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ALVORD & HITCHCOCK; Publishers.
TERRA OF PUBLICATION.
The Basra , Onn ReposTan U published sem
Thursday morning by 8. W. ALTOItD and J. E.
HITCHCOCK, 11/ Two Dollars 'per aannM, In M.
047 Advertising In all! eases exchislre of tab
serlptlon to the paper.
SPECIAL NOTICES Inserted at Tarr CSNTS
line for ant Insertion, and FlVlentratTS perllne for
each imbsequent Insertion.
LOCAL NOTICES, rlFTaas CZXTS a line.
ADVERTISEMENTS will be Inserted according
to the following table of rater:
Iw 4w I lint
$250 I 1 6 . 00 1 ir7
Inehes .1 1.50 I 600 I 8.00 11070 1 15.00 20.00
3 inches I 2.60-I 7.00 10.00 111 allasalLUl
4 Inches 13.00 I 8.50114.00 I ISM I 2.6.00 I =OO
cormni 5.00 1 12.00 1 16.03 1 20.00 124.00 1 115.1X1
col!nin 1 10.00 1 20.00 1 25.00 1 35.001 60.00 175.00
1 column 1 20.00 1 40.00 1 60.00 1 80.00 I 100.00 I 150.00
Administrator's' and Executor's Notices, 12;
Auditor's Notices, f 2.30 : Business Cards, avenues.
(per year) et, additional lines II each,
'Yearly. advertisers are entitled to quarterly
Changes. Transient advertisements must be paid
for in advance.
All resolutions of associations; ciomthunicatlons
of binned or individual intemr, iLand notices of
marriages or deaths, exceeding eve lines are charg
ed TEN CENTS per line.
mhe Rgeoutan having a larger circulation than
any other paper In the county, mattes It the best
idverl icing medium In Northern-Pennsylvania.
1.108 PRINTING of every kind, in plain and
fancy colors, done with neatness and dispatch.
Handbills,. Blanks, Cards, Pamphlets, Bilibeada,
Statements, &c., of every variety and style, printed
at the shortest notice. The RsPOitign educe Is
well supplied with power presses, a good assort
ment of newi type, and everything hi the printing
line can be eiecuted In the most artistic manner
and at the loWest rates. TERMS INVARIABLY
‘_A • _
, COUNTY SUPEIIINTENDICNT.
Office day last Saturday of each month, over Turner
& Gordon's Drug Store, Towanda, Pa.
Toicanda, June,2o, 1878.
ELSBREE. A; SON-,
N. C. ELSDR4
PORTRAITS AND LANDSCAPES
Painted to order at any price teem 45 to 0500.
Oil Paintings lie-Painted. Re-Touched, or changes
• made as desired.
All wprk done in the highest'style of the Art.
.TOll ANN F. BENDER.
Towandat•Pa.. April IS, iS7B. •
Employed with M. Ifendelman.fer the Past four
years, begs lease to announce to his friendaind
the puplic generally that he has remyged tri the
Boston its-Celt Store, one door south of,Zie Ftret
National Bank, and operled a shop
,for the repair
of Watches, Clocks. Jewelry, Ste. All work war
ranted to give entire satisfaction. (Apr4'7B, \
S . J. YOUNG, :
TOWAN DA, PA.
OfflcC--second door south of•the First National
Bank Main St., up stairs.
Officc—Rooms formerly occupied by Y. 3f. C. A
If,Tailing Room. ' dan.3llB.
- WILLIAMS & ANGLE,
1 A TTOUN , In" F. 4 T. LA W .
OFFR, E.—Formerly occupied by Win. Watk zit,
lI..N:*!LLTAMS. (net.l7. '77) , Z. J. ANGLE
TOWAND A,. PA.
Diet Atry Brad. Co
Towanda, P 4. Office over Bartlett dc Tracy, Maln4t.
G. F.M A goN. 1 - ;19 . 77) - ARTHUR lIEAD.
TTOIIN EY-AT-L AW,
TO A NDA, •PA.
-7 0 4 F. G:OFF,
Main Street (&-doors north of tWard flOuse). To
Pa. (April 12,1877.
A T W I
I M ° 'I I A I LUI2 - 4 N i l A A : l: 4l T ri ° ii ll at N tft Y d
to all business entrusted to his care In Bradford,
Sullivan and Wyoming C6unttel,. 0111ce with Esq.
Port- . • [novlD:74.
A TTOR NEY•AT-LA W,
• WIJ.KES-11Alt RE, I'A
Collections promptly attended tot
J OHN W: MIX,
AIrOIINICY.AT.LAW AND U. S. eIiMMISSIONICH,
T)3VA I),t, TA.
Mace—Norm Sldc Public Square,
I) A VLES k CA p.NOCHAN,
.3II`E Olr WAEI) 1(0178E.
R. S. M: WOODBURN, Physi
cian and Surgeon. Office °ter 0. A. Black's
Tcwanda, May 1, 18V:1r. _
MADILL - & CALIFF,
A Tiinui In' 6-A7-LA W,
(Mee In Wood's Mock, first door soutl of the First
. National bank, up-stalrs.
H. J. MADILL. , ;lane-731y] J. N. CAMPY.
CI =LEX' (Sr, PAYIsIE,
South side Mereur Block (rooms formerly occupied
by Dartes.& c . atmochau),
(1477) . a. n. PAYNY
J AMES WOOD,
A TTOR N EY-AT-LAW,
TQWAND A, PA. -
CHAS. M. HALL,
ATTORN'VX-AT-LAW AND NOTARY,
Will give ct , rerni attention to any Irnalneas entrust
e4l to him. MECO With Perk& & FOyl o ,
j ,, nrnallke). Towanda. Pa; Puner77..
GEORGE D. STROUD,
A TTORNE.Y-AT-L A W
Office —3tatu-st., four doors North of .Ward }louse
Practices to Supremo Court
of Pennsylvania and Unltett TOWANDA: PA
Sires Cunrts.—f. Dev7.;7B.
I L. STREETER,!
ATToIriNV-AT-LAW . ,
TOWANDA, P .
0 flee crrer Montanyes Store. onay U An.
IP E R O N . TON. RODNEY A. MERCR.
A - Apf. MAXWELj.,,
ArroONEY•ATtI , Avr.
TOW A DA, PA.
o:tre over 1:11v1orez Store. ,
pATItICK & FOYLE,
Offlee, In Meteurs Block:
Office over Cross! Book Store, two doors north of
gtevens & Long, Towanda, Pa. May be consulted
n Gerunin. (April 11,"74.]
7lc S I R N7Q .E G E - N 0,
m5728.70f., - TOWANDA, PA.
The following •*
RELIABLE AND' FIRE TRIED
C914;11166 reptwatedl; L
A NCSIII4IE,PMENI V,OOIIE,7ItERCHANTS,
March 16, '74 -\
0. H. BLACK.-
OVERTON & SANDERSON,
E. OvizTow, as. JOHN F. BANDLIHION.
W r B. KELLY, Dzxrurr. - -office
• over M. Z. Rosenfield's, Towanda. Pa.
Teeth inserted on Gold. EUtom Rubber, and M
ama= base. Teeth extracted without Fain.
,m I em I lyr
;so I WA* !Moo
-D. PAYNE, .*D.,
_ 'Pnysieux AND SURGEON.
Ocoee over Kontanyes. Store. Ocoee hours from 10
to 12, A. 11,, and from 2 to 4, P.l. Special attention
Meant° diffsses of the Sie and ltar.:-0ct.11,,764f.
DR. T. B. JOHNSON,
PIITRICIAN AND SORCIECT.
Oaks orer Dr. Porter it SonlDin Store, Towanda.
TOWANDA. INSURANCE AGENCY.
Zan Sh ed opposite the Cour KOllll4
W. S. VINCENT,
FIRST NATIONAL BANK,
CAPITAL PAID IN.
This Bank offers unusual facpltles fortho trans•
action of a general banking busineia.
JOS. POWELL, President
(SOETTIVSTDIC PILTBLIC BQUARTO
ThIS well-known house has been ihorongfily ren
novOed and repaired throughout, and the proprie
tor la now prepared to offer first-class aecomtnoda
tions to the public, on the moat reasonable terms.
-E. A. JENNINGS. '
Tovianda, Pa., May:, 1878.
HENRY HOUSE, . .
L. Etsn nix.
CORNER MAIN A WASHINOTON STREETS
This large, commodious and elegantly-furnished
henna has just been opened to the traveling
The proprietor has spared neither pains nor expense
In mating his hotel first-eass in all its appoint
\ merits, and respectfully solicits a ;there of public
patronage. MEALS AT ALL 11015115. Terms
tesuit the times. Large stable attached. - •
_ WM. HENRY, PROPIII aron.
Towanda, June 7, '7741
- 1 1 . 4 LW \ ELL HOUSE , TOWANDA ,
\ JOHN SULLIVAN
Having leasenhis. house, is now ready to worn
modate thetrsvelling public. No pains nor expense
will be spared to give satisfaction to those who may
give him a call.
Ifir'North aide of Public Sqi am, east of Menus'a
THE CENTRAL HOTEL,
' The undersigned having taken possession
of the above hotel. reipectfully solicits the patron
age of his old friends and the public generally.
M. A. FORREST.
.Q.EELEY'S OYSTER BAY AND
EintOPEAN HOUSE. - 7 A few doors sonthof
the Means House. Board by \ tint day or week on
reasonable terms. Warm meals served at all hours
Oysters at wholesale and retall.\ MOW.
CASH PRICES !
Jan. 1, 11175
I HAVE NOW ON HAND-4
FULL LINE OF
Buntings, &c. •
Fans and Parasols
IN GREAT VARIETY AT
Towr.da, PI., June ICI. m4'l
.... ...... 80,000
N. N. BETTS, Cashier.
'Feb. 14. 1/178
(ON Tilt MUM:WEAN PLAY,)
J. L. KiINT.
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BY .1. P.
'Ts u put of My weddh•g portion,
This spot where the old hoax stands.
And I had the choosing of it -
.From all of my father's lands.. .
We wore young, but we were not foolish,
Or wasteful, you may depend,
And my mother always taught me
'Twig better to are than spend.
For awhile; yon know, It was lonely..p'
With me In the house all day, .
And no one to come nigh me
To hear what I had to sly ;
But when I eat with my baby,
My boy, asleep In my arm,
I dtdn•t moth care for the neighbors,
Or anything else On the farm.
There was Jack and Den, you remember,
They were all that I ever had;
tnd Jack was his Mothers Idol
Thongh Den was a likely lad.
And we saved up every penny',
Nor envied . another'. Joys,
For a little 'farm la a little cramped
For a Couple of growing boys.
.i - Imes bent on their having learninr,
For I Wanted my Jack and Ben
_To be able to semi their country •
• Whenevo she needed men, -
Anti father said - I was slily,
For he never could understand
The use of spending money
For anything else than land.
But I kept to my wily orthleklng,
And, though not otherwise, I saw •
That both had a taste for study ;
But Jack bad a taste for law.
And I know that my prayers and prudence,
Would after &While be acknowledged,
And I paid for ail the trouble
When I entered my boys at college.
can see that father Is falling,
And there Is no strength In his arm
To swing the scythe In the meadow,
Or do the work on the farm.
Awl somehow I've lost my courage
Though I try to be calm and breve,
ltut-whatcan a mother do but weep,
-With both her boys In, the grave?
The house %rat never so lonely, •
And my peor old man and I
Sit oft In the chlinnercort.ei
J . And dream of the days gone by.
And when the too soipmn silence
i fs broken by suddeh noise,
We start with' the old-time gladness,
And whisper: Here come the boys r.
ai,ityllattron c i.
INSTANCES OF HEREDITARY GENIUS
Who was Aristotle ?. He was the
founder of the Peripatetic school. He
has been the teacher of tWenty-twO
ceturies. Who 'was his father ?. Nic
omachus, a friend and physician to
Amyntas 11., King of Macedonia.
He was the author of. works on, med
icine and science. We have lost !his
manuscripts, but the father of Aris
totle was a' man of extraordinary
ability and remarkable culture. Who
was Aristotle's grandson? Nicoma
dins again—the name . recurs—and
according to Cicero, this grandson
was the author of the book we 'mill
the Niccomachian ' ethics—a work
gear rally attributed to Aristotle;
Who was Aristotle's cousin ?
the philosopher who accom
panied Alexander the Great to the
East. The mailer of that Callisthe,
nes was Hero, a near relative of Aris
Who was JEscy.ltis ? He was the
leader of all Greek poets, and per
haps superior to Sophoeles, and even .
\ tp.Euripides. He was not only king
of, poets, but renowned as a warrior.
Who was his brother? Cymecrirus,
wlici \ fought side by.aide with ..El.schy
lus at, Marathon.. In this Acropolis,
there Was once a painting commemo
rating-these two brothers for their
action on,that battlefield. Who was
his second\brother? Ameinas, who
commenced the attacks on, the Per
s'an ships at\Salamis. Who was his
nephew ? Phiocles, who was victori
ous in a poetie\contest with Sopho
cles. Who were other nephews ?
Euphorion and Mon, who were four
Onus victorious in. poetic contests,
and- founded a tragip school which
Who was Cromwell ? The first
American. Who was Ahis cousin ?
Hampden the patriot -thesecond
A merican. , You do well,; to remetn
bet these names with
cauley says that Hampden mid Croni
well were once on shipboard in Eng
land with the intention of Coming to
America for life. Cromwell, Hamp
deW-and Milton were the first Airer-l
c:ins. The first cousin of Cromwell
was Hampden, the patriot; another \
cousin once removed was Edmund
Waller, the poet. The son Henry
behaved with gallantry in the.army.
Who was William Pitt? A man
-who gave England dignity in the four
quarters of the globe. Who was his
son.? The man who, throttled Napo
leon between 1783 and 1801, and
1804 and 1806, as,-Premier of a pow
er whose drum;heat_ was heard in all
the zones. Among his relatives were
Lady Hester • Stanhope, Geo. Green
ville and Lord Greenville, who was
Who was Lord Macaulay ? His
grandfather was a Scottish minister
of Inverary, who was mentioned by
Johnson in his account of his trip to.'
the Hebrides. His father was Zach
ary-,--an abolitionist, who began a war
which in its completion was the chief
glory of Boston. Zachary Macaulay
was in many respects a greater man
than his son. Balanced, deeply phi
losOphieal,-a massive soul, he went to
the coast of Africa, he bore persecu
tion there, he bore it for awhile with
Wilberforce in England, in order to
carry past, its, breaking that earliest
slowly rising wave of anti-slavery, of
which we now hear the retreating
murmurs, half a million corpses
borne floating within its green breast.
Who was his uncle 7 Aulay Ma
cauley, a distinguished controversial
ist Who was his fir - ate - main? John
Heyrick, bead master of Ripton, a
renowned - scholar. Who was his
nephew ? George Trevelyn, a mem
ber of Parliament and junior lord of
the treasury, and author of Cairn
Assembled here upon the Acropo
lis, lo6k about upon all the summits
of intellectual, moral 'and social de
velopment, and you will find a sun
rising behind them—a truth to which
the ages have as yet hardly listened
—that blood means God. Behind
many clo.u4s there _brightens slowly
in the rear of these summits in Atti
ca, in Oerinany,,in France, in Eng
land, a meek; soft overawing dawn
•splendor, prophetic of new' eras.
TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY,: . 4, , MBMDAY MONING, AUGUST 15
A DESCRIPTION OP THE PROCESS OP MAX-
A New Y or ko correspondent thuti
de: ribes the process of making post
age :tamps for the GlOven:Mint at an
estab*shment k in thatcity:
Afte the paper is "wet doWn," as
the pri t ens . sayevery . hundred
sheets being counted, and the number
marked by projecting tag—it is to;
ken up to th printers. _Each sheet
is of the righ size . for •making 200
stamps, of the ordinary size. Curl
ously enough; n eof the gentlemen
of whom I inquired. Seemed to know
what paper -mill maltesthe paper; but
It is made especeallfor the.purpose.
The printing-room is, crowded with
the . hand-presses u for • printing
the stamps ; no fewe r •, lum eleven
presses being in opera Ton. Each.
' press 'hat:three persons in attendance
—one to . " tend presq' one ink the
plate, - and one-'_the "printer"—to
brush off ill , the ink (in a Won& NW
swift. and dextrous' way,) , fro m th e
surface as soon as it has been put n.
The reason of this, which • would
otherwise be a piece of self-stultiflet
tion, is that the stamps are .'I. counter
sunk," - or cut
. in, and the ink is not
wanted above them, or on the plane
surface. It would cost too much and
take too long to prepSre separate
steelstitgraved dies for every stamp;
so a case-hardened steel die is made,
down at the Continental •Bank Note
Company's, all carefully , engraved
and cut away to perfection, and then
a Steel plate so ft ened for th e purpose
is. by machinery rolled over the die,
which leaves-its impress,- every time,
until the entire plate is hardened and
ready for use—one for every printing
Press ih the rooni. These are hand
presses, and the cylinder that makes
the impression is - merely turned by a
single whirl of the wheel, obtained
by the leverage afforded 'by the pro
jecting spoketi or handles. It is all
- done in a surprisingly quick way;
and ;there is no' "lost motion" of
wheel, cylinder or elbows.
"The ink varies according -t o the
kind of stamp. Some'of the pmsses
are printing the red 2-cent stamps,
some the 3-cent green ones, and. eth
ers different colors. Two-thirds 'of
all the stamps, says the supetinten
denit. are the 3-cent green ones. The
"ink," a queer substance in bulk, and
queerer . still when seen, on the ink ta
ble and roller, is . made by the note .
company, and its secret-is theirs. All
they know at the printing -room is
that - some kinds have "laundry blue"
in them, and that all kinds are made
with refence to canceling—to the
effect of the dauby canceling stamp
used in the post-office. For the or
ange-toned :10-eent stamps (these are
the highest denominations I saw) and
also for one of the vermill;on'stamps
a peg or two below that, the materi
als are imported from Europe, and
mixed in New York. All the others
are wholly made here. , The different
colored inks are apparently abOnt the
consistency of some styles of news
paper ink, but not by-any means so
sticky. The " printer • who brushes
off the plate the moment before it
goes into the press, does it all in six
swift motions—three with a sort of
cloth, and three •(to conclude) with
his bate hand. The operation, for
deftness and . celerity, is like one 'of
Heller's, the magician. The ink - is
rolled over the plate with a roller
made of Canton flannel.
The-printers are paid by the hun
dred. Precisely how much they earn
I couldn't find out, but it ought to be
good wages, for they " work like '
beavers." here i 4 no idling or play
in that room—nor anywhere_ else in
this busy establishment. The 'blank
paper, all numbered, is charged .to
the printer's to whom it is delivered,
and the plates are also numbered and
charged to them. When not in actu
al use the plates are kept carefully
locked up in the safe—a little room
in itself. ,
* Each of .these eleven presses turns
out 1,200 'sheets a day, or 7,200 a
week. Each sheet contains 200, and
as they are deliiered to postmasters
only in sheets of 100 it follows that
each sheet must be eut fight through
the middle. This, is done by band.
A girl, with a long pair of shears
cuts them as accurately as a ruled
line, showing what a good eye and a
rapid hand can do. There is no room
andthe crowded street for any error,
aand the girls make none. One girl,
whom I watched for a while, cut 50
sheets a minute-=ll,OOO a day r It
- is a`silent cut, cut, cut—from morn
ing 6, night—working as if her life
depended upon it. She sits at her
work. The girls are all busy tft a va
riety of . 6rocesses in the preparation
of the' stamps, all of whieh • require
I delicacy of touch as well as swiftness,
and their wages average $8 a week,
or a little over.
From the printing room and the
drying room (t.h . latter an insuffera
bly hot place, where the sheets are
placed in frames on drying racks)
they go to the gumming room—which
is also a drying room; ,but not hot—
the drying being aided\ by revolving
fans a ffi xed to a shaftwhich send
their influence through lofty piles of
the gummed sheets in fra \ mes. The
gum used is not gum arabic—that
would in drying cause - the sheets to
curl and crack—but is simply \ a kind
of potato starch. it is made, be
lieve, in Providende. A girl swiftly
adjusts the edges of a heap of print
ed sheets.so as to slide theth all Wep
place while she deftly daubs them ate
a single stroke with the mucilaginous
substance, which she applies with a
single motion of a wide brush. This
is the substance you "lick to make it
stick" on the letter you drop in the
post-office. The sheets are dried in
After the gumming and -drying,
the stamps in sheets, are flattened out
and made smooth by being subjected
to the persuasive power of a hydrau
lic press, the force being 450 tons.
They are put in thin boards, which
divide the several package& And
after - they come out they are taken
out'and counted again by girls seated
at tables, who also swiftly adjust
them in even-edged. heaps while
counting. Let one of these damsels
make a mistake, even of a single
sheet, and she necessarily discovers
it on the final footinip and adjust
ments. Then there is a careful going
REGARDLESS or lamnicuncet FROM A*7:,4atrAtuTza.
over of all the weary piles—thou
sands of sheets-4111 that lost sheep's
found. _ If he doesn't turn up then
the piles are turned \ around, and gone
through with hoin \the edge on the
side, not the opposite \ edge—and 10,
the delinquent is probably found to
have got turned tuder;lind so, did
not report at muster', for the count is
done at the edges.
NUNS WARREN'S FUNERAL
Minnie Warren was burie d at
Middleboro, Mass., on the 25th, with
her baby in her arms. - - \
At two oclock the family assem-,
bled in the parlor around the casket.
This was of black walnut, covered
with blue silk velvet, and lined with
white satain. It was the casket of a
child of tenlyears, but as the friends
looked within they
. saw The little
mother .with' one arm embracing the'
girl baby, whose face lay nestled
close to the mother's bosom. ' The,
mother's head was turned to the
baby,.ank the two seemed quietly
sleeping..‘ The -baby's face was: a
sweet one, a little dimple remaining
in the chin that even death had not
taken away: No one looked upon .
he little mother.and her child wio
- t. weeping. Gen. Tom Thumb sat
ne r the head of the casket, and by
him sat Major Newell,-and he made
no e ort toicontrol his feelings. He
wept itterly, as he has alniost with
out ceiqation -.* .hip -ife de
as a dapf
Torn T 1
side, n el
room. _ ___ -,,,, a dry eye
theouse. A ft er another hymn had
been sung, six young ladies, old
frieids and mates of Minnie, took
their places as pall bearers, and then
the family looked, for the last time,
upon ' Minnie's face. Gen. Tom
Thumb could not control his grief as
he turned from the casket. The
doors were then opened , and the*
people . passed through the parlor,
looking for a few minutes at the
faces of the mother and child. It
was two boars before the last friend
had passed and the casket , closed.
Borne oy four-young men the casket
was placed in the hearse, and, follow
ed by many carriages, taken to the
villiage cemetery. Here, after the
benediion, the casliet was lowered
into ft e little grave. Many, stood
en after the clergyman had
• The death of Minnie Warren will
probably end the public appearance
of the Tom Thunib party. Minnie's
death was undoubtedly . caused by
maternal love. Had she listened to
the advice of the physician sooner,
her own-life might have been saved,
although her child would have been ,
lost to her. But she would not until
it was too late. During her' sick
mks she seemed to think of nothing
but the baby she soon hoped to fold
to her bosom.
" I shall -live," she said to her
sister, Mrs. Sou!,hworth ; and after
her,babylas born, she said with a
smile, "'I new I should. lire; take
me and_rok me." The sister took
Minnie in n er arms as she would an
infant, anrocked her. "Don't cry,"
said Minnie, "I shall live through
_it." Then, after a little, she said,
" rock me on the, other side, sister."
Mrs. Soutbworth did so, and Minnie
was quiet for a little while. At
length she said with a sigh, " I don't
know whether I shall get through
after all. Please put me on the bed,
I feel very badly; I am afraid I can't
live through it." The sister put her
tenderly on the bed. lln a few min
utes, without anotherivord and with
only a gentle sigh, Minnie died, thrge
hours after her baby ins born. The
baby was a ntiful child, robust,
sad weighed rise one seventh i3f
Minnie's weig t, six pounds.
PRESCRIPTION FOR FITS.
For a Fit of Passion.—Walk out
in the open air. You may speak Your
mind :to the winds without hurting
any ope, or, proclaiming yourself to
be a 'simpleton. " Be not• hasty in
thy s t tirit • to be angry, for anger rest
eth i the bosom of fools."
For a Fit of /dtenc4t4.—Count the
tickir gs of a clock. Do this for one
hour, and you will , be glad to pull off
your mat the next and work like a
man. " Slothfulness casteth into a
deep pleep;and an idle soul shall suf
.Ftr a Fit of Extravaganee and
Folly.—Go to the workhouse •or
speak with the ragged sand wretched
inmates of a jail, and, you will be
"Who makes his bread of brier and thorn
Must bo content to He for orn."
"iWherefore do'ye spend money for
that which is not bread ? and your
labor for that which satislieth not ?"
For a Fit of Ambition.—Go to the
churchyard and read the gravestones.
They will tell you the end of nrin at
his best estate. " For what is your
life? It is even a vapor , which ap .
peireth for a little time and then van
isheth away." " Pride goeth before
destrUction, and a haughty spirit be
fore a NV
lbrFit of Repining.--Look
about for \ the halt and the blind,
and visit the bed-ridden, the afflicted,
and the deranged ; and they will
make you ashamed of complaining of
your light afflictions. 41 Wherefore
doth a living man complain 1 1 "
for a Fit of 'Envy.—GO and see
bow many who keep their carriages
are afflicted with, rheumatism, goat
and dropsy ; how miuy walk abroad
on crutches or stay at home wrapped
up in flannel; and how Many are sub
ject to epilepsy,and apoplexy. " A
sound heart is the life of\ the flesh.
Envy is the rottenness of th > bones."
AN \ AWFUL WARING TO TOTING
A yoring wife in Michigan had just
got 'isettled in her new home. All
seemed fair \and promising, for she
did not knorr,that her husband was a
drunkard. Bet one night 'he came
home at - a very late - hour and much
the worse for liquor, When he stag
gered into the house his wife, who was
hreatly shocked, told him he was'
sick and to lie down"at once, and, in
a imoment or two 'he was qiiite
comfortably settled ona sofa in a
drunken sleep. His fat* \ was reddish
purple, his breathing was heavy, and
,altogether he was a pitiable \ looking
AThe doctor was sent for post,haste
and mustard applied- to his feet and
has. When the doctor came 'and
felt his pulse and examined him and
found that he was only - drunk he
said : ,\
" He will be all right in the, morn
But the wife insisted that he was
very, sick, ands that severe remedies
must, be used. \
"You must shave his head and
apply blisters" she urged, " or I will
send for someone yTho will."
The husband's head was accord
ingly shaved closely and blisters
s The patient lay all riiht in a drunk
en sleep, and notaithsianding the
blisters were eating into his flesh, it
was not till morsing that he . began
to beat about disturbed by pup.
At daylight he woke upto ti\most
uncomfortable conscionsneei of blist
ered agonies. \
" What does this mean ?"•he said
putting Ms hand to his bandaged\
"Lie still—you musn't stir," said
his wife; "you have been very‘sich."
"I'm not sick."
"Oh I. yes you are; you have the
brain fever. „Tire have worked with
yon all night."
" I should think you had," groan-,
ed the poor victim. "What's the
matter with my feet?"
"They are blistered."
" Well, I'M better now; take off
the blisteri—do," he pleaded piteous
He was in a mosLuncomfortable
state—his head. covered With sores,
d , his feet and bands were still
w • rse.
' I ear," he said groaning, if I
show d ever get sick in this way
again, don't be alarmed and send for
a clod, and, above all, dotn't blister
me agar "
"Oh 1 l 1 deed I will ; all that saved
you were t e blisters, and if you have
another sue spell I should be more
frightened tl n ever; for the tend
ency, lam su ; 'is to apoplexy; and
from the next ttack you will be
likely to die n otes there are the se
verest measures usqd."
He made no furth r defence. Suf
fice it to say, he nev had another
attack. _ _
_ARENOTR Of GREEK s 1 LDIERS.—
The physical superiority. • the ante-
Alexandrian Greeks to th • hardiest
and most robust nations o modern
times is perhaps best illustra • I by
the military statistics of Xen ' bon;
According to the author of the ' An
absis," the' complete accoutrem uts
of a Spartan soldier, in • what • e
would call heavy marching orde
weighed seventy-five pounds, exclu
sive of the camp, mining and bridge
building tools, and the rations of
bread and dried fruit 'which' were
issued in weekly installments, and
increased the burden of the infantry
soldier to ninety, ninety-five, or even
to.a full hundred pounds. This load
was often carried at the rate of four
English miles an hour for twelve
hours' per - diem, day after day ;
and only in the, burning deserts, of
Southern Syria the commander of
the Grecian 'auxiliaries thought it
prudent to shorten the usual length
of a day's march by one-fourth. The
gymnastic tests applied by the sys
tarchus, or recruiting-officer of a pick
ed corps, would appear even more
preposterous to 'the uninformed ex
quisite of modern 'crack regiments.'
Even tall and well formed men of the
soundest constitution could not pass
the preliminary examination unless
they could jump their own height
vertically., and thrice their own length
horizontally, and two thirds of these
distances in full i armor ; pitch a
weight equal to one third their own
to a distance of twenty yards, and
throw a javelin with such dexterity
thaethey would not 'miss a mark the
of a man's head more than four
of ten times at a distance of fift y
ya s, besides other tests referring to
their expertness in the use,of the
bow and the broadswOrd,—'opu/ar
IMITATING t PETER THE GREAT.
The legend of Peter the Great's ap
prenticeship is brought to mind by a
little story which is told by the Phil
adelphia Times. In August last a
quiet looking Russian of the blonde
type applied - to John Roach's ship
yard at . Chester for work: August
Blumnner was the name higave, and
previous to going there he said he
had been connected in some capacity
with the Russian frigate Craysser,
which had a ' few days before left
Cramp's Shipyard, where it had been
lying some time for repairs. Blumi,
ner could speak tolerably godd Eng
lish, and seemed quite easy on the
matter of salary telling the ship-buil
der that wages was not so much an .
object with him' as the acquiring of
knowledge as to the American meth
od of building ships.. He, was in the
employ of his own Government, he
said, and received a regular salary
from it. Mr. Roach placed him in
the machinists' or erecting depart
ment. There he worked about three
mouths. • In OctOber he gave up his
situation and left-town, and his com
panions bad already forgotten him
when it was announced that a Rus
sian naval constructor in this country
was, in ,active communication with
the Russian Minister at Washington,
and with his own GOvernment, in ref
erence, it was believed, to_fitting out
American ships for cruisers. Inciden
tally it was mentioned that he had
been employed at Roach's shipyard.
" i rtIERE is no good substitute fui
dnm," ups Josh Billings, "but silence; is
the best that baz been dipcovereld yet.
A LESSON TO MOTIMIIa
Onel \i iight not long ago, a young
girl in haunt of vice, in Philadel
phia, ace dently, while at supper, yut
her foot ol2 \ a parlor match, which set
fire to her 1
othing. Another girl,
who ran to er rescue, shared her
fate; their dresses were of thin ma
terial and blazed over their heads,
while , I they fled shrieking to the
street,And there h ruing slowly to
death.' The men, t sir companions,
stood land afforded o help. The
signification part of. this horrible
story is that both wome were young
attractive,of good birth and social
position, oth educated (one a grad
uate of Vassar College); both had
left homes of comfort and ease, hus
bands and children, voluntarily, to
take up this mode of life, which in
their case could boast of no attrac
tive gilding. The house in which
they met,theii terrible fate was one
of the lowest in its class •, the men
whom they chose as friends , belong
ed \to a wretched negro minstrel
show—degraded, cowardly brutes
who stood off . in' safety watching
them die. Only two or three days
ago the \ police records of our own
city told an even more pitiful tale.
A fatheisfound his daughter in an
infamous place, and strove by legal
means to take , her out.. She defied
him, the hourtesustiinEd her, and
she went out gaily from the court
room with her vile companion, gig
gling at the discomfiture of the
broken-hearted father and brother,
who - stood with heads bowed in
shame as she passed bye ;
'The most frightful fact in our so
cial life faces us in these stories. It
is that there are women in the loivest
' , deep who are not driv,_en there by
want or cruelty, nor led there by a
betrayed affection • women who have
been gently reared, educated, belov
ed whose natures are so tainted that
they choose to go out, like the prOd
igal of old, from the home God gave ,
them, to feed with swine. How'
many such. are hidden in these dens
God only knows; how many remain
in their original positions, the re
cords of our divorce courts, the fol
gossip with which so-called fashioi.
able society reeks, in not only this
country but England; give us an ap
It. is useles to ignore this fact.
Neither the pulpit nor the press, iflit
means to help at all in the work of
bettering our social life, ought to ig
nore the fact that a certain portion
of American and English , society is
rapidly becoming as licentious .as
that of Paris.
Who is to blame for it? Not hu
man nature. Women and men are
born as pure as they -were a genera
tion ago. Not Christ's religion. His
hand is as strong to save , the Mag.
dolt* in the streets of New York as
of Jerusalem. It is the mothers who
are to blame. Mothers -in fashiOn
able society in the , cities, and in that
society which feebly apes the fathion
in town and villages and farm places
from Maine to Orogon,whobefore
their daughters, from Melt. birth,
dress, and show and style, as the
sole god, they are to - follow. We
venture, to say that - " Style," that
most. vulgar of words and things, has
done as much to'cortupt the women
of America as liquor has.
Not only was it the cause of our
financial downfall, but modesty, hon
i,:sty, decency are sacrificed to it.
ter :of a good business man. The,
world itself embraces both truth and'
honesty, and the reliable man must
necessarily be truthful and ' honest.
We seeso much all around
exhibits the absence of this crowning
quality that we are tempted in our
billious•moods to deny its very exist
ence. But there are, nevertheless,
reliable men to be depended upon, to
be trusted, in whom you may repose
confidence, whose word is as good as
their bond, and whose promise is
performance. If any of you kno
such a man, make him your frien .
You can only do so, however,. by as)
The reliable man is a man of good
judgment. Be does not jump at con
clusions. He is not a frivolous man.
Re is not a partial or:one-siden man.
He sees througli a thing. He is apt
to be a very reticent man. ne does
not have to talk a great deal. He is
a moderate man, not only in habits
of body, but of mind. He is not a
passionate man, if so by nature, he
has overcome it by grace. He is a
sincere man, and not a plotter or a
schemei;. What he says may be re
,lied on. He is a trustworthy man.
Youleel safe with 'your property or
the administration of affairs 'in' his
hands. He is a brave man, for his
conclusions are logically deduced
from the sure basis of triith, and he
does not fear to maintain them. He
is a good min, for no one can.'be
thoroughly honest and truthful with
out. being good. Is such a.qual ity
attainable ? Most assuredly . so.. It'
is not born, it is made. Character
may be formed, of course, then its
component parts may be moulded to
You need not be afraid of. giving too
much. The old darky said, "If any ob
you know ob any church w'at died ob
liberality, jes tell me whore it 'is, • an' 'I
will take a pilgrimage to it, and by the
soft light ob de pale moon I will crawl
upon its moss-covered roof an' write up
ou'do topmost shingle, • Blesied am de
dead who die in the lord."
Why do I Wye my darling dot
Good tank my heart, I hardly know.
hare such a More of mums:
, Twoold take me In a summer day—
Nay, saying hall that I could say
Would MI the circling seasons
Because her eyes are softly brown,
My dote, who quietly Mill down
To me as to her haven
Beaune her hair is soft, and laid
Madomm-wiee. In simple
As jetty as the raven
Because her lips are sweet tb . toseh,
Nor chill, nor fiery overronch,
But softly warm as roses,
Dearlips'ihat chasten while they more,
Lips that a man may dare 10 love .
Till earthly love time closes?
Because her hand is soft and white,
Of touch so gentle and so light,.
That Whire hr tinder finger
Dolls fall or move, the man to whom
The guards of Eden whisper "Come !”
Beneath the spelitmlght Unger?
Beneath her hearths woman -soft,
So true, so iender, that I oft
Do marvel that a treasure • •
So rich, so rare, to me should fall.
Whose sole desert—so small, so anal,
• Is—loving past all measure?
Because she has such store of moods, •
So archly smiles, se staidly broods, -
' 80 lovlugly eare!ases ; •
So that my heart may never tire
Of monotone, or more desire .- .
Than she, my love possesses?
what know or what care
Or what bath love to do with ..why?"'
flow simple la the reason!
1 lore tier T 4or she, Is my Imre, •
And shall while: starshall' ine above,
And season follow season. •
FUN, FACT AND FAOETLS
A PAISLEY publkwn was comelaing of
Lis sevant maid that she never could be
found whentreguired. " She'll gang ooto'
the house," said he, ."twenty times for
awe she'll come in." _
A Woman' forgot to send home work on .
Saturdy. On Sunday morning she told
her Hale niece to put on her things and
take the bundle under her shawl to the
lady's flame. "Nobody will see it," she
said. "But is. not SundaY under my
shawl, aunt?" asked the child. "
A MINISTER going_ to visit one of his
sick parishioners, asked him how he rested
during the night. "Oh, wondrously ill,
sir," he-replied, "for mine eyes have not
come - together these three nights."
"'What is the reason of. that ?" said the
.other. "Alas, sir !" said- he, "because
my nose was betwixt them."
Anlerial wit, while sitting in his library
one evening, was greatly:disturb by a ser- .
vant girl singing in a loud, cracked voice—
..714 re's a mansion in Heaven forme
A light In the winder I see,"
" Well !" exclaimed he, after waiting a
provokingly long time f or her to-stop for
breath, "I am grateful that in my father's
hopie there are many mansions !"
REcrarrix a wealthy and eccentric citi
zen, called upon the \ undertaker of West
field, Mass. ' to pays bill , for burying a
member of his family. - The account was
handed to the gentleman, who, taking-it,
stood for some moments in a. contempla
ti re mood, eyeing it closely and'murmnr
ing an accasional . "Hum," "htim." .
" Anything wrong in the bill ?" inquired
the undertaker., " No,"replied the honest
old chayy ." but I was wondering how
poor people ?are to die in. this \town."
A YOUNG and pretty girl stepped into a
shop where a spruce young man, who bad
long been enamored but dared not ispealc,
stood before the counter telling drapery.
In order to remain as long as possible; she
,chenpened everything, and at last She
'said, "I believe you think I am cheating
you. ' "Oh, no," said the youngster ;
"to .' me you are' always fair."
"Well," whispered the lady, blushing,"
as She laid an emphasis on the word, '1
wouldnOt stay so long bargaining if you
were not so dear."
With us the usual modes of saluta
tion consist in shaking hands;reinov
ing the hat or courtesying, accom
panying the action with the words;
" How do you do ?" or " How are.
you ?" -Rand-shaking takes its rise
in the ancient custom of enemies seiz
ing each other by th right or yr eap ,
on hand to, guard a gainst treachery,
while treating of a truce. The re
moval of the hat is a relic of the old
custom Of putting by the helmet
when no danger was to be apprehend.
ed,_ as if one would say, "I dare stario
unprotected in your presence." Wo
men formerly knelt before men of rank
to plead for merry, and later to ac
knowledge inferioi:ity. From . this
we get the ecitirtesy.
The negro !Kings on the African
coasts salute each other by snapping
the middle finger three times
In Otaheite they, rub noses, a ens
tom common with many savages.
. The inhabitants of Carmine, when
they show particular attachment,
open a'vein and-present their blood
to their freind to drink.
The Japanese remove eslipper;
and the natives of Arracen their san
sdals in the street, and their stockings
in the house.
\l'hillippine Islanders take a per
sates hand or foot and lib it over
Laplanders smell of the persons
In the \ Straits of the Sound they
raise the left foot of the person ad
dressed, and pass it over the right
leg and thea \ to the face.
The usual words of
Cairo are, ".114w do you sweat
absence of presPiration being, in that
climate, an indication of fever.
The .11utch say "May you: eat a
hearty dinner," or," \
How do you
Greenlanders use no salutation, be
lieving all men equal,. and• none de
serving of any - especial \ matk of re
The Spaniards say, " How do you .
stand_?" and the French, "IloW do
you carry yourself ?"
And most absurd of all, young-la
dies kiss, in public and in private
the parlor, in the church and at home;
no place is too sacred, no street too
public. But . while oscOatory r&A
freshment indulged , in by two of the.
fair sex seems sweetness 'wasted in
the desert air, he is l a I hardened
wretch who can witness the operation
and not have his heart-11111 with the
most wicked envy.
AS TO THE tEGB:
' the position of the legs, while the
body occupies a sitting posture, is un
deniably more correct when the or
gans of locomotion are not made to
intersect above the knee, but decend
gracefully, without coming in contact
at any point from Ike kneejoint to
The tendency to cross the legs is
commonly' a vagary .of long-legged
men, who are at a loss to make 'a
proper disposition of their nether
extrnifities. If a man Ims 'an ex
treinely long leg, he is:. more than
mu per Annum In . Advance:
likely to cross it With the other; Jaen
awakard fashion and swing the foot •
to and fro like a pendulum! This
act is especially noticeable rod the
part of shy men, who ,by In unfor
tuitous combination ofcircumstances
are thrown in the society of ladies.
The ability with which they shift -
their legs allout---the right leg over
the left, and rice versa—is the result
of disturbing influences within the
mind; and although the sot may ap
pear at times a sort of perfunctory
performance, it is obviously the re
sult of a sympathetic dependence of
the muscles of the; leg on the sphere.
of the emotions, or . an excited brain.
And so by crossing the legs ; it _is
urged, one acquires in the society of .
ladies a self-possession and ease.
It makes no difference with most
men how they make up their minds
beforehand about crossing their legs;
it is impossibl ln they tell us, to AL_
three minutesthe society of pret
ty women wh)o have not the faculty
of putting them 'at perfect ease with
out crossing the legs like a tailor or
dancing' master, and with the utmost
abandon. Ladies often expostulate
against this cosmopolitan practice,
but, as Swife said of his sweetheart
Stella, the sex takes more delight, as
a rule, in making a man feel uncom _ -
fortable, and in encouraging - him in
an absurdity, than in trying to ex
tricate him. Men, too, are at times
forgetful, and cross the legs frequent
ly without thinking. It; is only_in
that state of mental, confusion pro
duced by drinking, observes an Eng
lish novelist, when a than's legs ap
to have a memory independent,
of his mind. -
>- The ptuctice of crossing. the leg#,
which is neither elegant nor egmfort
able, ha 4 its physical disadvantages,
and if Waisted in is likely to, im
pede the circulation of the blood,
cause the foot to be tortured with
prickly sensations, and become dor
e) 13,10 : I $11:9
Never was little Myra better pleas- .
ed than when taking a walk with her
grandfather, for he was so kind and
gentle, and talked to her about the
things they saw in so pleasant .and
cheerful a manner, that it was quite
a treat to her.
. saw any ants at work," Oh,.
oh !" he woul&say, " what Makes you
so busy wheri none of you have any
rent or taxes to pay. But .I see how
it is ' • you are-at work for one anoth f
er. Remember, Myra, we most not
- be idle, for, when we have nothing to
do for ourselves, we may always help
If they saw a bee winking his way
from flower to flower, he was almost
sure to speak of it. " Well, Mr.
Buzzabout, will you tell us what you
are doing ?" But we understand it
very well, and will: try mid learn a
lesson from you. Miud,'Myra t as the
maygets honey from every flower,
may you and I seek to get good from
In this Myra used to be enter
tained by IrsF , grandfather, who lik
,ened her to-a fresh bud that would
soon burst into a flower, and himself
a faded leaf which .was almost
featly- to fall from the,tree.
One daY,lrfter Myra had taken`a,
pleasant walk with her grandfather :
she sat down to do a little sewing
with her mother, and then they talk
ed together in the following manner :
"I wish I l iad Grandfather's eyes,
"Do you, dear? I hardly think he
could spare them. But what can you
possibly want with tlio:1 eyes of your
grandfather,. Myra?" .
" Oh, if I had his eyes, I should
see all that he sees when we go walk.
ing together; but now I cannot see
half:po much as he does." •
"No ! that is very strange, when
you are young and he is. old. He of
ten says his sight is not what it used
to be; and •then, you know; though
his Bible is in large print, he is oblig-
ed to - use spectacles."
"Yes, Mother, but for•all that he
can see more than .I can."
"Tell me what you mean, love,for
I eannot.at all understand you."
• " Why, when we walk out in the
fields and lanes, let us look at what
we will, he says he sees Grod's good
ness in everything."
"Ah ! Myra, it e 'is . not grandfather's
eyes; but grandfather's heart that you
want. May_ God fill your little heart
with his fear and love, and then you
wlll..see all these things just as plain
as your grandfather sees them."
Dear reader, do you feel your need
of seeing eyes, and an understanding
heart ?" Remember, "The fear of r
the Lord is the beginning of wisdom."
—The Little Gleaner.
FROM THE WORLD OF
Some curious facts from the world of
Nature crop up occasionally, which
are well worthy of consideration.
For instance, it has been . proved that
the bee under certain circumstances
turns out to be anything but the pat
tern of industry it is proverbially
supposed to furnish. -Australian col
onies have from time to time taken
out 'swarms of bees to their adopted
land, in the hope of deriving. practi
cal benefit frOm the profusion of flow
ers with which the country abounds.
For some little time` the newly im
ported bee maintained their reputa
tion for industry, storing up their
food in the comfortable hives provid
ed for them,nnd supplying the cola
Inists with far_superior honey to that.
'collected by the indigenous `honey
producers, the " nfellipones." :Pres
,ently, however, the hives were discov
unstocked at the end of autumn,
notwithstanding the long summers - of
the northern parts of Australia, and
it wan s found that the bees entirely
neglected to lay by a stock of food,
as was.their wont. Though the bees
increased and the hives were always
regularly \ tenanted, no honey was
brought home. . It soon became evi
dent that, finding the perennial sum
mer of the tropical parts of Austra
lia offered them abundance of food,
without the intervention along win..
ters, the bees forsook their old habits,
gave•themselves up to a life of happy
indolence, and no lenger took the
trouble to convey their super-abund. ,
ant supplies to tile hives prepared for
them. In short, there being no win
ters to provide for, the bee.s gave up
the practice of storing honey?: