Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, October 19, 1876, Image 1

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iv.Aa rertlslng In all cases exeluslre of anbiscrip
tl :0 the ImPer•
NOTICES Inserted at rirrizar CENTS
prr .1 r, , ,r the first Insertion, and Tint C 112113
-•.i r ,r - settserp..cit
1 ,,,c,%T, NUTICES,sante Styli as reading mat
AI i V It Ns Ent ENTS win be Inserted secordlng
t the following lab% of rate':
lw 4w 12m 13m 16m I lyr.
_3.00 I , 5.00 16.001 10.001 15.00
2.00 5:00 I r 5.00 10.00) 10.00 I 20.00
3..50 7.00 I 10.00 1 13.00 120.00 _ 120.00
3.00 8.501 14.00 118.55 125.00 185.00
5.00 13.00 118.110 I 1 ."-':° 0 120.00 140.00
10.00 20,00 1 30.00 I 40.001 55.00 I 75.00
7.,).00 50.00 I 60.00 I 80.001100. 1140.
11)X NIsTRATOIVS and Executor's Notieev,,
~0; A wittor's notices. V. 50; Buslmese Cards, Ate
year) 63.00, additional lines. lILOO each,
AItLY Adyertilements sue entitled ta gnu..
:r. ENT advertisements mast.. to paid for
•> .t!:V ACE.
.kl.l. EesoWilms of Assoelattong, Commnntea
nr limited or Individual interest, and notices
kt-, , rr:aqes and Deaths. exceeding Ilre 21tles, are
4.W PRINTING, of every kind, In plain and
faiwy eolorx, done trith neatness and dJSiutch.
Blanks., Canis, Pamphlets, Billheadr,
;-11.1,:ziebt.s, ace, of every variety soil style, printed
tho shortest notice. Tnt Itzrourarreflee is
e,•1! with power presses: a good assort-
I‘Z of-new tyrve, and everything in the Printing
executed tn.the most artistic manner
tot at th. 2 lowest rates.
Proicsziczal r^d Bcsindss Card:.
Q . :Nt - art k MONTANYE, ATTOIL-
Ly Nr.VS AT LAW.-oMcg; Corner of Main and
eppo.tte Dr. Porter's Drug Store,
F*FlCE.'—llemns ISuildtng (over Powell's StOrt).•
D D. SMITII,DErrisr,
Towanda. Pa.
; l'nec on Park stroc4 north aide Public Square.
' W. & Wm. LITTLE, •
orr.:,f• lu Pat.!. :I's 13.1 K L., clir. 241.3113 az:d .11[1.1g,e-Sts
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rtlre or: .16ort:tioyes•Store. . [ Mayen
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Towanda, Pa.
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ATTOUN'ET. AT 1..1.1V,
TowA Nro., PA
A,,. .1 15,73
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To WA tiDA., PA
.°',l,..—N(!ri a - sl,le rtiblle Square
ATTOR•EY , %T L ‘vt,
trIC - 17 11, BLOCK
. "EET. ATT('R\G -. T-1,.~W.
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ItLot K. (entralxe Ott ,oath
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11U.!cl-: NV. Bft INK, Justice of
N th • a„,, Conveyancer: Insurance
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tiVe.r N"Ti: W.itrons• ;:tere.,
i opare.l to ' , Ps all kinds of 41ental
110 ro. o;•• 1,11/ I.C , V gas .ip.irtus.
T -ALE & rATTON, Agents for
• coolF.4S Y.
N,.. 1: l' At ton's Block, Br1(1,v Sts
2,1 •T
1), -, taf wcrla: I:a Izils
1101:.;1_'.-:z1101:ING A SPECIALTY
fee; treatc4l. Manufac:ures the cEle
p nu
Plank urar 01(1 Agricult. Works.
Pa.. Jan. G.
The fellowini
Cctutlaate..3 rzpreseuted
ar•-L• 1$ .7.1'
TtFrruI . :NCES:
Jr DI:F. T.' FT. SorretakT of War. .
1I EN S N FOR 1). F-q.
S , p:. Adams Ex , ,rear. Cc.. New York.
,f r. 311. k II W.% I.lf EEsq.. Philadelphia.
. . 1). S. 11E X. 1); F.T'e, rAktrai6, New York
i. J. DATE,* cern kas•l2),Wß*tr York.
,1 t_ 'qui
TAYLOR-' dr, 0 1
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Toti - anda. sept. :D. 1,,76
Jan. 1. 1175
Have just received their first invoice of
toW NT)A,
itsITION Reit. e t I*ll
S. W. ALVORD, Publisher.
Taylor & Co.
Are receiving, this ?reek, a
Assortment of
For the
And .se iiropose ; to sell them at
01;1: STOCK
Zett Bliss.
All tl►e new styles in
Sc, &c
We-offer Bargains
And be convinced for yoursdres.
. Political.
4 ,
Mr. TILDF.:4 and his followers have
been uniting in their zeal trumping
up charges against Gov. 1.1.4vE5, in
the vain hope to call away attention
from the fact that the great reformer
has not yet satisfactorily answered
the charges against his integrity and
h l onesty• in the matter of income tax
and "railroad_ wrecking." Their lat
(lst invention was to the effect that
Gov. rtAygs was a member of. the
Know-Nothing party, and that the
American Alliance ,• had made him
their candidate thin year, and that
he had accepted. This charge was
backed by a_forged letter. But now
the Secretary of the Alliance squelches
the roorback, and 'shows that TILDEN,
who depends mainly upon t foieigu
.votes for success, gratefully accepted
an endorsement from the Society
last year, but (lid 'it in a cowardly,
hypocritical manner. Let foreigners
read it. The letter is addressed to
the New-York Tribune ;
Stu t T Wish to cmcct some., mistakes
made by persons iu commenting upon the
lettet'sent to the American Alliance by
Mr. A. k. Lee, Gov. Hayes' Secretary,
1. Gov. Hayes never was a member of the
American Alliance. 2. lie never saw the,
constitution or by-laws of the organiza
tion. 3. Nu comini tee of this order ever
at any time called upon him, either at
.Philadelphia, Columbus, or any other
place, for any purpose. We simply in
tormed him by letter, that we endorsed
his nomination, in ansial:r to which we re
ceived the letter from his Secretary. This
letter was taken from My office,
was as much surprised as any one can be
to see it in print.
I am at a less to tve, why Democratic
papers should find any fault With the pro
cceditigs, as we endorsed Mr. Tilden 'for
Gaeritor two years ago, and he fogmhio
fault with it, but on he contrary was
very grateful for the'assistance, only ho
requested that it be kept secret, as, if it
hlionld become public, ha feared he would
hose the, forei g n, vote.
Respectfully ;,.obrs, L. S. TiLtLft,
`c•cretary American Alliance
_Vex-York, (ht 6.-151'6.
IN A patriotic speech in Columbus,
Ohio, the other day, lIENar ArMir
Bitowx, of Philadelphia, drew this
vivid and truthful pictu're of the DCIII
- party : •
" The Democratic party has indeed
accomplished, or rather outlived its
mission. Its existence to-day, is ris
contrary. to all the laws. of healthy
polities as it is dangerous to the
peace and quiet of the country. It
represents no. principle; it is the
champion of no great plea. Hunger
1;e1. °like may kohl it together, - blit it
cannot till it with lusty. life. The
Tory party of 1,7:1; opposed the Rev
olution, and went out of existence
with that act; the Federal party was
indifferent to the war of 1812, and
immediately afterwards went to pie
ces; the Whir , party was hostile to
the war with Mexico, and soon after
yielded up the ghost; the Demoetatl
m. party apologized tier slavery and
championed secession—l need not
carry out the parallel. Its continued
existence is a national misfortune.
it 10.-3ters Southern discontent and
keeps alive theories. which threaten
your prosperity and would stain your
hon Or. And; therefore, thanks td it,
to-day the same old question 3 must
be argued, the old issues fought
about—and the only choice fop the
American people is the Republican
or the, Deinceratic ;party - . 'I here are
no paths but these: bong as you
may for new questio4 and new is
!sues, you must be to-da tither a Re
publican or a Demograt. Which
shall it be? I confess, for one , wheth- .
er I examine the past, look at the
pres:mt, or Tntemplateppe future, it
is not difficult for me to-lehoose."
the naturallrator, who is dealing
siLhre-haminer `blows against Democ
racy, thus describes TILDEN :
Who is Samuel T. Tilden? In
the first place, is generally under
stood he is the man who, like. Jacob
in the Bible, made his money by wa
tering ;1(.6% He is an attorney. He
never gave birth to au elevated or
noble sentiment in his life... He is ; a
kind of a legal spider, watching a
web of technicalities for victims. Ile
is a compound of Cunning - atid heart
lessness,. of beak'And claw and fang.
He is one of the few men who can
grab a railroad and hide all the deep
cuts, tunnels bridges, and culverts
in a:single night. He is a corpora
tion wrecker He is a demurrer tiled
by the Colifederate Congress. Ile
waits on tie shores of the sea of
bankruptcy to clutch the drowning
hy thetthrOat. He would nut save
his country if he could He swore
he paid his income tax, and he swore
to tr lie. He knew it. He was never
married. Tammany was the only
maiden he ever clasped to his with
ered and heartless breast. He court
ed men b,:cause women cannot vote,
and he has adopted a rag baby that
really belongs to Hendricks. At,
present his principal business is ex
plaining, or trying to explain, how
he can ad'opt that-child."
i g
HOW' TILDEN aided the sick and
wounded soldiers of the Union is
illustrated by the following. Mr.
DANIEL P. JONES, an authorized
agent of the United States Christian
Commission during the war, has made
oath to the following facts, which
throw ;some light on TILDEN7S war
NI:Ns" Tons. Sept,. 21, 18711.
I. Daniel P. Jones, of the city-of New
York. being duly sworn, depose and say,
that during the time when the United
States Christian Commission was in exis
tence, and about September of 18r,a, whose
mission it was to furnish supplies of pro
isions and medicine to the sick and
woutlded soldiers (I then holdinz an ap
pointlnca- under said commis:don), Mr.
Sanincl .1. Tilden was waited on, by me
and solicited to aid, when the : said S. J.
Tilden made in substance the following
reply : "I would rather see all the sol
diers starve to death than give them one
cent ;" and the said S. J: Tilden did not
eon ti Unite. DANIEL P. JoNrs.
Sworn to before 4 . rne this 21st day of
Sepfeniber, 18743. Wm. FunNEss.
Igt , :ary Public in anti for Itlie city land
Cottnty. of New
I , -
• 4
The suspicion that Speaker Biaire, as
presiding officer, had taken too Much in
terest in the passage of t a railway bill
which benefitted sonie friends, prevented
his nomination for the Presidency by the
Republicans. Accuked of a - speculation in
a foreign claim, ' Minister Orth, denying
his guilt but unwilling to burden his par
ty with oven a doubt, resigned a promis
ing canvass for (invernor of Indiana.
Such is Republican dempeelind action.
But the fact of Mr. Tilden's being a
"railway wrecker,' or remorseless specu
lator:in railways, whereby he has gained
of dollars l .be undisputed fact
that be was kading i counsel in Credit Mo
biller Laid other railway swindles; his
enormous feett (on which he paid no in
come tax) from zotorions railway jobbers
all reeking With corruption ; and the fur
ther fact that he is Staving off suits omitt
ing him of railways windlings----al) these
did not hinder his nomination by the
Democrats. He was hand-in-glove with
Tweed until Tweed was exposed by the
New-York Ttmel ;• his friend, Sheriff
Conner, allowed Tweed to escape; Tilden
offered no reward for TWee4, and did not
oust Conner from office ; when the 13. S.
officers arrest Tweed io Spain, the Sheriff
returns that be can find no pro' erty of
'rated's= to thako good the she mill
ion judgment against him in favor of New-
York City. Yet the ex-Rebels and the
Twecilites hail Tilden as a "Reformer."
Iftso, Heaven save Washington City from
such Reformers •
,ire. Hendricks was a Rebel Confederate
thro%ign the war. He was mixed up with
Pacific Railway and other corporation
jobbings; by . which lie was largely belie
f/Veil pecuniarily. lie shared in the back
pay grab, and. holds on to his plunder.
And he, forsooth, is another of the "Re
Ou the other side, Gov. Ilayes is not
even.accused of any railway speculations
whatever. lie fought the War for Liberty
and Cidon, Mel endured loss of blood and
other hardships therein. lie remains
pure .rom any and every suspiciun of
Mr. Wheeler stands equally fair tn all
respects. He toted against the back , pay
grab, and when it naf,sed, paid his share
'all back into the National Treasury,
not a (MI of personal profit by it.
11 - itieh nre the ,aU,i ithely "Refornier3?"
As long ago as - {N°•?, S)uth Carolina
pased a Nullification ordinance. In his
approvio . ; nn•saqe following' the event.,
her Governor;' Robert V. Ifayne
Greeley - ,, Vol. 1, 'page 94), said :
g.mryenorzgh to
have led th:! vray in tli work of nerortn."
So it seems. " Reform" commenced in
1!!.;::.' instead or 18 fl, by Governu: Bayne
instead of Govc..rnor Tilden. But Ilayne's
sort of 4 . Reform," •whieh was simply an
. 30,e:opted Rebellion, w. is short-lived. As
a " It •fornicr" he was a failure, although
he tried it forty-lke years before TiMen
'EX-11 () VERNOTT. iiNDEILWOOD, of Ver
mont, a man of as pre character as
-ever lived, Writes over his name: " I
have known Mr. TtmiEN for twenty
years; I heard him declare, in con
versation with in self, near the close
of the war, that) every man of the
United ,States army that marched
across Southern son was a trespasser,
and liable to suit l'or damages in - an
action for trespass. I asked him if
he under - oOk to I talk stloh
as that, and if it his opillioll, as
a Wyyr, that this,Go‘ L ernment could
enlist men, put arms in their hands,
,iind send , them to the PrOtection of
the Government against rehels, and
then furnish trilninals to try its own
soldiers as trespassers—and bt, ertid
that it irt::•."
• Ma. CHARLES O'CoNoa has known
r EL J.; ever since he was
born, awl Mr. O'CoNon's opinion of
TiLni;s*:; Democracy-ought, there
fore, to be worth s6mething.. lie
said recently to a friend who asked
for a letter of introduction to Mr.
"I would be willing to aid you if
I could. Of course I havg been as
sociated with Tilden in what(' inay be
called the Retorm movement, and
have acted as counsel with him ;• but
I can have no influence with him to
secure political favors. You know. I
ant a Dembi•rat from principle. Mr.
Tilden is a Democrat from expedi
TuE Burlington (Iowa) - Hawk Eye
has this: "31r. TILTi , EN said that the
' wolf is at the door of every man in
the hind.' But when he looked out
of his window to see if it was the'
Wolf at his d?or, lo I it was the
hounds of the law, that had been
running upon the hot trail of that
income affidavit, and tracked the re
former to his lair. [Note to the com
positor—lt doesn't make any differ
enc,2 which vowel comes first in that
Hos. IL B. CLAV.4SEN, :TA-Innen
tial German citizen of Davenport,
lowa, in a published letter asks his
German friends, who are clamorous
for TtinEN and reform, whether they
are willing .to Pay to Southern rebels
$2;000,000,000 or more, adjudivatel
to them by a prominent Southethl
man as Secretary of War, for instane.
Gov. V.iseE?
A cr.EnnymAN in Mississippi has
written to a friend in Utica that the
White Liners threaten the lives of :IP
who announce themselves Republi
cans, and are attempting by force to
prevent negroes and whites from
voting° the Republican ticket. The
writer of this letter ha I been warned
to leave his home, at tl e peril of his
life. -
WILL TILDEN vote] for, ItArEs ?
The Cincinnati Efiluili• says, " the
Credit Mobilier rascals' will an vote
for ITAYEs." It is well known Smt
usti J. TILDEN was the counsel of
OAKES AMES in the Credit Mobilier
• THE.feature of a Republican meet
irig at Delphos, Ohio, sins the 'carry
ing by a ;wagon-load of lady n school
teachers Of a banner reading : " No
rook in a basheler - Presidens for nai"
6 j,fleclqlPeatshig.
Gather them dose to your loving heart=
Crud ihom on yoUr birOst
Th. 4 will won enough kw , ' yOur brootilnkeare,
Soou enough naltlnt youth's topmast stadr—
Little one 3 in the beli.
Fret not that the elirdreo's hearts are gay,
That their restlem feet will run;
There may eotue a time in the try-osiddle
Matti you'll sit In your lonely room and algh
. Vol' a . sound of childish lan
Witch yntrli long for P. topetitton !vert u
That roauded thhhiel each room,
Of "Mother V' "Mother :" the dear love cane
That echo long In the Wilma halts,
Putt add to their statcly
There may &nisi a Mine when ydnil long to hear
The ever, boyish trout!,
Tito' tuocloss whistle, ths clear, 11111%11 shoat,
Tlvs Way Inta:to In a n d out,
Atid pattering overhead.
When the boys and Orli. al. all giuwp up
And scattered far and Nct<bt. '
()r roue to the undlircart*red shora .
Where youth and ago conie iteverv i nrc,
You Watt:lo thoa front your s'ile
Then gather thetit nose to your loving Ilettrt,
Cra(lltt thlmt on your breast,
'rimy trill I , oollell.Pgil leave your bro.kitur, care,
Soon cuoug% mount youth's stair—
Little ones in this nest.
oid wedding - ring usually hod its motto,
whirl was oaten tiretty and ariiroprlate. The fol.
lowing are some of these “prdes Ihat were once
commoa :3 '
As God duerged, so we agreed.
In Christ and 111te my romPorts be.
FILL love that died for thew,
Next to him lore oeno but nte.
Let. us mbare in joy and oare.
Cnited hearts &salt only part..
. A fAiiit f ‘‘t:t., pr,:sertetti
Tbi3 and tro giver are thine forever.
111 Win and wear yoi.
I like ley
Love anti Ile.: happily.
Let lyking
, r - • ...... manos
By many our forefathers are
thought to have lived longer and to
have been a strong-er and a healthier
race than their descendants. The
statistics of longevity show that this
is-not correct, that the average dura
tion of lire is higher at the present
time than at any, earlier period in
our history; but the statement that
we are exposed to nannydiseases un
known to our ancestor's is borne out
by facts, which should lead to a more
thoughtful consideration of the pro
blem-of life. We are a progressive
people, alive to everything calculated
to 'promote our welfare and add to
our comfort; and our dwellings are,
in many.• respects, vastly superior to
What were considered tirst-class hous
es in the days of • (wt.. grandparents.
lint the gain is too often attended by
that have brought sickness and
distress, nay, even death, into homes
where, apparently, there was nothing
to invite its approach. Let us see
wherein this lies, and if there be - not
The old colonial hon'ses—uuMbers
of which, in a fair state of pre erva
tion, are still to be seen scattered
over New-England—are all very shit
liar in design ; and, with hardly an .
exception,' they are marked by low
cmings, badly - arranged rooms,
cramped halls and an entire absence
of any means Of ventilation. They
had (1 say, they had, for the openings
are now Usually built up, and sup
plied with grates) one savi% grace,
—an open fireplace, which, while it
robbed the inmates of a great deal
of heat from the glowing lop, car
ried off muck of the vitiated air that
had: no means of escape. The great
throat of the chimney was exhaustive
in its demands; but the supply was
equal to the call. Currents of air
found their way in through the im
perfectly-fitting sashes, the cracks of
the single floors, and the wide crevi
ces, (that not even strips of list could
wholly fill) beneath and ab:;ve the
doors. No man could be perfectly
comfortable, in the full enjoyment of
the fireplace, in ,a room of tills kind,
save in moderate 'Weather. It mat
tered not how well the andirons were
piled with log,s, it was impossible to
heat all parts of the room alike; and
he who sat before-the crackling fire
was roasting on one side and freezing
on the other. The milk in the pantry
was "condensed" without the aid of
man; the water on the sideboard was
crusted with ice ; and it required no
small degree of care to keep the
frost from the apples and potatoes in
the cellar. To bear with this,, our
grandparents were thickly and warm
ly clothed. Their'stockings were of
humspun yarn, and their -backs
Covered with garments of some wool
en fabric designed for service anti
warmth rather than looks. DUring
the day, their busy occupations kept 1
up a cheerful glow in'their veins; and
at night they retired early, and huried
themselves under their patch-work
comfoutables, in feather beds, sleep
big in rooms no better ventilated
than thOse below, and in which they
would have died of suffocation but
, for the chinks and crevices that serv
l'ed as inlets, and the big-throated
chimneys that were equally servieea
hie as outlets. The strain told. upon
them, and doubtless tended to short
en the average duration of life.
But all this is chniged in our mod
ern houses. With our nicely-adjusted
.machinery, •we make snug-titling
H . doors and sashes ; our floors are all
ldouble, and many of them are deaf
ened ; and the chimneys are built
with small dues, with no openings save
for a small grate in the principal
Towns, and the inevitable hot air pipe
in eVerynpartment. All that man
can do to maie our houses warm and
air-tight is done, even to putting ow
storm sashes ; and then we kindle a
monstrous tire in the cellar, so ar
ranged that all.: the 'air we breathe
I must pass over plates of iron heated
to a cherry, red before it reaches us.
Day and night it is the same. There
is no complaining of a chilly feeling.
Nothing freezes in the pantry; and
the water is never turned oft in,, the
coldest weather. We are comforta
ble,- and, are therefore- contented.
Our backs no longer smart when : we
go from room to room ; and an • ex
cessive amount of clothing* is, not
needed. We have, nevertheless, tak
en a viper to our bosom thatwill
certainly sting u 9.. No man can rob
his lungs of pare ? fresh tik and - not I ,
pay for it in bodily health. No man
can habitually live,And sleep in rooms
warmed and ventilated as wa warm
and ventilate without suffering in
the end. - fresh air,. and in large
quantities, is as - esSential to dur
health and ctimfort as animal food
and nourishing drinks. The supply
must be regular and abundant; and,
if the room is so contrived as to frus
trate our wish in this respect, we'
Should resort to an open window, so
adjusted as not to throw a draught
on the inmates, or on a bed, and yet
open wide enough, particularly at
night, to permit the airito find its
-way into every corner. There is a
great prejudice' against night air;
but the . tAternal air is purer
. than
that which, from tieing re-hielithed.
is surcharged with deadly gases; and
what-aix,_ after' all, are NYC to breath
at night, save night air? It is rit,
the night air that does us harm; it is
the want of it that develops diseases
that were unknown to our forefathers.
They- suffered from itaVdsidii.4 and
exposure; we have grergome 'the
trials they had to encounter, and, in
our efforts to perfect;,our creature
comforts, have nut only shut out the
colds from our dwellings, but' it
the vitalizing air:
Another source of diseases froM
which our aueotors were' exempt
may be traced to what We- term
"modern improvements." In the old
colonial houses there were no
cations of water-pipes, no water
closets, and no wide-mouthed hoppers
on the chamber-floors for getting rid
of the waste 'that found its way at
once to a Owe proVided for it be
yond the confines of the house. In
this way they had to submit to what
we would call a great deprivation
but, on the other hand, they knew
nothing - of diphtheria and kindred
diseases. Stigginssaid, whett inter
viewed on the liquor qiiestion,. " If
there-is any of them less odious than
mother, it is the. liquor called rum."
And we may say that if there is Li
difference of getting rid or house
waste, the' sewer is better than the
open *vault. But, while the sewer
inv. be more effectual in removing
that which emits gases deadly to mail,
it is equally true tliat it may prove
to be the more dangerous of tile two,
in that, if not properly trapped and
perfectly ventilated, it will lead the
poison into our dwellings instead of
removing it. to a distance, where it
, _!an do no harm. The contents rf
lie vault saturates the 'whole of the
mrround ing earth, poisons the spring::
:Ind the wells, and finds its way in lit
tle currents through the intersties
•If the foundation walls of our hiiiusi:s:
there it throws off gases tod. slight to
attraet'attention, but too deadly to
inhaled by the inmates with-
)unity. The soil-pipe is an improve
nant on this; but if it be not tight
n all its pa:ts if there be any iniper
soiltlere:l or calked joints: woe
:)etide the, man who sleeps near it;
for the 'destroying angel is abroad,
and will find him as suffly as be lies
lown and rises up in an' . atmosphere
';4EP charged with the germs of disease.
Ile may not be conscious that the
roe is so near at band; for the leak.
'n:ty be slight, and during the day its
etfeet will he'nentralizO in part by
open windows and doors; and more
over, as "etill eothmunicationscor
rupt govd matmsrs," so the habitual
inhaling, of a no Nions atmosphere
dulls the senses, and we soon ceiTse
to detect the odor that would have
startled us had we trot 'gradually be
(tonic habituated to It.' Any One may
test this. Let enter a crowded
and badly ventilated theatre or other
large building, and he will be met by
nanieating air that will almost re-
)el him; but in a few moments he
.rill find it less oppressive, and soon
he will take no more notice of it than
the crowds who have inhaled carbon
ic acid gas enough to ensure to each
a raging headache for the following
" Died of a bad air." How often
these few words Might, with
truth, be inscribed on the headstone
of both old and young! Our foie
flatters (and the custom is still.
prevalent in country towns) too often ;
so placed the open vault on their
premises as'to make it ahnost certain
that the well could not escape con
tamination, either .from that source
or from the drain from the kitchen
sink; but, happily, if these adjuncts
were placed widely apart, the family
were exempt from diseases now so
prevalent. The use of the vault was
attended with inconvenience, partic
ularly in cold and stormy weather ;
and on the delicate and sickly it must
have told severely ;. but we have. not
thoroughly removed the evil by our
present arrangement, which, though
it is an improvement, is still very de
,lIAPPY.—There arc many peo-
pie in thisiWorld who are afraid to be
happy, WhO go moping about with
the accumulated, mould of sourness
clinging to them . so closely-that noth
ing, short of an earthquake or resur ,
rection could shake it off, thereby de
ny:ng, themselyes the pleasure of see
ing the laughing side of nature that
trills nnil ripples all over, just like
the sunshine: Surely there is enough
joy in. Owl's worship to sweep out all
sadness if we would seek it. Shall I
tell you when you may, hope to find
this antidote for sorrow ? When the
angels have enlarged and purified
your heart. When pain, fear, woe,"
anguish, hunger, and thirst has pene
trated through cverY corner. When
you have winecd under necessity of
a lifetime. Wll6l you have lived long
enough' to detect the mockery in the
keynote of, living. When you depend
less upon the disposition and acts of
others than on your own: When the
,roo "is in your head„and heart are all
rented to responsible tenants whose
articles of agreements will be to keep
the furniture and drapery -in repair,
and whose lease will only expire vith
life. When forgetfulness, selfishness,
envy, malice, hatred and all the cata
logue of deadly_ sins will be rare vis
itors instead of fixtures. When love.
joy, hope, care, thoughtfulness, and
above all, charity, have taken posses
sion, twit will thus secure to you the
full and unabridged edition, of happi
ness in this world, as well as in world
No. 2. and will open ,np a thousand
outlets toward God's suffering chil
dren, and thejlogrtiihmt*o have ill-
pi ,,.
i il\ tc-r. fu - .
1 .._+
'Tradition says that John Faust,
one of the three inventors •of print
lug,. was charged with multiplying
books by the aid of the devil, • ind Was
prosecuted both by the priests and
the people: The strongest opposition
to the press 'has, however, been fire ;
sented in Turkey. The art of print
ing had existed three hundred Tears
before a printing-preo Was establish
ed. in Constantinople..
From lfitla to 1740 the preis issoed
only twenty-three :Volumes. It was
then stopped, and did not resume its
issues until. after an interval of
than forty years. , •
About 1780 a press was established
in Scutari, and between 1 - .80 and
1807 issued forty volumes.. Again
its operations were-not resumed until
1820, since which time it hawavorked
More industrious than heretofore,.al
though fettered with the paternal
oversight or theTurkish'goVernment.
The ribbon loon' is ail invention of
the sixteenth century ; and' on the
plea that it deprived many workmen
of bread, it was prohibited in Hol
land, in Germany, in the dominions
of the church, and In other countries
of Europe. At Hamburg the council
ordered a loom to be publicly burned.
, The stocking-loom shared the fate
of the ribbon loom. ln England:the
patronage of queen Elizabeth was re
quested for the invention, and it is
said that the inventor was impeded
rather than 'assisted in his undertak
ing. In Franile, opposition to the
Stocking loom was of the most base
and cruel kind. A Frenchnian, who
had adopted the invention, manufac
tured by the loom a pair of silk stock
ings for Louis XIV. T u be parties,
however, who supplied hosiery to the
court caused- several of the loops of
the stockings to be cut, and thus
brought the stocking loom into_ diire.
pute at headquarters,
?rabic forks appear so necessary a
part of the
_furniture of the dinner
table that one can scarcely believe
that the tables of the•sisteenkh cen-
Wry were destitute of them: Thy
Were not, however, introduced until
the commencement of the seventeenth
Century, and then Were ridiculed as
uperfltions and effeminate, while the
person who,,introdtteed 'them • to Eu
rope was call'ed . rureifer. 'They were
invented i Italy, and brought thence
to England napkins being used in
this country by . the more polite, and
angers by the multitude.
The saw-mill was brought into Eng
land from Holland in 1663 ; but its
introduction so 'displeased the En
alish that the enterprise was aban
cbrned. A second attempt was male
Limehouse, And the mill whs'erce
ted ; but very soon after 'its erection
It was pulled down by. a mob.
Pottery is glazed by throwing com
mon salt into the oven at a Certain
stage of the baking.. This anode of
baking was introduced into this:coun
try in 1(90 by two lirothcis, who came
to_ Staffordshire from Nuremburg,
Their suceess and their secrecy so ea
rngthl their neighbors that they were
compelled to give up theirworks.
The pendulum was invented by„
but!So late as the end of the
seventeenth; century. when
brought it forward as a standard
measure, it *as ridiculcd,.and passed
by the nickname of swing-swantU
Prayer, to he heard, must be earn
est, full of trust, simple, constAnt uud
free from esant. , ,Gird i 9 neither deaf
oh' fur oft, that men should thunder
their petitions in His ear, or cry as if
their father. was heartless, exactiDg
and unkind. He waits to be gracious.
He bids Ills children ask, and prom
ises 14essings to the sours' uplifted
questt if a Christian must needs get
into au agony of words, and writhe
and bellow his petitions,, the -very
noise would', indiCate a lack of faith.
Sincere faith but whispers, and the
nsis'er comes
looks and longs for. good, and the
benediction meets the upward glance.
The belieC•er who feelS that he is near
to his Father will not speak to 11im
in boisterous tones, as if he were call
ing upon one afar off: The .child'sit
tin,g upon the mother's knee, can ask
for first .gifts Out of that mother's
hand, by the merest breath of a bro..
keiv sentence; a sob is eloquent;
tear touches the source of all love; a
hungry glance opens the inmost tre4-
; ury of food. And thus God hears
Eis children. It is not bombast, or
penance, or bodily suffering ; but sim- -
ple belief, uttered in the nearest, eas•-
iest form of words, which our Heav-:
enly Father • hears as prayer. .We
make plea for the tamest earnestness,
for the soul's inmost, deepeSt sense
of want, but we find no warrant in
Scripture for contortions of body, ex.-
traVagances of speech, for shoats and
yells of asking, as if there 'were di
vine stubbornness to be overcome.
While there may be all night wrest
ling with our own unbelief, and tears
and pain at our own lack of, love_ fOr
God,. there is no. gospel reason for
turning a prayermecting into a Bahel
of distraCting sounds, as if the dear
I a t tier were dead.
N. divine had just finished ss sermon
strongly recommending the support
of a very meritorious institution.
The congregation was numerous And
the chapel was 'Crowded to excess . .
The discourse being. finished, the
plate was being handed around to
the respective pews, When the preach
er made this short address to the
waiting congregatiOn: f' FroM the
sympathy I have witnessed in yoUr t _
eountenanees, and from the strict at
tention you have honored me with,
there is one thing lam afraid
that - some of you may he inclined to
give too much. Now, it is, my duty
io inform you that justice, though
not so pleasant, should always be
prior to virtue :mid • generosity.
Tin refore as you will all be immedi
ately waited upon in your respective
pews, I wish to have; it thoroughly
understood that no person' 'shall
think ,of ptitting anything , into, the
plate. who cannot pay his -debts."
We:need not add that this,produced
- a' most ,overflowing collection.
tto lii pottitl
The full soul but
s2'per Annum in Advance.
'The manner in which Whitefleld
once turned a thunder-storm to his
purpose has :been narrated. Before
he comuienced his sermon lo g, dark
ened columns clouded the br gilt sun
ny sky . of,, the morning, and swept
their dull shadows over the building
in fearful apgury of the storm. ,
Ms text waS t ," Strive to 'enter in
at the straight gate ; for many, I say
unto you, shall seek to enter it, and
shall not be able." "See •that, the
emblem of humanlife,",, said he, point
ing to a shadol,v that was flitting
across the floor.; it passed for a mo-
nint and concealed the brightness of
heaven from our - viesr,, but it Was
gone. " And *here Will you be, my
hearers, when your lives -have 'passed
away like that dark cloud ? Oh r my
clear friends, I see thbusands sitting
attentive, with their eyes fixed upon
the poor, unworthy' preacher. In a
feif days we shall all meet at the
judgment-seat of Christ; we shall
form a part of .that vast assembly
that will 'gather before' the throne,
and every eye Will behold the Judge:
- With a voice whose call' you must a
bide and answer, - he will inquire
whether on earth. you strove to enter
in at the straight gate . ; whether You
were supremely deV,Oted to God,
whether your. hearts were absorbed
in Him. My blood runs cold'when I.
think how. many' of you will seek 40
enter:in, and will not be able.. Oh
.what plea can you make before the
Judge - of the whole earth ? - Can . you
say that it has been your whole en
deavor to . mortify the flesh witkits
affections and lusts ?- That your life
haa.-Izeen one long. effort to do the will
of God? No, you must answer, I
made myself easy in the world by flat
tering myself that all would end well;
but I have deceived my soul and am
lost." ; . - 2-
" You, oh false and hollow
tian, of what avail will it be that you
lute a done many things r that you have
read much-in the' sacred . Word, that
you have made long players, that
yoh have attended to religious duties
and appeared holy in the ; - €s of men?
What will this be, if, instead of lov
ing Him supremely; you have been
suppo'sing that you shk.uld exalt your
self in heaven by nets 'polluted and
unholy ?"
His eyes'gradually lighted up as he
proceeded, till,loward the close, they
to sparkle )With ..delestial fire.
" Oh, sinners . ' " he exclaimed, I °by
amour hopes of happiness, I beseech
yen to repent. Let not the wrath of
God be awakened ; let not the tires
of eternity be kindled against you.
.See there I" said he, pointing .to the
lightning which played on the corner
of the
,pulpit. "'Tis a glance from ,
the angry eye of Jehovah " Hark'."
continued Jic, raising his finger in. a
listen Ag attitude, as; the distant thun
der grew louder and louder, and broke° .
in one tremendous crash over the'
building, "It was the voice of the Al
'nighty as he pasSed by in his anger."
As the sound died away he,covered
his face with his bands and knelt be
side his pulpit, apparently lost/in in-
Ivard and intense prayer. The storm
passed rapidly - away, and the sun,
bursting forth in 'his might, threw
across the hevetis a Inapt decnt arch
of peace. " Rising and pointing to the
beautiful object he exclaimed:
" Look upon the rainbow and praise
Him who , made it. Very beautiful it
is in the brightness thereof: • It corn
pass.eth the heavens about" with 'its
glory, and the hands of the Most High
have tended it."—Earne4 OtristiOn.
In all languages there exists sounds
—vocal and consonant—represented
by the letters of the alphabet. This,
in the opinion of some linguists, is an
evidence of a common organ, while
naturalists hold it to be the inevita
ble effect of the functions offan organ
whose conformation scamily differs
in any perceptible degree between one
race and another.. Nevertheless lan
guages ditfer very much in the num-
,ber of their intonations. in this
respect;the languages of uneivilized
'nations stands lowest, it does not
necessarily follow that, the languages
Of the most highly civilized people
must hold the highest rank: The,
:Hindustani - is distinguished by an
unparalleled ahundauce - of conso
nants.; the Semitic languages surpa4s
the Greek and Latin, as also the lan-,
guages of modern., I , :n A m
rOpei the -
leas of'Polynesia afford instancesof
the greatest poverty .of consonant
sEunds. Of the Hurons and Mohawks
of North America, who - habitually
kePt the t mouth open; it is asserted.
that they knew nothing:of the use of
the labials—articulations so natural
to us that we might be disposed to re
gard them as instinctive. Sundry na
tions Eschew the use of hissing and
triiling'spunds,; others, have no giit
turals. Some years ago, preferences
for harshness or for , softness of lan
guag,e stemed to us to show that nei-
ther the vocal organs nor the auditory
perception's- are absolutely identical
in all races of mankind ; this is: now
rendered More probable by multiplied
observations and experiments. We
know how great is the ,difficulty of
rendering certait sounds' in a foreign
language, and hence it is`that words
change in migrating from place to
place. , The Chinese inVariably,sub ,
stitute the soft for the bard trill, and
this substitution is common among .
other nations. The PolyneSians put
s in the place of dentals, and
the missionaries who are educatini ,
the youth or the Hawaiian Island;
I.llave had to abandon sounds that the
I. people are unable to pronounce. It
is almost as difficult rightly, to !hear as
it is correctly to imitate articulations
foreign to one's own tongue ; I travel
ers hardly ever agree in- their repre
sentations' of names that they have
heard pronounced by natives. Are
differences of voice . .and of auditory
pereeptiOns the result - ,' to astUallex- : .,
tent, of early education r One is
tempted to believe "tint such iS the
case. Rut- experiment and Obse-rva
tiotr,' hitherto - very liMited, have not
yet thrown upon this subjectilm
of-scientific truth.—P4ular •Science
Monthly. ,
. i -Qr.. • 1
. .
, . •
A corrrlrc girl coining from' a
walk, was told she looked as fresh as a.daisy
kissed by the dew, to which she innocently
replied ::, 'fr.Yrnivi got trot name; -right•-‘
Daisy I lord hi* het piter l t '_ : . .
i . .
I tore to watytoi throve, :Stye iwoba‘tiits h 0317,
In the soft groom of au auturinst
Wnen Bummer gathers tap her robes
And, like a dvain or beant7, ttn.aes Away.
. .
Flow through each loved, lamillar path she lingers,
Serenely sinlitrg through the golden mist, ,
?Wing the wild grapy with her dewrihigerl,
Kindling the faint stars of the hazel, shining
Toiled the gloom of Autumn's amuidering Was;
With Mary pinnies the.eleinitli entwining.
Where O'er the reek her withered gsirimad
Warm lights are on the sleepy uplands waning
Beneath dart etyma, along the horizon rolled,
Till the slant annbeams dine their llriegea rata log,
bathe all the hide In melancholy gold. •
The moist wind breathes of-crisped lease*. and
in Hie damp bellows of the woodland sown, ,
Mingling tits fresimess of siitutnital shawqrsV,
With spicy airs from cede t alleys blown..
-0; • • .
Beside the brook and on the cumbered nrtattuar,
Where yelltm , fern-tufts fleet. the faded grunud
WWI folded lids beneath their palmy shadow.
The gentian nods. in dewy slumbers bound.
Upon those sott-fringed lids the bee ilte brooding,.
Like a fond borer loth to say farewell.
Or with shut wings, through silken folds intruding,
Creeps near her heart tils.draway taa,ki tell.
The little birds upon tbe'hillslde lonely,
Flit noiselessly along trotn - spraY to spray,
Silent as s sweet wandertng thought, that only
Shows Its bright wings and softly glides away
The seeniteis flower*, in' the 'warm sunlight
• • dreaming,
Pim3i to-breathe their fullneirilof delight;
And thro' the traceed,wood soft aim are %Lreaming
Still as the dew-fall of the Summer, night. ,
So, In nay heart ,a sweet, tinwonod feeling
Stirs, like the wind ih Ocean's hollow shelf,
Through all its secret chambemiaadly stealthg,
Yet ends no words its mystic chain] to tell..
Acts v 111: ,26-10.--GOLDEN V TEIT Mark, 1G:14
This lesson is immediately connected
with the preceding. After the apostles
had returned to Jerusalem an angel of the
Lord (verse 26) appeared unto Philip. -It
matters not whether the angel spake to
him in a wakingor sleeping state.
1 -Philip's 'Mission. He was to return.
to Judea and travel towards Gaza. .This
was the southernmoit of the five Philistine
cities, and lay about silty miles south-,'- from Jerusalem. Gen. 30:. 13".
" WhiCh is desert ;" i, e., the way of
which I speak to thee is desert. -
The - Wayfaring Slam Vs. 27-2 S.
While obeying the command of God, un
certain what he was sent there for, he'met
a distinguished man, travelling in state :
the treaSure4ceeper of Candace, the queen
of Ethiopia (or, Upper Egypt). - Candace
was the dyiaastie name for the queens of
Upper Egypt; Pharaoh was .of ' the
kin* of - Lower lEgypt. He was returning
hothe from Jernsalera where he had been
to worehip This makes it clear that
either he was a Gentile convert or a fur- .
eifin-bo - rn Jew. - As he rode slowly along
the desert road in"his chariot, he read the
prophecy of Isaiah ; no doubt in the Sep-
tuagint. It is probable - that in Jerusalent
fie had heard of the death of Jesus; of, tbo
wonderful events connected with. it, and
of his claim's to be received a; the Messiah
of the old Te4tament. These stories, set -
h yam,
thinking ; and. he was reading the'
Greek versiore , of the Jewish -scriptures to .
see how far these reports agreed with the,
prophecy:of Isaiah. ,Ile was seeking the
truth with hottest heart, and God , did not
let him seek in vain. He never tides.
111. Teacher andl Vs. 29-35._
Tike command (verse 267 was given thrq'
an angel appearing to him; this second
command was givetthrough the Holy
Spirit. dwelling-in him. It was art.inward
voice or impulsd. Philip not only obeyed,
but be did it with haste and alaerity. Ile
rjut to him. As he came near - he heard
him read aloud from the 53d chapter of
Isaiah.. He was in such haste to obey the
spirit, that he omitted all preface and_ ad
dressed 'the diStingnished stranger - with
utmost abruptness."" Understandest thou.
what thou readest 2" A most direct Ties- -
film, and one to be asked every day by
every reader of the Scripture. Tim
eunuch. was not offended, however ; lio
'was so humble and earnest withal that lie I.
was.glad to be asked such a queStion. Ile
at once admits his ignorance, and requests
Philip te ride with him and teach him the I.
Word. The section hp was reading is:
given. almost verbatim from the Greek:
version (if Isa: Before the co
of Christ i the Jews admitted that this
chapter referred to him ; but afterwards
they referred it . to different persons.. The
question intim mind of the chamberlain
was to whom it really . referred verse 34.
He did not ask for an explanatiOn 'of the,
phrases employed, but of whinn the pro
phet was Speaking,. - (".In his humilia
tion' his judgment waslakeu away;" i . . e.,
All judgment was denied him at this trial.
"it who•shall declare Ws genetytion?"
i. e., who shall properly describe the
wicked generation among which he lived.)
Philip . took :up the chapter and showed, •
MT how it' was fulfilled in: Jesus Christ,
No doubt he opened -up to'him.the whole
plan, oft salvation,- including' thq two-fold
eondition : faith andeonfession (Bomans
10:'9), of which baptism. is the seal and
mode of expre i Ssion.
IV. The Baptism. Vs: 36--38,
expected appearance of a certain water -
(literally, 'some" tenter) amid the `desert
struck the j Ethiop as a providential pio
,,;ision and suggestion' cf 'this baptism of ,
xhich- Philip had sPOk.en. lie became a
...oral - oleic convert through Philip's instrue-.'
Lion 'and so eager was he !toldoall that
w;.:8 required that, he ; cried out at sight of
the water, "Behold' water! what doth
nindet me to be babti±edr„
Verse 37. is now regarded by nit.crities
as an' interpolation.' It was Made to suit
the baptismal formalaries of the medieval
laurel). as it was thought sfrange' that
baptism should be administered .vti t
some such confession: It is a holy tural confession, .and would, doubtless,
have : been made had Philip asked for it.
Then and there the travellerwas liap 7
tined. No doubt he was accompanied by
.4 train of servants; who were. the wit
'Josses of his confession. •
V. The Conclusion. Vs. 39 0.
soon as. the babtism was bane, the §pirit
of the Lord caught up Philip and.bore
sini:away, in'a manner similar,• perhaps,
to the translation .of Enoch and Elijah.
The eunuch saw him no more, but, nuper
.plexed . by his 'supernatural removal; iu
the serenity and - joy of a strong, faith,
.yeit on his way homeward., •
,Thc, Spirit carried Philip Lo Azotus; or
,islichixl (another, of the .Philistine cities
near the sea-ctia,st); and from ,thence he
journeyed to his home in Cesarea, preach--
ing through all the 'cities on his way. Af
ter an interval ot 1S•or 20 years, we have
another glimpse of him at Cesarea (Acts
21: This was a sea-port town, -about
milel north-west of Jerujialcm,
PitAcrie4i,LEssoss--1. tioeer the gos
pel there is no respect of persona or con- .
dit ion.
3. We niast search the ScriptuTes if we
'Would find Christ.
3. Immediate obedience is the proof of
* taith. -
4. The govel °
seeds tie billteir ifity
' '
;1111 the cool emerald turns to amethyst.
OCTOBER A. 1871.