The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, April 24, 1851, Image 2

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    terdietion of Burman authority, and thus sir,
have these over : Stocked markets" been thrown
On US. hta short time ttifa 1 rqpilaba it 4
self; the supply \ will be rediiet4rotrortioned
to the demank mut then by some sudden
gist our funinees - will again., be in blast; the
,price of iron frill rise,Mietheu bpome inmi
pliealile way it wilt belhhetiverecaliat the tar
• lir of 1646 is about as good,is it, ought, to be.
Spaskeri l - tho - a,issne attempted - to be •
IfOrCed upon us : on this, as on all' similar • occi,-
:sions when the tariff is debated, is a wrong
:one, and has contributed greatly' to mislead
•:taM,4 , froni the metits of the questOn: It is
as m'eteraled,o struggle between the pah
i:Mr iabdr - ofEurope ihd - the iaboi of this
toiletry.; •thisstateineat of the question affords
an opportunity for. liberal draughts on. the
ft.:vtioh Of-
I and sympathy of certain men fee Ame
rieun s labn:they eloquently magnify the horror
of reducing the pom; Laborer to the condifion
of the setts of Europeoind charge us with that
'des*. :The effect which-thls pretended
h" had, cannot be disguised., Sir,: this
ismoi, nor has it.ever, been a strumffle of this
Liu& ,Tho cause of labor espoused to sane
tify, a mos ‘ t'hulioly• crusade against labor, by
monopolising, It, sad imposing on it terms
'hich subjects-,lt to a mere. vassalage-to the
m• • ,
onied power. The struggle, is not against
• the'tAor of Europe„, but agahist its capital,
Its ,mono it is whether the*fits ofinvest
hiqhte sh4lllie made liberal mid scenre by the
tliogovernment: whether labot shall
be subservient tO money, fir money subservi
entith, Trilaarom the manufactures
pf. Europe the capital havesten in them, and
wbat Would thO' advointes of a high tariff care
about the COmpetition of foreign labor I Leas
than they tam care far 'American labor. Sir,
is there one of them that would not at once
labor from e,mptoftnent, aye to the last
,thior, factory-girl, whom they so much eulo
giao;,PrOvi4ed.enek labor could be supplied
_snore profitably by machinery? It is to en
hancethe value Of stocks and dividends, and,
for, no other lunDose, that government is in-,
voiced. It requires a largo outlay of money to
ihNst!l:9ldings,maihinery and engines for
manufacturing, and; the question , is,shaithe
money invested fOr the purchase of.these, re
eelse no more profit; than it receives in Europe
foi eifiliar investments. There is nothing in
all" this cant abont pauper labor, that does not
distingMA in some Way every movement to
create additional speculation;
and to afford increased facilities tehring the
pro rC ti e industry of the count ry, nder the
of ,a .monied power. When
lablir shall ham asserted its rights • - when it
isheibe unaerstoea end 'realised that there is
• !brad no
no capital thatis i*e4 on, a 0 n
'money thatis not the representative of labor, I
then sir, Ole labor and industry of this coun
try Will drive back the power that now usurps
its Plano' ind prerogatives, `and its rights cease
to beltitided' by as s ociated wealth.
• Sir, . the plea that is put in by the ivoeates
of ti - potective • tarif, makes them the special,
and' exclusive friends -of American Industry.
%via do
. theycare ahoni American Industry;
wh'at iispirations ; have they,- above such that
wealth, and :die' joss, of it .begets! I deny
thit a
system, which. taxes labor to. enrich
thOse Ara do, pot labor only:by, . their wits;
tha exclUdas eight4enths of the ipdustry of
the'conntry to semmecontributions to a priv.`
ileied few, is worthy .of being called Arneri
' ?dr; Speaker, the great interest of this
try that 'which may be truly denominated
• Arneriean InduAry,is Agriculture. ()newt:add
hardly supposetliere was much land - to till in
this` , country, if his knowledge Was limited.
_ only to what he in...favor : of a protective
tariff; or that there was. any industry outside
of i tliu factories of New - England, of the furna
ces of Pennsylvania ' ,Sir, the' wealth, the in.
- chitty, tie capital of this country, is in its il
liriritahle.fUrkis,p4 the labor of thp,busbilnd
man,:coiniTea with ;which, the, industry ,Of all
9"g:classes poribinial is as one to ten, and.
ever will be. Wbe that hits observed the vast-
ncss of onr, terillorv, and its capabilities for
agiieuitnie, Would never predict that any fin.
mizt_iMmtments Were needed to Feted Ame
liditt indUstry from she competition of foreign
laborOhe only protection it asks , for "is seed
time and harvest' and to be secured in the
rightaoipprion and praccrty. The sunshine
and the rain, are the tokens of that high pro
iltifi' industry 'receives. The
magnitude of this interest transcends all otb.
-tarsi thalertent, that it ,surprises us, that
• attention sbditid have s been +limited to
ether' ieletnata, , aa,thelanly one deserrinethe
.. . .
iesterhiiZ earn nf the • gevertnnent• ,
,ft:gricnltnre raid ever constitute the great:
wealth of this country, its progress and eaten-
Pion are lo,raind and its catfabilities so pnlig ! .
'tea; th4,l"!trYlnf there ever, kelnil a_nearer
apPratintatian .011nannfakarearin it, t he le '
Prallartiningi be greater.;;, The Tengen. need-.
Beairev be ini,4014.-, is the adaptation of
oui,eountrjr . to agriculture, that Must - make it
ever ileisnidnt on it for its,
_wealth; in, this
InStl l t, : rtis picauctive Libor must 1* chiefly
employAlgesslay Unnatural is
1 - cm:N*lll4 tto'ln - employed elsewhere. ,If sF
mar not Cloiiis — lhe World we shall be able ;
to feed. ' ' • -
The ogrleultarat interest of the got:retry - has
beCirerowded zwide,ly the pressing demands
of ;thrice: who Professed. to 'Ude the special
ehargo_otAmerican land* , undei their-care.
-They knistcul The potent power of the press,
sad tbs. Store potent ' 1 filth:nee of -money to
beni , on - pulille.opinfori in their behalf; while,
Shed fannert. -, trukng ,, On•lhe - integrity of his
issileY;haelitle steadily toiling at his Pk*
He Ts nerer:seerulegging protection of thy
goiernwentiltboOt nab • men' as hang ar
otuadyonriebbies invoking . 'aid! - the:whirl.
wind Ana:the storm sweep froth *e n the pro.
Alist they ever Atrows
poolithe - ,igoirenonent for relief; lot let
obeiiejty ease upon , specint - gienihms
of /*metro, Industry,.snd straightway,Com
gresitastesiegedio;pcotoet it against the par&
Per lbw orEsiope.o,—;
3IFSPeSke4.I ballot intended to ' , weary
-the Seente.witbA tefentedetall figureeßs,
hihNeg - the , oPeratiete" of one' latifr: or the
ethef, pot lie make soaregtouitlltetemente
to Opt how stony the egrieultirst in of
this Seantryweporderdsa stem—
tim erg , ilitseirOrsPe aurePt Pt 0 1 414 in*
- ,
vested In agriculture, will not fall far Short of
to thousand millions of dOliars. ViTheraiiit the
capital inyeste4 in i tistamfOluies will not
ceed'8406,000,000.: The, annual proauct of
agriculture Is • not less' than thirteen huitaro
talons dollars, whil=e l ; the'. product of it*.
fictures of all ,hindsiineluding the new . mats
-lid will ekes_nut
lions. , I -
• • Again,eir, the number:of pereorm eipptoyed
in panufactures of all kinds ,Will not exceed '
one hundred and twenty-Six thous:Md.:Me'
interest which is asked for speiial_ protection
now, to the prejudice of the fanner, is the iron
and milling interest of the country. The pro
portion between ' this and the agricultural in
terest in the unmber employed is as thirty-four
thonsand to four millions:. : . Of the 'exports of
this country, four.fiftles are rigrieelturalpro
ducts as :.the.statistics will 'show.:' Now, sir,
ought not these facts to_ have some weight on
the minds ofthose, who are , attempting td se
cureexcluiive privileges to certainlclasses un
der, the garb or pretext of protecting American
Industry. These facts show the futility of at
to limit the agricultural productions
of this country to a' home market. Our thr..
mers have been realiiing the advantages of a
liberal tariff, which 'e.ouniges commerce, and'
1 •
throws open the markets of ETrope to their
productions; so much _se that, they will not
readily. consent to' be restriett i to one:market,
or place themselves at the mercy of . such' such a
market, as is offered, and controlled by.those
xvhase instinct is, to buy what they consume
as cheap as , possible, and sell what they man
ufacture as high as - possible. Why, sir, the
average surplus of Wheat in Lancaster county
alone will nearly feed every person engaged in
the Manufacture of iron in Pentailvania. The
oPerutions of a home market are exemplified
by the fact that during every periodf a high
tariff,•the ramier has had'to sell iiis produce at
a low price and for all lie bought, had to pay
the highest price, 'This projeet of confining
the 'farmer to one market by those who want
to protect labor, is very much liketilling ones
friends with kindness. Some idea of its oper
itioiron the farmer may be gathered from 'a.
general statement of the prodect;and cousump
file of the country. The average amount of
wheat raised in this , country will exceed Oriel
hundred millions of bushels; and of earn four
hundred and fifty millions. Now sir, allowing
eight bushels t o each person , en - gaged in man
ufacturing, and one hundred and fifty thousand
for manufiwturing, purposes, which is a liberal
allowance, and you take but about two, and a
half million' from the ono hundred millions;
beside the four hundred and fifty millions of
bushels of corr. And for this vast suplus, we
are asked to pas s"a law that the farmer shall
not go abroad with it, but must take up with
such prices as.he can get at h ome; thus pla.
ehig him entirelrat the tender mercy of those
whose interest will be to mirehase produce at
the lowest possible , price.
Mr. Speaker, I hiteheen interrogatedas to
the cause of the balance-of trade being some
times against ns; and thereby draining the
country of specie. My answer is, that com
merce is en exchange of cemoifity for come
day; and that specie ia_bought and sold, expor
ted sad imported, like any - other article, gee- i
emed by 1.1,e supply or demand for it.: The
export may exceed thrOmport, but it does *mil
necessarily follow that the ex c ess went to pay ;
an indebtedness. The demand - abroad, for it
may have been greater than here, and although
it has gone, there is an equivalent given for it.l
In the exchange of coin ioditY, the import;
may exceed largely' the eipcirts, but it 'does;
not follow that_we are indebted for'the bal
ance. A vessel leaving ounports fora foreign
port, sells-his cargo for a fair Price, over and
above charges JO!' freight and dirty ; and 'with ,
the proceeds exchanges or purchasei thecorn-1
modity of the market it-is in, and returns with i
a cargo of a value beyond that it took out, ofi
the profits and charges upon it. Thus Morel
was imported than exported,,but instead of be-1
ing indebted for the difference, there was. just i
;that amount of wealth accumulated. ;
‘ Mr. Speaker;—Much has been said in the
progress or this debate; about deception being]
practised npori the people of 'Pennsylvania in I
1844, by statements that Mr. Polk teas in Eli.'
vor of the tariff of 1842. It is said that ihl
some sections banners with the inscriptio4 i
Polk, Dallas, and the tariff of 1842, were car.;
ried in processions. Such 4.1 an exhibition
stead of deceiving any , one in my di4rict,
would have been treated as very ludicroirs.-1
Bntsir, who were- deceived by them, or by i
any other cause to believe Mr. Polk was in fa. '
von of the tariff of 1842 ? ' the whig s Were not; I
and if they were they did not' vote for him..-
NaDemocrat who had read the resolutions of
the convention that nominated him could have
been deceived; and sir, I doubt whether any
were really deceired at all, however much they
may attempt now to justify their desertion, of
Mr. Polk and the Demoenitic party. If , there
were any among us then who could have beee
deceived in that war, it has been more • from
the position that Pennsylvania has - . been made
to assume on this question by its. politicians,
than from.any other cause; and-the necessity
lof meeting that question without evasion and
with...frankness. 'I trust the time Loa come
I When_we are to stand 0r...fa1l on a- held and
unequkotal avowal of principles. , .The, party
that does not do this, does not merit the con
fidenee and support of the =people. *have
got to meet all issues in this - ,way, end for one
II am not willing; nor will,' eontribute,;, to win
gt - victory. in this way. To the whig party /*-
Icings the \ paternity of. the prote4tive,:eystem,
or if. not the paternity they,have raidsit theirs
by adoption. They Will be as randy to regard
oas .an - 'obiolete . idea: ;as
. they have many
thers that they have nursed with, iequal care,
iethey are, to tritunik, I_ desire to pluck' no
wreaths: frPm-t!leir - victor,i-ous.kroWs.- ,' • ..,;•_. -
Sir, iredigf 4lAt'whCo anYfh4ge shall be
seriously contemplated in:,tyci. present 1 tiiiiff,
r. o.
those now clamor for; pr otection will, he:
'see,* to have it,repala aSAtisi Pei A,o4.ttial
find arguments-as plenty. to approve it as tiny
noir use to eondemnit- , There., will 1 60, no
modificatien of A v is Xi Opinion, . inlesi it, hi
to diminish its defies: Thejeople - will expel
the money changer fiinn tho temftti they' de•
se — crate, and demand iiirthenthervei the tights.
which bra protective optem of class - - legato
tion-lave been ;stole" from. than ; 64 . will
witietrogitde - from the Positron to which they
have adVanced; and it ornetc those of us
0 0 Fore and bYi
tininn tit least:to.bear_ the-insignia of 'n party
pledgedto principles, of leternal truth,' justice
and - equality; to be iiiitclifuli - and stand final
against the effort , 'now - making to undo nll l
that has been : accomplished for liberal prinel.l
, _•41. 4 •••••••,,
‘N. .4 44
The Largest Circulation in Northern-Penn'a
i S. B._ 4._CI.IASELEDrrons
'Thursday, April 24, ISM.
Do bring - . es' some wood, wool, wroOD,
VOOD!!! I.`
Nrltro havikbeen obliged to abridge Mr.
aszinEnsores,speech somewhat on account of
he crowded State of °in:columns-.
0- 1— In the Pose of Thurston, for killing
Anson -GarriSon, in Owego, N. Y., the Grand
Jury have foind, we understand, a True Bill
for murder - in . thojirst degree. -
Gov. Hunt of New York, has issued
his proclamation, callg an extra session of
the Legislature to convene at Albany the lath
of June next. . The Governor feels authorized
todo so on account of , the course taken by
those he terms udisorganizers." The procla
mation is a specimen of official dignity "over
the leftP
The Close of the Lewistntttre•
Both Houses of the Legislature adjourned
on Tuesday of . last week.: •
If the session has not been _distinguished
for any important legislation in reference to
measures of general state , policy ;—if unlike
our sister state,•and some previous sessions in
our own history, the o‘ne just pakt has been
comparatively free from angry discussion and
partisan animosity, it has not been barren of
The Tariff discussion, urged upon the atten
tion of the Legislature by the
,Whigs, though
a national question and brought forward in
the stain- Legislature, undoubtedly, for politi
cal rather than., public purposes, we trust has
resulted in ;.good to the. Democracy and the
people. Thedlscussion elicited thereby; the
unanswerable argn, ments of BONIIIIMiThaspts,
SANDESiON :aimd others, published over the
State, vltconfirm the people . of Pennsylvania
still stronger, in the liberal and equitableiews
entertained by. 'the Democracy, on this -.great
questior4 - •
The introduction of .the Free tanking Bill ;
the zeal with which it was discussed; the uni
versal attention it attracted in the State: 7 -6e
puhlie`ientiment thus moulded, and the imsi
ion assumed by the State Presi, has resulted
in incalculable good. The minds of the peo
ple have been fixed by, a close and candidin
vestigation,. and they, are now prepared to de
cide. the issue whenever it may be forced nion
them.. That decision when given . will be fi
nal, and fix the character of our state_ currency
for future years, •
• The firmness manifested by the - Denaocr' atie
Senators and, fte'presentatives, in their xi:awful
resistance to the imperious dictation of the
Governor and his friendS, who endeavored by
the terrors of a veto on the appropriation hills,
to force their consent to: the issue of a million
of . dollars of illegitimate etirrency,,merits 'the
wain:lest encomiums of their constituents; and
is cenclusive pro'of that the Democrats of the
State, wens
. ripresented by men 4 . . if, integrity
and; principle. A large amount - of sectional
legislation has been done; 'arid altogether We
think but little time has been• sqnandered, at
least, when compared with some former ses:
Dar Representatives, Messrs, Mower and
RresaTi, have reiamed to thelihoures,enjoy
ingthe general corifidenee of those they repre
sented; both - having distinguished themselves,
at garrisburg,for their integrity. as well as
for their:untiring devotion to the difficult,' and
arduous duties which they -have been'called
upon to perform:- .
Trouble In she g.eghilatnee.
- We mentioned a short time since ; that the
Whigs in the Legislature of New YUtk were
endeavoring to pass a Bill authorizing - a loan
of nine millions to complete the Erie:canal en
largement. 1 This measure was opposed by
the Democrats in that body, from its i4eeption,
,with great Zeal and eloquence, - on, account o,
its evident unconstitutionality. •
The 12th section of the Constitution ex•
pressly proclaims, u that the State shall con
tract, no debt except to suppress insurrection,
repel invasion and defend it in war, without
first submitting the question to the People."—
The 10th section so far interferes 'with the
above, as to allow the State to loan not ex,
. •-
ceeding one mukioa, when such loan may be
called for;" to Meet casual deficits in revenues
and exPenies not.provided for."
In the face of these, constitutional prOvisH
ions the Bill aboie referred, to was introduc
ed by the Vni,g majority. Mr. Cttaxtmtn,
the Attorney General, 'promptly decided it to
be unconstitutional. ; The Democrats in the
Senate protested warmly against it,iind reSort
ed to every means in their power to, stay its,
passage, and , preserve inviolate einune in the
Constitution, that was placed there .in /846,
when the new COnstitutioa Was adepted,for the
avowed purpose of preventing the . tyhigs, in
future, from acting' over again the follies'and
extravagams that led to the embarrasiments
of 18414., But theinprotestationS were Ala: ,
iej-ai#e 4 and . fibeir ; rer . nonstrances were una-
Oilingj The .*.higs Were in the tuijorily,
and; regardless of: their constitutional obiga
tiona,-Witb I .'hieter hurried
411,14 'bill as fhOliklheindviltien of the state
aelleoea The "democratic.
,4vitarS Planted themselves upon the Consti..
ttition; and - Pieserie that litstru..
dent trod intiti&tion, and• the; . peOple' of,the
State fritei the ,Inclietionof .tinditigata
wiottiv.- Every other :means being ex.bllsetti,
to defeat the TA . and - lean , it: Past Pass,
thirteen cleated* in the Pante Iromptly
signed their was, leaving the Senate without a
,44 . 11,011 . 3111, Oats ;tutting a stop to all farther. leg..
islation. This was Cu Thursday of last Week,
and both liouses, adjeUrned sine die, leaving
the appropriation unpassed, and "stop.;
ping the wheels of gevernrneri"
- What the Governor will do remains to be
seen.. Indeed we - dont" know .what can be
done, in tpich circumstances . Too much praise
cnnot be awarded to 'those pure anclioatrieitio
Senators, who sacrificed their station to pre.
servo the Constitution, they had sworn to pro
tect from invasion. By such men, New York
will neverbe betrayed, and we much mistake
if their constituents do not return , them ,to
their seats again, with a shout of approval.—
Such men are fit to rule the destinies of a free
people; "and` Whatever - the State May, stiffer
from - this dilemma, the - Whigs may 'justly
' charge upon their own recklessness. , Speak.
of the event, the ,Evening Post of Friday says:
It is seldom, especially in these time serv.
ing days, that we have to -ecord a more com
mendable example of political heroism, than
was exhibited yesterday at Albany. We Con
gratulate the.deureeratic party, and we con
gratulate theStato of New • sicirk, that they
contain at least thirteen men brave enough to
resign an office cif dignity rather than witness
a,violation' of the-constitution by an unprinci
pled Majority.' Let their navies be recorded
with honor beside those of the. incomptible
and "Immortal Seventeen," and may their ex
ample be as imperishable.
Friend Winchester of the Wyoming Dem
ocrat, has been Comparing the 'girls of Wyo
ming county'with those of §uscluclianna; and
comes . tci' the following conclusion
Our girli have the smallest ankles; the pret
lest feet, th‘Yslimest waists ; the brightest eyes,
the,glossieSt hair, the handsomest ringlets, the
whitest hands; and the pearliest teeth of an
Of their sex this side of Paris Toy the 'Monu
mental City.; We were not aware before,that
Susquehanna boasted of anything in particular,
save it was of broken Banks and pmple sugar.
Now we like to ask our iiiisaken old
bachelor friend Winchester, how he can pre
sume to judg”f female beauty. Poor ribless
Wight, talking of glossy hair and handsome
ringlets! It dont sound well, as long as he
refuses to demonstrate his faith by his works.
We wish he t}•buld come to Susquehanna once,
and if - he will do so, if he dont get his eyes
and his heart opened by those he has just
passed such a sentence upon, then We shall
believeAhere is no virtue in the shade of Ab
by Kelly Foster. - We tell you, sir, the Sus
quehanna girls have marked you now, and if
you are ever caught here, you may be thank:,
61 if you escape with one boot. _
66 How' vie the Mighty fill len.”
Vermont, NeW York, Penneylvaaia, and
Kentneky, ate the only States in the Union
thathave lirlzigGovernors, and two of them
mill be dem6cratic it tho,next election.
The 11rgcr gagle very aptly remarks
"But two years and a half ago,the eclat of a
military chieftain carried our opponents to the
very pinraicle of triumphant succcess, from
which in so short a time, they have been dash
ed, by reason of their own misdeeds, and reck
less arrogance, Even that triumph was ob..
tamed through treacherous deception. - •
- •
They pretended that they were sick and tir
ed of party polities, and - their !candidate pro
claimed {at their suggestion) tilat he was .a
" no parry man."- The people bOored them--
threw aside their ancient predilection; and to a
great extent, combined to reward a popula .
hero, by bestowing upon him 'the highest of
fice in their gift The decapltatione of nu
merous efficient officers within one short
month, solely because of political objections,
satisfied the" people that they had been-de
RHODE ISLAND Sg.p4on.—Tho fol.;
lowing card in the Providence Post, explains
the position of the new Senator,. Charles
James, just elected from Rhoda Island: •
Editor of the Proritlence, Daily Journal:
_Hating seen the letters published in yetir
Paper ofFriday last, relating to me E I deem it
an act of justice to myself, to my friends, and
to the public to say: Ist, That I have never
on any occasion, nor to any person,- said That
I was a Whig., 2d. On. the contrary, I have
always belonged to the Old Democratic party.
3d. I am in favor of ajudicious tariff; such an
one as will effectually protect the labor of the
country, by taxing, lightly, the necessaries of
life, and heavily the luxuries. If there be one
measure of government more Democratic-than
anothea., , /
consider that which, by such means;
coinpelslhe rich to give employment and sup.
port to the poor, to be such. -
last week, that the Governor had vetoed JIM
1 - bill making alterations in several Judicial Dis
tricts; among whieli was our own. The bill
was vetoed on account ofsome blundets, prin
t cipally made, wo understand, bythe tMnscrib.
ing Clerk, which materially affected the inten
tion of the Ledislature in passing it
Another bill was accordingly brought, for
want passed - and approved, putting &adford,
Susquehanna and Sullivan in a Distriat, and
Wyoming, Luzern, Columbia and Moiltour in
The United Stu , e Afont/di Lau? Magazine,
for April, 'cornea laden with its usual ,veriety
and valuable fund of Legal InteUigenee ; trier
iting a good support frotri the- Profession. It
has a well, written article " The nature and
method of legal studies," anOther on the cop
yright law, and several, hundred recent
merican"derisians. The number:ASO contains
a fine portrait Oe.Tohn Eivingsten; Esq., the
edifor of the work, and who is also GecreMry
of 'the Anierican Legal Aisocistion. The
terms of the: work are aro
- ss,a year.
"Or' Will the stlithr bit kind enougk to send
lathe MARCH numheri! :We value the work
too highly, to have the
:.-Jewish Like 'in Central I
I TierrulY, the soldier of, fortime; Chap., 20 .1
Is'ebli The' storY 'ef Gievanid Belioni ; The
Child CoMmodoro ; ' Letter of Edward ;
Witherit4 Heights and :Ilgrtes Groy;,
ttfia News ; Termination.,of the Russell
istrY ; Poetry and short atlieles, E. Littell*
Co.,,Eostou. Terms 86 a'year.
-United States illaoazine and Democratic
r ob for Aprit--;Contentse,-Thirty-first Con
greis Uncle Sato' qud - lYkor; Guts
Cauiewity; Carnet; The lend of the Chero
kee ;; systein 'of Weights,
liferteures, •
aed Ceins; TheTugitiVo slave law
• •
.—Phall it hi enfOreed; Political Portraits with
pen and pencil—G. W. Wright, M. C. from
CO.; Financial nnd Commercial Review; New
Took.; Eulegy on Col; R. M. Jet:amen ;Onr.
SelveS, - Ketteil if. , AfoOre, 11011rondiny, N.
Y. $3 a year. •
Goiley's Lady's aook, this monthly for May
with its usually rich embellishments, and in
tere.sting contents is on our table: .
Sartain's Magazine for May, visited
‘ us at
an early date, abounding, in everything that
pleases the eye and gratifies literary taste.
Petc;son's Lagies' National, for the same
nianth,! is richly embellished; and its articles
evince a high order of talent. " - Monev,"or the
Power 4I a feetzlilly . Cousin," to be concluded
in thelune No., bids fair to ben capital tale:
• "1111MeM.A9rP.72i)
SENATE, April.-12.—The bill to charter 'the
Farmers' Bank of Pittsbnig camtie in order
on,third reading,and was passed finally—yeas
17,--nays 14. - "
libusE.—Thennate amendment atithorh.:
ing the issue of small notes to the amount of
$1,000,000, and applying $500,000 to the
North Branch Canal, $400,000 to thelnelined
Planes on the Portage Railroad, $lOO,OOO to
straightening the
,enrves on the Columbia
Railroad, and setting apart $250,000 to the
sinking fund, was taken up.
Mr: . Penniman addressed the Mouse in op.
positiOn to the amendment, and Mr. A. E.
Brown in favor.
Mr: Broomall moved to strike out the Sen
ate amendment and insert another, appropria
ting all the money in the State Treasury, not
otheriiso appropriated, to the Mirth Branch
Canal and to avoiding the Planes'on the Port
age Railroad; one half of the money to be ap
propriated to each. Disagreed to, .
The question recurring on the
of the Senate.
Mr.. Brindle called the previous question,
which was seconded, and main question was
ordTd to be put
On concurring in the Senate amendment,
the yeas and nays were called, Yeas 16,uays
78. Adjourned. •
SENATE, April lA.—The bill to re-annexcer
tain townships in the county of_ Montour to
the county of Columbia, was then taken uR
on its,final paqknge, and negatived by a tie
The bill repealing certain laws exempting
property Prom taxation W.v. discussed at con
siderable length, and. finally postponed until
the 4th of July next.
The Secretary of the Commonwealth was
introduced and preiented s message from the
Governor, returning the bill dividing the state
into Judicial District. with its objections.—
The veto is based Upon obvious blUnders , in
the provisions of the bill, and among others a
provision requiring ull associate judges to be
lcarned-in the law and requiring Courts to, be
held on the same day, at different points in the
same district, with other errors of equal mag
nitude, and the whole bill bearing evident
marks of hasty and inconsiderate legislation.
Adjourned. ,
Evening Session.— r The following bills were
severally considered and passed finally:
To'authorize the laying out of state roads
in Montour and Cumberland counties.
' The new Judicial district bill as received
from the HouUe.
The bill divoreinir, Nm Meuisand Eliza his
Rife. •
[Still in-session at 10 o'clock.]
Housn.—The bill to repeal certain laws ex
em - pting property Prom taxation, Was taken up
and passed. .
Tho resolutions relativ,e to the tariff were
then taken up, and after seine discussion post
poned for the present, yeart 47, nays 14.
The bill repealing the sixth section of ,the
anti.kidriappinglSw of 1847, was taken up rind
passed finally.
The House refused, byra vote of yeas.4s,
nays 51, to take up the, bill providing fir a
system of fide banking inthis Cominonwealth.
The bill relating to the' Susquehanna Rail
road passed the !roust% finally, as it came from
the Senate. It contains authority from the
Company to build on either side of the Sus.
The bill relating to the election of Judges,
and to regulate certain judicial districts in the
northern part of the state, also passed finally.
Adjourned: •
The General Appropriation Bill was innne.
diately taken up and passed—yeas 72, nays
It' appropriates /3175,000 to the North
Branch 'Canal, 'and> the same amount to the
improyement of the Portage Railroad, nanny
surplus remaining in the Treasuryto - bo equal
ly divided between the two. - •
The bill'also allows the city and county' of
Philadellihie. six Judges, at a salary-of $25-
00 Three Judges of the District Court
and three of the Comnon-Pleas.
There is•no loin 'authorized by bill, and the
million small noto issue woolen out.
The House was still in session at 10.
Spam, April 16.--The Senate. night
after . iny repOrt closed, took tlp the General
Appropriation Bill,as it came from the House,
and passed it finally without a division
amendment. .
Tuesclay.; - =-Tile Senate took up and ooncnr
red in sundry Bouse amendments :toSenate
bills; after vsideb the bill - incorporating the
Bache Institute , was taken up and passed.
The Secretary of time Commonwealth being
introduced, a few • - minutes before 12 &deck,
presented several
,coniinunieations frotn the
Governor, Which Were read, 'pending a motion
to adjourn sine die. • . ,
- S p e a k e r Matthias then erase and ddelur..
od the Senate adjourned.
thelsseniblingof thellouse
this merning,e resohitimi Of thinks was offer
ed to die Pin. John Cessna,Bpeak N er, foi the
abdiV'and imparthility.evinced _ in the dis.
charge !Willa official duties, and adopted mien-
The Senate-811l rePealing the eth section
the anti-kidnapping law of
.184% Wnslsken up
and pined flart l V - 71ea5. 54, nqS 3a, Under a
call Air ihe previous question: "
Th 6 House then took a recess until half
past eleven.echick. ,
Upon reAnssetabling,lhe several committees.
having 'nude report, the Speabr nadressed
the members in a brief but elolinent and,hap.
py speech. The House thsn ndj: sihcilie
31m1 Pass.l Night ex pass Way frt. I Carl ft.
11 20 A.ral.l 10 3 roar. . I 6
20 raid 8/ p.m
\ coma WEST.
Night ex pass, Way ft. I .Cntl-fri
3 49 A. M. I 6 2 A.m. 1 6
4 36 P. lit,
Arrivarami Deptirtiire'of Trialle.
For Great Bend, leaves every 'day, except
Sunday, '7 o'clock,-A. M. 'Arrives at 10 o'clok
P. M. Mail closes at 9 o'clock P. N. ' ,
For Willmsterre, leaves 'every day, except
Sunday, at 7 o'clock. A. M. Arrives at 9P.
M. - Mail closes ats9 P.
Poi Binghamton, leaves every day, except
Sunday, at 9 o'clock P. M. Arnves (ever)r day
except Monday) at 9P. M. Mail closes tit 7
o'clock P. M. - -
Far Providence; leaves every day except Sun
day-at BA. M. Arrives at. 6 P. M Mail
ses at 9 P. IL • •
. TOAVanda,, leaves on Sundays, Wednes
days and Fridays at 8 A. M. Arrives on Tues
days, Thursdays and Saturdays at B.P. 31.-•
Closes nt 9. M.-;'
• For Carbondale oniMondays,ZVednesdays,
and FridaYs, at 7A. M. Arrive 4 on Tues
days, Thursdays and. ',Saturdays - at 6 P. 21,
Closes at 9 P. M. ; 1.
For Owego,
on Sundays, Wednisdays and
Fridays at 8 A. 31, Arrives on Tuesdaysahurs
days, and Saturdays at 6 P. 31. Closei at 9
o'clock P. M. - • - -
• For Silver Lake &e.., on Fridays,nt 6 A. M.
Arrives on Saturday •At9P. M. Closes at . 9
P.. M. Thursday.
For Skinner's Eddy, on 31ondays at 5 A.M.
Arrives same day at 10 P. 31. Closes at 9P.
M. Sundays. : . •
IN Comm.—Nothing of importance up to
this (Wednesday afternoon) eept the case
of Searle vs. Lathrop, in Special Court :before
His Honor Horace Williston, in ejestment.-=
Verdict far pled:- Case and Grow for plfir,
Little, Streeter, and -Bentley for dof't The'
Grand Jury still in session. A large number
of ir i d;mmpnts here beeil
County - Convention,
At a "aunty Convention convened at the
Court. House in Montrose, on. Monday even
ing the 21st inst., for the purpose of electing
delegates to the State Conventions, to nomi
nate a candidate for Governor, Canal Commis
sioner and five Supreme Court Judges; SAM:
UEL TAGGART, Esq., Was called to the
and DM. THEEELL, Esqra., were elected Vice
Presidents, M. L. Catlin and S. U. Hamilton,
Secretaries. ,
On motion the townships were called and
answered to their names as annexed.
Apolacon.—David Buffam, Timothy Griffin.
Bridgewater.—M. L Catlin, Reuben 'Wells,
Brooklyn.—L. W. Kellum, A. Merrill.
Choconut.—ThomaS-Faran, David Brown.
Dimock.—A. W. Ilfain,P. Tiffany.
Forest kaie.."-.E. - Gritlis,3l. Stoppard.
Friendsville.-31. W. Bliss, W. Robb. •
Frauklin.—J. L. Merriman, N. P. Vilieaton.
Gibion.--S. U. Hamilton, A. Clinton.
Great Bend.—F. Lusk, F. Churehill.
Harford.—A. Chase,C. Tingly. ,
Harinony. - -L NortOn, S. F. McKune.., •
Jackson.—R. Hill, J. J. Turner. :
Jessup.—L Hancocli, Wm. Shelp.
Lathrop: 4E. Lard, ,E. S. Brown.
Lenox.—H. PowerS, 3. A:Tourge.
Liberty.—D. 0. Turrell, It. NorthroP. -
Middletewn.S. *gad, Otis Ross,
./Ifontrose.C. D. Lathrop, 11. J. Webb.
New Milford.—:.T. Boyle, P. Deans.
Rosh.—M. Dunmore, J. W. Granger.
' Silver D. Murphy, J. C. Murp'
Sprin,gvilre.—M. S. Handrick,l. B. Lathrop.
ThOmson.--C. Stoddard, M. J. 3luinford.
thylnotion the Convention then proceeded
to nominate candidates for Representative Del
egato to the Reading Convention, to put in
nomination a Governor &c., F. Lusk nomina
ted Jons Btarinoo. ,No other nomination's
being made he was eketed unanimously. -
For Rdpresentative, Delegate to the Harris
burg Convention, to Put
.in nomination 'candi
dates for Supremo Court - judges, C. M. GETT
and E. B. CHASE were nominated. Mr. GERE
withdreiv his name, and, on motion, E. B.
CHASE .was elected unanimously. • •
Resolved, That F. Lusk be our Senaterlal
Delegate to the Harrisburg Convention. , •
Resolved, - That we concur in_ the nomina- 1
tion of R. R. Little of Wyoming ailtepresen-,
tative Delegate to the Reading. Convention.
Resolved, That : we concur in the 110111Thit
`Leon made or to be made by" Stith= county
for a Deleg,ate to the Harrisburg Convention.
- Resolved,.-That-F. B. Streeter be, our Sen.
atonal Delegato to the Raling Convention...
' On niotion, Tilrvey,TYler, R. J. Niven, Wm.
J Turrell and C. M. Gete were elected . .
torial conferees to meet other conferees from
Bradford And Wyoming.' - N
Reiolved, That the foregoing Delegates be
empowerd, to substitute, in case of inability, to
attend themselves.
Resolved, That the proceedings of`this Con
vention to be published in all the democratic
papers-in this Senatorial and Representative
Districts. - " ,
ted bi the officers.] I •
Messrs. En:Tons:—The cause of - Temper. ,
mice speeds onward.;—mother. auxiliary is is
tho field. The Rising Sun Union No. na of
thcs Daughters of Temperarice_was!in • slanted
id this place, on the -11th. of April, by G. P. S.
yam a ssisted by D.G. C. Baker - of Philacl. -
, ,
phi,.The following are tho officers for: the
present quarter: , -
Mrs. Henrietta Prichard, P. a; Mrs. 'Lydia
Nutt, A. S.: Miss Sarah flames, R. B.; Miss E,
Bingham; A. R. S.; Miss E. "Hyde; P. S.; Atli:
Harriet Sloetun, , T 4 - Mrs. Laura Blakeslee,
C.; Miss Salina Sutton, A. :C.; Mal. „Julia A.
Jaques, G.; Mrs. .Rebecea lambert, A.
We oxpect.thisUniOnwill be an efficient aidin
this gloriouscause.' Prosperity, Will surely
attend us now; No' great moral enterprise can
well succeed without the aid of the .ladies:..:
Yours 44c. Sini or 'TvargoAscr
. •
Springville-, 4tt.o «1 .
re!A,lneeting was held at Onett4:,
Otsego _county -N,•)r. 'on. the 2d hut, it !
which a company Was •organized tor t , 4
strict a :Rail Read from Albany to 4, 0 , 4 1
Point on - New York and i Erie Railrc t i
at or near Bingbaniton., tbiough the vo.„,
of tho Susquehannali, hy way', or Great B e. t
Delegations from more than twenty to,
about two thousand persons; were pre
at the meeting. 1 ' i
Board of Directors was chosen, and t ry,
cers will be eleetc&as soon as-the arti c i l
of Association are fined in the office of ti i r;
Secretary. - Edward C. Delevan was e t ,,.
Led President, ....- '- • . 1., .-,
An efficient Corps of Engineers will I,
placed on the, route, at_ an early day tab l i t
the preliminary surveys. , • , • ~,
Hen. Watt Beatty, died on Sati4
the 12th inst., tit:Butler,Pa. 'The dece 3 ,,,l
was a prominent Democratic candidate
the office of Canal Commissionei..
A Steamboat makes tri-weeltly trip t t ,
tween Tunkhannoek and Pittston, carr* ;
passengers merebandke, coal &e.
The loss of 'Epode Island leaves
whigs with only four StateiS its which th i
can claim the Governor: -
- EASTON BANK.—The Legislatz t
refused to grant the re-chattel' of the Eu.
ton BanY., by a decisive majority.
FIRE AT CORNING, I—An * ahem.. 1
destrulAire firo occurred at Corning
Sunday or Monday night:: Two. 1104
Tarious Stores; and other buildings, Iv ,
burned. • • -
Smaking'tobaceo in the streets is ty
almost universally condemed in
phiti. 'He who does it, is looked upon u
no gentleman.
N •
are 10 newspapers published in Austria,l4
in Alrica,l4 in Spain, 20 in Portugal, ,11
in Asia; 65 iri Belgium, 85 in Denmatlo
in Russia and'Poland; 300 in Prusia,
no in. other Germania States. 400 h
Great Britain and Ireland,'and 1800 is tit
Uniteci States. •
A Wel.l..ves Mears Coae,Errrosist
be held by the friends of 'Self Governav,
and human Equality" at Akron, &mat
county Ohio, on Wednesday, 28th of /11;
41 - t,
Late 'From Texas: - !;:ta'
By the arrival of the Steamship GI
On, Capt. Place. the N. O. Picayune d
the 12th, has Galveston daies to the fn r
' oat.
A remarkable hail storm; took piece t V. -C,;.
Galveston, on the sth, abotit 12 o'clock 16'-` ,
The weather was warna, the mercury attiii" ,, '•
deg. Fahrenheit the wind blowing, butrnr.. -
violently from the' north and some shone));
of bai!stones fell,that in many instoneearli
the shingles - on the roots,'Nand in Ban 1,
minutes breaking all the pines of gLar a 4 '
the north side of every building in the al .:',..",
The stones were of various sizes, the tali is:' '-
lest being about the site of grapes, it2eft;
, others were as large as oranges. Veryfer,'
there gathered until after the storm ev,st: c .;i
it being dangerous •to venture into iii . -'•.,
streets whilst they were falling. Some rt ,-.-
1 the stones that were measured after 6it
storm and when they were lessened bye:). l ;-;
ting were ten inches in circumference. Tin '.!:.:.
fell only in the city .• A thunder storm{~ i' , ,
I lowed, during which' the Star Hotel m
struck by lightning and set on fire. It w !:"..;
extinguished without damage. A yes;,.'A s '
clerk in the building, W 39 ' knocked tbn A., - .
by the shock and rendered senseless. & : t ' ;-
recoveted, however, without injury._
There are - six candidates - for the 6'Gir.f. i.. ;
nership, four for 'Lieutenant Goverott.- :ii.
five for Congress, and-two for Commis i-2: '' . i.,;
of the General - Land Office. Gover-1,,, '
Bell appeared to hate the most damn tr i",
election. ;
The steamer Womb arrived at I..v.:*.`A;
range on the 21st Ult., ; Her arrival 0t,.:,
enthusiastically cheered by. the crowd) ~,:::..,
citizens. She thus opens the navigator i ':.:;,-.
that beautiful river, the Colorado. T* . ,
citizens of Lagrange gave - the captain eiti,,i
his officers a public dinner. , ':;:?..
The Indians in WeBtern Texas, still ai. t",
tinuetheit old business of stealing honer -:,
'and murderi'ng whenever they have\an cp '; 4 ; :.
portunity.- Three Mexiennsnames unknenti -
were - killed killed 'at Or , near the crossing of t.
Aransas rivet hy the same party '
of Indio ',.. k :
who captured Mr.' Hart's ion at Refagb .-
a fow weeks ago , Pn the '.l6th tilt thl
stole ton' nr eleven horses from Mat ',''.
James le L. G. Watts, and; a Mr. U. .h• i : ,
twelve miles above dolled. ;On the cio :t
-of the 21st ult. they paid a visit tatbeftra :-:'.
of:Mr. T. C. P. Lott, eight miles sVn - ..,,,i.:
Gelled and stole, severaranimals‘ beloni4l:`.
to MeLott, Dr. CameOn and Judge lit,
Judge Lea and lady were orka visit to ill.Z
Lott's .at the _time and as ; all the bre
were stolen' they- were left afoot. Oct tt P
the Indians was, seen ;neat 'the house it :
Col. Lott after daylight in the mornior "le
The Indians wore permitted; to depart t;`
peace with their plunder, ati they could 0 5 '.
be followed immediately for want of hone
o ride. ! - ' ..,
Ten days Later train: Pa116)0 0
Ily: the arrival of the steiunship FIV/5;
thous at this port last evening, oto tue
receipt of , ton days; later' , intqllig,ence fre
California, bat the news is net of much it 1 .7
portatme.• :•
In consequence of the'continied drag - I
the hopes of the Miners have been aior '
pointed ; but, although-the Promethte
brings no gold dust, we learn by - her t
two millions_of dollars north is on its
to the Atlantic States all,d had :arrived It
Panama. The drouth oe'aaaioned aV&
depression in livery kind of -,basines9, to
hopes aro entertained thatbottom had tee
reached. We,need not, donaequently ,
pect such a large inaportation.of the Val'
ions metal 'for eomts titan JO dome from
`region as viailtetelpated: 'el lite 4 6 .'
that the effeots of -the dirndl , he •
soveroly folt,bere as 'in Californio , d'e'
More disastrously. ' •
We learn that, a dosintoti,ro fire om
at Nevada City, tAielt destroyed ropoe
to the amount •of` a million ' of dollt -
This, added to the dronti nill blare:sof)?
a time and fot a inomenil the: difEcul, dole
California. • : 1.„
Some mere kriebini ta'ken Oct