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A. 34:GERRITSON, Publisher.
BALDWIN, ALLEN, & MITCHELL,
DBALERS In Flour, Salt,Pork, Fish:Lard, Grain,
Feed, Candles; Clover and Timothy Seed. Also,
Groceries, such as Snare. :Molasses, Syrups, Tett, and
coffee. West side of Public Avenue.
Montrose, April .1, 18141.
Dc. E. P. lIINES,
I T AS permanently Ipeaedat Ftletdayille for the par
pose of practicing medicine and surgery In all its
branc Les. He may he fouud at the Joel:awl Rouse.
Office hours from 8 a. m.. fog p. m r , Janltitf
rdendeville, Pa.,..lau. 15th. 4868.
• • C. S. GILBERT,
Ziloetzlooci .41. 4 itatIcesseer.
'‘,46pl' `-' 1, - - • _1 Great lEtendi Pa.
ROGERS tt ELY,
mylo 4 • • Brooklyn, Pa.
(obi Mt Auburn 4 - Corners, Pa.
M. C. SUTTON,
p 7 65tr Friendsville, Ps.
ST. CHARLES HOTEL,
SsrevsTON, Ltizerne co.. Penn'a—PE'lN AVENUE
anti 63 J. W. BURGESS, Proprietor.
C. 0. FORDHAM,
8 00 T 511.9 E Dealer and Mannfactnrpr Montrose,
Pa. Shop on Main •strret, one door below the Poet
Ottce. All kinds of won,: ado to urdcr, nod repairing
done neatly. Jan). 65
STIIOUII .1 - , BROWN,
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCIC AGENTS. Office
over the Poet Office, Montrose, Pa. All business
attended to promptly, on Lir teruts. [Jan. 1.19 X.
itILLING• STIZOrtI, CIIA.IILIS /MOAN.
LAMBERTON A,- 'MERRIMAN,
TTORNETS AT LAW, No. 204 Market street.
A wiik,barr, Pa. Will pnintim in the several
Courts of Luzern and Susquehanna Counties.
C. 4. L 13E3E1120N. E. L. 3lnnarsratt.
Dec. 4, 1T.5.
Dr- E. L. BLAKESLEE,
PIITSICIAN .t SURBBOIsI,IIas located at Brooklyn,
boiwfa co., Pa. Will attend promptly to all call,
with which he may be favored. Office at L. 31. Bald
DR. E. L. GARDNER,
PHi -swum and srTt6EON, Mont:kis% Ts. °lies
over Webb L Butterfield's Store. Boards at
Searle's Hotel. mytis
G. Z. DINIOCK,-
7oNTSICI6I and Surgeon. 'Montrose. Pa. notnee
1 Oyer the Poat Office. Boards at Scarle's note!.
D6ALEa in Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Crockery,
Hard-ware, iron, Stoves. Drntrt, and Pain: 9,
Bootsand Shoes, Hate and laps. Fffrs, Bntelo Rubes,
Groceries, Provisions, etc., Nen . Milford, Pa.
WM. H. COOPER. it CO-,
NKERS. Montrose., Pa. Successorsto Poe t,Cooper
.4 Co. Ortl , :e, Lathrop's new building, Turnpike-et.
• r vIONTTING COOTEI: HLtiIIT
A. 0. WARREN,
TTORNEY AT LAW. Boonty, Batt Pay, Penton,
and Exemption Claim, attended to. :clot
gal — Oatee fir.,t door below Boyd', Store, llontroae.Pa
DOCT. E. L. HANDRICK,
D TITSICIAN SURGEON. respectfully tenders
...I service, to the citizen of Friends
and vi Mr - Orace in the office of Dr. Lert.
Roams at J. Ilo.ford•s. PVT G3if
A BEL Tt RP.ELL,
DF: kLER 31editines, Chemicals, Dye
Scuff., thas• Ware, Pallas, Oils, Varnish, Win
dow Glass. Grw-ri ~ Fancy Goods, Jewelry Perfn -
onery. At f, , r all the most popular PATENT
DR. W3l. S3llll-1,
6.I7RGSON DENTIST, —Mout ruse, Pa.
00ff:ice in Lathrops* new building. over
the Bank. All Dental operations till he
pis - fumed in rood style and warranted.
A SIT! ON ABLE TAr..'.lll. Iriont-rme, Pa. Shop
1 one door west of Stark's Hotel.
re- MI orders filled promptly. in first-rate style.
Cutting done on short notice, and warranted to lit
\\r\ W. SMITH,
rtIALETICET AND CHAIM ISIANCFACTIMERS.—Fom
1../ of Main street; Montroie. Pa. tf
ti.kSfITONABLET.AILOR.—Montrose, Pa. Ship
I. in Phcenlx Block, over store of Read, Wstrous
41 Foster. All work warranted as to flt ay.% finish.
Chttinqlone on short notice, in best style. isn'6o
D ESPECTFL'LLY announces that he is nJor pre.
111 pared to cut all kinds of Garments in the moat
Fashionable Style. and warranted to fit with else ince
and ease. Shop o'er L. N. Bullard's Store, Alontrore.
Si CI. Mail I MIL
PENSIONS BOUNTY, AND
TEE undersigned. LICENSED AGENT of TDB GOV
EFIVMENT, will give prompt attention to ail
claims entrusted to his care. Charges lose. and Juror
station FREE. L. F. FITCH.
Montrose, Jan. 14. ISSS. tf .
SLUM - RS' BOUNTY.
And Back Pay
x i li l dr iv e e d pr Lieta.
pltenZ G OD to
ted to We sure. No charge unless successful.
Montrose, Alm. 21'63. J. a. McCOLLEIM.
23ebc,36:: 1: 2 '.a;sr.
111111 E undersigned, LICENSED AGENT of the WV
ERNMENT, having obtained the necessary forme,
ac.. will give prompt attention to all elairas intrneted
to his care. No charge unless onecesefuL
GEO. P. LITTLE.
Montrose. June Oth.lSG4.
CALVIN C. HALSEY,
For Pensioners, and Applicants'
MrOatee it Public Avemae,over the Store of J. Ly
ons & Son.
Montrose, Pa, May nn. IS&4. tf
WILLCOX & GIBBS
IT IS DECLARED THE BEST MACHINE,
Awarded the Highest Premium
REPORT OF THE JUDZES.
LIST OF POINTS.
At the Great Union Fair held at Island Park, between
Albany and Troy, September 19, 23,21, 22 and M 1865,
two Premiums were offered on Sewing-Machines, one
for the Best Searing-iladtine, and the other fur the
Second Dear-competition being open to the State.
On the first day of the Fair, the TroyAgcnt of the Flor
ence Sewing-Machine Company, having, jointly with the
Albany Agent of the same Machine, entered it for com
petition, published in The Troy Daily Times %challenge
to Agents of other Sewing-Machines to meet them at
said Fair and compete with them for the Premium.
The challenge was excepted by the Troy and Albany
Agents of the Willcox & Gibbs Machine. Amino other
kind of Sewing-MaChine being In competition, 1% was
left for these two Machines (one representing the old.
double-thread, „ lock" or "shuttle-stitch" class. and
the other the new..single-thread,"ttetsted loop-stitch"
class), by this single-handed contest, to decide the rela
tive merits of these two classes of Sewing-Machines.
The competitors being allowed to choose the Judges,
each party selected one, and these two selected a third
—all of them practical moehirtists, and two of them
Sewing-Machine experts, who, being approved by the
Officers of the Fair, were appointed Judges, as will be
seen by the Official Certificate below.
Before entering upon the Trial, the following pro
gramme for conducting it was mutually agreed upon
between the contestants and adopted by the Judge:
Each party wa, to prepare and submit to the Judges a
list of the several points c' merit on account of wide]
superiority was claimed. Theca 10iRES were to be sepa
rately considered, thoroughly investigated, and practi
cally [acted, by work done then and there, upon each of
the Machines. and then decided in favor of the Machine
which was adjudged to excel on that •' point."
It was also agreed that each party should be at liberty
to expose diec'e in the competing Machine, and have
the right to call for leafs to prove the same.
Finally, It was agre,sl that the machine which, at the
conclusion of the trial, should be found to have the
greatc-t number of those •' points " decided In its favor
should be declared the •' BPI.? SZWINO-MACLITIVE," end
awarded the FIZST Pince lux."
The Agents of the Willcox and Ulbbs 3fachine were
assisted by Mr. Battey, one of the Company's general
Agent., , , as Manager at the trial ; and the Agents of the
Florence Machine. by Mr. Tucker. one of the beet
Sewing-Machine experts in the country, In the same
capacity. Mr. Tacker was formerly connected with the
Florence Manufactory, as an Adjuster of the MaCIIIIICS,
and was probably as competent to represent their ma
chine efficiently, both in vrorking it and in advocating
Its claims, as any person connected with that establish
ment. The resoltrof the trial was. that the Witicox
Ain GUMS won the victory and the prize, by the ex
tranr. inary superkrit) of Mitt/ firs points. decided in
its favor. against two points in favor of the Florence.
Full notes were , aken of the trial, including., the prac
tic,l tests made. the discrisrions elicited, and the facts
developed. A few of the most important of these notes
will be found interspersed in the two Lists of Points"
each Note immediately following the Point to which
it relates--with the Deci4ou of the Judztw in ilafics be
tween the Point and the Note.
Mi.eqp.coxt of tia.c)
To the Gffictrt of L'ie ntion Fair: We. the undersigned,
appointed a Special Committee to lu,pect the merits of
the several Sewttlg-?•facbines entered for Premiums,
wonld respectfully report : That two Machines were en
tered—the Wilieux and Gibbs and the Florence Sewing
lu proseenting the examination, it wue agreed by the
Agents representing the two Machines to rei.der to
your Committee, in writing, the peculiar point‘ on
which they based their claim of superiority, and in
testing, the machine each point was to he taken sepa
rately, nad,after a fair trial. adjudged o the best of our
tr. Each &gent presented their claims in due form,
copies of which will be found below.
For the Willcox and Gibbs Maclaine. fAirfvflrt dis
tinct claims were made for its superiorityt ALL of which
were sustained. Whereat for the Florence Machine,
but ten were presented, two of which were en-twined.
After a thorough and impartial trial, your Committee
have decided to award to the Willcox and Gibbs
Machine the Finn Panama, on the ground of its
excelling, in the greatest number of points presented.
Te the Florence Machine. for having the advantage of
a ••reversible feed," and tieing the least thread, we
award the Second Premium.
September 2...",1665. bTD.NST D. TrCHICB.,
L. C. CHAMP:CET, 41:14,T0
losEpri WuzzLoce., )
LIST OF POINTS
ON WILICIIISrPrnienITY WAS CLAMED !OE SUE FLOIIZSCZ
nil, claim was sustained
1. A reversible feed
Nara.—The capacity of reversing the feed was deci
ded to be an advantage, but nut to the extent claimed
the alleged advantage in fastening off a seam tieing -con
sidered by the Judges invalid. as against the Willcox
and Gibbs 3fathine, 'which faPtelip off its own e cam
quite as effectually and inure neatly. without any extra
labor. or any cafe, and without auy special device fur
2. It makes Nat different 'stitcher. Claim of 'type.
/*mi./ y not sustained.
Nom.—After a very thorough trial on thts point, it
was decided that neither of these four stitches 115 as
good, for general purposes, as the'"twiated loop stitch"
of the Willcox and Gibbs. It war urged, in support of
this claim, that the extra stitches are useful in certain
kinds of svork,,where greater elasticity is required.
Bat it was the opinion of the Judges that the advantage
thus gained was not sullicient to compensate for the re
sultin.. complication 01 the machine; while it was
proved, b. positive tet , te, that the " Willcox and Gibbs
stitch "—which is always more elastic than the "lock
stitch "...gutty be made more elastic than either of their
stitches, by simply *hortreing It, more or less ; accord
ing to the degree of ria,ticity required..
It works from thick to thln..tubrics, or over an un
even surface, withoUt MIPALOg, stitches .and without
change of tension. net-die or stitch. Crain. of traps
nat.—The Lila' test upon this claim was short. bnt
decisive. The Willcox and Gibbs Agent tool; apl ecru(
Srre lunivy linen. and folded it double, with a Sinai) roll
of the same material - of twelve thicknesses placed be
tween the two folds ; and .ewed across tb.a whole, at
right 'angles, with the ridge formed oy the will:thus
P.l**log - from two. o'er r Int.cen thicknesses of the
goods, repeating it several times, and then banded it to
the Florecce Agent; Who, on the second attempt , aoc
seeded in sewing across the same. Again, the Willcox
and Gibbs Agcut folded the piece ro as to double the
MONTROSE, PA., TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1866.
Mae over lengthwise upon itselt.and without any MO
onto, sewed [rem the four thicknesses over the twenty
eight, and back again ; but the Florence Agent, on again
attempting to "follow copy," broke his needle the mo
ment it struck the ridge, and abandoned any further
cifurt to sustain this claim.
4. The advantage of a double thread, as lu all shuttle
machines. Claim gr superiority not sustained.
NOTE. —This claim gave rise to a protracted and
severely Contested trial. the result of which was an
unanimous decision of the jud;es that the "advantage•'
is not on the elde of " a double thread." bnt on that of a
single thread" as used by the Willcox. and Gibbs
6. It will do a greater range and variety of work than
any other machine, being used for shirt and collar ma
king both in Albany and Troy ; also for tailors' work.
It will hem (narrow and wide), tuck, fell, bind, stitch,
quilt, gather and sew on (or " pica"), and will do any
thing that can be done on any other machine, except
embroidery ; it can also do ornamental stitching.
Claim of superiority not rotained.
Note.—ln trial upon this claim, it was shown to the
sat efactlon of the judges that the Willcox acid Gibbs
machine will do quite as great a range and variety of
work " as the Florence ; while the quality of the work
dune upon the former was pronounced decidedly saps.
rior to that Id the work done on the latter.
During this tc*t one of the judges called attention to
the fact that the atitchint,• of the Florence machine vras
much soiled with 011-4 defect which be had noticed, he
mid, in all the work done on that machine thud far du
ring the trial. This being regarded by judges as a
serious defect, especially in all kinds of work upon
white goods, considerable time was spent in the effort
to ascertain the muse. The investigation rum ted in a
conclusion that the defect was owing to a cams° inherent
to the 12111Chibe itself.
6. It has a self-adjusting tension on the under thread ;
the stitch Is alike on both sides. Claim of superiority
Nora.—There being no other doublo•thread machine In
competition, this claim was improperly roude-t-since
there could be no advantage over the Willcox and Gibbs
machine in the seff-acUusting character or a tension
whica the Willcox and tilbt•a neither had nor required.
It was therefore decided that whether their' under
tension be self-adjusting or not, their claim of striibiority
on this point was not sustained. Moreover, It did not np
pear from the tests made that said tension is reliably
uniform, but that it requires attention ; and hence the
stitch Is nut nnitormly 011ie on both sides, but more or
less variable; being generally the fairest on the upper
The stitches will not rip If one Is broken or worn
off; yet it can be taken out. In cave a mistake it , made
in placing the fabric. Claim clf ettperiorit y not sustained.
Nora .—A variety of tests art re made on this point,
each terminating in the same result, and proving con.
clusieeli that the Florence seam will rip if a stitch is
broken "—Lind much more easily titan the Willcox and
Gibhs; and that it is no, co easily taken out" when
S. It uses less thread than other machines. Claim
hors.—This claim was not tested. the Agent of the
Willcox and Gibbs machine conceding it. At the same
time he remarked that the peculiar wording of this claim
wan all that sal ed it ; for if it had been claimed that the
Florence consumed lees thread than the Wilcox and
Gibbs, instead of used" lee,. they could not have sus
wined the claim—it being a fact, as he claimed, that
while they Florence itus lees thread in the seam, It wastes
still Inure at the ends of the ream.
9. The manner in which the *braids are drawn when
making the stitch; no dependence being placed upon
wire coils; every motion being positive, and the stitch
certainly and securely drawn tight. Claim of superiority
NOTE.-1 he decision of the Judges on this claim mai.
that the Florence has no advantage over the Willcox
and Gibbs in either or the points named.
10. The Florence is as easily managed as any machine
in the world. Claim rff cuperioritynot rualained.
NOTE.—The absurdity of this claim had been already
so tho , oughly manifested that no test Naa offered or
3r_slsit of Poiat®
ON W LUCE! 9CPCIIIOIIITT WAS IL! DIE D YOU TUX WILLCOX
AND QLBBS YALC/ILNIC
1. It I. the rimpleet. Claim rtutolned
2. It is the least liable to get out of order. Sustained
3. It Is the bust made machine: every part being an
exact duplicate—which is not the case with the Flo
4. It is the cheapest. Sustained.
5. It runs the stillest. Sustained.
6. It runs the easiest. Sustained.
7. It run, the fastest_ Sustained.
8. It has the best device to prevent the wheel running
backward. Claim sustained.
No-rn.—The-Florence machine hat no such device.
5!. It requires less mechanical mk.ll to operate It.
10. It requires less time and instruction to learn to
use it. Sustained.
11. It is the moat certain and reliable in operation
Ncrri:.—lt is a fact worthy of remark, that during the
°nth* trial—which continued without intermission for
nearly (seven hours—n •t a stitch was misted, ■or the
thread once broken, nor a needle broken or bent, by
the Willcox and Gibbs machine. No kind of work was
attempted to be done on it that was not accomplished,
and none in a perfect and workmanlike manner; and
nu effort was made on it that was nut entirely UCCin55.
while neither of these statement's can be truly
made in favor of the Florence.
14. Its needle is the Market. Sustained.
13. The needle is also arctic/a, and less liable to be
broken than one curved like the Florence. Sustained.
14. It is beveled, and therefore stronger than one with
a small shank, like the Florence; sustained.
15. The needle is secured in its place by a patented
device, which renders it setrad, lusting, so that neither
skill nor experience Is necessary iLI setting it. It le not
so with the Florence; sustained.
Nore.—This claim was fully conceded by the Flo-
rence Agents, so tar as relates to the capacity of the
Willcox and Oibbs machine. but they claiming that
the Florence machine has the self-adjusting capacity of
the needle also, and a test being called fur, a needle was
set Ice the Florence machine, n about the usual adjust
ment of its point after setting it; and on attempting, to
sew with it the needle was broken at the first stitch.
Another needle was then set, with a similar result.
16. It uses &alone thread; and thus avoids the necessity
of complicated machinery, which is required for two
threads, as in toe Florence ; sustained.
11*. It sews directly from the spool, thus making it
unnecessary to rewind the thread and adjust It In the
shuttle; ens Ward:
18. It makes the " Will= and Gibbs," or "ewistederoap
eitcA "—a stitch original with this machine, and made
by no other—which, for general purpoun, Is superior to
either made by the Florence; sustained,
Nora.—The trial upon this claim was very thorough,
and the practical tests minute and accurate. Each ma
chine was required to use thread from the same spool,
make the stitch of the same length, and perform the
test work on the sawn piece of goods, with the lines of
sewing side by sloe. The results were all , theisive.aud
in every that in favor of the Willy:mend Gibbamactilne.
19. Its scam has the peculiar advantage of being
readily taken out when it is desirable, while it le lens
liable; to rip, in nee or wear, than the lock-aka ;
NoTE.—This claim tram also very severely tested. In
the panic manner 11t3 the tart. and with equally positive
rerulta—all tu favor of the Willcox and liiiibemaenfue.
2d. The team le more elastic and stronger than the
lock stitch; sustaincd.
21, The same la also the moat even and beautiful;
22. The seam is always set/fastened • thus avid/Dug the
necessity of a " reversible teed," or any other comp
catod device for that purpose ; sustained.
:a. Its tension is more simple and more easily ad
24. It wi I do a grea to variety or work than the MO
! rencialn do, in equal perketion sustained.
125. The machine is more easily and speedily changed
from ono hind of work to another ; sustained.
I 26: More work can be done with it in a given Unto,
than with the Florence ; sustaiaeri.
21. It does beautiful embroidery. which the notate,
cau not do: sendatred.
XL It has n.shield to the wheel, which tho Florence
has not ; sustained.
29. The needle being carried In a perpendicular bar,
It has important advantages over machines with curved
needles attached directly to the needle-arm, as In the
Florence—one of which Ig its non-liability to derange
ment from alterations of temperature; sustained.
30. In consequence of the shorter sweep of the needle,
there is mach lea' wear of the thread from Its vibrating
through the needle's eye In the act of sewing ; sustained.
81. A small r needle can be uscd with the same else of
thread, which adds to the strength and beauty of the
seam, especially on linen or other bard goods ;
32. It has the best hemmers; sustained
33. It has the best teller; sustained.
.44. It has the best braider; sustained.
SI It has the beat belt ; sustained.
Nora.—The advantages claimed tar the Willcox and
Gibbs belt consist In Its non-ability to get oat of order,
and the facility with which it can be shortened when
Deceastu7. It was shown that the at belt fa very liable
on a sewing inschine, by the unequal stretching of its
two edges, to get out of adjustment, so as to run to one
side of the pulley; causing the machine to run heavily ;
a difficulty to which the round belt is never liable,sinco
as it runs in a groove, it is impossible fur It to get out
ADDITtONAL NOTES.—The agents of the Willcox and
Gibbs Machine here stated that they had also a quitter,
a Corder, and a Tucker. each of them, us they claim, so
perlor to.any other; but these attachments not being
present * they could, of coarse, make no claims on ac
count of them at this trial.
In regard to the decisfona of the Judges upon the sev
eral points, it may in general terms be remarked that,
daring the entire trial, Were was scarce y an instance
of difference of opinion—as, indeed, it 'was hardly pos
sible there could be ; for the plan adopted was itself a
surety 'both of unanimity and a just decision ; the let
teebein.,te in such a plan, neither mere nor less than a
practical of a mathematical problem.
For, by dividing ap the respective merits of eneh ma
chine Into its simplest elements or points, and subject
ing each point separately to the test of practical work
.done on each machine in presence of the Jades, their
dedstoa upon each point is reduced to the simple act
of recording the facts developed.
For instance: each contestant claims the moat etas.
tic stitch,. Then each is required to sew a seam. side
by side. no the bias of a piece of elastic goods : and the
Judge takes the piece, and stretches it lengthwise of the
seams, till one seam breaks; he still continues the
stretching. but the other seam refuses to break at all.
However disappointed his expeetatlons. thnt Indge will
hardly enter upon the record that the Oaten 211=111 is
the most elastic.
Again, each party claims that his stitch Is the least
liable to rip by the ordinary strain upon the Beam of a
garment in use. The test reuniter a row of parallel
stitching, to be made by each machine, lengthwise,
across a narrow strip of two thicknesses of mu.lin
and this strip is then cot across at every half an inch,
making it into smaller strips, each as long as, the width
of the origin piece. Each judge takes one of these small
strips.aud opening the folds of the "Jock stitch" aide,
pull- on the ends In opposite directions, nod the lock
stitch scam rips out. The folds being thus opened to
the Willcox and Gibba seam, he eontlhues taillitar, but
the seam refuses to rip. Ile pulp stronger, but thison•
ly tightens the stitch; the material gives way, bat the
seam holds fust. The decision of the judge, though it
may be adverse to his prejudices, will of necessity be in
accordance with the facts.
again, each atrent claims superiority in the facility
with which they can sew across seams, or other uneven
surfaces. The test is made ; and the Florence agent—
in a vain: attempt to pass over a seam which the
Willcox and Gibbs machine has rros-ed sad re-crossed
without difficulty—hrtmks his neidle the moment it
striker , theseam. Of course no judge can be found to
decide, in such a case, in favor of the broken down ma
tuch were the tests and such the inevitable decisions
on those points; and such also was the charnetercif all
the other tests, and their respective results, throughout
(luau hole course of this uhexampled trial ;—tio . trial
which, as It is the first ever held on sewing -machines in
this country, if not in the world, at which any attempt
has been made to conduct the process on a purely prac
tical and scientific plan. cannot fsil. it is believed to ex
ert a beneficial influence on future trials of tins kind ;
for, with this I:ample before them, the managers of
oar State and Nat tonal Fairs cannot fall to r..cognize
the necessity of system,premien! ten , . and scientific ac
curacy. as well in the trial of a machine for universal
household use. as in that of plows, mowers, and other
implements of husbandry.
This certifies that the Union Fair, held at island Park
in the county of Albany, in the month of September,
1565, was established by the joint efforts of the "Alba
ny County Agricultural Society, - sod the " Rensselaer
Agricultural and 31am:tract nrer.' Society,"
That only two kinGs of Sewing Machines were enter
ed for premium at said Lilian Fair, and that one kind
was called the r lorence Sewing Machine, and the other
kind was called the Willcox and (Abbe Sewing Ma
That by some error In compiling premium lists for
said Fair. Sewing Machines were classified under
Farm Implements." and complaint thereof was made
to the.Ofticere of the said Fair. who immediately with
drew Scaling Machines from the examtuation ofJudges
on Farm Implements. and decided upon the appoint•
ment of Special Judges. and determine , ' to permit the
agent of each kind of Sewing Machines entered for pre
mium to select one Judge. and to empower the Judges
thns chosen to select a third ,indge. Whereupon ht r.
Clarence W. Waters, of Troy. N. Y.. claimed la be one
of the agents of the Florence Maehlne Interests, and as
such agent reported to said Officers that he had chosen
Mr. Sdyney It. Tucker for judge.
Dr. Is. R. Ross. of Troy. N. Y.. claimed to be one of
the ag.nts of the Willcox and Gibbs Machine Interests,
and as such agent reported to said officers that he had
chosen Joseph Wheelock as Judge ; and Messrs. Tuck
er and Wheelock. with the consent and approval of
said agents, and In presence of said officers selected Mr.
L. C. Champney as the thirdjudge; And said officers ap.
pointed said Tucker Chairman of said Committee of
Judges, and these judges made a written report to said
officers, and awarded the FiltsT PREMIUM, t the Will
cox and Gibbs Sewing Machine • and the Second Premi
um to the Florence Sewing Machine and no awards
were authorized or made for Sewing Machines at said
Fair cxcbpt those reported by Mess. s. Tucker, Champ
nay and Wheelock, as aforesaid.
In testimony of the toregoing farts, the undersigned.
Secretary of the Albany County Agricultural Society.
has hereunto subscribed .his name. and caused thu seal
of said Society to be affixed, this fourth day of January,
J. M. BAILEY,
Secretary Albany County Sg'l Society.
To settees■ of the facts stated In the foreuolng certlB•
cote, I havo hereunto ouborribed my name. and caused
the seal of the Rensellaer Agricultural and
Manufacturere' Society" to be hereto Milted this sec •
and day of January, A.l). 1861 i.
Cilantro A. Mort,
Secretary Rensselaer AO and Man. Society.
STATEMENT OF MR. TUCKER.
Tr.oY, N. Y., Jan. 3, 1566.
Mr. JANES WILLCOX—Sir:" In reply to inquiries made
of me respecting my connection with the Florence Sew
ing Machine 51Anufactory and the character of my en
gagement there. I would here state that in the month of
SeilLetilher. 1t163, I was employed. by that Cempany, at
an advanced mien.. to act as inspector of the different
pirtsof thelremchines t and at that time, the necessary
preparations fur the inspection of work not having
been rompleted. I turned my hand to adjusting the ma
chines. which had been a familiar occupation to me da
ring the eight years previous. I continued in that branch
of the business for more than three mouths, became
thoroughly acquainted. end I must ally not a little pre
judiced le its favor, so far as some of its features Were
At the Albany and Rentisellser Counties' Union Fair.
I served on a Committee to adjudge the merits of Sewing
Machines, the conthst being between the Willcot and
Gibbs and Florence Machines. I was selected by my
filen°, the agent of the Florence Company, to assist in
conducting the ilial of their machine . Which. regardless
of my it)mpathie., with it. I endeavored to do In an laL
nertial manner. The trial resulting greatly in Moor of
the IV I lido; and Gibbs Machine. It wee awarded the first
Premium. I think a similar derision could not hill to
be made in the minds of practical men on are} thorough
trial of the above machines. 6. D. Trace al..
This remarkable trial can not
. 411, through the facts
developed by it, to be productive of important results.
It has raised the- rail and exposed to the public view
the true character of the opposition, who will no longer
be able to deceive the public by misrepresenting the
character and merits of• the Willcox and Gibbs
By thistrtal—more thoronh than any of the kind
ever previounly attempted atrial before an able end
impartial Jur/. the Jastico of who.* vordiet none can
diepote—it has been proved, decided, and published to
the world that the Willcox and Gibbs Machine is just
what It to claimed to bo—aa improsement on douhis
The relative merits of thetwo kinds of stitches made
by these two classes of machine were then subjected to
the most rigid tests, by work done upon each machine,
on the same piece of goods, and with threadiram the
same spool ; and the result was a unanimous decision
that the "Willcox and Gibbs," or " twitted loop "
stitch, instead of being less reliable than the " lock "
I itch, as represented by its opponents, is even more
so; that while it maybe raveled by a certain process,
when necessary, it islastiabk to rip than that stitch, In
use or wear.
In order to appreciate fully the importance of this
trial, it to necessary to consider • some of the peculiar
circumstances connected with the early history of the
Willcox and Gibbs Machine. and its relation to other
leading Wards ; all which, it is well known, aro of the
Preylonely to the introduction of this machine, the
country had become so flooded with cheap a...d worth
less ones, and the public mind so generally prejudiced
in favorof the high priced, double-thread machines, that
moat people were prepared to accept as truth the
teaching of those interested in the latter class,
without question ; and since many of those cheap
machines were single-thread ones, it was no difficult
task to educate the public Into the belief that all single
thread [machines, as well as all cheap ones, were neces
sarily worthless. And so faithfully was that task per
formed, that the double-thread interest Was thereby
enabled to acquire, and for a time to maintain a
monopoly, and to keep their prices up to a point which
forbid the use of sewing-machlnes to thousands of per
sona of that class who most need - them, but are least
able to buy.
It was at this petiod,and with a view to supply a
great public ueed, by the production of a simpler and
better, as well as cheaper machine, that the Willcox
and Gibbs was invented and placed befsire the public.
The double-thread fra•enzliy, perceiving its great
merit, very naturallrbeeameithirmed. A rival so dan
gerous to them all was' not to bo disregarded. With
the exception of merit, the advantage was all on their
side. teach had their thousand sof agents z tattered over
the country, who would open the month at their bid
ding, while the Willcox and Qibba, with here and there
a solitary exception, as - yet had none. The word was
given, and the keye-note sounded, " A single thread I"
A single thread:" and ten thousand agents' voices
I. ciao e d " A single thread :''
Says a lady customer to one of their agents: " It's a
charming little machine, that Willcox and Gibbs; it
runs ro easily and quietly !" "Oh ! yes, madam ; but
then it la only a sinyfe-thread; anda single-thread ma
chine, you know, is of no value as a sewing -machine."
Why, hose you talk: My sistez has one of them; , and
she does all her sewing on it, and would not excluinica
it fur any other machine in the World." •• That may be
so: she probably never used any other; but though it
may satisfy her, It would never suit you. Why, madam .
those singliz-thrtnad machines were tried long ago, and
rejected as totally worthless!"
In this manner has the Willcox and Gibbs been syste
matically, persistently misrepresented by the entire
double-thread fraternity. Scarcely could a More palpa
ble untruth be uttered than Is conveyed in the spirit of
those four words, only a single-thread.;" because,
though it does use but one thread. it does not make the
ordinary single-thread ditch, as those words, in the
sense there used, imply; but It makes anew and differ
ent stitch—one that obviates the very defect In the old
single-thread or chain-stitch to which so much objec
tion la made—its asserted liability to ravel. Moreover,
the iliffeax and Gibbs stitch is far Getter than any made
with two Dreads; and hence is destined. so soon as its
merits are generally known, to supersede all the various
double-thread stitches now in use. And this Is the rea
son why the Willcox and Gibbs Is so much feared; for
who will want to bother with two threads, when they
find that one is better?
Again, whenever the Willcox and Gibbs Company
sent out canvassers to introence their machines in new
localities, and establish Agencies for their sale, they
were sore to encounter the same kind of opposition.
Even their common right of competing for premiums
at our Agricultural and Mechanical Fairs has been so
often tampered with, that they have found it necessary
to obtain, in advance, is guarantee of impartial treat
ment from the acting officers or managers, before en
tering their machine for competition at such Faire.
But, though thus deprived, by the course of the oppo
sition of the advantageous use of most of the ordinary
means of advertising, there was one—the si/ent andsirre
'Wade influence qfsoldmachines—which no combination
could take away. Each machine sold was a missionary,
silently at work in its own neighborhoods' making con
verts to the faith. And converts became customers, and
customers built up Agencies; and the good work went
forward, spryly but surely. Thus the Wilcox and
Gibbs, thofigh persecuted, has prospered; though op
poses , has Steadily progressed. It Is still comparatively
a new machine, having been scarcely seven years In tha
market; yet it rants already, in the number of ma
chines sold, as the four/ "Sewing-Machine " in use.
And now that the fraternity, in, the last desperate
effort of one of their number to bolster up their waning
popularity, have signally failed; nor that their bold
ness has furnished the long-sought opportunity fur an
honest and well contested public trial. and put on recold
the 'vault of that trial for the enlightenment of the pub
lic, it requires, we Oink, no prophet to for. ace the ac.
celerated prog,reas of the Willcox and Gibba in the
fixture, or to foretell its ultimate triumph—aa THE RE ,
COGNIZED STANDARD SEWING-MACHINE PT TOE WOULD !
A NOTABLE CHANGZ—During the life
time of Mr, Lincoln "speaking disrespect
fully of the President was one of the
" disloyal practices " which insured the
person who was guilty of it a mobbing, at
any rate, with a fair prospect of a cell in
one of the military prisons which abound
ed in those millennial years. But there
has been a violent and sudden change in
the feeling of the Radical sticklers for
Executive dignity. It is beginning to be
as unpopular with those gentry to pray
for the President as it used to be to curse
him, although, fortunately, they are not
able to attach to the new offense such
heavy penalties as they imposed for the
old one. The Missouri .Republican pub
lishes the , following item, which affords
one of the most pertinent illustrations of
this marvelous change that has yet come
under our notice:
.Among the proceedings of the Missouri
Senate on Saturday last, as published by
us on Monday, it may be noticed that Mr.
Dean called attention to the fact that the
officiating , chaplain, while praying for
Congress, omitted any allusion to the
President. '.Wishing to put, an end to
this invidions-discriminatioh, he offered a
resolution requesting the clergy ofJeffer
son City who officiate as chaplains for the
Senate, to remember in their prayers the.
President of the. United 'States.; box it;
was at once laid on the-table by u YOte of
fourteen to six.
VOLUME XXIII, NUMBER, lg.
Dan Rice before the Reconstruction
The committee to smell out disloyal
sentiments at the 'South have heeir busy
at work, but coneeal much of the testi
mony. " Mack," the spicy correspondent
of the Cincinnati Conunercia, (a Repub
lican journal) lets out some suppressed
testimony occasionally. Here is his cast
The Cotnmittee" on Reconstruction' Still
persists in suppressing the most important
testimony elicited,betore it. Dan Rice has
recently been. on i a.circus :tour through the
lately rebellions States, and has bad op
portunities such as are afforded to' few,
for observing the condition of the-South
ern people as to loyalty. His testimony
will be found to show the true feeling that
exists in the South when the thin crust, of
pretended loyalty is melted away and true
character is revealed us under the exbile
rating influence of a menagerie, when man
stands In the presence of diet untamed
forces of nature, separated therefrom only
by the thin partition of an iron cage. Mr.
Rice, being duly sworn, testified thus :
Q. You have an unruly animal, known
as a pev mule, with your circus, have you
A. He is muchtiven to 'kicking. Ada -
Q. It is almost impossible to ride him,
is it not ?
A. It is. I generally offer $25 to,poy
man who will ride him aromid the" ring.
Q. On your late visit to the South,
did you receive any off..-rs to ride that
male ? _
A. I did.
Q. State what occurred on tlaese QCCA ,
A. In Richmond, a disclarged con
federate soldier attempted to rideititn,
but was immediately thrown flat on, his
Q. What did the confederate soldier
say to this ?
A. He said, the mule was a d—d
Q. Did others make the attempt ?
A. Another of Lee's veterans triad to
ride him, and succeeded.
Q. What did he say ?
- A. He said,fafiw he had dismonirit,
that if he'd had a regiiu, nt. them
cavalry he'd have: whipped Kilpatric k all
to smash ; and that iu the nest war agaiiist,
Yankees he intended to raise a brigade ot
Cress-examiued by Mr. Stevens :.-.
,Q. Is that ahe mule, or a she tunic ?
A. It's ahe mule,
Q. You have monkeys in yoitt show,
have you not ?
A. I have.
Q. Have you ever heard any disloyal
remarks in regard to those monkeys?
A. I can't say that I have. •
Q. Have you ever heard anything. said;
in their presence ?
A. A couple of young ladies were one,
day standing in front. of the cage,
heard one of them say it looked like a
Q. flow was this remark reeeived?-
A. It, created much laughter.
Q. Were there any personal allusions
made on that occasion ?
A. Some one in the crowd said, point
ing to the ourang ourang, "'That's.
Q. Did that please the bystanders
A. Very much.
Q. Did you ever hear any obserNations
about the bears ?
A. I heard it said once about a.,one
eyed bear that he looked like Ben Butler,
and about a griza.'y that it ought. to be
called Ben Wade.
Q. Were the points of resemblance
A. They wero not. The pbsgrvatiou,
was made on the foul ensemble, with ape
cia! reference, perhaps to the occular de
formity in the case of the ,une-eyed
Q. Have you side shows with. •our
A. I have.
Q. State if you have ever heard
loyal remarks in relation to them. ..
A. I believe I heard something of the,,.
kind once about Daniel in the lion's 4ilpß.
Q. State what it, was ?
A. ' A' young lady asked me which yqui
Daniel and which was file lion.
Q. What was your reply ?,
A. I told her it was easy;to . distin._
guish Daniel from the lion, as the former
wore a swallow-tail coat, and hall,acottien
umbrella under his arm.
Q. What did she say? '
A. After looking into the cage "she
said, very spitefully, that Daniel rooked.
like a mean Yankee, , and she Wnitied_tlicl
lion would chaw him up. MACK. •_
far It appears that riO less than 'twit
hundred and fifty three thousand Union
soldiers died on the battle field and in licis;
pitals. There are not included in thiS no:
count the number of officers and soldiers
who died at home, either from 'wounds or
the effects of disease contracted in the
service. The latter may be safely .estinta•
led at forty seven thousand more so that'
the-entire mortality by the' Rebellion in
the armies of the gortb,-by the , essust ; i
ties of the war, may be'potati three hulas
A. I have.
Q. What are the idiosyncrasies of that