Newspaper Page Text
•V: -. E. QUiNI.A.N4 J. T.
G. IV. RYAN.
J. A. WILT.
A. T. LILLEY.
---- -- --- - i
Commanications may be sent to either of the
above editors, las may be preferred,' and will appear
in the issue of Wh.ich he has charge.
3. Aicnntw WILT, tidiar.j
TEACHERS- AHD TEACRINcI.
have frequently expressed the opin.
ion in these columns, that' better teachers
and better schools would, bring better
wages. We, still adhere to the same opin
ion. It is true that $2.2' per month will
bring as 'much now, as $3O would during
the war; bat we claim that the teachers
were not paid as much as they. should
4- have been. The, salaries of common.
sch(iol teachers have never been in the
' same proportion to other professions. We
think the teachers themselveti are to
blame. Too many have kept'+echool, ib
stead of teaching
Some of the teachers in the county have
received even more than they earned—at
eight and ten dollars a month and " beard
around." Iu some places the Directors
would have acted wisely to have had no
school at all, because the teacher did not
Sonic rkople thinli for the summer
r .scliools the teacher needs but very little
or no quniifications, and consequently
they will harwitlAhe Directors and County
Superintendent until a &rtificate is ob
tained,l.and the poor miserable , schoel ;
gcerer is in charge of . frem :IT. to 30 chil
dren to point them to the road: of leain
ing,, arid prepare •them for the different
statioris of life, when Ilia-teacher doe , a
not know the first principles of the thing
with which she is to labor. The teach,
er knows nothing about the structure of
the body of the children, to say nothing
of the mind with which they have most
:to do. . • •
Would any farmer entrust a span of
colts to "break" to a boy who bad never
',mix about, or had anything to do with
horses, and did not understand• their dis
positions? This illustration is not strong
enough ; for, a boy might have strength
enough to manage the colts by " brute
'force," but he would so spoil the colts as
i to make it necessary, to constantly use the
same to keep•down the bad disposition
which he had originally cultivated by his
-i . :gnoratice, and not knowing how to man- .
age them when colts. . •
Just so with this teacher, she does not
know how. to do anything
. only because
s:ie knows some ono else did 'so,. and if
'she did anything properly, it is not be
close she knows why—but simply be
cause she is R good rinitator. 8 eh teach
ers desi.rve about as much credi as:teach
ers a• l l.some apes and' monkeys, who have
been taught, to imitate well. Some of oar
s•o-ralled teachers are great imitators, but
notr teachers. - • .
et is possible that these teachers have
all been married, and . have learned prat-s
tically sonn lessons in instructing their
own offspring, or have left- the county.
We Iti?me there are none such,in this coun
ty now. We do not believe the is.
Igo doubt 'limy of our readers will
think we are rather derogalorx to the
standing and qualification of some of the
teachers that we have had in this county.
We do not mean to be sarcastic, but we
speak of,thcm because we believe-them to
be facts, and to show the folly of employing
• such persons, and the positive injury that
may result from it.
We.speak of these facts because we be
lieve them to be matters of the past. The
reason why . why we think-so is, that the
teachers of the county show more zeal in
their work than in the past. The County
Superintendent is doing much good work
• to prevent any such deficient and unqual
ified teachers friar getting into the schools.
The Superinteudentlas given the teach
erS a chance to learn by a day'ti drill after
each exaMination; and these -drills are
well attended and Much interest manifest.
ea on the part of the teachers.
These are goWiTttrittatione ; we are
glad that we hake in s ch" encouragements.
We believe theitichers are beginning to
-comprehend the; difference between teach
,i og pupils and keeping 4!chOol."
HILL, March 6, 1879
J. ANDur:w EDC
c)crri)N-AL DEPSRTMENT—Dear Sir: In
closed, idcase find- solution of problem of
your issue of the ath instant : •
Our - winter school closed two weeks
ago. Oar teacher, Mr. Vaughn, was en
crlietib'Cand faithful to . the interests of
scholars and parents, and apparently as
well or betmer qualified to conduct a sue-
(*slut school than many who have pie
ceded him, but the term of three months
is so short that compaiatively very little
can be accomplished, and scholars during
the long vacation lose much valuable time
If our State .laws were so amended t t t
itc.lieu of two terms of threelnuths each,
di;tricts that prefer it could bealioweci to
expend the same money and hire a com
petent teacher ftir a couthinous. term of
live mouths, beginning in . ..N.'pvniber and
closing the iirq or April. lam satisfied
our children would hinny much better ad-
'vancemeut than our present system of
! short terms. It would seem merciless to
make any elfinges that would necessitate
au incrcave °Oases, as the burthens are
now greater than we can i ear, but to.de
rive the greatest In netits from the amount
expended should be the aim Of all school .
officials. . •
. Our present division of terms operates
badly, in many ways. To illustrate, we
_ will assume we have a good thorough
, teacher., •
, -Now thoroughness is a god thing, but
some teachers make a hobby of it. They
arc determined to be thorough let what
may come. They take perhaps
vaneed class in arithmetic, that probably
the term before got as far as partial pay
'mein& Well he starts the class at the
beginning, and in his thorough manner
takes them along (but I am afraid he does
not teaell them to add properly. rnever
kiiew a district school that did, notwith
standing their thoroughness. 'He would
hardly allow an advanced class in reading
to spell every word as they read either
orally or mentally, yet in addition the
most practical part of arithmetic he not .
_ only allowS, but teaches them to cons
' pute the sums of numbers by the slow
arid inaccurate process of spelling Oat
'each fighre that enters into the combina
tion instead of allowing the perception
faculties full scope and reading up, or
down a column of figures as rapidly and
accurately as a person will read a line of
printed matter in a book, 'or a muscian
thenfour parts of,a piece of music at the
glance of an eye)._ But to return to our
thorough teacher. He takes them along
perhaps to percentage, but fiffiling some
one in the class is not exactly accurate
with his decimal point he thinks it best to
review so they Will all understand it thor
oughly, and beginning again at .the first
of the book, by tee end of the term he
has his elasti perhaps over to partial pay
meats wherC they bad/been the year le.
• fore. it is a commenced class in alge
bra be will take them about to equation',
the point where a 'scholar just begins to
feel some interest. Nine months elapse,
and perhaps 'we have another teacher, not
one of the thorough kind but onethat en-
joys himself or herself better teaching the
fore part of arithmetic and algebra than
they do the last part; and as a resift our
boys and girls again get to partial pay
ments in arithmetic, and equations in al-
While criticising teachers I wish to say
a - word about the bad , effects of the un-
grammatical language teachers use. For
natince &teacher says to a 'scholar at a
grammar recitation when be parsed a
word wrong : "It hain't got no objeat."
This is a truthful statement of an expres-
sion made by , one of our teachers during '
a,grammar recitation, and probably not a
day passed during ; his term of school
without the frequent use of ungrammati-
sal language, not because be did not nn•
derstand the principles of English gram.
"'Liar' and know that two negatives destroy
eacVother, but because the habit of using
such expressioas was so bens and bred
With him that it is hard to get out of the
old ruts and apply to practice what he
really knows. This being true it becomes
doubly important that teachers correct
their habits in this respect that our chil
dren espeeally i in the school room may
have our language properly rendered. A
celebrated educator in speaking of the ,
yOuthful mind admonishes teachers "that
while it is as wax to receive, it
p is as dura
ble to retain." .
A writer in yoar columns seems •to
think the present arrangement for the Fo.
lection of school books is about as good as
any. I can't agree with him. Under this
system we are subject to frequent and ar
bitrary chango, imposing upon patients
heavy and unnecessary expense to benefit
a few traveling agents in our county and
enrich publishers. If our schools were
commensurately benefitted we would not
complain, but this is not the cage. We
are terribly imposed upon by publishing
houses and their agents in the prices they
exact for books after once getting them
The Wisconsin system it seems to me,
is far superior to ours. There a State
Commissiork selectS the text books. To
this Comm i ssion the local school officers
in all parts of the State within a specified
time are required to make estimates of
the nufnber of each kind of books requir
ed by the .. school or schools under their
charge in addition to the copies of said
books then in use, during a period of ,
three years. On receipt of these reports
the board is to advertise for bids fur fur
nishing the books needed according to
This advertising shall be repeated once
in three years, and, whenever an award is
made to any bidder the commission is to
enter into contract with such bidder. to
supply all books or the kind awarded, re
quited by the pupils of the public schools
Of the State more or Less for three years
at a price for each book or series of books
not exceeding the price named in the bid.
With such a law in our State there is no
doubt but our text books would be pro
cured at a cost of less than one-half of
what we now pay, and thousands of dol
lars saved thereby. Would it not be well
if our County Superintendents in conjunc
tion with the State Superintendent would
move in this matter' and procure the re
quired legislation for a reform of some
kind. I never have had the pleasure of
meeting our. worthy County Superintend
ent, he having so far as I know given
Tuscarora a wide berth the past winter.
We hope to. make his aequaintance. I
have no doubt he is heartily engaged in
his work and will advance the standard of
education in our county. PARENT.
PROBLEM.-A, B and C get dinner for
66 cots. A says he will pay B Kips -
will pay 1 1,C says he will pay What
shall each Pay ?
Solution—AK pays B and Cl.
Hence, according tO the proposition, they
all pay 1342, but as the whole can only
consist of 1242, which in this cas--60
cents or bill :
A pays 643 of 60 cents=--27 0-13 cents.
B pays 443 of 60 cent-18 143 cents.
C pays l 343 of 60 centtl3 1143 cents.
WE are obliged to " Parent " for the
communication from Tuscarora township,
and hope parents from other townships
will show their interest in edicational
matters by giving us the benefit of their
views. We hope to hear from " Parent"
WE hear m• ny favorable commenda
tims of Coo ty Superintendent Ryan's
of visi l tatiou throughout the county.
We are i formed that he intends to pub
lish th • weekly hereafter.
TIT E reason why the districts do not
• t their State appropriation, is that there
are no funds in the Treasury at Harris
QusQutal ANNA COLLEGIATE -IN
ETITUTfL. Spring Term wilfbegin MONDAY.
th, I$ 9. ,Expenses for board, tuition and
furnished room from $lBO to 088 per year. For
c i atalotuti or further particulars address the Prin
cipal. EDWIN E. QUINLAN. A.M.
ToviaLda, March 18, 1879. 771
Beg leave to thank the people of TOWANDA. foi
their very generous patronage extended to Ahern
heretbfare, sod respectfully solicit a continuance
of the same. We shall at all times keep a full sup
FRESH AND SALT MEATS,
FISH AND OYSTERS IN THE . SEASON.
We also keep a good assortment of
c. GABLIEN VEGETABLES, FRUIT, *c.4
tif-All goods delivered free of chime.
MtILLOCK & RCNDELL.
Towanda. Pa.. Sept. 19. 1878. lett
BOARDING AND EXCHANGE
The undersigned haying rented the old Means
Roue Barn, and minded himself with •
NEW BIJG lES AND WAGONS,
Is now prepared to accommodate the pone at
itirNew Bugglei for sale cheap
Towanda. Pa.:4WIT li. /ea
IST OF LEGAL BLANKS
Dented and kept on sale at the !taroks'* °zinc&
at wholesale or retail. . .
Collectors Bond. •
Constable's Return. •
Attleles of Agreement, Wm/.
Bond on Attainment..
Petition for License.
nand tar License.
Note Jadgement Seal.
Nate Juireatent S per cent. added.
Tnwn order Hook.
• traillretT Nnisytiaola Rom)
in Warr witty, irrairr.guaza, 1.
- B. B. Hoz.tvir, Agent.
•.• , •
Street mews the Hems even Silent ettaatsa.
astrtsi a re der. JpeelA rates Om te coal.
mere mat stopping o'er Sunday. Lspr.SlL.
CALL AND 'SEE VS
DILICVAN NO USE, BLIIIRA, N. T.
Tome i, of tie Ward Howe, Toiniada,Ps,
FOR. FINE MILLINERY,
TRIMMIMOR AND LADIES• GARMENTS 01
all EAST WATER STREET, ELMIRA. N. T.
w . Lead all Competitors
GEmTy & MORREL,
DRUGGISTS SUNDRIES, PA'S ENT XEDICIRE
Feb. lA. '79.
JAS.:I; It H. WALKER,
336 gas: Water Street,
ZLNIRA, N. Y.,
- STEAM it GAS FITTERS
Resideneie and Public Buildings fitted NUR Bat
and Cold Water. Steam Heating Direct •or Indi
A full supply of Gas Fixtures, OW aloha. /Ike.
Steam ee. add
ges. iron CheckV Lead lTA
and.a full supply of Steam Fittings.
Eitimates Promptly Given.
Elmira, N. Y.. May is, il7*.
LADIES AND GENTS,
FADED DRESSES, COATS, OE ANY ARTICLE
THAT NEEDS CLEANING OE DYEINCIi
GIVE SATISFACTION OR VAN . FOR THZ
CELEGRATED DYE & CLEANSING WOEKS,
' 4E4,131 &JR:3 WATEVeGT.,
ILMIII.A; N. T.l
D. air Wort returned C. O. D: by express It de
stied. . msylO.
AA C. BRINK;
Manufacturer & Dealer In
Vermont and Italian
MONUMENTS & TOMB STONES
scarf( and American'
MARBLE & SLATE MANTELS,
WEST WATER STREET,
• ELMIRA, N. Y. ,
Elmira, April 18, 1878.
SPRING .OP 1879..4 . 1
ROSENtAITM & kiONS, •
201 EAST WATER-BT.,
Rathbun Howe, Block
ELMIRA, N. Y.
Desire to Inform their many patronsi and friends.
in Bradford and surrounding coenties that they
wilt have open by APRIL Ist for Inspection, the
largest, finest and mast irrirled assortment. of
Ever opend In this city, to. which we Invite atten
tion. Our past record forfalr dealing must speak
for us this season.
A cal/ solicited, and satisfaction guaranteed in;
REMEMBER Trig PLACE,.
201 EAST WATER STREET,
• , -
ELMIRA, NEW YORK.
March 19, 181 4 9.
GRANT & DEWATERS T •
B. W. LANE.
- opposnothe Depot;
6. T. BUITII. • Psorstrgoz.
At Low Prise;
RAPSILYEA & HILL,
126,, LAZ &MIXT.
zLNIBA. N. Y.
To as. We will
WIIOLUALE. AND RETAIL DEALERS
In all kinds of
TOP AND OPEN BUGGIES
FARM & PLATFORM WAGONS
MOWERS AND REAPERS
SULKY HAY RAKE'St
MOWING MACHINE SECTIONS
AND KNIVES TO FIT
ISO LARE:STREET, ELMIRA, N. V'
AT TU TIMM
PREMIUM HARNESS STORE
C. tr. wur..4DoN a wit
Have In stock the lamest and most complete mot
FARM AND. FINE HARNESS
TULL as be tonna in any Mere between A/beny
and Elmila; Won
SPORTING AND TURF GOODS.
I large variety of
TRUNKS AND SATCHELS
A wireectoplete am! of
TEAK AND TRACK WHIPS
A largerand bbiter ancortmeni of
LADIES' AND . GENTS,.RIDING
- te.emelwko. we say that we hays
that sae be named eawsetal with a t= n oi
Ude Wad, that we are itaVaus to wk. Wake all sad
PULL DOWN YOUR, VEST
Aed ems ap sad see m, sad we wIII , • •
- what we say. A*
see t. irwrzic graarr, tunas, ..11.-T
gs„ Sits of the Gold Coneteel •
CHAS. U. WHEA.DON sc SON
o o r• zrx
-- `IIAtER PI'PE •
CHAIN. PUMP TUBING.
IP6e and erslosed fuming ressmad a beilam at kis
:41 tit= readY o l na l ttl a rr ilis
dT P 111013 TO 8171 T TIM Torsi.
- • . A. WYCKOFF,
cep to I.e, Homan, =mina
122 3. R. Ave., Elmire s. N. Y.
arm 114 ISM t 11
j_L• M. KENT
CMCYI I I-lING-
Gents' Furnishing Goods,
1113 EAST WATEM STAIKEIN
LORING BLOCK, ELMIRA.
MMUS, N. Y. Jano'll, 111713.,
GLASSWARE AND LAMPS
I havejust opened a very Ilne Mat of Goods for
the Spring trade.
AMERICAN PORCELAIN, -
And a splendid stock of LAMPS . of all kinds.
W Call and secure bargains in the skive goods
T. W. ELMORE,
131 EAST WATER STREET. '.
Elmira, N. Y., March ST,
The undersigned haring pirebased from Mr.
McKean the COAL YARD
AT THE FOOT OP PINE STREET, NEAR THE
Invites the patronage, of Ma old friends and the
public generally. I shalt keeps full assertment
or all dies,
PITTSTON, WILKESBABRIL , AND LOYAL
AND BIIALL UM& AT -
LOWEST PRICES FOR CASH.
NATHAN - TIDD.
Towanda, re.. Aug. St. 1871. ilyt
'FRY lIERCUR, •
COAX= PLIIK AND atTl4 Siams, TOWANDA.
Coal screened; and delivered to any part of the
Bone, 4ablllig .cartage to the above price.. ALL
Towanda, Jan 8.18'7.
Wasin e ess garbs.
If YOU Irish to sell your
HAY, GRAIN, BUTTER & PRODUCE
generally Ibr RZADT naell, et the highest inartet
trees call at',
MITE' h PARK'S WYSAPHING, PA,.
where you wilt lila° end • well selected stoehef
goods, selling et bottom prices.
Wysanking, Sept, 20,111T7.
FANCY GOODS 11 .
The ladies of TOWANDA 116.0 respectfully invited
. to call at.
ILLINZILY STORN. and examine the RIM
GOODS prat received from the cities. Our stock
comprises everything in the line of MILLINWNT,
FANCY GOOD. and Tntmutsos, and we aressit.
Inc at astonishingiy LOW PAWNS.
/a-Having secured the services of MissSOLITH.
&RD, a VAIIIIIONABLZ Daus.MARRa, Wi aro
prepited to do ail work In this line on the shortest
nodes.- SNELL & FARNHAM.
Towanda. Pi, Sept. 17. 1878.
ROSECRANSE & BREWER,
♦nnoanee to the people Or Towanda and vicinity
that they we now prepared to fiarlibb
FRESH AND, SALT MEATS,
POULTRY, FISIT, OYSTRIIR,
Mod Vegetables to marmots:o. at the most mini
able_ rates. Everything purchased of us
delivered promptly free of charge.
40'0w location. ONE DOOR NORM OR
SCOTT'S BAKERY, is coficealeut foe; all. '
we boy the beet stock. sad take great palm to
keep everything to the tent order. Olvetaa a call.
ROSECRANk 4 salmis.
Towanda. Dee. 1.
THE OLD MARBLE YARD • •
• STILL IN OPERATION.
The undersigned having perehasedi the BAR.
ALS YARD of the late CDCORGIC 311cCASS, de.
fares to Infers the public that lowing easpioped
experienced men, be 4 ptepurd to do ail lands ef
ter* is the line of
to the very best tan t= add at st rates.
pariahs dogmas mum* to the Idiot& It are
I to aadeaataiae wort. sad sine watt
Tainode, Pa., Var. LS, 1878.
M. -& Rosenfield's
TWENTY-IPIPTE GRAND ANNUAZ
IL B. ROSENFIRLD'B.
MEN'S, BOYS' 'AND Vfillp
ConfiglAir Atm entire Dew Use of
AMINO AND MOM &AMINO,
GENTS FURNISHIN4 GOODS,
Of the 21 eldest and Best Streit, and at the lowest
I bs( to nil the Attention of our m others if they
•anti nobby salt for their little toys, In Ens aa4
an other styles, please-tan on ma
.1171AN111E - IMPORT. TDROIIAS.
. ING ELANWHEIIII.
-M. E. ROSENFIELD.
Towanda. Nardi 12. Wt.
SirAn lospecUou of cur stock wilt octerince the
MEDICAL ELECTRICITY !
IB lIER PRACTICI IN TiIIBBOROUGH DUBiR6 TER
Her increased knowledge snakes her
to treat nearly all diseases Incident to oar raw
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS OWEN TO FUEL
Afi n r a g itics
of the Eyes,
• Inflammation or the Liver, .'
t • Aho
Chronic Mau •
Bt. Vine Dame,
Curvature of the Spine,
Bright's Disease of tbeEldneys,
Poplar-et., wed of Western &venue,
Wide On may be found at an boom
THE, SUBSCRIBER TAKES
Pleieute tit calling the attention of his numer
ate pstrotorsed the public generally, to the feet
,that he still !matinees •
GENERAL MARKET BUSINESS
At the OLD STAND of NYSE & EIINDELL, In
'Carroll's Block, nearly =the Mani HOU"
and that be Is ptepit to I - • •
SALT AND FRESH MEATS,
VEGETABLES AND BERRIES
Of the very best quality, et u low rouses any other
SPRING OF 1879.
Hata, Caps, itc.,
15 'PER CENT. LESS
rise any other house to the, county.
Opposite Park, TOWANDA, re.
000DS - jUSTRIVED.
In.great variety, made to order, at the
VERY LOWEST PRICE.
LACIEL MATALABSZ CLO4ILINGS,
GENTS TUENISUING GOODS
From SO to CI to &Ise.
• J. DOI:MUCH,
Main Strast, Towanda, Pi.
Dated Oct. 24," 1878. • , Uti
MRS. W. H. COVEBDLAE,
RAN EFFECTED MINT WONDERFUL
LY TEMALZ COMPLAINTS,
sad other diseases too numerous to mention.
C. X MI ER.
Juno t. 11t71-tt
REDUCED PRICES 1
The eedersfireed Is deter
PLANING, KATCHING, AND RL-BAWINO,
Mad all kinds of Plaillnrotall Work,
AWAY Do visr DOWN!! DOWN DI
So tar ism caul an It.
havf oe band a kiwi dock et
LASE AND D 0023.
WU* I sot solttag at pekes to ottt tlio tlaill.
Natio rotHptl3r to alit, at a !Ow pito% f
tr YOU WART TO cart RICH owl,
Can sad see mrTadssad Mae.
Dueber bangle toms to be ens& *alb. latp
motet tow lad perfectly dry teem way
Geed sheds terser bees% led a erg plate te lead
- L s. 110D011311. •
tonsils, Jas. U, l/11.
?%N3 NEW nut 'LUZ Boezia
Aralagessat et Possasen India to take et,
.. 0 . .... ;.. Lynn...
4 . .... ...4144444 ..
• a • 1141 .... ...I th aca...
99 ;$ 000 ...... A 414417 3 -..
In 0 , 117 0 , —En ra ..
1 , 0 145 0, • •.W444119..
24 101 , 1 14, 1115 ....Sam...
It 101 00 1 lin ...Athens...
33 ........ 9...1111133..
---.. a . on . .
i us - .:ercurni
.... 101 . Wyssetts
.. on .11131 g Ili
„, . t oss ihun•erile
. .j . .. 10 n 9,4oehtim .
a 1012 4W. 7 1419191 . 0 4
3 33 n Is - 1 . 4444 7 914 / 0
.. 11 20'81414s 7.4143
a . 11 37 ;Melboppen
... 11 44 114104,407.
i nse Tatitbsat
~.. is so . La Grano.
.... 12 iss ....94114....
130 Lakß /one
31 301 Wll3. :
7 40 4 331 4 1'ea Chun
sse sis • Atlentown
033 is si .Betblebest
al 11 0%_,X 9 i 899 _••••
1 s Ortglairlpals
s Aim York
. 14 4. . ii rat.
.11 - I
8 1 03
. 1 ' 1 "
7 q ll
12 I& 5 101
0.7 L A.X
Milos a and IS run daily. tileeplft.ears on Naito
a and la between Niagara Palls sad Philadelphia
and between Lyon and New York without ebangea
Parlor earl on Trains and a between Niagara
Balls aLd Philadelphia without change.
- R. ♦. PACW Nape..
- Sayre, Pa., Nov. 10011711. P. & N. Y. IL B.
froaria sub Wrnisioss.
et :et 9 Q
0 v to n V f 3: 10 w
4 i gt 4 I P
PPP.'; 2 c f i.„
p. O -Fs 0
o e , 11 0
6 .3 i t a• ' ti
g oft el
z; - x .
..1 2. j• ,4
i 1. kr 1 IA 31
r"4 a 9
1 - 4 6 Itt w .
. .. V I r n
. lam, I , ve 14 I _ l
4 L ig 4
igs- J.; .m% . Q
Z S. a Fd
t 4 a 1 .p . i 'g i
C E... St co w iji ‘,‘
0 8 3jg &
ro El . 0 0
Fil it,.. El 3g , <1 0
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9 5 1 H .
0 4 .1/ 2
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gg, P CI yn
el .9 N W 4
C/2 F, og
til V CD
1? F. DITTRIC II &CO.,
GROCERIES & PROVISIONS
VERY LOWEST MARKET
A" a specialty we offer ea extra grade of
_WHITE WHEAT ,FLOUR,
At a price not to be found elsewhere subject to ho
_ returned If not satisfactory.
A fresh supply of &led Fruits just received;
among which can be found German Prunes of our
Towanda, Jan. SO., 187 n
IL B. &F. It Owen,
RED, WRITE & BLUE TEA STORE,
BY SELLING AT BOTTOM• L'RWZS.
PREPARATORY TO REKOVAL ON' APB. IST
TO CORNER OR LIMN i RRIDOE.BTS
TEAS, COFFEES, SUGAR
PORK, HAMS, FLOUR,
SPICES OF ALL KINDS,
RICE, RAISINS & CANNED GOODS.
Coto. and see us and we will do you
CAM PAII4,FOR BUTTER & EGO&
lowß4s, hb.27, ir,.
This wellAsoens house has hoes tbomagbly row
some& oat repaired throegbent. sae the propel&
her is sow erepered to offer dretetassitereemoda.
Uses to theasbffe, ea , the met resiestatie terms.
ism 1, JEIMINIII.
elmads. es, Noe 2. ism
r.x. rat. a Ili r9l
1•9 I .... 1 ....
1144 I , 1104....
WOO Si , 1003.-
811 112511 0....
941 115 1 1 8 1 14 ...R
114 i 941 *....
10 .... 9 2140
4 ....Is 30 MI
3;090,0 11 /X
4 lll*s 40r
4 110•,• 10 42
4111 11 835 04 35
.... 112414 5411 28
...-. 11 144 07 15
OM 00 35r100
.... 10101 [ 4 ie..—
... 10 80 , 410...;
• ... 102014 Os .... i
1 .. •10 05,3 42:-
302 9 40[4 34 la
.. 9 4213 80 15
1.... 9243-15 --
•••• 91 01 a 094 x
i 2 115 4GI 471930
... 4442 371920
I ... 4 2 261106
1 33 it as 2 934 01
IN 7801 441140
11 03 .... 11101410
1002 .... 1007441
9 .... sews.
9 .... 9 ix 840
8 .... 111'230
6 ...• 6ti 00
!OM. A.M. • rill
(Old MAIM of C. B. Path.)
We Hare on hand • large stock at
Which ore over to the public at the
WE WILL NOT BE
U'N D - E RSOL In
E. F. DITTAICH & CO
Propose to redoes their Wok
(Wholesale and Retell)
In Gore now occupied by Geo. Stevens.
We two In stocks fall lane of
SYRUPS k MOLASSES.
la bet, emerstldag to the Grocery Ltaa.
B. a F H. OWEN,
\ (soma lIDS ITIIILIC SQVAZI.)
NEW CAlgtritaz FArTdall
-tot* wr Nagatilicolloi.
Mclntyre 111, Spencer
Ramodhillyeasosoor or Wito pointillist*/ ars
pooparol to 0,114 AR Wok 01 ^
t SAMMY cm:guess. "
TOP AlaiD 01 1 115 1113110/112.
MAIMS i PLM7OI4II 81111110 WAOOaS,
,iIROTTINCI SIILNLIS & 111211.17011111,
Vide kri best siterfiirsad fa the best styli.
AU work Irsersatad IA give paint satistainSeo.
PAINTING A APNCIALTY.
We ban one of the best Carriage Painters to the
matey, sad de all work la this Use at the lowest
Al lands of
Nesittand promptly dale at vedneea prim,
Kiklag new wisp aid repairing old weft
epee calk leity. An week guaranteed. Please give ass
McINTICRE t SPICNCZR.
Towanda. Aprll 11. Ir 7.
groan y pat.
AND NEW GOODS!
N. J. Madill
Has Med up the old store of O. A. Blatt with
tau Use of
SILVER PLATED 'GOODS,
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS!
♦ great variety*,
LAMPS, ' LANTERNS, CHIMNEYS 1
• NEW DEPARTURE
Bain Machines of the leading , makes sold felt
Cash at store, at wonderfully low prices,
NIACIIINE NEEDLES & OIL
LADIES, GENTS AND CHILDREN
Are Invited to loot over our assortment, as we are
determined to do all In our power to please. Re
member the place,
"OLD CHOCKED:I' IITOBIL"
Towseda. Nay 10, ICI.
L. B. POWELL,
115 Wyoming Avenue,
has a large stock.of second and PIANO%
and ORIGI&MH. which he offers au I=rii
no one iTAMMETosen to buy an instru
ment elsewhere without first getting - prices
(row . him. During the past felt. years, be has
been doing an extensive renting business - r and,
in consequence o f the unprecedented stringency
of the times, many of thole .instruments have
been returned. As soon as a PIANO or
-ORGAN is returned, it is immediately put
,:rough order by - his repairer, and, when
offered again, is in Its good condition 03 p4olble.
Some of these ho can warrant for five years, the
same as new ones, an opportunity being thus
given to obtain a THOROUGHLY-GOOD INSTRUMENT
at a very moderate price.
Mit. Powm has now in stock one 5-ectave
Prince Melodeon, piano-ease, $4O; one 6-octave
portable Melodeon, 645: one 5-octave 'Jubilee'
Organ, 6 stopa,ll,%; one 5-Octave New-England
Organ. 6 stole, $69, with 7 slam 165; with 8
stops, l 3; one Soctave Mason & Hardin Organ,
5 stops, HZ ; one 5-octave Mason & Hamlin
Organ, 175; one t,ighte, Newton. & Bradbury
Piano, 7-octave. $103; one Haines 'Brothers
Piano, 7-octave, $110; . one Chickering Piano,
7-octave , 4 mild. 17 5 ; ; one Chickering Piano,
7-octave, 4 round, 1625; ono Mizelton Piano,
7-octave, 627:3;- and many others which can not
be specified hem. ALWAYS IN STOCK. the
celebrated - CRICILERING I'IAIIOII
"id the unricaled IIIIMiON ift 11A1111ILINI
4 ,rORIGIANS., which ha is prepared to furuisli
litri7=7lloL&4ALE or. RKTAIL purchasers
at BOTTOM PRICES.
L. B. POWELL,
US Wyoming, Avenue, Scranton, Pa.
Keeps a Full Stock of (foods for the Parlor. Tied-
Room, Sitting-Room, Dining-Room and Kitchen.
It conslsts of
SOFAS; ,LOUNGES, CHAIRS,
MARBLE TOP TABLES,
FINE WALNUT CHAMBER SUITS,
DINING TABLES & CHAIRS.
In Common Goods there is
CANE AND WOOD-SEA:. CHAIRS,
EXTENSION ALFALL•LEAIP TABLES,
CRADLES, CENTRE TABLES,
IN GREAT VARIE'Y.
We make a Specialty of
BED SPRINGS 4, MATTRESSES
,COFFINS AND CASKETS .
Of all kinds and sties: A large st et of Tha.
Istnip, and the latest. Improvements to Corpse pro.
servers, Palla,jte. All' ftusprals are attended by a
eolopstent.vrsperleneed undertaker. We mate a
oaelalty of this branch, and OIIARANTSE SAT
ISFACTtOW both as to WOES Amp POWS.
PICTURE FRAMES *guide to order Rom a Rae
stock of. the latest styles of zeooldlag.
N. P. HICKS,
Barbel -ST, TowAszA.
,Towaada, Way 110. Ink, , .
BESTbusiness you can engage la. It to 00 per
day wade by any weber of either wa
rtebt in their ewe localities. Particular, and mi.
pies worth $5 !Tee. Improve your spare thatiat
this bedroom Addams 5171/60111 &Co. rorthowt,
Kobe. ware ly.
66 a week la yam own toms. Is Outfit tree.
Po slat. ' deader, It you want a Waft* at
wldeb persons of either les can make groat pay
alt the dam they wort. writs for particulars to IL
Itaatarre t Ca, Penland. Maim. • auddaly.
Ucan asks money faster at work for as thaa at
wilting ebbs.' Capital not required s we iota
yea. US per day at bows made by tbeindius•
. Neu. wooten, bele and girls wanted'=
wbere so work ter as. Nos the dais
ONO awl bum nor, Address Taw* a OIL. ass
pima, MINN • juirriem.
fßsiatokd pains. will bei taka to shake the
Agricultural Department of the Rgroiriui
of interest and carte to the Partners, of
Ilradford County, by careful seketion&
from the best Agriettltural Journals o f the
country: We should be glad to
stigessful mate of the labors and erjgri
once of our farmers, as to global methods
of Arming, and invite contributions/tons
nose who deiire in this Spay to afraid. the
Agricultural interests of the County.] •
The following articles from the last
number of the Scientific American,
will be permed - With interest by the
many agricultural readers of • the Re
The cattle plague, which is creat
ing so much - anxiety thrOfighout the
Eastern States, is acontagions fever,,
affecting cows chiefly,, characterized
by extensive exudation into the re
spiratory organs, and attended
low typhus inflammation' of the lungs
plurte, and bronchia. It has prevailed ,
in Europe for ages, at times develop
ing into Wide-spread scourges, caua
ing incileulable loss. It was import. ,
ed into England in 1839. and again
three years later; and it was estimat
ed that within twenty-five years there
after the losses by deaths alone in
England bad amounted to $450,C00,-
000. In 1838 the disease was car
ried to Australia by au English cow,
and, spreading , to the cattle ranges
almost depopulated thcm.
In 1843 an infected Dutch cow ,
brought the 'disease to Drooklyn,l
where it-has since lingered, slowly !
spreading among the cattle , in Kings!
and Queens counties. In 1847 several
head-of infected English cattle were
imported into = New Jersey, and,
spreading among a heard or valuable
cattle, made it necessary for them
all to be slaughtered, the only cer
tain method of stamping out the dis
ease. In 1859 four infected " cows
were imported into - Massachusetts
from Holland; 'the plague spread
rapidly, and was stamped out only
by persistent effoet, the State paying
for over 1,000 slaughtered cattle.
Since 1867 .the disease has not been
known there. Meinwhile the - pest
bad invaded Eastern Pennsylvania,
Delaware and Maryland, where itlhas
since prevailed in isolated localities.
The absence of large herds of moving
cattle in these districts, except for
speedy slaughter, has prevented the
disease from developing into a gen
The recent action of the British
Council in forbidding the importa
tion of the American live cattle is
likely to prove of inestimable benefit
to this country,. in forcibly calling
attention to the grave risk that the
presence of the disease on Long
Island and elsewhere constantly en
tails. Fortunately the drift of the
cattle traffic is eastward, and as yet
theruhas been no propagation of the
poison in:thegreat cattle ningesof the
West. Unless summarily arrested,
however; the disease will surely reach
those sources of our cattle supply,
and occasion losses that can be esti
mated only in hundreds of millions
of dollars. -
The c xperience of all countries into
which the disease has gained access
appears to prove that there is only
one way, of getting rid of it—namely
the immediate killing of all infected
cattle, and the thorough disinfection
of the premises in which they are
The disease is purely infectious,
and is never found in regions where
it has not gained a foothold] by im
portation.. Palliative measuresdiave
in.every instance failed to eradicate
the disease, and are only justifiable,
as in Australia, after the plague has
reached' dimensions utterly beyond
the reach of any process of extermi
iProNssor Law of Cornell Univer
sity, one-of our best. informed veteri
nary surgeons, most emphatically op
poses every .attempt to control the
disease by quarantining the sick, or
by the inoculation of ,the healthy,'
"We may quarantine the sick," he
says, "but we cannot quarantine the
air." To establish:quarantine yards
-is simply to maintain prolific manu
facturers of-the poi Son, which is given
oft by the breath of the sick, and by
their excretions, in such an, extent
that no watchfulness can insure
against its dissemination. Besides,
the expense of thorough quarantin
ing operation would - amount to more
than the value of the infected animals
whose lives might- be saved thereby.
Innoculation is still - less to be tolerat
ed at this stage of the .pest.
The Professor says: "Germany,
Holland, Belgium,, France and Eng
land, have been treating the victims
of- this plague for nearly half a cen
tury, but the result has only been
the , increase of disease and death.
Our own infected States have been
treating it for a thinl of
and to day - it exists over a wider
area than ever before. Contrast this
with the results in Massachusetts and
Connecticut, where the disease has
been repeatedly crushed out at snip
expense, and there can be no doubt
as to which is the wisest course. As
all the plagues are :die in the pro
pagation of the - poison in the bodies
of the sick, I may be allowed to ad
duce the experience of two adjacent
counties in. Scotland when invaded
by the rinderpest. - Aberdeen raised
a fun& of £2,0C0, and though she
suffered several successive invasions,.
she speedly crushed out the poison
whenever it appeared by slaughterind
the sick beasts and, disinfecting the
premises. The result was that little
more than half the fund was wanted
to reimburse the' owners for their
losses, and the splendid herds of the
country were preserved.' Forfar,fon
the other hand, set herself to cure the
plague, with the result of a universal
infection, the loss of many thousands
of cattle, and the ruin of hundreds of
farmers., Finally the malady was
crushed out - of the entire island by
the method adopted by Aberdeen and
other well - advised counties at the
outset. " •
And again, ." Cattle have been in
oculated by the tens of thousands in
Belgium and Holland, - and of all
Europe these arc the countries now
most extensively infected. France,
Prussia, Italy, Austria and England
have each practiced it on a large scale
and each remains a' home of the
plague.. Australia has followed the
practice, and is now. and mast con
tinue an infected country. Our own ,
infected States , have inoculated, and
the disease has survived and spread
in spite Of it, and even -by its aid.
Whatever country has definitively;
exterminated the plague (Norway;
Sweden, Denmark, Holestin, Meck
lenburg, Switzerland; Massachusetts
and Connecticut,) that , country has
prohibited inoculation and all other
methods that prdirail on the principle
of preserving the sick, and has relied
on the slaughter of the infected and
the thorOngb disinfectiott of their sur
. SO will it be with us. If
any State adopts or allows any. of
these - temporizing measures; that -
Statewill only repeat the experience
of the past alike in the Ohl World
And the Ne*, will perpetuate the die
ease in the country, will entail' great
'losses on. its citizens, will keep
the neetflar constant watchfulness
and great \ expenie by the adjoining .
Stites for their own protection; and
will indefinitely postpone the resurnv \
tion of the foreign live, stock trade,
which, a few tuonths ago, promised
to- be---one of \ , the most; valuable
branches of our, international corn
We are persuaded that the position .
taken' by Professor Law, and other
.similar-minded veterinary surgeon,
is...the only safe one. 'The disease can
be dam_ .out now. with coripara.
Lively small lola. if trifled with,anfi
tolerated, it cannot bat result in a
great national calamity. \
The symptoms of the 'disease are
thus discribed in a work entitle('
" A griculture.of Massachuietts," by . ,
C. L. Flint :
"Hair rough and staring, frequent
shivering, cough, grunting, and o ther
indications of "plan, quick pulse,some.
times drooling, and Intire , or less \(lys
puma, according to the' extent of the
disease and existence of effusion in
the plural cavities. In the report on
the Cattle Commission in ISr,5, in a\
case in which the disease was'eoin-, -
mnnicated by contact with a diseaied
animal, we find the following : "The '
symtoms were almost constant cough.
ing, (a suppressed sore cough) eyes
dull, head depressed; JOSS of appetite, -
great prostration, and we will add a
quick pulse, sometimes -reaching one
hundred yer minute."-
The only safe treatment is the pole'
axe. Kill the whole herd ; bury the:
sick, and sell the healthy- beef fur
what it will bring in the market. ",
Some Items About Sugar.
• On an average, every man, woman
and - child -in the- United States con
sumes each year shout-thirty pounds
of cane sugar, and nearly two gal.
lons of molas es, beside maple sugar,
honey, -and other sweets.. Nineteen
pounds of pure cane sugar are ac- -
tually made up of, and can be changed
into, eight pounds. of chnreoal and .
eleven pounds or water! Pore white"
sugar is made up of _eight Pounds of
charcoal . (carbon) and -tea pounds of
water. Any b6y. can demonstrate
this roughly by putting a small, quan
tity of- sugar on-a piece of thin -iron
over a, hot 'lamf or coals, and hold
over it a glass Jar, bottom up. The
sugar will change to pure charcoal,
While the water will rise up - snd con
dense on the inside of the jar; if: it
be kept cool, and he will get.nothing
from the sugar but coat and, water.
The chemist can easily take the !Ilse.
teenlieunds of sugar and change it
into eightl pounds. of charcoal and
eleven pounds of pure water, though
he has not yet learned him to put the,
coal and the elenientsof the Water to
gether. to produce the..sUgar ; that re-
quires -the action. of the liviogplant
Our. sugar comes mainly, frOo:....the
sugar-cane grown - in the Sothern
States-rntistly from ' , OilisianA. s.. -and
from. the West' India; islands., The
canes are somewhat like corn-stalks,
but larger, taller, -and with narrower
leaves. •'The sap or juice of 'the cane
is pressed out between iron rollers,
and •is then boiled down to 'syrup,
which crystallizes into sugar grains
in large vats. MOst of the, suga
used in Europe is fromJhe juice of
the smgar-beet. It is similar to our
cane sugar. The raw sugar is refined
chiefly in Northern cities, by disso:v
-in-• it and straining it through cloth
and through !mimed bones, after
which it is boiled down until - thick
enough to crystalizeidgrains.
- EVENING'S MILK RICKEST.-ThiS:
subject has novibeen put to.the test
of cheinical .analysis, and. the result
is. that the evening's milk is -found to
be the richer. Professor Boeleker
analyzed the milk of a healthy coat
at different periods of the day. The:
profess tound, that the solids of the,
evening's milk (thirteen per cent.) ;
exceeding that of the morning (tett
per cent.), while the water contained
in the .fluid was . diminished: from.
eighty-nine per cent, to --eiglity4ix
per cent.. The fatty matter gradually
increases as "tlie day prog resses. In
the morning it amounts to two and'
one-quarter per , cent., at noon three
_and one-half per cent.,* and .in the
evening five and three-quarters per
cent:- -The practical importance 'of
his discovery is at once apparent; it
develops the. faet that while sixteen.
ounces o morning's milk. will yield
but one elf ounce of butter, about
doublet e quantity can._ be obtained
from tIY the evening's milk. The ca
sein is a o increased in the evening's
milk P ro two and one-quarter to
two and three-quarters per eent., - but
the albumen is diminished from 44:
10;:ths, per cent. - to 31-IcOttis per
cent. Sugar is least abundant at
.midnight (four •and oriq quarter per
bent.) and must plentiful at noon
(four and thtee-quarters per cent).
The pereentage of the salt undergoes
almost no change at' any time of the
Cntrs nr EXPiRIENCE.-=AIS I hare
seen- 3 so many reports 'of products
from different, parties, I 'thought I
would give a small one 'in my own
experienee..• I keep' three cows of
the common steel, from which we
made 780 pounds of good solid but
ter, commencing Mardi - 1 and ending
the 28th of November, 1878, and for
which-we received a p - femium of tv; 0.
cents on the pound, besides . using alt
the cream that we needed for a family
Of five persons. The cows had, good
doter pasture and all the salt and all
the-water they wanted. I think wi.h
a few bushels of ground - feed I.couhl
haVe made them do , a good deal bet
ter than that. This year I expect to
keep a' record •of proceeds or the
same three cows, if nothing happen::
them. I - think there is as much prat.
in keeping a few .good- cows as any
thing else that a farmer. has on his
farm. I. think a man, with 'malt
capital, on a small piece of land, can
make a good living by' keeping, four
good cows and 200 chickens, with
but little outlay. We keep the Black
Spanish fowl; they are .good layers
and. very .hardy.—Cor. Prac tical
A gill of raw (unbolted) linseed
oil given to sow just before - and after„
farrowing will prevent the disposition;
tO eat her offspring. I This habit is an
acquired one and ;a caused by keep
ing the sow -with others of her own
Species, who worry and annoy her.
Perfect quiet and isolation are con
siderations which should 'not be neg
lected.—Neu: Orleans Howe Journal.