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E. O.OOQDDICS. -- O. IV. AILVORD
Tow=la• T4 l . 1r 16 7, Dec. 7, 1878.
The electors of the several_ States
met yesterday to cast their ballots
for . President sAd Vice President.
The ',three disputed States, South
Carolina, Louisiana and Florida, all
voted for HAYES and WHM I ER.. thus
settling the long mooted qnetion.:
The question of the Presidency is
now - settled. One Ihundred anti
eighty-five electors voted for HATEi
and WIIEELER, and they will be in
augurated on the sth of March. The
threatenings and growlings of tb:
defeated Democracy will die out af
ter the_ inauguration, and our &Ill
&is country will continue in its ca
reer of prosperity.
TICE PEESIDENTS MESSAGE;
We to-day lay, before our readers
' the last annual message of President
GRANT. The ,document is brief but
to the point. Time and space will
not permit us to give it an extended
review this week, but we shall do so
at an early date. Those- who have
expected the docurnent•to contain an
outcroping of " Ciesariim " will find
nothing therein in unison‘with their
exPections,. It is a plain, straight-
forward paper, filled, With no glitter
- ing generalities, but just such an one
as every citizen whose reaion , was
not clouded by partisanship, had a
right .to- anticipate. The messag+•
will commend itself to every fair
minded man, and undotibtedly it, will
,be carefully read by all.
The second session of the Fortv-
Fourth Congress convened on Mon
day.lagt: The Senate Was called:to.
order r.t. 12 o'clock, noon. Shortl;.
after the organizatiiin Mr. BLAIN" ,
of Maine, Messrs. CHAFFEE and TEI -
Lut, _of Colorado, and Mr: PRICE, of
West Virginia, took the oath and
were admitted to seats. Committees
were then appointed to notify. the
President and House of Represent:,
Alves that the. - J3enate was read - pOr
business,. and at 12:20 a recess of
three-quarters-of an hour was taken.
The Senate re-assembled at 1 o'cloci:
when Senator EDMUNDS offered 4
comprehensive resolution based upol
allegations of intimidation in the
States "of Georgia, Alabama,-Missh.-
-sippi, South Carolina and Lou'isians,
instructing the committee 'on privi-
It ,ges and elections to inquire wheth
• er, in any elections in these States, in
the years 1875 or 18:6, the rights of
any portion of the- citiiens to vote'
were in anywise -denied or abridged
INGALL9,.Stlblllitted a joint reso
lution recommending that a conven
tion be held in Columbus, Ohio, in
May next, to revise and amend the
- -Constitution of the .United States.
Both of which were ordered printed,
and the, Senate
,then adjourned until
12 o'clock Tuesday}: ' T
Speaker KEER having died since
the adjclurnment clf the previous ses
sion, Ifr. ADAMS,' the clerk called the
'Rouse to 'order at noon. On the
roll being called 249 members out of
the 289 answered to their' names.
• After some sparring over the placing
of the • name of the Representative
from Colorado on the roll, (which ;
was refused 4)y a strict- party vote,)
: the frouse proceeded to the election
'of a Speaker. SAMUEL J. RANDALL
-was elected on the first ballot, re-,
ceiving 161 votes, against 82 for J. 48.1
A. GARFIELD. On. taking the chair
`Mr. RANDALL read a Very bitter par
tisan speech which was freqn*ntly
applauded by his'tiemocratie friends
in the galleries. The first days' sit
,ting of what- gives promise by its
opening to be a very, stormy , session
'vus closed at 7 . :30 p. m.
iIIRNING OF THE BROOKLYN TLIEA
TRE.—One of the most appalling a!-
Equities occurred in Drooklyni . 'm
.the evening of Dec. o, atthe burning
of the Brooklyn Theatre. Seveny
fire persons perished in the flaw,
including the Well known actor, .
S. MunnocK. The fire originated
from the gas setting fire to the wood
work work, at , about l 2 30 T. it.,
when the flames spread with light
ning Vapidity, and soon shut off all
chance for escape. The . ! theatre wa
totally consumed, entailing ti loss of
$26,000. • _
THE reported assembling of large
bands, of - rifle clubs in the Capitol of
• South Carolina, will frighten no one.
These rebel bullies will find quite a
. different man to deal with in Gen.
;GRANT than BUCHANAN was in the
Presidential chair sixteen years ago,
.hen they attempted the same game.
Gen. GRANT will make short work of
any overt nets_ of treason, and they
kTiow it -
THE Dewer/its have given anoth
sr evidence of their,honest (?) desire '
for reform in the unanimous election
- of SAiUEL J'. RANDALL as Speaker
of the House of Reprisentatives. He
- was;one of the most copspicious
I YSTEA BAY
- G. 14. SEELEY .
Respectfully 'tutorin the public that be 4as re i .
moved to Ills:Itew but:ding Junt tooth' of thelteans
II ouse,where he will bop:vaned toseuhlsohl friends
WARM .MEALS: '
Served at - all hours at the .loweit posilble rites.
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MAYOR STOKELY will be re-nomi
nated by the Republicans of PhMa-
The 'people are so well
pleased with his administration dur
ihg theCenterintal' that he will be
-: eleeted by a larger rote than even
-11.02% ItresswEeiter, one of the
11131 e it and :PT* 'OA° *en` In
- While - nui'Derntsiaratia friends are
talking ao kits' terously about !hails
the election in the Southern States,
each scenes as are described in the
/mined address . are never mention
ed, and the general reader of the
average Democratic and Independent
newspaper is left to suppose that the
supporters of Truax, in the disputed.
States-Sre as mild as a parcel of
lambs. The : poor negrOes who are
compelled to suffer their hellish
cruelties, ).ra, seldom thought of, and
then only 'as the,- ignorant dupes of
$. 4 Carpet-baggers." The 44 address "
put forth by colored . men in Louis
iana, does not indicate such a de
gree of ienorince as , is-attributed
to the colored race, and the plain
statement of : their grievances ought
to send a blush of shame to the
sympathizers-with and abettors of
the "white leaguers" of the South.
Here is theplain unvarnished story :
NEW ORLk&ES, LA., Nov. 19, 1876.
To thg People of the United Slates:
We the colored people, are but a
simple folk, plain and unlettered, but
nevertheless we hope we shall be un
derstood. We desire plainly and
briy to relate -the actual political ,
coiklition of our race in Louisiana,
and to ask the just people of the
North to render us that moral aid
and protection which our peculiar
situation requires. The Government
clothed us with.the various duties of
American citizenship, among which
wag the right to vote, which fact, has
so incensed the'Southern Democrats
against us that they murder our
people and out ilage their families
after such beastidly modes that we
dare not-relate them even in, our un
lettered manner. We are unable to
cope with the white inn° without that
backing and moral , aid which the
Northern people have so studiously
withheld from us since the war. The
most of us have been slaves and
,1 11. - en like beasts all our younger
d vs, and the terror inspired by the
white slaYe driver from our infancy
up has made us fear the white man
and know and believe that we are
not his equal in combat. The use of
firearms was denied us • until after
the war, and we feel-our- inferiority
in their use when confronted with
the heavily armed swaggerinDem
perits. Thus when the issue is re
duced to one of armed hostility, as
it has been during this Presidential
canvass in Lonistana, our numerical
strrngth counts for naught against
the regularly organized, armed and
drilled White League Democrats of
-the State. Their murders are more
gentlemanly and humane than the
other ontrageS (some of which must
he nameless) which they have and
are at this day inflicting upon our
people. The whipping of colored
Republicans \ who know how to read
and write hasNbeen carried to such
an cress that the recital of these
enormities woubl scarce be believed.
Of the signers to this ~appeal two
have been whipped for refusing to
vote the Democratic ticket at the
Presidential election. One of these,
stripped naked and whipped, is coy
ere with welts and gashes from his
head to - luVbeels, and escaped from
- his fiendish tormentors through a
Vnited States military escort. The
other was taken from his cabin on the
night before the Presidenti.aUeleetion,
at -midnight, and stripped, and whip.
ped by a dozen or more white men,
each taking their turnlas they became
tired sometimes three or four Whip
ping at a time, until his finger nails
and two fingers were whipped off.
Tie was then left fainting and alone
upon the ground. Next morning the
same Democratic "bulldozers" march
ed him to the polls. the victim so
stiff and sore that every movement
of the body in endeavoring to drag
its slow length along caused the 'most
excruciating agony, and they com
pelled him to put in the ballot box a.
Democratic Tilden ticket with the
bleeding stumps of fingers their gen
erous chivalry had yet left him.
These outrages were not committed
by insignificant Democrats, but their
leader is a practicing physician in the
parish, and his assisting bull-dozers
are some of what they call the first
families. Thousands of colored people
hare been subjected to these outrages
at every' election for attempting to
exercise the right of freemen in the
State of Louisiana. It seems as if the
Government and the people of the
North had turned a deif ear upon us
and forgotten us. We do not ask
bread or money. These we have the
- muscle and industry to•produce, but
we do' ask an ,asSurance from the
'people of the Xorth that some
met hod shall, be provided for our se
curity in the exercise of our rights as
11- EZEKIEL GLOVER,
AARON MCSE. ZIE,
And others: ,
Lordsiau Glaiions—The State Bpublican—Hayes
and Wheeler ETermetre..
THE RESULT ANNOUNCED--HAYESY.
NEW ORLEANS, Pee. s.—Seeretary
-of 'State Deslonde personally served
on Gov. Kellogg notification that the
Returning Board had returned the
following persons as duly elected
electors for Louisiana:
For the State at large: Wm. B.
-Kellogg, J. H u rl Burch.
For District electors : Peter. Jo
seph Lionel, A. Sheldon, Morris
Marks, Aaron, B. Levissee, Orland H.
Brewster and Oscar Jeffrion.
Accompanying this was a state
ment of the aggregate vote. t:The
total votes cast for electors of Presi
dent and Vice-President of the Uni
Wm. P. Kellogg, at large,, 75,135;
J. Henri Burch, at large 75,129.
DISTRICT ELECTORS . .
First district—Peter Joseph
Second &mitt —Lionel Sheldon....
Third district—J. Mortis Marks,...,
Fourth district—Airiest B. Lesissee....
itttn district—Orland° U. Brewster....
Democrati; at large.-JohnigcEneiy
at large, 70,508; Robert D. Wycgotre
at large, 70,509.
First district—Laub C. Mania • 704=
Second district—Ten P. Palma ?MU
Third distaiet—A. Dr/Slaw 71). Su
Poutb district—W. A. Stay 71).VA
Tlfth district—R. G. Cobb 70.4:3
Sixth distriet—R. K. Curs • 70.5.14-
The vote for Governor Ind Lie c ute32.
-ant Governor wan alao returned. The
total tar governor: . -
S. it, tackardo 4 lo 4 ::
zir tin'o4,4ll-4i, - ;' •
~`~~,^vas 'y'.~i ^ Y..~;~.`f'~.. ~U~y,~ ~,ty5,~ ~._.
1L tike As** ttad/tastiarlbireseartrittere
mange to Ceogresa, It edema ptoPet that
j should refer to andin monierriegree re-'
tratritulate the errente stiff - offiCial arts .of
the part eight yests. It irasiny fortune,
or misfortune, to he called to the office of_
chief executive 'without any previous po
liticaltasining. Prom the age of 171 had
never even unteeased the excitement at
tending a presidential campaign: but
twice antecedent to my own candidacy.
and at but one of them was eligible as a
voter. Under such circumstances it is
but reasonable to suppose that errors - Of!
judgment melt have occurred; even had' ,
there not, differences of opinion between
the Executive bound by oath to' the strict
performance of his duties .ateriters
and debaters must have arisen. It is not
necessarily evidence of :blunders .on the
,part of the Executive because there are
these differences of views. Mistakes have
been made as all can see and I admit, but
it seems to are oftener. the selectiOsit
made of the assisktnts appointed to Main
carrying out the various duties of admin
istering the government; in nearly every
case selected without a personal acquaint
ance with the appointee, but upon rearm
inendations of the representatives chosen
directly by the people. It is impossible
where so many trusts are to be allotted
that the right - parties should be chosen, in
every instant*. History shows that ad
from the time of Washing
ton to the present; have not been free
from these mistake& But I leave com
parison to history, claiming only that I
have acted in every instate from a con
scientious desire to do what was right
constitutionally, within thelaw, and for_
the.very best interests of the people. The
failures have been errors of judsrment,
not of intent. My civil eareer commenced
at a most critical and difficult time, lets
than four Years before the country had
emerged from a conflict such as no other
nation had ever survived. Nearly one
half of the states had revolted against
the goyerntnent and of those remaining
faithful to the Union a large percentage
of the population ernpathized with the
rebellion and made an enemy in the rear
almost. as dangerous as the more honora
ble enemy in the front.. The latter com
mitted errors of judgment, but they
maintained them openly and 'courageously: .
The former received the protection of the
government they would see destroyed and
reaped all the pecuniary advantsges to be
gained out of the then existing state of
affairs, many of them by. obtaining cog
tracts and by swindling the government
in the delivery of their goods. Immedi
ately on the cessation of hostilities, the
then noble President who had carried the
nation safely through its perils; ;fell a
martyr to his patriotism at the hands of
an assassin. The intervening time to my
first inauguration was filled up . with
Writ it:slings between congress and the.new
Executive as to the best mode of recon
struction; or to speak plainly as to wheth
er the control of the goverment should be
thrown immediately into : the hands of
these who so recently arid persistently
tried to destroy it., or whether the victors
should continue to have an equal voice
with them in its control. Reconstruction
as finally agreed upon means this and only I
this, except that the late slave was en-
franchised, giving an increase as was sup-
posed to the Union loving and Union-sue-1
• porting voters. If free in the full sense
pf the word. they would not disappoint
is expectation. Hence at the beginning
A)f my first administration the work of
seconstruction was much embarrassed by
the long delay. Virtually commenced, it
as the work of the legislative branch of
he government. My province was wholly.
un approving their acts,which I did mo.;t
eartily, urging the Legislature of states
that had not yet .done so. to ratify the
fifteenth Amsminient to the Constitution.
The country was laboring under an enor
moils' debt, contracted in the suppression
of the mbellien. and taxation was so ces„
picssive as to discourage production. • Au"-
ether danger, also, threatened us, that of
a foreign war. The last difficulty had to
be ed a iested s eral was adjusted -without a
war, Si - Win a manner highly honorable to
all parties coecenied.
Taxes; have been reduced within the
last seven years nearly three hundred mil
lions of dollars, and the national debt hai
been reduced in the same time over four
hundred and thirty-fivernillioni of dollars
by refunding the 7 per cent. bonded debt
for bends bearing 5 and four and oat-half
per cent. interest. Respectfully the annusl
interest has been reduce d from over one
hundred and thirty millions of dollars, in
1.869, to but little over one hundred mil
lions of dollars in 1876. The balance of
trade has been changed from over one
hundred and thirty millions , against the
United States in 1869 to more
hundred and twenty millions of dollars. in
our favor in 1876., It is confidently be
lieved that the balance of trade in favor of
the United States will be. increased: not
diminished, and that the pledge of Con
gress to . resume specie payments in 1879
willbe easily accomplished : even in the
absence of much desired further legisla
tion on the subject. A policy has been
adopted tovilards the Indian tribes inhabi
ting a large portion of the territory of the
United States which has been humane,
and has substantially ended the Indian
hostilities in the whole land except in a
portion of Nebraska and Dakota, Wyorns
ing and 11.intanna territories, the Black
Hills region and approaches thereto.
Ilostilities there have grown out of the
avarice of the white man, who has vio
lated our treaty stipulations in his_ ti
for gold. The question might be asked
why the government has not enforced
obedience to the terms of the treaty pro
hibiting the .occupation of the Blacks
Hills region by whites. The answer is
simple. The first immigrants to the Black
Hills were removed by troops but rumors
of rich discoveries of gold took into that
region increased numbers. Gold has
actually been found in paying quantity
and an effort ,to remove.tbe miners would
only result in the disertion of. the bulk of
the troops that might be sent there to
remove them. All difficulty in this- mat
ter has, however, been removed subject to
the approval of Congress by a treaty ced
ing the Black Hills and approaches to
settlemen by citizens. The subject of
Indian pidicy treatment is so fully set
forth by the - Secretary of the Interior and
the Comniissioner of Indian affairs and
my views so full expressedexpressed there, that I
refer to they deports and recd nmenda
tions, as my own.
The relations of the United States with
foreign powers continue on a friendly
footing. Questions have arisen from time
to time in the foreign relations of the
government, but the United States, have
been happily free during the year from
the complications and embarrassments
which have surrounded some of the for-
. - -
sign powers. This diplomatic corres
pondence submitted herewith contains
information as to certain of the matters
which have occupied , the government.
The cordiality which attends our relations
with the powers of the East has been
plainly shown by the general participa
tion of foreign nations in the exhibition
which has just closed, and by the exec
tims made by distant powers to show
their interest in and friendly feelings to
ward ' the United States in the. com-
. - •
memoration of the Centennial 4: k e the
Nation. The government and people of
the tufted States have not only fully
appreciated this exhibition of kind')
feeling, but it may be justly and fairly
expected that no small benefits will result
both, to ourselves and other nations from
a better acquaintance.and a better appre
ciation of our mutual advantage and
Congress at its last session saw fit to
reduce the amount usually appropriated
for foreign intercourse by withholding
appropriations for representatives of the
Unzted States in certain foreign countries
and for certain consular officers, and by
reducing the amounts usually appropriat
ed for certain other diplomatic posts, thus
necessitating change in the grade of the
representative. Foi these reasons imme
diately„ropon the passage of the bill mak
• . 79 ,418
mg appropriations for the diplomatic and
consular service for the present fiscal year,
instructions were issued to representatives
of the United States at Bolivia, Ecuador,
and Columbia, and to the consular officers
for whom no appropriation bad been made,
to close their respective legations and
consulates and 'maw from the perform-
MCA of their - duties, and in like manner
steps were immediately taken to substi
tute Chem% D'Affaires for Ministers res
ident in Portugal; Denmark, Greece,
Switzerbad and Parsigmy. While thor
oughly impresekd with the - wisdom of
sound economy hi tbeWindy! setlfee as
ilftbs other- blailliolfor the
Wl." - .. - .-.- , 1...':...:-- - -,.t.7f- i~. #
-c.i::;"• ..7 % , :,.:::-':
4114Cloetlit - :# - 1.6.
foi tbnieleolintieneti tied 'ln-,'
liurialel,?. iehlab:l4.l - attiodjeur femign
tepreeentatlees linditi :Oh! 'tidnetlia. - I
am of the : opinidls that ileistaminattnn
of theicubjeet will sauce change in some
itutanees,ln the . eoneltidOnsistielied on
:theie sub ~.ts at the last session of Coo-
groins. • The Court of Commissioners of
r the; Alabama Clain* whose 'functions .
were continued bp_ an act of - the last aes-1
,l i on' of Congre ss until the -first day; of ,I
January._lB77, .has Carried on - its labors 1
with diligence' and general satisfactkm.l
Bv.a report from the clerk of the tneurt,
transmitted herewith: bearing date NOV.'
14. 1876, it appears that within the thee
now allowed by law the. court will have
disposed of all the Alin* presented for
adjudication. This - report also Cou p tins a
statement of 'the general results 'of the.
labors of the court to date thereof. It is
a cause for congratulation that the method
adopted for the satisfactioirof the classes
of claimi submitted to the conch which
are of long standing and justly entitled
to early consideration, should hive proved
successful and acceptable: - '
It is with satisfaction, that I RM elm
bled to state that the work of the Joint
Commission for determining the bonndai y
line between the United States and British
possessions from the horthtiest angle of
the Lake of , the Woods t0..-the •Rocky
Mountains, commenced in 1872, has *an
completed. The final agreements of the
Commissioner! with the maps haveltbeen
duly sigued, and the work of the Commik
sion is complete by the fixing of the boun
dary upon the Pacific Coast by the pro
tocol of ? March 10, 1873, pursuant to the
award of the Emperor .of Germany by
Article XXXIIT. of the Treaty of Wash
ington. The termination of the work of
this Commission adjusts and fixes the en
tire 'boundary line. between the United
States and the British possessions, except
as t i the portion of territory ceded by
Russia to the Lotted States under the
treaty of 1867. The work entrusted to
the .Commission; and the officers of the
army attached to the Commission, has
been well and satisfactorily performed.
The drigina of the final agreement of the
Commissioners, signed upon the 29th of
May, 1870, and the - original list of astro
nomical stations observed, the original
official list of monuments marking tha
international boundary line and the maps,.
records, and ,general reports relating to
the Cnminission, have been deposited in'
the Department' of State. The official
report of the- Commissioner on the part cif
the United States, with the report of the
Chief Astronomer of the United States,
will be submitts4l to Congress within a
shrot. time. • . ,
I reserve for a separate communica tion
to Congress a statement of the conditioa
of the :ques ions which lately arose 'mita
Great Britain respecting the surrender n
fugitive criminals under the treaty of 18-0..
The Ottoman Government give notice,
1 under date Of - Febniary 15, 1874, of its
i desire to terminate the treaty of 186:,
I concerning commerce and navigation pur
-1 sua..t to the
_proviSions 'of the 22d article
1 thereof. Under this notice the treaty
! terminated upon the:ith day of June, 187(;.
That government has invited negotiations
towards the conclusion of a new treaty.
By the' . act of Congress-of March 23(1 0
1874. the President was authorized, when
he should receive satisfactory informatioa
that the Ottoman Government, or that of
Egypt, had organized new tribunals likely
to secure to citizens of the United States
the same impartial justice enjoyed under
the exercise of judicial functions by diplo
matic and consular o:limns, of the United
States, to suspend the funetionsof the ant
of June..22d, 1860; and to accept for citi
zens of_the United States the jurisdiction
of the new tribunals. Satisfactory infoi
mation having beelf l ieceived of the organ
ization of such newt tribunals in Egypt,
I caused a proclaniation to be issued ..ei
the 27th of March 'last, suspending the
operation of the act of June '..2.1, 1860, is
Egypt aimording to the provisions: of the
act. A copy of the proclamation accom
panies this message. The United Stab a
has united with the other powers in the
01:Z211:Mt ion t hese . courts. It :s hors ti
that , the jurisdictional questions whica
haes arisen may br2 readily adjusted, and
that this advance in judicial reform may
be hindered by no objects.
. The necessary legislation . to carry into
efe-ct the convent i• li respecting commer
cial reciprocity, coneleded aith the lir
e-Asian I-lands in 1875, having be n kid s
the proclamation to carry into effect the
convention, as provided by' the act ap
proved August 15 1870, was duly issu ed
upon the 9th of S eptember last; a copy
accompanies this message.
The cennnotions which have been pm-
I vafent in Mexico for some time past, and
i which, unhappily, seem to be not yet
I wholly quieted, have led- to complaints of
citizens of the United States of injuries
by persons in authority. It is hoped,
however, that these will ultimately be ad
justed to the satisfaction of both govern
meets, Tim frontier of the United States
in that quarter has not been exempt from
acts of violence by citizens of on s republic
on those of the other. The frequency of
these is supposed to be increased, and
their adjustment made niere difficult by
the considerable changes in the course of
the lower part of the Rio Grande river, l i
which river is a part of the boundary I*-1
tween the two countries.. These changes
'.have placed on either side of that river
;minions of land - which by existing con
! ventions belong to the jurisdiction of the
government on the opposfte' side of the
liver. The subject of adjustment of this
cause of difficulty is under .corsideration
between the two republics.
The government of the United States
of (7olumbia has paid the award in the
case of the steamer Montije, seized by the
authorities of that government some years
since, and the amount has been transmit
ted to the claimants.
It is with satisfact on that I am able to
announce that the joint commission fur
the adjustment of claims between the
Unhed States and 3lexico- under the con
vention of 1868, the duration of %%Well has
been several times extended, has bi 4 ought
its labors to a close. Prom the report of
the agent of the United States, which ac
companies the papers transmitted here
with, it will be seen that within the time
limited by the commission" one thousand
and seventeen claims on the part of citi
zens of 'the United States against Mexico
were referred to the commission. Of
these claims 831 were dismissed or dis
allowed, and in one hundred and thirty
six cases awards were made in favor of
the claimants against the Mexican Repub.:
lic amounting in the aggregate to four.
million one hundred and twenty-tive i
thousand six hundred and twenty-two
dollars and twenty cents. Within the
same period 998 claims on the part of cit
izens oft he Mexican Republic against the
United States were referred to the com
mission. Of these claims 831 were dis
missed or disallowed, and iu 167 cases
awards were made in favor of the claim
ants against the United States, amount
ing in'the aggregate to one hundred and
fifty thousand, four hundred •lind ninety
eight dollars and fifty-one cents. By the
terms of the convention - the amount .f
these awards is to be deducted from the
amount awarded in 'favor of our citizens
against :Mexico, and the balance only to
be paid by alexia► to ; the :United States,
leaving the United States tOmake provis
ions for this proportion of the awards in
favor of its own citizens. I invite your
attention to the legislation which will be
necessary to provide for the payment.
In this connection I am pleased to be
able to express the acknowledgment due
to Sir Edward Thornton, the uinpirc of
the commission, who has given to. the
consideration of the*, large number of
claims submitted t 3 }aim much time, un
wearied patience, and that fairness ono
intelligence which are well known to be•
long.to the accomplirthed- representative
of Great Britain. and which are likewise
recognized by the , representative in this
country of the republic of Mexico.
Monthly payments f a small part of
the amount due by the government cf
Venezuela to citizens of the United States
on account Of claims of the latter against
that government, continue to be made
with rearionable punctuality.' That gov
ernment has proposed to Change the sys
tem which it has pursued in this respezt
by issuing bonds for part of the amount
of the several claims. The proposition.
however, could not, it is supposed, prop
erly be accepted, at least without the con-
Pent of holders of certificates •o[ till° in
debtedness of Venezuela. These are so
much dispersed that it would be difficult,
if not impossible, to ascertain their dispo
siticaz on the subject; - •
In a former message 1 have called the'
attention of Congress to , noes-ity
legtibstion - adthregardto - fraudulent nat.
-Ond h ai t it alls l,lll . o oo4!tenatiii
-se . 5 . .. ,- .-ii - ,WI -7,- ,'" - - .- - jr.0 .. ..a,, ,
--#7.."- - :::: titian*"
ere- , H , gatigetudiiitor , th e-tridte ' d-
and the finqielt -*askew wiiiidr: .
such4adopted'.44thant to 'return - Ad that.
eounWof-theieldrtk resider itieSbiaot
or tuttoutlintionatsil the eafegaardit .'rhi .
experience has ~ premed necessary for the
Protection of - the honest naturalized 'cit'i ,
sea,' of paramount importance.. The very
simplicity in-the requirements of law on
this question *Wird opportunity for fraud,
and the want of uniformity in the pro—
eeetdings and records of the various:court*
and in-the forma Of the certificates of Int
-1 Malizatiotts ' twined, ; affOrd a 'amitt-uit
source of difficulty. I suggest no addl.:
tional requireinents.tothe acquisitions of
citizenship beyond those `now. existing,
1 but I invite the earnestattention of Con
gress to the necessity and wisdom of seMe
Provisions regarding uniformity in ,the
records •and certificates, and providing
against the &slues Which frequently. take
place, and for the vacating of a record of
naturalization- obtained in fraud.. These
provisions are 'needed in aid and for the
protection of the honest citizen of foreign
birth, and for the want.of tibial' he is
made to suffer ' not unfrequently.
• The United St ter'. las insisted upon the
right of expatriation; and has obtained .
after along struggle an admission of the
principle contended for by - acquiescence
therein on the Part.of many forel n pow
ers, and by coticlusion of treaties on that
subiect. It is,. however; but justice to the
ghvernment to which each naturalized
-citizens have, formerly owed allegiance, as
well as to the United States, that certain
'filed and definite rules sho -1d be adopted
governing such iasps and providing how
expatriation may be accomplished. Vt bile
emigrants in large numbers. become citi
zens of the United States, . it is also true
that persons both . native born and natu
rallied, once eitizeng of the United States,
either by formal acts or as the effect of a
series of facts and circumstances, abandon
their citizenship and cease to be entitled
to the protection of the United Stattr , ,but
continue on convenient occasions to as
sert a claim to protection. In the absence
of provisions on these questions and in
this connection, I again invite your rated..
lion to the necessity of legislation con
cerning the marriages of American, citi
zens contracted abroad, and concerning
the ateles of American women who may
marry foreigners, and of children' born of
American parents iit z a - foreign country.
The delicate and complicated questions
continua:l;r occurring with reference to
naturalization, expatriation and the status
of such perAons as I have , above referred
to, induce me to earnestly direct your at, 7
tent ion again to these subjects. In like
manner I repeatzny recemmendation,that
some means he providcwl •for the hearing
and determination of the just. a nd subsist
ing claims of aliens upon the government
of the United States, with a reasonable
limitation of such as may hereafter arise.
V.liile by existing provis'ons of law the.
wart of claims may in certain cases be.
resorted to by an alient claimant, the ab
settle of any general provisions governing
all such eas-s and want of a tribunal
skilled in the disposition of such easert
upon tee •gnize i fixed and settled princi:
pies, either provides no remedy in many
deserving. cases or compels a consideration
of such claims by Congress or the execu,
tive departments of the government. It
is believed that. other governments arc in
advance of the United States upon thi4
question, and that the practice now adopts
ed is entirely unsatisfactory. ' I
congress by an act apprived on the it.! day .....4
March, Islr , . authorized the inhabibints of the ter
rit.Yry ot.volorado t . form a -:Late Geverunien
with the name of the State of •wolotad.," a o
therein provided for the admission of said Shin
when f•wmed totolp ruon upon an eqnal foot/
in;;with the origli al States. A constitution tine.:
lug been adopted mid ratified by the pelpin of
that S tate and thela,tin - g G overnor having ~ erti4
Soil td it as prsvidkl by said act, sehmit tine wi tit
tt a coPy of such constitution and ordinances 2.4
pfoehled,for in the said met, and tliC Provisions ~4
Lie said act of Congress hating been duly com 4
plied with a proclamation was issned upon thel.
let of Angust, 1 , 4 e,, declaring it duly constitute.
as a State. A copy of the proclamation is heretd l
The rmort of the Se-rep:try of War shows th'
the army has haen a-tively etopinyed during cbq
rear in subduing at the request of the To b in I:n.1
reao certain wild muds of the :shots Indlne it; ar
in preserving the peace at the t'ouri duripu th
election. l A commission waft, ronettrwtf , l mule
the act et July 24, : ,, 7n. to consider and report mil
the whole subject of reform and reorgarizatina
of the whole army. in Angr.at last. and has col..
le( t; , l a large mass ofstatisties and opinions brnri
Ina on the snheet before it. Tll,-se are now uu.'
der cops+ 1 , -ration and thiglr report is progresSinC.
I am advised though, by the president of the emit':
mission. that it will be bripractie.ilde to comply,
with the clause of the act requiring the report to,
he presented to Congress 0,, the ant day of this,
session as there has not yet been time for !that
mature deliherattni: which the importance of -the'
;subject deniands; therefore lash that the fluid: of
mating the report Le extended to the tiflli uf:JaeF
n a ry. 'elT.
In accordance with the resolution of Angina.
1 . 4 . 1. the army regulatieut prepared undertlie act
of march I. I-75, have been preMnlgated tut are,
held until after the report of the above mention
ed COlllniimkbn shall have been received and acted
on. By the act of kugnst the cavalry
force of the army was increased by lsir) .men
with the proviso that they should be discharged
on the evniration of the ht. ntilities,
Under this anth..rity the cavalry; regiments have[
been strengthened and a portion of them are now .
12 . 10 fl e idPunning tho remnants of the intliane
nith whom they have been eegaged during the
The estimates of the war department are, mode
up on the basis of tie nember of men authorized
by law. their reenirements as shown by years of
experience and also with the purpose on the part
of the bureau officers to provide for all contingen
cies that may arise during the time for which the
etatimetce are outdo.
Exclusive of the eiteinser's estimates preeented
in aecor.lance with the acts of Congress calling
for moneys and estimates for improvements at
various the t'stitattes now presented
are about Six millions in excess of the appropria
tiona for the years 'l.ll- - .1 and le'7-7.1. This in
ere.i.se ts asked in order to provide for the In
creased cavalry force should their services be ne-'
(weary, to prosecute economically work upon yen.
portaut public buildings• to provide for arma
ment of fortifieatteom. and the mast facture of
small arms, and to replenish the wlrkingatixik in
the supply departments. The appropriations for
thole last named have f' r the past few years been
so limited that the aecnmulatioes in store will be
entirely exhausted during the present year., and
will be necessary at once to begin to replenish I
1 invite your special attention to the following I
recommendations of the secretary of Wart first,
that the entims under the act of July 4. 1e 4 , for
sahplies taken by the army during the war, bore
morett from the offices of rue Qeart , nnasteret of
the Comni4s3ry General and transferred to tile
Southern claims commission, Theae claims are
,d a precisely similar nature to those now before I
the Southern Claims Commission . and the mar
Department brit-eau. have not the clerical force_
for their exanduation or oho proper niachinery-'1
for iuvestigating the loyalty of the claimants;
Second, That Congress sanction the scheme of an
annuity fund for the benefit of the families of de- ,
eve:Jed officers, and that It also. provide for the
permanent orgauirafion of tio• signal screcc,
both of which were recommended in my last an
nual message; Third. That the manufacturing op- !
eration of the en:it:once department be coocen-
tr ted at three arsenals, and au armory, and that
the remelt:tee arsenals be sold and the preeee,la
applied to this object by the ordinance &par t•
The appropriations for riveraud harbor impro
vements for the current year were $3,01.5,000.With
my approval the secretary of War:lire:And that of
amonnt S.: ,711,0,b: should be expended, and
no new work shonla be begun and none proaecet
ed which was not ofinatioual importance. se se.
en'ently the amount, was Increased to it'l,2l;,cau,
and the works are utor progressing Cu that taste.
The improvement of the south pars of the MA
siesippl river, under James It. lads and his assn.
dates. is tlrogre.esing favorably. At the present
tine there is a channel on feet and 3-10'in depth
between the jetties and the mouth of ;the pass,
and 191,: feet at the Lead of the pass. • Neither
channel, however, has the width required before
raynients can be made by the United States. .1
committee of engineer officers is now examining
these workt, and their report will be presented
at soon as received.
The report of the Secretary of the Nary shows
that branch of the service to be lu It eon:Mien us
effective as It is possible to keep it wth the fueling
and authority given the department it is of
coerce net possible to Lica! the costly and pro.
greealve establishment of the great European
powers with the old material of oar navy, to
which no increase has been authorized since the
war, except the eight small cruisers built tol sup
ply the puma of others which had gone to decay.
Yet the most has been dune that llnli'pOnnible
witlythe meanest command. and by, substantially
rebuilding some of our old ships with durable
material and completely repairing 'and refitting
our monitor fleet, the navy has been gradnaliy'so
brought up that though it dues not maintain its
relateve position among the progr valve navies of
the world, is now in a condition more powerftil
and effective than it has ever been in Static of
' The complete repairs of onr five heavy ironclad.;
are only delayed on account of the inadequacy of
the appropriations made last year for the working
bureaus of the dedartment, which were actually
lees in ani onn t than those made before the war, no t•
withstanding the greatly enhanced price of labor
and materials. and the increase in the cost of the
naval service growing out of the universal use and
great expense of steam machinery.
The money necessary for these repairs should
be provided at once that they may be. rompletcd
without further unnecessary delay and expense.
When this 9s done, all the strength, that there is
in our navy will be developed, and useful to itn
tall opacity. and it will be powerful for purposes
of defanee. and also for offensive - action, 'sboi:dd
the necessity for that arise within: a reasonable
distance from our stores. • '
The fact that our navy is not more modern and
powerful than ft is, has • been. made a source of
complaint against the Secretary of the Navy. by
,persons who at talesman time criticize and com
plain otitis endeavors to bring the navy that we
have, to I ta best and moat tfltdczt condition; but
the good sena° of the (=Wry will understand
that it in rally due to his practical action that
we have at this - time "any efficient navy force at
The report of the Peat Master General shone
the excess of expenditures, excluding expendi
tures on amount ef the previous year. over re
ceipts for the fiscal par ended June 30th. ibid. to
The refloated expenpltures for the decal year .
ending June iOtb. 16:6, are 436.7:mtv.ta.
The estimated revenue for -the rasa period
ixteri3,l4h.e feminist erimatederresi of ax.
prodltnie et be wpm:liaised; a !delLla47 i ef
--, olteettlentA4, Vindicator.;
ii.41 0 ,:..-.!
Shope eistelled.:, - •-..- .'".. - :,...-;,i,:-. - - . .---, - •:•• -r : , ,...---;: -- - - '
- e-PaelalMaterli*' OW"' ' illhitailletw,Wre
4ressed great " ' thetr pertionithiaftw'
~Weneetionato their mitmegterairlditthrPondla
i itertimmedbave specialty requited that th eir me
parts of apprehended dangewistioald not behinds
pidgin beet 1C010144 moult * the low of their
• Usu. ' Bat no positive *shimmy • of tnterferesee
boatmen submitted. except in the cute of a malt
aniesempir at Spirtanbtrg. in South Caroline, who
reported that he bad beetrviolently astailed while
fa chargliet the Mails, an account of his political
An saidatant Superintendent of the reihrly
mail service investigated llshaesso. 'aid rePorted
that the messenger** disappeared fro:adds petit,
leaving tile stork to be performed by a substitute.
The Postmaster oinera thiels this ease is suffi
ciently ituggesilre to Justify ,him in recommend ,
Mg that amore severe panistummt should bepro.
video for the offence of assaillting: any person in
charge af the mails. or of retarding' or otherwise
obstructingithent bY threats; of personal-Injury.
-A very stratttrihg result is presented in the het
that the deficiency of this department during the
last fiscal year saw reduced , to 54,0e1,7.30.1e, as
against $.1,10,938.tie of the Preceding year. The
difference an be traced to the large increases in I
Its ordinary receipts, which greatly exceeded the '
estimates therefor, and a alight, deeresatin its ex
. , .
The ordicery recipts of tile Post Office Depart.'
ment for the past seven MIMI years hare increas
ed et an average of over eighty per cent- per An
num, while the Increase of expenditures for the
some period hatibeen &bent eve per cent. per an
imm, and the decrease of deficiency in the reven
ues-rum ticten at the rate of nearly two per cent.
per anoint* • .- .
The repprt of the Cordmissioners of Agriculture
accmopanying this message. will be fannd one of
great interest Marking as it Aloes thelgreat pro.
greats of the Last century, in , the variety of the
products of the soil. increased knowledge and
skill in the labor of producinv.isowing awe' man-
Ipalating the same to prepare them for Mb nee of
man; in the improvements ln machinery to aid
the sgricaltorist in his Inborn: ind in a knowledg
of tbosescientille.sultfects netvessary to a thorough
system of economy in agricuitural production,
namely, chemistry, botany, entomology, eta. '
A study of thforeport by those interested in
agriculture, and deriving their support from it.
will and it of value in pointing out these artiebs
which era raisod in greater quantity than the
needs of the world require, and tang. sell there
fore for less than the cost of proancing,and those
which command a profit over the eclat of produe
tlefi bemuse there hi not an over production, I
, talespecial attention to the need of the depart
too .t fora rend gallery for the reception ot: the
exhibits'ettorned from the Cc. , tenntal exhibition
including the exhibits donatst by very many for
eign oatioes, and to the recommendations et the
Cemmisainner of Agriculture generally.
The reports of the T.lstrict t osorntsairners and
the Ceara Of Health are just 'received, too late to
rebel them and to make reconimendationi thereon,
and are herewith sahmitted.'- .
The international exhibition held In , Thliadel
phis this year, in commemoration of the one hun
dredth aaiversary of American Independence, Lae
proven a great auceees, and will no d _net be of
en in' Ina adrauttige to the country. It hart Ovuft
the great progrees of. the arts, science, and
mechanical skill Made in a Single century, and
aemonstrated that we are little behind older ra
lioes in any one branch. while In mime we, scarcely
have a rival. •
it has served too not only to bring peeple and
products of skill end later front all parts of the
world together, but in bringing together people
from all sections of eur own country. which must
peeve a great benefit in the Information Imparted
anti pride of country engendered,
.11 has been s uggested by scientists hitertstiel
theand couneeted with the timithsonian Itatitate,
in a communication herewith, that the govern
ment exhibit be removed to the capital, and a suit
eh'. building be erected or purchased for It. ac
commodation sea permanent exhibit. I carne atly
r‘.,.! enruerel *hie, end belie,ying Congress weeld
see.e ad this view, I directed that ail government
ex . -lotto at the Centennial Exhibition should re
tweinattiere they are. except :tech as might be in-
Jninci by remaining Ina building net lutt(tidell asl
a protection in inclement weather. or sm e ll as may
ha wanted .by the deiartment furr.iabing them,.
ante] the question of a perunduntbuildlug,is act
ed en, i-
Although the moneys appropriated lit Congress.
tv enable the participation of the sertral execu
tive departments in the international exhibition
of ,- It, were not aufdelent to carry out the un
dertaking to the full extent at drat contemplated.
it e..ves me pleasure to refer to the sfdelent and
crettitable mauler in which the bearul so pointed
front these several dcpartinents to prOvide an ex
hibition on the I,:art of Vie government, has :Int
el:are:l their ntties with the funds placed at
their 'command, without a precedent to guide
them, in the preparation of eneh a 'Tapley. The
Inte..ess of their labOrswas amply attested by the 1
' beet-elute! attention stitch the contacts conterts t of the
government building attraettel during the period
of the exhibition, from both foreign and' native
I ant strongly hope-SA(4lloth the value of the
cellectien made by the government fur the pur
poees of the exhibition. Illustrating an it deco,
the uelvereal resources of the .Imi/try, the statie
ti,al and practice' evidence of our grow th as a ca
ti it., and the uses ef the mechanical arts and the
applier.tien (421:plied scienre in 'the administra
tion of the affairs of goeernment.
, A , .
rnany nations have voluntarily contributed
their exhibitor to the United +tat a. to inert:nu
the interest in any permanent exhibition con,
cress may provide for. For this set of geueresity
they should receive the thank's of the people,- and
I respectfully suggest that a resolution of Con
grcss to that erect be adopted.
'the attention of Ceugreati cannot be too ear
fleetly tall. il to the u..ceesitr of throwing sr me
greeter 9i:in:guard ever the method of chco3ing
and declari•tg the
~ele,,tors of si :.rt.sident. Under
the I:resent systelh there seeme to be uo provided
rez.tedy for contesting the election in any one
ntete.. The remedy fa partially no doubt in the
enlightreent of the electors,
i' 444 COLIIIIII3Ory eimpert of the free Fell:nets and
the dist ran:Mee:nen t of all who cannot read and
write the Engliell language after e fixed pretation
would meet my hearty apprte al. I wool t not
mete this apply. however, to these sir , :ady voters
:titer the (nitration of the predation need upon.
Foreigners coining to the conetry to become
citizens, who are educated In t,telr own language,
tvitlin require cue requieite knOwleile.e of ours
during the necessary ri.eidence to obtain natural
ization. ft they did not tate ante:est enough in
our language to acquire It sena, lout knowledge of
it to enable theta :o study the Metitatiess and
laws of the cow,try intelligently. I would rot chi,-
ler upon thetu the right to make such laws. nor
to seleet those who do.
I append to thin message. for cowienlent r,-:fer
en,e, 3 synopsis of administrative events, and of
all recommendations to Congress :nLds by mod
during' the last slaved years. Time may show some
if those recm:uniendati -lie not t.,i have been wis:e
ly conceived. but I believe thelorger part will be
no discredit to the adnatnistratimi. .
Car of these reeommendatime met:with the
milled opposition of one political pr rty in the
donate, and w.th a string op pesltiiin I.olh the
other, namely, thi; treaty to..
,the annexation of
:: . 31., to lieu, ngo tp the (mited . Staica, to which .1
Omit opeetally'refer, maintaining, as i do, thaEif
lay i4CW3 1134 been concurred In. the country
would be in a more presperpus condition to-day,
both politically and :inaucially:
, 3 ta to Voini9gods fertile, and upon its still may ,
be grown 3 Oa% these tropical products which the
-United Mates use so meth, and which a'e prinlin,
lad or prepared for market new by Slave lunar al
most exc./naively. namely, su_rar. c.illi!e, dry goods,
Mahogany, tropical limits, tobacco. ere.
.i. bout• seventy-five per cent. of, the export* of
Cuba art committed in the Unito iStatQa„ A large
percentage of the eel:eine of lipaiil a tel And the
saute market. They are paid fetTatureat exclusive
ly in can, legislation, pa rtrule Ty in I üba, being
unfavorable to a mutual chyre,a of the prod Leta of
clone shipped from tha 3Lissteeippi "liver to
Havana, can pass by the ve y entrance to the city
on its v.-ay to a port In Sp. in: then pay a -duty
fixed upon articles to b.: , re exported, transferred
to a Spanish verset, and br uglit back almost to
the point of starting, payi: g a second (tut:, and
trill leave a prelt over wha would be received by
ill that is produzel in Cu
In :=auto Domingo. Being
States. commeree betwee'
tua,nland won:Abe free
port duties on her shipm
on those coruingthere. The
ay.ticsupou tyn sappll•s
from the :,ta:;l2s
'rug effect that would ha% e been produced upon
Cuban commerce with there ativantagraltn a rival,
is observable at a glaueo. Tha Cuban! question
would have been settled lur g a;:m in favor of ofree
Cuba." hundred* of Ameritcan 've,ssels would now
be advantageously used in thansportiug the valua
ble woods and products of the Kollar the island to
a market, and in carrying t applies of emigrants
The island is but sparsely settled, while it Las
au area sufficient for the r, °limbic employment
of several millions of peopl . The soil wouldbave
soon fallen into the Banda f United States cap:-,
taliata. The products are ad valuable in'thinnourcs .
that emigration there v 4 mill hare been !eueour:
aged- The emaucipated'ra of the South would
have found there a congenhil home, where their
dell rights would not be iiiisputed, and where
theirlabor would be an =eh sought after that
the poorest among them eould have found the
moans t . go.. Thus. in cases of great oppreseion
and cruelty, such as been leactichd upon, them in'
many places within the last! eleven /years, whole
communities scot:ll4.llex° sought refuge in Santo
Ido not suppose the whole race would have
gene, not is it desirable -that they should go.
Tin it labor if' desirable, - ifidtemensiblo almost,
where they now ars, but the possession of this
territory would hare left the negro ..roaster of the
aituation.",tuabitng him tu!demand his rights at
home on pan of finding Umiak elsewhere. I
I do nut present these views now as a recom
mendation for a renewal of the subjeci of annexe
' Wen, but I do refer to it to Vindicate my previous
action in regard-to it. i - •
With the preseat Congrese, my official life tar.
minates. It is not probable tint pnblic affairs
will ever again receive attention from me, further
11 than as a citizen of the RepTiblic. ultra's taking
deep interest in the honor, !integrity, and pros
perity of the whole land. II„ 8. (Grey. _
L.x.tcrrrvr. Ilexslit.l, Decethbor sth, hilt, •
A Wonderful Dlscovery.—Our nuMercui
exchanges am flied with acenco.ts of most wonder.
lot cures effected by Dr.j Gawa'S :"MxtrtrAL
Moist/mt. , It Is said to be the greatest vitalizer
yet discovered, giving buoya?cy to the 'spirits, elas
tlaiy to the step, and making' the invalid heai r ty,
courageous and strong. Is elms all diseases of the
ILlver,- Stomach, 'Kidneys and',..npine; Scrofula and
all Dined Diseases; cures Nerions Prostration and
Weatness of either sex. restbring Tone and Vigor
to the whole system. Read the following cares:
Prof. 11. A. lltt.sow, Saratega, N. Y„ widely
( known as Principal of one, of our leading institu.
dons of learning, says that' 145 wife has used the
1 " , Medical Wonder' , for a complication of diseases
with the most happy effect. fslo other remedy ever
touched the case like 14 I
taws, Morrlsvilln,l'. T.: sister In bed
two years with female and neisous diseases; cured.
NORYAN licsT, Shads Coiner, N. Y., wonder.
c um of dyspepsia and heart disease. •
1 Mts. I. S. Arecr.Toir, Ilillibero, N. 11., spinal
. 1 .
Mru. 7 1 ./I—White, Shedi COrners, N. Y., terrible
' iicro4ula and 'Kidney Disease gained 40 Maude.
o. limitza, Oneida, cured of terrible catarrh.
'ELIZADCTII WOOD: Sheila Ctruers. N. Y. male
tumor aid dropsy. reduced 9 inches around body.
Aialeity Texteriati., Ynneoot, N. U, loath.
some acrphila; . supposed to be la constitution;
' ? •! . ' - .
A. Bali.. Flaridaga, says th at "Medical
Wonder 7 gis , Ma health, strength and amine.
• . 'UM C.?. gni! Ar i l Clintar4._ M. It., 'confined
t5; , _.0 . . 1 *( 0 ',40 10 0*.ci•mi.- -- ''''''''' -
,Dee. l'orrobab y
the largest sale of pi'opeity eVer held
in a single day, took_ plaCe4o-day on
the Centennial drourids, - 'when the
24 buildings belonging to the Board
of finance and 'a dozen structures of
TarYilig dimensions belonging' to. in
dividuals or 4irras 'were exposed at
public auction. The, total costvalue
of the - property - offered for Sale was
estimated in roulld fi guies at $2,500„;
am and the alutd figures realized
from the sale were $296,160. Ma
chinery Hall, Horticultural Hall, and
Memorial Hall, not being in the list
of properties owned by the Finance
Hoard, werb notincluded in- the.list.
The auction took place in Judges'
Ball, where, notwithstanding the
`turning of!thelas jets of the chan
deliers and other devices to keep_
warm, the people present suffered
much personal discomfort prom the
severe Ciilditess'of the day. About
400 persons were present. !With the
exception of the Women's Pavilion;
whi6h was ':originally offered, but
withdrawn subsequently in conse
quence of the women's moveinent for
its retention as a memoriri, and the
Vienna bakery, which was also with
drawn, all of the buildings set down
for sale were disposed of. 1
The sale began with the Main
Building, in which
_: the gas pipes, ele
vator, and other personal 'property
were reserved from the s le, while the
chandeliers were included. -The
building cost about $1,600,600 The
only bids for it were tone of $200,000
by R. J. Dobbies.and one of $250,-
000, , by John S. Morton, esq., who
made the bid on behalf of the
neut . Exhibition Company., It was
knocked down to Mr. Mono]) amid
the general applause of the audience..
The two mineral annexes, which
cost together over $19,000, were next
olfertd,.with the privilege to
,the fi rst
buyer of r taking one or both. The
successful bidder was Mr. Wm.,King
of Philadelphia, an oil merchant, to
whom 'both_ the buildings were
knocked down; the ' larger -at ,$6OO
and the smaller at $460, ,
The carriage building was, Wen
put , up. It cost about $55,000, and
the terms of sale require its removal
before the Ist of April. The 'iii t
bid Was one of $l,OOO, and from this
start the bidding MU up rapidly, to
$4,100, at which sum it went to Mr.
Jas. C. Adams, for Richard J. Dob
bins, esq. _ •
Photogratilde Hall, which is to be
removed by March 1, and for the
construction of which between $22,-
0.00 and $23,000 were expended,, Was
the next on the list of sales.. In an
swt.r to a question, as, to; who would.,
bear the loss in case of fire between
the time of purchase and removal of
any of the buildings, Mr. Welsh re
plied, "I 'guess we will have to as
sume that risk." The building was
then disposed of at $l,OOO to • Mr.
Crops of Reading, Penn.
The Art Gallery annex, which cost
$llO.OOO, was next offered for' Sale.
The first bid of Mr. It. J. Itobbinsof
$l,OOO appeared for a time to have
.sccond, but finally rose $3,050,
and 'at this sum was knocked down
to A. I'. Bilycw & Son, builders, of
Judges' Hall, which cost SU,OOO,
was - sold for $1,500 to John S. Mor
ton, esq., for the Inteinational Exhi
.bitiOn Company. The gas fixtures
of the building, according to an esti
mate by Mr. Welsh during the bid
ding, were wt:rth'sls;ooo,- The build
ing, Will probably be retained in its
present position, the purchasers hav
ing until May 1 to make any neees-
Brvi arrangements. The list of
btiildings offered was then proceeded
with and di;posed of at the rates
and to the purchasers banal as :o1
The Medical Department Building
`for $3OO, ,to Henry II; Yard. oc
lOcean Beach, N. J., dealer in real
The Department of Public Com
fort Building, which cost $2'400, for
$l.OOO, to James and John Hunter
The Shoe and Leather BUildin(7.
costing $30,:50, was disliosed of, for ,
$3',000 to R. J. Dobbins.
.The Centennial Guard Reser i ve
Building, a small frame 20 by 30 ft..,
which cost.ssoo, sold for's.lss.
Tlie British boiler house, costing
$5,306, sold for $1,.50. to R. J. Dob
The Corliss boiler house,' costing
$20,976,. and containing 8,125 cubic
feet of Masonry, 243,450 bricks, and
2.5.000 pounds of , iron, was sold fur
.to John Welsh, for either
tnount Park or the Franklin In
Boiler acnise No. 3 and machine
shop, costing 'fa,:oo, were sold I%>r
$2.200 to 'Frank 11. Ward, Philadt4-
phia. • I •
!ba, could lio produead
itrpart of the United
the Islattd and the
here wculd be no ox
to. nor import duUro
e would be no intp , •rt,
acbiery. etc., going
Boiler House No. 4, costing $24,-
000, was sold for $1,400 to :John
Shed ricks & eons, Philadelphia.
The gawlmill and boiler house No.
5, costing:l , l2,ooo, were sold for $l.-
275 to Lewis Haehnlen, Philadelphia.
Boiler House No. el, costing $3,131,
were sold for $3OO to 'Andrew 'Wat
son, Philadelphia. '
The _Music Pavillion brought $lOO.
The jWagon Annex was sold for
to Sainuell A. Sillies. ; Treasurer
Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing
Agricultural Hall boiler house was
sold for $250 to It. J. Dobbins.
the annex to . Horticultural Hall
was sold foi $6OO to John Welsh.
AgriculturalXol,covering I 0 acres
maid costing $2 i 5;000, vas bid for at
one time at a lively rate by Messrs.
Allkon and Dobbins, the effect of
the Wet' rivalry being to Iperease the
price some $4,000. It was
knocked down to 1. J. Dobbins,
The Pomologieal Building, which
cost $19,000, was sold for $1,250 to
RI - 3. Dobbins.
The Butter and Cheese ~Building,
.cost about $15,000, brought
$l,lOO. The owner proposes to take
it to Asbury Park, N. J.
The Centennial National Bank,
with stationary Counters, vaults,-&e.,
included, which Osts7,ooo, went fur
SCOO, and will be taken to Ocean
Grove, N. J.
. The Grand American Restaurant,
2'. - 3 by. 188 feet in size, which cost
over $30,000, and which, according to
the, auctioneer, the architect had Of
fered to take dowb, remove. -and re
erect for less than $;,000,- sold for
$l,lOO to W. E. Baker of Boston,
and will be taken to Ridge Hill
Farm, Wellesley, Mass.
Cook's "Morld's Ticket Office,"
tvhich..vost over $O,OOO, sold for $525.
The. Liberty Stove Works went to
J. C", Shaw of New-York . for $325.
The purchaser intenda . to . remove the
bitildin# to h4faitn 4 . 1 . 10,40-1400 k
" 0 "
- Agrotuste smoo;000 BriaglieletAtiat Ai
Mode, At liar' Ingo() t aws fiteg
hit-1 , 14 -IferP. l(
PhPalrimilliOil OCR fOrss26.
-Th Penfitylvanin Education
costing $12,000, ,irent for $9OO tot
James Bradley, and-s to be taken.
to Apbnry Fakir.
The British police tarracks went
for s4so. i • •
The British workrniin's headquar.
tem for $425.
The Turkish Cate, lostink $4,000,
Two of the eight cigar pavillions
offered brought $4O, cash, apieee, the
remainder not being disposed a.
The :Japanese dwelling and 311.0-
souii State 'Building, not in the auc
tioneer's list, were put up, , but .-no
prior notice of them having been
given to purchasers, neither were bid
At the close of the sale it, was an
nounced that another sale would soon
be held of all gates, fences. and qiov
able property to be removed from the
His Advice to the Defeated Electors.
NEW Yonx, Dec. 5.-The Post's
Washington's special says:
Representative Hewitt, chairman,
of the National Democratic Commit
tee, has written- . to the democratic
-electors in South Carolina, Florida.
and Louisiana. requesting. , them to.
meet to-morrow and go thrciugh the;
form . 4 casting the electoral- votes of
their respective states, whether they
receive certificates from the- Gover
nor or ,tot.
It is!-the opinion, of leading demo
crats here that if Hayes receives the
electoral votes of the three named.
states, the House of Representatives
will 'insist upon couritinri -the cettifi
cotes sent here by the - democratic,
electors, and will make a determined
enrt to carry out their views.
. The course of Mr. Hewitt in writ
ing to the democratic electors of
these three States, is accepted, as eO-,
deuce that the; Democratic' National:
ComMittee do.not intend to abide by
the decision of the Retunihig-Beards
in these States, if they gii:e certifi
cates to the Haves electors.
W. W. CORCORAN', a rich Washing
ton hanker, will be .the principal, if
not the sole owner of the new demo
cratic joUrnal at the capital, whose
first issue is to
o make its appearance
to-day. - The editorial'stalf, it is said
will consist of 'MANTO'S' MARALE.
MONTGOMERY BLAIR, and President
WELLING, of Columbia College, who
was editOr of the Natioiial Intelli
gpwei( in the pidmy days 'of - that pa
petlg,e named. - as
an aditorial . contributor.. Mr. CHiM
BERLIN, formerly of the New York
World, is mentioned as the business
man C ol the -enterprise. •
THE venerable WILI f TAM CAMERON
was selected by the : electors of this
,'messenger to..convey the
returns of the board to Washington.
A YER'S CHERRY PECTORAL
FOR DISEASES OF TILE i
THROAT AND LUXUS, SUCH AS COUGHS,
COLDS, WHOOPING COUGH. ASTHMA,
The reputat lon,lt has attalnedln consequence of
he marveltout cured It has pr4ilticed thuing the
, ast halt century, Is a suakelent 'assurance to the
I,llc that It wla continuo to ITallze.the'llappi[tat
alts that can be tle,lrell. In almost every section
country there are persons, publicly knoCkp, who
ave been restored from alarm:lig and. en dcspe
rate diseases of the lungs, by Its use. All who have
:rludlt, acknowledge Its sopert.4 - Ity; and tt here 11:4
vttlltts arc known, no ono ,Ilesttafei as,to what
nv.illelne to employ to relieve the distress and suf-
ering peculiar to puinionary affection :4. , ettErtltY
PECTORAL always affords Instant relief, and per-
Drina rapid CIII:C3 of tha'tniitler varieties of broil-
shall disorder, ai %veil- as the mole fOrnildable
diseases of tho lungs
As a safeguard to children, ad ni Id the 414 tressing
disrases which beset the Throat and Chest of
it Is Itiva. ; for, by Its timely use,
tnultltudes'are rescued and restored to health
This medicine gains friends at every trial, as the
cures ft is constantly producing are too rrmarkable.
'1 Le forgotten. No faintly should be without it,
awl those who hare once used It nev e r will
Eminent Physicians throughout the country pre-,
•crlt It, and Clergymen of ten‘reeonimend It from
heir knowledge of its elfeeAs
1I EPA RED_ BY
OIL J. C. AVER, & CO., LOWELL, MASS.,
Practical autl Analytical Chemists. = ,
30Lto BY ALL Diti7G4li.4!6 EVEBWIIERB:
MONTANYES OFFER A' FINE
ASSORTMENT 'OF GOODS,
SUITABLE FOR THE SEASON,
AT BOTTOM PRICES!
Towanda, Psi., Tee. 1475
/my - copier, foie yiai air lat
Each persoa worming a club of
WEEK or Mare
I la entitled to one ext.a LY, and of
fifty or more to a SzetArnrattmr.
To Cergyrnen THE .WEisKtor Tittnints Mitt lw
sent one, pier tor_ t 50; Title SUM I-W fut.
A1k..3u41 THE ' 1141 LT fur ea. • . •
.Sliechzien copies Iree. . - .
Air Agents , and ;_gournspers "'wanted Is every
witli.';erlioarektureanginneada will bo
paiiiiistoiliWiligiske . ajok-Wiku by
:'. .- , •,',' - ~..,,
,_,, .','7 , ~-. „ ..,, ._ , . .i .
,- OAT rPAYEfI...4t - payir: every
Maittleeturer, Neel**. etitte.: ram.
' Ur. 4: , r ' Prars4 o o2) Ma. to keep Wonted on sit
the laajworetaetstastel dlsoteretles • t the age.
IT rAlft3 the bead or , every bunny to We:deft
Loh:this househoid s netnyeper that is instructive.
toe that fosters a taste for investigation, stxrilew
'motes thought 4u4 magma* diteattlett =mit
'Out members. . , :
THESCIENTIFIC AMERICAN ,
Which bas ~.b ean published . Weekly for the hot
th oll ix 42o jean. duel this. to extent beyond that
of any other publication: in fact it is tbe-ouly week
ly paper published in the Belted Stoles., dorotoi to
Manufactures. , MeebaniCs. IrlYentkda, sod ;sew
Discoveries In the Arts and Ociewees. • -
Erery number is profusely Illustrated; and is
contents embrace the latest and Most Interesting
infonnation pertaining lathe industrial. Meeird ,
cal antirticlentille Progress of the World ; Per tip•
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tions and Discoveries; containing a weekly mord,
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oar uteri country. but also of all New . Discoveries
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. TUE SCtitarlatc A IanICAN has boon the fore•
most of ail industrial publications for the put thir
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and the Best Weekly' illustrated pliperPdeveled to
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' , lons, Science and Industrial Progress, pludished
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, The - practical Nee'yea are 'weft worth ten times
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_ Mcrchaot. - Pararcrs, 3fechalalco. Engineers. la.
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In connceflon with ilia SCI*NTIFIC Aturatcatir,
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I . It his." .132.111 the Chicago Advance. ••an
rilt:u~l of it* own ; its article are *hare. bright,
ais , riminating. and full of life."
"It h' , -serree. , *aye the . Boston-l'oet. "a place
in the front rank ofrurrent magazine literat 4r5: 4 4.
It na eAer r e.amting its eantribtete,r4:" tan* the
Christian Beg —inme'af the moirt briii@at
knaitn to magazine literal ur e."
A L PPLETONS' 40FRNAL:
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AI . PLETONS' JOCRNAL I: a monttily bout-hold
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It aims .to be bright. entertaining. Ifresh. and ,n.•
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. It glit;it illustrated payers, graphically dt...ttiipl.ie
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it contains articles upon men of note, and vau
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It glv's esKays upon tiou . +eliold ar.n social topt , :i,
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The .3fagozine Itas attainn , l In Its one quarter
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lustre of its long,a,stp-attaiond r•kputatton n..sin
crnisett as tln. years have passed, and Its tutit t re
tt , ,I'IIIS as bright If hot hrtgbh.r than'ut au - ,, ti. to
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its ::t . t.r.anti 1 , - , q v-ar....—Broolyti Eagle. " ~4
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