Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, October 21, 1869, Image 1

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    THII 121A r i re 0 1 11412 * 4 10 4 111 , 11 4'wfre7
Thursday Noiraii‘by " *. 11
ei xt;ap :rd a.
cLArsoN, at Two Dollars per annum. in advance.
ADVMMIXERTS. excreding Mem Llnea are
:ituratlAig spa,cErrs per Una tor frig kaarlAan.
rive tsars Pi line for inibaSpitit 14e . Alone;
Special Motices inserted 'before Marriages l and
_Do,ths.,Fluirged masa, Chart per line for
each insertion. All Itesolntiona of Alsociatkina
communications of limited or in& ihlual Interest.
and notion of Marriages and Deaths. exceedinifive
lines, are charged res scars perlliie
1 Year. 6 Not. 3 Nos.
$1 00 26 0 340
... 60 as 25
... 15 •10 1.4
one Column,
Half "
one Square,.
);stray. Cannon. Lost and Found. and other adrer
tteenents, not caooeding Ten lines, three, web,
. 200
.. zit 50
..;b 00
'a and r
Auditor's Notices.
Business Cards. five Liam (per year)....
Merchants and others, advert} drig their business,
.411 be charged $23 per year. -They trill be entitled
.!.; column, confined exclusively to their business,
with privilege of quarterly change",
t? idverldsing in all eases exclusive of subscrip.
11 rho Farr—
JOB of every kind,' in Plain and Fancy
• o:ors, done with neatness and dispatch. }limning;
- Bisullis. Cards. PaccipbkiLltalkesds , Statements, kc.
of every , valid* and style, printed at .the shortest
notice. The Itgroirin Office is well myplied with
Vower - Presies, a good assortment of flew type, and
~verytlflng in the Printing line can be executed in
the most artistic mintier and at the lowest rates.
LEWIS RHE.I3 .6TE, Fashionable
Tailor. Booms orer,Aspinwar IStore. Towan
da . Pa. oct.s, 118.
-1% • Tarn DEW:DX NO. 20 Waahlngton Street. op
pr Ito ripera Hone. Chicago. M. Real Estate var.
- chueli and cold. Inceatmenta made and moneyloan
ed. R. SOWLEB,
April 21. 1869.
. Pa.: agent for the Hubbard Moyer. Empire
Brill. Ithaca Wheel Rake, and Broadcast Bower for
sowink Plaster and all kinds of Grain, Rend for cir
culars to B. B. Homarr. Menroeton:Bradtord Co.,
Pa. , pane 14,'69-I,T.
T. N. DEXTER, Solicitor of Palma's,
Prepares dtsaings, specifications and all papers
required in making and properly conducting Appll
,itions for PATENT% in the UNITED STATES and FOR
Sept. 16. IS6'.)-if
cronstru, FULLERS CO
The subscribers, hming purchased of Mr. Barnes
interrat in the Myersburgßs, will carryon the
bus'ness of Milling, and guarantee all work done by
thew to be of the very best quality.
Wheat, Rye and Buckwheat Flour, and Foed, con
stantly on hand and for sale at the lowest cash price.
Myershurg. Sept. 'A 'GS. MYER & FROST.
Best quality Winter Wheat Flour T , cwt.. $4 500, 5 00
Best finality Rye Floor est- 950
Corn Meal and Ilse and Corn Feed. 9 25
A fair margin allowed to dealers.
Custom grinding usually done at once, as the ca
parity of the mai is sufficient for a large amount of
work. U. B. INGHAM
Cemptown, July 19, IRB9. _
Th" ,‘nbscriber. having purchased the Laßayaville
:iU!e. and refitted the tonne in good order. la now
proramei to do good work; and to give general mitts
faction. - M. 3. FAUTCIIF.S.
twltaysvilic, Sept. 22.
MYER. FOSTER & CO. will deliver Flour, Feed,
Graham Flour, or anything else to their line in
a::y tent of the village.
int.d/imers will find an Order 'Rook at the atom of
lox. Stevens. Myren: & Co. All orders left In said
will be promptly attended to.
thy inquiries in regard to Grinding, or other busi
ler of the Mill. entered in said book. will be answer
foil. lITER, FOSTER & CO.
T.rvatiaa, June 24. 18(X—tf.
_ - -
Thy altbsoriber take. this inga r iod 01 Informing the
1. on`, of Towanda and vicinity {hat he hal; opened
a 1,y, , 11 ; .• Etztablishment in CoL 11,&cs * iieW
twde Gen. Patten's), and that he is now Itn. ,
to do all work in him lino. euchre CLEANING
ciiLUEING indit , ' and gentlemen's gannentot
1•41.1‘. kr.. in the neatest ir.auner and on the moot
reit...enable terms. (live lIIP a call atel examine my
,-; 13. ISG9.
H. B. 3LcKEAN, EsTATE .A.Govr
Vainahle Farnfs, VWI Props, tics, City and Town
for vale.
Varties having property fur sale will find it to their
advantage by leasing a de siphon of the same, with
t. rnry of-sale at this agency, as parties are constantly
i•11 , :11.rIllg for (anus,. ke. Li. D. McKEAN.
Liszt Estate Agout.
u. 1,.• Mason's Rank. Towanda, Pa.
,paeul a Ilauking House in Towanda. under the
name• of G. F. MASON k. CO.
are prepared to draw Bins of Exchange, and
eolleetious in New York. Phibulelphia. and all
te,us of the United States, as also England. Ger
:on:ly. and France. To loan money, receive deposits,
a:i 1 t., du a general Banking bnsiness.
F. :ifason was one of the late firm of Laporte.
ee. Co., of Towanda. Pa., and his knowledge of
C. • bn.:lle , ss men of Bradford and adiolning counties
aLt t 11.aving been in the banking business for about
-.1 ytus, nuke this house a desirable one through
Innice, collection& O. F. IMON,
T Oct- 1. 1866. A. G. NILSON.
11.,, on hand for the Spring trade, the -large. as.
,orirt..zit of
To he ronnel in this part or the comltry, which they
will sell et the most reasonable prices, and warrant
■•i work. All that doubtjteed but call and examine.
tra to the wise Is sufficient.
1.111-41 I. ISGS-6m. N. KINNEY & CO.
mst rt tytrue,l from New York with n first-class
.fc k of
'oa.,:sting of the latest imported styloa of
ii Is. BONNETS, kc
:tile would napoettully invite the ladies.of Towan;
;:t and vichlity to give her a call before purchasing
ri•ewherc. "Work done in neat and fashionable style
and on short notice. DB-ftootus over Id, - E. Rosen.
11..1.1's store, opposite Powell's, Towanda. Pa.
s..ptember M. 1849.
AT alummETbs, PA
t,.,1 Dealers in Groceries and Provisions, prigs
Memeines. Kerosene Oil. Lamps, Chimneys,
• li!e stuffs, Paints, Oils, Varnish, Yankee No.
Tobacco, Cigars and.,Roulf. Pure Wines and
L. of the best quality. for medicinal pinnies
Goods sold at the very lowest prices. Pte
. r.phocs carefully compounded at all hours of the
night. Give us a call.
•ramtou. Pa.. June 24. 1865-Iy.
4 - 1-,;,• A co:4 I.LNE OF liiTEAlisews FIIO3f Or: TO
• Qt:l7-VSTOWN on VF-11POOL.
• , •4-0.. 1 / 4 Cinion'd old '•' ic Star Lino " of LIT
•• 0 . l'ael:eto. sailing every m 1.
6 , 411. w-tad I(4rue of Packets from or to London
Nairolg twion 6 month.
Etn:;dn.'. Ireland anl Scotland pay
on demand.
turth,r pactionla: - 1:, apply to & (aloft
New York. or
G. P. li.V.SON /v. CO., Bankers,
Towanda. Ps.
t. 1. 1S50;
A...A • AND MAenimsr. Towanda, Pa. Mills built
atpl , el,4:re 1. Engines and Boilers set in the best
Ley. ez. 1 call the attention of mill owners to
, Tel,innog all the elements of a first-class motter,
s.. l. ,.l. ,. ;tyolmostruction.acoessibility,great strength
!.tf-•=, developing the greatest amount of power for
t omtkeaitilyrepain-d.rnunini under backwater
ty nn d , triment to power except diminution of
re.puro; no alteration in mill frames or addi
teoi to tluin,, will m y under low bead. and made of
""F 'irsired capacity, • These wheels will be furnished
than one-half the coat of any other first-class
in market, and warranted to perform all that
t- tqainitti for them. These wheels will be made for
ti ttvery with or without CAell. on shOrt notice, of the
best Iron in market..
F. , r fill parttoSaro wltirea4 or enquire of tho nutter-
G. S. PECK, Xowanas,
l'-B.—Tbew , wheels can be soon in operation at
11 '" r6- /I°. '" k WOW UAL Towanda twp. Ttio
are• wholly rowposed or Iron as now made.
Tat, 11.4 Sq - tt
aYw''~l::e~~~ '%il~w.
AX_,VOR.EI & CL,AtISON; Publisherso.,
M7=7t:;: X7pMl
• it Law. Towanda, Pa. Moe with W. C.
D o Pri.. DR., No. 5 Beek Bow. All basinels'en:
trusted to We care will be promptly attended to.
inV 1, 1869."
11 Law, Pa. June '27, '641
.14 Tomas AT LAW, Towanda, Pa. 011 lee formerly
ccenined by tha late J. C. Adams. march 1, '60.-
ALA TOZINET Lm r. 011icecortier ext . Mein and
Pine Streets, opposite Porters Drug store.
• taw. Towanda, Pt- Ghee over the Ba
kery. south of tho Ward Souse, and opposite Ship
Court House. not 3, 18.
• NIT An LAW (District Attorney for Dead,
ford County). Troy, Po. Collections made and prompt-'
ly remitted. tetils,l9-11:
AT LW, Towanda. Pa. Particular attention giv.
on to Orpbana' Court Nubian, Conveyancing and
Collection& Stir Office at the - Register and .Itecor
der's calm south of the Court House. •..
Dec. 1, 1864.
AT Law. Towanda, Pa. MI business entrusted
to his care will receiEretopt attention. Office in
the office lardy own by Mercur k Morrow, south
of Ward House, UP 143.
& m AT LAW, Towanda, Pa. . The undersigned
having associated themselves together In the practice
of Law, offer their professional 'service* to thotlic.
March 9. 1865. •
Lain. Towanda, 'Bradford Co., Pa.
Particular attention paid to Collections and Orphans'
Court business. Office—liercur's Now Block, north
aide Pablic Square. • apr. I, '69.
ticular attention paid to business in the Orphans'
Court. ju1y20,116.
• Lew, Towanda, Pa. Office with Wm. *at
tires, Eaq. Particular attention paid to Orphans'
Court business and sottlernent of decedents' estates.
• flee over Wickham & Blurs, Towanda, Pa.
Particular attention is called to ALMCATTBI as a base
Me Artificial Teeth. Having used this material for
the put four years, I can confidenUy recommend it
as being far superior to Dabber. Ouse call and ex
amine specimens. ag9- Chloroform administered
when desired. may 29, '6B.
Moe in Patton's Block, over Gore's Drug and
Chemical Store.
1 4 • ~2.1) SURGEON, Towanda, Pa. Offico with W.
11, Kelly. over Wickham k Mick. Realdence at the
Means Honer. apr la, 'aft
D R. H. A. BARTLETT, Physician
and Surgeon, Sugar Run, Bradford County, Pa.
Meant runidanco formerly occupied by Dr. Ely..
J. Ann Srrinnon. Residence at N. Tiad's, R.sq.;
corner of Second and College Streeta. Office over
Rockwell's Store, opieiNito
Towanda, May 2ii,
ate artily Collego of -Physicians and Surgeons,"
Hew York city, Mass 1843-4. gives exclusive attention
to the practice of his profession. (Mee and residence
on the eastern elope of Orwell Hill, adjoining Henry
Howes. jan 14, '69.
A.. • ArSENT.—tnlice formerly occupied by Mercer
S Morrow. one door month of Ward Ilona*.
July 22. 1869.
F• TIONEES, Towanda. Pa.. will attend promptly
- to all business entrusted to him. Charges moderate.
Feb. 113. 18G.4.
Towanda. Pa.. with ten yearn experience, to cnn
tident he an give the beet satisfaction in Painting,
(training. Staining. Waring, Papgring, ke.
i'artien:ar rttenton paid to jolLing to the
Itttttry. ttpr '4G.
• Ml kinds or Architecture! De
signs furnished. Ornamental work In Stone, Iron
suit Wood. (dliee on Main Street. over Ito, Post-ti
flee. Attention glveu to Dural Areldterture, smelt as
laying out of grounds. he.. he. cpr. I.
Von will lind Monumenbi. both Quincy and
Concord. Marble and Slate Stantlea. and Coal Grater
to fit. A large oaaortutant conetautly on band. cheap
as the cheawat. Aug. 10..18M4=.15.
• vnvon, Camptown, Bradford Co., Pa. Thank
ful to Ma many employers for past patronage, would
respectfully'inform the citizens of Bradford County
that be ta prepared to do any work In his line of bust
nem that may be 'entrusted to him. Those having
disputed lines would do well to have their property
accurately surveyed before allowing themselves to
feel aggrieved by lhelr neighbors. All work warrant
ed correct, so far as the nature ibf the ease will per
mit All unpaterited lands attended to as soon as
warrants are obtained. 0. W. STEVENS.
Feb. 24. lBp9-Iy.
J• Jawninn, would inform the people of Brad
ford and surrounding Counties, that he has opened
a new Jewelry Store in Canton. where will be Mind•
constantly on band a nicely-selected stock of goods
in Ids line. 'consisting of Ladles' and Gents' Gold and
Silver Watches, of American, English, and Swiss
manufacture, Clocks, Jewelry. Gold Pens, and all the
articles uyually found in a first-chum Jewelry Store.
All goods sold as reasonable an in any of the sur
rounding cities, and warranted as represented. RC
pairing and jobbing done on short notice, and on the
moat favorable terms. A liberal share of patronage
is respectfully solicited.
Troy Street,'Canton, Pa., klay 12, 1869.
Rotelspi •
of Bridge and Water Stroeta, Towanda, Pa. M.
B. CALKINS, ProprletOr, andsted by L. T. llotan,
formerly of lloyse Bonn" Purllngton. Pa.
Feb. 24. 1862-41
On Main Street. near the Court House.
C. T. SMITH, Proprietor
Oct 8, 18 ,6
8111111/113.D, PA. The subscriber having leased
this ham lately occupied by A. C. Bentley, and
thoroughly repaired and refitted it. Is now ready to
accommodate the travelling public. • Every endeavor
will be made to satisfy those who may favor him With
a call. A. 0. REMOLDS.
Feb. 1, IRGO—Om.
1:A Pk.
Having leased this HMSO, 10 now ready to.accommo.
date the travelling public. No pains nor expense will
be spared to give satisfaction to those who may give
him a mu.
agr 'North side of the public sqrsire, east of Bier
cur's new block.
Having purchased and tharonghtr refitted Ms old
arid well-known stand. formerly kept by Sheriff Grit
11s, at the month of Rummerfield Creek, is ready to
give good accommodations and satisfactory treatment
to all who may favor him with a call.
Dec. 43. ISGS—tf.
pr T . O pri W ou tN . DA,
popular Hotel having been thoroughly fitted and re
paired, and furnished throughout with new and ele
gant Furniture, will be open for the reception of
_guests, on SAIt'UDAT, Max 1. 1869. Neither experum
nor paling has - been spared in rendering this House
a model hotel in all its arrangements. A superior
quality Old Burton Ale, for invalblx, Just received.
April 28. 1809.
The Forty-eighth Term of this Twilitlite opens,
August 18th, PM, under the charge of A. L I.Aso;
It is one of the beet Lrri:llllLY lairrarrioxs of ties
eanntry. accessible from all parts. and is situated at
The departmental are complete. The Cassini "
embraces all those studies required for admission to
our best Colleges. Also, a thorough drill in, the
lgodern Languages.
The English Course comprehends both the com
mon branches taught in Elementary Schools, and
many of the higher branches usually pursued in th
Colleges. In the Commercial Course the instruction
is as thorough and complete as in our most meccas
ful Commercial Colleges. •
luatruction upon the Piano and Organ by the old
method; also by - nolki na• New American Atethod."
by which pupils can acquire a knowledge of music in
one-third the time which it hitherto required.
The rates of tuition arc very moderate. Board ob
tained at reasonable priers ; a limited , nmnber of pa-
Os can be accommodated in the farallin of the In
structors. Rooms can be procured In which students
can board themselves and lessen the expenses one.
Normal due, is usual, organized at the beginning
of the Fall Term, hi which twenty of the first appli
cants will receive free instnution for fourteen weeks.
For particulars address the Principal at Waverly.
Information in reference to Booms and Board
can also be obtained at Waldo k Tracy's Drng Store.
tiif Broad Street.
A. J. LANG. A.M...Frinapid.
NEWTON KINNEY. President of Board of ?Aintree.
July 13. 1869
;-.. t .." *, ? - ',
- • '--
01. •
i Y _. ..
Jan I,_'6&
. p
" . • `.l . '
II you have any task to do,-
Let me whisper..,ll‘,l,-P,z.13'014-
, •
If yotero anYthiug to say, •
True and needed, yr.,a or nay
if you've anything to give. -
That abothoea joy may lire,
If some hollow creed you clonbt,''' ""=
Though the whole world hoot and shout,
Doubt it.
If youtoOw what torch to light,
Guiding others to the right,
If you've any debt to pay, . -
Rost you neither night nor (lay, •
• Pay it
It you've any joy to hold
Next your I 'art. lesfit got pold;
• Hold if
If you've spy grief to meet,
At the loving Father's feet:
If you're given light to see
What a child of God should be,
,Q e
Whether life be bright or drear,
There's a message moat And clear, ;
Whispered down to every ear,
hear it
—llarxet; ,Vagarine.
[For the Itrrourra.)
ITITACA, Oct. 11, 1869.
• MMES. Enrrons: Having but late
ly noticed quit© a number of comma-.
nications in the 11nroarint from .dif-
ferent localities, and myself having
the honor of being a resident of To
wanda, I thought I might writ-kerne
thing which would interest the read
ers of your widely circulated sheet.
Ithaca is a thriving village of seven
or eight thousandinhabitants, and is
situated at the head of Cayuga Lake.
It is surrounded by some of the most
beautiful and enchanting scenery—
cascades •and Waterfalls being the
chief objects of attraction, of which
there are said to be nearly a hundred
within a - radiusof ten miles of Itha
ca, which - vary from twenty ' to. two
hundred feet in height. '
Corn, l University, destined soon
to become the leading .institution of
America, and. a monument of per
petual glory to the "Forest City," is
beautifully situated on the bill about
a mile northeast of the center of the
town, and . conunands An extensive
view of the surrounding country,
There are at present four buildings
finished and in coKse of construc
tion. The "McGraw building," •as
it is called from its donor, John Mc-
Graw, Esq.,, f Ithaca, is slowly grow
ing into significance, and will be com
pleted, it is thought, in about one
year. It is to be the central univer
sity .building, and is to'have a. fewer
made expressly to contain the chimes
presented to the Uuiversity by Miss
Jennie McGraw and Mrs. President
White. It has been reported that
nearly all the trustees of Cascadilla
Place had declared their willingness
to convey the building to the trustees
of Cornell University. It was origi
nally built with the intention of es
tablishing a Water-cure, and is now
subject to a lease of Cornell Univer
sity, and is used as a dormitory for
certain members of the faculty and a
part of the students. This will make
the fifth building belOnging to the
University. The buildings present
au imposing appearance, and with
the..exception of the Labaratory, are
constructed of stone of a grayish cast
trimmed off with, white, and are built
with a. view of enduring for ages.
The number of students in Ihe Uni
versity is about COO, of whom 320 tire
freshmen, the seniors juniors and'
sophomores 'making up the remain
der. A s the freshmen outnumber the
" sOphs,' thero i:; not much danger
of rushing or of trampling freslunen
under feet, although a slight attempt
was made on Friday, the Bth
resulting in a drawn battle and sonic
little damage to the South University
building. - Your "humble servant'-'
had the hono>i . of being engaged . in it
and getting hat pretty well dig
comfited. The class of "'73" held a
mooting at Military Hall on Saturday
the 9th, at 3 p.m., and it wasresolved
to- have no rushing in the future • un
less it was begun by some opposite
party; in that case it • was resolved
that we would stand up for our rights.
These resolutions will insure the class
of " '74" with a pleasant reception.
Cornell University is fast gaining
in popularity. students repre
sent nearly every State in the Union,
as - well as some foreign countries.
Among the members of the class of
" '73" a State Representative lifts his
head. • I say lifts his head, for he
stands at least six feet in his "stock
ings. He is a strong built, muscular
man, as some of the devoted class of
" '72 " found out in the little scrim
image we had on Friday.
The University „present; facilities ,
for learning which are not to be found
in other colleges. The ever-memo
rable expression of . its founder, the
Hon. Ezra Cornell, ‘,‘ I would _found
an institution where any person can
find - instruction in any study," has
been the aim of the University, and
for these " who have to work their
*ay," as it is pretty genet dly express,.
faeties - are, off, -by which
they may earn_ at least something to-
Wards defraying the 'expenses of Their
education: Indeed, those • who are
engaged in labor in and abdilf the
Untversity, for purpose of de
fraying their own expenses, are called
the "Legion -of Honor." President
White is traveling •in the Western
States; before his return he will visit
some of the - Western institutions and
the lands belonging to Cornell Uni
versity. As far as I - Imow,
.the , re
ruder of the faculty are in town,
eicepting, Of course, the non.-resident
professors. Prof. Goldwin Smith
lectures regularly on English History,
and Ini\g:ven Up his plan of visiting
England is fall. : His: lectures are
attended Bin goodly number of the
fairer sex "sof Ithaca, as well as.,stii•
dents. According to orders. issued
by' the e.ommandarit,' Major Whittle-
Bey, drilling commenced irr earnest
to-day. Ile Majoilias for. his as
sistants two officers from West . Point,
Majors Arnold` and Hamiltpuv.!Thi . i
parade-ground presented' - '7.quibi
alumated.seene during the =_hottr: of
drill. twilling is comptdiary*iless
`the student . be specially, eictuged.`i .
On Saturday, the • 2d- instant, the
Axaateur 8.13. C., of Owego, played a
match pimp of baseball= with the
Cornell - University nixie,:whichitOilt;
ed in the defeat of the< forther eby
score of 34 to 1.5: A return; . xe4tch.
was plaYed at Owego" on . ; &gala*
last, which resulted ui the...defeat of
the Cornelians by ,I 3 num. It is not
yet known when the return game ivill
be played.; - -
As far ail have heard, the.majori
ty of the people of Ithaca support the .
Republican eause, , and you - ' are 'per
haps aware that the New York Worl4
calls Cornell University - a republican
institution, which alone is enough tp
make it take - a high standard in the
minds - of the Republicana bf'our
State, and Cause them to choose it in
ipreference to its rival, the .Lehigh
University ‘ (founded by the Hon. Asa
'Packer), as a proper place for the
education of their sons.
vcry it.
I ;fit t it
I have gone farther than I intend
'ed. When I began, and now I will stop
by merely saying you may heart from
me again.. I remain
c Yours truly, L. E. 1
[For tho Ilzronrzu.]
• , _
The advoeates of total abstinence
from all that intoxicates " are often
met with the - claim that "abstinence
i 8 not temperance."
As temperance admits the use of
whatever is needful to the `healthful
sustenance of our bodies, for the vig
orous performance of all their fune.;
tions:so abstinence should disallow
the usdof whatever' disturbs or proves
positively injurious to the vitaLecon
omy. • -
Whether temperance implies total
abstinenCe from the use of alcoholic_
stimulants, depends upon the settle
ment of the single simple question by
the phYsiolOgists: . Is it in any sense
food, or healthful? •
By common consent, alcohol is clas
sified with poisons—hence is in no
:ense food—as experiment proves it
indigestible and in no way usable in
the-organic economy. We are told
that alcohol contains the " sperit"
.o'f the grain, hence it must be nour
ishing—while the truth is the " spir
it " or life of tho grain is destroyed
in -distillation, and in alcohol we have
only the product of decomposition
and decay—an inorganic substance.
,The experiments of physiologists
prove that . alcohol is expelled un
changed from the living system, hence
war, and -Waste of - the vital forces.
This vital resistance sonic learned
men have mistaken for increased vi
tality. This waste of lif: principle
they lip-Vo mistaken for its accumula
This mistake, and' the practices
which grow out of
. it, are the chief
obstacles in the way of temperance
reform, and the source of most of the
debauchery, vice and crime in our
land. The false doctrine which mis
takes stimulation for strength, dice
tuallyparalyzes the temperance cause,
and is the basis of the traffic in in
toxicating drinks.
Some advocates for the-use of alto=
hol affirm that " all our food contains
poison;" hence alcohol, or poisonous
drugs, may be good for us and even
necessary to health. -
Such animation can have no foun
dation in science, from the fact that
all, vita properties are destroyed and
lost in the analysis Of" food . proper...
By physiology we learn the distinc
tion between dead and living,or or
mune. and inorganic matter, and that
in the relation to each other the liv
ing syStetn is- active and the dead
matter, passive.
This enables . us -- 'tT:P. affirm that al
cohol does not "act ion " the living
system to impart either vitality or
heat. Alcohol may occasion heat as
a disturbing agent (as "the essence .
of heat is motion ").1, If we . recog
nize in a body the sensation of heal ;
its molecular particles are in rapid
Motion, the consequence of some dis
turbine, element ors influence. Any
schooffboy.can illustrate this
pie by placing a nail upon an anvils.
and striling,',it 'a few blows in quick
succession with a hammer.
Alcohol occasions heat in.the vital
domain only as 'a non-usable sub
stance; and all the heat thus pranc
ed is of the kind denominated' fever
or inflammation.
. If this doctrine is true, as we have
before affirmed,-then total abstinence
from all poiSonpus drugs and alco
holic• stimulants,. in sickness. and
health, is the only safe and true teni•
perance4Latform. . quiz.
The greatest improvement' which
the militarY•service everreceived;was
in the invention of-Gunpowder, which
as Polydote Virgil -relates, was about
the year '1430 of Christ, by Bartholo-•
dile Schwartz, a learned Franciscan
monk; who, having applied himself
to chemical investigations, happened
to mix together, for some particular
purpose, such ingredients as form the
constituent parts of gunpowder, viz :
saltpetre, sulphur,eharcoal. This com
position, being put ipttku raortar, and
covered with a stone, happened to
take fire, and blew off,the stone to a
considerable distance. The monk
was at first greatly. suFprise'd and
frightened.: but, recovering himself,
he , soon discovered some of those.
particular uses to 'which. it . *as after
wards so successfully applied.
' Schwartz first taught the use of it to
Venetians, in the year 1430; during
the war with the Genoese.; and it was
first employed by ' them in a place
called Possa Ciodia, against Lawrence
De Medicis ; and all Italy comphiined
of it as a manifest innovation on the
rules oflawful war. -
.But what - contradicts this account i
and Shows gimpowder to i lie .of an
earlier date, is the fact mentioned ,by
Peter 'Alexia, that the ]Moors, being
be,siegeitin 1643 by, Alplaonstis ;XI,
-king, of Castile, he discharged a sort
of iron mortars uPoit them, which
made a,noise like thunder. And this
is seconded by Don Pedro, Bishop of
1. 4 6: - ,mi Who relates in his Chronicle of
King .AlPhonius Math' a sea combat
between the.king of !Innis and the
•1; •
BE4ADDIMS OP rfilThraillar 411101itlirt.QtrARIZE...,
tg, . .g44±r ,, - :4! . - ,-.,
. _
s.~ ,
~, :.
. ; ,~:
ifoorishi king of Seville, abOid'llie,
hindred.yeeneago, those: ortOnis
had certain! iron Aube*, or barrelS;
with'4/116;thai thrc*,/thunderbolt*
of fire. IDi Camp Addtzi that. there is
a mention made of ginirkider in the;
Chamber* Ot Aneounts;mTraime; ate
earl)", as 011ie year 1898 y
It appcatii f tliat 'Roger Baca kiwi/
of the ingtndients of *hick- gimpoW,i ,
der is compounded one hiruhed yenta
before SclivaTti .•was bOrIT:; That
philosopher ; :mentions the eon:46nd
ben irrexpriinCtenno,'inhis.'treatise
"De Nulliate Migine , ,Z,Plditiihed
r aboitt,twenty, foUrYeafc alter
the author's death. : :"'You may s "!
says he, ." raise thunderand lightning
at pleasureiby only taking Adiatur;
nitre' and vharcoal A which singly' bays
no effect, but.'" . onrad'-'together, and
confined in ; a' dose &Os; caused noise
and explesion greateilhan that Of a:
clap of thunder.,,
ludas the, shadows, ; of the lamp
flicker end play' Strange freaks across
the carpet . we bend' 'down our ilea
and turn aside from the Merry games
and bright ' that
_Wreathe the.
face of 7N: nye, to eta MemOry twin
the corner of our „heart where we tab
ten „bid' her' . Shp comes up
at our call, - tind; thongli stray lines of
sunshine, lingei and there; her
smile of welcome is a sild one;: and
speakS'to us of friends desid and hopes
. .
We are going*,•down . the
shady valley that entombed the' old
ri d farm-honse• we are lonkinv, away
back years and rears 'at halls, and
tops, and hoops, and 1 your lads
shouting in their sports and 'games.
'We see mother at the difor,•end 'the
footfall'Of her companion echoes up
the gravelled walk.. We follow with
our eyes,* linger 'of Memory, and
we seethe Cold,' ghostlike toinbsteneh
grouped! together , in the hillside
graveyaid. 'We see •tge telx 'and
sighs thitt Hope 'has never otted
out; Welfollow each step - froln' 'boy
hood to silVer
rang' through
Years ago, a
babv voice - parlor and
kitchen; a bab ;laugh rippled out in
little waves, ti e Chubby white'foot
pattered over he floor;' baby smiles
welcomed us at the doer, and the lit-
the fingers felt in Our pockets to grasp
tvreiVard. Hope told us of a life for
him that sliduld, in the gray locks Of
bur life, cheer and bless its: INTeun
lock the secret drawer, and take out
the wooden horse, the ball-Of string,
two little brown marbles, and a great
pain tugs at our heart. We see a
snowy cot, hear little groans of pain
and anguish, see the 'death angel
stand in doorind weep 'with tia
while she bids him come. A little
coffin, a 'stillness in the house, tiny
grave. Oh! Memory, yon brig up
hot, bitter tears; you wrench town
with ruthleSs hand the wall which
Hope had'biiilt to prevent 'us from
lookinr , over the deiert spots-of life l
Hand in hand with Memory, we
are goin'g down the lane.that led as
Up from childhood. • The grass- ift
seared and scorched; the Ihiwers
bloom under the deW. of Hope to be
withered: by the cruel.words of men.
There are vacant chairs at the table:
there are,n*rble 'slabs .hit tell us
of the dead and gone. - We forgpt
the little things just as the drops 'of
the ocean are lost in the great, waytt;
but Hope cannot laugh to. seem the
great grief of our tears.
. " Turn backward, oli ! Thee." Give
us again the bounding step of youth,
the merry laugh,* the bright spots
of sunshine that clOudn have Since
turned into funeral I palls'! * We are
growing old , We are groping in the
darlmess that leads us 'along the' un
known shore. Wuktimile sadly at•the
beckonings of Hope. • We wish to be
young again; to have no heartaches
and wrinldes of care. We want to
see the coffined forms start into life,
ail hear a Mother's kind good night,
and fed her soft hand on our locks
as she praya that He . may guide our
yoUng feet in the right way. We
want the kind words of - a - ' father, tO
hear the merry laugh of a sister, to
feel that someone sighs at;our wan,
derings and smiles at our better deeds.
Take back our gray hairs and our
burdensome years! Give ns our life
to begin- again. Sweep away. these
tokens wet with tearfalls, and tell us
that M emory l has guided us wrongly.
Have pity, Father Timely. Ton were
never young; you never grow old;
there-is nofone to mock your falter.
ing steps, no One -to laugh at your
gray hairs. :We love the .clear 'sun
light, the green trees, the beautiful
earth.. ' Men ill, and V°
must live to fergiVe them; 'we - have
not always done right, and we must
live to repent.r Tell us that give 'call
live a score of Years—ten—ftve,--even
one year more: Tell its that another
sun will not set on our open grave.
Alas I you will, not. Yon brush
away poor. Memory sobbing in her
pity and you strike 'another hour on
the bell of the greatlickick to tell Ins
the grave is so mncl nearer'onr own
shrouded, form;- our ootateps so much
nearer the turbid waters. You add
another line of care; sprinkle more
tokens of your presence among our
locks, and the weird shadows dance
in glee that our life-lamp roust flick
er and grow pale before the approach
of that mysterious dawn whose light
shall close our, eyes in the long 'stilt
ness - '
gentleinan found in his hen roost a
simplei-minded soul,of the vicinity,
who lived without visible means of
support. 'Millet doing here,
you. rascal? ` Stealing chicken?"
'NO, sir,' was the response; "I aint
thought Of dein nuthin of the sort.",
It unfortunately' happened that - the;
simple-minded indiNidual Wore a high
'straw hat, of the ditpensions of a bee
hive,. and.the crown thereof was di
lapidatecl to a . serious extent. Jiist
as holed. put on a denial, the
of a half-grown pullet was • seen to
protrude froni s the aperatare„
there," saidthe gentlemen, -4 `how did
-that chicken get in your hat?" 'Well,'
etch:in:led the simple-minded inditid-•
nal, with an air of holiest; surprise
and embarnisment,"that is the stran
`gest thing ever . happened 'I
suppose- ,that • darned critter must
have crawled iny•trow*Sees leg?"
• .?.." '
"4' 1
' .IT-ri ,- ...
I isinOccautle kive t0...24;
Irec4iiso iliitlactiro r tincirs more";
Deasttao it p 1 cs
liptuutte it elict,ol night's wecry 4Fmrl:4.
' _ ,
tlio akT;
korai!, h Agwils
- lightcliit flowcrs'
11(!i4,11!gti likti prayer. iravonly.witY•. •
tibkis In° on 131'
lkcatitOvith, peals of hitipi
I icoupl oz9reisb morbid care; -
134iralict a t4nekof 4kepeT4o4.--;.,
. , .
Ita4 tuna a haatiloloveband prayer,
libaaliee all eoanila of Inman fate ' T
niy,lniact an nib? find ;
Weans° nliate'er Is gooctUrgteat t .
Leta loose thaintu4 of tiy
Because abcce lbe changing flies..,
The spielttaitil good gingels Bing;- I
lloeause,ishOncer,siulli,gli,t lies •
:Thailand% sad - wares with canal° ring.
Because amid eaities Babel noise
4nuipits,tlOni k i Oust go of come, —
-to their-grateftal hearts a schoe—
nen why 'shoal I alone bo aninb?
- •
A orrespondent Aolicits our candid
o bin n,throtigh 'l7lc j:evki , r,resOict 7 ;
ing i e Fuse' H of' Tab - deco. We - shall
givellt;' - ivillinglY. r - We are not dirt
posed ,
posed , to;take extreme groundlon the
Tobacco questien, although we en
tertain very positive convictions of
the mischiefs which 'attend ita.use.
AS is usual in till discussions, two ex
tremes-are; developed in the contro
versy respecting
„tobacco. One party
regards the use btbf tobacco as an ova,
en evil only, and that iontinnally ; it
holds that there is no such thing as
moderation of evil; and•thait tho least
use of the weed is pernicious, impair
ing the, health and shortening the life.
On the other hand, the adv,ocates of
smoking and clicking take the bull
'by the horn's, aid undertake to de
monstrate from the latest, grounds of
physiology i that tobacco. is an article_
whose use, in due moderation, econo
mizes the nervous force, repairs Cere
bral wasteS, and prolongs life: - • We
shall not take part in the controversy.
There are several grounds on which
we would dissuade young men who
have not formed the habit of using
tobacco from ever learning to use it.
1. It is not necessary to health or
to comfort. No one Lisa natural crav
ing for it. Ori the contrary,it is utter. - -
ly rotaignant , to a' natural appetite.
It offends the senses and every vital
organ. Men are obliged to train
themselves into its use. The stom
ach, the heart, and the brain 1 -till pro
test against it, and submit, at length,
only as they do to any other medicinal
:agent.. That it may become, . after
long use, necessary to comfort, and
even to the health, is saying 'Of it
only - what may be said of opium, of
strychnine,• and of arsenic, - all of
which are employed for : - the very
same purpose that tobacco is, viz: to
produce excitement. But the need is
secondaiy, artificial, and acquired.
No man in health eaves to use tobac
co because he needs it. The habit
begins in puerile imitation. It is an
apish trick Boys revolt against boy
hood, and think they are nien, when
old - enough to copy the faults of an
imperfect manhood. They are very
apt to crawl, into manhood through
the flirty dour of vice.. .-
It may be. said that, though there
is no natural craving - forituy particu,
lar drug, like .toba , ..eo, - yet in a highly
artificial state • of :society men crave
stimulants, and ti O.; tobacco, alcohol,
&c., if used with rigid moderation,
adapt themselves as artificial supplies
to an artificial want. •
That men living under the highly
exciting conditions of - modern society
need certain stimulants, we am not
disposed to . deny. But is selecting
one should avoid . those which are
peculiarlyliable to abuse,aud employ
those whi. li experience has shown to
be safe. ea and coffee are useful
stimulants. They are not deg,enerat
ing.:.-Whatever use tobacco and wine
arc alleged to haVe in repairing, ner
vous wastes, tea and coffee will serve
in a like inanneros-ithout the tiaapta,-
lions to which excess go with these
more violent drugs.
2. The habit. of using tobacco reads
men to. vulgarity. Ido not by any
means say that every user of tobacco
is Vulgar, or that every . one who be
takes himself to it. will, of necessity,
beeinne'vulgar. But, as a - matter - of
fact, users of tobacco grow indiffer
ent to the feelings of otherskandha--
banally keep before the eyes IA their
companions disgustful things, which
trucirefinement would _hide or sup
preSS. 'Even brute animals, moved
by mere instinct, learn to hide the ex
.: of tlui body. The, much
abused pig prefers cleanliness: Clive'
him pure water and a clean bed, add
be will keep himself clean.
I But, whatever rare and polite ex
ccc o ptions there may be, it is 'undenia
ble that the users of tobacco become
indifferent to _others' feelings, and
.shoel the tastes of men with scarcely
the consciousness of offending. The
chewer spirts his saliva as if he were
'a liquid artillery man.. The smoker
carries in his hair, his raiment, and
in his breath the fetid odor of tobac
co. To some the fresh' smoke of
good tobacco is not : disagreeable. '
Bid the residual smell which-lingers
in the pipe, on the clothes, or on the'
person,_ is disgustful to every one. -
If one will use tObaceo; he should at
least thereafter carefullypurge andpu
'rify hiriaself. But I have observed that
persons who in all other.things have
gentlemanly instincts, in the use. of
tobacco seem to lose delicacy and
generosity. I gee a great degree of
selfishness, andOf_ indifference to oth
ers'- comfort and 1
feelings in the
nee of this article. .do,not say that i
tobaCco, brutalizes mews' • feelings..
But I have noticed that Users - of ' to
bacco are as a class, . leas : careful of
offending the tastes; of, ,iiithers than
are. their fellows 011ie same rank in'
life who do not rise it i . . -
„Tobacco has, upon Someeensti
talons, a most, deleterious effect, even
whenpamoderately.. NO one can
befOrchand tell whether. ie No,
victiin.' That it acts upon
.many .as
an insidious nerve poison; leading
dyspepsia, to. headaches,, to
. verioue
derangeinents ottlie nervous systeul,
5601.000nd, fs,:iloubt. ...Thousands •
A.person.s, after leng suffering, have
found . themselveS reetored to health_
by , simplY digbontinning 'the use 'of
time a
to. That,'in `each 'cases, there
is affinity: betleen drinking and
smoking, can.., hardly be _doubted.
in-some eaSe,Stitleat to intern=
perance, seems dear.
Why ihofild one incur the `
est danger; by Iparning to use a dis
agreeable narcotic agent that a keel- .
thv man ha.sao sort of need of? •
'4 There is anargnment of person
nidliberty and Of personal purity that
haa always Seemed to tut should be
Sufficient with a generous and honor
ablenaturk The habit of using tar
bacco once. formed, is well-nigh in
vincible. Nov, no man of self-res-
Peet, -not already 'entangled, should.
choose to go into bondage, to-become
a slave to matter of sensuous enjoy
ment. , - _
There is, also a reason of personal
.eleanliness. No man who. liabitualL
. ly uses tobaceo bdt must be offensive
- to delicate tastes. It is 'a Matter of
proper pride for_ one to be conscious
that his person is pure, his skin
sound, his mouth aeon, his eye cool
and clear. If one is unwilling to wear
a filthy 'coat i how much less 'should
he be willing to carry a filthy person?
Now and then a tobacco user may,
by great care, hide, the effects of it on
hvi s rperson. But'iri' far the _greater
Umber 'of instances, even , among the
well-bred people; one can at once see
or smell, or both, the - signs and effects
of the noisome weed,
• We hardly hope .to influence any
one on whom - the habit is fixed. .;Wei
do• hope to diSsuade some young men
from forming a luibit• which is utterly
tumecessazy to health and cpmfOrt;
which in roost instances is unwhole-: .
some, which sacrifices personal clean
liness, addicts one invincibly to a SC's=
suous appetite, and which changes
delicacy and kindness to a selfish in - -
difference,to the comfort and con
venience of-all who are brought in
contact with us. •
r. N. T. True, School Superinten
dent of Oxford, Maine, has, made a
special report concerning a school
mistre - sa . ui that State and her work
Her name is Vesta HOward, and she
teaches. in the town. of Bethel: She
is - fifty-five years old, and ha's taught
seventy terms of private and pnblie
schooL Yet, says .13r. True, she' is
far in adance of most .young toaclv.
era, instead lof being antiquated. The
following are extracts from 'the ac-
count of the seliol:
- "She • commenced her atternOon•
session by. saying that she did not,
think it best to set the Children im
mediately to workulion their studies,
because they hind been at their play
and were not in the best condition
for close application. She therefore
took a second Progressive Reader,
and read a story as badly as she.
could and let them correct her faults.
Siiiithen read t correctly, and :is
one 'would talk, and all eyes welt: fix
ed ,on lien. She then called a reg,ister .
of sehollars by numbers, who answer
ed by their names and ages. . • Aniong
theni-Ni • -as a Winfield Seat, Gen. Fre
mont and other prominent names;
and as they were announced she hail
a word to say about their history,
without scarcely stopping her -regis
ter. She then made- them all ake
their books out of their seats togeth
-er, without noise. No slates
hit the desks, or books to be shutlled:.
She selectS a captain for each of ,the
smaller classes; 'e ho steps cut and
calls the clafis out by numbe rs. Books are all held. alike. This makes
them exe:.ntive scliollars.• . .
"In reading, small children. repeat .
the same word till they can command
it in -the sentence, and then they
read it in concert. In spelling they
all fold their arras, with the book tin
der the left arm. -Sometimes she'
spells the words and they pronounce
them: This was a fine exercise. She
mado them pronounce correctly, cow,
how, now bow, row. They made: a
graceful bow in leaving for their seats . .
Each clahs has a definite time for
studying a lesson, and the teacher
calls their attention to it at the tuo
, mut.
`They come out to read With folded
arms, red , l" with strong, emphasis, and
naturally. She makes them look at
her lips, and she pronounces words
.round and full and makes them do
the same after her. While hearing a
class reading, if a cllss is studying
geography, she will suddenly call
class reading, if a class is studying
geography, she will suddenly call
their attention to -sonic point in. the
lesson, and then go right on with the
reading. She will enli upon a schol- ,
sr by surprise to rise "and tell 'some
thing about the lesson she is studying.
This was clone with-great promptness.
This kept them on• the alert.' -
"She 'has bouquets all around the
room, and maps and pietnreS on the
walls; to make the room look - pleas
ant, Her order is perfect. - Not a
book or, pencil is, ear,d. prominehtly,
"She questions them on what, they
have read. In spelling, they give fa
_miller definitions in their own Inn
guage, and are required topronounee
each letter fully and forcibly."
EDEST MAH."—Mr's. Mary Allen, 'wife
oflohn Allen, knnwn as the " Wick
edttst Man in Nen , York," ' died of
dropsy, at her home in Roosevelt
street, on Saturday last. Her health
had, been declining for some time,
owing to her habits of diisipation:
Thorproperty where her family resid
ed is valued at about sixty, thousand
dollars, and is- the fruit, of Soho's
nineteenyears of lahor in the daiice
bowie in Water street. The funeral
took tharesidence yesterdayr
at /i P. M. A goodly nuinber of peo
pleivere present,. for, most of . Mrs.
Allen's old dance house friends had
come to take the last fareivell of their
old companion: 'Only five or six Men
were to bn , Seen ; all the rest were
girls and women. Three Catholic
priests had been in attendance up to
the time of her deiitir. The Rev. 3.
'C. Arnold, formerly Superintendent'
of the Howard Mission and' an ' old
friend of the Allen family, was pres
eta. A large portion of the, monr
ners. did not nppear to manifest much
grief for the loss of an old: friend.
Some of the men-and women swore'
strange oaths, while othera 'talked
and laughed as-they had done so of: . ;
ten on other occasions. The Wicked'
We -per Annum-in Advance.:
eat Man tools things coolly, and just
before .the .corpse was. removed he
went out and got* drink.. , Ma4of the
women walked up:to the coffin, dazed
a moment and kissed the fahant- th 6
dead three tines Little Chester, a
boy of about eight years,
.; seemed
deeply affected, and he could "s c arcely
believe that he ,wasnever to see • his
Mother again. in , this life. The hus
band kissed his dead wife for. the last
time,and then seid,"Therein:the belt'
friend I ever,lad, and that 'isall "I
can do'for her." As. the l'vas
being taken down stairs he remarked:
"She is going to the grave feet first.".
The burial took place ,at ynlvary
Cametery.—N. Y. Tribuie.
titiltilff:::4oo-IbOiff . ii
- 1.-..:,-..':.::: ~ :.-:.,.. z.:,. , :._... f ...' 7 : 1
t ~'- ~_ t _.'rs~—
. .
.* -. ~...r:'H.-...).-.....:,:,...::.::,._,..-_,...i.
,: : . , 14TIATEk,22:
tiii):4 3:Y1111) 44 1:W711
Mrs. lane Swis' ahelin writes froni
_Pennsylvaniti-to the St. Cloud (Min
nesota) Jpurnal :
is net the western frontiersman
who ptuihes his way still further into
the wildereese,..earrying his honse;,
hold gods with hiin, as the advanc-.
ing tide of civilization and refinement
.fills up the space to the eastward, but
picked troops from the main-body . of
the army rush forward Jae stornunk
parties, and take the wilderness by
surprise. Soeiety overleaps and leaves',
fragments of the lest century in quiet
crevices and crannies i mith their ex
istence unknowu to the traveler and
curiosity-seeker who go by the cen
tral routes.'
I have been thoroughly.impies&
ed. with this state of soeiety here, on
the northern slop! e of the Alleghenies,
less, than a day'a journey from Pitts
liurg, with its rushing tide of wealth'
and . fashion. Here, twelve mileslrom
a' railroad, a large majority . of_
people never saw-a piano ; uphol4k
ed.furnitnre is unknown; there is a
spinuilig-wheelin almost every house,
and looms to about every twentieth
dwelling. One of our nearest neigh -1
bors has two-Lthe old hand-looms,*
without any snehmodern invasion as
n flying shuttle. • She and her hired
girl sit side by side, and: weave
kets, table linen; sheeting, bag •
mad plain, bird's-eye and !Tr
ask, at front twelve to fifteen cents
Per yard. "Women raise it,
break it, scotch it, lia.ciii - e it, st‘iu i ,
carry it to the weaver's or. weave it
themselves, 1 - leach it,:tan lualle it 111 .
into garments;. raise sheep, , take the
from their-. backs. wsso it. card
it, spiult, 'lye i,t; weave :cud .
it rip just as our
.grout-i 4 randmcq; - ct ra
used to do in the clays of th % • lo
tion.: The o'ne great difference
tween their modes of livingmul.tho:l...
of '76 is in the cook-stove.
of a, waling leg lire there is a 'coon
stove in every home, but in all other
respects they have preserved the cus
toms of their fathers. The and
newx7-,aper lx)(cks . an'
- iwt"- . t t .nt.hs of the
men vote for... John Coro d.•, :Ind all
ancient LT !(1 the:political an . d-relioions
questionS of the'day. So I have ?mind
that. froutierlife and rural simplicity
are' two things quite, separate and
diStinet.? : .
One who has implicit confidence in,
his own jticlgentent,, or even in his
own obserVation, is quite. certain to
fall into some serious blunders in the
course of his life. A. correspondent
of, the American Agriculturist Celli a
ko i od story, whiclfbas a fittinr , admo
lion. for old as well, us young per- 1
Arks 7 . . .
..4When I was eleven yeatiit
ni6ther removed to the,country. Our
nearest neighbor was a minister, by,
the-name of 'Wayland, who, in ad'di
tion ministerial duties, : owned
and cultivated a large farm. One
'night my attention was _attracted to
a bright light in one of the • upper
rooms of onr..iteighbor's house. Intl,:
moment I saw the wife fly past the_
uneurtained window., closely followed
by the husband, who armed with.: a
huge fire-shovel r -roundthereont she
went, still -pursued; and as I listened
breathlessly,' heard a scretun.
I hastened' to my mother, and told
her what I had' seen, and we both'
looked out, but the. light was - gOne,
and all, was quiet. 'Notwithstanding
my- inothe:r'sludicious warning, " to.
say nothing about'it to any one," be
fore'school was out the - next day,, I
had confided-it to ray bosom friend,
and 'in a week, half the village knew
'it, and a great. talk it made, I ..assure
'you. . . ,
it reached: the'ears of the I
deacons, who at. once proceeded lel
investigate. its - truth. My mother
looked grave and troubled when they
called;-but conscious of having told
- Only.the truth, -Imet them' fearless
ly, and' related what I had seen, Then
they-left, takings "bee line ",lOr the
- minister's, ha - call him to account.
With many 'c apologies they made
Imown.their errand,`„ when; to their
surpriee, the minister burst'. into a
• hearty laugh.. .- •
Wait a moment," said - he,.", till 'II
call - Polly. You see, that night
-tonna a big rat' in-the meal chest, and
came down for the shOvel, and "bade
her hold. the light, while I killed him.
Finding no other place to2:hide, 'the.
rascal-took .refuge in the folds of her.
dresi, and she ran screaming, till 1
Managed to dislodgezund kill him.'
- I have ever - since been _careful not
to repeat an-Unfavorable report about
my neighbors—at least, until I knew
the whole truth: -
Arsene ifoxisaye says in his latest
essay on filinala beauty : Irish girls
have the most beatifut bandit. 'Eng
lish girls hare4oo fieSity and plump
hands, Tl'k-hazds . of American girls
are too long and narroW. ) The fing
ers of German girls are, too short and
palms too broad. Next the Irish
girls, the, daughters of Poland ai„,i
,servetialm, so far as the beauty
,Of the hand is concerned. The hands
of French, Itallian and
_Swinish girls
may nothe._called indifferent, though
there are more beautiful hands to be
seen 'in France - and Italy than. in
Spain. :The Parisiennes bestow. a
great deal of, care outheir hands, and
the- consequence is that - superfiCiud
and inexperienced observers-will be-
lieve that they have finer hands that
the women of any, other part of
France or any other cormtry. .
.11 4 ' ' MCirefix.4lo.,* ,• - . of
poiv 4
• ~' aliiit ; f9l /4 43 41 1 -- i ' 42 "!
'VAS 1110 1 /0 by its • ."."'
in , 1101.4.45Df
ariatifted sevaral ciladitair ,
eaefrobveztar widrffier bottom
of*Mk- a leatluiF e; ?whit -a
marrow - lop,Mitiv *',, - iiiisiended to
the rafters of-the - . .1. n ...buildin g :,
4,1401:80 o , * . ' , . ... Ahe ostg
drons, and thikomewran,shalten by
..tikii. efforts ot the etaiimun=ding the
tubes: 'fhb iitlisfirat44o nj the ,
power of steam 'ieopirded,-,- -
a 1548,40017, A 141=iierA AltaroY
tried a steamboat of 209 - - 10. - with ,
'tourist& ofleetOio aft ; :_3o , 4*idnit 14 ,
ii • .
It consisted of - eiiid` dititrof -.. •. :
.ivater;nuiriemovabliraltoil,on. eac .
nide' of thO'ship. It 'Waiiiiild aside as
impracticable. A present, . however
witaniade'to'diirtiY.."..'- 1. - °.
Iti. 165011ie first raihiad was con
*trailed aiNewesuifikon-the-Tlne.
The first idea. of a deem =gine in
England,was in tha limit= of Win.-
&ester's.. i``:Siiitiirif. of. .Inventions,"
Xli 111.0 . •#.4r.w0ik4t=ii? the. first
` : steam engine in England. -. t .. " -
In imp potent& went pgßitod to
;* h 7 l * t tke , OA iP lOS . io n'..Of
etceng . me. . . i i , ,
In 1764 Tnnei Watt ntde
the first
erfect steam engine inßuglaml.'-
~ In 1 78 6 donat4n Sella .set forth
ilia. idea distaste navigation: . ..-
' In 1778 ;Maim Paine OA prOpoFr
cd this at•*. •,-. ; .ixr,4levicia
_141.781 . , inialonfroyconstruct
ed one 011 the z . .... - -; ' -
r'') , Etislc!.‘T -;r..
In 1785 two America's published
work on it. . •. •
-In 1789 William Tyming.tbn made
a voyage in ime on the% Forth and
Clyde-Canal. • "
In• 1802 this experiment waa repeat=
' In 1.782 ItaiuseiproPelled a boat
by steam at New 'York .
In 1787 John Fitch, of Fbi)ailPlphia,
navigated nboat by asteluli 'rengine
cm...the Delawank -
In 1793 Robert Fulton first -Wan
to apply his attention to steam.
In 1793 Oliver Evans; a native of
.Philadelphia, constructed a locomo
tive steam-engine to travel on a turn
piko roacl •
The 'first steam vessel that.crossed
the Atlantic warthe Savannah, in the
month of June, 1819, froin Charleston
to Liverpool. . •
John Bo wen,. the Author elf the i'Orr's
heck Celainillty Pleads Go uty—To bt ""Th
Sentenced tills Mohth;-Interview
- with the ihnurter.
, -The Grand ; Jury ;of Bike,. county,
- Pa.,: in Xtilforil, found a true bill
against JOHN BOWEN for manslaughter,
displacing the rails on .the Erie
Railroad 'On the 15th of April,'_:lB6l3;
whereby the .car.; were thrown from
the track and. the death of:iassengers
resulted, &c. The indictment was
returned on Tuesday, and 'at . ..the
opening of the SC;liSion. 'of - the Court on
Wednesday morn ing the prisoner was
'taken into Comt and formally ar
a4pied-iTon the chaixe: - By the ad
vice of his counsel he pleaded ."gnil
t.V," probably in the hope iheieby of
securing leniency of punishment for
crimes. Ikm - en,. in tourt and
under the trying - , ord* of arraign
ment,- was cool and unconcerned, and
manifested little interest n the pro 7 . o .
His plea...having been - entered by
tire clerk, lug-w: s remanded to jail CO
await senti:nec. The reporter of the
Port Jervis . Gazette had a brief inter
view-with Bowr atter his' return to
'MI.: The miserable wretch seemed
:not to - .realize - the "enormity of his 4
JOHN BOWEN is an Engllo man, GI
years of itg•e:and for the ,_last fifteen
or twenty }}ears has been 'a -resident
of .the neighborhood of Sparrowbnsh.
For eight years lie was. employed as
a laborer on the Erie Railway ! track,
then bearing a fair reputation.' Fin
ally he was arrested by the: company
on a charge of forging a -pay-check,
but obtained a - release. - .Bent upon
revenge, and afterward stimulated by
.upszlen of robbery; he tarried on
the work oftearingup the rani . . The
hiStery of his 'crimes endtliicirctun
:stances of his arrest; need not be re
.cripituhtted. ~. • • -
• —Bowns received his sentence -uu
Saturday, which was-that he he im
prisoned at hard hibor.fOr a term of
fifteen Sears, and pay a fine_ of $lO,- .
There are no' four words easier
sometimes to say than these. Some
times of all others they. are of all ut
terances the hardest. When we feel
the sharp quiver of anxiety for a deal:
,child or friend, in mortal peril, -run
ning through us, like a knife, as who
bps not, it is terrible to say,'.Thy will
be done I When Jest& reaches down
his hand, and from out the charmed
circle of our home takes a dear °one,
we are, prone td be rebellions, r " -and to
forget that the hand wasonce pierc
ed for us; and can only touch us - in
the very tenderness of love». When
something upon.. which we have set
our ' hearts, some cherished goal,
keeps receding as • we: apmach - it,
and finally diryzdves like a. mirage,- it_
is hard to say, "Thy will be -done."
When we toil, and it seeing• that we
- toil in. vain, when after seed-time
there comes no= reaping time, it is
hard to be aulnnissive.. - With the very
words of the petition on our lips, we
are conscious et an tuidertOne in our•
hearts that keeps saying., - .flfine!
mine own I not thine!
What is the remedy? Not in us !
ft is only in looking untoUruL He
can help us to drink bittei :cups as
though they were sweet;' , $e
open our eyes to the love that lies be
hind the sorrow. He can bid us hope
for the the heavenly hermit. 'He can
aid his, in whatever • *ay the - trial
comes, 'to rneet it, with , the "Chad's
spirit, and to say "Thy:wlllN done 1"
" Ickamow," 'said a farmer to's lop
sided youth, who bad. been iiiartiriog upon
him for the last six weeks, sad misted all gen
tle Mats that Ma stay had bon liwtdonteMluito
sufficiently, "I am afraid that yen inn - never
come and see in. again." . `S ':nom, bow
VIII you taw so—don't I mane anikaos yonevery
trinter r . "1"t•s, Ltd rim afraid yotill never gQ
Tin: Rtv: Mosekt.Clatapit, an eccen
tric preacher, Was holding fortbt iu Santa Clara
Vallei, California., A yocogrm4tiroaetogo out.
when the preacher said, "Inergonlan, if iced
rather gp.tohett Mali hear impeach, mime."
The minnet 'steppe4 and rodocted4 moment,
" and. then saying respcsAfally,..”KL,l behove
L worild," went ott',
An Irish waa intfini in u
I=W; glasi t iztn
i t:= ln tlanlr b q n qyleg r lt.
ty. - 11:1431x;i5linlai l ibore lbw Wilton of Ze *0100
tune s ,but at last eilencod hiaiornioatorte,Ax.
pow, Le oft,wicl ye, or else 111,put pane in
vnur heed 7:eitiout any putty.";
. -
bui • Al '
How,i.oeci lIVC you! "
iwked a geat4luaa "of Oka. at hitylatiarbtlf, 100k
it* romp] iu-surpra pia.tu olDek
ter than a tluzeu i sir: outyiyike out elev.
vu,7, nakl the gentlanar.. - tFattiai an' lan% that
better than a dozen, sir, Aim ones fns 'to feed
r cielainted,the happy fathor. -