Independent Republican. (Montrose, Pa.) 1855-1926, September 27, 1855, Image 1

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1 • ,
1 ''
• H.
,11 . : RAL ER, -EDTTop§::
Oet Ci 111)C1",
lt rom 'the aticinnati Gazette.
THOMAS mm. --,
, r D T Arroon or " TRANATOPSIFI,"-" ROBERT OP
• Llicopr i " AND MINOS I . OE/tB. •
Vlutterin: , nervously here and there ;
tound [his lady bird, odd little elf:
Nei' on 141 iron -weed, now in the air,
Thomaii Tytte is describing Wessell',
Souiltit )
pit, spat, spit I
and m y 7ife, in this hero tare, •
Lire as jolly as ever you. see!
Feedle, dee, dee !
T. TYitt, Esq., ls.drest in blue,
Like every other ltigit-born tit;
With a yellow vest, and chbaker too;
you'll hear hint crow, if you listen
_a bit :
. • Tom-tit, tom-tit, .. c • s..
pit, gPatt.sPit !' . - .
Elaminc t is coat ap
t vest of mine, ,
rni rather }a buck tulle tonmitli ne ,
. ' - rcedle, dee, dce!' -
The wife of Thomas,. meek and brow-n,
A sirupl4 creature, afeard of boys,
Sits all d 42.1 in a high-necked gown,
Laying ciao, without any noise! .
Tom-tit, tom, it,
spat, !pit!
Lay cui, m dear ; r.obOdy'll come.;
I'm keeping watch in this old gum.
Feedle, dee, dee!
A very re ring female she,"
A pattern wife, the dame tits say,
Always blowing and bragging iti he, . .
In the old-established, masculine way.
Tomtit, tom-tit,
Spit, spat, spit
I'm not the bird to run, that's fiat !
I'm too good - stuff, you know, for that!
1, • Feedle, dee; dee! . -
• - ILigho! look here! two, foui, six, eight, - .
Round `ltpd white, remarkable eggs l•
Tyttejwatches 'em early, and late,
, • While Thomas is laughing and kicking his leg,s,
• torn-tit, •
Spit, spat, spit!
Com - talent wife, this Mrs. T., • _
• 'F ur a free Grid easy fellow like- me! . •
Feedle, dee"; dee! . •
11 -
The eggs ate chipped, and eight small tits
(The nntilber of egg.) creep quitionsly ;Aro',
Thomas, driven half out of his wits, • • -
Scratchel his head to, know what to do. •
, tomtit,
Spit, spat, spit!
• Trying thing, this ; singular fatal' „
V. Untsasl nutther, certainly--eight'.
' • ' Fee :le; dee, ace ! •
T. Tyne, .E 4 11., in a little while, - • •. •
Gets not' s careful of his -clothes, .'
. Seems tiuio depressed, lath a sickly smile,
• , And singhth mostly through his nose: •
. TOM-tit, tom tit!
• . • Sitit, spat., spit!,
,_ ,
Exactly. where-the Young ones be,
Nobodyl - nws 'cept wif p,..ttd - ti - nt.
~ . .Feedle, ;lee, dee '.. .
Autumn comes—the tittles grow, - .
Thomas 3.tte is a blockhead dunce;
Tu foreign arts he's going to gn, ..
. .
And just. r as he starts we cry
_allat once, . -s
T#•in-tit, tom-tit, ' . .
' ..
Spit, spat, spit!
.. If your voie f comes back, and yon're not shot,
You ceme hack with it, Tom—otherwise. not,
11 Yeedlei dee, dee I •
: ate, . ~~41~1i~l~i~i~~t:oy~~:
[For tht Republitatt. - ' ..
McAllen i whose:name heads this article, is
now- the .vict,ira of.profligate and corruptju.
dicial 'proceeding,s. Be has been - robbed of
Lis personal !liberty, and incarcerated .in a
Pennsylvanialiprison, Thr no other reason than
that he inforn j ed a poor and yet liberty-loving
woman that she and .her children, by the laws
of Pennsylyadia, were free, •and afterwards
refused to ade a. return • false -in fact, to a
writ unlawfully ' issued by a U. S. District
‘ t
Judae. 1 ,
lt, ' • .
In this nib.lry every _Penitian has a
deep interest , fstake. - What Passore Will
ianison suffers' every man, entitled though he
be, by birth right, and by the lawS of the-no
ble Old Comnionwealth to personal liberty;
. may be called io suffer s unless this exercise of
unjust and arbifrary powerbe-at onetirebuk-
Jed and stityetV i iby the people's Voice or the
tople's arm. 1! ' - - .
. In the case of Passmore Willianison there .
iir, , ,t only a robbery of .personal liberty,gut
. a'striking dot, of the great ' writ of personal
liberty, the writ of. Habeas Corpus itself, in
obedience to the -dictum (it the Slave- poker
in this ceuntryll Pennsy 1 vanians 1 . inheritors
'of the hono 1 ' d libertie.s t ran sulitted to you
by your Penn i , „I"rank !ins, su'---hes, and - -- -
44 t 8 t,
' ! does y.4r blood- run cold and, slow in
rim of this exhibition of judicial despotism ?
: No, We . canhot believe this
-of you! that
you are eo loft to a sense of-the blessings of
libeq as to 14 cold or indifferent. ;'..
John H. - Wheeler,:a Virginia Slaveholder,
bathe- to- Phil4 h del phis; Voluntarily - bringing
. Jane and-her tiro children. whom he -claim
.od as his slavei. ' By . virtue of Pennsylvania
0q , ,, most rivhteousl too, -those slavei,- on
touching Peu e 4ylvariia .soil became fiee.:---r-
Sane, notwithslanding the clme espionage of,
11 7 Professed inaster, ‘Sueeeeded in giving in
fennation Lti she was 'held . as a; slave hilt
dashed to be 4-ee. • • '
.. . .
This infort ion war -carried to PaSsMore
Williamson, Rreside.ut of an old anti-Slavery,
gociety,•organized in the days of, and-pre
sided over by , efijamin FranUin. lie hasten
ed under the. • nfluence -of his generous and
philanthropic! heart, to . give JaneinforMation
Wand children, Under
as to the righ a of hersc
th e l aws o f f i i nt f a . He found - be on
i tioard
a steamboat .r ear the Walnut st. what' (city
of Philndelphhtjaud in the presence - of Wheel- '
Cr- inkrtned ber of those right's—,told her
that she was free, and if she chose •to do so.
• she could then enter upon the exercise of ..her
.r4hts-'l O trey liberty, and the purSuit of hap,
Piaetis-' With Ont violence and of her pul
tioite, as shel;sflerwards testified, she -did so.
Soon afterittin -the 18th.orjuly last, so the
:.=:ord ; as given' , proves, John . H. W.heOer,
:a: claimant ,u l: f Jane, presented his petit on
if ' 46. 11 . J. K..ll , :ane, judge of the U. S.. Dis
tdiCt Court for' the Eastern District of Pa; , s '
- .?- 4 -tinit forth that-he was . the 'owner . of three,''
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Here', let! usnotice two things—first the
-want of juritidiction• in the case, and secondly ,
the truthfulnessof the return.. I.,:]Judge Rene
had no jusisdiction' of the matter because the
persons elainied: : as slaves • were . voluntarily
brought into [thi State. ' 1 • Neither the .Consti
tution nor any law of the. COngress or the.
United States authorized Judge) Kane to is
sue d writ -any such e&se ; Having no
authority'to- , iissue the writ, the writ itself was
unlawful, and consequently ' Past. mg) re --Will
iamson- was tinder no legal or Moral obliga
tion to obey lit.
~ ;Nothing . is: mOre-relear or
better established in law, than that a • man is
not bound to obey an unlawful Writ..
2. Although it. would - have been, right for'
Passmore NV, illiamsrn to reftise nltilgether to
make retarM to- the: writ,,he-,nevertheless . did
-ill , in titer make all the return that
a Man of-truth-aura honesty, in his plase,eould
make: He *;insply .stated tin; faCts as proved
afterwards,. liy Jane and others Ife had no .
snore right:nor power tO bring '4ane .. and her
children to 'ciourt, tium to bring . any - other
woman with.,her children, 'in Pentisyiv , aniii,
into court. They Were, by the laws of Penn
syh,,,ailia, as free as my other person in it.---.
- And yet this !is construed into . a contempt-of.
Court, ard athe .a4atrary diptuni 'cif 'Judge
t .)
Kane, PasSm re Williamson is ,throWit into 1
prison, thereto remain for life'ornt the pleas-'1
nre of this ipattern..of his ancient prototype,
Casn.; . -who' 'ili i v.h!is brether. And why clewl
he him? )Vpur.Se his deeds wre evil and
his brotherfsgood. -. But this is not all of the
case. -.' It ii darkened by the deeision•cdour
Supreme •court ; a.s rend by' Jildgi., Black. • '
PaSsniore - ,J Williamson' 9:jakea .appliCation
e l
to theudg , of ihnSupree Court lif Penn
sylvania- fci;. ' habeas ' Corpus to release him
from his illeral 1 irnprisOnment. ' They refose . ,
the. writ, rind in a long -.opinion delivered by '
. . i .
Judge k; jeeringat the honest convictions •
1 and noble iotirpose of the victimized William
son, verify! nfrinnatively the exclan ation, of
Dewitt Cl - nitian, , Uttered forty-five - years ago,
iu the caselof Yates. against the people of N.
Y. 'ls.' lie:asks!, 'the gothic jargon .of Nor
manlawY+7sl antithe ridieu loos pedantry'
: of'
set:loolmq] istP.ll to pervade the temples of jus
tice, and up prostrate principles of rightnt the. ,
feet olgophisliiarl nonsense.' - Yes, thus . char
- . i
the Supreme Court of 'Pennsy I
- -- -
nia has sent f t orth its opinion„ either to curse
the land, 'or +eeting with a reboUrid, to roll 1 1
back updn it, authors,, covering ! them 'with 1
indignant reprosehe's of „insulted !freemen.—
Thank Hea4,:it is accOmpanied , kby An anti-
. 4
dote! the able, clear, and righteous opinion s
ofJudgel • Knox, who dissented. : . Imniortal
honor to I dodge Knox I worthy inheritor of
the nami and virtues Of the great champion '
* l
ofSeottilh reformation, over WhoSe grave the - '
Regent o c*Otland pronounced' he etik.gium
' Here Ns 14seho never feared Oelace of ruhn,'
More wbrthyi - that he bad not feared - to stand
alone, and 'could not, on arriving at 'Philadelk
- phis, .as Wo.&dward and LoWrie • are said to ).'
have bee-it, b -•btought over, against _former
convictions o right; to sustain an Outrageotts
attack ulion reonal liberty.' • ..-
• We ccinUnend the opinion Of Judge Knc._ i l
to the tritieitl- perusal i of all. If it - wants al
,backeri4e i,ader has It in the: opinion given .
by , Gov. (Clinton, in • the case to which we have
referred.! Itifollows, :Read it. - It is - . worth
the Opinilms Of a thousand Olacks;,,huwever -
brilliant 'they' be in, iiitellect, While'bvershad
ed by• the Curse of slavery.. :•. -..--
," It is- alleged that the, pardoning .power
may be: extended to the prisoner; 'which' -will
tafford /kiln complete -relief. - .The Mercy of
the E.teetit:i4 Is one, thing -and the, justice of '
' the Court another. 'A pardon is 'not a rein
edy in the Canrse of the law. ' It May or it„,
may not 6e"afforded at -pleasu7, sold_ps : en:
tirely- extrin4ie tibialjudicial proceoh - nr. , -'-•
The sum of .reasonitig is this-/ Thatn citizen
may be deprived of. his :libnrty . withoutlthe
nectisation Jot a grand or interposition - of a
petit jury, and' • obi: The in fiat of a- - single'':
judge ; thatithisjUdgeA all be without - eon-
and the!' lizen wjttioutapPeal ;Abet 'he
Must contin •• e inipri stn W
. led for !life, 'Weis !the
judge-shall ' • rentior unless the Execuilie '
-shall Part* - TN; doctrine mey:tiiiikenis
ridian of Ocinitantietopk,' 6:die-utterly ropitg:.
persona he'll,. jo. service. orl.:lal;Oriuncier.::tite
laws of the State of 'Virginia r i,such.pes:socis .
being re.sitactively.natned ..rant4., -aged, about .
35 . yeare,:,4llnel, aged . at4it. 12„. years, ..end
Isaiah aged about 7 years,rsons of color;,
and that they,wers detail:le( . f rom his posses.
i i)e
sloe by fitSsmore Williainion,. but -not,-for,
any criminal or supposed climinal, Ittatter : ' -
In accordenCe- with the pr4yer of that peti
tion,. "a writ) of habeaa :corpus was awarded
commanding Passmore Williatosort to bring
the bodies of the Said - 4aneiDatiel and,lsaiah
befor the Indge. of • the DiSilet Court' forth 7
witt.' . '''• ,
To thts Writ • Passmore ;Williamson made
a return eked= by. hiiaffitnnation,- that the
said Jane, Daniel and liaialt, tor either of
them; Wereat the time of the issuing -of the-
Writ, nor at ithe titne - of the return" nor at any
other time,in the - ct - todyl power, or posses
sion of nor confined nor Ireg - trained of their.,
liberty. by him,.aud and, therefore he could not
produte - thet,•bOdieS as he was commanded.L
This - return liras Made on the, 20th of July
1855, ' wheretipon, .afterwards, to wit: on .
the 27th day of July- 1855, the counsel for
the parties Having : - been heard, ' , and :the said
'return having been duly Considered, it is or
•deredand adjudged by the court that the said
Passmore Willianison
.be committed to. the
custody of the ltiarshall,without bail or main
prize, as fora contempt in refusing to make .
return iii - the writ tf habeas Cortiu - s,heretofore .
issued against :hitn, at the instance of , John -
H. Wheeler.' -i,Sneh, tays- Judge - Knox, is
the record. f -i - ~
IFREEDC)IE AHD Pllaikir eactn)lalr oLa 7 i - Ami - a — HD - Z620
, 777 imigines—emaimisp
„• ' 1' •
natur.lo.Aeisaiss of a free government. - If
. the gr.overnfr, Cannot . or will not pardon; and
if,the r 4egia4atnre cannot or will no,. relieve •
'then a citizen may at any time, opthelgrotinds
eOlnentled . ton Atis incarcerated. tor, Ide by a •
t:cturt, :ooraOsed . of a single judge and: with
out the: benett.ota trial by his poera, and the
ja . dge'eamlqt . be called to accOunt for his con.
duct, • •Forof . l rightly underitand the posi
tions which are maintained. throughut they
are these : 1 , 4. , court - may. commit I . ur . con
tempt Whether' perpet rated in ainitornet.--=
This COmiifktrient, Whether livid*, illegal,
cannot .be ixinninctl or overhauled {by any .
other tribunal, but it is to, be, considered: as
final und . collelusive, and-it may continue du
ring the pleitsure of the court. If theiprisoner
,is brought.up cin a writ of habeas coipui, the
court is , te,r t ernand him the momentitt is per- •
ceived to bet fora contem pt, and nei writ of
error•will lit? on :ilia decis ion; and althJugh
this may Be wicked and oppressive, and may .
.operate'as thi . imprison - tent for MI yet the
court o . acting is not liable to punishment;
fir a e6mmtiment is a judicial act, nnd it is
contended that no judge can be questioned
for - jildienti acts as such; Here•then is a cire
(excluding die favorable interposition of the
Executive iil• : Legislature,) where an Unjust
or tyrannic4l judge may,
at pleasure impris
on an innocent man fur life, and' y; , ?t: -Ow
•punislirnent !jet defiance. A doctrine preg
nant:with Stich horrible results, can never be
in unison with the letter or the spirittof a free
and enlightened system of jurisprudence.—
And, although I trust we have nothing to ap
prehend frOli such practices - in the t inier in
which we liVe, yet we ought to keep our eyes
O . n fupirity.l 'The all pervadinglonie of cor
ruption and !the all-oraspitig lust of• power
may raise tip for the destruction ofl unborn
generations,fmen who will devote themst ; ..lves
to onpressiOn and to blood: Why*re We to
expect.. an eaemption from the coffin - ton Int
of nations ? i In the true . course of events, we.
must; indeed,;travel the round of human
calamity : festilence and war, fain ine and
war, famine Amid oppression, will yisit,us, and
we innst anticipate that in some period the
.Treslians .aiid thelefrricses of former times
will live again in our tribunals—nien • who'
will iiii . Pris& under the forms of justice ; and
murder with all the solemnities of law.--
And when-s'ueli monsters arise to scourge thee
human tace,4let me tell yoti they NY Ii I ife. sup- -
ported by the arm'of power, and Will he at
tended .by',their obsequious satellites and
smootiefiieed parasites, who will deride the .
Magna Chatla of your liberties and ilaugh at
the majesty •ofthe'people." T ; 1 . . .
Such is tb opinion of the greafest man to
whom Mir n r fition has given birth. HOw ap-,
'1 - •
plicable.anOlpff4priatc as rozirds the case
id Passiliore:Williainson. .. • i 1 •
But who' i+: this l'a s siriore Willianison ?- 1.
•i •
- He is an lailiest, straight forward,r l
Philadelphia .Quaker. Ileac! . what a
Clergynian 4,f -high repute in..l)nildelphia,.
~ 1
the Itev. , :
Vt 74! H. Francia„saya or hint in :his'
present position:.
' • : . i : I
- , :.- . 1
"The. present generation, tiO dotibt
ridieule.and h.ject the gift, and revile, for in
stance, the inlbending-integritv tind.largehu
manity to which giir noble (fiend, Know iu
prison, cling to the price of personal liberty,
falsely attribliting his uprightness to anin
sane pasiion fiir martyrdom ! He IS * human
and it thy lie, as our judges,. putting off the
dignity of tliOr -station, niost =worthily in-•
siiivate, that iurfriend is this fol
ly ; but ther4 is nothing in his ebaraCter„noth
ing in hiS recent course that . authories them
to makelanyi;such insinuation. It may be too
believe before God that it - is so, and all
who know hiin believe likewise-thst he has
been and is actuated by the purest mo
tives, thattlib.spirit of. Truth .and humanity
sways him ; that• I hold . ,be the very'
spirit of Goa. 'llow,.then, will it, 'tire with
those who. hive put him in prison,ind who
keep him there, and who' are thusi fighting
God t Butr,What confession is it of. insensi
bility to the t .vi-orth of, Freedom and Right
eousness whin men cannot. understand what
our friend has done--I.smnot explain his con
duct but by Iresorting,tO the supposition that
he craves to re a mart and is so madly
bent upon being conspicuous that he -rmhes
into a prisinf, to gain that eminence Ills there,
then, no poWer, no inspiration in'thd love of
liberty,' to.enable a man to confronikKisons .
for their setae.? . I • •
"But althOugh we of the present ifour
fuse the gift; of God 1 to our 'own . OSS and
shame, pO,tif,ritY will accept it with heelama
tions. We ;rind our rulers and ourjudges,
stupefied by' the deadly poison with which
the Slave POwer has besotted our humanity
may suffer Passmore Williamson to there
in his cell till death sets him free., I But uo
palace on,eartli ever. shone as that Cell will
shine in .theleyes of those who come after ns,
made beautiful as it is by the simple pres
ence ore huinane and .upright matt. 1 . He has
become note, an historical person. !Heaven
14 teaching '0 through him, and what immor
tal lesson 1. We may learn, fur instance, from
this ease our. friend and brother, now a
prisoner, that it is . to-vain to excuse Ourselves
from rendering what.service we iriaY to God
and-man up,nn the plea that, we are (humble,
Private individuals, - with no advantage of p 6 -..
sition 'or influence. The • plea • has no force
With the Eteftial Providence. That chooses
its instruments and_ °gents. from among the
.and;i,obscpre. It' was the,'last thing
that our friend thought is the last thing,
t will answer for it, that he desired ever to
make him Self conspicuous. He thoUght only
Of discharging faithfully a plain human daty,-
and in, the Providence of Heaven, the perfor
mance of that duto instantly. becomes a gate;
flung wide. 4peit, whereby he caters and as
cends to position seen of all men It be
the Means -whereby he is at once made
at public per Son, with interests of indescriba
ble iinportance, with the welfare of ti t his great
Country, theerriancipation of the African race
the mu;eirif Freedom Universal, the dearest .
.hope of the 'World; resting upon hin,inVolved
in his fidelity; I have no fear that that Fidel-
ity will swekves single hair); breadth. He.
x ill justify his position, be assured i nfthat:—,
I'l _would justify-yur position, be assured that
We shall justify' on r positinn also as Christians,
men, as IC:itixens or a Free Slate) 0 for
the -open sense, for the, seeing eyei for the
bearing ear,ilthat. we may discern the warning
signs of the limes, that our loins- mar begirt
about,. and iiur- lamps trimmed and ( burning,
that we May meet the events dieters coming
the great' 4irit' crisis of- the . might conflict
between Light And . Darkness, Li y and
. .
, .
.11irtila • is -slowly.: batlat artilypL .
prosaic% , whieh,i no , 'num , :tan.escape, and
which.will , toi'evely - - t4full.i;';'tAs ~inmost . } '
F . ree. 4ll en of Pft,lMAY.lrti4 t . eittirensof'Sn
qiichanua cou l itty,4 ~ doea,4;tiot- become um,
rebuke in theistrprigast posAble manner, this ,
outrage uponitha judicial Ilbcrties'iof an *of..
. fending min;;stid ; throngh him uppn_ our Own
liberties! It: doesiAtni ;what?, letter can we
do, just now, 'than, to' elect hitn to i the hioest.
office in .our gif t , and then,. if 'Worst comes .
to worst; to.naze his prison.walls to the tbuti r
datioia, topple: thCm; to the earth, and deliver
the noble Williamson from his cruel tuad)in:
righteous conOtienient, by force and virtue of
the Habeas Cprpus of our own right suns?.
But there 14 , ill be lio need of a pl'iwer strong,
er than that of a public. opinion, one that shall
trionaphantly;eleat him to_ the offii...e, to which
he has, by. thi: spontaneous voice - ! of the, pea.
.ple, been noniinated. _ 'l'o release 'him, I let
Passinore Williamson, have fifty thousand
in:i3ority, in Pennsylvania, and the Nor'; is
done" . .l
. - '. i . - .1:1A - .7: :a:Cosecs.
!or; flue Rep' Olican
I ~
Forthe bebefit of Teachers, who are i n=
dined to disc4 , l'.:a resort to corporal Pun—
"..klinient in all cases; in the gove;rnrrient,of
Schools,. they are cited to_ the following !ex
tracts from a 4epert onSChool Disc`;ipline pre
, .
i ! ~ ,
sented at the-late meetinr*-Of the State Terielt.
. • meeting I, i
el.'s Associatibn at Pittslatirg,..l?y the pro Per
tsiminitteec:hosen to prePtire it;; the 'whole
of which report we 'heartily I approve and
'would earnestly! .:recommend it..srreadingl to
every . Teachei... It may be fund entiree, in .
the Pennsylvinia School JOurnal.l It is With
no desire to ProvOke angry dis4usSions, or to
• i -- -1 •
detract in thei least from the goadNve sincere
ly hope may 'result from the oiianizationl of
' I.
the Susquehanna County Teachers' Associa,
tion,-that we novi broach this clut4tion. •Put
the subject is one of vast importance and .
well . worth the attention and • careful consid
eration of ev e ry
American citizen. There
.•, • I
tare "let us , reasen togetuer.• , i
. s It; is a trite
observation that
.' we have no! bays now a- .
days' and then same is equally trudof girls!,;— :
i ,
They pass in an astonishingly 1 short space
time from . the cradle And . beccitne yoUn i g
Cr . '1 tS • yes, fast ;,young men, mind; fast yoting
Ladies: The snetamorphosis frOnti infancy! to.
i - ' • t
manhood, is almnst instantancousandyoung .,
America stands fityth. prominent- . in the. Na
tion.. His influence is already seVerely 'felt
:in state afilii* - Open defiance ofi law-is the
• order of the.'(?ay. - : Missourians invade Kan—
sas, with no hadow .of legal right. ' The
small bill !auk'. of . this State is a dead letter.
The prohibitry Liquor law of . sew York.
State is in many : places openly ViolatedH
The Usury law la. of no avail. ! Riots are
perpetrated niid America- with her boasted
governmetet _is fast becoming a nation of eat
laws. It is but the result. 'of a lenient ex- -
- I !
eciitive goverlninept. The seeds of laWlss
ness first sown . by* parents and Teachers,
,youths are stiffereil to grow up and.'recelve
an education fyrithnitt any check ppon their
waywardnes4 ; except an occasional! portion of
' Moral Suasion,' !often accompanied by
e vil_
ii - I 1
fraught flatteries, until they have . passed the
years of theik. Innerity, and then the - Law
knowillem,lhnt but; ! they know not the
Law: . *then- singular that they shol'ild
beiome uttaws? ',. Most certainly 'not.
believe theirelis such a thing-as too much lib-
-erty; And it we take in its broadest sense,
it is even woke than a Monarchy.} '
In.. the most liberal-form lot government
stringent la4s , and' a prcimpt and ateri Ex
ecutive' are ri.queSted to !ensure- utility and
!With the present instructors of
youth rests ihe:n!!sponsibility to * make . the .
next generaqn a '.'law 7 abiding and order-Inv
mg people. ''As the twig is bent, so is the
trEclined.t "Train up a child In the Way . -
he. shO6l-4 . goi andwheo he is old he will not
depart frotrriit' e lf he is made Arian on4vi
in school, he will N eier be so.. Make hinal- a
lover of law i and rder; to which . he most
submit for:the good 'of whole, and so Will
he continue in atiryearS. . - - •
-!. A SCHOOL.mzeroa.l •
Sept. 17, 155.
_ .. . . •
EXTRACTS from ii',l7ort on School Discipline i ,
preserded atlhe tieeting of the State Teachers' .As
-• sociation, AagsistflBss. • ~ _ 1 : ,
' ,A,% the State' takes its character from„the
individuals that compose, it, a responsibility
devolves upon each member to perform wgl
his part, and to discharge all the duties in
cumbent upon -him. A failure, on- the part! of
one, detractil from the excellence of the
whole. The! School is tho miniature State,
and the disvipline of the School should 'be
directed as' Much to secure the excellence" 'of
the future citizen, is the. brilliance of the 'fu
ture scholar. To be a good citizen of the
State, each sChojar. should be disciplined ito
the willingsurrender of his personal feelings
and inclinaticina for the benefit of the school.
:a - •
The "dicipline suitable for one, might do
, great injury -if applied to another: f different
organization ;--that applied, to a rough, rbg
god boy, and:esteeined light, might overpow
er and crush the More delicate and sensitive
girl. 'lt will be . necessafy, then, for the
teacher to mitke huinanity a deep study; en=
deavoring bi t note „the 'many:different poiCts
of character; and to ascertain the means by
which each may be , made accessible. ., , • *
The discipliMA of school, - however, is but
rarely employed for the reforth ofinvetetate
habits 'in children,: but rather for - the corieb•
tion .of thoughtless waywardness or neglebt. -
When such eases 43 ,
ti d o occur, kindness, gentle
bis and firmness ; must characterize the:fifrst
attempts to riefortri the offender. These may
fail. ; The influence of love, tendeiness, and
persuasion is!posrerful but notomnipoteht.
If the Great Teacher the embodiment) of
kindness, ana [Jove; Aeneunnes, punishment.h, are fier - seise and rebellicitit
it: 1,11, 'int 'Possible llint - fallible • - • - man :shotild
governibrtnenva of a milder, gentler,_code.!
Disi•entai.oyf, iap.ol l 4thilles art?' no.t.-inc9P l-
paqble With discipline, nor is the law of,lOye
in contradiction to 'the 'law of cOmPulSion.
"Ile that apfilreth the rod hateth his son; but
he that lovetli him chastened' him betimes."
Nd does this high authority fail.:to dendunce
a, Ouni.shme.nt, _for the neglect of these
. upon'the parent and child; fur it is said
"atbolish son N a grief to'his father and a
bitterness her that laire' him." Tfieps
retit,,coustituted by nature as the guardian.
of the child, delegates, for the purpose of ed-_
uc.ation,.to the : teacher the authority to
striuet,.and alsd, whatever power may be We
ceSsary for the'inceomplishment- of the ohjeat.
Thh teacher stands to this' eztent-iii loco pa
relyis. and possesses, or' should possess, just
sothuch vowel. . Other things being'equal,
thci minimum Of, punishment is . the maxim
um of excellemie.,
we-would caution
ag4inst an' iaproper exercise of coercive .
measures, we would, on the other hand,.nbt
adiise the abandonment of corporal punish
ment. • i * • . *
The remedy 'proposed as a substitute foi
corporal iiniskutent, is; when all'elsetiii.lS
correct and iet?rni,'to turn the Offender &ern
the school as incorrigible - , As the school ig
thti appropriate agent to diticiplinyotith prop
erly t i n perforrn the duties of life, we .Wotild .
earnestly proteStagainst . delegating that duty
to ; the house Oficorreetion, or to the prison'iat
lenSt until' all legal and proper - meats are
employed to prevent it; 'for when.. the dis
pline of the. School Lulls to reach the offender,
the . Discipline of the prison is generally.the
relfult: _ • -
• Mre rime no 'more sympathy with thakelsiss
of Sformers,: Whose' puling,
mnentality moves, them to denounce. the'
physical sufferings given: in -extreme
cafes, than with those who,see in the rod the
great panacea fur -every wrong, un_d, esteem
the - proverb.literally true,.that he who is not
laiissh in dispensing that "ctire/inust. really
hate his child.' .
Ofian.Addrelts b.fore Alnyntlils Ilarford Uni
versity, at the Anniversary of Judy 3.3., !US.'
• .
- Of the ninny vicissitudes which beset the
pathway áf huinan existent that of separa
ticln, of bidding adieu to friends and cherish
ed, associationslcomes with the most Melan
choly, yet infli:xible mandate. When .the
tender ties are lo be severed, which link us in
active and mutual sympathy with those we
have learned ti regard as friends and co-la
tiOrers in a kindred cause, there is not a heart
among us,, so stout that it will-not feel the
calm, still vraters of earnest regret, welling
up from the quiet recesses aits in most depths,
and soothing, With' the limpid wave, thesti
fied grief of a sorrowing soul. It is natural,
itis proper that we, upon a time like. this,
ihbuld give utterance to words of mutual con
solation. But the performanee of this pot.:
lion of our duty, we should not forget that we.
have another duty to perform, equally as im
perative and more binding upon us from its
essential nrifurd. •
' Life is niadelup of the ideal and the actual
--tit is a: 'composition of hopes, aspirations;
and anticipatiOns, underlying all cif *hid;
there is a stern and uncompromising reality.
A4to-rueet this reality hi the
. MOst ;Rival).
i - ageous Inenner,•to give 'a right direction to
the untiring eriergies,of manhood's.noblest
vigor—to give 'free scope and exercise to the
physical, intellectual and moral elements of
otir existence ; to, train our thoughts and fac
ulties to the alleviation of human suffering—
to2fertet out and remove the secret obstacles
vrhich impede ;the progress of man's trium
phant humanitY conceived by the Omnicient
Author of our ibeing—these, and. more than.
these ' are the great objects and aims of the
life of him who lives consistent with the ob
viOus.desigus of his creation. '
And here may, the theme bring-one to the"
important inquiry which underlies the main
body of my remarks upon this occasion,' And
in 'pursuing its discussion I am allowed to ad- -
- dress myself alike to you who have given
character to thwe exercises and to those, who
hare successive years before pissed out from
the. classic shades of that venerable Institu
tiOn from are now . upon the" eve
orseparation.. ;
Thus much cif preliminary, and I am ready
toinquire; Wbat is most conducive to the
successful elevation of the 'standard of true'
InMisnity I answer, a full-, and perfect rec
ognition, both by- governmental institutions
and by that great Arbiter of human action,
PUblic Opinion; Of.the distinctive,. individual
sovereignty of every citizen—uf preroga
tiVe to that and its unratified utterance.
presumptuous tho' you deem Me, I must
throw- myself gpon your indulgence, while 1
utter -, and enlarge upon what I consider a
`welfestabl istied truism, ,That; perfect as
w4"eonsider otir'institutiOns ; us comple, e as
we a ver Willing to listen to - the details of .
ou'r syste of government to be, they are as
yet, but in tilt.' merest infancy, and umann
.bered.s,es of pritirs and improvement can
orilly give that completeness of beauty—that
symmetry Of proportion -which is clearly em
bodied in 'the great and eir"-eirduring prin.
ciPle upon - whiCh the wholes uperstrueture
rests. Do you tell me that our .Syste.m. was
cotu.v.ived in the practical fulfilmentf,Jhat
itamortal prineiple which guarantees to ril4t
artier liberty'and a' completer happiness 1-L--‘ ,
Then Icreply;. true aceidenti of - that syStem
are not in accordance with the great principle
uppa which thia system is timed.. -But am
not here to spe r a, k.of naere abstractions only,
I will, therefore, indicate . Some, of what ap
pear to me the . radical evils Which haVe in
cotporated themselves into our body politic
and are now receiving fire too ample protec
lieu under the broad ..Egis of our social and
goyernmental system. .
In doing this I shall exercise that freedom .
ot'thou .g ht, rind` its utterance, which I earnest
ly ;urge upon all 'Others to exercise in the ton : .
riuu* relationa Of life, Only asking your tali
.eramz of which I sincerely hope all who have
opinions to express will'ever be the ready rel.
opients at your hands, I' sball, meanwhile;
frankly tell Yen my -convictions, 'not that I
expect .you to endorse them all - ; but beciause
I cent honesty sr %lc ler 1
;,), speak
. less. , •
Tina,. then, )ve are, 4ts a petAlle too intolet r
ant towards the, free and open evreasion
honesteonvietiOns, We find that the epinl
(n) Stb
~ .
FRAZ R SMITH,i PU - . 1 . 3 1-ASHEA,§I7-7TV,(44p, et a is7o; ; - 8
• i ' - '`• '' • • - "- -:: .::, .: 4 .;••' I.;' ;.., ::, 1 "' ••..
Itliis ' nte l _itibied hY.4.lte_peeple of,one'section
T' 'die' 'Couritry;,are'init `l'allOtted 'in . ' efrOther
s Worn to , ' dre 'Oren` ptililid expres4ioyn:ft the4r
Ivow*, beca,uso &int eircurristanees,. prej:
Irice, or c,onyietiOn, these . ,.. opinions iire.-..,.he 5 .
eyed ter be cd;uroxieusordetrimerital to their
peeulfolil intereatk- :'• T in a - feitectifieini k urO l is
'gropoSitiet Will 'arrnieirli:46lire its'elf4ritls‘ an
*join. Butio. render it still more , ohnoxiotis
1t me inquire; where is the rnan.among the
i any Who entertains the selenot •coireie.tion
t at Ininan ' 'slaYery' is 'ti dark 'and' - poitutin
s n; that it ' is an evil *alike to the 'ln aAtrir and
e slave; 'that - it• is a .ponderous curse both.
t` the eitizeti turd.the,-state ;-where I say -is
t e jud.ividual • who:deeply and-earnestlyfeeis
a 1 this, and would
,gladly,. in all ..humillity,
ralce known 'te the'insperiOus inaSier thered.
shit' for those eonriethms; and, yet; 6tild -be
so reckless cif life. and its, blerisinga-as`so ToSt
:niselfirs. au ents.slaverys.licturer.rit the city
' all of 'Charleston ?: • -I wait for DO response
1 such lan inqiiiry,+-few wqtild.h . found,
ready for Such a perilotis ta;.k.' , :: And to them .
the tellies : Suppose some lier`oid Son oetroFi
.lW chirialry should • lash the - conscientious
c)o;eris of free - scioiliSyracvse—that worthy.
namesake of her retiowned, historical . ,.proto4
o(lot:7—for:their laW. , :lefyini rescue of the fa
r ouS frigutive Jerry! •• .Who Would not hold
is breath in sesperise awaiting the'results of
911 seeming Who would
-+- ider if they sheirld - deem this son of the
tiro ies too thinly .clad for their northern lut
a - ,e, and, so thinking, shOuld coat him again
rind again with Pittsburg's pitchy staple 1---
And . again ; where is the press that is -bold:
+tough to utter its sentiments- Unmindful of
he bia4 of its readers?. _That is anxious and determined to giVe, , ,peblieity . to the whole
,irtit:h-, braving the 4onsequencels:with a manly
i tegrity Which gathers - sustaining , strength
rem; the inflexible' honesty. of its purpose.—
tiels a 'press would : indeed be a beacon light
,morning ber.41,1, Ora more glorious epoch
a new.era.-elhering in the `dawning--light
',f a brighter /destiny for the human'race: If
such a press ' should make its appearance - a
tong us to day, it Would justly be ' entitled
o the .appellation _of the first greet wonder of
the nineteeth century. : _ ' ",
, ' And:further : Theodore Parker - dared to
Utter his convictions in relation . to .the life
r nd character of Daniel-Webster a New York 1
fsiitor was bold.; enough, to publish . , them;
+hen two thousand' subseiibers • came down
ti port: him
.witli:the - .iiiiindering manifesto ~of. .
. top my paper....4alph. Waldo.7.Euterson is
- issed front the,stand in-puritanical-New Eng-
I ind beeriese, firrsooth, - he thoughtlessly tive - s
tterance - to the spontaneous outpoUrings - of
'• n honest manly . soul.. • . . .
I bring these in illustration 'as .they are fas
Miliar to' you alt.. And, although such things
ray pamperseotional prejudices, and seine
• may even, think they are truly serving a good
cruise, there is no well .•balanced 'mind that
•Will not earnestly condeinn; stroll exhibitions
r)f uncurbed passion aa- decidedly - ,wrong
einselves and, as 'examples, extremely un
•holescime. Let'cipinfon meet opinion in open
tanly Conflict If it is an honest'convictitin
I' t it be out-spoken, also. ' Deal With . .opin
i - -
ns not with the - man who utters 'them in
t tie and solemn earnestness. Leave to oth,
sirs the . 1.1 - Se: of that subtle serpent, that ready
veapon i of. - forrls-blear-eyed rid ienle..' 'lf a
r a tan shall utter-strange opinions; if hOshall
Urge what : us. the worst folly,- he is
evertheless entitled..,to'a candid hearing, for
- o e pe sl i io n ti ta ld ' y al to. l , :in sott em t..sw he h r e . th r a e t e , oz w l ha tiz t ed n , i a. s s -
ear toa .N y o th i f n a d in cti t fi n ie b k e e. , s to ol i a i ll y ch : i i rn iir e ti r 4 i .. c e a d l
oat snbstantial i historical or philosophical
t uth. ;The man 'who boldly, and fearlessly
t Its usi what be really, „believes to be true,
!though.' we may net be able to endorse a
ngie. sentiment, demands much more' of our
guar-pec t y than nb
he o l i v vn hn
c . e g n l
v o
i n: i t o l i. s • e
ofr rt!Fruejtuhd
iaf the important truth, that the posoesSion .
Sufficient moral courage to. speak - all the
earnest convictions of the soul.tuidedby. an
eirritein, desire to.dogood, is Ntiture'S'higheSt .,
-t--noblest gift to man..- It opens to the mind
al thee-sand- ne.w. and beautiful
4 ,
p ovement ; i -crowns. the.. intellect . with a
Ore perfect - Conception of its own inherent
wers,i—c bathes it-with h new strength to-com
p!rehend inialuable truths I and, fi nally; - fen
ders. it - More fit to.-!• 7 lookthrough Ntorel up
t4'Nature's oOd."',i .
U ... .. , • . . ,
• 1
And now my young - friends, you mho are
standing upon the threshold of an aetive and
ht.'sy career, i,t . : isfor .you to. master the sol
emn conviction, than life is indeed a sober re
ality,—:'that-,it is not a toy to be tra ffi cked
and bartered for an, empty bauble—that its
sties demand the summoning of the strong
est energies of our God-given faculties. - •
- ti . Trad i t ion - tells us-that two tho u sand
. 5..6.4-rs
rioO - the.',imp4rious - master of a - mighty empire
'loved in all the. pomp of oriental pageantry
along. the Chedney..cheke of ancient . Delhi.
Rut alaS' for all. his' granduer ! His temples 1
have_ dhisolt-ed to dnst,the " splendid: wealth
andshabby 4/lend - Or' a his courts have pais:-
ed away, and his unfintotten ashes die uneared
for, and , unhonored 1 beneath, the crumbling
'ruins of his ancient.htit.falleu glory. :
And mark .he emunterpart. A poor Egyp. ',
tian scholar, wrapped - in the swaddling clothes ,
of penu'ry, purining the rugged path Way Of
Science :noder the diin and doubtful' rays of
the lamp of early ages-L-no artificial 'splendor
aceomPanying his, career—no datzling pa.,
geantry, luring hint onward, and . ..bracing his.
energiee for the reception of a'gilded sceptre,',
-- , riti, but humblY'phadding 'in the great labs
ratory of nature he-spent alifein'tle.veloPing
her hidden-principles-for the benefit of man.,
led. Ages have . passed, away,.b.ut millions
ri....%,tp,t0 bless,.phe,- name of Eticlid. - His
fame`ikimmort4 as the immutable - laws of
the Unili-i.--- ' '
\ecNi toN
' ti
"I Its,
'A Ms
4 i. Rl
' •Tia%
*V c
Then, let o hollnw-fatne lure you to , her
slippery and d fitful paths. Court nu emp
ty.honors as you ua the _blessings of a
true and upright kife.. Rise to the compre.
hension of that imperisha e truth, that. life ,
Ts - valutible only as it 'is 4 tru useful. Re
,meinber if you live in the-line . "strictest
rectitude . and loftiest - endeavor " yOtk have a
noble,lifo-long 'task. _before you. %Vt riot
for opportunity,but.create, your owul
fearless the language'or a arles-s writees t f , our
day- r s Peak not regretfully that the ag e of
heroistu, of chivalry is passed away. Re.
member -that to-render any-age one of. .hero.
ism nothing, is wanting: but heroin souls.—
„Waiting for. the dead, Lase; ha tteted: over
again for our selftskgratlftcatten - I ,aggran,
dizement vie sufer the „living - pre Sent 'to glide
away (rota us undervalued and unimproied.
To-day is a king in disguise. To-day always
IcK;ks -s'
&iii . f 'Min i and leiViak
form experienes that allireatand happy . ac.
tions havA beeni:.rnOt , :upjaitAbase - eape blank:
to-days, Let *zap:mask as lie pas
ses- ,
_ • , - • ...
Yes myiykrung frtende, here qs '
our high' •
privilege, our cmparittiv . e 4'4. Not - from'
among the children-of . nTiotzre . , hs ushered in- .
to being with lha- boom ; cannon and
shouts of reVelling Milliodelnit from azakid' -
the sons of obscurity and , toil, cradled in
ii and ignominy4.from the - bulrushes and the : *
manger come *eh ''benefacten — zatid,'saifor:t- •
of. mankind. SO , whetz'all , the glare and ba&-
ble of this age shall stave pe4sed into s , fitting
obitvion,—when tho - sa who have enjoyed ism,' ,
oppOrtunities, and eviayed'ilist Millions, ;and::''
been borne on the shoulders of shouting mul
titudes, shag have at - last been laid to rest In
golden . dtifErrs, , the sfatelinisible their; Only_
inonutnenkjkshall he-found:that:soma hum
ble youth; ivhoneither'intidrited;nOr found,-
but hewed out hiS own - fortunes, liaaettared
tliathought which Shall render - the age-meta;
orable - by_exteading , the means - of enlighten-.
ment And ,to, our race. .The
struggle for
. Haman Progress and Elevation,
proceeds noiselessly, often , Often
checked'and apparently battled amid the
(irons mid debasing stri%s impelled by greedy
selfishness and low ambition. -- .i.,, •
ln.tbat struggle maintained by, the' good
and the wise of. all parties t all • creeds,;, -
climes, I call - you to bear the port merk: - -4
Heed the lofty summons: and with souls - so:.
rene-and ebustant . prepare to tread boldlyin
the path of highes t duty. .So shall life be W.
you truly exalted and iterole; so shall deatb
be to you a transition neither . bought, nor.
dreaded; so shall yourfnernOry though chef,
ished at first but by a - few, humble loviii
hearts, linger long. and gratefully in Annum t
remembrance, a watc:lword to the truthfai;
an'incitemetit to generous endeavor, frishen
,ed by - the proud tears of admiring affectio*i, -
and fragrant .w4tly the odore of Heaven
A Chapter in the Book of Chrcodolea:
I. And it cane to pasi after these thing.,
that King Fianklin, the- First„, in the thin!
year, of his reign., appointed'one JOIM whos,
surname was Wheeler, to the (Ace of Am
bn. - the, land of Niearagßa..,
And John had. a, "hondwoman, whew.-
name ,was Jane, and he said I will take hey
with me that she may serve whitherso
ever I go. -
3. And he departed,:taking- with hini Janc
and her two sons, and went . untn Phi/adel
phia,intending,to.sail for NieaTagua.,
4. Now in the countrywhere Philadelp_hl.l
there is no slavery, and every one.conung_
there is free-.
5. Now there lived in Philadelphia a juss
and righteous man. whose Warne was
more. -
O. And he hearin t' v . that Jane was. WO hi..
bondaoe in the city; determined to'reeasi. ,
her, and he went unto-her and .told hell - sh. , ,t
was fri - 4. - - .- .
~ .-
7. And. John was angry,. and wow' not .
let him }lave Jane, but : he feared. the peopleT
.8. And Jane departed northward . td th.r
city of New York, and when John - sat h
could 'not obtain - her, he was wroth it!,
Passinore, and said unto: himself, I will bi.k
reven.zed. • " ' • • -
0. Now; there was in the city,- an uplue;
and unrighteous,Judge whose name was-pak_
and John went'u - nto him and ComPlajne.a o 1
Pass - More, saying he hai Of 'rro
servitnts. . - ' • - - "
-10. Then Cain issued a, deefee re u mk...-' : '
Pasitnore to bring Jane and tier sods foro• -
him ; andPassmore camp forward-and ado.
answer that they were not in his potion. -
11'... Then Cain charged him with cont mPI, -
and perjury, and shut him up in priSon. r - ~,
12. And the Lord said unto Cain, "Wherti ,
is . thy, brother-l' and he ansWered i ' AMA
my brother's keeper 1'
, .13. And the Lord saii - I. : 'The voice. -of
thy bi•other Passniore prieth unto me
r - fr Ont.. -
the prison. _ - • , - ' ' -
14. And behold.thou shalt henceforth' be't.l
coins a - reprobate upon the earth and,Lthy
name shall be a' reproach unto future g*ra
tions.' ' .. . -
~ ..
Ex-Governor - Reeder is likely be lira.
a thorn in, the side of. President ' Piet* golf
hi. coadjutors for some flute tia come; oatid
nyiless the pro-slavery ruffians remuvehinxby
assassination, he may yet take his place ita ; ,s
represeittatiVe of the freemen of Kinsas'in
Congress. 'A dispatch' from.St:Lititis; dateA.
Sept. 17th, says that the Free Soilers of Kit
sas have' "nominated Governor Reeder' for
Dolegate, to . Cotigress,-_and have fixed .
the second 'Monday in October for the:elec.-
- C(4n,bemg one week after the election called by; the shi - im Legislature. As the Free'Soir=
ers have a large majority inKansas he will :
undoubtedly , be elected, provided:Missouri
does not again wage war upcni the n Territe,
rv; But it is asserted that th eltrissottri
h'olderl are arming - themselvis and the Frei ,
State men also,end that Kansas is aikeljt'soo;
to be-the theair or civil war, If it mat
ctitrip„Stod defend. the right! I.'
!Emr. Rican Tamr.—A straight-oat =writer
•glies the 'following excellent •advice _tb- thus:
yOung men who depend.. On fathom- for their
sutport, and take no interest ittuiteTer in larp
sinless,, but' are regular 'drouls in the his! ti
s4sisting ou that' which. is earned by 'others :
Conie, Ott with your cout, - olineh the sa_N,v,
the-plow handles, the, axe, pickaxe, epadt,--
1' anything that will enable you-to stir4our,
blood ! Fly around and tear your .shirt.
rather than be a'passive recipient ea aft!
man's bounty.! Sooner than_play the'dindy
atldad's expent4, biro yourself out' ticereno,
,ptitatoo patch—let yourself to stop'hog.koe.,
or; watch the bars; and wkenyouti.ddzlnikr
self entitled to a resting spa„ dOit on your.
I own hook. Get up in the inoraleg-- ! tura
round at least twice befete r lireeltfiist—:belp
the eltl gentleman-4' Wolin* now and then
gehMUS lift in.. bttainalearn how . to :take
.. and not deperniforeecr on being led.,
and, you have no idea how the diaelolitte rot
benefit'you. Do this and our word for it,
y will seem to breathe a new atmospheiv,,
- is--. N a - tiew frame, tread aumreat•th, wake:
~to; a new4leatiny—and you insy. 'then
toAepire tONmanhood. then t ,_* -
ring. from your4ily fing . er,, break intirsiuie ) , ..
ffiiive: yolk .upper•lip, Wipe your Oen, 'lMldi
- uP`ioni head and,Minns' ilieirer' /Oahe
eat the bread of idleness, trior'depetulint itth
„ .
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