national
blessing debt must be paid, and no mis
" Then, sir, who is to pay this debt,
and the immense interest that is every
year accumulating—who is to pay you
$9OO a year ? Do you not help to pay
this debt and interest ?"
" Why, I have all my property in bonds
—I am exempt from taxation—the asses
sors have no business with me. I am a
five twenty man, sir, ahem ! sir !"
• "But my friend, the money must come
from some source, and as you are exempt
and hundreds of thousands like you are
also exempt, who is to pay this, immense
debt and this interest which you claim as
a national blessing ?"
" Why, sir it must be raised from the
taxable property of the country.; and the
men who own goods chattels, mechanics
and the laboring classes must foot; 'the
bill. But, what is that to me, sir? I en.
joitlie national blessing—l do! I have
some coupons now due in my pocket,
which I must go - to our national bank and
draw the gold on !"
"But, my, friend, do you think-this is
honest and fair ?"
" Yes,, of coarse ! every man has . the
"But will it last ?"
" Last 1 what are you talking about ?
Has some copperhead been sticking mis
chief into your head ? Last 1 , Of course
it will. It is foolish to talk abOut taxing
the' bonds. We have the political power
now. We'll make the Democrats and 'all
the poor white trash pay the taxes and
the interest, on our bonds. If there is
any Republican so unfortunate as to own
land, or to labor for his living, he must
, stiffer the consequences. The bond hol
;ders must have their interest. It Would
'be a, breach of loyalty to make us assist in
bearing the burdens of the war:-debt and
the Government. Very disloyal! I • must
buy a few more bonds, so that I can live
entirely on my annual income of interest,
to be paid me by my neighbors, farmers,
mechanics and laborers who are not en
joying the national. blessing."
An Eastern journal says : Now, haw is
it with the revolving radicals in Congress?'
They have fairly stuffed the departments
wlth„their sous, nephews, aunts and• dm- .
ins.. There are two or three hundred Co
ngressional lackeys who loaf around the
Capitol under the' name of police; door
keepers. and messengers, who draw lar
ger salaries than, half these Congressmen
ever dreamed of deriving from their pro.'
fessioeal - practice before they entered the
field Of politics. There are a hundred or
more little boys who run about on the;'
floors of the Senate and House to wirer
DOW and papers of tobacco, and every
one of these 'goys draws a larger;iialarr
for a few months snob service than is_poid ,
to one clergyman in a thousand 'in New
Eugland for a whole year's preaching and
yrayi ng .• So desirable are these , small
boy's,plaees, that the House, this session' s
,passedo resolution that 'no member's son
should be a page or waiter in the House.
There are thirty or forty: elt3ika of the
Congressional committees. By whom are
all these doorkeeperships; cluricships,tnes.;;;
sengerships, ands° on, 'held ?;. By-'sol
diers ? „ Not at all. The corridors of the
Capitol: swarm ; with. paid plate•holdem
,who,are,relatives and particular friends of.
the members of this Congress; and more.
'than : nine-tenths of these places are aim:
—einecures, money-swindles, 2 Which
Gould be dispensed with today With =no
loss toile, puhlioservice,f and with'great
licai44o the publio treasury. , 'No" session- •
of congress, not __even .when the radicals '
first came into power , and,were.rabid *ht . ."
king fasting, has ever exhibited such bra
Watchmen What of the Night. '