Independent Republican. (Montrose, Pa.) 1855-1926, October 04, 1855, Image 1

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Atadri ". of t h e Democratic State Commit-.
,• iks the editors ofthe - Montrose Democrat
ar e astatmed of the principles of their party,
ad endeavor -to conceal theth front „their'
m ideeslas much as possible, we think it ad
tisable at times
. to• publish some authentic
anj .,,
.setftaritative Democratic documents so
that it may not be forgotten where the'Dem
.ocr'atiol;arty stands on the:questiona of the
•d a jr„ The Democratic .State Central Cont."
, •
I m ittee o f Pennsylvania , have -issued another
address, dated September 18th, 1855, and di
dto tll -people . of Pennsylvania,'
zhie l li *1 I he read with interest by the' peo.
pie dthi . sectiorr. -It might be expected that
t he I partY organ here would publish . the ad.
diets fo r t he strengthening of its readers in
the Democratic faith, but as it took no notibe
• _
of the previons * one,.. ,
-we fear it Will treat this
. ', •
in the• same way
,and therefore ' we p ublish
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As much of ir - as we 'can make root - fa, fer.---,
4 .
We 'ask our readers to examine it carefully,
and I observe the feeling and ‘,7ieWs 'of the
DeMociatie party- of Pennsylvania on. 'the
case ' of' rn
assore Williamson, the . Kansas
outrages; and slavery aggression . in general. '
IloW much has th e'ause of Freedom to hope .
for fiio'm the party which, in the - riative State
; of Reeder and Williamson, now' uses' Ilan;
1' . .
gusge like this : -
1 have
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"We hv seen . .Know-Notliingism . '-oVer-,,
*rain byl. the Democracy in the South, ;and
disorganized and broken—or blended with
Abolitionism in the North. Such . has been
theeeess'il,ou from its rinks ,by the deceived
anterrino,l men Who joined it, that notwitb!..
i • 4
'standing its abated pretensions and ; the at
tempts inide to libera4ze
.its principles, its
possessioti. of olocal . offies and . the forlorn
hope of pq iticAl. places and rewards in . 1850,
alone, kec it from titt4T annihilation as. a
N,ational ft rty.
.. . .
, . . .
- At the t i re:sent, t herefore, there is-more-oc
casion-to q4il your attention te another .'and
purely se tic7i]al party, which threatens, to
. subvert. the Federal Constitution." and to de
stroy,' the talion of these I.smtes.4The Know-
Notliiita; party—miscalled...d.merie-an—:tends
to oecaSioi i i civil diStord among neighbdrs,
01 betwen citizens of the same state, • but
this self-sty i led Republican party tends - to add
-to this the Jhorrors of a negro hisurrectivii in
the States i.f the South, and a civil , war - be
tween the Several States of this Union. - .- .
It is - in l yain for its Alartizans to say that,
they intend no ill; the question is not ottani
-intention, it is one of practical conduct; and
the ptinciOes of American government. and
of COnstittitiorial law are the sole testa by
which - it i4ust be tried. - We have alre:idy
seen illy Ltigi islature'of one State opeillY- and
designedly 'pass an act in defiance, of the Con
stitution oft. the United States and tire- laws
Made, in p4suance thereof,and ivhen the Gov
ernor, of that State:---and a partitm of this
very party(—vetoed. and attemptett rn
the course Of that Leg islature. we sa - the
defy' him also, l add repass this aet.,. We
haleseen t' he same State openly remove an
upright and learned Judge becisii se ,he . dared
to Beep iiit i oath.and to . support the,C4.:inisitu 7
tion of the!.l.lnited States. In our own State,
Ire htivia:si c,e heard a deliberative body of
the same arty \ veheinently applaud. a nio-.
tion to mot and beat a Judge: and . still lat-,
• er in: this Sitate, and in the ConventiOn Of this,
' whole part , a Reverend member of it 'pub
licly' adri ted the .destruction of a: public .
Prison, and the rescue of a prisoner; - beelnise
they hadai,isidered and adjudged him to be
wrongfullylreprisoned. If these =things are
now to be done and advocated, and by , sneh
men, and in such places, both under color ' of.
law and iti. , vowed defiance of it, who will
or can assur the public that they would stop'
there 'l or t , t other.--and the- most fatal— .
violations ot the law mould not be committed ..
by other me and - mobs, and in other places ?
.then' men ' bus disregard - the Constitution
'and laws of
,heir country, and seek to organ-.
ize together' ne t section 'of the - Union, that
they may th ' more succesfully Overawe or
sol;due the .other they reduce the . whole
,question tollone between ,force and law ; U.n
ior or disuni , on: domestic tranquillity or civil
1 .
It is absurd for men to prate about liberty
while at thesiame time they are encourag
ing, resistande•to law: There can be no lib
erty Withoutj'law,and there is not and cannot
:be any law ' f:this land higher than the CA:M
• stitutiOn of he United. States. Whatever,
there . f(ire.rqiiv,be the pretence put forward
Its the abolftiohistsc or .whatever more:de
ceptive tiamt they - may choose .to . assume,
lirv3 arras t emselves under, the real and
sate issue wig! be the same; it will. be that
party Ha ti iodated Constitution and disunion
or, the' Onede, and the Democratic party
kid consiita ion . and the Union as they are
•-ori the'other'pide choose ye between them !
Even . if you,'iieould, yet you cannot but eitoose
between Met' taro;
While the Whig party
eiisted, wha . eVer may bare .been its follies
.or its faults ; vet neither Clay. nor Webster,
Licr its other' l great leaders; nor. the pure men
• of its rank a d file, .would =hare tolerated a
- sentiment hqstile to the -.Constitution or the
Union. .Butl these great men and - tree patri
ots6ve paslied away, and the old W hig par-
-typ o longer, exists. The weak, - -the venal
and. the selfiih in its ranks have gone into a•
secret and 'sectarian organiiation, or have
pule over and arrayed theinselVewwith Alio
htionista.- in idels and fanatics, against their
brethren of, e South: ' Qne party alone re-_
t.i .
mains firidand defiant.. • Over every foot of
the s9il of this Union, and wherever - its con-.
Ititution extOnds there too extends the all pro-.
letting' arm 'll the Democracy,, bearing - al6tt
ge Al of Civil . and Religious Liberty, the
Constitationland the Union.
. Fellow Citizens, our duty hi the premises,
i ilildip. li§wever much party leaders may
imitate ortheng back, fearful of losing:their
awn position 6r . of vielditv , to an. old '.,politi
1 :
' • o pponent; there is but one course left, and
lfat is a , Illy of all patriotic'eitizens
'ion the of the' Demoera tic party.—
I:er e is lug the tone of the Dellloo
- liinhesitatingly accepts
to it by the adversariets of
itution, and proclahns its
1 or swim, survive or per
ierican tniOn. .Refusing- to
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•h., wit]
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make to ins "with t taitarspfaiwshade,'itimi
not only without. ree t Nut nith end' Tribled
joy, see many ire t* its ranks for those of
' an , unprincipled co lition. Purified a nd <m re
lieved 1 il their le fi d in
h ees' duty,.it in
bled to aa.inifetterd in itii - bie n
vites to its standard every patriotin P,....i.4.1.
vanian. It has no ‘ eoncealment . 'of its princi
ples, or: ierecy in its organizstiou; but shield
ed, heltried and wenpOned with truth, it ad
vances-akainst the combined fanaticisms. It
aceepts.the whole t+ponsibility 'of opposing
those Who oppose the ConStitutiOn. It fully
enters lido the contest against the Abolition:
fists and their allies. In
.such a cause, even
defeat Weuld be honorable, but victory is cer
tain to crown our efforts it only;those liho
are consetous Mat we are right,wilf•iict nip . to
their hoh st convictions. :• - . ': • -
• I
Vit: •
ai . no alarntistS.... It iSnofonr,purpose
to esagOratc• the dangerous tentlenCies of the
politicali4ctionlof our . opponents. You can
see for), :urselzes not alone thC obliteration
of a g,rea - pa 4
i, but the bold and flagrantde
claration . of those who have taken its place.
There is indeed„tto :alternative left us but op
position,"Tis there is manifestly no party left
to make that opposition but, the' Democratic
-party. - 1 - l - . i . •
Has th , I.7nion lost its sacred and inesti
mable Cal uel in your eyes.? ;
.Are you ready
to regardl y Our countrytnen of. th e South as
so Many alien enemies? We disdain ap
pealing to your, interests, we invoke your pa
triotism ; we appeal.. to the glorious memories
of the past and to the unparalleled blessings
, .
ever pre' ept ; and *e point in proof of
peril thati)e.sets did near future; not merely
to the ovq l 4lirown Vhig organization, nor to
the fanatieisms spri i r ling from its - ruins and
coaleseingnonr .inrist; .bat to!lie alarm and
dismay that 1141 , e ,:proad over Me South like
•a fi tnerql ER:l4lin' ricio of the oppressiv epur
poses of lltard.,ern, -;4olitionists.
:..And inrk 'the n . miserable delusio with
which A b . litidnistn tries" to tibti. the - patri
oti sentin ent lof it he NOrth. It affects indig
nation bee the :Missouri 'restriction, nev
er appro vel, skid fbr thirty-five years disre
garded bylthe !Abolitionists, and • spit open
and revile by them, With every epithet of
scorn and tidignation, has - been repelled I.
It denouneS'the doctrine of self "government
in the 1 ter, itorie„. the .were principle upon.
which the Atnert i eal colonies were pecipled,
governed. and. protected l - It denounces the
Nebraska 'pet which -deehireS, "1 being the
true•inted,. and meaning of this_ act NOT: . to
legislate 'slavery into any State or Territory,
nor to ; exclude it therefrom, but to leave - the
people perfectly- . free to form 'and regulate
their,donlstie institutions in tht,ir own war,
snbjeet only to the Constitutionjoithe United
Stites." hese fitnatte.s refuse i :therefore, to
allow the people to regulate their dotnestre
- I
And pnlitteal arzitatiort_.
they even protend to accomplish ? What
man, in the free States . of this Union. would
be benefitt4l;by the sueeess - of the Abolition
ists'? -Noti ono ; nor could the give freedom
to a single islave obey Mild but more firm
ly rivet theve fetters
A verigrave and flagrant wrong was re
cently• perpetrated on the soil .Of your Siete,
.which in its'effects.and consequences strikes
.at the rights and -liberties of all. . One only
of your tiumborWas, and still k, the inimedi
ate victim ;1 but any one of yOu having an uu
seared conscience and a humar.e.spirit might
have. stood his place, and-may be called at
any time t.O•suffer as, he is suffering.- Though
•the facts are already knewnito most of you
whn will7d this appeal, we restate them in
.the hope .t at they may make 'plain to yOU
the path . 0e - duty, and impel you to pursue
John ameler of 'North Carolina, - ap
pointed .111 i tster to Central America, recent
arrived at r hia on hi S way to the
Isthmus, bringing with, him three slaves—a
mother and her two young boys, Whom he
designed tit take with him -
The intellident mother had some - general . no
tion. that heir retnoPal to a Free State'by her
master vrotild entitle her legally to her free
dom; and, On applying,though closely : watch= her 41d master; to some black servants
at the hotel whete they stoppek Was con
firmed in that,pr i esemption. She thereupon
resolved ttl get away from her masker, on or
before her in ;e%i• York, and reMain.
to enjoy het new.foin4 freedom.
Wheeler,l who kept : ,is eye onhis slaves al
most perpetually, too them, considerably be=
fore five o'cSetert; down to the ferrYboat of
the C ‘ aindenand Ambily Railroad,. where he
seated tient on the upper deck and sat down
beside thein to itwait'the time of starting.
Meantimea negr o servant ran horn their,
'late to the_ oifii_c of the Societylfor.the
relief of persons illegallv.held in . Sltivry,'--
established, soon afterthe Revolution by Ben
jarnin Franklin and others, and told the Sec
retary, PaSsmore :Williamson; that. a man
.had gone t dOwn to the. Atnboy 'boat with
.oersonS whOm he was bolding slaves
and desired their freed o WO I iainson
being very busy-, told the black to go down
to the boat and inform the persons so held
by Wheeler that they Could be so' held no
longer, haying been 'velun6rily brought by
him into e . .kree State, and. adviSe them. to
Walk, on slOe and!qnit,-, Wheeler's undesira
ble coMpany. The! . negro. started ,for ;the
boat amordingly bet soon William San than:
ged his mind and folio red. \ He went direct,-
up Wheeler and his late' chattels,- asked
the woman if she Wished to be free, and ,be
ingassured that[ she did,. advised tier of her
rights and oPportunities. ' She started to go';.
Wheeler demurred and held . On to her .chil
dren, who,*
. Were frightened by • the excited.
throng wliich*atheredaroand them, and clung
to their master in terror, a scare. ensued be ,
tweet' him and the half-dozen blacks who had
crowded to the scene; by., whom they were
carried off in the train of their mother, Who.
was eager for liberty: They all quickly dis
appeared, and gr. Williarbson went back to
Ake, *Sere be was abserbed in his bits'.
nets till aftet 10 o'clock, when he left for the
- Pittsbur g h nation and'toi)k the night train
for HarrisbOrg; whereThei, had "attend' a
meeting of a Telegraph COMPanY next day. •
When he rettitned . to Philadelphia, thirty,
six hours later, he was -met by officers who
arrested blot on a babeig corpus issued by C;
S. District eludge • Kane, at, the suit or tela ,
lion of Wheeler;, , Otrimanding him to produce
the bodies 'of the woman and children aforei
said 'before' the said-Judger--Wheeler having
charged hiM with obstruetingatid secreting
From the N. Y. Tribune.
Appeal to Pennsylvaniins.
"F2E'EpOKI nißp ROaNT -aanumu @LaVIEW r 7 nmp wRo
Ahern. '1. 1
,o this suit Williamson - responded personal appearance beforetlicJiidgian4
byaffidivi; r it setting forth . that the said Jane
Johnson and her, two childre.n,.. claimed by
Whe.eler;as his slaves, had neyer.been in his
l (WilliamSon's) ' Custody or keeping. and • he
;knew tick 'Where they . wire, l - This verified-answer . f udge itithei - :prondunixsti evasive and!
acontempt of .........., ......a ..a...4...."---.., .........,....... 7 ;ut
.Williamsoll . to prison withont hail or:limit
'of duration. ',Mr. W.'s counsel fortivitli t11p•
l'plied tor Perlitission to amen the - return;
I - but.the jtitige,
refused . it; sa i ing it wag too
; late.. - Fiptn that hour, twos, months !since
Williamson has lain in jail, though every , ef.i
fort has been Made by eminent. counsel tof
Procure hiS liberation. An application in his
behalf to' the Pennsylvania Supremo Cone(
for habeaS Corpus was refused first by Judgkj
Lewis, and afterward by the full - beneh—l!
Judge Khox , . strongly dissenting-4on the,
ground of;independentjurisdiiition in.the-Fe&:
eral Courts, involving the right - to punish for,
contempt.'' the Court holding hat there is no
remedy fOr an abuse Of this ight, howeveri
'flagrant, lint' through an impeachment. So
WilliainsOn lies in prison, without hope of re!.
lease, anCis'insultingly told that he can Jibe
fate hitnsOlf by making a proper. submission
to Kane..
. Hoy; eh he? he? What can i he say i His'
first answer Was the naked i literal truth. He
never did have: possession, 'Or custody, or
,oversight, be Wheeler's liberatedyslaves. He,
i never kfieW whither they.went when, in corn
! Pany with other blacks, they felt - hii presence',
i last July. He had never seen them before
J that hour ,11.;he never saw them afterward,.:
i though the', mother was brought into - .Cohrt
when the negroes who aided her to carry off. ,
! her children were tried -before Judge Kelley',
for assault, and battery on"Vheeler.' But 1
i Williamson wits not.present and had no parQ
in this trial. The writ : served on him did',
not require ; hint to discover .and repo.rt the'
hiding plaCO of, these freed ch4rels ;' no writ,
'ot habeas rtarptis could Make Such . a requisi;
tion.. What it: did require, he: asvVered truly :
in the sight 'of God man ; and itni submission
tiOw required of hint is at .once ' iniquitous
and luipoSSible. - Even if his - atiswer bad. been '
evasive, that is no contempt ofiCourt, as has•
been abandantly.adjudged. In such ease, the
party ag,giteVed must frattle . his interrogate- t
vies, and itijive the Court . to cOmpell hint' to,
.ansWer. If he responds -truly, the desired in
fiirmation is obtained if falsely, he is liable
for the perjury ; if he refuses 0 answer, that
is contumat'v and may be punished. as con
tempt. In : IVilliamson a case, howeVer, there
was nothing nearer wyiterript than a simple
stateineut O(the truth, lie had nothing to
conceal, having done no act which the lawS
do not approveHnOne whiehl even Judge
It would' not be proud his own at j
the bar of Eternal Jus-tieci. . I • - i
~......../.........4........i...........—..............,.....:,........„.4 . ,J . L ,i 6 „......
been and. still is subjected, a his'pectable body
of sympathizing Pennsylvanians have present
ed his nan for the office of Commis
sinner of their State, and we appeal to •all
, Pennsylvanians who love righteousness and
. hate oppreSsiort; not merely to7ote for him,
but to circulate appeals and ballots in favor
.of his election. We 'urge'appe'als -to Editors
fur space - it i .11eir columns toset- forth the
:facts above, recited, and entreat all' voters to
consider them ; 'we ask good men to pro
cure handbills, circulars and ballots, days be:
fore . Electicin, and scatterthethifar and wide.
Nobody , se'ems to care much abotit'the par
tv aspects of, this contest; and we neither know
nor care'whiCh party, if any, haslhitherto been
honored by Mr. Williamson's vote. There
is a Whig
,iind a Democratic .uttildate al--
ready, ind'ivre presume a KnowlNothhig like
wise; but e good man, well known as no elec
tion brawler,.haVing first circulated the doc
uments, can . stand ut any. poll and induce
scores to give their suffrages for. Passinore
Williamson: His success, in defiance of par-.
- ty machinery and party interests, would be a
stinging rehuke to judicial :usurpation and
I outrage--alglorious observance ittf The. Scri
p injunction, "Remember those in-bondS
as bound With then." PeimsYlvanians !in
'your pmyert.J, your efforts, your Votes,remem
her your' oppressed brother„ - PASSMORS
' WILLIA.M,SONI • t - • .
Compare•the Platforms
Republican.state Ptatfurin, adoted at Pitts.
burg, Sept, 5, 1855.
Whereas i. : . 1 The fOunders of this Republic,
in the / formation of this government, pro
claimed thfslgreat truth—that all men are
endowed by! their Creator' with !the
ble rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of
happiness, and that our governinent was con
stituted to secure these ;rights to us; and
whereas: th j e National E.xixutie, in his in.
augural addrew, - virtually denicls these doc
trines, in the e..zpression of his opinion that
domestic slavery is based upon the • same
principles a 4 ;other recognized rights, and• that
our federal Arovernment is bound to sustain
the institution of slavery -,-' and :whereas : the-
President of the United .States, and the po
litical party iWhich sustains him, have endeav
ored to overthrow the principleslof civil lib
erty proclainiedby our revolutionary fathers,
by extendinglthe bounds of slavery into ter
ritories expr4ssly consecrated tolfreedom by
a solemn cvmpromise, and by obtaining ter
ritory of Nl , ,'‘ii.xi for the purpose Of spreading
the witheringleurse of utnan bondage, and
by endeavoring to inv lee us in a war with
Spain for the acquisiti n of Cuba, with the
intention of `perpetuate g and strengthening
the itistitutidn of slaver,y 'and by sustaining
the slave trade on our southern coast;_ there
, 1
fore. . , -
Resolved,:' That the grea l t queition offree:
dom, and slavery now agitating both
and South, ie One which overshadows all oth
ers, in a national point of iiew ; , aiiit - its im
portance de hands that- the people of the
North should lunite in harinonions action .to
defend their rights. The cOn tin nal aggressions
of slavery upon the interests of freisiorti, in
creasing in insolence and magnitude with each
concession the _North, must Lie met and
resisted witlila united voice. Holding that
the Union i* farmed (in the anguage lof
the Constitution) o to establish justice, pro
mote the goJeral welEire, and sec, re the,bles
aingi of libqty,", we.adopt as the foundation
of our politi4l faith, and for the guidance of
Our political l :Uction, the principle that, under
our governniirt, freedom is national and sla
very is seetiOnal.
Resolved, :That while we claiai no power
to interfere With slavery in States where it
now exists, vie believe the NatioOal govern
ment should ibe'relieved from sill connection
with or sceotintability for it, 1
PUMAS - HERS--"VOt. L NO; 89
Iteiolved, That the repeal of the Missonri
Compromise was a violation of the national
faith and an outrage upon the rights of the free
States t
• and that it was the first step 6f the
conagractr against freelom, which has found
its appropriate and intended sequel in the
lawlese attempt of a Missouri mob;
4 Instiga
ted by, a conveorains *lima or the national ad
cc:4ll .Q at and sinctiond
by het same, to force ihe
eirso of slaver
do no only
the free sot of Kansas;
,acci t' p
oppose the extension or slavery
tional ;territories, but , also the admission n,`G.
any navy slave StateslnenthS Union,
ing thSt, as our national domain is free from
slavery, in the absenee of any positive law
establishing it, wearsjustifie4l' king free.
dom condition of their • ission into the
sisterhood of States.
Resblved,• That we are in favor of the re
peal of the present Fugitive Slave Law, he.
causelt virtually suspends the sacred Writ pf
habeaicorpul ; and takes away the right of
trial by jury.
ResSlived.' That imprisonment, without t l
el, of citizens of free States, by. the Federal
Judical•y, is a bold invasion of personal lib
erty, it -- !.violation of the - guaranteed rights of
the Spites, and an assumption of federal pow
er that':., should be resisted determinedly hy,
every fiend of personal freedom.
114.....501ved, That we Cordially invite all who.
approVe of the 'principles set forth in [these
resolutions, Without , regard to their fOrme,r
political associations, to unite and eo-oPeraie
'with us for the purpose of restoring the ad
ministration of 'thin government to its 'origi
nal -purity, and directing its energies to the
accomtlishinebt of its true object; as set forth
in the o.4istittition, viz: "To form a more
perfect ',Union ; to establish Justice; to insure
Tranquillity ; to provide fOr the
Cununon r Defence; promote the General
Welfare, and secure. the blessings of Liberty
'to ourselves and our posterity.
Demoolptic State Platform, adopted unitni
num* at Harrisburg, July 4, 1855...' • t
Resolved, - That the Democratic partV need
not'on old and settled issues to declare its
principles in detail. It is sufficient for us to
say that we belong to the Democracy of the
Union, : ; and recognize' no geographical rlines
between - the North and South, The interests
of all purts,of the coun-try are the same to
mil so f,ar as in our power, we will maintain
the conititutional -rights of every State,} and
re._•o ,, ni4e in its widest extent the principle Of
populari sovereignty in the territories.
• Rksoved, That we are opposed to; any
change t ,in our State Constitution conferring
upon negroes the right of suffrage. We are
not willing that' this class of Americans' hall
rule thi,4 part of America, conceding to the
other States flux
tastes tit ail* particular; however much we
euCer from them in oPits uins-
fte'i?Nd, makes our
country his home, and lovest.he Constitution;
the and the liberty of the Union, is, in
its largeSt sense, a true American. Ilisbirth'•
place was not of his own selection, and should
do him 'neither good nor harm—his religion
is between himself and his`God / and • should
be left to his own judgment, conscience and
responsi)aility, _
• Resolved, That we regard the secret order /
commonly called " Know' Nothings," as an
organization dangerous to the prosperlti and
peace of?' the country': We consider its
seams unconstitutional and void of patriotiim
-being at once opposed to the spirit of true
Christianity and a just and manly American,
ResolVed, That the Democratic party re.
*iterate and reassert-their confidence iu, and, the political creed as prof - nut;
gated by Thomas Jefferson, in his
-first it augf
ural address, and practiced- by Madison;
"1:1fonroe,l, Jackson, . Van Buren, Polk. land
Pierte, in their Administrations:--that these,
principle require no concealment, and that;
experieno has fully determined their appli
`pability to all the interests of the American ;
people. 1
Resolit,ed, That use have undiminished con- :
ficknce,i4 the ability and integrity. of Frank
' lin Pierce, and his administration of the,Yov- .
ernment Of our country. -
ResoNed, That, the views and principles
of the pkesent State Administration, as ;em-',
bodied in the acts passed by the recent Leg
islature and approved by the Governor, l by
which the interests of the State have been, or
propOsed to be,
seriously affected, con
,trust. strongly with the wise and judicious
managementl of the government by Governor.
;Bigler, and tend to show the danger of! en
trUsting thetontrol of the Commonwealth to
thy liand4 of men who are (swayed by &natl.
eism and }governed by prejudice. I
Resolved, That use pledge our party und
- united ejOrts to the election of Arnold plu
iner, the Candidate for Canal Commissioner,
!shorn :eel have this day_ nominated withaft a
dissenting voice.
gaaeaS -
From the .Eational Era.
Yes, mv friend,for hope , and courage, and
.ionsolatiOrr, it is vigil to deny that the wOrld
is looking to North America; and North
to Kansas apd Nebraska. In, spite
Of sneerink tourists and sneering natives; it
has been true for-a century; and was never
inore true than now, that we inhabit the land
of promise. Any emigrant bbip, any great
railroad station, will tell you that. In Ithe
film of her slavery, her polygamy, her social all her faults, America is Still
the magnet to which the weary, the poor, - the
desolate, of every nation, are irresistibly
iirawu; an still the asylum upon_ whose
mighty b4sorn, like chaplet Wreaths upon a
votive afar, all the hopes and aspirations of
the ninete&ith century - are flung. -
"Our harts and hopes are all with thee ; I
Our heirts and hopes, our smiles and team,
Our faith triumphantlrer our fears,
Are all wph thee, with thee.
' It takeskinly a•few Columns of figuresl to
make cle# beyond dispute that America is
fast becoming the ruler of the world: It is
therefore idle to deny that thequestion-what
spirit shall rule our country-- 7 is of incalcula
ble importance 'to all mankind. And this
vast problem, with its thousand -mazy intri
macs and; involutions ; with :its rise and pill
of Stites;? with its wars and-rumors of wars;
with its sealed book of prophecy; withi its
earthquake convulsions, or ages of calm ; with
multitudinous races, espt.' ye or free,; and With
Its unnumbered millions on millionof joyOus
or broken;hearts, for endless ages--all these
lie open in the hand of the Kansan and Ne
braska emigrant. 1
I regard tne present conflict as the' turning
point in the history of this Western; world.
What sovereign is to away ui for centuries,
and through us the world, ii now to torr de
terminedi upon the plains of. Kansas and; Ne
braska. There the two eternal opposites of
modern society, its two mighty- warring an
gels, are brought face to face and foot tofoot
together: • ' For one or both 'of them, the
hour has come.' Stringfellow and his horde
of-vagabonds 'represent one principle and the
Kansas emigrant the other. -
we ,
g o gimare dull enough,but
altogether,as they who livid - beafl Ate:. 116 t
Dunces ; as we are; six thousand years have
not passed,*ithout beating two or - three
truths through our thick skulls. And if there
be siny one fact absolutely demonstrated to
the human mind; written on the original con
stitution of the race, attested by the leviathan
'carcasses of I a hundred wrecked empires
that strew the shores of time, inscribed in
bloody letters on the annals of every, century,
and confirmed by the earliest and most uni
versal instincts of all that bear our hirmin
form and are baptized into our common hu
man nature, it. is, that nations, which depend
entirely on slaves for labor, are irretrieve.ably
lost. I have only to state the feet ; not ar
gue it. It-is:a proverb, an azioth. ; SlaVery
has a few sineere and intelligent defenders;
and very fewltbere are, even where it ismost
deeply rooted. These men even admit the
fact I have stated ; but they refer its cause to
the abuses ofa system in itself, natural and
necessary. But mankind at large hold a dif
ferent opinion. In their . eyes, 81aVery has
always ruined nations, beenuse its foundations
ate not in nature, That unnatural and irre
sponsible usurpation, - which could chain the
4hairiless, which epmpresses the incsimPress
able- soul into, the limits of an aniinal, arid
which yokes the awful energies,of a plarMing,
plotting, passionate; powerful beast, to it will
as capricious and 'fallible as its own, nisist al
ways end in failure,and will avenge.iteelfterri
bly and inevitably on its champions.. The
gigantic lie,. tbe tremendous wrong, may flour
ish for ages, and seein eternal; but Nature,
quietly or vielently,lrestares the old equilib
rium lit last, and involves victors and victims
in a common catastrophe, These are child's
lessens:. Every . schoolboy knows that it was
Slavery that preyed on the beautiful form of
Greece, as slugs , eat out the hearts , of roses.
We do not need Mr.. Bancroft's brilliant es
say on Roman Slavery, to tell us that it was
its deadly virus, more fatal than the factiens
and civil wars it caused, mere dreadful- than
the horse-hoof tof Goth or Hun or Visigoth it
invited, whichllaid the empire of Rome In ru
ins. Other lss known examples are not less
ham eas
idea ifr found in the first sentence of the State
Paper which split us off from the British Em
pire: That s entence made America. The
absolute equality before the law of all that
bear the hurnin form, Equality, not of 'gifts, -
strength or stature, or beauty ; but an equal
ity designed by the Supreme-Being to aim
pensate. for all other inequalities—of rights.
The equal and indestructable rights, for every
son of woman, of free life, - free- thoughts, free
speech, free labor, frfe affections, free wor
ship. In so far as the nation drinks this idea,
she tastes the 'fountain of Youth. In se far
as she denies it, she begins to perish.
I need not say that this fundamental thought.
which gate us instant national as if 'iv
a fiat ofereative will; struck African Slavery
with a Otralyjis. It did net die, 1 know
why, b i r t ., hate not time to c tell you now. But
- all its er greseth has been a disease ; the
growth cif an excrescence, not a healthy plant ;
of a tumor, and not a natural organ. Our
fathers thought that the Federal Constitution
had given it adeath-blow. Jefferson thought
that the Ordinance of 1787 ,had dug its grave.
The men of 1 . 808 believed that the 'destruc
tion of the slaVe trade had dried its founda
tions, and insured its speedy end. The result
has mocked them all. A half a century has
rolled by ; and now, in 1855, incarnate in
Stringfellow, it is roaring and roaming, like
a loose wild beast, through the Young -Do
minion of the West, seeking whom ' it may
I tell you that Slavery in Kansas asks no
compromises, and gives and takes no quarter.
It wields no blunted lance. It holds the same
lanpage to all corners-4 devour you,
or be my self devoured !' Kansas, Nebraska
the free States, the Federal. Government,
North . Amerithe Tropical Islands; the Con
tinent—s-it must have them all, or die. And
that; before God, I hold to be the present Con
dition of its life.-. The calm eye of' the
ized world is upon it. •1t feels,. and grows
mad. Only impudence half - sublime,' a colos
sal ruffianism, -; a superhuman swagger, ean
keep its courage up.
In its present attitude, Slavery. inlKansas
is Ancient Pistol all over; but its
has been nforasuceessful. Instead of,,teee
dem making Stringfellow eat the leek,,Strifsg
fellow has made Freedom cat the-leek.
pie here affect to despise Stringfellow. I don't:
I like his audacity. I half tremble at his
!sewer. Why, Stringfellow' is the real ruler
of America. At this hour, he is President,
Congress, the Judiciary, the Army. 11 - 0 s
moulding to himself the - civilization,,of this
whole generation. Is this to - go on ?
Stringfellow is slavery tabernacled in flesh
—brute force in human form.. In its origin,
Slavery is brute force—no, more, no
A ru ffi an meets a weak woman, seizes her by
the throat, and 'chokes her into working for
him Her 'children become also his slaves.—
That is Slavery, and the whole of it. 'Ages
after, Divines trace it to the Bible, and learn
ed lawyers say amen. -
This, I say, is Stringfellow, and the whole of
him ; and now let me ask you candidly, as a
Southerner, (year father you say was one,)
if, with such teachers as Stringfellow, the free
States can stint their eyes to what Slivery is .
'and seeks? Now , Flint , you know this man
'and gang; that is, if the newspapers tell
'the truth. If they calumniate , them. we will
suspend judgment. When their merits
telegraphed, I will revise- my thought.' At
present, I take theft) as the press describes
them. And, as'described, what is this Strin
g, fellow, who haSKansas unier his foot Puri
!unadulterated ruffianism. , Tom ilyer;fourid.
a State, and giving its strictly iorofire
sional nurture. A Short-boy pilgrim r ot*
The anigfal whir rules Kansas is, to speak' po
litely, a cross taitween the hog and' the hye .7
isa; and I tell you that this cannot last. 'Un
less somebody goes there at once, and controls
things, and unless the millions of ; Young
America arouse-, and take this..Stringfellow
and hi's . pack. by_
the , nape
. of the neck; 'and
end' this reign • of terror '
' and* announce, in
tones that may be" heard through the earth,
that among those wOods, all the races of the
world !shall start at least fair and equal . in the
great game of life, then there is no longer
Government here,bl. in its placethe Old Allt
arch,:Toacs, gorged iVith blood and bones; -
I look to the Kansas emigrant for all this'. He •
is purrounded by a cloud el witnessee.
His means : may be scanty, his but poor, his
companions coarse, his - enemies-, fierce, his
food bid, hid body weak with disease, his feet
"sore with traVel,,or his limbs with labor.--
• will may sometimes sink Within hint. In
g p i r oo airi rn i, o t t h h e is m c f ekt'ft uon . l3, ....i n; res y t, ,, :z ta t 4 i t t ; l e i r fe ,. , o o r r
t th he e
down. ' But the inspiration of a greatittAiM
in lim, and eVerlating 'arms are beneath
• him. I Pillars of clond end fire go before him,
and voices out of heayen whisper to hi'm - at
eventide of the great Work and the . great
- Rewaldi •
' Let him renierii the uncounted armies
who are watching hiii from afar.
..Firt.t of all, his: .relatives 'and friends at
home i —they whose Mood leaps in his veins,
and wll° are bOund to him by:the sweet ties
of Pers:onal regard. They look- on him al
ready its On enliated•eoldier 'of the 'new env.
sacie,l and their cheek's blister with shame:if he
faltersin the ranks.{
Than the eyes of all his country men are on
him— sharp, clear, deep, eyes--=the eyes of
men who know he grandeur of the strife,
who watch his every motion; who expect
everyman to do hisiduty ; are satisfied with
no less,-demand more; arid when satis
fied of that, will-pour out upon him, without
stint ;or measure, their choicest tremures;
and Will gather hint with pride to gen
erous ,swelling hearts. Man of Kansas ! the
people of America are behind you. They
comprehend your , sti•uggle ; and every blow
you strike will be bbrne on the wings of the
wind rrom sea to sea.
1 '
Speech of Govemorlteeder.. in the Kansas
-Free State , . Convention. -
After the adoption of the platform and res
olutions at the Big Springs Free State Con?
vention in Kansas, the proceedings of which
have be n previouslY given, the Convention
proceede o nominate a Territorial deleff ° ate"
to Congress. Mr. Conway 'moved ;that An
drew /I. Reed`o l thdlate Gpvernor of Kansas,
be out. nominee._ The motion was seconded'
and eitrried by acclamation. - Cheer followed
upon Cheer at - the ailnonucement.
was lost in Ithe confusien. aff-' - .... 5r , of Reeder!
pr - esati : — 'tie - late Governor appearect upon
the stand in,answer to repeated calk i
and at
the moment a appeared deeply moved with- this
unexpected outburst tif enthusiasm.
• ,
Gov. Reeder proceeded to thank .them for
their encouraging and strengthening friend
ship) that such applause slid approval would
repay all the injustice that might, be .heaped
upon any man; that every wan - there would
do him the justice tojsay that his nomination
had been given without solicitation by him or
his friends; that to accept it *mild seriously
•interfere with, private engagements, and that
he bad contimially refused it when urged, un
he had been told . by. men .from all parts of
the Territory that his name was essential to
success. He'would now accept it upon the
the condition that he be hot expected to can
vass the'.Territory l in person: To do so
would not be consonant with his feelings, as
well as that he desired to go into the hlls-of
Congress and say, "I come here with clean
hands,': the spontaneous choice of. the sover
eign squatters of Kansas.' Id giving him-the
nomination, in this manner, th y. had strength
ened his tours to do-their wor ~and in return
he would now pledge to; them .a steady, un
flinching pertinacity of purpose, never tiring
industry, dogged perseverance: and all the
abilities with which God had endowed him to
wrongs righting of their rongs and the final di ,
map!) of their cause. Ho belieVed from the
circumstances which had for the last eight`
mouths surrounded him, and which had at
the time placed in his possession many facts,
amid bonnd hint heartand soul to',the Oppress
ed.voters of Kansas; that he could do much
'toward obtaining a redress of their grievan
ces. He said that day by' day a crisis was'
coming upon 'us ; that in after times this,
would', be to poster4ty l a turning point, a
. i
marked period, as are to us the 'opening of
the Revolution, the adoption of the Declara
tion of; hidependenee,l and the era of the alien
and sedition laws; that 'we should take - each
step carefully, so that each be a step of pro
gress, and-so that no'Srioferice be done 'to the
tie whiclibinds r the Atherican people together.
He allUded to the Unprecedented . tyranny
under which we are and have been, and said
that if any one supposed that institutions
were to. be _imposed force .upon a free
and 'enlightened people, they never knew, or
hiid.forgotten, the history of our fathers.—
Anieriettn, citizens beer': in their .breasts too
much of the spirit, of Other and trying days,
and havelived too long amid t e blessings
of liberty, to submit ti;' oppression from any
quarter; and the mad, who having once been
free;could tamely submit to tyranny, was fit
to be a slave. He-urged the -free State men
of Kansas to, forget all miner issues, and pur
sue determinedly the one great object, never
swerving, but steadily pressing on, as did the
wise men who followed the star to the man
ger, looking back only 'for fresh encourage
ment. 1' ; . " • 1 .
He counseled that peaceful reaistanee be,
made to the tyrannical. and unjust laWs of a
spuriouti legislature ; that: ppeals be made to
the CoUrts, to the ballot -box, and to Congress
for relief from thisoppressive load; that
Violence should be deprecated ,so long
imias a single hope of ecable redress remain
ed; but if at last thesq should fail—if in • the
proper tribunal there s no-hope for our dear
est rights, outraged and profaned-4f we are
still to suffer that corrupt men may reap the
hisrvest•watered by oisr tears, when there is
no more chance , for justice, God 'has pro; ,
vided hi the eternal frame of things, , redress
for every wrong, and there remains to us still Montt Valtnier.—A Governor in flyion';
the steady eye, and the strong arm; arid .we thoroughly itntiegriated with-the spirit - 401c
must conquer, or mingle the bodies Of the British constitution, empsusneled ~s-• of
oppresiors with thosSof the oppressed upon . Mussulmans on 'a man fou.nd dro . s aid t ,
the soil which the Declaration of indepen. they returned %solemn nig, • t,vere
denee no longer protects. But he was not diet, :--" His time .w.0....:,.....'z. , ; ..,
at all apprehensive that such a crisis would' ' -----..i.1 i ()rah .....
ever' areive. 'He believed that)Mitiee might ' e- 4 ' - orlitio . .--
1 ' states' 11111011 g Othei t ' ilal
be found far short of sodreadful extan-gis men li4 longer than thoseOf awl 14t i at _
and even should an appen&fr o i - C - i7w,reu, are.. Of enurse they do, - and tie .'1 •
r ma.
wee hisopirv 6 - --'-' r , viv t.-d e . 1 r - 0 "fier As
, -
, -
dens will never strike tr: MOW in so - nitrint
Thrice armed is he who /01 fiia qiusiel Just. .
He then entered into the plan of conduct;
lag the campaign, and' adiised that .the_prec,
'lunation from the pecpli i ialliiig the eleetina --
bsrsigned by 604 voter.- - 14ct the legal re
quikinents-be-strietly observed. Oa
tion is one of asking • only that, the hiw be
carried Ont. ''When 'Col. Etlian Allen was
asked at Ticonderoga, by whose adihoritar_be
demanded the fort,lhe - replied, - .‘ In the name
°r ale great Jebovith and the t otninenuti Con-,
gress. I eipect of you that - yoti se prepare
me, the to a siinilar question
answer, The great Jehovah and the Soiree- -
eign Squatters &Kansan,' .
He spoke long and eloquently ,upcukthe
ittrotlice that no rashness should endanger
He did not 'obtlhxie all love aneeleci4 tO.
ment of the South as eatutiLat....Pahliesitati
wrongs which had been perpetata - iiiet.7
sourians our territory.; and _that heitig - '
he wanted to hear the rebuke. Should it
'dome, and all hope of moral infinencte to cor• -
rect these evils be cut off; and. the:tribunals
of our country fitil us; While oitr - Vvrongnadfl‘ -
continue; what then -l: Will they have grown
easier to bearly-long tustona V God forbid -
that any lapse of tome snould aceustoni free
men to, the duties of slaves Li and when such
fatal dangeris menaced, then the time to.'
Strikelbr our altars and our fires
Strike *or the green: gravel . of ogr eires—..
God knd ont.-native land. .
As he paused there was, for an instatit, if
deep silence, as when a question - of, life or
death is beingconsidered—every , ma drew
along, breath, but the _nett instant the air'
was rent with cries, " Yes, we' will strike r-
Whife men cannevei'be slave l a
er ! Reeder !" Nine cheers - Air Reeder - an..."
During,his speeclihe had been.reon-- -
stantly interrup ted by shouts and Oalang of"
'hinds- but now the enthusiasm waettingov-,
ernable • , the crowd' gathered around - him
with the warmest greetings, We Woul.f•
rather have the place l , he holds in the hearts.
of a generous, daring Teople, than wear-Or'
kingly ~crown: .
Important to Road Viewers.
Pardon's Digest, Edition of 1854,.
of Jiirors, Sec. 55, page, 367, contahut tit* 64 7 '
lowing: -
"And the Jurors attending a - view ayali hf
addition to,their par, be alliii,lo§Q;)
the saiaviiiiing - fhr n iil ow
ter cents for each mile he shalt .travel going
to and returning from the same; - ,
GRAPHIC.----The Poughkeepsie:4/41e thii:
reports the doings of the Democratic Comity
Committee in Dutthesr:
, Th. . .
" The County Committee of theitikilieolii- so'.
of the Democratic party, met at R'utzer's MP
tel, in this city, on Tuesday lint, for diet pis:
pose of planning a mode for hermottifino
But it would' not iti , orii.i- ,
The Softs turned i The 'Hay& iiinitil ,
towar6Gen. Pierce.
'1 towardstheSOutP-
And off they march —each faF.tion bent oui
going to, destruction its own why!
about qiardening their constitutiOW, l and with'
that view expose themselves to summer's
heat and winter's wind, to straini and effort. ,
and 'many unnecessary hardships- To - the
same end ill-informed mothers lianas, their`
little infants in cold waterday by !lay their
skin and flesh, and bodies. steadily , growl:0
thinner, and weaker, until Glow fever, or wa- -
ter on the brain, or constipation of , the
els, carries_thent to the grave and then tliej:
administer to' themselves the serni-cornfiirt - '
and 'rather questionable consolation;-of its
being a mysterious 'dispensation of Provi
dence, *hen in feet. Providence had -,nothing
to do with it. He works no wracks . to con:
teract our , follies. N . •
The bte3t way I know of hardenin,g - the con
stitution, is to take OA aim of it, Sae' it M
no more improved by bush treatment, , that?
a fine garment or a new bat is -made better
by being banged about:—Journai of Haatii
KA N sAs.- . —The Watibingtontlpion,in speak
ing of the Free State - Coniention 'held lately
in Kinisas, makes. Use of the follOWini .
guage, which looks as though the government
ineditated forcible intervention in , behalf
the Missouri tnob and its mock', legislatuie
"We confess that the acceptatioe of the
.nomination for delegate by Gov. Rieder turf
surprised us. We had supposed that he wo'l
decline to give his sanction to a mode of re:
dressing alleged, grievaices which would yr.
mssarilY identify him' with :the free soil ma ,
ment connected with tie gamma quastioa,intft
which is characterized by all the inalitiOlig'
of a revolutionary resistance of the organized.
government of the Territory."
ar The , readers of Macaulay!. Itistori,
of England, havanoticed the following', brief
paragraph : If an English Sovereign waii"
now to , immure a subject in defianca of the
writ of Habeas Corpui, the whole nadoir
would be instantly electrifictl, by the
Why so *I Because such - iv:sovereign would
act tyrannie.illy against the Constitution ; aorli
laws of the nation. But Judge Katie
done this very thing.
Erracts op iiiiititiacnt:—By the menial's'
at Macclesfield, ,England, on July 15th, of
Mr. Orobinollenshavr; aged 88, to 1.6118 Sa
rah 011ensium, aged 18, the bride team.
the wife of bet own puck, sisfer-in-lair tube
aunt, aunt to her brothers and slate* am)
stepmother to her cousins; and by another'
marriage she became the mother:l:4a* to
her own sister.
or In stmiking hams, the smoke - ettssus:
ting from corn cobs is the best, mid
variably" give: you sweet 'ham: - ..Many use
pine. This gives to the meet an solid taste s
and should never be used.:
tr. 7,