Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, August 15, 1878, Image 4
jarktillttral lepartnont The Armes Trishs. Rev. Pavid Swing is rusticating among his old farmer friends, and Sends some characteristic_reflections to the Alliance.- •He thinks a farm efllife is not at.. all .roSeztinted,— , and proves it too, in these reflections: " 'the farmer, if he possess any emotional naturei: is mad' about half the=time at his neighbor's cow of and is Vexed half the time at the weather. The preacher who comes home from an empty church, and the lawyer who comes.home with an ad verse deciston,in lies po4et, do- not cast themselves on:the lounge with a deeper dispist than fills the farmer's soul when the fortieth - day of rain sets in and his hired man comes back to the barn from .the muddy field. The average farmer will be awake at nigl,:t to see if that Cloud will not pityjtis parched 'field, or wilt not spare his half-drowned wheat. The Sunday School books were wont to tell us children about farmers who were killed bylightningbetause they said bad 'words about rains in - har vest. In a tract, from which I suck eol some' theology when a babe, there was a picture of a streak of lightning running down the pitchfork of an-in who'had in his anger- Tointed his hay-irons toward tliieelouds that . weeping on his Irkll-cured timo, thy. To what information this tract afforded, additional knowledge has been added in subsequent years, so thatt now•hazard the opinion that the average farmer is mead at the Nteather about half the time - , and that - the other portion of his: time robbed of serenity by;the strange conduct of the man and - animals that occupy the adjacent farm: :Neither preaching, nor.law, nor medicine, nor literary pursuits are so at the. mercy of the weather, as: are the hopes of him -who, tills the soil. And to, the torments of.mind which the weather brings, throw in - some mental pangs caused by the late frosts and, fly, and rust, and 'wind. anti cheat,. and much of the roseate' hues'which tip the shin gles of the.cOuntry home fade. • What we all want is honorable work and good food and ,fresh air, and some learning and some fun, and some friends, and some sort o an honorable name, land then, beyond those ideas, it does not matter in theL least whether we hold in our hand- 4 plow-crook,-;or an engine-le6er, or' a goose quill . 1 Enifs for Choosing a Good Cow She shoUld i be in full flow. (This means that h 0 calf is .at least ten days old ; her - condition - will not change until conception). 'Weigh her upon :the stock scales. If the weight'of milk yielded by her in thir-' ty days equals her in weight . she -is worthy of furthertrial, which should he made seven months after concep tion; if her flow is found to equal her weight in sixty days, she is a good cow for either family or dairy . man. A better cow will do this twenty days ; the best cow for milk will do it in ten days, tin, full flow, and "the diminution in flow will not be- more than half up to birth of calf.. :Now, by . 1 ‘ Guenon's Escutcheon Alarkings,i to select the best milch cows : You_ will find strip of short, fine lia!r of an upward growth, begihning — upon the front of the udder, extending back and up ward hetween the thighs toward the tail: In this strip of up growing hair, above each hind teat, there is a patch of down-growing hair. of the - smile ,shape and size. Cows marked in this manner, withoutother down-growing hair, in or encroaching; upon the "es cutcheon,"l are of a _hither order of merit as milk producers than any -cows without these marks-above the back teats upon the udder. This strip of tip rowing hair is — Cill — ed — Th • tiuenon's Treatige on the mach cow,- " the . escutcheon." He does, not use the term " milk mirror" in his work. The books in which 'milk mirror is used are spurious; and are not more • reliable than the '"crumpled horns," which can he, and are produced— cl amps used ostensively for this pur pose by traders in fancy cattle, which are - sold by good looks and pedigree, • witlioilt, regard to other merit ; and C.thruSe of the milk .mirror by the . vrriters of cow literature shows that they are at least careless in their use of propositions, and this impairs the . estimate to be placed upon their work by, well posted readers: Dairy cattle of both sexes have the escutch-• con marks.developed at the age of twelve Weeks, the milk veins at about 1 sear. Breeders who wish to iniprove, the, merit of their herds "sloulti only breed cattle that ,have their marks • well defined, wide; and extending we'd up—the,higher the Better. The upper termination.ofithe escutcheon, by the forms, fixes 'the classification pf the cow.—Letter to Ohio Farmer. - SAI.T . , r ., AS A TOP DRESSING.—The • valuel of salt as a top dressing for the- Orchard, and . for gfaSs, has been long . il. subject of discussion, and like ;pins .3 -ter, it has many advocates, while not a few who have used it have failed to find any *beneficial effects . from it. i the _Mich iyan Farmer relates the ex -rerience of a noted and. successful farmer in East Saginaw - which may throw More light upon the discus sion. Mr. Smith procured a quanti- Ay of refuse salt with the intention of dressing a considerable portion of the land with it, but the whole amount, ten tons,. was put upon a ten acre lot. it, is itikportaitt to note the quality and conditions of the soil. It was a sandy loam, with a substratum of stiff clay at a depth of ,two feet. It was thoroughly drained. It had recently been seeded witti. rye . and . timothy seed. The. water from the drains for a few months was exceed ingly salt to the taste. The rye mulc t a fair crop in the spring clover seed was sown, and Ifor two years very heavy crok were taken off—over three tons of hay to the acre, and all insects were . killed out. The light surface soil and the drainage prevent ed the .complete killing out of the ryand timothy, and leaves it toter al ly well proved_that - salt is, in pro .i 1 .. ; e r 'quantity, a good fertilizer - for b ass. Around fruit trees, not too freely administered, there is reason to believe , tis valuable. The lesson is toradapt the fertilizer to the con dition'of the soil. - t ' . F.GO OMELET.—Break the eggs, separate the yolks from 'the .whites; beat the whites to a stiff froth ; then drop the yolks in the whites and beat both well together ;: griase the pan (with butter; cook two . minutes, one minute before,turned, one minute af ter turned ; do not season until after cooked, as the seasoning causes it to fall if done before cooked. APPLE.. JcE. : —Gfate, sweeten,. and freeze 411, flavored apples. Years, peaches, quinces, or canned fruits may be prepared in the same way.. ileparimnt gthrealhlna =i E. E. QumLAI, a.A. WILT, Commit/a 3. Tilt Commit of - G. W. EIAN, Associate liditors: A. T. LILLE!. . - Commonleaticms may be sent to either of? the above edltoiv, as may be preferred, and will appear In the fas,lis of which he has ehargee_ U. W. BLOT, Editor. 7 COUNTY StIP - EBINTENDENOL • • . Since entering upon the • duties of the office; the Superintendent has found work . for gye.ry day. Asa representative from this' county be has visited the Normal School of this district, and attended the State Teachers t : Associa'ion at Reading. Saturdays have been needed for office work. Nearly one hundred schools of the county haVe been visited which has re-, quired about six hundred miles of tra v el— the secitons visited being the extremes of the county. The work of visitation has not always heretofore been properly diltrib uted—the most, favorably located tieing visited Perhaps too frequently, while the most remote ,aqd difficult of access have had far to little attention. One or two schools were visited that the directors claimed had. always escaped visitation. If this labor be properly planned and equit able perfOrmecl, every school may be reached during the year and have the vis its as long as the leverage in the State, etthough, to do this, the Supertntendent May hare to make some long extra jour-. ney to reach schools not in session certain terms, or dosed from sickness of pupils or teacher. Each 'school may be visited annually, but every teacher can not be, aa there is more or less itineracy, and, from not 'tonsidenng this, teachers may, in that pant, have,unjustly censured. With regard tn , tin) necessity for, or utilit} of the superintendency,. there are sane peculiar views. Some ore utterly unable to /lee any necessity for the office, but vision is wonderfully clarified and im proved when directed toward the necessi ty for the public offices they may happen. to hold. Others, good honest farmers, have been made to firmly believe that a visit of an hour or two at a school is val tielest, while admitting that a half day would be beneficial. The Superintendent in most cases hai thoroughly questioned the teacher as 'to what is taught and what is not; as to what methods are used ; as to just classi- fication of the school, etc., and has re quired recitations for a short interval, in different studies that tin teacher's work might- be fairly judged. Now, would farmers need to watch a new hand a half day to know whether he knows how to mow, to sow, to plough or do any kind of farm work? One Minute at each would suffice? Would- not judgment soon be formed as to tact skill, energy, and. methods? One normal school graduate, when a re lative had', to be examined considered ex aminations a mere formality, and the vis itations of Superintendents useless. Was his graduating-examination a mere for -mality, or might he pot find the annual examination more than a formality, if re quired to pass it? The Superintendent's visit to this relative was something more than ?laden as it determined the fact that the teacher was at work contrary to law, having no legal - certificate. Four other schools have been 'visited and teachers found without certificates. During the examination of ona of these who claimed to have taught eleven terms, eleven ques tions in fractions, decimals, interest, com mission, etc., were given, and ten missed; mental arithmetic, total failure ; gram mar, orthography and geography, Very poor ; certificate refused. This; teacher, to be so poorly qualified after eleven terms of teaching, must be like one who said to . Missliowland; a teacher of twen ty years' successful experience, the holder of a permanent certificate, and a constant student, "I don't care if my certificate is „tfie poorest, I get just as good wages as y 9 do with all your study and attendance o institutes." • ) Our best qualified teachers are constant ly \ abandoning the work, and their places . Milled with the poo;red, because diree have persisteditithaving a cast iron level of wages,—paying The poorest and the laziest just the same the vost skillful ' and industrious. Every director with whom the Superintendent has convened on this subject, seems willing to pay ac cording to three things qualification as shown by certificate,. experience, and,suc cess, and we earnestly urge directors to this course. Teachers constantly com plain of too low wages, but if the above method be adopted, most of this complaint will cease ; as the best get too little, and the poorest too much. ' When teachers apply for fall and win ter schools, the director should copy the grades of the blanches from certificate, the number of terms taught, and then at a meeting of the board select the • teachers. The success of the teacher will be known to seine of the board. The only objectlim that can.be urged is as AO where to send the poor teachers that may be employed, 'and to what school the good ones. ' A board 'of directors can decide this justly for a township, by changing the grade of teacher for a school-froth time to i time if all teachere can not'be first i Let the motto for all, in arrangin.bass. ~. winter schools be, spare the childre u if a poor teacher be spoiled, rather-- than' spare the teacher and spoil the children. Many teachers not mentioned below are teaching good schools, and some others very poor ones.. The following are be lieved to be good teachers in most 'partic ulars, and"-ore especially commended for the following : Alice Watson, for black board at her own-expense ; George Leon ard, for. removing bushes and weeds from schootgrounds, and fences, and improve ment of school 'property; Lizzie Dough erty, for map drawing ; Frank A.Hrown, 'for map drawing and primary instruction; . Pirselda Johnson, for word method in readiug, for diagrams in grammar; B. Beck, for having his unabridged diction- A - 11 - 3 J - e -ti caw root blocks in use in school room ; Wilmot Knapp, llidgbury, l and Debbie Kuykendall, • Windham, for ex cellent work in • advanced grammar; Anna, Tuton, for assisting pupils . to help b themselves - instead of doing' wolk for them,'and for spelling and primary work; „Ella Wells Terry, for excellent written programme, studiousness and attention of pupils ; Theresa Horton, for most of the points'" mentioned above ; Edith Thompson, * for having no superior in keeping alt pupils of school busy, and for having pupils understand what they are readifig ; Mary Sriteney, for best results in penmanship ; Mary E. Stalford, for . written programme and teaching sounds Of letters; Ella Rockwell, for. the orna mentation of school room ; Caine Ackley, ' for advanced class; in arithmetic; Ida Drake, (or excellent recitation in intellect ual arithmetic ; Miss Bullock, of Sylva nia, for most naturalness in reading; Net tie Bixby, for dictation of examples in arithmetic to pupils;--at blackboard. M. E.llowlaud, for mottoes, 'flowers, ever . greens, adorning the school room. In only a half dozen schools have writ ten programmes been fottud, and intlairY i i-, into the ebussitication, has shown, in the majority of caws m aul inked° in the division,of time--Kocond reader heard but twice daily and five elanice \ in geography; Tachers who have the ability to _make r e - gond written programme (!tintsiining a minimiim of classes and ait \ equita ble division of time, will be founwitti one "postedup in the school room. 1 - i te Less than half a dozen schoo.. vis ted, ' are receiving instruction in sounds of t- ters, yetthe bending to all lessons in . . spelling book points , the teacher to thi s work. Teachers frankly tell:the superin tendent they do not know how to teach the sounds. Is it possible our teachers do not know how to properly teach. the spelling book and prinpry reading? It is quite time; then, that a two.weeks' insti tute be held to propnre teachers: =• . Less than half our schoola have instruc tions in writing—for shame. A commonfanit is, that pupils read ID too difficult books, hence stammer and drawl. The principles of reading.,—an. cent, emphasis, inflection, modulation, are ' scarcely ever taught. Pupils simply imi tate the teacher, anal* the majority of eases not even thatall the teacher does is to pronounce.tbe hard words. Too long spelling lessons—half learned are the rule. A pupil should be required to pronounce a word after the teacher, and spell but once on it. Too much idleness, and as a natural consequence .'too much play in many schools. For the Educational Department of the.. 1124407 • ?MID RZT . OUTLE.. - LARGE vi• BOLL EIOROOL DIEOTEIOTII The whole amount raised for school purposes in the township in which I re side, seems like a very considerable sub; whereas, the wages which our_ directors can affor,d to pay the teachers, Keine ri diculously small. They have fixed the wages forthe winter schools at the maxi-. mum of, twenty dollars a month, and 'they pay half as much for the summer schools.. The whole amount which they expend for each school cannot be-much over one hundred dollars a year. And yet some of our people complain bitterly of the high school taxes which they have to pay. I believe that our present' Board of Di rectors are sincerely desirous to do all in thefr power to . promote the efficiency- of the schools. But there are difficulties in the way here as there are elsewhere. And I think the most serious difficulty of an Which they encounter, is the fact that their predecessors have built to many school houses. I imagine they find them selvei in very much the same kind of di lemma as a tall\p3an sleeping under bed clothes that are too short for him. Either his feet must protrude' from under the blankets, or else tkft upper part of his body must be exposed to the rigors of the weather. And our directors must either levy a heiivier tax than the people are willing to pay, or they must make the teachers wages—what they .are. There are fourteen school districts in the town ship. If it were possible to lay out these districts in a equate form, and all equal in size, with the school house at the cen z ter of each district, and if , there was a road leading directly from each man's dwelling to the school house, no child iq the township would have much over half a mile to go to school. The directors should henceforth phrsue the policy of gradually consolidating • the school districts. There should be only two school houses where there are three now. _I think that most parents would feel that they were really better accom modated by having_a good school estab lished a mile and a halfswaY, than they would to with a- poor or indiffejent school at their doors. The directors should take advantage of thei) \ rinciple that the areas .of similar figures are to each other as the squares of their like dimensions. If they shauld increase the letgth and breadth of a school district by one-half, they would 'make it more than twice as large as it was before ; or, if they should make the length and breadth greater by a fourth, (and that, I think, might be done), the district would become More than half as large again as before. In that case there would be need of' only two school houses where there are three now, and, Vie school tax remaining as it is, the Directors could add at least sixty per cent. to the amount at present expended for each ac, hool. I believe that many of the school districts of our tow nship contain only twenty or thirty children of school age. I admit that it is possible to have a_ very good school with such a small number of pu pils; but it is not possible to secure the .rmauent services of well qualified teach ers at an aggregate expense of one hun dred dollars a year for each school. . t .k I may be mistaken as to the practica bility of reducing the number of scchool districts in the way I have indicated. But I believe it is a matter well worthy of in; vestigation by our educational "powers that be." W. H. E. SITS"IIERANNA COLLEGIATE IN srtrtrra. ,Fall Term commences MONDAY, AUGUST vs, 1578. Expenses for tuition and,fur• Waded room from 4180 to OBS per year. For mita logne or farther particulars address the Prlnetpal, - EDWIN E. QUINLAN. $. M. Towat.da, July 17, 1878. 7yt If yon are a man of business, .weakened by the strain of your duties, avoid stimulants and take HOP BITTERS. If,you.are a man of letters, tolling over your mid night work, to restore brain and nerve waste, take • 110 P. BITTERS. It you areyoung. and Suffering from any indiscre tion or dissipation, take; , • HOP BITTERS. It you are married or single, old or young, suffering from Meer health or languishing on a bed of sickness, take lIOP BITTERS. Whoever you are, wherever you are, whenever you feel that your system needs cleansing; toning or stimulating, without tatoeleattag, take HOP BITTERS: !face Ton etyspepek, kidney or urinary com plaint. disease of the stomach, bowels, blood, liver or rierreel You wit/ be cared Urn take HOP BITTERS. • If you are simply ailing, are weak and low spirited, try it Buy it. Insist upon It. Your druggist keeps it. HOP. BITTERS. It may sive your life. It has saved hundreds. Bw4 INSURANCE. . . FIDENTIC OP HARTFORD, GERMAN AMERICAN, OF N. Y. FIRE At3SOCIATIONO'g PHILA., BRITISH di=tlCA, UNION MUTUAL, (LIFE), RAILWAY PASSENGERS, (ACCIDENT), TaAvEutts LIFE AND ACCIDENT, The books records and "good wino of the We firm of Noble it Vincent haring been transteited to me, I ans mixed to Unmet ► general Insur ance and real estate business., on ressonable;terms. )11firteteral nooses for tent. WB.B. VI NeF.NT. I • Mshi lit., To/rends ra.• • U. can wake money fluter at work for us than at anything else. Capital not, required ; Ire witl styrt you. $l2 per ilay at borne matte by the twine- Moos. Net, women. Wye ae4 'lris wanted army. Where to work for us. Now to the tionbi Ontat anti %metros, Athltarr Titus i Co., As itust•!% SOP. Iticellaneong. CONNECTICUT, LANCASMII2, AND OTULaS. jLMElneverrsemortnity there an scans INKOIi via. beesmo lama b saw piiiiientar lowa of taste. _ The Wagon , -of iL E. ROSZNFIELD. THE LEADING torttuut, CIJOTITIEIRe I ig . i . a l ki . l alds usual steeliest tests and Adgment - bat jest opened an Immense stook of SPRI G AND SUMMER. GOODS. Seleeted'ulth the greatest.eare, and sem snide guaranteed - . • \ • Hs 1s se pi elm* 4 . RCOATS SPRING OV at prices placing them la they Dont buy anything In the clothing bre examined ROSENFIELDS STOOK It you do you will repot it. April, lith, 1878. JAO_OB'S Is now receiving his Spri4 & Summer xi STOOK OF CLOTHING! WHICH HAS NEVER BEEN EQUALLED BEFORE IN THIS MARKET, Elthcr toe Quality or. Low Prices. Every Article First-Class. PLEASE CALL & EXAMINE BEFORE PURCHASING. Patton's Block, Main-St. Tawasols, ro.,Marchi 28, /8 a!Venial!. M B. &F. H. OWEN, C2lO RED, - WRITE BLUE TEA. STORE, 4 BRIM% STIIIZT, ♦re offering-special Inducements In every depart ment of. the Grocery line Ifereare some of the Floes: Standard A Sugar ' .0 Meant. Teas 23 40 ail so TS so Coffees> Tobaccos.. F10ur..... 40 50 GO •` •I.sopes sack ; best, NAM per sack ilandcsagar eared. Shoulder* Georgia Codasb Mackerel Pork Ton can And an3rthlng you want In the Grocery line, and at prices to snit the times. A liberal dla• count given at wholesale. Out motto Is and shall be "Quick Sales, Small Profits, Cub or Ready Pay., CALL AND SEE FOR YOURSELVES Cub pad for Butter and Eggs. M. B. & F. IL OWENS, RED, WHITE & Buss MA. Sivas, Bridge-St., Towanda; Pa. April ii, 1878 THE IjBWRIBER .TAKES Pleasure 'in calling the attention of noises erns patrons and the public generally, th the fact that he still continues • • GENERAL MARKET BUSINESS At the OLD STAND of MYER A NIINDILLL, to to f urn ish Ileum House, and h ß e V prepared ' SALT AND FRESH MEATS, FRESH POU4TRY, - VEGETABLES AND BERRIES Of the very best quill% at as low 'stasis anlothpr establishment. C. M. MI ER. ° Jane 1, 187641 XedicaL MEDICAL ELECTRICITY ! MRS. W. H. COVERDLAE, IN MIS PRACTICZ 14 1 . 7/18 BOXOUGU DOZING WIZ risi Tx u, HAS ZFFECTED MANY WONDERFUL CUBES. Her inerensed knowledge makes her FULLY COMPETENT to treat nearly all diseases Incident to our race. spEcurr. ATTENTION Is GIVEN TO PURE- LY FEMALE COMPLAINTS. ALL RINDS OT 'evert, • • - AMoylavY, inaammatloa of the Eyes, , QuCroup. itapy. . • Pneumonia, Pleurisy, . Iniannnatlon et the Liver, - InlismnuAory Rheumatism, - Amerada, Deafaeo, . - • M a " D tes, ' • . . • • • „:-_, Dropsy. nte St. Vitus Deuce, '• EPtiePq Goiter, • • ' . Neuralgia, - • !ever Bore, ' Cancer, Catarrh Curvature of theAsth aphis, . - ma, , . Bright's Disease of theEldneys, . . r!TTNrTT`'!MITM`P.7'Mg CHARGES MODERATE. TVISIS CASH. ~se►te.aee on • Posilarwt., west of Waddle Avenue, Ware step may bored et all hems. awn HE pgrostEATEEET • FURNITURE STORE'; EMS TOWANDA, P112(21A., Xseps a Tau Stock or °eau trii es Parlor. Bed• Boom, eittlarltatros, Dlnlstßoosn mkt Kitchen. SOFAS, LOUNGES, CHAIRS, MARBLE TOP TABLES; - FINE WALNUT CHAMBER SUITE ; AND WALNUT ~PINING TABLES 'lllr, CHAIRS. . In Common Goods, them Is BEDSTEADS, - BUREAUS, WORKSTANDS, CANE AND WOOD-SEAT CHAIRS, EXTVISION PALL•LEAF TABLES, LOOKING-GLASSES, • CRADLES, CENTRE TABLES, Am, f&c., IN GREAT VARIETY. We make a Specialty of BEDSPRINGS & MATTRESSES IXT2Ii until you Isi40;) , 4.i:1C(e110)1030 , 1i3:104 COFFIN& AND CASKETS Of all Maids and shim. •A large seek of Trim ming% and the latest Imprcrrements In Corpse Pre. servers, PaUs , he. All funerals are attended by a petent.experletleed undertaker. We make a malty of this branch, and OIIARANTRESAT, ACTION bothias to WORK AND PRICK.. ORE FRAMES made to order from% atbo storpo the latest styles of- moulding. N. P. HICKS, \ m e- BRIDGE-ST., TOWANDA.- Towanda, ay 30, 1874. TURN TORE AND UNDER \ TAKING. . - , , J.* O. FROST'S SONS With the Spring trade tee hat come forward With -a large line of New Goods for the Parlor, Camber and Library, including all the Latest Novelties in Patent Rockers,f Camp Chairs, dc. - - Our . line of Chamber Furniture, including the latest styles in Queen Anne and Eastlake, is tery large and at prices- that defy competition; while on Common Chairs,. Bedsteads, Spring Beds, Couches, - Mattresses and Lool4ng-Glasses 7 we bare altrags taken the lead for Best Goods and Lowest Prices. Our Undertaking Department is ahvays Complete, and we keep in stock Black and While Cloth e CasketS, Walnut, Dfetalic and Rosewood Cases and Coffins of erery'style, and our prices are lower than the lowest. 20 22 'Kt IS " 1244 cents Ot 08', " 05 46 O$ 10 " 08 44 When in need of auything in our line please call and yet our prices, as we are sure you find them lother than anywhere else. Towanda, Vs., May 23, ISM NEW JEWELRY STORE. lareeelvlog a Dew supply to his largo stock of goods, SILVER PLATED WARE, GOLD AND PLATED SETS - • / • ♦nd erverytilas is the line, ',Mb irEll bee old st 1_ _ LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES Please rite as a can slid itepstriag doe, . lir.. A .RO,CKWELL, It casuists of 111 the We have .r 0 , J. 0. FROST'S SONS, Main Street.. Watches, Jewelry, kr. % , ' W. A. ROCKWELL Strett MS AND RINGS, CLOCES, exatolni our rods. at the shortest pales. E 33 YOllO/1 , 110178 E, gronod.1 1 !ro. 1 0 1 frousea ur WWl' WASMICISTIASSrt Wink N. i. S. S. liettSAT, igen • Street we pus the Muse ever= fifteen tankntee, v aa j e rt tel e en i 117t=wjP6etraurtreell o'o 11 E IsT •- _ ''• WATER. PII)E• CHAIN PUMP . The , • • nudersignad havlnit resumed bassllBls at Ida ;old pose, Is now ready tosupply Farmers, Tanners, and alt others In need of ripe; with a sutratou, ,ARTICLE; . AT PRICES TO SUIT TUE TIMES. A. WYCKOFF. ( sueooioor to t. 13. Iloants, Elmira,) 122 R: It. Ave., Elmira, N. -Y. Elmira, Jena 10, 18711. . ' 17 LADIES AND GENTS, • send your FADED DRESSES, COATS, OR ANY ARTICLE THAT NEEDS CLEANINO OR DTEIRO, To us, 'We will GIPS SATISFACTION OR . PAY FON 'TUE GARMANTS. WM. ROBERTS' CELEBRATED DYE k,OLEANSIRO WORKS, 434, 452 * 125 WATER-AT, ' ELMIRA, R. Ye - Established 1855. air Work rtanreeil C. 0.1). by express Sr de• sired. nisy3o. M. SENT, Wholesale awl Retail DE.I.I.IEIt IN CS~OTHIN~ -AND Gent Furnishing Goods, \ • 133_EA6I\WATER STREET, LOBINO BLOC' Elmira, N. Y. June 13, Ws A C. BRINK, Manufacturer a Dealer In Vermont and Italian MONUMENTS k TOMB STONES Scotch and American GRANITE MONUMENTS, MARBLE Sr SLATE MANTELS, 222,: 224, 226 WEST WAtEn, STREET, EL URA, N. Y. Elmira, April 18, 1678 GRANT & DEWATERS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS In all kinds of Agricultural Implements, FIRST-CLASS, WAGONS, TOP AND OPEN . !HIGGINS, FARM & PLATFORM WAGONS, PHAETONS, * &c, MOWERS AND REAPERS, MKT HAY RAKES, &c. MOWING MACHINE SECTIONS ,AND.IcNIVES TO FIT ;,/ ALL MACHINES. 160 LAKF:IBTREET, ELMIRA, N/E -,1 May :a, JAS. & R. H. WALKER, 336 East Water Street, ELMIRA, N. Y., PRACTICAL PLLFMBERS, • STEAM Ai,/OAS FITTERS Residences and PI31?Ile Buildings fitted with Rot and Cold Water.- Steam Heating Direct ,or Indi rect Radiation. / . • ). A full supplyG re as Fixtures, Opal Globes; Jac. e l Patent Burners • GlObe, Angle ' nd Check Valves Water and St m Ganges, Iron and Lead Pipe, and a full sup} of Steam Fittings. .1. , !# inaatet Promptly Gi v en. Rimtra; N.Y., 1- May 23, 187 e. • (Established .1847.] WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS RITY & MORREL, DRUGGISTS SEMMES, PSI 'C'T MEDICINES &c., &c. sse, Lira SU/ Ve . b..28, T - VINCENT; • •, JEWELER, (Oppoitte Rathbun House) 12 EAST WATER STREW NEW FIR MISSES Take plesauro In A few doors of Adercur Moe , • / W MILLINERY (100DRZ And esmine their stock IA Dross Maklntidonst. Prteei to stZtto times or Straw Wk and Bleaching* fi , . / Towsz4s, Aptll 11, 1878. / DITTRIC/R - Ai CO. NEW GOODS, f ew Prkes: The abovanamed 'firm hasjust opened, at the old and walt•known stand of C. U. PATCH, Groceries and Provisions, Wood, Willow and Stone Ware, TEAS, COFFEES, SPICES, which having been intrehase4 since the recent heavy fall Inprices we are offering to oar customers AT GREATLY REDUCED RATES. . Our stock of goods is Complete. and the best In the market. .We 'respectfully Invite the public to examine our goods and prices., and we are elinftdent that they cannot be heat., All orders wilt receive prompt attention. • The highest market price paid for t wintry pro. dace. Towanda, March 1878 II n pCZ C. ee 2 7 $.4 C O m o g 5 P • "s 4 : 5 4 T ". tl = = ;..'. 71 CD Mil F l. :.70, b. 4 : 3 0 G t 4 mm 0 o d • Mt 71. O . • 4 E. • g , ELMIRA 0 z 11 ? ;d • f, F. 1;i1 WHO CHOICE k ' flathig a I CASH PAID FOR-BUTTER, Or takeu In exchange for goods, an lowest cash pri• cos. Our. long , experience in the Grocery Trade gives ris peculiar advantages' in purcha,thg, and as wears not ambitious to make large profits, we fiat ter ourselves that we can offer GREATER INDUCEMENTS TO Blears than any other establishment In Northern ?ennsylvanla. / r • . , . • I =II 11. GROCERIES it„ PROVISIONS. E!M ELMIRA; IL Y. En EE BET to all at ONE. DOOR NORTH 01 CODDINU a RUSSELL' Towsnds, 4175 NOW Firm, A SFULL'LINE OF Z. F. DITTRICII CO C) E CD 2 CA • - ~ 0 !-, C13 4 -0 - ro 1-4 . g §---', . co ✓ g d ... H z .., Ili c> .4 N *1 0 - -'. -= . t4' (I) . x g • 4 :. 5 A r la a Et g I f 4 12 •4 - V V i C .... g L-4 r., .r.r to :1H ": v . ' CI E- hi 13 tCD I - v ACD ~ iji ori en c _ l • 5 14 ..' , 4 i P:1 - 0 1 2 6 ...0 0 ' 1, 11 1 1 Ca =. t..!• H ime = a . CD .... . eil K I -s H ". 0 0 m CD 4 Cl 2 ,Vi 0 E ENS dc LONG, RETAIL CO GRAIN, &C. arge and commodious store we are pared at: all times to carry a Large stock. GRAIN AND PRODUCE STEVENS ISt LONG. VORNEt. MAIN R UVIDGE. ST., TaWANDAi'A , MCCABE & EDWARDS, T H E `OLD : ESTABLISHMENT. STILL VAICES THE UAW Cordage* Cur.APra TLI AN EVER. and hat term Wagons at a GREAT REDUCTION. . Prop,!stator the Old Carriage Manufactory, erg. Main and Elizabeth streets, would call the Spectra attention of FARMERS and *them to his large and complete assortm int of MIS OPEN AND TOP BUGGIES . ' . AND PLATFORM WAGONS, MI of 'his own manutsetare s antrwarranted every particular to be equal to the meat expel:she city work. . NQW - J8 - YOWL TIME TO OM 'tookat',th - e figures, •nd remember AO every svoldcie to warranted : . , PLATFORM WAGONS OPEN BUGGIES TOP BUGGIES TM, prices are far i,elow the cost of manufacture and will not he maintained after the present stork to disposed of, so you must wake selections NOW: Don't be Imposed upon by Inferior work and poor materials, but purchase at the establishment which has been in operation for nearly half a cen tury and Is permanently located. ItEPAIULM2 PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO Canal and Factory car. Main anti:Elizabeth streets. Towanda, lune 21. 1677 NEW CARRIAGE FACTORY! East of the Reporter °lace. Mclntyre e. Spencer Respectfully announce to the public that they are prepared to build ad kinds ot FAMILY CATIMIAOES, Tor AND OPEN BUGGIES, PilAETp!ti fr, PLATFOpI SPRING .WAGON'4I iItOTTLXG SKI.KIES do SKELETONS, Made of 'the hest material anilin the beet stylo All work.warranted to give perfect satisfaction. PAINTING A' SPECI ALIT we have ono of the hest Carriage Painters in_ the country, and do all work In.thls line at the lowest rates. Neatly aid promptly done at redaced prices Making new .iprings and repairing old onei specialty', All wurk guaranteed. Plea,e give ua 7l Towanda. April 2G, 1677 NEW FIRM • . AND NEW GOODS Haa Illlerl np the ottl store of 0. A. Black with a full line of CROCKERY, _ CHINA, CIIINA, _ • 1 GLASSWARE . CUTLERY; SILVER PLATE!) GOODS, • STONEWARE! OCERIES, BABY WAGONS, FANCY GOODS, TOYS, TOYSI HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS LAMPS, LANTERNS, CIII3INETS Machines of the,.. lead illg makes sold for i re, at wonderfully low prices. " . Sewing Cash at 3 LADIES; GENTS AND crkLmiEtr . Are invited to look ocei\ oar assortment. as we are determined to do all In ur power to please. Re member the place, rs\ "OLD CitocKE HY' BTOD.D . , \ • - Towari". Nay 10, 1677. . , :„ L. B. POWVEL 115 Wyoming Avenue; hat a large . stoek of SeCOMI-hrll/t1 P1AN4951 MO ORGANS. with:lole O'er , : =771 80 one C%.% APPOICH to buy an hntru ntent el,ewhere trithout first getting, pritses front hint, During the past few years..he:ha4 been doing nn o:ctonsiVe renting busipe 801. o.nvequeliee or the u , ipreeelentedstringeney of the tape, : ninny of the- , in:drinaent. , hap , been retnintal. As soo . l as n- PIANO. 011IL'IN ....,,aIA,N k returned, It is iiiinii:.tiift, , ; -- c.tit inriiMeli order by his ri.piiife ' r,,..ii , l, %then ti z rev fre 14;011,1s in al ttiK.l l' ,, Tl.iiii,ll:,l. , :i•ililo , . So eof these he , caii warrnnt for live Slll-s ~ tha tieme AS flew 4 nic c , an. orp.rtunity twilit: lbw; /given to obtain a THOROUGHLY-GCOD.IIISIRUMENT at a very raalerahlprice-1, .31n. .I'olvt:t.t. has non - hi stock one 5 7 octitve l'Tittee Stelaletni, plano-er,se. it , : one 6 oe1;11 - 43 Mrtlibie Nie.ll. l ‘lo}l l ..i . t s ; S•ottitve vrbil Organ. 6 storo,.VA: one 5-oetave New-night:t Organ, 6 stops, f6O, with 7 ;,with S . - stolv.rs; one s.octoso 3insoo &L• flan In ortan 5 btotet, $6.5; one 5-4etavo Ma-&m_ ifiraillit Organ, 575; one 1.i,-;l3l.:4'N.ctrtoti.-A 11 r4.3 1,1 ut Piano. 7-octave. $1(6: one ItAnes Diothers Piano, 7-octave, V. 10; one ratit•kering 7-octave, 4 round, $273; one Chickerina Plano, 7.octrivp, 4 round, W 25; one It zelton Piano, • 7-Octave, W 75; and many others whieli - can not I be specified here.. ALWAYS TN STOCK, the . • celebrated ClilfirKERINO PIANOS and the unrivaled MASON aR 11Alt (MCA .1 1 175. which he is prepurvil 7711.17e7M1OLESALE 'or RiETAlLpintlicisers at BOTTOM-PRIGDK 118 'Wyoming Avenue, Scranton, Pa. W . IL DODGE,- FIRST NATIONAL BANS. TOWANDA L PA4 GIRARD FIRE.INBI:IIiAXer CO. t ,of Phila.'s LAND ItuTuAu LIFE INSURANCE CO ' of Rtattord. Over .130,060 lnaurance do hues in Ihsdford Co. Towatids, Pa., Feb. 1, 1817-. 3:114E9 lIRYANT ..1100 to 01.0 60 a. 100 " 130 JAMES BRYA N T. All klculs 01 It El' A I li I "iG McINTYRE du SPENCER Crockery Warm H. J. Madill A great rartetsor ANEW DEPARTUTE CIIINE . NEEDLES & OIL Music= Instrummus. • -\ SCRANTON, PA., L. B. POWELL. =Mil EBIaH.'VALLLY AND PA.A N. Y. RAIL ROAINI.--Anangemint of Pu senor MOAN to take effect June 3,137!, •• ' - . EASTWARD, .. .... STATIONS., 31 1 . 1 5 , 7 . .-„,............. . . • PIX.T3I. A.X A. 34 . hilagr.ra Tills_ 1 205 7 Br Buffalo 280 8 or 4 ... . Rochester • •••••• • • 400 9 co ' Anburn , • • • 626 7 55. ",. Orneys . 6 .7,9 10 est. ' ' Ithaca ` t '' ! IV 725 12001 '' , IN ()siege • 485 865 In Do . . Elmtra......' ...... ... "..... a 24 tO5! I NI , Wi n ' Vi'averly....• . 6 I 939 I 49; 900 - Sarre . 620 9 46 115 , 9 IS Athen Ilan s - 6 tP 2S 9 92 2 00' g 20 M ' 7,0 Ulster '- - 4 491- _i 9 .., Tewsllll4 2 / 6 ' •- - 1 7 0 0 105 :":301', Wyssuirang. . .....IP.tai ' • • I standingsume ..... • _di , iturnmernerd - i ' . ' 1 ....II frenchtown . • ' Wyaluseng II 06i ( ,7 ii , Lareyeille.:.. ' 9 11 26, t4I Skinners r. 4147 10 i -, .it; Meshoppeu . i :11 40 oli ideboopany tA.SI ' ! II . Tunkbiumock ;710 12 10, 412, LaGrange -- . ' ....! 720 ' ;1. ; !, Falls ' i 739 3i2 I. 4 B Junction - 8 00 12 60 ; ' 1 Willtes•Barke ,! 8 25t 1 20' 2 Manch Chunk ...... . lii CO! 3 40; i Allentown ..•........112 03'.4 43; 5 Bethlehem —.42 151 5 OV! 6 Easton • 112 60' 600? 6 Philadelphia_ - ..... 2 051 6 40,1 New Y0rk........' . i . 5 rAH 9 OS - . iP.M.i.A.3I: W ESTW A RD. STATIONS. 6 30 6 30i 1 CO • ,1 60! ' 8 15: 230 9 20; ..... 9 34..3 bp .1 9 50; : 10 00' 4 20 .110 02 : 10.1 - 3 4 31 .111 05; . . ... 15 550 - . 1 1 15' 7 20 1 55 F (S . 1 33 , 05, 4 1 20 8 4 29 2 44 9 05 8 44 2 59 3 - 26 8 55 3 10 9 39 9 I'4 : a aa'r:9l. 9 24 S4O I . 9 43 a 55' 0 • 3 C 1; 940 359'-- i . .. .:10 ea; 4 15, 1 10 20 4 25 • 110 30..1 32. 1 1 10'36 4a5. .. .. 48 4 44 A.ll - . 4QO'llOO, 455 . 700 1.,...•. 1 11 14 5 00 7 ,5 'll 24 5 17 7 25 4 - 3.11 43 5 24 , 35 4 38,11 38 5 33 7 43 5 4 45 IUO 5 4^ 7- 55 25 12 40 6 151 8 50 ....1 6 - 24 6 0 55 35 ... . 33 it 85.5 93e 500 ....II) 38 6 10 11 29 Bass York ° ...... • Easton • Bethlehem ' Allentown Mauch Chunk...—. , Wllkei-Barre L. & B. JstnctlOn Falls • Lao range. , Tunkbannock Ildehormany 'Skinner's Eddy • Laceyrllle Wyalueing Erenchtown Rums/maleld Standlng'Stone...... Wycauking ....?;... Towanda ulster Milan AthenS.. Savo. Waverly Elmira Owego Mara • Geneva Auburn Rochester linfralo Falls Trains arid 15. run dally, Sleeping rant on trains $ and 15 between 'Niagara Falla . and Phila delphia and between Geneva:lnd New York with e&ange. Partin' car'A on tralds 2 and 9 between Is.llagara.Falls and Philadelphia withont change. It.. A. PACK EL:. - • P. & N. Y. It. It. • Sayre, PA.; June a, 1878. Coal And Idme. TygNny MERCUR, Dealer In AI.:TfiRACITE AND „SULLIVAN ANTHRACITE COAL, Conx PARK. uziEn STREETS, TOWAFDA, ~, Coal acreened,• and delivered to any part.of the Borce, ad4ing wink° to the algtve prices. .14. t. ,ORDERS IItST Rli ACCO3IPANIED 1T THE CAS}L" Towanda, Jan 5,..„1817 fIOAL, COAL, We kerp on ?raid at-onr yard all, Si7CS or nrr.too and Wlllr es-llarre coal, and Loyal r.l.wk coal. fron the Fr:lnv:an County 'Alines. Also, - Barclay Lump and Swill. SPe keip the best quality el Lime, Hair and meat, Brick and Plaster, all of whlcb No will at bottom talons. PIERCE & SCOTT. Towanda May Ist, 1576 CHEAP COATI' AND LIME., Frcm and after July I, I will sell coal, lime, de„ 'for cash only, and tile" price list will be corrected monthly.' . - PII.IOE COAL5 : 011 Jrl,Y, PER. TON' OF zooms, • ..AT THE YARM Fittston.Store, Chestnut and Furnac,,, " Pea Carbon Run Lump ; Smith Barclay Mountain• Lump.. ' o • . Smith Allentown Lime -bushel - Lath 'p 31 ' Bat CO bushel _ Brick 10 to I am always prepared to deliver purchases on short notice at the usual 'mice of delivery. 1 also tender my thanks:to my many filends and customers for their Very liberal patronage In the past and hope under the nets. departure to make it to their interest to continue -to buy where they can get the best•goods for the least money. Those who are Indebted to Me will take notice that I must bare money or I can't buy for cash and pay freights. -They must settle - by the first of Au gust Belt. , Very Respectfully Tours, Towanda, inly:l, 1975. Mist°llaneozs. SURE REWARD. IC7EAUS TO PAY FOIL A FAUN. S 4 to $lO Per Acre. Beech and Maple Land In Michigan in the'IIIILLION ACRE GRANT of the Grand Rapids and Indiana ' , Railroad Company. 'TITLE PERFECT. Etrong soli-sore crops-plentyoftlas. lber-no drought-no chinch bugs-. • '.no -" hoppers.” \ Running. streams-pure crater-ready , markets-schools-iiailroad com. "plated through centre of the grant. "Pend for pamphlet, English or German. ' . . - Address W. 0. WEGIVIET, _ Land Commlsslonar, GIRARD 'LIPIDS., • • ATTEMION FARMERS! - • If s(nt swish to sell vim' lIAY,.QRAIN, BUTTER A; PRODUCE generally for ItEklnr casif, at the highest market tires call at • '• SMITII,fit• PARK'S WYSAUKIXG, PA,. s .whelp you wilt also Mail, efejected stock o . goods, selling at bottom prices'. ' •Wysiinklog, Sept. 20.• NEW LIVERY • _ BOSRDING: AND EXCHANGE - - STABLES. • The undersigned having rented the old Means Mouse Bath, and provided-himself with NEW BUGGIES AND WAGONS, AND GOOD HORSES, is nosV prepared to accommodate the public at . r . , air 'New. Boggles for sale cheap. • - B. W. LANE. •.-Towanda, ra„ July 15,1675. - err lotsitess'you can come la. t 5 to t2O per day made by any workrr of e)tber right in their - oirn Particulars and sane pas worth - ti.free. Improvo 'your spare time at this husinass. Address Srlsisost .1, Co. Portland, Maine. rnay3o-Iy. . . Stiti . lOitc. ju nra3 r er t li I tu o vir u z w i* Al s 3 °u n t s t ln t ess tr'7 a c i allehTersous of elther sex- coo make great raj all the Ittn6 they week,. write for pattleulara to . HALLETT & CO., Porttand, Mane. -tua33u4y. 40 23 910430 10 to .110 2n ! 110 30 • 110 3 0700 62 3 74 111 II if , 3 40 `41 . 22 ill 40 4 1.992 $0 . 1 40 - 12 SO 5 Ja1:oo 7 3( 1 1 25-; '5O ' S FS 6 . 9 19i. r, 2 . 6 'lO 061 a 13 " . 9 2.4 , r s 301-9'' 9l o. MI 670 8l; 84,5 I P.Nt. .11 54 8 20_12 45' I CO 1c :P.3i. P.M. A.M. H. MEUC 1111 COAL. ...4.5 CO .. 150 .... 4 CO ... 1 00 ;.. 3 50 ... 2'15 EXO J. LT. ruiNxr.