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FOR THE DEFOCUAT.
History of the Oreat Conflict between
Democracy and Abolitionism, ter
minating in a War upon
But a few days beThro President Lin
coln's death, John W. Forney publicly ac
quiesced in the restoration policy of that
torgiv.ing Executive, in an article publish
ed in the Washington Chronicle. He
" For our part, slavery being practical
ly and constitutionally abolished, we are
ready to concede everything else to recall
our erring brethren. On the subject of
ccn6sc.atien, who. does not know that ma
ny of the leading Republicans in Congress
objected to the law, which has been par
tially and ineffectively enforced ? Who
does not know that those who have pur
chased under this law in the City of Wash
ington and elsewhere, admit, that. they
have the frailest of titles ? Why not
then at once give up a law, for the sake
of perpetual peace, which all nations in
times of war have regarded as tempora
ry ? Next comes the amnesty proclatna
fink, with 'all its exceptions as to great
offenders'. •Why not make this general
without exception ? Are we afraid of
them ? Do we fear their reappearance at
the Federal capital ? Are we of the tree
.North afraid to admit any of our country
men submitting to the Constitution and
obeying the laws, to all the privileges of
the American Union ? If we are, we are
unworthy of the destiny which hasi been
transmitted to us by our fat-hers and
theirs. Shall we hold the position of
France after the revolution, when her ex
patriated nobility plotted the great con
spiracies which undermined the First Con
sul, and contributed to his terrible and fi
nal overthrow ?"
Never was there uttered a greater truth
than this! The abolition conspirators in
and out of Congress are pronounced by
John W. Forney as unworthy of the lib
erties which they now enjoy' These con
spirators declared that God removed Ab
raham Lincoln out of the world for the ve
ry reason that he was going to receive
the Southern people back into the Union
with open antis, and President Johnson
says truly, that " when these radicals
make war on. me.they also make war on
President, Lincoln, whose policy I am car
John W. Forney was so delighted with
this policy up to October, that he contin
ually held it up before the people as the
dawn of the millenial glory. In the Sun
day .Chroniele dated October Tst, 1865, is
an editorial letter signed J: W. F., and
as.it manifests such a joyful spirit in the
anticipation of the return of the Southern
ers to Congress, it is laid before the read
"The appearance of Southern newspa
pers in a ICOrtheru editorial room is one
of the living signs that the Union is being
rapidly restored, and that, however ideal
ists may doubt or threaten, the coming
together of the several States will be.switt
and irresistible, and will at the same time
shut out and bury forever many hatreds
and prejudices which, only a few months
ago, seemed to be unappeasable and incu
rable. It is as ifa great door, which had
been closed upon a future of unparalleled
grandeur and glory, had been suddenly
swung open to - millions, upon condition
that they left behind them all personal ha
treds and unworthy memories."
We shall soon see who shut that door,
which President, Johnson flung open to a
future, of glory, directly in the fade of mil
lions about to enter.-
"The President," says Mr. Forney, "in
the exercise of his functions, and in the
full view of his responsibilities, is extend.
ing a wide and generonsindulgence to the
Southern people. His pardons' are dis
pensed with more magnanimity to those
who have been excepted under the twen
ty thousand dollar clause. The prodigals
find in him a hospitable host--a lenient
judge—a warm-hearted friend. He is try
ing the experiment of leniency with a full
ness and frankness that should awaken on
their part responsive loyalty, fidelity and
We here see the very policy recommen
ded by Mr. Forney in relation' to the am
nesty proclamation 'carried out as he de
sired it to be. What does it mean When
this same John W. Forney says, but
three monsbs afterward :
" What do I see? Andrew Johnson of
Tennessee, idol, organ and protector of
men whe during four years were his per
secutors and revilers. Why is it that
within ten days past every returned trait
or who is permitted to come back to live
under the government be tried to destroy,
is nowiftlled with exultation."
Have not pardoned rebels reason to ex
ult? Did not John W. Forney desire the
President to bring the North and the
and have a day of rejoic
ing? Yet when he sees that the "opposite
party" are also delighted with the
policy of the Presideol, he cries out that
his party is betrayed. In the letter , now
being quoted, he says of the President's
" In the midst of such a popular move-
MONTROSE, PA., TUESDAY, MAY 1, 1866.
ment as the present., he will prove himself
to be the wisest man who refuses to take
issue with the inevitable, who takes up
and works with the weapons of• comnion
sense, and who treats others as he ex
pects to be treated•himself, with a gener
ous ' confidence' and a truly catholic tol
eration. There are some things against
which bigotry and a habit ofliving among
the renollections of past conflicts cannot
always prevail, , and among these is the
restoration ofTriendship between individ
uals-related by blood, and:Connected by
marriage, who have separated in a mo
ment of passion, and whose reconciliation
is demanded by every high consideration.
The moment such a feud is adjusted.in
the family circle, oblivion to every.thing
that disturbed the family concord becomes
the order of the fireside.
"If this is true of men, it is even so in
a larger proportion, and in a grander in
tensity with nations, especially with those
whose origin is the same, and who have
marehed hand in hand for nearly a centu
ry of organized government, under . the
same Constitution and laws. I remember
more than two 'years ago hearing a dis
tinguished statesman describe the return
of a pi•odigal brother, who had been ab
sent from home for many years. 'lt was
one of the happiest days of our lives,'
he,-'-when we saw him come back. Then
I felt the truth of the saying that ' blood
is thicker than water.' You will see the
day,' said my friend, when the second
prodigal son will be acted in this country,
on a scale so grand, with characters so
conspicuous, and with results so marvel
oils, as to make all the world wonder.'"
Yes, the scene of the " prodigal son"
has been acted in this country, on a grand
scale and with conspicuous cbaracters,and
very much more after the " parable" from
which the scene is taken than Forney ap
peared to think it would be. The prodi
gal sons of the South returned to their
father's house, and asked admission into
the family again. The father saw these.
sons afar oil and had compassion on them,
and when they asked his pardon he gave
it them—and all was joyful and merry un
til some of his other suns drew nigh the
White House, and heard the music and
dancing, and saw an account of the Union
of the family,being so rapidly restored
die hatreds all buried—their father ex
tending such wide and generous indul
gence to his prodigal children, and that
they had found in him a hospitable host,
a lenient judge and a warm hearted friend.
Some of the Northern sons asked what
these things meant, and the answer was,
"Thy absent brothers have come, and thy
father bath killed the fatted calf; because
he received them safe and sound ;" and
these brothers were angry. But th fath
er said to them, "It is meet that we
should make merry and be glad, for these
thy brothers were dead (to us) and' are
alive again—they were lost and are
To illustrate this subject let us enter the
White House and witness a meeting be
tween the President and a delegation of
fifty gentlemen from the South, represent
ing nine States. " They gave him the as
surance of their personal esteem, and con
fidence in his policy of reconstruction.—
The South would earnestly sustain him
and his administration of the government,
and he might rely upon the good faith of
The President replied as follows :
"Gentlemen, I arn highly gratified to
receive the assurances you have given me.
I was unprepared to receive so humerous
a delegation. It excites in my mind feel
ings and emotions that languageis totally
inadequate to express. When I look
back tour years ago where I stood . bat
ling for principles, which many of you
thought were wrong, was battling for
the same prinNples that actuate me to
day, and which principles I thank my
God you have come forward on this oc
casion to manifest a disposition to sup
port. The issue was made by the South
against the Government—and the Gov
ernment has triumphed; and the South,
true to her ancient instincts of frankness
and manly honor, comes forth and ex
presses its willingness to abide the result
of the decision in goodfaith. While I think
that the rebellion has been subdued. I
want not only you, but the people of the
world to know, tbat, while I dreaded and
feared disintegration of the States, ram
equally opposed to consolidation, or con
centration of power here, under whatev.
er guise or name they bear; let the Con
stitution be our guide. Let the preser
vation of that and the union of hearts be
our principal aim. I love the Southern
people and will do all in my power to re
store them to that State of happiness, and
prosperity, which they enjoyed be
fore the madness of misguided men led
them astray. , All I ask or desire of the
South, or the North, the east, or the west,
is to be sustained in carrying oat the
principles of the Constitution. Deep
wounds have been inflicted. Our country
has been scarred all over, but the day is
not distant, when we shall feel like some
family that has bad a desperate feud, the
various membere,of which have, come to
gether, and composed the evils and suf
ferings they had ;Laded upon each oth
er. They bad seen the influence of their
error and its result, and governed by the
generous spirit of conciliation, they had
become mutually forbearing and forgiv
ing, and returned to their old habits of
fraternal kindness, and become better
friends than ever. Then let us consider
that the feud that alienated us has been
settled, and adjusted to mutual satisfac
tion. That We come together to be
bound by firmer bonds of love, respect
and confidence than ever."
Thus spake the President to his chil
dren of the South, and it is surprising
how nearly this address is worded like
the article written by Mr. Forney, who
speaks of the restoration Of friendship and
reconciliation in a family which have sep
arated from each other, in a moment of
passion, and adds that the moment such a
feud is adjusted, oblivion to the past, be
comes the order of the fireside." It would
seem as if there was a mutual understand
ing between him and the President, and
that they were working in harmony to
gether to unite the South and the North.
The President addresses the North, and
says, "..when those who rebelled comply
with the Constitution, when they give
sufficient evidence of loyalty; .when they
yield obedience to the law that you and I
acknowledge obedience to, I say, extend
them the right band of fellowship, and let
peace and Union be restored."
Mr. Forney seemed to take great pleas
ure in informing the people of the North
how loyal their Southern brethren were,
and bow rapidly they were renewing al
legiance to the Government, he says Sept.
" Yesterday President Johnson receiv
ed a dispatch from Columbia, S. C. an
nouncing that the ordinance of secession
had been repealed, Slavery abolished,
and representation equalized. Moreover,
the convention has unanimously endorsed
the administration 'of Andrew Johnson,
" All are loyal and in good spirits says the
despatch, and the country will receive as
a hhrbinger of the better time coming,
spoken of-by the poet, the cheering Words
sent to onr hhnored and patriotic Presi
When " our honored and Patriotic
President," asked Congress to receive the
loyal State of South Carolina, back into
the Union, they called him a usurper, and
his former champion joined in the cry.
In Sept last le said :
" Some of the opponents of President
Johnson's reconstruction policy idist that
the Southern States should be held out
side of the portals of the Government, un
til they are better prepared for their ad
mission. But, President Lincoln, only
three days before his death, spoke of the
danger of delay, where a State is ready to
come back to the Union. Apply his rea
sonings in the cage of Louisiana to any of
the other States which are now calmly
and carefully preparing to come back to
the Union, and tell us whether they do
I not constitute an overwhelming plea in
favor of the policy President Johnson ?
1 There is scarcely a new Constitution of
any of the recent rebellious Stares, that is
not as liberal as that of Louisiana. Indeed,
' South Carolina proposes to go beyond
the model of that State, and when they
are all,completed, some of the free States
may improve their own laws by copying
from these new Southern experiments."
Again he says:
," The conventions of
the Southern States are evidently con
trolled by men, who are determined to
comply with the requirements of the ex
ecutive, and with the expectations of the
great boy of the Northern people. When
any doubt arises, despatches are sent to
Washington, asking information and coun
sel. I have already referred to the ab
sence from the list of candidates for Con
gress of many who have been prominent
in the rebellion, and from the examine:
tion of the Southern papers; believe that
very few of this class will present tbent
selves for admission into the halls of our
National Legislature. The men promi
nent in the work of reconstruction, are
fully impregnated with the principles of
the President, and are resolved to carry
theminto their actions, and to embody
them into their State Statutes."
What does this same Mr. Forney say
in Feb. 1866 ?
" Andrew Johnson says : Take back
the States lately in rebellion, thus shall
come harmony and peace. But of their
fitness and right Congress is to judge,
and no man has a right, to interfere, who
ever makes the effort will be blasted by
the live lightning of a loyal:pehple's indig
nation, and buried in their pontical graves
beyond the hope of resurrection."
The people are to say whether a Presi
dent, who is trying to restore the Union
by the civil power, after four years of
bloody war for that same object, is now
to be blasted by the lightning of the Abo
litionists, or whether these abolitionits
themselves, who are determined to de
stroy the Union, shall be blasted, that
the Union may be restored. If the Pres
ident falls, the Liberties of the white
race fall with him, and Ethiopian darkness
will enshroud the fair face of American
—Mr. Kilian, at &he head of the Fenian
Treasury Department, writes to, a gentle
man in Canada, " money, , not men,
we want." A geed many have suspec
ted as much.
The Position of Gen. Lee--The Recon•
" Mack," the inimitable correspondent
of the Cincinnati,Continercial, a Republi
can paper, fills up the vacuum in General
testimony before the so called Re
construction (?) Committee as follows. It
is a most capital bit, at the folly, of such a
Committee as well 'as the radical fools
who serve upon it :
I am sorry to observe a disposition on
the part of theßeconstruction Committee
to suppress in the pretended publication
of General Lee's testimony,, the most. im
portant portion of that distinguished of
ficer's examination. I violate no confi
dence in giving it; as folloivs :•
Q.--W bat kind of shirts did you wear
during the war?
A.--Calico, sometimes, and sometimes
Q.—You are married, are you not ?
A.—Yes • him.
Q..—Well,statei to the Committee what
kind of under clothing your mite wore du
ring the unholy strife.
A.—l was not at home cinch of the
time and can't' say.
Q.—What color was it'?
A.—l don't know.
Q.—Wasn't it• gray ?
A.—l never, took notice.
Q.—Don't you know that the ladies of
the South formed a secret cabal for the
wearing of gray petticoats during the
A.—l do not. - .
Q.—Don't you think they wore more
gray than blue in the article of clothing to
which we refer ?
A.—l do not know. Never investiga
ted that subject.
Q.—ls it true that, the women of the
South wear Jeff. Davis' picture in their
A.—l never took notice. Should not
be surprised if some of them did.
Q.—Do ph think a Freedman's Hurean
agent would be allowed to marry into a
first family of Virginia ?
A.—lf a young lady belonging to afirst
family were willing I suppose he could.
Q.—How long will it be before pump
kin pies become a favorite dish in the
lately rebellions districts?
A,—l do not know. Some people like
Q.—Ls there not a great aversion -to
codfish, as a Yankee staple of diet ?
A.—l do not know that there • is.
Q.—Do they like pork and beans in Vir
A.—Some people do.
Q.—What's your = opinion of the Fen
A.—l have not th'e - subject much
Q.—How are you on Schleswignolstein?
A.—l have not made up my mind on
that subject either.
Q.—Which side do you sleep on ?
A.—The right side generally.
Q.—Do Southern men generally' con
tinue to sleep in arms, notwithstanding
the cessation of the rebellion ?
A.—Those who are married do, I be
. Q.—Do those who are not married.ab-, ,
stain from doing so ?
A.—l can't say they all do.
There are other important parts of
General, Lee's testimony not yet publish
ed bo the Committee on Reconstruction.
I trust I have given- enough to show,
when contrasted with what has hereto
fore been given to the public, that the
most significant portions of the oxamina
tion—those bearing most directly on the
great problem of reconstruction—are will
fully suppressed. MACK.
The Reign of Thieves.
The reign of the thieves is not over yet,
and occasionally,even A Republican news
paper has sufficient honesty„to denounce
the wholesale system ofplunder which has
disgraced and impoverished the , nation
ever since the war began. The Philadel
phia Daily News has the , following con
fession of the sins of its party in the past,
accompanied by the, acknowledgment that
they are not less corrupt now. It says :
The " lobby" is mustering in great
strength in Washington, and some grand
assaults upon the public treasury are con
cocting. The end of the war Las not put
an end to many of the wofst enemies of
the Federal government. The immense
appropriations of the past five years have
created an appetite for plunder which can
not be easily restrained, and while paper
money continues to be printed and issued
from the Treasury Department it' is not
probable that the sneaking agents of' the
"shoddy" cormorants who infest the cap?
ital will feel inclined to abandon, their
schemes. The loose morality which Per
vades every' part of the country giveis en
couragement to every rogue. who thinks
he can contrive a plan to draw money
from the government, for he knows that
success in such a matter, while it will en
rich him, .will. shield him. &ern the sea
of honest men, whose opinions of proprie
ty have' too little weight, to do bun any
injury. The armies of te republic may
defend it from the attacks. of warlike. one-,
mice who assail it with 'military Weapons
and engines; but Where ' shall we. find it
power-to protect the nation's treasury
from the depredations of the knaves who
gather about it as vultures do around a
VOLUME. XXIII, NU3H3ER 184
Now and then a sniile brightens war's
grim visage, like a flash of sunlight op au,,
angry day. I reinembar one that I wish_
I could daguerreotype. The amenities of
battle are so few, how precions they bet
come ! Let me give you one specimen of
that little " touch of nature which makes
the whole world
Once on a time, the Third Ohio, of
Streight's command, 'entered a' town en
route for ;Richmond, prisoners of war.
Worn down, famished l hearts heavy andi
knapsacks light, they were herded like,
dumb "driven cattle, to wear out the.
night. A regiment, the 54th 7 irginia,
being camped near by, many orthe mei"'
came strolling about to see the sorry'
show of poor supperless Yankees. .They.
did not stay long, but hastened away to
camp, and came streaming back with cof
fee kettles, corn btiead and bacon, the best
they had, and all they bad, and'straight;
way little fires began to twinkle , bacon'
was suffering the martyrdom of the.eaint
of the gridiron, and the aroma of coffee
roselike the fragrant cloud of a thank of
fering. Our hungry boys ate and were.
satisfied; and for that (me night our com
mon 'humanity stood acquitted of the
heavy charge of total depravity with
which, it is blackened. Morning came and
We were in due time exchanged, and
by and, by camped within, rifle, - shot. of
Kelly's Perry, on the banks of the Ten
nessee. But often around the camp fires
we talked of the 54th Virginia, and won
dered where they were, and discussed the
chances of muting them again. When
they discussed the "'damnable Johnny
robs," the name of one. regiment, you
maybe sure , was tucked away in a snug
place, quite out of the range of hard
words. And now came the sequel, that
makes a beautiful poem of the whole of it.
On the day of the storming of. Mission
Ridge, among the regiments taken prison
ers was the 54th Virginia, and on Friday.
it trailed away across the pontoon bridge
and along the mountain road nine miles
to Kelly's Ferry. Arriving here it set
tled on the bankiike wasps, awaiting the
boat. Some of the Ohio boys were on du
ty at the landing when it arrived. "What
regiment is this ?" they' asked; and when
the reply was given, they started for camp
like quarter horses, and shouted as they
rushed, "The 54th Virginia is at. the Fer
ry VI The camp swarmed in three min
utes. Treasures of coffee, tobacco,sugar
beef, preserved peaches, everything,
were turned out in force, and you may
believe they went laden with plenty, at
the double quick to the ferry. The same
old scene, and yet how strang,ely..ehan.g
ed, the twinkling fires, the grateful to=
hungrycensethe captives; 'but guests
and hosts had changed places,,the starlit
folds floated aloft for the bonny blue flag,
a debt of honor was paid to the utmost
farthing. Iftbey had a triumph of arms
at Chattanooga, hearts were the trumpti
at Kelly's,Ferry. And there it was that,
horrid war smiled a human smile, and a
grateful, gentle light flickered for a, mo
ment at the point of the bayonet.
Boston in the Olden Time.
A hundred years ago, on account of po
litical disturbances, certain municipal reg.
Illations were made, conducive to the bet
ter order of the town. Among them was
an order to " arrest all negroes found out
after dark Without a lantern." Soon after
it happened' that an old colored man was
picked up, the record says, " prowling
about in total darkness." When exam
ined by the magistrate the following day,
he replied to the query, " Are you guil
ty ?" "No, sah ! I has de lantern,"
holding up before the astonished court an
old one with neither oil nor candle in it.
He waa discharged, andthe law amended
so as' to read,' a lantern with a candle."
Old Tony, not long after, was arrested
a second time on the same esimplaint, and
again pleaded "not , guilty,' producing a •
lantern with a candle. The wick, howev
er, had never been discoloied by a flame.
The shrewd , darkey was again discharged
with a reprimand, and the law was still
again amended so as to require " alan
tern with a lighted candle." Old Tony
never troubled the watch any more. He
was overheard saying, " Massa got too .
much light oti de subjec'." .
An English traveller, coming over a. !
bout this time to see what kind of a place
these colonies might be, says of Bostonl
"The buildings, like their, women, are ,
neat and handsome, and their streets, like*
the hearts of their men, are paved with,
petioles. They have four churches built '
with clapboards and shingles, and sup
plied with four ministers--.one a scholar,
one a gentleman, one a dunce "and one a
clown. The captain of a ship met his
wife on the street, after a„long voyage r
and kissed her; for which he was Sned ten
shillings. What happiness, thought
we enjoy in Old England; where we can
not only kiss, our own wives, but other -
men's, without danger of penalty.",,
The western papers are literally filtod
with city, borough, township, and - other
local election victories for the Democracy
and the Democracy and Johnson Repub
licans combined. Iq Ohio, Illßupia , UAL.
aim, Wisconsin, Michigan, MiSsouri, and
even in dark-visaged lowa, the election
results are more than gratifying.
A Pleasing Incident of the War.