The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, July 21, 1859, Image 2

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    . ,purchese, cr es indemnity for war expenses
• pethaps; would here the tight to set them- ,
- selves up as,n erre - if:le-State, if •theyao liked,
and deny the jurisdiction of- -- aleA/sited'
States. But Congress, when e541)1144% a'
_ - Government in :the Territory; cannot igDpptt
authority to dO, by. feeble territhriel onapt
welds. hat Oontressitielfiantint finitertike
• to perform under the Cisiistitutibi, add - can
never venture to undertake, except in llagtant
uleffiplgtiif -bine* re
-
• eereedto - the States. • t • _
We are oppesed, however, to-the' introdue-,
proketitt -, •
slave or any, - other:kind:of-property, •into an
act orgatrislitg a • 'Terriforial • Government:
But-if,a,l'eetitery.attesapts---rusliticatistai or ma- .
ballcon. in the: shape of resistance. to acts qf
Cotigresa, •or to judicial decisions th_theit* . ,
. paperlegical,aeti legal .conseseanees,
• any other leghiniate ant done in and by
• tue of the Constitutional ai:tbOtity. Other
Maid States'over the Bente, 11167, IhiYideial
GuYeinmenp sill:mid: at_ once_ interposeand
putit.dowtknot.so.ineeh for the sake of slave l
or _Ady..other - ,kind.:of,l . p.rOpeity, or eveii . thd
personal' riglit of citizens-that maybe thereby
thengh. constituting a aufficient
reason ,for: the ,movement, as looking . to Else 1
neceisitg - e its own preservation. But before
the Impiientei of env such act of- nullifipal
• tion, or reuelhon,timi at:.thi time, of oio e
ani
rang...a armorial Goveoutnent, the preiump
tions ara,all.in favor of a legal' aud peaceful
course of political conduct on the part atkei
inhabitants of a Territory; . whereas the
- trine: of. C-ongressional intervention
, assume the reverse; In fine, we are disposed
to maintain on; this qu4tion_arid at all dines,
the fundamental _principle - , of- the equality'
q% the State's. :We are distinctly opposed to
any . compulsory relinquishment, In the'name ,
of squatter sovereignty, of the rights of Penn-
• sylraitia,as one of the sovereign print:dieters of
•
all :i.e. public donimin or territorial prOperty •
()film L toted tildes, and we occupy,
without any change of , opinion, the ground
hy*the follewing resolution of the Cin
cinnati Ceriveniion'of ISZid, to wit t. .
.
. - ' l •Res . p/tred,_ That recognize the right
I the people ef e ill the Territories,4neluding
Kansas andsNebreska outing through the le
gal and thirly-enyksiLd --will of the, majority_
of actual residents, and whenever the number ,
of their. Anhabitauts justifies it, to form-a
-Contlithrison,with or eitlfout domestics/a - vet
ry, and, be„admitted into the Union . upiin _
termer perfect equality - With theciriter Stake"
- t This _mntation v. represents the
..
Marked difference betrsten-the !evolutionary
efforts of the _first squatters in a new Territory
to abolish Negro Slavery: or -to prevent the
introduction. of, Slave properly into the Ter
ritory, by: the incompetent agency of a Terri
torial r...gl i slatur, and the constitutional. and•
- quiet exercise 0(16e - sights of Sintereignty, by
the people of a 'l'errithrjein -the formation of
a State Constitution with erswitheet domes-,
tin trlayery; as -they may determine.. In -the
meantime, the eitizens-zef each -and every
- 'State being - loan respects - equal with each
other tinder the - Constitution, take their'va.
:iota kinds of property - with them into the
Territory„,and whiLe-itt. a territorial condition
they and their property are all equelly.pro
-. meted by the_ Constitution of the United
Statesand'thel Dred .Stott.-decision. - We
thus -stand 08 the sure- foundadon of the
Constitatioit.and the law, which sternly and
• justly deny the:arbitrary - power of
.one set
' settlers to corgiscate . the property of another
Wu thus avoid, too,- those contests
tweea settlers, by which.the settlers are kept
in a- curia:ant, state- of -commotion and tur
bulence, with mirder,'rapine, berningt.and
all kitelattf.violeetacts, throughout their en
tire territorial existenCe, and to the prejddiee
•-••• of -their best interest, and. of tie.pewee and
k , armouy of the Staten of the Union.
- • I
the elevation of her most distingitished states
man to the Presidency.. This illustrious citi
zen, her choice and that of the country; for
the first office of -theitepublie, was elected
• • after -a• doubtful end, dangerous contest, as
the randidatedf- il
• k National Derrioenney of ,
• the Unien, over the nominee of a sectional '-
. movement, 'suddenly iPrintrifig into its calam
itous existenie•a eingle - fanatical idea,.
avowedly CODfillik - in its operations to one
moiety of the Confederacy, and in its reel
- _lesadieregard of the Constitution - seeming to
indicate, as its proicpate design, the_ total
rain of the:comet!): - Having sustained him
aelf, during the period{ which has _elapsed
- since he :entered on th; duties of the' Pressi
„d
• ome., aebiast the. -most ' extra4diaary oppo
-ration that tiny Chief -Magistrate ever yet en- i
countered and mirvived, the Adrninistratiik
of James Buchanan stands now above the ilia -
`
..potent reach of its enetniea, strongly entrench,'
al in the confidence sad respect of - the eon,
servatite • masses of - the. Nation inducted
intobis great office as the chosen - represeii- -
tative of lase of union, •and thetrue princi •
-
yAei of the Government, he has, in his official
conduet, justified • the confidant eipee- _
tation a- large majority of aim whose
• votes were given to hira. The foreign policy
of the Administration has not been merely
satisfactory; it• lists • •bden i so eminently sec : -
cessfal that it is, aimot bv cmnmon
• consent, that the cotintrY never • before. filled
position. so etiviabie in theestimation of . i
. foreign States 'Although opposed most earet
needy and indefatigahly throughout.; and iu
nalite instances meanly; treacherously and_
vindictively. by. his opponents, he his can
- Summated ,measures in the 'direction of the
•fiiplora icy of the government. that stamp his
admit istrailon with thereat of imperishable
honor. • The Paraguay expedition, notwith
standing itsiailere was So confidently Pret
- dieted by the clamorous organ's of the Oppo
sition,-was etieuded„ - neverthel with. the
futio4t euxes.S.: • The trealy with Japan open
lug new ports to ourpMent anff (attire trade
with that_ croveded'empiee: the treaty •wittil
'China, by whose- careful-provisions, besides
cos-ering, the entire'croend of commercial ad-
,
vantages, :
,the light ef Christianity, for till I
first time is _permitted to -altine. among the: -
heathen millieresof4bes -Chinese world ; the
consummate :atilt and-judgement. with which,
in the Sage-Ofae*Seereatiesing difficulties and
- ;euprising . togikvik r iAgilis, the Central Amen{ .
can queetrotia have been :mar:aged, now just -
on the eve, apparently, of- producing their t
' well nigh outdo -fruipc; iota • aliovis all
the final se.ttlenietrt-if the Itiglet-of-Seareli
. ittey.tion .Great Britain, - clearly on-
Arnericau Frrincipteat all make tip .a chapter
• of histery which, if it should -contain an ac
oount of nothing else of• note, would secure
for PreSident Buchanan‘seAdminietration
protnitteut and gl,orioas plate in out annals,. • •
' When wo turn to Mr. Bee - hartares domes
tic. Atirtriaie , tration,4o.4ay.from its_ e'fforhitg
ressouable ,4fiti4e of cowpiaint, it deserves the
heartiest conaznenclation of every citizen "bp
scorns-the petty, pessanal,-•platy panics of
the hour,- who
. , achnizes 1, I t conception anti
p r a c tice of real etateenanship, and who.de :
testa theznjsendale eyetions,a)iti dialioneat ex
pWients of efficoceekirrg- politician*: • While
the Presidett may - itarc.offeed_ed, in solve in
stances, the" ntiOi_ttutistiese ids of par tk,ular
loc.atitit-s, aver - 041401 ,1 404/044tealrs be
rioosly and trutitfcblZ Pim 1 3 **i:4s-fine' tit
ti Ain:gin else -kc whieti ot,'lmkgror
ed,sccording,o bis *at cov:ti r i t toh-,
Ji.;%t.e the 14v0e tvad!.v"4.l.oouj - so" AtickAgst
eltecute. No . : can MI bltter,rits79pportent
honestly accuse him of basing sought . per
ince! poiziarity at the expense of the:Con- ,
shier:ion, or„that lin has at any tkno,_,Aeser 7 ,
red bilirigitr oticiel att!fgr.q.isa....by cittinekditie
Itith the prejtidices,;nr peogliar in*reits f vf
1 a4r ssction, of.SsirtePlqrthk SfuthitErintillr
Vest. -s, . ;• ; 1 fr- ' , ; .4 . t 4 s.-
_ -` ", We` "
'Z 'W,e,501.1,-180 ?,, 41/ 4f,1 1 WINAf - Alk* .
citizeof, lecatriir we bare welt an Iris 450 V.
t scientiously indignant at the doeise -of mis
t,
iepreisnarrirtein -- -7-iihrperesissi MinfterPhy
the OPPeeiti „elki.s - 1.1 - -7. 1 0. ftietverlikeariek
Of a party, — ttkatiiit - i- great and venerable'
ntan?tbeTurity of whom - Trivets-likesfah. ,
lice_ooduct, - ,_,nattnot really bc.`questioned by
ari-hofierable- - person `on honorable ground.
:-8e441,05, - we- wish -to neclare.that„ if, to, a*,
diecredifmbers- Jetty forget.it,.ise.iliveye rq
member:thist:Janies-Bershanarrisei--Pennayl
vattinne,tork,isnd _bred; that. nit; fatue.att a
statesinari; :while - Serving . •with-the ,, highost
reputation:in:the. most -responsible trusts ue-,
der the;GOvernment; iS inseparably ipact - nf
por "Siete- glory :- and that" bY force ortrie
virtue's ,and,.splestrist ' i abilitiis,lteis.-the first
and:only Pennsylvanian.to-whom . -the eatiott
has accorded the-Rhief:Masistracy of the
When he eisit'irind Oftcti it'"in. *elf Irioven
' to us, encl . -to- all:, that- , two iniportitni r - Vir--
' ritories of the , tfoited. --States- -weie in'-- a
condition - of revolt er:ld civil-war. - Mie- need
not P6int - ciut the Tratt - that bah thmrkTerri
tories are - ,now at'-pesos with thornier:rest- and
obedietice to ihefinverrintent4 -- It is-in every'
one's "recollection; Ano,-honi angry. and =peril-
ous was' the ereitininiit prevailing bottrlforth
and Smithson the - nirtjectof negro Slavery
anexcitement conitantly - finned into at - ante
hyr"Ransis shrieking" inventions-end Other
sensation appliances of the's:erne sort, until
pattiothrtnen began to feel. the waist and to
turn pale with apprehension. It IS doe to
the-President - to say that he'bas restrained the
will and vie-ions-spirit olfaction with *Strong
hanli—moderate in its grasp, though strung
—until, nt-last, the ichole Judiciary:•of the
land, Feitecal and State--at Washington,-in
Ohio, -in Georgia, in South - Carolina - and ellie.
where may be seen corning to the'reseue of
the GOvernment; while in tbe august '''prei-
ence-of the-Courts, the storm of political viq
lence-lregins— Sensible _to subside, eoiamon
sense hegiris everywhere to master unreason,
: and the victorious - pswerice of the law be
gins to conquer the hydra of license and dis
union.
rn the ytar 1837, a commercial and finan
cial revulsion,Oferwbeln'ting as it was sudden,
swept civet the'couniry, threatening not only'
private .hut-public solvency. No one think
of hohling - the President- in any warrespcin
sitile: for this extensive and disastrous con
vulsion -of• bisinessr and credit.' Slit we be
lieve that - we have. 4 right to insist that
proper aaknowledgrrient should - be *made for
tik.sitgadity, prudence and tantcharacterizing
th e proceedingti of the Administration, by
means of which the government was taken ,
through an unexpectecl crisis - of profound
embarrassment; without the least deprecia
tion ofits Medic and without any addition to
the taxes, or permanent increase of the public
debt. 2'
We-might - say muck mare, and quail); to
the puryose,- itt-defense;of• the-President sm:l
- Ad mixdro,atiori from the's - cut-Mout gossip
and•slanderous attacks of those who deride
ilieniselves - and the press, by-resorting to
such contemptible'devices, so certain to be
exposed•-•bnt we forbear, leaving the - whole
subject.te-the sober investigation and serious
judgment of the people. '• • 1 -
We bad intended calling your attention,
fellow-citizens; to other topics; to offer sortie
suggestions in reply to the misreprellentations
made by the Opposition of Gen. Cass' recent
letter . te Mr. Hofer, and to refer to and de
nounee,-in appropriate language, the present
amead.men
-there, Leing at once, as it is, a deadly insult
to every naturalized citizen -of the United-
States and -an excessive demonstration itt
vor . of the pet Republican doctrine of negro
equality, or -rather shall we 'say of nesrro
superiority.
.144 we feel that we have al
ready sufficiently _occupied your attention',
-and we will reserve what we have - further-for
another occasion. - ROBErrr TYLEN
Chairman-in behalf of the Committee. •
• _Jo - Ini O Frunze,
Jolla' R " Gs P N '' SeC:retaries .
J.tcon Tuit'srin "-
Nt-P. FEvntaxelt, -
`Msateraost Vrairtari.-;-9f late-years, even
the eriatence of the Maelstrom - on -the coast
of hiorwav • has - been doubted. The aneien
accoitat of its . terrible power -were doubtless.
fabulous, but: theMaelstrom-denbtleas.exists,
Itod..is sometimes dangerous.' M. Elagerup,-
minister of-the - Norwegian 'uteri ne,bai recent
ligiven a reliable account *fit, in -reply to
some questions-fr O m -a correspondent of the
l3ostonitecorder. The vast whirl is- caused_
by the setting in and out of the tides 'be
tween Linfoden and Mosher!, and 'is most
!violent halfway between ebb and flood 'tide.
AtifloOdsand Uhb tide it disappears for about
half an hour, but begins again with tbamov r
ing of, the amen. Large - vessels may peals
over it-safer in serene weather, but-.
Storm hie perilous to the largest craft Small
boats-. are not safe near it at the time--of its,
strongest action in any. - weather.. The Whirls
in the Maelstrom do :not, as , :was oncesup--
posed, draw vessels under the water,ltit by
their.- violence they fill them with water or
-dash them upon the neighboring aboala.; M;
Hagerap says: _ . •
t In *inter it not nnfegnentiy happens that.
at ma a bank- of ctoads show -a tired storm;
with heavy sea, to be—prevailing-there,
farther in: on the` coast, the clear - Lair &mei
that nu tha -of -tha *est-fjord (west
side of 'Lofoden)' die wind blows front the
land, and.sets ontthrough - the fjord , from:the
east. " In such cases, especially, an approach
to the Maelstrom is la ribs higbest , degree
dangerous; for-the stream' and under current
from opposite directions. irork theurtogethei
to make the sholicpaesage one singieboifing
cauldron. At such-times appear the mighty,
whirls which have given it--the natio Of Mud
, Strom, (i. e. the whirling or grinding atienm,).
and in - which no craft whatever can bold-its
1 -course. • For a steamer it is, then,quite
foad
rieable to attempt the pasiage of, the -leteel
' strum daring: winter storm, and for a as&
big vessel ii may also be bad enough in time
of stionster, should' there fall a calm or.
light Intid, wheel/ the power-of the stream
_becomes greeter then that-of:the wintl,-lesty
leg the _vessel no longer under command."•• , •
The Penneylvaiiisl3late Teachers' Ansonia-.
lion is to meant West ..Chester; in Cheater
couoty, All she 2nd of'Angiut. nexti at ten
clock, . Penman atteiding:tbo • meeting
cargo and "aura by paying fain .one way
upon any_of tbe..Pennaylviinialtailroada:
Three Of the.xnentbees,ou Conglat4 elected
to the next Bonn - 01- - RepreeentiCtirek- have
died,:eis.: T. L. liatris,•in the tAti.-slietrickof
IM i% elms filikick, in-the 14elroliArint
Ohio, alai in O. GoOde r in I. heritth district
of Virginia. a ; Me Goode and Hurls were
members of theinetiCoagresa< •
,
~~teeD Tip
'‘Argai uwaßmi
1 4 4 4•Prtirliti4446m t h e; Oaten* -r adieNgt
tirtheoltiesolAgut suktk_coswouiptti -*mai
ignoreA the "Maiue'Lid4ttor Law" plarli.
THE MONTROSE DEMOCRAT.
mipinvE f 01( 1 0114140Ai*INTY, - 14.
-1141-1114*A14
RICHARDSON
JOHN
Densocrasil
The members ,
. IttiWskrelsoptsittsi.
Hotel in-the Ar l 4 ,
die" rikliiry - A1,4 _ _. ,
Ainkti Members of •pe - conimii.Wi
,i.Cri s _ i
gittsifi inquisrlett,to'bes; . present .- , ti ,
;- iI , --- ,- • i
'rbeefollb*ing tianied'periorr* yompoiiie : the'l
semi; IL Hill; D. „Bnffutn, 14. • WM; FT 11L:Wit,:d
Aims,. LG. - Bullard, „Harrismy Sina i ' Miebsel.i
Kane, Llt. - illitine,.C.,C„ . .Ch,urqlr i S. D t ,Turrell,-1
.:Tilden, Stanley Turrell, M. C. Sotton, C. S, G bert,,C. j
N. Miller, L.' Norton; lia Cirpontei,
il." Hill, O. „S. Be ebi, - E, ''S: Blown, L rule, ,J.
O. Chalker, N. Camp, A. N'ltullarg, . . Boyle,
Wnstrall; Oen. SnYder,‘T: IfitirphY, - W. 132 ,
liandriek, G. Curtis, C. Stoddird.'' ' - . ' ':,
-' . -,!, ' '-., 'A: N . . BULLARD t Chairman. •1
Itinntanse, July 110; 1859..2w , •
..
. . . .
Geo, A... Chase, editor of the : Het-
ald, has been tippointeciPostmeeter.atjawap
dsoriee H.• 1461Cein, Eaq:, •
. . _
..far:We publish:the address of_ the'Demii- -
eratie . State - Corr.rnitile loday, and! ask our
readers to eliefully read it.'.. It; is 'ably lrrit:
ten, and equnciatessolitul - ductrin r es4onb;
doubt' not, u meet the.yiews of-ev e r lietno
orat. po not fail to read'. the add .
ice' We have received during be past
week, -reports of Fourth of July celebrations
from . several towns : ira the county, blot think
their publication, especially at this 1 to day,
would hardly . be of sufficient )ntere f t
to jus
tify the large space they would all y occupy,
and wo prefer not inserting a part to the ea
elusion` of the others.
1 I
Judging by the reports ; the day
,lvak w elll
apeut, and most, if not all,
-of the. 7 deing,s"
were highly -creditable-.to the
_pat9eiPAP4l
and did .h.inorso the occasion..:- =i
• The, IV acuralizatipu Qnestion.
We call especial attention to .the lietpate,h,
from the State Department to our .''rnssia - tt
Minister, in•"regard to *be right otexpatrie
tion. Tie views of the ?resident and 'Cabi
net; as therein set twill' recogniie ilia due•
trine of the cull and:unqualified -right-of ex
patriation, and declares the . naturalized citi
zen ehtitled to eqiial protection with titilla
tive:born.' Under this-dectrine the naturalized
citizen can-return to theland of his i nativity
with perfetit 'safety, unless he.hdouged to the
at mysat * the time ol"laring, or had ibeen
tuallz drafted into service, in which ease be
is of course properly subject to the penalties
for
,desertion,.itagain found within the prop
.er joriedietion:. - 7.l.his ;doctrine ,agrese with
the letter of Mr. pass, to our Prtiedinldioie
ter in May, as "wellas the Cass-Doter letter
'of a recent tiate.
'Canal Danittges.
•accOidanci.i with tlie act of 4F:ombfy.,
Thos. Job naon, Rll , of this county, ;Stephen
'Lorry, Esq. - ;of Wayne, and Lion. Thos.
I sPresident Judges of the contiguous 'diitiicts,
to' assess the damages' caused by the loca
tion And construction-of the North Branch
Canal. The line extends througlvtite court-
ties of Norlhumberlarid, Montour,' Columbia.,
trizerne, Wyoming, arid Bradford. Thehc_Afms
for daraageptist be filed. prior to August ist.
• lir...White has 'declined accepting, the ap
• pointmPnt, and we have not yet-lentil:led that
1. ho vacancy has been filled. , • - it.
So far as the appointment of lx-Sheriff
'Johnson, of this countY, is concerned, tie
Judges were decidedly fortunate in kheir se
lection. Mr. Johnson is one of our istannch,
upright farmers, of excellent judgment, •and
His not a marijci he influenced by a 4 parties
interested.Welearn that he:selecionWllS
made without solicitation from. Mr. Johnson,-
or any of his friends._ „ •
KNIcKETZTIOCICEr. XAG e -fifty
fourth volume of this excellent peitotlioal, be:
gins with. the,-July number..
,It is edited by
Louii Gaylord Clark, nod Dr. James t?. - Noyes.
The. p er ou ncet, t hat uthelfirgazine
has never before been le so prosperous
•dit . ion. tinder:Me managenient inaugurated
with the 52d volume, a higher. price- is paid
for original_conuiburiona thin bralrat any.
other American periodical, while the press
,and the nu - merims friends of the
. 1 1.1a c iazing in
all partrof the country are . generously id-,
ing in bringing it more prominently
reading public. As heretofore, the. iniges of
AheKnickirrbocker will be-devoted td the C 1.31
tivation. of Literature, Art, and Hum
-.•
In-addition tollie'abee attraetioni
- plate history of,,tho_Kniekerliiicter. r•
inences of the centritio tois Fkio,e,fapl
intimately' associated 'with ita.pageki
berr feature Of the-present volume.
Terms : Three dollars a year, fired
Ewe:AY-fire cents a number, postage
,by the Publisher to any:part of the.
States.
Club rates. Subscribers- paying their own,
postage, twenty-four cents per pear; at thi Off-
ice where the - 'Magazine 'is' received.; Two.
copies one year, t 5,01), liiree c.ogies, 18„ . 00,
e l
The Knickerbocker is furnished, to'cl rgythen,
teachers, posts's asters, - and'all . puled e.ala - sod
journals, at '
the club rate of 82 a y r. Any
one willing the -Mhgasine at the low rate bas
only to send three namesiindll,p."
~ übacrip.
Lions "begin iitli . th e'Jannary, or Say subse
quent nnrnber.
All. onuentilc,athict connected i
business &parts:neat - of. the , ..Koiel9
aboidd tHilldthiseekt-!o Johri.:A.,Gri
18 Jacob Street. All irtieles
the ko l liof the Mag4ine 41 ° 014 be
to Lr. "ewes Or Noyes; those for
wit _Table tolLciuisliariord 9trikwi.
Agettiv ire *staid iireverrOirt,
couptry : PactilllAti)o
lacobareo, ORy
corher,atopep, L e
Agricnitntal College; See
sAljaid PY:',
.ran
..Apop'date-p)
Three theitaaad peranai were
The Opposition.
h is a work of curiosity to trace the histo
ry of the 941-Derncieratia party of Jhacoutit.,
try, threi . ighfirte ~ m ultiplicity 4f clip*
which it ItActocierjoielfiricii tke jes( B o'
enty years. Wei p*eni z. SOT*, of'the itiapone
naines , arliich ; "94 - 4,aihtlittyntiaily4orri4
theafielves:with. *They are nOt'all; ti!ihis
lowo(A4toeol47-- is eCereel.T,Y9lP*Reee
9 ";.lgkt. V.Yeeel4-4 1 ite fellY-3k!lt'Peieie
;-
•: - . -- In - -1187zOoneeathsnat Monarchists: ;2'
In 198„Bhnik„cockadets. _
la 4811 Idrit,eidillaiik Men. - • ,
•
•In 1 - 014:Hlie'Lights.
- 1814 Hititaa Coriventionials: • • =.-
; li-jtterWallildittou Sodiety - */0.: . .
Y0.1818A4 Pirti
IttitiQti Pedininta publicani:
In
.1848 Nalkonal
In 1828•.tt1i.i1Atiaolia.
• in iB3l
Id, 1830.Incteiiiied eat 'Dernoira tic.
in 1840 foidabiii and Hard Cider Men.
In 1844 Coon ' •-•
In 1847 Subrolesioitiots.
-In 1848 No-liati ?arty. -
_ In 1852 Fugitive Slave Law Supeorters.
' In 1854 ICnOfftiothings and Anu Nebras
In `lBsB' and
. In 1857 Amertcanltepublicais: '"
In, 1858 rgflilearl,;itttitnd
In 1859 Opposition.
Their present.utitnn is the most appropriate
they have over worn: They Are "opposition,'
Andidwitys 1011 be. They nerer.ean bathe
partly in_power,b:it will alwriys be found Oot-
Bid:0; rit'ttie
will
inside.
pie). are' no - vv;sO Will they ever be,—the op
position—opposed to , the administration with
out reference tovhetherk it be right or wring;
andos in the:past, so will it be in the futiiro,
that while - Democracy is always tight, oppo
sition to it.canicit.imt be wrong.
O'nrnacnotre Crtttet.+T.—lf the m
following.
story . fro the Troy Biadget be . tree, time - that
city bolds one of thelnost heartless *retches
in existince; r lo 4 ,thC people of Troy, by ifer
rnitthag stich
an ac . t,generallyisit?t, of spirit
-ICss creatures; not
..,wii!tly the naive of
.
: .
"We have, for some time been cognizant of
a persistent piece of cruelty towards a lady
of the first reslieetability in this . city, and
whom we bop - elf : ere now to find relieved by
the interference of friend::, It appears that her
hustiand, in a tit of jealousy, something more
than a year ago, procured a cage complete of
iron, into which he compelled his wife to en
ter, and 'lithoUgh it is impossible frirler to
- stand erect within it, she is never permitted
to leave it except at night. The social posi
tion of the parties is such, that we are persua
ded not to mention names at. present, but
thall not fail to do so - within a day or two, mi.
less in the meantin?e, we find ale lady quiet
ly:retitled."
Tbere_are many similar cases in this town
and ricinilf ; in feat the practice has grown
into a farthion, to such an extent that comrou
'nity'aileittly -.Ructions the cruelty of- the
' lieart fess - wretch cri." -
It might have teen added that _:th s e cages
are generally inade of brass boor, which am
kept for sale every where..and are frequently
selected by the victims themseltes, with appa=
rent re!tanation -
• Avresadent roik's Vices -
'On Popular Sovereignty are very plainly
expressed in the following extract from iris
last annual message :
" The people of tho Tenitories;when,assern-
Red. in convention to form State constitutions
All possess the sole and exclusiie power to
determine for themselves whether slavery
shall or shill rilOtlexist within their limits.
This view corresponds with those of Clay,
Cass, Dickiunio, Bright, Webster,
Cooper, King, Downs, 141aogum, Bell, and
others, who, in a written report, made 'd uri rig
the ARAN) of 19.50, Raid : • •
" The true principle whio ottilit to regu
late the act-of Cong(cas in forming territorial
governments foreacti new kracquired domain,
'is to.rnfrain from ill legislation on the sub.
led of Slavery in.,the 'territory acquired, so,
long as it tetains.th wr rth o
.
e ite' int fof govern
. • ,it,lo . • . •
•nsent,leaving, the people of such terri
tory, whOn they have-attained to such
dition whicfi'entitles them to admission . as a
Statc,to decide for themselves the question of
allowance er piobibition of domestic Slavery!'
Tun Clevelanti,'Ohlo, Journal,is 'l3lackllci
publictiO-.ND9 Nothing paper, says : .
"We unhesitatingly aver that seveo•tentha
of the foreigners,in_our land, are not as,intel-,
ligent as the lull:blooded -African - dour State
—we'svill not joelude the part blood:'
Snell la the feeling_ and sentiment of
.tbe
Opposition Partz,generally, NottlaandSntitit,
and they act - it out whenever apd wherever
they have the power. They have done Sa in
tfassacbusetta, by their two year amendment
to the constitution of the• State, 'and they at
tempted it in Nevihrsey, View York, and
Other -States.
~ a com
ilh
-so
ill also
..The Flop ., Daniel E. Inis become
reconciled wikkbis wife, and is (few living . in
-marital tolat iili
ions is-her; as before the-death
of tbe.late Philip Barton - in taking
this renisrkable_step„ Sickles has alienated
himself from many, if not all those , pERSOJIIII,
and allies friends And sympathise:4"h° dose
tedly adhered to him during-his. ; recerikimt
prisonment and pial. ..• • .
• Anne, or
prepaid
United
. .
TIM reconciliation between Mr. , And, . Mrs.
Sioklee, was oonsummated while . Mr.- Sickles
was residing et the house of a friend on the .
Bloomingdale Road, about half a mile ; from
the : ktnner house of .111 r. S., which,. for- some
time past, Ma.. S.bas occupied, either Alone
or 'will, eome of the members of her own 41:97
ily. ,The suspicionspfbis liOst,lvere excited
by
,the repeated. absenerfoi Mr. 6,, aostiosuel
hours, and when he came in 'tort cationic
morning, he was interrogated by the hestLand
another blend rtbpAras -present, add.okhis
poriti r elydenying.tbeirriglortoiquestionibie,
#4, 4 1. -refusing to ; give an -explauatitini-. they
rhoOk hands with bito for theAsst-time,and
be
-withdrew..-' itjwsaid that be has sineci'ad
dreseed 1440 to his former intimate, alumni ;
ices, not ifyipg them. formally- of rho resump•
PPP of. Ouniugal , taalieUs .betWeeff
and Mrs. Sickles.
•ooker,
• eii for
directed
Edit.
' dm trials:44l44los for the murder*: Key,
'Could ballad ngale , Pubic opiaion, ais wel as
judge - and..,„iuTt — Outa :11 0 riif . '4,10 4 4 1 19?
pow; Erma- 11.1r.an •,„
of tbe,
.1411 pd.
6 18
A &pay Slip9tX"No4 3.o cooptic.ra f ,
oauped,Jo
C9Witi f l44 4"ditaAihe
sVlAikTor,t
ai ros t s 4l.4 timu.kArid , kfttqf 1 ,1 90.4 4 4.4,4
4 1 ; 1 44,4W1 4 ii( l Bkfor tr 4 4 16 4!)-rmO 4 A l 9
Thcitvana dollars. •
tale
• =outAt.7,
Ex Gov:
From the-Constitution..
:•
The Naturalization Question.
.B,So4peobiinisepkrehensioi„prevailk in ref
; 'iretiee *the viewsprthis Musipialiittjort., on
quesii4 tbat emi a raee, the opOirte-
I omit 1140i/140y tireet . , I;easel wit has
recto* ariiemiu the itioeoin onfiioter,to
1- alfer ta
Te e'ase-is diet efa natdralind °Wren ol`'
. the United States who is a native of Hanover''
and - wh0,% , -t.berr-he , -left' Mrs native country,
wasmeitheriitt,emor, thservine,hatheilanow k
,ironsiirry ilfiftdceio serve iti' ft,
but who has yet, upon hisrettira to Hanover,
keertdoptived of his liberty and compelled
t.i'donilitary duty. -
_The intervention- of
,our Qoverntnent bav:'
of the rights of 'naturalized eiiiiens' has re;
ceivea' the renen.ed and harefdl'oensideratiatt
of the Priirident,"•:ind %is views; tis Welt as
- }hose of his entire cat;ifiet, open this import
ant subject, will be' found in thefolhiwing
-extract Which we . ereperreitted' fo - ntlite frOrn
a dispateh' transmitted a few alsta ego' fl ore
the DePirtmetit of- Siete to "our Minister at
13erlin'in• relation teolhe eitsereferod to.
is inifiossible - 'fo 'add ni4thing to the
strength and elearnetai Cif this statenient ; and
we are pefsuti ‘ ded 'that - it will meet the full
ConCurrence of 'eery reflecting man' in the
country. - • -
Extract of n ,Pispatela Yront, tke ecjiirtmenf
of Mak , atipsigi: l of ,the United
Stales at Ber lin, dakil 1850.
..The right of expatriettipn.cannot - at this
da y be, doubted - -nr denied, lu the,tuited
States. The idea his been' repudiated 'ever
since the origin of 'our. GovernuMnt: that 'a
man is bound to remain forever in the coun
try - ofhis birth, and andfThat.he . hes ap tight, to
exercise his freewill and. eonault,bfs own
bappiness - selecting:a Dew lietnii.
sliest nu:anent „writers.on-iptiblic
nize the right Of eipatriatien. _This earrotily
be contested ~by those, who in the'Nineteenth
Centuri are atilt deviled to the ancient feudal
intst:Y with,all,hs opprest4on. ,The doctrine of
perpetual allegiance is a:relic of barbarism;
which has.been gradually disappearing from
Chlisteridom during the last Century.
The Constitution of the United 'States re-.,
cogmze the natural right- of expatiiitiou,,,,by
conferring upon Congress the power "to es
tablish a uniform rule of naturalization." In
deed it was- one of the grievincis alleged
against the British Icing. in ;be Declaration
of Indepeudenbe that he " . endeaYoiedio pre
'Nent tie population of these States-4k that
purpose obstfucting, Ile laws of naturalize-
Iron of foreignets, - refusing to _pasa.cilters to
encou rage their - migration thither,' he., ai7c.
The Constitution thus clearly recognizes the
principle of expatriation in, the strongest man
ner. It would have been inconsistent in itself,
and unworthy of the character of the-author of
that instrument, to bold- out indueements
to foreigners to abandon their native land,
to renounce their allegiance to their native
Government and become citizens of the
.United .States, if they bad not been con
vinced of the absolute and unconditional
right of expatriation. - • Congress have uni
lormlf acted, upon this principle ever, since
the commencement of the Federal Govern
ment. _ They established a uniform rule of,
naturalization" newly seventy years ago.
There has since been no period in our histo
ry_ When laws fur this purpose did nut exist,
though their provisions haye undergene_suc
cessive changes. The alien in order to be
come'a citizen, roust declare on oath or affir
mation that lie supports the Copstirtition of.
the United States, and at till., same tlnue,,,
is required to absolutely and entirely re
trounce and allure all allegiance and fidelity
to every foreign prince, potentate, State or
ame,' lifts. prineli; rputent:ate,aTe .or soy
reignty whereof be was before a, citizen.
The exercise of the right.of baturvlization,,
and the consequent tecognition of the prin
ciple of expatriation, are not confined to the.
United States. There is not a country in
Europe,.l lielieve, - fit this moment,, where the
law does not authorize, the Infuralization of
,fureignersin 011 e: form or', other. Indeed, in,
.some of ihese_countries this laW is more lib-1
eral than - s eer Own toward fpreigaers.
The
,question_ then arises, what rights do
our laWs.crinfei upon a foreigner by granting
him neutralization -I .1 answer, all the rights,
privileges and imniunities which belong to a
native-born citizen in their fell extent, with
the single qualification, that under, the Con
stitutioh,••," no,person except a naturabborn.,
citizen is eligibie to'the office of President '
With this exception. the naturalized. citizen
-from and after the'dato of I.listiaturalization, •
both at home and abroad, isplacd upon the
very . same footing with ,the 7 natiye citizen.
Be is neither iw a better nor worse.conditiew
If a native citizen choosesto take tip his res
idence a foreign country the. liurptise
of advancing Ida fortuno promattng,
happineas, he is, while there, bound to obey
its muncipal laws equally „with those. who
'have lived in krill their lives
_lle goes abroad
whir Lis eyes open, and if these lies be ar.
bitrary and unjust he hake:boson to abide by
the consequences. If • they areailtiainiStered.
in an equal• spirit toward 'himself aid - toward
native subjeefs, this - Government bas no
right to interfere authoratively in his behalf.
To do this would yielate the right of
an independent nation to legislate within its
own, territories.
, If this Government were to undertake such
a tack,
we might pool? be ,involv'ed in trou
ble with nearly, the „Thole:. world. TO , ,P.r9-
tect Qui. citizens •. against .xlie,-,' - application
of this ,priuciple,nf nuiversullaw,..lll
extent, we.liave treaties with-several taa,tions
securing
.exemption 'to - .AMerican citizens
•wben residing,abroad from some of the oner
ous duties required from their own.subjects.
Where no such treaty, &slats, And an Ameri
can ditixen has committed a „crime, Or incur=
red_a pedalty for, kiolating any Inunuiput'll”irs.
'whatever of the country .`of big temporary
residence, he is just as gutill to be trted,and
Punished, for, the otienstt as , as the igh ha, bad
residedrie iN :froaithe day_ of hisiiirth., .If
this has not been done before, his departure
and he Phould • voluntarily return . under the
same juri . i.dictlon, he maybe tried and pun
ished' for the Offense, upon principles of uni
versal' law. - - Under such circurnstancm(no
person would think of contending_that an in
termediate residence , his own country, for
years would deprive the,Goiernment: whose
laws be had violated ofpze power to enforce
their execution.
_The very ramp principle and no other is
applicable to the case of,a 4 paterplioekeitizen,
sbouldlic.hoose'le return
. toiria . uative wan..
try. In thatcase ifle - hnd conttnitted in off.
enve against tbe'lawlefore hita departu re, e
is responsible for' it in the same wanner As-the
native Americon citioirp ie-,Whons 1 1 . 1 9(0 . re
ferred. In-the laognogeo( , theibite:Mr..Ma r
cy, in his letter of the 1 9th::44141_erYt 18 44. to
Mr. 443:10914.the0-,oo,.Cliarge Offairs- to
Viennkoliou „apeOking,olf Tpristee,
ery nation c w7ieneyor . i4trlawa Aro-7444W -.by
be-6 "ttlig .91:44/ieece.to.4lpgp4,4shether
'erß e Pigzfle qr--',e4P-gerr a right 41.
the penalties incurred upon the tranNeressor,
OOP ja
Pfr.eeetrrtertiP..4
a"V01i 4 4. 4 - 4 4*bwelAitkegose..PiP444-to
P u Oibm€4. l tAliklOparaz* 4f ao.,vdebce
against any o (kit laws, State oeNarion'al,;and
iisfrerward-, , Ceetanka naturalized subject of a
fareign erfinutry;he - would not have the:her
-1 dilrooditi:contericlAiton voluntarily returning '
iithin Pi) juriadiritiok,that his naturalization
ifieire . d Wriffrmitythe penishment due to his
eTimii, iiiifohletts stard he appeal to the - t34 7 .
allipienl,§l his k adtmted country to' pro{e4 ,
inr agaitist.liiilltelptillisibility to the Uni . 4ol
13tafeamrastrylrf Var States.. This. cciiiiiß,
-meat would not fora moment listen to such
aP7I--.:‘l4i i tlGB9PlncPi'L t i°- b'
e n , t: le:'gii : ii : 46ud:li4a il "'itVle:
tiu,4l l ;eillyooUr t:izp .c)tizena. .
The moment a foreigner becomes naturalized,
his allegiance to his native coairtyyle iiiiVertith.
forever. 'lle-experiences a new , poliiiCalbirth:
'A breitiliittlimpassibkvi'siiic-epatittes',liitia
from his native cotintil. Ale-itod more re
aponsiblryfor anything he may say or do, or
omit to . :say'or do, after assuining his new,
character, than if be liad'been barn in. the
i Unitell;States.' - Shotildlte-teturn to Lis Ira
-
Oa country; he returns is Aineriean citl
zen, and in_no - other character; 'in order . to t i
entitlediis original Gevernment to punish bins - i
for an Werke, this must havi been connit-•
ted *bile be was a subjelit and owed ' allegi- .1
truce to that Gtiverninent." The offense moat
have been ; uotnplete before his expatriation,,;
It must have been"of riaeli - it'Clurrectit'ethist
he might have beep tried and punished forit at
the moment of his departure. • "Alt:tore - lia
bility to same in the army will net be - sufll-'
tieut ; becauie, before the tiara cart
-arrive for
such service, he *changed 'his allegiance,
and his become ecitizen of the United States:
It Would he quite ithatirdio - contend that a
boy brought to this couptv.;,,.. -- -.from a foreign
country with iris fathersTamily when. but 12
;ear of age and Orauralfzed here, 'who should
afterwartl visit the cenntry Of hiti,birth when
be had become if man,
might then be • seized
And 'compOted to pelf° rm military service,-
because,. if be bad remained there throtighout
the intervening yeare'andivis,life. had; berm
spared, herwould have lainbeenindt - o perform
military service. To submit - to such a prin
Mph: Would be to , make an Odious distinction
between our oaturaliied and -native citizens.
For this reason, in my dispatch, to you - of May ,
12,1850, and again in my defter to Mr. Re
fer of the 14th tiltirrM, I confine the foreign
jurtsdidtion in regard to our naturalized citi
zens to Mich of thero,as "were in the army, or
actually called into it" at the time they left
Prusria. That isi..to the case'as actual deser
tion or a 'refusal to enter the army 'after ha-
ving been regularly drafted and called into it
by the Government to whiell at' the time they
owed allegiance.
It is presumed that neither of these cases
presents any difficulty in point of 'principle.
If 'a ss I lier or a sailor were_to desettfrom our;
army or navy, for - which offense 1103 s liable
to a severe I,unit-I:linen!, and; afteiliavitig be..
come a naturalized subject. of another coon -`,
try, should return to the United States, i
t
would be a singular defense for` him tto make
that ho seas absolved from his crime because,
after its commission, he had beconie a subject
of another Government. It would be still
More strange were that Government to inter
pose in Ilia behalf for any such reason. Again,
1111 during the last war with Great Thittain, 'in 1
several of the States—l might mention Penn:
aylcania in particular—the militia man who
was drafted and called into the service was
. exposed to a siivere panaltyif he did not obey
the draft and muster himself into the service;
or, in default thereof procure a substitute.
Suppose such an individual, after - having
incurred this penalty, bad gone to a foreign
country and become naturalized there and
then returned to renncylvanin; is it poseible
to . imag,inc that forlhis reason tho arm of
authorities
the State would be paralyzed, nod
tiFici'dliflife Tol
extent and the limitation of riglitful rfanove•
rian jurisdiction in such cases. !Lis imposs
viola to.foresen all the raging ciicumstances
which may attend cases as they may arise ;
but it is believed thitt the principles laid down .
may generally be sufficient to guide your con
duct.
It is to be deeply regretter' thiit the Ger
man Government evinces ro muchtenacity
on. this suhject. It would be better, fir better,
for them, considering the comparatively small
4,14 i
number of their native subjects Who turn.
to their doulini•Ais after being - natur, !iz,
„in'
this country, not to attempt to epic:C. it' ary
service from them. - They" will -- vrroyi to he
the most relifetarit soldiers. "If they violate
'any lag of their native countil - during :their
visit, they are, of course,. amenable , like other
American citizens: 'IS, Would"be a' sad misfor
.
tune if, for the salce,Of an Rd VV./1W)
, 130 - fri
I fling to snail Goterninentr s , iheyshould involve
r
• themselves in serious difficulties with ft Coen
t ry so , desiroits as WO are of maintaining . with
them 'the most , friendly relit"Ons: - Iris fortu
nate that Ferlous'-difficul ties Of tlii.' 'hind are
confined - mainly' to tile - german States'—and'
especially that the laws of Gfeat Iltitt4tin do
not authorize any compulsory military_ ser
vice whatever". ' .
AT Markheidenfelti 'a 'village situated on
the riser Main ; in Bavaria, there lives a man
sixty-eight:year:l of nge,-: named. Johannes
Sch - lottenbeck; Be is *Master chimny-sweep,
a vocation more bonbrable in Gerniany thaw
in this country, and for half a century -has
given personal attention to. his business: - He
is now living with bis•third wife, and on the
Ittli of June last his -thirty-sixth child was
christened at tke.parish church. By ids first
consort his had seven ; by his second; eleven,
and ; by his third eighteen children—of whom
half are girli, and one-half.boyi. Aiew fam
ilies so ptotifio-would supply a nation with all
the-snldier3) required: for-its defence; and la-.
borers to perform its necessary agriculture
and manufacturing.
, ITAtteientitto,
,Tujy 15.—T:he. Goren:Kir to
day appointed gen..inrnei, Gamble, feimer
member of Congress from the Centre bistiiet,
Presiding Judge,oftbe Supreme Court, hi the
place of Lion. lemeeltereside: deceased. ;
RICHMOND, 4 uly . ls„—lifeslr!, O. - len'Otif: , ,s,
and
, I','g. Ayleft nisi this
.morning in
North Caroliert,„
. 114 Aylett shot ai Mi. Wise
without effect, and - thelatter fire'd - up jatoithe
. Ayletrwithdrew bis challenge rind
asked for a reentitiliation, vibTeb Mr„ - Wise
refueti..
The dirne - uIV grew 'out. - eit a Tate eontrover ;
Iv'between the - EngulfO., and Exatnineri - oir
the iubjeo: offtitertciption And '
Dekrit QV Retitle Ctroara.Oii ' the ifter4
noou'if the. tithEnfus Choitte„one of Amon
-lea's most' brilliant: sena,' died: Alt
His health ba&bein for lode time la 'very
feeble condition, and:th eithumitenees tvbieb
neeessitated.his removal _from berth ,in• to
European steamer to-temporary, - lodgiort at
aa/ifax, Prepared those, who were aivare bif
declining state for theevent.
6 - ITrimAmaral •oljtidga-ilumaide took place
at:Belldoula iiialdinat4 , aad was :ahead=
ed , by at least two tioiavudripeaple: 41lls - botr
or, A.B. WHAM, of the Mifflin diattiorktirelye
Apffl rl74lrrfii_9olke delegation
from. Lbp Clear. old Aka ',P?9a4ra of
0 1 - . l .lelieflrifilbaire!9-4444404.14-Ibe
fatteral , ,Alc k u4l mon ~C riporpa, flab er of
31 .1;' 1 . 3 .44,45191 f 0.4 '4 I G the dlidea6) , l4o iga
were present: • •
Wife I,anisFs . oY SOlterino:
_ -
The
. Frerich Government 'has MA ; yet•pub,
lisped aninstimate of tLe losses at Solferino."
The.gois:,:correspontlent of The • Times says
ibaeit is &Hayed 'that 10,000 French were
kilkid -and wounded--4dandial Neil's corps
turvittg lost 0;000 to 141,00 men, Marshal Me-
Mahan-a;000, and Marshalilaraguay
;5';800 1 - and"-Varshal Caarobert'a
1,008, and the remaining- causalities baring
occurred in the special corps and the artille
ry. These estimate:A. 4 lo not seep tto bear any
marks of exteeration, and it is to ..be ob
served that a Paris correspondent of The Nord,
a journal' extremely desirous' to diminish the
rolseli- - of7the French nod , roisgrt4 thevas of
the A ustriaris - ;`Says 'that - one -- 1/trgitere of Mar
shalltlellahon's corps, the first-brigade of-its
second elrinientOtriti 40 effiersi,lo4l4,7ol),mon
kill e d and wounded ont of the, 4,000 men
.whont it brought into action.. — Vet the ac
counts of the action see*,ln•show thus , as far
as the French troops • *ere concerned, the
brunt of the battle was:lrrobtably borne by
the Imperial -Guard artd'Atrakal; Neii's and
Marshal Baiaguay "corps:. It now
appeXrs that -.the did , :pot
say that the.. Piedmont - est) , litd - 1„000, men
lotted aral.about-thO seine numbir'wonnded,
but that they bad about...l,ooo'. Melt killed
and wounde&i .. " -- •Thiiiittrith of tkis'atatemen
is rendered flagrant by - "a11-tbri,:ziebuujo of
the severity by which the Bardinien.trotiPs
were engaged,'and the_ Front:lt stm1;0111oial
journal says, that among the killed were three
Preelmontesegenisral-lofficeiGeneral&-Mol
lard, Per4er: and Arrialdi. The -Austrian
Government has not yet published any state
ment-of thelomes of its army, butimetcoeunt
current at Vienna affirms that at least 4,090
men were kilted; and that Gen. Gresclial -was
killed, 7 or , 8 general officets being wounded.
soup Ovate Ibtters, ment_i p o i n eli t e h is.. it y ;
in er * e a ltals f
the/ prisoners made by the
ians, who sliontvsL" - Viii and the'
piebability that" they were deF‘eitMx rather
thin prisoners is. increased by theilact that
disaffection and - desertion seem to. have be
come- alarminily prevalent in -several Ittllian
regiments which- have been removed am
Italy to other parts-of the Austrian ernpim.
==l:=l
Tux Mumma Aces.=A "History , of Prog
ress in Great _liritpin"—just published,! gives
some curious statt.tics. The-eerif inhabitants.
of the isles made but two meats a‘ drti; a
slight breakfast in the forenoon, and a sup
per which atoned for their cnatutinal. bsti
nence. _. \Vomi t earthenware, dr asiei Sit pplied
the dishes, and horns or shells the drinking
vessels at the ptitnitite repasts 'of wood stained
or skin-chid diners. - Agrieulttirelas^ flour
i;lieded and faded, much in the same way
from queen Boadicea to Queen Victoria. In
one respect the middle agei. people showed.
themselves.more dainty than' their descend
ants. In• 1013 t the King was• petitioned to•
stop.the-smoke by prohibiting the twining of
coal. Burning sea coal was at one lime a
capitaloffense, and in the reign of Edward-I.
-a man was executed for it. -
Rutcs.-- l Amoug the relies shown at Mad
am Tousand's Booms, in , Portland Square,
London; are the original knife and handle
used in the decapitation. of Mario , AnOriette,
Louis XVI, the duke of Orleans,
and Robes
pieare ; the linperiar ci
carriage - Napolean, ta
ken from - the geld_ of Waterloo; and the, car
used by the caged Emperor at St. 1.1 ) )/
lena; The coat worely Nelson at the b/de
of the Nile ; a piece of tb.Cloth of Gold; from
the field of that name.; the shirt 'torn • by.
Henry IV. of Franie,..when atabbol. by Rava
illack, with ;be-blood stains. stifl distinct—a
relic for which 'bisarlos X. vtrered tno hun
dred guineas, Ace.
- > - Lr Or the bem, pt..tfrnipt*rzi in,...„Enrope
took w-bank - note for 500 u franks . oh the hank
Of France, and photographed one so much
like it that the hank's judges, the photograph-1
er himself, add in fact all who:have seen the
two ;
are unable to distinguiish which from - ,
totter: The bithk considers such success rath
erdangerotts.• - •
As ., itjghottid be:
-The Pittsburgh _Post, Irnown.as antil.e
comptoo, while Leeompton was unsettled, irtys
it has "never 'l:noi;:ti more Popular nomina
tions made by - any Po!itial orgat4ation than
thole - of Nia,sr. \\ruin trrand 40vv.a . ,.0an-.
didates of the Democratic party for Aiikitor
General and Su t s oyor General of the COtiinMn
wealth. Even' our enemies concede that they
are men of sterling. wortVinid integrity, and
'do not pretend to doubt their. admirable qual
ifications for a- faithful and intelligdnt
charged of the duties appertaining to the offices.
"Our- itiforcriatitm frontalinost every -part
of, the State; confirms Its in the belief 'that the .
Pemocincylnotwithstandin e ,r , their i onfortn."
;nate diagreenient._ about a bS. : glone 44 de
funct issue) are ft Unit in support of Diriasrs.
WRIGHT and flow; and they -will reeeive.the
full party vote, if not more,, at the :October
election.
. ,
is as it should be: There is no occa
sion whatever ror division' in- Os, Demooratio
party of Penneyliauls, at this-time. , 00. the
contrary, thore are considerations of the high-,
eat public and party imPortance.whiCh she*
and-wilt bring into cordial.anci efficient coop
eration all wit°. have heretofore acted, or •de
siie hereafter to net with the partY.,• The - can-'
dictates nominated are eminently werthyk and
desertion , of the earnest end hearty support
of every Democratic voter in the State, and
union now wilt prepare. all for united'and
monions action in the great national'Oontert
.
of 1800. • • - -
LzrrztrEsyst.orgo.----The impmvement in
the construction of stamped envelopes order
ed,by the Postmaster General consists in the
combination of black lines with t be. ordinary'
letter envelope in such a - manner as to render
thein visible only when the' face and back
of. the envelope are pressed by the hand ',at
thelime of superscription; and the' restate
being, removed, or the lett,ir ipserted. the lined
disappear. This is' . efrecta . by ruling 'with
printers' ink the inoide of the under wing;
which is that -(4led. ;Over this the 'sidewings
are folded, preventing the lines from showing
through the bank.. . It involves a very , slight
change in the.constrUction of the envelope.
The under wing of the now envelope approach
es_nearer the.form of parallelogram thaw
that. of the one now in use, while the_ aide,
wings extend:- lower .(10190.: lywn all .„ the
winge are , foldett f - the lines.;are: completely
masked, and when the letter is inserted, baffle
the most critical' inspection to dtimover theta.
Those who do not wish to avail themselves - of
the:lines cart pat. in'the letter first.; limo 'who
wish them cliti..mtite the superscription whilst
the totter is - drying. , '
• ;F.si.t...ov•To,tritra Clad taa.txt. , --gietFeen
tiirtiejuui.four - o'uleick yesterday morning the
citizens in the vicinity or the Brighton House
Were startled from their - slumbers a trek
aeadoutiorathing; tumompaniodly-criee more
creamily, then. had ever-Poem heard before,
even
.in that pirt.of the -Porkopoliu; Mast
iiiiineroin. their beds,'they srusn found • that
the inirnepse bog pens' sttirohedlO, - ,he'lVtiitii
Distillerr r -owned- by. Goon,
had-beinTreemitated a distanch of some trett
-tvletiViredi ay - i'amplete buryiug be-
Went' the =ru ns ripitdrd pf tiventi 7 four -hun
dred
„begs. 043- . tamber
werliltilledind -ieeit many aiiireininied.—
irtneliikitt.ighrettr, July 8; - '