Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, October 03, 1861, Image 1
[JLLAR per annum invariably in advance. XOWANDA: Thursday Morning, October 3, 1861. §:lttftb soctrs. THE BEAUTirUL LAND. There is a '.and immortal. The lieautiful of lands ; Ucide the ancient [lorta! A sentry grimly stands. He only can undo it. And open wide this door'; And mortals who pasa through it Are mortal never more. That glorious land is Heaven. Ar.d death the sentry grim ; The t.oiin thereof has given The opening keys to hiin. And rausonieJ spirits, sighing And sorrowing for sin. p.. pass the gate in dying. And trecly cuter in. The sighs arc ln-t in singing. IThei "re Idi-ssed in their tears ; Their journey heavenward winging. They leave on earth their fears. Death like an angel cometli : •• Wc welcome thee,' tin v cry. Their face with glory liearueth— "lis life for them to die. |1 o I i t i t a I. CORRESPONDENCE. TOWANDA, Sept. 4, LSGL. I U T. BLISS : DEAR Slß: —The undersigned were a; pointed by u public meeting of ihe citizens u! liruiilnrii county, a Committee to address ton, iind inquire it you are willing to serve a> u ii.ctiiljtr ct the Legislature at the coming ji.-.iian, lor the compensation ol three dollars -r day. It is not improper for us to say that the fre>eii t situation of iße country, demands the :ainotic efforts ot all citiZi-..s to lessen the expenditure of the Government ol l'eiiiisvlva hiu, which is now wholly dependent upon the | payment ol taxes by the people lor its supjiort I Ami we, in common with those whom ft-- rep- I resent, know of no better way to begin t lie re form so urgently demanded by the exigency of the times, than lor tlie people to exact o! men solisiting their suffrage lor public office, an agreement Beforehand as to tne tiiea-ife of I compensation which they are to give for such public services. From the organization of Pennsylvania as a Mate Government, up to the year 1855, the piy of Representatives to the .Bate Legisla Mi: did not exceed three dollars per day, for •;.< first one hundred days, and thereafter, one L .ir ami lit'iy cents per day tor such time as ■ :,!• silting was prolonged. | Never were the resources of tiio people for I the payment of taxes, so eramped and redue [ ol as at present, and we think that a thorough union of all the voters in support of men who (till respond patriotically to a reduction of ail Governmental employment, i- the proper way I to begin ttie reform so urgently demanded. Inasmuch as your answer will influence a large class of your fellow ejtizens. we send this letter i>v the hands oi F. G. Com RV, who will receive your answer, aud through us give it to the public. You will receive with this brief letter, the printed proceedings of the public meeting which authorized us to act And we desire to say in contusion that your agreement to serve the people as a member of the Legislature for the otd compensation of three dollars per day, together with your pledge to do all iu your p.wer to reduce ttic expenses ol the State Go moment by a reduction of all salaries of offi>-e holders to the standard fixed by the law pass e: n ]S42, the period when the State taxes I* ;re authorized to be collected from the poo pie. will be a patriotic act, and will most sure '.'.endear you to the people We are. Very Respectfully Your obedient Servants, V. E. PIOI.LET, FRANK SMITH, 11. VANDYKE, A. K. MENARDI. A. I\ WOLCOTT, S. CLARK, IF HARKFNS, W. II STORES, ALFRED GORE, ALEX. ESNIS, WSI FIERCE, Committee. LE HOY, Sept. lfith. lSfil. F.E Piou.rr AND OTHERS. Committee il bem- IM.i-- MtcliDg ol the citizens of Bradioni Cuonty. tiv.Nri.FMEN :—Yours of the 4th in-t , I have today received by the hands of F. G. FUP.I.RX, K-(|. Iff contents of your letter have led me to examine with some care, the proceedings of the public meeting, by which your committee as appointed and authorized to act, and iu view of what is set forth in your resolutions.— must, before I reply directly to your iuqui r| CN, notice some facts, bearing upon the gen (|,al juestions under consideration, which are 'he interests of our couutry and onr relatiou to those interests. :e 'he opening of the present rebellion, *hich the Government of the United States IS fow .struggling to suppress, 1 have been ••i-posed to remain silent concerning past po "I differences, and the wrongs of past po parties. I have been satisfied with be '"- r patriotic men of ail parties, casting ' 'he shibboleth of party aud donning the '"'"liraeiits of war. to rush arm in arm to the '*nce of our Capitol and the sacred insti 'Jtiuiig of civil and religous liberty lor which 0 r fathers so nobly contended. 'Fir Government needs and deserves the •F'npathv and Support of all who are enjoying benefits of its protection, and iu this of our nation's peril, it is iueumbent upon ,Wr y good citizen to manifest that sympathy, be ready to render thai support* instead ' hurling uodeserved censure, as was done 1n '•"* resolutions of the Democratic Mass Meet THE BRADFORD REPORTER. ing which you have the honor to represent, and those " noble Union men oi the South " who are raising the Macedonian cry " come over and help lis,'' must feel their courage fail, when they hear from their friends in the north, that "corruption, extravagance, incom petency ai d favoritism prevails in tiie Admin istration of the war department of the Fed eral Government." From the proceedings of your meeting, Gen j tlemen, as shown iu your resolutions, it might be inferred that you were strangers to the pass ing history of our country ; or that you had forgottiu this civil war under which our coun try is struggling, had been planned by leading political aspirants of the Democratic party at the South, and that they had taken advan tage of the weakness and imbecility of your party chief, of tße last administration, and | while acting in the capacity of his cabinet I ministers, had robbed the national treasury, | taken possession of Forts, Arsenals, arms and I munitions ot war, and handed them over to the keeping of traitors, and had dispersed our noble navy over distant seas that it might not come to the rescue of the Government in its hour of need. Yet, notwithstanding all this, and a hun dred fold more in the same political connection, ; your public ll. ecting, by its first resolution, with a strange infatuated devotion to your j ancient name, calls the attention of the peo- I pie to the Democratic party as having pre served au almost immaculate purity, while many of its memoers in the different capaci ties of public office, as President, Cabinet Min isters, Governors of States, Representatives of the people in the National ami State Leg j islatures, and officers ol the Army and Navy, | having long been planning the overthrow of ■ the Government, and the subjugation of the ! people to a military despotism, at any mo ment when, upon the democratic principle up on which our Government was founded, they i should lose ihe control of the Government bv an election; and still you presume to charge the rebeihon to mi-guided sectionalism, engen dered by laualical agitators. North and South. Bui, in -pile ot all your t (Torts to surround | iße den.oeiatic paly with a halo of glory as i having, as vou a-st*ll, " at all limes zealously j contended lor the administration of the geiier j a I government within its cou-titutional limits," ! and, though, on that ground,aud because you j >av there has been a departure from its doc j trmes, and a disregard o! its warnings and ad | vice, " that it is HI no respect n sponsible for I the calamities that have resulted," that is for the treason But say what you will to escape from, or shirk off the responsibility, the last ; democratic administration will appear on the j page of history as the most corrupt, profligate and in principled administration that ever ! cursed a civilized people on the face of the | earth. And now, I a>k, where was the Democratic ! party when the plan for the overthrow of our Union was being carried forward by hading ! democrats in Mr. Buchanan's cabinet 'I When : the Kuglish Government was looking quietly i on, expecting to see the scheme consummated, because it was plain to the sagacious eyes of Fnglisli statesmen, that if the Democratic parly, then being represented by the udmiuis iration at Washington, was not cooperating, ' if was at least consenting to the means that ! were being employed for the overthrow of the 1 Union. But there is a bright spot visible amid the 1 darkness of this political horizon, that ike the oases in the desert to the traveler elvers the sinking spirits of the anxious patriots ; it is the grand truth, that devotion to the principles > of our free Government is fresh in the hearts i t the people ; and when the thumb rs of the traitoi's cannon that poured its torrents of shot and shell into the midst of that little band of patriotic men that surrounded the gallant Ax | PERSON in Sumter, was heard reverb rating along the valleys, and over the mountains of | the free and peace-loving citizens ol the North, the whole northern horizon was, ns it. were, illuminated as by a cloud by day and pillar of fire bv night, by the cheering news as it flew over the land on the electric wires, and I Hashed upon a million of anxious hearts, that the people almost without respect to party, i were true to the great principles of consti ! tutional and free Government, and that they j would not bow down to the leaders of a par -1 ty, that by perjury, treason and rebellion, hoped !to triumph, as the propagandists of slavery, over human freedom. Your second resolution says, " we do not believe that this war should be waged forcon ' quest or subjugation, though it is well known Mat the war is to be prosecuted by our Gov ernment to conquer treason ami subjugate traitors. You say, you would preserve the Union with all the dignity, equality, and r.glits of Ll e si veral states unimpaired ; aud thus while you are opposed to the prosecution of the war for the first prominent purpose for which it was undertaken by the Government, you seen to be the most anxious for the equal ity, dignity and rights of the seceded States— ii nly, the dignity of treason ! In your filth resolution, you place rebellion and uusurpatiou in a relation that must give the intelligent reader to understand that you refer to those measures of the Government which were indispensable to its preservation, as the usurpation lew hich you are opposed. And while you have not one word ot commen dation for any act of the Government, you utter your unqualified condemnation of the war depurtmcut ot both the Stale and nation.— From these facts I think I may justly infer that you are, at this time, particularly anxious lo divert the attention of the people from the great, question of our national interests, to that of the salaaes of officers, if by such means vou may secure tlie election of those " suitable candidates " of your own selection, who would sympathize with you in your own unqualified condemnation of the War Department, and would therefore be disposed to embarrass and cripple its energies. You ask if 1 am willing to serve as a mem ber of the Legislature, at the coming session, I for the old compensation of three dollars per day. lam willing to serve for whatever may PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. 0. GOODRICH. be the hpal compensation, he it less or more. The present salary, however, as it was fixed by the democratic Legislature of 1858, I think is too high. Aou enquire if I am willing to engage or pledge myself to do all in my power to reduce all salaries to the standard of 1842. I not examined that standard in all its details'. I believe, however, it was about that, time that the chairman of your committee held the office ot Superintendent on the A". IE Canal, with a salary of about eleven hundred dollars, aud that for an exchange of the city funds, placed in his hands to pay the monthly estimates to contractors, for the depreciating currency of a failing bank, he received about three times the amount of his legal salary—making an aggre gate of ahout four thousand dollars a vcar for the service of attending one day in a month to settle the monthly estimates on the works.— If that is a fair specimen of the standard of 1842, 1 am not in favor of it, and 1 desire to ask il the heart of your chairman was at this tme so deeply imbued with devotion to the pecuniary interests of the people, that he returned any portion of his salary into the State Treasury. It is true that liiis is not exactly to the purpose, only as showing with what iil grace this plea for economy in salaries comes from those who have fattened at the public crib. And now, in conclusion, I will say that I have no pledges to make, and that I should regard it as an indignity offered to the Con vention that so kindly placed me in nomina tion as their candidate for Representative, and a forfeiture of their generous confidence, if 1 should solicit your suffrages upon any such degrading terms, or upon any terms whatever, while you hold the language con tained in your resolutions. A man, when a candidate for office, should stand before the people, reiving upon his rep utation and principles for a passport to pub lic favor. Should I he elected to serve in the coining session of the Legislature, 1 shall hold myself under obligation as a Rep resentutive and servant of the people, to obey their known will, whether expressed by peti tiou or otherwise. JWy own convictions are, that in the pres ent depressed condition of our State and na tional finances, economy and retrenchment, are demanded by tlie sentiments of the peo ple, and by every consideration of right and justice. 1 Stit whenjyonr mass meeting, ns I believe, from sinister motives, solicits me to assume what I should regard as a degrading position, and that, too, after you have commended nty pnhiic .acts, I should be untrue to myself and the common rights of manhood, if I should fail, or entirely neglect to hold up to the light the facts attending our public relation. 1 am very respectfully, Your obedient servant, U. T. BLISS. STANDING STIINK, Sept. 2(1, lsoi. Col. VICTOR K. PIOM.ET, FRANK SMITH, K-q., aud others, Committee, i&c. GENTLEMEN : Your communication, dated at Towanda, September 4, 1861, together with the printed proceedings of a Democratic Mass Mr. ■ting of Bradford county, which authorized you to act, was presented to me lv F. G.Co- BIUN, L-q , at Towanda, last evening, in which you make inquiry of me whether " I am wil ling to serve as a member of the Legislature, at the coining session, at the old compensation of three dollars per day"—and you also " desire to say, in conclusion, that my agree ment to serve the people as a Member of the Legislature, for the old compensation of three dollars per day, together with my pledge to do all in my power to reduce the expenses of the State Government, by a reduction of all sala ries of office holders to the standard fixed I v the law passed in 1842." and that " my answer will influence a large class of my fellow-citi zens," and therefore you will "give it to the public." In reply to which, I would say, that if the oIA law, which fixed the compensation of all the Members oi the Legislature at three dol lars per day. were now in force, I would he willing to serve for the old compensation of three dollars per day, but as the old law is no longer in force, and as the law of 1858, fixes the sal aiie.s oi all Members of the Legislature at S7OO for the session, inasmuch as I had noth ing to do with the passage of the law of 1858, but most certainly would have opposed its pas sage, if I had been in a position to do so, I cannot believe there are any very considerable number of my lellow-citizens, in Bradford coun ty, that wouid desire to have me, and me alone, serve in the next Legislature for less thau half the sum that all others of the one hundred and thirty-three Members are bylaw to receive for the same service from the same common Trea sury of the Commauwealth, and more particu larly so under the circumstances of the case presented. If 1 were so far to forget my own self respect as to make any such improper agreement with an opposite party iu politics from my own, for the express purpose of " in fluencing a large class of my fellow citizens" to vot'- for me, theu 1 would lose, as 1 ought, the confidence aud esteem ®f all good and right minded men, no matter to what political party they may belong, and thus, if elected to serve iu the next Legislature, snch an agreement could only serve to lessen my influence and us. fulness iu that body. If I were capable of making such a humiliating agreement as you propose, still I find another serious difficulty in my way. You inform mu that "you, incon riectioti with those whom yon represent, know of no better way to begin the reform, so ur gently demanded by the exigencies of the times, hut for the people to exact from men soliciting their sufit ages tor public office, au agreement beforehand, as to the measure of compensation which they are to give for such public service." This declaration of yours, explained, as it seems to be, by the light thrown on it in one of the resolutions adopted by the meeting which authorized you to act in this matter, iu which it is resolved that " all salaries and dai ly pay which has been increased in the reck less extravagance ot iater Legislation should " REiiAUDLESS OF DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER.' be restored to former rates, and we (yon) pledge ourselves (yourselves) to oppose all can didates for public place, who will not agree to such redtictiou at once, without even Legisla tive intervention." Now it would seem, unless I will agree, at once, to a principle so strange, and new even in democratic circles, yon and the meeting whom you represent nre pledg ed to oppose me. You will allow mo to say that after giving the resolutions of your meet ing a very atteutive, and, as I think, candid perusal, and after*having noticed the frequency with which you refer to the Constitution and the determination which you express of a strict compliance with " all its provisions," and hav ing no doubt but the State as well as the Na tional Constitution is included, I was at a loss to see how such a policy as here proposed, could be deemed consistunt with a strict con struction of the 18th section of the Ist Arti cle of the Constitution of the State of Penn sylvania, which especially declares " that the Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services to be ascertain ed by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the Commonwealth," aud yet, with all your attach ment and reverence for the Constitution, you "pledge yourselves to oppose all candidates for public place, who will not agree to have the measure of their compensation fixed by your standard instead of the Legislature, as expressly required by the Constitution, as above quoted—notwithstanding the very able argument contained in your letter, it: favor of this new mode of yours for regulating salaries, viz: " For the people to exact of men solicit ing their suffrages for public office, an agree ment, beforehand, as to the measure of com pensation they are to give for such public ser vice," 1 should think it would be better to abide by the old and constitutional way, viz: I hat it should be ascertained by law," for many obvious reasons. First, among the many good reasons that I can see for it is, by the old constitutional way perfect uniformity and equality can be attained,while in the new wav, that you propose, for each County to fix a -standard for themselves, we are as liable to have us many different standards or variations in compensation for the same office as there are counties in the Commonwealth. For clearlv, if a Democratic Mass Meeting in Bradford county has a light lo fix the salaries of their .Members of the Legislature, " without legis lative intervention," then the Democrats of every other county in the State should have the same r ght, and when it is once eon ceded that the Democratic Mass Meetings have such extraordinary rights awarded to them, other political parties would claim to have equal rights, and it would be difficult to form any idea to what extent this diversity of meas ure of compensation thus " agreed on by the people beforehand, without legislative inter vention," would go. It might happen that the compensation thus agreed on, iu this new waj, would vary from one to twenty dollars per day, or from one hundred to two thousand dol lars for a session of the Legislature, and such diversity and uncertainty as this new mode of fixing salaries would lead to, certainly would be very unfair as well as unwise, therefore, I must say it would be vastly better to abide by the old and constitutional way, to allow the Legislature to intervene and " ascertain the compensation for the services of .Members of the Legislature, - ' agreeable to the terms of the Constitution. In answer to the inquiry whether I will pledge myself to do all in my power to reduce the expenses of the State Government by a reduction of all salaries of officeholders to the standard fixed by the law passed in 1842, 1 have simply to say, that 1 have a very strong aversion to pledging myself to do or not to do a particular thing to an opposite party in pol itics, on the eve of an election, for the express purpose of obtaiuing their votes. I thiuk such a proceeding would be decidedly improp er, therefore I cannot consent to do it, and thus having candidly and truthfully, as I be lieve, answered all that you have required tue to reply to, perhaps, strictly speaking, j should close my reply at this point, yet, I can not refrain from saying, before 1 do so, that I am at a loss to know how you reconcile the idea of perfect purity for Democrats and the Democratic party, which seems to run through the resolutions passed at your meeting, with the sweeping denunciation therein contained against "the reckless extravagance" of " later legislation," which has increased "all salaries and daily pay." One would be led to suppose by this that you had forgotten that the State Administration, as well as both branches of the Legislature in 1858, when this most ob noxious legislation, of which I think you most justly complain, were all Democratic. I, there tore, have no hesitation in saying, if I am elect ed to serve in the next Legislature, if there shall be a general movement of the people to remedy the wrongs thus inflicted on the tax payers Qf this Commonwealth, of which I think the people liaye a right to complain, it will give me great pleasure to be instrumental in carrying out their will, as I recognize, in the fullest and most enlarged sense, the duty of a Representative to carry out the views and wishes of his constituents. I will further add, that while I differ, and, perhaps most radical ly from you and the meeting who have author ized you to act, iu many things, upon which you have been pleased to express your senti ments, yet, the sentiments expressed in that resolution, passed by your meeting, in which you pay a tribute ol respect to the memory of the late STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS, meets my en tire approval. I give cheerful and entire ac cord to the sentiment, viz : "The Govern ment is paramount to all other political ques tions, and that there can be but two sides to this controversy, every man must be on the side of the United States or against it; there can be no neutrals in this war, there can be noue but patriots and traitors." This sentiment meets my fullest and warmest commendation. Still, I must add, that I did feel some regret alter an utterance of so noble and patriotic a sentiment as herein expressed, that I looked in vain through the numerous and somewhat lengthy resolutions, passed at your meeting, for a single word of approval for the United States Government, which is now struggling with this most formidable and wicked rebel lion, while you have been so unsparing in your denunciation of some of its Departments, and seemingly distrustful whether it was not wag ing this war for the purpose of subjugation, lias it waged war with any body but armed rebels, and i it not desirable, to have them subjugated to an obedience to the laws and the Constitution ? In conclusion, I atn happy to say, that I most heartily thank you and the meeting, whose agents you are, for their kind approval of what they are pleased to denomi nate the "proper and patriotic stand taken by ' me ' on the subject of the Repeal of the Ton nage Tax, and the corrupt Release of the State Securities to the Sunbury A Frie Rail road," as I do not feel that I have done any thing but what was " proper " and what the people had a right to require and expect from all their Members of the Legislature on that occasion—neither do 1 think this the time or place to discuss the merits of those questions. The time has passed ; the State has transferred all her improvements to those two great cor porations, which cost the people at least forty millions of dollars, the public debt, which was incurred to make them, is left for the people to pay. These are facts which stand out plain, so apparent and palpable that none can deny them, and, in my judgment, all who have aided or abetted in these most stupendous frauds upon the tax-payers of this Common wealth, have mcurred most fearful responsibil ities. I am vour most obedient servant, H. W. TRACY. Luther's Residence at Wittenberg. Ascending a rough, neglected starirway, 1 entered the room in which Luther resided after his marriage. Ilis old furniture is still there. There is the table on which he wrote —the chair on which he sat—a kind of double seat, where he used to read and converse with his Catharina —all chipped and sliced by Vandal travellers. There, too, is the old large stove, whose plates are covered with figures of the four evangelists, cast after de vices by Luther himself. That, fortunately, cannot be cut into chips. A little case, pro tected by glass doors, contains a number of reliees, such as specimens of his handwriting, some old documents and embroidery wrought by his wife. There are fragments of a drink ing glass, said to have been broken by I'eter the Great. When a young man he visited Wittenberg, and desired to ca-ry awav the glass, but being refused permission, he dashed it in pieces on the floor—an act worthy of this haughty and passionate Czar. There, too, is a beer rotig of large size, which shows that three centuries have not changed the German's devotion to his favor ite beverage. Over the door is a scrawl in chalk, protected by glass, which may be guessed to be " Peter," and a tradition says written by the Czar. If so, the scribbling propensity is not confiued to Americans. In an adjoiuiug room is ihe desk from which the great Reformer lectured. On its front nre lour circular paintings, representing the four faculties of the university—law, medicine, the ology, and philosophy. The latter contains a line female figure, which my guide said was a likeness of Catharina, showing alike Luth er's taste and affection. On the wails are por traits by Cranaeh. There is also a cast ta ken after Luther's death 1 was looking at these monuments, and asked where is Luther's when my guide point ed to a plain stoue at my feet, which was a part of the floor, whereon was the name of Luther. Removeing this there is a neat bronze tablet, with bis name, and date of birth and death. Such is the simple monu ment ; a similar one marks w here Melancthon sleeps.— Bishop Simpsons Letters. LITTER TROUBLES —What are styled the " little troubles of life," are the hardest to bear. One can nerve himself np with hero ism for a great trial, but the musquito-like annoyances of every hour, for when unfeeling natures have no word of sympathy, and which they cannot understand so long as the sufferer has something to eat, are what fills churchyards and make so many homes desolate. Ilappy are those whose " lit'le" troubles find that i sympathy out of which grows strength to en dure, and whose hearts are ground to powder by the rough heel of indifference auu insen sibility. E&s"* During the campaign of 1814 a young Norman conscript was standing at supfiort arms. " Why don't you fire ?" said his lieu tenant. furiously. " Why should I fire on these men ?" replied the greenhorn. " They havn't done anything to me." At this moment bis comrade fell dead beside him. " Lieutenant," said the rustic, beginning to wake up, "I believe those chaps are firing bul lets " "Of course they arc, you booby, and they will shoot you." With that the conscript began to blaze away, and fought like a tiger until the close of the actiou. A young gentleman who was in the act of popping the question to a young lady, was interrupted by her father entering the room, who inquired what they were about. "Oh,"replied the fair one, "Mr. was explaining the question of annexation to me, and he is for immediate annexation." " Well," said papa, " if you agree on a treaty I'll ratify it." MORAL EVIL —We remember once being in company with a veDerable and distinguished clergyman, when a forward young man asked him, " Pray, sir, do you think of the entrance of moral evil ? " I know nothing about it.— I know there is a remedy for it ; and there, sir, all ray knowledge begins, and all my knowledge nds." VOL,. XX I J. —NO. 18. (Ebueatioiul xUpmfnuut. Teachers' Examinations. The annual examinations of teachers for this county, wilt be holdtn in accordance with the following programme. In three or four instances two townships have been put together, in order that the inspections may ail be held before tho wiuter schools commence. Examinations will commence precisely at 10 o'clock a m., none will be inspected who do not come in before 11, unless the delay be unavoidable. Each teacher must bring Sander's fifth Reader, one sheet of fools cap paper, pen, ink and led pencil. All who intend to teach during the year must come forward and be examined None will be examined privately unless an attendance upon the examination, was impossi ble, old—certificates will not bo renewed.— Directors and others interested, are earnestly invited to ttend. Oct. 15—Welts St South Creek, Bowlej School lloue, " 16—Columbia. An teu.sville " 17—Springfield, Centre Sichool House, " IS— I'iunyville, " l'J—Siniilitield, Centre School House, " 21—Troy A Armenia, Horo' School House, " Tl—Canton, Corners School House, " 23—Franklin & Lrftoy, Chapel's School House, *' 24—Granville, Taylor's School House, " 25—Burlington, Boro' School House, " 26—Monroe, Borough School House, " 'is—Wysox. it Standing Stone, Myersburgh, " 29—Home. Boro' School House, " 30—Orwell, Hill School House, " 31—l'ike, LeKaysville, Nov. I—Herrick, l.andon School House, " 2—Wyalusing, Merryall, " 4—Tuscarora, Ackley School House, " s—Terry & Wilmot, Terrytown, " 6—Albany & Overton, Browns School House, " 7—Towanda, Boro' School House, " 11—Asylum, Frenclitown Lower House, " 12—Sheslieijuin .V_Ulster, Kiuny School House, " 13—Athens, B<iro' School House, " 14 —Litchtield, Centre School House. " 1 ">—Windham. Kuykendal! School House, •' 16—Warren, Boweu School House. Aug. 3.1861. C.K. COBURX. Superintendent. [From the School Journal, for September.] Answers to Teachers. QUESTION- :—ln the new edition of Teach er's Monthly reports, sent out by the Depart" ment, it is stated that the Lunar month will in all cases be regarded as the school month ; and columns are inserted for the Saturdays. How many days are to coustitnte the teach i er's mouth ? It would appear from the new monthly reports, as if it was to be licentyfourf Teacher in Luzerne co. ANSWER Though the Lunar month of 28 days will hereafter be taken as the school mouth, it by no means follows that the schools must be kept open every week-day in such mouth. The Department has no authority to say how many days in each week or month the schools are to he open. That is to he a matter of contract between the directors and the teachers. Tbe Saturday columns were put into the reports to suit the various prac tices which prevail on this point. In some districts the schools are closed on Saturdays, —and this is the better practice ;iu others they arc closed on alternate Saturdays ; while in others again, they are open every Saturday forenoon. Rut the iusertion of a column for Saturdays by no means indicates a preference, much less a decision, of this Department, iu favor of Saturday schools. QUESTION : —Our County Superintendent has published that lie will not examine teach ers in other townships than those in which they expect to teach. Is he not bound to examine all who apply, and at any of the public exami nations which they may choose to atteud 1 Teacher in Westmoreland co. A NSWF.R: —He is not; and for very obvious and sufficient reasons, both of law and expediency. In the first place, he is only to examine per sons who nr v applicants fur employment. This is obvious from the first'five fines' of the 41st section of the school law of 1854. The appli cation is to be to the lt'irrrtors ; and as they do not examine, but only employ,—theapplica tiou is really lor employment, and not merely for examination. In the second place, examination is to be iu the presence of that Board to whom applica tion lor employment is first made in that year by the express words of the same section.— And the ohjert of this is to enable the employ ing directois to judge, hv hearing the exami nation, of the appearance, manner, language, power of imparting knowledge, and the gener al qualifications ot each of the persons examin ed,so that they may employ the most suitable. In the third place, it is no infringement of the rights of any, to enforce this rule. It is true, an applicant may assert that he docs not desire to teach at all for the present, but only desires admission to the profession. The reply is, that it is not the business of a County Superintendent to admit generally to the pro fession, —that is the province of the State Normal school ; his sphere in this respect is a limited one ; and is only that of examining, in the presence of employing directors and for their information and satisfaction, those who apply to them for employment. The exceptions to this rule are those of the holders of I'ro lessional county certificates, and of the State certificates; the former being supposed to have been issued after due examination, in the pre sence of the then employing directors; and the possession of both being evidence of full quali fication. In the fourth place, a most injurious and in convenient practice has, in some places, grown up, which the strict enforcement of the law as it is, will extirpate : It is that of a teach er accompanying the County Superintendent during a tour of examination, till be obtains some general idea of his questions, and gleans a little knowledge from the answers of other teachers ; and then coming forward, at tha end of the season and in a distant district,and obtaining a low certificate, which be carries back to the district he originally desired op plying in ; —thus violating the law and depri ving the directors he applies to of oce of their rights. For these and other reat-ons, the course adopted by the Superintendent ot Westmore land, is legal aDd proper, and in conformity with the instructions of this Department.