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k J. GERRITSON, PUBLISHER:
THE MONTROSE DEMOCRAT,
• mrettstum 'TfITIISDA TS, Er
A. J. GERRITSON. EDITOR &
OXPICX OX PthILI4 AVENUE, OPP9SITX TUX P. 0
7`rairs-82 . perannum. or 81 50 in adrustee.
Deliaqtrents :subject:to charge of 82 50 pet year.
with ;interest. Diseontiiitiances optional with
the Publisher until all arrearages are paid. -
Advertisements inserted at $1 persquare of
2.1 Cents per squire for each insertion
after the first three. One square we year,lipe,
each additional squar”, 84.
Job IlVork of all kind.; 'executed neatly
sad pr,,mpily. Blank. 'always on hand.-
BILLINGS STROUD ;
.. IFIECE and LIFE [NISI:MANCE AGENTr—
_ • Illontiose,-Pa.
TESTI IRO II IA LS.
-EVE, the undersigned, rettifiz that,we ,lrefe
iciured in Fire Insurance Companies represented
by Mr. Billings Stroud. of Montrose, and that,
}raving enffered.losS fire whileiso insured, we
wens severally paid by said edinpaiiies to the full
extent of our claims; and we have smnfidenee in
.him as a good and effective agent.
J A s. 12_,DEWrrx, . ZErnox
LAEHRo?& DEWrrE, H. .1. %VERB,'
F. B. CHANDLER, J. Lioss &Sow,
BEND- GLIDDEN, LEONARD SEARLE-,
Montrose, PiLLNovember lath, 1869.
- S. H. SayreA- Brother, • ,
xi A NUFACTURERS of Mill Castings, and
11 Caitines - of all kinds, Stoves, Tin and
Sheet imp . Ware,- Agricultural Implements, and
eslei-i in 'Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, &e.
Montrose, Ps., November, IClts. 1859.- ;vs.
Guttenberg, Rosenbaum & Co.,
7Z EALERS in Ready-tgade Clothing, Ladies'
_UP Dress Gtiods..Furniehing Goods, etc., etc.* Stores at No 21' Dey-it, New-York City,-and in
Towanda. Montrose, and Stpzq'a Depot, Pa.
L. B. ISBELL, -
Al[lillEPAMS Clocks, Watches and Jewelry, at
- '7"1.16 short notice, and on reaqonable terms. All
work warranted. Shop in Chandler & Jessup'a
store, Iliontrfwe, Pa, [6e2stf.
Thi. Blakeslee & Brush, -
L]] AVE asioefated themselves for the proee
-11 eution of-the duties.of their pro feasion. and
respectful/sr ofer their, professional serricee to
the invalid Public. Office at the residence of
l tr. Blakeelee, tnidsrav' betweett' the Tillages of
Dintock and Springrilie. • .ap2oy
A. C. ELA BRCSFI.
HAYDEN BROTHERS *
A NTHOLCSA LE Dealers in'Buttona, t'ombs.
1 V Suvenclers, Threads, Fancy Goods
Watches, Jewelry,Sitcer aud Ware,Cut-
I cll., Fishing Tackle,Cigsrs, dzi., New Mil
ford, Pa. Merchants and fed ars, supplied on
liberal terms. - ' 4 wa tf
- EMMY B; McKEAN,
TTOR Un'd COUNS'ELLOR. at LAW.
Office in the Union Block—Towanda,Brad.
ford county, p.a.
F,lO-!" 1 . 1:111 - yrymyst,- ...al pro ecaional
business intrusted to hi®, in this and adjoining
counties. - Lic3'sBtf
~ DR. E. ": WELLS
AWING permanently lasted in Dundieft
hia.profeu.ional rervleea to all who
niay require them. Also. keeps eimstantly on
hand a full stock of lints* and Medicine*,
Peace Wines and Liquors for Medical
purposes_ ' • ' - (ap7—Sm.'
DIC . H. SMITH,
Q ILTRGEON DENTIST. Residence and of-
CI five opposite the Baptist Church (north aide)
Montrose. - Partieular attention will be given
to inaerting . teeth on gold and silver plate, and
to,siliredecaving teeth. - •
1 . - TA EALER. in Drugs. Medicines. chemicals
WindoW Glass, GrOceries, Fancy Goods, Jew.
".1: c, Perfumer', &c.—And Agent, for all the
np,,t popular Patent Medicines, Montrose, Pa.
DR. E. F, WILMOT;
RADt:TATE of the Alloriath:e and llornceo
‘ll.r p3-thie Colleges of Medicine, Gt. Bend, Pa
-1 corner of „Maio and Elizaheth=sta., neatly
epp. , ate the MetheTrii.t. church.
M. :C. - TYLER,
i'LCI Partner, with Lawrencia, Griggs &
Kin:shiary, manufacturers and jobbers in
Str.,w Gonda, Hats, Caps. & Furs, Umbrella*,
and all Millinery-articles.—
No 46. Csurtlar.dt street, New York. [sepil
Wm. s. i Cooper &vo.,
- B -
EgS„ Stus.eestetra to POST, COOPER
• &:CO., Mont Ton es Pa. Office one 'door
POAC r e Store, Turnpike Street.
HC. TTING CoOPER--......--..ffENEY DRINKER.
- C. 0. PORDHAM.
f A NUFAC ; TURER OF BOOTS & SHOES.
-' 1 Sinatra:, Pa. Sliop over . Tyler's Store,
Aii kinds or. work made 'to order and repairing
-wm. W. SMITH , & co.,
ABIN ET and Chair Manufacturers, foot of
-Main street, :11,ontronc, Pa. angltf
DR.' G. Z. DIMOCK,
pliysiclAN and Surgeon . Office over Wil
ctsre Lodtring , at Searle's Hotel.
DR. JOHN W. COBB,
biIi'SICIAN and :W . - germ • Office on Public
Asennp. opposite fyearle's Hotel, Montrose.
• DR. R. THAYM,
- 1311YSICIAN and Surge. , n. Montrose Ps.-
1 Office in the Farmer's Store.
"IVASMONABLE Shop net' the
I.' Baptist 519cting liouse, - on Turapike . atreet,
Munirk t ae, Pa. " augltf
r HE Nes . : York City Illustrated Newspapent
Nagazines, rte. etc., for sate at the Montrose
1,1.. k Store. by - A. N.-BULLARD.
On Public Aveatie, near Searle's Hotel, .
EEl' constantly on hand a good supply of
1. MEATS of all kinds. CASH paid for
Heel Cattle,ClOwt*Sbeepond Lambs.
Also for-nide:l tit an Muds: ,~
• HENSTOCK & HAWLEY.
F. T. HESSTOCS. • 5. HAWLEY.
Montrose:March 30th , lßb9.—tL
14. dARRATT ?
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
FLOUR; CRAIN, SALT, 4C.,
NEW MILFORD, PA.—Selo Room, PRATT'S Moo.
V•ILL' keep constantly on hand the beet
• brands of FLOUR--by the Sank or Hun
dred Barrels—at the lowest market, prises. Also,
SALT—by the Single Barrel or Load.
All orders from Merchants and Dealers will
be promptly attended to.
~. Cash paid for Grain, Wool, Palls, Hideo,
an...Fars:Am' Produce In tbeirtneasos.
CG T 74 40E5 CREIVAIM ECI 22,Wtt may izoti.s3oV coal vara m i xt ARID
NEW 800DS! NEW GOODS!
AT 111 E N. f2BRINCH STORES
gratenberg, llostilbaum,* sta.,
ffiontritse, & Smote Depot, Pa•
TIE oldersigeed have provided themselves
SPLENDID ASSORTILEPT :
FALL AND WIMIR GOODS
,which they boast of being the
in this section of country. -
They alio Batter themselves that they have
the beat facilities of obtaining
fEacam Sres# from qe Market,
and aredetermined not to be undersold by any
firm this side of N. Y. City. In regard to
READY MADE CLOTHING
we Would say that being In this businea largely at
- - • '
24 Sep Street, New York City
we can offer the publiclargains not surpswed by
any retail dealers in this. section, as we can sell
here at retail prices as cheap a*. those who go
to New Yvrk and purchase at wholesale and
then bring them here and hvae to make a profit
over that which they have already paid them.
waives: Call and see us and we will prey)/
the facts. -
(6uttrubertt, liostithaum, k -to
Moot rofte, Pa., October 27th,1859. .
The Official Paper of Congress.
—I publish now my annual Prospectus ofthe
Daily Globe, and the Congressional- Globe and
Appendix, to remind subscribers, audinforin all
who may desire to subscribe, that es Congress
meets on the first Monday of December, I shall
then recommence publishing the above named
papers. They have beeepublished so long, that
moat public men know their eharacteratnd there.
fore I deem it needless to give a minute account
of the kitid ol matter they will contain.
The Daily Globe will contain a report of the
Debates in both branches of Congress as taken
down by reporters, equal, if not superior to any
short hand writers, itrthis, or soy other country
A majority oT them will, each, be abie to report
rerbotim,lo.ooo words an hour, while the aver
- rxZeisle' l llt6ottiths tirern6uares-briesswy--aw
not make more than 45 columns, they appear
in the Daily Globe of ;he next morning, which
n ill contain the news of the day, and editorials
upon pursing events.
The Congressional Globe and Appendix will
contain all the debates In Congress, resised - by
the spealcens,the Messages - of the President, the
Reports of the Departments, the Laws passed
and indexes to all. They will be printed on a
double royal sheet, iii book form, royal quarto
size, each number containing sixteen - pages. The
whole'will make 3800 or 3.900 pages, the long
session usually oinking that number the pea
session is a long one. '
The coming session will be at unusually in
teresting one, as the candidates-for Presider will
norninat - cd betbre it closet, and, therefore,. the
debates will be mostly on such political quell.
lions as will tend to influence public opinion on
the subject, and the 'Globe will be the only pa
per-io which the debatei can be obtained.
The Congressional Globe and Appendix pass
free ofyostitge thron,gh the mails.
TERXX—DaiIy Globe during the session, -
Congreal Globe & Appendix, " 6
Two copies 0 .
No attention phi to any order unless accom-_
parried by the money.
Bank notes,tarrin' in the election - where the
subscriber resides, taken at par. Postage stamps
preferable to any currency except gold or silver.
Address Jona C. limas. V‘ 313141440 m
ko:foirP44*-1:40D:ti:.4‘' , 04
T HE GENESEE FARMER is now, admitted
-to be the cheapest agricultural piper pub
lished in America. It is believed to have a lar
ger circulation than any isimilar journal in the
world. But there are thousandief farmers who
do pot take this or sny similar paper. To reach
this large class, although the Farmer is now
Cheaper than the cheapest, we have determined .
to make it.chesper still.
TO ALL4WIIO SUBSCRIBE NO W,
Or before thefins( of Decemoer, we will send
the Genesee Farmer for IF6O, and the remain
ing two months of this • year (November and
Deeember), for fifty cents. In other words, we
will send the remaining numbers of this year as
A PRESENT to new SUBSCRIBERS.
Send the fifty cte. in three-cent postage stamps,
at our risk; or get- one' of your neighbors to,
join with you. and . liend a dollar bill.
Published fur 29 years, in the very heart of
the "Genesee country," with hundreds orthe
best farmers and fruit-growers, in every State,
an correepondents, the Genesee Farmer contain!'
information of great value. It is the
"FARMERS OWN PAPER,"
At@ no effort isepared make'wOrthy of their
'HEAT CULTURE receives special atten
tion.. Every subject connected with the farmer's
vocation is discussed. Management and breed
ing of stock, cultivation . of grain and grass,
firm-houses, buildings, fences, undo:draining,
plowing, sowing, harvesting, threshing, market
ing, dairy management, and every operation on
the farm or garden; receive attention. - ,
Fail and Reliable Reportrofihe Marke4,
In New York, Biiston, Philadelphia, Rochester,
Buffalo, Toronto, Chicago, Ci DC in nal i, LiverpOel;
and London, are given each month, -prepared
expressly for Farmer by a gentleman of
great experien4e, intelligence, and sagacity;
DOMESTIC RECEIPTS. -
Ladies, top, write for the Genesee Fartner,and
furnish - hundreds of well.tried snd valuable re.
ceipts. WS design to Make the volume for 1800
decidedly the best of the series.
ift 4 2.1315;00,
Is Cash Premiums will be paid for the greatest
number of subscribers suit in before tb6lsth
or Janaarr• -
- Agents Wanted in Every Town.
Speeimmsopiea — and ahow:billa sent gratis to
all who clealre - to actin; agents. .
TWENTY-ONE CASH PRIZES,
Besides liberal specific premiums, and, iu clubs
of eight, a 25 cent premium to each anburiber.
NOW is die Tina to Subscribe. -
Bearin mind, all who subscribe now will-get
the last two months this peer for nothing. •
Only AO cents ayear. Address
not 0, ay • JOSEPH
and Proprietor, Rochester, N.
SC- -GIFTS -11
TO PURCHASERS OF BOOK
At th. 014OLNAL and th. ONLY
GIFT BOOK ENTERPRISE,
Established by G. G. EVANS,
In 1 SA.
HEAD QUARTERS FOR THE' UNITED
STATES ♦r jar. FUBUSHING HOUSE OF
G. G. EVANS,
439 CHESTNUT-ST, PHILADELPHIA. PA.
No connection with New York Gift Book Storm
QINCE I Originated the Gift Book Enterprise,
I have repeatedly, called the attention orthe
public to me large stock of liberal offers, which(
they have always warmly responded to. Ica
pow, with more satisfaction than ever, call atten:
tion to me largely increased inducements to pur
chasers. tieing very heavily engaged in publish
ing, I exchange my pubilcations for those of other
houses, and am enattled to procure all my- books
at the original cost, and thus can sad do supply
the majority of the other houses engiged in the
Gift Book trade, with their books, Cheaper than
they can procure them from other publishers. I
cab also, by my heavy purchases of Watches &
Jewelry, for cash, furnish them with their Gifts
at lower rates than they can buy them &dm the
Having such an advantage in buying, I can in
sure my customers s great deal better Gifts with
their books than any other botise,and can give my
agents a larger commission. A valuable Gift is
delivered with,each Book at the time of sale.—
Gifta worth 8 - 100, at the lowest wholesale rates,
will be impartially distributed with every 81000
I worth of Books sold. ,
Send for a catalogue, which will be sent free
! to any address, containing the most'valuable col
lection of Standard productions in Literature;
Philosophy, Ilistory,Geogriyhy, Travels,and all
the favorite-works of Fiction apd Sciences, with
every .other department of. Literature, classified
as described below: Send for it,for ifyou don't
wish to order broke, you will obtain a very sal.
cable Book for reference, as it contains all the I
desirable books in print, and costs you nothing.
Particular attention is requested to the list of'
my publications, which will be found in the latter
part of my Classified Catalogue. It contains a
large number of deservedly popular works, by va
rious authors ; among which are all of T. S. Ar
thur s best works, well known as a moral iostrue
tive, and pleasing author. G. G. 'EVANS,
- Philadelphia, Pa.
worth from 50 CtB. to $190,? is given with
A d T e l p o a N rim O , F at ßOO em K bra S. eca
each' B 0 OK fold.
standard works upon generalrkate t p
Albums--La les (a great variety) Floral; Cap
Quarto. Royal Cap, Demy Quarto, Auto
Annuals—A large and elegant assortment
Bibles—A splendid assortment of pock etpew and
family Bibles, in every style; from $1 to $5O.
Prayer Books—A complete asiertment,ln every
form and at all prices
Hymn Books—As used be the different denom-
Biographical—Wl:l;6 of TryingJleadley,Weerns,
Sparks, Bancroft, and every other standsird
Botanical—By Comstock, Gray, Lincoln,,Derby,
Cookery— R. ecipt - and CoOk Books, by MN.
Hale, Leslie, Widdifield, IttiCenzie, &c.
German—Standard German Literature.
Dictionaries—WebsterCi English, French, Ger
man, Spanish, Latin, Greek, Italian, &c f .
Cychpedias--All of the standard authors.
Grographical—The latest sad most improved
schools and other Geographies, Maps., and
Geo/ogy—The works of Hugh Miller, Harris,
Ilitchcork, 140 and .others.
'llistoricyl-By Prescott, Irving, Bancroft, Rob
- ertson,ll u me, Gihbous,Macauley, ink others.
/timorous—Embraces a world of fun.
Jurende- , -Ectry description of illustrated books,
Law and Medicine—The Standard works of
Mechanical and Scientific—The moat apprOved
works on Mechanics,. Architecture, and the
Poetry—EngtisVand American. Octavo - and lit,
erary editions of the stadard Poem; pocket
and cabinkt editions--plain and illustrated,
bound in every style to suit. the taste of all.
Works of Fiction—By Scott, Irving, Cooper,
Dickens, and all-the approved Writers.
Miscellaneous—Our 'Miscellaneous Department
embraces every thing not included in the above
classification, of an interesting and instructive
character, that is-in print. Including
School and Classical.
Travels and Adrentures
Games, Sports and Pastimes
Religions, Biblical and Theological.
Musical and Glee Books.
Odd Fellowship and Freemasonry
SCIfEDITLE OF GIFTS
The Gifts consimt of Gold and Silver Watches,
Gold Ghaitis, Ladies' Splendid Black and Plaid
Silk Dresses,Patterns,Paripr Timepieces, Silver
plated ware, costly sets of Cameos, Mosaic,
Florentine, Coral, Gra'Net. Torque's, and Lava
Jewelry, Gold Lockets, Pencils, and Peek La.
dies' Neck and Chatelaine Chaim., Gents' 80.
som Studs and Sleeve Buttons, Pocket-knives,
A TQOUSAND VARIETIES OF GIFTS:
varying from 40 cents to $25. •
AGENTS WANTED EVERYWHERE
To agents I can give more liberal inducements
than is afforded by any other house. lo addi
tion to larger commissions, it is much easier to
get subscribers for my toterpries than any-other.
The peculiar advantages are—
A stock, and better Catalogues to se
A better assortment and tiirality of 0110.
More punctuality and correctness in filling
By acting as agents for me, Persona
Wishing a valuable Library
,can -procure it
Those seeking an easy method of earning a
livelihood ear find it.
Any one desiring a good Wateb,can obtain it.
Far fall particulars, send for a Cataygite.
My large capital, together with my long ex
pevienee in the business, and consequent fa
miliarity with all its details. gives mst an al
most incalculable advantage overall other pales.
All I ask is a trial. Scud we an order, and
you will be convinced that there.is ao augers.
_ Do not forget to semi fir s
And to addresa G. G:-EVANS,
ORIGINAL (aim .eNneßPßisz,
149 CHESTNUT STREET.
Porsoin-visitiog t k ho City. on rogosated to
es)/ sod exoteitiolor tborosolvto.
MONTROSE, PA., ptoEmBER 8,1859.
FARM WORK - Pag DECEMBER.
"The clamed' the yeat is an appropriate
time to balance the feweaccoanta, and make
a new inventory. This will show your stand,
ing from year to year, aid enable you at a
gla nce t o see whether° Iktatiai- pays. If it
does not pay, with lanteirliin baud, Diogenes
like, search for and MOON! leaks. And while
balancing the farm anctiants, you m a y as
well balance thegrootiviriee.orrat current, and
any - other items or bills. Excepting those
with whom you have a sort of barter acdount
—furnish them- with a portion of surplus pro-
duce—it is not' deeirahic to keep open ac
- .p a y as you goy" is a good and.safei
rule, which many persons regretted vio
Although but l ittle is carried
An, out ofdoors, in the-Northern States, which
seems to bring cash retains * yet the farmer
who reccollecte that "to hasband is to earn,"
_can save a great deil'hy !kepi, care and at
tention, that would ottiti t m .Ao to waste.
At the South mucot. we 'call `Spring
work" is now done. - '
Cellars may need additional guarding
against frosts. ' ' I
Fencing Materiali—Collect (rum the woods
and swamps now that they are froz en o v er ...-
R a il s may b e split and vests prepared fur an-.
Fodder Racks—See that the , feeding yards
are provided with them tolreep the bay, straw,
- etc., from being trampled under foot. Cattle
food is valuable now, .
Forest Leaves—lf any of these are accessi.
ble, collect as many as peerible' for' bedding
and manure. They are very valuable for both.
Hogs—Kill any now (attesting. Keep stores
in good thrift, providing tor an increase at
the appropriate season. . - . • -
• Ice Houses may be filled in some placai.
The first ice is usually tEe best.
irrigation—Sortie of the meadows and in
tervales can be overdowedlor aohort time to
their manifest advantage,. Cranberry mead
ows are improved by keeping them flooded
during the Winter.
Lumber, Timber, eto.- , -This may now be
got fikim the forests rind taken to the saw-mill '
The early snows usually make the beat sled-,
ding for this purpose.
Manures—Push the manufacture of these
at this season. Use muck s loam, leaves and
straw to absorb all the liquids of the yards
and stables. - Cart i large heap-of muck from
' the swamp to the stables for Winter use. A.
free bedding of it-under Eorses to absorb the
urine ; will make twice as much manure as
would-be saved where•livids are allowed to
run to waste s with no ataorbant.
Marketing Produce—Sonethe surplus
productions may now be sold u leas it Is evi
dent higher prices will prevail i the Spring.
FeßEfftrt ritietrirtaltriddrti LrearaithintOt h
month, eWI protection from true ofti,r,,,, and "
gravel or sand to scratch in. Give meat scraps
from the kitchen. .
Scfioolir are now in session inmost districts.
Let the children attend as steadily as possible,,
and show .them, by.frat spat vistita4.thist. -yon
take a lively interest in their success.
Sheep—Provide racks for,
and feed under
cover during storms. Keep horned cattle and
horses away from them:- ' Give turnips or car
rots, instiailof all.dry feel. See that they
are...supplied with salt, sad provided with a
good buck, of an improved breed, if possible.
T oo l Houses—Look ovir the implements
stored here, during the str days of this
month. Some of them y need repairing,
and a few want replacing With new one, which
can now be-made. See diet nothing is left to
rust, and decay, or be bf"led by unexpected
Water pipes and Pump may - need protec
tion from frost.
Winter Grain. Fields-a-Allow no water to
stand upon them nor should cattle or sheep
graze them at tbii season.
Wood—Make early ptepzrations for, cut
ting and hauling a full supply teethe coming
year. In snowy countries 'll is better . to cut
in convenient lengths fut. kazidling, and pile
both "down stuff" and die tending trees, so
that the first rall of snow:. may be improved to
sled it home. ' *r.
Trench, or subsoil and'italerdrain lands in
tended for early planting in the Spring. Be.
aides permanently improtOg them, they can
be planted much earlier.
THE CLAY FAMILY.
An old letter, written Is 1838, - by the late
Rev. Porter'Clay—then preaching. at Alton,
111., gives the following facts in regard to the
origin of the Clay family . l .
Your wishes to know something about the
history of our family could not be granted
within the limits of a letter. Thu following
concise account must .suffice. the reign
of Queen Elizabeth, Sir Walter Raleigh bro't
over, to the Virginia plaorationm among oth
ers,"three brothers, sons of Sir John Clay, of
Wales, &grand. He ere_ each of them
eleven thousand dollars, -which was .a very
large forlune at that time. Their names are.
Chariots, Thomas, and o ilenry. They lived
on James river, near Sitioostown- Trio of
thetri, Charles and Thorlistiv•ltid large famil
ia& Henry bad no chikdrezr. The, name of
Henry has been handed 4oth in both branch
es oftherimily with great tenacity ever *Woe,
Cassius Id. Clay is a desoeodent of -Charles
Clay ; Henry and myself from Thomas Clay.
Thus the two broil - Jere alluded to and the pro
genitors of all the Clays in the United States
My father, as you have heard, was a oler
gyman of the Baptist , denomination. He
died. in early life, leaving seven children—
foir sons and three daughters; all of whom
died without children, with the -exception of
Henry and mvself; my mother was married
the seccond time, and raised a family of six
children, two of whow are yet. living—Na
thaniel W. Watkins, and Frank Watkins, re
siding io Missouri. Ifyibrother Henry bad
eleven childrin—=;sis daoglittirs and five sons.
Thodattgistens ate all dial, and one son; B.
Cray, Jr., who gas killed tube battle of Ben
no Vista--his life baeieg died, previously,
leaving three children, who are with their
mother's esonnaptions in :.Louisville. Three of
my brother's sous are settled near him, in tba
neighborhood of Lexington. Two of these,
Thomas and James B. Otsy, are 'married and
doing well—ode'slimier, the other a Owner.
Johnithe youngest, whom you saw at Wash-
I neon is with is father it Addict Thea
dore, his eldistine, is in the Lunatic Asylum
is lAntingtml, is confirmed lunatics; - -
Sark oMt ontatt tinkfdboer 'nay be but;
toned over a griataage Walt
I 'THE OLD PLAY-GROUND.
I sat an hoe? to. day, Jebe l (
Beside the old brook striate;
Where we werbschool boys in old time,
When manhood was a dream; <
The brook is choked 'with fallen leaves,
The pond is dried away—
• !scarce believe that you would know
The dear old place to day.
The school house is no more, John;
Beneath our !west trees; '
The wild rose by the window slide
No more wives in the breeze;
The scattered ato es look desolate, : '
The-sod they fated on
Has been plow up by stranger hands
Since you and fvere gone. ,
.The chestnut tree I'S dead, John,
And whit is Sadder now--
The broken grape vine of our awing
Hangs on the withernithithith; .
I read our names upon the bark,
And found the pebbles rare
Laid up beneath the hollow aide
"As we had piled them there.
Beneath the gia l ea grown bank, John,
I looked for our old spring,
Thaf bubbled down the alder path
Three paces front the awing.
The rushes grew upon the brink,
The pool is black and bare,
And not a foot this many a day, '
It seems, has trodden there.
I took the old blind road, John, -
That wandered up the hill,
Tts darker than it used to be,
And seems so lone sod still
The birds king yet among the' boughs
Where once the sweet grapes hang,
But once a voice of human kind
Where all our voices rung.
I sit me on the fence, JOhn,
That lies as in old; time,
The same half panel in the path
We used so oft to Climb— -
And thought how o'er the bars of life
' Our playmites hOd passed on, -
And left me counting on this spot
The faces that are gone.
THE OIL WELL.
The Yenango Spectator says: "The Sene
ca Oil well, in Cherrytree township, this
county, is again in successful operation, yield
ing from 700 to 800 gallons every 24 hours I
This may appear incredible, yet it is geverthe
ed of the oil - privilege to a Company ta l New
Haven, Conn. This Company, vr e understand,
considered they had a hard. bargain, and
some two years since leaked their privilege to
E. L. Drake and others - , or the .period'of_ 40
years, the litter agreeing to pay the company
121 cts. per gallon far all oil collected.—
Drake at first collected oil from Artificial vats,
a number of which were on the premises. He
subsequently commenced boring, and- after
reaching the depth of 07 feet, struck - the bod
y of oil which affords the above estraoldinary
yield. The'oil and water are raised to the
surface by a pump driven by a small engine,
in quantitios,of one part of the former to four
parts of the latter. This in then collected in
• large vat, and when the oil rises to the sur
facei it is drawn off and barrelled. -Three
hands do the labor about the establishment.
Since the recent. accident from the gas taking
fire, great motion is observed to guard against
a similar misfortune. The only inconvenience
'experienced is getting suitable barrels manu
factured. Common whiskey barrelsare made
to answer for the present. As the-oil is rea
dy *sale at 75 cents and $1 per gallon, Mr.
'Drake's income may be considered "quite
comfortable." A report is in circulation. that
the New Haven Company deign attempting
to oust Drake from the possession, in conse
quence of some breech of contract. Their
agents were here a few days ago.
• A number ofother wells are being sunk irk,
the vicinity, one of which has reached she
oil, and others will doubles; be successful.—
Little fears are entertained that the price will
he materially diminished for years to come.
/.We call the attention. of such of our
readers an may desire a Washington paper
to the plospettus of
' The Weekly Constltestlpag.
WASHINGTON, D. C
'We would earnestly invite tire attention of
our Derdocratie friends thrithe Union to the
weekly edition of the WAsilliNoTON CONBTITU-
now, which is published every Saturday
morning, and which has already met such
marked and flattering success. Thir"Week
ly Constitution" is a large and beautiful-prin
ted, sheet combining the advantages of a pc:
litical'apd family newspaper. It is made up
of the most important editorial articles WhiCh
are published in the daily issue; , will contain
during the session of Congress carefully pre
pared abstracts of the proceedings of both
houses; furnishes authentic information of
the proceedings of the various departments of
the Government, for obtaining which we have
peculiar facilities; all patents issued are pub
lished iu full; all changes ia , or discontion-,
*noes of post offices regularly appear; and
contains besides a large amount of well selec
ted' miscellaneous' news, together with the la
test markets and-telegraphic intelligence,do
mestic and foreign. The "Sabbath Reading"
published in the Daily of Saturday evening,
is regularly transferred to the Weekly and
this is a Highly interrssting feature of the pa
per, and meets a ith g t reat favor. Nothing of
a sectarian character i s admitted into this de
With a desire tr bring before the people
the principles and measures of therDenroorat
ic Party, and at the same time furnish them
with. an acceptable newsjournal, we offer the
paper at a price barely sufficient to
coat of paper, printing, arid packing. The ,
terms are as follows —For one copy, $ 2 -per
annum ; three copies (*rib; flee copies for
i 8; ten copies for $l5 twenty copses--lent
to one address s2b. Subscriptions may pona..
mence at any time. Daily paper $6 per ab
eam; sensi.weekty, it per, annum. Demo
orats. put your shoulderAo the wheel, push 'on
the column, and it will hot'!" long, we 'trust;
until you will mudiliits to alum*. at least a
hundred - tlioneand odo4'ef 114 oat Pipit
4® Irmit umact 0 VEVA
Defence of John E. Cook.
We publish below an extract from the
speech of Mr. Voorhees, Attorney General "of
Indiana, made `in.defence of Capt. John E.
Cook. on his recent 'trial at Charlestown.
The whole speech was tt noble and eloquent
effort, forcibly tacing to Seward, Beecher,
Sumner and the Abolitionists of the North,
generally, the direct responsibility , for the
treasonable attempt, and denouncing with
scathing_ bitterness . the whole - tendency of
Abolition teaching: The following extract
is not only forcible but -true . .
"But, gentlemen, in estimating the mag
nitude of this young man's, guilt there is one
fact which is proven in his behalf by the cur
rent history of the day which you endue fail
to consider. Shall John-E, Cook perish, and
the real criminals - who far twenty years have
taught; the principles on which be acted,
hear no voice !rem this spot I- Shall this
occasion pass away, and the prime felons
who *Lisette(' you soil- and murdered your .
-citizens at Harper's Ferry escape? The in
dictment before us says that she prisoner was
seduced by false and malignaOl counsels of
other traitorous persons. Never was &sen
tence written more pat and true. False
and milieu - tit counsels' have been dropping
for years, u deadly and blighting as the poi- -
son of the Bobute Upas tree, from the tongues
of evil and tseitorous persons in that section
of the Union to which the prisoner belongs.
They have seduced not only his , mind, but
many others, hottest and misguided like him,
to regard the crime at Harper's Ferry as no
crime, your rights -as unmitigated . wrongs,
and the Caustitution of the country as a
league with hell ands covenant with death.
On the skits of the leaders of Abolition fa
naticism North is every drop of blood shed
In the conflict at Harper's Ferry; on their
souls rests the crime of murder for every life
there lost; and all the waters of-the ocean
coold•not wash the stains of slaughter from
their guilty and'treachercrs bands. A- no
ted Boehm Abolitionists, .(Wendell Phillips,)
a few days ago, at Brooklyn, New York, in
the presence of thousand; speaking of this
tragic occtirretice, says: 'lt is the natural
result of anti-sla v ery teachings. For one, 1
accept it. I expecited it.' I, too, accept it
in the same light, and so will the country.
These who -taught, not those who believed
and acted, are the men of crime in the sight
of God. And to guard other young men, so
far as in my power, from the fatal snare
which has been tightened around the hopes '
and destinies of John E. cook; and to show
who are fully responsible for his conduct, I
intend to link, with this trial the names of
older and wiser men than he; and if he is to
be punished and consigned to a wretched
doom, they- elan stand beside- hid) in the ,
public stocks; they shall be pilloried forever .
" Tl;e - chik tiTelllrrrask-eask,Usitoreu. s
great party, a Soontor -of long standiis4, has ,
announced to the country that there is a
higher law than the Constitution, which
guarantees to-eacir man the full exercise of
his own inclinations. The prisoner before
You bas simply acted on the law-of Wrn. H.
Seward, and not the law of his fathers. lie
has followed the Mabotnet of an incendary
faith. Come forth, the sages of abolitionism,
who now cower and skulk under hasty denials
of your, complicity with the bloody resolt oT
your wicked and unholy doeutues, and take
your places on .she witness Stind. Tell the
world why -this thing has happened. Tell
this jury -why they are trying John E. Cook
for his life. You advised his conduct .and
taught him that be was doing right, You
taught him a higher law and pointed out Co
him the field of nation. Let facts be submit
ted. Mr. Seward, in • speaking of slavery, •
Kars : 'lt can sun most be abolished, and - you
and I must do it,' What worse did the [ris
,oner attempt. t
"Again he said, upon this same subject,
•eircumstancu determine possibilities;' and
doubtless the circumstances-with ,whtcli John
Brown had cerinected his plans, made-them
possible in his. estimation; -.for it is in evi
dence before the country, nnimpeached and
uncon trad kited, that the great Senator of New
York had the whole affair submitted to him,
and only 4rhisF•ered back, in response, that he
hadsbetter'not been told. lie has boldly an
nounced an irrepressable conflict between
the free and slave Suttus of this Union. These
seditious phrases, 'higher law' and 'irrepressi- 1
ble conflict,' warrant and-invite the ConstruC
lion which the prisoner and his young de
luded companions placed upon theta. Yet,
they are either in chiins, with the frightful
gibbet full in view, or sleep in dishonored
girlie; while the apostle or master spirit of
insurrection is loaded with honors and fares
sumptuously everyday. Such is poor, short
handed justice in this world.
"Au old man and for many years a mem
ber of the National Congress from Ohio,
next shall testify before you that he taught the
prisoner the terrible error which now involves
his life. Servile insurrections have forever
been on the tongue -and lips of Joshua E.
Giddiogs. He says, 'that when the contest
shall come, *hen thelhunder shall roll; the
lightning flash, when the slaves shall rise in
the South in imitation of the horrid scenes
of the West Indies,
when the Southern man
tare shall pale and tremble, when your dwel s
liege shall smoke with the torch of the incen
diary, and dismay abasit on each -counte
nance, he will hail it its the approaching dawn
of-that political and•moril millenium which
he is well assured will come upon the world'
The atrocity "of these statements chills the
blood of honest patriote, and no part of the
prisoner's equals their bloody import. Shall
the old leader escape and the young follower
die! Shall the teacher whose doctrines told
the prisoner that whit be did was right, go
unscathed of the lightning which he has un
chained I If so, justice has fled from her tem
ples on earth, ind awaits us only on high to
measure out what is right betweeti man and
"The men who have misled.-thin boy to his
ruin shell hero receive my maledictions. They
shrink from him now in the hour of his
calamity. ;They lift up their bands and say,
Ameni to, the bloody spectacle which their
infernal orgies have summoned up. You
hear them over `thu land ejaculating
through false, coward lips, .' Thou cased not
nay that I did it,' when their hands are reek
ing with ,sll the blood which has been abed
and which yet siwaita the extreme penalty Of
the law.' false, Sleeting, pedured - traitors;
false to lh,sa wbo have acted Rate your prin
ciples ; false to Weasel *all is country, and
VOLUME; XVI, NUMBER 44
perjured before tbe-Constitution of the Re!
public.-minittera who profess to be of God
who told this boy to carry a Shape's rifle to
Kansas instead of bis mother's Bible—shall
this jury, this snort, end this country forget
their guilt and their infamy because a victim
to their. precepts is , yielding up his life be
fore you! May God forget me if f here, in
the pretence of this pale face, forget to'de
imunce with the withering, blighting, blasting
power of majestic' trulb, the tall and stately
criminals of the Northern Stiffen of this Un
"The visionary mind . of the prisener heard
(turn s member of Congress from Afassachu
setts that a new Constitotion, a new Bible
and a new God were to be inaugUrated to
possera the country. They were to be new,
because they were to be anti-slavery, for the
old Constitution, and old Bat, and the God
of our father, the angient Lord God of Israel,
the same yesterday, to-day, and forever, were
not on the side of abolitionism. Is there no
mitigation lOr his doom in the fact, that he
took his life in his hind, and aimed at that
which a coward taught him, but daied not
attempt! Base, pusillanimous demagogues
have led the prisoner to the bar; but• while
he entrant—if auger he - must—they,-too, shall
have their - raiment limbs broken on -the
" I will not leave thS la of Virginia, I will
not let this awful occasion passlntohistorY,
without giving a voice and uttetOce to its
true purport and meaning, ut heaping
upon its authors the.load of execration which
they are to bear henceforth and forever. Day
after day and year after year hit , :be baleful
simoon of revolution, anarchy, discord, hos;
tility to the South and be institutions, swept
over that section of the country ii which the
lot of the prisoner has been cast .That he
has been poisoned by its breath, ;should not
cut him off front human sympathy; rather
should it render every heart clement toward
him. lie never sought place or tastier', but
sought merely to develop thow doctrines
which evil and traitorous persons had caused
him to believe were true. • -
"Ministers, editors, and politicians—Beech.-
er, Parker, Seward, Giddings, Sumner, Hale,
and a boat of lesser lights of each Glass—who
in this court-room, who in this vast country,
who in the wide world who shall reed this
trial; believes them not guilty, as charged ii
the indictment in all the counts, to a dseper
and far there fearfui extent 'than John E.
Cook! Midnight -gloom is not - more sombre
in contrast with the .blazing light of the
meridian sun, than is the guilt of such men
in comparison with that which over
whelms the prisoner. They put in motion
the maelstrom which has engulphed hint.
They started the torrent winch has - borne
him over the precipice. They called forth
from the caverns the tempest, which !recited
disunion and abomination sit heavy on their
guilty souls!: Nay the fate of die prisoner,
whatever it may be, disturb , their dumber,
and paralyze their arms when they are agniu
raised against the peace of the country and
lives of Its citizens!
"I know by tho gleam' of each eve into
which I look in this jury -box, that if these
men could change plebes 'with yclung rook,
you would gladly say tt? him, -t Cio,,erring and
repentant youth ; our vengeance sMill -fall on
those who paid their money, In pd nit the
attack, and guided the blow.' Let me ap
peal to you, gentlemen of the jury, in the
name of Eternal truth and everlasting rigbi,
is nothing , to be forgiven to youth, to inex
perience, tett, gentle, heart, 6a Way
ward and peculiar though not vkious elm, -
icier, strang ely apt to be led bv present in-.
'flueucesl I have shown you what; thoso in
fluences, generally and specially, have been •
over the mind of the prisoner. i" I have uhawh -'•
you the ' malign influence of iris direct order.'
I have shown you, oleo. the ' false-ind malig
rant counsels' in behalf of this sadttiterprise."
emanating from thos.e in place; i ower and
position. It might have been your prodigal
son borne away, and seduced by s ick coun
sels, as well as-my young client. Do More
as you would, have your own childidealt by
under like circumstances. Ile' has ben stolen.:
from the principles of his ancestora and be-
trayed from the teachings of his! kindred.
If he were your own handsome repent:
ant and confessing his wrongs to pis 'coun
try, what Would you wish a jury of Istrangers
to do! That do yourselves. By ,that, rule ...
guide your verdict; and thepeori, bouu of
mercy will not be cut offirom,bint.
"He thought' he country •was about to be !
convulsed; chat the slave was pining for an
opportunity to iise against his master ; that
two-thirds of The laboring poPulaticin of the,
country, North and South, wouldnoel: to the
standard of revolt;, that a single day would
bring ten, fifty .-yea , a hundred thousand •
tnen—toiarrus la behalf of the insurrection •
of the slat,:es. This is in evidence. Who
responsible for such terrible false views ? and
what kind of a visionary and•dreau4ng; mind
which. has so fatally entertained them ? That
the prim:meet, - mind is pliant to the impres-'
Mons, whether for good or evil, hy.wbich it is
surrounded, let his first interview in prison
with Gov. Willard, in ; b e presencei of tour
Senator, 'COI, 'Mason, beer witness., His er
ror was placed before him. His wrong to his
family and his country was dram) by a pat
riotic, and, at the same time,. an affectionate.
hand.; His natural bell* oue4sserted
its sway. The influence of good and not of
evil, once more controlled him as the days
of his childhood; and now here, before you,
he has the merit at least of a loyal citizen
making all the atonement in his power for .
the wrong which be has conimitted. Tjust
he bits told strictly-the truth io the writer
went, is proven by every word of evideucain - _
notowair's Pats.—Persons of bilious bah- '
it, or who are liable td attaoks of dyspepsia, •
Should fortify their systems-against the relax,
ing heats of Summt.- by a course, of this mild
aperient and alterative in the Spring. It not
only regulates the secretions, and removes ob
structions from the bowels, but braces and
re-vitalizes the digestive powers, w hen weak
ened by indulgence, or rendered torpid by ii
Sedentary life. The testimony of invalids of
bah sexes and all ages in every - part of the
globe; demonstrates beyond. question that all
internal diseases not resulting from malforma—
tion, are capable of being eured.b7 this great