Independent Republican. (Montrose, Pa.) 1855-1926, October 24, 1865, Image 1

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    H. H. FRAziER, Publisher.
uoluto givectory.
PEITSICIAN AND SURGEON. Montrose. P. Ottles telth
Dr Conn. over W. d ,t E. a MulfonDsbtore.PuhlicAveytts
Rroldense 'anti Joseph D. Drinker.
srorarose, Sept. 24,11, 1866.
1311TSICIAN AND SPRGE , II`i, tea /A=Ltol M Bloklyn,Ses.
• quensetta l'. Wlll anent premptly lo all c:L•
ernk welch be may be favored. Urkee at L. M. Bald•rnA.
Brooklyn, Jul) 10,
PHYSIC/AN AND SURGEON, Montrose , Pe. Office over
1: Webb'. Store. Hearth at Searlea Hotel.
If outroee,J.e
IDAsnioNARLs TAILORS. Shop over Chandlev a r
r Puflik A aeons.
Montrose, June 12, 1262.
pi II Y.1(11 AN AND SURGEON. lino , no located himselfat
iiirchaiireil Sao:onlon. County. pa, will Attend to MI the
widen he into ne , tivorett with PnomPtntAntinilattNalot•
h.• re nience new "ran Molt's, Na.
itharilville, Tay. Go.. Pa., Itay 1653.—tf.
tut)OL ()AMMER, Cloth theater. and Manutheturee at the old
stand known as Smith's Carting) Machine. Terms made
I.n.twn when the work Is brought,
Jenny. Mart .20.
Dr_l„. G. Z. DIMOCK,
0-curo cth.t, ayreadte the O. Boards at
rkS Rotel.
Mourn:v., February Stik, 1 86.1.-lyp
)1 A t, N m U d Z NTITP..reX4,:f I t ipen,..r o h . 7 . l.t .n Wool o uv or hzla. W n h a en
r. we nw manne. 1 urning Shop and Wheel Factory In da Free'
Foundry B u
thimg. up Esho.
nutn.e. Januar} 50th,1863.-tt
rn E.F:s Acknoreledernerd of Pneds. Mortanaca &a, for any
I State In the United Marna. Peorion Voneher• and Pay Cer
toden Ickanaledded tafore Urn do not require the oertlacate of the
c.rre of tin Coon- Montrose, .1.. 1. ISM --U.
OPTEICIA , and BURG SON, rospestrully tenders his profha
tiorml service to the eitisAras of Friendsville and vicinity. Of
!calla the ~f lire of Dr. Lee. Boards at J.
roondsvilit. July 27, Ihec_ty
Lt., 11 (Mee over Lea's Drag atm
-I,,alletanr, a n,pot Jaatary et Mc
H. BURRITT, —-- -
n EA LER Ln :An L E t . :: ,,,i r t.o l Fancy Dry Goods, Croetnry, Hardware
rn- MOW/ Oda and Panda. Boots and !Thew a He,
.cc Blleralo bea Pr 011140.1. &L.
NesAtilfOnl, Pe, April /1. 1664.--1/
A N '' ,l " ;:ra, A . 1 7 1 r
t i a:ld E tt ° ,!tr id at i Va e,thEry'iricLuilla'''.lsl°4l2l kmd
anc th.alerf In Dry Good, Orocetlea:C rot:burr, do.
Norma, Fa., February . 3.100.
ne buthltu, eAto, End of Brick Block. la Ida abcettec, bur
ILI, °Moe will to transacted by C. L. Brown.
t ~coo. FebEllEary 1. 18f4.—tf
J. D. VAIL, R. D.,
ry.tHEOPATEIC PEIMICLBII, bas permanently , lomssed
elmself in Montrose, Pa, eebeze be will petsraptly attend
hip profesaloo srmll .I,lch be may be favored. Otter
sod Bre,deoce West of the Court MM.. near Bsretkl & Meife.
Mow:rase- Febaary 1,1864 -Oct. 28. 1861.
CLAIM AO ir.NT All Peuslon Cistmn c - sretel Ir prr.
4171;1 . ro om
1 %7:4. led by Dr. Tall, la W. 1.1
, rtruk, r‘..Te k ll l . l l, LSE.L-febryllEASY.
et tars
oalors..hod f:rnens ttov hope to merit the lbers.
mtßt of the Publio. As 0 VSTEIt. and) ATING SA Loollla
n:riled to Uro liroxrT , where hlaaslyee It sewn, are served In ev.
oyle that the ',tee of the hobble dcm od, gemenalshrtl, osary
Ler old Meta ()roars stood. oh sioln Street, below the rod.
ontrnse. N0v.17, 191.4.—chc1a17,68.-tf
r 13 EON tor PENMONERS. On over tee &tore of J. LTot.
not. ?utak Avenue Remade at Mr. Etheridge'.
Roottoce, Oetzber. 1990.-tf
I TTORN EY B e nd,W pd Penton, Bounty, WI Back Pal
Aient, Or SaiptelAnna County. Pa.
Ore. 3er.d.Antrum.t le. InA.-ly
lIEJ.LESS Ir. Stook. Stove Pipe, Tli. Copper. and Shee
I/ trne Ware: oiso, Windom Saab, Panel Doors, Wlndoc
I,ath. Pine Lumtpersoil all kinds of Bedding Itat...L,Le
,co, .oath of retarle. Hotel. and Carpenter Shop new the
ii , ,srunrr.. Pa.. Jaamry 1. 1864.-ef
, SURGEON DENTIST. Ofeee over tee Deakins
se". Office of Cooper (,o. AU Deatat Operatic.
w Neill be performed in his usual pod style sod
, r4rrsn.c. Remember, oMee formerly of H. emlLb & Sou.
Ilemrnae. Jetleery 1, 1564.-4
,Se.',CFACTUREIL of nil desertptlone of WAG
rts, cARIIIAGICS, SLEIGHS. ten, In tttniint
Wriernarlehtn end or the belf mneertnte,
known nand of K. H. HoGEHg, eew rods mat
•'. Hotel In 2doevone, where he ill be h.ppy to re,
“.• Tone of On Who 'oust szyttows In his Haw
/One 1, 1
DRTSICW and SURGEOP. reorpettfully tooderi hts services
tr.r tatter, of , zostittetukarto County. He Will roe orpectul
1,o:or to: •LI runt n 1 .od tntdl=l trFo.ttoent of CIVIZIMS of Ito,
Ear, , sod ow or roost ted relxvire to surgical oper-st lons
rwgv K tds office over H J..t 8 H. Alulfota'o &Om
It. r•drn, o Ofsple Street, esr of .1. 8. Torbell's Hotel.
r ousq. County, Ps, June 2.2-1P.68.-tf
ELL BLS FLOrlit, Salt. Pork, Flail, Lard. OraIII, Ford
Candice, Clover and Timo th y Reed. Also 0110C10111[11,
not w Sugars. MaWoes, Brum Tea and Coffee. WwO, slde o f
rebile Area., one door below .1. Etheridge.
blerto.,-wc. January I. 1264.-Lf
Da. G. W. BEACH,
p ql - 81(714.1. AND nt7ltDStlN, hartmt pernoLoentlY located
lnmeelf at Brooklyn ()enter. P. tenders Ws profemionsi ser
•Icen m citizen. of Somonehanno Count., on term. commeremr•
n, wlth we Oman. Ooropie. the cane of the !Me Dr. B. Elehan3
t0:...a hoards at Mm.ltarharderon'..
innoklro Center. It, Jaw. 4. ISAA.-17
11311.A0T1OAL BOOT AHD SHOE MAKER: elm Dealer la
1 Boots, Shock, I.emthez,sad Shoe FIoW.F.. Hottell'lhr dool
nita neatness and Hereto]h. Two doors above Rearle's BOB!.
kfootrolse.Jutotory 1, 1861—tf
77017.198.78 AT LAW, Month - Am, Pt. PI -Attlee It Braque
Wwna, Bradford, Warm, Wyomitig aad - Lattrne ColuAlee.
Montrose.. Ps_ Junvary 11,4,1861.
ALBERT C114)51B a • LIN,
11 OSice over the Store formerly mcupled by Pon Motherr,
Montrose, P. January 1. 1860.
DSAYERS IN DIST GOODS. Grocelies.Crockery.llardararo
Tinware, Hooka, Melodeon% Plano% and all kinds of kltud.
.1 Instruments. Sheet Musk, ke..Alao cam on the Book Bled
ug tonstneea In all Its branebea. 3. LYONS.
Montrose. January I. 18642 T. A. 0.5005.
Parse, Oils, Dyt.sLuffs, Vandshes, Window Ghee.
L..quors, Groceries, Creckery. Glassware Wall i rsper,de.r.
pc, fancy Goode. I'mlenser7, hum I
id nstrument...True
ea, Ulnae. Brushes, ite...--and Agent for all of the most popu•
ar Patent Medicines. Montrose, January 1, IBC.
31%5,, rolT .
_NtFil! t V: 3 T B eiJ 70 Mooto e 1 : 1 :2
rep:Aldan done neatly . . Work done when prom-
Montrone. Apra 1801.-tf
Y. B Work made to order. and repairing done neatly.
linntrose, Fs.. December 12,1810.
TTOEBET AT LAW. ofice With William J. Tunell. E.g.
opononto M'arin ' e l . o.liotll and Bounty (Bolton careful
lr lenlotren. Collections promptly W.
II outman. Bow. 21.18641,- ot
flta, anti InDla 00fips, or,OcEgIES, 1100T8,81107A
15 Ladles' tialicre, Carpets, 011 Olathe, Wall and Window Pr
Paints. 0113, .tc. Store op the east side of Mlle avenue.
• a. D. LTOICS
liontroaa. January I, lact,tr
DEALERS IN DDT , i , JODS. Drugs. MeGitikes• Naga , 011,
Groceries. Hardware, Jrockery, Iron, Clocks, Watches, Jeer.
E ."`V , srpocur PerfumerY. arc., Brick Block, Montroce.
C.l-1111/10 e , vtiaO9a M. O. surf=
11o7air — ose, Juci3.7 1. 16C4.
oithuurr eam cams MAIM.
tr r a ,jeeps constaney on band on
stated at short notice. Shop strl flar r erearna toot of Matz eft.
Montrose. Pa.. Mara B. 1869—tf •
LImatuNABLIC Mak Blq*, own td.
, w l= l .2 . l%.eirar. ignstmo•!.. pa.
•_ ~_../.,,,„ ,
. - %v.- i ,-!: 4 :,
1 -1-• -,:,. lii f
r.51.,....'n1L-'-- - - It ~..„....
Written for the Nineteenth Annual Pair
of thr Susquehanna County Agricul
tural Society, and rung Oct. 5,1865, '
Kind people ! your attention now
To the song I'm going to sing,
For this occasion and the times
You'll find it Just the thing.
'Tis said by those who ought to know
That "some folks put on airs,"
And where more plainly does it show
Than at onr County Fairs ?
There's no use of talking—
It Is so everywhere ;
II von wish so prove this maxim true,
just go to the County Fair.
This is the Farmer's holiday,
The best of all the year.
When all the family turn out
Dressed in their Sunday gear;
They come to show what they've produced
By labor's toils and cares,
And when they get the premium
They're apt to put on airs.
There's no use of talking—
It Is so everywhere,
For human nature will strike through
Even at the County Fair
Young ladles come to show their quilts,
And show themselves, I wren,
And where's the - County near or far,
Where prettier girls arc seen.
If they were up for premiums--
Like peaches, plums, and pears—
rd like to be appointed Jndge,
Then wouldn't I put on airs.
There's no use of talking—
it is so everywhere,
If von wish to see the pretty girls,
ant come to our County Fair.
Young fellows come to show their skill
In coursing round the " rine,"
And think, if they come in ahead,
They've done a vary " big thing."
A fast young man, with a fancy nag,
If he liquors, chews, and swears,
Illustrate very truthfully
How some folks put on airs.
There's no use of talking—
It is so everywhere,
If you wish to see all sorts of shows
Just go to the County Fair.
Here's "cheeses," calves, and cabbages,
Here's hones, hogs, and hens,
With a kickle-cackle here and a grunt-grunt there
From various mops and pens
Potatoes, pictures, pumpkins, plows,
With carpets, churns, and chairs,
And such as get the premium
No doubt will put on airs.
There's no use of taking—
It Is so everywhere,
If you wish to see "sum parkins," sir !
Just come to the County Fair.
God bless the farmer everywhere,
The backbone of the nation ;
He is the pillar and support
Of every rank and station ;
By honest toil he wins his may,
Earns all he eats and Ivears,
And so who has a better right
Than be, to put on airs
There's no use of talking—.
It is so everywhere,
If you wish to see what labor does
Just go to the County Fair.
And now a word, before we close,
For the Union brave and strong;
Though periled late by rebel hordes,
Right has o'ercome the wrong.
Traitors bare found that Uncle Sam
Has an eye to their affairs,
And the day is coming when they'll wish
They never had put on airs.
It is so eterywhere,
The Union still shall be maintained
Though traitors put on airs.
Delivered at the Nirudexnth Ann' al Fair, of the Suegue
hauna aounty Agricultural Society, Oct. sth, IRGS,
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN : The mechanism of
man's moral nature—God's own workmanship—
declares that he was created - to be a social being,
connected with, and in some measure dependent
upon his fellow-man. From social intercourse
and communion he derieves most of his earthry
enjoyment, as well as most of his training and
improvement—is moulded and fashioned into
what be is, and what in after life he is to be
come. Wherever man has been civilized, com
munion with his fellow-man has been recognized
as ademand of nature; and social gatherings have
been more or less common. Three times in
every year, all the males of the Jewish nation were
required to meet together bef tre the Lord, in
the place appointed by Him. The women were
not bound to appear, yet it was held to be their
duty to do so, as far as circumstances might al
low. And bents it was customary for whole
families to assemble, though in some cases it
required a journey of several weeks. In order
to secure the social character of th es e meetings,
and the entertainment free to all, where the
rich and the poor the master and the servant
met together as brethren, each was required to
bring presents; "to give as they were able, ac
cording as Hod lad blessed them with means.'
They rejoiced together, worshiped together,
and were drawn together with kindly regard
for each other, as one family.
Such a meeting as our annual Agricultural
Fair, can hardly fail to be profitable to all who
come with a social and friendly spirit; not mere
ly as fatmers, but as citizens and neighbors. We
come together for a somewhat kindred if not
common purpose; we converse with each other
upon matters of common interest; think together,
and can hardly fail to regard ourselves as more
or less dependent upon each other; having com
mon interests, common hopes, and as being a
common brotherhood. Each annual returning
.of our lives, is not only suggestive, but
should impress upon our minds and hearts,
lessons of improvement, calculated to make us
better. We revert to the past; look over the
present, and conjecture as to the future. Since
we met here last autumn, our earth has fulfilled
another of her prescribed circuits around the
sun. The clock-wctrk of time has has gone on;
and the dial-plate Shows that one more of the
years of our existence, and of the existence of
time itself, has passed never again to return.
During this period we have seen the first snow•
flakes of autumn fall upon the warm earth and
disappear; the thicker snow of winter come on
our fields and lie lung ttnmelted; the warm
breath of spring chase it away, and supply its
place with a delicate robe of grass and flowers ;
the summer—calm] fresh and beautiful—crowd
ing on with its labors and promises of reward ;
and now again autumn, with its golden harvests
and rich fruits, more than fulfilling our deserts,
Knot our expectations. The soil of our earth,
. though it has brought forth its harvests of 6000
years, still yields to the hand of careful tillage,
a kind and ample return—more than repaying
the labor, and frequently enriching the laborer
with its annual treasures. The productive pow
ers of the earth, ate as' much beyond the de
mand of healthful inLeistence., as the volume of
the atmosphere that surrounds it, Is beyond the
want or capacity of the lungs of all who breathe
it. We have been kept and cared for during
the past year, as if each of us had been the
special objects of Divine favor. Our lives have
been prolonged, and in most cases, our health
preserved. By-day we have been cheered with
the light, unfolding the beauty and verdure with
which earth is clothed. The clouds have pour
ed down their watery treasures in gentle show
ers upon our fields; a soft carpet of lovely green
has been spread beneath our feet, and an azure
canopy hung over us. By night, a veil of dark
ness has been thrown around us, that we might
enk>y in quiet the refreshment of sleep, to in
vigoratp our mental and corporeal frames. There
Is not a want of oar bodies, from the buoyancy
of high health, to the leehleams or languor
of sickness; for which God has not provided
luxuries to gratify or medicines to assuage.
In this land of America, our danger springs
rather from abundance than scarcity.
lit view of all the, modes, and of the Ws
•some folks put on airs.
" Freedom and Right against Slavery and Wrong."
tion in which we stand to the Author and Giver
of them all, there can surely be no more appro
priate feeling on our part, than gratitude. And
especially upon this our feast of ingathering,
our Agricultural Fair and farmers' holiday, it is
most certainly appropriate to acknowledge, that
no more radiant, fruitful and prosperous season,
has ever been known in our country, than that
which is now closing; and our emotions should
be heightened by the intelligence that notwith
standing the unfavorable state of the southern
part of our Union, it is estimated upon infor
mation gathered by the department of agricul
ture, that the food crop of the United States in
1865, is the largest ever known in our history.
The following is the estimated value of the
crops in the United States for 1865, and the pre
ceding three years
The reader of the Bible will recollect the re
corded challenge and promise of the God of
harvest and the Giver of food : "Bring ye all the
tithes into the storehouse, that there may be
meat in my house, and prove me now herewith
saith the Lord of Hosts, if I will not open unto
You the window of heaven and pour you out a
blessing that there shall not be room enough to
receive it." In view of the great fruitfulness of
this year, it would almost seem as if the Al
mighty had accepted the few millions which the
loyal men and women of our country had with•
in the past three years contributed for charitable
and benevolent purposes—to alleviate the wants
and sufferings, to staunch the wounds, soften the
terrors of death, and smooth the dying pillows
of those who went forth at the the call of their
country to defend their government—the only
one on earth, embodying the moral sentiments,
and established upon the free will and consent
of the governed as the earnest of our intention
to test His challenge; and was already in an
swer thereto, pouring down upon us Ills special
blessings; filling our barns with plenty, our cof
fers with wealth, and causing every grateful
heart to rejoice over the abundance of His gifts.
Of this abundance should we not see that the
tithes are returned into His "store house?" over
the portals of which are written in legible char
acters, "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto on'-
of the least of these my brethren ye have done
it unto me."
But looking beyond our own Immediate cir
cle and neighborhood, and outside of crops and
fruita, the causes for gratitude not only multiply
hut increase in magnitude and power. Since we
met here last year, the dark war-elcind which
hung over our land and country has disappeared ;
the rebeliidn which sought to destroy all that
freemen hold dear, is crushed; the sun of pence
once more illumines our land; and the morals :-
evil which had eaten out the conscience, and
nearly destroyed the humanity of one-fourth o f
our nation,
has received its death-blow, and now
quivers in its last agony. Our nation now, if
true to Him who has placed us where we are,
we believe is destined to move onward and up
ward in a career of national prosperity, such as
the world has never yet witnessed. God has
placed us in a land, and given us a territory,
more fitted and adapted to bear up a great and
prosperous people than any other on the fuck of
the globe. It stretches across the continent, like a
colossus, with one font upon the granite shore
of the Atlantic, and the other upon the golden
coast of tha Pacific. The sun scarcely sets upon
the one shore before its early rays are lightening
up the other; and while the (told hardly lets go
our northern line, the heat scarcely leaves our
southern borders. Between these we have all
climates and their products in munificent abund
ance From our own v near ty
all the .. n.l agi,cuiturai products of the world
—enough for ourselves, with a surplus to supply
the wants of other less favored or needy lands.
Returning from this panoramic glance at our
nation let us from this high ground where we
now stand, look over our own immediate terri
tory. The County of Susquehanna, containing
an area of about SOO square miles, is almost en
tirely agricultural ; at least seven-eights of our
land being capable of tillage or pasturage; Ind
no mineral deposit of known and approvid
value having as yet been developed. It lies upon
an outlying spur of the Allegheny mountain
chain—a part of the great Appalachian system.
This spur is flattened down and spread out into
Into a series of hills, which rise generally
with a gradual, but in some eases with a
steeper ascent, from one to six hundred feet
above the valleys of the larger streams. These
streams, now fed by springs and lakes, appear
to have washed out the ravines through which
they run, at some time when the currents of
water were immensely greater than at the ;iris
ent. If, as by some supposed, the hills have been
upheaved by internal convulsion or force, it
must have occurred:while the strata, which tire
now stratified sedimentary rock, were so soft
that they broke off as uplifted; as they now al
most universally appear to lie in a conformable
horizontal position; not turned up, inclined or
bent, as in the bills and mountains in the south
ern part of the State, or near and around the
coal measures- The county lies high; from 1000
to 160) feet above the level of tide water. This
altitude, while it lifts us np into a pure and
bracing atmosphere, favorable to health and ac
tivity—out of the regions of miasmatic fevt rs
and cholera—somewhat shortens the warm sea
son, and nceasionally subjects us to later and
earlier frosts, than other lower and more level
districts, in the same or even higher latitude.
The soil of our county on the hills is a gravelly
loam, in termixed with some clay and disinte
gated sandy rock and shale. This soil from
twelve inches to three feet in depth, is under
laid by a subsoil of the tenacious clay and gravel,
called hardpan; which being in most cases int
pervious to water, preserves the moisture of the
soil, defends it in a great measure from the ef
fects of drought, and prevents the leaching
down of the manure and other fertilizers spread
upon the surface. Our whole county furnishing
the riches pasture, and fine crops of the best of
hay, and being supplied with the purest water
in abundance, gushing from thousands of
springs, and rippling along the valleys, is admi
rably adapted to stocky raising, wool growing,
and dairying; though large crops of oats, rye,
corn, buckwheat, potatoes, and even wheat are
raised here when the soil is well tilled. The
rocks, as we have said, are stratified; lying near
ly horizontal, very much broken and disinte
grated. They are easily split to almost any
thickness, admirably adapted for flagging or
rough walls, but not sufficiently solid for cutting
into blocks. There is generally about enough
upon or near the surface for fencing purposes;
and may be worked into good farm wall at a
cost not exceeding from $1 to $2 per rod—not
more than the cost of good post and rail fence
in the southern counties of our State, or in - New
Jersey. These are some of the advantages con
nected with the lands of our county ; which, if
known in other sections, where land is double
the price it bears here, might induce those seek
ing farms to come here and purchase. It is I
generally conceded that many of our farms are
now quite too large for improvement Or even
for profitable tillage; and therefore a Pale of
portions of them to substantial farmers from
abroad, and expending the price received in im
proving the part retained, would prove not
only a material benefit to the parties, but also
greatly improve and enrich the county.
Although among the younger conntles of our
State, having been organized in 1811, Snsque
hanna was not far behind even the oldest of her
sister connties, in the inauguration of measures
for the improvement of agriculture. The Agri
cultural Society of Susquehanna County, was
organized in iB2O. On the first Tuesday of
November, 1821, it held its first "Fair and
Cattle Show." at Montrose. From an account
of the proceedings then published, we learn
that an Interesting address was delivered by
the Fresident,'Dr. Robert R. Rose. Some $l6O
was awarded in premiums—a public dinner was
eaten and appropriate toasts drunk. The whole
'under the.escort and protection of Capt. War
troll's' company of Artillery. 'Among the grain
premlunis titers given, was one for the best acre
of corn, elghty-seven bushels; for best acre of
oats,' ninety-eight bushels and 'twenty-seven
pounds One-quarter of an acre from another
field had been thrashed and yielded twenty
nine and a half bushels—at the rate of one
hundred and eighteen bushels to the acre. In
1822 another Fair was held, the proceedings of
which Sr. noticed in the paper then published
here. It is presumed some other meetings were
held, but no notice has been found of them. It
is probable that the county then being new, and
the population sparse, the Society languished
and slept, perhaps died; leaving behind, how
ever, many interesting reminiscences, and the
savor of some good accomplished.
Our present tociety was organized in March,
1846, and held its first Fair and Cattle Show in
October, 1840. Since then, the Society has been
in regular successful operation; each year hold
ing an annual exhibition and distributing pre
mining; this being its Nineteenth Annual Fair.
In regard to which we can say without boasting,
but with just pride, that the number of exhibit
ors, the character of the stock, and the qtnintlty
and quality of the other articles exhibited, the
number of persons attending, with the general
interest manifested by all classes of our commu
nity, does great honor to our agticulture and our
county. Having attended the State Agricultural
Fair at Williamsport last week, I can say that,
with the exception of a very few fine horses
there exhibited, the stock now upon this fair
ground exceeds in number and is superior in
quality to that exhibited at the State Fair—and
setting aside the agricultural implements and
machinery, the manufactures and specimens of
merchandise—much of which was rota other
States anti exhibited as an advertisement to tho
public—with the expensively prepared and
very elegant floral tent, with its fountain and
walks. our Fair as an Agricuttura/ exhibition k
fully its equal. Our farmers have only to go
on with the enterprise and energy for the past
few years evinced, make thernselvts acquainted
with the discoveries and improvements in agri
culture: as they are made public, and our county
exhibitions will he cline] to any others in our
State. The members of the S..clety, aad all in
terested, who do not attend all its meetimiti,
may be gratified to know that not only is tilts
beautiful Fair Ground paid tor, anti the Society
free from debt, but that an arrangement is about
being made for the purchase of additional land,
not exceeding tire acres—to give more perfect
shape to our enclosure, more space for buildings,
and more room for promenade and driving. A
fund, now amounting to some $5OO, is also beiri.;
gathered for the improvement of the grounds—
the erection of such buildings and sheds as may
be necessary to secure and protect the stock, and
furnish better accommodations for the exhibi
tions of the various al tides that maybe brought..
The subject of agriculture and agricultural ed
ucation is now receising increased attention in
all parts of. the civilized world; Especially in
Germany, England, and tide Northern States of
our Union. The very great demand for all
kinds of agricultural prrxinctlons In our country,
arising from the necessities and waste of war,
for the past few years, has not only encouraged
hut stimulated our farmers to greater exertion
and care ; and notwithariuding the fewer num
ber of laborers and great increase in the price
of labor, the statistics gathered from reliable
sources show a large incres.e in production. No
such crop has «ver before been gathered in our
country as this year has produced ; for although
wheat has fallen short, corn has largely ad
The great interest felt by enlightened farmers
in agricultural science, acting through the Penn
sylvania State Agricultural Society, induced our
I .ogisla tuns rJ I.lel, Team Amu w mg, to
authorize the establishment of what is now the
"Agricultural College of B•nnsylvania,” and to
appropriate thereto, at different times, some
$lOO,OOO. The spirit of the age proclaims the
• • •- -•• ke
have a practical bearing ups% ienees which
suits of life. The prosperity of all countries de
pends on the skill and labor which draw treas
ures from the soil or changes and fits them fir
use afterwards. One gentleman in England (a
Mr. Laws) expends from $5,000 to $lO,OOO annu
ally in agricultural investigations. A few liber
al citizens of our own State have already given
over $75,0n0 to our Agricultural College; and
through their influence, was secured the passage
of the Act of Congress making a liberal grant of
public lands to the several States for the endow'.
ment and support of Colleges for "Agriculture
and the Mechanic Arts." This fund, if well se
cured and properly msnaged, will give an impe
tus and aid to agricultural education, not only
for the present but future generations. The Ag
ricultural College of Pennsylvania is undoubted
ly the foremost institution of the kind in the
United States; perhaps fully Need to any on
the globe. It was opened in 1859, and In 1804
had 140 students. The faculty and board of in
struction are competent men. For massive in
tellect, profound literary and rcientific acquire
merits, with rare executive ability, the President,
William 11. Allen LL. D., has few equals,here or
anywhere. The College farm contains 400 acres
of excellent land, lying near the geographical
centre of the State, in Penn Valley, Centre coun
ty The College buildings already erected, cost
ing $150,000, are large and cominodiou , , in
tended to accommodate over 200 students.—
These students are required to work three hours
every day, at such work as may be necessary, in
the cultivation of the farm, attending to the or
chard, garden, fenci,Ltc., or, when the weather
is unfavorable lor outdoor work, in the barn nr
in the shop. This manual exercise will not only
keep the student's body and blood in a healthy
and vigorous state—enabling him to study hard
er and with more success—but it makes him ex
perimentally acquainted with all kinds of farm
work. He thus not only learns, in his studies
from books and lectures, the principles of •farm
ing, the laws as to the growth of plants, the
preparation of manures, the exhaustion or reno
vation and improvement of the soil, but he also
learns by practice how to prepare the soil fur
seed, when and how to sow or plant the seed,
bow to tend the plant or crop so that it may
come to perfection, how and what to apply as
manure, what crop is adapted to the different
kinds of soil, and how soil should be treated, by
rotation of crops or by resting, so as to avoid ex
haustion. He also learns all about farming
tools—in which there has been within the past
four years very great improvements—and the
principles upon which they are constructed
and act. La fine, if he is studious and indus
trious, he learns all about farming. He learns,
also, that practical farm labor is not inconsistent
with or beneath the highest literary qualifica
tions and acquirements; that whatever is neces
sary for man to have done, is honorable for any
man to do; and ho who does his work best is
entitled to the highest honor. With our admi
rable system of Common Schools and our Agri
cultural College, there can be no excuse for the
ignorance of the present or future generations of
farmers' sons. And where there is no excuse,
ignorance in a matter so deeply connected with
the interests of mankind as agriculture, falls lit
tle short of being criminal, If it he not a crime.
Our country owes its great prosperity far more
to the developement of its mental than its physi
cal resources The developement of mental
power is in most cases a prerequisite to the ad- I
vance of physical power. Cast your eyes and
turn your thoughts back upon the world's histo
ry, and see what educated mind has achieved ;
for the good and comfort and convenience of I
mankind. It has taught them to span the rivers
with bridges and bore the mountains with
tunnel& It has taught steam to drive the ship
along our rivers, to cleave the waves of the
ocean, and send the locomotive whistling and
snorting along our valleys, transporting not only
ourselves but the agricultural farming products
from State to State and from Kingdom to King
dom. It has taught the light of the sun to paint
the photograph and catch and preserve the im
ages of all visible things. It has taught the
lightning to bear messages of intelligence and af
fection wherever the telegraphic wire is stretch
ed. It has taught the farmer how to summon
the mineral from the earth, the gasses from the
air, the water from the clouds, and the light
from the sun; to unite through the mysterious
process of vegetable growth, to improve and
change and elaborate plants (that when wild
were of little value, and fruits not fit to be eat
en) into some of our most ' grains and
' roots and grasses and our most licious and
wholesome fruits. It has taught machinery to
plough our land; to sow, to harvest, and thresh
• our grain, to mow our meadows sod convert
out grain Into flour sod meal. ll Ords end
spins and weaves our wool and cotton into cloth
and then sews that cloth into garments for our
use. Knowledge is power ; and education en
larges all our senses; gives increased light to the
eve, strength to the arm, and fleetness to the
foot; enabling us to multiply a thousand fold
the means of subsistence, and greatly to add to
the comfort and luxury of living. Education
does not create; it merely discovers, brings out,
evolves. All the forces of nature are in the
,bands of God; man can only control and direct
them. The truths of science are as much eter
nal as are the truths of religion. Gravitation
was Just as true when God hung the planets in
space and taught the rain to fall from the clouds
as it was when Newton discovered it, from ob
serving the fall of an apple. The principle up
on which steam does the work of one hundred
men, at the cost of one man, was just as true
and would have been as useful, one thousand
years ago, as to-day. And so with writing by
means of the telegraph, or painting with sun
light. Theie truths were all, for thousands of
years, waiting to he discovered and understood.
Just so now : there are thousands of truths in
relation to the science of agriculture under our
feet, over our heads, all around us, waiting the
attention and research of educated mind and
patient investigation, to discover, understand,
and bring them out, so as to be useful. Let us
for a moment look at what they are doing in
some of the German States. Mr. Ktippart, Sec
retary of the Board of Agriculture of Ohio, now
travelling in Europe, has visited some of the ag ,
ricultural institutions of Saxony, where both
practical and scientific farming is as well under
stood as in any part of the world. There being
hut one acre of land to each individual of their
population, it is necessary that the largest
amount of produce possible should be obtained
from It. In a letter to the Commissioner of
Agriculture he gives a glimpse of the interesting
experiments there being carded out. To ewer
taiu by actual experiment what particular Mere
clients each plant requires for its normal growth
and devolopment, they take twenty small plots
of four square rods each, to be sowed with the
same kind of grain. The soil is first analized
and a record made of it—different kinds of ma
nures and fertilizers applied to each plot, except
one, on which no manure is put, and a record
thereof kept Then an examination and record
every week of the appearance of the plots, and
an analysis made of the plants of each plot ev
ery week. This then secures a complete history
of the plant grown, with nineteen different ma
nures, and also without manure, in all its differ
ent stages throughout the year. In the feeding
of cattle they are also experimenting. A solid
Klock of salt is fastened in the trough, weighing
from 8 to 10 pounds; an that the animal can
lick as much as his appetite craves. They are
fed each week upon different kinds of fond
weighed out, and the salt weighed each week to
ascertain what kind of food requires most salt.
The animal is weighed morning and evening—
and a record kept of every detail. A short
horned heifer of seven months old, weighed 523
pounds, A steer of the Holland breed, one year
old, weighed a little over 1000 pounds.
He says the agricultural implements made
there are very heavy, awkward and bungling—
that American implements are much admired,
and eagerly sought for, but are very scarce—
that large sales could be made if agencies were
established there.
Being satisfied myself. that the. soil of our
~,uty- t s well adapted to the raising of winter
wheat, if properly cultivated, I cannot but re
new the su gg estion in my address last year, that
In view of the large amount of wheat dour
brought into our county from abroad, and the
high price, including freight and cartage from
ikscAtorala. with the well known
wheat growing regions, our farmers would great
ly consult their interests as well as convenience,
by giving more attention to its cultivation. All
writers, as well as the experience of wheat grow
ers, agree that the best soil for winter wheat is
that which is firm ; having a preponderence of
clay—a clayey loam with a proportion of sand
intermixed. This is very much the character of
our soil on the hill land. Where the sand pre
dominates, rendering the soil light or loose, or
where it is too wet, the freezing in winter heaves
it too much for winter grain, and spring grain
will do better. But wherever winter rye will
grow and do well, a little more care and culti
vation with early sowing, will produce an equal
quantity of wheat. One of our best farmers who
for thirty years bad raised wheat not only fin
his own use, but for sale, assured me that he
could raise as many bushels of wheat per acre
as of rye; and that all his extra ',care and labor
was more than repaid in the subsequent grass
crop. lie consequently sowed no rye, unless he
failed to get his land prepared in due season for
wheat; which he thought should be sowed the
latter part of August or early in September, so
as to become wets rooted belore the freezing in
of winter, and ready for an early and vigorous
spring's growth, to escape the insects which
prey upon wheat, and the rust, to which all late
sowed *inter grain, and even late sowed oats,
are more or less subject. Tho whole history of
agriculture shows that wheat is affected with
more diseases, and oftener injured by insects than
any other of our cereals; and our late history
shows that all these evils have within the pest
few years greatly increased, especially where
wheat was the main crop. Our wheat crop of
1860 was over one hundred and seventy millions
of bushels. In 1804 it bad run down to one
hundred and sixty millions. It is now pretty
certain that the crop of this year will not
much exceed 130 millions of bushels. The
price of wheat therefore must continue to be
high unless much more corn and buckwheat are
eaten ; the crops of which this year are largely
Our county is admirably adapted to the rais
ing of sheep, and there Is probably no part of the
business of farming more pleasant or profitable.
The number of sheep in this county, as well as
throughout all our Northern Statu s has lareely
Increased during the past few years, and yet the
wool product is far below our wants. In 1864
there was imported into this country seventy
five millions of pounds; and during the first
half of the present year there was received at
New York alone from other countries over seven
leen milli ons of pounds, costing in gold value
nearly four millions of dollars. We think
every farmer would say, this should not be,—
We should raise more wool and keep our gold
at horns.
Among the agricultural changes brought about
by the war just ended, is the great rise in the
price of cotton, and a partial return in the loyal
States to the raising of flax. By many this is
looked upon as one of the compensations accru
ing from the war; which, although of itself a
great calamity, has been in many respect over
ruled for good to the country. Flax was un
doubtedly used as a textile before theffiood. The
earliest authentic history mentions it na a crop
cultivated and in great use in the most enlight
ened nations of the world. The flax of Egypt
was destroyed by the bail sent by God as a
judgment upon Pharaoh. A portion of the
garments of the Jewish Priesthood, and a part
• of the hangings and coverings of the tabernacles,
were commanded to be of fine twined linen.—
' It was also used for the canopies and coverings
' of Royal beds. And specimens of linen cloth,
very much resembling that now made, wrapped
about the mummies of Egypt 3000 years ago,
have come down to us—in some cases In good
, preservation. Even up to the commencement
; of the present century flax supplied a large por
-1 tion of the clothing of civilized mankind ; and
cotton, which is a delicate plant, only growing
in certain climates, was little known. The nett
ed night-cap, and the knitted stocking; the
dresses for day and night; garments for the
cradle, and habiliments for the coffin, were to a
great extent home manufactured linen. Our
great-grandmothers not only read but recelled
the Bible as containing not alone the way of life
but also the way of living; and as the planets,
moving In their orbit, are tied to the sun by
gravitation, so were they by faith tied to the di
rections, instructions, and examples of that
word of life. Solomon thus describes the " fir
-trams woman whose price is tar above rubies:"
" She seeketh wool and 'flax and worketh wil
lingly with her hands. She layeth her hand
to the ladle; and her hag ,old the distaff;
obi palwailaa Ufa oold iigeda It. She
eth herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing Is
silk and purple. She looketh well to the ways
of her household ; and cateth not the bread of
Among the premiums awarded by Agricultur
al Societies thirty years ago, was one for " the
greatest amount and variety of domestic manu
factures." The published proceedings of an ag
ricultural society in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in
1820, in awarding this preminm, says: "The
successful candidate, Mrs. Perkins, exhibited the
following articles, manufactured since the last en
nirersary, by herself and four gir!s: 438 yards of
fulled cloth ; 171 yards of raw flannel ; 53 yards
of carpelina ; 142 g yards of table linen—making
in all 805 yards. I think the encomium of Sol
omon might well have been added : " Many
daughters have done virtuously, but thou excell
ent them all."
It is not to be expected or even desired, that
the domestic spinning and weaving of linen by
our wives and daughters shall again prevail as
with our grandmothers; when tee music of the
spinning wheel, or one stringed piano, was to he
heard in every house. That time with its labors,
its pleasures, and customs has gone, never to re
turn. The educated mind and Inventive gen
ius of the present age, which lots already con
structed machinery for separating the fibre of
flax from the boon or Olives, and preparing it
for spinning, will improve or discover new
forms of machinery to work flax into cloth, as
wool and cotton are now worked. Then will
linen, which has accompanied man, and minist
ered to his wants from the dawn of civilization
through every age of his progress, superior in
strength and durability, and In safety from fire
to cotton, again come into more general use.—
And flax,atioch for several y ears betbre the war,
was mostly raised for the seed, will take Its an
cient place as a profitable textile crop.
Susquehanna is probably THE butter c.unty of
our State. No better quality of butter is made
any where than is here malt, The increased
price and the facility of sending it to New York
and Philadelphia has not only stimulated but
largely Increased its production within the past
few years, and thus added greatly to the care
and labor of the wives and daughters of farmers.
They have doubtless done all this cheerfully,
but It is much more than doubtful whether so
intv , h and continued hard labor is not under
mining their health and laying the foundation of
weakness and disease, which will not only make
miserable and shorter their own lives, but will
tell upon the health and constitution of their off
spring. Dr. Flail of New York—an eminent
writer on health—says, "Of late years a farm
er's wife, as a general rule, is a laboring drudge
It is safe to say that on three farms out of four
the wife works harder, endures more than any
other on the "place—more than the husband:
more than the farm-hand; more than the hired
help in the kitchen." Official reports of more
than one Agricultural State, show that no other
class of wives and daughters are as numerous in
Insane Asylums as those of farmers. And all
this, notwithstanding the pure air they breathe,
the fresh and wholesome food they eat, with the
beautiful surroundings of a neat farm-house and
garden, are all calculated to ensure health and
long life, if the laws of nature are not violated,
the body not overworked, hut both mind and
body trained and exercised as God intended
The establishment of cheese factories, and their
great success wherever established, will gradual
ly work a change in the &try business; which,
without lessening the profits, will greatly lessen
the labor and care and add much to the health
and comfort of dairy women and their Olathe!).
It is highly gratifying to look over our county
now, and contrast its present general appearance
and agricultural condition, with what it was six
ty years ago; or in 1811, when separated from
of the landlrad - baii . cTeiffilrnitTh 'lLPutArntiegt
buildings were almost entirely of urthewn logs.
Rut few of the roads then opened were passable
for wagons, and the travel either to mill, to
meeting, to elections, or to court, was on foot,
on horseback, or in case of a family party, on
ox-sleds. This borough, now so neat, business
like and beautiful, then included some four to
six buildings; one of which, though of moderate
size, was the hotel, store, post-office, court-house,
prothonotary and sheriff's office; If not jail and
prison. A mail-carrier traveling on horseback,
on a circuit, brought the letters and "news front
all nations" once each week, coming up from
Wilkesbarre on one road and returning by an
other, so as to supply nearly the whole county.
The trade and traffic with the outer world—tlo
cities—was of course small. Some cattle, wool.
furs, pork, cheese, butter, &e., was sent out, and
some groceries, crockery, iron, &c., was brought
In. The clothing worn, was mostly of domestic
manufacture. Industry and frugality were vir
tues generally practiced. Contentment and a
large amount of social happiness, was the result
The reminiscences of the early settlers of this
county—a virtuous, intelligent, and enterprising
population—should have been gathered up and
stored for history—which, as the actors havc
mostly passed away, might now be written. Ii
is hoped that some one, who has lived and mov
ed here for the past half century, will be en
couraged even now to undertake the very pleas
ant though melancholy task of gathering up
and putting in shape for publication all that can
yet be obtained of the early history and settle
ment of the " bench woods," as our county was
in early times called. The story of our fathers
and mothers, their labors and privations, whei,
contrasted with what their children and descend
ants now see an enjoy, will teach many lessons
which it were well they should ponder and heed
A few incidents, from which may be condensed
a page or paragraph In such a history, may here
be given.
Early in the present century, in the Bummer
of 1802, there might have been seen on their
journey from Rhode Island to this Northern
border of Pennsylvanina a young couple, with
their eldest child—an infant I)47—accompanied
by a young and accomplished stater of the man,
who had, with a younger brother, previously
spent some six years at the place to which they
werejounieying ; engaged in surveying, clearing
a few fields In the forest, rearing a log house,
and preparing a home for the family he now had
with him. They came by way of New York,
thence up the Hudson, and across to the Sus
quehanna river, near Unadilla. There the)
formed a kind of raft, by lashing together ta,
canoes and laying hoards thereon. Upon this
they embarked and floated down to Great Bend;
from whence by a rough and narrow road, most
of the way though a forest, upon an ox-sled, they
came some twenty-five mile" to their place 01
future residence—their homP—abont eight miles
south of where we now stand. Horne I—is a
place of sweetest Import—Home! with its ac
comptuuments—the synnityme of all that is soul
gladening and joyous in this world, of all that is
holy and happy in the next— Our Fathers'
Home !" This new country home, pleasant and
comfortable and joyous, though it rnlght anti
doubtless did seem to the man, who hack for six
years tolled to prepare It ; buoyed up with thi
hope he now saw realized—his little family
there with him. It was, however, far different
to those whom he had just brought there, and
who now saw it for the first time. They were
women who had been reared in the bosom of
New England families, accustomed to the soci
ety of dear relations and friends, enjoying from
childhood a frequent intercourse with the city
of Newport, the, then emporium of Now Eng
land fashion and style. What a change and
contrast! A. small clearing in the midst of
dense forest, few neighbors within live miles,
and none nearer than ono and a half mite of
their dwelling. But they wero all children el
revolutionary parents, had been cradled in rev
olutionary times, and imbued with the faith
and trust of their Puritan ancestors, taught to
follow the path of duty and to look upon the
brighter side. They lied counted the cost, and
resolved to be satiSfied. Their dwelling, though
of nnhewn logs, was of ample size and comfort
able. It stood in a beautiful valley, nearly sur
rounded by bilis, beside a' brook of pure water—
the babbling rielay tributary of the larger streams
—which ran through and gave name to the val
ley. Their hoes° being of larger size than most
others near, and
upon the only traveled road
leading eastward, in that seetion, was the genes
al stopping place of must of those contim from
- the eastern States to look foro r settle tiphit farms,
.fte twit --put dr the • etattry. - Herr tUy weie
. . .
$2.00 per annum, in advance.
N I Mii: ° 4.3
most cheerfully received and entertained with
out charge; though beds and floors were fre
quently tilled and covered with lodgers. No
one then thought of receiving any pay of such
transient guests. Their company and the news
they brought from the outer world was more
than an equivalent for their entertainment All
the settlers then dwelt in rough log houses;
some covered with bark, chinked and mudded
between the logs; easily erected, and with the
abondance of fuel, made comfortable In the cold
est weather. Around these humble dwellings—
seldom In sight of each other—the wild deer
browsed often so near as to be shot from the
door or window. Farther off, sometimes, how
ever, within sight of the family, the bear or wolf
lurked, watching for pigs or sheep. At night
The owl hooted and the wolf howled ; and they
were only kept from the poultry and sheep by
the watchdog or the high fenced fold, near the
house. Here the early settlers of this county—
a noble, self-denying, intelligent band of men
and women—toiled or, cleared up their ft
opened the roads, erected new buildings, iretrm
their families, and laid the foundation for the
comfort and prosperity now enjoyed by their
descendants or successors.
As the boy we have mentioned grew up
he learned to entrap or shoot the game—then
abundant ; to assist In clearing up the forest,
tending cattle, and raising crops. He alsolearn
ed to admire and love many of the beauties and
marvels which a prodigal nature had drown
around his country-Lome; the many-colored
wild flowers which grew in wood and fleld ; and
the many colored stars that gemmed the sty;
the grandeur and solemnities of winter; the var
ied garb of spring and summer; and the more
gorgeous and splendid hues of the fading foliage
of autumn, when, as now, our bills and vallvsl
arc dressed in robes of surpassing beauty. Un
der the tuition of his aunt, be obtained the rudi
ments of English learning, and became fond of
hooks. In leisure hours and winter evenings, he
read all the books he found at home, or that
could he gathered from the small libraries of
the settlers, for miles around. At the age of
eighteen he commenced teaching in winter a
district school, spending the remainder of the
year upon the farm, in alternate labor and study.
In this family college he graduated, and at the
age of twenty-three left home for a wider field,
to obtain by his own exertion and industry some
knowledge of other languages, and sciences, and
against the wishes of his father, to study
He struggled on, labored hard, and at the end
of four years was admitted to the bar, and set
tled at the capitol of our State, as an Attorney_
•it Law. After thirty years of professional toil
be became weary of the treadmill of business
and political excitement, and sought repose.—
W hen life and energy begin to decline, the heart
instinctively returns in Its affections and long
ings, to the scenes and employments of its child
hood and youth; especially if they were con
genial and pleasant- There is much of truth as
poetry in that simple versa of Woodworth:
" Hoe dear to thl•'art, are the scenes of my child
When food recollection recalls them to view;
The orchard, the meadow, the deep-tangled wild
And every loved spot, which my Infancy knew."
He had paid an annual visit to his paternal home,
occasionally planting a tree or removing a stump,
and had brought his children there. They had
learned the hardship and privation endured by
their grandparents, and bec o me interested In
the tender recollections and kindred ties, which
had so bound their father to the home of his
childhood, that he had secured It by 'Traub
from his parents. To thAs yferff
ago he ! etu 7T. d .it t aritir the past four years of
treason and war has hovered around and dis
turbed the quiet of our Southern border and
State Capitol. Here, above the foul atmosphere
.d• rebellion ; on the outskirts of the path of the
hurricane of war; away from the clangor .of
battle or fear of raids; where even the loath
some disease of disloyalty was sporadic and only
dangerous to the infect ed, he has enjoyed a qui
et, a freedom, and a security, which few other
locations could have offered. He has become a
Sukquehanna County Farmet ; been recognized
by you as such; and has the honor, as Pres
ident of your Agricultural Society, of addressing
you this day.
Rut along with this quiet repose and enjoy
ment, there are mingled many sad reminiscen
ces. The venerated Parents—all except him
self—who made up the family at first, have been
removed to a brighter and better world. The
family they raised, have died ur are scatter
ed. Re finds himself the only living repre
sentative of his generation, bearing the family
name. Very few of the companions of his eer
y youth arc here. The hills are the same, but
he . Test that clothed them has mostly disap
peared ; giving place to cultivated 'fields and
farms. The lakes and streams are still here, but
much of their beauty and the music of their rip
pling, has been marred and hushed, by the mills
mild machinery to which they are now harness
ed. The deer with most of the other wild ani
mals have been hunted away; in fine,' very
much of the romance and natural beauty of the
country has been improved away. Towns and
villages have sprung up, better buildings have
been reared ; wealth has been increased ; and
our exhibition to-day proves, that plenty and
prosperity have here their home; while priva
tion and want are strangers among us.
Our county lying off from the great lines of
public improvements and travel, and being al
most entirely agricultural, does not, nor is it
probable it ever will, rank among the wealthy
counties of our richest of States. But her grace
tul hills and valleys, nearly all of which are cov
ered with a sweet soil, and surneptible of culti
vation with the plough ; her beautiful lakes and
streams, fed by springs of the purest water; her
light pure and bracing atmosphere, bearing
health and fragrance upon Its wings, In mimeos
lion with her very position, sufficiently near,
yet not immediately upon the noisy bustling
thortawbfarva of travel, are all calculated to
make it the desirable home of a healthy, virtu
ous and happy people. Bat when it shall be
somewhat more improved, and its beauty and
advantages better known, it will become a desi
rable summer resort; offering inducements to
such as seek and repose, not to be found
it the crowded hotels of fashionable watering
places, where virtue is jostled if not soiled by
vice. Where Flora McFlimsey flaunts her 100
dresses, and the Misses Shoddy display their
plated Jewelry set with Californian diamonds--
all the matrimnnial market ogling the Tem
sends, the Jenkinses or Hetchums, and waiting for
bids Where the heart even of the pure Is his
more likely to receive infection, if not to become
corrupted or ossified, than the body to become
sound and healthy.
IN A Foo.—A few years ago there lived In the
town of —, a son of Judge 8., whom wo will
call Joe, who frequently imbibed morn than he
could comfortably carry. There also resided in
the neighborhood a :p_ainter named W., who
kept a saloon. Now W. was a pruetlcal joker.
On one occasion Joe came into W.'s saloon.
rather early In the morning and got very much
Intoxicated, and finally fell asleep in hie chair.
Joe was very nearsighted and always wore
specs. After be had slept for some time, W.
took off his sures, blackened the glasses, pat them
hack am.ln, lighted the lamp, and then woke
J oe , telling him that it was about twelve o'clock
at night, and he wanted to shut up. Joe started
and r. marked
henl that he had slept some time.
to id—
" Joe, it is very dark, and if iou„will bring it
back again, I will lend you wipsdern."
W. lighted the lantern and gave it to Joe,
and helped him up Attains. Joe went off towards
home, (up the main business street,) la the mid
dle of the day, with his lantern, everybody look
ing at him and wondering what was the matter.
MIA may seem gues, but our hot. weather
dan% light as many matches tut cold.
VirA fellow too drunk to . keep on a herse's
back can probably keep on his own.
Erato, man can's argue without modals
• costats are too Oreaan%