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lIVJIK TO I'EACK,
UV It. T. TfIKEItMAN.
I .1 th> tinted umbrage now,
; ~ iilet vines and yellow weeds,
• us smile and pensive brow.
\r,tn!i:n tell her crimson beads.
i.tst I watched the deep'uiug blue
. :. and skv. her tranquil glow
- -,t until by battle's lurid hue,
\ : :1 darkened by a nation's woe.
| . i.iii- ..n<-<- more her blazoned crest
ol j up], bars and amber fleece
I K ii- < the vistas ol the West
With Nature's heraldry of Peace.
: il. fragrant smoke from burning leaves
With incense fills the crystal air,
I -hr. and upland clustered sheaves
fl harvest's mellow Instre wear.
i p. no listless spell is thine,
I in st. rile end of aimless strife.
: • f. udly linger at thy shrine
! . hallow, not to dead U late.
| . |.r hide Bethlehem's sheperds heard,
its lioly . .-lioes never cease,
■r tin Redeemer's parting word,
His w.-lenmi and farewell, was "Peace!"
bid when the hard whose lofty lame •
In exile won, by age renewed,
i - the lone convent's porta! came,
WMl'ill and wan but unsubdued :
in the friar's hand he laid
f.. "iuing twie thi precious scroll. *
any boon for which he prayed
i-I '. - tranquillity of soul,
■ ■ i lie whose wild and fitful lay
f: aI. mty. love, and scorn was bred.
i meekly in his reckless way,
v. h. i on a maiden's tomb he read
! •>■••• /Voce; "If far from kin
! .lied, i t this be writ," he cried,
nm lust that death may win
what ht'e and love and fame denied."
■ /. | : >rs, m their gentle play,
uigiily east the downy seed,
: the ugh the quiet summer day
1 - wis electric currents feed.
pi.a id lake reflects the skies,
i'i.- . din drift yields the alpine rose,
Truth's pure image ever lies
its that own thy blest repose.
km - is fruition's brooding sleep
passion's lull bids thought awake,
- i' -m her patient vigil keep,
k 1 1,-ve her sacred mission take :
1 stay the ruthless hand of crime
Viul awv the rage of lust and fear,
In- fruits of Nature and of Time
Ygain to ripen and to rear :
>nr country's rankling wounds to heal
By 1 aith supreme, with tender pride,
i guard with consecrated zeal
liu cause for which her martyrs died.
" ACROSS THE CONTINENT."
Loture of Hon. .Schuyler Colfax.
M uilay evening, Nov. 27, a large and
at audience greeted Hon. Schuyler
iv. it the Academy of Music, Philadel- i
He i evasion ol liits delivery of the
■Me—■"Across the Continent." No led- :
■ tits season, wc think, has been so
- y it< -in li-il, ttiid none where the speak
- rt-ccived more enthusiastically.
' i\ was introduced in complirnent
'".uis l.y Mr. E. W. (' Greene.
■ hearty applause with which he
1 gnrted had subsided, the lecturer pro-1
He said that he regretted very I
B ii niistaken telegraphic despatch
' this lecture had misled many to j
that lie was about to speak,
> ci v other subjects,on the duties
■ling Congress. He had spoken j
1 ipital, hut a few nights since, brief
h ;u.kly,he would trust,on the duties
1 ! icsi nlatives of the American peo
tiu* most important Congress eVer
assemble at Washington. [Ap-
Ih* hail nothing to take back from
had then said, and he had nothing j
applause], except that thife is one
■ W: v in which every patriot, at this '
hi' 1 walk, and that is the pathway
*'} to our beloved, but imperilled I
r y renewed applause J; and he regret-!
.11* i*ui ore, that he had noticed in the ,
iaj- i s the announcement that he was j
.' in ui-liver a great lecture this even- i
[ 1 - would he great only in its length. !
'dd be an attempt to bring before the
'1 the audience some scenes aud in
' •■j* in the long journey across the con
w ha:h consumed four or five months
' _"*••"? summer and fall. It was the
i glitlul, instructive and invigora
•'irney he had ever made. Instead
lecture being great, therefore, it'
1 e seen to be devoid of gems of
V m l llowers of rhetoric. The position
IVv nations with the ocean, which
•" 'a-tween them, almost encircling Ihe
"• fie- republic of the United States,
! 'Ved la: d imperilled, hut,thank
j " ■-* i v. d, extending from the Bay of
a tin- Atlantic, to Behring's Straits
aciiic Ocean, and the Russian em
-I' liding beyond, presented a subject
"iiy to the civilized world. The
1 ■ sis have forms of government en
ihj.' and even antagonistical.
.. tv " ' " re "iany striking coincidences
i tiie two encircling nations. Both
E. O. GOODRICH, lubliHlier.
abound in mineral wealth but partially de
veloped, and both resemble each other in
the magnitude of their boundless plains,
ami both having, as their crowning glory,
that they are the great emancipators of this
era [applause]; both have broken the doors
of the prison-house of slavery, and lifted
millions of human beings into the dignity
of liberty. hen our country was strug
gling for its existence against the banded
conspirators who sought to bayonet the
prostrate form of liberty, when other Euro
pean Governments, nearer to us in kindred
as well as in commercial ties, looked coolly
on our contest, mocking us in the hour of
' trial, the sympathy of Russia was open and
hearty, and was so boldly expressed that
the wide world was compelled to hear. It
is not too much to say that her friendly of
fices prevented foreign alliances against
us. When the Old World and the New
speak together through the Russo-American
telegraph stretching across our country in
to theirs, St. Petersburg and Washington
j city will exchange cordial greetings. He
1 would trust that our first despatch would
! be to indicate how we appreciated Russia's
unwavering and unfaltering friendship,both
as regards monarch and people, displayed
towards us when our ship of state was buf
feting the storms and waves of treason and
Mr. Colfax next proceeded to describe mi
nutely his journey to the Pacific ocean and
back. lie said that for several years he
had an almost iriesistable longing to visit
the Old World and its historic regions ; to
scale the Alps and travel over vine-clad
France, and Italy ; to cross over to Russia,
visit Siberia, and leave no spot of Europe
unvisited. But he thought it was wiser to
postpone this trip until he had traveled
over his native land, and learned more
thorougly, by actual observation,the grand
eur of its more than imperial domain and
the vastness of its almost illimited resourc
es. He had received repeated invitations
from numerous friends on the Pacific coast,
and these drew his desires more and more
in that direction ; and when, at the close of
our four years' struggle for the salvation of
the nation, victory crowned our banners,
thanks to our brave defenders, who took
their lives iu their hands, faltering not in
the day ot battle,and sacrificed all for their
country,and the rainbow of peace spanning
over the horizon gave assurance that the
demon of secession was crushed,and crush
ed forever [applause], he concluded to uu
dertakc the journey across the face of our
country, to view its grand mountains and
jilains, and explore its beauties, as well as j
its great natural resources. He was so
fortunate as to have with him three gentle- \
men—personal friends—and their little par
ty started forward bent on information as
well as pleasure.
They went through all sorts of fatigue.
They found the scenery such that it was
not in his power to describe, aud such that
he never could forget. Thirteen thousand
miles was the extent of the journey, during
which time the party lived on about half
rations. They had returned invigorated,
and pleased with what had been seen. They
passed through Colorado, where some of
the finest roads iu existence were seen.—
The plains spread before the eye in mag
nificent beauty. It will not be long, he
thought, before cities and towns would
spring up all over the boundless plains of
the West. The prolonged twilight, the
clear atmosphere, the exquisite sunlight
scenes on these plains, were delightful to
look upon. The speaker described the ap
pearance of the Rocky Mountains as they
appeared to him on his jeurney. At Denver
he remained for several days, and enjoyed
its pure atmosphere and glorious scenery
as he never enjoyed anything before. He
visited the mining cities, groped his way
into the bowels of the earth, studied the
machinery of those mines, and drank in
instruction at every step. The future des
tiny of Colorado was pictured in glowing
colors. From Denver the speaker travelled
to the northwest, and the journey in that
direction was described to be exceedingly
dangerous. The Indians were not of the
most friendly character. The race of Indi
ans which we read of in Cooper's novels, is
entirely extinct, ho thought. [Laughter.]
The mountain scenery along the journey
was described minutely. The mountains
were like the ruins of some gigantic cathe
dral, but grander ami even more impress
ive. He indulged in a snow frolic with
his comrades in the month of June, in these
far-off mountains. It was on a beautiful
morning, while whirling over a rocky road,
that he viewed, for the first time, the city
of Great Salt Lake, lying in all its beauty
before him, and shining like a flourishing
garden in the sunlight. He did not wonder
that the Mormons were proud of their city,
for it is one of the most beautiful cities with
which his eyes had been gladdened. Its
fruits, its gardens, its shrubbery, seemed
almost like a Palmyra in the desert. He
stopped at Camp Douglas, on the prairie,
which overlooks the city, and beheld the
starry banner of bounty and glory waving
in triumph before liirn, as it waves in un
questioned triumph over the entire repub
lic. Of the peculiar institution which ex
ists there, he would probably speak before
he concluded. He was now taking a hur
ried glance at the face of the country over
which he travelled. Between Salt Lake
and Sierra Nevada,thirteen ranges of moun
tains crossed his path. The past and fu
ture prospects of mining were also touch
ed upon. Mining in that country, as else
where, was a speculation. One company
he knew spent half a million of dollars
without finding anything, and out of one
hundred companies,on one ridge, but twen
ty pay dividends to their stockholders. The
Sierra Nevada wore the Andes of the
North American continent. His first view
of them was amazingly grand. Ho
gave an interesting account of his journey
across these mountains and the dangers
through which he passed. He spoke of the
drivers as being safe and experienced, who
manipulated the reins as if their fingers
were guided by magic, and despised the
obstacles of the journey as if they had been
"born and bred among them." These parts
of the lectnie were listened to with corisid
, erable interest. Six thousand feet above
the sea lies Lake Tahoe ; upon the moun
tain-top,—its water clear enough to see to
the bottom, one hundred feet. Soon we
had a magnificent view of the Pacific slope
and Mount Diavolu in the distance, and the
fertile fields of California at our feet. 1
felt almost as Christian felt on reaching the
House Beautiful and the Delectable Moun-
TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, B Y., DECEMBER 7, 1865.
tains. [Applause]. Then we reached
Placerville and the Sacramento road, with
its two hundred tons ot freierht a day.—
1 here we saw the first locomotive, after
two thousand miles of stage-coaching', and
were whisked away to Sacramento, the cap
ital of the Golden State, and thence by riv
er to the queen city of the Pacific coast,
San F raucisco, the metropolis of California.
Fifteen years ago of a few mean houses,
and now rivalling Chicago, Cincinnati or St.
Louis in population, welcoming the stran
ger to magnificent hotels and palatial man
sions, to crowded stores and warehouses,
to churches and libraries, and all the luxu
ries ol civilization and life. This is a great,
remarkable and noble State. In all my
journeyings 1 have never met such a com
monwealth—a smiling garden throughout
the year. Manufactories are her greatest
need, but mills are last going up, and a
woolen mill there is using one million lbs.
of wool a year.
Every where we meet the Chinese labor
ers working in every menial department.
The ladies say they make the best baby
tenders in the world. [Laughter.] They
make good laborers, working on the Pa
cific Railroad or extracting a living from
refuse-diggings, where white men would
starve, and saving money enough to take
them to their homes, or convey their corps
es thither, for the Chinaman must be buried
iu his native laud.
The first locomotive built in that State
commenced running last August.
Hers is an enterprising people. The long
caravans that wended their way there, to
develop her gold mines and other mineral
wealth, have left their indelible stamp upon
the character of the State. She needs but
increased capital, manufactories and popu
lation to bring her more greatness, pros
perity and power than was thought of in
her palmiest days. [Applause.]
Thence to the upper regions of the l'a
cific coast, through the cities of Yreka and
Jacksonville, over the vast agricultural
plains of Oregon, six hundred miles long
and one hundred and fifty wide, to J'ort
land, a city of six thousand inhabitants and
four thousand five hundred miles from its
namesake in Maine, and to Fort Vancouver,
once the station of Ulysses S. Grant, j Ap
An excursion trip on the Columbia river,
through frowning mountains and overhang
ing cliffs, with the water deep enough at
their base for a frigate to float. At the
cascades, where the river falls thirty-two
feet in a mile, the steamboat company built
a railroad five miles in length, to a point
above the falls,where steamboat navigation
is resumed. Iu full view of this railroad
is the blockhouse where Phil. Sheridan,then
a lieutenant, six years ago, defended him
self and party against a horde of howling
Still later, we reached the northwestern
town of the United States, Olyinpia, with
Puget's Sound in the distance. Timber is
plentiful there, and vessels are loading
there for all ports of the North and South
Pacific, for Australia and for Prance. Van
couver's Island, 100, is close at hand, in
joint occupancy of the forces of both Gov
ernments, the soldiers only to be disting
uished in their frank interniingliug by the
royal red and the loyal blue. [Applause.]
The valleys of California are as fruitful
as they are beautiful. Chief among them
all is Sonoma, famous for its wines. Thete
too, we meet the wonder ol the continent,
the Yo Semite valley, never trodden by the
white man's foot until 18">1. and shut in by
high walls of rock on every side. Its ro
mantic beauty and wild sublimity surpass
the fondest dreams any of our party had
conceived of it. We might have thought
of the home of the genius of Solitude.—
From the cliffs we looked down into the
valley eight miles long, and averagiug half
a mile wide, with the Merced river winding
gracefully through its length. On either
side rise mountains from three thousand
to six thousand feet above the valley it
self, and is four thousand feet above the
sea level. Here are the yellowish granite
walls of El Capilan, surmounted with a
beautiful dome, grander than the dome of
capitol or cathedral : other rocks rise from
the perpendicular. Such an aggregation
of remarkable mountains fills the soul of
the beholder, aud awes him with the sub
lime magnificence of the scene. It. seems
af if iu the creation the rock had been
ploughed through,and the fragments thrown
away. It seemed like the happy valley of
Uasselas, where, shut out from the rest of
the world, peace and contentment could be
found. [Applause.] Here is the Bridal
Teil, a creek ninety feet wide, falling from
a rock ninety feet high at a single leap,
dissipated first into lace-like strands and
then into mist, and decked with the beauti
ful colors of the rainbow. Hi re, too, are
the Yo Semite Falls, 2,600 feet high—six
teen times higher than Niagara—where for
the first time I saw a circular rainbow.—
[Applause.] No horse can scale these
steep ascents, and the journey on foot is
tiring ; but fatigue and danger are forgot
ten in the sudlime display. Not less im
posing were the gigantic trees, 90 feet in
circumference and 300 feet high, estimated
at three thousand two hundred years old.
They have braved the storui since Moses
wrote and David sang, outliving dynasties
whose histories have almost perished from
the history of man ; there they have grown
on and on, to maturity and vigor.
lkit we are back to San Francisco. The
last good-byes are said, we embark on the
steamship Golden (Jity, and move along
the Pacific coast, past the shores of Cali
fornia, along the shores of the Republic of
Mexico. [Applause.] I call it a republic,
[cheers] —1 call it a republic, because 1 re
cognize no rightful empire there. [Great
applause.] Then into the land-locked port
of Acapulco, where, three hundred and thir
ty years ago, Alvarez built the ships with
which he sailed to Peru ; and finally, when
we had sailed 3,300 miles, and steamer's
wheels had made "214,440 revolutions —1
like to be exact—we cast anchor in the har
bor of Panama, and crossed the forty-seven
miles of railroad on the isthmus, which is
doing an immense business, paying thirty
three per cent, on its large capital, and yet
scarcely receiving more than a tenth of its
income from the travel between New York
and San Francisco. All along the route
are the residences of the wealthy inhab
itants of the country, who all crowd on
their piazzas to watch the passing steamer
trains. On the Atlantic side the steamer
is waiting ; we are on board, and in six
and a half days we are in Yew York bay.
REGARDLESS OK DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER.
Hut the two great topics of the day are the
I Mormon question and the Pacific Railroad,
i And first of my individual experience of
j the Morniaus. Concentrated in the valley
j of Utah, with a population of a hundred
j thousand people, bound together by a most
j powerful ecclesiastical system, and under
the control of one man; they present an in
teresting study. They form a compact and
powerful organization, but polygamy is
their strongest bond of union. Nowhere
else in the whole civilized world can they
live, and Utah is their only home and only
hope. There we heard a discourse in the
Bowery by Brigham Young, who defended
their system, and said that the Gentiles
who did not become Latter-day Saints
would remain in eternal misery, while the
chosen would possess the earth. He is no
ordinary man. He has natural administra
tive talents, exercising a supervision of the
whole church and his success has proved
this. His own wealth shows him a busi
ness man, and the industry of the valley
shows him to be a good organizer of la
bor. \\ e called at his house, where he de
fended his peculiar system, saying that he
had received a revelation from Heaven com
manding him to adopt it. j Laughter, i 1
told liiiu it placed him in antagonism to the
law of the land, and that it would be well
for him to have another revelation com
manding him to discontinue it. [Laughter.)
He said he would be glad to get such a
revelation. His conversation impressed us
with the idea that he wou Id soon have to
give it up or to array himself against the
Visiting among the Gentile people there
they told us that this conversation had
been reported through the streets, until it
had grown to such a magnitude that it was
commonly believed among the people that
the Government had sent ne to instruct
\ oung to have a revelation to discontinue
it, and caused great excitement.
Soon after we left, an editorial appeared
in the daily Mormon paper, stating this
conversation, and then in a paragraph,
evidently written or inspired by high au
thority in the church, declaring their read
iness to defend their peculiar institution
with their lives if need be. 1 did not see
much of the Mormon women to ask their
views of the system. Their religion teach
es that no woman can enter Heaven except
through married life. The "Gentle'" ladies
all tell me that the experience of those liv
ing in purulity. who are at all pnsesscd of j
refinement, is indeed unhappy. How is
this to be preveutcd ? No jury there can
convict a man, controlled, as it would be, i
by the Mormon church. The growing
army of children with which Salt Lake Gitv
is swarming, are being educated to consid
er it as Heaven inspired. But they should
be taught that there is a limit to pretended
revelations, and that the Government can
not permit these so-called revelations to j
conflict with tlie laws of the United States.
This line is being drawn by many of the
Mormons themselves, who are seceding
from the clinch, and journeying from its
jurisdiction. The law against polygamy :
should be repealed,or they should be taught
that it is a violation of the statutes. No
man who practices it should be allowed to
bold office under the Government and an
oath to obey that law against it should be i
required. There are dews and miners
there, and they are all anti-polygainists
It is the only country where the Saints are
all sinners and the Jews are all Gentiles, i
[Laughter. : But the whistle of the locomu- *
tive will sound its requiem, and the shovel
of the miner will dig its grave, j Ap
But the grandest ol all our national mea
sures is the great Pacific Railroad Al-1
ways an earnest advocate of that scheme, i
my long journey has convinced me of its!
incalculable necessity. It is a national
necessity, lor all are interested in it : it is
a political necessity,for it will bind the At-1
lantic and pacfic States into an eternal
bond of union ; it is a military necessity,
for were we engaged in war with France j
or England, it is there that our enemies
would strike and endeavor to obtain a foot
hold, and without this great road how long
would be the time required to convoy troops i
and stores across the plains. The interests i
of the nation demand it even in this light.
But more than all this, it is a commercial !
necessity, for then the line of communica
tion between Eastern Asia and Europe *
will be across this continent : it is essen
tial to our national success and for the
proper development of our grand internal!
Territory and States, with their immense I
stores of precious metals and useful min
erals. Their development is now retarded
by the slow-process of transporting ma-1
chiuery and supplies to those regions ; but i
once constructed, it will be but a trunk-line j
from which hundreds of branch lines will
penetrate to every corner of our Western |
land. It is the first and last hope of C'ali-1
fornia ; it is their daily hope and their i
nightly dream, and all they ask is. When
will it be done, and cannot the Government j
help to finish it? Then, they say, they can j
visit "home," as they a'ways call the At
lantic States. It was the measure of the ;
speedy construction of the railroad, and
the love of the people for the laud they left
behind, that crushed out the idea of a Pa
cific Republic that had already been agitu- ,
ted among the politicians there. Leaving
out the receipts of the Sanitary Commission
from the great fairs of this city, New York
and Chicago, California sent more money
to that noble charity than any other State
in the Union. [Applause.]
This grand line of national communica
tion completed, our country will be bound
together then as never before. Then the
iron horse will speed his way along the
rails, while tiie increased facilities will
cheapen transportation, and enable the
population, with the aid of more complete
| and easier attainable appliances, to develop
the immense wealth of the mountains with
new processes California will then be
come, indeed HS our beloved martyr Presi
dent predicted to me on that day when,
having labored so faithfully for us, he was
to die for us, that the great far West, with
its immense agricultural re-ources, would
become not only the granary of the woi Id.
but, with its illimitable mineral w. alth the
treasury of the world.
BABIES resemble wheat in many n-cq>.
Firstly, neither are good for imu-L uni;i tl.-> ar
rive at maturity ; secondly, both an e, • > M 11-.
house, and are are also the llmnr of the fannlx
thirdly, both have to be cradlrti ; fourthly. ■
are generally well thrashal before they are dot e
<■' FUN, FACTS AND FACETIAE.
F ; A I.UTI.K boy running along stubbed his
j toe and fell on the pavement. "Never mind, my
| little fellow, ' said a bystander, "you won't feel the
| | mill to-morrow.'" "Then," answered the little
* I boy, "I won't cry to-morrow."
YOLW; MAX, when your sweetheart, on a
. | Sunday night, begins to yawn, and intimates that
' ! she usually retires at ten. it is time for you to take
-i | your hat and state that pressing business requires
; | your immediate attention.
'j- "AIXT it wicked to rob this chicken-roost,
' I Sambo?" "Dat's a great moral question, nigger ;
; | we aint time to argy it now : hand down annndder
| j pullet."
> | WHAT is the difference between a bed
s : bug and a man sleeping with snakes under his bed?
. ! One creeps over the sleepers, and the other sleeps
1 over the creepers.
-1 SOME wretched benedict perpetrates the
, j following : Why is a bridegroom worth more than
I I a bride ?—Because she is given away, and he is
1 | sold.
; Miss TO KKR says it's with bachelors as
| with old wood, its hard to get them started, but
j when they do fake flame they burn prodigiously.
. j "PA, they tell us about the angry ocean.
; What makes the ocean angry !" "Oh, it has been
1 reiissi 'I so often."
;j FINNY —to see a young lady with botli"
hands in sott dough, and a mosquitoe on the end
! of her nosi.
THE young gentleman who "flew into a
| passion has had his wings elipjed.
i ! TIIE decadence of waterfalls will cause a !
i i great falling oft of hair.
HEAVEN* —aland of joy, and light, and
t love supreme.
.S I VNAY is the golden clasp that binds to- 1
,gf (In rth volume of fit" week.
"STL'TTERINO BEX,'' who was toasting his
t shins, observing that the oil merchant was cheat
ing a customer iu some oil,called out to him, "Jim,
I can tell you how to s-sell t-twice as much oil as
I you d-do now.'" "Well.how?' groaned-Tim. "F-flll
WIIY is the letter P like original sin ?---
■ because it makes all fall.
IHE most and best that is done for you,
must be done by you.
A Yol'Ni. lady was asked how site could
possibh afford, lit these awfully hard times, to
! take music-lessons. "Oh, 1 confine myself to the
j l< if notes," was the answer.
A COXTKMI'OKAUY says : "The lirst printers
were ritaus. There are ,t good many "tight uus"
among them siili.
A .M'tK.E iii Indiana threatened to line a
lawyer iur contempt of court. "1 have expressed
no contempt for tho court," said the lawyer ; "on
the contrary. T have eerefnlly concealed mv l'eel
Ax itinerant preacher, who rambled in
• his sermons, when requested to stick tohisjtext.
replied "that scattering shot would hit the most
Vr a so .ore the other e voting one gentle- j
man pointed out a dandified looking individual to I
j his friend as a sculptor. "What, ' said his friend, j
"such a looking chap as that a sculptor ? Surely
you must be mistaken. "lie may not be the kind
of one you may mean," said the informant, "but I
know he (7.;- lei I a tailor out of a suit of clothes
< MABI.ES LAMB, when a little boy, walking
with h.s sister iu a church-yard, and reading 1 lie
epitaphs, said to her : "Where arc nil the naughty
people buried ? '
LOOK at the pages of your own heart and
you will so* a dim reflection of what the recording
| angel has written of you in his book.
1 HE guilty man is doomed to earrv and
i lodge his fiercest accuser in his own bosom.'
LAY your hand upon your mouth when
'the rod of deserved chastisement is upon vour
IF a man will play the loafer, he had bel
ter do it in a coffee house than in a church.
AANITY is the produce of light minds. It
is the growth of all climes and of all countries : it
i is a plant often nourished and fostered, yet it nev
-1 er bears fruit pleasing to tiie taste of an intelligent
THE man who boasts of his knowledge is
I usually ignorant, and wishes to blind the eves of
his hearers. Merit and intelligence are always dis
covered in few instances unnoticed, unrewarded.
Ii a mail who takes a deposition is a de
positor, docs it necessarily follow that the man who
: makes an allegation is an alligator ?
A i. ATE heavy tall of rain showed one
ludicrous sight an attempt to crowd two fasliion
! ably dressed women under one umbrella.
\\ txTEM - a correct standard for meusur
: ing the height of an absurdity, and the slipper
t from the foot of a dancing moonbeam.
j AT a young* lady's seminary recently, dur
; ing an examination in history,' one of the most
promising pupils was intorogated : "Mary, did
: Martin Luther die a natural death ?" "No," was
the reply, "he was excommunicated by a bull."
•IOSH BII.I.INGS says that "if a man pro- i
I'esses to serve the Lord, he likes to see him do it i
I when he measures onions as well as when he hoi- j
lers glory liallelnyer."
I IF the wife ola Japanese don't suit ! im, i
lie can send h r buck to her parents and try again. |
i That is to say. all wives art- "warranted" in Japan, j
SHOCKING IMMORTALITY. —How often do we !
: hear of people lyiw/ at the point of death.
TOOTH DRAWING is an operation that should
i be performed with seretc-pnii-mis (scrupulous) cure, i
"SIR," said an old physician to a shallow '
youth who had been assailing him with a string of j
; impertinences, "I cannot Vie angry with you, fori j
( see you have an incurable disease.' "An incur
able disease ! what it ? "Foolishness." was the'
I AT a recent masked-ball in Norwich a '
young lady was completely dressed in newspaper, j
She made a good "impression. "
A CF.N ri.EMAN* was once arguing with a la-'
I d)\ when at length he stopped. "I tell you what, !
ma'am, said he, "1)1 not argue with you any j
longer : you're not open to conviction." "Not open i
lto conviction, Sir ? was the indignant reply ; "I j
scorn the imputation, Sir; lam open to conviction, j
But, she added, altera moment's pause, "show !
me the man who can convince me."
BROWN is a married man now. A few '
I days since he thought of taking a trip to Paris.- j
One of his friends meeting him iu the street in- I
I quired, "Well, Brown, my boy.when are you off ?"
"Next week." "Going to take your wife with vou ?"
"No : it is a voyage of pleasure."
GENERAL MOWRlE, after struggling through
n Carolina cypress swamp for several days, asked
■ a long, lank, butternut-dyed native hoy how far it
, was to ierro.finna. "I hain t hern ono such place
; about yer,' was the cheering reply.
i \V HAT is the difference between a spider
I and a duck?— One has its feet on a web, and the
other a we > on its feet.
INSURANCE. —The following toast was re
cently pronounced at a fireman's dinner, and was
received with great applause : - The ladies—the r
eye.-, Gndle the only flame against which there is
• ■ usiirnnce."
A I*l.ll ARM in window of a patent med
* vendor, in tl:- line St. Honore, Paris, reads
follows : "'J he publi - are requested not to niis
c j taki this-in.p for tli.it of -mother quack just op
S#!i per Annum, in Advance.
FACES ON THE BATTLE FIELD
| After the battle of lukerman the faces of
many of the dead still wore a smile, while
others had a threatening expression. Some
lay stretched on their backs as if friendly
hands had prepared them for burial- Some
were still resting on one knee, their hands
grasping their muskets. In some instan
ces the cartridge remained between the
teeth, or the musket was held iu one hand,
and the other was uplifted as though to
ward off a blow, or appealing to Heaven.
The faces ol all were pale as though cut iu
marble. As the wind swept across the
battle field it waved the hair, and gave the
bodies such an appearance of life that a
spectator could hardly help thinking they
were about to rise to continue the fight.
Another surgeon, describing the appear
ance of the corpses on the field of Magenta,
says that they furnish indubitable proof
that man may cease to exist without suffer
ing the least pain. Those struck on the
head generally lay with their faces on the
ground, their limbs retaining the position
they were in at the instant they were
struck, and most of these still held their
lilies, showing that when a ball enters the
brain it causes such a sudden contraction
of the muscles that there is not time for the
hand to loose its hold of the weapon before
death. Another peculiarity observed in the j
case of those who were wounded in the I
brain was the suddenness with which they :
died when suspected to be out of danger.
During the battle of Solferino, a rifleman
was wounded in the head by a ball which
passed through the skull and buried itself
in the brain. His wound was dressed, and
lie was stretched on straw, with his head
resting on his knapsack, like his wounded j
comrades. He retained the full use of his i
faculties, and chatted about his wound al- j
must with indifference, as he filled his pipe
and lay smoking it. Nevertheless, before i
he had finished it, death came upou him, |
and he was found lying in the same atti
tude, with his pipe still between his teeth. |
He had never uttered a cry, or gave any i
sign that he was suffering pain, iu eases
where the ball had entered the heart, nearly j
the same appearances were presented as in !
the cases of those who had been struck in j
the brain ; death was what we term instau-1
taneous, but it was not quite so swift as in j
the former case ; there was generally time j
for a moment in the act of dying.
There was a Zouave who had been struck
101 l in the breast; lie was lying on his rille
the bayonet was fixed and pointiug in such
away as showed that he was in tiie act of
charging when struck. His head was up
lifted, and his countenance still bore a
threatening appearance, as if he had mere
ly stumbled and fallen, and was in the act
of rising again. Close by him lay an Aus
trian foot-soldier, with clasped hands and
upturned eyes, who had died in the act of
praying. Another foot-soldier had fallen dead
as he was in the act of lighting, his ii.-ds
were closed, one arm was in the act of
warding ofi' a blow, and the other was
drawn back in the act <>f striking*. On an
other battle field several French soldiers
lay in line with their bayonets pointing in
the direction of the foe they were advanc
ing against, when a storm of grape mowed
them down. — lJieLen , a All The Year lioitm/.
'I'N E STONES OF SOLOMON'S TEMI I.E. —The
marble stones which composed Solomon's
Temple were said to be forty cubits long,
twelve thick, and eight high. Supposing* a
cubit to be eighteen inches, which is the
lowest estimate, they would be sixty feet
long, eighteen thick, and twelve feet high.
And supposing* a cubic foot of marble to
weigh 2,700 ounces, one of these stones
weighed 2,725,038 pounds and twelve oun
ces. If one man were able to raise 200
pounds, it required 13,760 men to raise one
of these, and also a little boy who could
raise 38 pounds 12 ounce-. Suppose one
man requires a square yard to stand upon,
it would require 5 acres, 3 rods, 11 perches,
and twelve yards for them to stand upon
while rising it, besides a place for the lit
tle boy to stand. What floats must have
been necessary to carry them across the
sea to Joppa ! AVhat kind of teams, as
well as wagons, do you suppose they had
to carry these stones from Joppa to Jeru
salem, which is abou thirty miles, and a
mountainous country? What skill was
necessary to square and dress these im
mense stones, so that when they w >re
brought together they fitted so exactly
that they had the appearance of one stone !
THE POWER OF THE HEART. —Let any one, J
while setting down, place the left leg over j
the knee of the right one, and permit it to t
hang freely, abandoning all muscular eon- j
trol over it. Speedily it may be observed ,
to sway forward aud backward through a j
limited space at regular intervals. Count- j
ing the number of these motions from any i
given time, they will be found to agree ex- ;
aotly with the beatings of the pulse. Every j
one knows that, at fires, when the water j
from the engine is forced through bent hose, ,
the tendency is to straighten the hose, and I
if the bend be a sharp one, considerable j
force is necessary to overcome the tenden
cy. Just so it is in the case of the human j
body. The arteries are but a system of j
hose, through which the blood is forced by
the heart. When the leg is bent, all the
arteries within it are bent too and every
time the heart contracts the blood rushes
through the arteries tends to straighten
them ; and it is the effort which produces
the motion of the leg alluded to. Without
such ocular demonstration, it is difficult to
| conceive the power exerted by that exquis
; ite mechanism, the normal pulsations of
| which are never perceived by him whose
, very life they are.
A FACT. — A man once drove up to a New
Hampshire tavern, and coolly asked for a
cent's worth of hay. The landlord led eis
j horse to a shed, and then filled the wagon
I with loose hay. Meanwhile, the owner of
| the horse called for a basin and soap ; and
I alter washing his face and hands thorough
' 1)*, wiped himself dryon a " spandy clean
! towel, laid down his cent, and was moving off.
| " I say !" said the landlord ; " won't yon
| take a drink before 3*oll go?"
i " W ell, seein it's you, 1 don't care if I
| do," was the reply ; and back he went, and
! took a drink.
You don't live in these parts, I believe,
stranger," said the tavern-keeper.
'• No," was the reply ; " 1 don't ; but i
fro bv occasionally, and as you've treated
ine so well this time. I'll call awl //otroniw
The "Local" of the Pittsburg' Poxt de
scribes the process of making glassware in
one of the establishments of that city, a*
The pots in which the "batch" of mixture
is melted, are thirty-nine inches high by
forty-three inches iu diameter. They are
made of the finest Missouri and Allegheny
clay, and the greatest possible care must
be excercised in their manufacture. A
housewife may gM. an accidental atom of
dirt into the bread she makes and be for
given, but there is no pardon for the man
who mixes ever so little dirt with the p >t
clay, and his sin will surely find nitn out,
for a piece of dirt less than a pea will ruin
the pot. About one hundred of these pots
are kept on hand ready for use. They are
not fit to be used until they have tin- sea! <>'
age upon them.
The materials used are principally sand,
lead, pearlash, and nitre. The sand is of
the purest Missouri,and before it is used it
is washed thoroughly, and when it is put
into the "batch" it is pure enough for the
neatest housewife of old to have sprinkled
he "best room" floor withal.
A furnace provided with a large iron pan
byway of a bottom, is used for pulverizing
■ the lead. On the floor near by is piled a
: quantity of pig-lead, and into this iron bot
! turned oven these pigs are placed for roasl
| ing. A little long-handled hoe is kept stir
j ring the melted lead. A scum of hardened
' metal appears on the surface and is shoved
| back into a second division, called a "burn
j ing oven." Here the lead is thoroughly
| burned, and when it is taken out it is sift
| ed, after which it is a fine, red powder.
A large tank holds a saturated solution
Jof pearlash. It is left iu this tank until all
| impurities settle to the bottom, when the
! clear portion of the liquid is decanted into
another tank through which a coil of steani
| pipe passes Here it is boiled by steam
j until the liquid evaporates, and pure ash
; remains as white and stainless as snow
! The nitre employed in the manufacture is
treated in the same manner. These ingre
[ dieuts are now ready to be mixed into glass
The batch is made up of the following
! proportions : 2,000 pounds of sand, 650
j pounds of lead, 500 pounds of pearlash,and
' 200 pounds of nitre.
The "batch," when it is ready, is of a
: pretty, cinnamon color, and does not look in
: the least as if in tweLty-four hours hence it
j would be shining beautiful goblets and
| fruit dishes. When the ingredients ur.
' ready for transformation the mess is shov
! eled into a little dray and hauled to the pots.
The next that we see of this pretty, cin
: namou-colored mixture, is when it is taken,
iu little melted bits, on the end of rods, cut
jof the glowing mouth of the furnace. It is
| glass now, and no trick of art or iucanta
' tion of science can make sand and lead and
| pearlash and saltpetre of it again. Staiul
j ing all about the different furnaces are ma
| ny presses, all provided with distinct and
i different moulds. Each press is tended by
! a workman, assisted by two or three boys
. A boy runs from the furnace to the press
with a little wad of melted glass twisting
| rapidly on the end of a rod. lie holds the
| rod over the open mouth of the mould and
lets the glass run iu till the operator clips
( it with a pair of shears. By the working
| of a lever the mould is closed and the "fol
' lower" pressed into it. Wnen by another
; motion of the lever, the mould is opened,
the glass article is taken out complete, pcr
' haps it is goblet, or a tumbler, or a dainty
wine glass, or a celery glass, or a lager
beer mug, with a handle on all complete. -
Whatever it is, it is perfect and complete.
The articles made are not all pressed.—
Perhaps it is for cut glass ware, and then
it is blown and worked up smoothly and
deftly by hand The larger jars also are
1 blown rather than pressed. These jars are
taken, by some strange attraction, on the
ends of rods and thrust into the mouths t
the "glory holes" till almost at the melting
point again, when they are returned to tin
workman, who gives thern the final shaping
touches. After they have been formed, all
the glass, both [tressed and blown, is placed
in the annealing oven to temper.
In the finishing-room little grind-stones
are whirling in all directions. One man
has a stand near him filled with all manner
of the liner bottles for druggists, lb
seizes a glass stopper, fastens it on a kind
of spindle and fits over it a kind of iron
mould lined with fine etnory. In this mould
which is stationary, the stopper whirls rap
idly, grinding its surface down true as a
die. The mould is taken off and the mouth
of the bottle which the stopper is to tit i.s
smeared with wet emery and held over the
whirling stopper till the two surfac s lit
with absolute accuracy, and that istiio way
that ground glass stoppers are fitted. An
other man holds the rough bottom of a
tumbler against the grind-stone until it is
smooth? another is fluting a goblet or a
pitcher. For this he uses smooth-blown
ware. He holds the different parts skill
fully against the stone until the requirt d
shape is given,that is the way glass is'Vut "
BLUOHER AND HIS PIPE
Here is an incident uf 1815, which the
English journals are relating: On the
morning of the memorable battle of Water
loo, Heuneinan had just handed his master
(Blucher) a lighted pipe, when a cannon
ball struck the ground close by, scattering
earth and gravel in all directions, and caus
ing the white charger on which Blucher
was mounted to spring aside, a movement
that broke the pipe into a thousand pieces
before the owner had time to lift it to his lips.
" Just keep a lighted pipe ready forme ;
I shall be back in a few moments, after i
have driven off the rascally French churls."'
With these words Blucher gave the com
mand, " Forward, boys !" and off he gal
loped with his cavalry. Instead, however,
of a chase of a few minutes, it was a rapid
march of nearly a whole hot summer day,
as we all know from history. After the
battle was over Blucher rode back with
Wellington to the place where first he got
a glimpse of the combating armies, and
1 nearing the spot where Blucher had halted
; in the morning, they saw to their surprise
; a solitary man, his head tied with a hand
■ kerchief, one arm in a sling, and calmh
■ smoking a pipe.
" Donner and Blitz !" cried Blucher, "wh\
that is my Henneman. llow you look, boy;
what are you doing here alone ?"
• Waiting for your speedy return," was
; the grumbling answer. " You have come
at last ! I have waited for you here, pipe
in mouth, for the whole long day. This is
the last pipe jn the box. The cursed French
' have shot away every pipe irom my mouth,
have ripped the flesh from my head, and
shattered my arm with their dueced bullets
! It is well there is an end to the battle, or
you would have been too late even lor the
Saying which he handed to Blucher the
; pipe, to enjoy the remaining l'umes of the
weed. Wellington, who had listened at
tentively to the conversation, here remaik
(od to Blucher, •' You have just admired
the unflinching loyalty and bravery •■! mv
I Highlanders, what shall I say to this true
; and devoted soul" But your Highland
' ers had no pipe to regale themselves with,"
cooly replied Blucher.