The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, November 14, 1861, Image 1

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AL: J. CA`er.t.l.jtaiC)Xiii.
Tkit3l3.:l-4 450 per. a nnnm i in ADVAtVeIi;
Otherwise 82 will be ctagged—and Mil i tants per sant=
added iv arrearages, at the optiOn Otte Publisher, to ;a
expent of collection % eta any ates pqateat Pseigtttt
AUVERTISMIENTS will be iiiSetted iit - the
rate ntirt - per agnate., of ten lines or less, tor ;lie Beet three
weeks, and Zpenta for each additional la•tt,•l.a; down.'
• bietobants and others, whil advertise by
the retr:svill be :barged at the follow 4 rates. viz.;
throne are, or /Me one WM. 1,1 ‘4
Lod ad kaa Uquare, at tta rattle •
Ito grad!: glrenaxeept to theta of laition rerponilbitly.
WS. avyncso coons itraat nitnnua.
Wl2l. R. COOPER kiCO.,.
11110 A:MEAS.—Montrose, PA. Succeniirato Post:Cooper
d Cu. Otace, Lathrop Cum balldlpii...Turnplke-st..
COL:Mx • • 'a w. s a ga s ,
TTOR-StIS and Counsellors at ifiw: — ittontiose, Pa.
Once to Lattirops' aew bulldlag, ayer thir Bank. -
, HENRY it. , . •
rkigNEY and Connnellor Lali.4.Tialtaftna, Pi
Oftica in pin 14Diazi 81uC1, 68 11
ISR.- E. • k. WILISIO,T,
lINDUATE Of the Allopathic and ifeunceoPatAde
leget of Medicine.—Great Bend, Pa.' °Mee. corner
of Main at A Elicabeth:sts, nearly opposite the Methodist
Church.' aps6 tf
Dll. W[LLWI. W. wfigATox,
;$7771 DR. MYROY 11714Ar0N..
Mechanical and Surgical Dentist, recently of Bnghamton,
N. Y. tender their professional services tO all who appre
ciate the •• Reformed Practice of Physid i" careful and
opqratlons on Teeth: with the Mott scientific and
approved styles of platework. Teeth ex acted without
pain and all work warranted.
Jackson, June 'l4th, IstiO. •
DR. 11. SMITH & SOW,
IJOffice in Lathrops• now betiding, tter"
the Bardt..• All - Denfal. operations wine.
performed in good stylettnd warranted.' : .
WOULD ANNOUNCE the Public T that they hire entered Into a pinlzership for the
Practice of MEDICINE Zk' Surgery.
and are prepared to attend to all calls fe am line of their
profeaahm. itidice—she one formerly oennpled by Dr. J. C.
Olmstead, in DUNDAPF. my 7 Sm.
/yip/dm e n d S'ergeon. Friendaritte. Pa Office opposite
th. /nekton Home.
DR. LEFT gives 'Articular attention tco the treatment
of dimes/eye of the Eau and Ere; and Is confident that
his knowledge of,, and experience in that branch of prac
tice will enable him to effect a mire in the moat diffic ult
cases. For treating diseases of these organs no fee .will
be charged'uniess the patientris benefitted by the treat-
ment. 7 [Anglist 30th, 1860.
IT American Marble for 3lonnments. Headstones,
Toth b•Tailles. Mantles. Sinks and Ceetre•Tables. Also
dollen in Marblkized Slate for !Aimee,. Centre-Tables. de,
....Shop a for doors east of Searle's Lintel on Turnpike
street, Montrose. Pa. oc4 y
"WM. A. S - NOW
on Main street, opposite the Wester:loons.. 414
.1: over: I. N. Bullard's Grucey. gn Main•ntl'ent•
Thankful for pa.t favors. he solicit: a continuance
—pledging himself to d 6 all workaatlitactorily. Cut
tin' done on short notice. and warranted to St. -
%lontrosp. Pa,. July 211,1560.—tf. ,; •
F ASHTON:ABLE TAlLOW—Montrose, Pa. Shop
-in Phoenix Block, over store of Road,', Watrous
. Foster. Ail work wairanted. as to fit end
Cutting done en n.:tice, in best styln. jan '6O
AS lON A 13LE TAlLOR,—Montrose, Pa. Shop
near the Baptist Meeting Roane. on - Turnplke
street. AU orders filled prmnpile. In first-tete style.
Cuffing doneson short notice, add warrantdcl to Lt.
EPATIIS,CIock. Watches. and •Teweltat the
1.11, shorteAtnotice. and on reasonatilc term.. AU
work: wnrrantod. Shop in Chandlcr .wilessnp's
store, Mostrtosr.. Pa. ciC25 tf .
WM. W. S)IIT11 - &
Cof Main atrect, Mont.roae, Pa. ; atm. tf
. C. 0. F01M11.4311,
m F
Ps i k h CZ UR . g . P.4); o . r o S re ,f .
. .S' A f i tn na .3l c o .r w ro o s r ei
made - to order , and repairing done neatly. I kinds
_ .
- .
rtEALEP. Drugs Mediiines, themtmla, Dye
1J Stars. GlaslM : r.....Paints..oils, Varnish. Win
dow Glass, Groc:e es, Fancy Goods, Jocelry Perta
mere- &.c..—Agent or an the most popular PATENT
MEblClNES . ,—:ll6arose, Pa.. anZ
1r8.W.12C—M33 NC:ri s k COZTIS
P. E BRUSH, M. D.,
Will attend to the lades ort r its prqestion promptly
()Mee at .a.:Lai4ropls Hot e l.
.4.,T SMITH'S ! `
CHEAP FOR c.eksif,
XX <=o M M
cos IV:cmcr.osrcoz-3z.
ASSETTS Ist Ju ly' 1860,
E. Wilma Satith. WY. - Ches. J. Martin, President: '
John Mefice. Aet " A. F. Wllmarth, Vice " -
‘ potides ;:nied and renewed. bYide imdetslgned. at his
ma t c ,.„ 4 , Ef-arle'h Hotel, Nkntrose, Pa.
4.) : 7 .PILZ;INGS STROUD, Agent.
.2*. 33 rr
Ilrs‘g iddi received Btu** of neW SW r ess i°r
MAL Cooking, ParlorAdicti,tulsnoy, porpOna, tory; god
,or Coal, with Etore Pipe, Zinn. dol.
Ills aasoirnient is sal act and degrade, ant; bdsold
an the most Womble dorms fair •,Caati,or ?Q 1 Pt 4 : 4 X
lfoxlka Buyers._
• Dandelion Coffee
A ILEATZtIY beverage. One pound &this Ccdfresettl
2‘. snake as much all Mb yesne •4 of otter:Coffee." For
. staleby ' ABXL. TVERZI.L.
E 8.. Of
.of th Allupatic and tionneopatnic Colleges of lied.
tone. oild teturobb. sincere o:lamas. tO the people of Gt..
Bend and incinityna t tithe very liberal. pain:mace with
which they hare fa. fOr %him. and be bops* by a atrictnt.
tent ion tol.businerrorederit liberal slum of the public
cotuldenco. , • Great Bend. Jantuir3;;"ad, 1861.
Gush Ps id XOr
Sheet) Pena, F0r...11/olc. - Sl.u.krat: - "and sill lauds of
Fars. good tasortmeut of Loicher tad Boots end
Shoes ou hand. Cidice.numery; &shop on
malt) Sada. . , .
3lontruk , e, reji..fith. A. P. 4- L.: C. - REELER
D.; •
. • _
liVl*o located permanently at New Milford: Pa.,
EL will ottend p?omntly to all-eatle with which he may
be formed. Oake m Todd - a - 114ga :- - • : '
New 31tiford, July, 17. 1981'
MS for sale. Metallic 011,44 &Wink
_Machin es t '
ij,Ciocklkgratch,oll. Itsd:Olag. - :jest and Area P*:
Poo. HOMOOplithic ReakadieN~. 45•XstrattialadMittila•
' , witty of Valmont*. Salves, Pfllajciid Plasters, sad as
alCear nrieti of. Patent Zadiddats,,N•i›
We Joi4 • Ourpelves to no. Party that Does not Carry the d ,Flig' and Keep
Northern- Disunionists at Work.
Itis :kit Onlyeminently ...desirable, but
almost issentialto - siteeesain the struggle
ins which .tbe nation is engaged against
rebill*, that_the ..people. of the loyal
States should -be thoroughly united in
fighting for.a Common cause. -What is
zhat cause P. Congress has accurately'de
fined it in theresolution at, the head of
our colutims=to defend and maintain the
supremacy 'of the. Constitution, and' to
preserve the Union, with all the dignity,
equality and rights of the several States
unimpaired. If the northern people would
. all agree to stand upon this platformthere
would be no division at the North—noth
ing Inembarass the .Government in -the
1 succeistlil proSecutithi of the_ war. But
unfortunately a faction of, peendiary Ab
olitionists-refuse to abide y• the declared
purpose of the government, and continue
;. to keep up an agitation lutended . to driie
' the Administration into the foolish and
fatal policy of negro emancipation. This
they do under the pretext of preserving.
the Uniein—but the main object, para
mount to their affected love for the Union
is to accomplish the :destruction- ofslavery
regardless of the fate of the Union. ;This .
war-for the preservation - of the 'Mien hs.
it was, they regard as their opportimity
for striking- a blow at the domestic insti
tutions of the Southern States, and they the cry for the Union as the most
ready means to effect their . diabolical
purposes. - .
This assertion .ii capable of ready proof.
Only one year ago these same abolition
agitators were either - openly opposed to a
Union with slaveholders, or else they- de--
dared the Union not worth' perpetuating
with slavery. Their abolition .principles
claimed their firstiovethe Union was a
secondary consideration. Rather than
-slavery should not be humbled the Union'
might slide for all they - cared. Even last
December, 1' nil during the -egular session.
of Congress; when efibrts were made by
patriotic men of allparties to settle our
difficulties amicably, and avoid the terri
ble calamitrof civil war, these men threw
every obstacle in the way of compromise
—bringing their whole artillery of ridi
cule, abuse and argument to bear against
it.• Perish a thousand Viiionsrather than
abate an iota ofour principle s! - exclaim
ed the Tribune—and the cry was reeeho
ed from hundreds of its abolition satellites;
It was gravely arid calmly urged that a
separation from the Southern States
would be infinitelypreferable to continued
i'Union with slavery as a political power.
j These - men placidly calculated the %Attie
lof and came to the conclusion 1
i that their cursed antislavery fanaticism
; was better worth preserving in its integ
rity than the Union. -
But how. sudden their change I The
Southern States rebelled against the Un
;ion. The nation sprang to arms for its de
fence. The Abolitionists thoug ht they
1 saw their opportunity of accomplishing
the destruction of slavery through the
w.sar fur the preservation of the Union,and-
With one accord they-joined-tine swelling
chorus of patriotism.
,For a time they aff t
eked to regard the war as - undertaken
solely for the .specific objects set forth in
the resolution of Congress. - But that did
not last long. •Th - ey could not disguise
their puposes for. six consecutive months.
,After exhausting-efforts to drive - the, Ad
ministration into the policy of Universal
emancipation, and - discovering the utter
failure of their labors in this .direction;
after- becoming tolerably' well satisfied
that if the war results in the • triumph- of
the Government,the Union will be restor
ed as it was," with all the dignity,' equal
ity and rigts of the. several States
are these Abolition•agitaters are al
ready;retreating to, their own original
.ground of hostility to the Union,- and hint
ing that it is not worth preserving if the
slave States are-to :come back with slave.
ry. The Tribune exclaims—"No recon
l'sttuction of the Union, much as we may
pray fur it and desire it, Would be worth.
having, at the cost of the hopeless and in
-terminable, enslavement •-of the African
race iii America "—that is,
,if slairery is
not destroyed, the Union - is not worth
preserving. _And - the Telegraph, which
hai'recently taken to oithulatingGarrison's
Abolition productions; comparing the
President to Pharaoh, after demanding
that the federal Government shall strike
an immediate blow, declares our armies a
-" useless organization and burden - to ~the
Government "if this war is to actiom:
plish what Congress says is its only pur
pose=the restoration of the Union with
all the ".social vigor" -and ." political-pow
er " pOsseised by the several States, be
fore this rebellion was organized. '
This glance at the history and present
position °rile anti-slavery agitators, is
sufficient to Show that the ir only object is,,
the destruction of.slave -that they are
mote . anxious. that thi should ' be, .the ;
result than- for the - preSen - ation of. the I
- Uniow , --that they are opposed to -restor
ing:the Union as it was ; and - prefer sepa
ration—and that under the pretence of
prOmoting the success of our arms . they--
are diligently sowing the seeds of discord
in the-Nortb. Before another year rolls
around; they will be universally recognized
as ilisUnionists and- public enenueli.-- ,
i'prtrioi tvid Union:
.1. H. SMITH.
P. A .irts-,:moratc..--='What are you going
to do, you bad Woman's boy P said Mrs.
Paitington.-as ike passed through the
kitchen Into the garden.
Down with the secesher he shouted,
and she looked out just seaszn to see
the top of a_bematiful plant tall before the
artillery, sword of Pau! that the youngster
held in his hand.
better go to Molasses Jugtioti;
if yon want to do that,' she said, restrain
ing his hand as it was lifted against .'her
fusehia, ready to decapitate the plant that
she had watched with almost a_ mother's
care for three winters. Dear me !' she
murtnured'half to herself,.'what a terrible
thin , ' war:is when evea,the children .show,
suclisigns.ofconsanguinity, and brother
at pitied against. brother. ' I 'met bear to
think ofit blue., dear, go down and
bniAbe an extradition* of,the paper.' Ike
- deperteOrith.balf '1 0 4 4 1 11
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VOL. 18. I
Archbishop Hnghita' Organ on
. A late number of Browimon's Quarter.
ly•Review, the leading Catholic periodi
cal ~.of America, ,contained alArticle on
slavery .thid the war, taking- decided'abo
lition grOund. • The - Metropolitan Record,
the recognized _organ of Archbishop -
Hughes',!: contains, .a scathing
,review of
Brownson's article, from which We ex-
tract as &hors
We cabnot help thinking that. thie pa-
per,-so far as it was intended to influence
the CathOlia readers of . the Review, is at
once: untimely and. mischievous. The
Catholics, of this country have obtained
great credit for having entirely kept out
of discussions on the question of slave
-1 ry. Neither do they wish to have that
1 question thrust . upon - them in a period j
cal which is supposed to be published in
the interest of. their relidien:,
Dr. Brownson maintains that the end
and purpose of the war is not, or should
not 'he, merely to sustain the constitution,
government,- and laws of the cOuntry,but •
to abolish slavery in the Southern States.
Now, we; Catholics, and a vast majority
-of our: brave troops in the field, have not
the •slightest idea of carrying on a war
that costs so much blood - . and treasure,
just to gratify a clique of abolitionists in
the north. If it were. generally known
thatihisis one of the purpales of the war.
the' draftirg of troops would become im
mediately necessary—volunteers would
•be few;indeed, hnd the liminess of re-.
uniting would become even slackex than
it is now said to be.
The war is, as we have - said, for the
;maintenance. arid defense of our constitu
tion and government.: In the'progress of
war. it is difficult. to foresee what turn
events may take in the south,-under the
pressure of military-necessity. But to
announce beforehand that one of its pur
-1 poses is to set the slaves in the southern
I States free, and, as a consequence, even
arm. them against the white population,
. is to vitiate in popular estimation 'the
high motives . 'by which the government
and - the gallant officers in command of-the
army are actuated.
-Napoleon 111 , announced that France
made war in Italy for. an idea; but the idea
was his owii, and not furnished' by aboli
tionism. ' Here, on the contrary, that ;
clique, who shun the battlefield and he
come selfeomplacent in their fanaticism, 1
I under the irhmaginetion that our brave
soldiers are fighting - their battles without
heitig aware o f it, are iceming.with 'ideas'
which they expect the country to take up
and realize,'even by the sword.
True patriots will be shocked at the
; Reviewers interpretation of,what the war
means or should mean. Theywill ask :
',Was it for this that our dauntless soldiers
fell in battle? - Was` it for this many of
them, together with their brave officers,
Dare now pining away in, the captivity of'
a southern dungeon? take forinstance,
Col. Corcoran and his gallant fellow pris
j oners of the 69th.. Was it for this that
Cameron fell on the battle-field, without
j any friendly eye to gaze on his counte-.-
I mince whilst he lay
"Like a warrior taking kis rest.
- with his martial cloak around him"
it for this that the noble-hearted and
kallant. Ward was, we might say, assassi
: listed on the deck of his vessel? Was'it
for this that the unyielding patriot and
Iheroic commander of Fort. Sumter, .as
j well as the equally -.heroic "Mulligan at
; LeXington, no less than the brave Gen.
Lyon who fellon the field, were' so cruel
ly neglected and left to their fate until
reinforcements .came too late? Was it
to carry out the idea Of abolitionism that
these noble warriors, and .thousands of
1 less distinguished names, have already
1 given .their lives, as they imagined - for
the Support of the constitution and the
preservation of the ;Union ?
No, no. The crime charged against
the adherents of what is called the south- .
ern Confederacy is their wish and attempt
to- overthrow the, constitution and ,the
Governineitt'of the United States. Now
this crime has been attempted by the ab
olitionists, but not in the candid bravery
-of the southern•secessionists.
One of the abolitionists, perhaps their
ablest man, described the constitution as
a "covenant with hell." The abolition
ists weald take•advantage of double tides,
and in order to be consistent whilst they
would. have our army to- destroy slavery
-in the south, they themselves . sympathize
with the" people of the seceded states
who are endeavoring to destroy this same
"covenant with hell." We do Inot say
that -all the abolitionists regard , the son,
stitution in the light as The author of the
attrociou, expression just quoted. - But
we have never seen the expression or its
-author repudiated' iu their; speeches, writ
ings, or resolutions.
KEEP To'ruz Rioirr.—The other day
as the President and Gen. Cameron were
going over to the review in Virginia, it
was necessary for them to 'drive through
Fort Runyon. There are two gates; and
the rule is to keep to the.right to prevent
confusionthe right road was blocked
up, and the President was in a hurry, so
he ordered hisdriver to go through the
left. Re-attempted • it, 'but the guard
stopped him ; dnver insisted on going on,
and said the President ordered it. "That
dodge won% do; you cannot go—so back
your horses out,',he replied : and Old
Abe, laughingly, said; "We had better
fall back ;" and so they backed' out- and
took to the right.
. Of all kinds. of property; money lent,
on good security is the most interesting. :
The soldier's great risk is thatof be
coming extinguished before be becomes
temper is like a sumiy, day, it
sheds a brightness over everything; it is
the sweeteneid toil, and the soother of
--Truth.itself: becomes falsehood if
presented in anYOther than its right_rels
dons. There is no truth bat: the 'whale
'trail."• •
; 77 - lie who Oinks he can, ,witimf
er"Ott**ithlkiillii; *Ai**
1 / 4 .„TMJMILif, NO'VM3
• - Warmest and Best Clothing.
Most persons 'suppose that fabrics made
of coarse wool are the warmest and most
durable. This is a inistikenidea. Ow
ing' to the lower prices of coarse' Woolen,
fabrics of this material are usually made
heavier than those of fine - tvoskl; hence
their greater thickness deceive persons
for warmth and
wear. There Is no heat in the wool itself;
its properties of what is called "Warmth "
Ls, due to its, non-conducting qualities. If
we g . rasp a bar of iron on a frosty .morn
ing, it producei a d*greeable cold seq.
satiortbecatise it igood conductor of
heat; and the warmth. of the hand is rapid
ly carried off by the metal. On -the oth
er hand, a piece of woolen clotb,;especial
ly if it has a long . nap upon it,_ does not
feel cold bec c ause it is a good nonconduct
or, and prevents the heat passing rapid
ly from the.'. hand. Now the :warmest
fabrick for clothing is that Which is the
best non-conductor • and Count Rumford
made a great nurnb;r s ofexperimente with
different materials in order to 'find 'Out
the best. According to his observations;
the down of, the eider-duck, which the
Esquimaux use in their clothing.• is unri
valed is this respect ; and the 4ner the
fabric of woolen cloth used, the more ha.
perfectly did, it conduct the heat from-the
human body. As fine woolen cloth is
superior to that of coarse wool as a non—
conductor, it is therefore the best for
clothing in keeping the body warm du
ring cold weather._We are also positive
that cloth made o fine wool equal' in
thickness to that manufactured from the
coarser material will wear much . ltnger.—
The 'finest woolen cloth, although dearest,
at first, is cheapest in the end, because it
is more durable and warmer ; and, accor
ding to Leibig . so much neat saved is so
much meat gained. It must not be over
looked, however, that there may be a
very great difference between what - is
called " firm cloth" and 'cloth- made of
fine wool. Fine wool is our theme • it pleasant and soft to the touch, and it
has a rich velvety appearance. There has
been a greater demand recently for coarse
to be used in die manufacture of common
army and other cloth, but every effort
should rather be made to obtain plenty of
cheap fine wool, because it is the warmest
and best for clothing.
No •Uss OR 'l'RousEtts..—On the mor
ning, of the meteoric 4 . hewer, in 183t,01c1
Peyton Roberts, who intended making an:
early start to his work, got up in the
midst of the display. On going to _his
door, he saiv with amazement • the sky
lighted up with - falling meteors, and he
I concluded atonce that the world was on
fire, and that the day of judgment had
I come. He stood for a while gazing in
speechless terror at the scene, and; then
with a yell - of horror, sprang out of the
1 door into the yard, right into the midst
' of the falling stars, and here in his efforts
to dodge them, he commenced a slries of
, ground and lofty tumbling that would
1 have done honor to a rope dancer. His
wife being awakened in the meantime, and
seeing old Peyton skipping and jumping,
aVOut the yard, called out to hide to know
'what in the name : o' sense was he doing
out thar' dancing round without his
clothes ?' But Peyton heard nof ; the
judgment and long back accounts he
would have to settle; made him heedless
of all ter?estial things,and his wife by this
the becoming alarme&at -his \behavior,
sprang'out of bed and running to the door
shrieked the top of her voice, 'Pep.
ton ! I say Peyton, what do you-mean by
jumpin' about, out_ thar ! Come in and
put on your trowsers !' Old Peyton,
whose fears had near overpowered him,
faintly answered, as be fell spraWling .to
the earth. Trousers, Peggy ! what's
the use o'lrowsers when the worlds on
fire ?' •
Mr One of the most serious charges
against Gen. Fremont contained in Adjut
and General Thomas' report is, that one
week' after the receipt of the Pregident's
order modifying his proclamatindrelative
to the emancipation •of" 'slaves, . General
Fremont required one of . : his officers to
circulate the original proclamation. This
was an act of defiant insnbordination,
-which no governinent could Overlook,
and which General F:remont's friends can
not excuse or justify. Extravagant ex
penditures of money, lack of military
JtidErment in the disposition of troops, the
inclination to accomodate friends' and
parasites with profitable contracts, and
other direlictions laid to the charge of
Gen. Fremont, may proceed from weak
ness and incapacity ; but the refusal to
complywith an express command of the
government is an.offence of a much high
er grade. .
• - Gen. McCiellan'ti Mar Policy
At a recent dinner given by Gen. Mc-
Clellan, he is said to have remarked to a
guest, that there was no power on earth,
neither that of the press or of politicians,
that should cause him to swerve a hair's
breadth from, the policy Which he.had
adapted in relation to the present
Availing himself of-all the military wis•
dom that is in the possession of the offi
cers around him, together with his own
mature experience, he !Jas. -to the best of
Iris own ability;. adopted alilan,of war
fare to which be intends to adhere most
rigidly. ; Knee/lag, as he doei; that the
fate of a nation is in his hands, and that a
single blunderinightibrevei.estrann'e him
from the support and 'confidence of the
people; he . has resolved to propose and
dispose of - all the military power now at
his command, and to. venture a blow on
ly at the time:when in- his 'own mind he
is convinced 'that the exigencies of: the
ems . ion demand that it Should be struck.
CURING liasts.—At late", Fair Of the
Maryland State Agridultuial Society, the
first premium was awarded for hanis cured
thus: To 1.50 . lbs. of• ham, -take . 1i oz
saltpeter, four 'quarts of fi ne salt, with
enough Mobilises to- Take a paste ;, rub
well on the flesh 4443 Met it lie - - for fotti
weeks ; then, hang and Smoke. Twodays'
before' reMoiring fri* the elno.ktbiPs,e)-
paint w i ltit i Vejltind 80031 :817.1 1 FM,
top to the Music of the Whole- Union.:
14, 1861.
raics:iro 11110 MI L rnn
clay; beishitiray.
loans at twenty-n.. par
I think the borrowespay
• to pay *or lbod and rant ; -
that Elook,whlnk all should heed.
says we altar shall be hint;
as I bars eyes to tad.
not say "take Intentst."
i• ao gar
I don • t like Wham him pray,
blesangs on the widow be I "
Who • er seeks hyr holm twat,.
"It • t w'atake you. awn me."
I hate • e prayer, so loud sad long,
The s uttered for the Orgies!' wad,"
By • •. who sees her crashed by Wrong, '
And • • y with the Ups doth feel.
Ido tt. l
WI .1
For cal
But .1
t like to hear him pray,
faces' long as any rail,
• er means his debts to pay,
• ehe mum be pat In jail;
Lion asks the writteo bend,.
eridship trusts the worn *onto
e a knave wherever found,
never ecinildi the debt to own,
I do n
If ter.
No An ) ,
I do ti•
And, 1 1
One At
Lot •
t like such soulless prayer; -
• ngl hOpe to be forgireu;
el's wing them upward beate—
rs lost a million miles from Ilearea."
t life bug prayers to hear.. •
F tudled, from the lips depart
• ar lends a listening
ords be few—he hears the hurt.
y of Colors in Dross.
Much atteiation has been bestowed up
on the subjeet of harmony of colors. As
the successf many industrial pursuits is
dependent pod" , the observance of the
laws regulat ng the contrasts: of colors, it
may not be i profitable to refer to the
t ,
rules she lays down as indispensable to
beauty and harmony, Theoptical'effect
of dark and black dresses is -to make the
figureshppear smaller, hence it is a suita
ble color for *stout persons; black shoes
diminish the apparent size ofthe feet.—
On the contrary, white and
‘ light eolored
dresfes make persons appear larger. -E=-
Large patterns make the figure look shor
'longitudinal, if not too wide, add to'
the bight of the figure ; horizontal stripes
have a contrary effect, and are , 'Very un
graceful.. Incongruity may be frequently
observed in the adoption of colors with
out. reference to , their' accordance with
the complexion of the wearer, as a light
blue bonnet and flowers surrounding a
sallow countenance, or a pink opposed to
one of a glowing red :, - a _pale complexion
associated with a canary:or lemon yellow,
or one of delicate red-and white rendered
almost coloriesi by the vicinity of deep
red. If the lady with a sallow complex
ion had worn a transparent white bonnet;
or if the lady with a glowing red com
plexion had lowered it by means of a bon
net of a deeper red color; if the, pale lady
had improved the cadaverous hue of her
countenance by surrounding it with pale
green, which, by contrast, would have
suffused it with a delicate pink hue; or
had the face of delicate red and . white
been arrayed in a light blue, or light
green, or in a transparent white bonnet,
with blue or pink flowers on the inside—
how different, and how mticb more agree
able would have been the impression on
the spectator! In ' general, the broken
and semi-neutral colors are productive of
an excelent effect in -dress. They maybe ,
enlivened by a little, positive color, but
the contrasting color should bear but a
small proportion to the mass of principal
color.. A bluebolmet and dress may .he
contrasted with an orange colored' shawl,
but the'blue, to balance the orange, must
be of a very deep tone ; a pink bonnet.
may be'worn with a green dress, but- the
hue of each should be carefully assorted
according to their exact contrast. Col
ored shawls are instances in which a great
variety of colors-may be arranged with
harmonious and -rich effect. It is always
necessary that if one part of the dress be
highly ornamented, or consists of various
colors, a portion should be plain to give
repose to the eye. The French manufac
turers pay great attention to this subject,
and the good effects of this studynre visi
ble in the textile fabrics which they pro
duce, and which are so highly valued.—
American manufacturers by the, same= at
tention may reach the same degree ofper
fection.—Borien Post. , -
Light in the Sea.
A paper on the nature of the Deep Sea
Bed, by Dr. Wallich; waslately read at a
meeting of the Royal Institution at Great.
Britain. The following 'passage occurred
in it:—"Light, or rather the_absence. of
it, can hardly - be said to determine in any
important degree, the distribution and
limitation , of thelOwer forms of . animal
life; Light. is' not essential
. even in the
- case of some of the higher orders. A
large class 'orcreatures, both terrestrial
and marine, possess no true organs of
vision, althOugh there is good reason for
believing that they do possess some spec
ial sensory apparatus eiisceptible to the
, -influence of light; 'Whilst certain • crea
.tures,, whose h'bitation is in subterranean
caves or lakes, as in the Magdalena near
Adelsburg, , a 41. the Great Mammoth-
caves in Kent cky, or—
of vision I or. possess . them in so rip
• dlimintary a state, - as to prove clearly
that the absCrice or ithperfect develop
ment of the sense - may be compensated
for by the higher development of other
senses. It is iMposSible at present to .say
to what - depth light- penetrates in the sea.
The-photographic art. will, no diibt,.one
day solve the problem. '. But it is almost
certain that a I limit is attained, and that,
moreover, long before the deep . recesses
- gaged _by th*.sotinding -_ machines are
-reached, where the light-giving : portion
of .the ray cannot penetrate. evertin its
most attenuated condition ;•,and yet as
shall hereafter be shown, creatures have
been found - doWU in those profoutid- and
daritabyssei.Whoie colorings ps delicate
and. eared as theyy, had.pass,C4,theic.ex
lstencetnider the: bright, miltietica. of a
summer sun.", -,. • ~., • • • . • . • •
A tAnor.,STATE.---Missouri is one of the
largest; States in the Union. • Its territo
:ry.exceeds in extent the six New „England
States god the State .! of Delaparetbm:
bleed, •-.Tt is _divided, intetupwards of one
bund . reC:cOnties;" ''lie State extends •
nhou,42abigles froni east ,Itit4 wast i - ,arid
.280 mires from
1 NO. 45.
The Olowth of Plowcire•
In his. address at - . the Queens Cenniy
Agricultural Fair at Flushing, Mr: Rich
ard C. McCormick spoke thus of the -cal
tivatiOn of flowers: •
' . "Not less profound thin has ever been
my admiration of the trees which SQ rich
ly ornament and shade this favored village
is my appreciation_of the beautiful' flow
ers which at all Seasons decorate its grace- _
ful gardens and greenhouse; and which
to day from so - attractive a feature in the
superb variety of nature's wonderful
workti gathered ,beneath this eApacious
tent. Examining each peculiar tint • and
inhaling each exquisite fragrance of these
dainty creations of sunshine and of show
er. I have experienced a feeling similar
to that which excited Linneus, who when
be first saw the English Downs all aflame
with the golden flowers of the furze, knelt
down and thanked God for having made
anything 'so beautiful. The varied splen
dor of the flowers who shall describe it ?
• 'They toil not z st!hey spin not ; and yet
I say unto you, that Solomon in • all his
glory was not arrayed like one of these'
"That sturdy British reformer, Cabbett
Who was more successful in
than in politics/ while resident in North
Hempstead;-in this county, in ,the early
part of the present ,century, used his
ready pen in simple but masterly exposit-.
ion the requirements , of practical hus—
bandry. His voluminous writings cluster
.with common sense,' and a radieal Quix
otic sentiment here and there, may= be
pardoned in veiw of the- wen y valuable
hints and suggestions, the result ofan
ucnsual experience and peculiar powers
of observation, with which his works on
rural subjects are replete. From: his
passionate fondness of the grosser veget
ables, especially the Ruta Bags turnip,
which he first introduced in America and
Cultivated with great success, it might be
supposed that , he had no-better appreciat
ion of flowers than bad Woodsworth's
stoic, Peter - Bell. But not so. In Ilia
`American Gardener,' which may be read
at the pfeseut time to advantage, he re
bukes those who think that flowers are of
no use, and etelaimi, 'For my part tufa
thing to keep and not to sell, as a thing
the possession of which is to give - me
pleasure, I hesitate-not a moment to pre
-ler the - plant of a 'fine carnation to a gold
watch set with diamonds' .
"In this light I wonder that - every farm
hasnot its flower garden however small.
In its peifection it is, of course, unattain
able without great care and expense; but
a single dollar a year, judiciously laid out
in seed and bulbs, will from one tiny plant,
yield, from the first crocus to ' the last
chrysanthemum, a perpetual joy: It is
iudeo, passing strange that there is not
e more general enthusiasm in the cultiva
ion of flowers. It has been said that they
are the alphabet of angels - wherewith they
write on hills and plains the mysterious
truths. Certian it is that they are ever,
suggestive of the pure and holy, and, en
nobling, to those who live in their- gentle
presence.' , , - •
'Lafayette, visiting the mother of Was
hington' at - Fredericksburg ' found her
busily engaged weeding her , flower gard
en, and the incident, suggests that the fair
sex can find no more wholesome pastime
than that -
. given to floriculture. They,
may do much in ' of the rose
to brighten their 'own cheecks vrith its
blushing hues, and in the sweet air of the
garden find an invigoration which no other
source can provide. Our maidens should
at this time, tend sheir.gardens with the
fondest care, for wherv-their lovers who
have gone to the war for the Union and
the - constitution shall have redeemed, the
dear old flag Troth the disgrace whic h .
lieartleas traitors and rebels would heap
upon it,and return to their gentle embrace
covered with the . glory and dust of battle •
will they not merit garlands choicer than
ever graced the brow of Roman victors
Or adorned Grecian heroes' flushed. with
triumph of their classic arms ?"
The Pacific Telegraph
A great work. is accomplished. The
Pacific shore of the country is in instan
taneous communication with the Atlantic.
Though amid the excitement of war no
noisy demonstratioA have marked' the
successful termination of this great enter
prise, it is recognized, as an event of the
very hinheit importance.. Above-its in-
Otimable value in transmitting
telligence end faciliating the operations of
-commerce, 'above even its higher uses in
communiving the-knowledge of deaths
and other social events to widely 'separa
ted families, must - be its influence on the
destinies of the nation. It is an intellect ;
ual nerve stretching across the continent,
and . constituting the strongest of all bandi
to bind the extreme East to the furthest
West. ~"All quarters," -says Carlyle,
"are misundestandiugs,"and when this
thoughts of ,people can •• be' ; instantly
flshed from one •to another, the danger,
of misunderstanding is infinitely lessened.:
Even the importance of this work, im.
nleasurable as it is, ,is surpassed: by its
high . significance. It is an additional and
a i striking proofof the resources and'ener
gy of a free.arid. educated ',people, and it
shows,that great industrial enterprises
may be: carried steadily through in spite
of the war. None of us who have not
crossed the continentcan form any idea
the immense distance of barren plabi
and mountain mass which lies - between
the confines of MissOuri mid the rocky
coast of California. Over this distance,up•
on its row 'of posts, winding its Way
through the valleys, and_tip the sides of
the mountaink, and stretching across mile
after mile, of sage-bush plain, is drawn
the elender-ivire that forms the road along
which ideaslakelheir flight of inconceiv.
Ole swiftness.:_ ; the last an4:great
est of all the - ion - quests-Of - mad over, the
forces of nature., -
• .
Mr An Tneulent.—During the eeige
o Sebastopol, a.Russian shell buries!' itself
in the side of a bill without the city, and
opened a spring.' A little fountain bubbl•
edTorth swhere the cannon-shot bad fallen
and duntig . the remainder , of the aeige - aP
ford 'to troops:' whit' *eh)
epttleped , fit tbstr-arniti ,
supply oftwiliaiiitter.
Tf: •
Ni litt CO C 3 tt i 4eLaZ").
TnE office of , the Montrose Dem ocret
bas neatly been ormilled with a new and chidos sestet/
o clM k etc.. and we are now negated to print percnidas
etc.. etc., n the best style, on short notice.
Balidbl7ls, Posters, ,Pr°gnapes, e n d
Mgt kinds of work in this line, done according to order.
Business,.Wedding, find Ball Cast),
luaus. etc., p rinted with neatness and despatch.
Justices' and Con.s=tables' Blanks, NOtes
peola, and an other Blanks, on hand, or printed in order
The - Great Naval Expedition.
The enterprise is-one of the most foi
midable. of the kind the - world his — ever
seen .since the invention of gunpowder,-;-
Though it will ' not compare with• that
against Selneitopol;which nuinbered some -
six hnnd red. vessels-and ninety thousand
men, it figures respectably by the side of . •
any other that can be named. The world
famous 'lnvincible Armada,' dispatched ,
under-Philip II of Spain for the • conquest,
otEngland, to be sure numbere'd one hun
dred and thirty-seven ships, but the lar
gest of those vessels were mere cock boats •
compared-with some of ours; and they all '
together embarked only twenty thousand
soldiers and eleven thousand sailors. So
the expedition of Charles - V to tTank
numbered five hundred Genoese -and
Spanish vessels, but carried only thirty
thousand men. That of Peter the Great
upon thetaspian sea cumbered two hun
dred and - seventy ships, but only twenty
thousand men. The expedition of Gus=
.Adolphus to 'Germany nuiubered
fifteen or eighteen thousand men ; that ot
Jussuf against Candia• thirty •thousand
that of Kionperti against the same strong . - .
holt, fifty thousand ; that of Charles' XII
upon Denmark, fiftythotigind. Hooke
in his attempted descent upon - Itelandi
counted :twenty-five thousand.. Bona
parte's expedition to Egypt c,otisisted.of
twenty-three thousand men, With thir
teen ships, 17 frigates and four hatidred
transports. Abercrombie's expedition
Egypt numbered ' twenty-thousand'men t -
Cathcart's to ., Copenhagen,• twenty-fiVe
thousand; Wellington's to Portugal flit,
teen-thousand , and to Spain ' thirty. thou:
sand. Bonaparte's contemplated expedi
tion, in which preparations • were made
for throwing one hundred 'and fifty thou
sand disciplined veterans npon, England.
by means of three thousand puinaces,pro-,
tected by sixty ships of the line, is not en;
titled to be brought into comparison,
asmuch as it was never carried out. The, •
English expedition ,against . Waihingtore
numbered eight thousand, and against'
New Orleans fifteen thonsand. The'
French expedition against Algiers thirty
thousand. The United States expedition,
wider - General Scott, against Mexico,
• HAIL CoLusma.—ln the, summer of.
1708, a younc , man corinected with the',
theatre at Philn '
elphia as a singer, was
about to receive'a benefit. on a certain:
Monday eivening, On the Saturday after :
noon previous, he called on Joseph Hop-.
kins, a rising young lawyer, 28 years , of,
age, with whom ••11e had gone to seltoor,
when both were boys. The actor said be:
lied but twenty boxes taken, and his
efit' would be a loss unless he could get a:
patriotic bong written to. the 'President's.
March,'- then a popular air. The poets of
the - theatrical corps had tried their Itaird,,• :
but were satisfied that no wordsbould be ,
made to suit the air. Hopkins promised:
to - make the attempt. . .
At that time fherb was a great discus—
sion in the country as to the policy of .
Atherica joining either France or Eng-,
land in the wir then waged between those
two nations, and party spirit ran very -
high. Hopkins endeavored .to . write a:
song that should be' independent of -and
above the interests, passions and policy of •
built belligerents, and look and 41: e-x
-elusively fbr American hianor and rights.,
He wrote 'Hail Columbia.' It was.a - p-c,
nounced on Monday 'evening, and 'the
theatre was crowded to excess, and' so: .
continued during the season, the song be-'
ing encored and repeated many.t•mes •
each night, the audience joining in the .
chorus. It was also sung at nights in .
the streets, by. large - assemblies. of citi-•-
zens f incJudirig members of Elotigres, and •
had now became,a National Song. -
'Lice on - Fiawls.—A• correspondent
of.the London Field says, fowls may
kept free from vermin as follows : • - 4 Tirst..
of all, if in • confinernent,lin,the dust corn;
er of the poultry house, Mix about - half a•
pound of black sulphur in the sand lime •
that they dust in. This wilt both keep;
them *free' front • parasitei, and give the.:
feathers a glossy appearance. If-infected
with the insects, dampen -the Akin under
the feathers with a-little waer, than sprin
kle a - little -blacli sulphur on the skin.—
Let the bird be covered With insects, and
they will disappear in the Bourse of twelve
hotirs. , Also, previous to setting a lien,.
if the nest be slightly sprinkled with • the •
sulphur, - there is no fear of the hen being- .
incubation, neither will the chickens bo -
troubled by - them...4laq a fine_sliatched
broob pines away and dies through noth-*:
ing else, and - no oiie knows the rause.' •
tar'General Jackson,. while in . Comte.
and of a large force at,New Orleans, and
after remaining there for ionie time 'the
provision began to get short, and thasol
diers commenced to shoW qmptoms
mutiny for want of proviions, 'when Gen.'
Jackson went to them, and in a speech
said, "Soldiers, we will hate ptorisions to
day. Gen. Georgc.Gibson said he would
be hereto-day with prOvisions,'and George
.Gibson was never known-to tell- a
At the CAndusion of i this sentence .Gen..
Gibson made his appearance areni - the :
:ground with provisicins,when 'the soldiers
exclaimed, "Your are ph boxiest-General."
Q"o` The Schuylkill and: Susquehanna
Railroad; (formerly known as the ,
phin and Susquehanna),fifty:four mdes : l4,
length, - running, front Auburn, on the.
.Reading railroad, to Roel4ille, on the.
PounSyivania railroad, live miles above.,
Harrisburg;. - has passed• under the. man.:
agement of the Reeding Railroad Qom--
. pauy.
. .
-- Captures—Thug far 103 vessels hsvA
been captured by the United States,:eiseht
and 74 .by the Rebel rivateers;
rgir A gcntlemanv.anding liv a • sew:
ing machine, at 'which a young:lady-was, looking alternately, at. the me- , ;.
chine and at its fair oporator, , at length -
gave vent to his admiration with.
ly I it's purty, specially. the part with
iker.' • ' •
Itart, , Dee't, you uiean turrY .
dear sirr • . o,`my dear widoiv;rd •
rata= •
- er ideirselilh. ribs I've itifilien
~] :i..:: - . :„. .-