Newspaper Page Text
gditcational , fleptarimen't
• : ASSOCI.:TEMIT OII6 : -
E.E. Qr INLAN, d. T. McCOLI.OIt,
A.. • G. W. RYAN.
A. T. raL)..EY, ,
Communications may be sent to either Of the
editors, as may be preferred, and tclU Appear
in ttee'tssue of sbich be bas auto,
• .L T. 51,cCot.t.ox. Editor.
• 083A1 tiTZBONS. .. •
A. great error has grown into our sys
tem of teaching by employing unskillful
leachers to do work for which they are
not fitted. - Most of the teachers rely
Mainly iipon . the teri l booksplaced in their
hands for all -the information they pos- -
•ess, and they occupy the teacher's chair
ve.ty much as the teacher Of the old-fash
-ion catechism used to do, whose duty it is
to Lind onAwito was tlie-first , wan, who
built the ark,. etc: • The best teaching
consists inim:tking pupil familiar with
a•i much ot the world about him as possi
Lt., and in Lelping . hini to learn from his
own experience all the facts which may
I?elnecessary to his success in life. By
such a course Lis puyvers of, observation
Leconie quickened. and in a short time - he
brcomes,his own teacaer, and will always
Le an earnest stadent.
There isreally'no:excuse for the slack
ness teachers who fail to make newt of
nature as the tifeaus for 'developing the
human intellect. All the work done by
the teacher in the way of object teaching,
is of great advantagelo himself personal
ly, ands lee Otight to do the work from self
ish inoilves if he he not actuated by ar'Y
higherpurpose. ' Lei the teacher take a
-glass of water lrfore his class, occasionll
ly, -an show them many of the properties
of theliquid. In the tint place lot him
call attention to Old fact that nearly every
,substaiice, when dipped in the water be
conies,Net ; 1, c., the ester cleaves to it,
and Ini ec posse stws in an eminent degree
the fo -*of adhesion. Let the term ad
liesiotvbe Tully Understood, and then pro-
cced tr.) . iklustrate by means of a small
glass 'cube the - form of adhesion termed
. liavlitig fikod thesel - wo points,. the next
step ii- to show bow - these forces act iu fa-
iniliartwayslto perform the common of
lices of. life. These two,otlices give to,wa
' ter its solvent powers, which arc the real,
hasis-ofits cleaning properties. .Disolve
sugaAnd salt in a cup already full of wa
ter, and you demonstrate not only' the ad
liesive force of water, buti•also the porus
duality of the substanee l s .dissolVecl, and
by noting this fact at the proper time yuu
have given the class the best:po4ble de.-
Ainition of Pero.tity. Ntjw clinch the:defi
nUtion of the word solvent by calling at
tentiou to a fact of which they will be re
- minded three tiines — a day, that the alai-v
-ent properties of water Make. 'the best
cleansing agent. Then make a point on:
the matter Of capillary attraction, and .il
lustrate tlgt Idler: by calling attention to
the kunpwick, the rising _of sap in trees
and plants, : And the swelling of wood
when wet. - • •
Then illustrate the incompressibility of
water' by telling them how marble may
lie quarried by drilling the rock, and driv
ing in plugs of .wood upon which 'Water is
poured; and by the force of capillary '
traction : enough is absorbed by the wood
to split the rock. Of course, if the water•
was compressible, no such result would
,he reached, ;aridby this simple method
another of the impel-taut properties of
matter has been explained. Next, take
a glass filled to the brim with water, and
drop in a few small bits of iron, or oetter
some shot. Very soon the water over
iloW•s, and another definition may be
' taught, viz : that of impenetrability.
Then teach them the old proverb that no
two bodies can occupy the same space at
the same tittle: 'Take - again the glass
brim 'full i f water and covering it with
writing paper,.being careful to press ; it
down quite to the edge all around. '
By invertinglbe glass and carefully re
the hand, the water will be found
to remain in its place, and you may thus
.give it simple illustration bf the upward
pressure of the atmosphere. This _may
be further illustrated by taking a saucer
uttarly full of water, and throwing upon
it a blaZinj paper ; then quickly cover the
pajier. with an inverted tumbler. In
, shint tittle the oxygen of the air under the
tumbler has-been cousirmed, and the wa
ter is pressed in to' ll the plate. Then
t take a fruit...jar containing a quart of wa
ter, and drop into it a small amount of
poWdered eochinril, and notice the bright
' color imparted, No -more pointed de
finition of the devisability of, matter
could be given than by telling them that
the 30,000 drops in that drop of water,
each contains at least 100 pieces of cochi
neal, and that the small amount which
they had seen on the point. of the knife,
had been divided into at least 3,000,000
To these Nets may h be added daily
those whiCh aro not quite so easy of de.
rnonstration, but which they may some
time \ be able to demonstrate to them
selves. Tell the class-that water is com
posed-of two gases, oxygen and hydrogen,
and that it is the product of the combus=
tion of these two elements, and while you
marnet be able to demonstrate it they
I will learn to look forward to the time
When they shall demonstrate it them.
selves: By this means you have taught
them the origin of the -words hydraulic,
hydrostatics, hydrophobia, and all words
which ictain any'of the form of,,ibe word
- hydrogen. But time would fail to tell of
the many interesting lessons which might
be given in familial talks abtint water.
Its.spherical fOrm in the dewdrop and on
I the hot stove, help to illustrate the natur
al tendency of matter to arrange itself in
spheres, while its use in sustaining life,
bolli animal and vegetalde, opens a, wide
„field for interesting study.
- But if so much may be taught from one
element, how-infinite are . the Opportuni. '
ties fur giving object lessons. ow read
ily will the earnest teacher resu l t to the
familiar thhigs.of,life:to impa instrtiu
tion of the highest type to the young pu-'
pils:' Such instruction as this is what
aroused the first interest in general. edu
cation. Pestalozzi devoted- a long life to
the -task of elevating the profession. of
teaching, and much of his work still lives
in the minds of eminent educators to-day,
who we -e his pupils. It is-a mistake to
suppose that mental discipline comes. in
any gicat degree irona the study of books
anti conventional kit). 'The day will come
when the old system of Henry Pestalozzl
will displace the present pedantic book
HIGH SCHOOL BUILD/HGS
The vastest.establislanont of this kind
is the Normal College of New York City,
opened in .1873, and covering a whole
inock , `Fourth avenue, between 68th
and 69th streets. It is a high school with
arnormal course. Itslvast hail, with gal
leries, can seat 1,3001 pupils ; the elkis
. - towns,. with their amitireaters, the Stu
dy-rooms, a fine drawing-hall, lighted
from We north, and the recreation rooms,
are admirably furnahed, heated and
lighted. It is truly one of the most re.
markable edifices devoted to the education
oc - gtris z It seer ;$1;440,009,, and 495,000
are yearly eipended Mipport.
ever, we could not; help regretting that
l'A*k lOW Mit ?rather ,Aaflopted the
plan of four or llie higii sihmils, each fit
ted to receive from 300 to 400 young girls,
and placed in different quarters of that
- In Boston, the principal girls' high
schwtti mign4ineag, 4f4alled 111 jNew
ton litreet'vit finfirnemlor 5.50 pupils.
cheniical laboratory, - with all • requisite
outfit, is located lathe basement and al
lovrs-'6O pupilsto manipulate at the same
time. The hails and the collections for
seientiffeinstiucticm, ate as well arranged
as in liew York, but this central high
school' does not Prevent there being five
high schools in, difrerent parts of the eity.
Everywhere the higli schools are the
special'objeci of attention on - the part of
School Boards, and.:towoir having over
500 families—say from 2,000 to 2,500 in
habitants—do not shrink from taxing
themselves for their suitable accommedi
-lion. In many cases these schools are for
boZ sexes. They arc found even in the
smaller localities, in which case they are
usually supported by co-operation of sev
eral Boards of Education.
PROBLE3M—Frets Barnes' Edutatio.nal
Propos6d by T. W. West, Mulloys,
Tenn4see A: squirrel is in the top of an
oak, SO feet high and six feet in diameter
at the gcound. A sportsman,/ standing
9.5 yards . from the tree, holds the breech
of his gun four feet from the ground and
shoots the squirrel. flow far had the bul
let to go before it struck the squirrel,
provided the tree stood on a horizontal
Proposed by "Libra," (Do not omit
your address).—Kerosene is bought at 40
cents a gallon, 10 per cent: of it is wasted.
At what price must it be offered in order
that the price may be discounted 10 per
cent. and yet per cent be made on the
Proposed'hy J. R. Ainold4New York,
Texas.—Mr , . C. constructed a 12 foot cu
bical bin ; on placing it in the garret of
his . barn he finds when he,places-it so that
the upper lge just touches the roof of
the hair, that the opposit4 side is perpen
dicular with the center of theroof. Bow
wide is the'harn, how, high is the roof,
provided the rafters are 35=--a feet long?
Proposed by Artemas Martin, A.. 111.,
Erie. Pa.—A. tub is qiled to the brim with
in gallons of 'Wine, '; and is set under a
, spout from which water is flowing at the
rate of a gallons per minute. Bow mud
wine remains in thc tub of the end of t
seconds, provided - the fluids mingle in
stantaneously and iperfectli?
SU,S(IGIUIANXA COLLEMATB 1:v6771171'Z,
Towauda, March 6, 1879.
EDITOR EDVCATIONAL DEPARTSIENT-- .
Dcar Sir; I submit a solution of thel,fol
lowing problem published in the REPOR
TER of March Gt.lth
A, B, and C get dinner at a hotel fori6o
cents. A says be will pay one-ball, B
says be will pay,one-third, C says he will
pay one-fourth of it. What should each
Solution—A values his dinner at 30
cents, B values his dinner • at 20 cents, awl-
C values•his dinner at 15 cents.
If they bad paid these prices, the din
ner would have cost 61 coats.
The price asked was only.Bo cents, but
what each one should pay must be in tho
ratio of the above prices.
.65 60=30: (?), or .27 9-13, A's . cost,
: . : (?), or .18 6-13, 13's cost.
.65 : . 60=15 : (?), or 1 , 1311.13, C's cost.
STITUT E.Second W inter Tertalkil brain MON
D AV..% AN. 27, I b 79. Espouses for board, tuition
and turnlshcA morn from $lBl3 toillaSpersyear. For
catalogue or further particulars addreseethe Prin.
cipal, EDWLN E. 4VINLANs.,A.
Towanda, July Id7B. 7yl
(ON - TIIE ErROPICAX PLAN,)
CORNER MAIN & WASHINGTON STREETS
This large, commodious and elegantly-furnished
house. has just been opened to the traveling public.
The proprietor has sparod neither pains nor expense
In making his hotel first-Hass lit all, its appoint
ments, and respeeTrully solicits a share of public
patronage. SI EALS AT ALL 114.)174t5. Terms
to suit the-times.! Large, stahleattaehed,
W.ll. itENRy, l'itoruntion.
itme 7,5774 t.
ATTENTION FARMERS 1
Tvoo wish toilet] yon;
RAY; GRAIN; BUTTER & PRODUCE
generally for IIZADT CASH, at the highest market
races call at
SMITH & PARK'S WYSAIIKING, PA;
where you will also And a well -selected stock of
goo.ls,.seiling it bottom prices.
Wracking, Sept. 20, lar.
The latliestotrowioin,:wre respectfully flirted
to call at
SELL & FARNHAM'S
MILLIIVERY StonE and examine tile NEW
doODS Just received front the cities. Our stock
comprises everything in the lino of MlLLlzir.ttY,
FANcY Goons and TitOoatro:s, and we are sell
ing at astonishingly 1.014' re WYK.
Sir!laving secured the services of 'Miss SOLITif-
ARV. a IresttioNAßLE, MILERS-MAKau. we are
prepared to deal! wort: In this line on the shortest
notice. • SNELL Ar FAILNIL,k3f.
Towandsr, Pa, Sept.l7. 1x75.
Announce - to the people of .Totrandi and v 1011111"
that thes are pow' prepared to furnish .1 -
FRESII AM) SALT MEATS,' -
POULTRY, Fl5l-1, OYSTERS,"
And Vegetables In their mason, at the most reasbn
able rates, Everything purchased of us
delivered promptly free of charge.
sir One tocatton. ONE . 000 E NORTH OF
SCoTT"6 BAKEIZY, Is convenient for all.
- We hey the hest stock, and take great pains to
keep everything In the best order. 'Givens a tall
ItOSECHANSE & BREWER.
Towanda, Dee. S, 1675.
MIILLOCK 6: RUNDEtL
ileg leave to thank the people of TOWANDA. for
their Very .genertims patronage extended to them
heretofore, and respectfully solicit a continuance
of this same. We shall at all times keeps full sup
FRESH AND SALT MEATS,
FISH AND OYSTERS IN THE SEASON:
• We also keep a good assortment of
Grearms ViGETABLES, 171t41T. &e.
Sir'all goods delivered ;free of shares.
MCILLOCS. t RUNDELL.
Tovantle. Pa— Sept. 15,1875.
BOARDING AND EXCHANGE
The nedershreed baring rented the old Maxi
House Barn, and prollded 'himself with
NEW ,BUGGIES AND WAGONS,
b nom prepared to stemma:date the public at
iirNew Boggles for silo ehesp
- . B. W. LAIIL
Towanda; Pa., July 15,1678. 7yl
~f Irs svtrf Elfltxfs.
WYCKOFF ROUSE, .
annineetyPennsitnints Itonee) •
117 WEST "CPAS'S& STUMM 31.1URA:,
11. IL Itos.EDAT, Agent; •
Street can pose tbellonee every fifteen untintee,
Rates, 400 per oar. aped& noes given to New
mental meo itopplng over Sunday. LikpeXa.
CALLAND SEE US
TILT•Tnit • •
DOLOVAIf HOUSE, ELMIRA, M. Y.
. Opposite the Depot.
C. T. SEETtt, PROPUIZTOrt.
Formerly of the Ward novae. Tawaritiikra.
FOR FINE MILLINERY, .
TRL3SIINGB.. AND LADIES' GARMENTS. OF
At Low rasa,
• RAPELYEA AI RILL,
227, - EAST WATER STREET, ELMLUA, N. I",
spr Lead all Compethors PPM
R: H. WALKER,
83C east Water Street,
ELMIRA, N. Y.,
STEAM & GAS FITTERS
Residences and Public linlidlags fitted aritb Mot
and Cold Water. Steam IfeaUng Direct or indi
rect Radiation.. ' •
A NU supply or Gas Fixtures, Opal Globes. de.
Patent Burners; Globe, Anglo and Check 'Valves
Water and Steam Ginger, Iron and Lead Pipe,
and a full supply or Steam Fittings.
Estimates Promptly (liven.
Elmira, N. Y., May 13, 1878.
LADIES AND GENTS, •
VA LAKE Seas*;
FADED DRESSES, COATS, GRANT ARTICLE
THAT 7iEEDS CLEANING OR DYEING,
To us. We will
GLUE SATISFACTION OR PAY FOR FUR
CELEBRATED DYE & CLII.ANSII:O WOUES
• 434, 436 Ac 123 WATER-ST.,
ELIDItiL, N. Y.
irir Wort returned' C. 0. D. by axpren If de.
sired. ' way3o.
' Siiinnfacturer h Deli* In
Vermont and Italian s
MONUMENTS & TOMB STONES
Scotch and American
MARBLE & SLATE MANTELS,
222, 224, 226
WEST WATER STREET,
ELMIRA,• N. Y.
Elmira, April 18, 1878.
ELMORE'S . .
NO VE.b.TIES, - •
NO VEL TIES.
Just opened, a splendid assortment of -,
Japanese Good -A.,
Wed,9elcoods and •
Copeland's Decorated Ware;
Scotch and 'rid:. 000(189 .
ind`asplendid line of
MAJ O. L C 4,
consisting of Plates, Pitchers, Card and Cake Bas
kets. Bread and Fruit Plates, he.
Also& full stock of TOYS, at -WHOLSALE and
It will pay you to call and examlnp thele goods
and see how cheep they are.
T. W.. ELMORE,
131 EAST PATER STREET.
Elmira, N. Y, pee. 10, 18t8. • •
GRANT k DEWATERS,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
TOP AND OPEN BUGGIES,
FARM ac PLATFORM WAGONS,
MOWERS AND REAPERS,
SULKY RAY RAKES, &c.
MOWING MACHINE SECTIONS
AND KNIVES. TO FIT
160 LA/CE:STREET, ELMIRA, N. Y.
Msy IS, IMS„ ,
PREMIUM HARNESS STORE
C: H. WHEADON It SON
Base In stock the largestand most complete assort:
FAIL AND ME. HARNESS'
flat can ba frond In any atom Warne' Massy
pact Elmira. Mote
SPORTING AND TURF GOODS
TRUNKS AND SATCHELS
A more emplete stock of
TEAM AND , TRACK WHIPS
• larger and better anortmetit of
LADIES' AND GENTS' BIDING
In conclusion. we sey that we bye everything
that can De tamed connected with a basins', el
this kind, that we are ansions to sell. Wake upend
PULL DOWN TOURVEST
And cemiup and see as, and we will
wnst-we ear. At
404 t. WATER,' STUMM. SLUM, N. Y
IS. Sign of the Gold Collar.lM
CHAS. WHEADON & SOY
ES, PATENT MEDICISEB
In all Vas of
AT TEA FIRST
A large variety et
Nir 0 0 D'E N
WATER . - ,P I P'E"
0 R.A.I - N PUMP BSit.G.
The undenddited basing reinesed baudnessal his
aid pl. see, is now ready tosupplyPernsers, - Tahness,
and id tethers In need of Pipe, with a . • -
AT PRIM TO SUIT Tali .TULES.
- • A. : WYCKOFF,
ASnesessor to I. S. flouts. Itiodfita
- 123 R. U. Ave:, Eltrfta, N.. Y.
• Efmins, June in, Ind.
DRY GOODS, MILLINERY, SUITS, *c. lc,
201 East Water Streak
ELMIRA, K. r.
The Cheapest and /test Asa in Out City
Are bought for Cash, and prices are guaranteed to
• be as tow as the Unrest.
--"A EVERY DEPARTMENT
18 .I;EPT SUPPLIED H 7 llll THE LATEST
We claim to do the
?ion ZITENSIVZ NILLINEUIr MINE
And parities desiring anything th that line y 111844
it to their Interest to call and sea as: '
An we conduct no fancy eatabllstuttent, our prices
are always plain and moderate.
• The trade supplied at the lowest whelende
Ws. Special Inducements to Cash customers. .
Don't lows theipiace—
2el EAST WATER-ST..
Batbbtuc Rouse Block
EMIT,. N. Y.. May 23, 1878.
Wholesale an Retail
czoirmirrz . c3-
Ger i te Furnishing' -Good's,
ISA EAST *ATER STISEET,
LORING BLOCK, ELMIRA.
Elriara, N. Y. Jun* 13j 1878
NEW ARRANGEMENT T.
, izft r.,;\
COAL BUSI EaB..
The uneersigned f
having purchase from Mr.
McKean Ihe COAIi YARD •
AT TREIFOOT OP PINE STREET, NE
,1 • COURT ROUSE, 1 '
Invites the patronage of hls old friends fl the
publiegenerally.il shall keep a fallassorttn ut
lot all sixes,
PITTSTON, SARRE AND LOT ,
AND WALL MELt. AT
.LOWEST PRICES FOR CASH
Tirwands, l'a., Aug. 2t. 1878. 12131,
COAX.= PARE AND /UM Slaiiil3, TOWANDA,
Coal screened, and delivered to any part of the
Bore', adding cartage to the above pticee;. ALL
°ADZES 11178 T Ha ACCOMPANIED sr SDCE CAM
Towanda, Jan 5, ISM
NEW JEWELRY STORE.
W. A. ROCKWELL
illrecelving anew supply to his lanci stock of goods,
SILVER PLATED WARE,
GOLD AND PLATED BETS
And einerbber in the tins, Teich win be old se
LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES
Flaw pa ass can amyl amass cmir goods:
&Tablas deco at the sholest apslesi
Do. U. tin
FALL & WINTYR
CLOTH ING 1
BEEN BQVALIiED BE TORE IN
Quality or .Low Prices.
PLEASE CALL & EXAMINE
ItE SELLS YOU CAM AND WILL NOT - AZ
Towanda,-Pa.march 2.8, na.
FACTS FOR TEE nom.
TWENTY THOUSAND DOLIAILS WOE=
GENTS FURNISHING GOODS,
BETWEEN NOW AND JANUARY Ist, BM,
As I Intend to mako a change In my busl den. 1
therefore over my entire stock AT COST., I,,trg
the largest and beet [micas(' stock In aorthoTn
Men Black tlp•tup Otercoata• 4g) 13.t0 and up
Men's firstmelass Grey Overcoats 6 e 3.00 and np
Sten•a all wool Sults
Dora Sults tor 5 yrs old ziad-up (4 53.00 and up
And everything equally u cheap. Including Gents
Furnishing (foods. Bata and Cape. ire.
A full line of •
Goth for men mid liogn. -.TRUNKS, VALICES,
The above stock must and shall be sold by Jan.
Ist. 1879. Every one sboul4 take advantage et the
present low prices quoted, and buy their winter
M. E. ROSENFIELD.
Main Street, Towanda, Pa.
Dated, Oct. 2.1, 1878.
MEDICAL ELECTRICITY I
IX ULU 21118 1101100611 DURING TMER
DAS EFFECTED MAST WONDERFUL
ilerinereased knowledge makes her
tot t- nearly ail diseases Incident to oar race.
SPECIAL ATTENTIGNIS GIVEN TO TUBE
Inflammation of the Eyes,
Inflammation el the Liver,
ropsy. •••• -
Curvature of the Spine,
Drighi's Disease of the Kidneys,
and other diseases too numerous to mention.
Poplar-et, west of Western Avenue,
where she may be found at all hours.
TILE SUBSCRIBER TAKES
Pleasure in calling the attention of biennium..
our patrons and the public generally, to the fact
that he still continues a
GENERAL MARKET BUSINESS
At the'OLD STAND of MYER k It'UNDELL, in
CarrolPs Block, nearly opposite the Mea . in lions%
and that he is prepared to furnish
SALT AND FRESH MEATS,
VEGETABLES AND: BERRIES
Of the very bestqasilty, at as low Melilla any other
C. M. MI ER.
June 1. 187454? -
GREATLY REDULTEP PRICES I
PLANING., mAicurso; AND RE-BAWIIrG,
;AWAY DO WN ! DOWN !! DOWN:!!
math I um selltog at prices to met the timer.
Made promptly to order, It • low prim, for CABS
Umber brought hers tube tailed. will. be kep
under corer and perfectly dry until taken away
Good 'beds for your norms, anka dry place taloa d
W. A. ROCKWILLI.
'Towanda, Ism 18,1877.
Zs ow read One Ids
WHIM HAS N,E'VER
Every Articlo First• Class.
Patton'a Block, Main-St
$2O l OOO
Hats, Caps, &c., ara.
TO BE SOLD AT COST,
M. E. ROSENFIELD'S,'
The tollowing.great bargains art offered
THIS IS NO HUMBUG.
MRS. W. H. €OVERDLAE,
'LT FEMALE COMPLAINTS,
The elldellegriee Is doing
AM *LI *WI, of Plaalosumill Work,
, • •
So far Too wet see It.
I have abaft hand s bags stock of
BABB AIM DOORS.
lIP,TOII WART TO GET BICU QUICK,
Cstt and see my Goods and Prices.
LEHIGH VALLEY •
-PBX Ir. fr NEW roar, BAIL ROAD&
Amusement of Remoter Trans toeake effeet
Tral us 8 and 15 run daily. Sleeping cant on trains
8 puld 15 Naimoli Niagara Palls, and Pbtladelpbta
and between Ly MS and New Yntk.writbeat changes
Parlor cars on Trains 2 and 9 between Niagara
BO* sad Ptak sdeaphia without change.
(Sayre. Pa, Npv. PACKER., Supt.,
MIS P. & N. In R. R.
.frotaits nub Wrovioions.
ti 1 -4
c. 13 1 0 n Irl
CD 44. t: titi :Q
oi ts = ,-W
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til =v3 1.:
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STEVENS & LONG, .
1g 48.80 and up
WHOLESALE & RETAIL
CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES,
Liming a Wire and cOmmodlous store ars are
prepared atrial' times to carry
CASH PAW FOR BUTTER,
Or tetra In exchange for goods, an lowest cub pri
ces, Our long experience In the Grocer" Trade
gifting peculiar advantages In purchasing, and as
we are not ambitious to 'make large profits, we US
ter eursehres that we can offer
GREATER INDUCEMENTS TO
Beyer. that; any ether establishment In Northein
rE BRIDGE STREET
Keepo a Pull Stock of Goods for the Parlor, fled
Room, Sliting-Boom, DlDlog-!loam and /Mann
SOFAS, LOUNGES, CHAIRS,
MARBLE TOP TABLES„:
FINE WALNUT CHAMBER iIIITS,
DINING TABLES dtt. CHAIRS.
BEDSTEADS, • BIIREAATS,
CANE AND• WOOD-SEC S . CHAIRS,
7 EXTENSION * FALL-LEAT TABLES,
-CRADLES, CENTRE. TABLES,
&c., &c., &c.,
IN GREAT VARIETY.
We make a Specialty of
BED SPRINGS & MATTRESSES
COFFINS AND CASKETS •
Of all Mode and steps. A /arse stock of Trim
mluffs, and the latest improrements in Corpse Pre
servers, Palls, tc. AU funerals are atiended`br a
competent. experienced 'undertaker; We make a
spemalty of this branch, and GUARANTEE SAT
ISFACTION bOth as to WORE. AND PRICE.
PICTURE FRAMES mide to order from a fine
stock of the latest style" of moulding.
. BRIDGE-BT., TOW/iNDA.
Towanda, May 20, 1 . 8111. •
rai.l .-- A mi . Fs
• ...)1 06 ..
6 10003 .. i .,
2 43 6 4 ~.:.'
—ll 6 l 2514 40
..• . 3019 33
112,408 1511 30
,11-5016 407 66
ir. .5 10 42
1%1 38 33;6 CAI
1 12 4 214 567 23
W 4717 13
24 1 6 31 .110 4614 246 31
10 3 / 4 4 111....
11020 1 + 101...
10 20 ) 4 02....
1 10 0313 521....
. 9,483 si, 6
..I 9 42f2 30t
..1 9 2153 131—
, ..1 9 114 09r 74
.118 i 8 5512 4719 10
.1 8 4412 370 20
.. 1 2112 23,9 05
1 33. a 03 , 2 034 01
itOi ?Solt 4011 40
12 06, .... 1116,650
1002; ..1007.:4 34
9 30 , . .... 1 41 1164 20
9 :01 ....9 24!260
I 6 00 , .... 6 ;6;2 30
6 30i .... 0 301100
P. 1C1A.14. • MIX If
1 tea l
10130 ..Yoo43lllit .
110 10 Wysaukln
10 30 Burn•erAeld
10 39 1 11Fronebtown
ito - 521,WynInsIng
ill 19!. Lacerllle.,
}lt •zorkinll Edd y
ill 47 Illekhoppe n
lii 4 4, klahoorat Ay. l9 301 T nnkluo e c k
112 401.Ln Grp nee .
,12 Sit! t• f • Fit Ja...
0 1 2On . 1 fine];
200 Wilk -Barre 1
4SS Well Chunk
4 50. 611 mt,wri
605 . ! Ahlokena.
, I 6 •16',• • .Easton.,. '
8 15' P hllad'lplga
0251. New York.
a largo stock.
GRAIN AND PRODDCZ.
STEVENS k; LONG.
COILS= NAM A 13RIDGE ST..
It consists of
In Common Goode there Le
Veins tab gen*"
STILI ! TAKES. Vie LEAD !
Cartage, CHNAPICIt THAN NVNIk anti Plat
farm Wagons at a GBE4T BEDIICTIOP.
Proprietor or the Old Carriage Mal faiteri ?ter.
Mn* null Ellsebetti streets. mead VW the Wall
attention of FARMER/3 mid others to Ws tarp
and complete smertin /at of • .
OPEN AND TOP BU(OIES
AND PLATFORM WAGONS,
All of Ms own manufacture, and warranted In
every particular be equal to the most expensive
NOW IS , YOUR TIME TO. BUY!
Look si the figures, end
,remember that every
vehicle is wursuted
PLATFORM WAGONS.... •100 tO.llO
OPEN BUGGIES 80 " 100
TOP BUGGIES 123 " Ibt
The prices are far below the cod of manufsieture
and will not be maintained alter The present stoat
is disposed of. so you must make selections SNOW.
Don't ho lniposed 'upon by 'lnferior work and
poor materials, but purchase st the establishment
which his been In operation for nearly ball a cen
tury and is permanently located.
BEPAIBIX6 PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO
Office and Factory cor. Main and Elisabeth streets.
.: JAMES BUYANET.
Tomcats,.June 21, 1877.
yw CARRIAGE FACTORY!
lipist of the Deporier Oface.
Mclntyre 4 Spencer
Itespeet fully announce to the public that they are
reposed to build all kiwis of
TOP AND OPEN DADDIES,
rIIAETON & PLATFORM 9ritl3lG WAGONS
TROTTING SULKIES k SKELETONS;
Made of the best material and in the,best style
All work warranted to give perfect satrifactlon.
PAINTING A SPECIALTY
We have one et the best Carriage Painters In the
country, and do all work In this line at the lowest
A/1 kinds of
Neatly and promptly done at reduced prices.
3taking new springs and repairing old ones a
sp,!elotry. MI work guaranteed. Please give us.a
111cINTYILE - &SPENCER.
ToWanda., April Vt, 1877
N EW FIRM
AND NEW GOODS!
14. J. Aladin
lizta ailed op the old store of O. A. Black with a
fall Una of
SILVER, PLATED GOODS,
- FANCY GOODS, .
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS
great variFtyol i
LAMPS, LANTERNS, CHIMNEYS
Sealing Machines of the leading makes sold for
Cash at store, at wonderfully low prices.
MACHINE NEEDLES & OIL
LADIES,' GENTS AND CHILDREN
Are Invited to look otter oar easortment. as we are
determined to do all in our power to please. Re
member the place,
OLD CROCKERY STORE.,
Towanda. .hay 10, 1a77.
- B. POWELL;
U 5 Wyoming Avenue,
has a large stock of second-hand PIANOS
and ORGANS which ha.otTers(7767= 6 .
no 0r7.377 1 V ..;r7FFORIID to buy an instru
ment elsewhere without first getting prices
from him. During the past few years., he has
becM doing an extensive renting business, and,
inconsequenceof the unpreeedentedstringehey
of the times, many of these instruments have
been returned. As soon as a 'PIANO. or
ORGAN is returned:. it Is imm=rput
Trimaigh order bt- his repairer, and, When
ofihred again, is in as good condition as possible.
Some of these he can warrant for live years, the
same as new ones. an
.opportimity being thus
given to obtain THOROUGHLY-GOOD INSTRUMENT - .
at a'very moderate price. .
Ma. Pow= has now in stock one - S
Prince Meloileon,.pinno-case, $4O; one 6-netave
Portable Stelcxteolt; Sts ; one 5-octave 'Jubilee'
Organ, tstofs, SM.; one 6-octave New-England
Organ, 6 stops, $6O, with 7 stops46s; with 8
stops, $75 ; line 5-octave Mason -4; Hamlin O gan,
' 5 stops, 165; one 5-octave'- Meson Jr. Aladin
Organ, $75; ono Lights, Newton, & Bradbury
Piano, 7-octave, $105; one Baines Brothers
Piano, 7-octave, $140; one Chickerlng Piano,.
7-octave, 4 round, 1`275; one ebickering Piano,;
7-octave, 4 Mend, $1.%; ono finzelton Piano,
Toctave, M 75; and many others which can not
be specified hen& ALWAY.I.IN STOCK the I
'celebrated CIIICIIERING PIANOS
and the unrivaled .'IA- J N Ac UANLJY
ORGANC, whfeh , he is prepared W tarnish
17,ITCMOT4NALE or RETAIL, purchasers
L. O. POWELL,
115 Wyman Avenue, Scranton,Pa.
TEARS TO PAT FOB A.- FAME.
$4 to $lO Per Acie.
seeett and Maple Land In Michigan
In the MILLION AGUE GRANT of
the Grand Rapid* and Indiana
Stroug soll—suro erops—piCnty of tint.
lber--no drought—no chinch', bugs--
no " hopperil.
Sintkninz streamt—ptire water—ready
pleted through centre of the grant.
send for panaphleLiEnglish or
Address V. O. 111(1GAMIT,
• GILILICD LIAPIDS. MICH. •
farm and ,§rnisthold.
[Espaciai pains will be taken to make the
"Loris ulturai Department of the BErOUTEII
',of interest and value -to the Farmers of
Bradford County, by careful ukctions
from this best Agricultural Journals of the
country. We should be glad to , giv the
incases! remits of the labors and expert:-
awe of our farmers, as to the belt met hods
of Firming, and invite contributions from
thOse who desire in this way to advance the
Agricultural interests of the. County.]
Water for Fowls in Wieter.
While it may be true, us remarked
by C. B, in the Country Gentle:km,
that care should be used in giving
water to fowls, especially to cocker 7
els with heavy combs and wattles, in
cold weathe4 the opposite error in
giving too little is far more common
than is generally supppsed. In con
tinued cold weather, fowls, though.
generously, fed, grow light and do
not appear lively. Nine times out of
ten lack of plenty of pure,elean "water
is the cause.- :When fowls are shut up
they almost ' invariably stop- laying.
One chief reason for this is that their
abundant supply of water is cut off.
With . plenty of water and the right
kind of food hens will lay even when
kept in comparatively narrow elelo
sures. There is a difference in breeds,
the. heavy, quiet varieties bearing
confinement best; but plenty of wa
ter is essential to all.. Eating snow
is the poorest substitute for drink
ing, either for man, bird or beast.
Let any one try it when thirity, and .
he will find • his thirst intensified ten
fold within a few moments after the
snow has melted. - If - continued, snow
eating will produce a fever by which I
the flesh-and fat will be wasted more
I rapidly than by anything else I know,
[ A. large percentage of the human
body and of the flesh of all kinds of
animals is water. Unless the waste
from evaporation • is fully supplied,
decreased weight must soon be the
result. The importance•ofanahimd
ant supply of water :for making
growth, flesh. and fat is too , little ap
preciated. Years ago I read a.
ceipt for growing fat, which-wa sim
ply to drink a bowl of water at night
just before retiring, and so far as I
have observed, tlie..rule is 4a good
one. Plenty of water is aid to diges
tion, and without it the blood - cannot
be kept in a good condition. When
fowls are Confinea the master cock
will often drive the weaklings_ from
the watering trough. This must be
partly remedied by having :several
drinking places; . so that one or more
will always be open. But generally
a cock that has been thoroughly sub
dued, and is driven about so that he
has no• comfort in his life, is worth
more for the shambles than for the
breeding, or than he will ever he
worth again. •
If one is to set out small. fruits,
whether'for home use or- market, the
Sooner the preliminary Work of se
lecting the kinds, and ordering the
plants is done, the better. The prec
is one of those periods, that every
nbiv and then occur in fruit culture.
There are a number: of new 'varieties
of great promise, but that- haVe not .
been sufficiently tested, to warrant.
planting them largely: The grower
for market feels much like the hunter
who wished to so aim at' an animal,
that Iru would miss it if.'4 calf, but
hit it if a deer. The '• safe way for
those, who grow fruit. for sale, is to
plant out trial-beds of the promising
kinds,-and thus test their adaptabili
ty to the soil, and if the reSultls-sAt
islactory, you have -a stock of plants
for setting a plantation. . •
The Market and thePeighborhoorl
have both to be considered. If the
market is s distant - one, the fruit,
whatever-other quality it may have,
must be firm enough to reach its des
tlnation in good order. If there is a
local or neighborhood trade—a -, mat--
ter quite too often overlooked by
growers, then a very different class
of fruits may be grown.
Pruning Omitted Last Fal4 should
be attended to now as the weather
will allow. Grape-vines need the first
care, and should be pruned" long be
fore the buds begin. , to' swell. -Cur
rants and. Gooseberries.,start early,
and should be pruned early. :
Preparatory Mirk in the. •way of
trellises and' other supports may be
'attended to, and the materials got
ready. In the family . garden, the
,best support for raspberries, is a sin
gle wire strained between posts' at
the'ends of the rows, and we think
that the best grape-vine treillis,js
.that with horizontal slats four feet
'apart, with upright Wires where need
CLOVER SEEDING.—Editor of the.
American Cultivator: At this time
I can Scarcely believe any one de;
sires to dispute 'the value of red clo
ver at an important manurial ,agent,
in enriching worn-out land; in fact I
consider it the cheapest fertilizer a
farmer can apply to his land; espe
dially, iti.sucbland . as is "suitable to
its growth, • When clover. seed may
be obtained as at present; for - only
about $4.50 per bushek , every farmer
'should plan to.seed down 'as many
acres as possible during. the coming
spring, since it seems hardly proba
ble that so.low a figure Twill be yeach
ed again for seed in several years,
especially if the, ravages of the insect
working in the seedsof.clover should
be as widespread and destructive as
,was the case in' this' section during
the past summer and autumn.. Many
farmers have 'an idea that clover
should be sown only upon fall-sown
wheat and rye. This is a wrong im-.
pression, as I have seen. equally as
good catches when sown with oats,
spring wheat and barley. When in
tending to seed with'spring grain, a
less quantity of the grain .shOuld be
sown, and if the ground is mellow,
sow the clover and go over with.. a
Thomas or a brush narrow after.dril
ling. If in the luickwheat growing
- section, sow the
. clover on previous
to the' last harrowing,: and as .the
buckwheat will afford the'young
ver a good shade frotn .the beat of
the sun, •its growth* will be rapid. and
• satis factory.— Correspondence Amer.
ican Cultivator. •
A CHEAP PAINT FOR -DARNS AND
OUTaousEs.--Put half a .bushel of
good lime in a clean barrel, and add
enough water to Make a thin white
wash, stirring with a-. flat *stick till
every lump of Hine is dissolved then
add fifty pounds of mineral: paint
(the color preferred), fifty pounds of
whiting, fifty pounds road-dust. Add
linseed oiLand. mix to a thick paste.
Then thin to the proper consistency
for spreading with the brush, by add;
ing tweet buttermilk fresh from *the
chtirn, in.small.quantities at a time,
to lore a chance for the ingredients
to assiinilateverj Man .His Own'
Painter. : •
A- 1 : 142 404 ems Plague:
•The cattle. plague Is atireetingvery
.on both sides
the 'Atlantic. A Congressional
Committee at Washington is engaged .
`in takingtestimony as to, the, iscase,
while - yew York Inspectors have.;
been vigoiously at work On" Long Is
. slaughtering the . infected
animals. - The, contagions • disease
'from which cattle near Washington
.vicinity: of, New . York,
And probably in other -pits of the
country, are now suffering, is said to',
have beenintroduced in this country
US Tar back:as 1843,being brofig,ht by
infected cows imported from urope.
Several " State Commis:s4ms
made inquiries as .to the disease and
the best methods -Of preventing its
aprcackand some , years ago carbolic
acid was pronounced a specific. "
New York Commission recommended 4
owners of cattle to
. Provide them
selves.with ten per cent..crude car
bolic acid, with !Oriel to disinfect
their stables, and with ninety user
cent. carbolic acid •to be mixed with
the drinking water given to the cat
tle. " One part of- pure. acid, with
thrice its weightof sal spda r is
mixed with. 1000 parts of water for
drinking purposes. The virtues of
Carbolic acid, as of all other " specif
ics," are doubted by some. but the
New York Commissioners were well
satisfied with the results of its u se .
The other preventive'noii being vig-•
orpusly applied- on Long Island—
thin of -putting suspected cattle in
gliaraniine and slaughtering diseased
ones at the expense -of -the State"—
will4oubtless have, a good effect. '
Goonlittxt*i Cows.---s The Buret:
World says that "the cows of many
farmers 'go dry' in 'winter—that
the fault is with the cows, but the.
fault is really their own. The trou
ble is.the cows are not wt.ll fed and,.
comfortably sheltered. They cannot
give much milk without an abund
'mice of food ,to make it. Their own
natural wants • require a certain
amount of food d
. to keep life an
health and strength. If . they get
enotlgh food to secure these
etuis.,hoW Can they give milk?
would be like asking a man to give
you money .when he had none: Good'
hay and straw and .corn fodder an
swer well for the coarse food, sand
corn meal can't be beat for nutritious
focid. It is^a little too . concentrated,
'but one_ part of corn-meal and two
or three pa•ts of wheat br4ii. make an
'excellent food for 'raileh dews, and
pound or two Of griiiind oil-cake
mixed with thiSfeed makes' a splen.-
. did diet . for milk." The fact is that
! half the battle with any Ow on' the
milk.question is the feeding. People
often have cows . that they feed judi
ciously; and' hence. have . milk far,be
yond what their neighbors get
their animals, and thus others are
led to believe there is .something - in
the breed more than there is in their
own. this way breeda or races of
cattle often come into repute... But
When they or their offspring, change'
owners, they soon go back and are
of no more aceotnit than any ordina
ry cow. Judicious feeding for mil[c
purposes is yet 'in its, infancy with.
the majority of cattle feeders; though
well known to the observing few.
A C9NTE:NTEI) LIFE.—It is a com
mon, complaint that the farm and
farm life are not appreciated by our:
people. We long for the more ele-.
gant pursuits, or the ways and fash
ions of the town. But the farmer
has the most sane and natural occu
pation, and ought. to fine life Sweet
er, if less.highly- seasoned, than any
other. He alone ; strictly speaking
has a home. How can a man take
root.and. thrive without land? _lre
writes- his history upon his flekl.
flow many ties, how many resources
he has; his' friendships with his cat
tle, his team, his dog, his trees, the
satisfaction in his growing crops, iii
his improved fiehis • his intimacy
with nature; with bird and beast, and
with . the quickening elemental forces;
his . co.Operation with the cloud, the
seasons, heat, wind, rain; frost. Noth
ing will take the various social' dis
tempers Which the citY , andartificial
life breed out of man like farining,
like direct and loving 'contact with
the soil. It 'draws out the poison. It
humbles_ him, teaches him 'palace'
and reverence, ami. :restores the pro
per tone to' his system.
Cling to the farm, make 'much of
it, put yourself into It, bestow- your
heart and your brain upon it; so that
it shall savor of you and your-virtue
after your day's 'work is done l
Jolt it. florrougfis,-in - Scribner.
II:5E PLENTY OF PAINT.—The farm 3 '
kr who keeps his hoii:4 - c, barn, and,
other outhouses, his house-yard fen
ces,'his 4 - 31.1;011S, the wood-work and
unused - iron-work . or-his mabl»nes
and.implements, constantly_ covered
.a coating of good paint, sacs a.
great deal of money in -the long run.
In fact We.know of-no small ,expen
diture that pays as • well. The Work
Of paintinb- these things need no
very skillful hand. Fancy colors on
mowers: and reapers,. plow. be:llw,,
harrows, cultivators ; etc., are of no
account. Qood,'durable paints, rea
dy mixed, can now be bought at rea
sonable-prices, and of any color, all
over the country. But. any farmer
can mix his own-paint if- he desires.
Ground paint, paint brushes, oil, and
a little turpentine as a drier, compose
the whole outfit. Oil and lathp-black
make a black Paint: ti simple red
paint is made of red "lead and oil.
Paint put on in cold weather is -more .
(hirable than when put on in hot
weatheather. The heat dries out the
oil too rapidly,. . . .
WEA7apin CALVES. —"Old Farm.
er" - his plansof weaning calves
in th% Tura , / 11ew' York er as ollows :
Having weaned many hundreds of
calves, and havingfifty years - ago fed
. and night myself, -I
can say with entire confidence that
after the first week, skim milk,wann
ed . a little more than new .milk • is
when drawn from the cow, will keep•
them in good growing condition.
There is no if or doubt Omit this
fact, for. maty thousands' are raised
in this way every year, and have been
for years..out of mind, before my day
in the country I was born in, and
also, in the States for the last twen
ty yearS; while in Canada, they are
treated just the same by hundreds of
people. About fotir.quarts of sweet
skim milk for tic. first few times is
enough, as':gtving more will relax
them too much sometimes; six
quarts. afterwards told,. if it can be
spared, more as the-calf grows
er. In winter, - or early in spring tie
calves require reeding with hay, a
very, little at first, and; of; course, it
should be nice, soft, green 'bay,' . ani
a little bran and bats,, or bran awl
meal-4Wo.thirds . bran will make
them. all Ahrive very fast.