Daily evening bulletin. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1856-1870, January 30, 1866, Image 1

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VOLUME XIX.---NO.. 245
(Sundays excepted) at
&To. 329 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia
"Evening Bulletin Association.'
The Ittriaamer is served to subscribers In the city at
as cents per week, payable to the carriers, or 04) per
BAXTER—On the gath 'natant, Mrs. Magdalene
.Bazter, relict of Schuyler Baxter, in the 8811 h year of
ater age.
Fin.eral from the residence of her grandson, James
W. T. Scott, Al North Seventeenth street, on Wedtss.
day afternoon, 31st instant, at 2 ?clock •
FIIGDET—On the 29th instant, at the residence of
her brother, Stephen Fognet, 1828 Arch street, Mrs.
vita Fugoet °ninon. se*
GREAdLEY—Suddenly, on the 29th.instant, Grace
'Orne, daughter ofAbraham and Sarah °Teasley, aged
-17 months and 13 days.
The relatives and friends are invited to attend the
funeral from the residence of her grandfather, No.
1010 Green street. on Thursday afternoon, at two
McLLHENNEY—On Monday, the 29th instant. in
the 64th year of her age, Ann Elizabeth. wife of W. H.
MAHON —On the morning of the 29th - of January,
'Frances E. Mahon, daughter of the late John D. Mg
on. of Pittsburgh.
The friends of the family are invited to attend
the funeral, from the residence of her mother, south
west corner of Thirty-fifth and Hamilton streets,
'West Philadelphia, on to morrow (Wednesday), at 11
A. M. (Pittsburgh papers yo' ease copy.) •
SMEDLEY—On the evening of the 26th Instant, Phi
lena Smedley, in her 68th year.
Funeral to take place from the residence of her son,
Isaac Yarnali, Edgmont, Delaware county, Pa., on
Fourth day, 31st, instant, at 11 o'clock, A. M. Carriages
'will be at Glen Mills Station, West Chester and Phila
delphia Railroad, on the arrival of tha BA. M. Train
from the city. Her relatives and friends who cannot
attend the funeral, are invited to meet at her late re
-eidence, 231 Jacoby street.on Third day. 30th Instant at
12% o'clock, P. M. previous to removal.
WILSON—On the afternoon of Saturday, the 27th
Instant, Mr. Joseph T. Wilson, in the std year of his I
The relatives and friends of the family are respect
fully invited to attend the funeral from his late reel
deuce, No. 963 North.. Tenth street, on Wednesday
morning, the 31st instant, at 10 clock. Services at
'Third Presbyterian Cturch, Fourth and Pine. •
I 'V Green Watered Moreens.
64 and &I Green Baize,
White Cloth for Sacks.
White Evening Silks.
EYRE & LA.NT)ELL, Fourth and Arch
S and l
Lombard street, Dispensary Department. Med
treatment and medicines tarnished gratuitously
toithe poor. seSel
Tb E ANNUAL ALERTING of the Stockhold
ers of the Atbenmum, of Philadelphia. will
be teld on Monday, Feuruary sth. at 11 o'clock, A.. M.
At this meeting the Annual Report will be pre•
:sented, and- officers elected to serve the ensuing
• -year. la3o-st
Oa. CARD.—The undersigned hereby tender thanks
to the Fire Department, for alcient services to
saving their property on the night of the 25th inst.
lt* /29 Market street.
..,0. 1866.
On and after the Ist of February next this °Mee wilt
be open for business, from 10 o'clock A. M. to 3 o'clock
ja3o-3t • AWL Treas'r 'United States,
PANY—No.M Walnut Street—Pamsnsa.plu.s,
•Jrumau 27th 1866.
of tht expressed desire from the Hon. Judge sitting in
Niel Prius,before whom several cases are now pending
in which this Company are vitally interested—that
- no action shall be taken by the Company until the
-cases are decided by him. Therefore, the issue of the
:Scrip as proposed on the let February will be post
poned, and therefore the Transfer Rooks of the Ceni
:Tally will remain closed until Ruttier notice.
ja.3o-54 President.
by Jelin Roberts, orthe
'UNION M. E. CHURCH, FOURTH Street, below
THURSDAY E v.eOSING , February 1.
W The following organists well perform on the occa
MR. D. D. WOOD, KR. S. S. DOYLE and KEW. E.
-- • •
The vocal arrangements are very superior.
Tickets 50 cents. No. 56 North Fourth street, or a
the door. Ja27-e.tu.w,th,4t,rp*
The Loan of this Company, due April let, 1881, inte
rest payable quarterly, at the rate of six per cent. per
This Loan is secured by a mortgage on all tbe Com
pany's Coal Lands, Canals, and Slackwater Navigation
in the Lehigh river,and all their Railroads,constructed
and to be constructed, between Mauch Chunk and
Wilkesbarre, and branch roads connected therewith,
-and the franchise of the Compitay relating thereto.
Apply to SOLOMON SHM.HERD, Treasurer,
de2l-rptfi 122 South Second street.
. /l 4
-ALEN, friendly to the poor Willies and Blacks of the
;South, and to the work of education among them,will
be held at the rooms of the YOUNG MEN'S CEIRD4
TUESDAY EVENING next, 20th inst., at o clock,
- to devise ways and means to relieve the suliering in
'Georgia, which State has been assumed by Penusyl
- and West Jersey as their portion or the wort.
Al.! friendly to toe movement are invited to be pres
ent. By order of the Finance Committee,
P. S.—Gentlemen recently from the South are ex
pected to make etstements regarding the destitution
, existing there.
keir Marlborough Street, PHILAD.ELMITA. Jan. 9, 1860.
.are distributing SOUP daily to the suffering and
worthy poor of their District, and Mr. Daniel B.
No. 1019 Shackarnason street, has been ap
pointed their Agent to solicit and receive contributions
ln aid of this desirable object. Any donations either in
money, wood, coal, flour, or vegetables will be thank
fully received by the Managers or either of the un
Foot of York street, on the Delaware River.
ELI GARkJSON. Vice Press. , 1031 ShrickaMaxOn St.
' , GEORGE T. HA'arrr TON, Treasurer, National Ex
-change Bank. Northwest cor. Second and Green Sts.
CHAS M. LUKENS, Secretary. 1035 Beach st., above
Maur* I. ja-stmt-rp*
Subject—" The Assassination and its Lessons."
Feb. 22d—Gen. CARL SCHURZ."
Subject—" The Problem of the Day."
March Ist—Mrs. F. E. Fnbjec—“TheNation's Great Opportunity."
March Bth—Prof. WM. IL DAY.
March 15th—Hon. WM. D. ELLEY.
e(Th a Black Swan), has kindly volunteered to add to
the interest of the Course, by furnishing appropriate
;music on each evening.
Tickets for Course, tl:5 O. Single tickets 35 cents.
To be had at T. B. PUGH'S Book store, Sixth and
. .
.colored, was charged before Ald. Peltier,
_yesterday, with the larceny of money from
letters, at the place of business of Mr. Chas.
P. Williams, No. 138 Walnut street. The
:accused admitted the theft and said that he
.had spent the money during the Christmas
.and New Year holidays.
SERIOUS Aocinarrr.--George Souders,
aged twenty-eight years, was seriously in
jured yesterday afternoon, by the giving
way of a scaffold attached to a new building
at Third and Berks streets, upon'which he
was working. The sufferer was removed to
•his residence at Second and York streets.
A CoMPANY has been formed in Louis
ville,ll7.,to prevent the wanton destruction
.of fish m that State and to introduce artill
.oial propagation of them.
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Read in the Legislature Tuesday,
HAXIMISIIIIRG. PA., Jan. 30, 1866.—T0 the
Senate and House of .Representatives of The
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania—GENTLE
-I.N : We have cause to be thankful to
Divine Providencefor the blessings of peace
within our borders, abundant crops, unan
imity among our people, and that thus thie
Commonwealth has been enabled to do her
full duty to the country, to herself and tO
I apprised you in my - message of the 27th
of November. 1865, and delivered to you at
the beginning of your session, of the neces
sity under the pressure of which I wan
compelled, for the restoration of my health,
to sojourn for a time in a warmer climate.
I returned from Cuba refreshed and invig
orated, end have resumed the discharge of
my public duties. I cannot omit to acknow
ledge, with profound gratitude, the kind,
considerate and affectionate course which
you pursued during myconstrained absence.
A heavy addition has been thus made to the
debt which I already owed to the people of
the Commonwealth and their Representa
The balance in the Treasury
Nov. 30,1864,. . . . $1,942,203 63
Receipts during fiscal year,
ending November 30th, 1865, 6,219,989 67
Total in Treasury for fiscal
year, November 30th, 1865, 8,162,193 30
The payments for the same
period have been, ,
Balance in Treasury,November
30, 1865,
The operations of the sinking fund,dnring
the year ending on the first Monday of
September last, as statekln my procla
mation, were as follows:
Amount of debt reduced, $745,811 26, as
follows, viz:
Five per cent., . . . $436,824 62
Coupon loan, . . . . 20,000 00
War loan, . . . . . 76,400 00
Interest certificates, . . . 2,008 64
Domestic creditors,. . . 578 00
The discrepancy between the reduction of
the public debt, as shown by the statement
at the close of the fiscal year, and that in
my proclamation at the close of the sinking
fund year, arises from the fact that the one
closes on the first Monday of September, the
other on the 30th day of November.
Amount of the public debt of Pennsyl
vania, as it stood on the first day of Decem
ber, 1864, $39,379,603 94.
Amount redeemed at the State Treasury
during the fiscal year ending with Novem
ber 30, 1865, viz:
Five per cent. stocks . $1,703,517 88
Four and a half per cent.
Domestic creditor certificates,
Military Loan, act of May 15,
1861, 179,250 00 '
Public 'debt, Dec. 1, 1865, $37,476,258 06.
Assets in the Treasury :
Bonds Pennsylvania Railroad
Company, . . • . $6,700,000 00
Bonds Philadelphia and Erie
Railroad Company . . 3,500,000 00
Interest on bonds Philadelphia
and Erie Railroad Company 1,050,000 00
Cash in Treasury, . . 2,373,668 14
Liabilities in excess of assets, $23,852,589 92
Liabilities in excess of assets,
November 30, 1860, . . '826,408,168 94
Liabilities-in excess of assets,
November 30, 1865, . . 23,852,589 fL
Improvement in condition of
Treasury,since Nov. 30,1560, 2,555,579 02
By the report of the State Treasurer, it
will be observed that the extraordinary ex
penditures growing out of the war, not
refunded by the General Government, have
been $4,028,627 21. This includes the direct
tax paid to the United States by the State,
which is not re-imbursable. In the balance
is included the $671,476 43 paid to the mili
tia, which, with a good portion of the re
maining expenditure, is dearly due the
State from the General Gov
The necessity for extraordinary expendi
tures having ceased with the suppresion of
the late rebellion, measures should be taken
to examine our resources, and relieve, as
far as possible, the heavy burdens to which
one people are subjected.
It has been the habit of late years, to ap
propriate freely, annual sums for the sup
port of local charities; and such appropria
tions are almost every year increased in
number and amount. Houses of Refuge,
Institutions for the Deaf and Damb and for
the Blind, Lunatic Asylums,—these
—these appear
to me to be proper objects of State bounty,
because a few of them are sufficient for the
whole State,and to leave them to be provided
for by the lo4il authorities would, in fact,
be to deprive of protection the unfortunate
classes for whose benefit they are designed.
But mere local charities, however merito
rious and effective, should, I think, be left
to the support of the benevolent parties who
established them.
It's unjust that the people of the Common
wealth should be coerced to pay taxes in or
der that part of the money so raised may be
given to the support of local charities, con
ducted by private associations, especially
when it is remembered that hitherto but a
small proportion of the private charities in
the State have asked for such appropriation.
I recommend, therefore, that no appro
priation be made for charities, beyond the
institutions which I have above specified.
The taxes at present laid on corporations
are unequal, and to a certain extent thereby
unjust. I recommend the subject to the
attention of the Legislature, with a view to
a revision of the system.
Within a few years, acts have been re
peatedly passed directing the expenditure
of as much money as may be necessary to
effect named purposes, sometimes without
clearly designating by whom the money is
to be expended,or how the accounts are to be
examined. This custom is very recent and
has already led to abuses.
I reccommend that the practice be cor•
rested; and that no, appropriation be Made
without having the exact sum appropriated
the specific purpose to which it is to 'be
Jan. 30, 1866.
$13,623,668 14
applied, and designating the officer -by
whom it is to be expended, and providing
that the accounts shall be settled in the
Auditor General's office in the usual man
Notwithstanding the large expenditures
by the State for military purposes, since the
breaking out of the rebellion, the condition
of the Treasury is now $2,555,579 12 better
than it was then, and I am proud to be able
to state further, that on the Ist day of De
cember, 1865, the State debt was $492,938 66
less than it was on the Ist of January, 1861.
These are truly gratifying facts.
Under these circumstances, it" may be
possible, with entire safety to our finances,
to reduce or even repeal the ordinary State
tax of two-and-a-half mills on real estate.
The tax of one half-mill laid by the act of
May 16, 1861, was by that act expressly
pledged for the re-payment of the loan
of $3,000,000, thereby authorized, and of
course cannot be repealed or reduced until
that repayment shall have been made. I
recommend this subject to the careful and
deliberate consideration and judgment of the
Legislature, and if it should be found that
the tax can be repealed,l recommend that all
laws authorizing the levying of local taxes
on bonds, mortgages, loans and all pro
perty of that kind be also repealed. Such
a repeal would largely encourage the in
vestment of capital in this State, and add
immensely to the wealth of the State, while
the local authorities would lose very little,
as it is notorious, that from the difficulties
of assessment, they receive very little from
these sources.
In case of such repeal, I recommend the
adoption of some effectual measures for en
forcing correct returns of such objects of
taxation, with appropriate penalties for the
neglect or refusal to make them.
I make these recommendations believ
ing that it will lead to more equitable local
taxation, and to greater economy in their
Many acts are on our statute books, incor
porating companies for various purposes,
which companies have never been or
ganized or gone into operation. I recom
mend that all such acts be repealed by a
general law, and that provision be made,
that in future every act authorizing a cor
poration shall become void, unless the cor
poration shall organize and use its fran
chises within a limited time.
Since my last annual message the war
against armed treason has been brought to a
close. Of the large contributions made by
Pennsylvania to the National army but a
few of the men now remain in the - service.
The spirit which animated our people at the
outset of the rebellion has never flagged,
and we can look back with pride and satis
faction to the part taken by this State in
aiding to maintain the unity of the Govern
ment and in its defence against the assaults
of its enemies.
In my first inaugural address, I took oc
casion to declare that Pennsylvania would,
under any circumstances, render a full and
'determined support of the free institutions
of the Union. The pledge so made was
based upon my knowledge of the solid pa
triotism of her citizens. At that time danger
threatened, but no one anticipated that it
would break forth so suddenly, nor that it
would grow to such fearful proportions as it
in a brief time assumed.
My confidence in Pennsylvania, in her
even, yet stubborn will, her ability and re
sources has been fully justified by the man-'
ner in which she has done her duty during
the late eventful period.
On the request of the President of the
United States, I made a communication to
the Legislature, on the 9th day of April,
1861, setting forth that military organiza
tions, of a formidable character, which did
not seem to be demanded by any existing
public exigency, had been formed in certain
of the States, and that, whilst Pennsylvania
yielded to no State, in her respect for and
willingness to protect, by all needful guar
antees, the constitutional rights and consti
tutional independence of her sister States,
no contemplated attempt to resist the en
forcement of the National law could
meet with sympathy or encouragement from
the people of this Commonwealth, and
asked for authority and means to organize
a military bureau at the Capital, and so
amend and modify the militia laws as to
give vitality and energy to the military or
vanizations of the State. On the 12th day
~ f the same month, I signed a bill providing
for the purposes indicated in my message.
It will be remembered that this patriotic
action of the Le g islature occurred before it
was known that hostilities had actually
commenced—and is believed to be the first
official action by the authorities of any State
or by the National Legislature.
Tne first call made by the President for
troops to aid in suppressing the rebellion,
was on the 15th of April, 1861, for seventy
five thousand men; and that of this number
the quota of Pennsyivania was settled at
5,788,525 16
2,373,668 14
20,000 00
578 00
1,903,345 88
fourteen regiments, to serve three months,
unless sooner discharged. With unsur
passed alacrity and earnestness, volunteers
answered to this call, in such numbers as
manifested the intuitive conviction of the
people, that the monstrous wickedness
which had conceived an armed rebellion
against the Constitution and the laws,
could not be suppressed but by a colossal
Major General Robert Patterson was as
signed, by the General Government, to a
command, which included the forees raised
in Pennsylvania. Within a week after the
call of the President, communication with
Washington was almost entirely cut off.
General Patterson, prompted by the neces
sities of the situation, made, on the 25th of
April, a requisition nponme for twenty-five
additional regiments of infantry and one of
cavalry, to be forthwith mustered into the
service of the United States.
Under this requisition, I Accepted, from
amongst the many pressing to be admitted
into the service, a sufficient number of
companies to fill it; care being taken to
allow to each county, as nearly as possible,
a fair representation. Onl eleven regi
ments, however, in addition Ito the fourteen
called for by the President, were organized
and mustered into the ser 'co, before the
order of Gen. Patterson was ountermanded
by him, under instructions rom the War
On the 14th day of May, 1861, the Secre
tary of War,,in a letter communicating the
plan of organization, for three years regi
ments,confirmed the revocation of the order
in the following language: "Ten regiments
arelassigned to Pennsylvania, making, in
addition to the thirteen regiments of three
months militia, already called for, twenty
three regiments. It is important to reduce,
rather than enlarge this number, and in no
event, to exceed it. Let me earnestly re
commend. to you therefore, to call for no,
more than twenty-three regiments,of which
only ten are to serve during the war, and if
mote are already called for, to reduce the
number bydischarge."
Thetwenty-five regiments raised as above
stated, comprised 20,979 men. • The ardor of
our people was unabated. Many of the
companies,, under my order, had arrived in,
camp at Harrisburg, and others maintained
their organizations at home at their own
expense, and by contributions from their
neighbors and friends.
In the critical condition of the .country,
and anticipating, that, in case of reverse to
our arms, the borders of Pennsylvania
would be the portals to the rich granaries,
manufactories anffstorehouses of the North,
I deemed it my duty to convene the Legis
lature, that adequate provision might be
made to enable me to render the military
power of the State as available and efficient
as it should be for the common defence of
the State and the General Government; and,
accordingly, on the 20th of .April, 1861,
issued my proclamation, calling for a meet
ing of the General Assembly, on the 30th of
the same month.
In my message to the Legislature at its
opening, I recommended the immediate
organization, disciplining and arming of at
least fifteen regiments. exclusive of those
called into the service of the United States.
The Legislature acted promptly upon this
suggestion, and made full provision for its
effectual accomplishment. The result was
the early and complete organization, cloth
ing and equipment of the Pennsylvania
Reserve Volunteer Corps, with its thirteen
regiments of infantry, one of light artillery
and one of cavalry, under the supervision
of George A. M'Call, who was selected to
command it, with the commission and rank
of Major General.
This corps contained 15,856 men, and the
whole expense of raising, clothing, equip
ping, subsisting and paying them, until
their entry into the United States service,
was $855,444 87. They were encamped in
different parts of the State, excepting two
of the regiments, commanded by Colonels
Chas. J. Biddle and Seneca G. Simmons,
and two batteries of artillery, under the
command of Colonel Charles T. Campbell,
which, at the request of the War Depart
ment, were sent on the 2d of June, 1861, to
the relief of Colonel Wallace, at Cumber
land, Maryland, and remained for about
six weeks there, and in Western Virginia,
engaged in active operations. Towards the
close of July the whole corps was called for
and taken, on a requisition, into the service
of the United States. Within four days after
the disaster at Bull Run, eleven regiments,
in all respects ready for active service, were
in Washington and Baltimore.
The troops sent to Western Virginia were
recalled, and with the other two regiments
of the corps, forwarded to Washington.
On the 26th of July, 1861, the Secretary of
War expressed his gratification and thanks
for the prompt response from Pennsylvania.
The wisdom of the Legislature in provid
ing for the formation of this corps, for the
interests of the State and Nation, was fully
shown by subsequent events. Most of the
men who filled its ranks had been accepted
by me under the call for twenty-five regi
ments, which was afterwards rescinded.
They had left their families and homes
under a deep sense of duty to their country,
and to have sent them back unaccepted
would have caused serious difficulty in
making future enlistments.
By acts of Congress of 22d and 25th July,
1861, the President was authorized to call
upon the several States for volunteers to
serve for three years. Under this authority
requisitions were made on this State, and
fourteen:regiments were promptlyfu.rnished.
In the meantime authorities had been
granted by the President and the War De
partment to a number of individuals to
raise regiments in different parts of the
State, which seriously interfered with the
action of the State authorities in filling re
quisitions regularly made under the acts of
The embarrassments arising from this
conflict of authorities became at length so
serious that I was constrained to call the
attention of the President and Secretary of
War to the subject, by a communication.
dated the Ist of August,lB6l, and on the 2.5 th
of September following, an order was issued
requiring these independent regiments to
report to the Governor, and placing them
under his authority and control. Acting
under this order, many of the independent
regiments were filled up, others consolidated,
and seventy-three regiments, with an aggre
gate strength of 59,04 S men, were promptly
sent forward.
During the year 1862 a draft was ordered
by the _General Government, which was
executed under the State authorities.
(f the quota of the State, under the call
of July 7, 1862, forty-three regiments of
volunteers, aggregating 40,383 men, were
put into service, and under the draft, ordered
August 4th of the same year, fifteen regi
ments, containing an aggregate force of
15,000 men, organized and sent forward.
During the same period nine independent
batteries of artillery were organized in the
State, with an aggregate strength of 1,358
officers and men.
It will be remembered, that the ardor and
promptness of our people under such try
ing circumstances, in pressing the troops
forward, was such as to call from the Pre
sident especial thanks, and to request me
to express them to the people of the State.
Daring the year 1563 forty-three thousand
and forty-six (43,046) men were furnished
for the service, principally to fill regiments
in the field which had, been reduced by the
exigencies of the war.
During the year 1864, under the various
calls of the General Government, thirty-two
regiments, two battalions and eight unat
tached companies of different arms of the
service and for various periods, were organ
ized and sent to the field, aggregating, with
re-enlistments in the field, amounting to
17,876, an aggregate force of 91,704 men,
tarnished for that year.
On my suggestion, the policy of consoli
dating our reduced regiments, and filling
them up by the assignment of new compa
nies was adopted, and in 1865, under this
system, besides organizing three entire
----- • -- -
new regiments, seventy-five companies
were assigned to reduced regiments, by
which they were again filled to the regi
mental standard.. These three new regi
ments and seventy-five companies, with
volunteer recruits for regiments in the
field, reported by the superintendents of
that service, amounted, in the aggregate, to
25,790 men for this year.
In the month of September, 1862, after
the second disaster at Bull Run, it became
evident tbzt the enemy had adopted an
aggressive policy, and was about to invade
the Northern States through Maryland and
the southern border of Pennsylvania.
Under the sanction of the ?mgdent of the
United States, on the 11th day of that
month, I issued my proclamation, calling
into immediate service fifty thousand of the
freemen or this State. Under this call
twenty-five regiments and four companies
of infantry, fourteen unattached companies
of cavalry, and four batteries of artillery
were immediately organized and sent to the
border, the greater portion advancing be
yond the State line into Maryland.
Gen. John P. Re.ynolds. at that neriod
commanding the Pennsylvania Riserve
Corps, was temporarily assigned, by the
Secretary of War, to the command of these
troops, by whose order they were returned
to Pennsylyania, arid by myproclamationi,
disbanded on the 24th of the same month.
In acknowledgment of the services rendered
by the men of Pennsylvania,Major-General
McClellan commanding the Army of the
Potomac, by letter dated the 27th of Sep
tember, 1862, acknowledging the service
and thanking the State, uses the following
"The manner in which the people of
Pennsylvania responded to your call, and
hastened to the defence of their frontier, no
doubt exercised a great influence upon the
enemy," 4ind the Governor of Maryland,
His Excellency A. W. Bradford, in an order
dated September 29, 1862, used the following
language in regard to these troops: "The
readiness with which they crossed the border
and took their stand beside the Maryland
brigade, shows that the border is, in all re
spects, but an ideal line, and that in such a
cause as now unites us, Pennsylvania and
Maryland are but one."
In the month of June, 1863, it again be
came evident, that the rebel army was ad
vancing North, threatening also the western
border of Pennsylvania, and on the 28th of
that month, I again issued my proclama
tion, calling • the militia of the State into
immediate service. In the Department of
the Monongahela,flve regiments of infantry,
one company of cavalry and one battery of
artillery, for ninety days' service, and one
battalion of infantry, one battalion of ca
valry and one battery of artillery, for six
months' - United States service, were organ
ized. In the Department of the Susquehanna
twenty-three regiments and five unattached
companies of infantry, and two unattached
companies of cavalry, for ninety days; one
battalion of infantry, one battalion of ca
valry, and four independent batteries of
artillery, for three months; three regiments
of cavalry, two battalions of infantry, and
three independent batteries of artillery, for
six months' United States service, were
There were also organized in this depart
ment, for the "emergency term," eight reg
iments, one batalion and a number of unat
tached companies of infantry, twobidepend
en t batteries of ariillery, and two companies
of cavalry.
In the Department of the Monongahela
the troops under this call, were commanded
by Major General W. T. H. Brooks, and in
the Department of the Susquehanna, by
Major General D. N. Couch, severally de
tailed by the War Department.
The details of the services of the militia
on these occasions, as well as the generous
assistance rendered by the militia of the
States of New York and New Jersey, have
been fully recognized in previous messages.
Acting wader orders, they did not hesitate
to cross the State line and enter Ohio and
Western Virginia, in the West; and in the
East, they defended the line of the Susque
hanna, were at Gettysburg, before the ad
vance of the Army of the Potomac, defended
Carlisle successfully, when attacked by a
superior force, made long marches, patiently
suffering great privations for the want of
sufficient means of transportation, crossed
into Maryland, when ordered. and attacked
the enemy successfully, and saved the
Capital of their State from destruction.
When the history of the rebellion is truly
written, no part, which relates to Pennsyl
vania, will reflect more credit on the patriot
ism, courage and fidelity of her people than
their prompt answer to the call madefor
military service for domestic protection. It
is a record of which the great body of the
people are a party, and of which they may '
all be proud.
In July, 1564, a rebel army again crossed
the Potomac, threatening the southern bor
der, and marched to Washington.
Under the pressing demands of the
National authorities all the organized troops
in Pennsylvania were immediately sent
forward. The rebel army was defeated and
driven back. A rebel column of three thou
sand men bad, however, crossed the border,
and on the 30th of July burned the town of
Chambersburg. In my message of last
year I stated in detail the movements of the
enemy and the circumstances attending the
destruction of that borough. Althougn the
people of all the southern border suffered
much from annual incursions of the enemy,
Chambersburg is the only town entirely
destroyed within our border, and, it is be
lieved, in any loyal State.
The citizens of the tows were suddenly
iebuced to poverty, and, for a time, were
sustained by the active benevolence of the
people of other parts of the State, aided by
an appropriation of one hundred thousand
dollars from the Commonwealth. They
have struggled energetically to revive from
this calamity, but it is now feared that few
of them will be able to succeed. I submit,
therefore, to the wisdom of the Legislature,
whether it would not be proper to extend
to that people some additional relief.
The number of troops furnished the ser
vice, front Pennsylvania, during the rebel
lion, may be stated as follows, viz
During the year 1861,
Do do 1862,
Lo do 1863,
Do , do 1861,
Do do 1665,
This statement is exclusive of militia and
enlistments for the "United States Navy.
I refer for more perfect details of all the
military operations, of the State to the
reports of the Adjutant General of the
other military departments of the State,and
to my previous annual messages. This
brief military record would be imperfect if
I failed to commend the fidelity, zeal and
industry of the military departments of the
State, and to express my personal obliga
tions for the ready obedience and constant
support I have uniformly received from the
chiefs of the Departments and officers of my
personal staff.
An approximate judgment of the amount
el labor performed by these departments,
and in the office of the Secretary of the Com
monwealth, may be made, when it is stated
that over forty-three thousand (43,000) mili
tary commissions were issued during the
The first request for troops from this
State was dated at Washington, on the loth
of April, 1861, and on the 16th the telegraph
announced to the War Department that
over 4,000 men were at Harrisburg, await
ing marching orders.
It is our proud privilege to have it re
membered that the first military aid, from
the loyal States, which reached Washing
ton, was the force of 460 Pennsylvanians
who arrived there on the 18th day of April,
and that when the Capital of the Nation was
the second time threatened, after the battle
of Bull Run, the regiments of the Pcnnayl
vania Reserve Corps were the first troops
sent forward.
From the beginning of the war to the close
the State bas never faltered in its support of
the Government.
Proceeding in the strict line of duty, the
resources of Pennsylvania, whether in men
or money, have neither been withheld nor
squandered. The history of the conduct of
our people in the field, is illuminated with
incidents of heroism worthy of conspicuous
notice ; but it would be imposeble to mad,
iron ,
them in the proper limits- of a message,
without doirig iteustice,or,perhaps, making
invidious distinctions. ;z3
Arrangements are in progress to have a
complete history of our regirr.eiats, such as
has been contemplated and is provided for
in an act of Assembly already passed;• and
on this subject I commend the report of the
Executive Military Department to your
favorable consideration. It world' be alike
impossible to furnish a history of the asso
ciated benevolence and of the large indi
vidnal contributions to the comfort of our
people in the field and hospital, . or of•the
names and services, at all times,. of our
volunteer surgeons, when called to assist in
the hospital or on the battle field: norisit
possible tordojustice to the many patriotic
Christian men who were always ready to
respond when summoned to the exercise of
acts of humanity and benevolence.
Onr armies were sustained and strength
ened in the field, by the patriotic devotion
of their friends at home; and we can never
reader full justice to the heaven-directed,
patriotic—Christian benevolence of the wo
men of the State.
During the war I had occasion, from time
to time, to communicate freely with the
Legislature on subjects bearing upon the
interests of•the men representing the State
in the armies:of the Republic.
It is with a sense of unfeigned gratitude
that I acknowledge how cheerfully and
promptly the Leigislature and the people
acted upon my suggestions, whether for the
support of the government, the enlistment
and organi7sttion of troops, or for the com
fort of our people already in the field.
Without this generous confidence and
liberal support, the labors of the Executive
would have been in vain: the treasure that
has been ex pended would have been wasted,
precious lives lost would have been an
empty sacrifice the bruised hearts of kin
dred and friends would have been without
solace the strong men whose health has
been broken and whose bodies have been
maimed would have been monuments of
heroism wasted, and the honor of this great
Commonwealth would have been degraded
amidst the fallen ruins of the institutions of
the Republic.
The report of the Hon. Thomas H. Bur
rowed, shows the gratifying result, under
his active management,of the system adopt
ed by the State, for the maintenance and
education of the orphans of our soldiers.
His report exhibits the fact, that 1,242 or
phans are now actdally admitted to the
schools, and that 1,846 applications in all
have been allowed, and orders issued for
their admission, many of whom have been
admitted since his report. It will also be
seen that the largest appropriation that
ever will be required, will be for this awl
the two ensuing years, and that then the
amount will be gradually reduced. I have
heretofore commended this charity to you,
and I deem it unnecessary to add another
word, in asking a continuation o an appro
priation which is to providefor and educate
the best blood of the State, and support the
living legacies which have been bequeathed
us by the men who laid do's in their lives for
the country.
When we remember that every sort of public and
private pledge that the eloquence of man could tier ,
or utter, was given to our soldiers as they went --
ward. tbatif they fell, their orphans should become;
the children of the State, I cannot ror an instant sup
pose that you will hesitate to continue an appropria
tion which is to bless their little ones, providing com
fortable 'homes. instead of leaving them ha want and
dear Ration, many of them to fall victims to vice and
At the trios , of the invasion of the:..North. in 1863. by
the rebel army, the President made a requisition on
me for militia to serve during the emergency The
men came forward promptly, to the number of 36,588,
of whom upwards of 25,0e0 refused to be mustered a c e of
service of the United States, in consequence of
circumstances of prior occurrent* not necessary to be
here stated.
In this embarrassment, the emergency being very
pressing, after consultation with the President, he an
therizea and requested me to call them on bemalf of
the State. and for the defence of the State, the United
States paying all the expenses of their clothing, equiv.-
men:, subsistence. etc. It was, however. alleged that
there was no appropriation for their pay. To remove
this diflculty the General Government applied to
banks and other moneSed corporations in Philadel
phia to advance the amount of the pay, on a pledge
that, wile n Congress met, the passage of the bill to re•
GT horse them should be recommended.
These instate ions declined this Proposition, but ex
pressed their willingness to make the advances if
would pledge myself to recommend to the Legislature
the passage of such an act in case Congress should no;
provide for reimbursing them. toper these circum
stances I received from the Executive of the United
states the pledge which he had proposed to give to the
banks, .5 c., and upon that I gave the necessary pledge
to them. and they advanced the required lauds accord
'', gly. The foliose-we t elegratn from the secretory of
N.‘ ar will show in part the ground on which I acted :
WAsBINGTuN, July 22, ltdt.—Jo fits .e..Xcelfrilcy Gtr.
A. G Curt n: Your telegrams respecting the pay of
militia called out under your proclamation of the 2 - th
or June. have been referred to the Pr.:Adept for in
structions, and have been under his cmsideratiou lie
direr , s me to say that, while no law or appropriation
authorizes the payment by the General Government of
troops that have not been mustered into the service of
the United states: he will recommend to Con •.,r , ss to
make an appropriation for the payment if troops
called into state service to repel an mutat invasion, In
cluding those or the state of Pennsylvania. If, In the
meantime. you can raise the necessary amount. as hos •
been done in other states, the appropriation will be
uplifted to refund the advance to those who made it.
- Measures Lave been taken tor the paynic ut of troops
mustered into the United states service. ss soon as
the muster snit pay rolls are made our. The answer
01 this D- partmeat to you, as Governor of the State.
will be given directly to yourself whenever the De
partment is prepared to make answer.
(signed) EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War .
When Congress met. the Executive or the 'United
States did not reef impend the passage of the necessary
Pet. 1 have understood that the su' ject was called to
the attention of the proper committee by the Secretary
or War, but, as the President did not send a message
explainitg the circumstances of the case, the appro
pi tat lon failed a. the members or Congress had thus
no means of explaining to their constitueros the differ
ence between this case ,which was in substance a loan
to the United States, upon the pledge of the Executive
for its re payment,) and the case of the voluntary ex
penditure of money for military pus poses by Pennsyl
vania and most of the other State,. o
/ will add, that the men cams into the service for the
emergency only, and on the latih Mist they should be
discharged as soon as, in my judgment, the emer
gency should have ceased. The enitergency ceased im
mediately alter tr e battle of Gettysburg, which cme
xnenced on the Ist of July, 1861; yet the men, against
my urgent and repeated remonstrances, were k eat in
the r ervice long afterward oend used by the Unite
States lOr various purposes. The last of thein - Were-slotr
discrarged tilt in September.
I recommend that the Legislature adopt measures to
bring the subject again before Congress, and obtain re
payment of this sum, amounting 5'e.71.476 43, with in
terest on the same, which the General Government
has thus far so unwarrantably withheld.
Great injustice has been done to private soldiers,who
went into the service under thu provisions of tne act
of congress, by refusing to pay them the full bounties
offered by the terms or that act The following letter,
which I addressed to the Secretary of War, sulliciently
explains the positieu of this affair:
volunteersuects connected with the
discharge of w h ic h are of to much impor
tance that I feel justified in calling your attention to
. 43,046
. 01,704
. 25,840
First. The men are being paid only to the day of z ,
their arrival at the pl.ce they are to be discharged.
This will cause them to lose a few days,
pay, depending principally , tu on the promptness and 4
dispos Lion (1 the officers of tne rniied State, [taring ,
the matter in charge. it is a matter of litt,e moment,‘
to the Government, but the men feel It to he an in,los
tice, no if, under the act. er Congress. they can be
paid until discharged, I think you will agree with:
&mut. In Circular Ito. 29, from Provost Marshal
General's Office, dated July 19, 1864. "under which the. t •01
volunteers now to be discharged were raised:* it Is
stated that the bounty provides by law. Is es follows: • -
"For recruits, including repreive =M it a%
e or colored. $100." '
•ndit is further added, that, the 'Brat instalment of -
the bounty will be paid when the rentigt mustered In
”To a recruit who enlisted in the they for one year,'
On these terms the men enlisted and they are of
opinion that they are entitled to the remainder of •
bounty when discharged frem service.
It ka propoeed, however, to pay them bat a part of
this remainder, becarche the Government does ,not , re- •
Quire their services for the full term'of their enlist
and appears:l(i be a breach of the centrwit
between the Government and the:men. Tile
was held out by the Government en an Indtiochnent
. • tinned on the Eigix age. - „v••