Newspaper Page Text
H. H. E r RAZTER, .Publisher.
DR E. L. BLAIMSLEE,
101111 - SICIAN AND BURGEON, Lae looted at Drooklea, Sus.
qm.hautla Cruelty, ea. Wlll attend onmptly to all ma:
eon wr:leb be may be tanned. Office at I.ld_ N'aldwya.
Rrnoklrn, Jelly O. 104.—et.
Ds. E. L GARDNER,
DRINIqIA27 AND .1 DROZON, Moan., Pa. Ocoee ova, Webb s Blare. &wit at Searle • Hotel.
GROVES a REYNOLDS,
VASRIONABLE TAILORS. Shop over Chiudlerl
hum% kfti./Ic Ave e.
Vv ornac.-Jant 1161 •
Dn. CILiRLES DECKER,
ParsunAN A v p 4 UMGEnIi , haring located htmeelf at
r - bardyi Ile. Stiequehanna County. Fa.,vat attend to all the
n;b. utth melee he may be favored RI th promptnamaadatteattan.
..)racr at tilt regd..... near tray/0 Mott's, Em.
btrcaardvllla, bmq. Co.. Pa, Mop M. Iss.l.—tf.
essz i al u Votact:l T. , of the old
cn when the work le brOught.
j,,,up. 'dumb 20. MS.
Dn. G. Z. DEHOCK,
pIiTSIrIAN and SURGEON, lIONTROSYL , Pa. Office on
street, oppoalte the l a Odhx. Baud. at
l.'s II tel.
‘l , ritrnaL, Frbruary 6th, ISSS._lyy
C. u. CRAND&LL,
If NET/WTI:MEW of Linen-wheal, Wool.sheelo, Wheel.
C.oee-reels, oe, Wood r um:leg done to arorromd
te,...t0 manner, Tunalog Shop and Wheel Faclary Banes'
e,,e,dry banding, up Palm
ettl,ne, January ItOtlt. letel tl
Q.:. BENTLEY, .TR., NOTARY PUBLIC,
A ES AokoowletlffirocOl Of Deeds. Mortgages. do., for any
Nate to the United States. Penalon Vouchers and Pay Cer.
ntc.n, o.knowlrdszed before him do not require the certificate of the
tick :fuss Court. Montrose, Jan. 4, 1663.--tf.
DR. E. L. ILINDRICK,
For .; ,* . s r l2f .e le:; c : . ,tag e ß d oEON. or ge . tfunr i tt , ste a T i g i v . ror: f.
of Dr. Len. Boards at J. Hosf e ord4.
E. W. MUTH,
ET a CoUNSELLOR AT LAW and Llamsed 0-31:1
A, Office over Lees Drag etore.
Dew. gasman. Sti, 1854.
H. BURRITT, •
n CALE], in ata r s r li Faucy Dry Good; Crockery, Ed. -r
LP ir, ,, . •10y,.e. Oz.la. wad Palala Boots and abota. list.
~,It'art. !•7 re, Buffalo 6000bc.. Groceries, Proylaloaa at.
tic. All: :ford, F 4, April 11, 164.-U
S. ft. SATRE & BROTat,RIS,
tre.N - FACTITIMILS of M Wl:sat/atm Canino of MI kind!
T. and Sheet Ircal Ware, igricultttrul implccozata
Dry Giiods,Grocerlet., Crookory,
!tort- r. Pa., Febreary 1.3,1561.
EIiKE A') LIFE INBUT.ANCE AGENT. Office In Lath
reast .d of Thick Block. In Me ateence, bus,
12. , +lll :u by C. L. Brow.
F..t.•-xtry 1, 18154.—G
.I'. D. VAIL, AL D.,
nyoM.S , , PhTlllO PIIIIIOIAN, by permanently %oaten
r. Montrose, Pa., what he will promptly attend to
CI at, .profrasion loath which he may be faamatft. Ofnee
of the Court Rome. near Beadle' ea.Planler•
FP talary 1. Itas4 -Oct. 22, IE6I.
A. 0. WARREN,
TT ,, BNEY AT LAW, BOUNTY. BACK PAT rind PSISLI MO:" CLAIM AOLN T. All Pension Claims carelbll) pre
~ 1 1,,b room fbrmerly occupied by Dr. Tall. law. ir
belorr searler Rotel.
11,1,..e. Pa.. Feb. 22.214.171.124.-febl7yllB6B.
LEWIS KIRBY It E. BACON,
1 - '• LEP ' , nasally on lands hal supply of every variety el
&S had CONFECTIONERIES. By strict atter •
aod fairness In theT bork. t" .erit the qt.,.
cattoaase t public. An OYSTER and EATING SA LoeIN
t.tstaed, alt. Grocery, where btoslvey In sesenn, are served In ey
41..ttbe tastes ofthe public detnand. Iternercberthe tac . e.
t 41.. Grocery stand, on Male Street. below the P
DR. CALVIN C. HALSEY,
rmrIAN AND ":" KGEONi AND EXAMINING srn
BON for PILX. , IONERS. OfOct aver 9te 'tore of J. Lyon
S. Public A9ntoo Boa•da al Mr. Etter!CAT's.
r GonoboT. 1459 -11
D. A. B
TT•AINE '1 AT LA W... 1 ?md., Bounty. and rack pal
A.,ent. Lir-a: Bent. Sunguellanta CO= y. Fa.
Sane. Amy's!. 10. Ift3.-
BOYD Lt WEBSTER,
of Lumber, and all buds or Building Hatbiale
.e'en. of stark'. Hotel. and Carpenter Shop near the
Pc • January I, 1864.-11
DR. WILLIAM W. SMITH,
, T..11.1.3E0N DENTIST. °Mee over the Rankly
nnta a Cooper & Co. .&J1
bt perfarrned hi. usual
_good tlyle ard
EA./am:. Mlle, fataberly at Sallth &Son.
E. J. ROGERS,
rA C r deecalptlona ofWAG
g Ca!ittLe.O.ES, SLEIGHS. Atc.... In the Me;
tenar.• ,rl a , strnnabip and of the test materials.
wt! , an,rn stand of E. IL ItOCIEIi. a -few rode eet
10... In Ifontrote, where he VIII be happy to re.
• , f al: who want anything In hie Hue.
June 1, 1363.-11
DEL JOHN W. COBB,
raTect.fr.ll uzay ter..d i e i ll W. wryly ,.
- - 4.411.1 treatment of eje g =lrthe
• 4 4. coturted relseive frargleal oreractoso
' ... • over W J..ok B.H. MulforasBtere.
4.4tet, ear' of J. Tuber' Hole/.
BALDWIN & ALLEN,
D • 7 K.'S., salt, Pork, nal., Lard. Orally Peed
and Tp.tosiky Seed. Alto OrtOCEIRIES,
3 Lualu.!loft's, Syrups, Tea and Caree. Weld side
t , clovr J. Etheridge.
Jeaus-y 1, 1564.-tf
Da. U. W. BEACH,
1PIFT•1 , 1 AN AND SURGEON. taring permanently local.
,mok.l arr,elynt enter. Pa— tenders lils professional tea
21OLS Of Sualnahanna Ceranty, on terms COmMMirt,
`t.r terre , tecmphm the Mike of the late Dr. B. Richard
Gem..r. Pa_ J vire e. lee 4-17
F. B. WEEKS,
infIACTICAL 800 AI/D.I3EOE MASER.; also Dealer It
1 . -, e§. Um.ther,and She* Mango. Repahing don•
and div,atch. D.' doom above Sesrlee Hotel.
WM. & WM. 11. JESSUP,
4 17. , 1tNE 7, AT W. Mnrarcare.. P. Practice in Brig
1.: 11 , adford, Wayne . Wynn:lns and Las,. CoartataS.
Pa.. January Ist, 1561.
ALBERT C H 9_ll BERLIN,
D ISTRICT ATTORNEY AND ATTORNEY AT LAW.—
over ure rlrmerly occupiral by Post Brother.
4, trovr. Po. January 1„ 1654.
J. LYONS & SON,
EALEILLi IN DRY GOODS. Orocestes.Crockery.Ranavrare.
T.Larze, Rook. Ilene:lnoue, Plano., and all kin& of !dual
•te - nment4 db.t ide.Sle, &X. Also cany as the 11 , .k Bind
. 1 1, , ..ueee IL all Re branchea. Lion.
January 1, 1844. Y. a. Linda.
TA EA LEA TIP DA GGS. 'A EDIrtrAES. CRAW MA LA.
fl rosins.. Oils. Dee rturfe. Vernishus, Window Mass.
•../11. Groceries. Grouter'', Glscrware . Watt-Psper, Jev
Goods, Perfumery, Surgical Instruments. Tram
mugs. Artistes, itc.,...and Agent for AA of the most poo r
L• liwileuxem Nlcedrome. Janua ry L. LIM.
C. 0. FORDLIA3I,
NTASUFACTUREIS of LWOW & tiIIOES, liontroar.
• SLop over IMWitt's Rom. Al! klr,de of work made
sod mpsleing dm:mm.lly. Wort GSM.. wi.t I,* om.
/Icmthme. Agril 2.1861.41 ..laP
CHARLES N. STODDARD,
El EA LEK 111 A 4 ,ofs & stoEs. learner end Ftnd
.a on Hvn et third door below Searle% Rotel. Lea,
orde i rc l ig o r . rpalring done neatly.
L IL BURNS,
ATr AT LAW. otrice with William J Tm7ell.
, a bear:e'a Pmflot and Bury Ca cz.ndul.
, `-vtretll. ColleetiMl prnmpaly Made_
?Cf.. 21. 194. Et
B. B. LYONS & CO_
,cI.IICY OOODB,GRABIBILIEB. BOOTS. NBO ea
GnrPvt., 011 Clothe, Wall and Wlndoa Pa
!Store OD the duct aide of rebus Avenue.
. a. D. LIONS
. January 1. 1864.-t.f
READ, WATROUS & FOSTER,
b re, Jro.kery , Iron , i t l tlarl , k eat? :
J OLI 2
1i,01.15. Perfumer/. &c., Brick Block, Mootrose.
cun noUD -11. C.f.:MT=
WILLIAM W SMITH,
4C•-A. CAL BM - ET &BD emADI mom.
(Meurer. Ezeye c..nrtaot.poa haterall
nYuas relasn . craz, or Cr
•r !then entlee. BL,?? Wye ree•eraa foot of Main EL
Pa., Mare S, IS6L-tf
P DE'R LINES,
P , N ABLE TAIL.It, Bna Block, over B.M.
, r•ter's P..
Ps Jule V. 1,.9.
a at rimsii SUPPLY or Black and Gnat 'rasa the pat
. I t • : 0. -1
When my weary spinning's done,
And the shades of eve grow deep,
And by the bright hearthstone
The oldlfolka sit asleep;
My heart and I hi secret talk, when none can see
Ofttimea the driving rain,
And somethnea the silent snow, •
Beat on the window-pane,
And mingle sad and low
With hopes and team, the smiles and tears, of time
long, long ago;
Till they act the talewthey tell,
And a step is on the door,
And a voice I once loved well
Bays, "Open me the door."
Then I turn with a chill from the mocking wind,
Which whispers " Nevermore '
To the little Whitewashed room
In which my days are spent;
And; Journeying towards the tomb,
My companions gray and bent,
Who haply deem Moir grandchild's Ate notioyous,
Ab me! for the suns not act,
For the years not yet begun, -
For the days not numbered yet,
• And the work that must be done,
Before the desert path la crossed, and the weary
web is spun !
Like a beacon In 1,1
I see my first
And I scarce ean g r i et sT - Igtt -
If it is from age or care
For time glides silently o ,
er my life, and leaves no
Bet perchance 'Ms for the best,
And I must harder strive,
If life is little blest,
Then not for life to live,
For though a heart has nought to take, it may have
much to give.
And they are old and poor,
And bread is.hard to win,
And a guest Is it the door
Who soon intuit enter in,
And to keep his shedoar from their hearth, I daily
toil and spin.
My sorrow In their gala,
And I show not by a tear
How my solitude and pain
Have bought their comfort dear,
For the storm which wrecked my life's best hope
has left me stranded here.
But I hear the net hbors say
That the hour- . runs too fas tf
And I know that n that glad day,
When toll and sorrow are past,
The false and tree shell receive their due, and hearts
shall cease aching at last.
Its History.:—BA Propriefora—R.Rdiat, Raniniseenees,
There has probably never bean so great a throng
to the national shrine as at the present time. A fine
steamer raw , regularly thither from Wasington, and
is largely patronized, while multitudes areidally going
there by land conveyances. The throng of soldiers
is especially numerous. The distance from Wash•
Ington Is about 15 miles—and about nine miles be
At the death of General Washington, in litt9, the
Mount Vernon estate comprised several thousand
acres of land in a solid b od y, extending for many
miles on the Potomac river. It was divided into
tire farms, each cultivated by Its own negream, with
- an-overseer, and the whole under a general Payette
tendent, add all under the careful Inspection of the
great chief himself. Ris own negroes numbered
his wife's were as many more. Upon the estate
there was t fine two-story corn and flour mill, the
remnants of which are still visible on Dogno Creek,
up which the flat boats came alongside the mill.
The water to carry the mill wan brought in a race
some mile and a half from a "tumbling dam" up
Dogue Run. The old mill house is till in good con
dition, and Is occupied by a selored family. Near
this mill was also his distillery. There was also a
brick-yard, a carpenter establishment, blacksmith
shop—the estate forming In fact, a sort of village.
Originally, the Mount Vernon estate consisted of
one-half of 5.000 acres, assigned to Washington's
i In conjunction with Nich
olas Spencer patented t from Lord Culpepper In
1670. In the division of his estate the father of
Washington assigned this tract to his elderbrother,
Lawrence, who erected the mansion in 1743, nam
ing It in honor of Admiral Vernon, tinder Whom he
had served as caetain in a colonial regiment, In the
West Indies In 1.40. Lawrence died in 1752, leaving
a wife and one child, a daturhter; and on the demise
of this daughter without Issue, as anon happened,
the estate tell to George who had been much an in
mate of his family.
In 1759 General Washington married Mrs. Martha
Curtis, (nee Danbridge,) then residing on her estate
at the 'White House 'with her two children, and af
ter remaining at thatlace some three months, took
up their residence at Mount Vernon. She brought
In her own right morethan $lOO.OOO. They were of
the same age-27;yeats—at their marriage.
In his will, Washington divided his estate Into
three parts. The mansion, with4,oooacres, was left to
his nephew, Bushrod Washington, an Associate itM
tire of the United States Supreme Court At the
death of Mrs. Washington, in 1801, Judge Washington
became the proprietor of Mount Vernon, and con
tinued there till his death, in 1829. Two of the old
servants still on the estate came there with him,
belonging to his wife Anne, daughter of Colonel
Thomas Blackburn. Two of General Washington's
servants still survive, also, residing , some three
miles Irene Mount Vernon. Judge Washington hav
ing, no children, left the estate to his nephew, John
A. Washington, from whom the Ladies' Mount Ver
non Association purchased the 200 acres a..n which
are the mansion and the tomb, for $200,111. Two
thousand acres were willed by Washington to two
other members of the Washington family, and the
residue, upwards of 2,000 acres, Including the One
Woodlawn estate, was given to Major Lawrence
Lewis, a itrrorite nejobew, whose wife was the beau
tiful and cultivated Nally Curtis, grandchild of Mrs.
Wanhingtoh, and the adopted daughter of General
Major Levis erected a splendid mansion at Wood
lawn in nets, at a cost ofrt,ooo. Major Lewis, whose
mother, Betty Washington, was the sister or the
greet chief, died at Arlington in 1941, and his wife
died In 1852.. The remains of both, with those of a
daughter, the wife of Charles M. Conrad, Filimorn'a
War Secretary , being deposited In the Mount Ver
non vault_ Soon after the death of Major Lewis,
the Woodlawn estate was sold by his only son, Lo
renzo, to a colony of Quakers from New Jersey,
who still, retain much of it, divided into farms The
Woodland mansion, with a splendid farm of live
hundred scree surrounding it, belongs to John Ma.
Son, esq., who came there from New Hampshire in
1850. The manalon is of brick, with slate roof and
lofty pillars, fronting the river on a commanding
site, looking down upon the whole Mount Vernon
estate. Lorenzo Lewis died some years ago In
Clark county, end the other dattgliter, the wife of a
Mr. Butler, la living in Itheisaippi.
John A. Washington went to Irenquier county
with his fatally In 1860, and purchased a farm known
as Wareland. His wife died suddenly soon after,
end It is well known that he fell, as colonel of a
rebel relertient, early In 1861, leaving a family of
seven children, the youngest two being little boys,
and the only two male children ever born at the
Mount Vernon mansion_ There are some one thou
sand acres of the Mount Vernon estate, belonging
to these orphan children, lying In close proximinity
to the Mount Vernon mansion. The Monnt Vernon
estate was hever under a finer state of cultivation
than it is et the present time. There at present
2000 government mules grazing upon different
farms in that section.
The grounds immediately around the mansion and
tomb bear evidence of can and taste. The approach
to the tomb and the mansion from the river is high
ly picturesque and deLighttnL The remains of
Washington, were , origliaally &posited !in the old
vault'which Is pointed out to 21114E06n5, and in it
mahogany coffin lined with lead. The, vault wee
damp, and the wood was three times renewed be
fore belr.g.placed In tho receptor-it when* they now
repose, in Leal Manor vault was erected and the
remains transferred. A Philadelphian:tattle worker
proposed to furnish a marble sarcophagus, - but on
visiting the tomb declined to do so If it wee to be
put in so deep a vault, some dozen feethlgh, with
an arched gateway and a gate formed of imzi rods.
In this antechamber, on the right, is the salvo
• phagus containing the remains of Washington, and
on the left another prerlsely like it, containin g the
mashie of Mrs. Washington ; and it may be added,
that her remains have been moved as often as those
of the great chief. The sarcophagus Is ezeavated
from la solid block of pure White Marble, and was
placed there in I$3T. Within the vanlt proper ar e
the bodies of many members of the lamity, On
either side, as you come dear the vault, stands a
marble obelisk, inscribed with the names of hailing
members of the Waihington family. The design
upon Washington's sarcophagus corers the most of
the top or ILL And mailbag of a shield, resting on the
lartiolud dig, ladtdfarhed by td
. Rpli 9014 AM
MONTROSE, SUSQ. CO., PA., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1865
From the Washington Infraigeneer.
and Present Condition.
"Freedom and' Right against Slavery and Wrong."
'vitiated wlthlassels, forming a background to the
shield. The crest loan eagle, with open wings, perch
ing upon the superior bar of the shield and clutch
ing the arrows and olive branch. Below the armor
ial bearing Is the name deeply sculptured, of "Wash
ington." On the plain lid of the other sarcophagus
are the words, In largo letters, "Martha Washing
An addition, erected at one end of the mansion
after Washington's time, has ban torn away, and
the structure is now in the exact form as when left
by the father of his country. It is well known that the
mansion, as originally erected and left by Lawrence
Washington, was much enlarged by neneral Wash
ington,a section being added to each end, making
It, as t now stands, 96 feet in length, north and
south, with a portico, fronting the river, extending
from end to end. This portico having decayed, has
been replaced by another the exact copy of the old.
The mansion is two stories high, of wood, finished
in Imitation of freestone, and painted white. Four
teen small windows, with the old fashioned diminu
tive panes of glass, look out upon beautiful eloping
lawns, and down upon the river level. There are
six rooms-on the floor, with a spacious hall running
through the centm, front east to wad. The north
room is the large dining hall, in which is the ex.
colsite marble mantle-piece, wrought In Italy, ship
ped on an English vessel during the French Revolu
tion, captured by the French Government when
Lafayette made known that it was a present from
an American wine merchant, residing , at Marseilles,
to General Washington. In this room are also the
double-banked harpsichord, shaped like a modern
square piano—a wedding present to his adopted
daughter, Nulty Curtis; the tripod which served
Washington In all his surveys, and the large net of
matched mahogany dining tables. The dining hall
opens at either end into an east and west parlor, in
one of which is an old, dilapidated, large globe, and
In the other an old sofa. The key of the Bastile—a
present from Lafayette—still hangs in the glass case
in the hall, and by its aide the silhouette taken from
life by a lady in Philadelphia.
The library room, in the south end, Is occupied
by Miss Tracy, the accomplished and faithful agent
of the Mount Vernon Association. A bust of
Washington, cast In plaster by Hondon, and another
of Lafayette, faring (etch other high on the walls,
are the only observable relics. The bookcases, built
Into the wall, with glass doors, fully occupy one
side of the large room. Over this apartment, in
a small bedroom, the great and good man died. A
bedstead, said to be an exact copy of that on which
he died, is the only article In the chamber. The
family pictures were nearly or quite all at Arling
ton, and were taken to Richmond by General Lee.
The celebrated pitcher portndt, upon the hack of
which was inscribed the beautiful eulogy, and lett
in the mansion by an unknown hand, was carried
away by John A. Washington, and Is In the posses
sion of that
The long low row of brick quarters still stand ss
they have for 30 or 40 years, since they were partial
ly destroyed by flre. In this row Washington had
his blot ks with and carpentering establishments, Qr.,'
here now live the two old colored servants of whom
mention has been made as the servants who came
here 60 Tema ago with Anne Blackburn, the wife of
The "Ladles' Mount Vernon Association," It is
well known, made their purchase in 1858, and had
made their last payment of $3,000 upon the eve of
the rebellion. The Association had cam-need also
$90.000 in improvements, In addition to paying the
Ila:l0,000 purchase money. Much still needs to he
done, and the large amount of funds at this time
accumulating tram the throng of visitors, who pay
an entrance tee each of 2Acte., will do much for
putting the national shrine and preserving it In
proper condition. The scourge of the rebellion
stayed Its desolating tide at the confines of these
sacred acres. The tomb of Washington was held
sacred on both sides.
The above is the epithet applied by the Copper ,
head papers to those citizens of Kentucky who rup
ported the ticket in favor of the Amendinent to the
Constitution abolishing slavery. And who is it that
are thus stigmatized as "scoundrels t" It is such
men us the gallant and brave itossean; the able aria
eloquent Smith; the patriot Randall; that lover of
humus freedom, Fry: the editor of the Louisville
Journal; Governor Bramietle, Wickliffe, and thou
rands of the abicst and most accomplished men of
Below we give the sayings of a few "reoundrela,"
a list we might extend ad Milton. Possibly-the
Copperhead editors may have heard of some of them
to-fore, but we wager a red copper that not bee of
them ever did and never will find their way into
t heir papert
It (slavery) is an odious that nothing can he
Fufficient to support it hut positive lsw.—[Lord
Slavery is a atAte an improper, so Aczrading. ao
ruinous to the Melillo! and eapueitles M human na
ture, that It ought not to be antlered to exist.—
A system Wirer)) which Is not only opposed
to the principles or morality; hut, as It appears to
me, Is pregnant with appalling and Inevitable danger
to the Republic.—[Bunn Humboldt.
Every man .has property in his own person; this
nobody has a right to but himself.—[Locke.
It perverts human reason, and Induces men en
dowed with Inkiad powers to maintain that slavery
is sanctioned by the Christian religion---Poirn td
I never would consent, and never consented,
that there should be one foot of slave territory be
yond what the old thirteen States had at the forma.
Lion of the Union. Never! Never [ IClWeb
Slavery is a system of the most complete Jujus
It (slavery) impairs our strength as a cnmmunity,
and poisons our morels at the fountain head.—
pedge Gaston, of North Carolina.
The evils of this system (slavery) cannot be
ennawmted.—[Geo. W. Somers, of Virginia.
So icing as God allows the vital current to flow
through my veins, I wUI never, never, never, by,,g,ord
or thought, by mind or will, aid in submitting one
root of tree territory to the everlasting curse of hu
man bondage.—[Henry Clay.
Sir, I envy neither the heart nor the head of that
man from the North who rises here (to Congress) to
defend slavery from principle.—[John Randolph.
We have found that this evil (slavery) has prey
ed upon the very vitals of the Union. and has been
petjudielal to all the States in which it has ea
It (n very) ought not to be Intmdnced nor per
mitted In any of the new States.—[John Jay.
Natural Liberty is the gift of the beneficent Crea
for to the whole human race.Aletander Harnil•
Slavery is an atrocious debasement of human na
The abolition of domestic slavery is the greatest
object of desire In these colonies, where It was
antumpily introduced in their Infant state.—Thomas
I eaq only say, that there Is not a man living
who wishes more sincerely than I do to see a Wan
adopted for the abolition of it (slavery.)—[George
Not Maly diva the Christian religion hat nature
herself ery out against the state of alavery.—(Pope
We fdrther reprobate by our Apostolic authority,
all the above offenses (Indic lo slaym and holding
them In slavery) as utterly unworthy of the Chris
tian name.—[Pope George XVL
THE OLD OAKEN EtFOKET.
The" Old Oaken Racket" was written by Samuel B.
WoodwOrth, while yet be was a journeyman printer
working In an office at the corner .of Chambers and
Chatham streets, New York. Nearby In Fmntitord
street Is a drinking-boruse, kept by ono named Mal.
lory, Where Woodworth-and aeveval particular
,mied to resort. One afternoon the liquor
was super excellent. WoodWortli seemed Inspired by
it; for, after taking a draught; he set his glues upon
the table, and. smacking his lips declared that Mal
lory's ems de vie was superior to any thing he had
" No," raid Mallory, "you are mistaken; there
was one whirt In both our estimations far surpassed
this as 8 drink."
"What seas that 7'l .asked Woodworth dublously.
" The draughts of pure, fresh spring water, that we
used to drink from the old oaken bucket that hung
In the well, after our returns from the labors of the
field on &sultry day to aucruncr."
The teardrops glistened for a moment in Wood
worth's eye. "True, true," he replied.
lie Itomediateirrdurned toP Site office, g rasped a
pen, and In half au hour the "Old Oaken bucket,"
one of the most delightful eomposidom. In our lan.
guaze, wet. ready In manuscript to be embalmed in
the mei:flows of aucceeding generations.
• Pleir A heantitelloting widow is reelatlm. Many
Who talkabout "the widow's mite," have felt bet
HOW WE TRAPPED ME BURGLAR&
We lived In n Terrace. at the time in which my
tale was laid, in what we may term a sub-district
of London, for we were within dye miles of Charing
Cross, and the dark month.of December was upon
ns. Robberies had been frequent in our neighbor
hood, and no less than three houses oat of the ten
in the Terrace had been entered by burglars, and
robbed, and yet no discovery of the thieves had ta
ken place. 8n ably, also, had the work of entry
been accomplished, that In no case had the inmates
been alarmed ; and It was not until the servants de
scended in the morning that the discovery of a rub
bery was made.
In two out of the three cases, an entrance had
been effected through a pantry window, by remov
ing a pane ol glass, and cutting a small hole in the
shutter. The window was on the ground-floor, and
could easily be reached, therefore, from outside.—
In the third robbery, an upper window was enter•
ed by means of a knife which forced the fastening,
and of course allowed the sash to be raised.
So rapidly had the robberies occurred, that the
whole neighborhood was alarmed. The police
shook their heads, and looked knowing, but did
nothing. and, what was mach to he lamented, failed
to find any clue to the robbers, who, they at the
same time asserted, were evidently not regular
Affairs had reached such a stage, that we need to
sleep with a revolver close to our bedside•, when
we happened to have a friend who came to step
with us a few days. Thls friend was an old Jungle.
hunter, and was an pit at every artifice by which
the animal creation might b&eaptured. lie was de
lighted at the Idea of having an adventure with the
burglars, and scorned the belief that they were
more than a match In cunning for even the average
bush-hunter. It was In vain that we asanred him it
was an axiom that an accomplished robber could et
feet an entrance Into any house; and, in fact, that
through roofs and skylights, down chimneys, and
up water-spouts, an aceemplialted burglar could
easily enter the best defended house In the king
Our friend's argument was, that a burglar was
man on watch, who takes advantage of the resident' ,
being asleep and unsuspecting "hut," said be,
"let my suspicion be raised, and will defy any bur
glar to enter my house wtthout my haring due
warning; because, although I Luny be asleep, I shall
hear his approach, and can then make my arrange.
menta to welcome him."
Although we were not desirous of having our
house robbed, yet we wished much that our friend's
confidence should be taken out of him.
A few days alter the conversation, the police in•
formed us that several suspicious characters had
been seen about, and recommended us to be on the
alert. Here,tben,waa a good opportunity to test our
friend's skill and wakefulness; so, having informed
him of the policeman's warning, I asked him If he
felt confident tomodertake the defense of the hou.,e.
"Certainly," he replied. "I only demand a dark
lantern, and stipulate that you have a pair of got ,, •
shes beside your bed. I also must go to bed last,
and no servant Is to go down stairs before me In the
morning; nor Is any one to walk about during the
night; then I will defy the burglars."
Thus it was agreed that my friend was to act the
part of guardian, and was to commence his charge
on the ensuing night
Three nights had passed, no alarms had occurred,
and no robberies had taken place; and we began to
think oar alarm had been groundless ; but our
friend said that now was the time to be most gnarl
ed, for that no wise burglar would rob when he was
expected. Besides, he said, he did not give up
hors of yet having something to say to the robbers
betore his vhit terminated.
I usually sleep very lightly, and therefore awoke
readily upon hearing a tap at my bedroom door 'te
ring the fourth night of our watch. It was my
friend's voice that answered me, and we were re
quested to come out at once. "As soon as I strike
a lucifer match," I replied.
"Nonsense, man; a light will spoil the whole
thing. Come in the dark ; slip on a dressing gown
and your goloahec, and come at once."
1 was soon provided as be wished, and ready to
descend the stales In the dark.
"Now, remember," sal , l my friend, "there are
seven steps to the first landing, twelve others alter
wards,and the tourth step creaks abominably; so be
careful to descend without noise."
The night was boisterous, and many a window
and door shook nod rattled, so that the slight noise
we made in descending the stalra was not sufficient
to have alarmed even the moat keen•eared listener.
We descended to the ground floor, entered the pan
try, and then, standing purfectly still, devoted our
selves to listening,
In a very tew seconds we heard a grating noise on
the shutter, then an interval of quiet, and again a
noise. Presently the window was gently raised,
and again all was quit. The noise of a h eav y
le Passing the boom seemed to afford an oppe , r
tnnlty for a more decided effort ; for, while'the rat.
tie-of the wheels was loudest, a crack sounded from
the shutter, and we could hear that the bolt was
forced, for the shutter was gently moved.
"Don't stir till I do, and hold your breath If pos.
Ode," whispered my friend In my ear.
I foand the latter a dlfflceit request to comply
with ; for my heart was beating with rapidity, and
thumping against my ribs in the most ex , ited way;
still I stood quiet, and trusted to my friend.
Nothing could be more muttons than the pro
ceedings of the robbers. The shutter was pnalied
back In the most slow and steady manner • bad
there been even a bell fastened to it, I doubt wheth
er It would have been made to ring. At Intervals
there was a rent from work, evidently for the par.
pose of listening,and then one of the robbers placed
his leg across the winduvr.sill, and lightly descend
ed into the pantry.
The night, even out of doors, was vary dark, and
in the corner where we stood it was as black as Ere
bus. Oar forms, therefore, were quite indistin
g-ulshable, and the only chance of discovering us
was by touching or hearing as. '
The first burglar was soon followed by a second,
whilst we could hear that a third, who waa outside,
was to remain there on watch.
"Now let's light up," Bald number two.
"Not yet, till you pull the abutter to," ' , plied
the other, or the glimmer'll be seen ; then you
come and bold the box."
The abutter was quietly pulled to, and both rob
bers moved away a few paces from the window by
which they had entered. By the quiet way in
which they walked, It was evident that they were
either without shoes or bad on India-rubber cover.
Inge. Of their size or weapons, we could ace noth
ing; and I began to doubt whether our position
was an agreeable one, as 1 was armed only with a
sword—a weapon, however, I knew how to use ;
whilst of my friend's offence or defence I knew
I had not long to welt ; for a Inciter was Immedi
ately struck by one of the men, and the room con
sequently lighted up. At the same time my friend
drew up the slide of the dark-lantern, and flashed
the light on the faces of the two men, at the same
time showing the muzzle of a revolver pointed to.
"If either of you move, I'll put a couple of bnl
lets in him," said my friend. as he placed his back
against the window by which the men had entered.
"Now drop that crowbar." he motioned in a vofte
of authority; "down with it; and you," he said to
me, "pull open the shutter, and about for the po
The Idea that is usually entertained of a burglar
is, that he is a man of great size, strength, and dar
ing, and that he would In an encounter annihilate
any moderate man. When, then, the light revealed
the fares and forma of the men we had captured,
our humble self, although no great pugilist, yet
felt able to defeat either of them If it had come to
a matter of flats; and I mast own that the pale and
astonished faces of the men were not Indicative of
any very great courage.
Oar about for police was shortly answered; and
the borglars,having been aubdned by the sight of the
revolver, the muzzle of which pointed that at one,
and then at the other, were taken by the police,
three of whom were speedUy on the spot, and con
veyed to the lock-up; whilst we, awl a detective
who had been brought down from London some
days previously, exambed the details by which the
men had effected an entrance.
"You were very lucky to ace them, especially on
such a night." said the detective. "When once
they're in, they move like mice. We know them;
and I expect they'll get seven years."
The man 'was about correct; for one, the older
offender, was sentenced to six and the other Live
years' penal servitude.
it will, I suppose, be of no use trying to sleep
again to night, for It la three o'clock," said my
"I cannot sleep," was my reply, "and I am dying
to bear how you found out that these men were ap
preaching the house."
Being then, of one mind, we partly robed our`
selves, lighted a fire In the kitchen, and, soon being
provided with cigars and grog, of very comfortable,
and satisfied with our work. My friend then began
his account, which he gave much In the following
"The burglar, as I told you, has nattally.the ad
vantage of sarpriec. He can select the time at
which he makes the attack; and, it his proceedings
are carried on cautiously. he enters a house before
he is heard. Few men would, however, venture to
do so, nutria they provionsly had good Information
as to the Interior arrangements of the house ; this
they obtain either from servants •radesmen, or
one who visits the locality ; or • i come them
selves as tramps, or with some trine , sell. Thus,
if there are bells attached to doors or windows,
they find it out; and they know tolerably well the
domestic mentagements of the locality they protrpose
trying mete l am upon. mum it the coitve
al methods of protecting a house, such as bolts,
bars, chains, locks, Cc., all of which require merely
time and proper Instruments to overcome. It there
fore occurred to me that novelty and simplicity
combined would be more than a match for the
coarse Intellect of a burglar, and thus I made my
plans, which, you free, answered vary well."
"No doubt about that," we replied.
"Well now, come up to my room," he continued,
"and see the apparatus."
Ws entered his room, and there, close beside his
pillow, was a tin box, lil the bottom of which was a
'This Is nearly all the apparatus," he said. "But
you notice some thread fastened to the key. Twee
that thread, and you will find It passes that email
hole in the Ranh ,• and from there it goes down to
the back-yard. And now you will understand my
plan. I knew that no man could approach the back
part of the house without walking up the back-yard,
which is only four yard wide. I therefore tied
across the back-yard. and about two feet from the
ground, some fine black thread ; this was made feat
on one aide, but slipped through a loop and led up
to my window on the other. The thread then pass
ed through the hole I had boxed in the window
sash, and was then made fast to this key. Under
the key I placed the tin box, you see; and over the
key was a bar to p_*event its being dragged up more
than six inches. Each night, before I - went to bed,
I Just drew the string tight, and fastened it In the
yard; taking care to free it before morning, so Ca to
keep the plan a secret. If, then, a man, or anything
above two feet high, walked up the yard, the string
was pressed against, the key was drawn up sharply
against the har, and th e string broken ; when the
key, of course, fell Into the box, making quite nois e
enough to wake me. Immediately the string or
thread broke, It would fall to the ground; and the
person who had done all this would not have felt
anything, the resistance being so alight. I must
own I should have preferred horse-hair to thread
but, afr It was, the latter answered very well. I was
fast asleep when the key fell; hut Immediately
awoke, and, taking my lantern outside my door,
lighted it, and come to you, for I knew that a man
only in the back-yard could have dropped my key.
to now you see how the burglars were trapped, for
you know all the rest."
"Certainly, y ou succeeded, and so we ought not
to be critical , ' we we replied. "But suppose they had
entered by the front window, instead of by the
back ? bow then ?"
"Ton see this thread," he said, grasping one near
the door. "Pull it." I did so, and immediately a
tin cup dropped into the hand basin. -
'That thread goes down stairs, and Is fastened
across the front window; but I broke that off as I
went out of my room, an that tt abould out impede
my journey down stairs. Thus I could at once
know whether a man was approaching the back
door or had entered by the front window; and in
either case, I think I could have captured him."
A REMINISCMICE.—We paused the house a abort
time since where many years ago there lived a family
whose deeds, in one respect at least, are worthy of
remembrance. The husband was a shoemaker, and
diligently plied his sedentary trade. He was a
man of thought and of aspirations which were not
fully satisfied In his sphere of life. His wife was
beautiful, intelligent, prudent and industrious, de
sirous above all else to maintain a pure and happy
home for her family, the center of her affections and
the hope of her life. In her devotedness and watch
ful care, she observed that her husband left his work
at about eleven o'clock In the forenoon, to visit oue
of the shops. The next day he did the same. She
thoughtfully considered the subject, and communed
with her own heart in silence upon it. The next
day shortly before the witching hour, she prepared
a cup of favorite tea, together with palatable little
pastries, and taking them with her she unobtrusively
slipped into the shop, saying as she entered that it
seamed so long a time before the dinner would be
ready, and her husband worked so diligently, that
she thought he would relish the preparation. A
short time was spent In cheerful and pleasant re
marks, when she gathered up the fragments and
left for home. Her heart was lightened from the
tact that her husband did not leave his shop that
day on hie accustomed visit. The next day and the
next, the attractive and satisfying cup of tea was
promptly prepared and proffered. Months passed
In the same way and at the end of the year the
shoemaker took his wife tendetty by the hand, and
recounted her angel-deeds, and all without one word
of reproof or allusion from her lips to the habit
which a year ago he was acquiring. He had after
due trial frilly made up his mind that he did not
need intoxicating drinks for his comfort, for he had
In such a wife and her devoted attentions what were
vastly superior. This little fact may possibly con
tain within it a suggestion for further practice In
our sin-stricken world.—Kennebec Journal.
Go Funtrao.—lt was a very sensible piece of ad
vice that the philosopherof the 7'ribeae gave to Bar
num, when asked whether he should continue his
business and rebuild the Museum—" Take the rest
of your life easy," said Mr. Greeley; "go fishing.
I've been wanting to go fishing for thirty item,
and haven't had a chance yet." The advice is none
the less sensible that Barnum didn't act upon It.
When men have been long in business and acquired
a competent fortune—and we mean by competent, a
fortune sufficient, if well invested, to return a reve
nue sufficient le support Its owner comfortably—
he also acquires certain habits that he finds it diffi
cult to throw of Very few men retire from active
life in the possession of the faculties of enjoyment.
They postpone the day; they want to amass a few
more thousands; they want to figure as largely as
their neighbors in the income fiat; and so old age,
decrepitude, and infirmities are upon them before
they retire from business. Then, instead of enjoy
ing life and fortune, their time is employed In post
poning the visit of that stern messenger who
knocks with equal force at the door of the rich man's,
palace and the poor man's cottage. It is philosoph
ical advice, that of Greeley. Go fishing. If you
have secured a competence, give way to yonng men
who are pushing forward for the same end. Retire
from business; from the confinement of the count
ing room, the perplexities of the office, the strife of
political life, the cares of state. Beek nature in her
loveliest forms, In the mountain and the valley, In
the forest and by the river side. There is a world of
happiness to be found by those who wisely search
for It, and go after It. But it will not mix with bu
siness, nor is it to be found In the marts of com
merce. Given moderate wealth, good health, a
contented mind, companionable friends, reada
ble books, and the pleasures of rural life, and a
man's old age may be happier than his yonnth.—
GETTING ow is TMI WORLD.—There are many
different ways of getting on In the world ; it does
not always mean making a great deal of money, or
being a great man for people to look up to with
wonder. Leaving off a bed habit for a good one, is
getting on in the world; to be clean and tidy, In
stead of dirty and disorderly, is getting on ; to he
active and Industrious, instead of idle and lazy, Is
getting on; to be kind and forbearing, Instead of
ill•natnred and quarrelsome, is getting on ; to work
as diligently In his master's absence as In his pres
ence, Is getting on ; la short, when we see any one
properly. attentive to his dutica,persoverleg through
alfficultlea to gain such knowledge as phalli be
of use to himself and to others, offering a good ex
ample to his relatives and acquaintances, we may be
sure that he is getting on In the world. Money is a
very useful article in Ps way,but It Is possible to get
ou with small means; for it Is a mistake to suppose
that we must wait for a good deal of it before we can
do anything. Perseverance Is often better than a
full purse. There are more helps towards getting
on than la supposed; many people lag behind or
miss their way altogether, because they do not we
the simple and abundant means which surround
them on all sides ; and so It happens that these
means are aids which cannot be bought for money.
Those who wish to get on in the world must have a
stock of patience and perseverance, of hopeful con
fidence, a willingness to learn, and a disposition not
wily cast down by difficulties and disappoint
A Comma re CusTcea—The authors of "Wand
erings in Brittany" gave the following illustration
of thoughtful pre for the wants of marriageable
young men:—"Thu peaaantry amend Josselin re
tain their old drceacs and customs In perfection ;
the' girls, especbely have a habit that would save
much trouble were I t Introducedinto more civilized
circles. They appear on fete days in red under-pet
tleoats, with white or yellow borders around them;
the number of these denotes the portion the father
is willing to give his daughter; each white band,
representing sliver, betokens a hundred francs of
rent ; and each yell ow band means gold, and stands
for a thonzand franca per peer. Thtle a young far
mer who sees a face that pleases him, has only to
glance at the trimmings of the petticoat to learn in
an Instant what amount of rent accompanies It."
""Coma till America, Pat!" mites a son of
the - Emerald Isle, to his friend in Ireland;' "'tie a
tlno country to get a Ilvin In. All ye have to do, Is
to get a three-cornered boy, and fill it with bricks
and carry It till the top of a four story building, and
the man at the top does all the work I"
BOW sa RECZMI • PEOPOUL.—Yoo onghter
talk It kind, lookin down bill, with an expreashun
about half tided and half akart. Altar thee pop es
mar, of yoor lower Wanta tow kis u, I don't think
I wood aey yes nor know, bat let the thing kind tie
taike It own coarse.
prA toutoksta r era commtlidlo!,.
Down to the wharves, as the umgoes- down.
And the daylight's tumult, and dust, and din
Are dying away in the busy town,
I go to era if my ship comes in.
I gaze far over the quiet sea,
Rosy with sunset, llke mellow wine,
Where 'ships, like lilies, Ile tranquilly,
Many and fair—but I see not mine.
I qtteation the sallora every night,
Who over the bulwarks Idly lean,
Noting the sails as they come in eight,—
"Have yon seen my beautiful ship come in?"
" Whence does oho come?" they asked of me—
" Who is her master, and what her name ?"
And they smile upon me pityingly
When my answer la ever and ever the same.
Oh, mine was a vessel of strength and truth,
Her sails were white as a young lamb's fleece,
She tailed long since from the port of Youth—
Her master wan Love, and her name was Peace.
And like all beloved and beautiful things,
She faded in distance and doubt away—
With only a tremble of snowy wings,
She floated, swanlike, adown the bay.
Carrying with her a precious freight—
All I had gathered by years of pain ;
A tempting prize to the pirate Fate--
And still I watch for her back again.
Watch from the earliest morning light,
Till the pale stars grieve o'er the dying day,
To catch the gleam of her canvass white
Among the islands which gem the bay.
But she cornea not yet—she will never come
To gladden my eye. and my spirits more;
And my heart grows hopeless,and faint, and dumb;
As I wait and wait on the lonesome shore;
Knowing that tempest, and time, and storm,
Have wrecked and shattered my beauteous bark,
Rank weeds covdr her wasted form,
And her sails are tatter d, and staln'd, and dark.
But the tide comes up, and the tide comes down,
And the daylight follows the night eclipse—
And still with the sailors, tanned and brown,
I wait on the wharves and watch the ships.
And still with a patience that is not hope,
For vain and empty it long bath been,
I sit on the rough shore's rocky slope
And watch to sea if the ship comes In.
For the Independent Rept&liecm.
In a former number of the Republican (July 25th)
I reviewed briefly the history and extent of tobacco
using as a luxury, and closed with an Intimation of
enteri more fully into a discussion of its nature
and injurious effects on the human organism.
Perhaps no better evidence of human depravity
and ignorance, and the perversion of the intellect
and consciences of men, can be found than the al
most universal Indifference which is manifested in
regard to the habitual use of health-destroying, stim
ulating narcotic poison While all admit their
poisonous nature ; and common-sense, science, and
the vital instincts all teach unmistakably that pois
ons are destrudiee to health and life, and in no de
gree useful, but always injurious, yet to such Sr.
extent has science been misunderstood, zom mon
sense ignored and outraged, and reason and instinct
perverted, that many of us have really assented to
the idea that we may introduce poisons Into the do
main of organic life, not only with impunity, but
with positive benefit.
Said a smoker to me the other day, "The human
system may be in such a condition that it may need
poison." He no doubt reflects the opinions of thou
eands who have never seriously considered the In
consistency and monstrotu absurdity of that doctrioe.
Talk of healthful poisons! or useful poison I in any
physiological sense. As well talk of virtuous vice,
or holy sin. It Is a contraction in terms—an absurd
ity on the face of it ; and the only reason why we
do not all " see It " Is because we have been mis
taught—educated out of the exercise of our com
mon-sense upon the subject.
But enough theory for the present— now for the
facts and opinions of those who have carefhlly ob
served and studied the effects of the use of tobacco
on health and lite. Says a medical author,
quoted: "The ordinary physiological effects of the
habitual use of tobacco, as stated by Dr. Coles, are
' weakness, pain, and sinking at the stomach ; dim
ness of sight. dizziness and pain ; paleness and sal
lowness of the countenance; feebleness of the vol
untary muscles; weakness and hoarseness of the
vole+, ; disturbed sleep by starting, and a sense of
suffocation; epileptic or convulsion fits; convulsion
of mind; peevish and Irritable temper; instability
and laxness of purpose ; melancholy and despond
ency ; partial and sometimes permanent insanity.'
Perhaps fn no way doss the narcotic manifest
its anti-vital and nerve-destroying-potency more con
spiel:lonely than in its effects on the senses of hear.
lug and seeing. All tobacco-users become prema
turely dull of hearing, with dimness of vision ; and
generally In proportion to the extent of the Indul
gence. Many persons who chew or smoke excessive
ly are afflicted with troublesome deafness or defect.
ive eight at middle age. All the other senses, tast
ing, smelling, and even feeling are always greatly
deteriorated in functional integrity."
As to the disease-producing effects of the habit,
the same author observes: Dyspepsia in all its
protean forms is the most direct, and generally rec
ognized morbid condition resulting from the em
ployment of tobacco. General vital exhaustion, or
nervous debility, and premature death, are the cer
tain and inevitable consequences of its ordinary use.
Bronchitis, pulmonary consumption, epilepsy, pal
sy. dropsy, cancer, and insanity, ere among the spe
cific disease which physicians very frequently trace
to tobacco as the only or principal cause. Malig
nant tumors of the month and lips are often
produced by smoking. Horrid deformities and fet
id fungous excrescences have many times been oc
castoned by poisoning an accidental crack on the
lips or the corner of the mouth with tobacco-emoke
or juice, of which I have known several melancholy'
examples. No doubt the modern invention of ivory
or glass tubes, to prevent the cigar from coming in
contact with the month, will enable the tobacco-sot
to destroy his whole nervous system withoitt mar
ring his face. "Snuffing more especially predispos
es to patsy, apoplexy, eptlepsy, and Insanity. An
eminent professor, in one of the New England med
ical colleges, not many years ago, died in a mad- I
house, his madness being the consequence of snuff
ing. Habitual snuffing always produces a disagree
ah,e alteration in the tone of the voice, and induces
a variety of filthy local affections of the lining mem
brane of the nasal cavities.
"Many an Infant has been killed outright in Its cra
dle by the tobacco-smoke with which a thoughtless
father filled an unventilated room. Many a Omahas
the doctor been summoned in haste to a child taken
suddenly and alarmingly ill, with spasms, eon
vulsions, worm-fits, choking, strangulation,
'strange spells ; ' produced by no other cause then
tobacco-smoke In the room; a cause too often un
suspected by both parents and physicians. The
strong, rank, fetid narcotic breath of a habitual to
bacco-user is enough to almost strangle and quite
sicken the now-born infant which sleeps in the same
bed. Who but the AU-seeing knows how many in
fanta are murdered In this way? - Or If not directly ,
killed, rendered sickly, puny, nervous, and irritable
in body, and peevish, dull, and stupid In mind, by
being poisoned -with a tobacco-atmosphere during
the first days or their existence f"
Dr. L. B. Coles, whose attention has been dement
ed to this subject for nearly a lifetime, says, truth
fully : "Many a tobacco-user's wife by constantly 1
sleeping with him, has suffered ill health. No to- 1
baceo-user is fit for a bed-companion. He is giving
forth pestilential vapors from all the pores of his
skin. He Is an embodiment of perpetual
The immediate atmosphere surrounding him is in- 1
evitably impregnated and polluted with the ,
effluvia which constantly emanates from his 1
whole ealrface. Put a chewer or smoker of tobacco
into a vapor-bath, with no tobacco in the room, and
in a short time the whole apartment will be
strongly scented with tb ffi aof tobacco which
has emanated from
Medical testimony against the nse'of this poison
could be multiplied ad iftdrum, and living examples
of Its evil effects can be Seen by all who are at all
-observing; and vet I am aware that many, and per
haps a great majority of the old and middle aged.
who use or have used " the weed," commenced its
use by advise of "The Doctor," for the cure of
some diseased condition, usually some dyspeptic
symptom as " water brash," "spittingnp food after
eating." due. Of all the eases of this kind that I
have !mow I have yet to learn of the first au that
has been cured or permanently benefited by the
"remedy," except in the sense that poisons always
"cure.' As Professor Paine, in his " Institutes of
Medicine," says: "We do but cure one disease by
producing another." Thecae of palacms may sup
pm Of palliete symptoms, or °maiden • change to
the manifestation of vital actien for the time, but It
never removes disease ,• Ind scores of the deluded
victims of the unnatural habit of tobacco-using have
learned after years of experience that it was Only
"musing to kill," and have emancipated themselves
from Its degrading servitude; while thousands, all
over the land, of prematurely old, nun% cad"'
emus victims, commit to continue Ina halt tbad.
Most of them feel is In the end ruinous; sad, that_ is
exhausting their vital mingles, and .undetnining
their conatitztlane, yet feel too weak to break '
riarli ma dnde them.
Ehtt Inf. IPA
02.00 per annum, in advance.
THE NARY PAPERS
Bar's Ricer, (which is in the stall tty
Noo Gersy,) Aug 20th, 2865,
I writ born a Wig. My parents wuz amember nv
that party, leaatwaye my mother wuz, and she allnz
did the votin, allowin my father, nv coarse, to go
tbro the manual labor nv casting the ballot, in def
erence to the laws uv the country, which does not
permit females and triggers to vote, no matter bow
much Intelleck they may hey hill em.
In allobability I ,hood hey mat my lot with
that pa bed not a insident ocnred in my boyhood
days, which satisfied me that the Dimoertsy wale my
approprit and natural abiding place. It was in this
Ina playful mood, wun nits, I bustid open a grove
Cry, and appropriatid ez a jest, what loose
titer wnz In the drawer, (demi in these dt=t 3
days nv paper currency, the enterpricia Meet hes to
steal at 4) per sent discount,) and etch other no.
!ions ez struck my boyish fancy. I indoOat a nig•
ger boy sumwhet_younger than myself, to aid 111 e,
and whon.,he had ha , ued the game, I feelin in my
pride, ea wan heal° the proud Anglo-flacksum-bloOd
a conrain toomulchusly thro his vanes, what Cheef
Janis Taney bez since made law, to-wit: that the
nigger has no rites which the white man Is bound
to respeck, whald him till he resigned the entire
proceeds ray the speckralashen to me. The degrad
ed wretch, devoid or every prinelpie uv honor,
blotted on zee, and we was both arrested.
The Jutha am the Ras our a Wry! and after a hur
ried eggsaminasten, heed:tenet ras I oneuv his own
rase ! one nv his own blood ! or his own parentige I
to imprizinomont for Trrrirry DAYS 1 on bred and wa
ter, and the nigger to only ten, on the ground that I
wnz the thee! offender.
- - -
My mother begged an prayed, with tears a stream
ing down her venerable cheeks faster then ehe could
wipe em np with her gingnm spew, that the arrange
ment might be reversed—the nigger the SO and me
the 10, but no ! Cold ez a sun, inflexible ez Iron,
bindles ez a turnip, I wuz inkaraaratid, and 8 cayed
Sullenly I emerged from them walls, on the even
ing uv the 30th day, a changed indlvUoeL LIM!' my
hands 2 beven, I vowed 3 vows, to-wit:
1. That I wood devote my life to the work nv
donsin the African to his nominal spser.
2. That I wood adopt a perfewben Ira which I
could steel without being hauled up for it.
3. That the water I lied consoomed while In door
anya vile, wnz the last that wood ever find Its way,
undllooted Into my atumick.
HPotz, I Jined the Dvimpertv. awl wham's. age
savn+em my record, will 1101RO thatf raw SEPT MT
OATHS! PETROLEUM V. Num.
Lalt Paster nv the Chnroh nv the Noo Dlapensalbun.
Here Is a statement from Rev. J. P. Newman, D.
D., In his work " From Dan to Beersheba," which
shows the effects of hereditary transmission in a clear
light. What " fate " can be worse than this? The
TUB LEPERS or JEI/C2iAI.Z3L —A few paces within
the wall, and to the east of the Zion Gate, are the
" quarters of the lepers." Though formerly exclud
ed from the city,they are now suffered to build their
wretched huts along the wall. In obedlente to a
law prevalent throughout the East, all lepers are
compelled to live together in three colonies, and It
it a coincidence no less singular than true, that the
cities in which these colonies are located were the
residences of three historic lepers ; Nauman of Da
mascus, Gehazi of Nablons, and King Asarbita of Je
rusalem. Numbering in all two hundred, those on
Mount Zion are support by charity. Their homes
are miserable huts, low, dark, and loathsome. Al
lowed to marry only with each other, their offspring,
when born, are usually fair, and apparently healthy.
Retaining their health and beauty up to the period
of puberty, the fatal disease, like a scrofulous spot,
then makes its appearance, on a finger, op the nose,
or on the cheek, and spreading over the system„ It
ultimately reaches some vital organ, and the tmlutp
py victim dies
Preparing,their. eveninzineal, men and .wom en
mov, with - feeble step if-dul:tut to hut, exchang
ing articles of food, and also their cooking utensils.
Their garments were old sod tom, their voices dry
and husky, their laces withered, like a coal of file,
half extinguished, their eye, swollen and restless,
their lips and cheeks, nose and ears, were corroded
with ulcers, and the flesh of their arms and bands
had been eaten away, leaving thebone red and bare.
Standing afar as In the day of Christ, they
stretched out their hands and begged In tones so
piteous that none could resist their entreaties. In
the plaintive accents of their native Arabic, they
balled me, " Pilgrim, give me • for the Lord's sake,
give me.' Dropping a few piasters In the folds of
their infected robe., I hastened away, hearing
their tones of pity, and seeing their horrid forms In
memory days after the spectacle had been withdrawn.
Alas for them to whom this world is one great hos
pital, and the the vestibule of the grave!
Hrsrrs son HOVEINEBEPER.9.-A %writer "On Far
nishing," in LnnePm ,Sixiety, gives these hints as to
ther proper and tasteful furnishing of rooms:
"Our theory Is that no one thing should catch the
eye. There should be harmony throughout; and
we would recommend that great attention be paid
to the colors of the walls. If they, the ceiling and
the carpet, are well selected, all other points of de
tail are like the finishing touches of a picture. The
right tone having been attained, the test compar
We have found grays light greens, and pale
mauve to work bell; and the less pattern there la
In the paper the better, unless, for some special
reason, a chintz paper Is desired. U the room faces
the south a cool gray mauve is good; and for 'north
room we have seen a yellowish•green answer ad
mirably, Imparting to the room the appearance of
"As a tole, we have found It beat to avoid reds,
egilltailelYlea dark - rod,
wid ot i r s tO tr u e se. ve i l lle so lKY ap . t to
make a mom a either gaudy or cord ; though we have
seen It effectively used with pink to give a Pompa
"For carpets we Incline to email Inoffensive pat
terns., and generally avoid those which are flowery,
as being In theory and effect bad.
"As to the arrangement of the furniture it Is
cult to say much, es everything depends upon what
It cousists of But we have generally found it de
sirable to keep the center of the room and the
before the fire quite free;and to eschew a rotell a t e d:
Me. If we must have one, we prefer pushing it In
to some corner of the room—anywhere but in the
" We once asked a lady, who was =spiel:tents for
the excellent taste she displayed In furnishing her
rooms, wherein her secret lay, and she said that she
Invariably made it a rule never to employ any one
person eielasively. She bought what she wanted
whenever she could find it ; and certainly the result
was perfect. There was harmony and a variety that
Was most pleasing."
WRY Mrs FAII..—Mm Stowe Stye that people of
email incomes, if they deny the palate to please the
Imagination, can adorn their homes with:Deny gems
of art. The following Incident may be enznestiveto
many who find their Incomes inadequate to their
A young merchant, who had just tailed In busi
ness, having spent, in four years, a legacy of ten
thousand dollars, in addition to any profits realized,
was met by a thrifty young mechanic; who had for
merly been on terms of Intimacy with him Dew
leg the conversation which ensued, the merchant
said to him—" Flow is It, Harry, that you have been
able to live and save money on the small sum which
you received for your services, while I found It Im
possible to live in my business with a good round
ten thousand dollars to back me?"
"Oh," said the mechanic, "that Is easily under
atood. I have lived with reference, mostly, to the
comforts and tastes of myself and family, while you
lived mostly with reference to opinions' and tasks
of oaiens It costs more to , please the eye than to
keep the back warm and stomach full."
[hr A correspondent of the "Independent," vis
iting the N. Y. Slate Inebriate Asylum, at Bingham
ton, writes as follow* of one of the Inmates of that
" One or the Opium eaters war a prodigy. lie was
a lawyer, and filled a highly responsible office. In
one year he drank thirty-two hundred bottles of
McMinn's prep rallon of opium. The largest
amount in ono day was twenty bottle*, equal to ten
thousand drops of laudanum, or two thotumuttmore
than oeQuiney ever used 113 any day."
tar The following lea characterhitic short gentian
which, it Ls stated, President Lincoln was in the
habit of preaching to his children: ," Don't drink,
don't smoke, don't chew, don'tawear, don'tgamble,
don't lie, don't cheat, love your Mow men, as well
a s God, loan truth, love virtue, and be happy."
virA wandering paragraph Aims quaint entitle•
eta In regard tos difference to the extravagance of the
sexes, In the remark that a man gives two shillings
for an eightecrepenny thing be muds, ands woman
given eighteen pence for a tweabiging thing the
does not want
u Pm sorry, Mr. Wilson, to ease* splendid
held at potatoes so mina, diseasoM said a sym
44. Ab 10 V it is a great pity, maid the f armer .
het a some seders -411.1t • 'nouveau's' is
:dot b t tittle