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,THE MONTROSE - DEMOCRAT,
IS PUBLISHED TVISDATB3 BY
g. J. Gre, VritisooXL4
OFFICE O. PUBLIC AVENUE,
TIIREN DOORS ABOVE SF,XI2I.E'S /Mint:
trafvs.—*l;so psr annum in Anviorcit
otherwise $ will be charged-4nd fifty cents per annath
added to arrearav,s; at the opt Idft attic Publisher=
expenec of collection, etc. AvFArits payment p .
ADrEIITISEWENti Will he itiaerted at the
tate or $1 per t.znnsre, of ten lines nr.h4s, fbi the filet three
4cclur, and 25 cents for each additional tkeek—pay down.
and others,. who 'advertiie by
lie year; ¶ I he charzeB ht the tollowitig rotes. viz.;
Por.one erniare, or - trini, one year. trith changes p
Each additional ~ q t:tare, al the rate of s
:fu credit given except to those of known responsibility.i
HENRY C. TYJ.ER,
EALER jo Dry - Gtlllll%. Groceries, Umberllafl. Tank*,
Notions. Boots and-Shoes, Shovels and Faits,
tone Ware 'Wooden Wate.and Brooms. Mad olltdvi
tation. Public Avenue.
Montrone, Pa.; May:M:lE62.4y .
• WM. HIINTTINGI mar cn BRUIT
IL COOPER & C 0.,,
13 ANKERS,—MontILe, Pa. SUICCCSFOrP to PoO.Oooper
Cu. Office, Laqmopenew building, Turnplke•st.
A TTORNErk. end yinnoviinri at Law,—Montrose, Pa.
OPet In L-stlifons new building, over the Ba'nk.
131.. WILLIAM. Vir.,,WiTEATO/kr,
-lICLECTIC PHYSICIAN & smunos DENTIST.
niril irrno.v T VIM-4 ToN,
echinical and Surgical Dentist, recently of Binghamton,
Y: tender their professional series to all who appr
ttate the •' Reformed Practice of Physic;" carend and
iraillful operations on Teeth ith the rntrst nicotine and
pprov ed styles_of platework, Teeth extracted without
halo and all work, warranted. • -
Jackson, Jane IRO, 18M.
' -Dlt. 11. & SON,
10,1L7RGEON DENTTSTS,-111ontrose, Pc - -
11.10ftire in lAtltrop , ' new building, over AA
the Rank. All Dental operations will be • 11 114' 4 . A•
performed in good style and warranted.
J. C. OLMSTEAD.
DES.. OL MSTEAII &. READ, .•
W°l--).1) ANNOUNCE to the Public
that they have enteredinto'a partnerphip for the
Practico of MEDICINE& Surgery,
- and are prepared to attend to all calle in the line of their
proferaion. thlice—the one formerly occupied by Dr. J. C.
Oluartead„in DUNDAFF. my 28m.
Phrician and Snrg, on. FritndFrille, Pa. utratopporite
particular attention do the trentuient
-1.1 of diecaece of the Eau and Eye; rend to confident that
hie ktiowledD. of, and ea - nem:tux In thnt branch ofprac
tice will enable loin to effect cure in the mart difficult
caree. For treatina' dievaece df thcoc organs no fee will
be char:zed nnlee, the patient s ie hem:fitted by theArest
mein_ [Auguet. 30th, 18130.
.101IN'SAurrlin, - ..
E TATLOR.-31nntro4e, N. Shop'
Fover 1. N. linßurin , (oxen, on Mnin-titreet.
Thankful for part fAvoil, lie eoliciti a N crintinutuict
—lt ding hinn.elf 10 do till %cork entisUctoril7. Cut- -
tin,: dono on rhort notice, and st, .iirrantial to At. •
Montrone, Pa,, nlv etr.. 13At.--tf. . _
P. LIN ES, •
TAII-011.- , -litoninaae..Pa. Shop
in tionniN oNt.r ,tore or Bead. Waitrons •
Fo-ter. All NI ”r).; warrnnted. A. to tit and finial'.
done on .ho r n 11011,', in bent :style: Jan Ti."
1 - 4 1. , is111oNABLF. TAlLOlL—Montroe, Pa. Shop
llopt I=l livetinz 1i0n.... on 'Turnpike
*ANN.!. All orMo, 1111,4 promptly. is first-rate strle.
Cuttlini Thine an Ansi notice.:uul maminted to -AL
L. B. ISIVEI.L, .
... . .
E mill • clock, Watch,. and Jewelry at the
R. thsOrt. Int V.co. cud on rmmonnble termp. All
work narra.:tcd. Shop in Chutealnr and Jeeenlie
et.,ie. ?dol.:m(1-e. l'a. -". 0e..5 tf_
M. W.' smrut a-, CO.;
CmtiNET AND Cll AIR 'MANUFACTURER. B,—Foot
0f )loin an:. tf
C•. 0. FoIIDILVM,
*TANI:FACT" 1 800 TS d SHOES. Montrose:,
`II Pa. 51...1, mer 1 .fore. All,tind, of work
made to order, and repairing done pcatlya
- - -
StAtT,. I :11.. s \V Ire. Varnieh. Win
in,v Good, .leweley Write
term, Sr lgrw 1.•r.111 tiu;nuet popular PATENT
11. k \ - I)EN i6 r f II triS,
• WID , LESALE DEALERS IN
-E-zi_ra - mc...m
-AND_ . I •
wm. HAYDLN. 1 r
101I\' HAYDEN, 1 . -
TRACY HAYDEN. • I NEW MILFORD, PA
P. E. BHUS11; MI D.,
ItAti \t; Ntt‘‘ I.to7ATED
Will stlend to the bales of ht. protestion prizmptir.
O Rig a at a. LatbropM •.
C)1" Nervy mircoz•*s....
CASH CAPITAL. ONE MILLION DOLLARS.
ASSETTS lit July' 1860, 81,451,819.27.
LIABILITIES. • 068.68.
T. 11111tem Smith. Sec's.. President.
Aio't A. F. Wilmaitlit, Vice
I , .ited :mil renewed, h. rhh undelvigaed. It kis
Office. our door sib., Moottiiie.
novel y BILLINGS STROUD, Arad.
mu. 23 'Er mi. xi;
AS ju4t received a large s 11 toa: or w Stoves. for
110.01, - ..in?.. Parlor. (rlice au d Shop p IMP SCE. fo t Wood
or Coal. with Stole r
s i tie, Zi a c....te . , , ' ' •
His w.ortmeut i.eelect and det.irable. an will , be gold
on the trt.l favorable tenni , for Cash. or lo Prvmpl Ai
Sew Milford, Ost. 2...." th. 10;0.,
Dano..elion - Cogee. - , - i
A. Lf.E.-1 LTII I twvcrng . e. line ' mime '.); .atio Coffee lira
Imtlce at> 10403 at tu 0 puttod. of o• ;ler Cam For
e alc by . __.— t: Arx TURRELL.
C ash Vox- Sides
Sheep Pelts: . Fox:Mink. Muskrat. and all kinds or
Flats. A :dud assortment ~r Leather add Boots and
Shuns constantly on timd. Office, Tunnerj, 41E Slid? on
Montrose, Feb. 4th. A. P. A L. C. KEELER,
:A few bold and reel:leas leaders bad .
planned the scheme of dissolution., At the
appointed time they plunged• into the rie
hellion with a desperate courage that a
mazed the country. The very enormity.
of the crime gaye them xiTurily. Peace
able men,•suitettinded at their deeds of On
provoked wroug, were fist inclined ,1,4
doubt their own senses, and next to fter
thaples Of insauiay ice, behalf of tit spits :
rently enraged and unilinkin " malefic
tons: .. I
7•Whilstthe pereeetited fri drof the tn.
ienin'the border states were threatened
I'i - 11h banishment-because they would not
sacrifice personal- freedom to perpesiate
slavery, the Governors of South Carolina
and Mississippi _were proclaiming to the
people of those border slavebolding states
that, without comiuttiug with us,those
states had ;resolved . ,on sectesion—:-that
they. would prohibit the eakoitatitio of
slaves from our states to: theirs, in order
to forte us to abOlisli• slaVery or to follow
them in febellion: Whilst .denouncing the
I Coverutnent as inimical to slaVery, and ea
ad OF BrOIIsIE,SS.. PM % Wanting - cheap 1 — .- . . . .
i are., tcc. vertiA:sueut or vioda T ota in another . cry frieuil of The goverumeotas an aboli
column. - i ° _
.1 _ _"; _ .:,_ tiouist, they s et a adopting a-policy 'that
kpti.T.by the Ilarrol,Snek or !outfit
.7 • • could-only - end in the overthrow Of slave.
ry in ' the border states, whatever might
I, • .
Aikt ANT EP .-- L Are I . pee:able peroon of either • . reek Ice !be the issue in the contest. • •
•vtfry-nrttthborbood to sell .1. R. F,tafford r Ouvr. j
T..e.. ) 00l also .1. H. Stofford".'inov AND - ISt - Lenox Pow. , To folio* themlhey-knew woulii des
... (Av.: l'ari- a tlittl. tranioaretitt
id: 'ii .it‘ tbe ' troy marei:s. to o ur s t a t es , but i n that' iet
I.,Tat rent,dy ktp.svo 1, iti-el.eo.or t4,L. I roe.. lance, or
]:.Jamb Al,l, t-,r rtin , llll..ri.t.. :111111. W 000pYric Comb . • struction 'the gulf states • would. receive
e: , :. AI v I rOll andtitt'plinrrom.4 - I , ro otrAngthen the eye-...h.i.
w had lost;, and, in the language
tn. ~Ift :he ,1 , -.:*.tion, !tad tnt.-!% - tne blood I bare & ..'•,,.... e
~, ,, ,,,,,,,,,z1 , ...? h t. , , , , .10 h . ~i ...z no: v xpianatione. and of Mr. Yancey, oar border states, -being
0, , ,,,,, quodred test 1111... ./,- from we:i known proud. the as a break
ccul.,-,,,,,,c,,, which I will ' , end to an, one tree by hum. i scene or wars Inuit Bland .--
. J. R. ST. , I4IFORD, Chemist, ' water againit the armies of the cation,
412 Brindwyy. ti. ,T.
• DAVID C. kNEY, 'lll .D.,
v r. , .;G heated f,ornangii . .ly • at New , Milford. Pa..
Ixrill linewl proiulvtly 10 u1T5.A113, wlth erldab be fairy
be fAeorel. Orrxe
New Stilford,..litly;lA% IsBl •
BB L TURRELL
for.. tie. M.e..-0 for Sevrlu7 Sllsebrnes.
. 7 1„ e k tie fie !, Rat and Monet Poi
son. liorneopat 'tie ..r rya, and'a mat
~irlay of t
„ and Piaaters7and an
e' idle,•< variety of Pa it-. ,
DR...E. PATRICK, & DR. E, 1-.1 GARDNER,
LATE GRAIWATEIif 'TTIE MEDICALEMPATMEET
OF TALE (I.l.l.EGE.,bare formed • 03.Partgerib r S
for the mac t ire of 'Medicine and Surgery.and are preps
to attend t-i all faithfully -and punanally. that,
mny ho irant,tcd to their mare, On terms opmnuMattrate
Frith the tone-
Dienaz-, tud deformitlea of the EYE. rllrgiCla opera
ttotii. Mid all sur=ir.rtl dieeaf-tni. particularly attended to.
, e over ehlie More. Office hours from Ba.
'm.toft p. . All vort. of eoulitry pryduce . thkenla Pay.
nient. at the Inglo,t value. and CAI.I.I•TiLIt JULTIMILD..
Montroae, , . -
lat 4- 1. •
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......,11,. , ,It• ._ T.
•\r . ,
, . 'l, , , . 1 . J'• • i r
Ourselves _to no Party thel tikes' not_ Carry the Flag and- keep • Stisp,lto
- trot i 9.
lITLACTB bas s) liß
HON. JOHN HAMMIIHEION.
4t Hamad, Mo., on as 20th of 'disgust,
1882, &efore a Mass Meeting of Us Oa.
sells_Of Marion and Rolls Counties.
Faxs.ow 'Cain:ars: When I left the
State, di months ago, I had good reason
to believe that before. this time
would have returned to the people or firs!
epuri.. The •queition of peace was then,
and is now in their hands. I thought they
hid seen enough of-war. I.suppased that
its bloody cruelties had antheiently_shock
ed the humanity of good risen, and had
Well nigh sated the malice of the wit, ' .
Even until wvery recent period, err
thing indicated a speedy return to law,
and order—a period' when the farmer and
mechanic could t esume the - work, of en
iiching the stele, and providing the means
of 'individual comforthen 'private
wrongs could again be . .redressed 4 the
courts•of the Coning, and martial law.be
driven from otilborders.
I returned to find this hope an illusion..
Bands of lawless men once more roam the
State, and a new reign of terror, even
worse than the former, is being inaugura
ted. Those who were sworn to keep the
peace have forfeited their work of treason.
Those who had executed bonds fot good
behaviour haVe suddenly plunged into the
Wildest excesses of guerilla warfare.—
Those who were pledged, in honor and
gratitude, to abide by the expressed will
,people of , .the State, have broken
their *plighted faith, and seem resolved
upon a war of extermination. I ask the
cause of this, and no rational answer is
given. Subsequent events have even de
monstrated the. falsehood of the original
pretext for the rebellion itself, and cer
tainly no excuse can now be urged to jus
tify this heartless invasion upon the peace
and repoie of an exhausted people, whose
cup of misery Was already full. Is it to
vindicate . the injured, sovereignty of the
State, and establish in- Missouri the Con
federate interpretation of 'State Rights?!
Missouri has solemnly decided, by. a Con
vention of her people, to remain - in the
Union of our fathers, and therefore every
principle of this political heresy itself, as
understood by the disonioutsis of the
present day,.demands an acquiescence in
that decision. Is it to secure-any materi
al interest of which our people have been
divested by the Federal Government ?
No - loyal man dare point to an act of op
pression by that fovenimeut. The disloy
al themselves I ve, so far, claimed and
.reeeived its, tection. Whilst waging 1
vo c al
war for its over 'row, and aiding its ene- I
m i ca in the work of rebellion, th - eirprop-1
ertyhas , been secure, and ieir ilunllics I
have been guarded' by the Federal &mail,
Not one man has yet suffered the penalty ;
of treason. Not a single rebel yet alp- 1
tared, with hands reddened by the. blood II
of his country, has failed ,to receive un-,'
,merited-pardon, upon the simple pledgel;
to do that which honor, gratitude,
man- I I
hood, his own happiness, and the good ofl
mankind, equally deniand at his hands:
Is it to change oureptire system of g0y...,
eminent, building upon its ruins the Con,'
federate idea that labor must be owned by,
capital P If so; an outraged people, whose
rights are at stake, should awake from, 1
their 14thargy, and renew their faith td
the principles of republican liberz: Is it'
to build-petty •kingdoms or republicsfrim
the discifrr i dant elements of the old Union; 1
in order that new places of power and j
trust may be provided for clamorous dem; I
agogues, whose cot rtitnions have forfeited
the confidence of an upright people? :Neil
ther the gratification of party - malice, noti•
the success of personal ambition, will ever
compensate for the burdens and conflicts
of sepal ate nationsor , for the contempt of
the civilized would.
Two years ago it seemed that our syiL
tern of government had become a suirei4„ 1
its perinanencY a fact accomplished:' 'Mir
most sanguine hopes of its founders tirere ,
being more than lealiied. The friends of I
civil and religious liberty throughout the
world could point-with p ode and satisfac
tion to the United States as an evidence
of prevailing public viroe, and the cap- ,
city of man for ,elf-goveinment. But
_while, at that time. the past and the pres-1
ent coe.dned to give promise . - of a yet
more brilliant ilitu e, a I). esidential elec
tion was seizedupon as a pretext of don-
ger to krecognixed institution. of some of
the ' States, and _an excuse for the meat
causeless rebellion orwhich history speata.
And, as if the clime of treason.wete itself
too.tarrie to satisty'the guilty wretches
resolved on _their countey's ruin, they' first
aided in accomplishing the work they de-'
nonnced,as a just cause for dissolving the
.J. L. READ
MONTROSE, i*,ITtrESDAY, SEPT. 16, 1862. T I "
atfiered for the pr e se rva ti on o f
They supposed that, by the tunedialoY
silty in the border' slave stateN aided and
waited by the armies the cotton eon- ,
federacY, had been subdued, , , the public .
debt would' live swelled to Such alarm
ing. proportions as to come the imknowl
,dgement of, the gulf states rathe.r. than
incur ; the risk Of financial ruin. They
fondly hoped that England.and France;
suffering or , the want of cotton, would
lend their aid toward the accompliShment
of their separate,existence In th is event,
theylvould have succeeded in accoMplish-
Mg' all they bad ever desireit---i •confed
eracy if seven or eight states, having a
Monopoly of the cotton etiltiare, with
Slavery acknowledged as the.corner-stone 1
Of their -government, and slave labor for
the production of this monopoly. ,Them
states they hoped would be left unscathed
by the fire of war, and .defended . bl the
border fortifications. The only burden
resulting to them from the revolution,'
they supposed, would be - a largepoblie
debt, which could soon bedischargedloy
the exactions upon American commerce
passing from the rich valleys . of the Ohio
and Mississippi; They thus would cora
niand'the mouths of our great navigable
streams, the Southern Atlantic and the
gulf of Mexico, They rearded di their
'gulf confederacy, (and 1' am 'inclined, to
think they were correct in their opinions,)
'as the most eligibly located on the face
of theearth for the purposes designed—
the establishment of a small, compact na
tion of aristocrats,With slaves to labor for
themr a world dependent upon them for
Cotton, and their coffers filled with treas
ure. wrung from the labor of teeming, mil
lions located in the valleys of the great
Infatuated by these gilded dreains, that
promised greatness without merit,; wealth
without labor,' and security withwit pow
er, they refused to be conciliated. ' They
listened to no words of reabon, and offer
ed' no arguments except denunciallinis,
followed' by the terrors of the mob,
But his idle to speculate upon the past
—the present, possessing more than we
can properly master, is to be dealt
. the earlier days of this rebellion, a
somewhat noted politician of South Caro
line-made the boast, that should the revo
lution fail to secure .the separation of the
South, they could . at least "throw their
arms around the pillars of the Constitu
tien and involve all in . one common
ruin." With prudeneelind determination
on our part, I cannot suppose that tlie re
bellion will succeed iu disruptiug the Un
ion. It becomes, in, the next place, im
portantto inquire bow the'warl can be
most speedily terminated, and our people
secured swami. the loss of comitutional
liberty and the 'bin:delis of a vast panne
debt- inother words, how the ruin, pre
dicted may be best avoided. And. while
we in .Missouri most, do our part in up
holding the government and protecting
the interest ot . loyal men in every part of
the nation, true patriotism does not ex.
elude from consideration the local•weliare
of on- own state. We, above all people
have -suffered from this war. We are"
doomed to suffer yet. more, unless we at
once assume an attitude towards" this s@-
hellion that places u,s fur beyond . the
hopes of treason.
'fhb division among our own citizens in
Missouri is the source of our increased ca
lamitinc., and those cilamities l cannot
cease mail the cause is removed. ( We ewe
alle g iance'to a good government; to
creak that allegiance was a crime against
God. and man. With-Abe curse of that
crime upon 'us, we (=not expect peace.
,Even. yet "the way of the transgressor is
herd." Even yet from the sin Of a t'ew,
many auffer, Let all return to their elle
' giance. Let us, by sonieunmistakable dec
laration, make known unto all then that
Missouri cannot, be shaken . in her attach
ment to the Federal' Government—that
she is ready to sacrifice everything for the
preservation of the triiion,aiid confederate
invasions will shrink back from her soil;
the guerilla bands that now infest her bor
ders will go hence, never to return: So
soon as. the masses arise, shake' off their
lethargy, and speak that word Of deter
mination, the clash of arms %011ie beard'
no more. Let them speak --peace, and.
peace follows as light lcillowed.the Al-.
mighty fiat at the dawn of creation. Cha
os, like that of barber ism; will anddeifi
take the.foim ou
r& will be the itella-
Airm of peacef
When .the long
rolls nafon for ijier
:ceased to be a .con
'rider, es we of wrietY
of compromise the
sake of peace. the
dread altereAt... the
- door aga . tnit amicable adjustment. and
appeal to the sword for that which jus
tice old never yield: The day .of 'con
lion is past. Treason, defiant,
ens; and the 'fights Or its own
existence. The Government it required
to relinqiiish its authority and übmit tie
the. dismemberment ot its ierri pry, as a
condition of peace on. the part 4 ot those
wholiave grown insolent in the 'enjoy ,
meat of its blessings. - , Disuniiin is the
rise qua nos of• rebellion, and ' , treason
would at present reject a joint ! cominir,
*ion for fixing the boundaries of its em-
Tire: National existence is the synonym
.of national integrity., The path to peaceleads through succvssfill war; and war to
be succelefut•must, be,waged With renew.
.ed real—kith a determination to seize up.
on every eiementof power—upon every
weapon to be found in, the arsenals of civ;
Hired wsrfsre. Let the context be terrible, '1
short and decisive. The anaconda system
of surrounding and crushing thti,.rebellion
without seriously Wining the rebels,-
`should at once be abandoned. Onr armies
should be massed and* Marched at once
into the heart .of the seceded States.—
Their armies should be pursued- and at.
tacked by overwhelming numbers. Our .
forces should be subsi s ted; upon the enc._
my.. Their-property of every description
should be eubjeeted to our wants. It:
shoiild not be wantonly wasted,nor should
"women and children be reduced to beg
gary. - Cootributioas should bolevied by
prudent ~d, . ~ ,• co . ~. 0 . s' .t
rebellion . a •-,feel the burdens of ~war,.,
ivithoueLaii; ' 'rig distreasimiOng the ie-
Docent. .Whi tktli e mejesty of the Gov
ernnielit ti. beinvindleated in the light
and spirit tif. niodeqi civilization, justice
iodlitimilitity Wee detriand that this yid
dication should be at th l / 4 14 expense of its
enemies. 't is meet, not, only, that they
be punished, but that othe in the future
be deteried against the ' mmission of
Soldiers! should not be to loose to
ravage ' and, plunder the _ count - , nor
should petty of be permitted levy
or adjust the. contributions. No pa, of
the military authority should be permitte k d
to pass npon the guilt or_ innocence o f T
persons in the enemy's country with a
view of depriving them of 'property as a
punishment for treason. The power
forfeiture and confiscation, when it, exists
at all, belong to the courts, and can only'
be ekercised• when guilt has become man-
ifest according to the forms of the law,
But the 'admitted rules of civilized, war-•
fare, n; well as the approved principles of
natural justice, sanction the taking of sifch
property ae mayJbe necessary for the sub
sistence, transportation and comfort of
the army. This should be done Under
careful guarded orders of the commanding
officers,-so l that general distress to private
individuala be avoided, promiscuous
plunder prevented, and the ' rigid disci
pline of the army preserved. It the prop
erty of a leyal man should thus be taken
the Government will see him paid for the
!lass. If the slave of a loyal owner Should
be used in;the construction of fortifica-
Lions or other necessary labor connected
with the operations of the army,- such
owners will be certainly Compensated by
a Government, against which no peaca
ble citizen has ever come w ilh a well
founded charge of injustice.
If the property of rebels shall be :taken
the Government is under no, obligation
for immediate paynien't. It rosy at least
be delayed until the war shall be. closed
and their hands be washed of innocent
blood. jr their slaves shall be taken and
used as prescribed by the law, when the
war shall be ended I shall be the last to
advise a careful 'search for rebel masters,
who have Oestroyed my .property and en
dangered my life; in order to restore to
-them a right forfeited by their • ireason. !
There his been an tinfortuslate
of Sentiment among loyal iuen at the ses
sion of Congress which has just adjourned.
The negrokriestion which' should now be
; consi ,, ned to the "tomb of the Capulets,",
4 - -•
still lives td distract, the councils of the
country. !Is it not sufficient that its agi
tation hits4dready burdened our people,
North and South with a public debt 'esi
eeed;ug itt °mow. , "„.e value of all the
states in toe- nation r 1,... :. ~-•---- e ,i•
that the Unfortunate controversies . con
nected with the freedom or slavery of a
few negrees should-have thus endangered
the frerdom . of millions of whites, and
threatened the overthrow of couStitation
ol governinent ? Is it not enough that
it should have kindled .t. blaze of 'wars that
threatens ito eonsume every_ material in
terest, and destroy everymoral sentiment
of our peeple ? - . _
In this period of danger and distress ' I
for one, though a partismr in days that
are past When all parties were friends of
the Goveronient, feel inclined to forego
party, until it were certain that'a govern
ment were left to administer. 'I was ready
to acceptthefollowing patriotic• senti
ment of the illustrions-Douglai ; the rich
est legacy bequeathed by him to his polit
caLfriends : - " The conspiracy to break
up the Union is a faet now known to all.
Armies are beins , raised and - war 1 -
ied to accomplish it. There can be- ut
two 'sides to the controversy. 'very
man must be on the side of the tilted
States or. against it. There be no
1 neutrals in this war. Ther un be 'none
but patriots and traitors.' There have ,
not been that cordiality .nd good feeling
lin Congress, or amon the people, width
are needed to acco • plish.great ends, and•
without which 91 - horrors -of this wig
have jot beg n. Some bare relied too
Imuch owpaper bulletins, on legislative
co nfisct' a nivisahni'd:t th es e
hay one and can do - nothing towards
s,. pressinirebellion, they have been im-•
~roperly, permitted, •by our border
tatefeiends, to cool their zeal in behalf
of the Union.. .
This rebellion, now strong 'and 'defiant,
must he crushed, or its legions will March
upon t he loyal State and dictate terms of
capittilation to LVielli y-tltree millions Of
American freemen. Our armies! are divi-
I tied, smite in Virginia, some in worth
Carolirci,-some in Smith Carolina, some
lat Near; Orleans,whilst; others are scatter
toted. aleng , tlie Itlemphis and Charlekon
Itlfroad in Teutiessee and Alabatna. 7 —
The dii'tatice between the divisitins is too
great to,..admit of 'assistance in . case lof
assault. , ,
Fellow - citizens , the great want, of the
eepntry is men. This-is a g?vernment of
the .people. Withoet their sustaining
1 voice the novernmeut ;ads. By them it.
Was made, by them alone - can it be Upheld ,
in this hourrof petil. For three quarters
of a c.entitiy, our citizens sheltered by its
flan, a Protected bylts beneficent laws;'
have baked in the sunshine of piosperity
And amlumulated fabulous sums of wealth..
The rich and the poor have alike been. the .
•objectslof its care: Weed in -- the lam:
gnage of one ()film leaders of the rebel,-
"ion,.utiered before he had been borne
down l4y the - storm orniadnesithat over-.
whelmed the Sctuth, "one of the evils
that beSet us 184 surfeit of libeffy, an ex
uberance of the priceless blessings thr
which 'we are ungrateful." . That govern
ment Ow demands your ..serviet: 'in. the
field.. L ''ott already owe it a debt of grat
itude,Which your service in the.suppress
ion of rehellion will pot' repay.
Then,to reuapittilate,theso ti titbit are self=
evident : -.- -
Ist We are iu the midst of a;fliir that
threatens to continue until rebelltim shall
be cruShed Gyforce, or thernion shall be'
destroyed. Conciliation is out of the Ines-
' 2d. That rebellion, against our wishes,
was inaugurated by *band of selfish
epir4orrs, who have but. little sympathy
with the republican ideas he at the
foundation - of oaf overnnient. •_ , •
3d. The - long cenfintiatiOn' of this war
upion the soil of Missouri linusLinevitablr
end in the destruction of i every . material
interest in the State. I
sth. The , destrtiction l:of the Union,
thOugh it may bring temporary Peace, will
Olive the beginning of endltifili wars, in
which Missouri, f m her geographical.
position must alwa a be the greatesf.auf
erer. • • .' • j ,
sth. Ittbe Unlo is tei be 'restored, .it
math be speedily i tored, or tinivrsal
' - bankruptcy will bit -felt 'throughout l the
, nation; g
souri. - •„. 1 , I• . i •
O i l 11111 11, ! ,
It on iS t a :::real be Sen feit tim in idis. )r-is.
n last Monda evening , while the '
Re Mr. Rees, w addressing the Meet
ing i rout of they ourt House, - a Tele
graphic. despatch rought the news of the
of en. M ; ellan ' .for treason.—
The Rev. esker not:iced the -. intelli
gence to the audience, lid:keret/pm I the
whole crew o tai-at.homepatriots,store
box warriors, troa-sm eller* andt i aboli
tionists of all colo ' - broke forth in *per- i
feet yell' otioy. As - ... las this disgrace
ful demonstration ilia. subsided, so that
the speaker could he - ; " rd, he declared
to the Meeting his l ; utter isbelief of, the
despatch,. He said he did o f believe and
would not believethat Geol . . e B. McClel.
an, was a traitor to his countt to 'God
and to humanity, final he had t most in
disputable evidence of-the fact.
The 'very next horning the vile 'slan
der was contradicted, and now George B.
)IcClellan; instead of being arrested as a
traitor, is foonioted to tie command of
the army of Virginia,nett in rank to Gen.
The foregoing Lcident, coming unex
pectedly as it did,' developed the real feel
ings and sentime n ts of some of our super
loyal citizens, wb would not like to see
their names figuring in the hit of those
who raised that ehsgraceful shout, and yet
who, in their hearts, wish that, McClellan
would prove a traitor. During the whole
evening, after the receipt of the above
despatch, one cotild hear in every quarter
the' knowingones" raying :I' told' you
so,"" I knew it,' o 4 knew all \ the time
he was a traitor,' "It must come- out,"
&e &e. This elass.zeemed to \be more
..iefifirt l / 4 1. with the ideathat McClellan had
proved- traitor to the'dountrY, than they
would have been bad he achieved a-great
victory over the-rebels of the South. Are
such men loyal? I Do such men desire the
i success of our - artns? Among - the 'most
jubilant on the ocasion - wias an editor of
1 :he abOlition paper of this borongb; 31;46
l has made himself notorious for his abuse..
lof Gen. McClella i. i .'
I - . -- Wi r '' Oi;r..,i. _ —1.... r. " ....._.•... f, , ... La.
liitell;gencer, ass fair illnstration of the
in other places. -
-THE RAD I CAL
CAL DOCTRINE. 1
The republican organ at. Washington
havin. , declared that "the larce,df t estor-
I ing the old Unioi is played ou the New,
• Haven Palladian, another abolition-re
' piiblican journa , follow: suit
folhiwing decla li on : .
4 This is no itiger isvar - to restore the
Union as it was is-a war to make the
Union -what it .1 ever was,, but what it
ought to be.' . 1 . l' - I • '
By what . utl Prity '., does this abOlition
paper the: proclaim t 4 Object of ihe war?.
Certain not by the 4400 - city of the goy
ernin t,-for the •Pifitident's last letter
distinctly stated that ' bps primary object is
Constitution. • he writer
the U ion as it was- under . the
of the above;
I and the o th ers f the radical school who .
daily give utteijance tot similar language,
I are but expressing their own wishes. But
1 the language i ti none the less-significant
I because :it bhows that their late •profes/
I sions of devotior to the , Union of '6.7 was
insincere, and „hat' they are impelled in
I their support-of the war by the hope that .
it - wilt lead to the accomplishment of their
own partizan Signs. llf these men were
to become-satisfied to-Morrow that in no
event would eniancipation - resultLfrom the
war, they would be fond opposing - it and
the administration with all that- yebe-w
-epee with -which they liaye always oppes=
ed all policies vilhich dokiot'chime in with
their idea, andfall adniiniierationS which
would not . bend to- their dictation and will.
They are loyal .1)• abolitionism, but to , no:
thing else on earth. ,i - 'i
• 1 I
Stand . . •
If the peopl • stand last upon the rock
of the Coustitaion, the country is sale.—
The waves of itpulareemmotton can nev
er overth. ow while we stand there firm
ly. Light-De ni ed men may get confused
with the nois e f •the waters foaming Mad
ly abent--and umble4verboard. The ve- -
nal 'and earru may be lured by the rain
bow lights tha fl ash uPon the spray of the
turbulent sea rouedHand be lost. The.
wrecker flame or rocky shorestaay tempt
the credulous o steer for dangerous . ports
in their anxiet " to escaPe the daugers ind
duties of the our. But those who Shall
cling to the'nation's great law of peace'
and liberty, shall alone] be finally.recorded ;
1 • as thetrusty Mariners Who saved the ship
in its perilir , ,..:l .- . '. 1:
Stand ctst then by the Constitution ! It
is God himself who commands it! It is a
holy - anti religidas duty. It is a,duty we
owe to unborn generations of our own
land—to the oppressed millions of other
lauds. Stand by .the,party . which makes
tha Constitution its platform—by the men
who revere it as saoqed and perpetual law.
Let that instrument be the pillar oflire to i
guide our wandeiingl feet , through this
davkitess. Let its altered provisiOns bright.
[ en our pathway to unity; Union and per
. petual liberty and peace. :Refuse - to do
this endear own bayonets beconie blunt
ed before .used ; the ears of the eiviliied
world will be deaf to one appeals; 'doubt
and danger will , daily I thicken upon our
pith; the arms of our enemies will be
nerved to aterner resistance, and we shall
became a divitled `people and - a terror to
nobody but ourielves,,ifitteaukie Net&
WSwarms ofpoliticians are in Wash
ingwil after appo intments under he new
tax law. • •
i the Music of the. Whole ' tfinion.
Indlanahidar est Thitioiton.
The following interesting emimunica
tion is from a correspondent of the Lon
don Monica! New : . •
Ainongsfthevarions proposed substi
tutes-for cotton, theici is one , which has
not its yet attracted the attended of scien
tific men—the Indian madar. Plant. It
is, nevertheless, admirably adaisted for
thispurpose, as both the fiber,, the floss
and juice can be employed for commercial
purposes. In the year 1854:11e poisoners
of the Shalipare %Native Goal„ i Beffgdii
were employed in making, mats add cloth
from this plant, under the auspices of an
officier who took great interest in! the sci-,
entifie resource" of India. s • .
The madar is a wild jungle plant,which
prows to' a considerable bight, fibunshing
in almost any soil. Its leaves are ovate, ,
and_ very • thick, tsomewhat resembling
those of the Isurel. l The juice could be - 1
used instead of guile percha; over which
it pOssessesa*considerable advantage, as
the madar Plant retains its vitality after
being repeatedly. cut down to obtain 'the
fluid. Moreover, the great abundance of
. the madar compared with the rareness
the gutta percha tree would tend to aug
ment the value of the madar juice. This
fluid is at first/ milk white, but changes,on .
exposure, to:the sun and air, to 'a dull
brown, like india rubber. It calild be aps
plied to every commercial use hitherto ob
tained for gutta perclus. i -
-To premed : As regards the use in
which it could be substituted for cotton;
if the stalks be soaked either in 'water or
still better, in ,weak alkaline! lye, -the
fibers separate and can be carded like flax
'by the ordinary 'process.
simply separate the fibers with their teeth.
These filaments are pale yelloWish, like
fief.; They are very strong, as the na
tivei of India use them for fishing linesin
place of catgut. • - 4.1
Even supposing the application of :the
madar to be but partial, its cultivation,
together with that of the -cotton., plant,
might be carried on with greet adven
t Cage..So far for the fiber. The floss of
the madar strongly resembles elision' silk,
being yellow covered, and very soft. It
can be spun in a manner 'exactly similar
to silk, to which it is scarcely . inferior in
quality. I have also a small/ Portion Of
the cloth of the madar fiber Made , in the
native goal at Shalipore f/ 13engsl Presiden
by.- From it I inn inclined to. !judge fa
vorably of the probable quality of the
cloth, tf manufactured With great care.—
Moreover, beside the cloth .mado 'from
the fibers of the floss separately,f al very
fabric/could - be formed isti both,
mixed; the/Wool:being made of the ' floss.
In this fdrinperhaps, the nridar ' plant
:would/be most useful, as the floss contrib.
Iste)i/softness, and the fiber st.fength - and
tlrgiTeresi t YriVrgentiß a fit4h, l 7
'be happy to enlarge on thein t with ally
further information in !my possession, or
to show specimens to any genf i leman who
might take an interest in the 'matter, Or
wish to investigate the subject , more
fully. _ •
Extracts for s en.
Give a young man a taste Or reading,
and in that single disposition; you_ have
furnished him with a great I safeguard.
He has found at home that which others
have to seek abroad, namely, pleasurable
excitement, He has learned to think even
when his book is no longer . iii his hand,
and it is for want of thinking tbst youtli
g,o to ruin. ; •
C,ame of those who have been most eni-
Ment in learning and science made their
first...attainments in snatches o time stol
en-from manual employment.i ans Sachs, i.
the poet of the Reformation,. and the
Burns of Germany, began bfe as did
Burns, a poor boy ;he was a lailor's sen•
and served an apprenticeship j riit to a
.shoemaker and afterwaid to 1 a weaver,
and continued - to_work at the loom ' as
long as he lived.- The. great -dramatist,
Ben Johnson,was a workinglbricklayCr,
and a ft erwar a soldier. limmus, -the
father of modem botany, was once on
the shoemaker's bench. Our immortal
Franklin; it need scarcely be said was a
primer. Herschel, ',whose name is ~i n
scribed on the heavens,-was the son of a
poor musician, and - A the age icif fourteen
years was placed is a • ,band attached to
the. Hanoverian guards. After going to
England he undertook_ to teach music
and then became an organist.i , But while
he was supporting himself in this way be
was leaning Italtan,latin and even Greek.
Fra musiche was naturally led to math
ematics, prid.thence to optics and astron
omy.' Jobn DollOnd, thOnventor of- the
- archromatie - 'telescope, /s pent his - early
years at the silk - loom ; and dootinued. in
his originixtbnainess even for !some years
'after his eldest son came to an age to join.
him iult. -Few cases are more celebra
ted than that of Gifford, the founder and
. editor of the Quarterly Revues. He' :was
an orphan, and barely escaped the poor
house. He became* ship !'boy of the
moss menial sort on board of a coasting
vessel. He was afterward for six years
apprentice 'to a shoemaker. lb; this last
empheyment he stole time from the last
for arithmetic and algebra, and for lack of
other conveniences, used to-work Out his
Problems on leather witk
al blunt awl.
Few names are more noted in modern lit
erature. • ..
Efr Iron. F. W. Hughes, Chairman
of the Democratic State Central Commit-.
tee, a few days ago .submitted the • Ad,
dress of the Committee published lately,
to the judgment of Secretary Seward, de
siring the opinion of that functionary as
to its loyalty. Whilst we lonia not have
retvimmended such a ()oath, (Believing
this to be a free country)yeti we are glad
to find that Mr. Seward bas 'not dared • to
endorse the spiritof those , villainous sheets
which have denounced the' Address as
disloyal. end treasonable: r i Mr. Sewerd
thus endorses the patriotism of the Ad
dress : _
"I have read the doounients thus sub
mitted to me,"with a high respect for the
authnrity. by *filch they Were mimed; and
with a full confidence in did* sincerity of
the devotion to the Unioni Which, as their
author, youlave &Vowed." 1 . •
JOB PRINTING of ALL KINDS,'
12 EM C) °1"
NEATLY AND PROMPTLY,
AND AT "LIVE AND LET LIVE " PRICES.
Tint °flee of the Montiose Democrat
has recently been supplied with a new and choice varlet
ottiw, etc., and we are now prepared to print pamphlets
!elm - lats,, etc., etc., ffi the best style, on shortnotice. 7
Handbills, 'Posters, Programmes; and
otter kinds of work in this linei ‘ done taco:ding to order
Business, Wedding, and Ball CAJW3
Tteketi,ete., whited with neatness and despatch.
Justices' and Constables' Blanks, Not es
Deeds; and ill other Blinks, on bind, or printed tr..•ree
3, 4 7.
gar Job' work and Dlanke,to lie paid for or deliver y.
' Portraits are some evidence,'of popular
ity. The calumny and detraction wl•icli
have been pitilessly heaped upon.Gen.Me- .
Cle!lap, seem to have had no efrert ... on the
exhibitiort and sale of his pottniits
where. • Full-face, three quarters side
views, on horse back - and oh foot,. forming
squadrons in the line of battle, and stand
front of his'domestie head-quarter,
with 'wife In the doorway and baby at the
window, at his - weekday work and at-di
vine service on the Sabbath, all ,these va- .
rieties of portraits and many ourers, keep
their Conspicuous place in the print-shop
windows, and in the mixed photographic
assortment of the street-stalls. The "coun
terfeit presentments " of other Generals,.
who are 'always much be-piaised while
McClellan is abused, may be..looked fdr in
vain ; while he is always there occupying
the post Of honor next .to Scott, or. in the
centre of a group of other pictured heroes.
It is a fact that People still have a faith
which no amount of mere . slander can
shake. When the proof.. shall 'be made
that he is unworthy of -their confidence,
his portrait will cease to confront, us at
every turn. Until then the people Will
look with hope and trust oil that calm de
terminhd, face. Nor will they construe
the:noble•Silence of the original into any
thing but a just contetlapt 'for the petty
•revilings of political envy and hate. r -
M' The Cincinnati mmereial Rriptt
ikon", of Thursday week dmifs • and says •
"that ultra anti -slavery 'en in Congress
'have during the se sion of that body, .
damaged the Union use by the unseem
ly urgency of part' n measures?
ocrats want men- elected . to. Congress
•whicwill not datnage the Union caue.—
Let the people see dila their representa,
fives are not of the kind mentioned_ by
:DONE AT TUE OFFICE OF VIE
Biceiellaikis Igor traiti.
` SILENT AVI'ROVAL.-The - Rep üblican
paperri have not a word to say in. rebuke
of the ahOlitionist who declares that "Loj•-
,alty to • this 'GoVerninent is treason
G(41." " A felloW feeling makes us 401i
drous kind." .'
_ . . _
STRANGE, BUT TRUE. - Capt. Klotz, of
Clarion, cane to tills city yesterday with
a company from clarion connty,eompose.l.
of ninety-seven men, eve' y One of whom
is a - DenioOrat.—lfarrisburg pr.. : ' .
,ItOnor to George , McOlellan: -
When a•c*organized army was: to ho.
formed intaa vast body of invincilAes, itf
ter-Greeley's experiment of " on .fo . Rich
mond" hail ben %led anfl..failell=S;(ll.
McClellan was titanlor th - e stupen4u9
When Richmond was to be
11,m .r-A Merl w. "cilrrt '. •
important work. - • qs
When Gen. Pope got into n . "tight
plitee," Gen. 31eCtullitti's . veterans NS!ere
the men to extricate him. When Wa,h
ingion is again threatened, in eMrierpience
platis being interferNl iti ill!:
General 31ctiellan, • not wit - lc:talkling the 6
presence of General Halleek in \\'a-liing- .
*ton, is called. to the derence:of onr Na-'
capitol. - •
Honor 1;i) General McClellan
- 'Seeing your candidate for Presiden t
is generally .considered a special ptiVilege
--:for the,plebelan - -; but how about this ?
One of the soldiers of a Maine- re!riment,
-who was in the . battlerof Baton Rom e,
stated, afterthefighti - that he-,had the
pleasure_ofievellinqhis musket at the man
who_had been his favoritecandidate for
the Presidency. He was only too far off,
the soldier added, to appreciate the full
force of the compliment.,
tirThe Rev. Mr. Childs, in a Wai• r
speech made in Springfield,' Ohio, on the
evenhig of the 19th ult., said . : "The wait
who desires to have the Union as it wa,., ,
ought to be )tonged-.up hy the heels until,
he 4e dead, dead, - dead ! and the• wolves
Und.ravens ought to-eat the flesh from his
carcass.". Rev. Mr. Childs is a
/WA frend ofours, who had tl
- pride • for several years in cultivating '!
a full crop of hair-on his face, was called - -
'away from home - on . business somplime
since. While absent, an inexperienced
barber spoiled-his -whiskers in trimming . ,
them which so chagrined , him• that he •,
directed the - barber to make a clean job of
-it by shaving whiskers and mustache both
off. The barber obeyed, and our freind's
face was as Smooth- and as delicate as
when- in histechs. _He returned home in
the night. Next morning his little girl,
did' dot recognize huh on . waking' p.
lug over her - mother, and seeing asslie,
Supposed u stranger in. the bed, -she re
marked' in herchildish simplicity,
tir, your out ofbere tell my pa
when lie (mites. komr."4illsbery - Post:
MY — Beecher - says - "the devil does riot.
tap. us Lwise alike, If yesterday he came
411 , ough vanity, to day . he will conic
through - pride. lf to day
.116 come on ono
bide to morrow he will come - on anthher.
And We are always watching at the hole .
it, cadre in list, while he is Miming im . at -
Anoclier. We-are guarding an etmay.hole,
while-he .is digging a. new: one.'?
• - W"Well, what next?"- s'ahl Mrs. Part
ington, as she interrupted Ike, who was
reading the war news—"the picket were
driven in -five' miles ? Bless my poor
soul; but that will make it strong • ftinee.
I suppose they . bad to be driven. in deep
to keep the seeessionaders .from digging
out under them."
fg'By a recent marriage, the mother
became the sister, and the grinohnother
the mother of the bride, and the sister the
mother Of the bridegroetn. ,flow. did this
happen?. • -
Ido not say that Jones would
steal," remarked Mr. °lino !. But
Ido say, that if I was. a turkey and ha
was around, I should roost hiiil!"
>itgr! I. that a lightning bug in the
street?" asked a very, short-sighted old
lady: 4 No grandma," said t pert little
Miss, "it is a - BIG spa with a cigar. •