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TERMS 111 1, PUBLICATIOI.
Des Basninan . • jaaaaaanna i s • „maim mai
caterabl Moln Bl 4l. 8T 8. R. Awe= sad Z. J.
e t ,rgea, at Two Dollars per anmos, to &demos
Adiattalog camas eaddaatro of saboarip:
Con to the paper. -
siscieL NOTICES Inserted st Irnimixamot pee
line or first insertion. and Fran =MI par limn*
eabsetpeent inertions. • • •
0 . CAL NOTICES, same stile U. reading °matter,-
tircrrr morn a line.
LpVERTISENENTS will be Dwarfed SomoThar to
Ile following tablo rates :
1w 1 lw 1 2m 1 dm 1 i iiz
'l n a, I 11.50 I 3.00 I 5.00 I 5.00 I 10.00 I$ 15
2 inches I 2.00 I 5.0 Q 1 8.00 I 10.001 15.00 f 20.00
2.50 1 7.00 1 10.00 1 13.00 1 20.00 1 ULM
1:78 - .0 - 6 I 8.50 t 1400 I 1845 25.00,1 88.00 t,
column 10 ) 1 2 . 0 ° I / 8 . 00 law 130.00 IOA
I 20.00 I 80.00 110.00 156.00 'MOO
;:ao to.oo j Isom lo.oe j sioo j sno
I rolamn 1
Administrator's and Execatcrea Mama, $2 01101,
t NOtilre, b 0 Dadaism Cards. Ave lines. oar
e‘r) $5. additional lines each. • _ •
Toady advertisers are entitled to quarterlichaages.
'Transient advertisements must beykald for fa admen:
I Resolutions of Associathms Commutdcations
.1 Ilmited or individual interest„and notices of Mr
-2.-xs and Deaths, exceeding &alines, are charged
r' Cirrg per line.
ItErourvm having a larger circulation than all
tlte pspers in the county combined, makes it the best
irertisinu medium - in 'Northern PettlierylVillUi.
.1014 Tr.m — nNet ef every kind. In Plain and Fancy
r n'.ers. done with neatness and dispatch. Handbills.
li-mrs, Cards, Piunphlet4lllllhcoda, Statements. ke.
every variety and style. printed at the shortest
n lam The REP 011333 1 .. Mee is well supplied with
paver Presses. a good assortment of new type. lad
,rrything in the Printing line can be executed in
t most artistic manner sad at the loved rates.
TERMS LiTABIABLY CASH. •
BILACK, General Fire, Life,
.T.L. and Accidental fatunvice Agent. Office st.J.
.t. Brown's Hotel, Wyalnaing, Pa. inn.2.10-6m
BEN. MOODY, M.D.,
PHYSICIAN END SURGEON.
f. profAssional PerNioOS to the people of Wy
and Othco aol residence at A.. J
Li-y.l's. Church street. Aug.lo,lo
T ER kirS l Trur , r , WQOLITtc MILL .
The unastrcianed would reap coolly announce to
that ho keeps constantly on hand Woolen
i 1 , 410. Cassimeres. Flannels. Yarns. andall kinds at
cud retail. HAIGH k lIP.OADLEY, •
OTI YES !OH TES i-AII ON
A. B. MOE, Licensed Audionter.
czlIR promptly attended ,to -and sails non
ro-nt , ed. Call or address, AAL MoE, Monroeton;
,onnty, Pa. 0ct.16. 69.
T E ItIYSVILLE Arrurs
subscriber. having purchased the LeflamMe
, hll.. and refltted th. same ID good order, 181101 r
,rrel to do good work. and to Ow-general stale.
M. J. FIIIITCHEY.
aym Me, Sept. 22.
ENTS' COATS, VESTS, AND
and Shirts, also Boys' and Children's
Ladles' Underclothing and Dresses made
tv M.. 13711 rimo.-rtn, Mcrcnr's Block, second door
!..,m the Elwell House. Satisfaction maaranteed.
T, , ,randa. April 21. 1870—tf
ri TFFORD'S NATIONAL PAIN
1T Fiilrr and 'Life Oil. we the Great, Family
that find o welcome in every borne as a
~..reem Remedy for more of the common ma of
Caan any other medicine in the market. Sold
1 , , dealer; in medicine generally. Ifannfactured
Irr. T. GIFFORD, Chicago, TIC, and 143 Main Pt.,
11. 1 11NFILSVILLF.. V. March ID, '7O-5*
C . S. RUSSELL'S
S ANCE G E-N CY ,
RICE LIST-CASCADE MILLS
PI; Yr. Lrrvit quality, per Ran.. .. . . .
of :tom minding usually done at once. as the ca
r 3. 0 .t5. of the mill is sralllcient for a large amount of
c,,itiptown, July 23, 1870
T() THE LADTPS AND CiiiLD
REN OF ATHENS.
w MILLINERY AND DRESS AND .' CLOAK-
1,1"..tr..NR OF ALL TEE LATEST STELES FOE SALE.
11,.,an» over Post Office—itra. Hoyt's old stand.
MRS. MARY A. WACMCIER.
n.. Dc-e. 20, 1800. Agent.
i'..v. n, rampleted my new brick'. ,
shop. nets my
', - I It,- on Main-street. I am now prepared to do
N 4 osan its branches. Particular attention paid
Mill Irons and edge tools. Having spent many
In thin community, in this business, I trust
1,, a w•rat.ent . guarantee of my rocelthv a Ub
:.,.mut of the public patronage.
Nov. 3. 1880.—tf
IT - ER SBITRG 11rT,S1
•; h.. •111. scribers aro now doing business in their
.• of the BEST QUALITY at the
Wn.r.t. Rye, end Buckwheat Flour, and Feed con
,ul hand for sale.ii market rites.
a large quantity of GROUND PLASTER of
iv ,r quality from the old Y.it'OEIL urns.
*.sl..:rsbure. Dec. 20, 'CO. MTER el: FROST.
ul.ccrilvr takes this method of infoiMing, the
ids ~d Towar.da and vicinity that ho has opened
• Estaltheliment in Col. 31zazaa' new build-
O. 166 MALI STREET,
Gen. Patton's), and that ho is now pro.
ea-. I to do all work' in hie line, such as CLEILITING
‘'. d-OltiNG ladles' and gentlemen's garments,
;1,, &T._ in tho neatest manner and an tho moat
, •-•.aable terms. Give me a rail and examine my
-, pt. M. 18119
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVE
.I.ened a flanking Bone In Towanda,unditrtho
•of G. F. MASON & CO.
They are prepared to draw Bill* of Exchange. and
in New York, Philadelphia, and all
, :tlem of the United States. as also England, Oar
oil France. To loan money. reeeito deposits.
to In a general Banking business. • "
r. Macon was one of the into firm of Laporte,
m a co., of Towanda, Pa., and his knowledge of
' , l"..!Wren men of Bradford and adjoining counties
) , 1% mg been in the banking business for about
, n prars, make this Mans° adesfrable one through
to make collections, P. MASON,
7 • ana, Oct. 1. Ina. A. O. MASON.
H. B. McKEAN,II4.II, ESTATE AGENT
1..!,:ir4e.. Farms. Mill Prop:aides, City and towir
having property for safe will find it to their
by leaving a description of the same. with
-f at thliiar.:eney,u parties are'conatahtty
for (arms, ke. 11. It. IiteXP.AN,
Real Estate Agent.
Mason's Bank. Towanda, Pa.
\T -E. IV FIRM!
r 11' G OODS AND LOW pracEst
TRACY & HOLLON,
Dealers in Cirooories-and Provisions. Drugs
Menicines, Kerosene OH. Lampe, Chimneys.
Dyr !quint. Paints, Oils, Tarniett, Yankee No.
T.oocco, Cigars and Snuff. Pure Wines and
L ,uorn, of the Lest quality. for medicinal purposes
Mt Goods whist the very lowest prices. Pre
r.;:ton4 mrefulireompounded at all hours of the
sal bight. Give ua a call.
TRACT k ROLLON.
I , ..kuroolon, Pa., lone ?4.1819-Iy.
CHEAP PASSAGE FltO9i OR TO
IRELAND OR ENGLAND
ON a CO.'S LC= 07
QEEZZOSTOWN On LITZEPOOL.
tsar's nld "Black Star Lino" of
Pa:leta, sailing every week.
...I.r-tall Line of Parke* from or to London,
-.1 , 0g' twice a month. -
I, , ,Otonoes to vsudvnit, Lreland. and Scotlandpicr
particoluot, apply to 0 1 #0111.
.11.ity, New YOtik."47t
F. MASON fr. CO., Bankers.
J. N. Derrell, Solicitor of Patentß,
nitoAs STEIrET, wAvEmy, N. Y.
parva drawings, npecifications Wad 'Wive=
in making and properly conductnig Airpli
or. for PATENTs in the lIWITSA STASES d OS'
COUNTRIES. NO Elnenote M •
ANII NO A.TIORINErB TE.ETO Pal' trill, - EVIL , *
4)( W. STEVENS, COUNTIT-SITR
, , • VETnit, Comptown. Bradfxd CO, Pi. Thank
. I many employers for past patronage, would
inform the citizens of Bradford ,
• .: Le 3., prepared to do any arorkin his Hoe et=
tout may be entrusted to him. Those having
speted lints trould 40 well to have their property
urzte:y surveyed before allowing themselves to
asiii‘wel by their neighbors. worltwarrant
..l r.-rreet. so far as the nature if the eat* will-per.
Ali unpatented londl attended to-as soon as
O rams ore obtained. O. W. STEVENS.
lt 2i. 1 14 15-11.
t!,., t , r H. It. IngLam•e Woolen Factory
KM ROLL PL.k11,310 ANDILI2CEIDICI
tar of ac
expetieneed Mazlaante and innitar.
uIA, tney rrpect a . •
GOOD JOI3 tVEDY TIME. ;
"o - n the twent enlargement of this water power,
c:43 dctia at ell xetsoits of the year and soon
4eLt in. In connection with . the isswdrilll wean
;-1, to forniph bills of sawed lumber to order,
• 'ALIVOR '; - ttla Yze;#, .IC, —11 r• CLA.lLlNClMUarithligitheitibi "
•• • - —IV • ---- •,
, . - .•
b=== - a
TAXES WOOD, • krromant ASiD
COVINEISLCM A? Law, Towanda, Ts.
IEIMY I•".EET, 'ATTORNEY AT
r o w in i e . lime rt. 955.,-
LAW. Towasula, Pa.. once with Mauna
Smith, Kra* skit 2dercura aprikl4.lo,,,
aEORGE D. MONTILNYE,. A
soma ST Lew. Ofikee—treriti of Main mid
Pino Streets. opposite Porter's Drug Store.
WA. PECK, ATTO : 'AT
e Law, 'powande, Pa. Oleee over the 13a.
kery, south of the Ward Hone, and opposite the
Court Hamm Azov 8, MIL
TP. WILLISTON..„ •
_J. ATTORNEY AT LAW, TOWANDA:
South side cd mactirciseTsiock. up laws:
VH. CABNOtWAX ATTOI
. MILT AT Lax= flay for Brook
ford &flinty), Troy, P.. ons Made and prompt
ly remitted. - fob 14 '6l)--tt
_TORN N. CALIFF ATTORNEY
AT Law, Towanda, Pa, Pa:Unita? aftentleirtiv;
en to Orphans' Court business. Conveyancing and
Cidladanns. 01 , Moe iha .Thhihder and &col ,
der's °ince. south of the Court Ham.
Dee. 1. 1864.
(IMERTON ELSBREE,_ Arron-
NJ" WET'S aTLiw, Towanda. 'Pc. baying entered
into copartnership, offer their professional services
to the public. epeeist attention even to business
tulle Orpban's and neglecter's Courts. apl 14'70
ovinToa, as.. a. c . armsss
BENJ. M. PECK, ATTORNEY
AT JAW, Towanda, Pa. MI btIEiMSS entrusted
to hiscare will receive prompt attention. 'Office in
the omen barely occupied by Herm & Morrow, south
of Ward House, up stairs. Yaly 16,18.
WRCUR & DAVIT'S, ATTOR-
IsTs AT Law, Towanda. Pa. The wulendgned
having associated themselves together in the practice
of .Law. offer their professdonal minims to the public.
, ULYSSES KERCUII. W. T. DAWES,
March 0, 1870.
JOHN W. MIK, ATTORNEY AT
LAv, Towanda, Bradford Co., Pa.
017151 W, INSURANCE AGENT.
Particular atteuldon paid to Collections andespbarta .
Court business. Office.—Mercer's Few Block, north
side Public Square. apr. 1. '69.
B. Ito 11 EA N, ATTORNEY
• AND COVNBELLOA AT L&w, Towanda. Pa. Par
ticular attention paid to business in the Orphans'
Court. P 11920, '6B.
WB.. N.P.T4LY, DENTIST. OF-;
• Ace over Wickham Towinda, Pa.
May 2d, 'W.
DELY & TRAGEY, associate
wactitionera, permanently located,Barlington.
Bradford county, Pa. may67.2m*
DR. DUSENBERRY, would an
notmce that in compliance with the request of
hie numerous friends, he is now prepared toadmin
later Nihon Oxide, er Laughing Qae, forthe'pain.
leas extraction of teeth.
$ 2 00 I Leltaysrille, May 11340,-1y • • •*: :
0 M. TINGLEY, .Licensed Auc
• tioneer, Rome, Pa. All calls promptly attend
Dll. .H. WESTON, DENTISY,
Office in Pitten's Mock, 'over Gore's Drug end
Chemical Store. janl, '6B,
DR. H. A. BARTLETT, Physivian
and Surgeon, Sugar Dun, Brrdford County, Pa.
Office at residence formerly occupied by Dr, Ely.
A' 1%10 S - PENNITACKER, 'HAS
agatn established himself in the TAILORING
BUSINESS. Shop over Rockwell's Store. Work of
every description done in the latest styles.
Towanda, April 21, 1870.—tf
U. BEACH, M. D., Physiiian
• and Surgeon. Towanda.Pa. Particolszattan..
ton paid to ad Chronic Diseases, and Diseases of
Females. Offim at hit residence on -Westodstrett,
east of VA. Overton's. n0v.1149.
'DOCTOR O. LEWIS, A (}RADII=
_l_, ate of the College of "Physicians and fiurgeons,".
New Tort city, Clue 1843-4: Om exehodve attention
to the practice of his profession. Office and residence
on the eastern slope of
. orwell adjoiningHeum:
Howe's. Jan 14, 'M.
M' & VINCENT,INSITRANCE
AGESTFLICO formerly occupied by Marctix
k Morrow, one door south of and House.
T. IL CANT. maylo 2 7o w. R. VIIICKTr.
FOWLER, REAL ESTATE
• DULLER, No. 160 Washington Street, be
tween LaSalle ; and Walla Street'. Chicago . nlilloll3.
Real rata,' purchased and sold. Investments made
and Money Loaned... May 10,'70.
DRESS - 3.I"ARING, , PATTERN
tai ri.1.50 AND 'MING' la' all faelnon:able
styles on short notice. 1100M8 in Mercnr'eliew
Block, Main.st., over PorterlkEirbre brig Store:
MRS. H. E. GAR IN.
Towanda. Pa.. April .13, 1870.
HAIR WORK OF ALL KENDS,
arch as ti - witt.,HES, COELS, BRAIDS,, ETILZ
BITS, &c., made in the beat manner and lateit style,
at the Ward House Barber Shop. ' Terms reasonable.
Towanda, Dee.4l, 1869.
FRANCIS R POST,. PAINTER,
Towanda, Pa., with ten years experience. to COB
114ent he can give the beat aatlefbition txt Painting,
Graining. Staining. Glazing, Papering, &c.
ti,. Particular attention paid to. jobbing in the
country. april 9,
TO 11 DIINFEE, BLACKSMITH,
MOYROLTON, PA., pays Particular attention to
Ironing Buggies, Wagons, Sleighs, kg.- - neveflind
repairing done on short notiee. Work and charges
guaranteed satisfactory. 12.15,69::
TIR. DIMMICK D. SMITH, Sur
geon and Dentist. Dr. Stara would respectful.
ly inform the Inhabitants of Towanda and vicinity,
that he has permanently located himself here, Where
he will be happy to serve all who may Mama in need
of his professional services. Dr. Smith has recently
removed from the city Cl Philadelphia, whertrite has.
had a city and country practice for over twenty years
which Votidnics will enable him to do the most diffi
cult work in his line of busintea. Teeth inserted,
from ono to a hill set, on all kinds of material used
in the profession. Special attention Riven teem asi
tog of the natural teeth Teeth extracted without
pain. Dr. Smith administers Nitrous Oxide
Chloroform, Ether and the Freezing process. Give
him a call. Dr. Smith extracts the natural teellaand
inserts astificial set for twenty dollars. Itboms'
posite McCabe & Mix's store, Main street
Towanda, April 11, 1870.—ff
well-known house, krneLeently been refit
ted and supplledwith srM be found a
pleasant retreat for pleasure seekers. Board by the
week or month= reasonable terowl ;
E. W. NEAL, Prop'r.
Greenwood. April 20, 1820,411 .
WARD HOUSE, TgIVANDA,
On.Sisin Street, near the Court Mono,
O. T. SMITH; PrOpriehor
Oct 8, 18C8.
ted on the north-west corner of Main and Hai.
Lath steeds. opposite Bryant's earriagoßactory.
Jurymen and others attending coca' mill especi
ally find it to their advantage to patronize the Tern.
perinea Hotel. . • &M. BROWItYPropr.
Towanda, Jan. 12.48715.-Iy,
rr.oy on nt:
'- Ls.; CPSSECTION,ISTAU TliE 114.EITEE,
, .. .
Year the Court House.
We are pre tared to feed the hungty it an Wm.&
the day and evening. Oysters • and Ice Cream in
their seasons. . _. ... ..• • - - • --.-
March 50, 18?0, ' '' ' '' b. *.'ficorr &:ccf.7
VLWELL HOUSE, TOWANDA,
Raving leered this Idolise, la now ready to ow:ngin
date the travelling Nopaina.noroxpenfie will
be spared to give aatiafaction to those who may give
him* all. • . • . .
X7rNerth aide of the yrtiblie equa.re„ east of 3ter,
refit now block.
RIIMMERFIELD CREEK HO
Having purchased and tboronghly refitted this old
and sell known stand, formerly kept by Sheriff °rif
t s;tit the month of Itammerfleld erml- c, is ready to
glgrro a g c y 'm ftvot t h= ircrY'tn:443P3l,t
L JOnD .L. HOUSE ,H o .Proprietors .ll4„,
popular Ilotol having been thoroughly fltteiVand re-
Paired, and furnished throughout with neirand ele
gant Furnituri. Will be open for the reception of
guests, on SATIIIIDAT, MAT 1, 18G9. hieither expense
nor pains has been spared rendering this Ilona°
a model hotel ht • all Ito •azisagementa 'A superior
quality Old Burton Ale, farinvallibi, just received.
April 28, 1869.
BRIDGE STREET. TOWANDA. PA
• Thin Hotel luttintbeen leaied •by the sibieribir,
us been repainted,
i = bt :d •returtdehed
M 1 ' 013 0 0 4 with Dew kledignib itc.. Attu
Table Ida supplted'lMlS the t the market a
foul,: and the Bar with theleast brands ot'Llepors:
Thla house am aim tNs tosaforicteiNvbistse
1110DERJXX Timm • Jurymen and others: attending .
CosutoMbat thtejsmae a cheap and - comfortable
Amp to step. Qood stabllngstuched. aug,lo,'7o
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JOIN C. NVILSOX
IL C. GoillPropridor
• • v•P"...,4-,
ro - 2••••••awawalmsaras
• V*V. l "f.V. ?JO'?
enz zsciliaqat. tslr a.' .
• : fr.k . 4 , 1
A song: n =is!
• - •,7.!
,•"• ett. , ,al
- Ti therefinniterdeath? ftiatuAlessidtabj
trelt comet to those in ,
, 1 4coriliaintithe7,thitt coil-griiruliod face
•As o ft en 4 ridepin•the Immo racc
,freeklutti** wfOrdeathit— -
,Do they neves : 44skb ? 0 1 940 brANDY. IIOI4S
As grasping% the. lever coolly he stands,
Mere gloom the
Its sees midst darkness the red lighttirav 4.
They_light - him pests* to a bloOdy - grave,
Tel hmeMistalids it his Ixist: 1 :
hr!owot . ,lk Ida 10'14 or Iraiowo,thhis tupd?
' ho drivOtt : Sathanis his
" Prince of o f thosicala air." [stood
All honor to him doeth Ms best,
,Cmingnot for bitoself so he saveth the rest,
This man of•thetrorr nerve:
qtrtEATholit dUDE KELLEY
%he' Importeithiti ohletoice . kj).::
' tion..F . ree Trade . the Other Oreatl afl
IA the Aitie4teein'Allfforhmeizt.. ,
~- 7 77"....,... 11
z 3.r. c 7,1
. _ prayAjnaar., Aug. e, 187111'
John C. Li4j,..rtg! A l icontolleariarli of Set
, enee Cbuncd of the orderer United American
itechaniet trt —-,, '' • s c-i :-; l'
Dean : Your favor Coveting the
circular which you inform me you
were instructed by your. •Coniicil to
trtfaisinit to me,- with the;requeil4hat
I would " favor the members of the
Council with my views upon theqiiiii
tiens embodied , therein," is atgland.
4. is to be regretted' tlx# l oitfor
your note nor the circulaxpropentai3
a question. The ltitter, however; ent
braces the preamble .4:tua.resohitiooo,
adopted by the Council on the
of July, last, which have reference
to a quest:kW-of .great:linblic and
private interest.... Havingjestowed
much consideration upon the subject
to which they 'relate;l • nth - grateful
to_the members of your Council for
the opportunity thus afforded me. of
expressing my ;views = thereon to so
numerous and intelligent a body of
my fellow-citizens as the ineniliers of
the Order of the United **icon,
The preamble and _resolutions
sert that "a` movement has been b
augurated in neighboring. State to
introduce Chinese labor bri areetteii=
sive scale into this 'country, and
that such movement, if siccessful,
must operate' to' the_ great digadvan
tage of the Anierion ..mechanic and
laboritirman and that' ":the time
has armed " when the members 'of
your order. should " use every exer
tion and-exercise all the influence
in their - poweritoprevent the, calv
ing out of this iniquitous and unj4et
measure!' - These propositions,
believe, involve the 'questions on
which youreiaiii'eat an exPre:Oion - of
It is; proper tiufebefore procamling
to the consideration of details,
should say that I ' believe , humanity
and the true interests of the peo
ple of our broad, richly endowed and
diversified but thinly-settled country
require us to, welcome - such of the
people of all other countries as may,
to purshines of ' their
come to dwell among, us, adopt our
language and habits, and help us det
velop - our dotthant • resources -arid
maintain our republican institutions.
But this proposition, broad as it
is, does not - coverthole who may be
brought hither by force or, decoyed
by false representations, for the-pur
pose of being used without regard to
their rights or those of the people at
lute. For, ill-steno:3,A _does not em
brace such as may be . found to. have
been :brought as -- arVes, were from-
Africa in the early days of ; the Re
public,. or coolies Were from India,
prior to the act 'of Februar 19, 1862,
entitled "An act to prohibit the
coolie trade by American citizens in
American vessels," the text 'of )vhich
may lie fOund - on .tpagle 145 of 2d
Brightly's Digest. Though, but
'xievemember atethe -date of ; its Ism.
sage by the House of Representa
tives, it was my privilege to co-oper
ate with - distinguished nutitoil,
the late Hon. T. Dawes Eliot, in pro
curing the enactment of this humane
law: Nor,. again,‘' dries -it =apply' to
those who, being ignorant of our
language aid of the ordinary ,rates of
wages' raid for labor and 'the cost' of
living in this country, are seduced
'into coming here wider ,a contract
for years of labor 'for wages which,
though in adiance of. those they
might earn at home, are,ins4ficient
forlhaitipport Of 'an A:re:Mean me
chanic and the maintenance of his
children while obtaining theeduce
tion due to them in our dc'sinnion
schools. Our laws should secure to
the victims of such vpouge b the am
plest means of redress, and, at least,
enable them to return to their native
' land at the.eost-ef f tlai l wyong-doer.
The coolies trade was suppressed
by law because it was a system of
violence ! , apd- i robbery; and as the
system by , -width Koopmanschoop
and others are attempting to induce
I herdesA Chinese laborers to come
1 to 'this: country under 'contract to
work for wages upon :which ;they
should live, is an o d system
of deception -and " ititf. , should be
purlawso : snas
theitherlak , a
I , Yon
t i c)i /A o '3 4 o ll lMa - igrOts'ti . 4iml*" .
Chinese'enik;ritkin to 'tiiiiiiainintry
is narliase&oli'hostiliV- thneht,
had; WV:that; 'it; it :Rini
pries of-the eiirvicea they contract-to
psji . Diain,jnt:Vithe .gen. !ExlsSEVerf
ir_e_:mero i soktrunerseta : '"thril aR
tlw teßTitior,i, 14 - 414014tgatintWem
Nabi Vitt - WeiPin&
4- i -4-41 , 0 % - rA tVtit;
ald can #0: 1 g "r.l6m.
+r` al iSkua
.frowl i nA
• I fill,•
k 15 1870
••;. c,;t, , - -, ,- .4 r -...::
• - -
that;:wilt ; noi
dtlgesilo Mailitabi; khOirticuld'Ott':
Otte his 'children ea i'eP nblican inatt
Wider! . require: "
, The ,, timetant 'neiniericazi
labor imeks sham of a its production
poov,isimr for agoor i actserilitr,; - ft•
country lase broad, and'inibraeaisci
lanitelOar. l 74tof. ihia; cli#l l toU l 3-,
resouroeithat Ira the- rinds
lion =dela to - *Tort itierrAiiii )
CrißtiPri PiNt , 'Nita* • • 44
availoursekied,of the 'diieersitiekof
our soil , *4 c. 1 0 3 .0 4 .v49 161 04. mp-•
ply our :oin inmate, and. =lantern
of otheroonntrieL Bat so - long es;
Part-Of our .iir,Orkshopa:-.are"-berind'
the mas, and - Ave depend-on foreign
shops .for alarge part-of ofti mann.-
factored Veda, ctUr 'rated MUBt
affected bithose of other countriea
Chinese' .Wages are, I helieireoower:
than those paid in anrotheroivilized
country. American wages: are the,
highest; and the, two rates.cannot be
nuuntainedin the same. community..
The attempt on an extended scale: to
comram• gle•-Ahem would be is dine•
treusto the capital as it would be to the.
labor of the country. It would un
settle prices :and cause anarchy ;in
trade. ;,A. little reflection will satisfy
any experienced business man on
thif i pomt, as the employer; ho paid .
Chinese wages cordd alwayreldersell
these in' the same, 'bum* who
sought to enable their workmen to
livehy paying theni our customary ,
wages for their*ark. ' : _
Sir Ediard thilliVan,..inhiarece ;it
noble: appeir for,vie _ worWg-petiple,
of . England, entitled :" Protection to:
Nativelndustry," Says: .. - ... t-- 'i - - -
• Vegas in France, I Belgiiiiii, - - .Prita4
,sia, 'Atistiia, aid, Switzerkind, - ar
from 30 to 50 per. cent. - loiver than
in England;- rent, clothin g ' :cod;
beer, taxes , an d general charges are
all in the seine proportion;"the'habi
i .. .
its -:thepo;ople are •:ecenomical in
tWettreme; the ' manufacturers hada_
as • muc:capital,- adduct.; and - enter-i ,
prise, and-their operatives-:.as ',much
skilfaild ' intelligence and technical
educatiOn and industry, as , we-have; .
they get 'their --raw materials Very
nearly the giaPIC price as we do.
question is: -.. Chao& nianufacturerk .
with. higher wages, higher rates and
taxes, higher , general -charges, and.
our operatiVoa - with.' 'dearerfood,l
'dearer- clothing, dearer house rent;
and extravagant habiti, produce as
cheaplytts• they cax; ?,-::. • : .
Eekus press Sir E d ward ' s _point a
little further, and apply -it toy the .
question' under consideration. - A. re
poit juetemide to - :the Trealmry De;
partment by.. Mr.' : ;Edward - Toting;
chief of -the- Bureau of'. Statistics;
showa thiit,Faiglish -wages are. es - far:
below -ours- as those of - Continental
States are 1)44 these Of England.,
he . report ; apPearti 'to have been'
compiled from ample data, and with
great Card; slding. dile:am - Veit-6 for
the difference between 'old and our
ciuiency, and the 'number of hours
of labor required for
,a jweek's - pay.
Without. detainiiT t s,VOU . with: many,
°P 2 nl4 4l jetiie 04jqhatthis official
report s hows that. operatives in cot- .
ton mills in s the - New `England and:
Middle States,.-exclusive of overseers ;
receive 29.9 - pereent..more ' than in
England, -- iuid-.that that; 'the. ease . - of
-overseers the. excess is 74.8 par:- cent.
The•clainparison.Of the wages paid' in
iwonlen mills is Made • from. a - wider
'lieldois this. branch of industry is
growing rapidly inllio 'West; it em
braces thetulils•of Virenia, Indiana,
WiseOsin,, IPwk aAa . TEArona,_ as
well aithose of the Middle and New .
England - States; and Slio*s :• that the
" average advance: of wades paid in
the trnitiid-States in 1869 over those
of England in 1867-68 (both in gold)'
was 24.36 Per cent." .The.rates paid
hi - American.' paper'. Mills, including
those to boys and, females; as saver-'
tainediromllietnills • of• Nei : .Eng . .r.
land, Pennsylvania, :Ohio; -BlinOie,
and 'Vrisceaann, are 82' per 'cent.
greater, .than in England.. And, as
last illustration drawn from Mr. i
Young's report with whiehi Will . de
tain you, .workmen-in iron foluidaries 1
and in ;machine 'ehopa,:throngliout
New England, the•Middle - litiOirestl
ern States, and California, . receive
for their . labor 'B6' per - pent. more
than is paid in-England. - . --•- •
. Thug it appears.' that though the
average /tg4 Bll- 9Peratiicf:TPciYes for
his work neatly . _double-the“Wagei
paid his Continental ; tompetithr, ho
gets,on an -average littlei more than
half** mich.as 'lie : . .:iVotilil:: for - the
same ,• wcirk . in - - this. -country.: 7 ,-, - The
welfare °tent; eefent4;:both - present
and tiltleast4revires. - the •;tiihinte4
naive of . our • scida of :Wages, Auld- ite
zliialice.Whenever and.*liererer this
la, practicable. -But how: is this to
b.ii:i.taccomplisheal ' .. H44: can the
present rates be defended . against
competition-withthe ---'produetions of
the underpaid.' laborers' "of England
and 'illaContinent i'. -7 I ,believe that
a:Pr *olive ',brig ii'l4 only paSsible
didencefinfourrate of -. ,- .While
the anderpaid - labor' is 'lierkeidia in
p:l 4 pfigii, , ; OcantriOot . e• Mv . defend'the
agah*CeMpetition - bi:..!•,#Eitio, - . 14 - woi
ita'prodnetiens,. ilien , !nnparial into
thii.t`t4litry; dllge - i444.tiAl:a aim
erepop'**weei 'our . , wages- and- the
la West rate. ii - iiiia in: ociaq: coati;
tries: - .- , 1-•-- - -•-•,
~',,,- - ,•,.--,;:,---. ..:,••• ,
they Ali, •
,-a4l*?-1/. , im4t . C4Oie 1 tiiiiif is
4raerOftik'll l -oa4. ll Ter Pace4e.:
the,'' undeypaid,wCaitniCii ' of , feai4gii
EVOnnt;' - j-*lnttii#4•:!o . - Aigliak,*F7
clianicii Uoidd • bii Abrettght lo'nthis
tin* tiviv-iii --stren= . years.- lit, such
'ti1ke5.: . :4;tr,#4 . .:440074 - ;:At ','r . : home,
how- - - -, Conti - : *the.. -•.- -, • '--:•- ...''l"' th e
Iniiiieali . '-'4irktkii4 ''. ' '---.:'-' '- '.... --'-'-
ngni*.the dPstrietl -', -qPlnttiftj, : ti.,Ptg
i frolitiikaf;iii"tr,,, ';n6t,:aee:upw
ip,.otight,'• be - done .• ; Can; i yiki :; 0
any inetiberi4:, int. lloitipil shiiiv,
me ?: No. tar iff or
-other law yu't4io.'
Wit-inigesiiiguinat-htiniiiiiomlieti , *a,
iriittii4rtiiiii Opurtation:io ; men:who.
;fiiiiiiliira Otqutiru.:itt ettelt , Ntitgr-, sir
sue Palle Clint; Att44o3elgitun;
Gereastry„ , ir:England: ~ - "The preva
i :.o** 4 .*Qol4 - laii
i ye*- - •igeiailution,, • _' •
7 404iiiiiViiW #oi-'6ola,..bilidi,Aiiiii
i• '--- -
lull wpa ,z,,,,-.;:, : D., ..,hit 7,,,gi0 .?};.i.,-,:l - ,
40 di e ;lea 143:13 fat 4915.11.11,
of the ;.41i.te*01 1
loeelde.". . .-- • .
"Buy - where you cad - `bilizhe*,
oat," 2 a,a , ,,agamnk; ot,J
=tiers Malt menittys: -refonnenklftt;
443 lobctiv r itir*V.
VIP froo 4 o o 9o,tello-14:04
ant. of , loengresife , vindroding
- - ,a l aoA--3g i nia4lo._
vugai y, a n w id s
chance os steady-molr, injures the
43411 0 4411 kr n ii=
• conint. '
They rase -say,that in Addition:l4:i
cheapening - what
laborer's market would be increased'
by a redietiOnifet tliki' i ititin*,'-as we
Could than increase„ outcOmMerce
and -ship ourgoodstkiforeiarm !
trios in competition ,
And Inetperieneed this 'is Jay
`l4 l4 444=.',Xikt:lritkioir,itrporieuoit
and Observation, you Mist- perceive
'that to . rod4oolho price our goods
low enough to accomplish thiswould
:require main reduce our wages below
the English'standardins the cheaper
labor of France, Belginm, Switzer -'• ;fiend , Germany, fuidPAnA- are
'striating her exports and driving the
'productions of England, out af com
mon markets. "Buy where yeti am
buy the cheappet, the only doctrine
by which the employment of coolie
labor country Can be justified;
is not only ruining the peo
ple of England but uprooting =MY;
of her industries which- were believed'
to- be ' - estahlkhed On impregnable'
foundations, and is thus involving
thilaborar and capitalist in 'a com
mon,ruiv To attain oheapFess she
repealediot only, the duties imposed
on food, but 'those, which- protected
her labcr againet the competitiontif
the lower wages , of the Continent.-
Sher . - entered eithnsiastically upon
the experiment's:if free trade, and has
persisted in it 44 about' a . nuarter of
11 0 11 bul? ; What , - been, the xe
'suit, of this race for cheap . labor and
'cheap goods? Its consequences have
been, such as I hope our countrymay
long escape. British exports are not
only stationary but, declining, "and
poverty - and - pauperism - have in
creased so rapidly that; the. people of
Great Britain ere ranger tibia. to
consume their ,oiyn , produitions
freely as they'‘ formerly, - could, and
the diitaiiia far labor falls-off under.
the double influence. of,,dethiring et
port trade and home consumption.
'ln his recent work entitled "Home
Politics, , or-the Growth of Trades
Considered in its Relation to Labor
Pauperism, and ,Emigration." Mr.
Daniel Grant denionstrates',the &fi
xedness:or these assertions -briar .
1301frepjl-'the' number of; England's'
Paaliera;" and - the :ifflicif hex:, ax
pottsfor Abe, th ree-latest ran for
which -the figures had- been compiled,
They, - ,aro as followfi: ' • „
• • Paupers. &pods.,
1866 920,344 £lB 917,5 M
1867 95024 181,183;971
1868 1,004,823 179,463,644
After commenting upon the fact
that more, than' one thousand pau
pers are each week added to the al
reafV.torrible list, he says:
"Eferi this largo increase does not
indicate the exact extent of poverty
points to the still wider field of
'misery that exists among the classes
from which pauperism is fed. Let
any one think what is the state of
;destitution through which a man
;passes before he is willing to accept
relief and allow himself to be brand
ed ;pauper. Those who irpow.
ithe worlQ.ng classes best know the
(profound abhorrence they entertain
of the workhouse.'!Anyprivation, any
sorrow, any destitution rather than
that ! ;' and the =Oral inference is
that the pressure of want is not only
severe, but has been long enough
'.sustained to have swept away all ar
ticles of clothing, as well as all
household, goods before the sufferers
bend to their fate."
~ Thus deplorable .has been , the ef
fect on the laborinu classes of Eng
landof the determniation of hoz peo
pie to accept the glittering fallacies
of the free-trade school of, epono
misti3,-and buy labor and its pro
ducts where they can bay them,
cheapest. Let us now glance for a
moment at the effect, it . has, had np- ,
on capitafinvehted in specig indru3-
tries.; It was soon discovered' that
the surface 'oree of the copper mines
of Peru, which are -dug by peons—
another name for-slaves—were cheap
er than those of ' the 44 nignes'of
Cornwall and Devonshire. • These,
Ibith all the machineiy; ; hiLvh :e64=
sequently been abandoned, and such
of the miners employed in them as
had saitkretifficientletay their pas
sage have emigrated, and the balance
with their families have gone to the
workhouse. -The manufacturer of
hp4rmade -prosperous towns of
Coventry and Miceleeteld, but Ly
ons and 'Rouen could undersell them
and regardless of" the interests of
their toiling countrymen, " the no
bility, and gentry . " of England, look
ing..oniy.o the.. interests ?f the cpn
surserehttivhein they - eottlli bify
cheapest, and the - silk mills of Coven
try and Macclesfield, with their ex
pensive inachinery, became worth
less, and many of the people who
had found employment in them Went
to the workhouse also. I could refer
to. spies of, such, instanoes, but thpv
Width ( iiwn
will prcieeed to an illustration of a
more general charicteril
Having heard that the home con
sumption;•or Ileetions had,
within a few years, fallen off 35 per
ient.prwiran ito4 l friend who has
resided in 'England for some years
to learn whether iii abatenitritis
on a mere estimate or was an
the assertion. My correspondent,
howevei,-sent me copies of elaborate
tables from a, paper prepared by Mr.
Elijah! -Helitcylkna- read;toi3fori-the
Manchester Statistical Society, and ,
which was , printed by ,thc, scel*Y-
lion of British cottons during the
years 1866-7-8 with that during
1850- 1 4(HitIti.iiitelms ithoiniqtrtat,
ee! 1• 4 .4 11 4 gi ;WIMP •
OM MOM). Nat
lagksinernefacturerientitled "-44.* rap_
quiry info the . Cowes te the long-ante
tamed Deprearieniothe CottowTracki,"
;Which wits published! London and
, Manchasterinthe litter part Cif lastyear,
year;! in which: - &elect is 'again
. - After Spreading ;before:hie
en; tWelze'Art,aY • et A*" fig:
the anther gays. . ' ' •- -
1 i f - rase iltandit.. aa fo ll ows:, Our .
:entire aparts of.,.cottaii .goods to SR
countries lavo-iacreased 6 per mg;
tolndia: they- have_idecreased, 13 mix'
,aent; itcr, the four "principal ,Con-U
-,nental oduntries they hive increased
45 per cent:; whilst the imports , tre*
these fear ''pountriel: haire fallen - 4
21 per cent.' -At the same tie* Our
;home Arade, trkiek should :have beie4,
our principal , opporg, ufah* at:
35.pe.r quit., - .. , t
' .The facts I- -:have Ahus hastlly
thrown togetheraddress theineelves
lug only to the artisan :and laborer,
"but the farmer and lo hin' i whose
:ample capital `is em ployed in any
branch of prOcluctivemdustry, What
each wants is a stead yand 'remuner
ative market for that which he bas
to sell, - and this cannot be "had ; when
that greet', 'Unit* 'of, , consumers who
Aye by toil, are compelled,. ae• .they.
'are in other countries, to lobar.**
the- least . amount , cf.. Compensation
'that will serve to keep Soul and body
together without an aspiration or
hope that is to be . realised . this side
of the grave. No amount of foreign
commerce would compensate'the
farmers and indrinfacturen of 'the
'United States for theturtallment of.
their home market that - would inevi
talilY follow thii reduction of our wa
ges even to the English standard:
To whose industry, enterprise, or
capital can the more than one mil
lion English paupers - gixe profitable
employment? - Or, who , can sell his
goods to that More numerous class
from which Mr. Grant says "pauper
ism is fed," and who are selling, " all
artielerrof clothing ne well Si all
household goods" in the vain hope
of escapin g the Workhouse ? =. D o
you' think that they know , Mb&
about the color and cpality of Amer
ican wheat, or,even of the. flavor of
the beef or mutton of, "Morrie Eng
land," or are liberal patrons of any
branch ofindustry? , , - -
'The apostles of free trade 'regard
the value of a nation's - everts se the
test of its proyerity. ' They warship
foreign trade and - commerce. From
this test . I dissent., The nation is
most 'truly , prosperous which has
fewest paupers, the'• freest domestic
trade, and whose. people are able to
enjoy most largely the comforts and
luxuries of life as the rewards of
their labor, even though it has no
foreign commerce. To 'promote for;
sign mcomerce free traders would
cheapen goods, although , it is appa
rent that to cheapen them-it:Smut
ly to enable us to take hercuptomers
from England, and so inertia° our
Commerce, we must reduce our wages
•to a point below those she pays, or
we must underbid her *or d erto in
duce them to buy from us.: Regard
ing protective duties as any. obstruo-;
lieu to commerce, -they retest their
enactment and strive to rep&,l or
reduce them, although to effect either
their repeal or reduction would in
evitably 'compel's general reduction
of the rate of wages; for were we to
repeal' the duties which now defend
and protect the wages of the Ameri
can mechanic and secure to., him our
generous home market for his labor,
our stores and warehouses would be
soon gorged , with cheaper .produc
tions of theill-paidflaborof Europe
and the proprietors of ' our mines,
milk , factories, and workehops would
be forced by the want of a, market
for their higher-Priced goods to dis
charge their .hands and close their
establishments. 'Nothing can •be
clearer than , thi5.. ... , And in. three
years from our abandonment of the
protective system' the workingmen'
of the country would suffer-again the
agonies endured in 1837 and 1857,
and British statesmen would be able;
.as they were, to comment upon the
depression • of American labor, and
show that poverty , : and , pauperism,
were increasing as rapidly ,in the in- ,
dustrial centres of, the tnited States
as in , those of England. Indeed,
such action on our part would be an :
unspeakable•blessing to England. It'
would revive her commerce and
some of the leading branches of her
languishing industry. She has suit
naraP advantages, which ' 'Counter
balance the lower - Wages of theOpati:
neat in the production of many anti-' '
cles,aniong which I ratty mime salt,Pig
and bar iron, mils, both of iron and
Bessemer steel, cast ataal,"aad iron
steamships, with, all-of Which she
-supply our market in the ab
sence of protective 'duties, and the
venerable :law which prohibits' the
granting of an American register to
' But you mey. ask What hit all this '
'to do with the question upon which .
;Science Council,Airected me to re
quest an expression of tour views?
A. moment's rethictionwill show you
its perbinence., , A= The danger• you
would ward offlis the 'competition 'of
underpaid' labo'rt ' and if it be true
that lowmtkeS„ vehinidistant cola
tries,' aga inst 4rhicb a'pretective
..end&Ana 40, -- , how,,,Much
more riririglYdestraatis .;woritd:
be the Pact- of the .Impaytatio4 of
berdeetofnien bound ,by : contract to
work ;=in ',your.: midst ", at =, Chin/04
Manch, Belgianp German,' Austriani
or. English "'egos? ;, If - once - estab
lished in your-midst, no law could
protect' you rigifinst' their *Myatt-,
doh; Undl assure you and the Fteni
,bers oftOtte.catiircil tio - i hive too
j*Cii** of **ma ilia , - :41414x,
01: Lbw akur - Apv940114 *, . 10 ,
and Ewa. to-leellre.:6omPeltruen
even, to the slave hirlea work an the
shop, oroottori, =moor -lice field,-
*permit. me to approre of such an
arrangement, let it promcito what in ,
'cidental advantages itmay. .
'fin - !imehitien; pertnit tee - to lay
agiin3fist I am not Oppimeil to the
vodnnhryxtianrgntro of i the , people.
iif 99tiP ~44;4 0 ?.3 P 1rav- 4 191t; - 10.
tk,ar 9 1 ißPol9 B ,,alickik_ i _ ...Pig,*
cost of ' he yap"' those'imutlll
lioiiiiiiehe tie 4 ‘
ill better ilitra '64 i
I hail by teerepand thriltibeenaable
A toilteetuaphite i-a aasaf eallieidutato - -
-1 1 1 :A01 1 ,940,941? , 0 1 44 3 10iwa*
'their new . Mime ; but under a system
0 2 tip .
• 41A DARPRIVilk 41 1 4 1 f r ance
- •-n ' - .'• " . ' '
and his standitenco while here sest
ed, we'wilkprebiblrget most-ab- -
'pet irid possfiriy - only the vilest deri
riteriarif,thentseities of China.
Those who ootne iribintarilyland .at
their own cost. Will tiara' all interest
in theirladopted'ootintri and its .iri-r
ititationniangifire - var langualKand
adopt 'our hebite. - Suchenimmigroi
ion Would, -likerthat , - from'i other
countrieig;' atimtdatetiorii loners" in-"
Ibistries- while >increasing our trc!-
dually° -power ;it would, bY m:mg"
.oar - -vasi ., territaries , that - -now lie:
wasteand' rinprodnotive, cram&
the deinandtir laborby incrianing
; Mir hem.: market - and-the carrying
trade :in which (* . much of our calm-
Ital Ns& so 'Many. of - our people are
engaged. But it may =do more
than this. Itis in the power of the
Chinese' to establish among.us- many
new and' profitable industries./ Let
me diention two, the introduction of
which would injure none, and benefit
all of u& - I allude to tea- and : silk.
For tea.we send abroad aboutisP;
000,000 anniridlyi and for silk' -"bout
$10,000,000. We produce mo tea,
and are hut experimenting in the
production-of raw silk, - of )whieh, 'we
import about $2,500,000 per annum
fertile use of our infant mainf,
rim at Patterson, Hartford,and
adapt* . in some 'of which, I-may
remark, machinery is now used, that
was once 'profitably employed in Cov
entry and Macclesfield. We have
immense natural fields for the culti
vation Of bothlea And silk:- besides
those ''of otyibrida, and Arkansas,
arid, the Cwe ' the earliest and
mos so:ces cultivators of both;
would benefit ns immensely by trans
ferririg their experience and patient
industry to this Country. I , would
not, therefore, exclude them by any
general' denunciation. But to pro
tect the light
_even of for eigners . te ,
fair ' , wage! • for Work done in this
pountry,••erid -tn- avert - the dangers
threatened tirAmerican mechanics
.by the importation of horden of
I would.provide by statute that
any contract made in a foreign conn
try.by which &person proposing to
onngrate to any State or Territory
within the 'United Statkl3 3 shall bind
himself -id labor: for any term of
years or months, at-a rate of wages
specified therein, shall be null , and
Believing • that a. law embodyin g
these proinkumi will be • by
Congtess at its nest session;' I re
main, - Yours, very truly,.
Wxwiu D. KriTf.
1.1 :lIIyJY fi : 4g i
'lfni. Elizabeth cady. Stanton says:
Virls do -not reach maturity until
twenty,five, yet; at sixteen, they are
Whin; and mothers over the hind,
robbed of all the rights , and, freedom
marriage,_ crippled in
vrth and - development ; the
orces needed to braid tip a
and healthy womanhood , are sapped
and perverted from their le.gitimate
'channels in the premature office ~of
reproduction:;' lirhen the body _le
overtaxed, thei mind loses its tone
and settles down in aileomy discOnz.
tent that' enfeebles the _whole moral
being. The feeble'mother brings,
forth feeble BOMB, .the - sad mother,
those with morbid appetites.. .The
constant diniand .. • of,, stininlante
aniong ilia' is the result of the Thor
bid conditions of their mothers.
Healthy, happy, vigoiOns woman=
hood would do Mora for the Cause of
temperance than any :prohibitory or
license laws possibly can. When
women, , by; the observance of the
laws;of life 'and health, is restored to
ligir normal 'condition, maternity will
Botha n'paiiod of weakness, but of
added power. With that high prep
aration of body,•-and soul to which I
have •referred, men and women " of
sound mind and body, drawn toget
ther by true, sentiments 'of affection,
might calculate with certainty on a
. home, with healthy children
gathering round their fireside. To
this fiend let girlhood be sacredly de
voted to education, to mental, moral
' and physical growth, to as high prep
aration for personal independence
and ambition as boyhood is, to-day ;
kememb9ring that glis, as well as
boys,, were cinated.prunarily fottheir
Own enjoyment, and only secondary
to serve each other. Reproduction
in the normal condition of woman
will not be a period of. Buffeting . ; but
of joy and thanksgiving. One of the
Saddest features of woman's present
condition is her idea that -she:is
cursed of heaven in her motherhood;
that it is one of nature's necessities
that she shdtdd suffer through the
period of maternity. •• It is because
we ignorantly violate" so many' lan%
of our being that it is so to-day:,
A Litz Op inuirboi Imps To A 1.17 z
or Cmim.- 1 0ne - of the younguienre-
Contly sentenced by Judge Paxson to
long but just tom of imprisonment,
in a conversation with the officer who
accompapied him to the Eastern
Z'enitentiar7, gave some account of
his life, which showed' that idlenas
and evil-v*6llM= had been his we
doing: iris father dying when hS
was wite . YOOlig;waii left to the con
trol and guardianship of ,the iaidOw
ed mother, and' she not being able to
manage or su p p o rt wasashfL
fered to go where Isli; pleatied, , .: and
soon began to steal in a_pettar way to
supply the means to live. His com.
- psineres were ladg - thticli ffilhe same,
condition as himself,' and thiy
grew`upi from stealiig-sitieles oflita
tle value from shOrfronts and the
entrieis of 'retddenees, -,, they- tot. "to
breakineintO dwellingsi and 'km
of buainets4-with the oceosionati Per
pet*ltiolkof, offence . ofxotligq., --
Ereiritther'said - that - tilde* pu
liCliorlas in' which thieves are
bored, ' Which' VACS
concealment for stolen proper; and
idsO placpi s in Which: 4 ,!aluables may
be sold or lint
tairdl that ,the • thid or thletes
not. he betrigyed .by the person reosiv-,
im3 -plunder, Withall,the inelmOvelfi
to tfte, 4 icuniubasi , 9 l orgißlep:ilia *el
.I kelyZaiaie se lt e t,to .
the , n • I boc t : i
d44Ac: ici,ntaii , Elf*
ara" 441tb 97045141,0-1
PlAt4 • •00 :•.„•-•Pimai;••:ll.ly#4
e . — Repose of OluAy
" " 'll4 f*P4K 1 4 1 4 , ,
1 146414i 7 Pilb ikWi s li -
~r ^~i^•s, .tI tic+?
~..-:', ,V '"`ci
-,, tinsi.W•liov, aims& Ter.
- , : - 1 -, :' ? , APliwits7, - N10; ' r
• EDITOW Bairannelvi Itt seeordance
with my promiseto - Map you in some
metumre i posted lir' regard to matters
'and thing* in Greeley, Te r n 'take
'the liberty to - adaius'you. Our town
has, passed through the first stage of
itievistakeci; #ad haralteitey oalti
ed . a prominent_ Ripe .. •• .n. , the
:toihrtrp,%„. - ''' ' ; .. , '"T -- r''viiiiiS
a nd klu tz, --.77-.; _ ,1 - :7'. : ~.. : : trans
-acted, it —•- , "'"-in the
Teriitocept '' ► ..'• -; i'r it now
'contains' about two :hundred b l
lugs, of:till - sizes and torts, ranging
value from $25 to* $lO,OOO. -On
school lain successful operation; and.
'a first class Academy trndertilia lead
of Prof. W.'t:'..Pabor will soon be
opened.. ; As fir as I know; three.de
nominational 411k:C1484417,ff been, or-.
ganized : - Orie Methodic cueßaptist
and one Preabyterian. - No- ,church l
buildings have as been ' erected,
Ind services are held' in-lhe ' Town'
Hall h a large and ,commodious edi-'
flce,•liitilt by the . -
colony arid . i
coats ii ,
about $5,000., Thapnnting offie&is
icilirly finishad;and the firstmanzber
of our newspaper, ghbearine some
what pretentious titlif of - ;Trthuner
ie the West, wasiion be is led,_ edit
ed and published by, N.' O.' Meeker,.
latoof the. N. VTraine. 7.1 1 ,4 e. fain-.
iliee Of the'differlmt
,coloniabi' are ar
riving daily, 'and all the necessaries
and, most of the luxtuies. of life - can
be' 'obtained at a - reasonable rate.
Good butter is' retailed at thirty-five
cents per pound, flour six dollaraper
hiindred, and other things in Prorar
tion..: -The mountain and parks ad
jacent •to Greeley' have been -".filled
with Greele3rites, and wee to the deer,
or bears that - shoe-their unlucky
heads ontsida of their native coverts.
Your humble correspondent has just
returned from an expedition to , the
head waters of the 'Cache-la-Pottdre,
seventy p iles to • the :vt6itward: 'As
we traveled over a rinds - new: to the
majority -tpf your readers, perhaps a
shorts:count of our trip would-. not
be rminteresting. Our party *insist
ed of seven persons in all, two, of- us,
hailing fromlllradferd conntY - -- , aini 7:
ed. Witli'Whiehester rifles, and' accoin
pained by &wagon load of provisions,
blankets, cooking Utensils, etc. We
Arai* otit over 'the !plains - towards
the foot of •: the hills, about thirty
leilea,distie' at, , The Weather was liot
enough to satisfy any reasonable;saia
reander;the,therniotneter indi&thi' , i
110 deg : in' the mui. We followed
the line of the old Salt Lake . !stage
road for' about forty-five miles. A
few miles above Greeley we passed 'a
large " drivi3" of Woo& 'on: the irm, ,,
eat far rip in the ;mountains and in-
tended for the.Greeloy market.., , The
leader in this enterprise.,y Mr.' J. S.
Seeley, from: Dime twp. -L Theprice
pine wood in Greeley is ten
dollars per cord, and ,very. scarce 'at'
The first town, tOthe westward of
Greeley, on the Side Lake road, ,is
Fort Collins, where a'detachnient of
13. troops.- Waft , - stationed , during . '
the Indian :troubles "in this Territory.
Thera is a small Colony, oPFennsyl
iinians here, tb.einoit, of whom come
fionillercer connty. There is - Sleo
a large flouring :mill here, 'the only
one in'this part Of the - eountry. Four
miles - to the west ,of ' Col li ns is "Ls
ports, lying atithe fume of lire moun
tains. , The-, overland - telegraph for
merly poised through this place, and
many of the poles-ere still Standing.
Two nriles'ilbove Laporte a;ndthixty
two 'miles' from :Greeley, is ,a , saw--
mill i the nearest,point at' which-hun
bercan be obtained, costini-tbirtY
'deli= per thousand at the mill. A .
company;'ot colomsyt purchased Cot
,ooo feet Of ltunber in the • - leg,' forty
miles aboie this mill„ , :intendimr to
rim it down the rivetito Greeley, but
the failure of the runud'summer kilns
'on the mouititini.O.used the 'Hier' to
Iris° so slowly, thst only , sue
ceeded irrigating them down. to this
Mill, where The lumber is. no-sir-being
At this plice we found tome ex
citement-on the Indian question. .A
party of five wanders, belonging, t io
the band of Spotted Tail, the Pnuei. -
'pal Chief" of , the Brule, had
beirCseeti but a . few daysliefore, and
pony tracks were found quad 'plenty
atmo®g the canons; The trail - thro'
1 the .moitutain , One of the most
leplendid natural ;howls in the.,wiarld t
with a gradual - ascent of about fifty
;feet to the mile. The scenery is too "
grand and- betiiitifinci tie described.
t has to be seen' tO ,be appreciated.
lln one lonely canon,-in the very heart
;of thermountains, far from any-lia-'
,hahitatiou, -.surrounded by
intituitains Whose tops picric!, the,
elcnids, we found a „little . grave, at the
rude'. head of Which sto-a de 'AM? of
riid:Fand-iitor . re 'leering the Um/
' tieuz' `a,-.li
4E.ideolied-,April .17 •
18644aged.19 months.!' .Vire stoo
with Uncoitiaia heads . we read thii
shit& epitapb,' telling tts thlit'sOtt&
body's darling " is -. buried ' 'here,
where huinan feet have sel&im tired, ,
withild.4wera.,growing . above it,
withno sbund to. diatzfrb
save the groWl flf the `grizzlybear,
06110%1' of - the' wolf,`the - '
the panther,i and . ' the crick of the
lett-the old etstiwroad-end'etruokin
to 40,011 more, eneli. portion :the
mountains.. 4%r twc). - duYs wo (auk
ed'itead4 upward until about sun
set:6l4h° - soecnit dtlY,, 'When frorn the
'summit'' of aches nibirataiti,..• the
most lovelreight lever beheld; burst
uppri,our,a4ouielked Far be-
low,ne Was the: i ts
waters roni4end - foinning:Vorig. its
reeky and inidine channel'; while
before we toes thelofty peeks- of the
ed with dental ,euuw,; iiljubming in
the rays.,,of the ,settirig, sun, , Hen.
when the sliades of began to
sefilenbout*.ifiiiiitilied our lOin3-
ly. camp bus_field'offirild rye; iihreh
greir:to a beightoof sisven -or-'eight
fePti fuP 114141 41. *Pk: food lot Ibt
ofitiaies:L garb , fie nett b i o
bieli told tlgirwailint
a Si „
.;rt 5,1gr004 '.o
;?.-:7?)?, - f,1 1 .4 -70 H
l i ta t tri
, raTmesi sllPPbm t _
lb* A AM
thMights, -it nalyzed, wouldloW
be lif 9tl43nl4l .44 -1.9450.4igus
Ott boy'Wha iitiffanne tinder. taw .
of themzdi; j arkeozwaYot;
lett "legit Vichy% tither; !pc
;finks damn." I can - ••," the! in
ithe'talleof some of the' jkizt",
, WitEl pa only muleratecul ? cre•
•At length, tired mei ti foot4om, we
ranched the river. Mem Were WOW
In plenty.. A. Tery short, trier Cen-
Tineekthe whole partjefirlutt /walk.
Already aware, that ourecirreeprit
!anti 'wee f not - a ' by may
means. When fishing for -rek
pass by my hook with the coolest'
4:lo lLgt. and eagerly Inrallaw..that
otm,ylunghbor. So now, tbrclinq
mfr hook, line and pole into,the river,
I hunted Oaks mosey bed
in the rocky, and cabsly.aseking the
pipe of peach,' eruxaMiged.,
btinue - to persevere,' Imewing that
the More trout they meg the. buns
twould get for dinner. After get
tingall-we could tionTeniengy carry,
we returned, to caitrp,•where we sue
ceeded infesting a .goodly qtumtity
of trout, grouse, and rabbits. The .
deer, bears ea elkinust hay° heard
we were coming; at -. any rate we
didn't see: any;, of-,them; .Jeit- after
we bad started-bare :net
an emigrant • wagon,- , 00nlaining
man, his wife And -three.. children.
They started from the metern part '
of abOut the last of April, and
had " bullwhacked U . across the
plain* and tit) the` Mountains thus
far, and their faces were still set
westward. .The man mid he' should
settle somewhere - in the mountains,
and with ourusual modesty We
Promised to come - tqi and see
'All right," was the hertyrestenum,
%dela-the lady seggested mildly, that
we bring elne. women along.:Sorrow
fully we confessed that we hadn't
pny. If she had judged of the looks
of the women me *ere supposed; to•
have, by our own, I hardly - think she
would. have wanted to see them ; for
after a week of mountain-climbing,
we were decidedly a hard looking
set. We found it a good deal easier
'going down 'hill thin up ! ' 'Nett week -.
a • party leave' Greeley.. to
Long's Peak, and I think some of
accompanying them:" Should do
so I *ill tell you ail about it in. ) my
A GREAT many boys Complain that
there'are no . places. 'Pabipe 'it is
- bird to get jest' such as you like.
But when you get a. place and
theritare places this big ':innlAry,
we are Sure; kw 'need of every good good
boy and girl; and man. and woman in
and'alen you' get a place, wa
say, make yOurself useful in it; nutke'
yourself n ecessary to your employer s Mike `leurself necessary by:.
your fidelity 'and good behavior, that
they cannot, .do without you., Be
iaing fa, take low price •at • first;- .
no matter what the work is if:it . be -
honest work. Do it well ;do ,it the
very, best you can. 'Begin at the very
lowest round of the ladder, and
climb np.-- • The great - want every.
where. is' - faithful, capable workers.
They are never a"drug in the market.
Make yourself one of Siette„Linathere
will always be a place,for you i and .
good one • tOo. -
ros. IsTALIII9.—An exchange
says: "It Was tle,celebrated German
I physiciful Hofelaiid who &tit fully
recognized the curative power of mu
sic., Frequently the life of a dying
man may be saved by gentle music
not, too near his bedside. - It is only
to catch'` his. attention arid, hold-it
with something that imparts, pleas
urable ,feelings, is order to sustain
him beyond the moment . of extreme
exhaustion which marks thecrisis of •
diseai3e. Usually, however, the ears
of-the dying are - regaled with no mn
cie sweeter, sweeter than the sighs
and sniffles` 'tif t . 'their ' sorrowing
friends. Of corm' they are troub
led, dcpresSeil; and,'when the critical
breath . comes4ail to catch it and so.
die. Thera" is mueh in this theory." .
Music as an agent for promoting
hialthis of high. Value. invalids
Weald devote an hour or two- daily
to practicing vocal music, it would
often restore the m to health. 'Per
sons with weak lungs ' may thus
Ward off fatal lung disease. The ef
fect, on body and mind is emellent.
Iffvniro You/. Oxs's FAsz.----Henry
Ward Beecher says of thosomen who
have no care' or - thought ler others,
but are contented with looking , after
their owp., ease and ,enjoyment; that
they ought to 14 put-in a . poffin, for
their life's work is ended.. - • •
When God wanted sponges .and
(litters, Ni made them, us& put , one
on: the rock and the other is the:
mud. When He made man, He did
Uot.make him to be a Avenge or an
*ter; He made lain With feet.and
ham*. and head and h?art,'szid said
to him, aGo to work!' • •
irott if a man .has come _
to. Unit point where he is antent, lie -
ought to be put in his coffin, =for a
colli 4 mtealive mania a sham 1 Ii a
manitur got to that state in which he
says; "I - do not want to Imo* any
more," he is in - a state in which 'he
might td be change 4 into a treninnyt,,
Of Auhideona nuimukiet ere
the most hideous ;'and of . till mum.
mies,thoee are the most hideous at
arn:,niniw. about the 'streets inal
L , ,
Osumi= isn DoTinnow..--kcorree- •
tAident . calle attention *hat lie
terms a frequent mistake among
Aineriefum.' He lays ' Dutchmen. in
HAS : couitti , ame vs*'chin". aided
Germans, and Germans are also call
ed. Dutchmen, ._!wlule. the differ
ence,.., in -natiozOity and' , ,lan
gliao',it.nlinent. argreet - at !oatmeal.
-Engli-Englisharid French People. Dutch. ' s
unukare,gollanders, nadven of• that
iridistrinuaiind; Musicians little - na..,
tibia:front whence mine the first set- ;
York city and State,
ma, poiftlemv of Perowlyinia.
kingdom, independent ally ,
°t!fralverk.gi ti er IMF b 7
iaZia . :Las
never . beets . piifto of;Genziavy. •As
for thelanguage,' the cothipendent.
says: " Though there are a r very few
we,ittli,t dia . :Omit:nth'
i language iluit
' in , p444.11,
, kie hailed theirtei,T,MOitlii.
windmoritifailw•Mee , Of
building In Titusville. In 2,000 dwellings
. .ttu4 pouts*. ftoisa ant,te tstz
• , "/ lIVI/13/ I e °4 4 1. 14 .
- artii tliti ",
hook: - • • n