The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, June 03, 1862, Image 1

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onus dzi PUBLICAVNtsIUE,
'5 'man.
T R A.—51,50 per annum l " ADVAN CE;
et 11,4,..e , $.! will be ctiarzed—and eft, eentaitei antitnn
arrearagra, at the option of thC'Estblisher, to Pay
„ i ., :u sof etc. AzvAttcz payment:preferred.
AuvEltrlslillEl..lTS will, be inserted nt the
,v, "f $t per sqnkie, of ten lines or less, orthe tot tttree
week , . and tl tents for each additional —pay do n.
31 . 4,reitttetS, .and'others, who dvertise cy
he chiried at the fonowlnratet, , itew ,
p.,. op, e *prom Or lea. OM year, 144101 . 4 18
Ein-.4 additional iquare. al Dm raft ef 4 .
N., credit given except to those of kno responsibgit37.
W 1 M. IL COOPEIt C 0.,..
NNKEllB.—Mentrcrse, Suceeppois to Poet. Cocfper
41.3 .1 Co. Cy lice. Lathrupenew
7.77. xecouxii 67.
7,1e.C1:./LIATI- S SEATtLE,. •
irI'OViEYS and Counsellors at: Lat.—Montrose!
tidicr in Lathrops' nett' building, o‘er the Bank
• HENRY B.:•111eKE - •
TT(ITINF.I" and (:onm.Ldlor ALLaw,--:To*awba.l Pa.
udicc (hn Union Block. er lel 5S tr
1)R: E. F. WIT:I%I6T;
rtArtArn or .411 . opathle andponlreoludhicerd•
11m ft- of Medicine .—G reat Bend, al. .ofaCe.rttiltr
!An at 1 Saizabuth-sts, . nearly oppoaite the Met diet
Thurch. a). tt
Mech'ini;•,:tl and Surgical rc \
ocntly of Ilitighankon,
\ Y. tenant their prottnisiunal *vrvices to all who nrnre
,a, :tap •• 12f:formed Practice of Phy,4c.;" .cirefu and'ful oneratlon, on Teeth: with the most.%cientifi and
:; ,prove,f ;4310A•ef platework. -Teeth l es.t.rn i cted without
and all work warranted.
14th, ISM: • • 1- y*
1) . 11.11'. S'3ll'lll Sr, §ON t . '
DENTislt,—mogitrose, Pa. • • -
in Lathrop, nett hooding. ter •
Mak._ All Dental operations. will bo
i"..k.ralecl in gabd and M arranted.
woO I D ANNPUNCE;tothe Pt lic
T that they have, entered into a prtnership.Orthe
ry e
1! . .1n, prepa red to attend to all calls the liruko their
oWe—the one formerly occupied by D J. C.
m•NDAFF. • my Rant.
DR. N. Y. LEF.T • I
I'VJwian and Sargeon. rrieminill6; Pa. 'gra , oi l ipague
• - the Jack.A97l Rouge.
I)7 r 1 F : 1 51 .
r f"lrculfr attention 'to
n T a
),i,:l: 2 :itt .ARindl.:•alt cotilde thatt
i I t:. tow led-_-.-4- of. and experience in that brireit o pine
t r 7 will 1.11.11)1e Mtn to effect n cure in-the 1 toi-t dinicult
~.... For I 7C:I t iwz diseases of the.--c or , „Tatis -no f'• will
~, •-ve‘r.zed nniesl4 the patient .is benefitted he the treat
r., LI:.1A114 1 15t 5 0 %.1i, S.M.
American' Marble for Monuments, Head:4tonm
Ta" , a., 'Mantles. Sinks and CentrtsTablfts. Alan
i itrili ViZt•ii Slate for Mint' es, Centro.Tnhles. &e.
•.- a few dnorn east. of So=le's Aut.ul on Turnpike
• • ••. zo.trose. Pa. ' oc4 y
PEACE.—Great llohd,. Pa. Oftce
.7 .t.'nl,i;u>itc the Wrtcru Houle. apt
1.1 , 111U5.11t1.1 TA11.011.-11entrot.e."Nt. shop
f .r . 1 N. It- ' , inn. Grocers. an Nein-street.
for ruvt. continuance to do all work r-atitfactorilv. Cut- '
ori :thort notice. trot warranter! to itt.
:ro-e. ,Inly .2114181%17—1L '
• • .
T , •, , ,mrs ABLE TAIL ,
OR.--Montrogr. Pn, Shop ' :
:. ;'ocroiz lilovk, over •••toris of Ih.-nd, IVntronn
-...,,, .111 itork varinnted;- no to fit nod finif , h.
n.: ,'our on -lion notiro, in t0.,.t t.tyle. jnii *6o'
.7 ):s7. ABLE TA11,01?...-3tootttmt, TN. Shop
11;;;;ti-t Nl,ctiot; Itoto.o. au Turnpike
order: promptlyOu flr.t.tutc
A ' o;“ done on tfoL7t ootioc. and Nvarrunted to Pt.
TIrT NIP:. .at the
F r:•—i h11:i 02: t . ..,:- , •11:t!lt:
•T• S , .,t)p In C:1311(1h r 4,1
• . -r.. 4 t
.trect., slug
C • 0..F0 tDjIAM,
~..:1.1"..%(-11. ERR -f 800 TS 4.. STTPES.7+l,,ntinfe;-
I•n, Tyler" 9 .torn, work
, • M.l. i. :tnr.l rvitirir.:g dove itently. Je2 y
Drnlzg. Medicines: ChrmienlA, Dye
r stont,. VarM , h.
Fmmy G 000.4. Jcirclre Nrrn-
A.c.—A•zent furatll the most pupulm• PATENT ,
- 1 Prt. am;
HAYDEN 1112.0THE103,
.TottNll.ll - .DEN,
BRUSH,. ,111. D.,
ellol . l3ag"C r illet,
attend to the of hie Proft.mion inempty
Ornee at•J. Latlitrop,4
Canal?' row '4ll,
J.ll. SMITH.
C> IVE 30i
c=tr i‘rees7cr . .es. -- '
&SSE= Ist Ally' 1860; 61,461,819:27,
LT A Tin rClEtt. " " ` 43,066.68,
7. Miltim'Smilfi. Seep. ' :Martin; Pies9imt.
John McGee. At't. " A. F. Wiltannli, Vicu, "
Tulieics b , shed and renew d. by the unclersined. at hie
face. Duo 'dour übove SeArle'r, Hotel, MuntroSe. Pa.
y .fiIrLLINGS gT11001), Apeitt.
_ • -
xx mr, pe. x %I,
1 I ‘l,!';ojnu:itur. cgrtlr .t) Riaecrguen
S li u t:; k p I P
r ta i l l , ' ;, % ,s v e L t Zr .e i t t ' OC.I . •
c r ( ,it. with Slore Pipe, Zinc. lt - e. ''
th 14,h0r tm eii tix ~elect ellidlie*inible. cumin - ill be acid
io' II :Le MO4 fitVinabllS igilLl6 for Mot, or to Prompt .s(t
`:ow Mit ord. Oct: ,' i Zt l- ; . / 8 0. '' * -
' Dandelion Coffee; .
1 lIE ALT lIY beverage. One pcentd .of thinColfee
make 11111 Ch AB two poonde of other Coffee. For
ta;•2l7 ; " ••
rF. Mlir-XX.antiChlrit M. Gradnate
1 4 .4. u)tto Atiopatic and ilcomeopatilic Colleges of
rquo. would returohl, .itkeeits tlhank:4 the people pf
tsyndnndvi_tnitea<tbate aut.)? liberal ll:deem:lga- with
they.laav,r fa. for him, wad aetrict
tva , lic 'lnvioe , ogedoilt liboral abare'of the pnbt
eonfolonto. January U 4,15111.1
Cosh Paid .1.40 a. • XII.CI e."
$,14,1111 Fox.. Mink, u kinds -of
Fur,‘... A: good a" , sortmint -nr• Loather and hoots .and'
enn. , tsitly on hand. Odlee, Tnitnery," t Shop d i n
3i.untroic. Feb. 6th.. A. P. & L. C. ICEMEN':
DAVID C . . ANEY 1 •
Irr kynsm inw.c4. poem:moony at 'Now, .;tilford. EA.,
iw❑Tnrtend promptly to alio:Ilia with "whlck ho inky
hr re
fatod. Offloeat Todd,' ilotcl..
Sou :Milford, Joly, 17, 16.61,
ABEL. arcturtlELL
ki 150 I.on. "Nlarallle On, for Sewing , Sfach , 444.
14 . 1:44 Olt. Sod 13117. B.d arld 1tt 0 4 041 .P01-
rot. tionrrapattele Raricater.,l'94a's ratta44.44td s rani
-e.? of.ttalattztr. niss 6Ld -Piarttir 4r& 0.4
. ...rtt••• n! patent Nedistrms,
We Join . burselveS -to no P arty that Does , not Carry the Flag and Keep Step t
ALL . : • - _
caIIgaIIITKATIOX/1 - num* 'FOIL TUN .COLVXML . ' I OaWR43O . May
le :
. ; 862. •1.
'mouse at sztentsun To a. 5. WIMAID: aMallaaa. ' : 1 ' .1. • • ) •. 1
11'45C *7 1 9t.F un ' -rt . l* -" 24 ! ' - '• ; s_.' -' My Dear - Sir:—•l have received yourlet ,
THE PROFESSIONAL - READING OF ter inviting Ineto-,meet- taturself-tuid • oth-;
TEACHERS, , .•-.• - i er gentlemen constituting: a Cotntnittee zip-, .
• 1 Tencliefii Shonld read. I *eel& not Say -pouued•byl pointedcertain imembers of the Leg's; i
that they should. read -everything that ; lature designated as "Republiesitrand Un- . ;
Unties in their way. 'But they should read I ion members," with Authority, - after eon- 1
Isuiffleient to give them enlarged .views up- 1 sultation 'with; committees of oilier organ-
lon a variety of topics outside of the run- i mations, to'fix the time and place for.l
; tine. of school' life.. The profession of ';'holding a I;State Conveuitiou for the non=
I teaching , if indeed it can be so called, ire, Institut; of State l officers. ',. I will , give you'.
I' t beget with peculiar difficulties They are the reasons why I think it proper to dee;
-' s •
, not - only .peculiar, They are more ; than cline this invitation.
; thiks They are trying and perplexing.— The inenthere of . the kegislature by I
BM among- them all, there IS none that whom the Committeewas appointed with 1
Wetglis heavier 'upon the heart of true which -youinviteme to consult, • adopted
man or Woinati than the danger there is ats; address anthresoluitionssleelaring eer-
I. of becoming ;stereotyped, - narrow-minded, 4 taut principles and .invitingto . a convene
Contracted in our views of men and thingi. ;than which they recommend, "all Repub-
! Now in order - to attain the highest sue- Ididans; Union Denunerlats s and other loyal 1
leeks in Mir Vocatien i it. becomes necessary I citizens, supporters of the policy of: the I
'to avoid falling - to so low a level mentally. , admieistration, and responding to the ;-
We treed the. friction of the world; some- 1 principles and policy'? set. forth: in such ad- . 1
thing to keep the celoVebs front our brain, I dress and resolutions. - . -, I
:while at the same- time we are to avoid I I cannot` call myself "a supporter of the;
('stooping to anything low or debasing in I policy of theadminiration," and I - de-not ;
order to, sgaiw,our. point. What men, in ; 4 krespond • to the principles and : policy ; set 1
I most other callings are sin-felted with,. the I forth in the address and resolutions," andl
Iteliehei- hungers for. - Ile envies thesvery 1 therefOre, though a loyal eitiien,' I am not. ;
(leas" in the' street. The- freedom of • otk- 1 embraced within this invitation.
1 ers puts his own slavery to school duty in lam ready,. indeed, to.Sepport the tu - dl, 1
strong cootrast. : . ministration in the prost7ention ofthe . war
Now since free intercourse With the for the preservation of ouil Constitutional
world'-is, to a great; extent,' denied the Union, and I knothat-A o this policy the
;teacher he must seek a supply elsewhere. , President w: is pledged by 'minuet's ;acts I
Itilf;whiut biteiks shall the teacher' read? and - declarations,sthe suilicerity l of which I 1
While I would say he -should read and ; do-not question. But. Whether he will ad-
study those works-which discuss the laws' here to those pledges_insiilte. of that prise- I
; arid principles !if education, with the pro- i erfulinfluence in his own Partyswhich is .
cesses and - modes best adapted to.,pro- Seeking to convert the Wait• into an abeli
inote that end, I would' by no means eon- - Lion war, is yet to be 'proved.; He haS al
-1 fine him to this -course.- It Would - be only ready recOminended an inipiirtant mega,
.recommending a means for confirming the ore which in my judgment is..uri warranted 1
disposition of mind, or desire td change. iby the Constitution. Witlr respect to the I
I It Veouldbe attempting to 'cure -an -evil 1 vital „questions that 'remain Iregard the'
with the evil itself.
.. I ' policy Of the administration" as some
'The teacher should be a stint) of ;general i What unfixed and uncertain, and until I
rreading` While novel reading is not, per- ; see more clearly_ what it is, I aninnable
I haps, the best to lie recommended, still I to eall myself its supporter. 1. •
I would be,quite as fir from prohibitiest it. 1 BM, buying aside this olijection, 'which
!There are good 'novels; those that 001 be " does not seem to embarrass RePubliCang
I- read without danger to any part of our 'i who are the open opponents tothe policy
I mental or morarnature, and whieh tend list *which the Presidentis pledged; let us
;;it the same, time to give a sett of enlime : consider the proposed union upon its nier
-1 that is vet•V much needed, and therui - ore ' its," Is it expedient, and will it promote
1 very desirnt,le. The powei' ofiningination *the public welfare, to unite with the Re
a as undoubtedly eivee us for a purpose. ; publican party upon the principles of the 1
lAnd as nil our powers and faeelties are ev- ; legislative address and resolutions ; fertile I
1 idently bounded flit Outset ion by moans ' purpose of defeating the Democratic par-1
I ~, ~
lor their proper and systematic use, it is Ity• of this Statent „the approachini ewe-
I' of eleas that this one, is not to be neg. I I tion ? Thai L t's ( the question.
; leeted, What s indeed, is more repelsive 5 1 • A year ago, when the country was in i
than a dead imagination ? •Ilow inert rmil ; imminent danger, the Republic - aus of New I
lifeless seems the person winoe srml is im i 1 York and of other States invited 'Demo-'
Len the stretch after s'eenes' and .beauties : erats and all other loyal men to lay asidel
1 which'exist only in the ideal. Thetis is, : partizan controversy and iiiiite l with . them I
indeed; something tetyond us. There are Lin the support of the war for the presets !
Scenes- not vetsteted—faces that we have . Vation of the C - onstitrition and the Union.;
- islet yet' met—hopes . not vet realized— 1 1No other motive or, purpose for the war I
i lives not , yet liv e d. 'And' who shelf a s- }vas then heard front the leaders -Of. the ;
; knane to deny . the lientaii soul the pleasure ; Republican party or- indeed in any quer-
It experiences in their contemplation? ter-having, the slightest influence upon.
! ' Really,, we believe that the imagination ;public opinion. • • .
lis lost sight of too Often. lts should. re- ; :The messages and speeches of the Pres
, 'eeive,its due culture." Far he it from us I ident ;. the proclamations of his :Generals
I then to condemn all fictitious reading on 7 pledging the publiC faith tothe invaded
;.the part of teachers. States, and of which his mere silerite was
' • But were we asked to name the most an-approval and confirmation ; the resent
profitable hook f for the general reader and 1 - tines of . -Congress •passed almost unani
!study of the teacher, we would enliesite. I moitsly, only two Republicans 'voting
tingly see "sleittspreire " What can you ; itgatiest-them in the - House of Representa
' not find these?. His style _will improve ; rives; the language,Of the press and' of
not only your manner of -expression, but. I public meetings—alj united in declaring
I:Yrair veryniodes of thinking. His terse. ',that the war was td' he prosecuted not to
I;nesS will prove to you a gveit. tine-saver; Isubjugate the Southoor to change south-
Innd his- fulness will, at' the 'same- ranch ern institutions, nor to deprive southern
; leave -yon nothing. to desire. You eau ; men of their property or rights, but sinus
I T read there the human soul under all dr- `•ply to establish the authority, of the Con
cuinstanep and in all einditiona. You I stitution over all the - Stntes.- Such were
I, will find all your faculties:aroused and I the appeals and assurance's under ;which
',quickened into life in the ,pnrsuit.• The- I the war' commenced.. Rut, when' we had
sstory will be ever new, and his buruiGuo j belle-million of !ten in arms; when our
and !slowing thoughts will appeni•sireesed I armies werefilled With Democrats and
with added beauty and grace as 'you I others - ivhO volunteered to fight for this
i dwell mpint. them. Ile is the only author 1 rouse, and not for abolition ; when Mary
' that-has fully told in Words what man is; I land,
.Kentucky and Missainri, relying;
the curly one upon whom all his successors !upon -our-
,promises, had sent loyal
have seen fit_ to draw, when "thoughts 1 men to Congress, opened their territories
that breathe' and words. that burn," are Ito our troops and placed :themselves in I
wanted to esymplete a stanza or fill a book. i our power----then lirst we heard, that slave.;
--Del. Co. Ariericon.
~ - - . - 1 rybeieg; the cense of the - war, slavery',
- - ....-_—__ _
s ; s must be dastrOyed. It is notorious, that 1
SCHOOL HOUSES._ - at .this - day a ' large :portion (to say ' the
--. What can give 'so much real pleasure to I least,) of the republican party reputliatel
I the true patriot and -philanthropist, when 1 these nledges, and trample even - on their
Itrnselling over our country, as the sight ; own Chicago platform. They are the open
I of a well-built, comfortable looking school i advocates of the abolition of slavery in tlie-'
' house ? . It is his pride' and his • liope—it ;States, and of measures of confiseation so
cheershim at every step, ,
; sweeping_ and relentless, that their like
But is not a fact much to belanienterl, ; has not been known, since the days of
I that our' .children are in too'. . es 1 William the. Coneptreor....They, have the
crowded 1 together in, rooms which are 1 ories—several - theeriel.. - Some of them
Wholly unfit for school purposes? I maintain that 'the' seceded, states are out
1 • In the•first place, the houses weferbuilt lof the Union, and therefore have no rights.
; too small, the ceilings were made too-low ; I They adopt the doctrine of - seeeseion, st
and now ' it is. impossible:, to arrange the 1 taching,to it - a eonseqiienee that enhances
seats in a place so much -hampered, in 'or- ; its absurdity. - The States, they say,. are
I der to be cOmfortable to the children. Yet I gone as States, but'reinain as territories,
this is frequently attempted: - - • I subject' to
.:absolute, pon - er... - This. is the
I • In many instancesake directors, instead 1 i theory' of -16. Sunnier.. •It is 'the theory
lof having i he- old'huirdingsstorn down, ; adopted by a great ;meeting iii the city of
I and new ones, put up in theirsplaces,have 1 New - York, over which a son of Aleicander
I spentsmuCh tinsel and money in trying to 1 Hamilton presided._ Others'
. derire . the
.1 repair them, Worder 'to male them . an- 1 power to- abolish slavery frorWr a different
1 saver the
.purposes fora few' years; lenger. ; source. It may lie dime'tlie . y.say by the
1 . Its may -be argued,` that- the times. are ! war pouver—in other' words; by despotic
itoo hard to build new school !Muses rinse .; pourer. \Nth° can hound the' War power '?
I—but let its considerthe feasibility of cep- I And to, what A miserable state must that
I strac t ing'good :school-houses in serery ; country be reduced,`_redneud, where „it. shall - be
; township in 'the county, Where they have. I thought thought a justification of every violation
I net already been huilt ; s and try.if We can 1 Of constitutional law to say; that it - Inv
not pi ove that it Would be a pecuniary ad- Ibe done by the war power I. •
evantage to; the Citizens at large through-1 . 'j
-know . that all these gentlemen claim
1 out the coentry: • ; s
.. I ' 1 to be (prominently even), the
_frienda Of
1 Building materiels are plenty acid cheap I the Union., ;They .weuld _sooner abolish
to almost, every township, and the cost of I slavery than that, the Union should perish.
the bsull lega would ' not be meets; it I They would exert a military despotism in
would "scarcely' he felt in two' or three the *kith - ter the ,sake of the Uniois, e , I
years after s they were putsup; and they I They . are passionate their ;,love; that 1 -
tiOnld'enrtaitily, increase - the value Of real ; they would sacrifice laws liberty, the Cons
, estate in every vicinity where they are 10, 1 stitiltiou ,itself , - to gage '.the Uision... Well,
: 1 cited, --Does not each nen ; ; SchnOl-hOnae ;the Uniontof which they are .sis devote - ail
lerected iiterease the value of reel estate in ;is one for_ wide& I confess .1.-have.,norei-
iitii 'vicinity?
,',. ...' ,
." ' . ... '', .:. • . ' '-..-- I pect,of...stttachtnent,. I 2keove:.no_Union . 1
l.Then'' whY'not go at - once and ;had l'hut ourConStittitional
_tinier; Of' free and
houses that would be,alittle tooreinvitiok lequal f•ttites: - , .an abuse-of,-words to
,to the ehildmsttnd in whiCh the parents call
_The . Union, -.Upon the
[could:have - no objection to . spending a few rnea , platform, Phillips, who declares that
I hours occasionally,: theinselveas . and. thus I for twenty_ yearate. has' beenthe enemy 1
t at the Same • time make the ehildre,n.yem- 1-elthe Umon, and Garrison s whe fornierlil
'Potable, and epcourage the instructors? 'stigmatised it'ati a COMPact ;with hell; are
- , It shouldleh m
ereeplind thtitihe pb_p• ,both rfaion . lOU. It . is' ' the. niieion• off•
iota* the; well #s .tonial,ficult* a 0:+1 theae:tinigkol;l4„ ail4, - tle - law a Rerx1442.1
dreg require istloesting.--Stelleasie._
.-. '. '.;, _ the retsetitgtion ef 'thi'.l treit€4:Stat*; 40:'
~.XttY ERlStifi.
- ,
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' ••• ;- • • •
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VOL. 19.
:,11i0 . 'N'tROS4 .FPAh; 1 01 - gSiIiY,..)I7NE : 3 . , 1486.2',
at-variance with each other, and therefore
they have Bought the, overthrow.of the I
Union, but they have become converted I
sinceit has been discovered
,that one may.
be an enemy o( the, Constitution, and yet.
a friend of the Union. So,- Mr. Gerrit
Smith, who sat in a seat of Honor at, the
New York meeting, informs us in his . I
cider, though- he,hates the Constitution
he loves the Union. " •
The legislative
,address inv tes,to th
p roposed conventionß pnbliCans,l
Union - Democrat's and other loy
,t wizens." 1
'This implieS that 'all Republicans are lOV
al.;: that disloyalty may be found among.[
Democrats and other citizens, but no
where else. Stich : la - not my opinion. We
are, i, arms against the disloyal wen ofi
the South, and none here now oppose' . the
war.. I believe that individuals may be
found in the North who sympathise with
the rebels and wish them suecess; But it
Would be 'abSurd to organize a Political
party against persona. so few' and insignif:
icant, and who dare speak only, in whis
pers. The disloyal. tuen of the North,
frem'whom danger is .tiltbe apprehended,
ere they Whoseek to convert the war into
a war for the-ethancipationof the 'black
rage by
. means of the overthrow of the
Constitution Of the United States, Where
We these men to be found.? Sumner is
one of them ; - Wade another; Thaddeus
SO:teta a third. If there are Democra-ts
or!other citizens antiong them, I thinkthey
will be found to fraternize with the Re
publicans, Or rather to be in a tratisfUrnia-,
titin state. . Is plaiathat if We need
a Union party at the North, his in order
to defeat the schemes of these men? But
hew can that be if they are invited to take
part in the Movement? •
jThere . is no 'resemblance- between thii
movement and that which resulted in the
nomination 'of :the Union ticket ;in this
Statelastlall. There was then a show of
Opposition io the war at the North, but no,
difference as to its purpose. We all - then
were or professed to be 'Constitutional
UnionWien: Now - all opposition to the
War has diStippeared;• but a controversy
has arisen its to the .object for whichit
Shall be prosecuted ; whether to. establish
the Constitution or - to overthreiv it, and
reduce the South to the conklition of a Con
quered protince. :Upon this question, the
only politibal - question that realty divides
-the people Of the North, a . true . Union par
ty cantioeb6 neutral or silent. . .
For twelve years pasil hate thought
that. there Was a necessity for a'Constitu
tional Utrioft party, . I wished that sectia
party might beformed in 1850. I hoped,
tbr it again in ISM I think that loyal
DemocratS, loyal RePublicans,' and all oth
er.loyal men ought to unite and form such
a party now. 'The basis Of.such an organ 7
izatien (which might be temporary, leav
ing preent parties to restinietheir former
relations wheti . the Union shall be restor
ed) may be found in the resolutions adop
ted by the committee of the conservative
members of Congress of which Crittenden
was chairman. 'But I look in vain for any
such declaration as times demand in the'.
address apd resolutions adopted by the
(so called) Union members of our Legis
lature. There is much there about slave-
hut' little or nothing about theConsti-1
totion.. There is no declaration against '
abolition or general confiscation ; no as
surance to loyal - southern men that their
rights shali• be respected; no recognition
of any rights 'remaing. to the people of the
seceded states; - no condemnation 'of that
most absurd form of secessionism which
converts states into territories, and ereets .
a military despotism open the ruins of the
Constitution. The play . of HaMlet - with
the part-of ifamlet omitted is not more
ridiculous than a Union party that leaves
out the Constittition.' ' •
I entertain the hope that the conserin
tive wen of the North ,Will ;in some way•l
unite and!" act in , concert with the loyal
men Of •Naryland,Keritucky and .all the
other SontheraStates that are - or may be
come free from the usurped power of ..1-ef
ferson Davis, I trust there will be some
movement for this purpose at Washing
ton before theadjouttimeof . of ._CongresS..
But whether this shall be accomplished-or
not, I certainly can enter int . o.:lncombi . ..
nation with Republicans to °vat litnit the
Democrats; of this State. Whatever faults
they may have comm itted in the past, the
Democrats of the North' are iii the main
loyal and . ' patriotic ; they .ar . i.the chief
bulwark;; against the assaults f the Nor-.
them diStunoniste; upon them rests in a
great degree the hope of flit 'Union.—
They ha'e not .only Inag,nanimouSly- tore
berne fininfactieus opposition .to thegov
ernnient but have , even made no slight sac
rifices of partizan feeeliog in its support.l
They have sustained , the. President when I
many of his professed. partizans 'have as-'
sailed hint; and it, as I continue to hope,
and-believe, he shall prove true to himself
and hisl country; he - may, perhaps, find.
among them some of• his best friends and
firmest - supporters.
I hate writteilioitiewhat at length, if
cause, havingno opportunity of personal
consuliation, it, is only in this way that I
-can uresetit to you,.and through yolf to
other friends in the city; the reasons of , toy .
course. !-4 - TY Opinions amid Foy Teelitigwatp
on this subject are both =strong. I 'ant,
and bate_beeti froth thp beginning , in fa
vor of Putting down, the rebellionby force'
of arms. But I am for mercy, ter human
ity, ter onnstitntional law arid liberty.; and .
I abhor the fanatieal - . spirit -that to, liber
ate theidegraded Africans Would - put the
whites in chains; and condemn to misery
and &Vail-eight tuiffiqps freciple - of Our
own rem' and blood. 11. watt-indeed that
'this atrocious - scheme can never-- be'ac;.
-complisbed; lictioWthat the North would
not support a war' for 'this purpose; I
know - ithat the South would raja.. it so
long ait'the white race should survive; - I.
know that all Christendom would rise and
forbid t. Thsiena, reached, atlast, would
be the4issplution, of; the:Union, but after
the-most frightinl expenditure - of: money
and saeriAee of _,-
Lana confident; my , dear.s . iNthitt •.after
some 'Oxperitnents7 perlaaps, yea ;•Will'et.,
last reach theconclusion atwhich I have ar•
rived. Yoe' '.myself,-1
-Peel no utie in Tent
ing .With geatienien *WI I Ain mut.
:bilbrehand• to dinagree...--Thp whale, basis
ettheiproposed Vganizationisivrong;—•
It ratite the prinPiplcof a .ITnicin
party fidelity to_ th ' Constitution. It
imposes 's test that th 1-Southern Union
menjwill-not admit; A rap who
ought to be gzoludell,,urid exchides.those
whose co - operation is essential. — lt ii but
the Republican party - •vithout the Repub-
Bean name; and I fear, that,its tendency
may be tosstrengthpn the radical branch
of that party, and to weaken that portion
which is best ' disposed to , support the
President ina Conseryative and Oonsti. , '
ti tional' policy,
'lf I -am not mistaken, the Executive
Committee ix the. "ConKittition4 Union
Party" of 1860 still survives; and you-and
myself are both members of at. Indeed, r
suppose that. it is in, that capacity' your let
ter WAR eadre*ieti to me.*_ -- • -•- -.
13e so good as to obintimnieste my an
swer to the other gentlemen..oftlio Com
mittee, as I suppose tbe question to, whiell
it rNlates,will come .b fori them; arid, be=
lieve me sincerely,. sour friend, and ser
vent, -
E. J. Brow, Esq.,!
New York. .
*The inyitation was addre sect by Mr. Brown. whoa,
name was placed , at the head ,of .the Lealslative
Caucus Committee. to Mr. D. er. because he is not only
a member or the present Coirstitattional Union Commit
tee. bat also because he is one of the Committee of the
Syracuse Union organizatiOn of 186 i, which nominated
the State ticket elected last that, and now holding °Mee.
Else Where in out, paper this Morning I
will be foundra late. frorti the Ilon. - Wat.
Du* a distinguisl ed citizen of New.
York, which should: eceiye a careful 'pe-
rusid frin6- every citi en. • It may be•well I
perhaps to give aVA f history of the oni-1
gin of this,able and teloqiient production, I
Which will without doubt oecnpy an im,.
portant position aim Sig the histOacal doe
umentS of the period Mr. DIIER, was, We
believe, a Whig...of the old school. He is
and was a prominent member of the Con
stitutional Unien pa ty, which -*as one of
the most respectabld organizatioiy iu '6l.t,
-and. which held a bahmee of power in the
State that compelled the consideration - :of
Democrats and Rdpublicans.. Last year
When the 'Union Convention Was held 'itt
Syracuse, Mr. Duet vas placed alie on the i
Committee Of that 9rganization,and con; '
times, We believe, to- be one o that com-1
mittee, -as well -as td be one Of the Consti.
tutional Union party. - . -.- ,
111 But the.Syracusel Union of Jest '-- I yar;
a l though it nominated, 'and - , With Republi
can aid, elected a tiket'of State officers,
with the exception f.Mr. Talimadge, was'.
t .
not a'enion organization for the spoils, of
sufficient purity to l i mit - the Member* of
the legislature of 1862, 1' and they accord=
itigly organized thetpsendo - Union party
aith theociagonal platform; which was
lately offered for sae at the Astor Reuse ,
to the Republicans, and which they seized
upon, -declaring it, as was dnubtlesstrue,
to have been 'organ zed solely-O'co6perate
With - them, and play , in to their lands; (as
a party). dust in ilits connection it shed
be recorded as part Of the-story that Hon.
Dsniel S. Diekinsoh; once a Democrat of
the deepest dye, b4ing a nominee -of the
Syracuse Union pa t ity• and' a decided pet
of the Republicanii who then desired to
make-votes by the paid -of such men, seems
also to have proved too much of a Coniti
tatiOnal Union-saver for the Albany Legis
lative caucus: Mr., ickinson (by retpiest)
prepared an address and reselutions,•inno
ceutly supposing that lie wasin the. Union
party and that-the l Union 'party ..was in
to operate . On coristitiition al ground '
But' h'e counted without his host. • - His ad- I
dress - was perhaps very. Well for real Un., l
ion men, but undei it a sale to the radical
Republicans couldnot be - effi.cted; and so
Mr. Dickinson and his
eight bided abolition '
address slid reSolqiiims were adopted.
Mr. E. J. Brows was appointed on the
committee to partly out the objects•Ofthe '
legislative caucus.) He- was-not present,
but was probably .o.elected as the represen
tative bl the,-Conititutioual Union party,
-on the Generat.C6rninittee Pf -.Which he
-was an active member. He seenisto.bave
accepted the appqiutinent in good faith, 1
supposing it was to be a fair honest union
of all parties for . the Constitutibn. • But he
too seems to . .liaVti tecktined 'without- his'
ho s t, forjfie - wokelup,one morning aston
ished to find tlifft without consultation i
with him, a Rep?blieSu l member of his 1
committee, on which as he was first - named 1
lie certainly shoul..l4ve been at least con- I
suited, had. issneil an invitation to the
coininittee to meet tlie 'Republican State '
Comthittee in a pow-wow at -the Astor
Hobse. - .m r . Bic,- vu thought . the legiila
tive caucuS• have liim act au.hon- i
est coarse- - aud'infite l all - loyal men.._ The ;
RepubiicanS thodo•ht otherwibe, and en,gi
imered-theAstortouse meeting pure and
sitliple between t e 'two committees, Carl
know. - But; those who ,
looked in at thelistor Rouse Onthe occa
and saw theicroiyd of Radical Rep-'
i - its, passages,' üblicans who tlifpnged: ts pusSageS; hun-
gry. office-seekers ; and .contractors and
managers, woolhave, , little idea that' any
1:11 1
plan tel saving,t e Ainerican-Uniod.was‘
lgoin,g,en inside. Those tiled save the A' r
merman - Union! Why'they . boasted op-.
1 enly, in the two-bonunittees„ and in. the, . • halls,. that three-fifths' doll - the IlePubli
- -
can votes were ihdicar votes, - Which they
Carried, in their fptieltets,,•' and could • e'en-
I trol, and theY .uil red` this as a reason iiihy,
the Albany part
Sell out : to 1,103 1
And these ident cal Radical . . Republicans
were the„ very
,4eri who have beedteach- -
ing Ditiunion, a4VOcating.. Secesslon,.. and
.who within. a - week pas . v:have OOKSed the
new call forvolanteers unless . the
-4:l6nt: will agree 0 abolish slivery ! ' :Rink
enemies the Algeria:l Viiiod thronged
1 the Astor HOtib+.. - on .that . 0ta4633; . sad
Ipulled the wire :of that atricionseoinhi;
hatidn'for.ofliceland spoils. Whiet'the .two'
cointruttees coneoete,_ . ,
31r.BroWn had e*tended an invitation ,
to .10: . p.iiii• to tic present drithhOecusinn, I
a'S a . represeatatPe Vab ofthe !§
'Yraiaiie I
'Utiiiiircemin4fee l oflast.;:yetit; 014 the
IConstitutional Union coininitteathen and
now in, tietive•egiatend' . I*e. :.- - I)4r . saw,
i through the
. rnat,teT wah - a ed s glano
100, 44Wligeii i14 5 .-.iiaiOiribu reply -WI
l ilik . invitatiOU:',; leSiveitir(lnepholci for
1 7)D/unionism - tofitide is: t.The,- 1 06,tii -- and
l itiits of ild:Altiiiii caucus, a re forth
I with a olearite4 thit.n.ti - :iane '
_sin - fail : to,
aPpreelare.,,-4, 10 1'r TdurdiT orebiniilei*.
the. - Kneie of the Whole 'Union.
1 NO: 23.
- Gen;lbinterii*gratrime.'
`.„We copy the following from the War:h. ,
ington: correspondence of the New:York
"The Attempt of Gen. Hunter to enrol
black brigades to fight • side'bY side , with
our Union soldiers, airi his extraordinary l
proclamation, assuming powers far be- ;
yond airy that the President has ever ex-1
ercised, excites. . inlVashington, mingled ;
aStonishment. and indignation. Some of
the Cabinet were - opposed 'to sending
Hunter to' South Cprolina at all, on the
ground that.he had, not, in, homely Eng- ;
lish, sense, enough for the command of any
Department. It was thought, however, - .1
tkat he - would have wit enough to obey i
orders.- But even this -reasonable hope
failed, and the President pays _the
penalty of putting ariy important trust in ,
the hands of incompetent, men.
The enrpllment, of negroes, in; the mili
tary service in such States as South Caro
lina and Georgia. would, _Of course, mean
_nothing else than a determination to ex
terminate -- the White 'population in those
States. To the dominatiomof the Union
the whites may. and roust submit. But to
expect'thein to submit quietly to the rule
of their own slaves, armed by our Govern
ment, and quartered in their midst, is an
error, the folly of which is only exceeded
by the devilish malignity that suggests it.
The -precedent of, a negro regiment in
volves a number of military consequences
- which have only to be thought of to
cite the disgust of the country.. The man
that fights in' the ranks and distinguishes
himself is entitled to promotion. A"regi
meat of negroes will claim black Offieers,
and will, if the qualities of command are
found to exist, be entitled to bare them.
And when regiments are brigaded, and
brigades consolidated into divisions, we
shall, by the exigencies of battle, be liable
to haveblack. Colonels converted into
Generals on the field, and to see portions
I of,our army of white men under the cam
! 'nand of negroes. There way be white cit,-
; izens of the United States willing to serve
under a negro commander—but I do not
` - believe it.
The pretext under which :this: enroll-
Ment of negroes in the military service • is,
justified ; is that Northern I.;oldiers cannot
endure the `summer heat in theSoutk, and
that our dependence must be upon the ne
groes to hold the positions we have gain
ed in the seceeded States, On many sides
we hear the remark made:• "We - . must
end - the present campaign in a month, else
we will baVe - to_evacuate tlreSouth entire
ly. Our soldiers cannot live there." The
assumption here s unfounded, as facts in
Our history . Most' 6 ,
pro:fe. In•the.llex
lean war it was found that Northern
' troops bore - the heati and exposure of ex.
trerne Southern latitudes better:than did
the troops;from Southern States. The
1 Northern men had more vigorous constf.
'-tutiOna to begin with, and“.hey Were
much more careful in their regirnen . Of ex
ercise and diet than the - Sciuttierners.
And they were repaid in Letter health fbr
their superior sanitaryobservances. It
will be found so again.
Arid further, ..we - Inay remember that
the armies of Beauregard and - Johnston
are composed, half at least, of men
from the states of Virginia, Tennessee,
Arkansas and Vissotiri.-- - To these men
the chi - hate of the Gulf States willbe quite
as insuppoilable as to the mass of men in
the Tlnimt armies. As to ohr fleets in
the "Southern waters, it should be horde in
mind that the most malarickus regions may
be -safely visited, in hot 'weather, if the
men sleep on shipboard, and- avoid as
much as :possible the night air on shore.
' - There is noexemption of Southern,peo
pie from yellow fever andsother diseases.
.No fear need beentertained that the Gulf
States - Lieve any epidemics to scourge the
Union armies in midsummer, that will not
Ito an eqUal if' not greater extent,-afflict
the ill-fed and sadly neglected troops khitt
are:serving the cause of the rebellion. •
If the.rebels, therefore, protract the
war through the summer, deprived. Of
Medicines' and cut of ti•om all wholesome
supplies, we may rest assured it will be
more to their undoing than to Ours. ' . -
• i
•• The great. Union Mass GConvection .at
1 Nashville, cin the 12th ult., is,of most hope--1
ful omen, by the whole character: - of its',
1 composition, and bysthe whole tenor Of
its:proceeding's.... The crowd Was large
and enthusiastic ; the-speakers were elo,
gnentind - bold ; their wordi-rang out in
Ithe strong, clear,loyal tones of yore; and
all, in short, that way said or - done, had
about it a refreshing Lodoil of nationality,!
It is peculiarly.pleasing to note the sorow
in ,of the speakers for the: 4113-
‘ luded masse, especially tor, co . _ many of
Tennessee ypng Men, numbers of whom
are deeply Anxious to return to , their old - ,
allegiance and homes. The sentiment that 1
punishment must be meted out to leaders;
but that their followers must be dealt with'
1 kindly and reclaimed; will meet with • alt '
men's approval,as will also the resolutions
1, passed ,by the convention,, to' . hasten the
retUrn of the wanderers. Adding' the
character of that meeting,aild the appoint- , .1
ment of another of like aim bpsecessinnisis
1 themselves,, to the popularity and vigor of
Governor Jilhiton,, who moat judiciously •
licilds out the olive-branch in one` hand,
and the sword in the other, there is every
assurance that Tennessee will be i:peedily
redeemed froin the inelintaiiis tosthe
sissippi. Only let our Generals every Where
shun ouch wild ,manifestoes, as Hunter's,,
• 10; them keep within their'saldieryspllere
_strike Only for the restOrrion of the
Union as it wits, and': shall soon reeover
State alter-State, till the
rounded whole: •
gar The war in Kansas,. which is now
raging between. Gov, Robinson,Jire Lane's
frtends and, the Jayhawkers generally,
seemi likely . to'swallbwmp all thoughts.of
therebellion, and` to ,resolve itceif intopt.:
other border ruffian- contest, with this sin•
ale difference, that the present trouble is
among the." fr,ee•soil" : men themselves.
tt requires, it seem*,.. the
, 4iyesence of
.oveil2,obb Goirerimient tioopa in 'that.
Stitt; td keep the anti4avery fictions fnlgt
ewtinreach other.hp.
Ground Gained in Tetuaeisee.
JOB PIU=:KG. of A - =FOS;
I:O3n3LE .I=l. 4!?.. t,
THE OffiCe Montiose D6asocrat
I t o , v i riT ily ... b 4 l : ll4,vpne c d o rp a new a a r ll l glee varlet,
of cil , eta., etc.:, In the best style, on abort artier'
Handbills, - Posters, -Programmes . , - and
other kinds stt work In this donesceord og to ordsr.
. • -
Business, Wedding, and Ball CAtina
Vegeta, etc., printed with nowtneta and despatch '
.1 - listless' and Constables' Blanks, Notes
Deeds, and an othertlanks, on hand, or - printad tt,
A Word for the White ian.
In thetoyiso of . RePreienthiiVei Mr: .
Hichardion of - Illinois,. unwilling that '
Samba should enjoy. a . complete monopoly
of national legislation ) bai put in la • -word •
for the white man. - 'Those who . have
watched the proceedings of this "Itepubi -
limn"- Congress'eannot . have Isited to it&
tice thatovith'one or tweexceptionh,' the - .
measures'ethanatingfrom and - urged bythe, )
"Republican" side, to the. neglect of oth
er Willi*, are designed direetlf.':er, in, .-
directly, fbr the benefit of Ihe•negra. :A
gainst this-Mr. Richardson ilotested - :-- - -
-Mr. Ridhardson' (Dem., l 4 believed
the strength' of the army sufficient to yet
down-the Rebellion; but' the' indications
were that another and inferior race were
to be armed and uniformed and'placed on.
eqtiality..iv,ith the whites': The legisli:
tion of Congress. is almost :'exclusively.•iii
regard to the negro., !They have .ab.olisli
ed slavery here and to the - contraband.rit:
dons are being daily distributed. ' Where
is the evidence that are issued - 'to
poor white people? , Supplies -it the rate
_of $144,000 per annum. are distributed' 4%
- mong the blacks...-The 'white -people of -
Illinois are . selling.•eorti at 8 !pents. per
I .bushels to pay taxes thus iiip4ed. :upon
them. They were - employing -.negro
Isteamsters, and issuing supplies to negroes,,
I. paying in this -District for them. alone .
i s more-than would suppori the State ,Gov; , •
ernments of lowa, Minnesota, Michigan, -
' Vermont, i Connecticut, Maine,' Rhode
1 Island,-New Hampshire,Or : New,Jethey:
rNot only here but elsewere, ire negtees .
} supported by orders of the Government;
Or through the -Qttarterrnaster's. order:
!Beside these and other things.for the hen.:
efit 'of the negro, von propose to send, to
and receive from Hayti and Libefin diily .
t l accredited Ministers. He :repeated that
I Congress legislated ' almes7. exclusively
fot•the negro; hut•what,were they !RAM;
for the children whose fathers have fal-
I len - en the battle-field? • Comparatively -
I nothing:_. White men are required-to pro=diMe passes to enter - our lines, while no
grees can enter theta -without such pa-:
yers. He asked was it the purpose of the•
majority here to make- the negroes equal
to the whites? He briefly' Plicilved' that -
'the hiStory oldie world bad proved this.
impossible. - All these and kindred queue
Lions will•have to be discussed - Were the
people the coming i Autumn: He - hoped
the extreme men.would be driven froni
the public cotineilS. into places where they •
could do no more inischief - Ile repeated
1 that the legislation in Congress .has been
I disastrous- Look, as aninstance, at Ten
nessee, over, whicif , has. been placed:a-
Governor popular and energetic:, with
fair administrative hbilities.• With 'two:
thirds of the people of that State 'opposed.
to Secession, he hag - been., unable to =Ty
store her .to the Uniiiii. Why? Bevaute
e vim have been . constantly exciting - theii 4 .
. 'apprehension that you 'intend to violate
t i the Constittition and' strip the, people of
all their rights, intend of centtriningNhe
impression that wherever our' flag floati
'they are-protected in all theitrightS, in-'
eluding those of perilon and- property.
!".Them Stia* Hats; and Linen Panic"
The ditrerlitide between poetry — antrfacts
was strikingly 'exhibited the other-day in'
the _Federal House -while the' subject or
republican corruption wassbeingdisenssred;
Mr. Kelly, (Pa:)--Mr. Alexander Cum
mings 6 denounced -for his contracts for
linen pantAloons aid -straw hats for our
troops. Yes, • sir, - he did make Purchases,
of those articles, and thetraliantmen who
catne'from distant Maine• and northern
Michi7an, leaving' the snow' under their
:feet and at:the dOors of their homes; when
h: ought suddenly under a summer -sun,
thankedTGod many a time th - at somebody
had the'sagacity to provide them , with
light linen instead of heavy woolens, and
a wide brimmed straw hat •to protect
them from the . sun whileworking as labor- ,
- ers in the trenches- .
Mr. Steele, (..N;:j.)—The hats and linen
pantaloons Mr. Cummings
are-now in - the possession of the triarter
masters. The pantaloons• - eannot be used
,becue they are not half sewed ; and the
hati are too srnall.for ans-NAN... .
.The Policy of 'the Administration
The fdllowing appears' among , the
special Washington dispatches
Z.s'ew York Tritfudecoithe 21.;t
.SimLitor Grimes„li course f the . of the:
running' debate with which Senate
refreshed itself after the . .three hours' of
Garret Davis, said that he would 16i-rote
to the tax bill until' the Adminis
tration announced a definite.-policy, and
required all its generals, author of (mar
as Well as the author of No. 11, -to
eonforni to it. " ,
He would not lay.heavy burdens of tax
ation upon the hiteks.of his constituents
,until he knew. for What put:pose.; and to
what end the war wcas to be carried: on.
Noreply was made to these remarks,
which, sp far, ',at least,- as regarded the
the expression of urgent: desire for
sound'and uniform policy on the ecnidnet
Of the war, met,with, the general assent
of the Senate. • . . .
• General Halleck issued order •IqdrL
prohibiting fugitive slaves and other . vag.-
agouti& from coming within lines. "of
his army. Order . O.Z 11... is the one is.:
sued by General Hunter.- The. drift of
Mm. Grimes' remarks is that he will not
vote for a tax bill until the administration
deeidea upon the "definite policy? -of free
dom to the slaves. H. has long been sus
pected that the, majority in the . Senate
were delaying the tax bill in' order to
force the Administration into the Mom;
tion of the Abolition - programme and here
we have it substantialy confessed by. the
-lowa -Senator., •
.Mr. Grimes professes ignornneO:of the
purpose of the war:- He ought to know
that•the war :is to "defend and maintain
the-supremneyof the Constitution and pre.
Serve the; Union,' with •all the. dignity,
equality and rightsOf the several titates
unimpaired"—:-at: lenit Congress so told
os,less than a year ago..
Mr When you hear Jura or editors
claiming that all loyal people •beleng to
their party, settle them. dowti.
epee. , •