Newspaper Page Text
There are many farmers at this day who
deem fall plowing unprofitable cultivation.
They prefer to turn over the soil in the
spring when it has become sufficiently dry.
and put the seed into it while it is mellow
and fresh. They argue that it is injurious
to expose the ground, by plowing, to the
rains and snows of winter, and that it be
comes too much compacted to be in good
condition for a seed bed. Moreover, it is
more work, on the whole, to put in a crop ;
for the extra amount of cultivation and har
rowing required by a fall-plowed field above
that of a spring-plowed one, to get it as
mellow and fine, is considerable. Then it
is denied that there is not much time gained
in the spring, for one who can plow land
wetter, with less injury, than he can har
We believe, however, that there are very
decided advantages in fall plowing ; and
that it is a fact that, on an average, better
i rons are obtained on fall-plowed land than
ou spring-plowed exclusively. We say ex
clusively, because while fall-plowed land
gains some of the advantages of a spring
working, spring-plowed receives none of
the fall cultivation. Here, then, is one ap
parent benefit : if there is more cultivation,
there is a better condition.
The cultivation for a spring crop, which
commences with fall plowing, might be
termed winter fallowing. It differs from
summer fallowing in that, as no weeds will
grow in winter, therefore, we destroy none.
But, then, we need not word; the frost-king
drives his glittering plow through the
lumpy earth and it crumbles like dry ashes
in the furrow. lie cultivates and harrows,
rolls and subsoils, ne demands neither
money nor food. He does his powerful
work unheard and unseen. Sometimes, in
the calmness of a winter night, when the
full moon and the starry hosts jewel the
sky ; and again, when the wrath of the
storm smites the earth. We may sit by the
fire and be comfortable, and our horses
grow fat and gamesome in the stable.
" But,'' argues one, " all this will be done if
we do not fall-plow ; the ground will freeze
the same." So it will. But freezing will
not have the same effect. That part ol the
soil destined to receive the seed is not pul
verized and air-slacked ; neither is it ex
posed to the rain and snow ; which expos
ure, we think, is a benefit and not an injury.
Why should it be an injury ? If it is det
rimental to plowed land, it is so, likewise,
to that which is unplowed, only to a lesser
degree. Does nature, operating in this
way, persistently, regularly for half the
year, work injury to the soil? The rain
and the snow hold in solution much enrich
ing substance, and most of it is imparted to
the land. Taken in connection with the
operation of the frost, the snows and rains
of winter are of gre it benefit to the land,
and the most benefit can be gained when
the soil is turned over in the fall, and left
in the furrow so as to expose the greatest
amount of surface to the action of the ele
Hut in the spring you have to do about
as much work to put in the crop, as though
you had done nothing in the fall ? Not
quite ! It requires good and thorough sur
face tillage, and that is all. A gang plow,
or a large cultivator, with the harrow and
roller fits an admirable seedbed. It is not
at all necessary to plow again. If the
work has been well done in the autumn,
under ordinary circumstances, we should
by all means prefer not to plow again in
the spring. Ilavc two or three inches of
mellow, freshly turned soil, and that under
neath will be left sufficiently loose by the
frost for the roots of the plants.
Fall plowing, also, helps to kill weeds.
Canada thistles are not invigorated by hav
ing their roots on the top oi the ground
during the winter. But the chief benefit,
in this direction, would be derived from
plowing early enough to let red-root, cockle
and weeds that infest wheat, sprout in the
fall, and then the spring cultivation would
destroy them. In the meantime, we advise
farmers to fall-plow as much as possible.
Other tilings being equal, we think the
man who gets the most plowed in the au
tumn, has the satisfaction of feeling, when
the spring comes, that lie has his work best
in hand.— Rural Nm* Yorker.
Sheep work in December.
Sheep go into their winter quarters, in
the Northern States, in December, that is
to say, they go from the pasture to the
barnyard, from green feed to dry feed. Not
more than one hundred should be kept to
gether in one yard and stable if it can be
avoided, and seventy-five will do better
than a hundred. Other things being equal
they are usually divided according to age,
that is, tegs are put with tegs, yearlings
with yearlings, middle aged with middle
aged, and crones with crones. But they
should also be classed by size and condi
tion, partly irrespective of age. Fleshy,
strong sheep will crowd away front the
racks and feeding troughs, and every other
way get the advantage of smaller and
weaker ones, whether they are of the same
age or not ; and the latter will consequent
ly continue to lose in condition. And a lot
of sheep of the same size and appearance
look better to a purchaser.
Sheep yards should be as roomy as it is
convenient to have them, well drained, and
constantly supplied with water, where the
latter is carried into the stable. It is far
better for the health and thrift of the sheep
that their yards be kept well strawed down
in wet or very cold weather. Whether
they should be closely confined to these
small inelosures during the winter is still a
disputed question. I am decidedly of .the
opinion that breeding ewes, at least, should
Barns, yards, racks, water-works, Ac.,
should be put in thorough repair before the
opening of winter. lam aware it is easier
to give this advice than it is to keep it !
The scarcity of both labor and lumber ren
ders even repairing very difficult, and the
erection of new structures almost imprac
Many of our flock-masters have to pre
pare themselves for a winter of short feed.
Hay is scarce, and both it and grain will
command high prices. Everything, there
fore, must be carefully economized. 1 have
already attempted to show how that may
be done in several ways. One thing-is es
pecially impolitic, viz., to waste a consid
erable quantity of hay and grain on sheep
and then starve them at last. It is far bet
ter to ' pelt " them at once. The judicious
man will count the probable cost of winter
ing his sheep reasonably well. If, all things
considered, lie regards it as more profit-'
able to do so than to sell off the flock for
what he can get for them, and also his hay
aud grain, lie will adopt that course : and j
will keep or purchase all the feed his sheep
require to go through the winter safely.
Ordinary sheep are comparatively low in
price now, on account of the scarcity of
feed ; but they will, undoubtedly, under all
existing circumstances, command very high
prices when they go out to grass next
spring. Why then, if they van be wintered,
sacrifice sbeep to sell the hay and grain on
hand at high prices, when the spring ad-
vance in the price of sheep will be equal—
when wool promises to be at least a dollar
If sheep are to be wintered, we do not
believe in the policy of allowing them to
run down in the beginning oi cold weather,
expecting to raise their condition towards
spring. If a sheep reaches the first of
March thin and beginning to be weak, it is
almost impossible to recruit it, or prevent
it from continuing to grow weaker. If the
season is an unfavorable one, this increas
ing weakness generally ends in death.—
Saving and applying Manure-
As manure, is some parts ol the country,
is the great motive power in the product
ion of remunerating crops, the more light
we can throw on the best manner ot man
aging fertilizing matter, the better it will
be for those who rely chiefly on the manure \
applied for profitable crops.
In the dropping- of horses which subsist
for the most part on grain, there is a large
per centage of nitrogenous matter, which
is a very valuable fertilizing manure for till
kinds of cereal grain, vegetables,and grass.
When horses are fed on hay and grass alone
the manure of their stables is vastly in
ferior to the kind previously mentioned. —
And why ? Because it is so destitute of
those valuable elements ot fertility which
make the soil produce a large crop of grain,
while the manure made with no ieed but
hay and grass may produce a crop of straw
fully equal to the kind last mentioned. All
good farmers know that if they manure
their land with straw manure the product
will be a heavy crop of straw and a com
paratively light crop of grain. And if the
animals have eaten a liberal supply oi
grain their manure will abound witli nitro
genous matter and ammonia, the latter ot
which is exceedingly volatile, while the for
mer is easily decomposed and dissipated,
unless special care be exercised to retain
it by some absorbents which will hold it
for the benefit uf plants and yield it up to
the roots when they require it.
When we go into a close horse stable
and preceive a pugnent odor that some
times causes our eyes to smart, we may
think that the proprietor of that stable is
losing the most valuable portion of his ma
nure, much faster than we are wont to sup
pose. We frequently see manure steam
ing hot, and a transparent vapor rising
from the heap. The most valuable portions
are escaping rapidly ; and unless the heat
ing process is arrested, the manure will be
worth but little.
When rich barn-yard manure is hauled
to the field and spread, we often smell a
strong udor arising from it, which is the
very essence of plant root. The heat and
dry wind carry away this volatile, fertiliz
iugjmanure, so that the crops of the pro
prietor are benefited no more by it than the
plants of his neighbor.
These considerations suggest to us the
importance of instituting such a system of
management with barn-yard manure, as
will prevent the escape of these volatile
portions, and hold them where growing
plants may avail themselves of their bene
fit, during the growing season.
Barn-yard manure should be protected
from heavy rains, which carry away the
most valuable portions first. Then, no ma
nure should be allowed to remain in large
heaps, until it heats The droppings from
horse stables should be spread around the
yard, and mingled with the manure of neat
cattle and sheep.
If a farmer has old manure on hand in
autumn, it will be better to spread it even
ly on grass land, or where the ground is to
be plowed next spring, than to keep it un
til spring, unless it can be plowed under
immediately, after it has been spread.—
Meadows top dressed in late autumn will
yield a heavy crop of grass, when if the
the same manure is kept until warm weath
er, and the growing season for the next
year commences, the grass will be but lit
tle heavier than if no manure hail been ap
Food for Milch Com-
If the object is to keep a cow in a healthy
and thrifty condition, and to give an excel
lent quality of milk, abounding in butter
producing material, there is nothing equal
to peas and Indian corn ground into line
meal, and sprinkled on chatted corn-stalks
and hay. Buckwheat meal will produce a
greater tlow of milk, but it will be thin,and
not as rich. When it is not important to
get very rich milk, meal made of equal
parts of buckwheat, Indian corn and peas,
will make the best and most economical
cow-feed. Four or live quarts per day, be
sides a lew quarts of turnips, or potatoes
once a day, will maintain a full flow of
milk, if a cow is well watered and protec
ted from cold and storm.
In order to feed the meal most economi
cally, chaft" half a bushel of corn-stalks, and
a peck of hay, wet it with boiling water
and mingle the meal with the feed ; then
cover it in a close box, so that the steam
will warm the entire mass. Feed it as
soon as sufficiently cool.
.Such feed will be found quite as economi
cal as anything else in market, as it will
maintain the strength as well as health of
cows. Ground peas will produce more
rich milk than the meal of any other grain.
REGULARITY IN FEEDING. —Every gr>oil far
mer knows that any domestic animal is a
good clock, that it knows almost to it ntin
uoe, when the feeding time has arrived. If
itthas been accustomed to be fed with ac
curacy at the appointed period, it will not
fret till that period arrives : after which it
becomes very restless and uneasy, till its
food comes. If it has been irregularly, it
will begin to fret when the earliest period
arrives ; after which it becomes very rest
less and uneasy till its food Comes, llence,
this fretting may be entirely avoided, by
strict punctuality ; but it cannot be other
wise. The very moment the animal begins
to worry, that moment it begins to lose its
flesh ; but the rate of this loss has never
been ascertained—it is certainly worthy an
investigation—and can only be determined
l>y trying the two modes, punctuality and
irregularity, side by side, under similar
circumstances, and with the .same amount
of food, for some weeks or months together.
There is one precaution to be observed
in connection with regular feeding, where
some judgment is needed. Animals cat
more in sharp or frosty, than in damp and
warm weather. Hence, if the same amount
by weight is given at every feeding, they
will not have enough when the weather is
cold, and will be surfeited when it is warm
and damp. Both of these evils must be
avoided, while a little attention and obser
vation will enable the farmer t<> do it.—
TVr/vr'x Rural Affair.
MEN of short memories and misers are
alike ; the former are always forgetting,
and the latter always for getting.
A COUNTRY editor, living on the line of a
railroad? he applied for a pass for himself,
and added, " please embrace rnv wife."
The Superintendent returned a pass to the
editor, but declined the proposed honor.
gOLO MO X & SO X ,
No. 2 Pattern's Block. Towanila, Pa.,
Invite attention of the public to their New Stock of j
FALL AND WINTER CLOTHING
Our goods wcremt of them bought befoie tin* re
cent great advance in prices, so that we feel confident
that we can give oca friends, and ihe public generally,
as good bargains as can be received anywhere.
Thankful lor past favors vte would solicit an early call
and examination >1 our assortment, which consists of
all the new styles.
OUR STOCK OF BOYS' CLOTHING,
GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS,
I'NDERSIIIRTS AND DRAWERS,
NECK-TIES. COLLARS, SUSPENDERS.
HATS, GLOVES AND MITTENS,
Cannot be beat. Call and get the worth of your money
Oct. *2:5, 14C5. SOLOMON A'SONS.
JULL AND WINTER CLOTHING !
The largest, best and cheape-t
STO C K EV E R SE E N 1 N TO W A N DA,
Can be lound at the Store of
G E ORG E W . (J 0O N & GO'.,
Also, a very line assortment of
BLACK GLOTIIS AX D DOESKINS,
MERINO SHIRTS AX D DRAWERS,
COLORS, TIES, SCARFS, GLOVES,
TRAVELING BAuS ami SATCHELS,
in great variety for >.ile cheap, at
GEORGE W. COON \ CO.'S,
No. 3 I'atton's Block,
.One Door South nl Bavstow & Gore's Drug Store,
i Oct 23,1 St;.",.
(-lOOI) NEWS. REBELLION ENDED!
TUB I'KICB OF CLOTHING
G0 N E I) 0W X W IT 11 G O LI) !
j The best stock of good, well made Clothing ever
j brought to this market is now open for inspection at the
STORE OF R. \V. EDDY,
' Bought siuce the fall of Gold and the Rebellion, which
i wiilt-nabie him to give his customers the benefit of very
i low figures, and the decline in prices. Sly goods as nsu
i al are stylish, and a la modr. No second rate shoddy
goods, every article guaranteed as represented or no
: -ale. My goods are a!i
THE LATEST FASHIONS,
; And equal to the best city custom made,and fit to a T.
As usual the best quality all wool
I Black Frock Coats,
Black Doe Pants and Vests,
Linen Coats, Dusters, and Pants,
The Latest Style Fine Silk Hats, Soft,
Stiaw, Panama and Cloth Hats, White and
| Negligee Shirts, Collars Neck Ties, Gloves, Sas
• ponders, l*ii ler shirts and Drawers, Be-t quality
English Half Hose, Over Alls, Over Shirts, Linen Hand
kerchiefs, Ladies Fine Mcroceo Travelling Bags.
In fact everything usually found in a First Class
Gentleman's Furnishing store. My motto is good
i Goods at a fair price are cheaper than poor goods at any
price. All goods sold al one price, no bantering nor
teasing to m ike an offer, but every one gets the
same goods ,it the same price, a liich is the
liottom of the market. All old good.-.
marked down to the gold h.i-e, and
will e sold regardless.ol sacri
fice. If vou want good
good.- at a lair price,
go to EDDY S,
where you wiii (ind
him ready to show hi goods
and sell them too at the lowest fig
ure to correspond with Gold. Bear in
mind the place to bev good, well made, reliable
Clothing i< at 11. \Y\ EDDY'S, next door to Powell .V to.
il. W. EDDY
w anda, May 17,18(1.5.
CHEAPNESS, STYLE AND BEAUTY.
NOW IS YOKK TIMK TO
YODlt CLOTHING CHEAT AT YOUR OWN PRICES.
PROCLAIM IT TO TliK PEOPLE,
lust received—a large -lock ol Fall and Winter Cloth
ing at J . (JOHN'S Eimira Branch Clothing Store. He
Says coolly, boldly and deliberately, that he take.- the
foremost of the Clothing Merchants ol Towauda.
Eigthecn hundred and sixty-one lias come, and the
light and beauty of Spring shines upon us, with all it
radiant splendor. I shall eontinne t j sell Clothing, tor
Cash, cheaper than any oth-r man. as my.goods are all
bought cheap lor cash, and they will be soid cheap 1.0
My goods are all manutaetnred in Eimira, therefore I
can .variant them well made. Enough for me to -a\
have everything in the line of
CLOTHING, GENTS FURNISHING GOODS, H.,Ts
CAPS, AO.. AC.
That is kept in any other Store in town.
This is a free country ; therefore it is free for all to do
their trading where they can do the best, regardless of
the cross and sour looks of old fogy merchants. 1 invite
you to come and see me—country iis well as the city are
invited—every person, rich or poor, high or low, bond c>i
rei are invited to call.
At JOHN SHLAM'S Clothing Store, next door to 11. s
Mercur's Dry Goods Store, Main Street, Towanda, Pa.
X. B.- -We wish to be understood, that we are not to be
undersold by any man, or combination ol men.
No charge lor showing our Goods.
Towanda, March 12,1KG2. J. CORN.
"VTEW FIRM. GREAT INDUCEMENTS.
FELLOWS, GRAND ALL A CO.,
Successors to Reynolds. Fellows A Co., are now offering
and prepared to furnish on sin it notice, Wagons, Car
riages and Sleighs, of all descriptions and of the latest
and most approved style and of the lip-t material, at the
old stand opposite the Union House, in theccr.tr 1 part
of Alba Borough, Bradford County, Pa.
The public are assured that the reputation the shop
has acquired during the last six years under the super
intendence of J. 11. Fellows, will lie more than main
tained, as he will superintend the work as heretofore,
he having long been and having had much experience as
a Carriage and Sleigh Builder, would assure the public
that no paius will be spared by tin. above tiria to make
the establishment worthy .< their patronage. Th rnk
ftxl as one of the old firm ? the patronage thus far ex
tended, we hope to merit a mtiuuance of the same.
N. B.—We, the und< isigued,being pr ctical mechan
ics can manufacture ■ : iffcr to the public at prices
that will dely come tit ion
JAMES H. FELLOWS.
D- W. C. ( RANDALL.
J G. MERITT.
Alba Borough, March JO, 180.5.
E W J' L A N IN G Ml L L .
The umler? igned having built a large and comm *dious
Mill in the Borough of Towanda, md filled it with the
most modern and improved machinery, (or the manufac
WINDOW SASH, A BLI.VDS,
are prepared to fill orders, whether large or small, upon
the shortest notice. We have also a large variety ol
MOULDINGS, of the latest style and pattern, which we
can furnish much cheaper than they enn lie worked bv
and all other work pertaining to Joinery, will be done to
suit our customers.
Persons building, and not living more than twelve or
iourteen miles distant, will find it larg; !y for their inter
est to buy oi us, or I>r i: their lumber and have it
worked by our machinery. Bring your grist of Floor
ing. or other lumber, and while your team is feeuin"
have it ground out and take it home with you
We will pay CASH for PINE A HEMLOCK LUMBER
delivered at our lumber yard. Come and see us or it
you can't come, write.
„ e, v o n - KODGERS A CO.
Towanda, Feb. 8,1864.
\TE\Y AND FRESD GOODS!
j-x Just received,
A FULL STOCK OF GROCERIES,
Bought for Cash,
WHICH WILL BE SOLD AT A SM ALL ADVANCE.
Thankful tor past favors, I would respectfully say to
niy old triends that I hope by sUict attention and fair
prices to merit a continuance of their favors.
Towanda Feb. 2. R. p. po.Y.
Drugs anil fllciiitincs.
J> ARSTOW A GORE'S DRUGSTORE!
N E\\ FIR M , NK W GOO DS,
AND NEW PRICES!
The undersigned having formed a 00-partnership in
the Drag business, tinder the name of BARSTOW &
GORE, at the old stand No. t, Patton's Block, where j
they areviaiiy receiving additions to their stock, Iroin
the most reliable importers and manufacturers, respect- ]
fully ask lor a liberal share of public patronage. A ;
large slock ot
F KEn H 1) RUGS AN D M KDIC IN ES
Hasju.-t been received.and we are now prepared to sup- !
WANTS OF THE PUBLIC WITH ALL ARTICLES j
BELONGING TO THE TKADE. |
Pi RE WINE- AND LIQUORS, FOR MEDICAL USE j
NLY. A KI LL ASSORTMENT OK CONCENTRATED
t TAN I ECLECTIC AND HoMfEPATHIC MEDI |
ALL THE POPULAR PATENT MEDICINES.
PAINTS, OIL, VARNISH,
PAINT AND V.VIfNISII BRUSHES,
DYE-STUFFS AND GLASS.
FANCY AND TOILKT ARTJCLES OF EVBKY KIND.
TILDKN'S ALCOHOLIC AND FLUID EXTRACTS,
A /. A' A I. OI It AM It RESINo llt S . j
All the Best Trusses,
A B D (I M 1 X A L S U P P 0 R THUS, ■
BREAST PUMPS, NIPPLE SHELLS, AND SHIELDS,
Nursing Bottles, Syringes and Catheters,
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OK RAZORS, STROPS, POCKET KNIVES,
SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS OF LATE STYLE
AND BEST QUALITY.
A large supply Brushes for the Hat and Hair. Also for
the Teeth and Nails, Tooth Powders and Pastes,
Oils, Perfumery, Soaps. Combs, Hair Dye, In
vigorators, Ac., I- erosene, Kerosene Lamps,
Shades, Chimneys, Wicks, Ac., ail of
the latest styles.
CHOICE CIGARS, TOBACCO AND SNUFF.
tST Physicians supplied at reasonable rates. Medi-
I eines and Prescriptions carefully and accurately coin
' pounded and prepared by competent persons at all hours
'of the day and night. Sunday hours from to 10 o'-
clock in the forenoon, 1 to' 2 in the afternoon.
D. li. BARSTOW. W. 11. H. GORE.
Towanda, Aug.l. 1865.
JJIf. PORTER'S OLD DRUG STORE.
Already admitted to be
The largest, safest and most approved
.DRUG HOUSE IN NORTHERN PENNSYLVANIA,
Anest ahlished reputation for keeping the best medicine
In its facilities and apparatus for compounding and pre
MEDICINE AND PRESCRIPTIONS,
Conducted by thoroughly competent persons, wliode v<>
the most i areful attention,pay the strictest regard
to accuracy, and use only selected arti
cles. and medicines of unques
tioned purity, has become
THE CASH DRUG STORE
With prices revised to correspond with the market.
I W II OLE SA L E A N D If ET AI L,
ALL ARTICLES WARRANTED AS REPRESENTED.
By recent arrangements with the Manufacturers, Impor
i ters or First Holders of Goods and Cash Purcha
ses,the prices will always be at the low
est point for Prime Goods.
LOWER FIGURES THAN EVER IN
PAINTS OILS, VARNISHES, GLASS, DRUGS AND
, Everything in this extensive slock will be sold
Cheap for Cash !
PRICES REDUCED, VIZ:
;OF SOAPS. PERFUMERY, BRUSHES, COMBS.
POCKET KNIVES AND RAZORS,
j L A M P S A N D M A T K R I A L S FOR LIGHT.
TRUSSES k SUPPORTERS,
WINES AND LIQUORS, ONLY FOR MEDICINE.
TORACCO AND SNUFF.
ALL THE POPULAR PATENT MEDICINES,
TOOTH, SKIN AND HAIR PP.EPAIIATIO.VB.
FANCY ARTICLES OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS,
I Eclectic, Botanic and llomfeopathir. Medicines
Spirit, Flint Seed, Lump Shade > and Oardiu S, ids.
FISH TACKLE, AMMUNITION, Ac.
Constituting the most complete assortment, embracing
the grt at wants oi the People, reduced in Prior,
and revised for the Cash System.
IR. PORTER'S COAL OIL.
DR. PORTER'S CAMPHKNE!
IHt. PORTER'S ALCOHOL!
DR. POUTER'S BURNING FLUID !
Are Fresh, daily prepared, and unrivalled by any in the
I) It . I' O1?TE R' S PIIKPAR ATI O N S
FOR FAMILY I"SE.
Known as Safe and Reliable Remedies,are warranted lo
what they are intended to give satisfaction,
Rr Porter's Pectoral Syrup price .">0 cents
Dr Porter's Family Embrocation •' "
Or Porter's Tonic Elixer '• 100
Dr Porter's Worm Syrup " 50
.)r Porter's Comp. Syr. Hypophosphites. " 100
Dr Porter's Uterine Tonic " 150 "
Dr Porter's Blackberry Balsam " :)5 •
Dr Porter's Tooth Ache Drops " 25 "
Dr Porter's Cephalic Snuff. " 25 '•
Dr Porter's Tooth Powder " so "
Dr Porter's Tricogene " 50 "
Dr Porter's Tricophile " 50 "
Dr Porter's Shampoo •' 50 <•
Dr Porter's Horse and Cattle Lotion " 50 "
Dr Porter's Horse and Cattle Powder " "
Dr Porter's Bed Bug Poison " 35
Dr Porter s Black Ink.. " 25
Dr Porter's Cleansing Fluid " ■
Dr Porter's Rat and Mice Poison " 35" ••
Dr Porter's Citrate Magnesia " 25 "
Dr Porter's Worm Wafers 35
MEDICAL ADVICE GIVEN GRATUITOUSLY AT
Charging only for Medicine.
ee'Thankful for past libera! patronage would respect
tally announce to his lriends and the public thatno pain
hail be spared to saiisty and merit the continuance of
| theirconudence and patronage, at the
C A S II D II U G STOR E !
Corner of Main and Pint streets.
TII K AMEIt IV A X I' E<>PL K
A MKIt Tr A X W \T (' II !
AMEU IC A N \v ATC II !
AM E RICA X P K DIM, E !
; All styles oi movements, in all styles ol cast s, tor all
kinds of prices, except outvagroux prices, at
2s Lake Street,
(Sign of the American Flag.)
Aug. 7,1865. Elmira, N. Y.
QUGARS IN EVERY STYLE roi; SAI.K
: heap, wholesale and retail, at FOX'S.
BROOMS AND PATLS, WHOLESALE
and retail, at FOX'S.
JJARDWARE. CODDING & RUSSELL 1
11 AVK A
LARGE AND WELL SELECTED STOCK OF GOODS, i .
To which additions are daily being made, which they ; *
offer cheap lor Cash. A large assortment of I
Among the many desirable and beautiful patterns is the
CELECRATED AMERICAN. i |
This beautiful stove is unsurpassed for economy in
fuel; is a pel feet baker; is the best COOK STOVE in |
the market. Among their heating Stoves may be found
a great variety suitable tor every place where stoves'are 1
STOVE PIPE AND SHEET IRON WORK,
Always on hand and made to order.
A large stock manufactured from the very best material
and by experienced workmen. A very lul assortment, o
IRON, NIALS AND STEEL,
At New York prices.
HOUSE AND CARRIAGE TRIMMINGS,
TOOLS FOR THE FARMER,
; Tools lor the House Joiner and Carpenter—Tools for
Blacksmiths'—Tools for everybody.
; WINDOW SASH AND GLASS, PAINTS, OILS AND
VARNISHES, MACHINE OIL AND BENZOLE,
I KDROSENE OIL, LAMPS. WICKS AND CHIMNEYS
BELTING, TABLE AND POCKET CUTLERY.
BRITTANNIA AND PLATED WARE,
Pumps, Lead Pipe, ' -ham Pumps, Water
Pipes, Grindstones and fir lures,
JOB WORK done with dispatch. Lamps repaired,
i Fluid Lamps and Lanterns altered and fitted to burn Ke-
; Grain, Old Iron, Casting and Wrought Scraps, Copper,
I Brass, Brittannia, Beeswax, Feathers and Rags taken in
' exchange for goods.
! Highest price in cash paid for Sheep Pelts and Furs.
S-OUR GOODS have been purchased on the pay
down system and will be sold for READY PAY.
JOHN A. CODDING, f CODDING & RUSSELL. 1
C. S. BUS3KLL. \
Towanda, March 10.1863.
'?■ ~z !>•
w rj - 5C
V c fx"
=1 3 !
r =* <-• g ~ r i
2". / c
*~ ' 3
L. 5 > ~ > p. ~
£ ~ ~ v.
A Its HA L L B If OTII ER S
Wish to call the attention of the p ibiie to their new
BLACK SMITHS' TOOLS,
and CARPENTERS' TOOLS.
Also, a large assortment of
Window Glass, Sash, Paints, Oils,
Putty, Varnishes, and Paint
and Varnish Brushes
of all kinds, which will be sold for the lowest Cash price.
Also, a fiine assortment of
KERO SEN E LAMPS
of every style and pattern to suit the public.
Lamps repaired and changed from Oil and Fluid '.o
Particular attention paid to the manufacturing of a!!
Tk N WAIt E .
JOBBING PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
We have on hand a line article ot
G LA S S F SUIT JAR S ,
with improved self-scaling corks, and
HE It METIC.VL SEA 1, IN G C A N S ,
which is one of the best cans used
June 20, 18G5.
JJ EXIf V M Elfo l T If & <•().,
Have on hand and are opening at
L O W ES T M A R KK T P It ICES
A superior stock ot
BOOTS & SHOES,
Towanda, March 21, l-hia.
|g R EAT ATTRACTION
; MjO NT A X YE'R STOIf E !
Every vaaiety ol
F A NC Y DIfE S S (J Oo]> S .
Goods for Gentlemen ot
And alljlhejktiown Styles to suit this Market,(which
will be sold at
W HOT, ESA L E 0 R RET AI L
TO SUIT CUSTOMERS,
j At prices that cannot hut please.
Returning thanks for past favors, we invite attention
i | to our Large Slock of Goods,
i June It, 1865. MONTANYE A CO.
nPUOMAS J. INGIIAM, ATTORNEY
Jl A T LA IV, LAPORTE,SuIIivan County, Pa.
DR.E.H. MASON, PJI YSK'IAN ANL
SURGE O.V,offers hie professional service, to the
peopleof Towanda and vicinity. Office at!: esidence
on Pine street, whore he can always h<-'oond when net i
\\f A PECK, Attorney at 7.w To Tvau.i t
fY, p a Office over Means'" Store, formerly OC JU
pied by N N. Betta I'"' •
/ iKi)KGE 1). MONTANYH. A TTOh
\Jl v/-.' 1' AT LA IV— Office in Union Block fount r-
LV occupied by J AM. MACKAKI.AN*..
\\ r T. HA VIES, Attorney at Law, To
\T • wands, Pa. Office with TO. Watt ins, 1 ...
Particular attention paid to Orphans' Court business
and settlement of de< edeuts estates. 2a-42.
M EROUR & MORItONV, J//or/it'ys at Law,
j.J. Towanda, Penn'a,
i he undersigned having associated themselves togeth
er iu the practice of latw, offer their professional ser
vices to the public.
ULYSSES MEKCUR, P. !>. MORROW.
lADVVA RD T. ELLIOTT, Attorney al Law,
J Twands, Pa... garOfflcb one 1 south oil
PATCH'S, up stairs, over the rocrn torn.crlv occupiedI for
the Telegraph Office. March 2, lsts.
IT L. A\l) IM S, Lteenxed Awfionerr,
-J* Canton, Kradlord county, Pa.. !. Vln • ' ; ma ill
experience, offers his services to the public. Addre-s
by letter or otherwise.
Canton, July Uj 1 MS
j T A\Y CO-PARTNERSHIP.
. Li The undersigned have formed i c nail), r-hip in
Ilaw business under the name ot ADAM. .S- ITKT. Partic
ular attention paid to business in the Orphans fNurt.
J C ARAMS,
i Towanda, January 33. 1805. H. PERT.
|>ATi;i<'K A PEEK, AT'.-I'S ,- at LAV,
I X Offices :—ln Onion Block, Towai da. I'a,
| ■ enpied by U >n. Wm. Elwell, and 111 Patri: it'., bluett,
' Athens, Pa. Tiiey may be consulted at either pi
j 11. W. PATRICK, apll3 w. V. PK'K.
MuKEAX & PAYNE.- A T'iORNE YS
AND COUNSELLORS AT /..!/!'
i Penn'a. Particular attention paid :
; 11. B. M Kl- AN. S. It. PAVN!
Aug. 2d. iB6O.
Wli. OARNOCHAN, ATTORNEY
• AT LA It , Troy, pa. Special attention given
to coPcctiagclaims against tle Govt ruiueut tor it nly.
! Bark Pay and Pension.-. Office with K. il. Par- ns i!- .
j June 12,
KM) WARD OVERTON Jr., Attorney at
I'J I.atr, Towanda. Pa. Office in Moritcuys b - ,k.
| over frost's Store. July 13th, 1 65
I O RICH ARD I'AVN E, A TTORNE YAI
a LA IV, Towanda. P.i. WI: •1 •• vill t- • ■■ t 1.
business entrusted to hint with pi nuptu-s- and < ire.
Office with C. L. Ward, Esq., 3d street. Towanda.
Sept. 12, lthit,
JOHN N. CALII'F, ATTORNEY AT
•J /.A ll r , Towanda, Pa. Al o, Goven I • :.t
or the collection ot Pensions, Back Pay and Bounty.
litt' No charge uni* s so. , ,-uil. OlUc- over the
Tost Office and News Room. Dec. 1, l^of.
gNYI) E R uOU SE ,
W A V E It 1. Y, N. Y.
The Snyder House is a four story brick tdiihe wit!
large, airy rooms, elegant parlors and well furnished, i
near the depot and the general Stage office at
\VA YEULY, N. Y.
It is open for passengers at all trains on the Erie
railway—time going east is 2:5, .'5:5, 8:43, 11:43 a m ,
and 5.22 p. m.: going west is 5:2'.). 8:20, a. in. end 1:44
3 43, 5:2.), 10:20 p. m.
T IC K KT S f0 R S A I. E
1-t 2d and 3d h-s to all principal points wet; r.l
. by Steamers on Lakes Huron Michigan and Superior a'
Aug. 14, 1865. C. WAItFORD.
]"'IIE PROPRIETOR OF THE ROYSE
Begs leave to inform his old customers and the travel
- ing publi •. that he has thoroughly repaired and re: ra
ted his House, and it is now in good condition to ac an
i modate guests in a satisfactory manner.
L. T. ROYSE,
Burlington, June 20,1865. Proprietor.
I J 0N E S II 0r S E !
Cornet of Mart.) t Squan a r.d Market SI.
The subscriber, having disposed of his interest in tin
Lot-hcil H use. win dev te his entire.attention to the
JO NK S H 0 USE,
And for the very lite ral patronage extended to.it; .r tin
past year, he returns his thanks and solicits a" > ontinu
an e of favors. <_'. H. MANN,
June 20. lhtia. Proprietor.
rrilE INSURANCE COMPANY 01'
I NORTH AMEBIC A.
Office No. 242 Walnut Street, Philadelphia.
This Company are now prosecuting the hn-iness i,l
Insurance Irom loss „ r damage by FIRE on Building.-.
Mcrihandise, furniture, Ac. throughout the State < 1
Pennsylvania, on Liberal Terms, tor long or short per •
.id-.; or permanently on Buildings, by a dep.-it <>| , , ■
m in m.
The j.roinpt payment of claims for losses d :. ... tb -
period ot nearly Seventy Years that the Con vhu
been in cxi-tcnce, entitles them to the ■ onfidoi < ' the
DIUKDTOKS.- Arthur G. Coffin. Samuel "'.Bone . John
A. Brown, Charles Taylor, Ambrose white, John If". Neil.
Richard D. Wood, William Welsh, William E. Bo wen.
lames N. Dicks,m, s Morris Wain, John Mason, Ceo
L, Aarriaan, fntneis R. Cope, Edward H. Trotter, Ed
ward S. Clarke, William Cammings.— AHTHFE G. Cof-
B.S.RUSSELL, Agent, Towanda.
Y\ r Y O.MING INSURANCE CO.M PA NY,
' ? Office over the Wyoming Bank,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS.... $150,000.
Will Insure against Loss or Damage by Fire on proper
ty in Town or Country, at reasonable rates.
Dibscvobb:- G. M. Ballenback, John Richard, Saml
Wadhams, 1.. D.Shoemaker,D.G.Dresbar h,R.C.Smith
R. D. Lacoe.Chalks A. Miner, C. it. fi- L -r, Charles
Dei ranee, Wm. S. Ross, G. M. Harding.
G. M I'DI.LENBACK. Paesident.
L.D. SHOEMAKER, ePreaidt.
If. SMITH, Sec y.
W. J. STKKMNH , '1 reasurer.
Camptown, Dec. 1.1864. HOMER CAMP, Agent.
j 'JiO WANDA IN Sr R A XFE \ Ii EN (' Y.
H. I!. M'KEAN
Agent tor the following well known aid •clii ile Insur
ance Companies :
NKW ENGLAND INSIRANO; CO —Hartford, Conn.
ASETTS 244,078 15
KKNSINGTON INSL-RANCE Co. —Philadelphia.
WYOMING INSURANCE COMPANY.
Capital and Surplus $150,000
Stock not called in .... ou
r - ec „V h n al,k ; ' - 40.000
u. S. o-20 Bonds - 25 000
Temporary and call Loans • - . "Cpou
103 shares Wyoming Bank Stock - r,il-0
50 shares Pint Nat. Bank at Wilkes-Barre. - 5,000
70 " Sec. " " •• - 7,000
46 shares Wilks-Bane Bridge Stock - 2.550
Real Estate 1.510
Judgments - - 'loi
Due from Agents and others • - - 7,414
Cash in band and in Bank - 1842
(. M. Hollenback, L. 1). Shoemaker,
R. D. Lacoe, John Richards,
11. M. lloyt, Charles A. Miner,
Samuel Wadhams, O. Collins,
Stewart Pierce, Chas. Dorrance,
Wm. S. Ross, (1. M. Harding
G* M. HOLLENBACK, /'resident.
L. I'. SHOEMAKER, Vice-President.
It. C- SMITH , See'p.
H. B. M'KKAN. Agent. Towanda, Pa.
LUZERNE INSURANCE AGENCY
j /ETNA INSCKANCB CO Hartford,
FULTON INSURANCE CO A 'ew Vork.
CASH CAPITLA $300,000
METROPOLITAN INSURANCE CO.,
ROYAL INSURANCE CO.,
LIVERPOOL & LONDON INS. CO.,
LIT L INSUR VNCE—CONNECTICUT MUTUAL.
ASSETS _ _ $5,000,000
•' Policies issued for the .Etna, Fulton and Metre
politau, and orders received for Insuraiiee upon u v iu
-1,16 terms. I>. r . MITH, Agent,
II n ii'L-n-.x- . Wilkes-Barre. Pa.
ti • B. M Kr.AN, Agent, for the above Companie- at
C.G. GRIDLEY, Agent, Orwell. Pa.
Sept. 4, 65.
E W AR R A N GE M i; JJ
A MAMMOTH EUKNITFRK N,
TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY. PK N i
WITH REDUCED PPIICBS.
.1 AM E H O. Flfo S T
Would respectfully announce to the t,et,i ~ ~ b
| ford and the adjoining counties, that h<- ha- 1
the Store, on the south side of the Pnblj,-
merly occupied by CHESTER WE!.!.- :
Store on MHin St re-1, formerly o : J.J. '
a Grocery Store, and having COLLI teo ti-U '
now the largest and b-.,t Furniture w'a ;fc
found this side of the city of New York
furthermore announce that he has in 11
c-t and be it stock of Furniture ever offere'
| kit, or to be found in Northern Peun-yiv\tu' d ' •
eoimtant additions will be made from w ,
Rochester and various other places to numei * '
tion all ot which will be M id a lower in. ,
j other dealer this side of New York, will F
I ijuaiity of goods.
My stock consists in part of
MARBLE and WOOD TOP CENTRE T Alibi
MARBLE and WOOD TOP IIALL ST.v,
DINING and EXTENSION x\., '
BUREAUS, STANDS, BEDSTEA:
Chairs of every variety and style, as chean
cheapest and good as the best.
Enameled Chamber Sets, a!-o Oak, ('is
Walnut. Parlor sets in Hair, Cloth, Dai,
and Reps, at prices which defy competition '
EASY CHAIRS, and itOCKERS,
CAMP CHAIRS and STOOLS.
HAIR an-1 ITUSK MATTRESSES,
Children's Cradle- ~
LOOKING GLASS PLATES,
Ci i!DS and TASSELS
In tut everything in t ,fc line usually to be I. . la^
-t cla s f utnituie Store. I r,li:t 1 i aiso contiL .. •
u! . tare furniture r.s usual and warrant the
' fact ion. The public are invited to call ■ -j . "
;or themselves, at the store, on Main street, (u
- uth ot Montanye- 5 . My motto Is, quick sale.- .
Beady made CoffinF Burial Ca-en. Coffi .. ,•
H tuob a. I .'ether with every thing in the
taking coii-iantly on iiand, wit two elegant ii.
■ Funerals attended Wlthßt a eireni* ot 25 •.
"uable te T ULS.
Towanda, Pa., June 20,1865. JAJLES o.
• pUKNITURE WARE-ROOMS !
J AMES MAKINSON anm .u'e-to
still continues to mauufactnre and keep r :
a- iortmcut of
CABI XE T FUR N I fUif E
Burvaus. Taides, Bedsteads. Stands, 1
every de-crli tioa. which will be made • t •
als, and iri the m-i-f workmanfflte in
1 invite the iiection 01 the pulnic t- myw .
. shall not Ire Etrp.-.-'ed in durability, it any
country, and my prices will be Ui ] t
ti i.is will admit.
Ready-made C jffins constantly on ha .
der. A good Hears will be fun. i.-h- iv.
Aug. 15, 1*65.
SJUssQI'EIIANNA < ULLKFi\j'i v
k? TFT E.
TOIVANUA, BRAIJFOH/J C u.. pp.
■ Rev. JAMES McWlLLlAM,Principal, Pr- ..
cient LangHagcs, and Mental a .d . -
JOHN HEWITT \. B. Pr.-k—..i :
and Natural Science.
Ji'H.N W. i RAW; OKI). Teacher ol V . '
- Miss CLARA A. STOCKWELL, Preceptress
- Miss JULIA STEVENS, Associate Preceptress.
Mis. SLSAN D. WOOD, Teachero: Insti
LOTHERH.SCOTT,Steward, Mrs. S OTI
The Fall Terra commences WEDNE*' .
13, and will continue 14 weeks.
TRITII N, PES TERM :
j [Payable invariably in advance, or one-hail ...
the school And one-hall at the uriddh •; it-:
| and contingencies include
Higher, Ist year, per term
Higher, 2d and 3d year, per term
N. 11. Pupils wili be classed by the most i
branch they respectively pursue.
Pupil* using scholarships are char. eds:er>
; fuel and contingents.
SX.-RA EXPENSE.- :
Board in the Institute per week
f \ Washing, per dosen
! Use of Furniture in rooms, jic-r term...
1 The Collegiate year is divided into thru
1 weeks each. The Anniversary exi ,: ■ -
1 the ! .-t-of th- Spring teim."
X deilu ti -u will he m.uk i'oi abst-n ; •
j 01 pr.- ;acted illness ol over two v.a
. ; Boarders will themselves find fuel and ' . '
• i r..-es.arr.uigim.nls can be made wi; .
j .rnish them, t'.inue bedding is n ;
3 iik them-elves, tlrey will be charged J s 1 j.et '
s NormalDepartm&tf —Special exercises ate*
e ' without extra char, for those :
as Teachers of C u: n Schools,
n I Kowtins will be Spared, on the part oftbei
I, i a, "I ikustees in sustaining the high reputation
1 tuiiou lias hit hei to enjoyed, and in renT--: . 'A
! worthy r: :'uture patronage and - i-p-'rt.
l-i JAMES Mc WILLI All, Prkiipi.
Aug. 21, l-dl.
O0 0 K-BIN I> ERY.—TIIF. R F''!.!''
*J> respectfully informed that al' • '. L.-
I estabßshed in connection with the!' ' - "
). • the •• Bradford Reporter," where will June
BOOK■BI N I) I S G
U j all its various branches, on terms as i- -efu
3 " the times" wil, allow. The Bindery wi!
j the charge ol
.. j H. C. WHITAKER,
I An experienced Binder, and all work wili 1 • :
done, in a styfe and manner which caum t
Music, Magazines, Newspapers, Ol I
I boand in every variety of style, Pirticnlin :
will be paid t" tho Ruling and Binding - i
To any desired pattern, which in quality . '*
wi! lie warranted.
All work will be ready for delivery when]
5 The patronage of the public ig soli ••
Bindery (after Ist December.) in the :
Reporter " Building, (down -tail - ) • rth - ■
Public Square, Towanda, Pa. Nov. 1*"
C UM E T HIM; NK W
GEORGE H. WOOD'S
j PHOTOGRAPH 10 GAhLbiO
) TOWANDA, UA.
i He bas the pleasure ot iutoriniug IT- :nii
> patrons, that he is now prepared to nuke '
I beautiful style of
GE M F EURO TYl* K "
mouuted on cards very cheap.
Also, MelainotypcsYor Lockets Oases : ' ' in '
well as all kinds ot
P I I 0 T O G R A P H
AS liEKOKK IN
T H B EST STY I. E i> F A T
iews taken of nouses on short notice.
, C O P Y I \ G D O X E T 0
( In a few days.
AL L WO R K WARIi AN I ! p '
Albums kept on hard and i!i be old cheap.
' G. H. ' lOP '
t Dec. > 18C4.
, \ M PORTA NT TO DISFII AKGKP
! .!••! s .Hers, Fathers. Mothers,Widi w- !
Sisters, and Orphan i hilditu of d> ' ' •
.11 ]:ersoiLs that li ve ehiins ac if-''in '• ' , , x , u
in any I the De]iartuieuts at Washington, Ci,n
s.ime proni]'tly collected, by calling •• v A |. \\
- Office over Mnntanye's store. Main