Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, January 30, 1862, Image 1
ONE D3LUW PER ANNUM INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. TOAVAKDA : Thursday Morning, January 30,1862.^ Original lines to my sister. ,v S. ~. ,of s.v. Aimr. LB RV. p.-ar lister, breathe not a murmur, Though meet not again ; For I must stand by my country, AuJ its honor maintain. Mi the bright friendships once cherished, 1 have bid them adieu, To tight the rebels iu " Dixit, Aud Stctnion subdue. And" t><V" nO' heart n ™' mnm!ne9 When we speed to the iruy, Success shall crown our endeavors— I know for it you pray. We'll em stand by our banner, Aud all dangers we'll brave, Until wc break all the fetters That are forged for the slave. IJc.-ide Totomae's bright waters, Loud otir can,ions shall roar, Till the " OH Flag" of the Uni an, This whole nation doats o er. U'e'll boldly meet the assassins, Fearless stand by the right. And hurl the seaesh rebellion, To tbe darkest ol nig.it. We'll rend the yoke ot opprcssim, lis ibuscs restrain— In truth we will slumber, E'te vile traitors shall reign. And he who shrinks tro.n the - >.i liat, When ins country hath oesl. Should lie desp st-J by lii ■ kindred- I'e their curses his meed, ian 11 v.;uv .-Jin 11 11 •I . <flistflliuucrtis. (For the Bradford Reporter ) Science of Teaching- No. 1. The relation o; the te uthdr miy 1)3 consid ered a mixed oue. From early ages, parents have to a greater or less exteut, placed their children in charge of instructors. This prac tice steuis to have grown up in accordance with that general law upon which the division of labot is tounded. By it, the teacher for the tune assumes the authority and obligation ot the parent. Government is established to promote "the peace, safety and happiness" ot its membe-'s. As one means to insure this eurf, i: has established a system ot schools, atid r.'iv/L z d teaching as a profession. The teacher b iug iu its employ, may be regarded t> -n>:;:iu:ug the relatio i ot its ageut. Sustaining these relations, the obligations rising therefrom would sccni to require that lie make linn himself acquainted with all the Beans within his reach, which will aid him iu 'advancing the true interests aud high aims of liis employers The field of knowledge over which he 111 iv range with profit, iu search of matter for his purposes, is a wide one. We shall nut attempt to circam-cribe it, or classify materials, but rather to study some ol the more important and general laws and facts which should guide him in hi- instructions, and their influence upon the habits, opinions aud practice of pupiis in after life. Assuming thai flic laws and facts up on which the uit of teaching is', or ought to be founded, are worthy of the name of a science ; our first, inquiry is, where are they to be found?— IVtciers offering their services have, until Unite recently, been examined only in the sui euce- y i-s taught. But, do these determine tin- itieury or science of leaching I Science is I said to be knowledge systematized Knowl- I edge c.i -is's of facts, or relations. In the I unire of a simple fact, or relation, we find I wining to determine the time or manner of its I cooiuunicatiou. Indeed for aught we can see, I'twould make no difference whether we com- I aence at Cube toot, Alligation or Notation ; I" to one element of kuowledge is as simple as <:• o.hcr. Knowledge, or facts to become *b,really to an iudividual.must be perceived, tMbe comprehended. It would be folly to fctltrtake tj teach a pupiljitbe rules or scieuce graiuiar, who had no knowledge of language, 'totalk to him of colors of which be never W any perception. Hence, the best system of arrangement, or ; > w.::'.atiou of the elements of science, is that •liich tollows tn ist closely the order in which x:nd most successfully grusps tbein. 1 ft*l instruction should always he adapted *- '-fie degree ot advancement of the pupil, uo ! deny. Bjme pupils advance iu some a 9Raeut. of knowledge much more easily ra i v ■J than others. No teacher can have ,*f" l °h')Uee the fact, that there is a dif '; Ukc onural capacities of the tniuds j s- ; , !0t t | ie intelectual capacity j 1 ui ia the propensities, sensibilities and ' H these are to be regarded by tbe , "ia instructions, does it not follow j a - k^owledge of them is necessary to in- i • highest degree ol success ? j"'-'iOphers assert lha; every act of the in- j i Jil is preceded by an internal or mental , L - JW avcr this may be, our own experience j L;"totfJ that it is true of our own vol- j a aii that the internal act —as a 1 r..; 4 / ru "--'i'--:cruiiutis the external one. — E l^e (iterna ' ,U4n Wa y regarded not l to® executive, and defender of, but j L; ttmmuoieatKMi with the internal lit j'' 1 ' '' commonicatioa be injudicious defective, on the interna! action ruil ' rr ° r will result. Now it would seeai L starting of the laws of aetiou ■ ( -e -t .of th mind —of this inilu-| Bhl tx toiual uieaus, to_etber with a ( Iv. toe means of ascertaining its 1,, ; j 3 ' va ':ccineut and capacity,would great- I >1' 10 SUcceS! of the teacher. , ccnceive to be the science of teach- i ■\. ' sl °dy it the teu her need not travel Hit*.... COu " tr ß'S to examine collec ions of H, " ;e has ouiy to turu his attention H 1 Ur L'xk as it were tbe chambers of ■ i.. ~ } a sl Tl )! y of material. The fa prOj>cr cultivation of the in- ! tellcct,thc sensibilities,and propensities connect intimately as it is, with our peace, prosperity and happiness can scarcely be overrated. Our happiness depeuds far more upon the world within us than the one without. Man has al ways been inclined to attach too much relative importance to externals to make clean the outside of the platter, neglecting the inside, i Christ, the great teacher directed a large por ; tiou of his teachings to correction of this uni. | versal error He taught that, " Out of th heart proceed evil thoughts murders, Ac.—e Those passages found in Matthew, 1, I—s are full of philosophical truth, which will become more apparent, as we proceed iu our inves tigation. 0 J. C. ORWELL, Pa. Letter from Camp Barry. CAMP BAKRY, Washington, D. C.,Ja. 18,1862. E. O. GOODRICH, E-Q — Dear Sir : —Perhaps our Northern friends are so used to reading sensation announcements iu the New York papers, of great battles, splcpdid victories and successful Naval Expeditious, that I shall not be able to furnish a suitable " Morceau" for their m. rbid appetites. Occupying us we do, only a place iu the Reserve Artillery uuder Gen. Barry, we have uot seen any blood yet, but we have heard the cannons thunder aud smelt the smoke of powder—aud as we have orders to hold ourselves iu constant readiness to march, aud every four gun Battery of the reserve has to keep ou hand four hundred rounds of ammunition, shot aud shells, we think you will sooa have the satisfaction of announcing to the readers of the Reporter, a successful "On to Richmond." The cloud of inaction begins to break away, and the Army of the Potomac will sooa become as grand iu briliiant achievements as it now is iu numbers. Congress, ac its commencement, has taken a step in the right direction—that of confiscating the property ot rebels We think it is high time stveaal policies iu this war was played out, especially that ot fighting the rebels, and at the same time holiliug ttieir property to be so sacred that our troops must watch over and protect it; and also that of setting at liberty a large portion of tbe rebels that fall into the hands of our troops, ou tneir parols of honor, and oaths of allegiance, when ttiey bad already forfeited both by taking up arms agaiust the Government. If we are to treat these rebels as friends aud brothers, why not tpru over the Jovernment to them at once, and trust to their filial affection, their generosity and sense !of honor, to do us justice. We have dallied I long enough with this rebellion if wenregoiug Ito fight it down. Determined aud energetic : action on our part can soon accomplish the deed. It is not an exotic but an indigeuous plant and mu-t lie dug up by the roots; lopping off a few excresent branches will uot answer. If we would be successful we must carry the war into 44 Africa," confiscate the property of these | rebels, for when we touch their " niggers" we j reach their souls, and send the dagger home jto liieir hearts—"not that we love 'our South -1 ern brother less, but our " country more."— Earnest aud determined efforts on the part of our Generals will soon extinguish the lust lingering hope ot the Conlederate States.— Tbtir prospects are waning very fast. The blockade at Acqua Creek is run almost daily, and the rebels have concluded that it does not pay to waste their powder on our oyster boats, as they pass up and down the Potomac. Day before yesterday the Peusacola passed their great batteries without receiving any injury, though sixteen shots from their heaviest gnus ' were fired at her. It is the opinion of military men here, that a general battle cannot be kept off much longer. Four Batteries of the Re serve Artillery are under marching orders now; ! and iu a couple of days they will leave the mortar beds they have been mixing on Capi tal Hill (the mud here has been from fonr to six inches deep for the last month,) and will consecrate themselves by treading the sacred : soil of the " Okl Dominion." We will all have to leave here shortly, for wood aud hay are getting to be scarce articles. Wood is worth from eight to twelve dollars per cord, and bav, from thirty five to forty dollars per ton. All the fences ar.uud here have been burned up, and, eveu straw has been used up so that it is now fetching eighteen dollars per tori. Respectfully, X. L. RrciMESTAL Riv.u.ry — lt is related that a rivalry exists between two regiments en camped on the Potomac, which is sometimes carried to the most absurd extremes. As an . iustauce of this, it is stated that on one occas- j sion the Colonel of one of the regiments was waited on by a zealous chaplain who wished i to promote the religious interests of the regi-, ment. The chaplain was politely received aud j beckoned to a seat on a chest. " Colouel,'' said he elevating his eyebrows, 44 you bave one of the finest regimeuts in the army." " I think so," replied the Colonel. " Do you think yon pay sufficient attention to the religious instructions of your meu ?" " Well, I don't know," replied the Colo nel. " A lively interest has been awekened in the regiment ! the Lord has blessed the la bors of his servauts, aud teu men bave been baptized." [This was the rival regimen ] "Is that to. 'pou honor V asked the Co louel. " Yes, sir." " Sergeant," said the Colonel to an attend ing Orderly, " have tifteeu men detailed im mediately to be baptised. 1 II be daotued if they shall get ahead of us any way." The chaplain made a uote of the interview, and retired. A POSER.—Take for granted that the rail road tram is going at the speed with which a cannon ball fired from a caunou would. Then suppose the cannon on the train, and fire from the car in opposite direction to that in which the traia is moving, where would the ball fall. _ It is less pain to learu iu youth thau to be ignorant iu age. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA,, BY E. 0. GOODRICH. A Long Story Briefly Told. There was a certain kiug, who, like many Eastern Kings, was very foud of hearing sto ries told. To this amusement he gave up all his time ; but yet was never satisfied. The exer tious of all his courtiers were in vain. He at last, made a proclamation, that if Hoy mau should tell him a story thai should last for ever he would make him his heir, and give him the princess, his daughter, in marriage ; but if any oue should pretend he had such a story but should fail—that is, if the story (did come to an end, he was to have his head chop ped off. For such a price as a beautiful princess and a kingdom, many candidates appeared ; and dreadfully long stories some of them told.— Some lasted a week, some a month, some six months. Poor fellows ! they all spun them out as long as they could ; but in vain.— Sooner or later they all came to an eud, aud, oue after another, the uu'ucky story tellers had their heads chopped off. At last came a mau who said he bad a sto ry that would last forever,if his majesty would be pleased to give hiip a trial. lie was warned of his danger ; they told him how inauy others had tried, and lost their heads ; but he said he was not afraid, and so he was brought before the king. He was a man of a very composed and deliberate way of speak iug, aud after makjng all requisite stipulations for time for his eating, drinking aud sleeping, he thus begau his story : " Oh, king ! there was ouce a king who was a great tyraut. Aud desiring to increase his riches, he seized upon all the corn aud grain in his kingdom, and put it in an immense gran ary, which was built ofl purpose, as h'gh as a mountain. " This he did for several years,'till the gran ary was quite full up to the top. He than stopped up doors and windows, and closed it up on all sides. " But the bricklayers had ;by accident left a very small bole near the top of the granary. And there came a flight of locusts, and tried to get all the corn ; but the hole was so small that only one locust could pass through at a time. So one locust went in aud carried of one grain of corn, and than an other locust went in aud carried off another grain of corn, aud then another locust went in and carried off another grain of corn, and then another locust went in and carried off an other grain of corn, and then another locust went in and carried off another grain of corn, and then another locust went iu and carried off another grain of corn. He had gone on thus from morning till night except when he was engaged at meals, for about a month,when the k:ntr, though a very patient king, began to be a little tired of the locusts, and interrupted Lis story with— " Well, well, we have heard enough of the locusts, we will suppose that they have helped themselves to all the corn that they wanted. Tell us what happened afterward." To which the story teller answered very de liberately : " If it pleases your majesty, it is impossible to tell what happened afterward before I have told yon what happened first." And then he went on again— " And then a loenst went in and carried off another grain of corn, and then another locust went in and carried off another grain cf corn, and then another loenst went in and carried off another grain of corn." The kiug listened with unconquerable pa tience for six months more, when he again in terrupted him with, " Oh, friend, I am weary of your locusts ! How soon do you think you will have done ?" To which the story teller made answer— " 01), king, who can tell, at the time to which my story has come, the locusts have cleared away a small place, it may be a cubit, each way round the inside of the hole, and the air is still dark with locusts on ail sides. But let the king have patience, and no doubt we shall come to the eud of them in time. Thus encouraged, the king listened for an other full year, the story teller goiug yu still as before— "An then another locust went in and car ried off another grain of corn, and then anoth er locust went in and carried off another grain of com, and then another locust went in and carried off another grain of corn, and then an other locust went and carried oil another grain of com," till at last the poor king could hear it no longer and cried out — "Oh, man,that is enough ! Take my daugh ter ! Take my kingdom ! take my everything, everything ; only let me hear no more of your abominable locusts !" And so the story teller was married to the king's daughter, and was declared heir to the throne, aud nobody ever expressed a wish to hear the rest of bis story, for he said it was impossible to come to the other part of it till he had done withjthe locusts. The unreasonable capriece of the foolish king was thus over matched by the ingenious device of this wise mau. ftp- Two poor fellows were picked up in Washington the other day sick, au order was procured foi their admittance to the Seminary Hospital, and an ambulance to convey them. The order was given to the driver, who read it, and drove straight to the Cemetry. He stops at the lodge. " Where are these to go?" " Got an order ?" " Yes." How many are there ?" "Two " " All right, I'll show yon," says the lodge keeper, and walks on, the am bulance following, till he came to two freshly opened graves. " Back around there." Dri ver does so —tail board over the graves. The Sexton lifts the curtain, aud a soldier sits np and looks out. " What in thunder is this ? I ain't dead yet by a long shot." ;>vy- Our customs and habits are like the ruts in roads. The wheels of life settles into them, and we jog along through tbe mire, be cause it is too much trouble to get out of them. " REGARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER." IP olilira 1. Taxation of Railroads art Canals of the State. SPEECH OF SENATOR LAN DON. In the Senate,on Friday,the 17th iost., Hon. GEO. LANDON submitted the followiug resolu tion:— Resolved, That the Committee on Finance be, aud they are hereby iustruoted to report a bill, to the Senate imposing a tonnage and passenger tax on all the cauals and railroads in the State. The resolution was twice read. Mr. LANDON. I offered that resolution, Mr. Speaker, in good faith. I have no sym pathy with any effort for buncombe on a subject of so much importance. I want it understood, i sir, that I have submitted the proposition of the resolution in entire good faith. Ido not propose to discuss its merits at this time, bat I wish to make a remark in explanation. If the Committee on Fiuance shall report a bill, as tbe resolution suggests, then when that bill comes up, the subject being open to full dis cussion will be properly handled. The truth is, sir, as we all know, onr Gov ernment is just now subject to extraordinary expenses. Well, sir, extraordinary emergen cies always demand extraordinary efforts to meet them. The expenses of our National Governmen, as we are all aware, are same two million dollars per day; and any man who is a sufficiently experienced mathematician may figure up what the annual expense will be, or what the expenditure for two years will amount to. And if expenses are incurred, expenses must be provided for. Pennsylvania has got to bear her burden of these expenses, and of course j must make provisiou to meet her liabilities. We desire to see tbe war in which we are engaged—though I do uot wish to launch out ! iuto a retrospect of that question—we desire to see the war prosecuted with euergy; we are all heartily tired of this cry at midnight and at noon, that comes from every picket guard : " all quiet on the Potomac." I, for oue, sir, am heartily tired of that cry. But while we demand energy on the part of the army—OD the part of the Government, we must remem ber that finances are the sinews of war. It is just as necessary to have a fall treasury as a full army. It is as essential to have our finan cial credit unquestioned as it is to have the heroism of our troops undoubted. But, Mr. Speaker, you cannot meet expenditures by filling a treasury with worthlsss paper. You may trace the expenses of Government in any direction, or follow them bftck to their Issue, and those expenses will come at last upon the people—will come to this principle of direct taxation. In order to keep good the credit of the Government, in order to keep inviolate our State credit aud in order to show to the wide world that we are in earnest, that we are hound to provide means lor the prosccntion of tbe war in which we are engo god,we must take early measures and substantial —not fictitious —measures, that shall form a basis, a sub stratum upon which may rest all the financial measures of the Government. I hope, Mr. Speaker, that every dollar of rebel property, that every square rod of rebel land, that every item of rebel substance —I hope, sir, in the name of God, that all these may be confiscat ed, couverted iuto a circulating medium, and that medium applied to the liquidation of the necessary expeuses of the war. I want you to understand, sir, to day aud duriDg the rest of the session, that such is my position; but we canuot do that now. You must catch your fish before you fry thim. We have got to put the hook into the Leviathan's mouth before we can draw him out aud dispatch him. But I hope the time will come when a confiscated revenue will be applied to the liquidation of the expenses necessarily incurred in this war.— Now, the question arises " how shall we raise the money necessary to meet those expenses." Why, you have a board of revenue commis sioners who I believe, are looking over and itemizing the* property of the entire State, aud no doubt but they will report a proposition to make everything taxable, from a man's silver plate ou his table to his south-down 6beep that roam on the hill-side; everything from a calf to railroad stoek is to be made taxable. 1 But I find no fault with that; extraordinary times demand an extraordinary basis; aud a system of taxation that would be objection- ; able and provoke the country almost to rebel- , lion at one time, that system of taxation may ' be wholly necessary at another. It is uot always pleasant to be poor,but as far as there may be 1 any pleasure iu it, I enjoy it; but as poor as I am, I am ready to be taxed oue-haif of my worth to sustain the Government and the country. If that is not euougb, then take the other half—the country first, the couutry for ever! Maintain it at all hazards and at all expense 1 Now, while the people iu all their interests are to be taxed, as I understand such will be the report, and it no doubt will be, 1 look around at these internal improvements and the qaestson aries in my mind, "can we uot increase our revenues ou them, justly aud with propriety. A word upou that subject aud 1 will pause. If a proposition was made this day or any day duriug this session to up hold the passage ot a passenger or tonuage tax upon any railroad or public avenue of travel in Pennsylvania, while other such roads and avenues were to be exempt therefrom, I should vote agaiust it. Ido not believe iu laying an embargo upon one porliou of the commerce of the Commonwealth aud leaving the remainder exempt. 1 object to taxing one thoroughfare aud leaving others clear of such taxation. But if we put a passeuger or tonuage tax upon every hue, let it not be too high; let it be con ceived iu wisdom and executed in justice; and if we impose it upon every line, we treat them ail alike. I would not have a bill reported imposing a perpetual tax. Let it be imposed, tor two, three or five years: until we can real ize from this aud other sources, the uecessary revenues to meet our necessary expenses aud deliuquincies. You understand me now, irj? Whenever a proposition is made to lay a tax upou one line of improvement to the exemp tion of a similar one, I will vote against it.— In common times when you propose to shackle the commerce of Pennsylvania, to impose a tax upon the passengers and tonnege of all roads—in ordinary times, I shall not vote against it. I mean this: we should lay such an imposition upou the whole and not partially; and now, in extraordinary times, we shall re alize from such a source a vast income. And here is another thought in connection with this matter. The business of our rail roads in conseqaence of the war has almost doubled. The tonnage carried is almost as much again, at least vastly increased. Out of this result should come a benefit to the gov ernment. If the war increases their business, they can afford to be subject to a little extra expense in order to meet the exigencies of the country, in support of that war. While you impose an extraordinary tax upon individual property to meet individual emergencies, it is but just and eqitable that organized systems of wealth should be subject to tbe same taxa tion to meet the same great issues. When peace, with her sunshine and her blessings shall again return to us—when these unwar ranted expenditures shall have ceased, then this extraordinary taxation can and should be removed both from the individual aud corpora tion. I assare you, by the by, sir, that I par take of none of that narrow, miserable preju dice against associated capital aud enterprise, a prejudice that corrodes the hearts and over clouds the whole mental horizon of some meu. These associatiaDS bave contributed largely to the glory and development of the country in times of peace, and they should and will con tribute their full quota for the maintenance of that country now that the terrors of war are upon ns. These considerations have induced me to offer the present resolution. I ask the wise and judicious committee on Finance to take into consideration the propriety of report ing a bill embodying the whole subject. Mr. BENSON. I doubt not the Commit tee ou Finance will uave no disposition to shrink any responsibility which the Senate may impose upon tbcm, but it seem 3 to me that a peremptory demand upon that commit tee to report a bill without sufficient consider ation, is in uo wise required. I will inform the Senator from Bradford, that the subjects of which he has spokeu are now under considera tion. The Governor, same time since, appoint ed Revenue Commissioners—able gentlemen of the Commonwealth —aod those commission ers, in connection with the Committee on Ways and Means of the Honst, and the Fi nance Committee of the Senate, have already had one interview; aud the subject of taxation is now under consideration by that commission in connection with those committees. Another meeting will take place, and the design is to have a report made, and then upon that re- ; port a bill to be framed, covering all these , subjects of taxatioQ. I trust that the Senate . will not issue a peremptory order for the Com ; mittee on Finance to go to work immediately and draw np a bill to be reported to this body, j That matter is now under investigation. Those commissioners have been appointed for the . identical purpose of equalizing taxation, and its proper imposition throughout the Common wealth, and are well prepared with thel help of the committees of both branches to digest a bill. I can see no propriety in the passage of ! this resolution. I Mr. LANDON. I have already gained one very importaut object iu offering that resolu tion. I bave learned, and the Senate has also learned, what has been done in regard to the matter. Now, Ido not wish to be considered peremptory unless such a course may be neces sary. No man respects the Committee on Fi nance more than I do. Is the chairman of that committee, (Mr. Benson,) to be understood as [ asserting that the Committee on Finance will ! report iu favor of the suggestion of taxiug cor porations? Mr. BENSON. It is understood that the subjeet was laid before the two committees of the Senate and House, and the is to impose a tax upon corporations, adjusted iu some eqnitable and proper manner. Mr. LANDON. Then I will amend my resolution, aud in lieu of "instructing the com mittee to report," merely specify that they ' be instructed to inquire into expediency of such a measure." We will leave the disposi tion of the matter in their hands. Mr. PENNEY stated that a bill for rais ing revenue could not legally be originated in tbe Senate. Mr. LANDON. We can make the sub ject a matter of inquiry, Mr. Speaker. M. SMITH, (Philadelphia,) coincided in the opinion that a revenue measure could be originated ouly in the co-ordiuate branch. The amendment of Mr. Laudou was agrfced to and the resolution, as amended, was read as follows: Resolved, That the Committee on Finance be, and they are hereby instructed to inquire Into the expediency of imposing a tonnage and passenger tax upon all the canals and railroads iu the State, to report by .bill or otherwise. The resolution was then adopted. MAKING A NEEDLE.—Needles are made of steel wire. The wires is first cnt by shears, from coites, into the length of the needles to be made. After a batch of such bits of wire have been cut off, tbey are placed in a hot furnace, theH takeu out and rolled backward and forward on a table until they are straight. They are now to bo ground. The needle pointer takes up two doiin or so of the wires aud roils them betweeu his thumb and fin gers, with their ends ou the griudstoae, first one and then the other. Next is a machine which flattens and gutters tbe beads of ten thousand needles in an hour. Next comes the punching of the eyes, done by a boy so fast that the eye can hardly keep pace with bim. The splitting follows ; which is runuiug a fine wire through a dozen perhaps, of these twiu needles. A woman, wtth a little anvil betore her, files betweeu the heads, and separates them. They are now complet needles, but they arc rough aud ru.-tv, and easily bend.— The hardening comes uext. They are heated VOL. XXII. —NO. 35. in batches in a furnace, and when red hot are thrown into a pan of cold water. Next they mast be tempered, and this is done by rolling them backward and forward on a hot metal plate. The polishing still] re mains to be done. On a very coarse cloth needles are spread to the amount of forty or fifty thousand. Eme ry dust is strewn over them, oil is sprinkled and soft soap daubed over, the cloth is rolled hard up, and, with several others of the same kind thrown into a sort of wash pot to roll to and fro for twelve hours or more. They come out dirty euough ; but after a rinsing in clean hot water, and tossing in sawdust,they become bright, aud are ready to be sorted adit put up for sale. Picketing. While on my lonely beat about an hour ago, a light tread attracted my attention, and on looking up 1 beheld one of Secesh's pickets standing before me. " Stranger," says he, " you remind me of my grandmother who expired before I was I born, but this unnatural war has made QS en emies, aud I must shoot you. Give me a chaw ' of terbacker." He was a young man, my boy, in the prima of life, and decended from the First Families of Virginia. That is to say, bis mother was a Virgin. A? least that is what I understood by the term Frst Families of Virginia. I looked at him, and says I—" Let's com i promise, my brother." " Never," says he, " the South is fightiDg , for her liberty, her firesides, and the pursuit l of happiness, aud I desire most respectfully | to welcome you with bloody hands to a hospi j table grave " " Stand off ten paces," says I, "and let's see whose name will come before the coroner ! first 1" He took his place, and we fired simultane ously. I heard a ball go whistliug by a barn about a quarter of a mile on my right ; and when the smoke cleared away I saw the Secesh picket approaching me with an awfal expres sion of woe upon his otherwise dirty counte nance. " Soldier," says he, " was there aDythiDg in my head before yon fired ?" " Nothing," says I, " save a few' harmless insects." " I speak not of them," says be. " Was there anything inside of my head ?" " Nothing," says I. " Well," says he, " just listen now. 1 ' He shook his head mournfully, and I heard something rattle in it. " What's that ?" I exclaimed. " That, "said he, " is your bullet, which has penetrated my sknll, and is rolling round in my brain. I die happy, and with an empty stomach ; but there is one thiDg I should like to see before I perish for my country. Have yon a quarter about you ?" Too much affected to speak, I drew the coin from my pocket and handed it to him. The dying man clutched it convulsively, aud stared at it feverishly. " This," said he, " is the first quarter I've seen siuce the fall of Sumter : and had I wounded yon I should have been totally nnable to have given you any quarter. Ah I how beautiful it is! bow bright, how exquisite, and good for four driuks ! But I have not time to say all I feel." The expiriog soldier then laid down his gnn, hung his cap and overcoat on a branch of a tree, and blew his nose. He then died.! Aud there I stood, my boy, on that lonely beat, looking down upon that fallen type of mauhood, and thinking how siognlar it was that be had forgotten to give me back my qnarter. The sight and the thought so affected me that I was obliged to tarn my back on the corpse and walk a little away from it. When 1 returned to the spot the body was gone ! Had it gone to heaven ? Perhaps so, my boy—perhaps ; but I have not seen my quarter since. B6&* A member of the Indiana 20th Regi ment now encamped near Fortress Monroe writes to the Indianapolis Journal on the 23d: Yesterday morning, Gen. Mansfield, with Drake de Kay, Aid-deCamp, in command of seven companies of the Twentieth New York Germau Ritl-s, left Newport News on arecon noisance. Just after passing Newmarket Bridge, seven miles from camp, they detached one company as an advance, and soon after their advance was attacked by s:x hundred of the enemies cavalry. The company formed to receive cavalry, but the cavalry advauciug deployed to the right aud left when withiu musket range, and un masked a body of seven hunred negro infantry, all armed with muskets, who opened fire on our men, wounding two lieutenants and two privates, and rushiug forward surrounded the company of Germans who cut their way through, kill'mg six of the negroes and wound ing several more. The main body, hearing tho firiug, advanced at a double-quick in time to recover their wounded aud drive the enemy back but did not succeed iu taking any prisou ers. The woauded useu testify positively that they were shot by negroes, and that not less than seven hundred were present armed with muskets. This is, iudeed, a new feature in the war. We have heard of a regiment of negroes at Mauassas.and another at Memphis, and still another at New Orleans, but did not believe it till it came so near borne and attacked our men. Three is no mistake abont it. The 20th German were actually attacked and fired on aud wounded by negroes. It is time that this thing was understood and if they fight us with negroes, why sbou'd not we fight them with negroes too? We hare disbelieved these reports too long, and now let us fight the devil with fire. The feeling is in tense among the men. They want to know if they came here to fight negroes, and if they did they want to know it. The woanded men *wear they will kill any negro they see, so ex cited are they at the dastardly act. It re mains to lie seeu how long the Government will now hesitate, wheu they learn these fact*.