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NEWS FROM ALL NATIONS,
—Jerome Clark, alias " Sue Munday," j
who, with other guerrillas, was captured a few 1
days since in Kentucky, was tried at Louis- !
ville Thursday on the charge of murder, throwing |
a train off the track and robbing the passengers 1
and mails. He was found guilty and sentenced to |
death by hanging. Gen. Palmer has approved the
finding, and ordered that he be executed on Friday i
week, at Louisville.
—Secretary Seward on Wednesday week
issued a circular directing that all non-resident for
eigners who have, or shall have been engaged in
blockade-running, shall leave the country within
twelve days or be arrested and detained in custody j
until the end of the war.
—The L'nion State Convention of Rhode
Island on Tuesday week, nominated Hon. James j
Y. Smith for re-election as Governor, and on Wed- j
nesday Jacob Duunc-1 of Pantucket, for Lieut.Gov- j
onior : John 11. Bartlett, for Secretary of State ; |
Horatio Rogers, jr., for Attorney-General, and Dan- j
iel A. Parker for General Treasurer.
—The Washington Chronicle expresses ;
the hope that those whose business will possibly
admit of delay will refrain from visiting the Presi
dent until lib has had time to recover from the fa
tigue occasioned by recent severe pressure of of
ficial duties, which has caused his present illness.
An extensive fraud on the Government
has just been discovered in Washington ; some
§30,000 worth of transportation tickets having been
purloined and sold by several of the employees.
-At Providence, R. 1., Thomas J. Jem-'
kas was nominated in the Eastern and N. F. Dixon
in the Western District for Representatives in Con
gress by the Union District Conventions.
—The Secretary of the Treasury has not
yet determined whether to anticipate the payment
of the May interest on the 5-20 Loan —a measure
he is reported to have under consideration.
—The Canadian Parliament voted sl,-
000,000 for permanent 'efense ; also, .>350,000 for
expenses of volunteering on the frontier.
The New Jersey Legislature last'week
elected John P. Stockton United States Senator,
after two postponements.
—There will be no more three-cent cur
rency issued, as a new coin of that denomination
is to take its place.
—Rebel news from Mobile via Richmond
indicates an early attack upon that city by the land
and naval forces of the United States. Large num
bers are approaching Mobile in transports, four
teen vessels-of-war have been added to the fleet,
making twenty-one in sight of the city, great ac
tivity prevails, and '• there is every indication of
an early attack." The date of this news is March
—John P. Stockton (democrat) was on
the 16th elected United States senator from New
Jersey, in place of Mr. Ten Eyek, The vote in the
joint session of the legislature stood 40 for Mr.
Stockton to 37 for Mr. Ten Eyck.
—Professor 11. E. Peck, of the Oberlin
College, Ohio, has been appointed commissioner
and consul-general to the republic of Hayti, vice
B. F. Whidden, resigned. The salary is seven
thousand five hundred dollars a year.
—The Thirteenth and Sixteenth Army
Corps, having been reorganized by Major-General
Canby, by direction of the President, Major-Gen
eral Gordon Granger is assigned to the command
of the former, and Major-General A. J. Smith to
the latter, their assignments to date from February
—The President has issued a Proclama
tion ordering that whereas hostile Indians, within j
the limits of the United States, have been fur
nished with unns and munitions of war by persons
dwelling in foreign territory, all such shall be ar- •
rested and tried by court martial at the nearest,
—A dispatch from Major-General How
ard dated Fayetteville, March 10, states that Gen-
Sherman is there and well, and that, although
many of the men are iii need of shoes and clothing
the army never was in better condition.
—By order of Gen. Wright, commanding
the department of Oregon and Nevada, a sub- mil
itary district has been formed, comprising Nevada
and the Owens River County, under command of
—Gen. Grant has just issued an impor
tant order relative to trade with Rebel States. He
announces that all permits, by whomsoever gran
ted, to trade within the States of Virginia(save the
Eastern Shore), North and South Carolina, and that
portion of Georgia bordering on the Atlantic, in
cluding Savannah, are suspended until further or
ders. Supplies of all kinds are also prohibited
from passing into any of said States, save such as<
are absolutely necessary for the wants of those liv
ing within our lines.
From an official statement of the re
sults of blockade-running at Wilmington, publish
ed in lh< 3fnnchexter(E)ig.)(Jiuirdian, we learn that
the total ventures made by English speculators a
mount to more than 836,'(00,000. The quantity of
cotton exported from Wilmington in 22 months
was 137,937 bales, and the total number of vessels
which ran the blockade in 15 months, 397.
—The district of Georgetown, S. 0., now
occupied by Admiral Dahlgren, is the richest rice
growing section of the Union, and must have been
of great importance to the rebels. It was also one
of the heaviest slave districts, only 2,894 of its peo
ple haying been whites in 1850, while 17,253 were
—The recent cavalry expedition from
Baton Rouge has been heard from. There had
been some heavy skirmishing in which our loss was
considerably less than that of the rebels. The roads
lnformation received from
Miss., is to the effect that the Rebel Gen. Forrest
was at Macon, Ga., last month, with 15,000 men—
a force he was rapidly adding to and organizing.
The Union State Committee of Con
necticut offer a banner valued at 82(H) to the town
within that State which shall make the greatest
relative gain over last year's vote.
—The boiler shop of the Washington
iron works, Newbttrg, N. Y., was destroyed by fire
—James McCano, Republican, has been
elected Supervisor in Elniira over Judge Gray by
nine majority. The rest of the ticket is closely
divided between the two parties.
—At Greenland, N. H., Friday week, the
town meeting took the form of a general row, and
broke up in a disgraceful manner. The ballot-box
was destroyed and the vote of the town was lost.
—Still another railroad accident occurred
on the New Jersey Central at Bloomsburg, two
coal trains colliding, and precipitating the engines
attached to both in the water. Four men were
instantly killed and a fifth slightly injured.
—lt is proposed to hold an International
Exhibition at Bombay, India, in 1865. The United
States Consul there has been requested to call the
attention of his Government and of American man
ufacturers to the fact.
—Francesca Scanazetta has lately died
at Milan in her ninetieth year. When a young
girl, inspired by reading Tasso's poems, she deter
mined to be a soldier, and donning boy's clothes
went to \ ienua and entered the Military Academy.
In 1797 she was appointed standard-bearer, snd
served in the Austrian army three years without
suspicion as to her sex. Her father then informed
the authorities of the fact and the lady warrior was
honorably discharged with a pension. In ISO 4
she married an Italian officer, who died in 1831.
Towanda, Thursday, March 23, 1865,
This number of the Reporter is un
avoidably delayed beyond our usual day of.
publication, for the reason that a supply of j
paper ordered in good time, lay at Waverly :
when the great flood came. No paper will
be issued on the 30th—and the next Rejwr
ter will be dated April 6. This delay is
vexatious, but when our subscribers under
stand the cause, we trust they will bear
THE IIAVKRITT LAW.
The bankrupt law has fortunately failed
for this time, and those opposed to the pass
age of such a bill have now an opportunity
I of looking over the field, and of concentra.
ting their strength against it. For we may
be assured that another trial will be made
on a more auspicious occasion, and it will
require all the political virtue of our rep
resentatives, all the exertions of the friends
of honest legislation, whether in Congress
or out, to withstand it. It is so easy to get
into debt, and the temptation is so great to
get out without payment, so many have in
j eurred extraordinary obligations in conse
quence of the superabundance of paper .mon
ey,the bill became so near a law, having been
pushed with such vigor by a debauched and
dissolute press, that we may confidently ex
pect another great eflbrt to carry it. We opine
; that its friends in Congress intermitted all
I effort in its favor during the last few weeks
| of congressional life, with the view that by
| the time of the meeting of the next con*
i gross, the ranks of debtors will be so aug
i mented that more force will be in store for
the crisis, and a longer and louder wail
will go up from the " poor but honest debt
or,'' to those in power. It does no dispar-
I agement to what we already knew ofhu-
man nature to suppose that it has purposely
been left with this view, and that between
the adjournment of congress and its meet
i ing again in December, millions of dollars
] of debt will be made with the expectation
j that a bankrupt law will pay them.
The history of the bankrupt bill passed
1 at the commencment of the administration
of John Tyler is pregnant with instruction,
and we respectfully invite all men at this
day to study it. The accession of a new
party to power, the certa'nty that a loose
system of legislation would be adopted, a
great party mad with the cry for a United
j States Bank and the distribution of the
| sales of the public lands, and at the in
; stance of foreign creditors, the assumption
j of state debts, and the positive certainty
S that neither of these measures could com
! inand a majority in either house, invited to
J a system of log-rolling, and gave to a third
j cabal intent on the passage of a bankrupt
law an opportunity for efficient action.—
' The records of Congress show that three
bills were early introduced —a bank bill, a
bill to assume state debts, and a bankrupt
bill, and no one of these three had the power
of independent action. It was agreed
among the friends of these three measures
to help each other on, but one could not
trust the other. If one was put forward a
step, it must halt there and all hands go
back and give those behind a lift. The j
bank bill which more than all other em- j
bodied the dear love and life of our side of J
the triangle, was put out of its place in the !
front to give room to the bankrupt bill to
forge ahead of the rest—through all, it
kept that place and came in first under the
whip of that most accomplished jockey
Robert J. Walker, of Mississippi, whose
state was insolvent to the tune of tens of mil
lions of dollars. Now here is a fact to
study. This bill which most were afraid to ,
touch, which was most condemned as being j
unjust, and which all knew would be un- j
popular after serving the ends of .the grea- •
test scoundrels in the nation, went forth to \
the people as the first, and greatest, in the j
long list of relief measures which the public :
was promised in the memorable campaign j
of " Tippecanoe and Tyler too," and " Van,
Van, is a used up man."
This measure we here again state and
challenge the contradiction —this measure ■
held the passage of the U. S. Bank bill in
its hand, and permitted its further progr
only on condition of its own way through
where there was a clear majority against
it. This measure which addressed itself
to the lowest and basest ieelings of a de
praved humanity—which invalidated the
the most sacred of contracts, and offered a
reward to per jury was characterised by
Mr. Benton, (old Bullion we mean and
would that he were there now with all the
fire and energy of his early years,) as a
bill " for the abolition of debt at the vil! of
the debtor," and by Mr. Calhoun, as a bill
that " would destroy any administration,
and blew this sky high." It became a law
of the land in July 1841, paid millions of
debts, permitted those for those whom it
was enacted to blacken their souls with the
foulest perjury, and when the party passing
it could live under its load of infamy no
longer, was suddenly repealed by the same
men who voted for it, and by the same Pres
ident who signed the bill enacting it, after
a disgraceful existence of a year and a half.
Its repeal was the work of the people—
they rose against it in masses, petition after
petition, resolve after resolve, instruction
after instruction, piled the tables of
members, condemning, instructing, com
manding, and this abortion of dishonesty
and dishonor was swept from the statute
book where it should never have gone. It
was placed there as a relief measure, but
the people, more honest than their repre
sentatives spurned it as an infamous thing.
It is hoped that the present administra
tion will not dare to touch it. It is true to
be sure that a bankrupt bill is constitution
al, but only so because the constitution has
said so, in so many words, " it is so nomi- j
nated in the bond." It is not constitutional j
from the rights and nature of things—it is
not so because it it founded in justice,—in
that deep seated principle of humanity j
which recognizes Truth, and Reason, and 1
Law, —which awards to each the avails of \
of the labor of his own hand, and crowns ! <
and clothes him with the attribute of free-! ;
dom, and manhood. Had the constitution ! I
been silent on the subject of bankruptcy, a | I
legislator would as soon have legalized , i
robbery, and theft.
As was said before, there is now time and j
opportunity to concentrate public opinion 1
against this bill or some other just like it. J
The congress just closed, having paid its
debt to nature, the friends of the measure |
must commence again. This is fortunate, !
for members stand uncommitted and open
to reason and instruction. Who of the ru-.
ral population in our wide country have !
asked or will ask for such a law ? Thank
God, they have an innate inextinguishable j
sense of honesty that will again, as it has
done, spurn from their path the ignoble j
wretch who would tamper with it. Who j
asked for the bill just dead ? The idle spec- j
ulating vagabonds of our large cities—men j
who never earned an honest sixpence in
their lives, who live and sometimes grow
fat upon the sweat of the honest mechanic I
and laborer, whom they spurn in the streets. ;
Who asked for for the law of 1841? A !
whole state filled with just such men—the
refuse an rogues of the east who congre- j
gating on the banks of the Mississippi, |
drew from the capitalists of the seaboard;
every dollar they could, and paid them in !
false swearing and perjury.
' _ i
JL'DGE MERC'I R.
On our outside will be found the proceed-1
ings of a complimentary supper, given by
the members of the Bar, and officers of the |
Court, to Judge MERCTR, which shows the
estimation in which he is held by those im-,
mediately connected with him.
It is a source of regret to the people of
this district that Judge MERCER has left the
bench, for no man has ever presided over
our courts who was more highly esteemed
—nay, more beloved, as a man, or a Judge.
We believe this to be the admission of all.
Diligent in the discharge of his duties,
prompt, and uniformly correct in his decis
ions, the court proceedings under his ad
ministration were marked by unusual dis
patch. As the successor of Judge WII.MOT,
—whose aptness in law logic is intuitive-—it
was thought Judge MERCER would suffer by
the contrast, but the great industry, and
application of the latter, makes him equal to
the best Judge in the State ; and so he is
considered by the ablest lawyers. Then, all
will miss his great afl'ability, which made
it so pleasant for the profession,the officers,
jurymen, and all who had business in court.
His successor has the reputation of being
an amiable man, and learned in the law,
but he will have to set his best foot fore
most, in both these respects, to till Judge
MERCER'S place with credit.
The rush to the Oil Fields of Pennsylvania
is nearly equal to that which took place to
California when gold was discovered there;
and the adventurers fare about as well in
the one place as they did in the other. —.
Sleeping on benches, and on cabin-floors,
with a single blanket, or a Buffalo-robe, at
the rate of a dollar a night ; and live dol
lars per day for board, made up of badly
boiled potatoes, and worse boiled beef and
pork, and rye coffee. The oil region is ex
tremely broken and rough in its natural
features, being barren, rocky, hilly, and
even mountainous in many places ; and the
prospecting over this territory is attended
with nearly all the difficulties,and hardships
which the gold-seekers encountered in the
Sierra Nevada ; nor are the fortunes which
many realize from the oil, any less wonder
, ful than those which attended some of the
| enterprising gold-seekers. A great many
| farms that five and six years ago could
1 hardly be sold for from one to three and
five hundred dollars, and are now held at
| as many millions, and yield a heavy per
: centage on these valuations, while many
I that were held at only a few hundred dol
lars cash, but two years ago, are now read-
ily sold at as many hundred thousands; but |
a groat deal of money is also lost in these j
ventures, some through fraud, and much j
through eager haste of those ignorant of;
the business, and the incautious Many a
one spends his last dollar, and comes away
poorer than he went. Experience is, how
ever, doing much to settle, define, and reg- j
ulate all the processes connected with this j
new source of riches. This is the case par- i
tieularly along Oil Creek, where the prop-1
erty has fallen into permanent hands, that j
have means to develope it to the fullest ex- j
tent. The prospecting and speculation are
now more confined to Cherry Run, and ,
Cherry Tree Run, tributaries of Oil-Creek, !
to Pit-llole Creek, Tionesta Creek, Corn
planter and Bennyhoof runs, and along the I
banks of the Allegheny river in the vicinity
of the last named tributaries.
Thi! amount of oil taken from some of
the wells is astonishing, and really almost
past credence, although the average yield i
is perhaps not over one hundred barrels '
per day. It is said by the correspondent
of the New York World, from whose state
ments we gather most of the accompanying
facts,that the Big Phillips well on Oil Creek
—four hundred and eighty feet deep—had
a flow, for some time aftor it was first open- j
ed, of from three to four thousand barrels,
per day, and that the run was so heavy that i
forty or fifty thousand barrels -were lost,be
fore the flow could be controlled. This well
was opened in 1861, and is now yielding
three hundred and twenty-five barrels per
day. The Noble and Delamater well open
ed in April, 1863, had an undiminished flow
for six months of nearly two thousand bar
rels per day, and has netted to its owners, ,
since it was opened, over three millions of!
The product of most of the wells is not 1
uniform,but irregular and spasmodic,indeed, j
all the wells having a heavy flow at first,
run out, and were generally abandoned un
til recently, when, by the application of air- 1
pumps, many have been resuscitated, and '
are again yielding profitably. Some wells,!
when first opened, have no flow,
days or weeks of pumping, the How is
started, and some never flow,and yield only
by pumping. The depth of the wells varies
from three hundred to seven hundred feet,
and there appears to be little difference be
tween the depth of those on the low lands and
those on the high lands. In one instance, j
on Cherry Run, a well of six hundred feet;
011 the bottoms, yields 110 better than a
seven hundred feet well, seven hundred
feet above on the hill. One peculiarity of
the oil region is,the reeking odor emenating
from the gas which accompanies the emis
sion of the oil. This makes it very un
pleasant at first for visitors. To this how
ever, they soon become accustomed, and
; not only learn to bear, but some learn to
like it. The phenomena of the flow of the 1
oil wells is thus explained. Wells are caused j
to flow spontaneously by the pressure of
| naphtlialic gas within the earth,being great-1
I er than the pressure of the atmosphere.—
' When this greater pressure is reduced by
exhaustion, to an equilibrium with the at-
I mospheric pressure, the flow ceases, until
I artificial pressure is applied, or until a
! fresh accumulation of the gas causes a re
-1 sumption of the flow.
We have a rumor that General Fry has
! ordered a draft in this District, upon the
| basis of an enrollment of 6,000. The re
j vised enrollment contains 4,100 names. —
Upon what principle the increase is made
■we cannot learn. A rumor is in circulation
! that Provost Marshal Maxviu.k has been re
lieved. We cannot believe that such is the
I case as Capt. Manyille's superior as an offi
| cer cannot be found. He has discharged
! the perplexing and difficult duties of the
position with an ability and affability which
j have secured him the confidence and es
teem of all having business at the office.—
i Against his integrity no whisper of suc
i picion lias been breathed. It would be dif
| fieult to find a successor who could give
i such perfect satisfaction.
MR. EDITOR :—This has been an eventful week
| for persons residing or owning property along the
i streams of the Central and South Eastern portions
jof the State. I started from Canton in this county
1 on the morning of the 15th inst., nnd proceeded
! down about half way from the place of starting to
i Williamsport, when the truck under the express
: car gave way. The engine was immediately de
-1 taehed and made off at a fearful rate: so far as man
! ciin judge this was all that saved the whole train
! from becoming a wreck, and the passengers from
' destruction. The express ami baggage cars were
■ spoiled, the first passenger car was turned ronnd
! across the track, the second one was turned up
! on the side or nearly so, the other two were not
! drawn from the track. Strange was it that no one
; was injured in the least.
It was raining rapidly and the train was about a
1 mile from any bouse; several of the men scattered
1 off to the nearest families and procured food for
those who could not go. The whole company was
j detained in the rain till 7p. m. The Lycoming
1 creek was raising rapidly and was, when we left, as
high as it had ever been within two feet.
The train arrived at Harrisburg at 4 a. m., on
the 16th, passengers cold, wet, .ami, hungry.—
' This was the last train that passed over the road.
• I Before night of the 16th the water was rising so
fast that the citizens began to be alarmed, not for
j the property in the city, but for the rail roads and
. bridges. Friday morning the water began to pass
over the large island opposite the city, known now
as Thomas' Island. Streets in the lower part of
tlxe city were inundated, the bridges upon Paxton
creek were taken off and the city of Harrisburg was
, literally on an island. Still the water came up
' and came up all day Saturday, 011 Sunday morning
* it was about two feet upon the boards on the East
| ern end of the Cumberland Valley Railroad bridge.
Thomas' Islxxud was about four feet under water.
The drift wood that came against the bridge moved
it down a few inches; so far as was known when I
left there was no other injury done to either of the
\ bridges at the city. The streets were under water
up to within a few yards of the residence of Gen.
I Cameron. It is estimated that not less than three
1 hundred families were obliged to leave their houses,
I some saved all, some but a little, and very many
j lost all. The water works and gas works were
' stopped and greut inconvenience was experienced
• for the want of water.
No trains on the Pennsylvania road have come
in from Philadelphia. All the travel having been
sent on Lebanon Valley and Philadelphia and
Reading roads. The trains from Pittsburg come
'in but with great irregularity. It is impossible to
estimate the damage done to the railroads, and the
farms and lumber-yards adjacent to the river. Suf
fice it to say that it may be counted by hundreds
of thousands if not by millions.
Deeming it to be highly important that I should
get to Towanda, I started on the morning of the
'2lst, at three o'clock, upon the Lebanon Valley
road. Txe cars were crowded, the seats were fill
ed, the aisles were tilled, the platforms were filled,
most of the passengers were bound for the State
of N. Y., via of the Northern Central. About thir
ty parolled prisoners were on board, many of them
were so feeble that they were carried on to the
cars, others crawled on their hands and knees. At
Reading we took the North Pennsylvania road to
Allentown, thence to Easton on the Lehigh Valley,
and over into New Jersey,where we took the Belvi
dere nnd Delaware up thirty or forty miles, when
we stmck the Lackawann, Delaware and Western,
upon which we passed through Scranton to the
Great Bend, thence on the New York and Erie, to
Waverly. When we arrived at Waverly the passen
gers going west were told that they could not get
further than Chemung. Oh, what become of those
poor starved soldiers who had lain in Southern
prisons for months. The rest of us should not
complain if they did not.
There was but little damage done on the Dela
ware so far as we traveled along its banks.
March '23, 1865. X.
B*r Jeff. Davis sent his Congress a
message on the 13th instant, relative to
the exemption bill. He strongly objects to
such sections as would leave a single man
free from conscription. Skillful citizens
and mechanics should be exempt on paper
but be made join some militia regiment,
which is but the precursor of harder service.
There were rumors yesterday that Davis
had abdicated. This reaching New York,
in conjunction with Sheridan's report of
damage done the enemy, reduced the price
of gold and affected the general market.
Even a continued depression is foreshad
owed. Money is in active demand at seven
per cent, on call. Sterling nominal.
®jaT Gold sold at New York on Monday,
as low as 1584.
news is not as late as desirable,
for the reason that no mails have been re
ceived here later than Monday.
LATEST WAR NEWS. :
FROM GEN. SCHOFIELD. I
Newbern", K. C., March 12, 1865. 1 J
Yesterday the enemy fell back across the | |
Neuse River, after burning the bridge over
It is reported that they also burned the 1
Rebel ram at the same time, which was ! 1
guarding the bridge. j
Timber is now going forward to rebuild j
the bridge. j 1
The railroad is completed to' within a
short distance of the river, opposite Kin- 1
The enemy will not be able to remain in
I Kinston long, even if they decide to make
' another stand, of which there is much j
Deserters and" refugees continue to come
| into our lines.
j The enemy suffered the most, owing to
' their repeated charges on our works, in
which they were repulsed each time with
i severe loss.
Our troops stand their ground manfully,
and are in high spirits over the prospect of
meeting Sherman soon.
Dr. Page, of the Sanitary Commission,
| who has sent a force with supplies to the j
front fur the wounded, lias also collected a
list of the killed and wounded, which will
be sent 011 for publication.
A portion of Major-Gen. Schofield's staff
is still at Wilmington, among whom is his
Assistant 'Adjutant-General, Lieut-Col. J. ,
A. Campbell. Major Williams M. Wherry,
sr., A. D., is acting Assistant Adjutant-j
General during the absence of Col. Camp- j
bell. . ;
Lieut.-Col. Treat of Gen. Schofield's stall,
lias just arrived from the front, and reports
all quiet to-day.
The weather is warm and pleasant, with i
prospect of fair weather.
PHH.ADEI.PHIA, Wednesday, March 15, 1865.
The Bulletin of this city lias received the I
following special dispatch :
WASHINGTON, Wednesday, March 15, 1865.
At noon to-day the Department received
advices by the steamer Lehigh, at Fortress
Monroe, that Gen. Schofield occupied Kin
ston, N. C.,on the 13th inst., Gen. Bragg
and his army retreating.
LATER FROM RICHMOND.
WASHINGTON, Thursday, March 16, 1860.
To Maj-Gen. I)ix : A dispatch from Gen.
| Grant's headquarters reports that The Daily
Diqjatch is the only paper issued to-day in
| Richmond. It says: " The Dispatch is pub
! lished this morning on half a sheet only,
i because of the fact that all the employes,
j printers, reporters, and clerks, are members
i of military organizations, and were called
1 out yesterday morning by the Governor, to
perform special service for a short time.
" | " But for the kindness of a few friends,
I I who are exempt from service, and who vol-
I I unteered their aid, the half-loaf presented
1 i would of necessity have been withheld. In
: a few days at furtherst, our forces will re
-1 1 turn to their posts, when we hope to resume
and continue uninteruptedly, our full sized
There is no other news of moment from
I anv quarter.
C. A. DANA, Ast. Sec. of War.
R GEN. KILPATRICK WHIPS HAMPTON.
WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, I
' 1 Thursday, March 16—9:30 p. Ixl. t
' To Maj.-Gen. Dix, New York: The fol
lowing dispatch has been received this
1 evening at this Department :
CITY POINT, Thursday, March 16. 1865.
Hon. C. A. DANA, Ad. Sec. of War: I urn
just in receipt of a letter from Gen. Sher
man, 12t.1i, from Fayetteville. He describes
liis army iu fine health and spirits, having
met with no serious opposition. Hardee
keeps in his front at a respectful distance.
At Columbia he destroyed immense arsen
als and railroad establishments and 43 can
At Cheraw he found much machinery and
war material, including 25 cannon and 3,-
600 barrels of gunpowder. In Fayctteville
he found 20 pieces of artillery and much
other material. He says nothing about
Kilpatrick's defeat by Hampton; hut the
officer who brought this letter says that be
fore daylight 011 the 10th Hampton got two
brigades in the rear of Kilpatrick's bead
quarters, and surprised and captured all the
i staff but two officers.
Kilpatrick escaped, formed his men, and
drove the enemy with great loss, recaptur
| ing all that he had lost. Hampton lost 86
—left dead on the field.
(Signed). U. S. GRANT, Lieut.-GF 11.
LATER FROM SHERIDAN.
WAR DEPARTMENT, I
WASHINGTON, Friday, March 17 —3 p. nx. J
Major-Gen. Sheridan reports of the 15th
inst., from the bridge of the Richmond and
I Fredericksburg Railroad across the South
| Anna River, that, having destroyed the
j James River Canal as far to the east as
I Goochland, he marched up to the Virginia
| Central Railroad at Toltsville and destroy
ed it down to Beaver Dam station, totally
destroying 15 miles of the road. Gen. Cus
ter was then sent to Ashland, and Gen.
Dcvin to the South Anna bridges, all of
which have been destroyed. Gen. Sheridan
says the amount of property destroyed in
his march is enormous. The enemy at
tempted to prevent the burning of the Cen
tral Railroad bridges over the South Anna,
but the sth United States Cavalry charged
up to the bridge, and about thirty men
dashed across on foot, driving off the enemy
! and capturing three pieces of artillery—
' twenty pounder Parrotts.
C. A. DANA. Ast.-Sec. of War.
1 SHERMAN MARCHING O,V GOLDS
NEWBERN, N. C. March 16.
Our forces now occupy Rairson and are
repairing the R. R. bridge across Neuse
river which will be ready in a few days.
The enemy were much demoralized on
j leaving Kinston for Goldsboro, most of the
! N. C. troops belonging in the eastern part
I of the State took French leave of Gen.
Bragg and retired to their homes. There
I has been no fighting since Friday last.—
| The result of the battle in front of Kinston
j last week, will not be far from 2,000 killed,
; wounded and prisoners on our side, and all
I of three thousand on the enemy's side,
j whose dead out number ours five to one,
j owing to their reckless assaults upon our
! Refugees report that Gen. R. E. Lee is
I in command of the enemy's forces in this
State, with headquarters at Raleigh. lie
j brought quite a strong force with him from
These refugees and deserters state that
I Johnston and Beauregard are in command
j at Richmond, and that the fortifications
j there are being manned by the few negro
j troops who took the place of the force
which accompanied Gen. Lee to this State.
The Goldsboro Journal of the Bth instant,
states that a council of war was held not
■ more than 30 miles from that city on the
| 4th inst., consisting of their leading gene
i rals, among whom was Gen. Lee,their great
leader, a Colonel belonging to Gen. Slier-
nan's arrny has just arrived here from
He states that Sherman will be in Golds
)oro on the 20th inst. The enemy send in
10 rumors or reports of bad news from
Sherman, which is conclusive evidence that
ic is all right.
FORTRESS MONROE, March 19.
The steamer James S. Green arrived last
ivening from Wilmington.
She brings no later intelligence from
Gen. Sherman's army which at the last ac
counts received here yesterday, had cros
sed Cape Fear River, and was marching on
Thirty-nine escaped Union officers came
up from Wilmington in the steamer.
HABRISBURG, Pa., Friday, March 17, 1865.
The flood in the Susquehanna River is
The river is 30 inches higher than in the
destructive freshet of 1840.
Thousands of timber logs, with millions
of feet of sawed lumber, have already pas
sed this point, being swept away by the
Intelligence from the north and west of
us indicate the most frightful destruction
of property ever known in this State.
The public property on the streams emp
tying into the Susquehanna has suffered
Bridges have beeen swept away, with
dwelling-houses, storehouses, barns, etc.,
This morning the bridges of Northumber
land and Duncan's Island, and part of the
bridges of the Pennsylvania Railroad
above this city were carried away.
A bridge, said to be from the Juniata
River, is being borne with fearful violence
down the stream.
The Cumberland Valley Railroad, is in
imminent danger, several spans of it being
two fee under water.
The river still continues steadily to rise,
and it is impossible to resist the force of
No trains have passed through Ilarris
burgh from Pittsburgh or Philadelphia, fur
the last twelve hours.
The lower part of Harrisburgh is com
pletely under water.
Much suffering has been created aiiV'ig
many poor families who live at Middle
town and in the villages along the shore,
clear to Columbia.
The destruction of private property, and
[ suffering among individuals, is immense.
| The fires in several of the furnaces in
i this city art quenched, and the furnaces
; will chill.
All th" lumber stocked at Marietta, Col
' umbia and Middlctown lias been swept
Some of the streets in the lower part of
; the city, which were not approached by the
I flood of 1846, aic in imminent danger of
' being overflowed.
Millions of dollars will not cover the loss
: already sustained.
PHILADELPHIA, Saturday, March 18, 1865.
Our latest reports from Ilarrisburg state
! that the water in the Susquehanna River
' is 13 inches higher than in the great flood
! of 1846.
i Telegraphic communication closed with
I Ilarrisburg at 12 o'clock, and the proba
bilities are that the line has been washed
DANVILLE. J'A. . Saturday, March 18, 1865.
The most destructive flood ever known
J in these parts is now raging on the North-
West branch of the Susquehanna. The
: railroad is submerged and all travel sus
; ponded. The bridges on the Branch as
far as Willianisport, are gone. The Lack-
I awanna and Bloomsbtirg road is under wa-
I ter in some places ten feet. I lie canal in
i many places is completely destroyed, llalf
jof Danville is under water,and the river is
j still rapidly rising.
THE FRESHET ON THE HUDSON
PovoHKEirsiE. Saturday, March Is, 1865.
One mile and a half of the Hudson River
! Railroad track, in the vicinity of Schodack,
' is washed away, and the Company have is
j sued an order suspending the running of
1 all down trains. Up trains convey their
I passengers to Albany via the Hudson and
; Berkshire Road.
Telegraphic communication West was
| resumed to-night.
Two trains from beyond the Fonda break
jon the Central Railroad have arrived.—
1 For the first time since Thursday the regu
! lar 11 p.m. mail train was sent out to-night.
THE FRESIIET ON THE WESTERN
BUFFALO, Saturday. March 18, 1805
We learn this morning from Rochester
that the New York Central Railroad bridge
was swept away at 12 o'clock last night.
| and it is reported lour men were drowned
thereby. The water is three feet deep in
| the Arcade Buildings at Rochester, pre
! venting all ingress or egress. All the low
; or portion of Rochester is under water, and
the damage will be enormous. There is no
: communication from one part of the city to
the other. The papers are unable to pub
i lislt, the water having extinguished the
fire under their engines.
There is no telegraphic communication
; east of Utica as yet. The Western Union
Company are however, making herculean
efforts to have the lines working by to-night.
We are informed that the injuries to the
Erie road extend for a distance of nearly
j 100 miles, mostly east of Hornellsville.—
i There are several breaks between Hor
nellsville and Dunkirk.
The Lake Shore road is but slightly darn
i aged, and will be all right soon.
BUFFALO, March, 19 1865.
The New-York Central Railroad trains
| commence running to-morrow morning,
j passengers being transfered by the An
drews-st, bridge in Rochester without ex
! pensc. Beyond Rochester the road is but
j slightly damaged. Freight trains will be
j sent via the Batavia and Canandaigua line,
i which is but slightly injured, and will be
; all right to-morrow.
SYRACUSE, March 19,1865
The freshet Thursday and Friday was
j very severe in this region the water in
; Onondaga and other creeks having bceu
higher than ever before known, finite a
i number of bridges over streams within the
I county have bceu swept away. Dams
' were carried away, some buildings de
: stroyed and many injured. In the south
and east portions of this city several
j streets were flooded so as to be passable
I only by boats, and over 300 dwellings
i were flooded more or less.
The salt works on the Reservation sutler
severely, especially in the first ward—prob
ably to the extent of $150,000 to $200,000.
I The loss in this city and county caused by j
• the flood will not be less than hall a mil
lion dollars. The water in the creek has
fallen to its usual Spring level; but the
; lake is very high, and the salt works are
I suffering in consequence.
\ S ACT to amend the several acts her |
XJL tofore passed to provide for the enroling
calling out the national forces, uud for other
* * ,
SEC. 13. And be it further enacted, That where •
revised enrollment in any Congressional or draft dint
has been obtained or made, prior to any actual draw
ol names from the enrollment lists, the quota of J
district may be adjusted and proportioned to sui--ij' r ,
vised enrolment instead of being applied to or ba(- ( j,
ou the enrolment as it may have stood hetore the n
KKO. 14- And be it further enacted. That hereafu,
all persons mustered into the military or naval serv >
whether as volunteers, substitutes, representative!. ''
otherwise, shall be credited to the State,and to the warn
township, precinct, or other enrolment sub-dim- ■
where such persons belong by actual residence, (itl
persons have an actual residence within the I;' f 1
States.) and where such persons were or shall heenr'
ed, if liable to enrolment, and it is hereby made t'.
duty of the Provost Marshal General to make such re C
and g.ve such iustructions to the several Provost g
shals,' boards of enrolment, and mustering officers,
shall be necessary foi the faithful enforcement ol > ,
provisions ol this section, to the eud that fair and i,'.-
credit shall be given to every section of the country
Provided, That in tny call tor troops hereafter, no con;
ty, town,township, ward, prccint, or election disti,
snail have credit except fur men actually furnished
said call, or the preceding call, by said county, to
township, ward, precint, or election district, and rn.,
tered into the military or naval service on the qu •
Sk . 15. Ami be it fur thee enacted. That in corn p.!
iug quotas hereafter, credit shall be given to the sever,
States, districts and sub-districts, for all men
by tiiem, lespectively, au<* not heretolore credited c -
iug the present rebellion, for any period ol serve, ,
not less than three months, calculati g the number
days lor which such service was furnished, and reduc; C 2
the same to years : Provided, That sueli credits
not be applied to the call lor the additional troops m'~.
by the President on the twenty-first day of December
eighteen hundred and sixty-tour,
ia M-.c. IG. And be it further enacted, That persons wi,
have beeu, or may hereafter be dratted, uuuer the pr
\ isions of the several acts to which this is an aricc.
meut, for the term of one year, and who have a, tu„
furnished or may actually lurnish,acceptable substitute
(•: t liable to dralt) for the term ol three years, sli, i. ,
exempt trom military duty during the time for wh ; .
sin ii :übsiitute shall not be liable to draft, not ex-a*
ing the lime far which wdl substitute shali have W,
mustered into the service,anything in the act of Kt .
ary twenty fourth, eighteen buinired and sixty-four ;
the contrary notwithstanding.
SEC. 17. And be it further enacted, That any recrv
iug agent, substitute broker, or otfier person who, ■
~ay or piofit, shall enlist, or cause to be enlisted, a>,
volunteer or substitute, auy insane person, or conv
or p won under ludictmeut for a felony, ot who is r.
•i ale to answer lor a felony, or person in a coucc
ot iutoxicatiou, or a deserter from the military or nay,
m i vice, or any minor between the ages of sixteen
eighteen years, without the consent of bis parents
guardian, ji any minor under the age of sixteen }•,;.
knowing him, in cither eases before meutioned, to ..
such, or who shall defraud or illegally deprive any v,
cnteer or substitute of any portion ol the State, locs •
United States bounty, to which he may be entitled,m
pon conviction in any court ot competent jurndict.
be lined uot exceeding oue thousand dollais, nor is",
than two hundred dollars, or imprisonment uot ex. c ,
iug iwo years aud uot less than three mouths, or „
iuUie discretion or the coui t aforesaid.
SKC. I*. And be it further enacted, That auy ot-.
who shall muster into the military or naval serve, '
the United States, any deserter trout said service, vt
sane person in a condition ol intoxication, or anym, s
imdei the age of sixteeu years, knowing him to ,
shall upon conviction by any Court-Martial, be da:,
oi ably discharged fr- m the service of the Unite i 5.,.-'
Sue. lb. And be xt further enacted, That is
case where a substitute is furnished to take tee pla
an enrolled or drafted man, and it is shown by cvide.
that shall be satisfactory to the Secretary ot War. u
sueh oubstitute was. at the timeol bis enlistment,kt
by the pany Punishing him to he non compoe mini
in a condition ot intoxication, or under convictioni>:_
dicimeut for any ofience ol the grade ol felony at
common law, or to have been guilty of a previous*
deserti n u utatisfied by paroon or piiui.-hiiient. o *
reason ot auy existing infirmity or ailment, phyvi
incapable ot performing the ordinary duties ot "a -
ier in actual service in the winks, or mnmr betww:.
apes o! sixteen and eighteen years, without tue cuts
o? bis parents or guardian, or a minor under the j.
sixteen y cat'--, ii shali be the duty#! the Prov
shal General, ou advice o! the fact, to report the •
to the Provost M-t rsbal ot the proper district: a:.
such person so enlisted aud incapable, shal. have
since the passage of this act, mustered into the -e
as a substitute, tor a person liable to dralt, and n--u
ttaliy dratted, the name ol the person so liable wi,-.-
nished such substitute shall be again placed on tb c
aud he shall be subject to dralt therealter, as throL, ,
no such substitute had been furnished by Lun ; ... j
such substitute so enlisted, and incapable as afurev
shall have been, since the passage ol this act. mas
into the service as a substitkte for a person ait.. '
dialled, then it shall be the duty of the Provost L '
ehal General to direct the Provost Marshal ot the .
trict immediately to uctily the person who luruit:-
such substitute that he is held to service in the pa -
such substitute, and he shal! stand in the same reis:
and be subject to the same liability as belore the
uishiug of such substitute.
SKC. 20. And be it further enacted, That in cas- . <
substitute shall desert from the army, audit shall I
pear by evidence satisfactory to the Secretary ol '. |
that the party furnishing such substitute shall ha
any way, directly or indirectly, aided or abetted- j
desertion, or to have been privy to any intention ,&•„ >
part of such substitute to desert, then such pers . -..
ire immediately placed in the army, and shall serv? ,
the period lor which lie was liable to draft, such -e
--to commence at the date of the desertion ot the k -
Sec. ill - And be it further enacted, That, iu adu.
to the other lawful peualties ol the crime of destr.-
from the military or uaval service, all persons wu ..
deserted the military or naval service of the
Slates, who shall uot return to said ser .ice, or r
themselves to a Provost Marshal within sixty days,
the proclamation hereinafter mentioned, shall ic |
ed aud taken to have voluntarily relinquished a.
leited their rights ot citizenship and their rigu'-s I
come citizens ; and such deserters shall be lurevt;
capable oi holding auy office ol trust or profit unix.. i
Lnited states, or or exercising any rights of c.u.
thereot ; and all persons who shall hereafter dest: .
military or uaval service, and all persous who. h. |
duly enrolled, shall depart the jurisdiction ol thei j
trict in which he is enrolled, or go beyond the 1 in. -
the United states, w itu intent to avoid any dun : :
lite military or naval service, duly ordered, sha,.
able to the penalties of this section. Aud the
oent is hereby authorized aud required forthwith. -
passage ot this act, to issue his proclamation •
lorth tue provisions oi thissectiou, in which pro -
tiou the President is iequeted to notify ail desert
turning within sixty days as aioresaid, that they ■—
be pardoned on condition ot returning to their regit
and companies,or to such other organization* as :.
may be assigned to, uulil they shah have served :
period ot time equal to their origtual term ul ch
htc. 22. And be it further enacted, That the n i
set tju of the act entitled " Au act further to reg
aud provide lor the enrolling aud calling out the
lioual lorces.and lor other .purposes,'' approved
lourth, eighteen hundred aud sixty-lour, be, au.
same is hereby, repealed,
bEC. 23. Aud be it further enacted, That any pet'
or persous enrolled iu auy sub-district may, utter a
of a dralt, aud belore the same shall have takei p
cause to be mustered into the service ol tht In
states. such uumher ot recruits, uot subject touw
they may deem cxpedieut, which recruits shalidtt
the credit ol the persons thus causing them to x -
tered in. aud sUall be taken as substitutes tor sul;-
sons, or so many ot them as may be dratted, to la
tent ol the uumoer of such recruits, aud iu theoraf
signated by the principals at the time such recruit"
thus aforesaid mustered m.
bEC.iI. And be it further enacted, That sect:. |
teen oi the act approved February twenty-fourth, j
tc-eu hundred and sixty-four, eutitled " Au act tcr -- #
liug aud calling out the uatioual forces, and lor
purposes," he. aud the same is hereby, amended : ;
strung after the words "any civil" magistrate
words "or auy person authorized by law to admit
oaths." . 1
bEC. 25. And be it further enacted, that there •
tary ot War is hereby authorized to detail one -. t ]
of the employes of the War llepartmet t tor the
pose of administering the oaths required bylaw
settlement ol officers accounts tor clothing, camp - m
garrison equipage, quartermasters' stores, aud ordtu- 1
which oaths shali be administered without expef
the parties taking litem, aud shall be as binding
the person taking the same.ai.d ii falsely taku- y
subject them to the same penalties, us it the sarac
administered by a magistrate or justice of the j ••
8EC.20. And be it Junket enacted, That ariim
sistant surgeons, contract surgeons, and surge m--
commissionersou the eurolltug boards, wlnle '- 3 •
military service ot the United btates, shali lieieain
exernpt from all liability to be drafted under the
visions of any act for eurolliug aud calling out tiif
SEC. 27. And be it further enacted, That
shall take effect from alter its passage ; Provided : -•
nothing herein contained shall operatd to postpos>
pending draft, or interfere with the quotas .01-''
Approved, March 3, 1865.
[Sections from one to twelve, inclusive, donettG
to this Bureau, aud are omitted.] JAMES B- W
Provost Marshal Gener^
DUIS T' S AHI)EXS E El ■
It is an established fact that a large proportion f ;I
Garden Seeds sold in the country are worthless or f'-' 1
so. The reason is obvious. Seeds are left by the *_
with merchants to sell on commission, often bat JE-'
portion of tlienr are sold, the remainder being ret- .
repacked and sent out again the following year
continuitig until as a matter of course many of tw
arc worthless. In order to get the best and mo* 1 _ ,
able seeds I have bought a large stock of Robert
Philadelphia, a house whose reputation forsellmc f _, j
and pure .seeds is not surpassed by any in tbc "
iml who never send out auy seeds on commas' 11 - •
consequently not liable to accumulate old stock. .
1 think a little reflection will convince any on. -•
advantage of purchasing these seeds. 1 have nu .
ieties not to be ionnU any where els eiu • ...
Rutabaga, Beet and Carrot seed by the pound- •
by the bushel. . ,
Please call and get a descriptive Catalogue a■
March 20,18G1. —f
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY COM'lT'
SETTLE UP ! SETTLE UP ! !
The time has now come,that it Is to the intere--
aersons having accounts with the undersigned
uid settle up without delay. ,-.,0
lan. 2. _ JNO-BElDbg^L
IP oil SALE.—A fu st clud-s new
' iioat for *ue, by nnrKfftLl--
March 14,18G5. W. A. ROCK _