Newspaper Page Text
H. H. FM.A.ZIER, Publisher.
DR. C. J. DRLNKER,
rpIiTBTCYAN Nfl STIRGEON, Ilootwee. Ps. nffice 10111
Ur. C.se over W. J &S. eIL Multortreestore, roNlcAmeone
ito/.fen•e io,..ph 1, , u n a,„ .
1)R E. L. BLAKESLEE,
y)FTY.Str I &It AND Stalin • loostad
I q .na u-ty, la - 111 wad p'. minty to all =lt
Le may oa •yored. Witco at L.M. Ualdsmaa
, ‘mordYu. Jury ID, lota.—pt,
Da. E. L. GARDNER,
pIITSIMAB 4.17 D SUMMON, Iktoataatel,Ps. Otka oaar
tr•hh . .Stnre. Board siftestlera Liottl.
MotLm.. June 44 aus—it
GROVES I REYNOLDS,
VAKIIIONARLIS SAILORS. Eio a OrftniUrea '
Mic ♦•• arts.
Ilortrns, Jurre 1f65.
Du. CHARLES DECKER,
fIi , ICIA.N ♦'NY eUnfl Co N. Les.ne locuttel himself at
le. B ,l squehmina County. Pa_ snit et.end si/ the
ptf.eur, sfhleh he may 'lse. wed prwohlutholhalatlsatioil.
Chh, h, re h1.3.c hear °r.h,he fr..a
Ihrch•rdrille..6o.uq. Pa M. ISMS —if.
VOL Otinntß, Cloth Dream., end %Sterol . ..tore; at the old
I eland thoent as Sunth'a Oanltai l4c tame. Terms made
r,Dowp .hoe the work Is hrOught,
J comp. tlerrh SO, 1h63.
• D. G. Z DIMOCK,
PFIThICIA.N an SIJR:7EON. MONTROSE. Pa. OM. on
• .treat. ooptaatte aartnurnax 01 Boazde
,e , r(e's Rxrl.
I.l..pt.nnen, Febratry 6t4 .180.-.171)
C. M. CRANDALL,
11" ANUFACTIMER of Llnen.whoela, Wool .beck.
ac. &e. Wood torah:kg clone In order, and
r Lot. unt.akirnanner. 'tuning Slurp and Wheal Facto:yin:Say - 1W
rt. dry lltul/d‘na, wales.
mow core, January 8044 1.5r4.41
B. 8. BENTLEY, JR., NOTARY PUBLIC,
MOP , T Otrid.
adk0 4, .. 41 4nd00t of Deeds. Montana, ad, for .y
maul th the Milted Stat. Pens., V.rbers .4 Par Cr,
14.4.Irdded Wore Idto do 001, require the c.a.. of the
c,c. of the Court,t oo Ju, 9, IBM
Da. E. L. HAND RICK,
PIO3IOLI 811111.0.E.0.N, reepectfulle toode amity.te
U Ones/ eervicem to the dUzteta of Fsrlexteevale aed Of.
tc the otice of De. Leart. Boar& et J. nortforCra.
R. W. SMITH,
7TORNST .t oomexu,on AT LAW azA Lionsed Man
ta. tan! Oake over Lcs's
otuttuolanna Depot Jotott.rs O. 1864.
D ULU. La Staple sad ratio Dry Doodn,Onockery,BArellaure
au, 0N , 16 Drag; Dila and Piga. Boars anciSborA tiatt
run. Buffalo koMa, Groceries, Provialous. Ac,
New Ilford, Pt, April 11. 1661.-It
S. H. SAYRE BROTHERS,
31,,,,F (11118111 a I.lllKlastinga Castlno of all kind
~vrk, Tin and Sheet troll Ware. Apieultaral trtplement•
•r Deal , rs In Dry Gooda,Oroccrien„ Crockery. &o.
7nlrose, Pa, February
FElms ANT LIFT IhISITRAZICE AGENT. Offet L.
ow. ouLalarg.oan .d of Britt Hkek. In by atoeura bar'
tiro up , “efice grill nehaneacted by C. L. BIOWiI.
Ilartroor. February I. 11454.—al
J. a O IL, M. D.,
ryome.,PATRIC PISTMICLeaI, has permanently local.
I,:raaw_lf fn Montrnee, Pa, ...bete be *III prottylly attend t.
r” hre prrnfeueior,erlih .4hfcb be tlity be ravvred. Ofte.
lie,deitCP R.lll of the Court Rouse, near &male"
V Fehuary I, 1864 -Oct.= 1861.
A. 0. W.MIREN,
4 TT IRNEY AT Llt W, BOUNTY. BACK PAY and PLY.
:A n 1 CLAIM AGENT. AU Peradon Uinta, carefully pr
wed o'bet In room formerly oecnbled by D. Vali, P
R -- fe helm. r,,,,ie• • Rob r l
tn , sd, Tn.. Feb. 1, :1361.-febl7yl 1948.
LEWIS KIRBY & R. BACON,
d6f . ourently on thud o full enroll. of every ysriety
IVol , Blllßiu and CONI r SeT/ONXBI ES, By strict orter
uod ruhrecoolo d.-a. they hope to merit the 'then
-no, the ou,ir en OYSTER and EATING ShLOPPN 1.
rd to Lee rirnory where lalvileee in neuron, are nerved In ty
c . rl, or Loe rare. verbs public demand. Remember rte plea.
~ 4 .1 Mott , roceru shold. on Maio street, blob," the Postofflee.
,o—oe \+u 220.127.116.11--mehri,6B—tf
DR. CALVIN C. HALSEY,
DISTSIvIAN AND qUEGEAJII, AND EXAMINING SUE
K , .'S !or I'ENMONERS. °Mee over cne ...re of J.L9.-
?Wthc Ave Los Boards at Mr. ELbecldsts's.
I.l,tarn.r. Irtnber. 19.511.4 f
A TTOttli IL 1r ILT LA W, azttlPenten, Witt", and Bach Pap
ti r,r Bend, Suehanna Connty. Pa.
ores, Aarazt 10,1 usq .08.-1 y
BOYD & WEBSTER,
iIEA.LEILE to Stove. Stove Pipe. TIE, Copper, and Spa
Cf.:, also. Window Sash. Panel noose Windos
L. Pots Lutober,_stol
al lunds of Dethlluu Mated&le
•h , ; , tooth of -trade's HoteL sad Carpenter Shop ow tts
ntersons. Pa.. January i , 1864.-tf
Dn. WILLIAM W. SMITH,
3I'RGEOI9 LrICNT/S2. Office enth Booth:.
item Zee: O W( 6 =r & Co. 6.11 opernuou
v....-mr,a Remember, otßee fonU) , trEt. blettroinOt Yl* aor
Hotram, Isnobry 1, 1864.—.tt
R. J. ROGERS,
1r forjFacri,FCCß of el de_wriptio. ofWAG
bibiIIAGEIS. SLE/GH3. lb theiiirO!!;? . .
w wboabandip dor the beta matortolb,
of E. U. ROGERS. • row rod,
...b.., tp,tal to ttnottnot. Where be 11411 be happy to n
Mils of all wbo want saything. In do no*.
11'...,..crrne. loot 1,18113.-tf
DR. JOHN W. COBB
Prsim 87E0 EON. Atope=ttulty tender. Ms oervice ,
L tne cittsens of mosonetanrto County. He will o overroeb
be ..art eel ciA mdlral tr,ozneLt of Olsm.eso' for
an 2 Kar. 'm C 61,14 tat reialve to loorami open4lott.
ut mt, J R 6 0 M.iro , a'A Su re.
o Maple rreet. auC of J A.. r artell ' s Hotel.
song. County. Po_ J one 29..1883.-tr
BALDWIN & ALLEN,
teLtr.dd lu FLAILIti, bolt, Port, Pith, Lard. Grain, Pen
Clneee sod Thnoetir Reed. Alto OW/CZ/LID.
S . teura tlolaseee. byruur, Tea and Coffee. Waft side o
4,enze. door I.elo. acherldice
DR. G. W. BEACH,
I:PTYLICIAN &ND , Ctifai BUN, [teeing permanently !nata
l:lself o Brooklyn rlentor. Ye_ Louden hi. profekelonal
Le o , to n/
'kr citicons of Sneqn.hinna Oreitall.co term. corn__
toe Malec ocr.uplee the ofeee of th e tale DT, B. Luau,
woo. sae no lo& kt Sirs. Klehardzon's.
Brooklen Cont., Pa_ Nap 0.1814..1,
F. B. WEABB,
01.../10T1CALL HOOT £ND SHOE. .ISAK.F.B.. also Mtge? 1,
ll Sw,ts. Shoes. Leathex.sed Shoe nadinen. itermirtue don'
°Wham nod alepeteb. Two doors fibber. Searle's Hotel.
ii.nicroee..rsapy L. /864.tf
WIL & WM. a JESSUP,
A ITORNETS AT W, Murarogre, P. Pawnee In fiaego•
La.tunny Bradford. Wayne. Wyoming sad lamense Cauntla
Montrose. Ps., Jammry ln, 11361.
Er lETHICTTuRNET AND ATIVDNEY .1.7 LAW.-
office over the Store f mmedy occupied by Post Brotherb
Montrose, Pl...uman. 1. 1860.
J. LYONS & SON,
DcaLCISS tN Lida GULILIS. cirocertea.C'sontery. liardwar
Tinware, 'Roulet, `dnindcOns, Pianos, and an kinds of Nna
al I astrumenen. Sheet V unit. tc. also cats) on the look
lnq btalness In all ha branchsa. J. stun.
Sienese.. January 1, 1814. T. t. LTO3II
flk CALEB. IN DRUGS. qEDIMPI ellEld/OALA.
Palate, Olt, °Sagan. Vartinats, Wladose Glass,
-ors. Orwasrles.Grockary. Glassware, Wall-Paper, Jpw.
.7. ' rnary Goods, Pollan, ,ery Sareical Mammals. Trust
es. Bunke Brushes. kr...-..snwl Agent for all of tbe local pop
Wedielnes. Montrose,. January
C. 0. FoR.pitAm,
nvai - ow&W.Agntgii`d'.s.E:g=rl
r. and teinalrine done neatly. Work done arllen prom.
rd. lioutrose. AMU 2. /861-0
CHARLES N. STODDAHD4
nr.ALEE. to BOUTS & 5110E0. Leutber and Plod
tngs, on Slain at. Wed door below varlet note.tmet
s• . E. Work =vie to order. and repairing done
Mantras,. Ps_ iteeenabet IR. 1860.
TTORNEY AT.LAIN. erine tilt pY LUlam J Totran.
1 ~o p-tte tierlep IMI . P..alen.and Ittnad7 COMA, mr.ful•
I , Dr , Wed. Corteevons oromply made- -
I:IL:aro*, Ploy. 21. 0f64.
B. R. LYONS & CO
n eei,ean luDl 0i0)1125, USol.llfal za. UnOTS,RHOEb
Lawmwruatten, Carwde. Oil Cloths, Wall and Window 1
Points. Uthi. etc More on toe cut aide CSPDbIiC &venue.
Z. D. Lifate
W 001... January 1884.tt
nzikLEISI IN DRY ^, JODII,, Deem lit — tßeitiee:itanta.
Oretertee. Jeer-Item Do, Clock". Wattles, Jew
Irv. 'hirer 4 e.eons. Yeeiumer7, &O n Drick Btxk. 4l oJyypac.
.r. earn . a , 1111.03711 S.
Rontrote. Jae.twry 1, O:PCIVaa
WILLIAM W. slam,
cAmsar AND Off-ent lif-ANtr
-4-7--'l4; adorer, - Keeps dental:4,V Go hand all
dada oflfeararr - Ftraarrttro, or fur
rated at shod odic, Shop awl ; Ware Rooms foot af *lda SI
klootras. Ps.. Sputa a. irse.4l,
rinzante wt, iritarprifitn,,,g.
^-• e 1 ,
: •.- .
- i ss ‘lk
= • •
TEE WATCH AT THE SEPULCHRE.
From east to weqt I've matched beneath the eagles;
From Pocket unto Gaul,
Kept many a watch, on which, by death aturounded,
I've seen each comrade fall,
Fear! I could laugh until those rocks re-echoed,
To think that I should fear—.
Who have met death lo every form uuehriaklng
To watch this dead man here.
In Daclan forests, sitting by our watch-tire,
I've kept the wolves at bay;
Oa Rhetian Alps eseaped the ice MU hurling
Close where our legion lay.
On moonless nights, upon the sands of Libya,
I've sat with shleid Ann set
And heard the lion roar: In thin strong fore arm
The tiger's teeth have met.
I was star-gazing when be stole upon me,
Until I felt his breath,
And aawhislewel eyes gleaming: then lie seized me,
And Instant milt his
My weapon in his thick-veined neck I hi:Med,
My feet his warm blood dyed ;
And then I bound my wound, and till the morning
Lay couched upcnti his Bide.
Here, though the stars are veiled, the peaceful city
Iles at our feet asleep;
Round us the still more peaceful dead are lying
In slumber yet more deep.
A low wind moaning glides along the olives
Till every blii-side sighs ;
But round us here the moaning seems to mender
And gather where Ile Lim
And through the darkness faint, rale eleams ere dy-
Teat touch this bill alone: [log
Whence these unearthly lights? and whence the
That move upon the stone? [shadows
If the Olympian Joieamoke in thunder,
His great. eyes I could meet ;
But hie, If once again they-looked upon me,
Would strike me to his feet.
He looked as if my biother hung there bleeding,
And put my sont to shame;
As Very mother with his eyes was pleading,
And pity kivercame,
But could not save Flo who in death was hanging
On the accented tree,
Was the doe at God? for so in dying
He seemed to die for me.
And all my pitiless deeds came op before me,
Gazed at me (tom his face:
What it he r.a-e again, and I should meet him!
How awful is this place!
One of the lucky ones in New York the other
day, was parting with his friend on Broadway,
who, as he shook him by the hand, insisted on
his company to dinner at the Fifth Avenue Ho
tel at half past Bolt
"Can't promise," said Petrolia, "I'm bound to
hay.. a spree to-day, fur I must return to Oil
" Well, be it so," said his friend "hut
don't Fpend all your money,"
"Spend all ,my money! ha ?" laughed the
young oil prince. - ' " Why, Charley, I made six
ty thousand cash on the last tract, and I hay,
only got five hundred dotlara In: my pocltet.
Spend all my money r' and the speculator
laughed again, and his friend shook his hand,
leaped into an omnibus that was passing up
Bissid way, and rode off.
What were his intention then; in regard to
the "spree" is unknown, but in the rapid luco ;
motion and expert dodging that in reneged of
a pedestrian in crossing from Barclay street
to the park, he came in sudden concus. , ion with
a rage and confused urchin, coming from the
ppoatte direction. the result of which was to
throw the latter violently into the mud and al
most beneath the wheels of a passing carriage.
Petroliadragged the ragamuffin from beneath
the horst feet, and placed him upon the side
"My money, oh I my money!" be:lowed the
little fellow piteously, as he wiped the smouchee
of mud fmm his face.
"Never mind your money, here's more," said
the oil man, but before be could suit the action
to the word, the youngster hud dashed out to
the paeement and secured fifteen cents in cur
rency that hellcat dropped; and returned to the
sidewalk, a smile of triumph on his tear stained
"I've got my money," said he, looking up at
'be oilman and holding up the mud-stained pa.
His money I The oil prince looked down on
the shivering little figure before him—a little
boy of scarce six years old, in a tattered dress
dint would have been scarcely sufficient for
M.v, but 11,1 protected him from the chilly air
Febrnary. No over carmen; a small faded
c7ttton shawl, tied abont the neck, was the only
.pparent effort that had been made fur extra
clothinc, no stockings, one little shoe which bad
come otf in the fail, was erasped in one hand.
•nd the - bare foot, red with chilblains resttd un
the damp pavement
His money I As the speculator looked down
o the shivering little wretch before him, a sud
len thought seemed to strike him. "Come,'
he, "I'll buy you. a new pair of shoes.' The
little fellotv . s black eyes twinkled as a carriage
was hailed and lie was taken into it by his new
• . •
Hallo, there!" said the driver, as the amide
Climbed upon one of the handsomely lined seats,
"I can't stand this yer now!"
" Can't stand this?" said Petroleum, handing
a ten dollar greenback to the indignant whip.
"Just as often asyou like," was tins-reply,
where will yon be driven, sir?"
" Well, I rather guess a bath !sonic, will be
the beet place "
, replied the other, half musing.
Before be had hardly time to think of it the
carriage was rattling up Broadway, and finally
supped at csrtaln doors labeled "Barns--Banos
—Baths." Here the youngster was placed in
iharge of one of the assistants, fur a wash, who
soon returned to him saying to his plliNes
'Why, the boy is clean enough, sir; it's his
:lathes that's dirty."
"Bo it is; any boys' clothing store around
" Yes, sir," said the bath-keeper, pocketing a
tire dollar grernback, and brgetung to give
image. "just over here in Broadway, —'s em-
"Good! Drive to clothing emporium."
"A.nv boys' clothes to tit this boy ?" intid the
•peratur, ao he strode into the huge gore, on the
!.elves Of which were snits enough to clothe an
Army of boys, with his charge still clinging to
•• sir," said the clerk, looking curiously
it the urchin, "this way, sir." And in a Swink -
ing half a dozen different styles, at as many
I itteren t prices were shoWn. Suffice it to say that
he youngster was soon Ond,tu LID infinite delight,
n a warm. serviceable:suit,ilicluding even an
wercuat and cap, and was Man a bright. pretty
oohing vy, when his phitectorchanced to 'took
town arid discovered ills badly protected feet
which had firs attracted. his attention.
" Got any stockings?"
" At the other counter—hosiery department,
4r," said the polite clerk; and wee long warm
‘tockiugs, 'such as Filth Avenue mammas boy
t or their darlings for wittier wear, were shown.
, Petroleum didn't ask price, but , fitted
charge to a pair, and'ilireply to the salesman.
who wished to know if She would have an extra
pair fora change, Rah', !ISM /ht's have a dozen."
['hey were expeditiously done .up, and taking
them under his arm, be; preparad to leave the
store, when the salesman brought forward the
cost otimardrobe.of the youngster, tied up in
the cotton shawl thaflikd'enVeleped his back.
P NO matter about those," said Petroleum,
"Oh, no—no I" urged the little fellow • "Mum
my's shawll lee ail shVe sto4-4.virant tizuggiy's
The shawl Wait acebtdinaly:taken; and on, the
way to the, shoe store, this - *cold blooded specu
lator" learned from' his 'Mae companion that
'mammy"' lived in , poor neighhorhood a a
tenement bower that there Was a- little sister
.telto had, been sick a long dine, so that mammy
couldn't 'work:that herlarge shawl was pawned,
and the little One was all that mullet ; • drattlietif
teen cents wattle-Whole stock'of cacti od hUnd,
and that he had beea 4listestetto) to buy ; @ pate
THE CE 11717810211
A PETROLEUM SPREE,
" Freedom and Right against Slavery and Wrong."...
MONTROSE, SITSQ. CO., PA., TUMSDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1865.
came over him that mammy would think he
"Never you mind; we will go and see mam
my soon. Drive to a dry goods shop, driver."
It does not take long for a man to buy dry
goods when he simply states what he wants,
and pays the money without cavil respecting
the price. So, when "a good warm shah I" was
ordered, it was tossed into the carriage, and the
change from a fifty dollar greenback returned,
without the purchaser leaving his seat,
" Where next?' said the now obsequious hack
"Let me see," mused the Petrolean. "I guess
we'll spend the fifteen cents for meal Drive to
a tip top grocery and provision store."
The carriage stopped opposite an establish
ment in that line, looking, with its plate glass
windows, many counters, and clean floor, almost
too nice a place for such articles/ as sugar, butter,
tiour and molasses.
"Got any good tea?"
"C'artaitily; prime article, air," said the grocer,
displaying a sample, "a dollar and sixty cents a
" Yes, well, I'll take a chest."
" Sir ?"
"I'll take a chest. "Got any flour?"
"Yes, sir, very nice article," said the grocer,
fifteen dollars a barrel, eight: dollars a half bar
"I'll take a barrel."
"Mt right, air," said the grocer briskly, seeing
that his customer was not a man who did things
by halves, " anything else, sir r
"Yea; got any sugar? „
"Yes, sir; prime coffee crushed, twenty-five
cents a pound.'
" All right, put in a barrel of that. Now how
much is your hill ?"
"Let me see—tea sixty-four, flour fifteen, sugar
sixty-one, is one hundred and forty for the
The purchaser took out three fitly dollar
greenbacks; "its a pity to break them, said he
lookingabi•ut for something, else, when he Llt
hi=coat tail khrugged, and his little port xe who
had followed him Into the store said, "do lake
me home, for its most dark and mummy's
amtny sick," the suggestion decided the
fate of the ten dollars. "trot any prime old
"Yes, Bif, excellent article, 1820, worth ten
" Well, put in a bottle' of that for the other
" Thank you, sir, where shall we send the
"Yon needn't send them, I will take them
" z , tr," said the grocer opening his eyes 'with
" 11l take them with me," said the purchaser.
you see that carriage at the door—well,
hoist the flour upon the driver's seat, strap the
sugar on behind, and pot the chest of tea Minde—
n! take the wine in my pocket."
It is human nature to be suriirised at unusual
proceedings, but nowhere is busineas conducted
on the ask no question style as much as In New
York. A purchaser might buy ten barrels of
whiskey—and after paying for it, request the
seller to pour it Into the gutter and It would he
done almost without a question; whereas in
Boston, a - fierce discusion, and prohatity actual
refusal would be the result. So, therefore, the
worthy :mere...lima bade his men lift the merchan
dise to the position required by the purchaser
and hastened to watt on soother customer.
but trc-re, pe+ek,•t thin. and 1...nd a
hand there," said Petroleum."
The driver's fingers closed over a ten dollar
greenback, and in five minutes more the article
were hoisted to their places, and he with leg!.
over the flour barrel, was driving his team at a
rapid pace for the lower part of the city.
The unwonted sight of a handsome carriage
with a flour barrel in front and a sugar barrel
behind, at the door of a tenement house
in a cheap neighborhood, natnraly et racted
much attention, and it wa- not difficult to
obtain a couple of stout fellows to e, a , r „
ry up the barrels and the tea eimat to the
widow's room for a dollar each. Ile ascended,
following his little guide, and found the mother
pale and anxious at the prolonged absence of
her boy and with care and watching fur the sick
What nerd is there of telling the old story so
familiar? That with the loss of husband and
support, there in New r..rit, far from home,
came poverty, sickness and &stress, and there
the last penny was expended.
Petroleum listened, while the little fellow
whose acquaintance he had made, capered
about or strutted to and fro, in his new clothrs
—but he was on a spree, he couldn't wait. The
widow's thanks—he laid down a geenback
She solicited his name; he handed her out a
Gilded paper and left the house. The foldrd
paper was another paper for a hundred dollars
"Drive to the Fifth Avenue Hotel, driver, or I
shall be late to dinner."
Away spun the carriage, and its occupants in
a quarter of an hour mure dismounted at the
" There's your tare, driver"—another ten.
"Thank ye, sir! Gl.al to driv" you again,
sir," said coachy; which wish, considering h r
had been pai I at the rate of ten dollars an hour,
was not at all remarkable.
Petroleum' met the-friend he had parted with
a ka , hours perions just as be going to din
ner. "eh t" said the lamer, "baek already."
" Yes —all ready for dinner. Hid a gtorio , t,
spreel—spent four hundred and fifty dollars in
" Disgusting!" said a fashionably dressed la
dy, who overheard the last remark, to her cum
panion, as they swept past arrayed in all their
When, however, we learned the story, as it
was learned by our informant from the littl.
fellow, who sought out his benefactor Bono
days afiersvards by means of the hack driver
whom be hunted up near the Park, and the
poor little fellow wept bitterly in the hall of the
great hotel that the oil prince was not there,
and was sent home in a carriage, with the pet
Guinea piir he had broug.tit as a present, we
were also inclined to say, what a glorious spree.
Mrlt has been decided lately that a. bo . ‘
fonud on a man's door-step, may nut necessarily
be . his step.arm.
A dissatisfied tax-pryer characterizes the rev
enue laws as au imposition, and the the assessors
"31a0.ma," said a lad of six, if a man is a
mister, is a woman a mystery? We rather vies- ,
she is, sonny.
Tnat was a smart youngster who, hearing his
mother remark that' she was fond of mu4e,
exclaimed "Then why don't uoy buy me a
A rural contributor says he has enlarged his
establishment, and now keeps a head of oxei,,
a head of men, several herds of cabbage, while
he Is trying to keep a head of the times.
A cuuntry exchange says: "In the piece on
our fourth page, entitled, "W. must not lag
behind," instead of the line, "That moulds its
dirty shirt," please read, "That w.aild Its duty
: A cOnntrymiin going Into on Probate office,
where the wills are kept in huge vorumes on
the shfives asked if they were all Bibles. "No,
sir," replied one of the clerks, "they are testa
Bit , 1301 e Roche, In one of the debates on the
questions of the-Irish Colon, made a speech in
favor of it which he c.nabluded by sayina, " That
it would change the barren hil4 into fruitfuf ad
On:titer quoting John Locke, that a blind
man took his idea or wade' from the sound of a
trumpet, a witty felloW says-that a hoop skirt
hnuipug out of a Shop door reminds him of the
peel of a belle.
• farFrip.nd, imitate the Pxample of the tool.
motive. Re runs along% winsales over his work,
and yet never takes anything but water to wet
Ids whistle with.
'From- the time consumed by ladies , hi
4 ' dying hp their hair," It evhimitothai .1.,
V111 . 3111111.10 4 .'140/unbdtimintsa . .
FROM THE RIO GRANDE
Special Correspondence of the Pittsburyh Commer.
WesinwaToN, D. C„ i
Sepuauber 30th, 1805. c
As the Monroe Doctrine is still a live topic,
and as some of the C. mmereinfs readers may
like to hear from our troops in Texas, and how
the question of Imperialism versus Republican
ism in Mexico looks to them, I send to you the
following extracts from a private letter from
Lieutenant Colonel Burritt, dated Ringgold Bar
racks, Texas, August 28th. Ringgold Barracks
was a military post li. fore the war. It is one
hundred and twenty miles above Brownsville,
and one hundred and 80y miles from Brazos, nt
the mouth of the Rio Grande. A division of the
Twenty-Fifth corps is now stationed there.
From Brownsville we came threneb la sev
en day., without resting. The revetile was
sounded every morning a. half-past one, and we
marched at three—an sour and n half before
daylight, At eight or nine—sometimeslater, if
there wax no water on th, road, we halted, rest
ed, and sometimes slept till tour or Ave in the
afternoon, then marched till ae reached water
strain, usually till eight or nine in the evening,
The route, for the most part, was extremely
uninteresting. Its principal charm wits nove/-
ty—that it was in every feature unlike anything
we had ever seen before—and that soon ceased
to be a charm. We wire near and in sight of
General Taylor's battle-ground of Palo Aito,riod
encamped one night on that of Reatca de la Pal.
ma. At first coming froni the treeless desert of
Bruzos, the sight of anything green was pleas
ing to the eye ; but at length the endless chap
parel became wearisome Imagine to yourself
a growth of thorn hushes, and stunted trees and
prickly pears mingled together, every tree and
brush armed with thorns, and some of them ex
hibiting a fiendish ingenuity of torture; imag
ine this growth spread over the whole face of
the country, in many places so demo as to be
absolutely impenetrable; not high enough to af
ford a shade, and so C.10,e« as to shut out ev( ry
breath of air, and closing in like a wall on both
sides of a narrow, dusty road, where the son's
rays fall with a furnace heat, anti the air of the
scorching lands is like that of au oven. This
was the character of much of the chapparal we
passed through, especially below and about
Brownsville. As we ascended the river, the
land became higher and more rolling, and the
chanparal more open. In some places, particu•
larly in tsgtonis that are overtl owed at high
water, and around the margins of the lakes and
water-boles where our mid-day halts were usu
ally made, it assumes a different character al
together. The trees become taller— more like
trees and less like bushes—the undergrowth dis
appears and is replaced by a luxuriant green
sward, fit for a moonlight dance of the fairies;
and from being monotonous and unattractive.
the scenery suddenly heoimes rarely picturesque
and beautiful. Some of our mid4lov halts on
the banks of placid wood ernhosomed takes, were
perfectly charming; the more so Coming after
hot and dusty (narehes, perhaps fur many miles
on a road without water.
The scarcity of water Is a great inconvenience
in marching here. The great question is, *How
far to water!" and everything is arranged with
a view to it. Our march was made at a fortu
nate time, shortly after a freshet., when all the
lakes (which are nothing but clay basins where
were all full, and we experienced but little_trou
hle. But there are no creeks or springs as in
the North, and it is nothing unusual to hear of
stretches of roads twenty or thirty and even for
ty miles without water.
Save a few insi.mificant villages, there are lan
few inhabitants on the Texas side in this region.
I believe the Mexican tide is more thickly set
tled ; there are, at least, several towns of some
pretensions along the river. What Inhabitants
Mere are, are mostly natives, known as "Gress
i•rs," "Daps," atc. They are very dark com
plexioned—but a shade lighter than the negro,
in fact, many of them, show tionliattkahle signs
of Indian descent, and indeed there are none of
'hem if pure Spanish descent. They speak only
Mexican, and are a thieving, treacherous, con
Our present station is, I think, on the whole,
the pleasantest place I have seen in Texas. Our
camp faces to the Northwest, with the left rest
ing on the bank of the Rio Grande, the head•
quarters on a slight knoll, not more than
stone's throw from the river Beyond the camp
a little way are the old barracks, somewhat di
lapidated now, hut showing how well everybody
was provided for in those days. They are now
occupied by division headquarters. About a
mile no the river is the little village of Rio
Grande City. and ace"-si and about five unms
back is the Mexican city of Comargo, which has
several thousand inhabitants
The pincral aspect of the country ahont here
is very slightly rolling. A range of low gravel
'ails extend armind the north and ens', at the
'stance of two or three miles, bounding the
view on that side, and slightly varying the Len
-cal monotony of the landscape, and far to the
.vest, distant from sixty to eighty miles, when
the air is clear, can be seen the rugged peaks of
the Serabba mountains (a spur of the Sierra Ma
dre chain) like a sharply muss of blue clouds
piled up. in the horizon.
On other must important leature remains to
he noticed —"the Great river of the north," as
the grandihiquent Spaniards somewhat ridien
loindy named the narro tv,inuddv,crooked stream
that bounds the dominions of Cncle Baru in tits
direction_ I had expected to see a large and
noble river, and was consequently much disap
pointed. Where I first saw it, at its mouth, it
in about as wide as the Itappahawxik at Freder
icksburg; here it is probably a couple of bun
ked yards wide, but the current is very swift,
and it discharges into the s ea a great deal of wa
ter. It is only navigable , as tar as Roma, and
most of the season as far as here. It is estimat
ed that five per cent. of Its volume is solid mat
ter—in short, mul. Neetrilieles.a, it is our sole
',uppers, and we use it for all purposes—drink
ing, cooking, washing—first settling it:--aud
consider it a very superior article. A morning
bath is very invigorating, as I can testify, and,
sltbough it looks contrary to reason, I am in
clined to think it promotes cleanliness, or, at
toast, that one is no dirtier after than before the
Two indispensible requisites to a comfortable
existence here are shade and breeze. The first
we secure by arbors of tottquit (pronounced
,nea.ked,) the principal and almost the only tree
in this region. it is not very good, a mere
crooked, scrubby bush—not a quarter as good
as pine or cedar, but it does, Tne breeze - here
is not quite as cooling as that at Brawls; occa
atonally picks up from some treeless waste of
sand a blest like the sirocco, hot and suffocating,
and dashes it into your face; but without it I
don't know how we should live here. It has
some disadvantages, however; it occasionally
blows too hard and keeps the air full of dust,
and sometimes raises perfect clouds that cover
and hide the camp and everything beyond as
with a curtain.
The insects and reptiles of Texas deserve es
-pedal attention. If you ever come to Texas,
shalke out your clothes in the morning benne
putting them on, to effect any scorpions that
may have taken tip their residence in their own
right. Examine well your boobs to see that no
itwantula has commenced a neat in them; and
look 'sharp before putting your bare foot on the
ground, lest von step on some wandering tarsi:t
oils or centipede and bring yourself to grief
Rattlesnakes also abound, and of fearful size and
renown. The regiment killed one on the hist
.day's march fuitsix feet long; nud I have heard
of them nine feet. Mug. Then there lathe horn
ed toad—a very curious, nundesccipt little ani
mal—and there are chameleons, swifts, and liz
Of the anneals not much is to be said. , Deer
and rabbits abound at no great distance. We
promise ourselves venison when the season
I comes ; and we have a pioneer del died to shoot
rabbits for the headquarters men, -The tiavorof
rabbits St this season. howeyer, is not especially
0,1.1131143 g, and we have.qiilatly eoff,etod the pote.
*in ON% .•34 11411 !It4l
?, 7 , • ' '
cellent as to leave little desired in the way of
meats. Packs of wolves occasionally come near
the camp and make night hideous with their
barking and howling. The men are afraid of
them, and many a miserable straggler on the
march, lam sure, hurried his fitiggiog footsteps
Inward the camp as night drew near, impelled
by fear of wolves. You may be sure we were at
no pains to disabuse their minds by telling them
of the cowardly nature of the animal.
Major, and myself, yesterday
paid a visit to Cur:largo. I have not time fur a
description of the town; for that. I must refer
you to diacriptions of Mexican towns in general,
in certain of Capt. Mayne Reid's novels I can
say, however, that there is nothing picturesque,
or imposing, or beautiful in its appearance - it is
only strange and noveL The houses are most
ly only one story high, with flat roof; are built
of adobes or bricks; and the streets are narrow,
and ankle deep with sand.
There is a sort of gathering of the clans at Co.
margo; a convocation of the liberal chieftains;
each one,wlth a wide lookout against the chance
of assaesmation, attended by his partisans. Be
ing anxious to see what they looked like, and to
learn all we could of their numbers. prospects,
etc , we called neon Brigadier General Espinosa.
the highest officer in town just then, though
Cortina, and Escobado had both been there
that day. We were received with great empress
ement., and yet very cordially; the General tine
embracing and then shaking hands with each
in turn, and expressing through an interpreter
(scarcely any of them know any English) the
extreme pleasure which our visit gave him.—
Then we were introduced to halt a dozen or
more colonels, commandantes, and majors, after
which we exchanged compliments through in
terpreters, expressing our pleasure at meeting
them and the interest with which their contest
was viewed in the United States. It was very
novel and interesting; and Col. A., who is some
times a good deal of a wag, could not resist the
temptation to pull an occasional long bow two
or three times in the course of the evening. We
drank each other's health in Ms.val, a Mexican
liquor made from the American aloe, and a vii-
!minims, fiery compound, more like concentiated
chain lighting than anything else I can imagine.
Finally we had music—some of it exceedingly
beautiful—from a band, or orchestra, from Es
mbado's command, consisting of a earionet,
flute, cornet a piston, bass horn, harn, and guitar.
I noted particularly, than which I have beard
nothing finer for a long time—the Mexican na
al air, which they sang with great spirit, and
Samgosaa'a hymn, which the band rendered in a
style that would have done little discredit to
At about midnight we exchanged another vol
ley of compliments and good wishes; drank
more toasts, (or made believe to drink, for one
gulp of their villainous beverage taught us the
wisdom of dissimulation, and after that we only
dared to wet the ends of our mustaches in it ;)
embraced and shook hands again at least one*
around (I wouldn't like to say how many time*
I was hugged in the course of the evening, for I
do not wish to overtask your credulity;) and
took nor leave.
That night we spent in an ancient nunnery,
now used by an American merchant as a stor,
and residence. Onr beds were made under an
open veranda, the roof of which is supported in
stone pillars and arches of great antiquity. anti
immediately over the resting place of priest,.
and nuns. who died there long ago. But no un
quiet ghost, whether of gowned friar or white
tripled nun, disturbed the sweet,unbroken sound
I have described though very poorly and faint
ly our interview with a party of Liberals; bu
yout introduction to them would not be eons
plete without some description of their appear
ance. Most of E , pinosa's party were fine look
ing fellows; though cone of them would dn, in
costume, bearing, etc., for admirably got up tra
ditional stage bandits; some almost as dark as
negroes. The former are of pure Spanish de
scent, of unmixed "Castilian blood;" the other
af mixed descent, and some, especially in th,
ranks, probably or nearly quite pure Indian.—
Espinosa is of mixed descent, about thirty year
old, dark complexion, short and thick set.
countenance is rather pleasing, and he is said h
be a great fighter, he told me he had heel
wounded in battle twelve times, and a tolerahl,
respectable man—that is, something more of.
patriot and less of a highway robber than mos
of the Liberals in this section. Eseahadn's com
mand—to which he belongs and which he corn
mends during the absence of that.ofileer on e
visit to Gena Weitzel and Steele at Brownsville.
is totally distinct from that of Cortina; and has
the reputation of being seperior to it in charact
er and respectability: ortinas, from all ac
counts that I have heard, is simply a highway
man and cut-throat on a large scale, and his
head, which is said to number about three hun
dred, though %MEW say six hundred, has the rep
station of being a mere gang of desperadoes and
robbers. It is certain that there is not much ar
curity for life and property in that part of meet
co which is held by the Liberals near here—the'
is by Corti:ma's party ; for Escebado's men or,
more from the interior, and have only recenii:,
arrived here. It is further certain that he hie
been guilty nt great crimes in and against de
United States; and in 1859 he was actual',
hunted as a felon by Ueited Slates troops, for
some high-handed robberies and murders cvm
mitted by him, and a reward of twenty -fly.
hundred dollars was offered fur his capture.—
Be had confined his operations to the Mexiene
side of the river, lent when that became too bo
to hold him he slipped over on this aide and
piled his calling here. His headquarters are CM
this aide now, at his mother's rendre, nine miler
above Brownsville. Citizens here express great
astonishment that such a notorious robber and
outlaw should be recognized by the military au
thorities' as a leader of the Liberals; and espec
ially that he should he allowed to remain and
earry on his warfare from this side of the river.
It is even said that there are several hundred
indictments against him in the different vanities
along the river for robberies and murders which
he committed within the limits of the United
States; yet he has his headquarters and an arm
ed force on this aide, and gots across into Mex
ico to fißbt or rob whenever he pleases.
From this ft will be seen that I have no vet)
sanguine hopes fur the Liberal cause,
and the es
tahlistment of a firm and healthy Republic
Mexico. I Republic, being of the people, i 4 on
ly possible where the people have attained a
certain degree of intelligence and civilization,
which the Mexicans as a people have not. The
Liberal force in eastern Mexico, excluding that
of (lonian, is probably about fifteen hundred.—
They are poorly disciplined and poorly armed;
subsist principally off the country, and carry on
a guerrilla warfare, dashing upon small bodies
of imperialists, capturing trains, etc., but sc.tree
ly ever fighting anything like a regular battle.
They had a fight last week, I helleve,oul toward
Monterey, and claim that they won a complete
victory They say that among the prisoners
they took were a number of ex-confederate of
Four of these ex-rebels, General Parsons,
Colonel Standish, and two others whose names 1
was unable to learn, were hung by . the guerrilla
piny which captured them for trying to escape.
Rather a new reading of the laws of war that, I
gunk. They say their cause is gaining strength,
and encourage themselves like Micawber, with
the hope that sometning will turn up.
Cortina( is said to be wire-pulling to be com
mander-in-thief of the Liberal forces; but they
do hot trust him. They say they do not know
whether he is on their side or nu the side of the
Imrialists; and the truth probably is that be
is for pe the side where there is the best chance for
plunder. Since onr occupation, he has confined
his peculiar attentions mostly to the Imperial
ists, hoping thereby , to gain the reputation' with
us of a Liberal leader.
The Monroe doctrine may be all very Well
hut if it means that United States must he sad.
died with the responsibility of the proper gov,
erntientof every race and every petty State op.-
nu the American continent, I am opposed to U.
European influence in America le undoubtedly
to lo deprecated. But why , ? Simply because
it represents a state of civilization, or political
progress less than that which_ we hope to see
prevail. But if the other races on the continent
are so far' behind us in civilization and eraighs.
.'" . ttORMRSOPICO CM9 1 4 1 . 000 1* Mee
unfit for them, what then 1' Shall we take them
in charge, under our wing, as it were, end edde
eate theta op to the point of self government t
It would be little better than national suicide.
We cannot govern them as pmvinres ; it is con
trary to every principle, to the very spirit of our
institutions. We ought not to incorporate then)
with us; for if they areas:lP for self govenament•
their infillelle, upon the national legislation in
Congress would be likely to he bad, and they
would be at best, a heavy dead weight upon our
own pregresa„ and, even if they are lit for self
government, They are so different from 1213 in inn—
gauge. manners, religion and institutions, that
annexation would but add another and power
ful element of discord to the too many we have
From all that I can learn, -Maximilian has
give the Mexicans a better government than
they were ever able to give themselves. Wher
ever his authority extends, there Is security for
been the case among themielvesfor many veara ,
property, at least;. and that has lieldoM,
Many Mexicans, especially amo ng the higher
classes—some even in Comargo—fully appreciate
this fact, and accordingly support the Imperial
Government. I should like to see a firm and
strong, a just and liberal Mexican Republic re
place the Empire; and if the Mexicans can
achieve it, or are worthy to achieve it, I bid
them Gal speed, with all my heart. Rot be
tween governing it ourselves and letting Maxi•
militia govern It, I prefer the latter. It seems
to me that intervention in Mexico would almost
inevitably lead to annexation, and that I should
consider a grievous national calamity— In lad,
almost the worst thing that could happen to us
Jest at present.
Reconstruction, harmonizing the discordant
elements that will else retard our progrestoward
a higher and purer civilization, re-establishing
the government upon thoroughly e.nniut princi.
riles, will give us our hands full of work for s
good while to come_ And lam the more nnx
[nun to avoid burdening ourselves with anything
else, for that I fear the reconstruction is being
sadly botched, done nil wicrly, In too much hur
ry, and upon unsound principles,. It Peeing that
political power in the rebel states is still going
to remain in the hands of the men who caused
lhe rebellion, and who, though conquered, are
unrepentant, unconverted, ana as much enemies
in principle as ever, and doubly bitter from the
mart of defeat.
We have fought four years to overthrow the
Principles of inequality of human rights; wc
have poured out Mood like water and money
without stint, and filled thousand of homes with
de. , olation ; and yet, when at last our hard won
triumph seems complete, we deliberately go to
work and throw away the fruits, and render all
our labor vain. There Is one safeguard sgaing
the evil I fear: it is manhood suffrage. That
way lies safety and honor; the other, certain
difficulty and possible destruction.
CITY va. 001111 TRY LIFE.
Cory Olianns of the Brooklyn Eagle, gives
his experience of the felicities of country life.
The loeslity is somewhere In New Jersey:
The place is a lovely spot but wants improv
mg. The sidewalks aro not 11:igged, and there an
un street lamps.
No Ice cream saloons, no lager, no aldermen
ir any of the luxuries of city life.
But there is a treat deal of nature. The ns.
owe consists mostly of frees, rail fences, core
, tchln null isiaNcirtltrlPS. Particularly mosquitoes
Also dogs. Everybody In the country keep,
logs. They are animate of large pattern, not
particular about breed
They earn their bread by barking at cows,
'vines and strangers.
There is a picturesque village, composed of n
•aven and two blacksmith's shops. Being situated
on the hank of a canal, it may be regarded as
watering place. The graceful coal boatagentl,
-lade along nt the rate of two miles a week, re
binding you of Venice and gondolas
It much resembles Venice before Venice wa
Farming life, is very serene- Yon get up tr.
he middle of the night and milk rows and soli
vood for breakfast. You then hoe corn til;
meak fast is ready.
After breakfast you feed theliigs and hunt
Then hoe corn till dinner is ready.
By way of variety you then milk the cows and
feed the pigs.
The balance of the evening is spent in the
cheerful recreation of sparring with the mos
Then there's the gifts
Most of the farmers raise girls; they are use
ful to teed chickens and sit up with young men
in the best room on Sunday evening.
Country girla are nice.
If yon should want to get married at any
flue, Tll take you out to New Jersey and intro-
The Jersey girls wear waterfalla, exhibit a
, reference for male society, and are very fond of
W two you go courting, them, you must alwayp
'nke a pneket full of peanuts if you don't man
o bn considered mean.
Filopene hardness is very popular. The girls an
very expert at it I have just bought out a fane!,
, tore, and sent it an there by express, to square
my outstanding liabilitiea in that line.
'Otherwise, sitting up with country girls is
very refreshing.. Sitting with one arm round
tier waist with the other hand engaged in
iltitterting morqnitoes, while the tella you all
ibont the quilting party last winter, at Aunt
Ferushats; what tinily Ann Van Spoek wore'
when she was married to Josiah. Corododger
~ nd how many chickens they had. when tbey
commenced house keeping, is an enjoyment not
to be mettivith in town,
INGRATITUDE TO PARENTI3.—TheTO is a prov
erb that "a [ether can more easily maintain six
children, than six children one father." Luther
relates this story: There was once a father who
gave up everything to his children—his house,
his fields, his goods and expected for this the
children wodtd support him; hut Mier he had
peen sometime with hiseldeia son the latter grea
tired of him, and said to him, " Father I have
.itvi a son born to me this night, and there,
where your - arm chair stands, the cradle must
come; will you not, then, perhaps, go to my
brother, who has a large room ?" After he had
been some time with the second- son, he also
grew tired of him, and said, "Father, you like a
warm room, and that harts my head. WOht
you gp to my' rother, the baker?" The father
went, and after he had been some time with the
third son ho also found _him, troublesome, and
said to him, "Father, the People run in and out
here all day as if it was a pigeon -house, and you
cannot have your noonday) sleet); would you
not be better off at my sister Kate's near the
town wall ? The old man remarked to himself,
!'Yes, I . will do so; I will go and try-At with
ray daught"r." She grew weary of him, and
she was always so fearful when her father went
to church or_anywhere else, and was obliged
to deset nd the three steep stairs; and at her
sister Elizabeth'. there ware no stairs to de
acend; as she lived on the ground door. ror
the sake of peace' the old man assented, and
wentbi the oilier daughter; bit after some time
Abe too becumetired of him, and told him, by a,
third person, that her house near the water was'
too damp . for a man who suffered with the gout,
and her osier:the grave digger's wife, atJohn's.k
had much drier lodgings.' The old man hints'ir
thouchtehe was right, anti Went to his youngest
daughter, Helen; bat after' he had bum three
days with her her little sea said to - hit grand
father, "Mother said yesterday to consiti . Bess
_Otero was no better charober far YOU
than - such a one as Utter dike- These words
brake the old man's heart, so ho lima back hi
his chair and died.
• OrDr; Franklin tap that evesyrittlle free.
meet of the day Should be saved. = The moment
*the day breaks set yoaraelfto Work to save the
„ titfthe reratans as an.ient writers iorprai
a% used to teach that sonata pay their dehtshn.
WO& Irbil wutivlcti tam
• _ _
file-tio Per mull: l =s An itav'ence
Mr. Ruby meets a' "Reconstructed D
who Opposes Immigration.
Batrcra RasT, (which is the Stair. nv,/,
• • 't't troaGemy,) Sept 21,1885.
Gineral Bnanerger Pogram, uv Idisaladppy,
who demonstrated his devostain to the grata
piinsioes or -ndtuditooshual littertfWiterving
the confedrasy as a commissary, wrote me to
meet him in Washington. He bed Ja4reseetad
his pardon, .and the lust yoose he made, uv blot
privileged wuz enimetti meet tne for emana
tion on the hopes and prospex uv the Dimocriv.
Ginral Pogram is a fine specimen or the gin
oolne, shivelru autherner; five feet 11 inches In
bite, or II feet's inches, (1 forget which,) and can
thaw more terbackar,.spit with 'gmater swum'.
ac3r, and walk upright under a bevyer lode ,ulr
avant, whisky than any man I ever met.... L A nm
sofistikated child uv nacher, he scorns stm_ped
.ish and sham nv'wat is called civilizatints.
torah the iltening- glance fly 'contempt
he darted at me, when I asks him to qualifyh4
wtt isky with a - little water!
Ginral Pogram opened by lamenting the un
timely decease uv so many suthern voters, In
the late dlaholikle war; Linkin and'hid helyuns
made upon 'em.
I replyed, to•wunst, that that deficit baud be
easily made up. " I hey," sez I, " bin a candid
rin This matter. At a triflin expendiutior try
money the tide lay emigrashen tram limps kin
be turned southward, and the places nv your
slawtered heroes be filled with the Irishman,
he German, the"—
"Liarl theft murderer! nigger-steelMP
tthowtid the Ginrel, seezing me by the throta,
and brandishin his cane over my bed.
Pullin on my knees, (rennin a tabby, the
Yoonyun ez It wuz.") I gaspt:
" Why this violent-T"
"Ore nutlibi," replied the Gland, relaxin his
bolt: "1 shel be electid to Congris, and et '1
Awl hey to mix with Imo Yankees, I wuz sprat>.
tisin the old tack ix, just to git my hand In ante.
Wuz yoo afeered? Riess yoor sole, we wood
..nt kill a Northern Dimettrat for no money—
we need em. But," continued he, "this emigre
shen Arena uv yoorn won't work. Yer Irish
man and yer German wood work, but they'd
want wazes I"
" Wal I" sez I, astouodid, not seein writ be
wuz drivin at.
"Can't you bee," sea he. " They'd earn man
they'd save it. Our habits is expensive, and
now that nigger-hreedin is dun away, with, we
rian't sell a half dozen niegers per annum, to
keep up ourexpmrses. Alas! (veers suffused his
"seeming eyes, ez he spoke,) the last nigger I sold
vuz o z white ez you are, my son nun wuz her
Faber, and I gin $2.500 fist her in 3lobeel, when
he wuz 15. I sold her to the President nv the
iuthern Society lar cimvcrahun nv the Heathin.
I knocks a hundred off the price of the gal, pn
that account. But to resoom.
" The latrines works, and saves sutltiewe
won't work, can't sell no more nine* and git
nerd up. and bey to sell land to furriner. Then,
ne's OUR EKAL I and teat becomes of the an-
Inept sbivelry 7"
"Bit," set t , "yuo bed the poor whites among
coo afore the war. What wuss wood a furrimer
"Them poor whites wuz a pekoolyer class—,
ve kep em cot we bed to hey em vote. We al
lowed em in squat on our lands, never let em
earn 2 read. and kep their skins full uv cheep
whisky. •Wbeti won cry em got to know too
'cinch, we either killed him or sent him North.
keepin among us i-st sich ez we wantid. With
.inr poor whit-s dein our votin at hum, yoo Dim
ekr.t.s dole it up North, and the Diggers dole
ur laber, tmoly, we war a favored people."
"But who are yoo gain to git to do yuor la
"But yoo'l hey to pay him wag's!"
"Not much. The Northern Legislacherti are
passin laws nein ther constr. there, so they
git - away from us, and Jest ez soon es the
•li rice accursed hireling soljiers are withdrawd,
our laws Is in force, and then wet good to a nig
zees contract to him? Methinks the ewe of
Kans.] is still onto him, Liakin to the contrary,
notwithstanding. I shel be kin to mine—l shot
pay the abel•bodisd tleld.hands $4 per month,
mechaniks say $6. I.lv coarse, of fnrrinerli kin
tupelo with em, and work for legs, we'll take
ern, provided they'll be ez amble.
-The nigger won made' obe a slave. God'
cost Itaroui and sed,he snood be s servant forev
oe, Did he mean us to pay em wages? Not
..any. for of [Li bed Ile wood hey so ordered
nr tastes and habits so ez we shoed hey had
be wherewithal to do it.
"Nasky," sed he, a pausin to drain the bottle,
and rollln hlz ize upwards, "I am the chitri.nv a
parence, and never, no, never, will I de
part from their faith. 0 3:id cast the nigger, and
I will do, my part, manfully, towards carryin
.ut ills will. Whatever betides us, the sons
nv Hain most be the servants uv Japheth, and
their dawters likewise, that the Shriprer *hal be
I partid with that grate and good man, my
mind uv the nearly white gals he owned,
tad determined, par long, to ho assistin uv him
iti fultillin that part uv the Skripter.
TETTOLEILIS V. Nam',
Lett Paster av the Chltrch uv the Non Dispen
JACOB STRAWN, THE ILLINOIS FUZES
Jacob Strewn. of Jacksneville, Illinois, died
suddenly on the 24th eh. Stuart; in farming
and caul. buying at an early age, with a capital
fit y cents in silver. Mr. Strewn came to be
the king farmer of the West. His 'acres spread
.ver almost whole counties, and it was no un
real thing for him to sow a field of wheat nr
onnt corn over a space twice the size of a Ger
man kingdom. He bad sheep and trine upon
.bnusand hills, or would bad if the hills had
neen there. He built pretty much the whole of
the village of Jacksonville; he represented his
listrict in the Legislature, where he Wes noted
nit direct and available good sense, and In all
positions filled the ideas of a good eltiz.n His
-little garden patch" at the time of his
embraced nearly thtity thousand acres, worth at
;ewe $1,5Q0,000 without improvemeuts. Rowse
twice married, and leaves coven sons and. one
daughter. To person he was a Daniel Lambert.
weighing about three hundred and fifty pounds.
Many interesting incidents have been related re-
Tecting him. among which are the
flu began life for blmeelf by raising sixteen
acres'of wheat, which be traded for sixteen steers,
which he sold at a_proet. After this he • dealt
mainly in rattle. He was a rapid talker and a
keen judge of human nature. prompt aster,
knew how to drive a brognin and Allan Made
money. He seldom came to town, was busy ev
ery moment, and was always - in :the:field. or in
the saddle going from place to - itlace...Until
within a few years be was Ms own iticete !retain
and his own banker, and strange as it may seem,
kept no books, trusting entirely, to his memory,
which never failed him. In physicel labor he
tuteitiled in every dePartment. With a common
hand sickle helm; been known to reap, bled and -
Meek sixty dozen bundles of wheat ill a day.—
Farmers will understand ads to be what not
inure than one man in thousands could Iturform.
In earlier dayelte earriedleig,e sums of money
upf), hi s - person . and on several occasions his
tee was atternemr" be rode alone t h rough the
country, et one time, near Alton, Xua was a t..
tecked,be wee robbers, whom he thrashed end
au t, to eight with his cattle-whip, Ito was a
T ner , wonderful muscle and 'activity. - Re
caa rd spripg ovor the I he 4401 fence by
p iecing one hand on ttop rail; and'on - One
cation h e caught an .infuriated bultiVtlid horns
who. was charging on him en open dell, and
throwingliim on his beet completely subdued
ktnortil dekuitiag sock:y*oM Wed fa eh.
gaited hz discussing the following 'quistkft t "V
a bullhead down, his wife, which b.*, ;Mod
Mal l et: holed" the man et The Wlicuanr
' IV' Ks s rssnr is bast whetted is oil so wit IS
best,shargened by pplltiinses. The Isar, pf w i f e
111 both' L 4 /0 0 :4 0 0 114 14P 3 1 0 , 00 attllae . o* Pohl
i 3'.; ~ ~
:; : r 7
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