The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, March 17, 1863, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    - -
.., i , -`. ~.•.' '.-"--, ~
- •,:/..-., ..'„:,,.. ---,,, -:,I ; 4 -......,... ..• .4".; •!..; :-:-.... x.:.. - ,.... ' ~ .. -- ' - ":"`'i''; ~' f - •. ' _
. . , .
,• . .. -..
.; • , ,
.., , .
. . ,
- --.- .
. .. .
-, -
..• .
. .
. , .
. . ,
• "'''. '
... .
~ .. - ..„.._
.• •
• . ,-, , : .
- • - or" .
.. .
. . pp• : .
.. .
' ... _
i .
• -. ,
• .• i -
. 0
. .. .
. . ,
• .
- ,
i ~_ - •
. . •- . • - .•. •
••- ' '
_ .. '.•_ • : .
. .._'-
. ,
. -
-.- - . ,•
, ..: •
• -
. 1
, ~ :. .. :::, -'.• ' . -.. : :. :. -
.'' - H
- - - ..
' :' . , ' '''
J . ...
~411..... l
V .
. .
. ~ . .
. . .
•,. . .. ,
• 1
. .
. . .
... ,
~, 3' 7 ',.: , .. ' .'.' - - •- :' '
.. . -
. -
. , •
• i
A. 3. G.ERR.TSON, PublishTF
ipost 01hie a4dress.
Countun Ddnfi, or south Gibson, Suscesi.
y, Pan'a.]
Aly the 59th section of the act of" Con&c:ss of July 1,
1862. it itk , proyhlea. " That any person cxcrci•ing
ImAine , s of auctioneer, without Inking out a liciao-e for
'that purpose, airoguireti by raid act; shall for each and
every such offence, forfeit's penalty equal to three times
the amount of such license, one half to the United t.. l tates
and the - other half to the person _ giving Information of
the fact, whereby said forfeiture was incurred."
Feb; 3t 1863.-131,3 .
PBALER in Dry Good.. a rocerles. U.nihrellae, tanker!
Notions. Boots :end-Shoes, Shovels and Fnrks,,
I , tone Ware. Wooden Ware and Brooms. Ilead'of Nail
.gaLion. Public Avenne. -., . -
Montrose, l'a., May 13, 1862.-1 y . .
. -
111.71;TTIT) COOPEA • " DERBY 1
W3l. H. COOPER & CO.,
BA! , 7KERS.--MontroF , e , Pa. Sn ccFssors to Pqst;Cooper
ect. Otllce, Lathrops'ucrqmilding,, Turnpike-st.
J. 11. X'COLLUM p. W. SF.A.RLE.
TTORNEYS and Counsellors at Law, 7 -31ontrose, Pa
Once in Lathrops' bdilding, over the Bank,
• DR. 11. S - .11.1TII Sr, SON, •
v r.:RGEON DENTVATS.—MontroSe, Pa. '
17.30fTice in Lathrop.' new buildin:...., over . A . 2,,,,
the Bank. All Dental operaifons - uill be, Ili if e al ic a
performed in good .tyle au4 warraut ed.
"ElASlTlON'3llth*TAlLoll.—Moilrose.' Pa, Shop
.1: over 1. N. Bidlard's Groctlry, in] Main , ttrect.
Thankftd , for past favors. he sulicitß a dons inuancei
—pledging liiinseirlo do all work :litisfactorily. Cut
ting done on short notice, and ,warminted to a.t... .
Montrose. Pa„ J ark '20;4 SGO.—tf.
• ' P. LINES,
ASMON.ABLE TAlLOR.—Afontroge. Pa. Shop
in Phirnix Block., over store of Stead, NVatrons
Foster. All work warranted; as to lit and finish. I
Catlin; done on short notice, la beet Stile. j:m '
VASITION.kBLE TAlLOlL—Montrose, Pa. Shop
JC neat the Ttflptir,OTeetinit lion , e, on Turnpike
trcet. All orders 114 prompilv. in firsi-rate-style,
cjitting done on Fhort'notice. and warranted to lit.
EPSTRS Clucks, Watches,. and Jen'etry at the
shortest notice. arid on.reasonable terms. ' A l .l
work warranted. She in Chandk,r and d
st.ore, Nortilmre. Pa. • o t f
•• & CO.,
• •
.Montrose, pa, aug . tf
- C. 0. - FORDIIA3I, -
rANTTACTi:RED of r 0.0 TS & SHOES. Montrose,.
Shop•over Tyler's store. All kinds pf work
wade to order, .and repairing done neatly. je:.
irtEALER in Druzs, 3ledicincsr Chemicals, bre
.1 , Stuffs. Glass Ware, Painit, Varalth, Wiii
dow Glass, Groceries, Fancy Goods, Jewelry Perfu-
mere, &r.—Agent for all the Int,t. popular PATENT
NlEitlClNES,—.Montrose, Pa, ang if
DlFAVlNCilocated permanently at 7 , .Zew - Milford, Pa,
attend 'promptly tb all calls with which he may
,e faccired. Office at Toads' llotel. •'
New Milford, July, 11%Sri].
1.41 OF YALE COLLEGE, have formed-a eopartnerehip
for the practice of Medicine and Surzery.and are prepared
to all bnit a faithfully and punctually, that
• may be intrusted to their care, on terms commensurate
wish the.times.
Discloses and deformities of the EYE, surgical opera
ttona, and'all surgical diseases, particularly atte . nded to.
OrOftice over Wehb's Store. °Mee hours from .5 it.
tW to 9 p.m. AU sorts of country produce taken in Pay
ment, at the highest value, and cAsii Nor REFUSED.
rta.esla. Paid for. 131.ctc'es,
1 ..-1 Sheep Pelts,. Fox.,Mlnk...3lttskrai, and all kinds of
Furs. , A gothl tessortrliF.nt of Leather and Milthz and
Shries constantly on hand. OM ee, Tannery,, & Shop , on
.Main - Street.
Montrose, Feb.6th
Has Establishod anAgencyhiPlontrose.
The. Oldest Insurance Co'. in the rlnion.
Ttlll rates are allow as those of any good company
New York. or elsewhere. and its Directors are among
the first for honor and integrity_
6mstißL.,krr; Seer. ART/11.71: G. COFT/N,
Montrose, 3nly fr, '62. BILLINGS STROUD,AgV
33;10 3!A
Of Wervcr•lretsrls.:
AI3SETTS Ist 2tay'lBBo, $1,181,819 27 .. '
reriatr47 t Eg.." ;" . 43,068.68.
3. Milton Smith. Sce'r:
- Wan IteGie;'l437t "
Pollcies tamed and renewed, by the undersigne at
hlcaMce;lllMe litletiMock. Montrose,
nelysii-r) Ii:ISINIAMOS:ESTROVD, Agent. .1
_TilligAiiiid.;lrOland and Scotland.
iittpeLt,l3l3o:s"S DRAFTS. in intneof one vnicir="'"iiiiitiarwards, - payable in All the pritielpe4
tEnglaiitifelandand Seoiland.iertale by
)a 33-:*63 OE N. COOPER.A Co,,BaNaratt; •
ontrove, Pa.
.A. P. cf.; L. C. KE'ELER
.Chas. J. Martin ; President
F. Wilinarth, Vice'"
Tell Him I - Love Him vet.
1 (N. P. Willis 'says t t The following exquisite little
Out; was written-by the author of Lillian. It was'set to
music by the lady who was kind enoug4 to coPy-it_ from
t' manuscript, for the New York Mirror, and for whose
voice it was expressly,writtcni The music is most
-touching and beautiful. t Moore, he poet, td whom it
was sung..set no IncasUre to his praise of,both - words
and Music. Of the words) indeed, there can be but one
Tell him I love him yet
As. in that joyous lime!
Tell him I neer forget—
Though memory non• be Crime!
Tell himwhen fades the light
Upon the earth tend sea, • •
' I dream of him by night---.
-• Ile ruustliot dream of me! ‘ •
Tell hint to go wlrel.ei'ame
Looks proudly Un the brave,'
And wi . n a glor [ tens name
1 By d e eds on land and wave.
Green, green nylon his brow' •
, The laurel Wreath Oa he-; -
Although thai laurel riow' - • -
Must: not be sharedlwith
v !
Tell him to smile again
In pleasure's daziLllng throng-
To wearnnother;ictrain-:-
• To praise my:other's song!
' Before theAveliest there
1'd.13n4 him bend the knee, •
AndArenthe to her the' prayer •
Ife - nsid t- hreathelo me l a.
Tell him! that. day by day. ,
' C Life lobks to me more dim
. I falter when-spray.
Although,l.pray for him. .
- And lird'him when I die • ,
Crime to our l'av'rite tree
•;- Ishalt,not hear him v sigh- ".•
Then 1 ethim sigh, for me! `
. ,
, .
SIicYCLI) '3IP. ADDRESSED. TO A. .!.. 1 .11.1. , .1...LAUD,- *OISTROSE,
~,U.QtrEFEI.V.s— N A CAVNTy, PENIC.I. ' .
- .
7; : ,4inkrovo th'kE"rfiOitt. - :••
I; It i tnust• be the duty of all alike to im
ptov 'the', prVent, but especially the
yOuniz, for the: past can boxer-bp recalled
and the,fUthre we. hAve no assurance Of.
The young Shwild see to it that they well
improve _ the . present, - in storing their .
tninds , With' yAluable knowledge; ' and
forming..characters that . will shine with
brightness in any society they may min
cale with in futnre . years. •
• pNever whine over may sup
posep to be lost opportunities, but be sure
-you use your ptesent• advantages for a
good . purpose. Young' men -should re
member that a great many have had good
learly oPpornmitiesovithout ; learning but
. wery little,' and-they Should kemember ni
si.) that every one May- secure an educa
non:that Wishes to. It is the determined
'will to improve the present that . niakeS
the. way. M l / 4 my a servant who had no :
',Opportunities to learn .while young; and
j who . wanted knowledge, haS listene4
I while his, employer's children were , say
ing their letters, and putting them togeth
-1 er to form easy words,has thus caught the
j first- cleinent§ of spelling: 31any corn
( mencing in that way haVe_become thor-.
1 ouglily educated. men. If
.A young rpaq,
1 has a - strong.thitst for knowledge, and
will to improve his present opportunities,
«e care not where he •is phked, he' will
become an educatedman.l The first-,step
toward self-imp"roveruent, is to leave 'off
1 whining over the past, and ipfact all oth
-let apparent obstacles. Let the past go,
i and he114,,..1 every energy to the improve,
ment of the present. That is the ..only
age w;ay : : - . • ! • . '.. .
"it is not what I might have been, :
But, what, Ilet Inv be." . .
1 .„ .. -
....DO we retit !.oftea.spend - inere of
rtitrie tkan w-Ushould'in Vain i:egrets, about:
.youth wasted in idleneSS, and years spent
in misdirected efforts or in folly, murmur-,
ing about our '.negleet. of opportunities;
and our want of forethoUght? 'lloiv•rna
ny seem to - .think that there is • but .one
period. in life really worth improving, and
out one opportunity worth embracing.
Thus we. ate. continually. mourning over.
;the folliesof the past,. and fait to redeem
r itss we 0,4, by faithfully improving, the
present Never
. to. old to - learn'. ( use-'
ful good things) is a, saying. that all
reniember. •
If WO desire to" live tseful and influen
tial lives, in the - decline of which ,we can
b":rok hack- with satisfaction, we must work
perseveringly and eoascientionsly in the
living Present.:;lf we wish to enjoy the
greatest possible .amount of happiness in
this life, and, in the life fO,Cetne, we.should
seize the present as, the only - rroper
to improve t and cultiirate'" all tour . nobler
and God-given faculties: " Now _is the ae
cepted time, and now the day of saivation,7
the,day and tinie to save and make good
use of wasted and misspent -energies in
times that are past.
My young friends , see to it that you
seize the
bless y&
they be
to us fn
Cant an(
may be,
their to
ures on.,
instruc9A • By taus
eat tV.past may beredeemed,' and a brill,
Lay<future lie:opened. before us.
"To him who works, and only.him,
The past returns again." SuP'T.
What is Education?
It was a remarkable fact, that no other
creature in the world, was so apt to lose
his way as man.: No, other required so
much showing,, and no other; unshown,
was so -apt to fall.- Vhe lion.- comes to
lionhood . by instinct. Birds from their
_commencement aim at the very thing they
were intended kr. Even the bee and-the
- ant carries its Wholeself ,with it from the
very. beginning.. Growing 'is all 'that- is
'necessary for the plant. But training is
needed; for man. . -
-The animal creationmay be ranked ac
cording to their..suseepthility to. educa
tion. •Those : :farthest, yom their edtica,
tion at the beginning are the highest.
The babe, which is to. be' at manhood a
little lower than the angels, is at zero at
the beginning of its life, and has a long
journey to reach-its object and end. He,
carries with him a regiment of faculties,
the, training. of cm:hand all 'of which to
its,highest standard. constitutes true nian
hood. lie who - is not thuS drawn. out is'
not a man any more than a barrelyf seeds
is a_gard.en„ •
Education is the , ability. -to use with
power all the elements of power will&
God has put in us. A man's power lies
in the
: combined action of allhis powers.
One finger has4sorae power, another has
ahother use, 'but when we wish to grasp
in- earnest we take the whole hand. The.
quality of force is not cultivated enough.
in our? tray,. for fear of strengthening im
petuosity or passionate energy, which.
may produceevil results. Yet it is what
good men need to make progress in. It
is only bfusing every - part of the mind
that great results can be obtained.
Men ate, apt to s make their happiness de
pend on one Air two faculties, and if these
are blocked up, they are deprived of pleas- .
Education should-make it possible for
a man to.retreat -trom one faculty,to an
other, till he has . gdhe through the whole
mind. There-are tunes ofjoy to be played
on the top of the scale when all the loWer
mites are destroyed.- •
Letter from Hon. C. R. Buckalew.
The followin'g is a letter' of the Hon. C. -
R. Buckales,- to the Central.Domocratia
Club, on - the_celebration,of Washington's
Birthday- . .
To'''. 'Mc CV/ L's§r Clen of Committee,
DEAR Sin response to " your
friendly invitation; Piave. to express some
views upon public topics, which may be
submitted to your meeting. on the 23d
inst. And Ido this ,-ery :cheerfully, al
though I cannot know that any words of
mine will deepen popular conviction upon
the necessity of changing otir rulers and .
overthrowing their policy,or,quicken pe-P
-ular zeal for the accomplishment, of the
important objects.
.keeevietien,tlat . the . country is mis
governed, the . waemismanaged, and lib;
erty itself in peril, is: growing up in the
public mind, andthousands are alert,,, in
quisitive, and critical, who gave to go-.
eminent uncalculating and enthusiastic,
support; _f founded upon complete confi
dence; tWelve , mo i ntits -ago. The . day of
blind, headlong passion; and of confident,
unquestionutle-,trust , in our -rulers: . has
passed, and the .eleotoral,duties of the .cit
izens Williow:be discharged with a more.
intelligent compieWnsion than was pos
sible . in the - earlier months of Abe , war.
surg;:teSu it Of "this * ill tie, to perfect
the: political revolution. in the Iliol•tb and-
West„hegun by-. the late ,electionS,.oxia try
exchi4e the- republican
,party, with its
sentionntpaisian,- its finatiaste, : cor
ruptioniAnd4.:itis tettvitty, - perpapo t ly ,
from power.
But can t be ''accomplished -in time
to save th- ~ ountry ? to preserve its unity
and libe , 'Y ? . And - if these vital objects
can b' :secnied; 'either. sooner or later, by
th estoration of the Dernocratic party
1),014r, upon what,polie'y shall that par
ty act in their: attainment These (Ines.:
-tions are timely and important-enough to
, occupyrtli4 space and leisure now: ' at, my,
costnimnd. 'Complete control in the State
government can be secured -to our party
in October ne,x.l. - .Contiol of the Federal
government can be obtained . by - it a" year
later; in the - election otYresident; assum
ing that the renovation of congress, now
begun, shall go on and be consummated'
bythat time.
. .
Thetiine here mentioned must 'elapse
before power cart be completely lodged in
Sate hands; I.)efOre the work of reconstruct
ing the tnionpand thoroughly 'reforming
the government call be performed. • In . the
meantime how much 'of calamity, Must we
undergo ?" To -what measures .of evil
milt we be subjected? • The public 'debt
will be swollen.' enormonsly ; a financial
Crash may come
.sweeping . away private
fortiMes; and' crippling public-credit and
power ; and it is not impossible thatin an
hour of desperation bur riders. May 'phae;
th • e war,l f and 'place' the 'birrierfOf a
bad. treaty, or the impertinence of a for - -
eign Mediatihn, in, the Way of
Unquestionably, there are great
inathe inimediateifuture, and apprehension
of evil is timely,ancl juStifiedby the events
of thc•past two years.. But durin this
period of danger, of trial, - of peril — this in
. teival which separates us from the day of
relief and SOM.trity--what shalllethe 'atti
tude of our
,party toward the adminiitra.:
tion and 'the
_war This -question{ may
reasonably be aoedhYthe thousands in
this State,. and by: thotiiands ' in other'
States who are - willing to join and assist
iu thi_t redeMption of the country. •
The question may be answered, in,.part,
by 'referring: to the past: The Object of
the' war was announced in the outset by a.
resolution of COngress, which went `oat
- worth and Sotitli,and to. foreign countries,
thi4latferie of the government' in its
prosecUtiOnj That resolution' announced
the 'object Of the war to be,, the defense
and maintenance of the supremacy of the
Constitution and the preseriation of the
Union, with all thl dignity, equality and
'lights of the several States unimpaired,
and explicitly denied i that it ,was waged in
any spirit of oppression, or for any pur
pose of conquest.or subjugatiOn', or pur
pose of overthrowing- or interfering with
the rights or established institutions of
the Southern States:
This elearand emphatic resolution 'was
accepted and approved by theDemcicracy,
by the Border States, and by 4Onseriative
men generally, and thereupoiiall the•rnag
nificent resources of the country in .men
and money 'were pat at the dispdsal of
the adininiStration, for the prosecatiOnof
the war - in accordance therewith, and . it
hits had command of those • resource§ -un
opposed and almost unquestioned down to
this -hour.
But the time cane when this ground of
a contest for the supremacy Of the Con
stitution and the preservation of the 'Un
ion, became, in the policy of the adminis
tration, connected with, if,not subordina
ted to, another, and different object; The
tinsel i rhetoric of Sumner, the dictatorial
utterences of Greeley, and, the rabid_ vio
lence of.Philips and Garrison, - became of
more consequence atWashing,ton than the
viewspf the great majority of the people
and the pledged
„faith of the nation. A
policy of ',emancipation was announced,
•involving enormous 'expense, denbling
the difficulties of the contest, and ;in flat
contradiction of the • solemn declaration
upon the ohject-',of the wai, just, recited,
And this was done by Presideliti4decree
—the fiat of a single. man—without au
,and at the instance of men who
would= ie among the very, last seleeted by
the American people to advise their ru
To this and to all like departuresfrom
the Constitution and iron' good flab: and
sound policy, we are, and Must remain,
unalterably _opposed.' T say tike dep4rtgre 4t,
for the pretence of military
,necessity upon
whieli,einancitialion'has been auricunced,
hat, been exten4ed other subjects he
sideWthe status of the'negro, as , the ,de
bates of the day abundantly testify The,
seizure orcitizenshi;Stat-es untouched , by.
revolt,-,and their incarceration in distant
prisoris, remote from Witnesses whO,T*ht
testify .in their fivor,, and frOM_fit,ends
who might intercede for theta ;.:is ci . p.9 , pi:
the nieq prominen . t,a these,iniidesers!eil
all the 'condemnation it:is receiying 'from
the pepplo. , -
. .
TheFat,heT , PfthisVountry, anniYvr..
saYY,9l:*4 o , 643 . l l;4olT3t9liagetcbratei bad no
conception of a 'JoAnne of military neces-
1.7, 1863. '
sity as-a _ substitute for the "Constitution
and laviS of tht , land
.; nor off - those unde
fined, unlimited powers % flow Inserted to.
exist in the:President as Commander-in-
Chief of tin' ariny and navy of the-United
States and of the militia of the State when
called into actual service,
nor can We re
cognize them except 'as baseless. preten
sions, put down with strong .public
disapprobation at. he earliest possible MO
ment. Washington's views of Military
jurisdiction and conduct in a time of insur
rection, were given - to the army . sent by
him to quell the revolt in Western, Penn
sylvania in 17.94, whenr he admonishld
them; " that every officer arid. soldier Will'
constantly bear in Mind that he comes to
support the laws, and. that it would be
peculiarly unbecoming in him to be in any
way the, infraector of them; that the, es-aen
tial principle' of a flee government Confine
the province of the 'military when called.
forth on such occasions, to these two ob
jects ; dirst,:to Combat and Subdue all who
may be' found in arms in,opposition to the
national will mid, authority;; - secondly;; to
aid and-support the civil magistrates-in
bringing °Anders to justice. The dispen
sation of this justice belongs to .the
magistrates,. and let it ever be' our pride
and oar .glory to leave the 'sacred depOsit
there inviolate." "
In thei spirit ofthis - admonition, and of
the constitutional doctrine- that 0. the-mili
tary shall, in all cases, andal all times, he
in strict subordination to the "civil power,"
we must stand opposed to. the abuse of
the military power in applying it to oth
er purposes than those appointed and reg
ulated by law ;as the seizure of private
property Pf non-combatants ntit legally li
able to confiscations the seizure_ of hordes
of negroes; and their support, instruction;
transportation, drill and ,payment, ' as' al
lies ; the seizure and 'imprisonment .: of
ncirthern freernen,without law and against
it ; the suppreasionof newspapers, or the
clOsing of mails-against them, and the en
croachment upon the State jurisdiction
by the appointment..Of sundry police '. offi
cials to exercise powers iindefinedhy and
unknown to the law's. What is asked
is that the poWerahall be`appliell
and confined to its , appropriate uses ; that
there shall be no invasion upon liberty by
it ; in• short, that it shall be subjected to
the domination of established laws. 'And
we are peifeetly persuaded that govern
ment will be all the stronger, all themore
successful, by following, this policy and
sternly refusing to yield to the tempta
tions which-assail those entrusted with
authority in revolutionary times, ' Let
our rulers carefully- imitate - the example
of Washington, who exercised military .
powers in the 'Revolution with constant
respect for the laws and the - nuthority of
the Continental 'Congress, unsettled 'as
the times were; and fruitful -of pretexts
for departure from regular and legitimate .
action. .•
In addition,-' to the signal Advantages
which ke secured to our-cause by, re
versing the policy of the adniinistration—
by establishing other and truer doctrines
can take into account as one of the agen
cies-for restoringthe Union,. the powerful
and invaluable aid of,allies in the border
and Confederate States—men who have
gone into revolt reluctantly, or who now
standw,ith divided inclinations, uncertain
of the position they shall assume. The
issue' Of the War 'has always depended as
much upon the determination - and union
of the Confederate States as upon the
magnitude of the efforts ptiefOrth -by us
against them. Manifestly, -therefore, our
true tine of poliey has been to divide them;
to conciliate_ a part of their population,and
dampen the* ardor of 'the
spirit by - subjecting it td conseiVatiVe op
position in 'the; very communities where
it arose. The subjugation_ of the South
by the mere exertion pf,,pbysical force
against it, AsSuming . 4 to be really
and in earnest; is a work *Of extreme diffi
culty, and requires an animint . o.f• wisdom
and vigor which lour administration. has
failed to exhibit... a 'war of :Invasion
upon the Sootk. most formidable. !natural
otistaclos are,to be encountered; and also
the poweriref the•eneinhand oar strength
Must .be, or be resde - te be, adequate - to
overcome both. In' s hot; is this case,
allies in. the epemies ocruntry,. were nes:ma
sa/ft° certain or prempt:Aueoess,.and -to
secure Ahern all the artis of policy , and all
the means of Coriciliatithin Oar
er should have been -exerted: • ' .--•
But what'is the' lioy of Mir 'rulers' ?; Is
- it not written in the history of lie Ciit
tenden:CoMprOtnisesnd of the PestetrCon
.ferenee ,resoltei ,
eanelliation4+but: only
sheer force to „compel . porrirgetcaubmis.
Pion"! This rift*, at o9ce recalculating
ivoLtriti xx.
and iMpaasioi3ed, was persisted in , until ,
repeated disasters came to exhi bit , its' •
folly and impotency. Yes ! the necessity'
of allies, utterly scouted in the outset:,!be
came demonstrated on the plains Of Ma
nassas and in the swamps of the Chicka
hominy.; The Course of events taught US
that 'assistance would be useful, if not in
ditipensible, to the-great work of subdu
ing rebellion anti restoring the p integrity •
of the. Union'. • -
• Recognizing this trutb,the men in pow
er-have turned their attention to the ne
groes—the subject race of the South—and
propose to arm and employ thew.; as al
lies in the war. :Thiti expenment - is like
ly to 'be carried out, to be freely tested
and. to produce results which; to 'say •Ae
least, will be instructive to future times.
In - marked contrast to this desperate
experiinent, conservative men look for
alliance and aid to', , the white race--;our
own stock and kindred—and propane to
,secure their co-operatiOn in restoring' the
Union by a policy ofeonciliation, and by
the example of a return by our own gov- •
ernment to a true constitutional rule, nn
influenced by fanatical kassions and re
gardful of all State and individual sights
asostablinhed by our fathers. In their "
, ,
policy, the consarvative elements along
the border and in the South is to - bes en
couraged and developed,. not repelled,
spurned and insulted.
' Great-allowance is doubtless to be =ido l ,
for an administratibn charged with the'
conduct-of a great. war, and particularly
a civil war. • The lifficultlea to be sur
mounted are great, and often • the .course
to be pursued is but a cboice between ,
evils. At such a time a' generous mind
will not seek occasion of offense, and can
overlook small points of objection in
viewing public affairs. •
But the subject now brought . into de
bate by the'policy of government are fun- .
damental and vital ; it' is impossible to, be,
indifferent to them. Frank, full,open de
bate upon them,ivill. lead to. useful con
clusions, and give dun direction to our
efforts as citizens of a brOken and afflicted
country. ,
_ ft results Trsitn what has been said; that.
the administration now in power- May•ex
pect fronithe great mass of those politi-s
sally opposed', acquiescence in , a" le
gitimate exercise, - of the powers with
which it is invested, whether relating to'
the war or to internal administration.—
But they iwili claim and exercise the right
of discussing the wisdotri and constitu
tionality of its policy, and will_ resist, by •
all lawfulnionfis, any attempt te:ipervert'
the war front its true object, or to use
the war power is an instrument - for intro-::
clueing arbitrary , rule amongst us:
And they, will labor to prepare the way
for the complete re-union • of the States,
upon their accesssion to power; or, if (in'
contradiction of their Tears) such re-moon
• should previously be achieved , 'by arms,
then to confirm it and render it real, cor
dial and perpetual. .
Let it be distinctly- miderstoOd that the
grent,mass of the Demociatieiparty and
of the conservative menof the country have
agreed, do not now agree,and have
no intention of agreeing , in " future, to' a
diisolution of the .Arnencan Union found—
ed by Washingtortnnd hig coinpatriots,
and that they will not Cease their efforts:
for its complete restoration in its original;
pristine vtgor. But .to accomplish ;this.
purpose, they, unlike their, opponents, will'
use all legitimate , ' means of restoration,
and not physical force_, alone. This may
be boldly and openly-- announced, eyery-•,
where, and otight to be , accepted every-- ,
*here, as the only reasonable and pntn
ode ground upon' which a party can stand
that deitirea and' intends. to- save the
.country. . -
- . The administration bas deliberately "
'cast awuralillitans otratoraticiii, except
physical force, and has called into exis
tence great and Unnecessary obstacles to
sueeess ? Until, - notwithstanding
. the imme. -
diatedifferene,e of apparent str ength be
the parties to the' war, its' issue'
hangs trembling in the balance. But -let
us not despair ofA k ibiLfuture, " Out of
this nettle, linger" ; We may: yet "pluck,
the flower, iiafety." We may hope that;
tbe remaining mouths of Mr. Lincoln'is 1 .
term Will be got past without complete
exhaustion, and the point of time arrived
at t, when a vigorous: and truly-groat par r
ty, Clear-handed from the pa"4.4 9ToTig h,„ ,
ly ' at
Priotici. ana.
have, will rissume'possessi4Of the paw.
ers of government. And then, 'this Tar
ty, with an ' old history identified with
the rie& of the .count 7 binding jt
siMpatliy-and 'affection in every (punier
with no selfishOocal oifariatical y pa*Ous,.:
to well eii , e,r-Mislead it; Viittiligeneroni;
even-handed, impartial, timetned era& -
conformed to the Constittition,