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ADVER7., exceeding fifteen
linos are inserted at TEN =Ts per line for
first insertlftnt and ; ma Mfrs eer 40 for
subsequentinnertions. SPecialrioti96 t in-.
carted before Marriages and Deaths, 1011
4 ; ho charged rnPricni =arm per line for
insertion. All resolutions of Associatiotyq
*ortaardcatione sof,liinited •cr .14014*
ntorost,and notices of Marriages or Deaths
J:eroding five linos, arc charged TEN Clp*
1 Year. 0 mo. S mo,
Ono .ooltun*,, ;$lOO „$6O $4.0
• GO' ' 35 25
One Square, 16 10 74
Ilstray,Oaution, Lost and Pound, and other
advertisements, not exceeding 10 lines;'
three weeks, or less' $1 50
Administrator's A. Executor's Notibigy.',2 00
'Auditor's Notices 2 50
Business Cards, five linos, (per year), .6 00
Merchants and others, advertising theb'
business, will be charged $25. They will
he entitled to 4 column, confined exclusive
ly to their bqsiness, with privilege of quarter
Pr - Advertising in all oases exclusive of
subscription to the paper. •
JOB PRINTING of. every kind, in Plain
and Fanny colors, done wilikneathess and
dispatch,. Handbills, Blanks, ' Cards, Pam
phlets, Le.; of every variety and style, prin
ted. at the shortest notice. The Burt:area
larrica has just been re-fitted with Power
Presses; ,and everything_ in the Printing.
line can bo 'executed in the most artistio
manner and at the lowest rates. TERMS
IEORGE A MONTANYE, AT
'.A TO EINE Y
,AT LA lir—ollice corner of
Main and Pine streets; sotiposito Port Ar's Drag
DOCTOR EDWARD S. PERKINS,
.11 Offers his professional services:to the citi
zens Of Frenchtown and vicinity. Calla prompt
ly attended to.
NAT T. DAVIES, Attorney at Law,
5 V • Towanda, Pa. Office with Wm. Wat
kins, Esq. Particular 'attention paid to Or
phans' Court business and .settlement of'deco
i cuts estates.
M ER t teUR.TI4O M an O ds ß pt ß n O n W ,a, , Attorneys
aw, The undersigned having associated themselves
together in the practice of Law, offer their pro
fessional services to the public.
ULYSSES MERCUR P. D. MOIUIOW.
March 9,1865. • •
I I_32.TRICK & PECK, ATTORNEYS AT
, L LAw.- Offices :—ln Patton Block,Towanda,
t ' Patrick's block, Athens, Pa. They may be
molted at either place.
n. W. PATRICI, apll3
IT B. McK EA N , A 770/(NE Y d
I.la ce/INSELLOR A T LA ll', Doran-
Particular- :yield ion paid to business
iii the cfrphatni . Court. July '29. ISGG.
ENRY PEET, Attorney at Law,
11.:Towan ia, Pa. jun 27, 66.
0 . 1),W.A RD OVERTON Jr. Attor
!Linty at Law, .vatult, O ffi ce in the
t'eurt . tiou cc. ' July 13, 1965.
TORN N. CALIFF, ATTORNEY
T LA IV, Ibwanda, Pa. Also, Govern
ment Agent for the collection of Pensions, Back
Pay. and Bounty. -
.- No charge unless successful. Office over
he_Post Office and News flepm. Dec. 1,1864.
ij P. KIMBALL, Licentied Aua
11.• tioncer, Pottersyille, Bradford Co- Pa.
tenders his services to the public*. Satisfaction
guaranteed, or no Tay required. All orders by
addrcsFed.as above, will receive prompt
attention. Oct. 2, 1567.-Gm
D R. C. P. GODFREY, PHYSICIAN
ANn Samokos, has permanently located
at Wy.dosing, where he wlll be bound at all
DR.T. B. JOHNSON, TOWANDA,
PA. Hiving permanently . located, offers
his prolrs‘ionaLsarvices to the public. Calls
promptly attended to in or out of town. Office
with J. DeWitt on Main st:ect. Residence at
Mrs. Humphrey's on t;ccund Street.
April /6, 1136 A.
OIIN W. MIX, A TTOANE YAT
IC LAO', Tow:tn.:A , Brid tura 00. Pa.
Gew:ral and heal Estate A gent.—
Vthinties and colteme 1. N. f.—All
il,turt.s in h.. Orph Court, attended to
,tml with .ate. . Office first block
out h of Wardup st Oct . f 4, 'e7.
I..3ARSON ellINOWIA:Isl, AT
TORNEYS AT LAW, Tray, Bradford Co
!`ractir:c to all the Co arts of the county. Col
octions made and promptly remittod.
dl2 W. a. cAnsOCII AN.
'IR. PRATT Ills removed to State
/ street . (first :Lbove 13. 8. Russell 4.1 c 'CO's
.nk). Persons from a dl , tanee desirous i-t con
-citing hint, will be rao=t likely -.to - find him on
iy l e - vh week. EiTecial atiention ; will
I , • given to ,iargival tiaes. and the extraction of
t,•eiii. iixs or Elln•r .Iministercd when desired.
I). S. PRATT, M. B.
noureit CIIA.S-. F. PAINE.—O I
tirr in Goiir:'s Drug iitore, Towanda, Pa.
Calls proaiiitly attended to at all
Towaild:}, Novunitiet 2S. 1866..
R. it. WESTON, DENTIS T._
oilicn iu Pititon's orer Drug
('hernial Stors. :Ijanfet
Dits. M ASO N ELY, Physician,
4- —Office on Pine street, To
wands, ut, the retidecce of Dr. !deem
rarticular ettentir , n given to dhisenses ci %Vo
-1 Jll, 111111:13121 , 1FCH C 1 Eye, Ear and Thro it.
F 11. MASON, M. 111 , 2:PY OLIVER ELI, M: n.
pril I) I..CS
i 'DWI/ .MEEKS-AUCTIt.)NEER.
h.l All lettvrs addre." ~ r to him at Sugar Run,
a Co. Va., skill revolve prompt attention.
\NCIS POST, Minter, 71nr
4. with 10 yrArs cxperictr'e, in con•
•he a ;.Orc the
het satisfaction in Nint.
inia7. staining, Glazing, Paperingy.,,k.r.
:r Att•ott ihn paid to Jobbing ittqln
y. gill u, 1 , 66 7 i;
K. VA 13G11 AN —Ardhite.ct and
4.) • Muj,/,-, kinds A rchiteotural de
ornament.,l w.,,rlc in Stone,
IVootl. Office uu till street, over
:Attention• given to Hu.
1re!ole •thre. ' , Lich :avintr ea! o! grouthls,
April 1, --ly.
i , attend
maatni: old or dispu•
klso t edrveyincr, nl :111tuipattontod
o.port4 otttlinfal. myl7
i , '
1. 4 -1 41. I'o Itl)—:Lice)ked Auctioneer,
t.twiTly al, 1.11=1:10,: eillriteca
to tual Charge , mudel•atie. Fe!,.
11:11,1' aNU PlittloillZ.A,Pif
promptly ¢ttcnd to all business in hi, line.
eial attention given to Landscape and Stere
, °pie Photography. Views oe Famil7 Heal
lehces,Stores. Public nuildinss,'. Animals, Ida
t.,ken in the best manner.
PArtimlar tkltention given to the navel end
c. ntifnl stereieopie representation of objects.
*inlets received al Wood 1: ilarding's Photo
raplite Art GallerTr - Tonfanda. -
Towanda, April 2.3.1867.—y1.
Nov B. KELLY, Drnti.4 Office
V V • over Wickham A: Black's, Towandn,Pa.
All the various styles of work PcielltifiCallY,
and warranted. Particular attention is
to, the Allumfunrn Bise far Artificial
Teeth, which is equally as g t eul as Gold and
as superior to either I:libber or silver.. Please
c.lll and ors:nine specimens.
Chloroform or Ether administered under di
nation of a PtiySi ian when Lie;fircd.
VAT . MERSEY_ WATK 1 N Notary
V v • Public is .prepared to ,take- Depoit•
1 mg, Acknowledge the Execution of Deeds,
9,,T.,gaA.es, Power. of Itcorney, nod oil other
rstrumenta. li.l4lavite and other.. 'ipers may
sworn to before me. •
office with t;. M..ntanyc.. corner Main rind
fine Streets. Tuwantia, l'a., Jan, Lt. ISO.
REAL ESTATE AGENCY
McKENN, MAL ESTATE AGENT
.1 I.U Icin 11:c- !'arms, Coal and Tiralwr
Flue Taub( r lot, 3n1.11 , -1 from jorranas.t n-
LL;ninr 53 ar'rei: Price $1,325.
Fril ID in .V•yincn, cootiluing 1.3 acres. Good
Tinder a fi, e state of cultivation: -
arm in West Burlington—on the Creek.—
Ne and barn. - Under a fine state of eat
!Ivation. 65 term: Vice $5,459.: •
Panne in Franklin. All under good enitiva
•,,. For Pale cheap. -
t- uytral very destr,lble House. anti Lots in
: owand .
A large tract of Coal 1.3883 in Tioga county
fowar.aa,july 18,11361. •
E. O. 4:31-00001C
*I ; Pu , lie ers
T 0. OF O.F.—BRADFORD LOD CIE
• No. 16T, I. 0. of 0.8., meets at Odd Fel
log ifl 11, every Monday evening frora - the Qef
Monday in April t 4) the &at Monday In Ontobe
itt4f p. m.; from oMober to April at Gip .=
B. CAREY, Be e 4 •
• April 2Z-08GL
WAIID HOUSE, TOWANDA, P&
0°1 , 1.134 Street, near . the Court 11'48e. 1
T. SMITS, Troprieteel.
Oct, 8, 1866.
A MEBIC AN 1-40:NE1.,
Having purchaaed thin roll known Hotetios
Bride Street I Mire refurnished. and refitted
irs with ivory convenience !bribe accommoda
tion of alTulo may patronise me. No pains will
biapared to make all pleaßant and agreeable.
May 3, '66 - .--tf. .1. S. PATTERSON.Prop,
ELWELL HOUSE, TowANDA,
Hating leased this Boor Goo/ ready to Se
colltodate thp TraYelling s.nblic. No. pains
no? expense will be spared to give estistsegon
to those w.. 0 mai glve hiciro
North side of the public square, easi of
fivreur's new block [now building],
NEWS ROOM AND BOOK STORE
The undersigned having purchased, the BObK
STORE AND NEWS RQO2I Of J. S. Griffiths,
respectfully invite the Old patrons of the estab
lishment and the public generally, to call and Ore
allaltß, our stock;• . -
• ALVORD & _
B. W. ALVORD. P. E. RAMA&
May 28, 1867.-Iy*
Respectfully Worms the citizens of Tuwantla
oroagh, that he has opened a
In Phinney's Building opposite the Means (tense
and polielts a share of public patronage.
lie is prepared to cut and make garment:A in
the most fashionable style, and the most dura
ble manner. Perfer* satisftction will be•guar
Cutting and ReptiAntt done to order on shiir
notice. Sept. 10, 15..G7.
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVE
1 opened a Banking Dense in Towanda; un
der the name c. G. F. MASON & CO.
They are prepared to draw Bills, of Es.-`
change, and make collections in New York,
Philaslelphis, and all portions of the United
States, as llso England, Germany, end Vrante.
To Lean money, receive dcpasit • , and to do a
general Banking business.
G. F. Meson was - one of the late,...fmn, of.
Laporte, son fr. Co., of Towanda, Pa.,Bpd
his knowk ge of the business men of Bratbrd
and adjoimag Countiesand having been in the
banking business for about fifteen years. make
this 'mum r desirable one, through which to
To;ltunth.., OM. 1, 1,4i1t;
JENVEI ! RY STORE AT DliSilo4E
Infitres the citizens of Sullivan county that he
has opened a Jewelry Store, in the building op
posite Welles & lekle)'s store, Onshore, when
he will keep on bane An assortment of
JEWELRY, WATCHM; AND CLOCKS,
Which will be sold as low ns at any other
In the country. Partiebrar attention pal d to
Watch and Clack Repairing.
.sru- Give me a call, ai mLny years' experi
core will emble me to give aitiitaction.
Onshore, Oct.), 1567.
HARDING Sr. SMALLEY,
Having entered into a CO3 t t nersh ip for the
transaction of the PHOTOGRAPHIC business,
at the rooms formerly occupied b' Wood find
Harding, would respectitilly call the attention
of the public to several styles of Pictures which
we make spccialties. as : e;olar Photographs,
Plain, ['mimics:land Colored, Opaltypee, Porce
lain Pictures, &a., which we claim lot cletntleSs
and brilliancy of tone and Artistic finish, can
riot be excelled. "We invite-all to examine them
ns troll is the Ore common kinds of Portraits.
which we make; knowing full yell that they
will bear the closest inspection. This Gallery
claims the higbest reputation for -ood work of
any in this sectisn of. country, and we are,de
termined by a strict attention to business rind
the superior qa.4ity of our work, to not Only
retain but increase its very enviable repdtalion.
'We keep constantly on hand the hest variety
of Frasues and at lower prices than at any other
establi<hment lb town. Also Fasscpartouta
Card frames, Gard Easels, Holmes' Stereo
scopes, Stercosccipic Vies, mid verything else
of importance pertaMing to the business. Sire
us an early gall!'
N. B.—Solar Printing for the trade on the
most reasonable terms. D. HANDING,
Aug. 29.67. - F. SMALLEY...,
CARD.—o-Dr. VANBUSKIRK has t)h
tained a License, as required, of the
. Cpmpany, to Vulcanize
Rubber as a bastior Artitleial Teeth, and h a s
now a good acie:gun of tbo.so beautiful Oaried
mock 1(-ott . a supericir article of iihiak
English Itabber.iflnch will enable him to sup
ply all those in leant n' sets of teeth, with
timie unsurpassed, for bettuty and nataratap,
pearance. Filling, Cleaning, Correcting Irreg
ularities, Extra:l.lllff, and all operations ;be
longing tit the iiaigical Department skillftilly
performed. Chaktt.rrm administered for the
extraciot, of Teeth when desired, an article
beiti*.ilked for 1:113 purpose in which helm
perfeXlionlidmce, having administered it with
the most picatiogresult; during a plartiee of
Being very eratelk to the public for their
liberal pat rqn.ige 314retot.re received, he would
say that by strict inent iirri to the wants of his
patients, he w,14:1 V , Lltitllf! LI) merit their-con
fidence and ap, tristfion. 0111. T in P.eitileintin's
Block,opposit , :he tfeang House, T..wrioda,
I's. Dec..2o, 1867 .--3 m.
JOUR Cs WILSON,
c 1.1M113 REQBEIN
A. M ASO .
TWENTY-FAB YEARS EXPEP
ENCE IN DENTISTRY. ,
_ . ,
J. S. SMITH, M. D.. would respectfully inform
the inhabitant, of Bradford County thit he is
permanently Im-ated in Towanda, Pa., He
would say that tna, his long and succe4sful
practice of TWENTY-FIVE YEARS duration
he is familiar with 111 the different styl4 of
work done in any sztf all Dental. Establishments
in city or country, u p :./ is better prepared than
any other Dental et tor in the vicinity to do
work the best adapts `to the many and duTetent.
cases that present it selves oftentimes tol the
Dentist, as he nude ds the art of Making_his
own artificial teeth, has facilities for ding
the same. To thogirequlring under sett(lof
teeth he would call attention to his new kind of
work which consists 1 porcelain for both plata
and teeth, and form!! continuous gam. It Is
more durable, more ral In appearance, and
mach better adapted ki he gom than any other
kind of work. Those need of the same are
invited to call 'and Inc specimens. Teeth
tilled to last for years d oftentimes for life.—
Chloroform, Ether, at " Nitrous Oxide "ad
ministered with perfect fety, as over four bun
dred-patients within last boar years can tea.
Office in Pat Cm's B • Jan. 23, 1848.
REAL EsTI: E AGENCY,
H. B. IIcKEAN,SE2d. EsrA.Ts AGE? T.
Valuable Fa4B, It properties, City and
Town Lots tot tale.
Parties baying pro) ty for sale will find it
to their advantage by t aving a description of
the same. with terms ) sale at this agency, as
parties are cons:aut.l. (paring for farms ,ttr. _
H. B. McSEAN.
Real Estate Agent:
Office. Moat:111).0's B 1
Jan. 29, IRti7.
NEW , STEAM
IT STAND ; STONE!
Tin subscribers b.Oll erected ,a now Steam
Figuring Mill, St a his outlay i onthe site of
the old Distillery I ding Stone Township
would inform the astae of Bradford County
and vicinity, that n are prepared to - execute
work In all its bran Sln the most appreiod•
manner. . , .. -
Their mill b.:, ul; 0 modern improvements,
and built by sl. :am altmen : and .one oi'the
prro'being a pr. - tett !miller, they/an guaratt.
tee their work. 1 `'i-
2. They respecl:all *ll4it. the patronage o_fithe
public, pledging appselves to render perfect
satisfaction to cue re. Give as aan (
. 'lir We will keep* hand at all times:Flour
Auld Feed, who!csaktjuld retail, a lowesteakh
prices. 4. ! ,
far The bigbe4 glph Mice paid for Crain:,
ABCKLA & vAuclutr-:-
!* standing stune, : vo4, 447.--3 n. . il
. , On. the me Tag, ,
- hit- STEVINEVOGIMENT.
te4vd, ..• _ .
' ' ' 'iri 2' El
red . A n.# n z lat !ft !
1 Mix' it PLeattnur Comm": -' I trust
to - 'be able to - bligriefitimy-Wirititks,
nnietis I shonl&find'myiielf-less mas
ter,e the subject which I•propo - te to,
diso as than I belie i eXpernmee. htiv r
ing light that :nothing.ii,so - prolix
ns i ncirance., .1: fair .:' X ,Intty„pro
dinsgiterant, as I had 1- 11 0 eltPc o Wd
to ta, part in•this 4lebate until Nery .
I. 4441410a5; larti k s' single ; article
~ tha t •-•Was,, finally , adopted
up my earnest • solicitation, and
1 , if Proved, / consideted,thbn
an till consider, W.4` ' litiite Sufficient
forte ample`, conviction 'Of the 'dia
tin lehe.d , respondent,`, ariff...ter! hie
1 reel i al from'o fil* Which iithelinly
.legitimate object for which thilijm•
Peac4ment could be;ifistitrited: -
D ing the very brief period. which
I Shaltoccupy, i deitireto' dismiss the
charges against the reapondent in no
meat spirit of malignity. of 'iiitiper
atio, bet to Mtn° therk, in a Manner
wort y 'of 'the - high . tribunal before
I appear, and of the exalted
post ion of ' the accused. Whatever
may be thought' of his character - or
con ition, ho has been made' respect,
able and his condition bas been: dig
nifieil by the action 01 his fellow-eiti:
zens •• Railing accusation, therefore,
wou d ill becoine this occasion, this
trib nal, or a proper souse of thir pct.,.
eitioof those who discuss this gees.
tiou on the one side or ,the other.
see the chief servant of a trust. ,
1 ing ionimunity ' arraigned before' the•
bar 0 public Juetto, Charged with
high; delunpeneies, is Interesting.—
To behold the. Chief Eiecutive Mag.
istr4e. of a powered people charged
with' the betrayal f,f his trust, and
arraigned for high crimes and misde
meators, is always a most interesting
spec acle. When the charges against
suer' public servant. accuse.him of an
tte tpt to betray the high trust con•
fide. in him, and ustirp the power of
a wlkle people, that he may become
their! ruler, it is intensely interesting
to millions of mery anti shofild be
discessed - with a calm determination
whi4h nothing can divert and iitithing..
Can •cdnce . to mockery . Such is' the
condition of this great Reptiblie, as
looked upon by an ai3tonished and
won ering world.
E- CHARACTER 01 TIMACIDEENT.
- T 'e offices of impeachment in Eng.
land; and America are very different
froni 'each other, in'the Uses made of
theni for the pnnishmetit of offences ;
and he will greatly err . who tinder
takeS to make out an i•nalogy be a
twe4n them, either in the mode of
triallor the final result.
lii England the highest crimes may
be tiled before the High Court of hu
peadhment, and the severest punish
men s, even to ith . pritionment, fine,
When our Constitnticin was framed,
all tese personal punishments were
excl idea from the judginenVand the
defegdant was to be dealt with just
so far as the iiublie safety required,
and too further. ?fece, ii was made
to apply simply .to political offences
--td, persons holding Political posi
tiona, either by appointment or elec
tiopity the people. -
Thus it is. apparent that ne crime
containiiii malignant or indictable
offeacea;higher than misdemeanors,
was necessary either td be alleged or
pro ed. If the respondent was shown
to h i abusing his official trust, to the
injury of the people, for whom he.
wits?ischarging public duties, and
per evered ie, such' abnhe td the injw
ry o his conititnehts, the Arne mode
ofdealing with him was to impeach
hint for crimes and misdemeanors,
(an only the latter is , necessary,)
andithns remove Wrii from ther office
whi c h be was abuisingi Nor does it
mae a particle of difference whether
midi abuse arose frpm realign - 41nm
unarrantek negligence or from de•
pre ity, so' repeated ae to make his
con innance in office injurious to the
pea le and dange,rous to the public
Te punishment which the law un
der ur Constitution authorizes to be
inili ted fully deonstratesihis argn
: That punishment upon con
vietra extends only to removal from
f:fllde and if the crime or misdemean;•
or I;barged be one of a deep and
wiced dye, the culprit is allowed to
at: large, un!ess he should be
- Fir ned by a new prosectitioa in the
ordiYeary courts. What' does it mat
ter, thee, what the. motive of the re
spcylc.nt might be in his repeated
actof malfeasance in office ? Mere
mistake in intention , if So persevered
in ter proper warning as to bring
- hief upon the commnnity, is quite
rient to warrant the removal of
Ifficer from the place where he is
:ins mischief by We continuance
to only question to be considered
Is the respondent 'violating the
His perseverance in such a
tion, although it !shows a per
'eness,•is not absolutely necessa
, bis conviction. The •.greatob
' is,ihe removal from office 'and the
st of the public injtiries which he
flicting upon those ~with 'whose
ests he is intrusted.
insmusos OF Ptii.JUltY.
T e single chitrg.., which I- had the
hon, r to suggest!, ' I \am expected to
mai, twin. -That duty is a • light one, 1
eas ly performed, !Ltd \which, 1 ap
pre , end, if will be • found \imphsaible
for he respondent to answer:pr . :evade..
When Andrew • Johnson took upon'
himbelf the duties of Ilia high offic!k !.
he Ftwore" to 'obey the: ConstitutiOn
and take care that the .laws be faith
fulll • executed Thal; indeed, is' aka
has always been the chief •duty \
of t a P resident of the United States.
The ditties of legialation and 'adjudi
cati ig the lays of .hiscontitry_ fall 1,11
no •ay to. hits lot, , To; a !AA the. ctuttl;'
ma do of the *overt:Ku
liation, and to bee that. Otheo iihabicl
obey- thein,..wia. Ide wholo;-duty a
.41)4 which he could,.. not escape, and
any attempt to du "
socirnuld.be in di
rect violation of hia. ofAcial oath ;in
oth4r words, a nri4rixoa of peljury,
accuse him; hi the, name of the
se of Repretientatiyeis'of
ctrated that ruid came :agaieet
',laws ankipts494, l ?:.. i i k9 U P I : I. Y
4 1 :10. - +Ati
. wool:wimp 0
. r . f , •"it -4
• .4 , 4 ,
diF ;04 1 44i 1867 e
Qoii~ sea P,00.6414 144.00 tillim&
• l 4 f,Jir tkin„tildOtaz.4o44l 6 4f7: l . l .:An.
'Wet . to iegiali 'the teonrgAgeitiOn
civil offlcelo the first hiotionAtibiOlk
h i t s foll ows lIL i
• :Bet email bifW likaaki vid lime
wing" nj ?diabase fp vidoh hatteati
appointed by met leithnhtrionskestot the
: 4 1 104
and every „peons who emiLhertet.
be' appointed . ' ta,'ati" snot 'Wee etist
isballtieetnis duPyqmilided: to snot
istrostahall bemotithet *theist , 001011
Mita alual . have . r hean
Wherein othereist-pronaea e'en.
- Sbat . ilhd Eleeteitertee'littilhite,rot
Tteass£o4 7 ,ot ar,,4lloltelyottistat the
letericrkthe ,PeslitietekGexusrel,,l**l the
AttosneY•GetieM, idea_ held' thelf'ofices
reepeotiver and dtitilitthe.,tetie.of the
rfetadeo *kn.* 41eY.Inat :11:443 .
pohlidoin .1*(44 niontirth
jeetWtmevel Wend *lib likred :
I 'oonsentset We Ektotiviz 'to r. d."
.;Theasitoad-Iseotion Aprov,hka , Shit
when the Sonata nnkitikeeetdoll;
the gresildenk,sb i all deem the offigtir',
guilt•y:of:_tmihi',,tvhich re:viral& re.l
after the iiientint-,.Air -the &nate the
mesons. for :tuck ; stuspension-shall be
reported ,to. that , body 1- and , - if.::thti
Senate *hall defame: inch seasonsont:
filient for such anspendion .oesetnev;:
&lige officer shall be 'considered re
moved -.from, his oft :iota i l but4( Alto
Senate shall hot deem ! the, reaming
• infficient for , such ripapetelion,or
movo, - - the officer Shall ferthwitli re
sume the functions , of his ofilee,ind.
the person_appointed' In 'hlitr - plabe
shill cease to discharge inch duties.
• On the -12th day .of Angutit,;lB67,e
the Senate then not-being in nesSion l ,
the - Priaident insriended M;
Stanton, Secretary orthe 'Deriaittrient
and ttippointed .U. S 'Grant,
General, Sccretary'of War adinterim.
On the 12th day off December, l lB67,
the Senate being then in session, ho
,reported, according to the. iequire
menta of the act„the causes of such
suspension to the Senate which only
took the same into -considerati on . --r
.Before the Senate had conaluded its
examination •-f the question of the
sufficiency of etch reasons,' he at
tempted to enter intonrrangeMents
by which be might obstritet the due
execution of the law; and thun'pre,
vent Edwin Ati !Stanton frOm forth l
withreemming ihe -Inflations, pf his
office 116.Searetsty of War, according
to the provisions et the,:aet, even if;
the Senate should decide in his favor. l
And in furtherance of said attempt,
on the 21st day ofFebruary, i 1868,,.
he appointed one - Lorenzo Thomas;
by letter of authority or commission,,
Secretary of. ; War ed inter inh,.wi thont
the advice ad conseut'Of the Senate,
although the name was then in sea-
sictn, tied ordered him (the said Thom
as) tn'take possession of, the Depart-2
went of Wir, indthe' public prettier
ty ' pertaining, thereto,' ` - ' and to die;,
charge the ditties theredf. ' .
.We charge that, "in 'defiance of fre
qdent warnings, he has since repeat
edly attempted to carry those-orders
into execution, and to prevent -Edwin
M. Stanton from executing the
appertaining Ito the Department Of
.>War, and - from • discharging, the
ties of the office. -
MB. STANTON% CUB.
The very able gentlemen . who ar
gued this case 'for the respondent heti
contended - that Ms.' Stanten'toise is
not within the provisions : of ,the.aet,
" regulating, the tenure of certain
civil office '
s," and that :therefeire - the
Preeldent cannot be convicted of vie:
laing, that act. Ills • argnment in
demonstrating that position was not,
I think„quitelequal ,to his sagacity
in discovering,,_ where <the „ great
Strength of the proieention waidedg
ed. He 'contended 'thee the'pist - eritto
which embraced the , SeeretartWOr•
did not include Mr.-Stanton,-because
he,Wan not appointed by, the Preid;
dent-in whose term the acts charged
as MisdemeanOre were 'perpetrated ;
and in order to show thati'be-cOn
tended that the' term of office men
tioned durinsr which he was etaWed'
to hold meant the time-during 'which
the. Preaident who appointed him ac
tually did hold, , whether „dead .or
alive ; that Mr. Lincoln, who apptiint
ed • Mr.: Stanton, and under whose
commission he was holding indefinite
ly, being dead; his ' , term Of office re
ferred to had expired, and that Mr.
Johnson was; not holding ;during a
part of that term: That depends up
on the Constitution, and the lawa
made under it.' By the Constitution,
the whole time from, the adoption of
the Government was intended to be
divided into equal Presidential pe
riods, and the word "term" was teen
ideally used to designate the time of
each. The first section °Rite second
article of the Constitution provides
." that Oie executive power shall be
vested in a President of the United
States of America. Het shall held
his office during the tern of four
years, and together .With \the Vice-
President, chosen for the same term,
be elected as. follows," Jo-- Then it
provides that "in "case el.-rot:4%mi
from office; or of his death, Insigne,-
tion, or inability- to discharge the du
ties of said office, the same shall de
volve on the-V i ice-Pm-ident; afeleou
' green may by law. provide !for the
case of removal,- death; sesignatioe
or inability. both of the President and
Vice President, _designating what of
ficer shall them-act as President; and
such officer shall then act aceording
.ly until the disability be removed ur .
a President sh al l be. elected:" .
The learned counsel contends that
ibe Vie'e 'President,. who accidentally
tote cities of Treeideiit, is
serving oat e' new Presidential:term
Of' hie own", 'and' "tbat;; — enless'! Mr.
`Stanton aPpeinted,Vhitn;he is
nOti4thip the provisions of, 144., act.,
It happened•thatll.r.Staisten * WU Rik
' pointed ty'llr,_lsne..olit iu :186 . 1' for an
41011 serving Me,Oppnintee;:by,
withthe'advieeisnd '9(o.etil;',',OT, the
Sea afe . johinion - "SieVer,eppeint:
`od ' valid
years, during which time he 'CiPend:
ed \of - ttioney and raised luitel
dradir of thdesibils of .tnei; -without
any_ commissioni. at . all. To iffeinit•
this Ao, be , do :withotit
commission youltklieve beene
414'4 ; 1/54,71i. 1
pita aa,o ollol4attiti, liokt:souumappa
P. 7) •
•/••S • 1 "4-,
ai d Ars . .. Ls ... o. • • t z
At; , nM AM.
• - I • , -
.*- ; rcl f-A,r,,-z
Thenlal 0110 *is
*mkt Jar 4, 11 Johnadn'a
Atiraltite,*. -sv,oa hold :- tot lour years
Wes* sooner rentovede , thole ie
41 1 shorter period, for 4 Presidential ,
term *Wrong years. , , But itzrakee
no,difterenee - injhn, operation ef-tbe
law, whether fin: -wa&Lholding in Lin-
Cidi.las - orlohusUu . 'eterm- Ws4l.it not
AfrAitto o 44,tertolzgLitwolubsit
.Ond nununence„..iii..isp4 „ant
tbi'„!::k*tqt,utiuu„.i v iei - ma j r,'deglared
ItiOn:1114 - the .. aniftintc„distnm,ol,thi
,14 ; Stan
holdd r i og.th e y ., t er nk o fX r • LIP 66I°,
. 0 14 4 0 09ner-,teinOied: - ;' I6 ITo
any, n&praeild - that the-4th of
ifareb,JB6,s,,e - rmArPreeideatjal_tnrut
'did not cOmuiviibe r`L`For will
seen upon - close' ezaiiiinatio&Ait:thi
word." term! , alone„ Anarlfaitliu tithe 7
Of,the ells4inci;_sn that
ii met r ` dtvlde We :4 14=0A tost l 4 4B. of
et d ' Of saying' that - the," Vipi,
ergs o ` f tve-titivarof dill I l i:11401A
Trani eillife,'Or ON&
/lettere dtittel 'the fiald'oftiodi
the Sallie Malt devolve
President.' What le'
the Vice President?' .14Tot'Aii&Pre*
rdential nomnitision held' Wilik - i;pre-,
denestor, bit - the "•dutierinwhich
were incumbent on'hite- - luinipre
'to take MiAindoln's' term he would
serve for foul' ruireimfor Atilt is 'the
onlylimitation to Ahat office, defined ,
in ttle - Oonktittition; aiil have said. be
fore. But the 'learned' . bounsel his
eontended'that - the word - terno of
thei Presidential office means the
death of the President. Then it would
haVe been better expressed', by lay
ing that the. President • shall bold his
,Oiceduring the" lernt between two
:issessinations; arid. then the umlaut
.natiou of the President would mark
the periodof the operation of this law.
_Kr. Johnsen_ was.serving
out one of Mr. Lincoln's .terms, there
seems to be. no_ argument. against in
cluding Idr.,•Stauton within the mean
ing, of the, law. -;,Se • was•ao included,
by the President le Ma notice of re-
moval j ia.his ruisons itherefor given'
to. the SeeretarY Pt, tbareaSury ; and
it is too,lo t ei when ,ho is.caught vio
lating tho very „law under which he
professes to set, to, :torn .round and
denythat. that affects* the ease.
The ,gentleMaU,, Ocala lightly, the`
question of !estoppel i„ tied yet really
nothipg.4l i*re, powerful, for it is
an argument by' the party_.himself
againetfhimsell, and although not
Ole4dable same., way, in just as
potential in . a case, in pain as when
pleaded in a eaisc, of, record.
But thore is. still more, cOnclUsive
anewe'r. The first seetion provides
that,ev&y persou holding civil office
ivhp Int's ben appointed witlx.the,ad
ands:onsent .of Senate, and
every 'portion tbat heleafter,shall be '
ppointed. to 'soy
.',Einch dike, shall be
,entitled Until a
- sueoessor shall iiave been, in likoman:...
nor appointed and AulY . ..qu - alified,
cept_as. herein otherwum,,Provided."
Then cOthell the proviso which - the
deforitint'slcounsel say does not 'our
because he Wai
not appointed by the President in.
whose terto'he was removed. If he
was not' embraced in the Owlet),
then he wes'ntitihere specially pro.
vided foi t ' and"was consequently oak,
braced'in the first clause of tbe first
section, which declares that 'every,
poison holding any dill - office, not
otherwise Provided for comes - within
'the provisioner of - this act. '
*- • Tint 4 cealtrlen Or '15155?.
The respondent, in'violation of this
lair, eilipolited Oen. Thonias to.offiee,
whereby, lictording 'to the 'express
terms of tlie act, he - was guilty of a
high -misdemeanor. - Brit whatever
may lave been his views with
to the Tenure of Office act, he knew
it wits a lair, and so recorded upon
the statuteSs. I disclaim all necessi
ty, in -a trial of - impeachriient, to
prove the wicked. or , unlawful inten-.
tion of the' respondent; and it is un
wise ever to aver it. '
In impeachmente, , more than in in
dictments, the averring of the feet
charged carries with it all that it is
necessary ` ; to say about intent. In
indictments you charge that the de
fendant, -"instigated by the. devil,"
and so on 4 and yun might as well
call on the prosecution to pri]ve the.
presence, shape and color orlds ma
jesty as to call upon the. Managers in
impeachment to prove intention. I
go further _than some, %A contend
that no corrupt or wi ked motive
need instigate the acts-for which im
peachment is brought. It is enough
that they were, official violations of
the law., The counsel -have placed
great stress, upon the access* of
proving thatthey weremilLfully done.
If by that he means..that they were
voluntarily,done. J• agree with him.
A mere accideutal tiespikas would' not ,
I l pufficieut to,
,r,onviet.. . But . . that
whis isvolunfa ily _done is willfully
done. "according. to every honest defi
nition ; and whatever malfeasance is
willingly perpetrated by 'an office
holder_ is ,a mindigneapor ,in,.office,
whatever he ; may. !klieg? was his in
„The President jestifiert ,himself by
asserting . that tat preyione Prealdenta
had exercised the j!titne rightpf re:
Movingefficers, for canoe to bp judg
ekof by the PttAi4ent . ,alone."..,jlad
there been no law to prehibit it when
/lir., Stanton eras, : rerneyed; the i caeca
*mild, hive been., pitrellel, ,and the
9,, whot .bc_nilduced r ati,:no„arg*
recut ni .. - Savor 'of Ai;(itber._lllit,
'iiineeaction of 'ay. Of., thC,resi
_dente' iiilicli he refers , elatit_ had
_been passi4 by 'C;ingrees,..nfter iiko„ ;
stubborn cciutro zetey with The'Erzec:-.,
gar s denying pat,right, and prnhilDi-
Wig - if:in fetere;ltind - itipe:etere liiif,
'yore 'OefialtfuOilii ear executive of.,
fi6ei -Tkhil:thollid 'tiercifielt''' 44-
Ithet; tocc'afterlha President had 'him
-vielt.madu :Ilene etrita constitutional
itrae&brien =defeated. -: cliP pretext,
.thorefare „aup !auger :colleted that
"*Fisktt was , ~r aitc42. in o n ), Pres I
delit ATIPIi - l i ch lll - 6 4 1 9)h„ --41 7 1495e
"Ilio tateine iii a iettli . 2l; 4010 i
1111414100 is moilt
6r. 'e Atiesticin st firma: Did' be
4 'ollre - titre that thin laW should be
Utitlettllreidterited frflie: enviers
&it acts drat - would ihatiti
*slaw t boil ,ito orbited, . Were . ' 1a1m. 5 "
ticpd by hispredpeessors, How does
that justify hie own olialtaasab"
The PresiderotaiYalhat he -remov
ed-Mr.-Stanton to tbst ' , the constitu•
tionalitrof, the Tenureof Isw
bY .119 ,314 3 ; al'
reedy seen it tested Anal ; de cided by
yotes, twice givep, of iwo:thirdsaf
the Sehatere - and `'of- the liaise of
Representatives. stood 'sib law
upon the atatutubooks. No case hid
arbbuAltadatthwMiti 18 rufetyedio
by the President, 'which required any
indictirintertioidtioiti*:! 'there tuui
beetr. - inr!shiiiiid toe; "the - eaurtil.Were
"-open to any one; who , aggrieved.
by the , &GUM /ft , ,Stanton...!,Thit
14ablail• bi- aufailgua that, laiftt be
takes adydritage - Of thee . use
Yuba the' United 'States resist
'timid to' italucie ethers to-resist it.—
Instead oUistrampthilmfas the ?Aeon.
Ova of the UffitedStatos, to see that
,1110, hi*, was Asithftilly elecouted, be
Oa great pains . mid perpatiatedthe
ads alleged in 'tide article; not mil,y
toleitst ititiluiself, bistto seduce ioth
*re 40.d0 Satae..?4,lle..sought 'to
*Nail, the n 48n0rakiarOhiet ,the
Army to, ate him is ad ,0p9.!: avowed
blistrnatiop . of:the lair, as it stoottn
repealed" dpoti the • statute boat. ',He
- could:Sod no . - one to Oahe withlim
in perpetrating- such, an-act,: until he
sank downepon the unfortonats in
dividual. bearing 'the title
,Of .. A;ajti•
tantlGene'rat of the Is this
taking 'Care • that the Ilawe 'shall be
.faithfullyeaectited ? Is. this attempt
issoto carry, them .iuto,affeot,,by up
bolding their ,*alidity,-. awardiug to
his oath? thi the:Other' band, was it ,
not a high and bold attempt M to 0b....
strain' the laws and take care that-
they should not .be executed ? He
meet not excuse himself by, saying
that he had doubts of its donstitu
tionality and wished to test it. What
right had he. to tie hunting up ex
cuses for others as virc,:ll as lairtitelf, to
'violate this law ? Ishiotthis confes
sion a misdemeanor in itself ? . •,
Thii President asserts that he did
not remove Stanton'under the'Tenure
of Office la*. This in direct contra
diction of hie own i letter,to the Sec-
retary of the wreasury,,in whicli, as
,he was bound by,law, he,communica
ted fUthat,Officeethe fact of the r&
'rebind. r; This' liorticiii • Or the answer:,
may, therefore, be considered ai.diaLl
posed of by the non existence. of the
fact, aa.well...aa..by_ his subsequent'
report to the Senate., - ,
The following is` the letter-just al
luded to, datcd Aug. 14, 1861 :
Elni:'' In , eoinplianee with the - require
ments of the.act entitled' I' an auto regu
late the tenure of certain civil offices," you
ate hereby notified that an' the 19th instant
the Hon. Edwin 'IL Stallion was stispended
from his office as Secretary of War, and
Gen. U. 'a Grant authorized and empower
ed to set es fiewietary ad interim.
Honorable Secretary of the Treasury.
Wretched man I a direct contra
diction of bis 'solemn answer IL flow
necessary that a man should have a
good conscience oru good memory I
Both would not be out of place. HoW
-16.7.01/ to contemplate ., what, was Co
assi nonsly inculcated' by a delebra
ted Pagan into mind of his son i
:".-lfirtue is truth, and truth is virtue."
And still more, virtue of every kind,
pharms us, yet that virtue !s strong
eet which is effected by justice and
generosity:' Good' deeds - *ill never
be executed, except by the - virtuous
and the conscientious. : . .
„ May the people of tbe Republic re-
Member,this good old doctrine when
they next meet to select their rulers,-
and may they select only the brave
and the virtuous. i ~ •
~ Has it been proved ' , as charged in
this,article, that Andrew_ Johnson in
vacation ertspendedfrotn office Edw in
'M. Stantaii,i.who had been duly ap
pointed and' was then ''executing the
duties of :Secretary 'of -.the Depart
,ment of War, without.the advice and
consent of the - Senatil did . he, report
the reasons for sue k leuspeasion to the
Senate Within' tweety daps from the
meeting of .the Senate i and •did'the.
Senate proceed :to, consider, the stif ! „
ficiency of such reasons? „Did:the
Senate declare such reasons faiinfil
whereb'y the . .said Edwin M.
Stanton became '-anthorized t,o forth
with resume and exercise, the func
tions of Secretary ' of War, 'and dike,
place the Secretary ad interim, whose
ditties were then to cease and , termi
nate ; did the said Andrew Johnson,
in his official charatter of President
of the' United States, attempt to ob
struct the return of the said Edwin
M. Stanton and his resumption of the
functions of his office as Secretary of .
the Department of War ; and has he
continued to attempt to prevent the
discharge of the duties of said office
by said Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary
of. War, notwithstanding, the. Senate
decided . i n his' favor ? If he has,
then:the acts in 'violation of law,
charged in this ariticle, are full and
complete. 1 -
ins easiangsr DC1458 818 INTENTION.
The, proof lies
,ia a. very_. narrow
compass, and depends Upon thecred
ibility of one or tyre'witnesses, Who,
npOn this point; 'corroborate each Oth
er's evidence. I
Andrew Johnseal in his letter of
the 81st of January, - 1868, not only
declared that such W as his ; intention,.
.reproached U. . Grant, General,
iii•ihe following le , i guage t .
- "Yon had found in our prat conference
"that the/resident was duircitis of keeping
Mr. Stanton t - of , office, whether ausficaruA
fa the , suspension or.'nOt."4"ltou knew 'what
seasons had indletd sbe President to ask
from yon fi promise ; you also knew that in ,
cask yOur views of duty did not accord with!,
biz own convictions, , ltlvas his purpose to
fill your place, by another oppaintment.--1.
Mien ignoring the' =Memos 'of a positbiii
i untheiPiadioß lotwe4n , usto thole' 0 0041 / 1
SionLwere, pteanlY deducible from our vvarir
['oils conitherfikas.' it is` eiertait,''' however,'
that even under these; eirmunatasees ; yon
did not offer to return pkiie to my pos
session, but, acco rdi ng to your own state=
rim*, pliaad yourself -ill'a pasititaLwhark
could /Alava, 400204 Tour; aptioa, 1
1 *Ala lama been co u tri 131 m i to ask ' orlon, -
riot I gm compelled taw& of yaw pradocea t .
sox is $4B Nap , Department i , a i letter of re
signation, or' else resort ' to the -more . disc.:
' weashlewpalient of loliwa4Ogjon:b7 a
aft di s tinct 1 . ~-,*,
'tths alleges' the i k the
General had a fu ''ktiesiledge: that
such sae; hide , Ovate ,intantionw.
.11 - aril"werds liiii'litijairtoifi• epithets
cant do lool4 tillvoinibtlitite *I lt
•Nljaikbo itborriciteofqk 1 iifftbettl •
:llina 'cal :Alltlrir,OA7 V,
bat if AndieW Johlision &loot wholly
destitute of truth Arad - a 'shameless
falsifier, thim this:: article' ina - ell its
charges are; made out by his
ofadatiis. 7 l• •
Whate*er the respondent ,may say
of the reply,of , El:Gran General,
only goes tb confirm the fact of the.
President's lawless attempt to ob•
'etruot the exmOon of the actspeci
fled in the article. _
Gen: .Grant's recollection ef-his..
oenvereation with. the President is
correct, then it goes _affirinatively to
prove the bathe .fsit,stated by the
President,' althetiihit'shOwe.that the
President. perieverett in his course of
determined obettnetionof the law,
while the tierter,str lilfttsed . to; - ..sid in
its conetnmallos.. Ncidiffereeces as
to the main feet of the attempt - to vi
tdate and prevent 'the execution di',
the law exists in _ either , statement.; '
both compel the conviction of the
reepondent,•unlese he: .should escape
through other means -than 'the facts
proving . theartiole.__ He cannot hope',
to escape by isking this High Court
to declare the •"law regulating -the
tenure of certaintiyil oificee " uncon
stitutional and ',void ; for it so;: hap
pens--i-Ao the - horde* misfortune of
the- i mitiohtlenti_ that -;altaciat -every
member .of:-this.'high" tribunal Lida
morithan Onoti-l - w r iCti4ierhape three
times--declareil;upon his official oath,
that law cdnetitutional and valid.—
The unhappy man is • in -this-condi
tions He has 'declared himself de
terinined to obstruot that act ; heime,
by two several litters - of autheiity,
ordered Lorenzo Thomas to violate
that lawi . and tie hie issued commis
sionk'during the session . of the Sen
ate, without the - advice and consent
of the Senate, in violation of law, to
said Thomas. -He must therefore
either deny his own solemn declara
tions and falsify the testimony of
Gen. Grant and Lorento Thomas, or
expect that verdict whose least pun
ishment is removal from office.
But - the President denies, in his an
ewer to the first and eleventh esti
eled, (which he intends VI a joint an
swer to the two charges, that) he had
itt9inpted to contrive means to pre
vinit the due etectition of the- law
regulating the, tenure of certain Civil
offices, or had violated his oath "to
take care that the laws be faithfully
executed." Yet while he denies such
attempt to defeat the execution of
lawe, in 'his' letter of the 31st of Jan
mat7, 1868; he asserts, and nproach
es Gim. Grant by the assertion, that
the General knew that his object was
to prevent Edwin M. Stanton from
forthwith resuming the functione of
his office,- notwithstanding that the
Senate might decide in his favor, and
the President and 17.' S. Grant, Gen
eral, in their angry correspondence
of the date heretofore referred to,
made an issue of veracity—the Pres
ident asserting that the General had
prOmised,to aid him in defeating the
execution of the laws, by preventing
the immediate resumption of the
functions of Secretary 'of War by
Edwin M. Stanton, and that the, Gen
eral violated his promise"; and U. S.
Grant, General, denying ever having
finally made such a promise, although
he agrees with the President that the
President did attempt to induce him
to•rnake such promise, and to enter
35ucli an •arrangement. Now, which
ever of these gentlemen may have
lost.his memory, and found in lieu of
the truth . the vision which issues
from the liory Gate—though who
can hesitate to choose - between the
words of 'a gallant soldier and the
pettifogging of a political trickster
.—bt wholly , immaterial, so far as the
charge against the President is con
cerned. That charge Is, that the
President did attempt to prevent the
due execution of the Tenure of Office
law by entangling the Generalin the'
arrangement; and unless both the
President and the General have Loa
their memory and - mistaken the truth
with-regard to the promises with:
each other,then this charge ismade
eut.. In short, if . either .of these gen
tlemen , correctly :stated these
faas of 'attempting the obitruetion
Of the law, the President has been
guilty -of violating the law and of
ourtlirtson, of official perjury.
. The action of the Senate on the
message of the President, communi
cating his reasons for the suspension
of E. M;Stanton, Secretary of War,
under; the set entitled an act to :row).
late ; the tenortVof certain civil officer's
was as follows :
Ira Execurni SILBSION, SWATS OF TUB
Erarreil Runs, Jan..l3, 1868
Resolved, - That having considered the ev
idence and reasons given by the President
in his report of Dec. 12, 1867, for the sus
pensicm from the office of Secretary of War'
of Edwin 31. Stanton. the Senate do not
concur in such suspension.
And the same was duly certified to
the President, in the face of which
he, with an impudence and brazen
determination to- usurp the powers
of the Senate, again removed Edwin
M. Stanton, and appointed Lorenzo
Thomas Secretary ad . interim in his
Stead.' The Senate, with calm Man
liness, rebuked the usurper by the
following resolution :
Ix Eiecenvs Samos; theirs or rue t
UNITED STATIC% Feb. 21; 1868. s
Whereas, The Senate has received and
mattered the comminicatitni of the Presi
dent stating that he ,had removed Edwin
ice - Stanton, Secretary of . War, and had des
ignated the Adjutant-General of the army to
I set as Secretary ot)Var ad interim ; there
rr . iksolvectby the Mate of the United Stales;
That under the Constitution and laWs of
the United States; ail President has no
-power to remove the Secretary of War, and
to designate any other officer to perform the
duties of that MUce ad interim.
Yet he continued hint ein...offie.e
And now this offspring ofassassina
tion tarns upon the Senate who have
thus rebuked, him -in a constitutional
manner, and - bids. them , defiance.--
- Heir - 'can ,he escape the just ven
geance of the law? :Wretched man,
standing , atobay, _surrounded by a
ctsordonef,living men, each with, the
az Kan executioner uplifted for, his
jmit: ppm leen very , Si. stator
nowlrying him, except suell'.o3 has
alriiad7 glopted his policy, vet
ed.-.for this, sime • resolution, pro
lieussing his' solemn"' doom. Will
any one of them vote fer his acquittal
on the ground of its unconstitution
ality? I know that, Senators would
'imitate •lb do any -necessary act if
indcrisod 'by an - honest conscience .
sod AP ;• enlightened public opinion ;,
but feither. for .the eake.of the PFeei
_dent nor of any - ma else wola
be l e
• " ance.
of them suffer himself to bestortireff
on the gibbet of everlasting obloquy :1
How long and dark you* be. the
track of infamy which mitit mark his
name and that of' hie posterity
Nothiiig is, therefore, more Certain°
than, that it requires .no gift of- pro"
phecji, tit predict the - fate of . this tin-
rtrz rszemzirr's taiintAliositc
I have now discussed but one-of
the numerous articles, all of which
I believe to be fully . sustained, and
few of the almost innumerable offen 7
ces charged- to this wayward;
py 'alluded ,to two or
'three' other! "which (Weld have
wished to have had time to present
and discuss,- not for-the sake of pun:
ishment, but, . tor :the benefit of .the
conntry. One of -these was ,an arti - -
tide charging the 'President with
usurping the legislative power of the
nation, and attempting still his user
With regard to usUrpation, one
single word will explain my' mean
ing, A civil war of gigantic proper
Lions, covering sufficient • territory to
constitute &any States and nations,
broke but, and embraced more than
ton millions of men, who formed an
independent government, called the'
Cenfederate States of America.—
They rose to the dignity of an lade=
pendent belligerents and were so ac
knowledged .by all civilized nations,
as well se by ourselves. After ex
pensive and , bloody strife we 'con
quered them, and they -submitted to
our arms. By the law of nations;
well understood and undisputed, the
conquerors in this unjust: war had
the right to deal with the vanquished,
as to them might seem good, subject
only to the laws of humanity.. They
had a right to confiscate their prop
erty to the extent of indemnifying
themseivea- and their citizens ; to
annex thereto the victorious nation,
and -pass just such- laws for their
i‘ove.rnment as they might think
proper. This doctrine is as old as
Crnortus, and as fresh as the Dori" re
bellion. Neither the President; nor
the judiciary had any right to inter
fere, to dictate any terms, or to aid
in reconstruction, further than _they
were, directed •by the sovereign,
power. That sovereign power in
this liepriblin is the . Congress of the
United States. hoever ; besides
Congress, undertakes to Create , • new
States or to rebuild old ones, and , fix
the condition of their citizenship ` and
uhion, , usurps powers which de _ not ,
belong to , him, and is dangerotis or
not' dangerous, according to the ex
tent of his powers or pretensions.
Astntew. Jonnson did usurp the leg
islative power of the nation by
building new States, and reconstinetr
ing, as far-as in him lay, this.empire.'
He directed the defunct States to
come forth and live by virtue of his
breathing into their nostrils the
breath of 'life. He' directed them
what constitutions to form, and fixed
the qualifications of electors and of
office-holders He directed them to
send forward members to each branch
of Congress, and to aid him in rep,
resenting the nation. When Con
gress palsed a law declaring all
these doings - - unconstitutional, and'
advised the people not to submit to
it, nor to obey the commandi of Con
great,: I have not time to enumer
ate the particular acts which con
stitute his high-handed usurpations.
&T ice it to `say, that he .seized all
the powers of the Got - eminent, with
in these States, and had he been per
mitted, would have become their ab
solute ruler. This he preserved in
attempting, notwithstanding Con
gress declared more than once all
the Governments which he thus
created to be void, and of none ef
eßut I promieed to be brief, and
must abide by the promise, although
I. - should like the judgment of the
Senate upon this, to me, seeming
vital phase and real purpose of all
hie intsdemeattoni To me this seems
a sublime epectaele. A natihn not
free bat as nearly approaching it as
human '-institutions will -permit of,
consisting of thirty millions of peo
ple, bad fallen into conflict, which
among other people always ends in
anarchy or despotism, and had laid
down their arms, the mutineers snb
mittitee to the. conquerors. The
laws were about to regain their ae
cuatomed sway, and again to:govern
the nation by the . punishment of
treason and the reward of virtue.
Her old institutions were about - to
be reinstated so fat as they were
applicable, according to the judg
ment of - the conquerors. Then one
of their inferior servants, instigated
by unholy ambition, sought to seize
a portion of the - territory - according
to the fashion of neighboring an •
archies, and to convert a land of
freedom into a land of 'Aimee. Thii
people spurned the'traitors, and have
put the chief of them upon his trial,
and demand judgment upon his mis
conduct.. He will- be condemned;
and his sentence inflicted without
turmoil; tumult, or bloodshed, and
the nation will 'continue its acne*
turned course of freedom and prl
perity, without the shedii/g any,4
ther of human blood, and wit
milder pnuinbmvnt than the worbl
has been accustomed to see, or per
hapii than ought now to be inflicted."
)111... STANTON sisnovsn. _ _
Now, even* the pretext et the
President were true and not a. mere
subterfuge to justify the chief, act of
vielatien with which, ho stands
charged, still that, would be such an
abuse of the patronage of the Gov
ernment as would demand his
peachinent for a high misdemeanor.
Let us again for a moment examine
into some of the circumstances of
that, act. • MN. STANTON was apoint:
ed Secretary of War by Ms. mots
in 1862, and continued to hold under
Ids..,Joussos, which by all usage, is
considered, a' re-appointment. Was
he a • faithful officer, or . 'Was • he re..
moved for corrupt purposes ? After
the death of Ms. !Ascots, Anrstsw
Joussoir had l ehanged his whole.code
of politics and policy, and instead of.
obeying the .'of ; those who Put
hini, into power; he deteimined to
meate . i biraiself 4 te carry
out his own'ambitious purposes. For
every honest parpose of the.Govem
, monk and for emery honest purpose
for whicaMp.-Brarros was appointed
bY:Mii. lama' whcro ontdd a betttlr
, losie tor i
ksouat* 11Wen'-at , n oo—d =and
i foe.litw" d
C Cie** ow* Tsphilly. ,Ow . -
Iliveruisow.siathill pti0000: nit -
toighti Wit* Moat; proisirietyillvioild -
of thfoittifik* ibotOt.thoi celebrated .
Frinehounk ,tioit he #loigsolood - "lc.'
,tore. l His raisedi - sod _try bit moilok
sitioitst dietributa (now Wail Mon'
of dollars - - inusoilyp witbsulfr isost
r eta sillgoilt sn
army:aa-Anititli‘ iantUpsirefillb - as if •
ithatl' hems alluattaiti pergola ....110
orckdd "notp I strppose, adopt lilia per
trona? views of theTteildent, weldor
'this- he was auspendled.until , teetered
i+the ` emphatic - verdict of.'thefie-n
-ats.'- Now,. if we Ore • right to our .
narrative of the aoudads , of =those
parties and the motives of the Tretti-.
sdenVihe very effort at removal wee
i'higli-han•led usurpation .-as well as
Sicorrapt misdemeanor, for, .which of
itself he ought to be lumenehed and
thrown from the place he watiabn&
ing: But ha says . thatbe did bot
rem writ. Ma Siortos for the puPposer
of 'defeating the Tenure of ;Office
law. - Then he forgot. the birth in .
his controversy witty the`Grarend of
the army. And betauser tbe General • .
diknot aid him and Sileally , .attsnit -
that he had agreed to aid him izr re ,
slating that la*, he railedepon• him
like's very drab. , ••••,. . 4 - 1
The counsel fie.the - ;riontoozarit
allege that no ; ` removal4.l6. Bien
:on ever took place, and that there. •
four the sixth ieetion of the act was
not violated. - They shalt that there '
wars an orderof removal` and a re
cision of his commission; hut as be
did not- obey it, 'lay - it was -no re
moval. That suggests -the, old say
ing that it used to be. thought' that
"when the - !nano were out the' man
Was dead!' '. That , idea is 'prared by
learned. - counsel , to be absolutely
lfellacions. .The 'brain of Ma. Ss s
too's commission wan taken out by ,
the 'order of removal—the recision of
his coMmissicoi-mad his head was
abiolutely cut of by Shirt' gallant
soldier, Gen. Tiroxra; the night after '
the masquerade. And yet,' word
fog to tb- learned. wad delicate noun
set, until the Mortal remains,- every
thing which could putrefy, - was
stkiveled out ..and hauled into the
muck : yard, there was no remOvii.—
Bat it is said that this took place
merely as an experiment, to -make a
.judicial case. Now, suppose there
Is anybody who, with the'facts before ,
him, Can believe that this-was not an
afterthought, let us see-if that pal-
Hates the offeuce. The President is
sworn to take care that the laws be
faithfully executed. In what part of
the Constitution or laws does he fled._
it to be his duty to search out for, de -- - -
fective laws- that stand recorded up
on the statutes, in order that he may
advise their - infraction?- Who was
aggrieved by-2. the Tenure crOffich
bill that he was authorized 'to 'use
the name andleic funds of the:, Gov- .
ernment to relieve? • Will. be. 'be so
good as to tell us by what authority '
he became the obstructor of . an un
repealed law instead of its executor,
especially a law whose constitution
ality he bad twice-.seated? If there
were - nothing else thin his own state
ment, he deserves the cobmpt Of
the American people, and punish
mentth of its highest • tribAna If ho
were not willing to execute the laws
passed by the Am erican Congress
and unrepealed, let„ him resign tho
office which was thrown' upon him
by a horrible convulsion, and retire
to his village -obscurity: - Let him
not be so swollen by pride and arro
gance, which sprarig from the deep
misfortune, of his cnuntry, • as to at
tempt an entire -revolution of its in
ternal machinery, and the disgrace
of the trusted '
:servants of his la
' me , ited predeceisor. •• .
The gentleman (Mr. Gaoasurox)
in his peroration implored the sym
pathy of this Senite , with all the •
elegance. and pathos of a Roman
Senator pleading for virtue: and it
is to be feared that his grace and
eloquence turned the attention of the
Senate upon the orator rather than
Upon the accused. _ Had ha been
pleading for innocence, his groat.
powers would-have been . well exe
;anted ; had he been - arguing With
equal eloquence before such a-Boman
Senate for such, a delinquent, and
Caro. the Censor,_ hid been one of
' the Judges, his client would have
soon found - himself in the docket in
the middle of the forum,„ instead of
reoeiviog .the, sympatbieirof a vir
tuous and patriotio, &wimp. -
rot TINVBX or , OrithIPLAW.
"A ! I r . 1 ":4
But_sgain,. the. President alleges
his right to rolite the actftnlating
the tenure et certain civil oMw- 4, be
cause he says the same. Inoperative
and void, as being iq violation of the
Constitution, of the zdted States.— I.
[.,Does_ it lie in his m uth tointerpose = 4 .-
'this plea 2. He had acted under that -
law and 'issued letters of,authority,
both for the . Ling and short term; to
several persons under it,and it would
hardly lie in his month after that to
deny its validity, • unless to confess
hiinselfguilty. of Law -breaking by is- '
suing Such commissions. . r
Let us here look at Axnatw Jou6N
soN accepting the oath "to take care
that the laws be faithfully executed."
On the 2d of llarch,lB67,he return
ed tn - the Senate the. "Tenure of Office
bill," where it originated and -had
passed by a majority" of more than;
two-thirds—with reasons elaborately
given why it should not pass finally.
Among these was the allegation tits
unconstitutionality. It passed by a
vote of 35 yeas , to II nap. In the
House of Representative" ttpassed by
more than two-thirds .majorityT; and.
ivhen the vote was announced. the
[Aie t a ti k e e v r, o a w
aa a n s hi d scustom, proclai m
declared in the lan- -
!gnage of the Constitution, "that two-.
tirds of each House having voted
for it, -notwithstanding_the objections
of , the ;President, it - hal become a
aw." ' t ' •„ - -
I am supposing that AN . • elixir Arm
som 'was at this moment ;Waiting to
take the oath of -office anPresident
of the United States, "that_ he would _
obey the Coustution and take \vire
that the f
. aws be faithfully executed."
Ravine:teen sworn on °the Holy Evan
gels toiobey the Constittition,and be
ing about to depart, 'he - turns to the
• person ' administering the' oath and
says, "Stolit--I have a further'oath.
I denoi.emnly swear that lAM .not
allow the act entitled 'An act regtdtv
ting the tenure of civil aces, just
passed by Congress oveithsTresiden
tial v.eto e to be ,executol.. but I will.
prevent its execution by virtue of my
o*n constitutional powers." -
How shocked, Congress would have
beenlwhat would the country have
said to a scene equalled only by. the
_action of this same °Mei
al, when sworn into. One on the fe
ta fifth day of liarchorbkh Isaac him
the incessor ,of Abrahim Lincoln I
.Certainly he would net hare been
permitted tnhe• inangurati . Id &ace
President- or. ihoodasal-;; Tot iligliki-uA