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For the Bradford Reporter.
FIELDS OK BUCKWHEAT.
BY SYBIL CULVER.
Winds of August softly blow
(fir the buckwheat's scented snow,
Bring with dainty, Hying feet
\V;: vt s of incense pure and sweet.
\bmtli of royal blooming flowers,
Mouth of warm slow dropping showers,
], ,vt von? yes; your golden light
Pills the heart with visions bright
And with holy peace.
fields of buckwheat snowy white,
1 gifts of sweetness, folds of light,
sitting here this summer day,
Thought floats idly fur away—
T • a valley green and fair
Where such perfume fills the air,
And such fields are widely seen
With the meadow-lots between
Making patch-work gay.
Oh 1 the elm trees drooping low
Where the meadow lilies grow,
Never did a picture seem,
Perfect in a poet's dreant,
Save an elm tree's graceful shade
1 Beauty for the landscape made,
Witching beauty sueh as lies,
Blue and still 'ncath summer skies,
In an August noon.
Ever when the waves of life,
( Vase to war with toil and strife,
Those, we say are August culms,
Sweet with odor-breathing balms,
And we see the liquid gold
Burning brightly as of old,
Pill we sigh, 0I1! welcome guest
St.iy forever, we would rest
In these peaceful calms.
Winds of Ingust gently blow
1 > - r tie fields of scented snow,
It a breath of rare perfume
l ill igaiu my lowly room.
1 shall dream the sweetest dream
F.'.vr poet eye hath seen—
s : . rhi: ..f the flowers that spring,
1 .s nieiliii. of the birds that sing,
ill Near the gates of bliss.
Fields of whiteness, fields of sweet,
Where the dew and blossoms meet,
I', iti-i - t love I ever knew
1 my childhoods sunuv blue,
I Lis one wish, I used to keep
I might softly fall asleep—-
Sleep forever cold and dead,
II e k wheat blossoms o'er my head,
And 1 w.sh it still.
SQUIRE PITMAN'S PEACHES f
A STORY FOIL BOYS.
School was over for the day. Armed
;i satchels ami dinner-pails, the scholars
fl out of the school house, and in merry :
nips winded their way homeward. The !
to go were two boys of twelve, who j
t Been " kept after school" for deficien
;in geography. Their names were re- 1
vely, Torn Grey and Frank Green.
I rn," said Frank, "have you had any
- it :.- s this year ?"
Only < 'iie ; Uncle Ben brought us one
Apiece, when he catne from Boston, last
bttw-liiy. Wasn't it prime, though 1"
i ien you are better off than I am, for
n iv. .; hud any. But I know were there
tr ' - e, and I mean to have more than
"" til - very night."
> .do!" exclaimed Tom, eagerly.—
■\mahouts are they ?"
w looked carefully about him, to
'ire that no one was within hearing,
waispered, "in Squire Pitman's gar-
I bin. said Tom, a little dubiously,"that
■v.uld be stealing."
>• said Frank, "he'll never miss 'em.
; " trees are ever so full. It made my
' water when I passed there this
j They're more than he can eat,
m glit as well have 'em as leave
i' rot on the trees."
*" w 'e had," said Tom, who was easily
" c' d. "Are you going to night?"
: there isn't any moon, so that it
I" hi our favor. Will you go?"
li 1 ; A hen will you be ready ?"
lor me at half-past eight, I'll be
c rner of the orchard. Mind and
[ 2 a bag with you. We shall want to
"ty away a few."
A!! right; I'll be on hand."
| v 1 "' i'itinan, the owner of the garden
5 • to by the boys, had recently re
-1 " i into Cedarville. He had spent most
' in the city,where he had accumu
| a fortune, a part of which he invest-
II :i tine old place which chanced to be
' The former proprietor had paid
| '"■'•bar attention to the garden, intro
■'jg choice varieties of fruit-trees of var
nnds, which were now in excellent 1
- Condition. Squire Pitman (he was
| 1 Squire out of deference to his wealth) >
moved into the village too recently to
made any acquaintances. He was a
I asaiit-i, i'kiug old gentleman, rather old
"'■d in his appearance, who usually
K "'i with the help of a gold-headed
supper that evening, the gardener
in and requested to speak with him
! 1 ;t moment.
s what is it?"
, ' ""spoet, sir," said James, "that an at
will ho made to rob your fruit-trees
; my soul ! What makes you
l ""lk Si, ? J
i happened to overhear two boys talk-
E - GOODRICH, Publisher.
ing about it. I couldn't hear ali they said,
but I heard enough to show what they were
" Do you think they are coming to-night?"
asked the Squire, after a pause.
" Yes, sir ; shall 1 let out the dog ?"
" No, he might bite them."
"And serve 'em light."
" I would rather have them brought into
me. You may get Reuben to stand watch
with you, and it you catch them, you may
bring them into the house."
" Yes, sir," said James.
lorn and Erank met as agreed upon, and
started in company for the garden.
" Did you bring a bag ?" asked Frank.
"No, but I have got an extra handker
chief ; that'll hold a good lot."
" All right ; we can hide 'em in the bush
es, and go to 'em when we want them."
By half-past eight it was quite dark.—
There was no moon, and only here and
there a star was visible.
" It's a jolly night," said Frank.
" Just the thing."
At length the boys reached the picket
fence that surrounded the garden.
" Get over first," said Tom.
With some difficulty, Frank clambered
up, but got caught in the picket and tum
bled to the ground.
" Are you hurt ?" whispered Tom.
"No, but I've torn my trowsers. Look
out sharp for them plaguey pickets."
" Now where are the trees ?" asked Tom,
when he had got over.
" There's one ; get up and shake it, and
I'll pick 'em up."
" No, Frank, you're the best at cliiub
" 0 yes, no doubt you'd rather pick 'em
" Well, I'll climb the next tree.'
" I'll save you both the trouble," said a
rough voice, which made both the boys
turn pale. They started to run, but the
pursuers were too quick for them. Tom
was soon struggling in the grasp of the
gardener, and Frank tried in vain to get
away from Reuben, a boy of sixteen, who
assisted 011 the place.
"You let me go !" said Tom, struggling
" I'd a rather not ! I've been waiting
for you for some time, my fine fellow."
"If you don't let me go, I'll bite," said
Frank to his captor.
" If you do, I'll have to pull your teeth
out," said Reuben laughing.
\\ hat are you going to do with us,any
" Going to carry you in to Squire Pitman.
He wants to see you."
Terrified by this threat, the boys begged
piteously to be freed,but their captors were
inexorable Finding struggles and entreat
ies alike useless, they resigned themselves
passively to their fute, while visions of ar
rest and imprisonment filled their hearts
Squire Pitman was sitting in his library,
looking over the evening paper, when a
noise was heard at the door, and Reuben
and the gardener appeared, each with a
" Here they are, sir," said James.
" We've caught 'em," said Reuben.
" Bless my soul," said the Squire, "and
what are their names ?"
" This one is Torn Grey, and the other
one is Frank Green."
" \ ery well, you may leave the young
gentlemen here with ine."
"Y T es, sir."
Rather reluctantly James and Reuben let
go their hold of our young ad venturers, and
left the room.
Tom and Frank looked sidewaj's at the
Squire, expecting to be seized and shaken,
or at the best receive a severe scolding.—
\\ hat was their surprise, when the old g'en
tleinan came forward very pleasantly, and
" Boys, I'm very happy to see you. I like
to receive visits front young people, though
I think it better in sttch cases for them to
come through the gate, and not get over
the fence, as they are liable to tear their
Frank looked down at his torn trowsers
in a little bewilderment.
" Fray sit down," said the Squire, polite
Tom and Frank sat down on the corners
of two chairs, evidently ill at ease.
" How old are you, Thomas ? I believe
that is your name ?"
" Twelve, sir."
" And you, Frank ?"
" 1 am twelve, too."
" And lam seventy. It was really kind
of you to come and call upon an old gentle
man like me. But the evenings are short ;
you ought to have come earlier,"
Tom looked at Frank in silent wonder.
He didn't know what it all meant. If be
had been taken up, that he would have un
derstood ; but the Squire's manner puzzled
" Are you fond of fruit, Thomas ?" asked
the Squire, innocently.
" Ye-es," said Tom, a little uneasily.
" Do you like it too, Frank ?"
" Pretty well," said Frank, wito was lit
tle afraid of committing himself.
"So 1 suppose. Most boys do."
Squire Pitman rose from his seat, and
rang the bell.
" You may bring in some plates and
knives," said he to the servant, " and lay
them on the table."
This was done. Next the old gentleman
went to the closet, and brought, ont a bas
ket of peaches.
" 1 generally keep a little fruit," he re
marked, "to treat the friends who are kind
enough to call upon me. Help yourselves."
The wondering boys did so,and commenc
ed eating. They wondered whether the
shaking would come up after the peaches
were eaten. Even if it did they would
have the satisfaction of eating them.
"Do you like them ?" asked Squire Pit
man, who seemed to enjoy seeing the boys
" Yes, sir," said Tom, "they're tip-top."
" I'm glad you think so I have several
peach-trees in my garden. James, the gar
dener, was telling me that there was some
danger of boys getting in and robbing the
trees, but I don't have any fears on that
Here Tom and Frank exchanged glances.
" If any of the boys want fruit, I know
: they would prefer to come and ask me for
it, or drop in and make a friendly call, as
you are doing. By the way wouldn't yon
like to carry home a few peaches with
TOVYANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., AUGUST 31, 1865.
" Yes, sir," aid the boys hesitatingly.
" If you only had something to put them
" I've got a handkerchief," said Tom.
" And I've got a bag," said Frank.
"Bless my soul,how thoughtful you were
to bring a bag ! It will be just the tbiug.
You're welcome to the peaches in that bas
ket, il you can stow them away."
"We are very much obliged to you,"said
! "Oli, don't say a word. It is a mere tri
| fie, and 1 like to make some acknowledge
ment lor your kind call. Will you call and
see me again ?" f
" Yes, sir, if you would like it."
" 1 should be most happy to have you
come. 1 get lonely sometimes, and young
I company cheers me up. l'erhaps, though,
you had better come to the door, as it is a
little dangerous climbing over fences," ad
ded the old gentleman, a little silly.
The boys laughed rather consciously,and
were shewn to the door, Squire l'itman
shaking them both by the hand, and kiudly
repeating bis invitation.
" Ain't he a trump f" ejaculated Flank,
when be had closed the door behind them.
" That's so. licit awlul mean to have
liiiu treat me so, when 1 had come after ins
"So did I. You won't catch me in such
The story of the boys' visit to Squire
Pitman leaked out, and made quite a sensa
tion among the school boys. It was unan
imously agreed that it would be the height
of meanness to make any further attempts
upon the property of oue who had treated
their companions so handsomely. The
gardener kept watch for a few nights, but
from that time Squire Pitman's trees were
as safe as if a bull-dog had been chained
at the foot of every tree. —Student and
PAINTED ANGEI,S AT SARATOGA.—A newspa
per correspondent has had his feelings ter
ribly shocked at Saratoga Springs,and thus
explains the cause :
" For one whole week my most ardent
sympathies were excited at the sickly, lan
guid appearance of a young lady who had
a seat directly opposite me every day at
the dinner talfle ; her form was emaciated,
her skin perfectly transparent,and a death
like hue seemed to pervade the whole at
mosphere about her ; the eye shone v. ith
unnatural brilliancy, and under them was
perceptible the inevitable blue-black color
ing—the tell-tales of a debauchee. 1 long
ed for an introduction, that I might recom
mend the application of fresh oysters or a
blood-sucker ; but failing at an opportunity
to secure this privilege, I besought a lady
friend to suggest these applications. "La
me," she exclaimed, in utter amazement,
"why how verdant you are ; don't you
know that the lady paints her lower eye
lids ?" It was indeed too true, as I have
since ascertained, positively. She for who
my whole soul lias yearned in sympathy
,for a week, was daubed all over with paint,
and most shockingly disfigured herself to,
gratify a pwrieut taste to be in the ex
treuie of fashion. Looking around me at
the dinner table to-day I saw no less than
six ladies disfigured by a daub of blue
black paint 011 the lower eyelids. The next
fashion possibly rnav require ladies to wear
rings in their noses. It is bad enough to
wear paste diamonds and pinchbeck jewel
ry ; but when earth's angejs begin to paint
about the eyes, wear false busts, and false
hair in a bag behind their heads, to what
extremes may we not expect the dear crea
tures to go.
THE NEGROES STII.L TREATED AS SLAVES IN
NORTH CAROLINA. —The Wilmington (N. C.)
Herald of the 10th, says the investigation
made by Generals Ames, Duncan, and Col.
Doiiellun, shows that the negroes in Fayet
teville, North Carolina, and vicinity, have
been cruelly treated by not only civilians,
but the civil authorities. Two negroes
were tied up and publicly whipped by the
sheriff; others were left tied until a storm
prostrated the trees to which they were
tied, holding them to the ground until they
were relieved. Citizens, too, have presum
ed to exercise the authority of masters
over these people, and punish them as they
saw lit. It is also said some of the negroes
have been killed. Troops are now under
orders to proceed to the locality to put a
stop to the abuses.
WE smile at the ignorance of the savage
who cuts down the tree in order to reach
its fruits, but the fact is, that a blunder of
this description is made by every person
who is over eager and impatient in the pur
suits of pleasure. To such, the present
moment is everything, and the future is
nothing ; he borrows, therefore, from the
future at a most usurious and ruinous in
terest ; and the consequence is, that lie
finds the tone of his best feelings impaired,
his self-respect diminished, his health of
mind and body destroyed, and life reduced
to its very dregs, at a time when, humanly
speaking,the greatest portion of ( its comforts
should be stilt before hitn.
BARNUM'S NATIONAL FREE MUSEUM. —Mr. I'.
T. Barnutn designes t<> establish in New
York city, a Fres National Musium, which
shall be to America what the British Muse
um, the National Gallery and the Zoologi
cal Gardens are to England, and the Bilio
theque Imperiale, and Louvre and the Jar
din des Plantese are to France. To that
end he solicits contributions from all sources
and hopes that public instiutious in this
country and abroad will give liiin their du
plicates, and that the War Office, Navy
Department and Patent Office will loan
their models arnd trophies to his collection.
ENGLISHMEN have a mania for ascending
the icy mountains of the Alps. They seem
to seek a foolish death among the avalan
ches and in abysses,and three tourists have
just been gratified in that particular. Tliey
and their guides tied themselves together
to decend a difficult part of the Matter
horn ; one slipped and pulled two others
after him, the guides managing to resist
the strain. The three unfortunates bump
ed from rock to rock down some four thou
sand feet, and were dashed to pieces.
IF YOU want to become, a man of genius,
hold intercourse with men of genius By
being in frequent contact with a magnet,
you may become a magnet.
REGARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER.
THE OLD SC HOOL HOUSE.
In snmnior, when the days are long.
And flowery groves were tilled with song—
When crystal dew drops fell at mom
On snowy flowers from bounty born ;
When orange clouds onreathed the sky,
And zephyrs sung a lnllahv,
We vised to wander 'ncath the blue
And balmy skies of crimson hue.
The school house, with its painted door,
Its rows of desks and sanded floor ;
The grassy plot and sloping hill,
, Thoso school boy scenes will haunt me still,
The dnstv wood and sylvan nook ;
The rock that stood beside the lnook ;
We used to fish from off the side
And cast the pebbles in its tide.
And when our school was out for noon
We'd gather in our little room,
And with our basket by our side
We'd eat our dinner and divide ;
And then the little crystal spring
Where the water mosses used to cling,
That bubble up within tiie glade
Beneath the maple's purple shade,
We used to play around its brink
And oft its silver liquid drink ;
And their we'd sport within the wood
Where mighty pines in grandeur stood ;
And gather from the hidden tower-
Its starry drifts of wildwood flowers.
Our teacher, too, with words of love,
Would teach us of a laud above ;
The buds he nurtured in those hours
At last have blossomed into flowers,
The golden dreams of those sweet days
Still haunt me now with their bright rays;
I dream again those dreams of yore,
And wish myself a child once more.
THE ATLANTIC CABLE,
THE STORY OF ITS LOSS —THE CAUSE OF THE BREAK
WHEN IT WAS DISCOVERED EFFECT ON THE PEOI'LE
ON BOARD —LIOPL IN THE FUTURE —PRACTICAL CON
GREAT EASTERN, August 2, lbtlo.
A sad, a memorable day in the annals of
Atlantic telegraph. After midnight the
wind arose accompanied by heavy showers
of rain and dense drifts of fog, and increas
ed to a strong gale to the southwest; but
the ship scarcely felt it, and went on pay
ing out the cable without hindrance at a
high rate of speed—seven knots an hour.
About daybreak the wind suddenly shifted
to north northwest, and fell to a light breeze,
and at four A. M. the course was altered to
northwest by west half west, the sea fol
lowing. Morning broke in beautiful, and
the cable ran out easily at the rate of seven
miles an hour.
ANOTHER DEFECT DISCOVERED.
At 5:35 A. M., ship's time, the paddles
were stopped, and at 5.45 the ship was
stopped by orders hum the electrician's
romi. In fact, at eight A.M., Greenwich
time, or a minute after, whilst the electri
cians were passing the first of the half
hourly signals of currents to the shore, the
galvanometer suddenly detected a flow of
electricity which indicated a serious fault.
The test gave 110 result as to locality, for
the fault was very varying ; but it was
generally believed to be not far from the
stern of the steamship. It appears that
while Mr. Cyrus Field was on the watch in
the tank, a little before the time of the ac
cident, a grating n> i-e was audible as the
cable flew over the coil astern. One of
the experienced hands immediately said,
" There is a piece of wire," and called to
tin- lookout man above to pass tin- informa
tion aft ; but 110 notice appears to have
been taken of the circumstance. After the
ship was stopped, and the remainder of
flake paid out, a piece of wire was seen
projecting out of the cable in the flake, un
derneath that in which the fault was stts
pested to exist, and on one of the men ta
king it in his fingers and trying to bend it
down, the wire broke short off It was
nearly three inches long, and had evidently
been of hard, ill-tempered metal, which had
flown out through the threads in the tank.
The discovery was in some measure a re
lief to the men's minds tli it one certainly,
and possibly the second of the previous
faults might have been the result of acci
dent. It was remarked, however, that this
fault occurred in the same watch as all the
previous ones had. The fault was too seri
ous to be overlooked, and as there was a
difficulty in detecting its situation, prepa
rations were ma de to get the picking-up
THE CABLE CUT.
Previous to doing so two cuts were made
iu the cable, the first near the old splice,
between the main and the fore tanks.—
Cable all right. The second cut was three
miles 011 board, which showed the fault to
be overboard. The wire rope and the chain
wire were secured to the cable forward,
which shows a maximum strain of twenty
three and a half hundred weight ; and at
live minutes past nine o'clock, Greenwich
time, the cable was severed and went over
the stern, one thousand one hundred and
sixty-six miles having been payed out
when the end splashed into the water.
The picking up was, as usual, exceedingly
tedious, and one hour and forty-six minutes
elapsed before one mile was got on board.
Then one of the engine's eccentric gear got
out of order, so that a man had to stand by
with a handspike, aided by a wedge ol
wood and elastic band, to assist the engine.
Next the supply of steam failed, and when
steam was got up it was found that there
was not water enough in the boilers, and
so the picking up ceased altogether. Then
TIIE GREAT MISFORTTXE.
Lunch was just over. Some had left the
table, others were about leaving. The
scientific gentlemen had very much cheered
us by their stating that they believed the
fault was only six miles away, and so ere
dead night falls we might hope to have the
fault on board, make a new splice, and pro
ceed on our way to Heart's Content, geo
graphically about six hundred miles away.
Suddenly Mr. Canning appeared in the sa
loon, and in a manner which told all, said,
"It is all over. It is gone then hastened
onward to his cabin. Ere the thrill of sur
prise and pain occasioned by those words
had passed away, Mr. Field came from the
companion into the saloon and said, with
composure admirable under the circum
stances, though his lips quivered and his
cheek was blanched, "The cable has parted
and has gone overboard "
All were on deck in a moment, and there
' indeed a glance revealed the truth.
HOW IT OCCURRED.
I will endeavor now to explain to you
Low the fatal accident occurred. I say fa
tal, for although as I write we are drifting
down upon the spot in the hope of getting
hold of the cable with grapnels, 1 scarcely
venture to hope the attempt will be crown
ed with success. Let the reader turn his
face towards a window, imagining that lie
is standing 011 the bows of the Great Eas
tern, and then, of course, on his right will
be the starboard, and on bis left the. port
j side of the ship. When the cable was haul
ed around on the left baud side and over
the four wheels, it was carried over a drum
which we must suppose to be behind the
spectators, and coiled up as fast as it was
delivered front the picking-up apparatus ;
but when the engines failed to work this
apparatus the cable remained motionless ;
and as the ship was drifted by the wind
from right to left and slightly forward, at
last the cable came close up to the bow
and under the forefoot of the ship. There
are at the bows of the Great Eastern two
large hawser holes, the iron rims of which
project for more than a foot beyond the line
of the stem. Against one of them the ca
ble caught on the left hand side, while the
ship kept moving to the left, and thus chaf
ed and strained the cable greatly against
the bow. The Great Eastern could not go
astern lest the cable should be snapped,
and without motion someway there is 110
power of steerage. At this critical moment,
too,the wind shifted so as to render it more
difticult to keep the head of the ship to the
cable, which then chafed so much that in
two places damage was done to it. A
shackleehain and a wire-rope belonging to
one of the cable buoys were passed over
the cable and secured in bight below the
hawser holes. These were hauled so as to
bring the the cable to the right hand side
of the boat, the sliip still drifting to the
left. It was necessary to do this instead
of veering away, as we were near the end
of the cut in the cable in the boat. There
is a large iron wheel with a deep groove,
and the circumference technically a "V "
wheel, from the groove, by the side of
which is a " Remitar," or smaller wheel, on
the same axis. The cable and the wire
rope together were coming in over the
bows and the groove in the larger wheel,
the yable wound upon a drum behind by
the machinery, which was once more in
motion, and the wire rope being taken in
around the capstan, by bars, but the rope
and cable were not coming up in a right
line, but were being hauled in with a great
strain on them at an angle from the right
hand side, so that they did not work direct
ly in the Vin the wheel. Still the strain
was shown on the indicator to be very high,
but not near breaking strain. At last up.
came the cable and wire rape shackling to
gether on the V wheel in the boat. They
were, wound round it slowly, wire passing
over these wheels together, the first dam
aged part being 011 board, when a jar was
given to the dynamometer, which ttevv up
from sixty hundred weight, the highest
point marked, with a sudden jerk, three
and a half inches. 111 the Chain shackle
and wire rope chamber, as it were, up out
of the groove 011 the right hand side of the
V of the wheel, got on the "top" of the rim
of the V wheel, and rushed down with a
crash on the small wheel, giving, no doubt,
a severe shake to the cable, to which it
was attached. The machinery was still in
motion, and the ropes travelled aft togeth
er, one towards the drum, where, just as
the cable reached the dynamometer, it par
ted, ami with one bound leaped, as it were,
over a few feet of intervening space, and
splashed into the sea.
It is not possible lor any words to por
tray the dismay with which the sight was
witnessed, and the news heard. When a
man came aft with a piece of the inner end
lashed still to the chain, and oue saw the
tortured strands, torn wires, and lacerated
core, it is no exaggeration to say that
strange feelings of pity, as though some
human creature had been mutilated and
dragged asunder by brutal force, passed
through the hearts of the spectators. Cap
tain Mori arty was just coining to the foot
of the companion to put up his daily state
ment of the ship's position, having had ex
cellent observations, when the news came.
" I think," he said, "we will not feel
much interested now in knowing how far
we are from Heart's Content." However,
it was something to know, although it was
little comfort, that wo bad now run precise
ly oue hundred and sixteen miles since yes
terday, that we were one thousand and six
ty-two miles from Valentia, six hundred and
eighty miles from Heart's Content, that we
were in lat. 51 25, long. 32 96.
The following practical conclusions have
been arrived at by those engaged in vari
ous capacities in the expedition ;
First. That the steamship Great East
ern, from her size and sea-going qualities,
can carry and lay an Atlantic telegraph ca
ble safely in any weather.
Second. That the paying ont machinery,
constructed for the purpose by Messrs. Can
ning & Clifford, works perfectly, and can
be confidently relied on. That the insulta
tion of the gutta percha conductor improv
ed by reason of tlie reduction of the; temp
erature and the great pressure at the bot
tom of the ocean, and was more than doub
le what it had been before starting, prov
ing itself to be the best insulated cable ev
er manufactured, and many times higher
than the standard required by the contract.
The cause of the two faults which were pic
ked up was in each case a perforation of
the gutta percha through to the copper by
a piece of iron wire found sticking in the
cable. Electrically, the third fault was an
alogous to Die first. The difficulty can be
guarded against in the construction of fu
Ihird. That nothing has occurred to cre
ate the least doubt, in the minds of practi
cal men engaged in the expedition, of the
successful laying and working of the At
lantic telegraph cable ; but, on the contra
ry, their confidence in the undertaking has
been largely increased by the experience
Fourth. That with the Great Eastern
steam-ship, and with stronger tackle, and
with improved piqjiing-up machinery, there
is a possibility of recovering the lost end of
the cable, and completing the line already
A SERVANT girl iu Connecticut has confes
sed to conspiring with her lover to murder
and rob her mistress.
#3 pei* Annum, in Advance.
AH ALGERINE WEDDING.
Moorish ladies are usually married at or
before the age of thirteen ; and I was in
formed of some curious particulars by an
Knglisli lady who was present at one of
these marriages, the family on both sides
being of the highest Moorish birth. The
young lady was very lovely, and under the
age I have mentioned above. The compa
ny of ladies (headed by her mother)
amounted in all to upward of sixty, among
whom were my informant and a few French
ladies, surrounded the bride, whose head,
as usual, was wrapped in a sack, and led
her, a few hours after dark, to her future
home, where they were received by the
mother and female relations of the bride
The poor child, weeping bitterly, was
then undressed, carried by her attendants
into a bed, where she was commanded to
sleep for an hour or two while they ate
their supper ! The European ladies were
served apart with coffee, cakes, and confec
tionary ; while the Moorish ladies (some of
them very beautiful) were closely seated
in a circle on a low cushion, and on their
knees a long napkin which was extended
round the whole party ; in the centre was
a sort of low circular table which moved on
a pivot, and on which the slaves placed a
disli at a time, out of which each lady took
a mouthful with her fingers, and with a
slight touch made the dish revolve to her
The dishes succeeded one another to the
number of more than twenty, when the
whole was carried off, and at eleven a
slight refreshment was taken to the bride,
after which the ceremony of dressing her
commenced. Every lady present was re
quested to take some slight part in this im
portant operation, and my English friend's
consisted in plaiting one of an immense
number of little tresses into which her long
black hair was divided, with a diamond
trembling at the end of each. Her face
was then enameled , and a star of gold lead
fixed on each cheek, as well as on her chin
and the tip of her nose. Rows of finest
pearls were hung round her neck, increas
ing in size until the lower row reached to
her waist, and which were of the size of
small nuts. Her dress was of cloth of sil
ver, with the usual muslin trowsers, and a
sort of crown of diamonds on her head.
By two in the morning all was ready and
the room prepared, when the finishing
stroke was put to the whole by gumming
down her eyes, which were not to be opened
until the following morning when she might
see her husband, and not till then.
At two o'clock the slave introduced the
bridegroom, a handsome youth of nineteen,
dressed in a pale gray silk profusely orna
mented with silver and diamonds. He took
his place under a cauopy, to which the
bride was also gu ded by her mother and
placed by his side. His mother then pour
ed a few drops of rose water into the bride's
baud, which the bridegroom drank ; and
then her mother poured also a few drops
into his hand and guided it to her daugh
ter's mouth, and she drank it ; upon which
they were pronounced man and wife, and
the company immediately seperated.
FORMS OF SALUTATION.
Most modern forms of salutation and civ
ility are derived from chivalry, or at east
from war, and they all betoken some defer
ence, as to a conqueror ; just as in private
life we still continue to sign ourselves the
very humble servant of our correspondents.
The uncovered head was simply the head
unarmed ; the helmet being removed, the
party was at mercy. So the hand un
gloved was the baud ungauntleted ; and to
this day it is an incivility to shake hands
with gloves on. Shaking itself was but a
token of truce, in which the parties took
bold each of the other's weapon hand, to
make sure against treachery. So also the
gentleman's bow is but an offer of the neck
to the stroke of the adversary ; so the
lady's courtesy is but the form of going 011
her knees for mercy. The general princi
ple is marked, as it ought naturally to be,
still more strongly in the case of military
salutes. Why is tiie discharge of guns a
salute ? Because it leaves the guus empty,
aud at the mercy of the opponent. And
this is so true that the saluting with blank
cartridges is a modern invention. For
merly, salutes were fired by discharging
the cannon balls, and there have been in
stances in which the compliment has been
nearly fatal to the visitor whom it meant
to honor. When the officer salutes, he
points the drawn sword to the ground; and
the salute of the troops is, even at this day,
called " presenting arms"—that is, pre
senting them to be taken.
A SCOTCH parson once preached a
long sermon against dram drinking, a vice
prevalent in his parish, and from which, re
port said, he was not free himself.
" When ye get up, iudeed, ye may take
a dram, and another just before breakfast
and perhaps another after, but dinna al
ways be dram drinking.
If you are out in the morn, you may
brace yourself up with another dram, and
perhaps take another before luncheon, and
some, I fear, take one after, which is not
very blumeable, but dinna be always drink
Naebody can scruple for one lust before
dinner, and when the dessert is brought in,
and after it is taken away, perhaps, and one
or it may be twa, in the course of the after
noon, just to keep you fra drowsying or
snoozeing, but dinna be always dram
Afore tea, and after tea, and between tea
and supper, is no more but right and good,
but let me caution you, brethren, not to be
always dram drinking.
Just when yon start for bed, and when
you're ready to pop into't to take a dram or
two, is no more than a Christian may law
But, brethren let me caution you not
to driuk more than I've mentioned, or may
be ye may pass the bonds of moderation."
No HOCBT OF IT. —As one of our deputy
sheriffs, a day or two since, was speaking
j of taking a man to jail, he said he would
much rather take a lady.
" What, take a lady to jail ?" said one of
I " Oh, no, not take her to jail," replied the
" But," a lady quickly replied, " you
would have been glad to take her to court."
The mode of operation preparatory to a
dive is very peculiar and interesting. Hie
diver whose turn it is to take his seat on
the deck of the vessel at either the bow or
stern, and plaeiug by his side a large, flat
slab of marble, weighing about 25 pounds,
to which is attached a rope of the proper
length and thickness (1J inch), be then
strips and is left by his companions to pre
pare himself. This seems to consist in de
voting a certain time to clearing his lungs
by expectoration, and highly inflating them
afterwards, thus oxydizing his blood very
highly by a repetition ot deep inspirations.
The operation lasts from five to ten min
utes, or more, according to the depth, and
during it the operator is never interfered
with by his companions, and seldom speaks
or is spoken to ; he is simply watched by
two of them, but at a little distance, and
they never venture to urge him or to dis
tract him in any way during the process.
It seems to the spectator as if- the diver
were going through a sort of mysterious
ceremony or incantation.
When, from some sensation known only
to himself, after those repeated long-drawn
and heavy inspirations, he deems the fit
ting moment to have arrived, he seizes the
slab of marble, and after crossing himself
and uttering a prayer, plunges with it like
a returning dolphin into the sea, and rapid
ly descends. The stone is always held,
during the descent, directly in front of the
head, at arms leDgth, and so as to offer as
little resistance as possible ; and, by vary
ing its inclination, it acta likewise as a
rudder, causing the descent to be more or
less vertical as by the diver. As
soon as he reaches the bottom he places
the stone under his arm to keep himself
down, and then walks about upon the rock
or crawls under ledges, stuffing the sponges
into a netted bag with a hooped mouth,
which is strung round his neck to receive
them ; but he holds firmly to the stone or
rope all the while, as his safeguard lor re
turning and for making the known signal
at the time he desires it. Now let us no
tice the proceedings of his companions in
the boat floating some twenty or thirty
fathoms above him.
The two men who were nearest to him
previous to his making the dive, but who
systematically seem to place themselves so
as to prevent him from conceiving the idea
of being impatiently watched by them
whilst undergoing the preparation, spring
to their feet as he disappears, and rush to
the rope, which one of them holds in his
hand, veering it out or shortening it, as the
diver moves about on the bottom : and as
soon as the signal indicative to his wish to
return is felt, they commence hauling up
the rope with great energy and earnest
ness, and in away calculated to insure the
greatest expedition of ascent,; since tin
overstay of a few seconds may be a point
of life or death to the diver. Ihe hauling
up is thus effected :
The assistant who has hold of the rope,
awaiting the signal, first reaches down
with both hands as low as he can, and
there grasping the rope, with a great bodi
ly effort raises it up to nearly arms length
over his head ; the second assistant is then
prepared to make his grasp as low down
as he can reach, and does the same, and
so on the two alternately, and by a fathom
or more at a time, and with grat rapidity,
bring the anxious diver to the surface.
A heavy blow from his nostrils to expel
the water and exhausted air indicates to his
comrades that he is conscious and breathes.
A word or two is then spoken to him by
one of his companions, to encourage him, il
he seems much distressed, as is often the
case ; and the hearing of the voice is said
by them to be a great support at the mo
ment of their greatest state of exhaustion.
A few seconds rest at the surface, and then
the diver returns in the boat to recover,
generally putting on an under garment or
jacket to assist the restoration of the ani
mal heat he has lost, and to prevent the
loss of more by the too rapid evaporation
of water from his body. Such is the try
ing life of a Levantine sponge-diver; and
doubtless there are very few of us who
have any idea what a fellow creature has
suffered in procuring that little article
which has become a necessity of our toilette
table, and the luxury of our morning ablu
tions.—Captain SpraM's Travels in Crete.
" I did 1"
" You are the plague of my life !"
" Aud you of mine !"
Aha ! j-ouiig folks—what, at it again ?
Fie! fie! Now are you not ashamed of
yourselves ? Tell me—you sir—is not that
the maiden whom you singled out from all
the world, because you prized and loved
her most ? And tell me wayward girl, is
not that the youth upon whose bosom you
leant, and wept tears of joy but six short
months ago ? And it has come to this al
ready I—Have you both forgotten so soon
those moonlight walks, those hours of rap
ture when—locked in each other's arms and
soul communing with soul—you were all in
all to each other in this cold, selfish world ?
We know nothing of your squabbles,
and do not wish to know. It is six of one
and half a dozen of the other ; you are a
couple of young idiots, and that is all about
it. Are there not inevitable sorrows enough
abroad in the wide world, that you must
manufacture gratuitous and artificial ones
to hug them to your hearts ? Be assured,
youthful couple, it is not always under the
load of heavy cares that we poor mortals
sink. These come but rarely ; we summon
up extra courage to oppose them, and—
united together, you may brave them to
the last. No, no, it is these silly, idle, pal
try bickerings—these ill-tempered little
words and acts which gradually wear the
heart away piecemeal, as water-drops cor
rode the hardest granite.
You foolish creatures ! have you ever
sat down quietly to view the long road be
fore vou ? And if you thus commence life's
painful journey, what will it be before you
reach the goal? You have often sighed,
perhaps, 011 viewing criminals chained, two
by two, wearing their lives away ; and
you have seen a wretched dog, when cruel
persons have tied a tin pan to his tail, run
ning and howling in an agony of terror.
Now don't be vexed—but man and wife
like you always remind us of these things.
You are like two criminals chaiued together
| for life, and either of you resemble the little
| puppy dog and the other the tin pan at
! his tail.
Look you, sir, she is weeping ! Now
throw your jnanly arms around her neck
and kiss those tears away. In you, as the
stronger vessel, it is noble to yield first.
And you, sweet girl, with sunny smiles
running through falling tears. Oh ! from
the union of those smiles and tears, beam
forth the rainbow of promise to thy wedded
life ! The storm is past ! Now you pre
sent a spectacle in which angels may delight
a moment ago you were the sport of demons,
A SENTIMENTAL young man thus feelingly
" Even as nature benevolently guards the
rose with thorns, so docs she endow women