Newspaper Page Text
DIONTIROSE, PA :
Feb , 8, 119149
Too Co it. BOARD of tilts Stole met and org..u
ited au Frolny lest, all the COlllMlSlioners Ewing
preisint. The nefarious attempts of Power, the
Whig men:bor. Romig under the advice of Johttaton
and hisrupulous coiadjittors at I lorrisburg, to
force Judge Longetrolh whose hohlth , vet,
feeble, to resign, ao that John...ton might till hie
plueo with a Whig, proved Miami e. do heartless
nod infituous a scheme eannid fad to mood with
blowing for:, on its enactors. 'the Judge d
the j Junto) , to lin rneillll, 4,1)..1,11 1.1 by' .trt lel, I
we ropy from the Romani rind has tel nen, d !
much oolt.,:iondm 1,11 11011, hat l
e trust not essnli.Jlt nurse than when 10.
The Calhoun -71nn10.•Mo
iI.LVI. rilllollll ill, pet utt.tl of dot,.
s utitpt,tl Inn 111.,j of II
13 totheru ntlt l' , ll-r at litrk
4.114 ill W111111111),1011. It n p of ,kt' kt
ably and ittz..rt- Ktottoy ty, r, kt - ,
clrt..rffy wllk , ' .la., boa
'toy. ()wing to Jr long.'. aryl c .I.attit 01
.et—to thont- Wm have no f "grit it,,,tk 1, i'lk
pet ult., It of the II ~.t,gtt dt. it'..roltutttat
r cwt . . ottly trta,
ihr fol;o0 .5.
It arras n rk.rtt.ll .of tt ,rkk 1.n,., nI l, 11l-
owl viotro:ntn• of faith on the part of thr non.nlave-
Stal s—the obnineles that hays bon, note
to onto been onterTroo. , ll by Stale legislntnres to the
reelmoiling of frogalre Flaws—re/erg to the nttempt
nnJe of the Mtn. of Ihr ndoinnto of the 'Almorotri
otnprotn:n, to ettrroneh on thr. 071. of ay. ,41“..
Statt.a—nufl theti to me ron..ll,rol;on of me
prohtbliinn nf Plovriyttr lhe territnrn, and thn
Pan. of the free soil party upon Ito. tl.ntrtel of Co!.
nthin l'hn fool of Iln.se 110 nothor t me
crowning outrage of porterang I..rarl)
Ithintatecynancipatton ihronghont the ruin. Smith,
and tho final solgugation of .la VI !add, r. to their
It eoncintleo by I.Olemnly ntlinnity the PINTO
Platen to stand by each other, oinm ~.IL nuton r, -
ory thing can be den, and without taunt nothlng
It stfli rn Plbot it 111• P been the 3: ran of co it
oat nig the ontillit , ro st.th
Inn bon:iglu alpint
the ploa •itt watt: of titings. (nil of 11:111., in the
1 . 1`1,11, awl nor ti..t:•tit of o
The address proceeds to sap':
If ymt heeante muted and prn. e Iv,
earn., the north will he h.teight b , .: mid
that may lead to a change of iiii.d.airma nd th
admision of a course of polo,' thut in... s ill and
rem...ably terminate this long ronti.el . lii hi
two readmit:, If tt 11.1. 1101/1111, V.Olllll r. •
main hot for you stand tip itninovedhly in de
fence of rights loyal, mg ow propel ty,
equality, liberty owl it. iy. API Ilke
would Mind :ill aaaa 1.1111
1 / 111/ 1 / 111 rep. Iling dnngerons blow without !oolong
to ennvoquenc, n, and to mond In all nn 110$ nee• r
entry for thin mimosa. Va.r on , adanii.. and not
you world be sponsible for COll/ 141 1111110 / 1 1 ,
"Entertaining , them op:nion a. we earn, ad, en
treat you be uited, and for that pnr,, adopt
all 11 ,. .1111111 . nwasnria neyintilqlun w.. thud, is
wauld t he ['lop, to Ca tit present. We holm.
if you should mule with 11111 thing Ids. , summing) .
it may of itpply a rem. aiy le thin
and daugerona diadam. nutsnub s'amild not la the ram, In time will then have mane for oar to
decide whits ronrry to adept."
The vote ria. a Anoint, th:s ud Tres am IA to 17
the Annan ing . la th. nay+
Messrs. B ni.n, Metcalf:. ("tele:wend. Ratak
Houston, Panallartnn, Preston, Clinguatio, Tomo!.
Hlearns, Mahwah 'Moorehead, Cnokr, Cabral, Ho
man, Chag on n. •
It ie n remark:ll,lv fact (httifmnona.
wn.tnast,) thut tine thlnnol..o fallen moll-Imo front
the print. es hand., having eneit. d .ntureft.
either Nonit or ::moth. v I the the trouble to
pool it. tewer. comparahvely rpettl,me. to read
and mill few, r to loll; :Mont ti. Its st.dements of
grievances nre eeryn here • st.emed vo.rerritted.
and its gloom v
pr ,- fen.tientions, if not
wholly miogitt:.r, . nt fronght with lit
tle or no /dorm. The ore
entire movement from be
ginsl hug to end, is pr, ray get erilly regvderl as
farce, onginet.,l with n clew to awe timid and
dough-foe, d 11 , 1m•rontrdiv,s from the North to
yield the prim ode of nou-ext..nrion. Thal some
have be n ms.r.tted upon is fumed. although few,
we opprt hend. sent foil le nee through its truism,.
rent design. WO detest end spire the motives of its
anthers. Not thet We would r ell in onet.:lon thelr
eincrely, for we doubt not the In tof them are,
sincere in desiring the extension of their ~ permliur
nstitut:on ;“ but sitmenly is no et idmice of right,
no rime in this ense than nny other. The follow.'
em of Mehemet or Joe Smith are doubtless as
cere as are John C.Calhmin att.l his confederates. ;
butt their sincerity does not prove them nett, or
e'en., their funtiCemin. Neither does the rMeeri
ty of these men who are leagued together in their
conspiracy against freedom, ...lily the cause in ,
which they ere engaged, or prove it right. They
amrshoply slavery booties, km ing n porkrt-inl er
e. in the issue (wltteh makes them sere) and
have persuaded themselves that slavery inc is right,
and ehottld be extended over the whole world. In
a word, they are become a species of monomaniacs.
entitled to our charity for their Johnson, hot to no
encouragement in n ammo of wrong.
♦ Magatar Fact
G ie a mingidar tat, end as exceedingly mini
fying one to the croakers of " min," in this Sine,
that while the Coal and bon interests have Ewen
driven to the brink of otter extermination by the
operation—by the gyration of that mountain, in
famous, " Drina Free Trade Tarifl of 1848" (?)
the late annual Report of the Bead of Canal Com
minion., shows an actual increase of revenue on
oar Public Wadi. (In the language of that docu
ment) "as compared with the year 1847, of 1813,-
985 on Coal; and of 11164495,18 on bat." Lot
lie 48 T11116k014 and the " ruin" paten nem
elle Woo dnercreneies if they on..
Tom Tresamme.—After •longdel.,. w. .re
asabied to anemones dee etempletion of the Now
Yak & Erie Telegraph to this Village, hem ge n .
buten, when it Weer" • Telegraph monger
lag with Ithaca, New VS.& and— • all creation..
The ammoney petting one the mime paned themegh
tome en doer way alt ea Someday. An dime
we unhanded, will he opened here la a dew
and the eompletica .f the entire line Omagh hem
New Yoh I. Trembled daring the premed math.
We hem dee public map net nab be Menem to
• hope deferred"
Femme! & Wthtd Phnathereal 'sad Water
Con Jeansle kr Feb/Vary bath ekthay bee re ,
wired They ere, at raga, deal, &opted with
real mod Introothe neither miler sabjeets
er *plea!, mental d ant retina —throb*y
the hisser, trthel. thatethe are they ithethilag
IQ The eteiternent made in our last paper °mon
Mr authority of.one of the attorneys for the plain
d? , In relation to the decision of the Court imeem
of Jane Row, ve. Charles Adams, yin : that it way
determined that the division of the contract., dm.,
of the relate of the Sr. Row, made by the
etc...nor, woe trial and &odour, morns to be arm.
neon', or at least is contradicted list the opposite
made. We know notiong about 'the case further
then the record show., and therefore do not chow,
to interfere in the , otrteetion of mieundennanding or
veracity het...entire part ire. The fallowing atom.
mett having been furnished Us by the r other aide,
wr woo it publicity, hoping it will settle the
pate—in the mind• of the community, at least, if
cot of the lawyer...
The fncu ne Opp.ur by the record went to be as
Mrs. Roc, instituted an action of replevin for •
p.n. of ON.. that were void to the defendant by
Mr. Jolt. tbutprois and u Inch Mn. Ilona elninted
her yn n pirate ,u.,prefy by virtue of the '•
. Lon. ' al. no,. o.x given tarponvirioun points
Ihr I,IIIS, and and, r the Charge of the Court
hh jlll, found for the defendant, and netc.coad his
1 r 0 doll:tut. It s. enta, therefor, that
.51 flit. e 1. ., that said I/ryuton' .
cc f,rtit Jul, etticl, Its if It ilOgi hoes, PO decided,
the d, fend iut UPOill iIOVP to Ain it to the Supreme
Court on a u tit ,
of error but no, of comae, h.
..... 0 it, itOllo . llt O. nn Ina favor. Further
: r: 111,, prell'll,l4llll end cnre.
•,. !Ivo. of tbr 'treatment,
dm. iii. of ti. Water Coro in this
do :'h. w. M 11.. pp. PP. Fowlers
b ~ 131 da-w. N. York. Prier :nets.
pop o of which u u series of lectors.
Illellsered by the midair in Chnton 11/2111, N. Y., in
cotolo r lust, Pus Ewen received. We nerd
senicely add a farther recommendation than its
alrodlis nolo the exaniOition we have giv
en rt, we heed, not to say Pint is replete with
iter,. mad io,irnoneta for • vcr>body. 11 tlngst
tl, A, ill of COM.' ph dsod nab it. whilediobo.
1., len, mla it d,0,!,• of de- la, d :111101 nsefnl information.
enact, rioN.—A friend In hermont,shovink
cl our noticeof the Coll i.non on the N. Y. &
IE Ratko:bit' the llh number of this paper, cor
rects one d
or tno alight mistakes 'Ma which we
n rt. our oaf, 1111 l anis. It wan the eandurlor
111111 not the engineer. ho nos in fault, and who
made his escape. 'rho eng,nrer, Mr. Esmond,
svon Munich cool the 'natter, and in WWI on the
ro 1.1,03111 g thefnu confidenre of the company.
'far Pos,..r following paragraph
from a tate letter of u Mende, of Connives le a
',Mum, ',Hi, may explain the condition of the
Ponog• Bill, now, it @wenn, pending before the
The 11:11 u Inch Ilr. Broadhead lornimht forward
at the lan SCPS'.II panted the lloimo with mme
I n =ono or cr., prop, that it iniould °formate
rennin in the lion, beraileo it to the I,OIIIC Con
; no nr, ruin die Senate V O ll6Olllll the linemen by a
Aotiat N 01,101.41 indnie this feet, the editors
ofilte roinitry orrs. even. to be of the opinion that
Ili If ono. neoleinnin their mtereed, &C. They
are e0n...11111v ralfin member. of the oner.
metend of the Senate and S141:110111, to move in the
iter. I would lie pleened if you would in same
voi make au explanJlion and cull upon tho Son-
Ine. Yours, &c.
tie flexor et. —.o the telegraph announce.
—hnn been efreted le the U. S. Senate for Mt yearn
from the llh of March next by the Legielature of
1 - A lull for lhe erectlon of 11,, calmly
of purls of tavern, to h. culled Lackawanna, h
p050...1 the lienolo of dm Slatt. It is thought
will pone the firms,
Bstislot Dtantnr, No. as —Partial returns f
the 20th Senate Dintriet, nominated of the cone
of ttnetstrong., t'ambria, Clearfield and
Love 4•t it merit ed. Theyy.het Auguetus Dn
lite Democratic candidate, Le. and o queetton.
Mori& Branch Canal Meelllnw.
A mass meeting of tho fi iends of the
I North Branch Camel in Wyoming, Lucerne,
Sieemelianna and Bradford: was held in
Tiinkhannock on Monday evening the 29th
j ult., the proceedings of which we find in the
! Wyoming Whig. Judge Jessup was oho
-1 ace President, with some fifteen Vice
and three Secretaries. The meeting dents,
, was addressed by Cols. IL B. Wright of,
Lucerne, Minoan Smith, of Wyoming, and
B. S. Bentley, En i., of Susquehanna. A
etrole , batch of resolutions were adopted in
. fiver of the early completion of the said
Canal the sentiment of which has been an
ticipated by what we bare previously pub
lished One of them contains a pledge of
the individuals of the convention to support
no man f r Governor or Canal Commissioner
"who is not publicly known to be in favor of
the openly completion of the North Branch
Brno/red, That C. L. Ward, Jelin P.
Means. Jo Adams, KB. Meyers, and
Wm. Elwell, of Bradford, Willard Jackson,
Sherman D. Phelps, 8. 8. Winchester,
Medley Wakeman, Mantel Smith, John
Stilt dorm tit. of Wyoming, El B. Wright,
`funnel Benedict, Gee. M. liollentinek, nod
Cl arhn Durance, of Lucerne, B. S. Bent
ley, J. I'. Richards, Albert Chamberlin,
flenur Drinker, J. B. Salisbury, Daniel
Searle, and lion. Wm. Jessup, of Singe.-
henna, be and are hereby *pointed delegates
fr this convention to visit the seat of
the State Government and lay the gemmed
lugs of tide body tn;fore the Legial ~,,,,
and also to aid in procuring the passage of
a law to speedily complete the North Branch
The convention was cherooterised by
good order,lind unbounded entimisoss In
the cause for which it woe ausunbiod.
A nay ROUT. To 0 —A
company is now forming forlha purpos• of
opening a new rat* to the Pa aii via flan
Joan River and Lake Nicaragua. It is
said that • Aw thousand dollars will make
the San Juan River pavigable to the Lake,
through which it... vessels Gan pass to
Leon, • small town within tan miles of. the
Poodle enact. Over this ten Wks • plank
road or canal eau be easily mad*, aml the
route then will be some MO miles nearer
than by Obsgme and Panama.
Now York paper Jays that no
young No who gets out to Califon& and
ean Word it, should soggiest to tuts with
hia s good wife. Tin editor Mn that
there ana thousands of reepanow nu
girt Is that sky, who would *wry sad
neirwan,if they were oily east
We have received the following 001130111-
nhatino from a well known Democrat in
our county on the subject of the next Canal
Commisaioner. We give - it, reserving re
marks for our next number, further than to
say that in the main, we approve hie sug
Tb the Editor of the Democrat
As the West has now two members of
the Board of Canal Commissioners, and the
East one, the North is entitled of right, to
the next ono to he elected. in looking a-'
round among her many able and deserving
citizen,. I can Bee no man who scents to
stand fourth so conspicuously for that eta
tion as Col. Ann Dimity, of Susquehanna.
Hie extensive acquaintance with tho Inter
' nal Improvement system of the state ; Mal
thorough and acknowledged hyiriess ttel-
Nets, his honesty and fidelity to every trust,
point him out as the man upon whom the i
next selection slonelcl fall.
Susquehanna, too, has a claim above n-1
Iry other enmity in the State. iVhilo
Bradford, Luzern°, ',remedy, and Mom- 1
roe have all been honored with important,
some of them numerous. public offices, ann
ferred upon their citizen., Susquehanna, one!
of the atoadiest, etrungest, and moat relia-
Ile among them, has been put off year af
ter rear with barely a bone ! The office
of Camil Commissioner for the next three
years belongs, by ever/ principle of eight
end justice to the North, .d the selection'
of Col. Dimly. of Suermehnny, would he
received with universal approbation. and}
his election would be certain to follow by
a triumphant majority. He would get at
least twelve hundred majority in his native,
The North Branch Canal
About the only business of general in
terest to our readers transacted by 'our'
Legislature during the poet creek,• is tte
disettesion of the bill for the completion of,
the North Branch Canal. Saturday, in
partietdaas almost exclusively devoted
to that s u et, and the discussion of it, as
reported,ether interesting. A come-
pondent of the Pennsylvanian *rites as fol.'
The speech of the Honorable speaker
was imp's.imred and eloquent. The exor
dium was frank, delibevate, and argument
ative, whilst the peroration was intersper
sed with glowing rhetoric and crowned with
poetic wreeths. Mr. Little also made a
calm, business-like speech in favor of the
measure, giving a brief oetline of its origin,
condition, and advantages, and concluding
with an earnest appeal that somethings
might he done by the prqsent Legislature,
to ensure the completion of a work in which
not oily his constituent. but the whole I
Commonwealth are noncerned, whether it is!
considered an a revenue measure to replen-
WI the Treasury, nr as a mensure ofjertiee
to the north for the benefit of a faithful but
long neglected people.
The friends of the North Branch Canal:
are making n bold and united miivement to I
secure its early completion by the State.—
The charter of the Company incorporated
to finish it having expired, it is note propos
ed to raise money en the faith or the Com
monwealth, by specifinally pledging the
tolls on the finished pert or the line, tot
the payment of the interest and principel of
the new loan to be content:red at six per
cent., end which, it is estimated, mot be'
liquidated within the term et twelve years.
The scheme is certainly plausible, and we i
believe can be realised to the letter of the
40 on intlicetion of the fuddle spirit pre
vailing along the North Branch valley we
might refer to a communication adressed
I to the Boone from C. 1.. Ward and others
.f Bradford county, pledging themselves to
ntract with the State to finish that portion
of the canal which in located in Bradford Co.,
on the term. stipulated in'the original let
tings, and to take in payment nix per cent
' certifientes of State)oan at par. Gentlemen
of equal enterprise is other counties, it is
alleged, will tender the name.proposition, ell
and execute its obligations in good faith.
Another correspondent writes an follows:
Mr. Fuller addressed the house . 1
the ha& of adjournment. The following
are the moat important statistic. contained
in his npecoh :
The State has already expended about
$2,500,000 on the untittinhed mina from
the month of the Ln•kawanne to the New,
York State line, which is a distance of 94
miles. It is estimated by able engineer.
that it will require to complete it $l,lOO,
The North Branch Canal is now flniehed
and navigable from Northumberland to the
Lackawanna— a dietance of 73 miles, and
on that part alone, the tolls received this
year, according to the report of the Canal!
Commissioners, amount to about 3150,000 1
and are chiefly derived from coal going
The canal passes through the centre of
the Wyoming and Lackawanna coal field,
which is sixty miles long and five wide,
containing 102,000 acres, and according to
geologiets, containing twenty-two billinn
eight hundred and forty million tons of eoal.
By this canal, when completed. the wa
ters of the Okonapeake and Delaware will
be connected with those 4 Lake Erie and
Lake Ontario, and the southern counties of
the State of New York will be brouglitfif
ty miles nearer Philadelphia than New
' ork city.
It is estimated that the reeelpte on the
mina when eompleted, will be 8800,000
the dretyear—m sum otateient to pay, !n
-ewest on the mangy shady sunk and ly
ing Ma expended on the uniniebod pert
of the line, and also on the sum
to templets it. Mr. Fuller milled=
"a revenue MU I" and indeed, If his data
be eorrent, the term is justly apperd to it.
A very oteentelfort Is making to procure
its passage. Some of the ablest of the
members are moving Heaven and 'earth in
its support. TM people in tan mnry large
motion of °pantry lotieweed in this meas
ure nave deeded Om Legislature with pe
titions, bath this par and last, and . will
lake no denial. If the eeleuletions and
estimates made by ha friends am eon.*
there skald be so hesitation in pawing the
proposed bill and asthatedel
411111110041. Of les *Ma m&
Sews by the C
The folloning is all we Ind of, interest in
the intelligence furnished by the Caed.,
whose arrival we briefly noticed last week.
The commercial news is favorable. Cot-
ton ham advaneed f to f per cent. liar,
V. 8. sweet, 27s to 275. lid. Jodi. Corn
290 to 335. •
LOlliti Nap-deeply occupied in giving
grand roceptiiiiiii to MVII of eminence of ev •
cry shade of political °MM... When he
aggress in, public the tioxillace receive hint
with every demoralisation of soviet.
In Prussia die7lioi•tr: in actively en:
gazed in preparine special lawn by which
the principle. of the constitution dLall be
carried into rife t.
From Atoll in we karn that the wnr a
, gaited Ilitottar) is still lotting waged, and
that the account,, are fnvorabli. tor the
An•ti ions. IVran t el still pn series ord.,
'at II slot. I.':a ;khot coati ms the Ice,
of tut t Lars, Inu ito for their et the It
' uity of 4;1 4 1 inaliv. with h it is considered,
t~nyt he ell, etiol.
It it nleotioned in the-Paris livers that
the Pope,olshilig to Mid foreign interven
tion, iiitend a to trt the ifloot of a personal
step. It is onid that he will go In Civitsi
Veeellia, and ne,ke an appeal to the people;
and if not respoioltd to, will let dawn,
take their own voltreo"...-what . „ll , lis rapers
' means we not exiiktfr now. Ile
still remains nt Gaeta.
The Austrians are preparine to feoolll
menec the war with Charles Albert
At trtnilts are to log niallo to excite the
lector elesses against the rich.
Since writing, the above, we have one
day's later news. Odillon "Barret is spoken
of as the probable Vice President of
An immediate intervention, it is said, is
to he node in finer of the Pope by the
great Catlo lie powers of En, pe. The
mho s in tfill \ nit of Error in the It - Wien
ease are toil to inc divided in rpinion
The trial of Doff, hibe not yet commenced.
Perth is reported to have been taken by
Prince Windiseltragtz.—Sot. P 0.%
Judge Isengstleti. will make the effort
to proceed to Hatrisburg, this morning.
I though still, we regret to say, in a most
feeble condition. We called at the rusi
donee of his brother, ( where he has Leon
••I • I
stay trig eine. Lis arrive In town on Safer
'day, I but found that his physirian had left
°niers that Lo should NCO no body. lon-,
gelled by the strongest sense of public du
ty, however, and against the earnest advice
of all his friends, he has deemed it neressa-
ry to go to Harrisburg to pat tieipate in tits
organization of the Hoard of which ho is a l
member. Nothing but this obligation would
induce him to run the groat risk el the jour
ney in his present precarious state °Cheat&
In order to avoid thin journey, slinks
lsongstrutli wrote a friendly letter to Mr. I
Power, his Whig colleagne, expinining Ids
and inviting hint to cone 10l
Philadelphia to organize the 11.tarti ,
this letter Mr. Power did not deign to re. I
ply,but verbally pleaded the Attorney Gen-'
end'snpinitlo as reason for not comply •
ing with the most reasAmblo request of
A motto ridietdous absurdity than this!
same i\ttiorney leneral's opinion, it wont!!
be lnipossille to mon-vie.. It is only
equallod by the If rumor'sti ito i to- I
greed to the bills whirl he fontill in the
Eael,llßo ell/11116er Itu:liti-g his decision
when liemime ! 'rho Attarinto
Hen has doei had. s r rims the rumor, thirt
there mitt be no legal r rgattiration, nisi in
deed no legal sr.sion, ot . the hoard of Iht
nal V nottisrsiorertt 'le 13 id . I lie room of Ihe
litterd at Ilartisburir. A few plain fat ts I
will expose this shameless pretext
let 1033, the Wald r f ('acrid C mmni.-
sinners ergatiized at Philadelphia, and elec
ted James Clark. President.
In P 4-11, the Beard net in Phiiu dctpLix
nd elected Thomas Tu Suingintend
t of Motive Boner.
An late as SepMenher last, the Board or
ganized and met no the Erie division of the
• In November liod, the 13 and met in
Philadelphia andltalo.neted bosioe,
The object of the wlLigs, instigated by
'Johnston and his mihinet, is to get rid of
Judge Longstmth "by death, resignation,
or otherwise." The cold blooded cruelty
of their scheme has in it, the scone malice
in the first degree. Jet them take the re
sponnibility of their inhuman conspiracy.—
Fenn Till: SANDIVIciI is LAnvs.—A letter
from Honolulu, dated Nov. 1848, says
that the greatest excitement prevails in
Polynesia, relative to the gold disroveriee in
California. Ni de or all &Romeo hove the
gold fever—natives and foreigners—end
I are using every means to get to the gold re -1
Igions. All kild, of goods which might
answer for the Calif brats markets are sell
ing al the highest rates. Tho price of a
cabin puaage from Honolulu to San Fran
cisco is $lOO, steerage $BO. The Polyne
sian of Oct. ith, publishes 70 announce
ments of intentions to depart. -
A large amount of gold duet has been re
ceived from California, and eaveral Sand
wich Islanders who left previous to the gold
discovery, have come back with handsome
fortunes, procured by two or three months'
dill it ig habor at Honolula was crowded with
ships. Forty-four whale ship. and six mar•
chant TOW& are in th. inner Winn', and
quit, a fleet le lying off outside.
INN. Major Noah, la hie last " Sunda
Timer," goes into an argument to prow ,
that "the gold of W hir" of Scripture eels
ibrity, came from ifornia. From the vast
amount of the g od of Ophir„ used in the
construction and the oromoolffo of Solom
on'. temple, the length of the voyakos of
the ships, which were sent for the gold, and
various other oonsiderations, he infers that
it was California gold that no wonderfully
and magnilleently enriched the famous tem
ple of antiquity. The Major deft the cost
of the temple at upwards of four hundred
_alines of pounds sterling. The
ships sent by' Solasson and Hiram of Tyre
for the gold and treesuru of Hphir, requi
red Mrs* jean so male the voyage and as
the beaky of Ophir hat not base aseer
ind se the heath of the Tome
would seem to eorrespond very well with
the distance 66 Callibiale, II is oonjeetured
that asoleat Opldr and swim Califunda,
us NM Sag Übe are Om:
Irashinvon, Jan. 3121.—The ttouthern l etty were taxed four mills on the dollar for
mails have ell conic through, bringing up State purposes, and exempt from taxation
dates from I l exes, New
„Orleahe, tire. 'l` he for any other
_purpose, the revenue «f the
Cholera had subsided, and ceased to attract State would be increased to four fold the
attention Thellon Nathan Cliffwd Miois- locust that dni d fr, m that
ter to Mexico, left Pensacola on the 16th soars. The views of tho Board of Rove.
instant, enroute far Mexico.
Commis•ioners,' on this subject, ale up
peoded to ti, R. pert.
The estimated Revenue (rein Canals and
Railroads for the Sour ending 311th Nov.
1019, is $1,650,000.
The Call'bruin Excitement
Is spoken of by some an in "bubble," a
lc mania," a "humbug." We loidt upon it
has lick her of these, but more as a pi oviillen.
tilt! incident, by which a new awl noble
stimulus is to be gin cit t gigantic enter
prises which, otherwise., might have lain in
olii.enrity. It and tt dollar of gold should
be returned to our sea board from the Pa
elfin., the inigridion of apopelaticn of firce•
111 tomtit a slide, pi in
-01,1 with all the weapons neeessaly to
'overscine the wilderness awl rb,nil. will
loose its inealeulubl.• trearsire flin Went
r, Empire in one elan ;..ratelest
.empire. even as woo that id It lie., and this
geld eteircinetit is to Insuld it.
cry differer.t we, the pMania,"
w !deli ruined the merchants banker. and
to Ides of Europe. That was s delusi.i,
oit hoot a ha-is present nr proYpectiVe.
- cerr different ales, was the l.k.th sea
nkich runieel en many confident,
Englishmen and l• Canny" Soseb, and to
the groat astronsmer, Nowt..n, sub
scribed 4:2011, whereof we hare seen the
receipt, snugly enscolie.l in a b .• with the
manuscript of his Principle, in the Royal
Society's rooms, London. More, too, like
a humbug, woe the ",!torus
and the Kempo'' speettlation, neither of
which !ably promised gobl, or to settle any'
waste country. Those who cry mania and
humbug of Pallbrilia, are, it ma, be, like
the fox which cried "sour grapes "- -N., Y
riot E earefolly re-rend the manifes
ti no of Messrs Calhoun and Berrien, and
annot let thoni pate without further ex
re:sing our convictions in relation not so
notch to the reel or apparent jltstoess of
their grievaoces, as to theelfect they are
KiPlillee urn; end the response ,
they will r• mive from the people of the
South. Mr. Cellr cat eartegymtes the lon-
Wily of the No Alh towards the Smith. Tie
deep seated repugnance of the Nyrth to sla
very hoe, pith a here exception in favor or
the ultra abolitionists—le ss of enmity to
ward.t the Sulk where slavery in comaitu
tiouolly gonratitied, than ton astl slavery
likelt to spread over new regihnot andper.
pet irate itself.
.1e to the Dintriet of o.lnonbia, every.
!man north of the Potomac. and a tnai..rity,
we believe, 'multi of it, hold the nameoplit
, ion, to wit, that it in a deep and damning
r blot upon the national I r, that a 'date
mint should stand under the shadow of the
Cepitel of the Republic. That the stain
shoal' be wiped from thin common soil of
the people, in a general desire of both North
and South, if the voiee of the maxim. be
Eyed the peoplo of ‘Vaniiing
ton, by en means abolitionistn, have peti
tioned for the abolitim of alavery in the
31, Ottlboun in his report, in the reillT
scointive of but in antall dare of the white
'population of the South. Ile has lel( en
be grimed of the aristoeraey—tho planters
—mid with these MA words will he 'intent,
lito with the greater mid mightier phalanx
the people, the mechanic., (other, w
Loh „ lda &whines will 11.11 nii fairer
'nu nr., it. ogre..ti
.t with the pciiplo„gf
the Niirth the extimsintith
shivery, and though they linty
net c mule
., any interference with tl e
anexiati g at the (blab, they will (ennui
, ant cry or attempt Mdisoniiin. Smith
Carclica might at . pinch try
but she would find no sjmpatlis, •• round
1 Mr opii.itu is that the senatorial illanifes
ti s will fall dead, or at least will not produce
marked excitement at the South.—
I Tidal:log area will read them both, and will
ttdiiiire the nintilinevs and ability with which
thee tyre a viii en; aye they aill rtnd them
with profit, because the reading will beget
a stronger sense of the greatness anti glory
4.6 and the little possibility there I
is that it should ever he moldered by see
tional difficulty. The 4;01111 hOll4O of the,
North will kcep.it, from ihfringiritz rpm One!
constitutional rights of thu rood, , nod the
'myth, never belligerent in words, will Ire
cautious how &Kt hosarde her own Witty
by striking at the federal compact.—N. Y.
Slate Treasurertbs !Milberg.
1 , ,,m the Mutual Rep et of the State
Treasurer we gather the followieig facts:
The Liftmen in the Treasury on the 30th of
November lstrt, was $377,290,39—The
loan for ninety days of $1411.0011 authorised
by net of Oth Poltru.try PAS. has here
paid. The estimated balance in the Tre
sury for the Genf rear, ending 30th Nov '
10-19, is placed at $901,090 35. A cool
sufficient to pay the interest upon the pub
lic debt as it falls duo.
The fire per cent nbatement, nmoonted
in the aggregate to $41,522 11—the Tre
surer suggests that some means be devised,
whereby the tax eolleoted be brought into
the Treacory at • leas expense. Under the
present system, the expense is deren per
sent—firo being paid to the oolleeton, one
to the County k Treseurorand five per oent
In relation to the filthy and ragged Re
lief notes in circulation, under the present
system of cancellation, which will take 8 or
4 years to destroy them it is suggesied.
that a loan be authorised, for their redemp
tion, bearing an interest of six per cant,
free of taxation and re-imbursable In two
or three - years—the whole amount now out
standing is 8702,064.
The Rennin - from the public! Improve
ments, for the last fiscal year was 81.550:-
555 08—and the expenses for repairs, or
dinary and extranrdinaey and motive power
were $1,003,429 78—leaving a balance
from the Improvements of $542,125 25.
The extraordinary repairs during the last
fiscal year, amounted to 8888.508 5 7. the
burning of the aqueduct at Freeport, not
only increased the expense, bat greatly de
°reaped the Revenue from the main line.
The Report smuts the setabliebsent of
a sinking fend, for the payment of the pub
TbeTreasurer believes that the Slate
mustaised a largo less, in sonsequenee of
money at interest and debts. due from sol •
vest debten; beim lazed far other idea
Baste purposes Mills deseriptlea editor;
I The Homestead Ex.empt lon.
j All rehollin sore at first sight repulsive to
'timid men. IVIeo does not recollect when!
to whisper a suspicion against a bank wan!
fair l y deemed sedition Who cannot re
rail the time when the alooolition of impris- I
I oorommot for debt, was olosmouneol as a ?don
. dering vagaoy 1 And yet all open unite in I
regarolong brinks with mulpiroi ao, and im- I
pr osoroment lot debt in itself belied in the
d. enest du groom of oblivion, and nobody o
suffers, whole many err, blessed. The prin. I
• i,ole 01 the II 'Modred Exemptio on is miler- I
going the first ut' these processes. It in'
now being bitterly assailed as a scheme to!
revise tire old laws of tkoolulitv or an in
sontioolo, perpot nate property' in families
We have recelotE
_teen harder things at-!
tributes! to this pr Tombon than ever have
yet been dreamed of in Our philosophy.—
ne thinks it will give rogues a claim,. to
slet, and their creditors; but he forgets how
o any law; no lira: for how just or severe, may
be evaded by tho wring-doer. 'What, then,
lii this principle of Home Exemption? It
is a project ht protect the poor—the labor
ing—the toiling—from the horror of hon.-
lean want. It in a project to, make inviola
ble the humble homestead. Now, by the
law, all is swept away; and the poor family
is scattered houseless, penniless, and friend
less, upon the cold charities of the world
Judicial salmi of a debtor's real estate usu
ally arise from a debtor's misfortune or
prud••nce. Itt either rare the calamities
fall upon the wife and children, who aro in
nocent and helpless sufferers To exempt
ithe Lonuestend rim foretd sale, is the, store
tn protect these utooffending parties. AI
marl moos a higher duty to his family than !
!loot Moon too his creditors, mod the roomer
shoo idol be aided and eat ed for by legislation I
I opoioe as effectually as the looter. This then I
is whale understood by the Homestead.
The amount to be exempted need nut be
lac ge—sat a small loon, and lot salons! at !
five hoindr. d &U s, making an nmeascol
loom Won for eities where property .- higher. I
Let this law of Pennsylvania be in speetiva!
—affecting on obligations for the Past—but
opening the way and preparing ail, capital
ist and mechanic, for the Future. What I
an inolneement to Industry it would be!,
The hours too oltetr spent at the Ac-house
or the tavern, would be given to labor tor to,
study, rind every working-man would strive I
to (won id, a Ifornentesol for join family.
In order to let our readers eve that thin I
is no untried idea—rou Utopian tulionie
—it is just that the progress of this
humane project slmoolol be shown. It is a
part of the fundamental lax of 31i, triton
anol Wisconsin. Connectient has provided
for homestead exemption. Vermont is dis
cussing, it in her Legislature. looliana is
favorablyeensiolcring it. Ohio is delibera
ting upon a similar .proposition. tier'
neighbor New New Jersey, roan., to adopt !
it. ,Anil 'debuts whieh t.fok 'dare in j
the SewlurkSenate, nn tire 13Th of Jan-
bery last on a loin o. to exempt, Irmo soccer
ober the bromestetel silolsoumbohler has
a founds," of ten Senators no!:., discussed
this nabiert, creep one. II lIS in fat or of the
principle. Foos that room \\leo sompoose a
bon cruel einpti.ro in a plot to phunirr
and too pull do x, wn will ace that it has oro.noy
enoins rot wivrivates, ir:.o regard it an a wise,
joist, I ounane nod highly ploilantloopie de.
. Here now is a proposal to protect La
bor. How many will lobe haunts in its I'll.
vor ! We are nh•aia arming Wealth WWI
new p-iviln m.s. Now let Ins extend to tl e
masses a little Edo spirit which has hereto
lore hem, excli.ively exercised for the few.
The honker breaks illlll dale the law.
Icasi, the poor workingmen who took his
10 . 0 1 / I i6UP to pay, to sniffer. Nkw let us ex
tool a s'iiebl over the who, in nine en•es
nits le•n, nen. prostratedlltrough the oil
lainnt. or the imprudent.° of Miners. Even
whet tho humble citizen is directly the
°wise of his own inn king!, is it not lithiumwi
to make his irwr children—probably his
lion aid - feeble wife—suffer the hunger nit' ,
povorty awl • the humiliations of pauper-
Scoot,, Sir tt,r,, of this county, has in
tro hood a hill I .t.. the State Senate, which
ei' her japer:cot in itself, or else strange
ly misunderstood. Ile fixes the amount of
propetty to be exempted from execution.
"nt to exceed, in clear yearly value, the
stun of three hundred dollars. " This is
cotottnted by sumo to 11,0011 interest, not
prin •ipal. Many, therefore, regard the bill
of oor worthy Senator on I.pilkng to exempt
tog property from foreeti sale, to the amount
of from five to six thonsand dollars! If
this he his design, he goes too far. Ey. , in
Sc,, York the highest sum proposed to be
exempted is $lOOO, and in other States
$ . OO is the ruling amount. But wo think
his language is misunderstood, and await
The principle is holy—is just—is pro
gressive. Let the details be prudently ar
' ra iged, and calmly digested; and no DWl
sure that has ever been platted upon our
statute book will be more triumphantly
vindicated by the reenite.—Peunay/oartien.
Great Deus ice in tke thelquekamess.
—The late nine in the Susquehanna end
Juniata region mused the is to break up
sooner in the up river Country than below,
otemsqltently the Is damned at Om falls
shore Columbia, so that the water was
banked over the Conewago fells, which are
some sixteen feet high, up to Middletown.
At York Maven nno of the line new mills
on the cane wan raised from its foundations
and broken up by the floating iee. Wb an
the les gave way it swept away almost ev
erything It name In mistake frith, end we
are apprehensive that eonsiderable damage
has been done to the Penesylvattie and
Tidewater - awful. In many pines@ the los
is pilettup between Coming. sod Colum
bia, , nt linen to twenty het above the
present water line, and the river Is still
• sir Three new Inmate! mines WI WI
put on the Brio Hallooed Imo wink, aid Um
whole loodro power Of the mad hes bm
N/ As pedal reap—imseimespi tru.
Withal Lotter tram Paanamia.
n chiming the hthntraGold Harveht by
English and .Others.
The Washington Union, of Wednesday,
contains the follnwhig extracts from a let
ter written by Goneral P. F. Smith, at
Pansies, whielt will be valued for their au
PANAMA, Jan. 7, 1849.
The situation of affairs in California is
really most extraordinary. No accounts
we had are exaggerated. Captain Ilenrien
de Lan*, of tl e French brig of war Geo*
: flOll here, says. that he learned at Valpa
-1 mho and Ism that there had been bro't
[to those plat.. California. to be run
Mo l iaro gold to the amount of nine mil
-1 lions of franca, (near $1,800,000.).
I The British coneul tells me he has for
worded 15,000 ounce. from this place across
!the Isthmus; and Lieut. Wood, of the
British navy, commanding the Pandora, now
here, say, that the truth is beyond the ee
-1 counts wo have heard. These gentlemen
l also .y that hundred. of people from the
western coast of South America are em
barking for the gold region; and most of
j the r lerks in the commercial places have
''quit their employmetits for the same object.
It will evidently be impossible to prevent
the troops, when they arrive, from desert-'
sag, and there will be no force to control
the erowd of adventurers that will arrive.
NO preparation wen made. here by the
steamboat company for transporting pash
eengers acres. the isthmus, or affording
them any information or aid in relation to
it. The roads are almost impanible, even
for melee, l and the number of boats on the
river and animals on the road., is entirely
insufficient. The public property in charge
of the qoartermaeters, ha. been lying a
week at Crones, waiting for thirty or forty
onmules to carry it; and the trouble, mesa.
tion, and exposure in getting it up the river
Chogres to this place, brought en Captain
Elliott, the senior quarter-master, an at
tack of cinders, of which Tie died on the
Inight of the Our, and wa. buried the next
lday at Cruet's, in the church yard.
j Major Fitzgerald has token charge of the
property, but he ill now sir lc of a similar
I attack. I have directed all the public
priiperty and officers' baggage now there to
jbe brought at once to tide piece, which is
'more wealthy. The greater port of it will
Ibe earned on men's bucks. They are now
asking o'2o a piece for mule loads of one
-1 third of the ordinary weight, the usual price
I being from 01 to 05 for full loads. I will
not at timpt to describe the roads or path..
troller these circumstances, I think it
will eot_be wise to send anything by this
route except et messenger with a very small
trunk, until other arrangements are made.
The resources of the Isthmus are entirely
l unequal to •jite business now thronging to
it. Flour to-day is at $4O a barrel, and
the inhabitants of the town are alarmed at
tie prospect of pestilence and famine.
Mr. Birch, a very lino young man, a me
elmnie, from Washingten, is one of the vic
tims of the cholera at Crimea
The Union also publish. 1101110 extracts
Ifrom a Panama letter of the nth Jon., writ
ten by R. United :40.01%MT to • gentle
, man in Washington, in which the difleul
i ties in crossing the Isthmus are admitted to
/ b e ineonotoicalolo, but we deem it oseetwory
to give only tl•e fallowing isms:
It is doubtful how long we shall be Ile*
rtainool hero. The, California has not ar
ced, tier has nn
's intelligence been received
front her. A French man-of-war, now
Icing ff Panama, left Valparaiso some 34
, dot. minee, loot had heard nothing of the
steamer. It is appt eiteuded Pone accident
I may have ...lured, or nl.e could not have
fallen an far abort of the reckoning. I still
/hope, neverthelenn, she will arrive by the
Both or 20th, so tut to enable us to get un
er way at least by the let of February.
'fire postage servos the Isthmus is inenn
, eeivably difficult. Such roads aro to be
;found no w`tere else, and such weather most
/ also ho peculiar to this particular latitude_
; When we reached ('lingers, it was found
that no protein bad been made for the
convey:l.cent' the mails, and it became see.
ensary to engage R canoe for this purpose,
which wan accordingly dime, through
/A. Ilan., at an empress of g4O. We
travelled in the boat to Gorge., about 50
miles up the river, where we seeured %plea
for Cho baggage and mail.. et an aggregate
cost of $32.
The necessary arrangements for trans
porting the mail. mot, the Intl m., have.
not been made. They will probably be at,
tended to by the next arrival of the mail
There are about 500 'emigrants, I under
' stand, on their route over the Isthmus, ant
advice. from Valparaiso, up to the 19th
ult., Mato that up to that period 1,700 per
), sons have sailed from that port for Ca/ifor
oin ; that clerks to the number of 490 bad
alundoned eituations worth from 91000 to
$l5OO, mid that the merchants were ems.
pelled to call a mooting and raise salaries,
dm. Besides this, I learn there are aboeo
400 passengers waiting at Callao and V:
memo for the steamer Calllbrnla. The
Id boor is awfully prevalent here.
retard another wilWon on our .
We learn that the regular freight Mai
which left Binghamton on Monday last was
met near Narroweburg by an extra freight
train mot oat of time from Poet Jervis, awl
in rho collision both engines ware areersty
damaged—one pearly rained; and a brake
man had both bin legs brakes. Tb• height.
we understand, was also meek Werei.
The company bad bat jut put eel the read
three new and powerihri waging; rag wige
• emeneendahle pokey dbpatidirWagent. to
immediate and report dmehemsemr e •6.
tending the brow mellisiona • heaw
that the Who of the agents will be se des
curs If wiltdons must hews. kit ea
gain], preferable to bate Ito eepenheeets
tried on the height than ea. the pmeeeiet•
trains; but we treat„lbe the interest ire
frolic the popularity and sesome of Na
Rama o,lopoisy, aws will be the ha
collision we shall late oo leseri„..joh is .
Tea PalaiDONT Ihmor.—TM Maim
al IngelNirencer of Friday, rehre Is • pd.
vete letter embed from Balm
' whisk slates that Major W. W. L
and lady. seeompanied by Oh. ad y of
President sleet, way be =peeled la Wash.
hose by die odd& et tie men* Ineelb.
sad hat Gem Taylor bbeime iamb es be
Weabi•oes by de SOUL