Newspaper Page Text
Oh, the deadly, deadly strife that followed!
It . sieltens me to think of it. llis only hope
now lay in the cutFesl weapon; and RO, dineg 7
,the .woed..ikotk with . one hand, be
Strove to stab me with the other. _ •
It ,was life or death now, Sod I grew despe
rate. To feel his murderous datch'upon my
throat. and in -the-silence of that hidious
struggle, to hear the t'ep:ort of a.chatripagne
colt;—follOwedhy a peal of careless laughter
—overhead! * * 04,, it was worse
than death a bundled times over.
I.cannot telt how long we clung thus, each
With a haiid upon the other's throat. It mar
have beem only a few second.; but, it seetreo
like bouts' to.me..
: The'qtiestion Waft simply
which should bestran•gle'd first.
Presently hts *ripe tdased. Lis lips be••
came:d4d-white, and a shudder ran through
every fibre of his body. .11e turned giddt I
Vicar trery.burst from him—a cry like tioth.
jog human. He made a false clutch at the
tiiiPeze, and reeled over. - I, caught him just
An time, by the bolt round his waist.
' ail (tier with tne," he groaned be
tween his set teeth. "It's all—overwith me!
,your revenge!" Then "his head fell
heavily back, and he 'hung, a dead weight;
I did take • my rerenge; . but- it was, hard
work, rindl was already half exhausted. How
I c antared• to hold him up, to unbind'. my
foot, aid to omit so laden, up the ropes, is
more thin I eati tell; but my presence of
_ mind never failed me for an instant, and I sup
. pose the excitement gave the a sort of false
stiength.while Masted'. At all twepts I did
it, though I now only remember climbing
over the, basket-work-and seeing the faces of
the gentlemen ail turned upon me as flank
to. th e botto m . of the car starclAy more aliie
titan the butthen in my arms . ..
lie is a penitent man now, an Australian
settler, and, as ratn told; well to do in those
, This is my stoty and I have no more to tell.
LEGItt TENDER.—The qqestiop of'" What
is a legal tender ?" is so often a.ked, that we
have prepared an abstract showing what is
In the absonce•of any special, agreement,
the only payment or legal tender known - to
the law is by cash. The tender should-prop
erly be - in-cash' and must be so if that is re
quited. A' tender of a k ' larger sum than is
due, with a requirement of change rm of the
balance, is not good. A lawful tender, and
payment of the money into Court, is a good
defence to an action fq - r debt. But the cred
itor may break down this defence by proving
that he . denianded the money of the debtor,
and the debtor refused to give it subsequently
to the tender.
Legal 'tender of mciney varies in different .
countries.. Thus, in.Enfland, Bank of Eng
land notes ..(exeept by the Bank itself) and
gold are legal tender fur any amount: Silver
to the amount of forty shillings only..
In the United States the gold . and silver .
coins of the United States were made 'legal
tender_ by the act of January 18,1857, viz:
That dollars, half dollars, quartet dollars,
(Nines and half dimes shall :be a legal tender,
acceading to their nominal value, for any
sumewhatever the gold efigleat ten dollars,
and the quarter eagle for two and a half dol
lars: By the - act of 1849., the coinage of the
.donble eagle, vale twenty 'dollars, and of
the gold 'dollar was authorized, both
of which are legal tender for any amount--
Owing - to the reduced weight of the new . sil;
ver coins authorized by Congtess,:34 March,
1851; andAl;tlFebruary, 1853,-they are no
10 - nger leg:4l;ten er except in small suns, viz :
Three vent pit;Cei, (Ad Mar., 'b.!, and '53,) $0,30
Half diatom, - 192 grk. each, Feb.2lo, .•
Quarter donurs/j6 . u
• - 316.40 •
Half dirties, 19.20 " 64
By _the - Act of Febitiary, 1857," all former
Act:i autlOrizina the currency of foreign gold
;and silverl..coinA, and declaring the same •a
legal tender in in•rnent of debts, are hereby
repealed." . •
A PiRILOLIS POSITION" ".TO A MAN'TT A
'4EF.7—The . Freeport (III.) Bulletin lellk the
• Mrs. Barminglum, wife of the riles* me%
chanio of the Galena and, Chicago Union
Rall , roa f tl-at this' p?int,. made :a very narrow
escape froth-dtowt.ing last week,. It'apppears
that she was being conveyed 'by a hired man
Pecatonica. - they were ; withiti
about a mile and a half of that point they
weres'otnpelled to lease 'their .carriage and.
take,tet a boat, into which they -stej)ped with
. two gentlemen, who were there waiting to be
carried ,oYer. , They had rowed some distance,
when a dog, which vraf, swimming along,ide,
put his paws upon the side of the boat, upset
ting it. and precipitating its occupants into
about ten feet eater. TWo of the men swam
- ashore. :The .other sneeeded i-n reaching
tree nearby, up which he clambered.- Mrs.
Barrmnevuu t after sinking twice, was 'caught.
by-the-man in. the tree, and held until per
shore - Came to their relief, a..llia
.was in about three•Ruarters . of an hour. 'The,
only.infery Mrs. 13 1 lsustained was the :chafing
of her arms.,-in holding' to the tree, rind severe_
cold. After. the gentleman had secured his
footing-in the tree, he fouud he had a neck
lace in the shape of a rattlesnake. He sue
' - ceeded in releasing himself from his danger
- Gas ceinpanion lfdltout
' Oat of the gentlemen\ lost his wallet, con
iainin-VoFer $lOO in money, bezide -valuablk,
I:4# ' FEMALE SLAVES OF LoiDoN.—Tbe
.LotidOn - W-eektv Times, Asys - that ,the young
, milliners and' dressmakers of that city ate
condemned to sixteen, seventeen or eighteen
hours-0f toil out of the
.twenty-four iu each.
day ind_tright. The work is carried op in
crowded, unventilated rooms, where their
frames are kept_beni at their labor until their
eyes ache and their limbs refuse to perform
their,daty.. They h t ive, a short
. and painful
life and an early gave. In a re c ent t p eec h,
Lord Shaftesbury -said that tnauy-of these.
young women had been trained gently and
teiulerly,in delicate and happy, houes.-pos
• sessing all the -virtues and tendeitiess that be
long to the female sex, and reutlered - by those
very characteristic more obedient, more un
murmuriug, snore slavish-Iv .subject to the an •
tbority and tyranny of ..tirose who are put over
them. - His lordt..hip adds, that -!hey have no
riltCrtiative bet Ween submission and the street
door ;• and then asks, ,“ Is the. condition of
such a _young wog 4n one whit- betier-than
the condition of the mo.t wretched slave in
the s\)utherti States of America-!"
KANSAS Omitass.—.Some of the newspa
-still keetant ' r up a hue and cry about
awful' outrages hi Kansas If they really
want niate..-lal of the outrageous kind . they
should-- look nearer home.' We have more
-outrages in sixth wardsinw day than in .Kan :
sits in-a :month. The diffieretice is that a
sixth ward :outrage is fosgotten:the next day,
while by skillful management apolitical edi
tor mikes.* Kansas outrage last a month OK
:The Spriatfirld (Niue.) Repiailiears thinks
that n iti4idiutilolis for Republican pipers to
accuse ,t4,- I lkdokini‘tration of being extrava
gant,-1040eptti•licito members of Congress
inVatitit for; appropriations which . ,
sum:tieit opixiitkit thii_enonnops expenditure
so musk tiexried. , • -
ri m trost gitmotral.
A. J. GEREITSON, Editor.
Thursdav, J. ICA.
WILLIAM A. PORTER,
ALL poison' s indebted - -to' the late firm of
McCollum. -k Gerritson for subscription
to the Montrose Democrat are hereby forbid
.den.settling with J.:13. McCollum, or any
person in whose •hands he may place the ac
counts. ; Said accounts fare pot vet been as
signed to him, in consequence of his bnring
refused to' render value for them as agreed
upon before the firm was dissolved; any col
fictions which he may ruskm, will be fraudu
lent, and his receipts void, until further notice
be Liven. - A. J. GERRITSON.. I
Montrose, April Ist, 1858.
Notice.-Job work; transient advertising,,
and ALL orders from a distance, or from strangers.
=cash. l'apers.sent out of the county must
be paid for in advance. [tr.
"S.H.B."—Send us one dollar and we will
do what you request. •
,AcourrEn.—Loreu Ball of. Wyoming Co.,
arrested - for robbing the mail last-October, a
notice of which we published at the time,
was acquitted by 02(1 United State . ; Court at
• Williamsport last week.
lie was defended by] R. R. Little, Esq.: of
Wyoming C?)., and E. 13. Chase, El., of the
JW.file election for Major General of the
the Tenth Division of Pennsylvania Militia
was held afSearle's, Hotel, in this 'place,.on
Thursday last. The result was as follows:
Wm. F. Wood of Ltonesdale, 4 yotes:`
Coe F. Younl " 1 " 2 66
The District is composed of the counties
of Susquehanna and Wliyne.
- Jrar THE LADIC's 801 l MAGAZINE for Ju-
I t y has been received. It - appears in a neat
new dress, ana is altogether a creditable
number. It is enotvli to say,. of this Maga
zine that' it is edited by T.-S. Arthur,. and
Virginia F. Townsend. tz2 per annum, 4
copies for $5. Arthur tlr Co., 323 Wal
.ntit street, Philadelphia, Pa.' Send•on . .your
Compromise with Traitors.
When individuals in the Democratic ranks
become dissatisfied with. the ,party, and at
tempt to set up for themselves an arrogant
right_ to dictate-to- the majority what course
should be Pursued, we often find well-meanin'g
Democrats who are willing to yield, in a
measure, to :the imperious deniands of such
would-be dictators, from a desire of concifia:
Lion, and when warned against it, will state
that they do rilat really approve the course
proposed to be yursued by the person in
question, but fear if he is: not ennoiliated he
will dp,art I. ,h....Jur ..r.e party an
injury; while by compromising somewhat, the
threatened danger will' be avoided, and the
resAilt be productive_of harmony in future.
- This policy is an xceetlingly dangerous
-one,- and any party that permits its acts to
be thus controled- will !find, sooner or liter
that it has dug its own grave. Go one step
with a false friend, and he obtains control
over you Sufficient to take you another, and
ere you are awate of it,.he has delivered you
into the, power of the enemy. When a Judas
or an Arnold appears, let there be no yielding
to their demands. If Democrats show a re
trsctory spirit, and manifest a desire to " rule
or ruin," use - ever means' to gently curb
them, taking care in the'm s ean-tirne to intrust
them with nothing that can: be construed into
a "consideration" to prevent them trom bolt
ing, for the moment this is done they begin
to feel their power and ! will but continue to
make still more exorbitant demattla , upon
your fears, and finally, without perhaps really
intending it, will be found warring .bittedy
with the party, and yet bolding a .portion of
it in vassalage. If a Democrat cannot agree
with the patty on all the - issues of the day, let
him enjoy his own. opinion as an individual-,
:and so long as he does'so, approach him in
no way except to convince him of his error;
if he is not content to differ with others, but
'attemptsto effect a division, then it is time
' to meet hini v and it should be doge promptly;
if he,yields the point, it is well, but. if Le
throws himself into the arms of the opposition,
and wages a war upon /is old friends, then
should the most pointed weapons be-brought
to bear against him its ,an unscrupulous
We need not cite instances to prore that
there should be no parley with disorganizerF;
all who have noted the doings of the politi
cal world for even a' short time, hareseen the
folly of such a course. .
A free interchange of opinions among the
members of a party is sot, of course, to be
,It E.hadld 'be encouraged - on all
occasions, for it is the life-blood of Democra
cy. By this means the organization known as
the Democratic Party has always been ena
-1;led to dist - over what , measures of public
, best Subserve the wants of the
maws, and promote the welfare of the trey
eminent and the interests of mankind. Our
opponents - have failed-to do this; lief only
study the.promotion of selfish men, the ad.
vantages of causal against labor, the oppres
,6on of the mart', for the benefit of the few ;
theref?re it is they_ -- (lomat study the public
mind, or propose to place power in the hands
of the people. The result has been as it in
variably must be,everY page of their public
record has the black death-lines drawn about it.
There are a few ambitious Omen in our
party to=day, who are assuming the position
of dictatorship. Let them Are carefulljt watch
ed,an4l permit no adiantage to be taken by
If they cannot be With us as ore of us.,
let them go, but do not go with them r for
that leads to ruin. if the Democracy of any.
loCaliti permit- themselves to be led in the
least a bittei experience will make them wi er
,'The wound received by Gen. Lane in
the - contest in which he killed his antagonist,
is very i•evere ' threatening-the look-jaw and
amputation. lovas a sad' atlair all around,
and Lane it seems to be thought resented his
injiiry iu an: unnecessarily severe manner.'
We clip the strove from the BQtlfeid dr
gus,,and must say that we are astonished that
a paper can be ((sued that attempts to apolo- .
giza for so butalia ncourier as was that of Col,
Gains Jenkins, Jim Lane. "Injury" in
deed! An is juo to Jim Lane for M'r. Jenk
ins to draw a btleket•of water from 4411 to
which no othe't man had a. Bette? right!
Even supposing' Lane had owned he well,
(which he did n)t,) are men to be shat down
at tnid-diy, and the cold-blooded maidererbe
privileged ,to beg.off by claiming that be "re
sented" his 'injOiee only? 'Our Kansasla
naties must bade a high appreciation of life
if they believe ip can be destroyed for it pail
Line's wound, about which 'his political
filen& pretendl to be so much alarmed, was
in the cull of the leg—tt more fatal spot,
perhaps, in Latle , than could.be found else
whete on his . peirson,' As to the amputation,
let it be l'2,erfottited just below, not his knees,
but his ears,-anil the hangman's fee will be
saved to furnislilhim a hemlock coffin, for he
is deserving of none other:
Je2Y" We.peiCeive that the publisher of the
NEW YORK WEEKLY is out ivith another rior
elty. A new Story . by JAMES A. MAITLAND,
author of "The Watchman," "The Old
boiitor," ",Sartrqoe," " The Lawyer's Story,'
" Old lionesty,i etc., commences this week
ii that popular paper. Mr. Maitland's new
story is to appear under the title of Ross
'Mturbs: ; or, the Hermit of the Sea Shore :
and will no doibt add to the handsome cir
culation of the:Ws:ma% With such a suc•
cession Of - capital stories, by the best writers
in the country, it is not surprising that , this.
paper has at once attained a position in the
front rank of the popular publications,of the
day. The NEW YORK WEEKLY is published
by A. J: Williamson, 22 Beekman Street,
New Yoik, and sold 17 all Booksellers and
News Dealers in the enited State§ and Can,
adas. is sent by mail at $2 a year, or two
copies for $3. -
AM The "Continentalg" gave a concert
at Scranton. recently, and were favored, as
they always are, with a full house, but were
unfortunately disturbed by the falling of a
large lamp,susOnded from the ceiling, caused
by the fierce s . tampine of feet. Great con
sternation previiiled for a time, but fortunate
ly no one was injured. A rush for the stair
way was cheek -d by the prompt exertion- of
several stout pe r rsons, and a terrible catastro
phe Was avoided. The flames of the fluid
frorn'the broken lamp were smotheredby
using the large png of the Continentals—one
that was preseated, to them after it had been
through the Ilexi-cn war—it being well •ac
quainted with fire.
.112 r We ber'e received a catalogue of the
Fort Edward In6tittite, for 1858. The whole
number.of;tudelnts for the past year was .177.
`v, MALI were ladies. This
institution sustains a good reputation, and
so far as we judge of its regulatiOns, dis,
cipline, &c, it'Well deserves it. The expenses
are low, and thee are no unpublished extras.
lived the card in another column.
Three Cent Abolitionism.
We notice that our friend Osborne, editor
of the Poughkeepsie Telegraph,—one of the
best papers on i our exchange list—has just
got. through with an interesting libel suit,
brought againsti Lim for publishing a -Cr!ti
cism of a Fouii i th of July abolition imposi.
tion. The resuq is a just vindication .of the
rights of the priess.
It may be prioper to state that the jury
Nthich gave the final verdict was politically
composed of six Black Republicans, tour In •
dependents, and lonly . .twe Democrats.
The following cloth the Y. Y. Post, ex
plains the whole affair: -
TUE LA NV OF LIBEL
A ertn.e of eon i siderable importance on the
law of libel "hal been tried at the Dutchess
Circuit at Poughkeepsie this week. The
Plaintiff is Mitaell Santwd; a lawyer, now
orate' of Hud;On— the defendant is E. B.
Osborne, the editor of the Poughkeepsie Tel
graph. In 1850, the plaintlff was invited by
the citizens of 11.1 Hook, in Dutchess conn
't v. to deliver an
at the Fourth of July
celebration in dint plate. Mr. Sanford ac
cepted, and on tat occasion, after the usual
topics - had been iscussed, delivered, as the
editor claimed a d stated, "a mean and con
teptible aboliti ui harangue." The editor,
in addition to' hlis comments on the oration,
said some thing. . not very flattering to the
orator. Mr. Sa ford brought an action for
libel. Subjoined is the article complained of:
"The orator it the day was again and
again requested r t o make slight, if any, allit.
' sions to the pohtieal parties
among tor; but that a proper reference to the
difficulties now agitating the minds of the
people, and the recommendation of calmness,
I deliberation and! prudence, would be very
i proper. But no! he had only ascended the
pulpit about five minutes when he clam
mowed a mean,l virulent and contetnptible .
abolition harangue, with the affiliated here
sies, and treated I is audience to Sharp's Rifle
shooting, bloodshed, murder, Am.
"Now, Mr. Edi or, has he or any other titan
alright, on such day, and under such cir
cumstances, to g into the pulpit and deliver
inch an oration; ead the storm of fanaticism,
which aims to d stroy whatever is venerable
and good in the nstitutions of our country,
mutilate the Constitution, and destoy the
last vestige of liberty, human rights and self
government! Had he a right in a pulpit to
endeavor to deeiveabyt the grossest tnisrep
re,-entations, and agitate a spirit of rebellion
against the laws of the land; to discounten
ance every idea f compromise, thereby to
dismember .the union? Had' he a right to
outrage every Cbristisn feeling and sentiment
of the heart, and 'nstead of telling them,in a
kind spirit, to e deavor to harmonize their
views and feelins , to hate, shoot and destroy
each other like ba bariansf"'
The writer of t e article continued :-
1 `lle °War d+crated the-sacred desk by
such an appeal, aid became so odious to the
whole audience- to be compelled to - walk
from The church f. - . the hotel alone., and there
dared not sit at a public dinner provided for
the muesli's." . - ,
- apsivered, admitting the
tting up as a defence • that
y a fairscriticism Upon the
of the plaintiff. The canto
the article - was on,
was tried once, and the judge excluded all
evidence in justificatim or mitigation, and
the jury gave .a verdict of $450 for the plaintiff.
This was reversed by the General Term; on
argument, and a new trial granted. The
case came on for a new trial before fudge
Brown, of the Supreme. Coutt,. on Monday,
and was finished on Wednesday.' The whole 1
evidence showing what was.said by the,plain
tiff in his oration, according to the memory
of the audience, was admitted. The plaintiff
himself was , a witness and tried his own cause.
Mr. Dean defended • the publiCation as a right
of the press to criticise a public speaker, who,
heinsisted, occupied the same position as an
author, and the publication was privileged.
Judge Brown, in a very able and elaborate
charge, instructed the jury that the right of
'editors of public journals to criticise either
printed publications or extemporaneous
speeches was clear, and must' be sustained by
the courts; that it was 'necessary, in order to
correct public sentiment; that in doing. this,
an editor had no right to attack the personal
or private diameter of the author or speaker,
and that so far as the article in question was
an attack upon the plaintiff personally, and
not, a criticism upon'his speech, it was libel
lons. The judge at the same time told the
jury that they were the exclusive judges of
whether or no the artiele, taken as a whole,
was a libel, end if so, what damages the
plaintiff sustained by its publication.
The cause excited great interest in the lo
cality where the trial was held, and the jury,
after a Idal of three days and an absence of
about three hours, found a verdict for the
plaintiff fur three cents.
The Contemplated Coalition,
Since the announcement of the programme
of the mongrels for a State Convention upon
a new basis, various opinions pro, and con.
have been drawn out from the opposition pa
pers. Some of them have undertaken to jus
tify the new movement, others repudiate
while the greater portion, with that degree
of gullibility to which they have of late years
been obliged to succumb, whether willing or
not, patiently close their oyes and permit the
disgusting pill to be administered' witlicrut a
murmur. ,Among those who oppose the in
famous baigain and sale is the Erie Constitu
lion, decidedly the ablest liepullican paper
in Noah Western Pennsylvania. After an,
nouncing the project,and' the means by which
it was obtained, it uses the following lan
- 4. For one we enter our protest in advance
againltit any affiliation, coalition, union or
fusion with such political rhnegatles and trai-i
tors as Swoope and Flannigan. Thrice have
the freemen of the state struck hands with
them, and thrice.they have been betrayed.—
If they honestly desire a union of all the op
ponents of the administration in the, resent
campaign, they ought, in view of the past,to
have the prudence to keep their names from
any published calls. The- Republicans con
set it down as an established, fact that the
Sanderson Flannigan Swoope faction will nev
er keep faith in any political arrangement.--
They are partisan gatrrilas, unfit for associa
tion with men who 'are governed by honest
motives in political action. They have ebeat
ed ns in three canittigni., and it retnnihe'to
be seen whether Republicans will allow them
selves again to be gulled by such tricksters.
We are willing to unite - with all holiest op-
ponents of the extension of Slavery, and co
operate to - overthrow the present National
Administration, but we ate not willing to
join hand. ". ---- •". with venal leadpf.
vitro m al e a show of-friericsiop only to be
tray. The leading politicians may make
what arrangement they please in this matter.
but they in any way ignore the cardinal
principals of Republicauitm, or if they ex :
punge from . our flag the motto Of " No more
Slave States," they will deserve and receive
defeat: We march 'to battle under no mon
gr e l flag. They will find thousands of staunch
and true freemen in the North and West who
will repudiate any evasive, unmeaning plat
form, no matter who the candidates are. We
warn the Republicans to beware of the
The examination of Lane 'for the
murder of Jenkins has developed these facts
Ist. That Jenkins went into Line's enclosure
unarmed. 2d. That lie went, not towards the
house, but in another direction towards the well.
31. That Jenkins bud been accustomed prev- -
iousfy to use the well, though for a few days he
had been getting water at a spring near by. The
water in the spring having become foul, he re
turned to the.well, and had usod it for a day or
two before the fatal occurrence. 4th. That the
gate 'which Lane had nailed up to prevent Jen
kins access to the well, was put in by Jenkins
for the purpose of reaching the well. sth. That
no weapons were displayed by the Jenkins party
uniii•after Lane hadfired and killed his tictim.
The- ki;ling is admitted; but it is claimed
that Lsne acted-in self-defence. Eminent coun
sel is employed on both sides. Gov. Stanton is
one of Lane's counsel.
This is evidence of a premeditated Murder
in cold blood.
For the Montrose Democrat
Letter froze Caaiada,
NIAGARA FALLS, June 8, 1858
Mn. EDITOII :—Dear Sir :--I promised my
voting-friends, while iu Canada visiting the
Norrnal,Model, Grammar,and Central Schools,
occasionally to write them a .few -lines re
garding what I might see and hear.
After a few - hours ride, this morning, we
arrived at the " Suspension Bridge," .which
spans the Aver about iwo miles below the
Falls. "A brief description of this bridge may
not prove uninteresting to many. It was
built by John A. Robeling, of Trenton, N.
J., in 1852 and % - 3, and is a noble and
stupendous structure, forming a communica
tion between Canada and the%-linited States,
over which steam engines, cars, and wagons
of every description, pairs without causing
the slightest vibration. 'The road for car.
riages is suspended 28 feet below the railway,
The Bridge, the length of which is 800
feet, and width 24 feet, is suspended by four
enormous wire cables, passing over four
towers, each cable being 10 inches in diam=
etre, and containing 1000 miles of wire.
The height of each, of thelwo towers on the
American side, is 88 feet,and the two on the
Canada side 713 feet each. The entire strength
of these four cables is 12.400 . .t0n5, and the
weight of the entire bridge is 1000 tons.
Hence, the bridge is, capableof sustaining
11,400 togs, and combines, in an eminent
degree, strength, durability, and elegance of
structure. It is suspended about 250 feet
above the surface of the river, and cost
'Owing our stay here, as 'the day was
beautiful, we visited •
..Niagara I the wonder of the world,
T A very ocean to destruction hurled ;"
but I shall net attempt,to convey to your
mind an idea of its ."ceaseless thunder and
eternal foam," or of the bold and magnificent
scenery hereabouts. No One will • ever otp- ,
taro ' au idea of thW grandeur almost
omnipotent that is: here presented,, until
they stain:low " Tablizellock,ft and " Terrapien
Tower," and look down- upon the mighty
cataract as the -waters -are - lashed- into Any
and, withmaddened impetuositywre hurrying
to tinSbrinft, and utter their deep roar cloud
less melody as they plunge mystically into
,sea of molten 'silver fringed
with the golden tints of the raiuboW, from
which' the white cloud of mist And the deaf
ening.:thuuder continually rise above their
The waters of Lake Erie, I believe,are'S34
fe..et-leigher than them:, of Like Opted°, sod
the channel or river leading 'from the former
to thelat ter is 36 miles in length. The Falls
are 22 miles front. Lake Erie, and are divided
into two by "leis" or "Goat Island.," The
American Falls are 900 feet wide, and 163
feet high. The; Horse Shoe or Canadian
Fall is 2000 feet wide, and 154 feet high.
The first white man that saw these falls was
a French Jesuit missionary, by the name of
Hennepin. It was in 1678, 180 years ago.
The placeS of greatest interest in this victn•
icy, excepting the Falls and the 'Eluspension
Bridge,are the battleground of Lundy's Lane,
the Whirlpool below the 13ridge, the Devil's
Hole,and the Bloody Bun, (below the Whirl
pool) II a Qieenston s n'Heights and General
LlAsituox, C. W.,.June 10, 1858
On our passage from Niagara to this place
we crossed "Welland Canal," which is sufn
ciently wide to allow three-mast Brigs of
large size to pass from one lake to the other.
This is truly a beautiful farming country
and is rich with beautiful scenery. The laud
to all appearance is in no wise inferior to tie
best land in New York and Penna. We hat's,
plenty of vegetables, such as lettuce,raditihes,
cucumbers, &Q., that have been grown hero.
Hatnilton is located :it the western point
of Lake Ontario and contains about 20,000
inhabitants. Some of the stores here are
magnificent structures; such as would cost
in New York from 100 to 150 thousand dol.
lam The "Anglo American Hotel" is in
keeping with the best buildings of the city.
About one mile west of the business part of
the city, a range of mountains, called Bur
lington Heights,are to be seen running North
and South. These Heights form a beautiful
back ground to the city, and upon their
geed sloping sides are' many splendid
The Central School building, (we would
call it a Graded School,) is situated on a gen
tle eminence in the northern part date
is built of stone, and cost, I judge, from fifty
to eighty thousand dollars. The - yard is large
and tastefully laid out, into walks, and orna
mented with trees. :The play-grounds fel the
boys and girls are separate anu contain appa
ratus of carious kinds to induce the pupils to
engage in healthful exercise. '-Each play
ground has a building about 2po feet long
thatOs finely constructed, in which the pupils
can exercise duting stormy and, unpleasant
Liwnds, June 13th, 1858
London is about 70 miles west of Ilamil‘
ton, and contains 10,000 inhabitants. I scarce
ly tealized that I was_out of the United States
until yesterday, when a bather charged six
pence for ehaving me and in making change
kept fen cents.- Said I, you have made a mis
take,—you have taken ten cents; but you
want only six pence, (6 cents.) Ile seemed
much Astonished, and with apparent honesty
said, "Yes, cualy six pence,—ten cents." It..
stantly the thought occurred to me that.l was
in' Canada; and by the aid of the Rule of
"Reduction of Currencies," I at a glance dis
covered he was right. Soon after my com
panion was seemingly troubled to, know why,
when, a boy charged him twelve pence for .an
article, be insisted upon receiving twenty
cents. I suggested to him the propriety of
t Wo l t r i i ,ra g rd ) PPZeVr i i i tr'.' ra - s q ur l en S ies" in
le la a copy
in his possession,) instead of reading the news
papers as we passed along. I have heard no
more difficulties arising from making change.
To day, after visiting the .Central school,
in which we found upwards of 1200 pupils,
my companion seemed very much depressed
in spirits, and proceeded directly to a shoe
maker's shop and ordered the heel. of his boots
to be "let down a peg or two," (his were
"nigh-heeled boots.") The job being done,
lie gravely inquired the amount of his in
debtedn'ess, and received the prompt reply
"a, Yorker," (121 cents.) I`e• again entereci_
the street, and as we scores of ladies;
he became still more taciturn and gloomy.
After remaining in our room in silence for a
time, with much apparenlseriousnesa, he gave
expression to his troubled thoughts as follows:
" Did you ever see such looking ladies? Fig
ures devoid of symmetry and beauty, voices
hash and munti:ical„ . " features angular and
rag!), and complexions spotted and speckled
like Jacobs cattle," d:c. I •do not wonder
that my friend is forcibly impressed, and, per
haps somewhat• annoyed with the Contrast
between the appearance of the ladies we have
met with during the past few days and his
own BEACTIFIA WIFE, at Lorne. Still I am
not. able to sympathize with him very deeply,
as fain hot, in the least troubled in that way
myself; and besides, he, was not obliged to
have such a pretty wife.
We shall arrive in Toronto, to-night, Where
we shall remain several days to visit the
Normal Schools, and when I get a half-hour
to spare will write You a note in reference to
them. Yours, respectfully; J. F. S.
BEING - GENERALLY USEFUL-A letter from
a traveler who is on the road to Utah. narrates
the following : "If such readers of history
as delight to imagine Louis XVI clad in the
leather apron of a locklsmith, or Charles V.
puzzling his brains over the machinery of a
watch, could only catch some glimpses of the
Utah expedition, I atin unable, to say how
great would be their pleasure. I have seen
the Governor of the Territory walking gravely
up the road toward bis•tent, carrying a piece
of stove funnel under each arm; I hah seen
the Chief Justice cutting the turf for a chin•
ney, and the Secretary of State splitting
wood, and the United States Attorney and
Marshal plastering the walls of their hut
with mud. Yesterday I saw one United
States Commissioner, stripped to the buff and
riding on horseback piloting a wagon through
a•ford across the South Platte, which - he had
discovered by wading; while the other Com
missioner, having accomplished the passage,
sat upon a corn sack on the opposite bank.
These pictures may convince yon that the
civil offices, at least, in connection with• the
Utah expedition, are not sinecures." _
Jar The official advices received by. the
last arrival from England are more favorable
than has been represented.
They reiterate friendly sentiments. towards
this country, disavow intentional offence
against our flag, and mention the- fact of a
prompt issuance of orders to discontinue . the
'visits which hate given rise to the pendin g
difficulties. ',ller Majesty's Governmencdoe.s
not insist on visitation or search, as a iight ;
„but as botb - Pations are solicitous to put an
end to the African' slave 'tradri;,ii - deirirei a
mutual understanding or arrangement as' to
the proper and most acceptable - manner of
ascertaining the character of ' the : insp.:sited
slavers.' This is the mooted point. The tenor
of the despatches are far frpm heingtinsatis
factory. In fact, the doctrine so ltingmajty.
Mined by our Government is considet4 . as
practically acknowledged by Great Ssitsid:
no differences between the two Countries
are not such as cannot be amicably acconi-
. At. a men of 'the Pennsylvariii'Demo.
emits Association !at Washington . ,l2o.V., Lel&
JUne 18th, 1858,' the vice presitleni•in the
-chair, the knowing resolutions weresilfered
by 41301. D.•?_- . 10,i Bull, and unanimously .a.
doped: ]. , .
• ~ .
hereas the'attempt to crush the -admin
istration of Presidenl, Buchanan in a funda
mental issue led_to• the organization of the
Pennsylvania Democrat is As.oeiation,'which
has devoted , all its energy in install:ling the
Pre,sident.of Our choice : Therefore,
Resolved, That we congratulate the country,
and particularly 'our democratic friends in
Pennsylvania, that the wisdom and policy of
President Buchanan have resulted in the
settlement of the Kansaiguestion, which has
rio long disturbed the peace and quiett• of the
country. —, •
Resolved; That, although the President
bas passed though • a • fiery ordeal; he has
given evidence of sagacity and a Jackson
firmness, which has ever characterized the
record' of James Buchanan. •
Reedited, That the settlement of thii issue
on the . basis of the non-intervention Kansas.
.Nebtasktt act of 1854 is evidence, of consis
tency and ejust regard for solenin law; and
is hailed as the first fruits offßuchanan'a ad
minis:ration, which is founded on 'a deep
sense of responsibility' to God and his coun
.Resolved, That this association tender their
thanks to patriotic individuals and clubs of
other Sates in aiding the- Pennsylvania
Democratic Assocb.tion in disseminating
documentary arguments among theespeople
of their respective States.
Resolved, That our thanks are due to lion.
J. Glancy Jones, who has presided over our
association with courtesy, dignity, and energy.
Biro Eyed, That this association now stand
adjourned until again convened in the pre
sident of the association.' • • .
TLIOS. J. McCAMANT,,Sec.
What one great wind can Accom
Tlie -"great ones" of the earth have been
justly destgtiated as such for having achieved
ends and objects unattained by their fellow
men. if we trace the rise' and progress of
them, we shall see, that not only has their
success been owing to a new idea or original
suggestion, but-in a far Treater measure to
the systematic mode of carrying the projects,
and bringing them to a successful issue. In
*no instance has this fact been more truly
'exemplified than in the career And ligh ening
speed progress to of Thomas Holloway,
and the proportional universal dissemina tion
of his "Pills and "Ointment" as a specifics
for nearly every disease of the human frame. 1
We have been fortunate enough to learn
from his own lips the thodua operandi of this
Wonder-working system, which evinces its
superiority not only -in having reached•ilie
acme of perfection, but in keeping afloat this
mighty organization, a 'harp of a thousand
strings' to keep-in tune !
Let the reader conceive to himself the pass
sibility of creating and continuiog in working
order a business from whose focus two artic
les, with the single cognomen of "Holloway's
Pills" and ."Hollowal s Ointment," are kept
perpetually in the hand and wiihin the reach
of one in every hundred of a cominnuity.. and
that Community contained in no less limits
than the circle of the arra': broad surface.
Now ,this is not only accomplished, but done
with.ease and harmony withal :'these almost
übiquitous retnedievulled originally (as. we
are asp . red).from the vegetable production of
that roil which gave us bir' h, are moreover
so compounded, C
semen, as J . sct with divers endencies. but
wonderful unity of effect ; the individual
properties of Holloway's medicines become
passive or active, to suit the exigencies of the
case, the Pills containing both tonic, as well
as detergent qualities, develops the one or
the other, as the symptoms of the patient's
case may demand,tire -Ointment being an 'ex
pellant' as well as a healing appliCation,takes
a similar. mode of attaining the de;dred end,
thus mutually Assisting nature to cast off the
common enethv, and subduing the temporal
teign of fell disease.
Much more could be said on this point than
well come within the scope 'of this short
article, which we have •thought is our duty
to devote to a -casual glance at a great under
taking, that may have escaped the observa
tion, and consequently the due appreciation
of a great portion of our readers ; a system
conceived as it was, and carried out as it is,
by a master mind ! We will at'some future
time render some further interesting particu
lars with regard to this peerless arid unpre
cedented enterprise!— Milwaukee News.
IN SCHUYLKILL count; Pa:, there are 420
steam engines employed in rais'ngcoal,.lrain
ing mines,manufacturing‘ind other purposes;
ihe power of which is equal to the exe Lion
of 100,000 able-bodied ram,calqulatin:;seven
menTerborse power. When the prepared
'coal of this county was broken by hand, it
then. required three men for every ten tons of
coal broken acd cleaned,exclusive of the
ing and raising, now an eighty horse engine
will brCak, clean and ship from 500 tO 1.000
Loans of coal per day. A single first-class
locomotive will do as amen in 12 hours 'on
a good railroad as 2,400 stout horses and
1,000 teamsters on an ordinary turnpike
t All apprehension of difficulties with
Great Britain, on the question of the British
cruisers may be allayed, as there is now no
doubt that Lord Malmesbury has officially
com nu'crtted to our Govt4nment satisfacto
ry ejia nations.. The principle laid down in
General Cass communication to Lord Napier,
of the 10th of April are recognized as sound
international law on this question, by which
the British Government will be governed.—
Thus the firmness of the Administrrtion and
the able exposition of the case by the veteran
statesman in the StateDepat tinent have s?lved
in a few weeks, a question of great magnitude
and of long standing.
tfissEsors entersllie Union as the thirty
second State. She extends a friendly hand
to alt her sisters; North and South, and 'ivies
them assurance thittsshe j.,ins theirlanks—
not to provoke sectional discord or to'eti
gender strife—net ;:to enlist in' a crusade a
gainst such of :tbein -as differ with her in the
character of the: domestic institutions, but
to promote harmony and et& will; and to
lend her aid, otrall occasions: , in maintaining=
the integrity o, the- Union.—Goo. Sibfey's
A FIRST-RATE I DEA.—An ingenious novelty
has just been' brought out on the North Penn
sylvania railroadoe the shape of a station in
dicator- whiCh infornuttbe passengers of the
name of ihe station, or place, which the train
mays Ike aproaaking. A cylinder, placed -in
a conspicuous part of each car,. contains the,
name of,eatth stoppißg place sou the' line- of
the road., As- the train teaohea , or leaves one
station, theltralteritan turns out aneesposes
to view thesintsue of the nest..., .it, is a great
boon tti travel - era, aepeiral y strangers.
. A 'Yottig lady lately - appeared Jo,
male attire' at Traltimori; an of aft ediu'
tore siva that her disguise Wiallo perfect that
she imght Puma pm* for a'roaa. 'had ilia a
Br.)e more- modesty). "• ' ''•
• t A'Priauner wicaped from -the Viriseen-
PenitentiarY, lastely ;in a very ingeniou s
manner lie pretended to be kirk, and was
allowed the privilege. of welkin in the
yard; He then made a sort of a image, cut
the -hair from his own livid, decorated th e
4:6 1 , of .the image With itT and deposited it
carefully in his own - bun' and took his o n .
toniary walk in thii 'yard. • At -'night the
Watch looked into Ills cell and noticed him as -
he supposed,teposing quietly in his accustom.
ed place.' The next Inoriting when his cell
•was visited he was still scmnelent, and on ac
count of his sickness was further indulged.
At. noon, however, it was thought about time
be made some sign, end the watch proceeded
to stir aim up. But he wasn't there.
SUFFICIENT A POLOGIT.— PDC f our female
school teachers • recently' iniseed for several
days born her school a 'little girl of German
parentage, who bad been accustomed - 10 at.
tending very regularly: before. Thinking. she
was Rick, she addressed a note . to the parents,
'inquiring the ciuse.of her absence, and re•
ceived as a reply the following laconic opintle
Ilarrisburg, Junell, 1858.
You,will please excuse Martha , fos not be
ing at school, as she is dead !
Sufficient excuse, we should, think.--
DISINTERESTED PATRIOTIML—The 'Tomp
kins County Democrat" states that• Mr. Her
man Camp,-(f Trumensburg, has given 1t.200
towards celebrating the approaching miniver
sary.,of our National Independence in a be
coming manner at that place. As the donor
is neither tbw owner of a tavern, grocery or
liquor saloon, to be benefited by the celebra
tion, the Democrat thinks this may be set
down as a case of 'disinterested patriotism.
Eir The General Assenibls of Prea yteriz.
atlo, recently in seAsion arChicago, decided
by a vote of 160 to 52.. thstj dilorce cannot
be granted adultery tan he i clearly
shown ; and that any One marrying w permn
divorced for any Ot bur Eauu.Abirnself guilty
of adultry in a moral view 'of ybe cue.
Ix Nm Ycinv,. on: Monday evening, by
way of pleasant variety,a tornado temporarily
changed the. temperature. A number of
vessels and river-crafts were, seriously dim ,
aged, and near Greenpoint, - Long Island, one
wing of the American flint .glitss works was
blown down, killing two of the employees in
stantly, and•injuring seven ot,hers.
BRONCHITIS AND _COUGH, go often
terminate fatally in our northern latitudes,
are easily - arrested in a majority of cases, if
recourse is had to the Wild Cherry prepara:-
lion of Dr. Wistar.. Abundance evidence of
this fact has been giien. None gnuine unless
signed 1. Bum.
Pr The remains of Ethan Allen; which
there has been such an ado about lately, has
at least been found twelve feet below the
ground . at Burlington,Vermont, where he was
TIIE LATE DISASTER Sim MISSISSIPPI.
—There were • 450 passengers'on board the
Penncylvanin, which „Palely' exploded on
the Missi,sippi, of %thorn it 19 Eitld 250 were
• ist of grtmntms,.
to be awarded at the Suquehrinna County
.elgriculturo 1 Exhibition for the year 1858.
II 0 R S E S.
CLASS I. STALLIONS ASV MART'S.
Best. Stallions and 3 at his colts,. Di.
ploma and ; , $5
.2u nest, .Amer. Agrieulturlst and ; 3
3d best, Albany Cultivator and...—.
Best. Stallion Stallion which has not stood in the
County prior to this year, Diploma and •
Lindsay'. History.of Mogan Horses. •
Best 'Brood Mare and cult, Yonatt on Hof
feS and - 3
2.1 best, Allen's Domestic Animals and 2
3d beat, Lindsay's Morgan Horses and 1
~.radges. Wm. C. %yard, Benj. Ayres, and
Dr. I. B. Lathrop.
CLASS IL MOLE AND NI ATCII ED DOESICS, k COLT,.
'All animals competing.inthis Class to be
raised in the county.
Best eitigle Gelding or mare, over 4 years
old, I)add's Anatomy and Physiology of
the Hone, with color"d plate.
2d best, Youatt on Ilot , e 4 ,, and $2
3d best, Mb. 'Cult., and-
Best pair of matched Ilorsep,feeminv or
• mates). over 3 ears old,Ste kbentis Book
of the Farm. I•
211' best, Didd's Anal. and Physiology of
Best pair of three year old C01t5,. . .
" ending u 2
Best pair of Moles, 3
Jadges : Simeon Lewis, Israel Stebbins
and Dr. . Leet.
Best Devon Bu 2 years old or upwards.
Country Gent., and - $3
2.1 best, Amer. Agr., and •
Best Devon Bull'," between 1 and 2 year;
Youatt on Cattle, and - • 2
2d best, Alt Cult., and 1
Best Devon Bull, under I year, \ 1
Best Devon Cow, 3 years old or upwards,
Ant. Farmer's Encyclopedia.
2.1 bust, 2
Best • Devon 'Heifer, between , 2 and 3 yrs.
old, Country Gent., and 1
241 best., Alb. Cult., end "
Judges: Thomas Nicholson, S. W.- Breed
and George Walker.
- .. CLAsEI 11. DURHAM.,
Bast Durham Bull, 2 years old oll.upwards t
Country Gent., and \ $3
• 2d best, Ame..,Agr,,and , 2
Best Durham Bull, betty. 1 and 2 . yrs: - old,
Youatt on Cattle, and. 2
- 20 best, Alb. CAL, and e
Best Durban),Bull, under one year, 1
Best Durham Cow, 3 yrs. old and upwards,
Am. Farmer's Encyclopedia. •
2d best, 2
Best Durham Heifer, betty. 2 and 3 years
old. Country Gent., and ' 1
24 •hest, Al 6. cult., and ' 1
Judges: Harry Stnith,Abner Griffis,DaYid
Wrikelee. ' ' .
CLASS In. GRADES AND NATIVES,
Best Bull ; Amer.' Air.,,and ' $2
'2d best, it
Best Cow,, over 3 yrs. old, Am. Farmers
- Encyclopedia. • . " •
Conistry• Gent., and.; 2 T
3d best, Amer. Agr,
4th hest, , I
Best Heifer, tatw. 2 and 3•yrs old,Cotintry
Gent., and •
• 2d 'hest, A mer: Agr., and . . I
ed bat, Alb.:Cult. • •
Best 4 Yearlings, Stephen's 3ook of the
2d best; Yonatron Cattle,
3d best, Allei's DOM. Aninials; and .. • /
Bests Calves, Stisphen's Book Of the Farts. •
1 . . 2d beist,Yintatt - orr Cattle, ...... 2' •
.8d best; Allen's Dom. Aniniale, and
:ledges O. D. Lathrop, Litham Gaidnery
Ed Gregory. - •
CLAM 'IT., MEWS *ND jrl2lllB.
Beat :13 yoke from town,B oriel of Amer.
2d best 8 copies of Alb. Cu t,