The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, April 12, 1855, Image 1

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Cljase pan, ttravittors
Our Childhood.
'As bad, , yet sweet, tb listen
-To the soft wind's gentle swell,
'And think we bear the musk " -
Our childhood knew so well,
To gaze oat on the even, -
And the boundless fields of air,
And fed again - oar boy hood's vtish
Toro= like angels
There are many dreams of gladness
That cling around .the past—
And from the tomb
,of • feeling
Old thoughts come thronging fast—
The forms we loved- so dearly, • -
In the happy days now gone,
The beautiful and lovely; - . .
8o fair to look upon.
Those bright and gentle maidens •
Who seemed so:formed for bliss, •
Too glorious and too.beavenly •- '
For •such a world aslbi: %,
. .
Whose dark, ao:t oyes seemed liwitnruing
Ina sea of liquid light, . •
And whose locks Were-We:ming
Cferlirows so sunny Irfght. • • •
'WhoSe smiles were like the sunshine
In .the, spring time of the year— • -
:Like the changeful gleirur of
-April •
'They followed every tear •
They have passed—like hopes—a Way
And their loveliness has,.fled—, •
Oh,inany a heart is mourning •
That they are with the dead. .
Like the brightest buds of suinmer,
They bare fallen with •the item-
Yet, oh, it is a lorely &nth
To fade from •earth lika hem!'
And yet thethought is saddening
To muse on such as they,
And feel that all the beautiful •
Are passfug fist awayl
That the fair ones Whore we tort) '
Grow to-each loving breast • ,
Like-.the tendril of the clinging vine, l ,
Then perish where they-rest.
And wsean but think of these
:In the soft and gentle spring,
When the trees are waling o'er 'us,
And the &titers are biosoming•!
And - we know that winter's coining
With his cold and stormy sky . — •
And the .glorious •kienuty round-es
Is budding but to die! •
P T. L' A S Fk.f.
IT was at the battle of Brandywine: that
'Count Pulaski appeared in his glory.
As he rode .charging there, into the thick-
est of the battle, he was a warrior to look up
op but once and neverto .forget.
Mounted on, a large black horse, whose
streng,tli,and heinty of shape made you for
get the plainness of his caparison, Pulaski
himself, with a form six feet in height, Inas
live chest, aitd limbs of iron, was seen nt
afar relieved by the black, cloud of battle. frog.
His face,. grim with the scars of Poland,
was the face of a man who had seen much
trouble, endured much wrong. It was stamp
edwith an expression of abiding melancholy.
Bronzed in hue, lighted• by large black eyes,
with the lip darkened by a thick moustache,
his throat and chin were covered with'a
heaiy beatd, while his hair fell in raven mas
ses from beneath his trooper's cap,, shielded
with a ridge of 'glittering steel. ,Ilis halt
and beard were of the same hue.
The sword that hung by his side, fashion
ed of tempered steel, with a hilt of iron, was
one that a warrior alone could lift.
1 It was in this array that he rode to the
I battle, followed by a band of three hutsdred
'ire; whose faces, burnt with the scorching
I d a tropical sun, - or hardened by northern
mows, bore the scars of many a battle. They
were mostly, Europeans; some Germans, some
Polanders, some deserters_ from the British
army. These were the men to fight:, To be
taken by the British - would be death on the
!gibbet; therefore they fought their best, and
fought to their last gasp, rather than mutter
a word' about "quarter.
IWhen they Charged, it was as one man,
their three hundred swords . flashing over
, heir heads, against the cloud of battle.—
ey came down ut)on the enemy in terrible
silence, 'without a word Spoken, or even a
Whisper.' • . '. .
1 You could' hear the tramp of their steeds,
you could hear the rattling of their scabbards,
but that was all. - As they closed with the
British, you could,hear a noise like the echo
a hundred hammers beating the hot ir6n
a the anvil. You could see Pulaski Mil
li; riding yonder in his white uniform his
lack steed rearing- aloft;as - turning his head
ver his shoulder, he spoke to bis men:
It was but broken German, yet - they un
derstood it, those, three hundrecl men of sur
• blunt faces, wounds and gashes._ With'one
'burst they rtishe.'d upon the enemy. For a
ew moments they used their. swords,••and
ea the ground was covered with dead , .
bile their living enemy scattered in panic
fore their path.
It was, on this battle day of Brandywine,
at the Count was . in hisglory. He under
toed but little Engli s sh, so he,spake what be
to say with the edge of the swerd. It
as-, a severe lexicon, but the British soon
earned to read it; and to_know it.
An over the field, .From yonder Quaker
eating house away to the top of Osborne's
ill, the soldiers of the enemy
° saw. Pulaski
^A1pfe,..4441 learned to know his name by
aeart. - . -' /
1 That white uniform, thitt bionzed visage,
that tirtek horse with burning eyes and quiv
ning n‘trstrils, they "anew the warrior well,
ley torinbltxl when they heard him say—
It was at; the, rettat . of brandy trine that
theTolander was most terrible. It was when
41e Men of _ armed, poorly'
,shat.bikti"clottal•-•= g ave \way, step by
04, gore-te ()Verahet - ming dit:eipline
the - Brifigi host, that Pulaski: looked like a
hattle fiend _mounted On his demon steed.
Ilia cap had fallen frOM his brow. his
Ibroad-head shorn in an occasional simbnain
rgrewerimson with the flash of an occasion
.l cannon Or rifle.
white uniform Was rent and stained;
in fact, tiom head to toot, he was covered
with dust and blood. •
Still Ihis right arm wis.f
there,' executing a British h
fell ; his voice :has
husky, but strong in every to
Brudern I" •
He beheld Vle division of
ing from the field he sa ;
yonder Stripping their '; coats fr I
in the madnesS of pur4uit.
South fir Washington', who,
under Oreene,iwas hurVying to
the Amilican!chief was not i
Then iridaski was convulse
Re rode madly upoti the b,
pursuing Brittsh sword
afterlloin, e'en thole, in, fro
army ; :he thMg his steed ne
the retreating' .Ameriens ; he
in his broken English lio.tnrn
effort; ho shuted it 4 hoarse
daknot'vet lost! 1. •
:. They' did - not understand
the tone :in Ulich hie s&kei
blood. •
, .
• . The picturO, too, 4tanctin
clouds of haOle,'--tt Warrior
passion; - covered 'with blood, h
neck of!his sted, whihi his eyi
• •ed,to fire, atjd the muscles c
face writhing; like serpents
-• say, filed many heart , with
• nerved ;many a` wounded or
. -
again. 1 , •1 • _ ' • ,"":
Tried retreating, men turn(
• .the ftit• again -H-like - the wolf
blood-hounds-i4they sprang Alp
the.fOe, land here them down
perate charge.; .
Those people know but . little of the char-.
actor; of Wa4hiugtpn • who erns' him the
American° Fabius—that is, Generalm
pounded of piniKuce anti cant on,:with but a
sparkOf enterprise. Atnerican :thins! When
will ' . you show me the Rom. n Fabius that
f tile, hod'a heart ore, - nerves of st 1, a soul that
hungered for the charge, :an . ilterprise that
rushed from wilds like Skippi)ek, upon an
army_ 'like tbot of the BritiSh a Germantown,
or started froui ice and shew, like that whiCh
lay -across thei Delaware, Up - hordes - like
those of the Hessians :it Trento —then I will
i lower-}Washington down 'into IFabiusr This
rcoMparison of our heroes with the,barbar;
lion, de lige& of Rome, only illustrates the
povert••l t
of•the triind that make it.
pare Brutus, the aisassi of - his friend,•
-- Corn
with Washington, .the delivere of 'Ms peo
pie Ocenn, - the ,opponent of ataline, with
Ilenry;' the champion Of a_ coat neat! Whitt
bef , gary of thougl2t. ! ILet 'us., leOrn to be :1"
li t tie , indepet4nt; to l / 4 know
.our great 'men as
they. wi..-re,!not:: by ont4arison -ith the bar
bariiati;herties of old Rome.
Let las learn that W l ashingto
ativie thine. bu't alrehrvalry an
I . • 'lt Was at
. the bathe of ,th
1 thaft thii truth Was -made pia
i tfishitt,i. on t(:) battlei . lie IKI
i hewn,iicwn by the .13riti:sh. 4
1 shriek: Ills name, and4ga
al's:lfety, he rashel to pin then/
R -1t was. at thh .nfotnent tha
I came rushing on once !more int
1 . YeOt was r iri the dead hay,.
I treat that ‘Vashillgtotr, rushing
Jibe Very centre of the inclix, N
Lin . - the enemies ttioops on the
hill,!sothwest of the meeting
Pulaski Was•sweeing on with h i
to have one more bout with th
• Washington was in terribl:
trcxips were sweeping to thii so . ,
ish trOopers; were sweeping , itp
around him—while Pulaski, on
hundred..yards distant; wacat,
ing ;blessing - among the hordes 1
It was a glorious prize. tbat M,
i,Lgtoti:in the heart of ! the Britisl
- Suddenly •Me Polander; fur i
P t ' the sight - ;of the ,IrOn 1
rider.' : 1 - Ile turned to his troupe
erect lip was wreathed with n
be *cared his sword-be pointe
. , 1
gray and his rider, 1 • ,
There was but One -movemen ;1
With! true impulse that it
their war horses, and then a.g
• a
and, compact, was speeding • ,
like a!thundor,bolt sped- from t !
three liti,ndred swords rose glitte,
glimpse; of suillightnd in fro'
lanelie, With his form, raised tO't
a dark frown on his brow, a fi
his lip; rode PUlaski, likea'spir'
life; by - the 'thunderbolt be: r
were fixed one 'iron gray 4n.1
his band hadlnt one
shout, NtASITINiGTON ! I
The . British; troops had!
American load4r-4-already the
trail.or,. - Washiri,gtOn, seemed
the zates,onotiden. . ' ;, I
But !what trennbling of earth
yonder ? -.. 11 7 h4t means
What:terrible beating of bo
it portend ? •
That,' onntiois silence—and n
—not of wodlslor of name, but
half hurrah 'ull'..;clt shrieks - from
as they , scent. !heir prey ?
all ?
• Pulaski is on our lila! the
British ;army - Lai, in our Wake!-
. Add. on be 4.atiie l and his. gal'
A moment ,atidthe had swept or(
ers—crushed, Mangled, dead 'and
strewed the green. sod-he had
the bill, he had passed the fom
ton!'; : , t .'- 1 1: •
AnOther moment, . and that'
had adieeled---back to the or:
death came.: Routed, d4fo t i
the red coats gee - from. the . 14
iron band swept around
. the torn
Washington -- they encircle.. hi
(onus •of..oak-:--theie .swords!,. i
shout of his name shrieks throtig
away to the AtneriCan host "they
all a Soldier's'j4y; .:'. r • ',
, It..was at Saanuah that night
mien Pulaski: ;,.. .. .. •
Yea,: :I. see liim now, under t
-nig,lit riding inWard 'solider, .1 .
black.steed aloft,'while t;
'of his own menifOloared at his' in
Right on, neither looking to
left, be.rides. his eye fixed upo
of the' British—his isseord_gleatu
Lead e .
For tbe4ast tit*ie they tear th
"FORWARTS, Bgt*TRIC kenkta
Then, they sa# the black bo
forward, bis fore ifeet resting on
of the enemy; w.Ple his rider
pride of his fox* his face : bath
of red, light. i 2
' The thtTsh once gohe, they sari
\more. - But they found hiii—yes;
mv's eunnon, crashed by the
' kilted his steed—=yes, they
ve end rider ,` f together in
1 - ; still it Tol
erlitig when it
kl, - hoatse and
the h •
- .
noble ..o glaring in t h e mulmgt
1 glassy eye.
• So in his lory 11:0'died. He' died while
America and ' land were yet in chains.—
He died in the s suti' hope that both - one day
would be free. ...NI • b regard to America, his
hopes have been fult ; but Poland-----
Tell me., shall - not • ie day i eonie when
yonder monument--4erec d by
,!iliose warm
SOuthern hearts nein. Sawa nah , --will yield:
up its dead l -, .
For Poland - will yet be free a ast, as sure
as God is just—as Ore' as - Ile g , verns the .
Universe.' Theti, When . re-creat Poland
rears her eagle aloft again among th ban-7 1
nets of the nations, will children co , to'l
Savannah to gather Up the as . lres of their he ,
and bear hinthorue,-ivith the chant of priests,
with-the thunder Of eannor., with the tears of
!millions even as repdntant France bore home .
l i her own Napoleon . . 1 '.: • ~ - . . ,
'ullivan retreat
. "the British
`oni their backs,
looked rto the
.ith the reserve
the rescue, but
w i th ra,e. - •
Liyonets:f the
tbering victim
t of the whole
Asa the.path of
besought them .
and make one
tones that the
his words but
thrilled their
out from
.onyulsed . with
•s seemed turn=
Ills bronzed
ha{ picture, I
now courage,
fin- the fight
The Last flours of a Slagle
This-morning,. Nor. 11. at 11; o'clock 'pre,
cisely, an unfortunate man,.Mr. Edward Pink
ney, underwent the Oa reme penalty of Meat
nation, - b-y'expinting l his'attachment to Mary
-AJ . ;:ile; in front of the altar railing of Si.
Mary's Church. Islington. ,
It will be in the rOolleetion of all those
friends of the party ivlto were tit Jones' at
Brixton, two years.ago, that Mr. Pinkney was
there and then first introduced to Miss Gale,
to whom ha instantly . began to direct particu
lar attentions-dancing with
-her no less that
six sets that eveniagdand handing her things
at supper in the most devoted manner. Frbm
that period cortumine l ed the intimacy between
them, which ter-Initialed fu this mornings ca
-1 tastropte.
' \ Toorllinkney had ,arely attained his 28th
year; but there is no thief, but that for reasons
of a pecuniary natter, his single' life would
haVe crime to an tjntimely end. • A. change
for 'the better, 11400, having Occurred in
his circumstances, ihO yo - ung lady's friends
were induced to sanction his addresses, and
.thusbecome,accessOries to the course for which
he has - just suffered. [. . i • .
The unhappyyoung man passed the last
night of his bachelbrlexistanee in 'his solitary
chamber. From halt past eight to ten he was
engaged in writing htter.g. Shortly after, his
younger - brother Henry, knocked'at the door
When the doomed votithtbld him to come in,
Otkbeing asked Wfien he meant t( l, bed.
he-, replied,l '_Not yqt !"l'he question was
then_ put to him, lhov. he thought he would
sleep I To which he answered; '4. dont .
nov,.. He* then expressed his 4sire Clun a
cigar and a glass of,grog. lsis-brother who
partook of the like refreshments, now deman
ded if he - would - take anything more, that
night.. He said, 'Niithing;' in a 'firm voice.
His affectionate brother tlien rose totahe hi !i•
leave, when the devoted one considerately ild
'eyised him to ?rile cart of himself.) .
11. - 'tecisely at a quitter of a minute to seven
the next morning, tho victim of 'Cupiddiaving
been called according:to his desire,.he,'"arbse
and promptly dressed himself. lk -had the
izelf-control to shayd• himself, without the .
lighte. , •t. injury, for nt)t even a • scratch upon
-his chin 'appeared after the operation.. t It
would seem hedevotsid a longer tinie than Usti :
al at his toilat. --. ; - • . l. i.
—they faced
atibap before
4n the neck of
I wizi one des-
was no new.-
n.• lie came
:field his men
heard them ,
of his `person
\% ishington
ha e.
4c of that re
forward into
•aS enmngled
op. of a high
hone, while
;s grim smile,
danger- - Lis
the hill and
a bill some
ering a part.:
'f Hanover.
. ,
The wsetehed mat* was attit&i: in . light
blue dress coat, with frosted battens, a whit
vest and Dankce trowsers, with patent booth.
He wore around ,as neck a varig,ated satin
scarf which party concealed the Camino Of
thelJoSorn. . In frorit of the scarf, was
ted :a breastpin 'o conspicuous diinensions.
Haying descended the. Stair-ease with. ,a
quick step, he intered . the apartMent where
his brother arid lister, and a few f isher friends
awaited him. He theu-shook hands cordial
ly With all present;iandon being asked how
"fie slept, answered, ' Yery . well! !And to the
further demand is tai the'state of his mind,
•he said that be 'felt happy.' One of the par
ty hereupon suggt%ti that it would bens well
to take something before the mela . ncholly cer
emony Was gone, dim' ; he exclaimed with
some emphasis, ' De4ith9.ily.', Breakfast .was
acct rdingly served, is hen he ..ate, a French
roll; a large round toast, two, - and
drank three great breakfast cupsAof tea. In
reply to an expression of astonishment en
the part- of a person. Present, he deClared that,
beliad never felthappier in his life.
- Having-inquired
,the time, and ascertained
that it WAS ten minu4. , s. of eleven, lie remarked
Audit, would soon. bti over. His brother then
inquired if he coubl iloanyibin for him, when
lie said he
,would 'ink:, a glass of ale. Having
drank. this .he appe*d, to be satisfied.
The fatal moment tnow appoitching,, he de
voted the remaining portion of - his time to
distribute those liple;articleshewould no *lon
ger want: To oi
.4 gave his cioYar case; to
another' his'tobacco qtoppei, and charged his
brother Henry. with his lachley, with ins.true
tions to deliver it, after all was over, with due
solemnity to the landlady. The clock at,
length struck eleveqandat the same moment 1
be seas informed that a cab -'at the door.
He merely said, ' I Inn.- ready,t,:and allowed
himself to be conducted to the -vehicle, into
which he got withOtis i brother,l his other
friends f l pilowing 'on I.olnd, in others. .
rivinn• at the tragical spbt, a ;short but
. anxious delay of ,Sonte . moments took place,
after which•thev Wert , joined by the lady with
her friends, :Little as said on either 'side;
but Miss Gale' with customary decorum, shed
tears-. Pinkney f ndOavo reCl to preserve deco-
rum,but.a slight • twitching in his Mouth
and eye-brows proclaimed , his inward agita
tion. . , • , ..,
STIIER Wash- .
I army:
'Tray - and his
rim smile—
! to the iron
k body, solid
e hearnns--
ing in a faint
it-of the ava
is full height,
_ree smile on
t.roused into
e—his eyes
his rider—
one will, one
circled the
end of that
yawn nixaa
n the valley
what does
w that bbout
Lit half yeti,
be iron men
at means it.
terror of the
lant. band.J--
r the Biitish-
I dying, they
Passed over
of AVahing-
iron band.
pe career of
if i ted, crushed,
while the
in of George
with their
f steel—the
All necessaryi praliminanses baying now
been settled, and the prescribed) necessai
foinvdities gone i.bro'i the usual question was
put—,Wilt. thoul, have this woman; to be thy
wirer q will.' ' 1
1 .
no then put the fatal ring on -Miss Gale
finger, the hymenial ;loose was adjusted, and
the poor fellow was tin - Imbed -into—mai.
riniony i ! • 1 . '
'the air, and
bear him in
came down
H gloom of
iimpart; Lis,
Iwo himdr.l
he -Tied or
the cannon
g over his
Liglas Open thrigastizatio
g u. ,
The I Kpow-Notbiag party ,:are discussing
the jimpriety of di,siknsiog with their secret,
oach-bound cerernonf t ...s. We, hopd they wily
hive the trtanlinesq to meet the Democracy
in a fair " . fight," in'open daylight. Throw
Lopen your doors : gentlemen know;Nothingi,
and let us see who and what Your party eon
-sists of l . I 1
t war-cry ---j
:, pjnngiog.
the pennon,
in • a flush:
Dalai -1 6st, citiliutzunta nuntli,lnin'a, Tlurstair Denting, April. 12,:1155.
Pulaski no
:neath the
saline gun
found him,
death, that.
I t sky, with
A 111isithisippi
." Can it' be passible that this handsome
looking man is the far-famed Col. Bowie r
whispered Mr. A--, in , my ear.
" It. is so," I replied, and before I could add
more Bowie was' by 113. My friend intro
duceCl us, and soon we were-conversing to
"I have not seen you for some time," said
my friend, at length;
"I am just returning from a trip to the
Rocky Mountains," 'said Bowie. "Really,
- Mr. M—l wish you had been along with
:us. We ha d ' several fights with _the Indians,
and in one of them I received a bullet in the
arm. • Unfortunately for friendsithegam
blers, it is nearly healed," and a terrible look
-passed over his features.: .".Our party bad a
most desperale fight with a party of Indians
near Coons Bellow—there were twelve to
one=but we beat them Off.
At thii momenta loud shout 'caused n 5 to .
turn - our heads : almost immediately the cry
f "A man stabbed !" reached out ears. Soon
th: crowd .epene±l,_ and:.the gambler came
fort - hands were- coveQ — iiitb-It .
Sudde ly he-,turned, wiped hi% knife on the
coat of • man who stood. near him, and burst
into a lon laugh. I . - .
" What's • I this about 1" . . exclaimed Col.
B. On he:irin, this, the • gambler thrust the
knife into its she. th and approached us.'
"Merely a mat stabbed—that's all," he
said. "Any of you • entlemen wish to play
cards ?"
"I never play cards *th strangers," Said
C° " l. A D V4 wie. tot ?"--
"Because, for all I. know t. the contrary,
the person with whom I am pla *ng may be
a gambler," was the r4ly. •
On hearing this a crowd collect- around
us. •
"Do you niean-to insult me ?"
" Insult you !" said BoWie, surveying t•e
other_ with a look of contempt—" I insult no
man,. si r !" •
"Because you are too much of a Coward
to do so," said the gambler sneeringly. "IS
this gentleman your friend r
" A new friend, sir," replied Bowie.!.
"Well I insulted him a. few Miniite.4 . .agp,''
said thch.gambler.
"Is this t-rue ?" asked Bow•ie s turning to
Mr. M— replied in the affirmative. .
" What is your name - r asked BoVvie.
"My name is Meldullen," . replied the gam-
" :" exclaimed with a look of
" are you any relation to the duelist
that slew Joe Wing.; a year ago ?"
" Yes, it was I that slew. him," replied the
• . A terrible lnok passed over Bowie's . 'face.
" 110 l" he 'ex'claitued. " Perhaps you do
not know that \Vingo was my cousin." •
•" I dont care mho he was," returned the
gambler. "If vou j,„4,1, I will-serve you the
tqlme war."' •
"Perbapc,", continued Bowie, a - strange
simile creeping over his, features, ." perhaps
you do not kdow that I swore -to' avenge his
death r
"Then ste 'out tbis.way, and fight me like
a man "
".6r t m ne monient.. - Perhaps you do
not kno ,at My name . is Col. James 'Dew
On hearing this dreaded name, the gamb
ler stafmered back, and gazing - Bowie. Va
cantly in the face, he drew his hand. across
his eves.. ,
"I.36Wie! Bowie he murmured.
-"Aye ! James Bowie r' returned the other.
"'Come, come, you wanted to fight me two
minutes ago—l now comply with your re
quest. lam the challenged party, andtthere
fore„ I choose the weapons and the place.—
Our Meeting will take place here; and our
arms, shall be . the Bowie knife."
"*Have it as you wish," said the gambler,
throwing off his coat.: •
placed his-hand, behind the backtof
his neck, and drew forth a huge bowie-knife.
Placing it between his teeth,.he threw off his'
coat and rolled up Lis sleeves..
• "I am ready," be said in a clear -ringing
"So. am I,",:said the gambler. .
Three - cheers for Bowie, were- given by the
crowd. Bowie smiled, while the gamble:lA
his lips with rage.
- -"Make room," said Bowie, "I can't fight
without a.clear field. Ceime," Mr; McMullen
are you ready.
• " Yes l' cried the gambler. .
and sprang'
his knife high above his head,
and sprang' upon Both
.struggled for
an instant, and then fell to the floor. They
ruled over the deck; the crowd making way'
for them, until they „reached the railing.—
Suddenly a stream. of blood flowed fromthe
gambler's right arm, and he tittered a cry 'of
pain. Still he -kept his hold. Again they
rolled over and again] Bowie plunged ' the
knife intohis arm. Suddenly cads released.,
his hold of. the other, and sprang to his feet.
'With the quickness tel lightening the gamb
ler changed his knife from his- right:band . to
his left, and sprang towards- Bowie. Bowie
met him half way, and drawing back his arm,
be plunged the knife into his body ; the gam
bler herd up his , hands, dropped his knife and
staggered• back. Bowie followed him step
by step, still plunging his knife intohis body.
At the fifth blow the gambler fell dead.
" It is over," I said, drawing a long breath.
"Gentlemen," - said Bewie, placing his foot
upon the gambler's breast, and. half eitenth .
ing his right hand, ." Ois man insulted me,
and I sleW him. If anV one wishes to avenge
his death, let him step out."
Auburn -
. (N. Y.) Advertiser,' mentions the
death at Weedsport, Cityuma county, on the
26th ult. Ilarmcin Weedon, aged 86.
Ile` had acquired a hadsome competency,
and many years ag9 Made all his arrange
ments for_his IHe constructed for
himself a stone coffin, Of, the Cayuga lime
stone, well finished, thelcciver raiting overthe
sides oil a rabbeted sholoilder, and bolted to
gether with six 'half--inc bolts, running thro'
from top to bottom, au secured with coun
ter sunk nuts. Ile req4ested to be buried in
that, with "his cloak Wrapped,iround him,"
and no minister was tolbe allowed 'to come
near him. His coffin Weighed sine thousand
five hundred pounds, slid he save particular
direetions how to Itwat him into the grave.
All his directions wee*. explicitly followed,
and by his directions tli4 coffin was not only
'bolted, but cemented together, so as to be
water tight. -'
Good Sera thntiats.
We copy the following' leiter from the
Pittsburg Christian Adeoate. It contains
the sentiments otbundreds of foreigners w io
have Come to our hind. The sentiment is
patriotic, and it is written in a spirit that 611
who read it must admire. .
Blto7ltErt.CtAna:—The Provident.o of txpo
so ordered my destiny that Lim barn outi of
the limits of the United. States. While };et
a mere 'lad, I . read- of the struggle of the he
roes of the Revolution for freedom; nor did
I fail to observe, that prominent among their
grievances, was the effort of their tyraniCal
rule to prevent the pOpulatipn of this cotin
try, by restricting -the emigration laws:. I
traced them through the varied scenes, frtim
the first pistol shot at Lexington, to . the final
consummation of liberty at the siege of York
town; grieving at their defeats, and rejoicing
at their. success; I saw
. Laryette, Deßalb;
Steuben, and others, from ~every nfttion of
Europe, battling side by side with Washing
ton, Greene and Gates, prompted . by no Mo
tive 'but the . lore librty, looping/for no re
ward but its triumph. Ili, that ! crisis th4re
were none to charge that the stain 'of foreign
birth polluted their souk; they went , down
to their graves in peace, rejoicin# ilk by their
blood and treasures .they bad assisted in es
_on the footstool of .god, one aiy
lumfor the oppressed. •
. Inspired by ,their examples with enthusias
tic love of libeity,'And encouraged by the Bo
Chi generosity of the .4.nierican people, I ent
igral„ett to this country at an early ago, and
606 ventured my all, of hope,: fortune and
.aspirations. You . will
. notthink it strange,
then, that I - become uneasy when - I see nn
organization growing up amongtis, whose ob
ject it is to blight my liopeS,rnirr my -fortiMes
—when I see the religious presses of the
country fostering and aiding this organia
tion•—and, it is with regret I learned thattl e
AdroCate was among its: apologists. Wottld .
not -the heroes Of the Revolution lie tineasylin
sir . 0
-raves if they knew that! their names
and their labors were perverted to aeccotri
plish such an end.? Would not their blood
cry ou - for vengeance, being spilled toreqiiht
rtg,lits, t be thus bartered for privileged clas,
ses and b . rthrights—the initiatory steps lof
aristocracy . ' t I . • 1 -
' I have take an oath to . " renOunce forOer
all allegiance to . ny foreign prince, potentate
. or sovereiguity w atsoever, and particularly
to the one-whereof was formerly a subject.l',
ThiS c,ath makes it ps.rjuty forme to -elahn—
any other country than his fOr I my hoMe.H.
And .can I call this a hot 'e where I am not,
•nor even can be (should t is Order prertip)
recognized as possessitig fu privileges jot"
citizenship ?,- lam rcee:•nizuci a, tucit by tb.)
•laws and COnstittition-;- but this; der, cottn
termining both the law and ConStit.tioNde.
privies me of my ri , rlits, Caught in ti s trrip
'I • • -
—robbed of, the privileges w nen were told
out to induce me to -swear allegiance to tis i
country, what place on earth may Lcall M .
home? 'thaws renounced, on thy-oath, citi
zenship to all, - other countries, and. - am I. then
to be denied in this!' The Arabs or the Tar
tars might refuse to admit MO to - their rights,
but even their sense 'of honor Would forbid
them thus to ensnare me.... I' must be lost; to
every country, and every country lost to tic;'
&are - that country. where the arm Of map can
not sway, the scales of justice. - '
I . read :my Bible in the language of Lu
ther and learned to be a Protestant: • rind
from'. my Bible and Wesley learned to be a
Methodist.. No one asks me •to disbelieve
the Bible because it came from', India,. Pro.
testanismi because Luther was a • . Gerthan,lor
Methodism because Wesley was an Engliih
man. No ore refuses me a membership i in_
the - church because I was born inn foreign
land. I can join them in praising God for his
favors, and invoking his blessincrs on
country; I can commune with jtherm at the
sacramental board, and - vet refusing me a
vote, they will cast their - tballot side be side
with the vilest scoundrel that eerdisgratied
the soil on which he was burn. 1 Ministers of
the gosp e l denounce me (with. all foreigners)
from the 'sacrerldesk„ and for their proficie.u
cy in the work.of the order,,are bribed lio
abandon their professions, and mock the call
of God, by entering the poluted' arena of po.„,
litical warfare, and even endeavor:-to make
the church subserVient lo their sebemesiH
The lambs of God, which they were called
upon to le'ed must; be left to thelnerey of .the
wolves, whil . st they return to the fie :tit pot% of 1
Egypt. The voices which One day proclaim 1
the . unsearchable tides of Christ from the .1
sacred desk,"on the next may he seen wrung- I_
ling in the legislative halls: or. political
ss Ou- l i
euses,. about some schemes for party an•crrtin. I
m i
Of these things you cannot but lie aware.
Many of your correspondents are rejoicing,lat
it, and
.yourself either cornmending or.silenkly
acquiescing. I hope .fOr the :sake- of i c he
church of which I am a member, for the c..alte
of the reputation - of the Morale as a rel!g
iOus Journal. and fin' the sake of Him win*
cause it professes to sustain, that such .things
may hereafter meet the . coiNumation they
merit. •
• . Woodsfield, Ohio, Feb. 14.
TEmeErtascElSToiti.-- \ Ont.fevetling.laAt week
we took our place ak the' supper table of; a
Cincinnati- and _Louisville paCket. An ani
mated conversation was going on betweeria
somewhat ancient lady and a sober-faced male
companion, on the subject of temperance.
" 0 I" she exclaitned,with hermit. depicted
her thin do despise thh WhiSkey drink
The gentleman dropped his knife and foil,
seized her hand, aud . giving it a hearty shake,
we thought tears were' going to drop from his
twinkling eyes.
"Mzitlain," said, he," I respect, your senti
ments and the heart-that dictated them,: -:
permit no person to go' beyond thein despi
sing the whiskey drinker:l have been disghs
ted-on this very boat,- and I say it now before
our worthy Captain's face. - What I ask you,
can bemore disgusting than to see well dress
ed; 'respectable. aye, virtuous looking yonng
men, whose, mothers are probably even new
putying.that the te;ider instruction by which
their youth was illuminated May bring foith:
precious fruits in their maturity—l . say,l to
s.eeyoung men step up to . the bar'-of this boat
and without fear of observing eyes; or the can.:
demnation as en4htened opintan,- brazolily
ask for old Bourdon or Rye, or Monongahela'
whialrey, when in that very - bar they knbw
thertis the very best ot Old Coguiac Brandy"'
--Ogrida Sachem.
A •Word to Whigs. -- ,
We clip the following article from' the' Lan
caster .Examiner, that sterling Whig paper
published by ex Senator Darlington. •We trust
- . 1. - -
the sentiments will find
,a' response in the
hearts of many Whigs of this county...l - - •:•---
. /Or The object of the KnoW Nothing pat- -
ty, is.saiii to be to carry out " American. prin-,
ciples." One '. of - the most invaluable of
those princtplea,'.is heretofore undersOod is
the : right to fearlessly and freely vote as con
and judgement dictate: This(` right
is perfectly abrogated-by this new party:- and
its exercise declared a crime Of the*.tioat ig- . .
nominious character. The penalty fair refu .
sing to yote for any scamp the "Order" may
'see fit to put in :nomination' is etab4ied in
the following extract, from the . Oath. The
delinquent.swears . tosUbmit to the: di'ctation
of the Order, under the : penalty," of ;having
his name posted and circulated throughout
the different councils of - the United States,. i
a perjurer and traitor . tO_God'and his Count y
as beiny.unfit to be employed or trusted, tou -
tenanetd, or supported in any - 6usine al tra4s.
at. t ion,tai a. person totally unworthy of -the
countenance and support of mee t, goOd. as one
at whom the finger of scorn shoal& ever, lie
pointed !" What independatit AmeriCan can_
bind himself thus? Are . not such obligations
derogatory to the Character of honorable matt?Do not those who, assume them becoine, the
mere tools and 'slaves of an organization which
may he rendered subservient to the vilest ptli
poses I • its internal constitution is of suchn
character that its presents members. pre. 0-
tirely powerless to control its action.. - Tie
Delegates, to the -Grand . Council—most 1 ,; of
'them appointed b y the nine selected by, te
-Deputies designated by the . President—hold
th e ir places' for ' three years. This,: Grand
Council does simply nominate elective ot-
Cers. They assume. the right of interpretiiig
the Oaths ...0411e Order, and. Of saying what
duties 'are iinposed by those obligations. r —
The Grand Council -of Cardinals • claim no
greater power. They are said ard. the
right of " private ititerpretation rf7arid - from
this the whole protestant wcirld•: . drisents. ,2 ;,.
And y e t this organization;, pfe-eminently.hos
tile•to Catholicis,adopt* the most offensive ar
ticle in i'the creed .of . the Roman Catholic.
Church;' ' , -
h. -there a -true, American; imbued With: the
principle 4 of our Governinent—one indepen
dent, ititeli , :ent, conscientious citizen—in
This broad IQ, "wbo can justify such nn 6r
i ganization in this free land. No marvel that_
1 men of character deny their connection with
such awA)rder ; although the denial may be a
falsehood. It.evinces a regard for theit char-,
aeters before the public, ifuot a conscientious
I respect forthe truth. -
. . •
. ..
Soldier's Wives in Ike Crimea.
Mrs. Young; better known to the literary
public by the name of. Mrs. - l'ustans, has pub
li4ted a. graphic and -pieturesqUe account of
her adventures" on. a visit to the camp in
'urkev : . - -
'hu-_ ,,, in , ' , round :the walls of the Settaii
z, -
bar leks, we came upon the most wretched
. mud uts imaginable, which had been erect
ed for Ali soldiers' wives. • These edifices,
more' ress;tablinu• the plastering: of Masons'
wasps than irtythinrintended for habitation,
were so low. :s to prevent the possibility f_
any one stand! .0 in them, and- were simpl
patelled.against he wall, with - a . bit of ma -
tingover the duo fray, and a small hole
l e
.admit air and light. It was of Course imPos- .
sible that women con . 1 wash in Sueh . places
as these; consequently,
the poor creatures,
with blistered arms and fa 'es, and often.bare
headed, were standing expo •d , to the bOrn
ing sun outside the tents - of le men: 54-
respect waslost,.and the womei were a bur
then, a disgraee, to the army, - in., ead of be
ing as they ,s.hOttld have been, iisefu items in
their camp machinery. - • . J
—' The French and English.'women ii'd not
seem to associate at alb . - The" - wives :o our
soldiers wondered at - the Manly costume 'if
the useful cantineerS; who .have - ..their-lio -,
and tent, and are treated with equal courtesy
by , officers and, men ; and they, no doubt,
were astonished:by the want of gallantry
a people who bring women to the' Wars: in la
-foreign land, .suffer theft' to stand unsheltered
to wash the clothes . of the men in a burning
sun with a thermometer of , -110 . degrees
Fahrenheit, leave them unprovided with car
riage when the regiment .move. 4., and Oblige
each - woman to sleep, with- nine
. Other peisons
of both sexes in a circular tentscitne tiiveli . e
feet iu diameter." i
L .
I '
' 1 ,
A Saaktreoinbat.
, ,
Combats between the :rattle . and biz k
Snakes are certain if they meet, acid theibiatk
snake is, with rare elteptions, the conqueror.
Upon seeing each other; auintalS in
stantly assume their- respective attitudes of:
defiance, and display the greatemt differen6
in their organization.:The rattle snake eoils
itself,up, ready for_ attack or defence; theblack=snake,
black s ' snake, being a:constrictor, tnovesabont
fro side to side,, and. is in. constant activity
—naturally exciting .each other's passtons.4 7
The rattle
.snake finally settleardOwtOnto
glowing' exhibition .of animosity, its fangse*- -
posed, its rattles in constant ugitatioo. . The
black snake, .seemingly - conscious -that the
moment - of strife has come, now commence s
circling round its enemy,. - Moving so iiivif6;,
that it seems but a' gleamof dull light:; the
rattle snake attempts to follo - w the moi,ement,
and soon -becomes 'confused, and - diclps its
head . in despair; then it, is that the !blaCk
snake darts upon the batik of the neektof its
deadly foe, seizes it between its 'teeth; end .
springing upward, 'enveh)pes the mttlesnalie
in its folds. The struggle, though not lOtg
is painful-; the .cotnbattants .roll over ht -the.
dust, and get entanglP in the bushes; .biit
every moment the black snake...isAightenitig .
iis :It old,:u'titil the rattle . stiakegaSpifor breath,
becomes helpless - arid dies. ~For while the'
black snake still retains its 'grasp-; yOu
perceive, ts muscles -working with
.coustaot .
energy ; but finally, it-cautiously ungoils*-
self,. ‘ tin& qUictly betakes to 'the Water, where,
rrecovering-energy - , it dashes abOut!ti ,
meat isif in exultation, and aisapPea - ri
the - - • - 1
liar Temperance, the only thing in t ren
dem map int 'for employment ; 11 MorolifY the'
only principle to fit him for society; Re igitie;=!
that which brings to. God and piepares
him for life t
'A 4 7-4 good barrel of tour weigbi . 106
pounds. When in the state of dough it weighs
305 pounds. When baked 265 pound
ittithat - 1.7„_ it 40:41.,,t,
. . _ .
Singular,Conple.• . • . "
Along with my brothei,-who was collecting
matter for a work be Wai!about 'to:publish/I \
% • ited the inierestlng . ittrn of 11- ezbata-.-i--:'
ter . least to him, for it WaAa fine fieist..,
for ' tormal rmearch sithOugh,-for ,MY
,own ; .,
part, found but little to admire•hesidea' its - =-
ancient church.. 'The: ciicuiri - stalicelf which
more than anything elsiktititaitied !.he.=-ilingy
town a lasting . place at Jig mernOry, was, our
taking a lodging with, an - extmoickluny
* pair
an old man and woman-4inebind and - wife - '
who lived by themselves, without:child- oreei:-. -
mat, subsisting on the letting of their ps!lor
and two bedrooms. . TheY were tall, 'thin, and
erect, though each -seventy ? years of age.— -
When we knocked at the door for admittance,
they answered it Mgether if We' ratig4e,bell ,
the husband and - wire invariably ippettred.iiairt
by alde r :and all our requests _and , tlemancli; '".
.rpre received by .both, and executed Withth e ,=:.
utmost nicety-and exactness. -: ' '- ' -
The first night, arriving'.t _ __! ach
from Newcastle, and merely rqulri,g a 1 ....
- fire, and onr tea, we were puz zl ed . tb, ! .
stand the reason of this double; - sttendanei.i .
and I remember My brother, rather irterer;- ; .'
ently, wondering whether - ice " were always
to be waited upon by these- Siamese , Iwinir
On ringing the bell, to-retire *ter' The . bight,::
both appeared as , usual:;-them wife earryit ig the - '
bed-room candle-stick,the husbanclAlandiegr.--
-at the door.:" I gave het some directions about :..
breakfast the followiug:. - Morning, Alien . the
husband from the door quickly. Answered,. for .
her. "Depend Upon it, she ii dumb," whii- --
pared my . brother. But this was not the ease
though eh _ e- rarely made use of the faculty of
speech: -
They both attended
- doe into my bedroom
when the old lady,•seeing we 10 - ok with some.'
surppriso towards her husband, - said : "There's - 41-
no offence meant, ma'am, by my , husbinu#:, .
coming ; with me into the chaniber- 7 11e'S stone; -
blind--.' - - - -
Poor - man !":I.cie,laiined. Bat' why' , , eu
does : he not Sit' still Why,-4s. he aeeonftui
ny von ererylhere 4 . 1 ” 1•
no, use, ma'am, your 'speaking- to !thy
old woman, said the husband;; she"-tarit hear
you—she's quite .desE" - - •
; I *as astonisheil. here was compensation!
Could:a pair be better thatched-I llfaii and
wife were indee , one flesh; rot' he
,_saw With
her _eyes, and she heard' with - his : eitsli it
was beautiful t 4 -we ever after to, watch the
old man and.ssUinan .o ( teir..inseperabler
Their sympathy ; with. eaclkother was as swift
as .pleetrici ty; and made depsivatioti as;
• I. have often thC . ,Nlit of that old .Mats' and
woman, and cannot 'Mt lope;.;that as
they ware 'inseparable and indiApensubli;:ba
each, other, so in death they Might' :not. 'be'
divided, but. eithei Am spared The 'terrible ea
lathity• of. being alone in the world.-
Hear Refliapiiiirranklii: - ,
It is an mifortunateireumatatiee,foi Know
Nothingism, that
_the "testimony ofthe r fatherta
of the republic is. all -against it. To that' al
ready publiShed; We add .the 'opinion "of. Ben
jamin Franklin. During the discussion attc4 : :
ding the formation .of the Osnsiitution; . he
"He should be sorry to see ; anything law -*-
illiberality inserted in, the Constitution.. - The
people in Europe arefrieudly to this country:
Even in the - countries with which- we =kith'
lately been at_war, - -Ve have now, and had'dti;
ring the. war, a great many_friends - oicit4nily
among the people AtTihig - e ; :but in both
ses of Parliament., every other._country-in
Europe all the people are our frienas. ,
foundNin the course of - the - revolutichl,...that
many strangers served us faithfully; rind- Ma
many natives took punt a g ainst their Country.
When foreigner's after loolcing - ,about. for
some other country in' which-they can obtain
more happiness, gme'a preferenceto,_oitrs;
is a proof of attaehrnC.'at which ought: to -ex-
cite our confidence and affection?' .
A PriipheNy.
We some drys , a4O inferred tolhe prAsn
ble result of the coming - oledion Virginia,
to is strength-
It iannot,,bo
thingism, and
(11 for such 'n,
Know-N otll-result will
laver) , Know
useCuti6n- In
)43 surprised - to
iiiiont man in
te Presidency,
In 'the -nation
of principles
lioNzsr LADOIL—X4bor, hone 't labor, ls • •!,
right and beautiful. • Activity , is a ruling ' -
element of life, and its:lll , lst Lts.tot , -
ries And conquests are, the results.of''tit !
we can imagine nothipg- wittscut•Jt.- ha
noblest man on earth; is- he that puts, tiffs ha d
cheerfully and proudly - to holiest tither.'" La
- bor is a business and an ordinance of God -
Suspend:labor, and! Where - is • the gliny-:•ind•'
pomp of earth—the ftvit'ef fields_ and places
of fashion for which. Wen ! stsive -
Let the .labor-scoffer look - alOund
at himself and leans *hi t - ire the'trophii:s of-
toil;; From the crown of his head, to thesole
or his foot, nnlesihe made as the beast, he -
She debtor. anti slave of toil.; The labor
shell he scorns bee tracked'llitu into,,tisti, •
stature and appearaiiee "man. -
he his garments and f ittuipage?' 'Let labor
answer. Labor 'makeS Music IR themind and
furrow, and at the far t- •
• • -
. .
TnE,.CALIVi)IiNIA t Cmgoott.--;-• -The - higk.
mountains of California are freqvented in. a-
specicaof condor,. 011144 AlthOoglitrionievrisat - -
inferior in size to the condor•oty.tbet-Audes„,.
is probahlV the largeit bird to , be found with.; -
in the ctielnes of the; Golden State. A full:'
grown .California conilor nitiesinia ipivard of'
thirteen feet from tip to tip of its Wings,. and '
when in its' latisiritti element i ,the -air, iaas..
graceful and majestic- as , any bird: iu gt,
-world. They , make 1 their Immezt . oport-tha
edges- or .lofty roe •' or in the eld:4eitilied
rlests of harries= andj &Omi t ' ripiirthaisppei .
branehea of lofty treelL": These i : 4444 ath' ..
about twelve ounceti in Weighti ara, , kl. - id.,
'to,bei t xqelient eatit 1 7 . 114- z*OetC - Pc , **,'..
gii% reit
wing feathers of' t ,condur;araistiont,Tour
inches ldng". and . tbrift.eigh4'erlin • inch `in -
diameteliand'are naMl. - kyl titeitiluibitanta - Or
Northern Mexico , fo leop gold - dastiii. --' - L - ,- -
- - f;t1,•"-4`i-'