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H. H. FRAZIER, Publisher.
CHARL& HOLES, •
rums ug CLOCK'', WATCHES, AND JEWELRY.
Reelerlag ..tens Mal. an short notice and reasonable term
on ea Mt Public Altaanne to F. B. (Thantliceabbxre..
Montrose. Pam tic:m.7.lSL
Dn. E. L. RAM:RICH,
EoentoTAß sanewiracos. rprfally tendon his mite
dot al setytemattatts claims of Fll.ll, and lidalt7.
la the oats at Dr amt. Eloszds at J. Raiford.
Frigoadn l / 1 46 July 27,18041 f
E. W. SMITH,
O. maim a 0013WISSLL017. AT LAW lAA Licensed Chia
Assn. Odic, owe Les`s Drqt open.
ennwsdowns Depot immure W. ISM
11 Lit= to Magi:Taney Dry Good; Ohockory,liortonoo.
LP Loma atom, Oda. and Paints. Boots sod Moe; lII*
ll rota Mang boa thoora pantrions.
Rea ttkotl. Pa.. April 11, VW
8. H. SAYRE & BROTHERS,
maNuiPaentßans of 110110arta iT Osenam of olt Mufti
Tit WI Walton Ware, cultural Implement",
mad I=o Gooda,Orocortos, 0 , /se.
Diouf:rook Pa., 7claotn 101,11364.
W.&&d. R KRBY,
RCP amptsinty as bands .314 mortment of GROOMES ;
el" UPPS spiettsunt of FRESH PLAT. Shop under W.
_ win B.oap.
VIRE AND 1.1171 ThOURdaICIE WANT. Moe to Lath
ropy batten; emit Sad of Brick Bloat. In Ida ahem* bud
am at the aka will be tram :clad er C. L. Brown.
novae, February L 1861,—rt
J. D. VAIL, M. D.,
OMMOP&THIO PHTBICIAM,, hes eiatly !anted
himself la Montrose . Pa, when ts vlo promptly sttend tc
I alls In hleprofewion wah which he may be formed. OlDee
MReddest. West of the Mart Moms, otra Batley &Pitch's.
Mattress, Felsaryl,lBl4.-Oct. Mt, M.
A. 0. WARREN,
A TPORIitrAT LAW, BOUNTP. LACE PAT and PEN
A& RON CLAIN! ♦4IOIINT. All Pasoloo Claims esrenlly Int
rod. 011oe to room formerly ocrapSid try D. Von, la W. II
oyd% bolkang. below Bowleg Rotol.
Mcatrooe, yo., Peb. 1, 1864-1047y1
S. S. ROBERTSON,
maunrrearunza of BOOTS& sKozsLIN.
Ova° Street, ilottrcee, Pt.
montreas. /arum MI, 18414-tf
LARRIONABLZ BARBEE. and EMIR DRESSZEL. over F.
Weenrs Mao Store. Warthog. Hulr (Jutting. (Ownßoane-
EM gamo Witlsker oobring done to ttro nas rSTYLE. La•
die' Raft Deemed In.
S, the most KPPROV FASMOIL
Montrone, Sept 4841.-tt
LIMB KIRBY & E. BACON,
HSNP ennatently on hand • toll throllzarrert variety a
0110011111121 th e oorerscor rarer Ely thrlotottere
100 to Intathese seed Wino= In deal they hope to dein the Ilbros/
petroollge Oren nubile. An OYSTER and EATING SALOON Is
attached to the Grocery. .her Woolen, to mum an served In ev•
ere to tenth the Win otthe public demthd. Remember the
the old Mott Grocery Mad. on Meth Street, below the Poet
Da CALVIN C. HALSEY,
PEIIITCIAN AND EIIRGION. AND EXAffiILNING NUR
GEON for PENSIONERS. Office over tbe mare of 7. Lyooo
• Eon. Public Area= rkAid. at Yr. =midge's.
Noutroaa. October, BMA!
D. A. BALDWIN,
ATIMM= AT LAW, and Petedan. Bounty, and Sul Pal
1[ eat. (k et Bead. Elizepsettsana Ocrtuaty. PA.
Cheat 3=l, Aagtot. IQ. IPILS.-17
BOYD & WEBSTER,
AIXIIIII to Stays, SumPfya, Aln. Copper., and 8h
Ism Wan; abo, Window Sash. Psztel Mon, Wladas
Ea, Lath, P ine Lmnber,..and lundd of
11 , d1dIdd 1121ettals
Tie gibed aontb of Searlel HOW, dad e,‘,lrader Bbop net, Slo
Nor/MOM Pa, Jimmy 1, 186L-tf
Da JOHN W. COBB, ll
MIFITSIOUN and 1117ROCON, eneyeetthtly tenders do when
to too citizen. of Raquel:Anna County. fleeing hod annul s
year's aperient* to the VI mind Blake Army, Earneen,enxclal
Wend= Inn to Oven to StIROIOAL OPERATIoNn.
tzr ibitatao. on Maple nineek Cut oil. R. Tarnelra ISOIeL
Montrone, Bop. Oesinty. Ps,JunklrLlB63.-11
Dn. WILLIAM W. SMITH,
SURGEON DENTIST. 041 to ova tlaikW
4., .Bea of Cooper & . All Doota. istlLn d ,
mill to performed t Ws u.mal good
orarronlom. Remember, °Moe formerly of Srdth 3 Son.
Uotstnse., January I, 1864.—tf
E. J. ROGERS,
IItrA.NI7I.I.OTURER of all tlacriptlons of WAG.
ONS.O:I6II.B.IAGES, &c.. in the WU.
Velars Wwkaisitably and of the bee materials.
al the grail known thand of E. R. atithElift. a few soda cast
of fitarlda Natal It Montrose, where he will be happy tit re
eel.e the aJIB of all who want anything to hla Ilea
oatram Jul)* 1,110.41
BALDWIN & ALLEN,
ri CALKED to imoun, twi, Pork, Irish, Lard. Orals, rest
1.1 , Candled Mover sad T'W.by Reed Also GROOW.IEB
lush as Sews, Mohacs, Syrups, - Ees sod Codes. Wen Cis co
Mlle Avenue, one door tab* J. Etheridge.
llmetrosa, Jsrosry 1. 11184,41
Ds. G. W. BEACH,
1101aTeriCIAN AND tiIIEDNOR. to partrasteetly locates
= AM. Pa.. borders hie broteressal
mole tba educe of ar e ly . cm terms cam men.,
eta .11.11 the exam the Mtge of the boa Dr. B. Mame
ma sad boards at Ida. eturesoab.
- Brookhre 04.42117. M. Jane
F. a WEEKS,
MisIiAOTIOLL BOOT IHD 8110 E KAMM; also Dealer tt.
JL Boots, Shoes, Lest or. Shoe rhatlngs. Resetting doss
with neatness sad digaleh. Two dean above Swots'. Hata.
limatrum,Jamary I. 113134.-11
111,ANITTACTITRER and DIALER In all kinds of CHAIM
Ll i g. 4. sb2 if four mllea eastl i ll e z i r l iford Borough.
DE& PATRICK & GARDNER,
PRTRIaIdNB AND SURGIZONE, Weed fathfally IMO
pozetstany to a/I basiteas that may be entreated to their cu t%
mt tams commeasurate with the times. Diamtees lad deSormltho
of the 6TE, Snottml Operation", and ali Itargleal Diammarparsom
&sly attended to. Office ore Webb's/Aare. OftleahostrafrOm Oa.
m. sp. m. E. PATRICK,
Yeoman. Jazotray I. 1864.-tt IL L. 13.LILDNEP....
WI& & WIL H. JESSUP,
ATTOB . NETS . AT LAW, litcoArom. Per Practlnn In Sumgme
hi" Bradford, Wayne. Wyoming and Luanne CourAtem
datrosm Pl. January IyM 1841.
I:TEICT MORS= AND ATTORNST AT LAW.—
. O. ada tba Store tormarly mewled by Pod Braaten
tome, Pa-Jartualy L 1.40.
J. LYONS & SON,
TELLENEI IN DR7 GOODS. Groceen.Crodoory, Hardware
Sionre, Bock Melodeon, Ilsnok and ill Afton nr Anal
cal losteumean Sheet Iltolo. to. Also pm on the Book Bird
bek=to Ito R•omehee. 1.1101..,
Unary 1, MA T. A. I.TO/2.
RE ILL= IF MOOS. MEDICINES.
Panta. 011.. Dye stain. Vandslien, Window Glawe.
ars. Ciroctrie, Croarry. Cilsagware. wall•Pper. Jew
•lry. raney Goods. P.rftimery,Ssroical Inorrainciata, Tn.
tea Cloclos. /igen* for nu of the most poxr
Isr Paton M.61 , - I *. Montrose, Jsztuu7 1.1fi61.
C. 0. FORDHA3I,
111.1_7rTI,VADL BOOTS ttu.,
coder eau zePtt% bag done . madly. Wore ' dene when prom.
Le& Montrose, Aprll L 1861.4 f
CHARLES N. STODDARD,
riommall In BOOTS S SHOW. Leather and Thal
.I, T. L ezt u tr t 4 . t . d o =2 . c...L i he re ltnor Sear d ls o Llicael..lllb.
llontrose. Ps.. Becelha 12.1860.
B. R. LYONS & CO.,
DICALERS InDZY 40 0 319. GIROCTIME.S. I:MOTU. SHOES.
Ladles . Gaiters, Curets. 011 Ulothe, Wall and Window Ps ,
pet. Paints. 011 e, Az- Stove on the cost Oda of rtbile Avenue.
• J. D. LIVEIL
liontram. J.5a.27.1. MIL-tr
• READ, WATROUS, & FOSTER,
r%MiSLEELB IR DoT CYJODS. Drup. Medicine. Palate. Oin
Gleninew. Berms. Jrockery. Iron. Clocks , Waiebee, Jew
elm. Wen einenne. An, Brien Bice. Moserres.
r. KWh welts:on .......... o. mem;
Montrose. Jeatierf 1, MS.
181 rick 111udr.....e, g.,41
a: Waroas • Pongee Blasu, udral. 1 , ...
iloutruse. Ps.. July V. ILO.
. •nIONARLE TAILOR. Ahoy oypaitta the ZOO,
Min &rem Printing Mkt
*outran, TA.. °clawls, nag,tt
I liah uLlza rse LYONS
1af7114 !Flocs. eit.
Dommnr it. wu
BUIIBIONT & WiRD. . .
• 00E. OLVIDING, ClothDnider.ll2d littektlinnloll
old stand Lao= se baalth% Cvalus Machine. Terms mak
• • ehma the wet is tomtits ILTALICOMP.
MO WILL .60 ang. • •
• BENTLEY & LOOMS,
ITORSIZTS colyrsumoas_ A 7 LAW . Berastaa.
• Oas over rater% Drag Storcos Dammam:ls alsense„ rose
rrovaigallseabalro 011Ias Wlltarr rasma 12S.beD woe
4.4tvar u l r s=lbsans Dimly. If deallea.:woaD Co sell t
by user ebennsiv "mu sad sIl bestow,
• waged is ea pcomseer atteaded 12, e. same. ao•euta. v, s. tAnins.
I:- a BMWS.
Anon:ma.? otki WO% Togig• tau
lardraysti • .
Thine months at sea, and one on shore;
Three months at sea—yet. not afloat;
Around our home tho breakers roar,
. . . .
Yet own we neleher ship nor boat
Rock•based, amid the swirl of foam,
The llghthouso stands—lt is our how.
Three months at sea—a dreary time—
The ship goes gail on way;
Now and again a me llow chime
Comes to as through the dash of spray.
The ship will reach the nether zone
While we still pace the lighthouse lone.
While we still pace, and bear the sound
That comes from on far village spire,
Where wife and children gather round
The cheery board, the crackling fire;
Or seaward gaze, at dead of night, .
To watch our slow, revolving light..
The skipper, through the midnight haze,
Marks well Its gleam, and feels its worth,
" God's. blessing on the light 1" he says,
But gives It still a wider berth.
And so it shines, from sun to sun.
A thing to bless, and yet to shun.
And when the tcmpesta howl and rave,
And driving clouds shut out !hi del,
And o'er the lantern-top the wave
Mlles skyward Into feathered splay,
We laugh, my comrades twain and 1.
We feel ourselves so warm and dry.
The llghthonsegnlren3 to Its base,
Yet, sung again, we know no fears ;
We know its stones could fearless face
Still stouter gales In bygone yaws.
Thank God, our ,lot Is not amiss
There's many a Ufu far worse than this
A DETECTIVES MEN -THE LITT-HANDED
B 1 TILE ATTIC ruiLoisornalit
I was culled down from London to Ipswich on an
errand peculiar to one of my profession. I reached
the Inn where I was to meet a fellow-dclectlve, who
had expended both time and patience In attempting
to ferrat out a mysterious munter. Bnt it appeared
to be oneof those singular cases that defy human de
[cello°, and which are generally abandoned by those
appointed to discover the culprit, and left to divine
I met Mr. Croft, who formally resigned in my h
ear, and after taking a glass of nun-punch with him,
returned to the city, While I prepared for my Jour
i will now state how the matters stood. Some
three and a hall tante from Ipswich stood a stone
mansion, the property of Charles Simonds, a retired
banister. He resigned his proie•slon, owing to hav
ing bequeathed to - him a handsome legacy by an on
ly brother, who, after inflaming a fortune Iu Austra
lia, took It into his bead to die. Charles was his
sole heir. Mr. Slmonde had practiced law In Ips
vrich, hut his health had usver been very robust, and
smiti after entering into this legacy, he prwehased
the mansion alluded to ami retired from business,
seeking the quiet and r'st ono In his station so great
lie married when young, but be made a great rule
take in selecting a panther for life. Ilia wife was
pretty, (the !mare that caught him,) but wholly de
void of principle; illiterate and low in her Watts,
ehe became the bane ofnia life
Stte had a brother who occasionally visited the
house, and who ingratiated himself to Mr. Simonds'
favor by his amiable mrdmors, genteel address, and
the frequent brotherly lectures beread to /Ira. Clara
Simonds, his sister.
Morris Opdyke was always well dressed when lie
came to the house, and his conduct was unexception
able, quite in contrast to that of his Maier.
Vi hat hie profession was could not be ascertained
by Mr. Simonds. When he asked his wife, she re
plied, she did not know, and be forl•ore questioning
Mr. Opdyke himself, for the reason that the .gentle
man never spoke of ha4ing any ha:duets.
All that could be learned was that he resided in
London, made periodical visitalo Ipswich, and re
mained there two or three days, then left again,
whither, no one could tell, or those who could would
When Mr. Simonds retired from business and took
pnssession of the mansion, Opdykc came more fre
quently, and his visits Were more prolonged.
In spite of lectures, be and his sister seemed to
agree amazingly well, and to Mr. Simonds' great sat
isfaction, she grew more refined, or, mum properly
speaking, hes vulgar every day. Relined she wonid
probably never he ; it was not in her nature to be so ;
out she managed, by some means, to render herself
less obnoxious to her husband, and he conducted
himself toward her accordingly.
Matters stood thus tee years, when Mrs. Clara
Simonds contracted a malignant fever and died In
live days after the symptoms =attuned themselves.
This occurred during the absence of her brother,
and she was interred before ho knew even that she
When he heard of the sad event, hls raga was ter
dbl. to behold. Ho accused Charles Almonds of be-
lag the cause of her death, and threatened to have
the affair thoroughly hicestigated.
But ascertaining that his 'sister died from natural
causes, he suddenly disappeared from the neiehbor
hood, and came to visit Charles Simonds no more.
There were no children born to Mr. Simonds;
hence, in the event of his death, the estate would
fall Into the hands of distant relations, who had gone
to America years before.
One day, some time after the dealt of his wife,
Charles Simonds examined her personal effects, and
was surprised to fludamong her papers a will, with
her signature attached to it.. Bather amused at this
discovery, he eat down to th.ad it, and found that she
had, in case of her death, bequeathed all her real and
personal property to her brother, Morris Opdyke.
Her property, when she bad none to bequeath?
She was as poor as a church mouse, (to use a homely
but quite forcible phrase), when Charles Bimoiods
married her. Where, then, was this legacy to her
brother from her to come from ?
Thus reasoned the widower when he read the cu
rious document; tent presently the truth flashed up•
On his brain. The letter had been made In the ex
pectMion that die would survive him, then she and
tren,-rother'would revel in his wealth, and after her
LW.% all would he his.
" Was this a conspiracy against him r was his
mental question ; " oad they calculated confidently
on his demiae? Ho, is it not probable that they
meditated using means to accomplish the desired
objrct?'' Horrible thought.
Ile turned to the will to see the date. It bad been
written six months precious to her death ; the wit
nesses' names were hot familiar to him.
He communicated this discovery to his legal ads.-
am, and mentioned the suspicion that bad entered
his breast- The attorney add it looked remarkably
suspicion., yet •till they might have meant no harm.
The attorney addiale
" If mull a plot did exist it does so no longer, at
least It cannot street you; for what would Morris
Opdyke gain by your death 1."
" True," replied Simonds, "I need not fear any
thing from him.
Yet In two weeks from this conversation, Charles I
Simonds was found sitting in his chair In the library,
stone deed. He bad been shot throngh the heart, •
the ball entering his back.
lie must have been dead many hours before the
servants discovers:lllAm, and the strangest part of the
affair was, that none of them heard the report of the
pistol or gun.
He entered his library idler supper, and, as was his
usual custom, eat there reading, until the hour for
retiring—which wail eleven o'clock. They discovered
his dead body in the morning, and at once gave the
All these particulars Mr. Croft related to me, and
he had little faith In my ability to make any more
out of the affair than be bad done.
I reached the eannalcue, and at once entered upon
the business that:brought me there. I examined the
room where the murder had been committed, and
discovered that Mr. Simonds had been sitting with
hie back towards:the window at the time he was
shot, and so trne'had been thealm, that the ball sped
through the heart, completely severing It in two, as
was ass nod by a poet modem examination.
A broken pane of Ours In the library window at
tested whence the dot came. The library was on
the second fluor and situated in the north wing of
the mansion. To gain access to this winnow—the
only one the room contained—the murderer Must
have encountered great 411;11=111y, unless he used a
i ladder to reach it.
There was one other way, which wan to climb to
the window by the bad= water spent. I examined
the ground beneath the window, and could no
sign °I a ladder having been placed there; not a
trace of footstep* was vialble,and I =nolo the con
clusion that reeconse was had to the apout.' •
I procured a lailder, and placed It bftide the water
apont, and made'a careful examination of it from the
ground op to the library window.
j was soon assured .r$ the murderer. bad made
use of that means to reach the window. The lead
was soft and yielding:, and it tore the linger, marks
of the assassin—teach linger haring made an Imm/-
don on tbe'met*L.
When I bad Welshed this part of the examination
I eat down and'posulenxi well over the matters j
had wade two very Impotent dismucties; me was
the assassin mat have tired, the weapon with hie
left bud, for I was perfectly convinced that no tun
could ha d ve held himself by the water spont with tits
left , reachol the *leder, with the right, so
u ban=Me arid
Naito lire aan object to thee middle 'Of
Moms, !WO Jtr.:6Bnondt'in c WWI:
0111W1011.111101#10 gaing -1011111(kallr410
IVIONTROSE, SUM CO., PA., TUESDAY, JANUARY 10, 1865.
covered In the morning. Now, what could I deduct
from this circntutitauce, but the fact that the assassin
was left handed ? My 'mason for the conviction was
a good one. None but u left banded person could
have made to fetal a shot from the position be must
necessarily hare occupied at the time, and that he
knew how to use the weapon was also manifest for
no chance shut could have been so fatal• in a thou
sand trials. This, then, was conclusive evidence,
and though I made the discovery, I communicated
it to no one.
The other discovery was no less important. The
man who Climbed by the spout had but three lingers
on the right hand This wna plainly seen by the
finger marks on the metal ; the spout was marked
but in four places by the right hand—the thumb and
three fingers, the Index finger was gone
kI gave-instructions not to allow any one to med
ic with the spout, and deputized a constable to nee
that my orders were strictly obeyed.
I next questioned the servants of the late Mr. Si
monds, four In number, and elicited the following
On the evening previous to the finding of the dead
body of Mr. Simonds, a female mendicant stopped at
the mansion and requested permission to stop over
night. ,The woman, a delicate looking creature,
seemed nmeh worn out by her tramp during the day,
,lijad hearted cook bade her stay, at the same
time asking her to take a cup of tea, and something
The poor creature woe bait starred, and ate mven
ausly• after satisfying her hunger, she laid down on
a bed the cook bad prepared on the floor for her and
In a short time fell aeimp.
The woman had a small black travelling valise
with per, whleh she placed under her head, before
Next morning, the woman hat? gone beforek any
one else bad arisen, and, strange to say, she had left
the black valise lying, In some bushes In the rear of
the house. it was not discovered until after the de
parture of Mr. Croft, the detective.
instantly asked to ece the valise; it woe pro
duced and I broke the lock without hesitation,
hoping I might get tome further clue to the perpe
trators, that this (probably. pretended) inendland was
The valise contained absolutely nothing—it was
empty. I was on the point et throwing it aside,
when I felt the rustling of a paper in the linluet I
fished it from Its Willa.; place; it proved to he a
letter—its date was thiee weeks old. The envelops
had' no address on it, nor hod the letter any algae
turn. It ran thus:
" Immo, June 2, 1859.
"Call on in; No. 35„ Hollings Court, and ask for
me. I have u lid Job for you and your girl. Cull
between, the hours of nine and ten in the evening.
Burn this letter anti yuu bur e read it."
This Was all the letter contain( d; no names were
mentioned.. It was evident that the rvinest to de
stroy the note bad not been compiled with. Either
the recipient meant to keep it for future use, or it
had been lost sight of; for when I bound it, It was
embedded within the folds of the course linings 01
the valise In ouch a manner as almost to escape the
notice or one any but that of a detective, bent upon
getting every eine be possibly could to ferret out a
murder. The reader has seen how even I came very
near tbrowlsur away this, petteuw, important docu
I made strict Inquirlire Whetner snything in,d been
purloined by this woman, and was answered in the
negative; at least they supposed not, for nothing
had yet been mistral.
The kitchen door leading out Into the yard, as
well as the ante, bad been left unfastened by the
woman. I followed the path abe bad probably taken
when leaving the mansion, and came upon a clump
of bushes where were strewed spas serape of news
paper; these I examined, and raw they were pkees
of a London paper.
While mechanically placing the pieces of news
paper In my pocket, I cart my eyes around the spot,
and mesently they alighted on a square cut glass
bottle, of about lour ounces capacity. I picked it
up; the cork was in It and the bottle contained a
limpid liquid, perhaps two ounces. A label ou it
designated that It contained chloroform. I opened
it, and was soon convinced such was the case.
The label had on it the business place of an apoth
ecary well-known to me. I concluded to keep the
bottle for the purpose of ascertaining who had pur
chased it uud its contents.
I had no doubt now that the subtle drug had been
used as a means to stupefy the inmate of the man
sion while the murder wan committed. The woman
had probably put the servants to sleep, and her
husband, from the outside, committed the distantly
deed. The reason be did not enter the house and
do the deed while the servants were rendered in
set:lllbl% was probably owing to the Uri that Mr.
Simonds invariably barred the library door when he
retired at night. The fact must have been known
to the assassin, hence the mode adopted to accom
plish bin object.
I obtained no further clue; In fact, I thought I
had sufficient for my purpose, I came to tho follow
ing conclusions, and contemplated acting upon
some Intelligent person, who desired revenge on
Mr. Simonds, had hired another person and hU wife
to do the deed be probably shrank from. I had
every reas,n to susprmt Morris Opdyke as the prin
cipal In the affair, and It was my Object, first, to find
out , where he resided in London, and then take
measures to ferret out this left handed murder
The reason I wished to ,ee Morris Optlyke was to
discover whether he was kit •lianded, or whether be
was minus a linger on the other hand. I forehore
questioning the servants on this subject; probably
they Might trace informed me correctly, but then
set vents will talk, and my secret would have been
thrown to the winds, which might have wafted my
suspicions to the ears of the culprit. To avoid these
couttetemps, I held lay tongue, and started fur
I calliA upon the apothecarr, and handing him the
bottle Hiked him if he recollechA to whom be had
sold the chloroform ; he at once replied in the affir
mative and gave the name of Opdyke.
I was quite surpriwd at the information, and
could mtt speak for a moment, so unexpecied
was it. 1 had only hoped to get a partial deacripi ion
of the purchaser, and intended to compare It with
that of 00:1)ke, a description of whom I had obtained
of the legal adviser of the late Charle. Slmonds.
"Are yon acquainted with Mr. Opdyke r I asked.
" No, sir."
"How, then, do you know It was be who purchas
ed the drug r
"Because, just as he was paying for it, another
;rennet:man entered the shop mad called him by name."
I here made the apothecary describe the personal
appearance of Opdyke, and it tallied 'tub that given
me by Mr. Yates, the attorney at Ipsteloh.
I tied an adrertisement inserted In the papers
by which means I ascertained the residence of Moe.
ris Opdyke. Ile lived In fine style, and was pnrmm
ed to by a ammeter by vocation. He was unmarried.
but entertained his acqnaintsuces In a superb manner.
Flu had some half dozen serial:de to minister to his
I manazed to become acqnainted alth a person
who had the entree of his house, and had the eati•-
faction of uccompaning him one day to one of Opdyke's
To all casual observers, I entered upon the en
joyment of the hour with great zest, but I neverthe-
Icas kept a keen eye upon all that transpired arouud
I soon convinced myself that Opdyke was not left,
banded, nor had he lost one of his tiugere. It W 1133
then certain that he was not the actual perpetrator
of the deed.
I examined the hands of every guest, but could
not discover my man. One, -it Ia true, 1 took to be
left handed, from the fact that tie.alwaystook up his
glass with that hand; but then that was nothing,
for I knew right hand teats to do the same thing.
I however, looked at his right hand; the fingers
were all there, or, at least, appeared -to be, for the
man wore aid gloves.
Suddenly a bright Idea entered my brain, and I
resolved to cam , it out. I provided myself with a
pin, and watched for an opportunity when he should
lay his hand on a chair or table. In the mean time,
I had been introduced to he called himself
David Jarret, and was a married man.
The opportunity presented itself: he rested Lis
right hand on the table, when I directed his attention
to a distant part of the room, and while be looked, I
drove the pin Into his index Anger, just above the
lie did not move his band! I withdrew the pin.;
it came out as easily as it bid entered. Thu substance
it Lad entered was not Clash, but cotton ! I beheld
the assassin of Charles Simonds; of that I was firmly
convinced. I resolved to try another test. I bad
the letter found in the valise In my possession. I
went home, took an exact copy from it, sent a copy
in an envelop to Mr. Opdyke by a boy, after which
I returned to the saloon of my host, =using my
sell for the temporary absence.
According to my Instructions, the lad entered the
room and handed the envelope to Morris Opdyke.
I bad 'written nothing in It. 1 merely sent a copy.
I wanted to see how it effected bins.
The ruse was perfectly successful. Aa soon as be
glanced at It he turned pale, and when be concluded
beast. a glance around him, then leisurely saunter,
lug towards the.spot where Jarret sat playing cards;
be handed lam the note, then beckoned him to
Opdyke entered a side door, presently followed by
Now was the period for action. I had some ball
dozen Of -the .boldest policemen, gtatiuned within
hearing- ,I gave the . they catered, and in a
! very short time bad-my birds caged:
It WaSsubstiluentlyrnicertained that Mr. almonds
had beed robbed of a very large amount of gold and
bank notes, S 0 the assassin mist havwenWed the
baular sfter• aeapata#lng-atialathat and rdo@o the
I ):f. ,, W151. , C 4 TO TYSSI
"Freedom and Right against Slavery and Wrong.'"
I could now account for the splendid manner In
which Mr. Morris Opdyke lived. He ❑ved on his
blood money! The evidence against the culprits
wee too strong to admit any doubt.of their guilt.
They were duly arraigned, and their execution fol
lowed close upon their conviction.
I gained two things by my participation In the al.
fide that Cron had abandoned In despair. The first
sins one thousand pounds, which was the reward of
feted for the appratienelan of the assassin. The other
was, I gained the n•putation of being tile shrewdest
detective In the entire force, a title Croft envied me
not a little
OLD FASHIONED CONTORTS.
Our ancestors were frugal, selfellenying people in
ured to headships from the cradle, iced were content
to be almost without the luxuries of life, but they
enjoyed some of the comforts to which many of us
ere strangers, (old fashidned comforts, we may say,)
and among these the old lire place, as It used to be
termed held no mean rank. flow vividly the pic
ture of nue of thole specious ',Hanle of lite olden
Ilme comes to our nand, with its plain furniture and
sanded Itoor, Innocent of paint, but as white as OW
neatest of house-wives could make it In one cor
ner stood the clock, its very fans wearing au aspect
of good cheer, and seeming to smile benignantly
upon a miniature 'noon over its head, which, tradi
tion said, had at a remote period followed the rising
and netting of its great prototype in the heavens,
though ate days of act lie service were long ago over.
Nut the crowning glory of that kitchen was not its
white sanded floor; nor the high 'leek with Its pigeon
holes and secret drawers, which no venturesome
youngster ever dared to Invade; nor yet the old
clock ticking no mu-It-ally In the corner, but It was
the old-fashioned tire place, with Its blazing embers , ,
huge back logs and iron lire doge, that shed glory
over the who.- room, gilded the plain homely fur
niture with Ito light, end rendered the place a tyre
of true New England In "ye olden times."
Never won there such apples as tlicum which strung
around and around upon strings before the height
tire o,t winters evening, never such baked potatoes
as those buried deep lu the unites upon the hearth,
never such corn-cakes as those which caught golden
hue from the blitzing embeis, or turkey like those
turned upon a spit, fill log the room with savory
, slur no .n4teet tve of a dainty refun.
Before fire teas t lie WioOdeti settee, anti here the
children were wont to nit in the long cc cuing', telling
storien, cranking nuts, emitting their lessons for the
morrow, or listening in silence to the words of wisdom
that fell from the lips of their sup, riorn, and anon
gazing into the bright Ilre and et/Antrim; up till sorts
of grotesque and fanciful images from among the
burning conic. No fabled genii in all their magic
lamp of enchantment, could build such gorgnains
palacin, or create malt gents as the child could dis
cern amid the iflnzittg embers of the old-fashioned
And we Mlle.! not forget the chimney corner where sat
our grandfather In hlti aeeUstomed seat, his hair sil
vered with the snows of many winters—a venerable
man, to whom old age num- "frosty but kindly,"
and whose last days were like those of an Indian
summer. serene and beautiful, even till the stars ap
peared in the Heaven.
How pure was the ale In those days. The huge
lire place, with its brisk draught, carried off the im
atritien of the atmosphere, and left the air pure,
life-giving and henlthfuL Now we crouch around
hot cooking stoves and think it strange that we feel
.o stupid and drowsy of an evening; or we huddle
shout nip tight
burnt ti and impure; or we En Clow ti iu enillY rooms
ytovea and wonder that the air seems
heated by a furnace, and man - el that with all our
costly furniture, soft carpets, bright mirrors and
damask eurfains, they are cheerlees pl an e,,—so
like our ideas or a vew England 110111 e.
Ales! that with all the eo-celled Improvements of
our advanced civilization, the tire should be permitted
to go out forever In our old-fashioned the placee,
thus hurylie: In the ashes of the past eo marl , nonne
of health, Lowe eomfort, good cheer and happinvie
lavwirty ode Lisplzt 411
A young lady complains to on that a certain young
lawyer of her acquaintance doesn't stick to his pro
fession. Wu don't know whether she means his pro
feeeion of law 01 some prof.ssion made her.
A man is the healthiest and the happie s t when he
thinks the least either of health or happlotnia. To
forget an 111 is half of the battle; it leaves easy work
fur the doctors.
Fashionable riding habits are very pretty, but tin
faullionable walking habits are pretty too, and a
great deal better for the health.
If the world applauds us, we must thankfully re.
eeive it as a boon : fur, If even the most deserving
appear to expect it as a debt, it will never be paid.
Some untried men think themselves very brave,
and others believe themselves great cowards; the
former are quite as often mistaken as the latter.
Wu rather tblok the most reluctant slave to a rice
that ne ever raw was a poor fellow who had his lingers
It is our duty not orly to scatter benefits, but
to strew flowers. fur the sake of uur fellow travelers
in the pathway of this vr - etched world.
If you want to have a man your friend, don't get
then] will of his wife. Pubic opinion is guide up of
the average prejudices of womankind.
There are two things that bestow consequence
nuun men—great possessionsand great debts.
Slanders, Issuing from red and beautiful lips, are
like foul spiders crawling from the blushing heart of
To quell the pride even of the greatest, we should
reflect how much inure we owe to others than our
A sweet girl fe a sort of divinity to whom even the
Seriptums du not lorUd us to render "lip service."
The sunshine that makes the grass green and
beautiful, nurtures and Invigorates the snake in It.
Without confidence, friendship is but a mockery,
and social Intercourse u sort of war in disguise.
An improvement has been suggested to an old
proverb—a thorn In the bush Is worth two in the
Farmers may console themselves that there Is far
dirtier w. , rk than working in the dirt.
DEATH IN THE WAIL
The flople's Journal of Lreallli has an article with
this fearful title, which is an attack on wall paper.
The writer says :
" A good clean paper is certainly more pleasant to
the I•ye than a [lnsured and smutty wall, whose
traits of time ate continually pouting off, and soil
ing every garment that comes in contact with it
And if u proper seleMfon of paper le matte, and there
be no other lining of similar stuff beneath it, It is
not only more pleasant to the sense, but in almost
ttinal to the whitened well. But here in the diffi
culty. As a general rule, one coat of paper Is put on
over another, no the last gets too lunch soiled to look
well, until several lay ors cover the original surface,
than often producing utt actual muse of disease.
"A few years ego we occupied a house built some
twenty years before, in the old English style ' strong
and solid, so that it eisained almost es good as, or
better even, titan new. We were gravely told that
one room in It had set-toed to be fatal to Its occu
pants, hence fur several years , It had stood vamint.
One of the fir-t things which received attention was
tuts ill-r , tinted apartment. It 55 00 a north room, CO
situated that a few slanting rave of sunlight peered
Into a corner of it for a short time only u portion of
the year, entirely avoiding it ler months tog ether.
Well, hem surely was one cause of Its nulalthful
nese, but not enough. Alter the cobwebs were duly
brushed out, we scorched farther. A goodeizeil
fireplace and two large wiledon a afforded entirely
aufffelent chance for ventilation, so we could nut
look there for the evil. The wade next received:at
tention. They were covered with a Maley velvety
green paper: hut not only this, for upon peeling off
a section with a knife, another green layer was found
beutalth it, and beueth thin another, and yet anoth
er. The mystery was solved. The cause of the evil
was erilent. Nothing would have induced us to
eleep In that apartment. None could tell how much
of the elements of disease that thickly papered wall
had retained. None knew how touch of death there
was In the wall! It seemed as if it gave out a post
sickening ordor, now, and Re entire removal.
speedily followed Thereafter, though not ao do
slrable as smie others, It exceed to have any hldden
dangers or terrors, lurking to pulaon the fountain of
"It Is a safe rule to choose patterns of wall paper
ittemit green colors, especially thoeo heavy greens
which to please the eye, for they contain un entire
poison, Inimical to life, and It Is always highly im
proper to plates ono layer of paper over another
Better submit to the dirt and somoyancia of having
the last and soiled p•fpdr removed, than expose your
selves to the planet:a of disease and death, through
A wonderful bird from China 'is the subject of a
Part• letter to the Chicago Time. Toe writer says:
Allow me to commend to the , profound consider.
alien of philanthropists, and of tipostles of progress
iu generai,no late importation which has arrived ea a
gift to the Jardin d' Acclimatization in the Bola de
Boulogne. It is ar.ne* fowl, the eating of which
makes men Intelllmnt, aetonllng to Chinese author
ity, This bird is called a tnigolians, and le d speck*
of pheasant, The one just received it the first of tie
kind ever sent out of tuo Celestial E.^ —re. and was
presented to the Acclimatisation c ~ t y by the
French Consul at Thine tacasanu are
called Too-cheire•fct by the Chinese, meaning the
bird that vomits Crakes, of Mr.!. They are brought
froul thriA Was gka Pawn, sad slam from the
by the Inhabitants for their plumage and for the del
icacy of their flesh. Viceroys and rich people always
keep a number of them In cages as curiosities. Tue
alze of the tragopan does not .exceed that of the
common hen. Its plrunago displays the most varied
and brilliant colors. The brad Is Jet black, with a
golden yciloW crest ; the eyes are large and bordered
wills blue ; the neck is sky blue, the breast a fiery
red ; the bark and abdomen are spotted white upon
a red ground.
In summer it displays Its magnificent plumage by
pulling itself out and strutting about like a peacock,
every now and then uttering a house "caw," at the
same moment thrusting out Its tongue, a foot long,
of a bright blue color, with fiery red spots along the
middle, while too lovely blue horns make their ap.
pesranee on its bud. This curious show Is kept
up fur about a quarter of en hoar, when the tongue
Is drawn in, the borne subside, and the usual every
day toilet and sober demeanor are resumed—the end
of the display being accompanied by a mocking
scream, as much as to say, "Eh, how do you like it.
I could do better if I chose." The Chinese say that
the most wonderful qualities of these birds are not
their external aUructions, or their wholesomeness as
an article of food. They are affirmed to respect
their parents—are models ofwfilial piety—w.tchlug
over their parents when they are 11l or sraw old.
take It for granted that the administration of the
Jardin d' Acclimatization will keep strict watch to
discover whether these praiseworthy points of char
acter develop themselves In a foreign.country.
GEN. GRANT AND THE BATTLE OF PITT&
Gen. Sherman Furnishing Facts for History.
[From the United States Service Magasin•-]
HDQRS. MJI.IT►RT DIVISION OF MISSISSIPPI
Prof. Henry Oppee, Philadelphia :—De.n Sin :
In the June number of the United blares Barrier May
,uine I find a brief sketch of Lleat-Gen. U. S. Grant,
In which I see you are likely to perpetuate as error,
which Gen. Grunt may not deem of sufficient Im
portance to correct To Gen. Duel's noble, able
and gallant conduct you attribute the fact that the
disaster of April Otli, ut Pittsburg Landing, was re
trieved, and made the victory of the following day.
A• Gen. Taylor Is said to Ms later days to have
doubted whether he was at the battle of Buena Vies'
nt all, on account of the many things having trans
pirixi there, according to the historian., which he
did not see, so I begin to doubt whether I will at
the battle of' Pittsburg Lauding of modern descrip
tion. But I was at the battles of April 6th and 7th,
1512. Gen. Grant stalled my division in person
about 10 a. m., when the battle raged fiercest I
wan then on the right. Altar sonic general conver
sation, ho remarked that 1 was doing right In stub
bornly oppo.ing the progress of the enemy ; and, In
answer to my inquiry as to cartridges, told me he
had anticipated their want, and given orders accord
ingly ; he then said his presence was more needed
over at the left. About 2p. m., on the 6th, the en
emy materially :sisekcned his attack on me, and
about 4 p. in., I deliberately made a new line behind
MeArthur's drill field. placing batteries on chosen
ground, repelled tssily a cavalry attack, and watch
ed the cautious approach of the enemy's Infantry,
that never dislodged me there. I ssleeted that line
in advance of a bridge across Snake Creek, by which
day neon expecting tne approach or Lew
Wallace's di%lsion from Cramp's Landing. About
5 p. in., before the sun set., Gen. Grant came again
to me, and after bearing my repnrt of matters, ex
plained to me the situation of affairs on the left,
which were not as favorable. Still the enemy had
failed to reach the landing of the boats.. We agreed
that the enemy bad expended the jurors of Ma at
tack, and we estimated our loss, and approximated
our then strength, including Lew. Wallace's fresh
division, expected each minute. He then ordered
me to get all things ready, and at daylight the next
day to assume the offensive. That was before Gen.
I Buell had arrived, but he was known to be near at
hand. Gen. Buell's troops took no essential part is
the first day's fight, and Grant's army, though col
lected together hastily, green as militia, some regl-
Meats arriving without cartridges even, and nearly
all hearing the' dread sound of battle for the first
Hato, had successfully withstood and repelled the
Mit day's terrific onset of a superior enemy, well
commanded and well handled. I know I had orders
from Gen. Grant to assume the offensive before I
knew Gen. Buell was on the west aide of the Ten
nessee. I think Gen. Buell, Col. Fry, and others of
GSM Buell's staff, rode up to where I was about
sunset, about the time Gen. Grant was leaving rue-
Gem Buell asked me many questions, and got of me
a small map, which I had made for my own use, and
told me that by daylight he could have elgbteen
thousand fresh men, which I know would settle the
lunderstood Grant's forces were to advance on
Hat right of the Corinth road and Buell'a on the left,
and accordingly es daylight I advanced my division
by the flank, toe resistance being trivial, op to rho
very spot where the day before the battle had been
most severe, and then waited till near noon for Ba
shes troops to get up abreast, when the entire line
advanced and recovered all the ground we had ever
held. I kbow that with the exception of otte or two
struggl, the fighting of April 7th was easy as com
pared with that of April 6th.
I never was disposed, nor am I now, to question
anything dune by Gen. Buell and his army, and
know that approaching our field of battle from the'
rear, he encountered that sickening crowd of lag
gards and fugitives that excited his contempt and
that of his army, who never gave fail credit to those
in the front line, who did light hard, who had, at 4
' checked the enemy, and were preparing the
next day to assume the offensive. I remember the
fact the better from Gen. Grant's anecdote of the
Oonelson battle, which he told me then (or the
first time—tent,, at a certain period of the battle, he
saw that either aide was ready to give way If the
other showed a bold front, and he determined to do
that very thing, to adVance on the enemy, when,
he prognosticated, the enemy surrendered. At four
p. m. of April cite, he thought the appearances the
same, and he judged, with Lew. Wallace's fresh dl
vision, and such of our startled troops as had recov
ered their equilibrium, he would be justified In
dropping the defensive and assuming the offensive
in the morning. And, I repeat, I received such or
ders belore I knew Gen. Buell's troops were at the
river. I admit that I was glad Buell was there, be-
UMW I knew his troops were older than ours and
better systematized and drilled, and his arrival made
that certain which before was uncertain. I have
heard this question much discussed, and must say
that the officers of Buell's army dwelt too much on
the stampede of some of our raw troops, and gave
us too little credit for the fact that for one whole
day, weakened as we were by the absence of Bueire
army, long expected, of Lew. Wallace's dietelon,on
ty four miles off, and of the fugitives from our
ranks, we hall beaten off our assailants for the time.
At the same time, our Army of the Tennessee have
indulged in severe criticism at the slow approich of
that army whieh knew the danger that threatened
as from the concentrated armies of Johnson, Beau
regard and Bragg, that lay at Corinth. In a war
like this, where opportunities for personal prowess
are as plenty as blackberries, to those who seek
them at the front, all such eliminations should be
frowned down; and were it not. for the military
character of your journal, I would not venture to
offer a correction to a very popular error.
,I will also avail myself of this occasion to correct
another very common mistake in attributing to Gen.
Grant the seleTtlon of that battle-field. It was
chosen by that veteran soldier Major-Gen. Charles
F. Smith, who , ordered my division to disembark
there, and strike for the Charleston Railroad. This
order was subsequently modified by his ordering
Huribut's division to disembark there, and mine
higher up the Tennessee to the mouth of Yellow
Creek, to strike the railroad at Bunuottile. lint i
floosie prevented our reaching the railroad, when
Gen. Budth ordered me in person also to disembark
at Pittsburg Landing, and take post well out, so as
to make plenty of room, with Snake and Lake
creeks the flanks of a camp for the grand army of
It was Gen. Smith who selected that field of bat
tle, and it was well chosen. On any other we surely
would have been overwhelmed, as both Lick and
Snake creeks forced the enemy to confine his move
melds to a direct front attack, which new troops
are better qualified to resist than where flanks arc
exposed to a real or chimerical danger. Even the
dishilons of that army were arranged in that camp
by Gen. Smith'S orders, my division forming, •as Ift.
were, the outlying pickets, whilst Sictlemand's and
Prentiss' were the real line of battle, with W. H. L.
Wallace In support of the right wing, and Hurlbut
- .a the left ; Luis. Wallace's division being detached.
All these subordinate dispositions were made by the
order of Gen. Smith, before Gen. Grant succeeded
him to the command or all the forces up the Ten
nesseo—headquartent, Savannah. If there were any
error in putting that army on the treat side al the
Tennessee, exposed to the superior Rum of the ens.
my also assembling at Corinth, the mistake manes
Gen. Grant's—but there was no mistake. It was
necessary that; a combat, tierce and bitter, to text
the manhood of the two armies, should come oil,
and that was 1113 good as any. It was not then a
question of military skUlarul strategy, but ol conr
age end pluck, and I am convinced tint every Ilfei lost.i
that day to as Was neceavary ; for °Goulds° at Hot-
lath, at Metnphta, at Vicksburg. we would have
found harder resistance, bad we not shown our etio
raiya that,. flute and natatoryl as we then were, we
could debt as well as they.
Excuse so Mpg a letter, which is very unusual (or
mo ; bat of cetre° my life ls liable to cease at any
Moment, and i f hapT be a witness to certain
truths which/40 now =lag to pia Mad mem
. - •."~ i1iM%11114119017
the new troops that at Shlift drew fro= me official
ceneure have more than redeemed their good name ;
among them that very regiment which first broke,
the 511 d Ohio, CoL Appen. Under another leader,
COL Jones, It has shared eveti campaign and expo.
dition of mine since, Is wi me now; and can
march, sod bivouac and flgh as well as the best
regiment I. this or any army. Its reputation now
le equal to that of any from the State of Ohio.
I am, with respect, youni truly,
W. T. 811E1131•21, Mgjor-General.
You AHD aMMNE.
O no, Indeed, not the least danir
e. Ton wouldn't
be driven mad nor anything like If Christine were
named Christopher and you were died to him for life.
In token hereof thousands orpeople, yen, mutton,
as neat and orderly and particular as yourself, are
this day living witnesses.
First of all understand, howeicr; that as as the
frog pond Is to Lake Coehituate, so are Cluistine's
upsettin,ga and litteringe and disorderliness generally
to those of Chriatppher. It Is likely the does some.
times put a newsraper somewhere besides upon the
firer, or close a door after herself In a winter's day,
or remember to do an errand for yon, or hang up a
garment now and then Instead of dropping ,It; but
not so he, and he not only drops it, whatever It may
be, wherever he happens to stand, bet he expects
moreover to find the article gliding . Into his band
again without any effort of mind or body, upon de
" Now where are my hoots ?" exelaimed one of
these beings, once upon a time, after a two days' ab
sence. "I left them right here in the middle of the
floor when I went away, and now they are gone. And
my handkerchief I left in the chair; I Mawhata you
wouldn't bide up my things so." Poor deur soul!
The boots were In the closet and the handkerchief
in the top bureau drawer, where they severally tr.
longed, as one would suppose be might have die
covered In thirty yeses.
Bat do you think It would after all have suited
his serene highness to have found We room remain
ing in the exact state in which-he left it. Most as-
suredly not. These creatures have a critical eye to
Mist and uncleanliness as well as a quick band to
the making of them. However, of one thing remain
certain. Never you fear losing anything out of the
window Info the slop-tar by means of one of them.
There is no degree of danger. No accident or toes
was ever known to occur through the cleaning up
andputting to rights of COriAtopher or Ens or
Patrick or Carlos or Luigi or Poutalan ; no Indeed!
Look upon the floor for anything you may chance to
miss, and yo a will doubtless find it there, unless it
has accidentally lighted upon a chair or into an open
And let me tell you what you will see after you I
have been to visit your mother, or your aged aunt.
or your favorite sister. Vpon opening the parler
door you will fled the writing-desk open, also the
work-box. You will fled as many newspapers upon
the floor as you have been absent (lapis, also , the dic
tionary and other books of reference. Yon will find
a perfect rain of ashes and cinders upon the hearth
and carpet; and another rain of coati and hats upon
the chairs. Your work-box will be open, your
choice spool of sewing -machine linen gone; ani
your favorite bit of white wax dlnagesed and cut up
by heavy black lines. The chairs will be in groups
and positions which you would believe no cane chair
of reaocetability weeid over allow twill to take. The
hair and clothes brushes will be fraternizing re
luctantly upon the center table, and : l am afraid to
dencribe the condition of the lamps and candlesticks,
and whatever they are standing open; They are left
where they were used last, you may be sure of that,
for one thing. Yon will discover an envelope ad
dressed to yourself under the sofa, and you will pro-
hably wish to know where the letter or paper may
he which was at one time intrusted to its faithless
keeping. Then the shirts and the collars and the
hose, clean and unclean; the vest* and the boots
scattered about your bedroom In every inconceivable•
place; and the forlorn, homesick-lOoking bed and
washstand and bureau! At the end of this review
you will bear the good matesay in cheerfhl sincerity
that he ands there is too 'touch furs made about
chamberwork ; there Is nothing to it after all.
Bnt, my dear Miss Moore, do not let anything I
have said frighten you Into making rniserabin,--for
life of course, the blthful hcartl--any honest man.
Because you see, first of all, a uuddisn't a woman;
and although the race may have, and undoubtedly
does have, faults* ten times as flagrant and harsh,
yet, being women as we are, we den endure with
comparative comfort end cheerful grace the rough
angles and Jottings out of character which are the
opposite of our own softly-drawn weaknesses, and
do not therefore collide and grate so disagreeably
To be sure you will always find a Supply of dirty
water In the washbowl, and of hairs in the combs
and brushes, but you will always expect to and
them, and It will be your pleasing duty to see that
he, on the contrary, never does. Besides, there la an
exquisite luxury in feeling, upon entering your room,
that, move to the right hand or the left, wherever
row uo and whatever you de, you cannotfall of beau-
WYlaft everything yen touch. It gives one such a
Comfortable opinion of one's 'oaaelness and men.
tial worth In the world, after going away re , a
week or day, to return and and what magic dwells
In one's fingers.
And then If Christine were Christopher, you
would feel actually your heart thrilling with pleas ;
uro lit the discovery of crow•colored hairs In the
brush which should contain, by good rights, only
pale brown. Yon would remove them so tenderly
that the touch Is almost a caress, Inly rejoicing at
this sign of oneness and bond of union.
Make then the exchange u quickly as may be,
and, my experience for It, you will find a hundred
peccadilloes for one ; but will find alao each one a
handred•fold easier to bear.
When the war shall have ceased , this count 27 will
present a scene of industry unprecedented in history.
War always devastates and destroys and in the old
countries of the world where alowermethoda and no
system are employed, It takes gerieratimus to repair
the damage of a great conflict. On some of the old
er battlefields df the revolution, the Marks of earth
works are still plainly risible.
But In the future, when the present struggle Is
decided, our mechanics will have opportunities to
display their energy and still to the utmost. The
Mares laid waste by the tramp of contending armies ,
must be made to bloom anew, and be ploughed, not
with fire and sword, but by the latterly teeth of some
mmitlnc. The mills which are now - silent, or used
only as the refuges for sharpshooters, must grind
or saw again In the future; and the . steam engines
which are rusted and bout out of shipe be repaired
The water wheels must be adjusted so that they
whirl vigorously with their loads. Them are facto
ries razed to the ground which most be again raised.
and the thousands of spindles which'now rest Idly ID
their framea, must ay Ina short time as swiftly as
So of the steamers which once furrowed the sea,
but are now a wreck or sunk, or otherwise lost to
the commerce of the world—they must be replaced.
Down the starting ways to the sea the new keels
shall glide while the sunburnt carpenters and the en
&eels watch their craft be. pride. The
railroads shall reach out their arms again ; they shall
_prairies they shall stretch away to the Mho.
liable Rest Many roads are now broken and de
stroyed that they will have to be surveyed, and-here
the professional man will claim his 'share with the
artisan. The locomotivos that have been destroyed
by hundreds, will require to be reproduced with all
the celerity our shape are capable of.
Substantial rewards seem, nay are certain in the
Inture for those who are now laboring to Keeton, not
to destroy the Government. Idechanim, more than
any other class in the community, have a' direct in
terest In Its maintenance, and should be the last—as
we believe they are—to encourage its enemies In the
war. Sell Interest, if not patriotism, should be an
incentive to pat lorth every effort to restore trim•
quillity and peace.—SeienfUla thaerican.
An auction for unmarried builds used to take place
annually at Babylon. In every district, says the his.
torten, they assembled on a certain day of the year
all virgins of a marriageable age. 7te most beauti
ful was and put up, and the man who bid the high
est or the largest sum gained pouseaSion of her. The
second in personal appearance followed, and the bid
ders gratilled themselves with handsome wives ac
cording to the depth of their purses. But, alas I It
seemsthere were In Babylon some ladles for whom
no money was likely to be offered, yet these were al
so disposed of, so provident were the Babylonkrna—
When all the beautiful woman were sold, the crier
ordered the most deformed to stand up, and sPer he
had openly demanded who would marry her with a
small sum, ape was at length adjudicated to the man
Wl2O would be satisfied with the least ; and in this
manner the money arising from the sale of the hand•
some served as • portion to thou that • were, of. die
a=la looks, or that had any other im rfection.
tom prevailed about four hundred years be
fore Christ. •
Tams re norms Li r3.—Dre elltetwv of isg
es spoken Is 3,001. The number , of 13=1 b ebbQb
equal to the number of women. The average of An
man Wu Is 33 years. Ono tauter dla before the age
of seven years hoes half wore the ago of seventeen.
To every 1000 lemons, ono only rmas 100 pens.
To every 100, only all reach 65 yam, =dont more .
than one In 500 reaches the ago of e3-years: 'There
&mos earth 4000,000,001 of bhabltanw. Of these
333,1333,333 dlo every year; 01,85 e Qs gran 7 VeD ffvfn UFA go 4 Pars; it4stql 0t,994 Pr
peraccab •:, 15ar.
02.60 per zumtun, in ailviau
Mr. Dubreuti formerly Professor Of n:rI: I,, rtOSPIM
In the Garden of Plants at Rouen, to Tfrancei, Ma*
up the general principl Wingm u follows:
The theory of the pof &Mt traes rrara ras
six general principles:
The vigor of a tree, subjected to. depemds,
In a great measure on the equal detzt Of esp
in all Its branches. -
In fruit trees abandoned to themselves the tap
equally distributed In the different parts
any other aM than nature, because the tree UMW,
the form most In harmony with the natural tendert.
cy of the sag. -
But in those most submitted to pruning, lila dift.
erent ; the forms Imposed on them, such as opal=
pyramid, vase, &c., change mom or less tlaQrtnif
direction of the sap, and prevent it from the
form proper to its tr im Thus all the
en to beta require development of
more or less numerous, and of greater°, less dinum
sloes at the base of the stem. And, as the sap tends
by preference to the summit of the tree, It happen
that, unless great care be taken, the branches at the
baa become feeble, and Unfitly dry up, and-the form
Intended to be obtained dleappears, to be replaced
abnatural form,that /1 II dem Or • trunk. with
ranchingr head. It is then Indispensable, If we
wish to preserve the form we impose upon
to em toy certain morns, by the aid of =IS
natural direction of the sap can be changed and di
reeled towards the points where wo with to' obtain
the most vigorous growth. To do this we must a?-
reed vegetation in the darts which the up Ls m
eted le 100 great abrade end on the contrary fa.
vor the parts that do not telve enoeut To' accom
plish this the following means must successfully
1. Prune the branches of the most vigorous puts
very short, and those of the weak parts lone. We
know that the sap Is attracted by the Itentes.-.-
Tbe removal of a large number of wood bide tram
the vigorous parts deprives these parts Of the leave
whirl/ these buds wouldhave produced; consequent
ly the sap to attracted there In lets quantities, and
the growth thereby diminished. 'The Omble parts be.
Inc pruned long, present a great number of buds,
which produce a large surface of leaves, and these
attract the sap and acquire a vigorous growth.—
This principle holds good in all trees, ender what
ever form they may be conducted.
IL Leave a large quantity of Milt on the strong
part, and remove the whole, or grater part, hem
the feeble. We know already that the frail his
the property of attracting to itthesaperomtheroota,
and of employing ttenthely torte own growth. The
necessary result of this Is, what we are about to
I point out, viz., that all the sap which arrives in the
strong parts will be absorbed by the fruits, and the
wood there, In consequence, will make but little
growth, while on the feeble part, deprived of fruits,
the sap win be appropriated by the growing puts,
rindthey will increase in size and
ILL Bend the strong parts and keep week a.
rect. The more erect the branches and stem are the
greater will be the flow of sap totter gmwing puts ;
hence, the feeble parts beteg erect, attract MA
more rap than the strong parts Maned, and, comer
quently, make a more vigorous growth, and soon
recover their balance. This remedy is mom aspect.
ally applied to espalier tree&
IV...Remove from the vigorous parts the sueerfla
one slioatZ as in the season traporsible, and
from feeble parts as late upossible The tower the
number of young shoots there are one branch, the
fewer there are of leaves, and consequently the less
Is the sap attracted there. Hence In lents=
youn shoots on the feeble put, their leaves
the asp there, and iv • , eta a vigorous growth. '
V. cinch early the Ma extremities of the shoots
OD the vigorous parts, and as late as possible on the
feeble parts, excepting always t ilga u shoots which
may be toe vigorous for their on. By Una
pinching early the strong part, e flow of rep to
that point is ebeeee.s, and naturally turns to the
growing parts that have not been ranched; this
remedy Is applicable to trees In all forms. •
VL Lay in the strong shoots on the trellis early,
and leave the feeble parts loose as long as possible.
Laying in the strong parts obstructs the circulation
of the sap In them, and consequently favors the
weak parts that are 1005 e.,, This Is only applicable
I. In espalier trees, giving the feeble parts the
benefit of the light, end eeelleie.gthe
more In th e shade, restores a b el anee, t fit ‘ rWs
the agent which enables leaves to perform their
functions and their action on the roots,and the parts
receiving the greater proportion of it acquire the
most vigorous developemtht.
The sap acts with greater force and madman
more vigorous growth on a branch or shoot pruned
short than one pruned long. This Is easily explain
ed. The sap acting on two buds must evidently
produce a greater developement of wood on them
than if it were divided between twang buds.
It follows from this, that if we with to obtain
wood branches we prune abort, for vigorous abuts
produce few fruit buds. On the contrary Uwe wish
to obtain fruit branches we prune long, beatnlie
most tender or feeble shoots are the most disposed
Another application of this principle la to ,prone
short fort year or two such trees or parts as ha»
become enfeebled by overbearing. (This priocipla
deserves particular attention, as Its application is 01
great importance. )
3. The sap tending always to tion extremities' of
the shoots causes the terminal bud to push with
greater vigor than the laterals. According . . to this
pri br cnile, when we wish a prolongment of, a stem
or an p ch, we should prune to • vigorous wbod bud,
and leave no production that can Interfere with the
action of sap on IL
4. The more sap is obstncted In Its circulation the
the more likely it is to produce fruit bads. This
principle is founded on the fact to which we have al:
tardy had occasion to refer, viz.,—that, the sap sir.
culatlng slowly is subjected to a more complete
!oration In the tisanes of the tree, and becomes bet!
ter adapted to the formation of fruit bade.
This principle can be applied to produce the fat
lowing result : When we wish to produce fru it
bads on a branch we prevent a free circulation
the sap by bending the branches, or by making an
nual or circular incisions on It; and on the Contra.
ry, when we wish to change a fruit branch IntO •
wood branch we give It a vertical position, or prune
It to two or three buds, on which we concentrate
the action of the sap and thus induce their vigor:
5. Leaves serve to prepare the sap absorbed by flat
roots for the nourishment of the tree, and aid the
tormatlon of buds on the shoots. All trees, there
fore, deprived of their leaves are liable to paha.
This principle shown how dangerous It is to remove a
large quantity of leaves from trees, under the pre
text of aiding the growth or ripening of fruits. for
the leaves aro nourishing organs, and the tree da
valved of them cannot continue to grow, neither
can the fruit; and the branches so stri p ped will
have feeble, Ili. formed buds, which will, the fair"
ing year, produces weak and sickly growth.
Where the buds of any shoot or brunch do not de
velop beforethe age of two years they can only be
forced Into activity by a van close priming, and in
corns eases, as the peach, this even will often M.
This last principle shows the importance of pruning
the main branches of espallets particularly e 0 as to
ensure the development of dip bads of their succes
sive sections, and to preservd weil the aids shOota
thus produced, for without tills, the Interior of the
tree will become acted and unproductive, and s
remedy will be difficult
If theseprinciples and practices of pruning be
carefully studied in connection with the habits of
growth and bearing of the different fruit trees, prun-
Ing Aril! be comparatively an easy matter. The mode
of obtainiog any particular form or character cannot
I fail to be perfectly plain and" simple, I'M no One
need hope to accomplish, In an wags,
result aimed at
for even the moat Erik*
is sometimes disappointed; but those who none
skint attention to their tree' will always d per s
failure In time to apply a remedy.—Map. Pforgamss.
now to KM Canada Thistles.
Heavy seeding and early mowing are the only rem.
edles for thl. pest. T. cultivate the around except
by thorough Wowing, is a sure means nt eneoursg
lug their growth and spreading. And even the mat
perfect and expensive fallowing ke liable to Adloi Its
object It biehance a single &talk Is allowed to seal
in the nel horhood; bemuse thaws are ileatiaralt
by the w with great facility, he better the
tOth the more readily the seed Ortnhiates,
ordinary cultivation the .roots are • broke* Am;
distributed, and the seed Is maiuted usually berme
the crop is ripe enough to harvest.- such dr
=dams the spread P I very mid. Awl hi
pastures- they mattiplY mionebilly in lora*
oils. To rid teed °Matt* seed it thmkly with
A rod atrong growth of gram, amides rot
gr= th e amount of Wallet' at once, dzeresses Its
ejeamty, and thus Wards Itamattuity nullialatwe
paled than that at which the itrale ta ripe ,
of bayitor. It: en, the crop Is mg la sesims. 4s2l %
slender stumps of the thistles ,are ;exposed.* the
damaging Meta of the weather. m
and tie : lean amen
be ebteltallted of ammdbg by cal:oat or eetialtle;
gibe la &lira% ftrs Is. Uuledrntrer boa
woung. SS it Is Ms to dad seeds Wing vitalityldays
iltrowit malt ma., Thee am, patienVaktamthim
Monate mama to final ittecres, .114wloraguktbrea
will be molted le-OTM We , to etomplate deo
atruntionirwiti not undertake to, bat 1, bow
rower known Mx lusterice what eon tbiallea wawa
fraud, at the second calling to me the market
waintke, hay or matethftit boom Its szermet.
• Asa role, think tile third inewlog wsll prom et.
, f ardaigi "? F l iflVAMMZ l V‘ "-il
hO 41,1 PU,I r rf . ) ll• • •
Pruning Fruit Trees.