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MANAGEMENT OF THE HONEY BEE
EDITOR REPORTER — Dear Sir: —With your
permission, I will offer a few thoughts sug
gested by an article in the Reporter of Nov.
16, transfered from the Rural American,
edited by T. B. MINER. The subject of the
article referred to is the Honey Bee. I feel
quite partial to this little insect, and have
taken some pains to learn its natural his
tory and habits,and feel quite satisfied with
my success in keeping tie t ,sand feel inter
ested in the diffusion of correct ideas of
their habits, and principles of management
Exactly corresponding with such interest
do I feel pained at the diffusion of errors.
Hence I feel moved to notice some points
in the article referred to which I regard as
Mr. Miner says, "There is never but one
queen in a family of bees, however large ;
except young embryo queens at certain
seasons, propagated to issue with swarms."
_ The above quotation contains one truth and
one error. It is true that as a general rule j
there is but one queen, but not true that
the young queens are propagated to go
with the first swarm.
The old queen invariably leads out the
first swarm, then for a few days there is no i
hatched queen in the hive.
The reason why two or more queens
sometimes remain several days in the same
hive without a fight, is because, under some j
circumstances the workers will cluster
tightly around the queens and thus prevent
their approaching each other, probably in
view of their leading out a swarm. But if
the weather takes an unfavorable turn so i
as to destroy the honey harvest, the queens
are released and a conflict immediately
takes place which will prove fatal to one of j
Another statement is as follows : "It is
estimated that from 20,000 to 30000 bees are
produced in a hive, in a single season, &c."
Xow let us see how near this estimate ap
proaches the number estimated by others.
Since but very few swarms have ever been
counted* and the number ever changing by
increase and waste, it will be but an esti
mate after all our calculations. Mr. Lang
struth.who is excellent authority on any bee
question, says "A good swarm ought to
contain at least 20,000, and large hives,
strong colonies which have not been reduc
ed by swarming, frequently number two or
three times as many, during the bight of the
There we have from 40,000 to 60,000 in
a hive at one time. Now when we consider
that the life of a honey bee is measured by
a few months at most, and in summer by a
few weeks, we come to the conclusion that
that entire number must be renewed from
two to four times during the year to keep
its numbers good.
Now if we take 20,000 for the old stock,
and 20,000 more for one new swarm, and
but 20 000 for waste, and we have 60,000,
but even these estimates are all far below
the reality is a prosperous hive as I will
now endeavor to show.
Mr. Langstroth says "The fertility of the
queen bee lias been entirely underestimated
by most writers. During the height of the
breeding season she will often, under favor
able circumstances, lay from two to three
thousand eggs a day. In my observing
Lives I have seen her lay at the rate of six
eggs a minute." If we take 2500 for a day
we have 75,000 for a month. As a method
ot getting at the number of bees actually
produced in a hive, I can do no better than
copy from Mr Quimby, who says, " If we
examine a thrifty stock in the height of the
breeding season, we shall find combs filled
with brood, amounting frequently to three
quarters of all in the hive. Now by ob
serving the number of cells to the square
inch, it is easy to get the number to the
square toot, tlien multiply this number
again by the number of combs in a hive,
and we shall have the whole number of cells
For instance a comb one inch square of
worker cells, contains on both side about
50, ai this rate one twelve inches square
contains over 7,000. Suppose a hive con
tains eight such combs,and that 120 square
inches of each ol the eight combs are used
for brood, we Lave eight times 120 square
inches of brood, fifty to the square inch
would multiply into 48,000 cells. A part
ot those cells, say one or two combs, wou'd
contain cells for drones, these are a little
larger, aud would reduce the number some,
also, some few might be empty, the young
bees having-just left them, and a few might
be occupied here and there with bee bread
or honey. In all, the number might be one
quarter of what is termed brood comb.—
Take this number from the 48,000 and we
have left 36,00(1 colls actually occupied at
one time with brood. \\ e must remember
that the time, trout the egg first deposited
to the mature bee, is not over 25 days, this
would produce 45,000 bees in a single
month. Now when we consider that breed
ing goes on rapidly during the honey sea
son, whether long or short, and to a consid
erable extent during ten mouths of the
year, and we see that the estimate referred
to cannot represent a good thrifty stock tit
Ha next objection is, in my opinion most
serious, and worded as follows :
Ihe bees are possessed of an intuitive
foreknowledge of events, and actually
know in advance whether the season is. or
is not, to be favorable ior the storing of
To which 1 reply that if the above had
been said of any other creature so common
as the honey bee, it would be considered
sufficiently absurd to be harmless. But as
there is so many whims afloat in regard to
the honey bee, 1 will endeavor to show that
this idea of the honey bee possessing fore
knowledge is one of them.
I shall now proceed to show that the hon
ey bee does not possess foreknowledge of
•Francis Burnetts, the assistant of Huber exam
ined averv bee in two whole swarms. It took elev
en days to perform the work "and during the
whole time he scarcely allowed himself any relax
ation but what the relief of his eyss required."—
events, or of the seasons at all, because
they rear drones and embryo queenß, aud
make every preparation for swarming, and
frequently destroy it all in consequence of
some unfavorable turn of the weather,
which must have been unknown to them or
they would not have been to so much ex
pense for no purpose.
For proof of the above 1 shall refer to a
few of the best authors in the world on this
Rev. L. L. Langstroth, page 112, "If the
weather is unpleasant,or the blossoms yield
an insufficient supply of honey, bees often
change their minds and refuse to swarm at
all, eveu although their preparations have
been so fully completed, that, like the trav
eler whose trunks are packed, they have
filled their honey sacks for their intended
Quimby, page 76, "In any stage from the
egg to maturity, these royal insects are li
able to be destroyed, if honey fails from
any cause sufficient to make the existence
of a swarm any way hazardous, the prepar
ations are abandoned, and their young
queens are destroyed."
When an occurrence like the above hap
pens the drones next fall victims to the fail
ure of honey."
King, page 18, "Before a swarm can is
sue much time must be spent in prepara
" Bees will often rear drones, construct
queen cells, and be just on the point of
swarming, when a few days of bad weather
will cause the drones and embryo queens to
be destroyed aud swarming to be postpoa
ed indefinitely." The above in an accor
dance with the experience of every observ
ing bee keeper and settles the question be
yond a doubt, hence may be stated in the
No being possessing foreknowledge will
change their course of action.
Honey bees do change their course of ac
Hence honey bees do not possess fore
One more error in the article referred to
is as follows : Speaking of the season, he
says, "If quite unfavorable no drone cells
are constructed and of course no drones are
bred," Ac. To which I reply, every full
hive has drone cells constructed once for
all, and will contain neither more, nor less
such cells, while occupied by the bees. Con
sequently to talk of some seasons when no
drone cells are constructed, is to talk non
I had thought of offering a few thought
on hives, management, profits,Ac.,but have
already occupied more space than I intend
ed, P. PECKHAM.
Columbia Cross Roads, Pa.
A Stone Wall Pence,
In New England, and in many parts of
New York and Pennsylvania.stones abound
suitable for fence building. Sometimes
they are too large and must be broken with
the sledge. Sometimes they are found in
fields, of all sizes and shapes. When they
are fiat some smaller and some larger,there
is no great difficulty in constructing a per
manent fence. The writer has seen fences
of this kind built more than fifty years ago,
that have stood the action of frost, and are
still unimpaired. Such fences are valuable*
as they need no repairing, and may stand
for ages. Even then the material will be
as good as ever.
But when you have to use cobble or
round stones, the task of constructing a
permanent fence is much more laborious.—
The best way is to dig a trench two feet
wide and eight or ten inches deep, where
the fence is to be made. This trench is to
be compactly filled with small stouts. A
solid foundation is thus laid, on which the
wall is to be built. The round and mis
shapen stones, if laid with care, will not
be affected by the frost and will remain un
moved. It is admitted that a wider base
than two feet is requisite, if you wish to
carry up the wall four feet high; for in that
case the width ..fit should,at least, be two
aud a half feet at the bottom. Commenc
ing with such a width,and giving the stones
a proper pitch inwardly, you may build the
wall to the height of four feet, and have it
To MAKE HARD SOAP.-— Pour four gallons
of boiling water over six pounds of washing
soda(sai soda)and three pounds of unslack
ed lime. Stir the mixture well, and let it
settle until it is perfectly clear. It is bet
ter to let it stand all night, as it take some
time for the sediment to settle. When
clear, strain the water, put six pounds of
fat with it, and boil for two hours, stirring
it most of the time. If it does not seem
thin enough, put another gallon of water
on the grounds, stir and drain off, and add
j as much as is wanted to the boiling mixt
-1 ure. its thickness can be tried byoccasion
| ally putting a little on a plate to cool. Stir
in a handful of salt just before taking it off
the fire. Have a tub ready soaked, to pre
vent the soap from sticking, pour it in, and
let it settle until solid, when you will have
from the above ingredients about 40 pounds
of nice white soap.
SOAI- Sins.—Save all the suds from the
sink and the laundry. If you do not want
it for purposes of irrigation, let it be con
veyed to your manure heaps or mixed with
materials for compost. No article of a liquid
quid nature pesses more powerful aliment
ary properties, and its economisation will
be found a source of considerable profit to
any one who will properly use it. It con
tains the food of plants in a state of solu
tion, and therefore prepared to act at once
and with energy. By mixing it with sods,
chip-manure, muck, refuse straw, green
vegetable matter, or indeed any kind of de
composed rubbish, and allowing the whole
to ferment slowly,a most excellent fertilizer
for Indian corn may be prepared and one
that will bring forward the crop with great
er vigor than almost any other article that
can he named. It is also very valuable as
manure for culmiferous vegetables—mel
ons, squashes, cueumbe -, Ac.
To PREPARE SWAMP MCCK FOR USE. —Throw
muck out of the swamp sometime before
mixing it with manure. This should be
done, that it may become dry, and thus be
prepared to absorb the largest amount of
liquid manure. The action of frost upon
muck is also beneficial, as it tends to soften
and pulverize it, so that it mixes more read
ily with the soil. In putting it in the com
post heap, it should be placed in alternate
layers with manure.
A WOMEN- being enjoined to try the effect
of kindness on her husband, and being told that it
would heap coals of fire on his head, replied that
she had tried "boiling water, and it didn't do a bit
gOLOMON A- S0 N ,
Have made large additions to their
STOCK OF^ WINTER CLOTHING FOR
Men and Boys' wear.
Consisting of all the latest.styles, such as
PANTS and VESTS,
GLOVES aud MITTENS,
and HATS & CAPS.
Which we are offering at Great Reduced Prices. We
would solicit an early call and examination of our as
sortment. Call and get the worth of your money at
SOLOMON A SON,
Dee. 12, 1865. No. 2 Patton's Block.
ATTENTION A T
No. 3 PATTON'S BLOCK
The Cheapest and
VERY BEST CLOTHING IN TOWN
Is now offered at
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES,
A T G E 0 R G E W. C 0 0 N A GO'S ~
One door South ot Barstow A Gore's Drug Store.
£J_OOD NEWS. REBELLION ENDED !
THE CHICK OF CLOTHING
GONE DO W N W I T H GOLD!
The best stock of good, well made Clothing ever
brought to this market is now open for inspection at the
STORE OF R. W. EDDY,
Bought since the fall ol Gold and the Rebellion, which
will enable him to give his customers the benefit of very
low figures, and the decline in prices. My goods as usu
al are stylish, and a la mode. No second rate shoddy
goods, every article guaranteed as represented or no
sale. My goods are ail
THE LATEST FASHIONS,
And equal to the best city custom made, and fit to a T.
As nsnal the best quality all wool
Black Frock Coats.
Black Doe Pants and Vests,
Linen Coats, Dusters, and Pants,
The Latest Style Fine Bilk Hats, Soft.,
Straw, Panama and Cloth Hats, White and
Negligee Shirts, Collars Neck Ties, Gloves, Sus
penders, Under Shirts and Drawers, Best quality
English Half Hose, Over Ails, Over Shirts, Linen Hand
kerchiefs, Ladies Fine Merocco Travelling Bags.
In fact everything usually found in a First Class
Gentleman's Furnishing Store. My motto is good
Goods at a fair price fire cheaper thau poor goods at any
price. All goods sold at one price, no bantering nor
teasing to make an offer, but every one gets the
same goods -at the same price, which is the
bottom of the market. All old goods
marked down to the gold base, and
will be sold regardlessjof sacri
fice. If you want good
goods at a fair price,
go to EDDY S,
where you will find
him ready to show his goods
and sell them too at the lowe.-t fig
ure to coriespond with Gold. Bear in
miud the place to bnv good, well made, reliable
Clothing is at R. W. EDDY'S, next door to Powell A Co.
R. W. EDDY.
Towanda. Jan. 7, 1865.
CHEAPNESS, STYLE AND BEAUTY.
NOW IS YOKK TIME TO
YOUR CLOTHING CHEAY VT YOUR OWN PRICES.
PROCLAIM IT TO THE PEOPLE.
Just received—a large stock of Fall and Winter Cloth
ing at J. CORN'S Elmira Branch Clothing Store. He
Says coolly, boldly and deliberately, that he takes ine
foremost of the Clothing Merchants oi Towanda.
Eigtheen hundred and sixty-one has come, and the
light aud beauty of Spring shines upon us, with ail its
radiant splendor. I shall continue to sell Clothing, for
Cash, cheaper than any other man, as my goods are all
bought cheap lor cash, and they will he sold cheap ior
My goods are all manufactured in Elmira, therefore I
can warrant them well made. Enough for me to say
have everything in the line of
CLOTHING, GENTS FURNISHING GOODS, HaTS,
CAPS, AC.. AC.
That is kept in any other Store in town.
This is a free country ; therefore it is free for all to do
their trading where they can do the best, regardless ol
the cross and sour looks of old fogy merchants. I invite
you to come and see me—country as well as the city art
invited—every person, rich or poor, high or low. bond or
ree are invited to call.
At JOHN SHLAM'S Clothing Store, next door to H. S
Mercur's Dry Goods Store, Main Street, Towanda, Pa.
N. B—We wish to he understood, that we are not to be
undersold by any man, or combination of men.
tar No charge ior showing our Goods.
Towanda, March 12, 1862. J. CORN.
FIRM. GREAT INDUCEMENTS.
FELLOWS, CRANDALL A CO.,
Successors to Reynolds, Fellows A Co., are now offering
and prepared to furnish on short notice, Wagons, Car
riages and Sleighs, of all descriptions aud of the latest
and most approved style and ot the best material, at the
old stand opposite the Union House, in the centn 1 part
of Alba Borough, Bradford County, Pa.
The public are assured that the reputation the shop
has acquired during the last six years under the super
intendence o J. H. Fellows, will be more than main
tained, as be will superintend the work as heretofore,
he having long been and having had much experience as
a Carriage and Sleigh Builder, would assure the public
that no pains will be spared by the above firm to make
the establishment worthy of their patronage. Thank
ful as one of the old firm for the patronage thus far ex
tended, we hope to merit a continuance of the same.
N. B—We. the undeisigncd. being practical mechan
ics can manutacture and offer to the public at prices
that will defy competition.
JAMES H. FELLOWS,
D. W. C. CRANDALL,
J G. MERITT.
Alba Borough, March 30, 1865.
E W I> L A N I X G M~ITTL .
The undersigned having built a large and commodious
Mill in the Borough of Towanda, aud tilled it with "the
most modern and improved machinery, for the manufac
WINDOW SASH. A BLINDS,
are prepared to fili orders, whether large or small, upou
the shortest notice. We have also a large variety ot
MOULDINGS, oi the latest style and pattern, which we
can furnish much cheaper than they can be worked by
and all other work pertuiuing to Joinery, will be done to
suit our customers.
Persons buildiug, and not living more than twelve or
fourteen miles distant, will find it largely for their inter
est to buy of us, or bring their lumber and have it
worked by our machinery. Bring your grist of Floor
ing. or other lumber, and while yonr team is feeding,
have it ground out and take it home with yon.
We will pay CASH for PINE A HEMLOCK LUMBER
delivered at our lumber yard Come and see us, or if
yon can't come, write.
L. B. RODGERS A CO.
Towanda. Feb. 8. 1864.
gE\Y 1\ G MAV If I NFS!
Having taken the Agency of tb /iro best Machines
WHEELER A WILSON, AND SINGER.
We are now ready to supply all.
iWMACHINES SOLD AT NEW YORK PRICES "W
44*" No mistake—the above makes ahe THE BEST "ao
-'The work of these Machines is alike on both sides
and will not ravel, just come and try
tar Silks, Thread, Oil, Soap, Needles, Oil Cans, Needle
Cases, and extras kept on hand at onr r tore.-^
WWe sell the thing that always pleases.
Call and see our samples and get our prices.
WICKHAM A BLACK,
Nov. 20, 166. Towanda, Pa.
Drugs an& fflebicincs.
JDARSTOW& GORE'S DRUG STORE ! j
NJE VP FIRM, NEW GOODS,!
AND NEW PRICES !
The undersigned having formed a co-partnership in
the Drug business, under the name of BAKSTOW A
GORE, at the old stand No. 4, Pattern's Block, where
they are daily receiving additions to their stock, trom
the most reliable importers and manufacturers, respect
fully ask for a liberal share of public patronage. A
large stock oi
FRESH I) R U (i S AND MEDICINES
Has just'been received,and we arc now prepared to sup
WANTS;OF THE PUBLIC WITH ALL ARTICLES
BELONGING TO THE TRADE.
Pi RE WINE-> AND LIQUORS, FOR MEDICAL USE
3NLV. A FULL ASSORTMENT OK CONCENTRATED
BOTANIC. ECLECTIC AND HOMCEPATHIC MEDI
ALL THE POPULAR PATENT MEDICINES.
PAINTS, on.. VARNISH,
PAINT AND VARNISH BRUSHES, j
DYE-STUFFS AND GLASS.
FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES OF EVERY KIND.
TILDF.N'S ALCOHOLIC AND FLUID EXTRACTS,
ALK AL O 11) AN J) RES IN O 11) S ,
All the Best Trusses,
A BI)OM IN A L SUPP OR T E R t S , j
BREAST PUMPS, NIPPLE SHELLS, AND SHIELDS.
Nursing Bottles. Syringes and Catheters,
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OK RAZORS, STROPS, POCEET KNIVES,
SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS OF LATE STYLE
AND BEST QUALITY.
A large supply Brushes for the Hat and Hair. Also for
the Teeth and Nails, Tooth Powders and Pastes,
Oils, Perfumery, Soaps, Combs, Hair Dye, In
vigorators,Ac., Kerosene. Kerosene Lamps,
Shades, Chimneys, Wicks, Ac., all of
the latest styles.
CHOICE CIGARS, TOBACCO AND SNUFF.
tw Physicians supplied at reasonable rates. Medi
cines and Prescriptions eareluliy and accurately com
pounded and prepared by competent persons at all hours
of the day and uight. Sunday hours from 9 to 10 o'-
clock in the forenoon. 1 to 'I in the afternoon.
I). H. BARSTOW. W. ii. H. GORE.
Towanda, Aug. 1, 1865.
TJR. PORTER'S OLD DRUG STORE.
Already admitted to lie
The largest,safest and most approved
DRUG HOUSE IX NORTHERN PENNSYLVANIA,
Anestablished reputation for keeping the best medicine
In its facilities and apparatus for compounding and pre
MEDICINE AND PRESCRIPTIONS,
Conducted by thoroughly competent persons, whodt vo
the most careful attention,pay the strictest regard
to accuracy, and use only selected arti
cles, and medicines ol unques
tioned purity, ha s become
THE CASH DRUG STORE
With prices revised to correspond with the market.
W II OLE SALE AN D RETAIL,
ALL ARTICLES WARRANTED AS REPRESENTED.
By recent arrangements with the Manufacturers, Impor
ters or First Holders of Goods and Cash Puroha
ses.the prices will always he atthelow
est point for Prime Goods.
LOWER FIGURES THAN EVER IN
PAINTS. OILS. VARNISHES, GI.ASS, DRUGS AND
Everything in this extensive stock will be sold
Cheap for Cash !
THICKS REDUCED, VIZ;
OF SOAPS PERFUMERY, BRUSHES, COMBS.
POCKET KNIVES AND RAZORS.
iLAMPSAN DMAT E RI A I,S FOR LIG HT.
TRUSSES & SUPPORTERS,
WINES AND LIQUORS, ONLY FOR MEDICINE.
TOBACCO AND SNI'FF.
j ALL THE POPULAR PATENT MKOICJNES,
TOOTH, SKIN AND HATH PREPARATIONS.
FANCY ARTICLES OF ALL DESCRIPTION'S,
I Eclectic, Botanic and Homeopathic Medicines
Spires, Bird Seed. Lump Shades and Harden Seeds.
FISH TACKLE, AMMUNITION, Ac.
Constituting the most complete assortment, embracing
the great wants of the People, reduced in Price,
and revised for the Cash System.
DR. PORTER'S COAL Oil..
DR. PORTER'S CAMPHENE!
DR. PORTERS ALCOHOL!
DR. PORTER'S BURNING FLUID !
Are Fresh, daily prepared, and unrivalled by any in the
DR. PORTER'S PREPARATIONS
FOR FAMILY USE.
Kuown as Safe and Reliable Remedies,are warranted fo
what they are intended to give satisfaction,
Dr Porter's Pectoral Syrup price 50 cents
Dr Porter's Family Emifrocation •' 35 "
Dr Porter's Tonic Eiixer '• 100 "
Dr Porter's Worm Syren " 50 "
iir Porter's Comp. Syr. Hypopliosphites.. " 100 "
Dr Porter's Uterine Tonic " 150 "
Dr Porter's Blackberry Balsam " 35
Dr Porter's Tooth Ache Drops " 25 "
Dr Porter's Cephalic Snuff. •' 25 "
Dr Porter's Tooth Powder •' 50 "
Dr Porter's Tricogene " ,-,o •<
Dr Porter's Tricophile << 50 o
Dr Porter's Shampoo <• 50 <
Dr Porter's Horse and Cattle L0ti0n..... " 50 "
Dr Porter's Horse and Cattle Powder..... " 35 <•
Dr l'orter's Bed Bug Poison << 35 ..
Dr Porter s Black Ink ' < 25 ••
Dr Porter's Cleansing Fluid <• 374 <<
I)r Porter's Rat and .Mice Poison.<• 35 .
Dr Porter's Citrate Magnesia j. '• 35
Dr Porter's Worm Wafers " 35 "
MEDICAL ADVICE GIVEN GRATUITOUSLY \T
Charging only for Medicine,
thankful for past liberal patronage would respect
'.illy announce to his friends and the public thatno pain
hall he spared to satisfy and merit the continuance of
'hetrconhdence and patronage, at the
C ASH DRUG S T O R E 1
Corner of Main and Pine streets.
g N VI) E R H 0 USE,
W A V K R 1, Y. N. Y.
The Snyder House is a four story brick edifice with
large, airy rooms, elegant parlors and well furnished, is
near the depot and the general Stage office at
WAVERLY, N. Y.
It is open for passengers at all trains on the Erie
railway—time going east is 2:5,5:5.8:43, 11:43 a . m
and 5.22 p. rn ; going west is 5:29. 8:20. a. m. and*l:44'
3:43, 5:25,10:20 p. m.
T I C K ET S FOR S A I, E
Ist 2d and 3d class to all principal points west : also,
by Steamers on Lakes Huion Michigan and Mim-rior at
. 'l"*' 14 ' |MiV <'• WARFORI).
THE PROPRIETOR OF TIIF ROYSE
Begs leave to inform his old customers and the travel
ing public, that he lias thoroughly repaired and reuova
ted his House, and it is now in good condition to accom
modate guests in a satisfactory manner.
00, ! - T - ROYSE.
Burlington, Juno 2'!, 1865. Proprietor.
J oX E S II () II S K ]
Corner of Market Square and Market St.
The subscriber, having disposed of his interest in the '
Locheil House, will devote his entire attention to the
And for the very liberal patronage extended to it for the
past year, he returns his thanks and solicits a continu
ance of favors. O. H. MANN
June 26, 1864 * Proprietor.
TTARDWARE. CODDING & RUSSELL
LARGE AND WELL SELECTED STOCK OF (iOODS.
To which addition!) are daily being made, which they
offer cheap for Cash. A large assortment of
Among the many desirable and beautiful patterns is the
This beautiful stove is unsurpassed for economy in
fuel ; is a perfect baker ; is the best COOK STOVE in
the market. Among their heating Stoves may be found
a great variety suitable for every place where stoves are
STOVE PIPE AND SHEET IRON WORK,
Always on hand and made to order.
TINWA I! E ,
A large stock man * tact tired from the very best material
and by experienced workmen. A very ful assortment o
IRON, NIALS AND STEEL.
At New York prices.
HOUSE AND CARRIAGE TRIMMINGS,
TOOLS FOR THE FARMER,
Tools lor the House Joiner and Carpenter—Tools for
Blacksmiths'—Tools for everybody.
WINDOW SASH AND GLASS, PAINTS, OILS AND
VARNISHES, MACHINE OIL AND BENZOLE,
KDROSENE OIL. LAMPS. WICKS AND CHIMNEY.-
BELTING, TABLE AND POCKET CUTLERY,
BRITTANNIA AND PLATED WARE,
Pumps, Lend Pipe, Chain Pumps, Water
Pipes, Grindstones and fixtures,
KEROSENE LA N T E II N S ,
JOB WORK done with dispatch. Lamps repaired.
Fluid Lamps and l.anterns altered and fitted to bum Ke
Grain, Old Iron, Casting and Wrought Scraps, Copper,
Brass, Brittannia, Beeswax, Feathers and Rags taken in
exchange for goods.
Highest price in cash paid for Sheep Pelts and Fnrs.
*9-OUR GOODS have been purchased on the pay
down system and will be sold for READY PAY.
JOHN A. CODDINO, I CODDING & RUSSELL,
c. 3. RUSSELL. S
Towanda. March 10, 1803.
jyj A R S H A I. I- B R 0 T II E II S !
H A K P W A H E !
TIN. COPPER, SHEET IRON, AND
H O P S E K U R \ IS II I N G G 0 0 DS,
tftora one door south of the Post Offwr.
R. T. MARSHALL. W. K. MARSHALL.
ARSII AL L BROTII ER S
Wih to call the attention of the public to their new
ISLACK SMITHS' TOOLS,
and CARPENTERS' TOOLS.
Also, a large assortment of
Window Glass, Sash, Paints, Oils,
Putty, Varnishes, and Paint
and Varnish Brushes
of all kinds, which will be sold for the lowest Cash price.
Also, a fiine assortment of
KEROSENE LAM P S
of every style and pattern to suit the pubi s
Lamps repaired and changed from Oil and Fluid to
Particular attention paid to the manufacturing of all
TIN W ARE.
JOBBING PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
We have on hand a fine article of
GLASS FRUIT JARS,
with improved self- sealing corks, and
H ERM KTICAL SEAL!N G CA Na,
which is oue of the best cans used.
June 20, 18K5.
J_J ENII Y MERC UjR & CO.,
Have on hand and are opening at
LOWEST MARKET PRICES
A superior stock ot
BOOTS Sl SHOES,
Towanda, March 21, IKJS.
QRE A T ATTRA OTI O X
M|o NjT ANY E S STO RE !
Every vaaiety of
4 i l>
FA NCY DRESS GOODS
Goods forJGentlemen ot
tnd alllthejknown Styles to suit thisjtMarket, which ,
will be sold at
WHOLESALE OR RETAIL
TO SUIT CUSTOMERB
At prices that cannat but please.
Returning thanks for past favors, we iuvite attention
to our Large Stock of Gooda.
June 6. 1666. MONTANYE k CO.
THOMAS .J. INGHAM, ATTORNEY
AT I.AW, LAPOBTE,SullivanCoanty.Pa.
DR.E. H.MASON, T'JJ YSICIAN AM>
SUROFOA ,nllerH his professional services to the
people of Towanda and vicinity. Office at his resident*
ou Pine street, where he can always befound when not
WA I'KCK, Attorney at Low Town lK] a
• Pa.—Office over Means' Store, formerly oc :u
pied by N. N. Belts. DM. 1, I*>4.
I NEY AT DAW- —Office in Union Block, former*
ly occupied by JAS.MACKAUI.ANK.
\Af T. DA VIES, Attorney tit Law, To-!
IT • wanda, l'a. Office with Win. Wuikius, K-q.
Particular attention paid to Orphans Court business !
and settlement ot decedent-estate.-. 23-42.
I f EROTK A MORRO\\ R ) GJ//ORRTEYB at Law, I
ITA Towanda, l'cnn'a.
The uudtrsigned having a-sociat*d tliemselv.is togeth- j
cr iu tin* practice ol Law. otter their prote-sional ser
vices to the public.
ULYSSES MEBCUR, P. D. MORROW.
Parch i, lsrii.
P'vVARD 'J. ELLIOTT, Attorney at Law,
J J I • wanda. Pa... Sa~ Office one <l< ,1 south ol
PA HI. up siaiis, over the room for irierly. occupied for !
t .. Teh-graph Office. March 2,0 565. i
fji L. V N DRUS, Licensed Auctioneer, I
At* ('..itiir. Bradford county, Pa., having had rnu<-h
experience, offers his services to the public. Address!
by letter or otherwise.
Canton, July 18. IBM.
I AW CO-PARTNERSHIP.
AA The undersigned have formed aco P.I it net-ship in
law hu iness under the name of APAM- 4* PKKT. Partic
ular attention paid to hu.-im-ss iu tlie Orphans' Court.
.1 1 A DAMS.
Towanda, Jannary 33,1863. H. PEET.
I>ATRICK A PECK, ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Offices :—lu Union Biock, Towar.da, Pa., formerly
occupied by Hon. Win. Khvrll, and in Patrick's block.
Athena, Pa. They may he cousulted at either place.
H. W. I*ATi:I(K, apllS W. \. NET'
Mr K LAN rk PAYN Si- ATTORNE YS
. AXD COTJ.XSEI.LORS AT DA ff'.Tt wanda,
Penn'a. Particular attention paid to businss in the Or
11. B. M KKAN. -• H. L IVNK.
Aug. 28. 1803.
WH. CABNOCHAN, ATTORNEY
• J.A It', Troy, Pa. Special attention given
to collecting claims against the Government lor Bounty,
Back Pay and Pensions. Office with E. B. Parsons, Esq.
June 12. 1.803.
LHJWARI) OVERTON Jr., Attorney at
i J /.or'*, Towanda, Pa. Office in Montauyes Bio k,
over Frost'.- Store July 13th, 1803
TOHN N. CALIFF, ATTORNEY AT
O I.AW, Towanda, Pa. Also, (iovernment Agent
or the collection cf Pensions, Back Pay and Bounty.
C-No charge unless successful. offlee over the
Post Office and News Boom. Dec. I, 1564.
OD. STILES, M. D., Physician A Surgeon.
• Warren Centre. Bradford County, Pa.
Office formerly occupied by Dr. McKee Visits made
with promptness. Particular attenti n given to the
treatment of 1 hrouic mses, and Diseases Incident to te
males and children. Office terms Cash.
Dr. Stiles is a graduate of the "Philadelphia Univei
sity of Medicine and Surgery," where he attended two
full courses of Lectures, he also attended the clinical
lectures ot the ** Bleckley H i.-pital" lor two winters and
took a special course on.ll..mlaging, operative an i mi
Dec. 20. !Mis.
fTHVENTY-EIYE YEARS EXPERIENCE
A IX DEXTISTRY*.—I. S. SMITH, M. D., would re
-pectfully inlorm the inhabitauts ol Brad lord County
that he is peim.inantly loc.-ted in Waverly, X.Y.. where
lie has been iu the pra tice ot his profe.-sion f-rthe past
four years. He won d say that from his long and suc
cessful practice ol 23 years duration, he is familiar with
ail tire different styles of work d<-ue In any and all Den
tal establishments in city or country, and is better pre
pared than any other Dental operator in the vicinity to
do work the be-t adapted to ttie many and different
cases that present them-e4Ves oftentimes to the Dentist,
as he understands the art or making his own artificial
teeth, and has facilities or doiug the same. To those
requiring under -ets ot teeth he would call attention to
hi- new kind ol work which consists ot porcelain for
both plate and teeth, and forming a continuous gum. it
is more durable, more natnrai in appearance, and much
better adapted to the gum than any other kind ot work.
Those in need ot the same are invited to call and exam
ine specimens. Teeth filled to la.-t for years and oiton
t nies for hie. Chloroio , m, ft her, and "Xtruus oxide"
administered with perlect safety, as over lour hundred
patient- within tire last lour years cau testily.
Xov. 27,1060. 6m
DR. H. WESTON, DENTIST. Office
: n Patton's Block, over Barstow & Gore's Dug
anil Chemical S ors. Ijau66
C.MITH TAYLOR, DENTIS TS.
Respectfully announce to the public that they have
opened a Dental office in John F. Means' Block, in the
rooms formerly occupied by Dr. O. H. Woodruff, (dee'd)
where they are prepared to do all kinds ot work iu the
very best style, 'terms reasonable and all work war
runted to give perlect satisfaction. A share ot the pub
lie patronage is respectfully solicited
E. F. SMITH. WM.K. TAYLOK.
Nov. 27, 1865.—U
rnOWANDA INSURANCE A; K M'Y.
H. B. M'KEAX
Agent for the following well known and -eluile Insur
ance Companies :
NEW ENGLAND JNSCKANCK CO.— Hartford. Conn.
IBBTI 244,07s 15
KENSINGTON INSI KANCK CO Philadelphia.
WYOMING INSURANCE COMPANY.
Capital and Surplus. . . $150,000
Stock riot called in - $50,000
Bills receivable 40,000
U. S. 5-20 Bonds - . 25,000
Temporary and call 1-oans .... 6,000
103 shares Wyoming Bank Stock 6,180
50 shares Pir.-t Nat. Bank at Wilkes-Barre. - 5,000
70 " See. •• '• '• • 7,000
Id shares Wilk.s-Barre Bridge Stock - 2,580
Real Estate .... 151 9
Judgments .... . . JQ->
Due from Agents aud others - - 7,414
Cash in hand and iu Bank ... 1,842
G. M. Hollenback, L. D. Shoemaker,
R. D. Lacoe, John Richards.
H. M. Hoyt. Charles A. Miner,
Samuel Wadhams, O.Collins,
Stewart Pierce, Chas. Dorrance,
\\m. S. Ross, G. M. Harding
G. M. HOLLENBACK, President.
L. . .SHOEMAKER, Fire -President.
R. C- SMITH . Sec'Y.
H. It. M'KEAN. Agent, Towanda, Pa.
LUZERNE INSURANCE AGENCY.
.-ETNA INSCUANCK CO —Hartford,
FRI.TON INSURANCE CO.—AVIP York,
CASH CAPITLA $300,000
METROPOLITAN INSURANCE CO.,
CAPITAI $1,4000.000 i
ROYAL INSURANCE CO.,
LIVERPOOL & LONDON INS. CO.,
CAPITAL $5,000,000 j
LIFE INSUR 4NCK—CONNECTICUT MUTUAL.
ASSETS.... ....$5,000,000 !
IR Policies issued for the .Etna. Fulton and Metre
politan, and orders received lor Insurance upon tavora
hie terms. R.C. MITH. Agent.
Wilkes-Barre. Pa. j
11. B. M KEAN, Agent, for the above Companies at !
C. G. (.RIDLEY, Agent. Orwell. Pa.
WrrtHE TRIUMPH OF FREEDOM OVER
A COMPANION FOR THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
This National Engraving designed and copy-righted
by J. HOI.COMB. and published by C. F. Cross.No.l37,
Room 7. Broadway, New-York, is now being offered to' I
ths people of Bradford County through traveling agen s. j
It is a copy in official form of the Amendment of the
Constitution ot th United Stctes abolishing Slavery;!
to w! icli is appended the Autographs of President Lin- !
coin, Vice President Hamlin.Schuyler Colfax, Speaker
of the House of Representatives : J. W, Forney, Secre- '
tary ol toe Senate; Edward M'Pbersou, Clerk of t In-
House of Representatives, and of all the members ul j
both the Senate and House of Representatives, *ho vot
ed for this important measure, giving 162 lac-simile rig- !
natures, and a reliable and true record ol one ot the
most-important events in the Nation's history -im e the j
immortal Declaration ol Independence. The whole is '
engraved on copper plate, ami published on strong, fine I
Car d-board 10x25 inches, and is accomparied by an ex- I
planatnry Key, giving also the negative vote upon the '
amendment. The Engraving is approptiateh embel- I
lis lied, and forms an oruatin ntal,and valuable memen o. I
It should be procured and preserved by every trieud ot
Freedom Price $1 50.
D. W. Hughes, of Towanda.is an auth-rized traveling
Agent, for the sale of this work, tor the following towns
viz : Ulster. Sliesteqiiin, Wysox. Asylum, Athens twp., i
and Boib', Litchfield, Windham, Warren, Rome. Orwell !
Pike, Terry. Monroe. Builingtons, Mnithtield. and Her :
rick. Harvey Holcomb, ot Leßoy, is agent for LeHoy ;
Franklin, Canton. Troy twp. and Boro', Columbia, Gra- I
ville, Springfield and Columbia. T. Wells, for South
Creek and llidgbury.
Nov. 27. 1865—tf
E W ARRAN(} EMg N T ,
A MAMMOTH FURNITURE STOj-
TOW A N't) A , BRADFORD COUNTY, PFN\
WITH REDUCED PRICKiI.
JAMES 0, FRo s T
Would respectfully announce to the peon's
ford and the adjoining counties, that he has' ''
the store, on the south side of the Public '„ ''" r< ''a*,
merly occupied l,y CHESTER WELLS ; ai'li'"""'
Store ou Main Stre t. formerly occupied'hy j e'■*
as a Grocery Store, arid having connected the *'-■
now the largest and heat Furniture U , ire p """* r.-
tound this aide of the city of New York
furthermore announce that he has in the sai''' ' *
I est and best stock of Furniture ever ofiered c | liw
ket, or to he found iu North* rn Fenosylvani "•
constant additions will he made (rum Boston'V' -
Rochester and various other places to humeri' • '' '*
lion all of which will fie sold a' lower or-, *
other dealer this side ol New York, ail; M '7
' quality of g-ods. ' '""Uai
My stock consists in part of
MARBLE and WOOD TOR CENTRE
MARBLE and WOOD TOP RALI. VI ,
DINING and EXTEN.sK IN tA T'
j CARD TABLES,
BUREAUS, STANDS, BEDSiKA'N a .
Chairs of every variety and style, as chea,
cheapest and good as the best. * 41 fit
Enameled Chamber Sets, also Oak, r i......
Walnut. Parlor sets in Hair, Cloth, RarnJ "il *'
and Reps, at pr ices which defy competition
K \SV C£l AIIW, and ROCKERS,
CAMP CHAIRS and STOOLS,
HAIR and HUSK MATTRESS
Children's < iad| e> 4 .
LOOKING GLASSES, " *
I 'JOKING GLASS PLATE
CORDS and TASSELs
I In fact everything in the line usually to i*.
first class Furniture Stort. i shali iIo eonttor-M,"
ula. true furniture as usual and warrant thV
1 satisfaction. The public are invited to .
tor themselves, at the store, on Main street 'V "
south oI Montanyes. My motto i-, rrji.'k- r '
; profits ' M *-
Ready made Coffins, Burial Cases Coffin p;,.
Handles, together with evert thing in the 'nt
taking constantly on hand, wit . two elegant '!■ *' K
Funerals attended within a circuit ol 25 r . *
! onable terms. ' "" 5 '*•'***•
: Towanda, Pa., June 20.1863. JAMI.s rr.
J AMES M A KINSON amoniices to the 1
still continues to manufacture and keep on h'v ' c' "
1 assortment of
CAIU XE T FURXI TI E E
Bureaus. Tables. Bed-teads. Stands, Chair- 1
I every tacrlotm which will be made of the bo ■
als.andiu he most workmanlike manner
I iuvif the iiiei tir.no the.|iublic to n,-.w ,k
shall tic he s>irp>ed in durability, t an-, '
count* y, arid my* prices will he to and to he ... \
tinn- will admit.
B jaJy-made Coffins constantly on ban- or auie;
der. A good Hearse will be furnished tii.en ,
Aug. 10, 1805.
QUSQUEHANNA COLLEGIATE INST
TUWAXDA. BRADFORD Co.. /'.l
Ret. J AMES McWILLIA M. Principal. Profess,.. ,
cieut Languages, and Mental and Moral -
JOHN HEWITT, A. B. Professor of Matv-u* t
and Natural Science.
JOHN W CRAWFORD. Teacher of Vie ai Mn>
Mi CLARA A. STOCK WELL, Pre.eplre-s
Miss JULIA STEVENS A-sociate Preceptresi
viissSl SAN* It. VVr rOD, Teacherot lij.,riig,(-'y ~
LUTHER H. SCOTT, Steward, Mrs. S( nTi v.-
The Winter Term commences .TUESDAY ,M.V
2,and will continue 14 weeks.
TUITION. I*EK TERM :
[Payable invariably in advance, or one-hal: on enter;:.
| the schooLand one-bail at the middleot theterm-:
and contingencies included.]
j Preparatory—first class j- y,
second class . ; v
Higher, Ist and 2nd year, per term 3 ■;
Higher. 3d year, per term ;
N. B. Pupils will be classed by the mt advascei
I branch they respectively pursue.
Pupils using scholarships are charged |2 tier: *r '
i fuel and contingents.
I Frenc> li
1 Drawing j
! Board in the Institute per week i
! W'ashing. pet*dozen ...
j Use of Furniture in rooms, per term 1
The Collegiaie year is divided into three terms 1
J weeks each. The Anniversary exercise- will he be A
j the close of the Spring term,
j Ho deduction will be made forabeen e, ex *
ffif protracted illnessot over two weeks.
Boarders will themselves tiud tire! and 'icirt. Ist!
j coses, arrangements caa be made with the StevtMt
I furnish them. Where liedding ... m t frrui.he.i .
pils tliem-elves. they will tie charged i 1 : p- r : .
| yormai Department Special exercises aretrrupi
without extra cbarg for those prepatit..
as Teachers of Common Schools.
No paius will be spared, on the part i tin r- '
and Trustees in sustaining the high tepuUt: *
j tution has hither to enjoyed, and iu rendering '
worthy* of future patronage and support.
JAMES M. WILLIAM. P. ' D
Jan. 1, LS66.
BOOK-BINDERY.— THE ITBLIV I
respectfully iuforined that a Book-Bindery ' •
! established in connection with the Printing 06 •
| the " Bradford Reporter," where will be done
In all its various branches, ou terms is reasonable n
•* the times " will allow. The Bindery will be tin.
the charge of
H. C. WHITAKER.
An experienced Binder, and all work ni" be ■
! done, in a style and manner which cannot is- ex • •' *
Music, Magazines. Newspaper.-, Old Books, \
bound in every variety ot style. Particular " t: '
will be paid to the Ruling and Binding of
; To any desired pattern, which in quality and dart
! wtl lie warranted.
All work will Ire ready for delivery when ;>r'<" >•
The patronage ol the public is solicited, at.J !' ell
j satisfaction guaranteed.
Bindery (alter Ist December.) in the fror*J
j " Reporter " Building, (down stairs.) north * •"
1 Public Fquare Towaudn. Pa. N * 1" **_
gOMET HIN (: NE W A •
GEORGE H. WOOD S
j PIIOT 0U u A PII I C GAI.Is EKV
He has the pleasure of informing his old friends--
patrons, that he is now prepared to make *!re ;
beautiful style of
mounted on cards very cheap. .
A Iso, Melainotypes lor Lockets Cases, or Fran" 4 *
well as all kinds ol
P II 0 T 0 <J R A P H s
As BKKOKB IN
TH BEST STYLE OF iD
Views taken of Houses on short notice.
COPYING DONE TO ORDER
In a few day.
A LI. W0 R K W A RRAN' TF •'
Albums kept on hand and will he sold cheap
(J. H. WOOD-
Dec. i). 1 --G4. -
IMPORTANT TO DISCHARGED Wt'l>
A ih-d Soldiers. Fathers, Mother.-.Widow-.Brothers c
Sisters, and Orphan children of deceased "
all persons that have claims against the IVd' • ~
in any of the Departments at Washington, can k jve
same promptly collected. by calling on v
H. B. McKr-v*''
H* Office over Montanyc : sStore. Main vto*e