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Qilt* k: ' gtur:, t'°p
T.111.1U VILLAGE. , I
Oh, a pleasat t spot is our village hOme, .1'
By the sid, of yon peaceful stream, ' 1 1
Where the,laters glide o'er the pebbles win
I Like thou hts through a peaceful dr4in ;. J .
Where the !rinds sweep.by with a silVery sv
O'er the nh, unfolding. flowers, -;,;,; i i
And the wil bird singeth its sweetest _Song
I In our be With' forest boweis,
That stand a I mantled in glorious gree r ,
Roinidthi vit . .* church of ours.
The Minndarkens the river's breas ,
With its s wing robes of green, 1
And far, far own in the water's depth ;
I Its shade* is dimly seen
With the collar spreading its boughs afar,
And the willow drooping low,
Just lightly touchi he sparkling, waves,
As onward they so 0,. I •
Half mirthful hailing the ripples bright,!
As they toss them to and fio. - 17
A quiet spot is our village home, I
- When toils of day are done, ,
When the wearied ones from work rctur
I To their hearth-stones.one.bY one; I
lsio revel shots on the air are heard, i
From taverns close and dim,
No sound is beard. r on the 'sfilly night,
Save the villim b ers evening hymn; 1
The wine-cup stands on the shelf untot
And dry is the goblet's brim. ' .
... . ;
No splendid mansion is reared on high,"
, In this village church of ours, _
And the jssatnine pure and fait', 1 €
u h Et e n l u i rem nd ble o ld n e:tNl I s
° a itv i lv m Y;in ait ts l a ed nild.a : fi l e i o th :ee r ' o rs ses hl
Which the giaidens gather ati‘ventide,i
. wrcat l in their braided hair. 1 .` ..
I, . I
There are. livelier homes on this earth I know ,
There arelloftier cots than ours; -I, 1.
There are:richeektenes, there are stifler wins,
*I There are brighter and sweeter floWei-s;,!
But oh, though their mansions may costly be, •
Though their windows in grandeur gleam,
Though the scenes around them be bri...terhter far,
Than the poet7e or - painter's dream,
iio place to our bosom can be - so dear
As our bre by the willowy stream.
•--- ------- --- --- 1 -- : .--
Luna County Teacher's As.
sachttion. • -; 1 i
Luehanna County Teacher's Asso
its fffth session •at .the' r eefing
____ . Li. Burrows, in Gibson, on Friday .
iternoon . 4id evening., March 3d, 14*,
'The A. i cation was called, to . orde by the
reAdent, lid the. Rev.' Willard
&tressedtie thfone of Grace../ .'
The Sec+ tary thenealle4ith ' e roTh and read
he 'report 4f last reetiog/W-hieli wa.slaceeptl
ed. ,l .
r The. Sils
iation 1i 1
..ing ri)/mi.sceilaneous . 1
r - the" consideration of t.
Pmsident called upon t
I to addresi theleeting ..,0
odo in. a - leCtur of . unci
rength, and originality. '
iving a• synopsis [of it as
iturer partially consented to furnish it,
lication. ' u ee it to say that it anvil
i t4tked the 1 author's well known ref
for indepe dent 'thinking, and practi•
'l . ,
le chalrMin of the Business Coi
rt i 'pitted'
then submitted s formal report on Test Book
which was laid on the table.' On
was' then taken up and 'contidered• l i kn cont l
mitte of the whole. The Asspciation i was ad;
dr4 t sed by S. I.T.:Hatnilton, C. W. Mis, W
W. ITaywood, S.J.Northrop,l S. W Tesyks l
bury, B. F Tewksbury, S.• T 1 Scott
,i nd Ilev t
W. Bicha son. • On motion! the slOcui,sio
was' then 1 *d over and the .iiissociationlail t
Loured to meet at 7 o'clock in. the N evening)
- ! - EVENING SESSI • -
•. _ i
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• After partaking of refrhrents lulu! Led
by the 'good. friends of education !living ea
by, the AsOociation again aslernhldd and w
cal cd, to older by . the President. , .
On motion the discussiondri - textlooks w.
aga take i , up and S. . Iramilto address•
e4l the tonimittee theredn. IW. .: Ha tro f -A then moved that the L rubjecti be la'•
iodefi itely- ; l itt atter Isomo (liscusSiO
he . withdrea/his motion and 13. F. T e wksbury
tuoveS the S. IT; Hamilion,l C. IN ; :DeFIRJ,
and ! A. B: '"eni .. be appointec:4 to draft. a it's
! •. - 1 •
olution ex essive of the scale of t e Assoc:
atioron t e subject Of. text looks,-, 4 repo
a li. tof oal boob for th 4 consi` cation .1
• I)irictors,eachers l and the publiS genera
- 1 .
1 1 ,
1.1 . the bsende of the ! Committed, the. pr.
prietv of having a Teacher's Instrtute an,
• the '•, : nse i should be held;Was talin up an
discits.sed y Wm.W. HaywOod;B.F.:l'ewks•
bu6l C;. Deans and S. T; Scott s " witb n i
v:lo4On aniMity„of feeling and lie4timeh
The Committee-on-resolutions aid a list 1
textlboo now gave notice! that hey we
ready to port,l and presented thei followitl
_'err Chairman, S. U. C.l3arnilton
winch w unanimously addpted. -'I
Whe In our opinion Ithe,w tit o, un
t i . • • - •
form l ity i textbooks's the grpates dran 1
IA the sii of our commit( sell e;: I
' • Theref e Resolved That we. wil !use, oti,
'lx.:t ead4avors'to procure the adoption of 11
• niformity of books ,in the Schocils of this
county ;latido4s a preparatory' step, we suq
ge.it.'llaae!follewleg• lid_ of book far the co
sider4flon . of• Directors;'Teaclicri, and t .
- community: - generally—hoping th t by sue
-c,ouSidemtton and future di'scussio We Ma
-4 conclude upon. some series 'of boo!worth.-
'of general m adoption in our com - school
. . Test Books- Spelling+-Tow a , ' Sander s
- or - Webster's.. ' •
.., 1 .
Readiug-.4oWns, Sander's •or andevlllels
- series. - •- I -
Cr * I
. -- e.ography--Olney's Smith's Nforge' s ( 1 1
_Mitchel's with outline maps. . 1 -j I I
/ Arithmatic, Mental—Colbtirn'• ~1' person!:
,or Thompson's. • • ' ! '•: , .. , 1 ; :
Aiillivaatic, IS'ritten—.A.daM'4 I Col - burn :,
sequel 'Thom >. or Perkin'- - II- - 1\ 1
• Grammar—Hilullion's Brown, Smith's or 'j.
;o:nry, and .11j-gietie. .• . - •
I?,esolped,iThat: we are ,well .aware . that;
. m 44 geod, books; named above!
but our object, As to aseertain what books
ay be generally...and. uniforally used . to ,the
best advantage:. : • . H
.. . , . . . . •
• Afiseellaneous business ibeilig next cal ‘ led
41. - byst.W• P,residelit,'B. E.:Tewksbury offered
the following r.solutions\,lWhisch Were. unit
11.0its1 - . ad i elited. 1
i Resolves,T.hat: the thailks Of this Ass°
tlon are 'tine itO: the , Rev. E. F... Guild,,for
able and, satisfactory . manner in ; which
dlsehar6ed liii duty in caincitv df a lectu
. : Res'Olved, Tliai the . prittiples pres'.`ented and
illugrated I. by the :lecturer ..fortit the only
true basis 0:4 educational iMproveinelit and
.',. 4 . The attendance -on the,!iineeting in the af
tprnoon.was exceedingly.nieigre, many not .
seeming to;!be fully awar4of.the true eluirac
ter of the association.; but inithe evening the
ass.emblame exceeded all .i.xpec 3 ..tations, being
4rget, hy far,..,tlittit at au. previous meeting.
t manifested its deep, and . heartfelt interest
. . t I . :- i . ..
inthe.eettese of tt iver.sal l i popular, education
Jis: an attentive lis Ming to the proceedings
of the; AsslOCiation till nearlr:ten • o'clock at
night. - I - . 1
. . r j -
.1 By imanbitous onsentit. as agreed that
ithe next meeting I e lialdl4 sfontro•Je.on the
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'‘afternoon a'nd evenity , of - Notidttr, April 24th
l• 1 ~. : •1, -•-. - •
' 1 The thaiikS• of 'die Association are tendered
1* .i ; . ;
, -to the likral proprtetors who proffered .it
' sUch ampldi fleconimodittiOns for its meeting.
i The meetiwr ''
then adjOurned -to meet as
labove state • '• ' , 1.. -..-"\ '• "
~ . .
I. . ~ ,_ . S. T. SCOTT,. Pres.
1•11. F. TE4 - ksilutir, See. ;
,te".We . l.publislt requei.4 Abe- following
Tmorial Congms.sisidned fty :a large m
i rof the 7. 4 ;'etv . En‘rland clergy, with the te
niarks"of several IStinatorg upon its ..preiienta
!l, t%on. ,We leopy front the S.' 'he
7 ; 'ilites," i a paper •• devoted` to the Old School
paptist'ca ti l .e," in which is .long editorial
artiele, denouncitgin se:vere r,t.ruis the_pre
-1 ! . ...,
sOmption of ininigters Of the Gospel in med
'dbrig, with ;the attain; of the ;1. S. Govern
-196t. •. W extract t'hefdlloWing :--" And do
/ I - I ' 11 !• - '
tney Ithink•:!to intimidateithe Senate, and the,
lj:epresona•9;,;es Of 1 this 'great': 'Republic, by
their blasphemous ii.sumption' of!Lit
e namo ~..i
`the Ahnighty God? Will they alarm and
t'errlfy our ':'§enatort by threats of judgineat
fiery`iniliguation of 'tile Lord
Who would. have thought that so -soon aftet
the rebnkel they, received from the . Senate. n
feW years ago, on' . oe.eubjeet, of .1, - .N.:.!;;;..,..,1,. : ,: ,
bail; they %,vonhl again impose on, that body
the tieccsit.Y of repeating! the reproof l • _
1 It is perhaps Well kir thesafety of our coati-
tb.,*, that the viligionS aspirants hare, couch
-61 tl4.tir reinonstrance,iin; as 'extravagant- and
insulting language as !they have. 1 • it, will do
fitoretc7oPen>the'evesl, of the cOminunity in
regard to-them dletatorlatespirit,, than .vol
innes:winchinightl Laic been .written.' " .
4 o'the Honorable the-. Senate and house rf Re'r
i 'resentatirei of Ali; United! States in Conr6. , :s
.. , - • - , • ' 0
assembled= 1 •i .?:;,, v -. • -;
11 The undersigned I elOgymen, of different de
nominations,lti NeilEitgland hereby in the name
of the, Almighty 4od and iii his - presenee, do sOl
emnly.protest against the passage of What -is
known as the . Nebrisk* Bill, or: any repeal or :
mode - tion of the i e2ifsting legal prohibitions
afiC i a
gains . slavery in tliat i tiart!of our national do
main , -Melt • it is iirop,9sed to organize into the_
-Terry. ries of Nebraska' andansas., We pro
test a most .it• aS a great moral Wrong—as a
hreiet of faith einitiently Injurious to the imoral
prim' les of the e.oi ‘ mmliniti, and subversive' of
all co fidenee .in national?; engagements—as a
tneasiii 0 full of daag,ercto the peace, and even.
.osiste . de, of one belovo4l Nnion, and exposing
as to e righteous: judgments 'of the *Almighty
'—and your protestantkak in duty hound will
'ever .p 7., :,!-. , l :', 1
" Dat at ItoSton, l thislit day:of 3llareli,-A4 D.
1854: .. " ! • f. IL .. , I • .'i ,
, ' MB. Docotaa 5A14 1 0. - et here we . find . a
larfre body of preachers, perhaps three thews
-1 ! 4 , • . • ! and following the:lead of a circular which.
Was culated to . rniPead and deceive. the
publi -' - They have li.,‘er4. !came forward . with
ana. ocious falsehood and an atrocious cal
~umny against this b i lyi I! and prostituted the
'pulpit, pro tittited tll sacred desk to the mis
erable and cortbpting ; influence of party .poli
ties:- ' 1 It-an tters not Syhether they ha've mis
led the whole bf . the PeePte of New England,
and drawnthent intO L itheir pool
,of dirty 4, va-
.It matters not Miller- the MisrepreSen
tation has tak'en a bi,eadi scope ; or , been con
fined ito - a kw-Lhold itiis ourduty to ekPose .
the conduct of mini liw - li4 either - froin• i! ,, T rior-.
, :ince or Wilful , fdsei, knoN? ledge, will avail
them elves of theles.fcri4.calling, to
the conduct of.,senatiers here in thedisciiii i rge
of•their dutiesii. I k beldtthat this Senate ip..as .
'capable of judging IWlf4ther . :our action i iti
volves moral itirpitude;ll whether it involves,
the subversion! of,moral.s; Whether it subjects
its tOlthe :judgmenti'oftlie Almighty, asp are
theselpolitiCal;pracheis .t qwho - do, not under-.
stand , the,question..tlt is evident'. that thesej
men coin* not-Shat they are talking •ab4ut
it is evident that:thek-..fught . to be rebnitul,l
and required to conine themselves to their!
vocation, iiiiteadi of neglecting their holY.re
ligion, violating its racked principles of truth
.. end get*g••rup . a document here;
,which is offensive, - a c p4 o'hicli. - no - gentleman!
can enderse.Witliontivielating all the rulei of
couilesy„. of proptieti `Ft4d 'of I honor. There,:t
seem 'to be an iattimpt to pile upon our; ta
hie.' ensive docUrnlet i tslander. after '.,:alan:•
der; il) after libel in 9 der! that the(a*lil"
tiOn press_inaY e4yliitaii . coining front9hol
ieca4tis of the, SChate, 'and go back and g:i.ve ,
iit cr dit. in the countrY. , -' - - F.: 1
1 -11 4 rlotrsrtiNisatti.4 7 his memorial, i'i , nr-1
cx.1,.h . ." three thotisand fninistersof the: Living;.
God his vieeg4renta nriii, earth,; iyas'evidenee
that the people Were 4e4ply - Moved by .t...--- 1 ,
Mini tern of thel , ,otiliel Were rden-they,--they ; 1pul:
the . 'ne'lkilitie . al nglits; as. Oilier . men. ! MI
ei tli . 'its Ind !a right ti:Petitioil,Fand that rigl4
eonl, :riot !hiQlenied. illy' .becoming. ininis4
ters f the .geep'o: the -netnorialitti:, hadi lost.
non of theti;p9liticabrights. i There was! 110
long ,r any toe, rtiptleii.i•igg that the:NebruSki
bill' had revied:figain:e;citem6at, . - •
1:.:%1 '..kssol , i \B4.l.n.—Th'e right Of all citizer.
I!! ' - • . 1
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\ 7 , 17 7 i Y t ,To' . ..mig,tiL."-') 7 'in.TEri TO POLTT'"'cl ' - ' 1777Tc7. 131 117 ,h9jP 7 iV : PIPULT I "r9 7- n ll 3 YnPILITY
• - t , L 1 411' 1-)? 4%2.1 , 4 •
1' . •
. j •
Igns of t
ontrost, *usquellanna Cntiltn, tot ,
it, ilaribitil , 18p-i
4 theilliintedS'tates to petition Congress up 4-1
on any.Aubject properly before them.] was one
WhiCh be , hoped nel i er -to see denied: _All'
such memorials should be received And tread
tedwith the ii.4peet, due to them. He hoped
never to see the day. vlien the Senate would
tivat.suell petitions otherwise. The Memoril
al, however, was of a character different front
Others. -- It came from aclassbf pentons mini
laid aiide.lhe diaracterof-Amenean citizens
and! address their petitions as Pliniate:ra - of the:
Gospel-,-they petition as ministers oftlie Giris.
pet and not as citizens. As ministers of the
Gospel they come het.e, and denounce the ae,',.
ton of the Senate, in anticipation, or after it
has !taken place. They `do not stopithere.-4
In their diameter as ministers, they have the
temerity to threaten . he Senate with the yelp:
*manse and judgments ofthe Ahniglty whoin'
they profess • to"-serve. - Such. language was
not tespectful, coming. from any petitioners
Ministers of the Gospel, as such, Were• uni
knoWn to the cousttion, or to ouriforms.Of
government, and Go forbid they should be
known to it.- It was the wise polio' of oaf.,
fathers, and it had been the universal desire
of all the'people, to Jeep all the ministers of
the' ospel, as such: and thegovern nerd, as
Wide apart .as possible, and the w ',dom. of
that policy was made manifest . to da! - by the
paper now lying on the table. Th histor y
!Lt . the world had shoWn the evils of recoffni..
zing ministers, of the Gospel as forming any
part of the government. In all country's arid
?la all times, when vested with power, they
iroved to be the most arrogant of all otherS
pp this ocasion - theyicoine here, aid in the
name Of the Almi.dity God they invoke Lis.
Vengeance upon us-fOr our action on a pont,
licallneasure4 Let three thousand citizens of.
theft;: England, or three hundred theasand, or.
4i1.0f New England, Come here, and. as citi.•
:.ns of the United States, protest. as is their .
right, - - • - , . ..,-
against any legiSlativeaction and their
protest will lie treated-respectfully: - put these.
Menido not come here as citizens: they - collie
hereas:Ministers of God—his 'vicegerents, iii
the Senator from Tex!as said, or . vice-gerentsc
as he probably inean---
tand as servants Of
their Divine 14aster;and in his name protest
against a great moral wrong, which they AS:
ministers of the Gospel declare - to be eoni'
!pitted by an act of this body. He ,objected
(6 the receipt of a mhnorial couched in such .
terms, and prolessingto speak by any. such
authority. • Without, any disrespee for t 4
Cloth, which to -say tlie least, they do,-.Mit
o:Mee, lie moved, asEthe proper cou se, that
the Memorial be not received. --• .
Mr. lirilUit said liOnninl wnvc on rt :lined
the highest respect A.,r the- Ministe -- of the
Gospel. His Yyti
respect s " so. high that he.
Would almost subm i t--to their rebul,e for an
act ~ porfOrmed in-lug official - capacity.' - I;ii,t,
that respect was for them in'tlicir rppropri . :l
ate and !sacred'i•alling ; and -when they abaci=
"doped ttior duty, aim uescenueu noi r, well '
high. peSition---Lwilen they forgot thq religion
6f Abe Lamb, and mia! , l6l-with : the WaterkOf
Pie turbid pool Of pditical strife, bi t 's respect
no longer continued. ...These memorialistS
havti.'ouitted /bp r eti-,it., and Lay.)
place in the politicaVarena; and they speak
as vieerenents c,f God on earth, - and presume
isae.solemlyi to pronounce ;tipon the
Senate the judgment, of the Almighty. Ire
pould no : longer respect the*. when thee
themselves abandoned their .sacredltities.
1V hen they had abandoned the religion which
they professed—the' religion which was typi
fied by the meek and lowly Lamb, and took
tip the character of the political thin -g,oing
! •ound, seeking whoin they might ;levour,
they do - violence to the gospel and therelig- '
ion bfour Saviour. ille knew not Whitmore
fwas'to `be - done than.that Senators should 6-
PreSS their condemnation of this preceeding.-
Heilieught they deserved the Censure of the
Senate. - ,! •
, • i
r. PETIT, of la.,!said he was in favor of
`the largest liberty to petition, provided they
Were respectful.' His. first Objecti(M to the
ilicinorialwas that ! it' was but of time and
toodate.to affect any -action on that bill, •
•in •rill' . i
which had passed the Senate, •. probab,l
iity never to return. , 1 The Senate had. done
;the deed, --and- -now! deserved the rigliteoUs -.
ijiidgment of heaven. .It would i.eenr that
thisrighteous judgMent Meant 'pains, ter
but - he eripected it
!would beone full of approvat . for the deed.
'Mid Senator from' SOuth Carolina said he had
°Teat respeet for clergymen so' long as their
s ve,re unspottbd, and they did übt dab- -
Lie in potared waters or the Tool of polities.
He ! Would agree with the Senator if he thought
the pool of polities - 'Was-any more- polltite.d
than the stagnant Waters of eon radictdry
theology in which - :these clergymen lived.
He lielieved the po d Of polities farlmore pel-.
lucid, clear, healthy and: beneficial-titan the
stagnant 'waters which. surrounded 'the •ecin,-
tradictory ereeds . and dogmas Ofthese'men,
no fro of whom could agree Upon urrY
, la point of theo logy-` The}" nate h
an'officer chosen for'his rbility, amTiniforrta
. was a brother clergyman, whose
date it was to kpound divine laW to tlie,
Senate, and-he would therefore,; if motion ;be
lin order, move to refer this memorial to,the.
WY. Henry -Slicer,-i !Chaplain .of the Seikate, -
with.instructions!te require and report to ;the
Senate Whether the Nebraska Lill - vasa N.Lio
latien,Of the law ( . . ! ?f . Got,. and
Senate wasin danger of.having it Yoked the
judgment and condemnation of
palismg it. (Loud i laughter.) -If iMr. Slicer
deeidedin the affirmative, he wohld beicil
ling t°6' revoke his action, and wOlduseilds
endeavors to induct: the house . o Send:the
hid back to the Senate: Mr. Douglas- said
the abolition address put' forth by mernbeisbf
Con dress had -.called upon the niinister4 Of
the Gospel to rise and rebuke this
.bill as a
vidation of plighted faith, - &e:11 a filiclety
' men; inibbedience to that call,- we . engaged
inegetting up protests founded,up n the raise
- statements contained in that addi si.! - These
memorialists says=" We in the mune of the
Almighty ! God,, : protest," . &c.. 7 iWtht. ',vas
this asq . thaption Oft; the iriaine and power of
' the Alinighty; but 'an' attempt to 1 4.1tril4ish -in
• this,conntryitheloctrine that the clergy
'ha've-the supreme ;fight le - detertni le and pro
. neirrice the will of God on all subjeCts: !and
particularly iu relation to the political aelion
ofiCongress ? ItYwati . an
. attenipt o Set op
tYcocram it was an attempt- t put 1 the
legislation-of the, Country in the - hands ;and
, -iinde - iltlie, control Of the' church. Ni bolder
attenipt: than this was ever
church - in the , itiost despotic -c,
in the darkest ages of - the w
forcethe doctrine that it Was
cge of the•chnrch tell the
not, only.. 11;on religion* stiljecbz,
on .411 p . a' , litical .ones, they must !wee cc :is
the divine - will Whatever they reic`eived from
the Church. If this pretention 011ie
lie new s,:inctioned, all questions Must.be re-\'
terred tone clergy/for approval fiefore Con
gress slitill.act. . The , Memorial .yMrpOrts to
speak iiohe name of the Almighty, and in .
that - pone protests against, the hill. It tells
Congress that,• the gates of heaven
are Closed „unless we ol.tey the behests
. Of the
abolitionists. He had great respect for elev.,
gymen4and :for their 'calling. .He lict nc
doubt but These Inemoralists were . men of
I arriing,lJntelligence and rtSpectAbility; but
le was •iiitre that there Could not b&.found
t irOligliont the country: any other body of •
Men of equal number who - 1 had -More ignor
ance`..up. On this one Subject upon "Which'
theY . , now protested. How - many ,of them
ltacl-,'ever2. read the history Of, the ; act of
1182.0? :Not one. How many of them had
elver;:'read the. history and votes 'Of the Nor- .
tbern Stites repudiating at the iiind lof 'Abe
akleption - 1 of that very net 1 . Niit - :One.- 7 ...
HoW ninny •of them had ever' read the
vOteS and proceedings 'of the act of 1550 1
Not4one.; ; Yet they profess to S,,,peak-the will
ci'f God Upon . a subject in relatial .tO which
they are, professionally i„ , ;:tionint: They speak
of the. saucily of natiotial eugagetnen tit.: Did
anV:One; . of these three ; thousand preachers
sll their;people in 185 k When the -fugitive
ave laW was resisted. - by force,
their duq- to obey it•on' the ground ~.'.t.liat it
I.•as'".a national engagement of the conStitu
tiOniof the United. States? Not one. Did
t leY, tel 1 ;. their people that the S.elia te 'did
ri.rlit in ..passing thattiaet, and in 'e;arrying out
a: national engagement ?: • Not one. 'lf it was
part Of the duty of the , 4'threetlionsaud'cler-
Lvincii t,4 speak about the sanctitY ofnation:,
at engaoltMtents, where were t114 , y in 1850,
1 ' .l' t ' • ' •
vflien in,. .os on the ku, was -oplilyresisted
by- li.)reel . They were Silent:, lut now at
the bidding - of the *abolition
,junta ' in , Con
a they come - .forward and
z- - ;• • ..:4. States' . , , .
Z! l ellqte ot, the tnited in 'the name
the Aliniglity. .• He eared nothing personally
f(t,4 illis !Or many other insults ::ittsed by-the.
addreSseS of abolition- eonf - crates., Tie
could bide his - time; the 'day Would - comb
1 . 116 n no,ti a man could-be found whO ivot i thl
he eiier was opposed.to the gteat Anieri
-efinqiriliple of self-,goyernment... ; •
The Cutting and Breckenridge' Dif
CO.I42ESPONDECE--.IIIILANGNE,NTS 11701 t
• DUEL-FIN:A L SETTLEMENT.
Mr . . Cutting tolifr. Brccl•itfridgi.
, . „
C. Breekeuridge—Sir-;—ln .tbe•
course <f the d.ehatc) in the House thiBrnorti
mgi in reply to what I considered to be
ii,non your arqument, you
as..4eitedi that 'c hat 1. natt'sas •
nos call upon y'ou -to retract tins asser
t!on, or: to make the explanation due from one
iientletnan to another • '
: this i'i. - : 111 i.e. handed to you by - my friendl.l.
. Mali riee; who is authorized to receive your
ItiAsyer.ind to act for me. Very reTeetfully,
yoUr oWient servant; 7 , E..1.3.01:tri.*u.
[E'nact'rsetl] -Correct, T. llaOctits
NO. 11. '
1 Mi;. Breckenridge fo Mr. Ceiling.
i" "WitSIIINGTON CITy; March '2 1 7, 1534
--.410ur note of this date; bands
of the Hon. James. lituriee, i 4 'this. moment
r'ec'eived . •
in - 5 '.tV i ord to which you : except,linving btlen
ibundobin..one personnily applied by you 'to
ine cvlifeb. I consider ithproper. and offensive,.
eatinotlic withdrawn while.the ilituse of it re
:Bespectfull3=, your obedient servnni,
ous C. BineknxturknE.
Voni'F. B. Cutting,
[Endorsed] Correct, T. T.-141,v,itins.
!; 'EL ; • .
Mr. Cutting to lift. L'reckesridgc.
-W ASIIINGTON, March',2B; 1854.
• .I.lmn I. o..Breckenridge—Sir+-YoUr 'note
oflast:night, in answer to.mine, , ,WaS handed
to'!-Arie nt! too late an. hour to adnjit then 'of a
i'l'iY• . .
il'll43rekpreSsion to which yon object wagjap
pltetl by me. in the course of •Whht ',consider
ed! to be a legitimate criticism upon a part o
four argument, and was not intended to be,
pers.:mid - .5n its character, nor, itinny opinion
when eensidered in connection: :w ith - my rel l
m'alks does it justly admit of that construe_ t
. • - . . .
.il. therefore bate to ,
reiterate . .ithe demand;
alteadY ;made. - -,,. -~. :'
r.. 'Very respectfully, yOurcibedient sen-ant l
Ll!' i:.l"' -, 1 • ,- . -F: 11. Ct7-riNo.'
. J[Eud'Orsed]Contet, T..T. IlaWkins.-
r rhitOettef was shown' by . .Mr: Ifanriee tO
C•;:)1. ihtWkins, who declined to'reccive it.].
• . 6; ' 1 .
Mr.. Breckenridge. to Mr. cutting.
ASIIINGTON Crrr March 28 1854.
your note lait night ,a( Verylatejiour, I had
.uo tirke to consult a' friend to liihom would .
refer the Hon, Mr. Maurice, toi:embrace the'
alternative offered by your note ;,and 'arrange
tic terms of our Meeting, until ithis morning.
Mv !friend:Col. llawkins wilt. preseht ,this
note, and act forme iu the Miitter„
hiltelhe honor to remain' 4 , !atir obedient
versant; JOHN - C. .PRt' l lq.ltilllDGE.
I [Faillorsed] Correct, T. T.
t:: •.,•• ! • • NO. V. . ;
,__. .- • .. , • •
; . ::.4fr.:. Cutting to Mr. ikci:licuridge.
;:!J! 1 WASHINGTON, Ittarrfli 28;1854.
Hon: J., C. Breckenridge--;slil=-1 have the
lanoClo acknowleclge-thereeeilit of your note
of this; morning, in whicli,:yon fifer Inc to yottr
- - • -
iiiencliCol. Jrawkin,., to " arrange the terms
IpT ouii.lnieeting." ' ~• . .
. .. _
, , s ,
f :'; My friend Col: Monroe, whom I have chosene
Or, that purpose, will confer -with Col. llaw ,
bins on the subject , . . • 1
• , ; , , . • _
' - .1 have the honor, to remain 'your obedien
tOtit,l ! -, : .• 'F. ; I3; CurrtNo.
' [Endorsed} Vox:reef, 'l'. T.Jliqvkins.
!! • ' • - XO. rl.' •
Col. Hawkins , to Col. Moitroe..-
~ ,•WASIIIN;GT6N, Mardi . 2
Col,. JamiA Monroe - --:Sir:4--Btilow I anbinit
the terms regulating the meeting.between the
Oori.:y. B. Cutting and lion, j.: - ; C. Breekeu
ridgel • _ 1 • - •
Thii time of meeting shall he' this afternoon,
between the hers bf 3 audl.4o'eldelt.
4 Tll place of Meeting . 6411 Abe at'.orT near
Elio reAdenee of Mr:P. P. Blair,!,ind.he,,State
011iiiiyland; and about six seven miles
from the city of •WashingtOn: , : •
.! The weapons 'shall be the: ordinary
oininenly known iis.the Western ritle,twhich
I 'liall be charged lilt); one charge 'of filer
Mid one round ball.
\ The distance shall be sixty paces.' r
.The parties shalt . stand
.e.rec.t,; Witl - their
.feet,net more than twelve inches apar . .•
1 •Tho.weapons shall be placed in 4heiliands
of theiPrincipals lA' their respectiVe seconds, -
c'ocked, with the ..butt, to the )shoulOr i lthe
muzzle pointieg to the . ground; not more than
'three feet fiten - the.left toe. •
.. . ,
i i The word,' 1 . 11111 be:givea in 'the folieWing
manner:—Gentleinen, are you 'readvl4Fire
—one--tw.c . ..,+three--•-with a palisea,:t.,least.
• one second between \ the . words. Neitl er par
ty shall be at liberty 4o.rtiis his Piece betbre
the ward fire, or after`the. word three. rif the
partieo are - ready, ao response shall begiven.;
i r f ead no y tiready„ he ;ill . .resPs . n \ d : pron ip tly .
Before the parties are armed , the wol'd shall"
be gil',en in blank by the second, : who l :IS won
it, iu as -nearlV „the same manner\as it Nill be
given .when tey arc to 'fire. ' • ' ';\ 1 '.
The choice a position and the giving of the
word shall be determined by.lot; the;parties
holding the same position so long;i6ithestight
may continue." 13tit - prolious 121. , :ie1i fitelhe
seconds shall.agaia cast lotsskr,tlie..werd. \
lletectfally, your Ob't.,servant,, ' ' \
• , • ;".1`..T.11.AW1
[Endorsed] Correct,'T. T. Hawkin4..
- • • . - , I.Nia VII. •
, • •
• o Or/Tim:rim to Co/. Hatc:thai.
, . /:•WASITINGTO, March :19 7 '4454.
Sir:--:I rtiiuested a. .statement rin4.dvni,
your iTiewscOfl the terms of the meeting,of Mr.
:Breckenridge a at1;11fr: Cutting, with the hope
that our views wksuld coincide as to thi) weap
ons, distance, &e. - : - .But as the weapon se
lected is one with Will !Ik niy lirineikkil ,is
wholly unacquainted; an , he terms otiarvise
ohjectiottalAe• it hecomes ty 'dutir ..to, 'stand
on our rights as the eifal , nged p:irty.and I
am under the necessity of proposing th'e-10l-
Lowing : .., . i.
Proposed terznsof tTie Meeting bctw
Hof). J. t'. Breckenridge anti the lion
1. .r.the parties . are .to meet at --;,.
State !of --,--;-,,, at ••= 7 . o'clock; on the
March; instant • '
.2. Weal)On's to' be the ordinary d i
pistol's; -distance ten paces; pistons to
downwards,in a Perpendicular direeti
8. The choice of weapons and givin •
word ,are each to be decided by kit, in!
tier to be agreed Upon by the seeciralsi
4. The w,orl is to be g-,iVen in the fop
manneri--‘f Gentlemen, are, you rbadif
on each party rqponding.-"rady,'')
one, two r three, harf—notless than
more ithan tWo seconds to elapse bOwe
word from o: " halt." , •
s.!Neither in - tify shall be permittet
sate- his pistol frO'm a perpendicular
",I:dt,"'undertio.Tienl4 l( ilft o a flV- 4 9, 1
by the second of ;the: adversary of ithe
- 6. piskibls lire-to be . loaded ‘vjt.l
di nary charge, .)I• l powl.kr. and. one 'roti I
each loaded Alike,' by some? -pc,
persons to lie SelOted,.by and under
pe.ivsion. Of the l*pective seconds;
. .7. positions having -been Mar
by the.seconds, : the'elmice thereof is.t .
tided by lot.• . - ' •
' Very respectfully, your obedient sell
JAS - io
. [Endorsed] 'correat, T T. Ilawltins
' COL/lii/elli/t3 to • Col..3fortroe ,
WAstumiro.N, March 29; 1854 i 101
Col. Sas, Mon rOe--.Sir have tb
to acknowledge the receipt. of 3,4mr
this date. -
- There seetikte be a misapprehOsi
the relative` positions ef . Mr. Breekenri
the 'lion. Mr. Cuttings Mr. Breeken
am Confident, considers himself thqcll4
not the challenging party. I never e
ed 'the idea that illy principal odeup
other attitude. I•
Under these circumstances, I C'oneeive that
the rights appertaining by custoni tothe chal
lenged' party belting t:Mr.Breelqlllidge,"WilD
stands only in a defensive position, 91d not to
Mr. Cutting,.whO addressed the
. ol t rigrnal note
to,him on. which ' ; the eorrespondence4b.a. -
I have,the honor to remain, with aranc
es of high respect, your obedienti servant, •
T. T. 0/LiVEINS..
• [Endorsed] Correct, T. T.llanlins. . ' •
.- ' V . ' - •
L.. NO. IX.'
- COL MoirrOc to Col. Ifatekini •
: . . 'W A thIINOTON, lkiarch l 29,!lBs4. •
Col.' T. T. llrt4ins—Sir :—ln r epri; to you.r
note of this date; I have the ili no? to . . say -
that, iti - m;v opinion; the misapOebension to
which you allude has - Arisen from *a miscon
ception of the exact cliarac;teroflilt. utting's
original note. , • . . .1 • - f" * . •
•On referring to that note, I. find hat Mr.
Cutting Uses the following -larigua a:—" In
the course of the debate n tbq llease:this
morningi, in repl)r to ir'hat I cou4idered to be
a legitimate criticism upon. yolii - Ogitmeht,
you asserted tlin't whnt - I. had said! was ; false.
I :non call nponi.you -to retract 416.: assertion,
or, make.-the cmilanation 'due frOtii one gen
11rnan. to anatikr." . I . ,
I am - not.•able: to regard this in !the li,rlitlof
I ! 1 . ~,
a challenge '
_and 'tam confrdenti it was uot.so
regarded by in principal; 'nor (pa it seem -to
besos considered by. Mr. Breckenridge- in - his.
'reply of time Same date.
To-en:ll4e, me,-however, to spak n'itli cer
tainty On-this pOint; I wish •to c•3tifer with Inv
principal; and Will apprise you
,lot lie result
of that-cOnfeterice to-morrow niorMng. . • • .
I have! the tenor to be; your iobed km t ser
:rant, .• 1 , i : .- .. J. 0.; .iONIIOF..
• .. [Endorsed] correct, T„ T, ll.i . wirins. • *
• ' . O. X.
• to Cot.:.l.fatilkfra.
4 'VLII,INGTON:; :March 30,•-1.8.54.
Col. T. r. 663. Ole bol
or to apprise ypu that on conferring with my
principaLl. annatithorized to - sa,s.• that the - licw,
taken-by the of Ur. Cuttings•ot4iftat note, as!
expitssed.in.nty;fiotd to you
correct. I It#4.i, the hot*. to i?ei f your,olfetli4
[Endorsed] Correct, T; ,•
• -.;• .r ' • • s i • i
. -C l o t . Bhp) kinl . io:Col.• IV' 'rev.
WAstiixotj,x l , Maielt 30, 1.8i54 • .1, 6:wood.
Col. jtift..ltteitrott-::-Sir:4-Ayi) inform tn,§.
my our note ofi this date that neit t the,LIOM
111 r. Cutting *nil; tottrielf consi'der his
nal note as a ditallenv tO;:\fr.ilekenridge.t
but merely a 4enarti.r for expurgation
: ; .rI .
of i,anguage nsed in debate- is have merelT to
retiir you to Mr. ,I3reekenri'dgeS' note to- Mr.
Cutting of the fi7th of March. I reinain kith
asshraiines of high esteem, yOur obedient Iser-
End,orsed] C?rrect, T. T. 11 tlvkins.
. . X"0. XII. ' ; . ,
i Col. to C6l. l :lirawkins: i-g"
i • • - . ,
ft 4 ,
t '1- WASHINGTON, M4 , ircit 3v A ,
_, „ cot.
(A. T. T. liawkins--Sir:—ln / an w r to
your note of this date, referrinvineAo Mr.
Breckenridge's' of the 27th 11,stf„ 'to Mr.. nt,
ting,l have the honor to enclose to you the
reply which Mr. CuttingAnade to . • that . tote
.rnoruing„ and/Whieh when theaten
dered to - you, you de'clinedkto receive . ' , 'and
which I beg loa:vd"to request you will s now'
pr ent_to }:o `.principal.
1 remain, assurance§
yoUr obedient servant, - 1
.[tudorsed] Correct, T. T
: 1 : Col. Hawkins to Co . Monroe.
!. • WAstitxorciX, Mardi 36i 6 o'clocl.
'col, James MonroeL--Sir :.----I have just re
ceived your note encloSing. One from Mr. ut,:.
ting to - Mr. Breckenridge,. Ni'hiOt was shown
tope pir the 28th instant by Maurice, I and
Which ; in my judgnient, cotild not bere s eiv- , 1
ed; as I considered a challenge then pending
ketween the parties, and it wOuld involve an
ii4prOPriety to receive it befOre the -
of-lipy , prineipal's response: ;.• • ' ' --.
I Will deliver. Mr. Cutting's note to Mr.
Breckenridge to-night, and hand his answer
to , ,you in, the morning. l'. ''-. . . I_ .-.-
'I tare the honor to be, With high rerard
fEndorse4W.!orreet; T. T.`ll.wkitts. [
.• ..: \ :co. xis-. } 1
: I 21/r. Breeke ridge to kr. Cutting.; .\
. .NI ASIIINGTON COY, • I
.March' 30 ; 185-14 uy o"erock,.,M t
flon F B. Cuttinoj— \ Sir •-'—The corresPOnd
; l_ •F. ••.•-• - r , " .1
ence - between Cob Alourog and Col. HaWkins,
otir respective friends, has'been ; . stilunitt d to
in by the latter, by which'st appears yap,
did not. intend the note "oriffiwilly - addi -- d*
, • ,
to' as a .Chtillenge, but .1 demand Vr an
explanation Of the languag'.,:usea<bv - e. in
debate, and . at thesametini Coloneljla r•kins
delivered tome your note of the 28th inst.
ilii.rePly to tbat note, I 'state that theldie:a
yOwal it containsof an intention on you
to; be- personal in the language, which -1 d\ to,
my. remark, !is satisttctorv; and •I wiltrugl l y .
withdraiv the 4xpressions whiultl used iii:.re-` ;
ply. !A similar declaration at the moment.
would have; prevented the :from ever' ()lying
them utterance. .
IPermit me to express. my regret tha
misunderstanding should have occurret;
teen us, and my gratification at its ex,
to de- .
)I remain, sir, very msTea,tfully i yonr
cut servant I.l . .ll3aEcKEsnini
IFEudorseill Correct. T. Talawkins.
• Mr. Cutting-to 11lr. Peckenricille.
- WASHINGTON, MaTOlf
Hon. J. d.. Brec,kenridgeL,Sir
oilast er . e.ning bas been banded to pie b
I take pleasure in - acknowledging I P ,
ceipt . and the gratification I feel dial,
causes which originated the correspon
referred to in it, have ceased to - exist.
rocating thki sentiments 4 regret that an
understanding should have taken p)ac
,at. its hppy . expianationj
I remain; very res ectfully, yourLoi
s.ervant, . - - -t- 'F. B. Ct.7.rr
':[Endorsed] 'Correct, T. T. - Hat - I:ins. -
.- i -
43 be de-
ALF-11ARKS or ma.
:,.. ' OF ALLEGENY COUNTY,
6:!l ttg lh a e ii . l ' fif it lifY, the lt ias ssa sa g; e of of t_ t h h e e j .A, ol e n b t ra r s e il t i ot
.1 Mn. SPANI . F.R —Before the vote is
the.reSolutienic which I am sure, ha e
with •noneef the elements of success b
lOng repose on. our ll' propose o
few words. : -: -, • - •
••: They constitute plain and intell4 - 41. 4
ositions, that will mot fail to be .er;dorts
the people ,of this 'Commonwealth, lur
that the compact or compromise of I
still unrepealed, and should remain un
ed " now and forever." - - f 1
Viewing, 'the ComproMise act, of . 1
finality on the perplexing. subject of s
and recOgnized as . such -by the-Ilal
platform 0f1832, I.ant ~.constrained t,
every effort to revive .tlie perilous ng
that threatened the peace and happi
the country at_ that period. • 1
P.ennSylvania stood foremost witl•
ivehranel4 and *as. the first to stre.
hand. toward; l the; national'ark, to ins
inmates that Itbe waters were Snhsidin
She submitted' to unpalatable, ifnei
ious.reqttirenients, out of fealty to the
innd with_ the, promise, ,that thence 4
,all geograPhical'differenceS should Cease.
.I, At the.very moment of repoA , , Whew the
I .contitry i was dreatning of a hrilliant.and glo
., , .
irtous future;, when. the,law of 18.50; after re,
sistanee.in various:sections, had been prompt
ly executed,: the fire of afr . itation IS- again
'lcindled, . threatening to apply the -torch to
iour matchless institutions. ' '
: No ol.,jetion - .4sts to the erectionof Ne-•
ibraska and Kansas into territories, dif any
leongryssienal . action hasinterfered -ith the
' validity of the Missouri' compromise, -as is. al-:
leged.by those who have charge of t t.e..mat
ter, Where Was the . necessity fora tvord, or
t i a
aline, in the territorial bill- to raise e izines
tion. :;,• .: • ' • ':' ' • •,-, •- ' ' ' .. .
Sir,.l.:idmirethe bold and open
where 'good' can be etTgeted. I cant
the Epluslan copyist, where riothinn.
promises to follow lll:reekless ' course
There appears to an aim, be:
adoption-Of - the principle". inrolvet.
l)ouglas'lbill..-• In itself, it is almost,
ticatde, loth climate and topo g riph,
tilt •,,obstacles tethe 'snecessful int
of any" other. than' free labor;, at lea.
judged front the' mitieccary -haste
paling alpopulation..demanding. - a..
government. - ' 1 '. ' ; -.,', '•-, • " i -..
!• .Vbether this bill passes or not, te mann;
ti t ,
factnicraor excitetnent,. or rather use'...who
only:breathe' wholesomely : or freely -i4 the at , -.
jnospheic,Of,ravoltitions wll not hastibtluetl•
Should'it,be defeated, ...the spirit .of cOnquest,
will turn the agitation jute. anOthet Channel;
and thug the desired goal may to ri?.oed.-7 . .
Should it • prove- triumphant, t e thundentof
. po' Pular i indignation that_.tvilt •.cOtne !Up from
the mottntains - mai valleys of .the north and
west, will be taken ;as apolgy for reisistanee,
n as to
of bight re - . 4.
JAs. MoNR •
TgEuinc 11, ,Ilitottrtr_lt ,
when you marfind that beyond a certain -
line, a - fewnfaster spirits' (not'the.massei Of . • ,
the peeple,) may he found :to advocate 'the , -
AisSolntion of the Union, withont the feai, of ' • ° '
the, ery, of treason to •startle them into " aise
her second thought." Sir,-I thank - God tillt --.
my.conntry has hope beyond Mason and Dii,c- - •
on's line ; - and that there,• sir; in the itidelt .- _
abused misrepresented_sonth, we hirre
~ ,' .
hilinane masters and patriotic servants, dere= - --:,
ted to ;the best interests of the, Union, w1 . ,i0 :. •"'
will join in the sentiment in a shout of has 'ir
ing nationality and admiration:47°llle Un an, - - 1 ..r
one andinseparable, now.and fenver."
Sir, - .I mini:led the ingenious And - eh:A:fent - '
argurn9nt of the gentleman, fray: Colinnbia, -
and was fully prepared for the-Sentiments: he ,
uttered. lie proved hit - I . :self nonnworthifol- , .
lower of his illustrious prototype, and tliat •
.like him he; was a northem.man with .sodth-
ern principles.. Ile puts aside gracefully ''' i ,the '
old-fashioned northern truths, ; expressea i• no .
horror (Of human servitude, and but caiiieskint _ .
his theory by apparentiY ecnintertancing Ott '.
mipudiatiiiii of public . faithand :congressional-. _
enactments, •i n the exercise of his own judicial I ,
jugdm9.nt. .At least such is a fair inference- • °
when you find him treating the', ordinance •, - of • .
1787, 4iid the compromises of
.1820 and 1850, '
as, so-Many nseleSs foot-balls.' I These- points
hare ,4.611 grasped in Such a Masterly and.
overwhelming manner by the gentleman from .-
'Dauphin, that they' Wilt require I but a passing - •
word from Me. I !e. - 1 •
Thergentleman from Columbi4, with tt,sopli- .
istry•that limy be pardonable in a lawyer or . - . 7 9.
specul4ribg philosopher,- ut V hout
,the in- •
genuonsness Of the state:nen, fo lowing in the _
path-Of pro-slavery orators, although'his lon- • '
gunge [miglie,forbid the construction; leadithe ' -
' hearer,i!to believe that the law adinittingNe.w.• -•- •
•exic9 and Utah es territories 'e.,kpuriged the. .`
c on:prioritise 4'1820. 'He used language rind- -'
. -1 -
tar to that of Mr. Douglas : "They say my liill • °
'annuli the Missouri compronrise. - frit dee% ,
it has hardly been done-by the lact of 1.80, -, •
for these words 'were copied front 'the ' act! of
1850,1,f0r when he was interrupted by their:-
qinry,i" why did you do it over :again," Mr.: .
P. proinised.to come to that Point directly;
but never reached it. I '; -
Sir,lithe compromise of 1850 Idid ! not wipe
- the 'Missouri, act front the statute book. ;The .
course:of the Senator refutes the, declaration,,'.
wlien lie finds necessity to advocate; another
blow On its integrity. Yet - sirlit is:.desi ti-e 4.1 :
to wipe. Out. all the at Of the Compro ,
mine from the reach o(the.torth, - whilst the ' - ,
Soutkare already in Aril enjoyment Of more ' ,-_
''tiail their share of-the advantages of the corm, '
pat, *Mai,' from the mag,nitude of its oblcet
sliold be . considered as sacred ias an- act of ; '
Parluttnent"or "magnii •chartal , itself: . ' tj -
Sir,!ltlie abstract question of tbq tight '-of ~
-the people.to make their Ownlaws is not a .
debatahlayiestion. . The universal-
is affiiplatiVe but From the conventional n' r• .-'• : •
rangements ot.thOse who have preteded- us,- . -* • •
ourhrinsls.' itAll iSwe'deem it dishonor, ter, • .."
Society is fortified by cornpicirnisesi and - the.
mutual giving np hi' natural . right.. Ift is-sir
with the comity `9f nations, and our first moo- - -
mentS, of national'existence and natiopal iride- ,
pendence were distinguished by patriotic sdb 7 .
missions and sacrifices. \ Sir, 'when soleisur .-
legislative aets'ean lie' passedto-day, under • - .
the anspices'of the masterminds of the lanO, '
with the promise of permanency fresh upon •
their lips, and to-morrow besvielatedln'ith 'nit;
puniti t the cords that bind the-Slates together : - :
.er,as en harmonious whole, will Sohn have
been severed, and chaos he mule:\ to Prole the •:.-. , ,
day. J Our instirntiOn'S are sustained bYre9rai•
force :and not by awe of bristling bayonets. --
Do net then weaken them by 4 :reckless 'hie
morallty—hut pray`the God of Natio:lst...l'4# • '•
the finT that;must - follow a departdre 'from, , _
deity, 'and thus release the. adv,oeates of thir \ -
ineasnre from' the "rock" to which they ' , lire H
bound in "frigittchnins," and from which the' ... . \
Senator from - Columbia - will - fail le . deliver' \ -
them iby " Stealing - fire • froin the Sun.": :I• • \
- cannot pass the attempt oftliegcntkmart
from Dauphin' Dauphin' to,give a polipeal coniplOon
to 'tli-decision of this question, ivitliOnt rtSpii= ,
diatilig his Purpose. At this
,moment it.is .-
ungenerous- to make so serious a - eharge;• as . • •
tet4 viewa'of either the President Or fhiv
dithiguiheit.l Cabinet. Ile will failito i•iiist • .
out any record of this alleged charge-of Seri; - ' '•
tiinent at Washington. -It lids •alWays been ' -
my etfort te 'resist the dangerens errors of ex-
tremes—to bllaythe - storms •that threaten to . .
break ; up the peace and haritionyoftheersm- -
try---4•,t0 conform to the !wise; eoir+l of,;the •
faith !Of the republic;.. by' avoiding fall. gee--
graphical differences, and; 11, am". yet:found
here iiin my
place on this floor, reglardlev of'•,-
what!lothers may think where a priu4sO is
'fir olVed, - " Without fear, favor 'or.affectiol: ; -
read}" and vigorous to repress:. the agitation
consquent to the attempt maLle 'by the-in -',
trodnetion of the sebras.ka . bill into
and toward off, as: far as'lio..'in ! I ttry'• ; .
teeble power, this attempt to reduces the ' urea
- of ti4edoin. Sir, •I+ feel this readiness'anddiv -.. .. '
position imposed on me, net only as a Penh-- . .
•sylv4nian, but as a citizen of : the nation,its a ..;
Pennsylvanian le4 to the duty by ',recurring -:,
to h i t past/history—to the annals' ( l ii . a State.. •
Ulu ' inated. with eels of peaeo,,pinlanthniphy
and !patriotism—as a citizen -ofnigrest, urt.'- . .
tionithat promise:l in its' future •:greater.briV-
Honey and'glory thanhas been witirmsetl in
its - rMexampled past ; the duty is mader:proni- '
inent.bY ' the loVe
~ I bear mankind, by the
feal"ty 1. toward-her; w'strd.her institinions,:by.. . •
the_peceisity.or preventing constant, and In! , ' -
,inons ihanges.inlher••fundathental' lawas'and- ••.
finally by a desire to resist eicrOaehtper4s on
her leharter of freedom . . . --,•• ,' •-" ;:, -•. •
Slr,' , I bow toil present law;, even *here . '
gallery is protected;-•. - Whilst. it 'IS right, proper; -.
sail;! with the . hearts bestwill, that; I must'ry: ..
sistlits - further advance.:... :,. ' ' I• s. ,
' The gentleman from Colunibiacharg9a the..,
-agitation on, the 'present oneasion, to the me-: •• . .
veri,,Of these resolutions. - Sir _•doer• not- that. - '
Senator know 'that the storm clotids'• that
arch in the Susquehanna aid Allegl*ny vld•-•-• •
leris; hare been ' "accompanies to,:t4e* tans
h'''fl '. h twin& of public opinion - rnoving
..,:v i'...ie w nr. ~,
fropi all, points, of the coMp.ctsN ,-1;,. a--;s.
Plet calm and sober expressurni:lconts4 . ned . - :
in the resolutions, ant calculated - to allay ire
ritiitiOn2 rathertban to..,Oreate it.-:: They sere ,
title to our representatiVes at Washingtonfur- 1
flier - reineied from ,the wuree ; of.'pewnr and;
itinA - than We are, iiiia will 10.4- - 40/- 7 1 . f'_]
to!o6thiti..;el.- - to . eocil and - delilkuitejinW, .
mint. ~. ,'
,:, , ;..... ;-: ' f;,,, ,ft •-•, :- t '
' ,Vre, ,-_' hero. no . - °diet Aectinn. :tium,,,iiici:,
ri . , : one of the disfranchisementeffe4ted by , -
the Clayton . animdment,lll9'•billiroitid fail
tel eonunand my, support not,onty,on account, . .
I say a
• is lir.
t it ig - so
' / I