Newspaper Page Text
TICRMS *Pr. FIIIILICATIOII.
Taa 90101010 Itzroacui M *MANI erep
Monday Wolniag 10' 8. W. Almelo sad 2. J.
Ctersoit, et Too Dollars per esia. is adasov
AprzWl7lll=l=l. enteeding lifts* Lbws are
inserted et az mon per Mr or dud asselliti. add
riTr , c ols per line for imbesquest laiortiaes.
s te a l :otiose Inserted before M
paths. will be charged maul/ cans pail*. Mot
tub insertion. AU &Watkins of Assoolidkos I
Colointalcietlone el limited or isittridosl trdnuse.
sod notices of llferrlalifelli and Delfts, eroerdtegl"
hon. an charged 11:11 curs per UM
1 Tear. It Mrs. 3 Zed
.31 00 $6O. $l3
10 33 1g es
Ei may, Caution. Lost and Found. and other gavel ,
t i. e meets, not exceeding Ten lines. threelevel's,.
or leas 51 50
Administrator's and Execubsee Notices, - gOO
u dor's Notices. 2 55
Busi a ness Cards. Ilve lines. [Per Yeurl• •.. ..... sdi
Merchants and others, advertising their bustheng,
will be charged $25 per year. Mei Will be entitled
column, confined exelusively to their business,
with Privilege of quarter', changes.
so.. Advertising In all eases exclusive of subaceip.
tlou to the paper.
Ain PRINTING of every kind. in Plan and Fancy
• ~:crs, done with neatness and dispatch. fisndbilhi,
Blanks. Cards. Pamphlets. flatheads, Statenuenta,
variety and style. printed at the shortest
1,,,,0ce. The Enron= Gelds la supplied with
p o ser Prespee a good amortment of new type, and
. rr) thing in the Printing line can be executed In
O, most &tittle manner and at the lowest rates.
reftms INVARIABLY CASH.
T E R AYSVILLE • 3ITT.,TA;
Tyr embacriber. baring purchased the Lanayeallis
Mgls. and renttr4 the mine- in rood order. is new
prrcared to do good work. and to give weneral oats
r ton Bt. FBUTCHEY.
Sept. 22, 1160.-15
PRICE LIST-CASCADE MILLS.
1,0 qUAlit% Winter Wheat Flour per eaek....sl 62 ;.;
rfundA 3 23
1.• I 680
rl.gur Twr hundred pounds 303
colt per hundred lbs... 1 87? s
r mareln allo dealers.
unlidlne usually done at ettee , se the co
rt. of the mill is builicient for a lame amount of
IL B. M 011.3.111.
i'rnptr. n. March 23. 1675.
p ITENT .WETALIC WHITE
WITZI: CI.QTRI3i LlNES.—Warranted not to
•—I wear. tare., oorrode or injure the fineet fabrics.
•up .I.Mearly for nee. The weather does
o ITa th , leut titi , et it. It will hat for 20 to SO
but three Nate per foot. lam now
e:ei.3red to put the *ire and guarantee satiefaction
, ~,v , it not entird twin at voUT honors. ad.
• or call tt Marshall Brother., Hardware store.
C. L. DUTCHER. Agent.
w mooleted my nese brick shop. near my
on MaM-street I am sow prepared to do
rk n all ita branches. Particular attention paid
an•leatze tnola. Haring anent many
io 01'4 community. in this bnsinesus, I hoist
l• • s ...Arent guarantee of nay rorelving a Mer
e- ....Id of the public. pat-onace.
Fq. S. TISIVINF.
I : iwasiaa. NOV. a. 1869.—tt
rYI 7 ,III4BURer MILLS!
-ehs...-nhere are note doing bnainews. in their
the REST QUALITY at the MaEnsurno
1%1., ni and linekerheat Floor. and Feednon
,,aralt hand for Fafe at market rates.
n lame quantity of cirtorND PLASTER of
quality from the old Yararn ?met.
DP, 21'. ?tPiEla & FROST.
VE\V DYEING ESTABLISH
.11 , -,riber takes this method of informing the
Soda and tioinitv that he haft opened
1 - -tabl:Ahment to CoL Mg.tfs' now Lurid-
No. 1; MAIN STREET
cien. l'alton'al. and that he is now pr,• , -
a!! w,.rk in hi, line snob as CLEANING
0 .1 001.01tIN. ladiee' and UN' otlenwn'et gramme:Ws.
: in neate,t manner and on the moat
• •••••• tine 10P a and examine my
. -.l s t v.:. 1%,,,
RUI. ESTATE AGENCY
H 13. Mclir
-EAT. -STATE AGENT
Yalu,. MtII l'i•operth e, City mid Town
hni•lc property for ' , ale will find it to their
t. e by leaving a description of the same, with
• ...de at this agency, as p 'ilia are constantly
.nr.: for farina. &e. H. B. BIcHEAN.
r... r Bank. Towanda, Fa.
THE UNDERSIGNED iI-LAVE
I a Banking House in TotOtola. under the
•.f F. MASON fa CO.
so , pn•lan•d to draw Bills of Exchange. and
• .:Icsitr.us in New• York. Philadelphia, and an
the United States, assails° Etedland, Oar-
Alai France. To loan money. receive deponits,
d.agt neral Banking business.
Masan was one of the late firm of Laporte.
a t of Towanda. Pa.. and his knowledge of
•• me a of Bradford and adjoining counties
• .a..! bes.n in the, banking loudness for about
•• a are. ni3ke thiri Louse a desirable one through
• L :nal..• eollections. O. F. MASON,
, a min_ u.•t. 1. lice. A. O. MASON.
)(If )Ks POR F A RMER :4 AND
• 4., 11. lomee of the AMERICAN STOCK Jot ll
t, Iso2 vontatning 325 large double column
• • - nt poet.tfe pAid for :31 50
I .rimes of the American Stork Journal for
• odaining 304 pages. sent post paid forsl 50
'turfman'' , Manual. sent) poet paid for ^_S eta
IL o..etnau'e Annual. 25
• 11.0 - ee Itr,ooler'e Manual. ••• 25
• Pmltry Breeder's Manual .• 25
u hole the Hannah eemt poet paid to Gue
• Irt?ew for fl 00
Acente wanted. to chum liberal inducements will
N. P. BOYER k CO.. Publishers.
Parkesburg. Chester Co.. Pa.
N EW FALL Sz WINTER GOODS
E. .1. PIERCE,
t•1en...1 from Ntw York with 14 hrk-c1.1.4
of the !steel imported ntyle.
)4 V_l B 1)); NETS. RIBBONS, Ax. sr
• reepeetiully invite the ladles of Towan
••t rtemar to etre ber a call before purchasing
.•re. Work dune in neat and fashionable style
-11nrt notice. erdloonts over M, E. Resea
-1 • store. opposite Powell's, Towanda, Pa.
• tsher 30. DSO.
LO IV PRWES!
AT MONIIOETON, PA
TitACY S HOLLON,
..,.11.e.,le r a in Groceries and Provisions, Drugs
Kerostine Oil, Lanips, Chip:mays,
liye stuff.. Paints. Oils. Varnish, Yankee No
"- "I. , ' ,, meu. Cigars and Snuff. Pure Wines and
• 1 the tat quality, fur medicinal purposes
~old at the very lowest prices. Pre
,anlttlly compounded at all hours of the
ombi wive me a call.
TRACY A nouw;
1: •TI R. JIIIte 24. 11469-IF.
1P PASSAGE FROM Olt TO
IRELAND OR ENGLAND
or ea EANNDIP I HOU Olt TO
91 - E.ENWLOWN O! VE.C.POOL.
solsn's old Blaok Star Line "of
•,1 escry :reek.
Mail Liue of Packet. frolu or to London,
tal, a month. ei
4 a...tritra, to Eantlau.l. Inland and Ss . cotlaatl-rokys
.I , tuata.
t parrirularo • ap:.ly ta WUliatue AN
• L: , Now York. or '
0. V. 3.11591 a S tilts., Bank
To • in.
S. PECK, 31.1LINKIGHT
‘,T • s , ariurt. Towanda. Pa. Mills built
• 1 Engine. and Boilers bet in the beat
• I •, ,, u!,l call the stteutiou of mill owners to
t Fit VORTEX WATER WREEL
• , ' , 1 1 ,11111g all the elements of • find-class ttioikr.
' cotictruction.aocessibility.tneat strength
de‘clepieg the greatest amount of power for
lo.cti..aelly repaired. runuinp, under backwater
detnioeut to power except diminution of
• regitirie v . no alteration in mill frames or addb
• •• dame, will rou under low bead. and made of
- • .1 •.reil capacity. These wheels will be furnished
c • nun oue.lialf the coat of any other &rat-class
•• , 0 martet. ant warranted to perform all that
• .0,1,1 tor them. These wheels will be made for
-. • , Oh or Int/lola caws, on short notice, of the
, •oP. part , rt tiara .I.l , ln•ar or enquire of the tinder
(l. S. PECK.. Towanda. Pa
can be aeon in operatic)* at
" - -r) Well.' Mill. Towanda tap. The
:e att wbolly corupowd of Iron aa now made.
...111 11. f%) ,1
.:PLES SENT vim: Ta Emu:us
h-o 109 In 131 timiLelid grown to the acre.—
:115 from SO to 15 pound. to the bosbeL This
.t. iirown ou every variety of soil, and in
! the tmen. with the most perfect sue
:h large. plump and handsome.has
• • :xtriah'.4 thtu and ripens earlier than the
bright, clear. stunt and not liable to
r 5 tic drat.: of rust. aria grows from it to
hat, both t Whibt sad Mark Norway, both
!tam price and Equally pr,xluetive.
"ill *end Oac quart of the above 'oats to any
h: • poht paid for.
quart s post paid. 2 00
. by express or fr. inta• 300
tnte.l. 2 0 patinae. Ott
"-.• th pounds. 10 00
We wish it distinetlY understood
1,1 1.4 net a light oats. weighing 20 to 32 lba.
•! , :•.-d in New England. and sold nada? the name of
st :sty teat imported set4l , every bushel guaran
ezt to IL. or the runney refunded.
t.,1,4,,,k s el both hinds sent free far a three oent
ttl wll 3 . Also circulars and teetliziona/a. Address nal
N. p. BOTTA 413016
Partesburg. Cheater Co., R.
A.TAVOPLID -& CLAIYIBON, Publisher's.
TAMES WOOD: Arrow= AND
COMM UOl AT Law, TIMM; PIL.
a 54 " 'Di • 1 , •
EDWARD - OVERTON, J'a., AT-
Ton= AT Law, Towanda, Pa, Mice formerly
mewled by the lahi J. O. Adana. north 1. '69.
aEORGE D. MONTANYE, AT
TOW= AT LAIN Oake...CCATAtT or Wan and
Pine Sine* ercemite Patter's Drug Mona
I v A. PECK, ATTORNEY AT
• Law. Towanda, Ps. Moe over the Ita.
km, south of the Ward House, and opposite the
Courtllonee. Derr 3, W.
ATTORNEY AT LAW. TOWANDA.
South side of Ideroars New Stock. up stairs.
Dec. I. 'B9-3me
W H THOMRSON, ATTORNEY
• AT L. Towanda. Pa. Mee with W. C.
Bogart. Esq.. No. 5 Brisk Bow. All business en
trusted to Ids care will be promptly attended to. -
July 1. 1869.
NV H. CARNOCHAN, ATTOR
• war £1 LAW (District Attorney far Brad
ford County). Troy. Pa. Collections made and prompt
ly remitted. feb 15.
J OHN N. CALIFF, ATTORNEY
AT LAW, Towanda. Pa. Paribudar attention giv..
en to Orphan.' Conti business. Conveyancing and
Collections. Sir Office at the &eider and Decor.
der's office. south ut the Court House.
Dec. 1, 1884.
BEND. M. TPECK, ATTORNEY
me. Law. Towanda, Pm AU business entrusted
to hip( men will rrmolve prompt attention. Office In
the Once lately occupied by 31ersur a Morrow, Ponth
of Mini House, up Matra • • July 16,'68.
AT ERCUR & DAVIES, ATTOR
NEYS AT LAW. Towanda. Pa: The nndentigned
having associated themselves together in the practice
of Law, offer their Professional services to the pnblle.
lILYBBEB MERCUIt. W. T. DANTE&
March 9, 1870.
Toms. W. MIX, ATTORNEY AT
GP /An, Towanda. Bradford Co., Pa.
Partlindar attention paid to Collections and Orphans'
Court business. Odlos—ltercar's New Block, north
aide Public Square. apt. 1, "ial.
B. 31 c E.A N, ATTORNEY
• Alio COCT , 6ELLOII AT L.W. Towanda, Pa. Par.
titular attention paid to business in the Orphans'
Court. YolY 20.'66.
KELLY, DENTIST. OF
• .flee over Wickham k Black's. Towanda, Pa.
Particular attention is called to Amman" as *
for Artificial Teeth. Having need this materi al
the past four years. 1 can confidently recommend it
as being far superior to Rubber. Please call and ex
amine speciatens. Sir Chloroform administered
when desired. may 20, '6B.
DR. H. WESTON, DENTIST.-
_l5 Office in Patton', Block. over Gore's Drug and
Chemical Store. Jan I.'BB.
B. JOHNSON, PHYSICIAN
T• A.m h ILTRO EON , Towanda, Pa. °Moo with W.
R. Kelly. over Wickham ..k Black. Residence at.the
Means liens,. aurl6. '6A.
DR. H. A. BARTLETT, Physician
and Surrom Sugar Run, Bradford County, Pa.
Odic° at reaidenee formerly occupied by 1)r. Ely.
DR. STEVENS, over BROWNS (late
Goursl•Drog Store, Patton's Block, to offices
lately occupied ba Dr. Madill and Dr. Weston. 11-59.
.BEACH, M: D., Phygician
L• and . Surrori. Towanda. Pa. Particular atten
tion paid to ail Chronic • Disetwes, and Plavaaes at
Females. Ottoe at hie reaidener: ou State at.; two
&ors east of Dr. Pratt.. n0v.11.29.
DOCTOR 0. LEWIS, A.
ate of the College of -Phyelcilins and Surgeons,"
Ni'w York city, Chow 1843-4. glees exclnalre attention
to the practice of hie prufeseiou. Office and reeldenee
en the tiaxtern elope Orwell Hill. adjoining Henry
Howe', Jan 11, '69.
TB. CAMP, INSURANCE
•AGENT. —Office formerly occupied by Mercur
k Morrow. nue door south of Ward HOUR'.
July 22. 1569.
l EIVIS RHEBEL'c, Fashionable J
Trt Pnr, TEKAns er Aspiuwall'e Store, Towan
da. Pa. • oct 5, 69.
FOWLER & CO., REAL ES
. TATE DEAJLEES. ISO. 70 Wasblnglon Stri.*l. op.
posito Opera House, Chica4, , a, Hl. (Real Estate par
ch.2l,l and bold. Inve.tmentS Moth, end money loan.
ed. , R. FOWLER,
April 21. 180. S. RIND.
- Pt B. HOLLETT, MONROETON,
1/• Pa.. agent for the Ilubk.ard Mower. Empire
Brill. Ithaca Wheel Bate, and Etroadmlt Bower for
soming Plater and all kiuds of Grain. Send for eir•
cuhirs , to B. B. WILLETT. Monroeton. Bradford CO.,
Pa. June 2.
HAIR WORK OFALL KINDS,
SWITCHES, CURLS. BRAIDS. FRIZ
ETTS. he., made In the Imst Manner and latent style,
at the Ward House Barter Shop, Terms reasonable.
Towanda, Dec. 1, VW).
F RANCIS E. POST, PATER,
Towanda, Pa.. with ten years experience, is con
fident he can give the beet satisfaction in Painting,
Graining. Staiating. Glazing. Papering. Ice.
to Particular attention paid to jobbing in the
country. Ord% %S.
TOHN DUNFEE, BLACKSMITH,
0) NM:BOLTON. PA., pays particular attention to
ironing Buggies, Wagons, Sleighs. ks. Tire set and
repairing done on short notice. Work and charges
guaranteed satisfactory. 12,15,09.
OH YES! OH YES !-AUCTION !
A. R. HOE. Licensed Auctioneer
All calls promptly attended to and nattesfaction
guaranteed. Call or addrean, A. It. dot, Mourocton,
Bradford county, Fa. oct26, 69.
GIFFORD'S NATIONAL PAIN
Killer add Life 011, are the Great Family
Specifics that find a welcome in every home as a
Sovereign Remedy for more of the common ills of
life than any other medicine in the market. Sold
by dealers in medicine generally. Manufactured
by C. T. GIFFORD, Chicago, Rl., and 143 Main at..
ROIMELLSVILLE. N. . March 10.';0-5
J. N. DEXTER, Solicitor of Patents,
73 BROAD STREET. WAVERLY, N. T
Prepares drawings. spedficatiena and all papers
rtyalred In making and properly conducting Appli•
rations for PatEND , in the UNITED STATEs and FOB
pan Corm - arras No CTIABGES ti UNSIDOCIDBIVI.
Casts A.ND WO ATMS:NEV.: FICETO Pt UNTIL PATENT
Sept. 16. 1869-U
W. STEVENS, couNTY SUR.
• vim& Camptown, Bradt Rd Co, Pa. Thank
fnl to his many employers for peat patronage. would
respectfully inform the citizens of Bradford County
that be is prepared to do any work in his line of busi
ness that may be entrusted to him. Those having
disputed lines would do well to hare their property
accurately surveyed before allowing themselves to
feel aggrieved by their neighbors. All work warrant
ed correct. so far as the nature of the caw will per
mit. All unpatented lands attended to as Noon as
warrants are obtained. 'O. W. STEVEN&
rob. 2#. 1869-Iy. -
WARD HOUSE, TOWANDA, PA:
on Main Steel.. Dear His Court House.
C. T. SMITH. Proprietor
tied. R. IMS.
ELWELL HOUSE, TOWANDA,
J 0112: C. .WILSION
Flawing leased this Muse, is now ready to amommo
date the travelling public. No pains nor expense will
be spared to give satisfaction to those who may give
him a call. ,
sire North side of the public square, east of Nor.
cur's new block.
RUMMERFTFILD , CREEK HO-
liming purchased and thoroughly refitted this Old
m.,d well-known stand. formerly kept by Sheriff Grif
fis. at the mouth - of ihuninerffeld Creek.is ready to
give good amoromodations and satisfactory treatment
to all who may favor him with s call.
Dec. 23, 1868—ff.
XTEANS HOUSE, TOWANDA,
PA.. Joaroas k Borros, Proprietors. Thin
popular Hotel having been thoroughly Atted and ft,-
paired, and furnished throughout withmiew and ele
gant Furniture, will be open for the reoeption of
guests, on SAITIADAT. MAT I. 1869. Neither espense
nor pains has been spared in rendering this House
a model hotel in all its arrangements. 'A superior
quality Old Barton Ale, for invalids. just received.
April 28, 1869.
ted on the north-west owner of Kiln and Rid
beth streets, opposite lit7ant's Qaniage Factory.
The. undersigned hating recently refltiod his well
known boarding-house with good accommodations,
would respecutilly inform the public that he is
the m eet literaepared to
terms. receive guests and boarders upon
Jurymen and Ethers attendiug court will especi
ally And It to their advantage to patronise the Tem
perance Hotel. 8. It. 1111.0WX, Prepr.
Towanda, Jan. 12, laid,-3m
TRY OUR TEAS AND C0F141.1 1 4
COW L s3CEEIL
CASH PAID FOR HMS AND
sazsl, COM& k
► WO=►t(`s QUESTI
• 'Acton) I trust my fate to thee, -
. Or place my hand In tfiine,
Before I let thy future glee
Color and form to mine,
Before I peril all for-thee, question thy sold to
- night fol. Me.
I break all slighter bonds, nor feel
A shadow of regret ;
Is there one link within the past •
That holds thy spirit yet?
Aria thy faith as clear and free as that which I
can pledge to . thee ? •
Does there Within thy dimmest dreams
A possible lithjre shine,
Wherein thy life could henceforth breathe,
Untouched, unshared by mine?
If so, at any pain or cost, oh, tell Inc before all
I.:Jok deeper still. If thou cant feel
Within thy inmost soul
That thou halt kept a portion back,
While I have. staked the whole,
Let no false pity spare the blow, but in true
mercy tell me so. '
Is there within thy heart a'nceil
That mite cannot fulfill?
One chord that any other hand
Could better wake or still?
Speak now, lest at some 'future day my whole
life wither and decal%
- lives there within thy nature hid
The demon spirit Changs;
Shedding a passing glory still
On all things new and strange?
It may not be thy fault alone—but shield my
heart against the own.
Contdat thou withdraw thy band one day,
Mid answer to my claim,
That fate, and that to-day's mistake—
. Net Ahon—had been to blame?
Some soothe their conscience thus ; but thou
wilt surely warn and gave me now.
Nay, answer tiOT-1 dare not hear,
The words would come too late ;
Vet I would spare thee all remorse :
I• To comfort thee, my Fate—
Whtever on my heart may fall—remember, 1
WOULD risk it art'.
A TRIP ACROSS THE .WATER.
GuAntu—non . animant mutant,
Qui trans mare enmmt."
On account of rough seas, raging
winds, and the consequent prevalence
of disorder, dishabille, and disability
on board our steamer, contrary to the
usual practice and the seeming duty
and prerogative of the Captain, .no
services were read by him in the cabin
on our first Sunday at sea. One of
the clergymen (of whom we had three
or four on board), -in reference to a
proposed discourse. etpressed the
fear that in ..such an attempt he
should be able neither to stick to
text or pulpit.
But on the second (being Trinity)
Sunday, the sea was more calm and
the sun shone out upon its waters in
all the splendor of -Tune. Such of
the oflicers and crew as were off duty,
some of the steerage, and nearly all
the cabin passengers assembled and
Capt. Brooks read, the morning ser
vice with the prayers for the Royal
Family,and the prayer at sea, after
wards giving out the psalm and lead
ing in the singing with a remarkably
strong and not unmehxlions voice,
closing with the doxolot,ry, in general
chorus, to the familiar strains of "Old
Hundred." After which followed a
discourse by Rev. Dr.. Willis, of To
ronto. Iu the afternoon, Dr. Dun
can, of London, a fine old Scottish
gentleman, who with his family had
been spending a year or two in the
United States, preached an able ser
mon to a congregation upon the'quar
ter-deck, where a wide awning of can
vas had been provided for the occa
sion. Another meeting was held to
ward evening on the forecastle, more
especially for the benefit of the sailors
and steerage passengers, at which.
Judge A— and others made some
eloquent and appropriate remarks.
One of the sailors (as the Judge af
terwards informed me) came to him
at- the close of the meeting, to express
his gratitude, stating that during the
twenty years he had been upon the
sea, he Mid not before enjoyed a privi
lege of the kind.. "It is certain, sir,
as you must very well know" (he ad
ded), " that we sailors need these op
portunities quite Rs much as ~anyb
Notwithstanding the headwinds
which retarded our progress, the 75
tons of coal daily consumed served to
carry our good ship onward at a rate
varying from ten to fifteen knots (or
miles) per hour. Although a vessel
of her dimensions—with four masts,
each:nearly 100 feet in height—can
of course " spread a wide canvas," the
sails, as I am told, even with a favor
able wind, add only three or four
miles per hour to the rate of progress.
At the same time, a wind directly
asternis regarded not as favorable-as
one from the, quarter, for the reason
tLat in the former case the main force
of the breeze is spent upon the sails
of the aft-mast only—while in the lat
ter. its impetus operates upon all the
canvas that is hoisted. Very much
depends, too, upon the force of a cur
rent of air passing directly downward
(through a canvas tunnel from the
upper deck) to the submarine fires,
on whose volume 'and fierceness the
action of the maehinery and the con
sequent progress of the vessel de
pend. Thus Bing .tolus and the
" powers of the air " seem not to have
been wholly shorn of their original
importance by the introduction' of
steam navigation. Wind (whether
operating.on coal or canvas, - whether
for " steaming " or sailing,) still con
stitutes an indispensable 'element in
marine locomotion—as :.' well as in.
" financial and political Rowel's" on
Upon the wide, open sea—utterly
destitute of any landniqrke, as an
Irishman might sal—=we-could in uo
Other way so well judge pf, or realize
the distance we had travailed, as by
the change of solar time. As•our lon
gitude westward from Greenwichles
sened, noon was not of course on any
day the same absolute time as on the
day- previous : and the ship's time
was set forward accordingly at each
successive noon. On one occasion;
by my watch KAM running on New
York time), I noiioed the hour to be
abotitlo 0.111. / WU& We ship's timi
TOWODAvBRAITO*COOTY, PA., MAROH.3I; 18S.,
was 11 pin. Just:then; a geitlemaxt
recently from. the shores'of the Paci
fic, showed ine awe
leaving home; tuid indicatingfie s m. t
We seemed :to constitithi, atnid the
loneliness of the - oceini a little 'world
of our - own, whollyr separated from
the commtmion—if not the sympathy
—of - any. other - ended- existence&
Sometimes one or twnvessels lootned
up in the far horizon during the day,
seldom, or never seen near enough for
an exchange of signals..
Flocks of white-winged gulls' for a
long time followed' our wake, _We.'
sionally resting their light upon the
billowe' crest, and often engitged in a
scramble for the morsels thrown to
Stem for, amusement. Sometimes,
too, we Saw families of the Stormy
Pet rd, or "'Mother Carers chickens '
(a bird resembling the. swallow in
flight, though somewhat larger), with
regard to which sailors entertain car
tam superstitions ideas. It was at
last agreeable to see land' birds , boy
ering about the rigging, which' was
the case some time before land was
It is customary to regard a pas
sage across the ocean as monotonous
and tiresome ; but such is not neces
sarily the case, at least in the emu
paiative_ly short voyages of trans-At- •
'antic steamers. In fact, what - -with
the improvement of the weather, the
better acquaintance and increasing
sociability of the passengersand their
recovery from the disheartening afflic
tion of mal de mil-, it was evident
that we were just .beginnitig properly
to enjoy the voyage as it was about
terminating, to separate its forever
as an entire circle. Seeking, from
the hour of our landing, points AO
widely different in the civilized or un
civilized world, and borne rapidly
'asunder by steamer or railway, what
human power, perseverance or indus
try, Oould recall us to' form again the
circle we had quitted—Were such a
consummation by any chance neces
sary or desirable?
The period of such a voyage seems
wonderfully unnoticeable its lapse,
so that it is difficult to realize at the
close, that even ten or twelve days
have passed sinmone's embarkation.
So widely apart frequently are the
homes of ocean travelers, and so va
ried their experiences, that much is
to be learned from each other; and
conversation is often in a high degree
interesting. Strange recognitions,
as well as strange associations, some=
times too will occur. Thus, two gen
tlemen '( with each of whom I formed
a very pleasant and subsequently use
ful acquaintance), on meeting upon
the decks of the City fl London,
seethed (as they said each to
struck with a dim and, partial recog
nition of the other '• but when or
where they had ever before met, nei
ther could determine. On the inter
change of address, however, the fact
came up that they. had been playfel
lows together in boyhood, in the
streets of Harrisburg, Pa. One of
them, Mr. F. of St. Louis, was the
son of a former well known cashier
of the " Harrisburg Bank," and while
vet a lad; had left home to seek his
- fortunes at the West. Procuring em-,
ploynient in the lead mines of Mis
souri, by his thrift and industry he
soon obtained an interest there, and
had eventually become a wealthy and
respected citizen of St. Louis.
The other (Hon. Jos. A—) was
the son of an Irish emig rant, who
with limited means was able to be-
stow upon his son merely the oppor
tunity of obtaining a respectable edu
'cation. Dependent thenceforth up -
ou)is own exertions, the son studied
the profession of law ; and gradually
risine , by talent, perseverance and
gooXprinciple, was now one of the
most respected judges in the courts
of Philadelphia. Accompanied, by
his lady (a highly interesting and
amiable woman), he was on his way
to visit the former home of his fath
ers in the Emerald Isle.
These two associates of boyhood
had known nothing of the subsequent
career 'Or locality of each other until
thus unexpectedly meeting upon the
broad Atlantic—and as may welt be
supposed, a host of early reminiscen
ces came up for discussion on the re
newal of their long discontinued se
I was much interested in the expe
riences of a hale and cheerful old
gentleman (the patriarch of our cir
cle), who told me that his only pre
vious passage across the Atlanticmas
in the year 1810, when he came over
—a stout Irish lad just out of his
teens—to make his way as best 'he
might upon our Western shores. He
was now .returning ; "to see. how
things looked "—after an' absence of
lifts-seven years—at the old place
where he was born, and where (so far
as he could ascertain) there was but
a single individual of .. his boyhood's
acquaintance left to greet his. return.
The reflection was natural, that if the
old gentleman counted upon much
pleasure in revisiting early scenes un
deesuch circumstances, he was doom
ed to disappointment.
From rehable'sources, I afterwards
learned that he had been sufficiently
successful, in " seeking his fortune,'
to accumulate a property of some two
millions of dollars in the . Carolinas,
and unfortunate enough to lose about
one-fourth of it by the " Great Re
As a counterpart to this venerable
voyager, we had among our passen
gers an individual positively, on his
lust, trip abroad, in thriving health,
and - hailing by a continuous route
from: the scenes of, his nativity, on the
far shores of Vancouver's Island, aged
A few items in regard to " lumber
ing operations" in WaE;ltirigten Ter
ritory (which I had; during our voy
age, from one recently a resident
there) may not perhapsbe uninter
esting. From the trees in those im
mense-forests (frequently 800 feet in
height, with bark four Inches thick),
my informant -had often seen spars
got- out squaring four feet through
their entire length of from - 80 to '9O
feet. Their diameter is such, That
the ordinary process of cutting is not
uncommonly exchanged for that of
burning them demi= and how? Air
orifice is bored diagonally upward
towards the heart of thetree, and an-,
other, sloping downward, to connect`
with it from abovokovinal
cesperhaps in the same tree: 'Crisis
of fire ire'. theit introduced , into the
pitchy interi c e.h rendgy ignites,
soon burnin g' - y : . with the dra ft
thtts , produ , end-continually en=
larged by the introdnetion of brand&
This process is continued with a anti:
bei of .treeorin the same *hay.
Two or Ithreef "daya;• however; ,some
times elapee before , their final *ti
tration. • Thene•firs abound in pitch
to such an '4i:tent - thati•wheri -the
stump is left sons to form
at its top, - - the liquid cansoon - be dip- '
ped out - by the ladleful: - - .- " Y .
At the risk of being con iidered-di
gresaive and tedious, I must here give
a - few facts (froin as.,fellow passenger
who had' for several years resided
there)' in regard to Australia, aeons-
try once -famous only for its penal
colony of Botany Bay, but now, as- I
need not 'say, disphoretivithits im
mense and varied resources;: an - in
credible change within thelast score
of *ears, during inh ich, by the wealth
of its mines, the comMereel of its ci- -
ties, the cultivation and pOsturage of
its wide plains,' it has 'attracted- a
large class of adventurers: • The mode
of life with such of .these as ."rough
it in the bush," is in general suffi
ciently rude and primitive. - Taking
'leases from Government (for fourteen
years) of their "runs " (or : ' eta of
hundreds or thousands- of a Tres) in
the !interior, they must tra else in
many cases 50 or 66 miles \to viait
their Knearest neighbor," and hun- \
dreds of miles to reach a ,raark t 1
For the Most part they devote th ir 1
atte tion to the raising of laymen
herd of cattle and sheep. To t• 's
rude and lonely life (even when rear
ed a id luxury and refinement, and
after) accumulating great wealth,)
they o ft en 'become so strongly attach
ed, sto leave it, if at all ; with great
trOtil within a few years, the hides,/
horns and tallowswas the extent oi
what they could make available fore
export, of their cattle, 'unless shipped
alive. An experiment was made of
infusing saltpetre, so, that the beef
could be transported in a good state
of preservation. The first cargo for
warded to England not commanding
a ready sale, chanced to find a pur
chaser in the Prussian Government
then preparing for sudden hostilities
with. France. - The more recent dis
covery, however, of " Liebig's pro
cess,' - which converts the entire es
sence of the beef into a sort of liquid
.." pemmican," affording au excellent
nutriment in a concentrated form, is
calculated to be of great .advantage
to Australia and to the world.
The Murray Iliver-,navigable for
1,000 miles by steamers—is the only
large stream, and the dryness of the
country—streams and springs being
scarce—constitutes its most•nufacor
able feature. The Australian forests
afford abundant and valuable timber,
especially in their
. growth of cedar.
Their trees, however, it is said, do
not give a dense shade, the leaves
drooping directly and peculiarly
downward.. Coal is abundant..
The birds are remarkable, like
those of South America, for their
brilliancy, of pluma g e . Beasts of prey
are not founa here, except the wild
dogs, whiclr roam over the plains in
great numbers, and are of course a.
great pest, especially to the sheep
growers—though strychnine is used
with considerable success in. their
wholesale extermination. Nehily all
the indigenous quadrupeds are said
to be of the typo of the Kangaroo, an
animal peculiar to the country, and•
often seven feet in length. The flesh
is said to be excellent, considerably
resembling venison in its flavor. Such
are often their numbers and voracity,
that they commit serious ravages up
on the settler's plantation. ,
The aboriginal inhabitants arc
blacks—probably of Malay origin—
and ecnstitute . a low graile of hu
manity. Treacherous and brutal, they
are still to some extent employed by
the colonists as herdsmen. The
BoomePatty is their native weapon, be
ing a club with a peculiar spiral curve,
and.thrown with such singular dex
terity that it is said to return from
its swift and circuitous flight to the
feet of its projector. C. C. P.
SIGNB OF THE HANDS.-A little work
on "Modern Palmastry" brings to
gether a large amount of amusing
gossip, but we cannot say how much
you must believe of it. The person
who will carefully study the wrinkles
furrows, lines and hollows on the
hands, will be able to tell fortunes as
well as any modern Gipsy: • '
If the Valm of the hand be long,
and the fingers well proportioned,
etc., not soft, but maker hard, it de
notes the person to be ingenious,
changeable and given to theft and.
If the hands be hollow, solid, and
well knit in the joints, it predicts
long life, but if overthwarted then it
denotes short life.
Observe the finger of Mercury—
that-is the little finger; if the end of
it exceeds the joint of he ring finger
such a man will rule in his own house;
and his wife will.be pleasing and obe
dient to him; but if it be short sand
does not reach the joint he will have
a shrew, and she will be boss." _
Broad nails show the person to be
bashful, fearful, but of gentle nature.
Narrow nails denote the person to
be inclined to mischief, andle do in
jury to his neighbor.
bong nails she a - person to be
good natured, but distrustful; loving
reconciliation rather than differences.
_signify deceit and
want of courage.
Little round nails denote obstina
cy, turger and hatred.
ity they show pride and fiereeneAs.'.
Bound : nails show , a choleric per- -
son, yet scow recon*d, - Fonesin a
lover of secret sciences: .`
Fleshy nails denote the person to
be miltin temper, idle end
Pale and black nails shom-attkrptr
ion to be very deceitfulto bie nei4ol
- tuntsubject.to ninny 'aim*:
Red and marked , nails signify chol-
eric .and martial satin% Ivan to
cruelty, and na !mi l ky little marks as
there are speak so many evil desires.
"Tux n R d said ' a little
audatzky r nunalialia-a'bare4a
t r is e ttpirk grand Vi s t IP IAV I A P
Id% - tee; 111~14en you go'rt
anzon or emutiroß mama,
On the Petitiattfrom the .3tiners of &hoylkill
_ amntY-reking for Protection.
, Mg: Praurniiir : in presenting this
petititnEl vish, to call '-the- attention
otSenatote to - the' interesting region'
froin -Which it and to submit'
dime fattiett itsiwenderful
.aevelopment ;* tingling 'that . •the et=
habit - win prove. Useful , by inducing
this body to redeetionlhe vast inter
ests new held-in _the - anthracite' and
'other coal yrrodticing territory of the
cotTtry. I am tat without - hope that'
.an intelligent.sttay of 'thin subject
'Will show the i , i'imp4tanee Of such leg
' islation as shall aintiitte the develop
ment of the: end &Mk bf -- the -whole
country, and - so prevsnt the- destine
titin-of the industries which furnish
a market for this linportant article, '
and mainly depend on its production.
- 'An that I shall - recount has taken
Iplace- within my own ' memory and
under my own - observation. When
was a young man the- land from
which such vast wealth has been ex - ,
tracted was a wilderness. It could
be'bought for fifteen or twenty cents
an-acre, and no one would have it at
any price. To paythe taxes on it was
deemed folly and extravagance., Then
population was 'sparse and comfort
unbown. Now this whole- region
teems with a busy throng and it has
becfnie the abode of opulence, intel
ligence and refinement. On the
earth's ktirface the unending labor of
well paid men 'goes on, and far down
in t h e mines the ' busy scenes of • the
up r world are repeated.- .
e anthracite coal region of Penn
nia--which comprises an of any
jilt rtanee in the country, is confin
ed within lan area of 470 square miles:
t i e
I st to this now, that it May be re
me red when I come to speak of
the nornions production which has
bee ,at ac ed , and the vast capital
whiCh is now invested in this coal
territory. I present the increase of
mined coal, and population in Schuyl
kill county, Pennsylvania, giving the
figures with critical accuracy ; 'while,
as to the population directly subsist
ing and attributable to the mining
interest in the remaining parts of the
hard coal I estimate from re'
liable data' and an intimate know
ledge of the locality and a personal
observation of the subject : .
The year 1820 marked the begin
ning of anthracite coal-mining iu our
country. The population of thecoun
ty of Schuylldll—before referred to—
and the number of tons mined were
as follows, at , the beginning of each
decade since 1820: •
Year . Population. • . Mined.
1820. . 11,319 365
1&30..... .... . 20,784 : i .89,983
1810 ..... 29,081 :452,291
1850., . .. ...... ...-. . . ..... .. 63,205 '1;712,007
1860.... .... -.. .... .. .. i —90,173 . 3,270,516
1870 1.133,000 4,748,9611
The population and production for
the same period' in the entire 470
square miles of anthracite coal lands
were as follows, the population being
estimated' at a low figure, , and, I
think, upon a basis which will bear
the cloSest investigation successfully:
•The amount of anthracite coal yet
in the earth is as follows, the area
and .th4hickaiess of the veins being
accurately known :
pt•rdt.. - TOlOl.
Centl coal fie1d5...126 15 • 5,851961,000
Mont len coal fields, 146 2.i 11,308,842, 0 00
Nurth'n coal fields, 19S 15 :3,179,872,000
Total... 470 N;343,657.000
Deduct one-half intift43 in iiiiiiiing,l3,l7l,B2B,soo
Which loaves of marketable ecnil 13,171,E28;500
tons, or a deposit equal to an annual
supply of 20,000,000 -tons for 600
years, and of vastly greater value
than All the mineral deposits of many
nations of the earth, and by no means
contemptible nations either.
But vast as this undeveloped wealth
is, and astonishing as its develop
ment hasbeen, it is but a trifle when
compared to the bituminous coal de
posits of our coumry, or indeed of
Pennsylvania. Within a circle of one
hundred miles, of which Pittsburg,
in the western extremity of my State,
is the center, there is enough bitumi
nous coal in the earth to .pay, off the
national delfts of all the Govern
ments of the world many Hines over.
And it has been estimated, from geo
logical surveys, that this coal would
pay our national debt fifty-four times
if its stupendous value could be re
alized at once. This, you will please
remernber i is in Western Pennsylvan-:
is alone, and onlyetomprises one-des
cription of a particular wealth, which
is surrounded, and to some extent
dwarfed, by other wonderful resour
Ceti in that section of our State.
It is impossible to overestimate the
value of this wealth, or its relations
to other industries. It is to-day the
foundation of our wealth, and a glance
at the distribution of bituminous coal
over the country indicates clearly to
my mind that develppment of this
single interest is the basis for a pros
perity, under wise laws, which would
do more than anything else to ren
der us independent of every external
influence, however it might be exert
The following table'will show the
area of the country as tarns is accu
rately known :
West of the DockyMotmtains
Showing a total of square miles
And tai this must be added of tertiary
roils around the 9ocky Montitains....Nio,ooo
Makings grand total of.
square miles of coal within our hor-
Aug, or more
,than thirty-one tunes
as much as there is in 'Pennsylyania,
together With 800 some miles of on
throcite in Elpotruana atm masa:
elometts, anti 100 square miles in
Oregon; these, however, are not im
portant,depositS, and are of very lit
tle value! . .
These - statistics are taken froih,
Darrmies " Cad and and may
be deemed as reliable 1111 any work oh
the Subject attainable to the student.
of such-affairs. Those relating to the.
anthraeite•coal are supplied , by Mr..
Barman, who for fifty . vial's has ob
served -an& studied the subject.
her surface acid heinumerous
mountain chains--in spite of the fad
that a mile of railroad in our State
costs many times as much as in some
others, •we now have more miles < of
railroad than any State iii the Union,
while our. capital invested in - these
far surpluses. that of any • otluir,
amounting in the aggregate to $300,-
000,000. • • •
As an indication of the value of mil
in developing nearly every descrip
tion of internal improvement, let me
call your 'attention to the fact that,
to carry our 'Schuylkill anthracite
coals to market, we have invested in
Railroad! $ 50,000,000
liming operations and lands , 13,000,000
While ui the residue we havt—
Mining operations and lands
A grand total of - 201,000,000
' The attiunt invested in like hi
proyemen s for sending. our bittnnt=
nous coal forward I have no Means
of accurately determining ; but it is
very large.l• For the greater area, anti
greater th distance - inland at which
our softo bituminous coal is placed;
involves a greater outlay for trans
portation. The-yield of this descrip
tion during the last year was 14,117,-
628 tnris, 4nd was chiefly produced
from the Btate of Pentisylvania.
And While the - capital invested in
mining operations not so large as
in the anthracite region, this marked
difference exists between these 'great,
interests, and is well 'worthy of re-
membrance. The bituminous coal is
situated far in the interior, it suffers
greater wastenge in mining and car
riage than hard coal, and it is open
to the competien of a foreign pro
duct, having all j the advantages of
cheap ocean carriages, while our soft
-coal must rely on artificial modes of
transportation, built at enormous ex
pense over a great mountain range,
to bring it to ;ide-water and an eas-.
tern market. .
• It will be observed that these coal
miners do not petition you to protect
their especial product. But, with a
clear appreciation of the intimate re
lation between all branches of pro
ductive industry in our own country,
they ask to protect American labor
and hoine manufactures, well- know
ing4hat everything which . vitalizes
production vitalizes. every material
interest of the country; and especial- -
ly its greatest interest—labor. rhope
the statesmanship of these hardy mi
ners may be reflected by members of
Congress whenever the threatened
onslaught on Ainericanindustry shall
be made in the interest of British
capital, in these halls, under the label
of " Free Trade " or • a " Tariff for
220:000 ~ 3,412,946
I have already averted to the fact
that, my awn State has more miles of
railroad than any other, and that the
cost per mile is greater than in other
States and I have justly attributed
this supremacy to the coal mining.
Before I leave this branch of the sub
ject let me add another fact which
will doubtless be interesting. -Be
neath the surface, far down in the
mines, (in some instances as much as
1,500 feet below the level of the riv
ers,) we have in the small anthracite
regions more than 400 miles of rail
road, not included in the aggregate
railways in the States. I may be more
successful in placing this before Sen
ators by assuring them that these
subterranean railways would, if form
ed into one continuous line, reach
from Boston to Washington ; or they
would form a double track road from
here to New York, and back again to
where I speak. ,
While the subject on which 1 now
address yon is of National impor.
twice, Niece confined my illustra
tions entirely within my
The personal knowledge and familiar
ity I Frisess in relation to the . subject
as it has developed about my home,
and also the higher degree of skill
that has been attained with us than
iu other sections haatgoverned me in
this design. And, pursuing that
course, I call attention to the cities
of Philadelphia and Pittsburg in
Pennsylvania, eminently illustrative
of the:benefits flowing from coal as
shown in creating and maintaining
home manufactures and home indus
try. When the commercial interests
ottthe country were transferred- to
New York, and Philadelphia lost her
supremacy as the emporium of the
nation, her people at once directed
their attention to the creation of the'
wares and fabrics which she had for
merly been content to exchange. The
result is that instead of sinking un
der the withdrawal of commerce she
is now the - greatest . manufacturing
city on the continent. She has a
better - fed, better clothed, and better
paid population, than any city in this
country. And she has the best hous
ed populations, of any city on the.
Second to Philadelphia in this last
particular (and in the, extent of her
product- second to Philadelphia
alone) is Pittsburg, .in the western
part of the State, I in part represent.
Here is the great workshOp of our
iron manufactures. And here too, as
in our eastern city, the same natural
Wealth (coal) forms the basis and
foundation of her prosperity. Here
is to be seen thrift, industry, intelii-
gence, admirable schools, magnificent
churches, noble charities, and free
dom as near perfect as can be found
anywhere. While less than half . a
dozen British corsairs-were sweeping
our commerce from every sea, this
city sent one continual stream of can
non, shot and shellyes, and heroic
men—to save the nation's life from
the greatest danger_ which ever has
or ever can threaten it. 'And while
our commercial marine mink under
its few arid not very formidable as
sailants this , busy hive of labor and
industry sentlon the means of utter-,
ly destroying the mightiest •artuies;
• • •• • • 12,656
.. .. , . 15,000
.. . 3,700
170 • •
. . moo,
• . 24000
. . 21,000
- - 4,000
•. • • 19,000
jet i.:s 4
• 400 -pier. Annimi j Ad*assice:
except our Own, which ever' waged
war, Our blockade was maintained
alone by the coal shipped from the
wharves of Philadelphia to our naval
vessels at their stations. . The battle
of Gettysburg prevented the destruc
tion of the anthracite coal mines. It
also Tyreirented the destruction of our
blockade. And that crowning victo
ry was won because in some parts of
our country Reductive industry en
abled us to place great armies in the
field, and to supply them with: the
material of war. To-day the inade
gusto protection given to it prevents
universal bankruptcy and national
shame. Adequate protection will se
cure to us everything which this Gov-
Ornment needs. •
As a means of national 'welfare, as
sault, defense; and . maintenance, I
'central the two, 'and, seemingly an
tagOnistic interests of commerce and
production; and I shill not shrink
Irony a candid examination of, their
relative importance to our country in
either peace nr war.
And I will go further. lam con
tent, by this comparison, to test the
whole question. I insist that the pol
icy of protection is the true policy to
apply for securing the development of
every source Of wealth, commerce in
cluded. By this wise policy the fer
nier puts in his pocket as 'profits the I
freight he most now pay to bring his
crops to markets for the workshops
springing up all over the country,
and this policy of prOeetion, bring
ing the market to his barn-door. The
transporter, dosinglia source of in
come; finds it More than made good
by the abundant freightage pouring
from thimsinds of distant workshops
in every part ofthe country, seeking
the' seaboaril and a foreign market.
And here,. too,' when our artizans at
tain a higher • skill,. our machinery
reaches pe . Ilection,. and our ability to
produce fostered, .yon will find the
reliable fqundation for a . commerce
whicli, like Thai of Great Britain since
she develOpMlier coal, will be .ug
„gressive and enduring. The -working- •
man will find his subsistance cheap- .
erred by transferring his dwelling to
the teeming ,farm-lands . from which
he !mist he fed, bele where be. may.
The churches, schools, and benevo
lent institutions flourish when the
masses who earn their bread ley labor
-are fully employed, cheaply fed and.
well paid. The revenues of theeoun
try are certain and generous then;,
and, indeed, bushier's in all its raini
ficutions, prospers when labor is pros- I
perous. The capital of , every.nation
as its labor. When this is well and
prof4ably invested all goes well.
Wheilmlabor languishes all perish to
gether in a common ruin:
These petitioners come before you
ailing no light thing. There' is no
selfishness in' their prayer; they know
they cannot be injured by, competi
tion, but they see clearly that the-de
partment of labor in which they are
engaged underlies developMent and
happiness. They see that the high
state of prosperity 'which marks the
surrounding region of their coal
fields is traceable to coal. They are
not confined in their request by
State lines or by local jealousy; they
point the way to make every part of
the country as 'prosperous as the fa
. vored - locality in which they live, and
they simply ask you to adopt a na
tional policy which shall benefit eve
ry part of the country. 11 the coal
of Great Britain and of Pennsylvania
has been the basis of ii:sound pros
perity we only ask you to do that.
which will make other States poisess
ing the same blessing the same bless
ing equally or , more prosperous.
Render useful to their future devel
opment and happiness 400,000 square
miles-of coal which underlies nearly
every State in the Union, and so use
the benefits, vouchsafed to ourpeople
rather than spurn . them. •
I now close with"- this imperfect
reference to the subject I have allud
ed to with it hope that it will com
mend -itself to the minds of Senators,
and when these great, interests are
assailed; that a, candid and conscien
tious inquiry Will be made by each
about the justice and propriety of
crippling our now growing manufac
turers and producers for the benefit
of a nation Which', having attained
high perfection in Machinery, almost
crushing power in capital, and de
graded the wages of labor to a point
bordering on starvation, now seeks
by free trade to make of us only a
customer for her workshops and a
helpless, dependent on her for • the
.necessities of life and the comforts of
ORIGIN OF THE ROOTER. IN
The Cincinnati Envirer explains
the origin of " the rooster" in poli
ties. It says :It was not until so
kite a period os 1840, the year of the
" log cabin," " hard cider," and "coon
skin" campaign, which resulted in
the election of General Harrison,that
he - made his appearance. Indiana
then had her State electioni in Au,
gnat. The editor of our respected
Democratic cotemporary, the Indian,
apolis Sentinel, was John W. Chap:.
man. In those days locomotion was
slim, and it required 'days, and even
weeks, to , get any returns from the
back counties. It so happened that
in some particular,connty ni Indiana
the Democrats made a gain over pre
vious elections. •An enthusiastic
Democrat wrote tna friend in India
napolis the news, and • not knowing
Mr. Chapman. the editor of the Sena
linel, personally, requested his friend
to communicate the facts to Chap.
man, adding,these aignificent words,
"" Tell Chapman to crow.". Catching
the inspiration of his second hand
correspondent, Chapman did "crow"
in the Sentinel, and as the business of
" crowing" languidly. done by &m
-ilieus, he brought` outone of these
fine, large birds at the head of his
columns. That was the first:rooster
ever placed inn Democratic paper to
rejoice over a Democratic victory.
As the general results of that electicar
were against us, it was a nuttier of
dorision for the Whig papers,when
any Whig victory wits . obtained, to
.add these words, "Tell Chapman to
crow." ,This assisted to, fi s the Mit
ter in the popular.' mind,- and to na.
tionalize theemblem.' . No better one
amid give bon adopted. • The
Oil' , 1,,
guyed U ki4paiil6 Bested
llght7o his fk,AM•
Its seems that the 'hniiintiffailieliem,
w4hllyel*tea• hot tie lf#l•Pltetintkir
Patinthe' entof the,
Tfl died Clit; • • ta f, •
man, or man oft:tenfint. by
the naine of ffefiktrirefek "
piles the position,
_which it isset oieti -
horrible business is the "iiinht?" The
eseollersticin of the indeherinsierhieb,
in the name of the law, weeepidorni
by the executioner, sivironntler-the
name of the executioner of Paris with
a peat:dist horror. :He wan t =
as the man of blood, by
The present executioner ; .of „Paris, -
Heindenreich, is very of "rote;
by the , journalists of the Pesach
captal. They describe hilt', uniformly,
as a we-informed man, wboir'ntter
ances inePire ninth sympaft A
short time four" or five Tren •
lives in the vicinity of Etendm, about
fora English miler from thiteentie of
the city. They were - reit:hist with
great cordiality. They took' coffee
with him molted his awn Ho
made them acquain' ted with, his son
a lad of fourteen Ireani--who, ail he
said, had not -the least; idea
the terrible funkiotoi of his father.
He showed these the axe, 'which he
keeps in 'a special wardrotte, and #ler -
close their etching with-the remark,
“that they left Heidenrieeh with yen- ,
Unseats of the highestorespiet." Hei
denreich is a man of forty years Of
age, tall, "well built, and of a very de
termined character. At certain in
tervals a messenger brings, to his
house a small Lag of •yellow leather.
He gives his receipt, and at once pre
pares the axe fora new execution, by
grinding the , edge as sharp as a ra
zor. It weighs about eighty pcninds,
and is of a triangular shape. He
leaves his house in tionmenr with
two assistants, and supenntends du
ring the ni .'ht , the erection ,of the
scaffold on the Place de,la Baguette.
Before daylight he
fold, fastens the axe to the block with
his own hands, tries whether it
moves easily through the pulleys,
leaves the terrible instrument in
charge of one of his assistants, and
proceeds to the prison. The direct
or of the prison conducts him in per
sOn to thece ll of the culprit. Heid
enreich asks the name of 'the man
who is designated, and when he un
derstands that he is in the presence
of his victim, he lays his hand upon
his shoulder and says: "Thou behing
est to nie." The executioner then
gives a receipt to the director of ,the
prison,' and from this moment the
culprit is called the patient, whom
nobody is permitted to touch-except
the executioner. Ho ties - the hands
- of the patient behind his back, puts
a short chain on his feet, which, per—
mits the culprit to make very sheet
steps, and connects the chain to the
hands by a rope of the exact length
required. We pass the rest.--it has
been SO Ofthl described.. - After the
execution has been accomplished, our
Parisian interviewers say that Heid
enreich returns home with his heart
broken, and the symptomsi of despair
ou his countenance. He cleans the
ate as soon as he can, hides it in his
wardrobe, and then attempts to find
comfort in sweet talk with his boy,
who tries also 'to dispel the gloomy
thoughts of his father, of- the mrigin
of which the poor child is supposed
to 'he ignorant.
THE FOUNDLING ASYLUM IN N. L
As soon us the bell rings the &or
is opened by the portress, and a nurse
or sister immediately goes to thebas
ket in the vestibule to take the bab y ,
in. It is not often that she sees the
mother or depositor. . The - child is
immediately taken into the reception
room. If in danger of dying it is
baptized at once. If strong and
healthy, and in the nude condition
in Which babes are usually left, the
necessary attention is given by a
nurse or Retoucher. The babe is
washed, its toilet is made, and it is
furnished withl a warm bed in the -
nursery. In the mean time a record
- of its arrival and all the attendant
circumstances is made, and its name I
registered, if any has been left with
Sometimes some of the most touch
ing incidents, occur at the time or re
ception.. In one instance a poor
mother, after leaving her child, re
turned to the vestibule before the
child. wasremoved from the basket.
"Let me kiss it once more,m she
cried,lalling on her kneis before, the.
basket, and clasping the,ttie one to
her bosom, "Oh, my baby, how can I
give her up?" and she started off
with it in her arms.
But soon she returned, with the
little one in her basket, rang.the bell
again. Again did she seize it, when
the porteress opened the' door,--sob
bing bitterly.. This _ was continued L
until every sister and , nurse in the
house was attracted to the hall, arid
wali bathed in tears of-sympathy for
the poor distracted mother. kluaUc
it was left. The mother ma* a. mar
ried woman, but too podrto support
But it is not vie.' tuonb poverty alms •
that gives up its little ono; to' the
care of the Asylum, nor is it sloneab
ject, wretched, miserablei•vice. -Fre
quently at midnightdoes thehiveried
coachman sing the bell, and waittin
til the little well dreseHedand Warmly
wrapped occupant of 'the FiSaidliag
House basket- is , taken in. - When
such as these come they are general;
ly well clothed, and a name. such as '
"Fannie," or "Oar littler Alice," or
".fennie," or "Charlie,"•iii written .on
a card and attached • to - the•_dreas.-
Sometfines a -costly earring,, of curi
ous workmanship, will bereatipemiled
around the child's neck dud a. note
pinned upon the dress' i v =
that the trinket may be •
and "when the•match for, -
is presented in a ft eeyeater,"4 l =
permit the child to be. to its -
wretched mother." Somethnesi tno-
ken jewel ore torn let*, at 11',11C rip
of cloth of peculiar -pattera; vet' be
enclosed, in, a note aecoon• a
child with aaimihtr request -sis
ters always reheated yrreferve these
_make no ififferenee
in the care they give a child 'who
comes in a carnage, or wheris-left by
a ''poor .yo un g Afkien,: -- who
can only-aff a piece -of' media; in
which to wrap her. sister's (t) baby."
The chapel and parlor's are on the
first floor. Here, once -a week, the
-most elegant and accomplished Imbue
of New York, fanning the Ladies'
FoundliztgAid Society', meet ..kri the
ffrgof devisibit eraysaadueeans
l • " seining theinstited*.',_
A father lately dropped bin . 4iittgli
ter and'an =AMU fins i Tenoretti
boat into do water- Anemia* irestent 1Ib•