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'THE .143NTROSE DEMOCRAt''
'arest ai rt.ts3o, .3=1. 11 ;
- . PUBLIC AVENUE,
Tit 11,Er.,1)60n3 ..t . 130V SE.I.B.LeS 110TF.L.•
Tkints.--S1;50 per annum in AnvAiven ;
otherwise will be caargrit—and fiftreents per anaton
added . to arrearava, it the option ofthe Pabliiher,:to pay
espeateof collection, etc, ..ttiTatict
' '..liinrrlsp#:. - rs will be inserted at the
rate ort.t per again+, of ten will
or let, for thi drat three
weeks. and cents for-each additional' week—pay down:
. - -
Merchants, tnii others, whosadveriiie
Vie year, will be charged Ditto following mica, viz..; •
- _ -
For one equate, or Ons - year, ail% Mango la
Ea . ak additional dttuare, at ilia rate of
.:sZo credit Oren except to Mos - 40003mm responsibility:l
-—— - -
w3t. nin.;rra coorsu
- 11. COOPER &:CO.; °
J. n. arcetcrx b. w.arant.k.
3IcCOI.LUM 44: SEARLE,'
TTOUNEYS and Counsellors et Law..—liontrose,F;n.
01102 in Laibilnle new building; over the Bank..
• lIENRY B. licliEAlr';"
TTORNET and COITTISCIIOr at. Law.—Tou'Awnik. Pa.
A. CM cc in ttie Vulon Block. ' - 5$ U
' DR. E. T. WILMOT:.
:01.1.1"..7.1.+Z lber•Allapathic and Home°
lep, , aeeT l'iledlana--Grtat Bend, Ps. Offi
,of Main XL Elizabeth-go, Ileasiy opposltt We
D.:. crbr.T 111. W. \l'll Y'!
"ECLECTIC rrY°V."9..4.17 DErnsT
DZ. Arri;#7...t" 'Mr.& ri)X,
V. ten it c their fir ill til hi , ot , j•V ,
latC II . : • isramiee or earc`ui
o:. NOV: the 1. qq.lscient
'alii)eovel•t.t3l,,cor laletvoet: witialut
pain :Old all ivork - ienrratiteil. '
.roue 14th. 1.97:1., " •
- 11. *MITII & SON,
c irtzor;ON DENTISTS,..:-Montrosc, Pa.
00111ce in lattbrop..' new builditr• " over -
the Batik. All Dental operation.; NI in be Selma
pc:lon:lea In trood style and warranted.
- J. C. OLMSTEAD ' ' J L READ.
DRS. OLMSTEAD& READ,
T that they have entered into a partnerehip for the
• Tractico of NIEDICIT!JE•ez SurgOr3P,
and are prepared to attend toall natio in the line of their
. profaion. Ofli re—the nue forntcily ocenpled By Dr. J. C.
Ohn , tead, in iniso.‘ry:- nay 'l m.
D 1:: N. Y. LEFT ,
inpeis-ia. and Sni•:7ls2n. • niendAire.; pa s 'of & °AK A u
tat :laek.on !Toast.
'TN i.EKT particulnr attention to the treatment
) 7 .. d!sentes of the East and En:: and to Confident that
knowled•ze or. and experzence in thnt bench of prnc.
will eu.mble him elfretra cure in the
For trentiMr there orfral
chire.ed mile,: the. p.oieut is benefitte
men: . • rAo.rrn
--,1-..I:;TFACTUTMRS t I'SZD DEALERS
Am..rieun ntrltle" no Monuments.
Tomh•Tu , ,les. Mantles.. .Sinks ftmt Cen:re-T:.
Mar'.lei..,ll , la4e for Mant'es. eintru-Tables. Ac.
~*•;:m n foe doors east of Searles Hotel:en Turnpike
street. f oe4 y.
• ... SNOW,
TI - STICI: OF Tnr.-PEACE.-13reat rani -Pa: Oftlce
wr N,lll dtc. t. 111)11(Thitt: tha'riv,t6rtklluaae. ap4
.1()1IN SAI 1.7E11, , •
i.,3:110N.111LE TAILOI:.-310r.tr..,e. 'Pa. Shop
ov.•r I. N. Itullard, itmocecy.
pa-t favot ~ he welitit. a cot:Om:lnce
- hiet,eir to do all work satlr.factOri r. Cut
dt.ticoe s•toet notice, nod ilarratitcd to ' l.. ,
- • P.. LINE::;, .
TAILOII.,-.Moittrr , r. .shop
0; in Therek I.lock. over vote. of head, Watrona •
r. Ail Ivork we ' rranted, it. to hI anti finish.
• d•eie. on *hart rotire, fu heel 'Fait
... 11.1: TA Tl.l)ll,—.llontmFC. Pa Shnp
• afar Itapt; , t YvVI Ilon-e. On Tdrnpike
“rckr, filled proan If.' in ilr,l-retl'i•tele.
td,ltert notice, end 'warranted! to ht,
L. 11: 1 . 4.1:1F.1.14- • •
E l'ratehee. ned.Tewelre at the • •
tt .:atd nn re:ken:o4e trams: Alll.
o rk CiLtlitUrr Ullii.lo4flo ,
Ni)NT::(,,t. • r clb t f ••-
. 1V M . . smtra
i - 4.1711NET AN 7 ) nuc
' 4161.;iti nug (If
c.f . BOOTS MontrnFe,
r Tykr',.stoie. All of work
• to td . Lior.:l:.l.l' done jt.2 y
AFAI.ETZ. in Druf.: 3tedlcines. Qvmita t..; Dye
7 !qt::l',. Ght.f, Ware, Paint.:. ON. Val-els-h.:Win
rw Grocerje, , , Fancy Good, JeWelol
• c.—_sent fur all the must popular P. TENT
lkll-Nlt'lNES.— . .Slontro‘e.„ Pa. . . nng tf
1 1 c)
• ITAYDEN BIZOTIITAZ ; •:.-,•.
wunts.ux DEALEPAIN -. . '
"TA.INTIM.= IV CI s t 4 M Mei
FANCY GOO S.
W.11.11A1111.7. , :, 1 x • •
!OUN HXYDEN. ' T , .
Ty.: ;C'l' HAYDEN, t NEW .3112..1Ngb, PA.
GEOI:(V.-: 11.1.1 - pEN,
P. E. nitusif, 34 1).,
II NG 7. , ;13W LOCATI) ItER)I NT7LI . , .AT
4 - 5 - 13 , 1 1 :13:L17, -1 721.3.1.ev .
attcod to: the :I.uties of kfi' prOfel4Ein prOmptl,T.
Office lattlirorie Ito el. '
NEW MILFORD, PA.;
IS TM: PLAC . E'TOBUY youit •
C21.11iY . V 17 .170Zi
MO GET. THE WORTH OF II!
1 \SURANCE COIIPANY,
, 2 1 •Tersnrgelrcaz - *
bASII CAPITAL, ONE MILLION DDUARS.
ttEl4l u .l Y':lBlo,. .4tre:C73:
IEII on Etn:lh,stti y.
.C t • r
, j ohn cC; et. A .
Poltelec b.euell and renewed. by the undereliceed, at hle
office; Due dour above Searle' c Notch Itararricea 2 a.
nor'M y. • , BILLINGS STBOBB, Agent.
Mr! • L
MC. ~3Ei 'ET XL - WL X . llnlL" .
•TAs luta, received a loge steel of ne Stoves. for
1 cooklu*.Parlor. °Dice and Shop purp er,for Wopel
or Coal, with Stove Pipe. Zine. to,
II i,g•Sort moot is zeleet and desirable, and *ill be told.
on the mast favorable .imams for cat, or -I'rompt Six
Morilla Buyers. . '•
3;. - .....c Milford. Oct,. Mtn, 1880. . • -- .
4 ' r
, r f
2 1 1E11 1 271TTV i r i'Vatlhdoli°r 'cc 'N.'
'ale by 4.13 EL pi JEW.
MEDICAL - CARD; _
1.. 38". VC7II.a2VECIOr - M.' D.. - Orlidnate
..1.11. of the Allopit le .tud lluzuceopal ' hic Co of Med
i eine, 'would returoli is •ineere thanks to tla people:I:OIL
Bead and vicluityu , t Who very Mena ' nage 'lett
e: whit they have fa, for. him. and he hopes y a strfif at ,
totiou to • builmmorederit a liberal Mare f tbeintblie
con filznee. .. . ' - Great Bend,-Jdui • 42d 180
Peci nr P.
.TAKE -NOTIC 1
ri . et, mit 3Pze.lel • - ica'r. 211- CIAO/. •
A../ kitietp pocA, Tor.. Mink,"aluskrat. a nd all Ends of
Furs. , A -zund assortment of. Leather arld Boots and
R'to constantly on Laud. 9fsce, Tannery, &Snap on
Montrose, Fat..oth . : .- • .d. P. if L. C. ,C,Cf.E.I2
15AVID C. ANEY; P.,:
APING located permanently-at New Milford, Pc,
Attend promptly to all ealls with eh homey
be frivoreci. Office tit Tothis' Hotel: .
New Milford, lbti.
Hirks for 411 c, Metatlic on. for tewilig
i:Tock it Watch Oft Bed Bag. Rat arairnfonee Por:
eon. Homeopathic itemediet4Pond'a ILMeact, and *great
variety of Liniments. Salves: - Pitio, and • • cell, tad an
elan* variety of Patent Medicinal: , -
• - '
We Jo ii Ourselves to ,no Party that . ‘Does not Carry the Flag an. Keep Step to the Music of the Whole:,
ADPRESEI,Or . HOW SAX= GUTHRIE:
" TUE cONSTITCTIO>r AS IT IS-1111E tr'slcol AS
At the celehiatien ; of Washington's
Birthdavat LouiSville,.Ron.Jaines Guth -'j
tie spoke as follows.
F;ellow,.Citizens::—itou havejust heard
1 the. Fare Well Address of Wathington.
This-day itlasaeen ; retid in all the cities
i.and:towns .. .of the .kiYal• StateS, . and Live'
thope, in most of, the fties_of the-
I try, . It is the adviCe of the wisest, purest
1 and therefore, the'greatest man recorded
;On the page's of history ; the General who
led on" armies : through -.the • seven king.
years of Our - reVolutlonary struggle; the
presiding- offices over the- deliberations of
the patriots - and sages of the Revolution,
iwlii.st.thoy_were forining the Constitution
j aud t'alo'n under which we haVe' lived so
• prosperously; the Executive; chosen by
' the voice of a free people to put the new.
government, inoforce, and . who . presided
over its destiny for eight fears. - ' ' . •
In this Farewell Address, matey lessons -,
of wisdom are given. for our future con-
I sideration and action ' • and many,. of the
dangers and hazards of the new Govern-
-luck are pointed out, and we are most'.
I :earnestly • besought! to avoid them.—
Prominent among* :them . are party ;
I Spirit - and -the inclulg'enee tit sectional feel- I
: inos'atid the inculcation of sectional prin
l'cit e iles : I This day, when we see More than ;
la. million of armed citizens in hostile. array
.I. 4 iiiist, mit other;,' and 'drenching the
i• e• • • -,
I land in blOod; and destroying cities towns.
band farms' in wasting; War, we eannot - hide
from ourselves that the lessons of wisdOM
I.gives to us by Washington have been for- 1
gottenlor Set aenanglit ; that this has, _to 1
!some extent,•grown `iota sectional prin. I
I eiplesand an attempt to set aside the '
Constitution as to Ortain. • provisions by 1
one s ection,- •
and -the Iwanttiti - acts of mu-
1 bitious, men in' the other. - '-• ,
Now that citizen is- armed against chi
! zeni brother against brother, futrier against ,
son and anti agaiii4fatlier Wet:an fully 1
!..atipreciate Washingten's a dvice, and ' the!
1 blessings, of the Unh,n - and internal peaced
1 which he sought toinake perpetual. ' We ;
l'have thought autlfelt; that the Constitu
-1 Lion of this Union W las laid in wisdom
! and Instice, and that to.'t.lie Union we I
lowed our j)l•ogress !ipi4,4 o i4r • great pros-'
perity - as. a nation., WIT have revered
the Constitutiiins'and ; rendered obedience
Ito the lawi made.,ltinder it, .ntici - have .
!twill Our flag :inmost;. to -idolatry, as - the I
i emblem of our liberties and our equal i•
1 rights. We have had no kings or lords i
Ito worship,' anti : have given our hearts'
tethe Constitulien; the Union, and our i
Inig, and feel that all are equal under its
fohis.' • May this day brine. renewed I
desolion toithe Constifution, the Union,
; and the Stars and Stripes! , ` •
T have always thotOlt, and felt that the !
judgment and ileams 'of the people' 'were- I
for the Constitution,'l the Union • and the
flag, as our
. fiit hers mute them. ' -
• It is triie,' we saw with amazement that
thbre were some in the North who had
taught diet' 'lea and .wiSlied •to teach,
others; to Uhlior the `Constitution,' and.
prohlaitned it a covenant - with
others in the SOnih, Ilwh'o denounced- -its
action as unjust`, and oppressive, and
to _make s iithtirs ,think the same.
These Men looked to separation •of the
States,anii the establishment of au Empire
their could rule. I •• - - - - -
. „ .
- liisignificant in the', beginning, by' per-
Sicterini , efforts thesei two parties, North
and South have grownin strength,and this
.civil war is the result. 1 But now the hearts
and feelings of the mighty mass of the peo
per are amused to theiconsepterce, and We
see 600,000 Mined men, Marching with
banners to the restoration of the Constitu
tion and the Unton.. aheY :ire the_Count
ry,7find are defermin to, ' nceetid, and'
thel, hearts of the yenples .go with then].
If tome of the Is orth - have beeome in
sante and . tatighte tinhuselvei to belieVe
the; world is governed by i One idea f 'anti
that they are. the ittissionaries . sent by
lienven to-dominate Over others; • and if
; some_ of the, • Sotith : have become inSaue
and inr.de themselveS believe. that
were borrixo . rule am . reign over another
emidr6,.we are • not !bound . :to yield our
Constitution, our Union, our ,equal laws,.
ourleqnal rights, anti :Our, glorious flag, to
the'. insane desires , of lone or both.'
-.! They have both proved potent for evil. -
I have always felt it Was tar ;;easier In re-.
stele the Union than to agree upon the
terms of separation and the line of divis
ion: Time . great NOrthwest can never
-consent. that the; month orthe Mississippi .
•and the Southern ports
.should be ' within
the! bounds offereigil nation, and-Kent-
uCky and other internal States cmi • never
consent to he'the'Beiier States of adjoin
ing; confederacieii, and constitute them
selves out _posts for t bedefenee - • and -pro
tection of the iiltericitt,'nor will they sub
initl'lO inurierous- - collection districts, to
tlielsYsteru iif permits and
,Passes, nor be
taxed in their outgoings• and incomings.
Theyhave had free; trade between the
States arid.aredeteranined still to liaie it.
I have :said' our :.army is eonservatiVe,,
and marches, tci :re - 144 5 re 'the Constitution.
and the Union: - :Thil, army is a Wonder
lin Creation of somer !seven months, and
baSao w 'the discipline of veterans; and: in
reOnt actions his displayed a tenacity of
purpose equal to the moat reliable soldiers,
ot . !history. • 1 have' !confidence in • them
and in their leaders; and • havei not-been
impatient that they -did s not ' march' to .
battle earlier. I }lave been Surprised that
they Mareliet - .o.iticb .roadslhnd,theough
such Weather, and gained ' such-: glorious
victoriei: '' I, have wished the war carried ,
on u . pOil.o(i:roiiiiti - eleiYatect principles 'of.
Christian . hiimanity, mad,' fully up - 011ie
highest: eitilhiation - cif . , the' age. ' I would
have- ur armiess - stiike holdry and firmly,
With'. heiii; and', soul,' for the . Constitution
-and Union'as our fathers- made . them, lint
'without any wanton ,destructiod. ahem=
life or of property, pablic Or ppiat:;. and
when thebattle is over, the wounclfdi the
dead; and ••aliti'thelPrisenere • shoa l d - he
cared for `as.. beenime r. 9 - , Chr:oo. , and ::
civiliSed:peOple`f.. - : -
This day, if the ; p9Wer was With me, ; an.
amnesty and free pardon - -oboßldf,tiei pro!
claimed t02a11, - ,whethEiritimrtimbr,.a94who ,
in il - presetibeit. time; re , up -Ofitit-‘l.4gra
~-, -, ?? - "lf7 - :' '"'''': 4.l . )!." ''*.. t'
. . . . , • I. . ' .
: . . . I ' . 7 - •
I 2! . .
1 ..... .
- 'l-' . . • "-*' 5 . ' N 4
.. lq .r . . ,s . , , I. • ~ • IS ,T , ' • S . •,::::;,
.• . .
~ . .
• .I . i. • • t •
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' . .
~ .'. - 1... : :4". , -.- •'•, - . . ' '
_- :- ' . , , . .'. . '.
- ' ••
• . ' . . '- *:
* '•• ~ • :'. •- • e ..
• 4iii •4111.. ' ' .. . ,
MONTROSE,! PA.,TIEURSDAY, b . ARC:111 13,1862.
. . ,
and theilebeleause,- acknowledge the sit
pretitacy of, the Constitution and the laws,
and•agree to submit . ta,them. -• , .., --,,-
I am asked-What I would ; do with the
leaders t . Lreply; I would _leave them to
tlietribunals and.the punishment -prese . ri-.
bed by the Paws they hove violated, , but I
am for the i targest forgiveness , consistent
with - the restoration of the Constitution
and - the safety:of the.,Union.- AI L are not
leaders'in this re.befion wholiavesacted - as
its noisy clet' mpions, through the pressor
on. the stuttiii„ or filled high, places in the
•. Aly. policy would embrace .all who are
repentatit...t, 1 history, records that the
Jews, the favored nation of the Almighty,
again and again resisted his saered laws,
and were again and again e haltised for
their rebellious acts. The scheme of sal
vation under our holy religion is based - on
repentaneei . When God 'forgives the re
pentant sinner,- shall not man . forgive his
repentant fellow -man? • - Let us 'not be
too exacting. •. Let, us remember ; that we
are bat limn an. The great truth should
he_ present iwith us, that .. ' . .. -
Is human; to forgive divine."
: 'rids is the teaching of God's truth:•: 7 -
' The people often rebelled against' Jelio-,
vah'i• but JehOvaishimself forgave . the re-
Pentant sinners: This is the . lesSow -of
.Christian religion.' As we expect forgiVe
nesSfor oui' offences; we roust forgive.
If theie miguided men, who have taken
up armsegninst the best government ev
er seen, repent and (eine back to their al
legiance, ICt us receive them, and - show
the gOodness and power of the nation in
I its power-to forg,iv'e. Those who repent
lof this rebellion, if paidoned, ' will not go
wholly unpunished.':: • They will have to
bear the inirden of the conscious guilt,the
reproacheSi of those they have blighted,
-and made Widows - and orphans anti caus
ed to mourn, and the mistrust that must
accompany) them to the grave.. • -
- . I would 'declare this amnesty and par
don as ,a- War measure. It may draw
thousands who feel that rebellion is not
a remedy fOr. existing or. slippage(' evils',
and are earnestly and - hopefully awaiting
'to escape, 0 flir as possible from . the con
sequences of. their acts. • I • would open
the door fo'r thetii. - , 711 any of the Seceded
States have always . been. for the Union,
and only tile time when they may
Safely take l;round for .it. • • ,
I would declare the amnesty and par
don as a thiancial measure, xis a ' measure
of chiking', in this most. expensive . • and
wasteful civil war. I believe it would Oct
promptly its the restoration Of the - consti- I
Intim' and the Union, and be more effect- I
ive in restoling,the Union nail the .most ,
signal victdries our armies have or shall
obtain. li 4 shorten the war bat fifty or
one hundred days, it would save to the I
nation more than ten times the value of
all the estates you could possi b ly colitis-.
cate in neetirdance with the 'constitution. I
You cainiot confiscate the 'estates of
non-combatants ; the old men, the wid- I
ows; the mplianr, the insane or the itnbe
eile;Trom Whatever cans; are out of the
reach ofthe mast .inveterate. ' enemieS .. of
the rebellion. - We ought not to waste and
destroy tliepropertv of those whom We
don't intend to l ptinisli as rebels. Their,
estates are i. Dart of the fixed Capital of
t tne nation, 'and we 'want it as a part' of
the national! capital to ... increase the annual
production Of the country. to. 'meet the 'un
usual taxation that. must - go ' with this
War, mid follow- it fOr,many. years.' I have
-spoken of and considered the . co-restore,
lion of tho s tfonst itution and the Union as
a fixed *Nand have time ..taost perfeet
Conviction:slof it. Yet we have difiletil
tiea•to enconnter. , •,
The worst enemies of the constitution
-are those Whose constant cry is for the
blood of the rebels, and the ~confiscation
of their ittateS, With the emancipation -of
the gloves, and who, to reach their. ink
poses, Weida trample the. constitution,the
rights of prOperty, and the 'principles. of
humanity under foot, and -blast forever .,
- theprosperity, of the nation.. Such men
propose to establish, , through' ,Congress,
tonal aittiOn, provisional governments over
'I am glad to.see our Union - ,armies ad
vancing, although the -weatheris bad and
the roads alinost impassable, and r hope
they: will ndw strike heavy and onick.
We want no provisional: governments in
the - States under_Congressinnal action.—
The Union Sentiment is strong enough in
Tenness,ee,.and Lbelieve will be strong
enough in all .the .: seceded States when
supported b the Union armiesto take
possession sif the State governments . and
hring them again .under the folds . of the
Constitutio4.. There can be - no fearabout
the supremacy. of the Uniop sentiment in •
those Statefi. . 71
• ' •
There is sound logic mid:convincing el-' -
:citiuence.in:ihe material force of.theUnion
armies. De - mOt- be surprised. ne . the - ar
mies advamie, to find that the-work of'res
.toration is More prompt,and decisire than
the workoCsecessfon, and far moreunan
litmus; Kentucky had no: ,heart :for :this
civil , war, `She thought and felt that. it
ought not tO.have been, and--hoped--. her
voice.fOr peace Would , be When
she found slat bopeAves : vain, Ole girded
on And , determined. '..to strike
for-the- Constitution, the Union, and the
flag. Last. in the, field,. she
.wants ; be
the first in the work of restoration. . I
have felt. arid . hoped:with Kentucky,.. and
myheart add judgment are stilt with her.
if,; Confess is. prompt end efficient in
aOtlonovith'muffleient.aid from the Execu.'
tive.Department, I,seeMO. reason why the'
:.Constitution,and the- Union - ,may not : b4.
restored 'within the neat -.ninety or one
hundred dais, and more than half this im
,ineritie returned to: their peaceful
homes and their usual industrial pursuits,
- AkY'er,OdOnkthii, and give us:. peace
and . a.happy- re.UniOn,'„andenablo .116 and
ebildree,: and Our' children's
ing centuries; to:Appreciate:Mid-net
cordance ytith. the farewell advice of
,W.ashingtoti,iM d:.rnake those wbo Lava
Migagedlntliis,eivil.wer arid: - those .who,:
- havi3 sympathiSed, with -them,_, slid. their ;
poeterity; constitution, the.
Union:and .thttlaw i t Wothingtcro
eelf, , stiteauseAhe - ':enerdies*, of the".,Cen,
itilitliatiok the kniowl.to become-:the
. - - • •
~ . „
'' [ . The (Jerboa ion of Penosylv
, . .. saying .
; 'There Was a i n Vogue years go !
descriptive of men of defieieut , ene gy t 1
"lie is a fair sort of KM, but hq'll, n ver I
set the. river on fire." Whatever ma be
true of the Delaware, the •estraordb ary
. energy - of the inhabitants of the •- no -th- 1
Western counties . of this, State has 'been t
such for two yearS past that any train i'lay I
nen , set the Allegheny river on fire. lib:
surface is .covered with , nil, it tributar.
Ids above Pittsburg are covered with :it,
Aid great fountains or flowing . Weirs• are i
titiehed on Oil creek, which may any ..i ay
drive out the pipes and stop cocks bud
overflow until the - tan.ks' hold no bunk;er,
'arid the full bank Vivei'be p great conduit
through which oil Will flow almost as !Co- .
piously as-water, does now., Bet this nifty
pbssibly be thought impaginative by Oce
pie not acquainted with that locality, and
therefore We proceed .tosletaitsoure °tithe
._. . 1
'I As apreface, however, it may • be only
reasonable to cite some lacceunts of Ithe
mpetroleum Wells of the old world. :Flow
g wells Of petroleum. a. greenish colOred
.carbon oil, have existed for Centuries on
I the borders of the. Caspian Sea at Bakn,
I in Persia, and at Rangoon on the I:lit:Od
dly, in Burma!). At this last- place AiVer
five hundred. wells are said. to exist, - and
An English writer states that the annual
,yield has been 4 hundred; thousand htits
heads. In many other localities 'Bl :ill
' quantities have been found, and .43 tea
burned for lighting purposes, as in , Gr ece
and Italy, but that of India alone has ever
-entered into , commerce, f a small quinfity
having been broughtto England for a tew
, years past.; There- is, therefore, , no rens-
I on to doubt that it is a mineral product
too extensively'distributed, and too • p'er-
I nument where it was been known,to witsx
I away after a few years drainage. The Ja
n cleat springs of it areas permanent as 'are
the supplies of salt water, Sulphur water,
or other mineral. fluids. If the oil wells:
of Indialiave nothcen found to fail in the
• !Miff' history of that most ancient part' of
earth, we may reasonably infer that what
, Li:Tr-yield these fountains giid will Also
' I Rock oil has flowed to the snrf'ace! at
Many places in the United States, and ;the
Indian tribes held greati celebrations
around the fountains of Oir•Creek• lOtig
ago. The quantity coming to the Sur
f:Nee Was not large enough for conitnereial
pfirposes„ however, and some enterprising
persona began, - in 1854, preparations !for
getting -it in greater quantity:. In .(the
stint:tier of 1850, Col. Dral - ,c, at Titusville,
struck the firstveln - by boring, at a - depth
of seventy feet. Immediately after this
discovery the-business became a ra.•.;a in
the valley of Oil Creek, told parties -pros
Teeted it and its tributaries int \re:tango
county and hi acijadent - parts of Crawford
arid I;rarren counties as vi,goronsly las
prospecting for gold. was ever carried on.
ISuccess generally rewarded their I ef ,
forts, and I)efore the next year, 1800, .had
passed, hundreds of wells had been bored,
*Om which moderate qhantities • •ofloil
were' raised by pumping. The composi
t hilt and uses. of the oil- being nearly- Wen
tieal'with the coal oil,. •which had , btint
to be made so largely from the Cannel and
other soft coals, it tv-as very; easily • pre
pared for market. Xuell •of it • would
barn very well in lamps With Out refining,
arid When refined the products • were - ' a
pt ire carbon oil,' benzoli, parafline,• and
other well known commercial product S—
. production was therefore unmedi.te
lyl useful and valuable' next, it . Was. _im
portant to know in what quantity It Nvas
coming.- • -
' ' It is -not easy to say what quantity was
"raised" in'lB6o and 18E1, so muchliting
sold for local use. It took' .several roads
tol distant markets, principally, bowev i er,
0o ter-the Sunbury and Erie Road to- Erie,
and the NeW -York -Railroads - eastward.
The next great quantity. Was floated down
the Allegheny River; a , portion - of , this.
coming to Philadelpitia. Perhaps 25,600
barrels were sent to outside: markets j in
1860, and five times this quantity in 1861.
Inl August, 1861, the flowine• wells were
first struck on Oil Creek, arid the product,
'op was enormously increased) 'Wells
now yield whatever • amount is desired,
and are closed. by stop cocks Whim all•the
vats are full and all orders supplied. 1
-A good authority, Mr, Hiekok; has just
.stated that these flowing wells yield when
aliewed to run, 100, 500, 1000,1500, and, ,
intone case,the Entpire:Well, 3000 .blits: l
.tiaily;. quantities that 'looked -alarm
ingly large. A printed statement front a-
Pittabtirg paper - confitais these figures;. nil
an these authorities state that a few days
since there tiff as on hand in the oil region
125,000 barrels iffvats, 15,000 barrelS,at
the railroad- stations of the
: Erie and . the
Great Weitern•Roada, and , 28,006 baniels,
lying at Oil - City,' - the mouth of Oil Creek,
awaiting, the opening of the river- to g 4 to
Pittsburg. MS stated that the production
weekly,may if the demand warrnnts,,beo
- or- even '360,000 - barrels' per. week,
simply - by letting the thirty or more fl w•
ink wells. now bored flow on its-they mi lit
In view ofthese theta; the Indian wells
may yield the palm, - Their - 400,00 liblds.
per annum eaimot compete with 15,00000 .
barrens, a quantity : which; absurd it May
scent at first-sight, is certainly' easy - toj be
obtained from a few wells yielding even a
tfibusand barn is -per .day.. •- s •
'... 4'he coin vial importance of this Ilin 7
gtilar, and : unexpected production is alrea,
d-known in most porta:of-Europe, It is
quoted in special trader,eirculara at .I..i*e.r.
peol,antialarge.damand front-France And
Germany haft already appeared. : -It isttltew '
• weal' thirty. to fofty cents agallop,erutie,
inlEnglaid„ anitaa'well,:worth'it as whale'
oil ia - worth its: oWas'prieei while At 'Op
wells it ii,worth but thirty or forty cents
a liariel—the oil simply;' not With flielnr,.
re): Here is an. Mittile margin for. ciintater
cial E Profit. ";,
Meetly, - the actual , valve 0f.,• tins 'new
4foiliett of Wealth' is so great that it is im
pOssibletii'de4 it 'alibtie-heienftor:in-I.,bu
slit* Ocinsiderations, though:' thnrg'ial.nn.
- ni t iif pleaintik itiertiOulityan4.o:Oteaque- -
ness.about the stibjeet 'to give spice for it:
•--4:P/Oule/pliiitlificitair'er.' ,- ; : :'' • • - - 1 - ' -
IrarEcorkorny ja,49,Tograqe ;.it.is;irt
tqltving,o4:4 little thtiti ontiOlpg a want
deal , ,: -: ,_,, . ,-- •- - , I •
For t4eigoiLtrae Democrat.
OMAN. , • )s,
By Y E. LOOM M.
Judge not the strength of wonian's love,
In life's.bright shining hour* •
When Kindreil. friends; and loying hearts
Wreathe let glad path with flowers ; -
But when thel thunderbolt is sped, - `
_And sorrows gather o'er her head. -.
0 ! she. Lath filed a niartyr's dcath,, .
And by the Toss bath stood; , • -
And for aglorlons hope above;
' :Rath freely Shed her blood; , , •
And - unto her' a &ball was giVen,- ,
To dwell wit all the blest in Heaven..
Shp on the battle field hath
i liVherc broait-swords brightlY gleamed,
On le.nted fields, - 'mid warrior throngs,
• Where proudly banners streamed,
And calmly +whoa the expiring breath,
Ak Irps she loived 'gre*-cold in death.
- When strongmen shrink 'neatlt fOt'tunes
froirn; , , • . •
And sickenii g turn away,. .
.0 ! then , it is, that woman's.loVe, •
O'er the - lonibieart bath sway;
TO raise the broken heart above, '
And - point to
l Oh rist'sne'er eh love.anging
• • -
And she-bath erossed the •
..And burninci deserts broad;
To bless the gathen,'S darkened. soul,.
'With the pure word of God;
And the rude I heart so strangely wild,
Untor:his Gad was reconciled.;
Then judge . ye
• In life's brig
But when tH
And sorrthr g
not of'isoman'a soul,. . •
it shining hours;
friend§, and loving hearts,
glad path with f,ilowers;'
ADVICE TO GIRLS.
the Field Notes,]
"I believe tl:
rat during • the twenty-six
i netised im this city, twenty
en. have been
. 1 carried• to
a - sacrifice to tie absurd
:sing their arms and neeks.".
listinguishcd physician of
i not the: same be said in
the same-absurd custom?
1 ' young• children die, but'
en - :the young and gifted,
Into womanhood, passing
he hopes, and aspirations
w-enty , 'Summers, with all
Item bestaWed- Openthan,
And yet I 1:0W that the
ig girls play be . counted
iv ho. commit suicide, by ap
ci, &Obi- mid fesiivals, with
leas, thin shoes aud-stoelz
custoth of exp
So says a
Paris, and may
this country of
It is sad to se
it is terrific to
away bu , rying
of eighteen or
0:2 care and ct i
under the soil
number of .von
pairing at part,
bare arias and
ings, ma late I .
It really dpes seem that lAmerican
women „vend pine mmie'y without'
stint, to make themselves as Miserable as
possible._ Iree is the. therniOnieter at
17.ero;•win4s blowing chill as'Lapland f but
3.lrS. "Makaslio:' is toliavea'party ; gimsts
to 'arrive at.lialf past 'dile young_
ladies in a ilutt6r of, excitemeiii. all day.
New ban'ds, lades , flounces - and
be arranged , Kir evening, _often all
this accompanied bY consciousness.-that
if a new toilette is made,. it 'rthist . ie by
iroiking.olil'things into ifew,.iiiietO Make
more becoming, o r. tasteful, but be
eause it iS."per eetty ridiculouStso SaYs
3lrs..Waiiiless„ wife of Sir ,Grippes . Brain
less—"to wear, the same dress' twice in
ond - season to .'party •
So At is wo-ry , worry fill. Alav-;-•-don't
wapt a bit ofdinner, excitement bas kill
ed appetite, of ;ourse no supPdr,,becatise
Mrs. 31akesho% • always gets up-e Intl .plen
did suppers. -Anti so.,
,soine ,delicate girl,
who wears a heavy merino - or icltilaipe all
'ay ; with. a pair : of knit woolen. ander
sleevei,- (as„ like' p AS not,)- -anct fA blanket
shawl round lior w arn neck to- keeher
freezing . in' a ; war room, . f inds herself
ready at nine - o'Oock at night, after twelve •
honrl of labc:r land '6Xcitemen't, with an
empty stomach, an , exhausted - systeM,
cold, feet and • throbbing .lirain,l.to dress
gauze,herself:in nzO, lace or silk 4 with low
neek and short. sleeves,, to take Off
high boots, an .
: COIIIIIIOII stockings, And-.
sapply their fil co*. by kid , or !' r satin and
thm silk, and t -pass•from the rosy, warm
• , - • • • • -•
home sat:lig-room, tntntlirs.,i ‘ alteshow's
Splendid douh!c ,parlors, that, Imo' been
neither.:warnied nor-aired for eiic, months;
and: are now only a'_ll ‘ irtieth •iiArt ar a de
gree AoVe, the (freezing- point.• j: . - '
Oh I those.'naked arms, pimpled with
goose;ilesll,'an pu rpled . ith frOzentland.
Oh ! : for , that , shivering _ froni; :gliding
:among belles and ;beaux, the I. former as
senielesslyandluetafortablY.- dressed ai
themselves; tl l e . fatter in ,close . knit : un
dershirts, up t o 66N:cry roots of the hair,
A-gnod. white i shiit over 'that; a , double
backed and, double - breasted 'thick. satin
vest; - well waddanothe hack And brea.4,'
over that ; a brioad cloth, coat itined and
padded over-digit, at least six thicheises
of thick :cotton 'fiamier and .bioad cloth
over the neck! aini-,slinuldeiN and - four
thiAmessesfro:Shotilder -'fo wrist, And
not a ,bit. too warm , With.woolea hose and
calf-skill .bOols i on their feet. ; Man is' the 1
lOrd, Of.eouree i,e pinOt : kee p -,warm,-hil t,l
"Angcl:3Yoliia i l','•-ah:tn . 6lL 4 dreadful
to think of
. a battle.6ol4.:_nritli ita-killed
and *onaded ;dnit, if Oa truth . ooald.bo
known, parties l 'and '.balli,,iiihigh life',Or
tow, will kill, x sinwtottureS;l:marii" Wo
men this %rimer
,tbron i ghont - Oui,..confityy,
than , *ill falhil•.6.6,cotliOi::l4ween . the
North and , - ,944h.: . .z . . . , ' 1 - :r: .: ', .
Won't jou;ln't 'mi. Tro•••1 Y011 1 :;r4563 yoll,
.. . '. - Take threo atel girls, , • .': -!: ii• .- •,... ,` -- , .
itsitir ypulhili-itOk'd,acirg-sliiv'dlldielsoir :.
~.f:..__Flt.i(*ri lcsiid crii,? 1 1- .. ' •
,:ttioY won't:, 'dni. take - pity
on - them, ,
.and pat : 1110r, shtvornik • arms
into yottr-,coat.f teM•io,s•fOr. YQ , ' - yo
be more N 11 1 .4111 )i..e . - cja4 . 6iali,ttly ,; in pity;
• - ftnii7t -littitho* l til - ,•::,,,±Xis; r•,-,• • ..:6;ifilt,
,1:-' S r
% '.itlr Who: 4ll4l§, 4W 00.; UP/ rOttit Oat
cycryhady,lapelnl. . N'in:y7 . ll:air lve,!'inOet
loses tbe , updh:ellailerbuyOiblit 1v;e: ;h ave
1 ilever.got aegtittinteil.446;.thi Tan, ' ilint .
1 .fin,ds theta, .1.44:- t9tY .
, - oPe.:.-aTAYPF--,.*
queOtiop,_befoitith9l^4.et liifq k...,
A.. Down-East. Jaisrman.
Ethan Spike contributes to the I'Ortlanil
Transcript a sketch of WS . experience as a
juryman: The first cases he was called on
to try Welt capital' pziesa German and a
itiu foraed'any: opinion for or a
in ?." naked the judge:
"Not- pertieelar as to the Jarmtn."suy' i s
"hht I hate niggers as'a gitirtil thing,and
shall go for hangid -this here Wooly - eusS,
any- Way." • • -.• • • • „'
"Do'you know the nature cif an oath
the clad: axed me.-; - '
"Well I (*ter; says I, for I've ased
encnigh. - tbegan-to SWear "lifoies I *as
That'll ao ; says the you kin go
hone;llays'lle, you, won't be wanted in
this ere•ease; says, the Clark; says he..
- What! says I; 'slut I to:try this niggei•
• No, says the clark. . ' . • .
• But I'm a jewrynian,..sa,ys I, and you
can't hang the nigger unless I've sot on
him 'says 1... • .•
Pass on says thedark; speakin in - rather
cross tones. - , • .
But snysl, mister,,you'don't mean jest
what you say, for rm a reglar jewryman;
you knowolrawed Out pf the box, by the
seleck men, .antlsays Tl've alWays
, hankerin to bang a nigger, and-now When
*merciful disPensatory providence seems
:to-have provided-me a.chance, yon say
iikuitset on hiin!- - ,Air-this•your free inS
tiluSlimis? Is this the 19th century, 4 and'
is this our boasted. Heresumbody hot.
lered. - ‘silence in court:
The koart be darn =but afore I finished
the rethark a couple of constables had bolt
of-me iitul in the wink ofn bed post I was
down stairs into the street. • :.
Neoi-31r. Editor, let Me ask what are
we comidto when jewrymen—legal,
ful jeWrythen kin he tocse l d about iu this
way ?, Talk abOtit Kaneers,
Spiritualism)ree love; mapanix` r whar ar
tha -in konii4risuu ? Here is a 'principal
upsot. As an individnal, perhaps, I'm df
no account ; taint forme to,sav,"- but when
as an enlightnlitged jewrymatil was took
and boVe claowkr stairs by profain , bamiS,
just for assertidtity.right yo set on nig . eri,
—wy if seems to Mollie pillows of .sosiety
ar shook ;- that-in my person-the hull of
the Stait was itself, figgeratively.speakiii,
'kicked dimwit stairs Oars a law' in.
the land halve this case brought up .
der a halieus korpse or icksy dicksit.
. - An Alrandant Retard. •
In France the society for the protec
tion of animals•does not enjoy the popniar
.respeet which it tleser‘:6-,, and the "witW'-
of the capital intluige in an endiu,s vatic:
ty or jolte.3 at its expense. The one
is as follthytt.: - . • ,
enimtryman nrtned, with a eltfti, pre-
Sented.lihns2lt'beforc tl:c president of the
society and claims the fit prize. He is
asked to describe the net- of humanity on
which he than& 'hi's'
"I hayesayed'the of a wolf," said
the Countryman; -"iiltlionfdi I could easily
have killed hint with
,this bludgeon," and
- he swung his-weapon . in the air to the im
mense discomfort of the president. •
." But Where was the wolf; and what
had he-done to you;" was asked.
" -11 e wns in my house and had just de- •',
toured my. wife,!' was the reply.
After reflection the - kesident Said
" My friend"' am of the opinionAliayou
have, been sufficiently. rewarded;"
Liqa.cra and Evidenca
A witness in an. assault and liattCryase
We once hoard, inik:!:d things tip cansidera•
lily, in giving, - 11; ervience. After relating
how Dennis cr.ine to law, I.IC proceeded
So yer honor I jiist hauled oil' an wiped
his jaW... 'Just then his dog cuni niongan
I ,hit him agin.
Hit tho - dog ?
- ;s10 - yer honor, hit Dennis. And then I
np'ltid a stone an throned it at.him, and
rolled him over and Oven-. - • •. '•
Threw .a stone at Dennis?
At the dog,.yer honor.- And he got up
an lilt me again: - : , • 1
•. The dog? -
No, Dennis.' 'An' with that Ile 'stuck his
tail betwixt his legs and run off.
. Dennis? , , •
No, the- dOg. When lie : mine back at
melte got me down and pounded ine i -yer.
pminded you ? • •
No, Dennis„ . Yer lioiwe, an he isn't burt
at all. •d
ITh° isn't hurt ? : • - ;
)yhy, , the dog, yer 'honor.,
• ISISP;;IS OF VERCY.A Tiarisburg paper
saya it is not generally known, but :neve6
tbeleis'trne, that the licispitel . in Western
Harrishurg - bas for many months been.un 7 .
der the Charge of six.' . .Sisters of Mercy: of
Philadelphia. These .-self-saerificing MIA
trytly Christian ladies have attended to the
_sick soldiers . any mid . night .without any
other reward.thea that -of. ,appeoyii*
'conscience, for which they "deserve thanks
and prayers.from all. Many a poOr volun
teer ones it to their - skilful : treatment anti.
.uniemitting.attentions - ,that.lia :has been .
able to join his reginient nt nn early dui,
anti many will' have cause to. remembt4
nurses the—reel:tinder of- their.
The Smile andlhe Langh._.
When my ehest, was forty-eight,f
• And my waist Was thirty-four, I
- And.my back carved front the itraigitP,
•. And my. - vost curved pot before '
And my boots wdre smooth Jas_ginss, I
And my cal(was perfactityled;
„Then whene'er 1 chanced to pass, '-
Pretty maidens; on-me:smiled.
Now my 'waist, is sisly-four,t
And my.chcst hnt.fortyaiigc,
"And ofy hackeurN:res 1N:110 rqsfre,....
And a, ‘corpOrnfipn:s'
And a corte,s on -every, tits, - ;
." • Ana to . druntiticks shrgnk suy'calfti
, latestlt Wherni r er 1.05 =
lXii4ens Birtili l3lo .raore7 - but 1 4 1 04
finches understood. Wore do.
OB PRINTING of AL r •
DONE' AT TIIE OFFICE OP TDX
EP Ai WC 0 40 XL
NEATLY AND - PROMPTLY, j -
AND AT "LIVE AND LET LIVE" PRICER.
Tttt ollico of the Montrose DenLOCI:.
recently been supplied with a new and choice fine,
,or ;etc., and we arena* prepared to print painphle, s •
eir eta., Ste, notice.
lathe best style, on short
I Ilan a t Posters, Programmes; ara
j otherkinds ortroity, In this line,' done according to orit.r .
Wedding, 'and . Ball Cara.:4
Tickets, etc., phatedletth'neatecas and despatch. .
Justices' and Climstal.des' Blanks, Not r.,
'Deeds, and all other Maraca, pit hand, or printed tom rt
.I:2fr Job work and Blarlitt,to he paid for or delivei y .
• BLUE EYES.
rzolr ,T II E • dEltititii,
Blue eyes are full. of clanger—
" Beware their tender glow!'
They'llleave ihS , heart a stranger
"To peaceful hours below! '
lwarn you, men, give earnest heed!
Let not bright eyes your.sight mislead;Awl %iien blue eyes yonr,glanees.win,
Look: not, too acep—tw!deep therein.
Blue eyesy with soul are beaming, '
They'l look thee - through and.thro%
With light of love thay're streaminZ,
So'iriild; Arid Warm and.true;,
And when rny..heart is sore distressed,
And sorrow fills my lonely breast, .
Let, then,' blue eyes my sorrow
What joy what bliss I see therein 1
Blue eyes. frOm beavin are lighted.
With holy, .soul 7 born glow, • • -•
~To cheer 'pctoronan „benighted,
And charm him out otwoe;
And when 'cold wintry clouds arise n
And shroud in gray he sunny skies, -
Then Jet blue eyes my,glances win—
I fiud my sky = my .4y therein. -
Wp3ux's .Wrr.--L . Do let me bare, your,
photOgritpli--Said a dashing belle to a fel- '
low who had been annoying her with his
attentions. The gent-was delighted, and
in a short time mdy received the pic
ture. She Owe it toiler servant with the
. ciegtion—Would you know.the. original %;
if he 'should 'call? . The answer was in the
Affirmative. • . Well, whenever he calls, tell
him I am engaged.
e-- - '77The N. York World quotes from
the Articles of 'War as follows :
. 4 Whoever shall be convicted-of holding
correspondence with or giving intelligence '
to the enemy, either directly or indirectly.
shall•saffer . deatli." -
If this were properly enforced, Greeley,
Bennett; and others- would stretch hemp, -
for they Wrongfully expose intended army.
Movementihus giving intelligence to
the enemy. - .
—ALOnimille paper has some answers
fn cotrespondents: Here is one to a lady
"JE.z.NlE.Atinisters itre 'not more ad
dicted to disipation than oPter profession
al men. . 4.. few of the KaHeck stripe take •
gin toddies*and liberties :with females,bst
the great - majority - or them ait.P•ms" . gooiT - ast
lawyer§ and. doctors.. If you Avant to mar
ry a trree'ebristian, choose an editor.-
—A village caitor, was very desirous of
giving a new Minister a handsome puff,—
and' wrote : 00 Le is a most venerable spe
cimen of antiquity," &c. But to his vast
astonishment, and, the amazement of the
poop. e, die type, made it read :
.`"11e is a most. inveterate ispeeimen - of
. • ..
—An enraged parent had jerked his ug
ly son across his knee, and was operating
vizoronsly on - the exposed portion of the
urchin's person, when the young_one dug
into the paternal legs with his venomous
little teeth. "Ill:ties! "what areyeu bitin
me for." - "WellAul, who beginned this
:.,7r A. resident of. Cleveland, Ohio,
having advertised in encillf the local ;pa
pers for a girl, the next,mornitig" found a
fernalo baby at his floor, with AN note
to its dress :
• , "Mr. You - advertised- , in this
week's—that you'ivanted a 'young girl.'
I hope the artiele.l send. you Will meet
your requirements.; I could have sent her
to you still younger, it your advertise
went had appeared before, but as she is
oulfa Week old, I hopc'her age- will be
ncyobjeetion. , I have no younger °tic at
On abridgebe near Brattleboro,!irt,
may be seen:the following '
One dollar fine this bridge to pass,.
Unless you- walk. your horse or ass."
FLIES OF 1776.—The cackling ofa 'geese_
is fablecl.to have saved Rome, • front the-
Gauls, and the pain produced by a thistio
to have Warned a Scottish army of the ap
proaching panes; but Ve - tiever heard that
flies contributed to hasten Anteiican.lnd . e;
. pendebee. till me-read the following anec- -
.in RandaPs life of Jeffei-son.
While the . question :of Independence
was before Congress, ;it had its meeting
near alivery-ktable Its memberii wore
short: breeches and silk - stockings, and
Ayith handkerchiefs in ,hand they were dil- '
employed in lashing the . flies :from "
So very great Iv - as this annoy.
,once, and to -so greht rn Impatience did it
artinse the, sufferers, that it hastened if it 7
did not hid, in induceing them to-promptly s
atrik sigmitures to the great doett
_gave, birth to an empire re
The anecdote I had from Mr:Jefferson,
at. Monticello,--Who seemed to enjoy it
much as ; well ns to'. give credit to the flies.
He: told 'it to me with much
seemed to retain a vivid recollection - of wi
attail,from iyhrelt the only relief was,
- signing the paper flyuic , from: the
Imsnitics• 'at . t-ho Bull Run battle
Was . abniewhat startled - when the head, .
leis. • conipanion . The left h and • was.
Igioeked off by a cannon ball.. • A few - nao-
Meats - after, however, a • spent ball broke
.the finger of his comrade on the other side.
The. hitter threw down lila gun mid yelled
with. pkin 'when the Irishman- rushed to
11bn, -,exclaitning :". "BlaSlit• yer sowl4ou
mild woman stop yer cryini) ~ Y on make
more noise about •it than - the inart that's_
lost his. head !" • ' ‘• • • •
PAnnorte.—Some °four exchange pa- •
bars have good deal to say Ocindividuals
in their respective localities, •but' we think
wean- take down "the whole' of thein
With a wetnan iii upper Macungie, Lehigh
County, who has no less than threchtte•
'bands, one: son and one son-in-law in the
country's service: e Who can beat that?
Hip; hip, hurrah I - ' • .*.