Independent Republican. (Montrose, Pa.) 1855-1926, June 28, 1855, Image 1

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l'oefts eolsget.
Fbr the Repuqican.
The happy scones of ehildhood•daYs . •
• Are In ni,V memory still, •
The funs-hciusein the blooming vale, • -
Below the rising hill, • - ,
• The spreadihg tree that near it stood,
• Where, when school-hours were dons,
sported long in cooling shade;
Hid from the . settingsun. •
The orchard near the Suln-buuse grew,
The. cherry tr e es were there ;
• How, oft I . plucked the golden fruit,
*- • Luxuriant and fair— . .
The garden, too, .;in memory -lives,
The rose-bush and. the fiaircei,, i•••
• The dewy paths 1 often trod - •
• In summer's morning hours.
. .
That verdant grove remembered,. too-, • •
• Where youthful accents rung, . • • •
The happy children there that met— •
The mead songs'they sung. • •
••Twas where. the crystal 'river flowed;.
• A long and winding sheet,
• The waters riturninring gently by .
. •
-That verdant, cohl retreat. ;
Oh. the green grov&s ! that happy time I , •
The "loved one " totiwasthere; . 7
Hcr smiles can never be forgot, • .
Her form so dear and fair.
But she lutagonc, forever gone ;•
• She— lon e - heart's delight— ,
Now sleeps laeside.the ; yillow tree
That Aades the marble white.
. • -
Jackson, June 45th, 1855, _ .
nderire of the ReTtiblicas
Travelling Zit
tea of an " trutzavelled Trim
eller."—No. S.
PECATON CA, Winnebago Co, M., Juba 18
Ell& "REPUBLI4SS :—ln my previous letter I prom
i".ed to give youl.some of the generar . impressions
.nhich 1 have received from my as yet very limited
. rieV(tr the' Vi 4 est, and also to sketch a brief outline
picture of that grltuul central point of western trade
and traffic—that grand half-way-house of emigration
.from }"..a.4, thrapidly progressing city of Chicago.
To the inhabitants elan eastern town, where growth
and progress are so slow and steady, it seems aluxist
incredible that the towns and cities of the west should
advance with such wonderful rapidity. - No' better il
lustration of this astonishing increase can be given
than in 7hicago, Ittitere, in 1840, there were letaithan
:,t.t ii I inhuhitants) but now, in 1855 we behold a - Wide-
Fpr, ading city.teeming with a population of oyet,Bo,,
0 ,1 . • \
not; however, numbers alone that make it the
.—"Fait town" that all who visit•it acknowledge UM bc.
e 3IM, of energy and enterprise, such as will give char
acter to,any place, and impetus to any business,,have
established theniselves there, in all the various and
- important branches of trade,and tchiic they attia:sa
ing wealth by the thousands evely, year, are conferrina
a great public benefit by -giving to Chic-4o a. thormigh
huFiness reputation, both at .home and abroad, It is
, •
destined to become one of the greatest and most pros-,
pe t ous cities of modern times. ,
Its site is very level, but quite too lbw to even
make it a really! healthy location. - The country for !
mane miles around is wet and marshy, and fifteen
years ago, I am' told that the now heart and business-
portion of the city was a stagnant pond. Those Who
owned or purchased landi there about that time, con
sidered them of comparatively , little value, but,
- - such as did not hurry to get rid' of them, have now
gown very rich, Without any effort-of- their own. I
met with a striking instance of this,while there, which
impressed inc most forcibly with the truth that
Fortpne's freaks oft go in streaks . ;
: • - Yost strange and unaccountable. •
Many of the good people of South Bridgewatertrill
reepllect. Stephen•tironson, wcountry pedagogue,who,
years ago, taught their district schoor, arid who.s'as
riot at that tithe credited with either an'extra amount
of learning, or shewdness. - Being then a resident of
that never-to-be-fofgotten neighborhood, I was (mei .
of his pupils,-pmd well do -I remember the chagrin and
dl: , appoint tnOt. which I felt on the longed-for la4t day
• of school,Trtgn instead of getting "a nice present"
to - %Kai, in accOrdsnee with his prtimise, I, as "head
F , chular, - 'trtis 'entitled, I was turned off with " Goody
s:hnes . !" may be that the difference betwCen l j
vicl-prest and a two penny loner was his first
cash capital, and that which form the basis of his
ftitu'rp wealth. Bethattiti it may, he is now Cashier
:ofpne of the ehieago Binks, and worth over a 4n
((red tholfsciticl dollars • •
. .
Aside from the p'cannuaent :business of the city,l
made the medium .of- trade front all points of
the country. world oitrade is eonstitndy, setting in
front the„Eastern and Middle States, and' by the nu- .
Ua's - railway avenues which iun thence to all the
important sections of the great - West, Thousands are
dailY carried to find homes on .I.lqic; -. broad "prairies, or
,:ettle in the thriringlittletoWnS that are springing
nip on every hand.
.There are in the ei±v some one
hundred and fifty hotels., and all are: constantly BUrd
with travelers journeying still farther West. Speaking
of the hotels—the Tremont, Sherman, and
Houses.take the'lead. The lastiained has just been ,
(toned by some Boston men, and is furnished in a
style of costly nignifieenee.. From personal knonl- . 1
edge I can recommend none but
.The Sherman house
-that being my home baring enYtitaythough I doubt
'riot that the .others are *ell worthy of patronage. TO
ere fond of it 'capital '.fincid dinner, and, are
riot tronbled with indigestion or dyspepsia, I _:w9 11 0
say, by allimeanscgo to theSherman;foryntrarti bite
to find all the ratietiesand elegancies of The..srsaa,'
terred- up in the' most' desirableimd
I have not spit* tttinark the many points newt
'which the city. presents,. but i cannoVpastroa without
'briefly noting Resler's great ;:higuerreotype, photo.
graph arid:Fine Art -Gallery, itiiiated in Metaipolito
Mock, cinla Salle St. Mr. }Tesler took the prise it
the 'World's Fair, to which be was justly
for in my humble estimation, Its stands at :the hind a
th9,Daguetreotype profession,throughout the. ark
it'clio r ty Brady, 'G. tierneY, and . a host pint - hen', arefute
artistaihnt.they must, all yield the pahnio Healer, - it •
richness of finish, and boldness' of outline hie pit:tares
are equal to the and in ease said grace of attitude'
.aPPlPPrbtk'...exPit*Nr7 ate, are beyond all riral.
ry. 'Grouping is hit(tate, inasmuch as hepaaesies
the rare faculty Of tiligitod traininghissubj e et a
as to ptoduciou..the talfet=„Olaty`,, alit that 0111.raCti of
etpressiOn.and happy , tOintinirent, :which the most 1 .
ideal, imaginatirepainter:.eitiihnii*npo:nitis,caurisa.
I wish I haifbo r th the titue'and Uidlltys.4 deseribe his
Prue piCtures.::.They are Wiatitty.nflftirOind
the highest, praise, acid even the';ll:isetnig7*Fref*Lrtr
must he highly Puttied and ire#2.4.oilo.**;:-Airia to
the rooms of Mr II He - will be saild:.*l4*.44lO•
manly . Mitt attentive, Ida* rnciPiloU, -:specittiett;;U'Utl
,k-14;11t.roomaine inritingly arraniedind4piettfikily,l
ferniAted, and eyerrthittiaboitt.t6.establialtruetkisl
well calculated to ituprtia.the visitorof the Artist and the Art.-- but
vr . oficip4n if . worthy of his Voire.
9ur, former teWnsnutin,-4, C. lliiltcr Esq., I
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is tioliti a anecetuit 1 business in his legal profession on
tlarkligt. lie ' ' in glowing terinis of- the - city - of
liallroads,western Ye and the unprecedented facilites
'nlaich ire here P nted for securing Stealth.
- ~.,. OnlMonday, thel4th, I left die betty city,. on the
Dixon. Air Line Illmd. The coanta'y alongthe route
is not such as to Itlll one with the most favorable: im-
Pressiona efwestetizt scenery. for ;many miles front
cticago a level Prairie stretches far away- on either
Aide; 'void of trees, and, in many' places , of houses or
! .. ,
any. otject on which the eye May rest. 'To one need
• to viewing the hills and valleys of Stisquehanna, such
-4 ace ois too cold told - monotonous, there being limit
ing t satisfy they `` vision, or relieve the ainvaried
pros' I looked fin. out over the plain, endeavor
ling. penetrate the dim distance, just‘ as the mind
often lot to gate into the misty future, but I could
see thing but the gloomy waste. ', l`o . liver =un- -
tains muding up against the nti upland for- -
cats, ttr i quiet valleygroves. Others might see beau
ty, hitt It couldsee I none. With my 'ldeas of the.
"get* W'ett" " grewing, small and beautifully less,"'
we arrivp'd at Cortland Station, where I left the cars
and ri`tde four mileti., in an old Uttited States - Mail I
wagoi.„ to t Sycamore, the county seat of beEttlbenuit I
ty. 'itt We nppmaehed the village the: scenery be.
cemerinore inviting.. Seyeral flute 'groves . elf timber:,
clusuir near by, anti many rich looking And no doubt I,
highlifi productive f l arnis lie adjoining the town.
. : Syel6ore is of Some ten years growth---a coy I;
sinati business place, with a fhir prospect of future I:
Progfrss.l Messrs: William Fonlham and Cluirles I ,
'Fiellub, formerly of Montrose, hae established tt law II
partniirship there, Which, together with other specu- II
latim4l in: which they are engaged,. is bringing in I(
wealtji and giving them a standing and influence as
the fitia business m nof the place. Theyare at Press: i
entempla r yed:asag nta - for the county, in hunting up
and classifying - the loverflowed and swamp Janda of 1
DeEall)..;, These lands, in - some ranges and sections I
of the county, are qeite extensive. .The e are all to be I
ready 'or s ale by the first -of October. The draining I
is to be let to the lowesc.biader, and the expense I
thereotdeductedfrom the amount which each par-. !
c,hasec i 'pays for hiS land. In - - this way the poorer I
will ;be made ' vailable, individuals will be ben- 1
efitted,) and the heaith or the - eounty materially. im
prove 4 Nr. Fordham was one of the pioneers of
that section, ald bYperseverane and industry is pow
"well to do" its the 1 orld, a point which he thinkS ev 7
ery;Toting man . maYI attain, whi ill break - away from 1
the:chietney cbrner anti brave the world with manly .
energy' - The liown of S. lacks one very important.
featai and that IS a good hotel. The: one where I
putl up
duringlmi brief sojourn, is , let me assure you, .
a mol e tin' its iway,l,-, and I was told that the others were
cut froll the :ante pattern. Let me give you a speci
men of l t h 2"Pl:
1 danre of its accommodations. Map- l
pening to be tate to dinner„ the day after My 2 nrriyal,
I took my' seat at the table alone, and while doing the
into l
best tilt 1 could, (h iking 1
my •eotia: tianti) th e serving girl camel around anti in-
formed etc; with a very complacent expfossion, that, I
if I ha l inet been a " little too late," 1 could have bad f
a piec;erhi pie, "but;" said she, the,i! Fare (tit it all
up." -This was indeed a yery comfortirg assitranco,
and syt+l the only-thing that gave ate any teasel, to
suppose' that "Pie" was at all familiar in that quarter.
Furthe- comment is unnecessary. I Butthe: incident, I.
although 4nuling., points a moral atutte ch& - ; a lesson. I
Many t ins., of far ;Treater moment than a piece of I
pie, hat e
t.)een Toit • y being's little ton- late. "A
littletito late," and the sehelar lost his place - in the
Class arjd the good Will of his teacher and file-travel
ler lostlliischance bY the next train. 'A! little too l .
late" all tl4 market, and the speculator lost the profits
of a lar;,!e sale. An important witness- cants a "little
too late," ; and the i lawyer lost. his cake, and the
.cliiMt li.s't his . chara4 ter. 'IA tardy ' lover • proposed
a "litti tOo late," and so lie must munch Lis meal ,
of disair
Pointment alone, . and see Ids :rival run off
with the 41 of his choice:r r lint in this last resnect
(thanks to" kind Providente for an abundance of
such blidtetiful blesiingx,) 'too late" maybe mend
, for, u nlike the pie at the Sycamore House,: all
may tats a "pieee,' • and yet " there's enough, to
So rould." -, ', .I. I ' • . 1
. On the mousing t' the sth, I took my departurr,
.going by the " old mail, wagon" back to the Station,
Anil thence by the Dixon Road to Aurora IJunctinn,
to 'whilkttoint the cars of the: Galena, •Ilurlingnin,
and Dittm•Roads, ill run on the same track from
Chicago. ' Took the 'palena cars' to Rocklin tl,
where I was' cialiged to wait 6 hours, for the
ev mint trainthe Lightning Express not stopping at
tiny *Mat of destination. Rockford; City; is .Pleasantly
locatedtou both sides of the beautiful Rock River.—
It is th. county tteat: of Winnebago Co. Population
'WWI Its situationtutikes it a desirable point, both,
for hea tit and business. - . , '
In tie evening I rode 14 mil e s to Pecatonica, limn . I.
which I air now Writing. My time thus time has been
variously and pleaSantly employed. A part is devo
ted to ray friends by whom I have been warmly wel
e! lands part is' occup ied in roaniing over and
, 1,. occup,_
viewine. - the country. - On Monday; the 11 th, we
made - • Illy load, Id roti ', llt ,' , ales 0 , -- -.h.
se up a ; ion. ~ any m 'some 'l5 miles Bonn.
I had already made up my mind to be disappointed in
What I supposed the; West to be, having as yet seen
nothing of that enrapturing beauty of whtch I had
heard se Much. I tans disappointed, but not in the
marmotiunici d. wit; permittedtn look on the
Image . bean' ' coupni my eyes ever . ;beheld. Myreimiat.e
first. imp ' were formed from viewing the leTel
prairie, but the rolling lands, dotted Imre and there
with dwelling?, orehMlis, broad fields of grain, and
rich meadowlands, are quite another affair. All this
variety rchancpyotr say, maj be seen in the East,
but it ' not there spread out in a broad map before
you, as you see it, for miles and truleatround:•
.Yrom spme 'of thp highest' grounds over which we
psteed,the TIP!' , wasiquite enchanting; far beyond any
weak Otters 'f)f dot, The soil is mellow and
ired - ve—eucb, lam sure, . as, our Pennsylvania'
' . sroilld think tt, fun to cultivate, after tong , . ...
and among the roots and stones of. that
tough "legion: Tbn season here is very backantd,
but . ' 'to give imunise °fetich harvest. Wheat :
is thokinglhattly: Cern unt il quite reeendy,
hat Wily enough, but fartnetit ray th at', it
grows try rapidly, . when well , started, and that; a
rod will yet beim it out all right. •
',. iY ' . , I roth3 thrum* the " thither," and over
the gently rolling; lands to the _north, a • • . Aslant* . :,of
some .4 miles. Rene are hundreds of nines emeriti
with ry thither, Malthig this the - *Mt impottant
wood den on the' Road . IleYond -the rim•
ber, th county lint 'ttaltsame: east the South, but
hi t
Present 6 an older a - cc. The fainters have nll
grown fieb, and nnmi efthent are living in large brick
l palish: me. amen*" with every anufort _that heart
I enuld.Wisb. ritops and lots in this section are , ' fist
advan ng in value, Midi' am ponhdetitthat there are
',no be investminMit the present, 44, than in we*.
-tern . : d; . Metter it intenstis worthwand 40*
cent, Z,, when properly laid out, -will inky even better
.The Ja i •-' 1 ' '` - '
g! .l) f . . '1 4 1 4 notti . natubmt Dar '
10 0 4) . laitil - ) .1 ago was nowhere. It has 'tag,
m io:
but a few Yvan will =dm
it : A snit koindel*towp... It '
ran ; ardly be n th .
b " ,l4w
. .
era The; fo r th ere br l ide:*g energy within, Mid a rich
eountryi Withimettiaupport it. The society is very
'•- - , .
- 7 " ------,-- ' — '77 ,7 r - 7,...e. t • ' .., : -r , : -- - -- ' - '• " -77-7-7-7-- T ---- ''
' ' 77-1-7 ---
1., . 11
• ..": t r i i , 1: •
eRnDOR4I-MiND. PTCcirlr• an
Th,,c-p ,
.e•-. V .
j - a 1
LI ti\J.‘•:2)
.U: .@
LAN tEL a I al - i l / 4 ,ED m
• . f% ..
• ,IR '''''' '
• , ,, ~ ~, 1
good, and there seems a . prevailing wish to keep it,
so. - Of chtnich societies they have Baptist, Methodist
and Congregational. . The last mentioned have a brick
edifice nearly completed. At present all of them me
alternately accommodated In the Methodist house.-r-
There are also several social societies—(food Temp-
Lars, Sons of Temperance, (sdd Fellows, Free Ma_soni,
antElist, though by no means least, a "-Ladies Sew
ingSociety'2" In short they have*all the elements of
an older town, and it is much to be hoped that,while
in their youth, they will strive to avoid the errors and
conVd:utionalities of caste, which divide the towns at
the.e4t into so many grades and classes.
Bull I fear.that my yarn is spinning out beyond en-.
duran ie . There are many things that I would like to
c !into this letter, but my limits are already over
steppo. .
. .
Illiitois, so far ns heard from, has voted against Pro.
hihitirip, but therd is the genuine grit here, that e ill
" pick; lint and try it,again.". - •
TVlien next I wiite, I expect to be beyond the-Mis
sissippi. 'Till them adieu,
'. A - ogress ively Yotirs.
Svifta, April 9,-1851.
Forliseveral days past I have been promising myself
!) the i 'pleasure of writing to you, and now I have just re
turtia4 from a week's pxcursion on Mount Lebanon,
i; with My head so full of maters and things that if I
shouhrspread them all out on paper, they would - fill
Hoare utters than I could find time or patience to
write. I trill not attempt at present to give you an
iiiecouttt of this excursion, but will state some pa,rtieu
! jars dative to Our manner ofliving in this far•offland.
1: Since -vic'arrived in Beirut we hax-C been boarding at
who . is one of the' oldest Missionaries
lin Syria. The houses here are all built of stone,
stone icing much more abundant and therefore much
I cheaper, than' wood., A large - proportion of the "pet . r. ,.
• •
plc -ofPeiritt, perhaps one-third or one-half, lire with
out th city Walls in the seburba,or gardens, as they
are called, where grow' large groves of Mulberry,
angC and Fig trees. These gardens are separated
1 from each other by- numerous roads or_paths six or
eight feet wide, running! in all directions. These
roads hhave walls on each ride four or five'feet
The . totis• of the walls are Covered with soil on which .
arcplapted immense rows] of the-prickly pear so thick
and Striong that it is impoSsible for man or beast to
pass through . theni. There are, hewt:ver, frequent
2perii4a in these formidable hedgei which lead into ..
.• the nunicrous by-paths by which the.gardens are tier :
eyed`. '4
The. Prickly pear Ls native lie're, and attains
to an enormous size, often to,the height of ten feet.
•• ThC : l4ves are on an average just about the size of
the ririi of My hat, as rhave found by placing my hat
upon them. -The hedges of prickly pearin many plac
cs the roailsaiel interlace their huge thorny
leaves I pverhead, forming a very Pleasant shade. The
Mis.;imiaries (in eonimmi with most other foreign res
idents,:l.of whom there ate several hundred) live in the
subtirl.4, and 'occupy houses, if not ,as good as those
ciwrnalibv some of the Arab nobility, at least • much
better dean those tenanted by the mass of the people.
The;3l•Ls . sionaiiies do not generally on-n• houses; they
rent; then). The building occupied by Mr. Whiting
belMtg.-i to a r rrorthy native, a Moslem and as it, ii
. fair f,peiimen Of the batter class of Arab hohses, I will
give ycl t h a brikef desciiption of it. It -is square and
flat ianifted, the toof being perhaps three inches loner
on one (side. than on the other. The house is ta-Qsto
' ries lti h, that is; about thirty-twofeet, the rooms in
each sttiry biting fifteen -feet high. Each room has
two mss of windows, one above the other, the upper
ones being smaller than the lower, and intended as .
purposes of ventilation as to 'admit light.— •
The:mnts open into a-court or unoccupied Space in
the interior Of the building. These courts and lofty
rooms 6n eastern houses are necessary to guard against
the heat of the climate.
Ohr trout window commands, a good . .view of the
City:az:ll environs, while the windows on the other
side op posite the door, look directly upon the rimer :
ableratigi! of .i..ebanon, one of the loftiest peak 4 of
which (Gebel Sonneen) towers up toa maje - stieheight
full in I,;:iiew. it is 9,500 feet 'high. Its summit is cov -
•erett wilt snoW the year round, while here on the
Plairt et ! e.rything is beautiful with th e- bloom . and vlT
dare! oflSpring.. -I wish you could' gaze for a while
upon} the Ito elf landscape around me.' The Mulberry
trees air in full leaf ready for feeding the silk worms.
The yon ngFigsanti!LlanoreLs are already fir achwice 1,
while the Orange trees hang fell of fruit analdoesonis
at the 4-rine time. The Orange blosseins,,,fill tine uir
all around pith their lc:Trance The view by moon
light si4=S ithhost too.beautiftil to be real. It Seems
More 4esome•oatraticing fairy scene than a reality.
The other night I noticed that the moon was directly
overhetill, whitili is a thing never witnessed in a lati
tude sojfar North as Montrose. The variety . of wild
Ilowers here isivery great; among them are the hya
cinth, Opine, Poppy; anemone • purpie . and crimson,
and theleglantine, d:c., all of which are now in Wes- .
sem,later in the sere,on conies the ofeaniler and a
multitude of others':
The houses of the Missionaries are ac well furnished
as are the houses of most country Ministers in Amer . -
ica Ttoy hare their carpets. and chairs, and tables,
and burimus, jusilLs you do at letive. Most of
these tiiingStlib Missionaries bring pith them from
AMerieft, but they can be obtained here or at Smyr
na, at a high price, from the European mer
chants. Itnerican calicoes and cotton cloth can be
punzhasd in the bazaars here.. French, English and
Atnericatt goods are every year more and' more find-
ing theii- way into- these Eastern lands. • In a few years
perhaps new missionaries to this country will be able
to outfit: l here al easily as at home. --, bought in
the bazaar the Other day a fine nice piece of white
muslin initable'for window curtains, It cost two and
fourtlipiaster6 a pike, which is twelve cents a yard.
ThC hollow-war which they manufacture here, inch
as kettl4 Le. fair cooking, is superior to that wehave
at bort+ and therefore lam glad I brought none with
me. Is Made of brass tinned' inside. -
. . The Nook' :
,here here iii mostly done on ranges built in
the firelplac or kitchen wall, but those who. hare
exiokin4stioreti Make more or less use of thesis:- All
the mission [aritilies employ native cooks. The cooks
are alwitys men; and their wages vary from one hund
red to ripe hundred and twenty plates ($4 to $5) a
month find board. Missionaries who have two or .
three 4ildien employ one tin:rot - her servants at frinn
$2 to $3 per wont& Wages are 'extrently low in the
east. A. piaster (4 cents) is as important in the eyes
of the, cadres here as half a dollar ill to us at home.
AB inthaggage; copsistin of twentpfour boxes, in
eludingvotoves, tablet, hogshead of Crockery, he., was
esnied - nne-innth of a mile from ihe Lading to the
titore-use on the backs of eightmen, for which they
asked lie one 4ti a halt piasters_ each, making the.
'whole tist about 40 cents. • Good horses can 1:"L hired,
to tiny with at l a very MT rate. I had anescellent
fhpisi;n tior hits escursiokkept hint :.eight idays,. and
_iiiiiff.o,oo: ll i o :ef idle-forty - eight Pte, . le" than
Msestylieeieenta Atlity. But this is *MOOD. t
inteadied : Uviiimik of the articles. of food :_which we
'hire it : BreWd ismede- of tlour hem DIMMICUM,
which,. hough tint as white as Anterictu flour, is sweet
and - . :-. #4,and laukiy - are nimpdant: . The po
tatoeitireseeßeni. - ; Green peas and 'new : - potatoes.
hate en in the market for several weeks. I have
- • f
E I ROSE' 9B r I 18 e )0 rie
e •
• .
23. 2. 4
al hne paieh - ofp4s, corn and beans, :and squastMa
miring n a eorner.of Mr. W.'s gardens Such
6014 come to tniturity in June. After that, cornea
the dry, hot summer, and there is no rain till gem
.ber. Thp grass 4.4 scorched and brown all summer,
and ii.griten all winter. The meat mostly eaten heir
inuttoq, thongh beef is sometimes obtained.
Of the missionaries have hens ; and therefor
have Chi4kens and eggs whenever they Please. Milk
readily obtained. Mrs. Whitney makes; her
own butter from cows' milk. In some of these respecis,
the Missionaries at Beirut fire better than those among
the mountains. The oranges are very large and
• .
street, and cost only three cents a doz.- There , are
several native dishes which are highly:. prized butt
which I clan only allude to now. , One is pm/a/A-Medi!
of ricr „ neat, and the seeds of the pine cone*. :Thu
riee Of this country is very nice; the : kernels beink
la'rge and the natives seen' to understatul cdokitrg* tt
Initte'r than they do in America.. L. Another natire'llish
which the missionaries are fond of is pai . f.. It 'coo
- bea;sort of batter which is, strained through St ni such a way that when fried it becomes a calm
composed of innumerable strings cr threads. It is
r , •
- eaten with butter and dibba, Mits is a i thick SvruP
ni de fro,tt the grape juice, and the purpose
o ItorMy:i This dibbs is thought by tIM missionaries
httrc, to be the. honey spoken of in scripture. where
Canaan i 4 described as a land flowing with milk and
honey. The-natives make large- quantities of th i s
honey, - grapes being very abundant here; There arh
many other native _dishes, ledber hallorre dm., but pert
hthiS I 'may find ioom to speak more fully of :thes e
t , ome other time. Suffice it to say :we have everything
here necessary for our: comfort :and convenience.t
lioir it toffy be iii some other part of,S.Yria r away front
the - ladvaritagesof City . , we.. have yet to learn: 7 l i
Wltervei- we it,lS• be stationed, ;we know; our Beni:-
enly Tattier will provide fbr •
• 11,011EiM0
For 04..Republiren..
:. .
Moral . Sttaiion vi. Corporil Punishttient
• - ,
..4 . ftl(poi;Goverptnettt, seems to hare been the suhject
ttMler dileussion at the meeting Of the I ,Susquehannit
TtlitChi?rsi Association , Afar 2 th , . I, : 1855 .' and from di l e
reliort tor!. the SmretarY there seems to have been knit
, •
i , IIi? li h: , Setiting voice to the total atolishntent of - cor,-,
potal punishment in schools. 1
, • •• i ~
"owl iris surprising That the Teachenii—"Wise men
fmiti the East," and p+haps f. om the North, S.,ontll
and] West—should dermince- the . : whaioni of Solomon,
it 6 . 16 sto, "spare th rod and spoil the child;" and.
cri•ii denounce the gree t
t and fundamental principle
of imvetnhumt, Which hail its origin in; the Deity At.,
th 4 foundrtiim of the world, and has beCn the only of
feCilie ',.rinciple in the Divine and Civil government
freitn . th .t t time to the present—to end itiefficacyonly .
with ettinity. The verlviirst Divine cotinnand shots i;
the 'Ms! tuition of corperal. punishment- 7 " 'or in the
da3- (ha thou eatest t4reof thou shalt Surely die."'
. :
ertltqw. ;II and punish:tient are the foundation of gov, : ,
hien influence. Di'ine law'says, "iye shall. both.
Iff! 'it': i fear me."' Ti at embodies the whole pritt
-ctOe'-- sire comes. firs , and represen6 the effect of
nickal s nision, kindues4 and religious influence; hat
in Ennn etion is fear, V' i,-.!:, refers!" to ptintshment aMI.
the Power' ttt inflict IL The inference then! is ; -ill*.
we shot Id use' . kindness acid moral suasion first. i't
is hett4-io lead the mind of a pupil than to attempt
to ilrivt, and Teochers hould spare no Pains totlraW
• '.!-- t 1 ..
out the mind and dere! .the intellectuid.faculties of
I •
all Puder)lis charge, tit naging then) by appeals.
their reostm and sense o right as far as possible,--4
Tlii.y• ma enter into all the' childish schemes of thP
pupils, ( littlolging such ,; are innocent,) : sympathis
with iheM, and gain th, it .confidence and esteem=
Chlitiren, :with few exe ptions, hare feelings that mat
be i't6rlted upon to lead ;then along the path of ktiow.i t.
edge trod. •irtue. licit there are those whom . the most •
prcifottnd Student of menial Philosophy,"tuid decipherer
pf hutitinnature, could j in no wise manage by kinci-,
nesit; iorl i Ippeals: to thew feelings. Now with those
whOt 'shall be done! , I Expel them from school," sai
Si. it., Te4lshury and .li. Wood--". Spare the rod and
spcid the Ihiki." ' Turn them out in the World to grow
up in ,10cfrance and-errin unrestrained, to becomC fii
subjects! fOr the statel priSon or Gallows. Eettutiful .
idea tht is. : The.welNre of the .country demand*
that :vie!) pint should 1n youth be governed. "Train
up ` Cltild, in the way hshould go t !" that is the prink
eipti-, , aticlXrmral suasi m ;rill nor r i... - :•„;.a. ..... .....t. i
Wna. o . !it ti;• gei hiS own ay, to destruction ; but keep
hinii - it selipoi, and mak'? him knowthat. you
,ore - . , hi '
tast.t, by corp Oral pun i shment , t if lie is
.refractory{ .
and y stt tlat) same time dint you arC.his friend. - Not I
play the tyrant. - 1 - . 1 I 1
~! :. .. . I - • !
Ailininii‘tcr the punistment as you woithl a portion
of poie fill medicine to ra tliend, and happy is he whiff
dtier it judiciously. It i 9 neither pleasant to adruinis' z t
tes pr iti receive, but th exigencies of the ease de4
mand It. I 1 • V i
/.7. , Ven the mos, refraelory pupils, when they knoll'?
they havel.a master, anti in him a friend and not i
~tylzott, lx+otne in very many cases the best of scholi
acv }rind till may be trai led sq as to give the mind a
mu I t 'better direction thin, to turn then, out of school;
It certainlk requires mmith tact to properly manage a
school, wall the rrspon4ilities of humbug are mucli
greater than many supPos.e. The common &boo
Laut,ilroviles for the in.gruction and government o
all, and makes no provision fors refractory pupil; and,
it islt.lie ditty and should ibe thettisinm: of the Tea elq
ers ?tS t t 4 t Leh t!nn s i county( as elsewhere ), to instruef
and got - dwell pupils lcially put under their charge.l
hiisterience shows thp inefficacy -of•Lgovernment
without_ pertalty.for violation of law, in all the ranq. - ',
cations of rules apd order. There'are thousands oti.
the kerb Point of committing all sorts of errors, re ,
strained only by the fear sof penalty and that penalty:
in triclit 'cases is corporal Eponishment. .•
Mere! st+s ion has bee,, used for years in the Tani
Persinee cause and for th e' suppression of the saleot.
I • i 1
intosleating drinks, . but{ has proved decidedly inadel
quote, and 'nothing shortl of the enforcenient of the,
" Maine Lair," into whieli were incorporated penalties,
( amine of them corporal ) closed the shops of the fend-:
or niptstraightened the ait of the inebriate: . -`I
The position of the Tchers' Association-Ls dearly{
erroneous, in regard to plan of government, wad':
a little reason will show e dilemma that the total obi
olltiti of corporal pucis tnentand total reliance oni
i e
moral suasion , wt'll, bring them into. S upposes pupil!
in saiool, irbO cannot beigoverned by . any appeal to;
his rOsonj (arid all admit that there are-such,)andl
.the teacher, who . standal committed as opposed to;
"Legal feat, raint," thinita it necessary to- expel chef
refractory' ' Pupil, an c . s school Direct Ors cuter Itifil
to tarn such pupil out ; bitt he stubbornly refuses to
lettv6 anclatill, 'continue, to play his pranks. Thai
,sinter is about to tieize izn by the Follir red; (jecq
ltituo9 tit thOlotisel B t bold on, Mr. Tischer--yogi
arc 4doptln,g the2very . in ' j• ou have publicly discard ,
Ott, 'Oita aeon the Point inflicting punhtlunent cnc
pnr4.-.1,4*,.. *Mond Sowsktnlst, what will ye do!
wadi theXtsile4 . ;.*, . • I . A §chool Director.
); ihne.lB64
. I ' l ` l3° r ) "
41 , fi r iire so linlockY,' said an - officer;l
'mob hairo 4,stupid iron,lii ..shoutik-ortsiplyii
nisifiiit—ii:rporooth IA oleriYorlm, "who
ivosj u2":,!.he •eWimly rep 1. , i you]
061 . idifferently ' sir from your father.'
i• Cmcaao, June llth,
-To theiEditOrs of*ie " Inckpendent Rent4/4/cor:"
- lt isfiew rretubl three months since 1=4 , 0 in this
goodly. city; and as 1 - have not been„'emploiert all the
time,l have'llad some chance r for oliservationr
Chidago,t but little over 'twenty, *lra of
age, his a population of between eighty and one hun
dred theitssuidinhabitants, 'composer) almOst ntirely
of New Yorkers, IBennaylvanians, New Eng landers,
Dutch and Irish: j • : .
It LS - situated- on the shore of Lake Michigan, and is
the por t t for rill vessels both trim] the uPperi and . lower .
Lakes.'; Tbere tirelnlso a large - number of Railroads •
centering here:--probably as many-, if not i nnii:e than
in any 'pther City in the United .States, whielr,'Ogether
with the trade by the lakes and the Other clorutuercial
advantages she possesses, are destined to Imake her
one ofthe largesti,of the American cities. I
, alreadir. lia.4 some splendid buildings ; r,,tbr in
stance., the
.( . 4urt: !louse, which together with the
grounds, occepies . n Whole block. Itis builtbe -stone,
brought front Lockport, N. Y., and , whicril .reemble
very much the steins quarried from the hill' just above .
the Universalist Church at Motitrose.. Tl a structure
cost bktween! , twol anti three hundred thlusand dol
lars,_and is sUrnionnti.4l by a tlome whieh y contains a
bell measuring, ten feet in diameter. ::-In - _4+l4conier
of the :yard there is a fountain which plays away, night
and din . coaling arid purifying the. air; and when the:
trees With which the, yard is planted are tiroWn up; it
Rill ke a mast delightful place, The larger irgn feime .
with which the grOunds are enclosed; Cost the sum of
ten thousand: dellars.:. • ;
' There are ievetal other splendid edifieL which I
laCe riot time tol;ipeak of, among whio.are the .
Briggrt House, Masonic Temple, Second Pr eshyterian
Church and Young America, the first and,r,the last of
which are, the ", crack " hotels of the lace, enater
S. 4. r/Ouglareef 1 Nebraska renown, !,liasla residence . -
within ;three . niles4of the city. • " •
Tliel.MainelLiqatir Law q uestion vf.:6 se tletl, by - the',
:peerile, at the: pclignri Monday task and the. law lost
by several Ortrui,linils majority, contrary tro l 'tbq expec
tation Of the *oiler..Minded part of the eitirenit. . The .
Mayor, however, some time , since caused the grog
shops to. be elaserlon Sunday; which wasthe cause of
a disgracefid 'riot,; some sit weeks since,. in 'Whleh one
- German was killed, and two or three of 'tin; ?rfayor's
badly itijnrJrtl. ; • • • j i
Thit is a' great Country, and presents a One field for
young men , but 1, would advise all to
: consider well,
before!starting westward, for " thez•e,' 's no, ;dace 'like
Vome,", and vrbile my hand mechanically 1 makes' the -
eircuit'of the hots , my thothdits are with the !• loved
ones at homet._ • 4t ours truly-,
!, • 4. 10; 10. .
Igie, tig() si;efeilees.
r ____,....___
.41 DAY ATIIAXINO ROA:D . ' 4. - •
I Frcul tiara' New Corker. _ • '
. ! .
lii a sca . Sonable, pertinent,. l and sprjghtly
descripti,at of tiite way our 1 - :o ads are worked,
we gi've 'pbtee, to the following So . inewhat
lengthy arti4lH.., Au tale 'whe haS "?Worked
out" so mitelt as a“: poll .tax" on rv 7 et untry
high Way will be appreciate - .the life .
like sketch. Ens.] -
A glance lit 'your article, entitled I Boads
Wit] lload 111itkiitg,' suddenly suggested to my
recollect ion t ire'; tnateria r ls .of aisketch. 'Which
I ,had frequeittlfr - contetopiateifim 2 that', sub-,
ject, and so ein farcical; as youl sug
gest, is the Wl.:ole process of mutually moles
ting Mother :earth in rural sqUadi id` tlOvers
and diggers, thiit, von will pardon ettefor,Car
'ryingi out a. th , glected intention...• . l I need
- f4
scarcely go so r back as tint town meeting
• proclatitation,whichEslitireS:on te bi a ly tuakes
from the top.. of . a barrel invoking the good'
towns people to assernble ;nal i nominate
" oveiseers."i i need not atmeitnee my ad
tniration of the .good 'iit - plire'slfortitude and
patience in phtting to. vote the - nOininatinits,'
while 4 shivering March wind whisks his griz
zly loCks abtiut, and sets a dtizen - bystand
ers to whacking themselves with! their, long
arms to keep - warm.. Nor need: even
tion the Indiorotisness: of declaring .eachnom
ince '.ti
nttititpusly elected," when at :tnost
hut_ two'o-i three rough and: 'ready," ayes"
are re , , - Tottdcd`to - evi.-t,y- appeal or the ' S•lllirt:. -
The most .for Ward tinin in every district has,'
pt•hi§ neighhorrs name in his Month, whom
he li k es, ait4lWith cat like tit i ieknei3S she springs 1
it on ,takingjptuns to.votp. very lond t .sUthitt
what his friend lacks, in numerical supPoft,
he means: to tnake up.itiS Vocal' heartiness.-- . .
It woUld.,,cari:ely be . presumption 'to - call-this
a ".tarec," but tes'er mind-- 7 .we .pass on,:
March and! April, roggpd and changeable
fcilows, have;colne and gone, and over 'their
graves . comes; lightly skipping,.and -blithe, as
the latnbs thitt leap in the sunshine,--'--Sweet
queen May. ! : The whole world is delighted
to see nee. Nal tire thins into a fit of laughter
which is..ilnly curbed by • tile scorching[heat
of dog days,i-.-the fields prick tip their little - '
.green lances of grass, and their round; three
matted.clovci loaves. 'Corn plantiog comes
in due time, and, the planters goleaning Over
their bees, drepping 'the golden seed tkuii the
corn. bags, stinnptug every !teeth!! of me • IoW
dirt., as it:mettles Ito say to every buried Clus
ter.of five kertiels—" There .youl are-row
grow !' Ovej the fields ;they go, stooping,'
trudging and +tatnping, till the • work. ii , .de-i
elated by the4ettriatth of the tields.46 e...-
By and by tho little spears, fitithftil to tit •in 1
juction4robelhe fiat coverlid earth,and 'point '
their apices nil tithe sky. In the . ntcan time
good Old " ketle Ben," thq overacer inl..our
district; goes round, with a kind i''d . agricultu
ral swing in liiS gait, (Uncle Ben; 'is all old
workeri 1 eau; tell you,) to warn. every - plan
of his several . oliligations to thc pUblie,..attd to
contribute hia share of labor to renovatel the
roads. .' Now:AO then a hard 'presse d, h'usi r
nesi, man, or a C,paragOn of, laziness hi the,
neighborhood? prefers to. pay . .a tax, but this
, !'",.
is seltletn. • itiltoever lacks tin* Or _ in9ina
tion to work,. ; :takes a precaution, to ,provtde a
substittite, or' k 0.411- extra • supply, of foam
Work makes Op' for . an absence of "...*dS."-''
.L At length the nppointed day_cOnies roiled.
Every num ibeenmes at: - ,Mtee Oblitilous• of
work on his fartn; and there is .ri general Oick
ling of Itorse, mustering : of !=ilOyels,.. pinwsi
scraperP, iScc., f ; and late in - the '...monitngl say .
about bait' pait.eikht. o'clock, there . is a. plow
central44tioajof life and inipleMents to*ards'i
a (4.wignated,retnitsipoup, usually ti - ;hill Side,
from.wbose banki,..i'are....ntioe4 . - . the:J..ol24s
'fiir repleniabinOinkwested .rntas;-.ftlliti '
.-- . .
• i
. -.
. -
rubs : Snit kolep, and elelating depressiots.—
- l o geinlthe Morning, we,said, icor . .theta. is.
toth!nFlik4„pn:*natlittnn ,to:.iti ate , a. ood.
2da?Sjoi*Stris :in a hurry , and t l . ere .
:seems : ti:4:ltitlovagOleal sentiment tilt
'OM*l;:anttktiaeXpreSsedip . the.fittnous
' . bill - A lilool4*.(lace - 4-0 5 7.". 1W
tasair:3o4sY4: , ;: . olo:enongn.::ancl -. ol„w . uI4,
think by -the - tardy- motion,_ of i i the co era; I
-i..i - • . ,
1 ' .
& SMIT PLIBLISH.ERS"-,-VOL : : 14Q 6 .
, tlutt! nobody thOught,cif getting: seriously' to
qaork; for : an hot* to come at . ~_ • -.: ..
-4 ' .Yonder is "big Tom," titerculeim:Xan-,
)r.Q . e; twe.isted and tall, and as his form Onmes
ilooming ;up, a general. feeling of satisfaction
, diffuses itselt.through.the_compitny, for Toni
4s h. famous fellow, good hUmorOil -Ana - lusty,
:land withal - very. cute. The inert and boys
;are ranged.aleng the turf on theisbrinkiof the
'bank, lolly kicking the soil atid stones. or
I :jpieking to bits, the bladesOf grass; while.they
;.!watch the - sloWly advancing figure of Tech.;--- •
liGood Uncle Ben, who is ti:i . Conseientious
iiand industrious to remain inactive,' has got
{,his pnw on the ground, and whit* one of his
I: Joys dips its point into the "-gravel,' the old
I ;man haws. and gees the °ken d ektiouSly wing .
lithe line of movement` - meritOfi e ,ri the, Simla+,
=overhanging brow of. the bank by Weakening
!the base; over which dangle the - legs of a
dozen Or two chaps who have gene no forth,.
ier than to commence tfijnAcitig :Of what they
;are going to do.. •, ~ ' • ',..-
.• j
•" Ruttier late'—..ruther lite—Hid feller !"
:bawl half a dozen; as Toimeemeswithitt easy
ilhearing. "A. man 0' Your.;size ought- to get
l iso und s e to r w t7 , ?tion a little ear . lier, tin' vlut moVe.
ii • " Don't be alarmed ; boys - " halloes Tom •;
11", you never can do nothin'. till,l, git aim - lg.--
I Why don't you make the dirt . fiv, though,
land not set there like,-a pack
.o' drones I"
lotu doeS not seem to consider the • inconsiSi•
tency of urging the Jndispensibloness of his
;presence ; and rebuking the-general idleness
- !at the same breath. , - _H :..
• ,
j- NN , e are .vratin' fur ' - our boSs," sage Ike;
" we want a Man tall,etiotigh to hxyk over
Ithe Whole ground to Once." ", We wantye
Ito tell us if - there's going to be any . spoti•on
idle sun, this hot dav;' l says another: .
,! 4 .' Ah-h-h-h--;"- gutturallyutters.Tom,•with
la knowing twist aid., handi.hringinihievehin'
l -
!down and opening his eyes,Wide. • - - ,
I " 'rain% a -bit too hot--do-ye good to pits,
ipire a little,—that grOund must ache holding
i:up such a lazy Set of fellOwS - as'' be. f
Il was pathmaster, I'd - have ye into
.the dirt
;;straight from the mark." • But Tom lories a
tlounge.: on the grass, any dar n and so trudm
ling up alongside, he tumbles lazily down and
pealing over. back, stretches otit!his legs near
labout as long, as a camelopard's; and. rests'
- ion one elboW planted in the Sock-with &kind
iofgigantie relish. A pause easites, t in which
is heard the clinking of a tobacen bo*„ and.a
Irattling of dirt front stindry punehei - Yith a.
hoe. ' :Finally; h wagon eimies along over,the
track. Of the plow, and the driver - having set
up some AabbY.beard. .on each side, a few -
.!" baneers" lazily descended' end icommenced
irAiniiig the. dirt into the vehicle :1 .Torn, from
Ihis perch, c:-heers, criticises, and, Scolds the
'I i
:workmen in turn, and after giving seine hints'
}uf Wonderful reserved' strength. in his huge
land (inlet bones, gives his opinion ' of what is
la load and when the shoVels may take breath.
iSc off goes. the -wngc.n down iiill,.
,and: the.
!shovelers go' scrambling back to their seats,
Ito bask like•kitietisin the soo t nr curl down
On the fence corners; as much ;IT - possible un
icier the ShadoWs of the rails, Afp comes
i lwagon No. 2,..and down jump. digger.' compa
qnv 2, and - Tom thunders away!inn the grays :.
; i i%% about stirring.. Present !He- motion is
made that some one get something t,drink
i;and vague hints arc submitted of thVsuita
. 111bleness Of " eider" to such occasion ;. but ev.-I
A , rylkaly is too lazy 4,1* too scrupulous,. to :go
!iLifter .pny, for teniperance.hss 'been -talked'
f‘ strong" hereabouts , and nothing is' furnished
•imore 'agreeable than water. lip
. goes . the
'sun. I tlia strong tires beat down through the
ilblue vastnes.4, and, make the rehtis ofdiggers
!Lore and more sensitive of the luxury of re
!ipose—repose being the rule, labor the exceP
iitiort. The. air shimmers and trembles :over
late fields. the wagons
,creep` 'al o ng, to their
various dumping tracts-, . jokersl prune, their
'wits l'iii the' bank,. and it must be sal - with
liSineerity that the, work goes on. . . ' --:
1 , ! .•
i But we omitted to l atention the dispatch-of
4 little gang to elaborate the dih where it is
'deposited. A few solitary- felloWs are- scat- l
lered along - with hoes ; to !eye the ground.-'-=-:
Great Tom I 'ts given them salutary instrtie
lions to do t - ir duty, W r
ith pompous' aSsu
~atices that' he .hall sagaciously Snuff them ont ,
if they are derelict. :. They are ionfortimate„ .
fellows, shut out from the - -secial privileges
imd lazy vivacities of the chapsOn the bank. .
'Neither can' they
S o _ advantageously filch
1 ,Pose, but keep tne . r noes: moving in oraer-to
•appear well: Round nd round.
ranges one. -
1 if olitary gravel stone after -another, until: it
v• bas found a. place of rest satisfactory to itself
iand its'indcittigable manipulator., 1 • : -
Li- - TO, be ;mire there are more . enterprising
iteighhurhoods 'dun,* ou ta. There is%l kind of
t alorousness in their road-bees :which . is re
il-eshing. Drive along with .your horse and'
buggy, and yon - Will.find a squad of brawny,.
'tutu', head and ears in. the work, full of road.
'illending tlithusiasin,--4ith breve. km's , and -
g ees and whoas, confounding. the solitude,' s:.--
They Will shoW you how the_ thing is' done,-
Oown gn their serapers into theearthHhard.
hiss their leather lashes over_the.osee's hide
Hight grips every man the, handles o'l6
40)011 op—np go noble !Napa on everyside,While 1.
alas! ; wi t e,go 3 our . o heels intothe,,,l4:4: . dirt
Ocean.... Gallant fellows 'they l I.; And- -the .
)tads he good-4 Whole year
tiller such predigiatis Com metion Of tlakearth's,
kirUit. -
. But . .. nnfortunately. it.takes all °saw.
4 ner for the earth to peek,' The : fall rains
! hide the work of four or livO: - itiontlesSun,
and the wholo is redUced to a sticky anfath-
Otnableneas, dreadful to all : wheela and .0441 . .
rupeds.: Jt . *May be the of these .at. :
tpicialslongha think their toin...m of roedtua-7:
king unanproachablesand;entirely
. beyond_the •
teeth of improvement-04en Imagine, -by •
t t e •way they complacently *Waddle.:throtgli
- .
to mellow waste. -..- .
On other : placm;agaitr, -- , lou , ,,find trails of
Ost: up - dirt covet ed= all : ovo with.- inntunertj
- .
.#ble stones , _ that throw you into 'spasmodic i
lOM'S, and sittite the tires'of the wheels.with .
Ugly savagenesas' much nate - say, -i 'llere
;retire, old follow, and we I l . make your jour- .
f ey Isthatefur as, we. oun.r. And . you: cry
tit detiparingly, . -6, , :tny. coun try men! where
'ly r . innt esenser : Thump, thump, to-'
!tr.,. jounce, and wrench it is, until you, have
' . t fairly throUgh-- , -and, then yea Would" say'
•eOrtily- that it were. better . the .' roads :, w. ere .
tterly:leetilotie,•_llatu . " - thti.C .. oo outlandish
'ilittipilis thi*ShOilldgoopogOor Y:O/ki '
without, tWinto9l: be 44z;ilie :travelling :
ii i nhliei r :.: . .ROl liotearOtiolitery . iota!, $0.04.,.
,; •If theia any , tiny green hprps.-0 2 :Ainerica,thojg.
,1 rOthe road Metiderthet 'always : alts! ei,,
.rywhere, but oftee, very Often :mdeeo.
The great want • is - ta-.-view. - -,, if-there is .a
k':c ~
.. • ,
~ . ,
:plan, it , is a_lx(r one, a nd,ti& - iii 'Noise. than - • '
none . at f ill.. - - ';-_ -: .;- ' -
, -. r . : * -
.. -'-:•' -,.:
..-'. -- -
••:" For ;instance ; men wilt .threw - ra',7 ,- little
mountain ordirt into a laud hele;.afid --- e4ll , it .
monde& -They dOn't See' that a ll . - the'* . istf:
of the neighborhood goes in there , ,bitt:Whiti '-'
a tnin.comes they have got an -earth . Pudding'
and ihO,lman with shining. iniggy.i.theelsehlos •
it as he IWou Id a Mid - dog,: for a Week 'or t*0.,..-- .
to come. They eitilliiltside dlit;_gritieLind --.,
goOd for . the roads, When they .+4n find-,the
genuine.artiele in - the Old - broek.,bed . . just 'a
'few reds over - yonder.,-.They ger..and :Scoop -
rout loamy loads' froth the road . aide; leaving
..• .
.a. pit - big . enough :to, swill ;Otti a niestoden,sitid .;
-plaster iton somewhere, While the big stones ,-.
tikeseinn,; somehow Inanage-t4 rise - to- - the --..
iiip,'and - ,roll about-in the:highwny . ; On Which,
horses 'may - - strike-:their Shoes,... - .an&.hitaise .
their shins, and eVery
.. paSser-by receiVe. a se
ries_orshoeks and wrenches of the Most-live ,
ty character.
.: -' r - ' - i - - -•
• ••
To be sitre,.'big . . Tom - .' knowS. better than -.
that, - and - r
-think; on the Whole, bur . readi are; '
Prettyl good, btit sharp TOMS ntie Staree;•..and
even. if they - were not; they wo u ld have much -.
to learn, to say nothing of the frequent failL,
.ing ofilaziness they betray. . .-' l '
.. ,
‘.. But to -go' back to: ur fellows , i . . 111 uch diSeus,.
sion takes plaee about noon time. 'One calls • '
it 'neon at eleven:;.. ancither' giVe - emphaSis to
1 the sUggestion,.by'complainingt halljecosely..
l of an empty . stomach - J .- ..The necessity
,or, re
. :freshibent seems to be - general-kr fel t , and af--, - '
'ter sim hitches" and very sluggish shoVeling,. .
' . a general movement lhoiriewitll: 7 - -
Two tunas and a balf-mooning is a settled' :
.'question.... Don't toiik,fer a-man on - the 'bank
again until twe.-. The bank is nbt a bed place -
:hut the shade is poor If 7 -. being s: - suffer' - ae-,
wadi ng to their- dimeniions,-_pei.haps Totii is •
excusable . for' ta rdiness againi - Since - 11-4 . greit.
~s t, lie. .
unprotected inthe sun. But: ,
to junips into the . t.reneh at last, - g'
. and his long
larme reach from the bottom. of the little well
nearly to the wagon.
~-Heln. turn; become
' 7 the criticised,the wholecompati'V: aiming their
' - eyes and jokes
.'at the solitary 'digger - who
st raightenes his:tall form ' into an attitude of,
;self-composure - '.and confide.ne4- every other
::minute, impenetrable . to the' geheral.s.areasin,
Tillie creeps on, - andthe Clock ii;Vlnele . Rohl-.
..crt's kitchen strikes' : five. Ti - i'&. windows of -
the. old red bouse
,Ure., raiSed; and the
wide Open, while in the , cool, i Pleasant . Aid.' .-
Ow -the rheumatic old - man Sitsi in his splint •
tiottomed . chair, 'as - happy as` his aches-- and
4aineties will admi .. , ..1 : :- -• .:
To say that, the - en eltiredwoul . d.ho to
say . .what -. 12b0d
. '-beliey ',-.and the idea- i 5,...
Merely . ; ridiculou To be s, .there is some
fatig,ning in 'half work,and snecessionof
short exertions and respttes Wear a restless'
Man, but
. the Ictliargifi ra lows hre are not of -
this stamp. Laziness' is often confounded:.
yitli .futigu ~ however ;
.and - it . must be admit;
.-ted these. oad men are • Jienetrated with . a
feeling fell( iv to weariness, ands'id' we, must •
let . theme aajOurn: Off they go,ifully =iatisfie& .
they Mace accomplished their destiny _ as re- ..
- Modelers and - patchers Of . thci 1- highway.-- . - •
They have -‘. worked out their `]tax," •at any
rate according to 'the customary tilOde.•,- . . • .
But We must takea -, monteritsiry peep at -;
the "-road wairants.!' They require that all
the loose stones shall .be removed; and the ;', l
. noxious.- weeds, from the . highwt. ' But bless.
e ! the Jaw-. is dead "enough: l f ' stones sure
ly abound, and two rows of tulle e - rank thistles
flank the track 'in . every direction. - Bumble
bees nestle and dive into th ' . Pinkly blows, _ -
an ad whirlwinds whisk them b‘twheii _
. they _
are - ripe, so that the iinive l 'farm land . .of -
the country may be seeded or a thistle crop
by the mere play of thebreez4 '-'7W hat, Will ..
you say of the_pathmaster's, conscience, When,
.he.makes oath . that. the cenditions of his Nvar-'
rant have been fuhilled.? ' - Doe* he' believe
the-allotted days havi been:worked 'out ? .
11 - knows better; - but still bethinks:a nom-- .
intl and pretended - _fulfillment ;may - Answer.
th Jaw's demand. - Perhaps it*il . l.:
But we. need,.a - thormigh • r.eform":in this :
i'?hole mitter. - -...We 'need Gillispie's book;
and,. such legal enactments,, aS . shall' make -
road : making -. and - ; :mending 'a - .real; , rittional
systematic 'work,-and not a - &rec. • :Let there
be rules prescribed - which - shall' Put an. end '
tiiisenseless and silly' waste of =time -and on- -- .
ergiesi; 'and intrOduce 4iiifermitY' itir-ther gen- . -
eril. plan of iMproliettient - We Say' let the'
law enjoin bow the work is to tie done, conn- -
.-teract neglects and abuses with Sufficlexit pen -
alties, and we shall see a "different. state of -.
things in good:limo. -• •
,_.., - POPAYAN.
Sardinja, N.. Y" 1% . 5.. -- - -- 1 ' --: • '
.: -
Ingratitude, 1,
I take no part politiCs,' and -a worthy
young man to - tne, recently. The saute re- -
tnark is often heard, and from the mouths of
the best men in the aommunity.f_ and a ye- -
ry large class act on' that principle, - though
they tnarnot - avow it: - -Now are not all per-,
sins somewlat Ungrateful for'tha blessing of 2
-obi free institutions, if they ail', to dO wind
is in their power toi pArify 'And :strengthen
,institutions? Does'a taiii'deacive to
Ave in a great " sod gleiloui-equittry:lik'i this,
who d•A;lares - his indifferctice:tolthO:_pOliticai
measures Which- raise or sink .!- - tbe, - country ?
Men- who refase to taka ! pert polities,
Plight to lea‘ - e the natioitlnd settlo.undr,r,a
Vuropeon cicspot sm, wltere
_their rules ,gill
kindly, relieve there ofAll - share;in the gov
ernment. .They-_will Russia. or •It-
Illy, for instance- 7 bn bothered Withparly pa
pers and apeiches, calla to caucusses,and ap
peals to t got their nanies on the check list'
and vote early'.' Suth niachinery for
choosing rulers, is' unknoWn - ouvet the Vnited
States and England - 14ut aro..the ,people
richer, better, - wiser and happier; where they -
are'fordidden to take flirt in.pplieti4sl'.• Ex,l
actly, the - opposite.!these hatk;fra, - inte to. .
day first and highest id the7tivrid'ai stale
which have governmeitts eptitroll4 by the.
Will of the masses.- And
_aa-! thic t is ce o f
erty is eteriudvigilanc4l . think.,thp s i i nen
who don't care . enough abont:l4ierty to de.
pesit II few Plecgsof paper4u a b 4,- at our
elections,arechargeable with - deep ingratitude -
toward!, kind Providence .. What should
we say-of a man who
. luxuriated every MI.
upon fine fraitand vegetables, and Who sneer-• -
eclat, lairtictiltural movements :I I -Should we
not be inclined to suck, 4146 'Might
gSt nothing to cat but nionklYA ry
tread and d •
(xtels 11 until ho showed ti--lelt,alireciation
'`thehand that feeds Itirni-
I Write as - a citizen net as partisan
:Vote any way - yoti, : I ndifferentplease' s : fricAds,..
snk - that;,you.Nete..- Nothing - kees, an s ;'so ,
faithfully atworli #B-84tunp,k))440i,y44,3.4nd'
*tithing :flakes officers eCtlianeStit4 . o4evoted:
as a watil3ful eonstifuen4
II Mil