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(E DOLLAR PER ANNUM INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
ftursday Morning, September 26, 1861.
A HUMAN SKULL.
i bumaa skull! 1 bought it passing cheap
',)(course 'twas dearer to its tirst employer ;
1 thought mortality did well to keep
eoaie mute memeuto ol the OiU Destroyer.
P , a ghostly monitor, and most
'Experienced our wasting sand in summing ;
It is a grave domesiie finger-post
Ol Life—au emblem of the shadows coming.
Time was some may have prized its blooming skin :
' Here hps were woo d perhaps in transport tender ;
Some may have chucked what was a dimpled chin,
And never had tny doubt -about its gender !
Did she live yesterday, or ages back ?
What color were the eyes when brisht and waking .
And were your ringlets fair, or brown, or black
Poor little head! that long has done with acbiug .
It may have held (to shoot some random -hots)
Thy brains, ELIZA FRY, or BARON BYRON S,
Ti.c wits of NELLY UWTNH, or Doctor w *rrs.
Two quoted hards ! two philanthropic sirens !
Py this I surely knew before I closed
The bargain on the morning that ! bought it
H was not'half so Lad as some supposed,
Nor quite as good as many may have thought it.
Who ! ve. can need no special type of Death :
Vc bares hi- awful lace too soon, too often ;
telle- " bloom in Beauty's bridal wreath ;
jad does not yon green elm contain a cofAu?
ara mine, what lines of care are these?
l.eart -tii! lingers with the golden hours,
in autumn tint is ou the chestnut-trees,
.tad wl.ere is all that boasted wealth of flowers ?
, Life r, > m re can yield us what it gave,
| • .- ! used with inucti that calis for praises—
It t.:c worthless rogue may dig the grave,
: hands unseen will dress the turf with daisies.
i —- :
§c 11 ct c b it aI f.
The Grave of the Hungarian Girl.
There was a time when the countries now so
■'itiaturallv conglomerated in toe grasp of the
iouble headed Austrian eagle, each formed an
aud happy realm, under its own
atire prince ; wlien the dukr? of Austria, al
though the emperors of Germany, possessed but
i small strip on either bank of the Danube,
iiiuled by Fu-sau and Presburg ; when uu
s 'e to defend themselves against their neigh
thev !o<t even their hereditary possession
; acre living as fugitives on the bounty of
-or other of their vasels in Germany.
i e latter was particularly the case during
I second moiety of the fifteenth century,
f. rrw-ror Frederick IV., Duke of Austria, by
•rqitated invasion of the border-counties of
Ha .' iry, whilst tbeir sovereign, Matthias Cor
; • was engaged in a severe contest with
lance y, provoked the resentment of that re
: vned king. Matthias not only routed the
liitrian forces, but in a few months conqner-
Steirmark, and Upper Austria, with all
r fortresses, extending the boundaries of
re din to Tyrol and Bavaria; and taking
- rc-idence at Vienna, whose inhabitants,
:-a:i.-ti -d with their duke for continually im
;osipg new taxes on them, gladly submitted to
ibcral and just sway of the Hungariau
Iu order fff ctually to protect the borders
brainst any further inroads of the Austrians,
Mittb.a- _'ive the adjacent countries a milita
" organization, distributing the woodlands
• tbe frontiers amongst the most deserv-
Z veteran- of his invincible Black Legion,*
L ; bcs'owing ou them the rights and privil
• f iiohleiuen. for which they, i:i time of
•vv-t-ncy, were to lead the borders of their
"• *c?s against the invading enemy.
T-portion of the western frontier of linn-
| -i" There Matthias put this salutary meas
:o effect is intersect* d by several low
'-.'-of the Syrian Alps, abounding in gi
• a- well as in gentle scenery, and their
' points covered with primativc forests.
• - ttie charming views, that vary at ev
-- p in feature and beauty, the traveler is
i by the tnaoy ruins of castles and towers
■ erowa the isolated mountain peaks.—
'-t of these fortres-es played an important
• 'ring the endless wars of the middle ages,
'W ol them, as if reflecting & portion of those
- •"■an times, possessing its tradition cf a
- '- or levs melancholy nature,
there i. f - example, the castle of Locken
iw,in the lovely Gincz Valley, once th"
rt J of the mighty Knights Templars,
' .io trie uniiig 0 f the fourth ceutury, at
i' r o: Kog Charles Robert, were ex-
Sited ID IL 2ary as well as in other coun-
To the Yi-itor of that ancieDt, bot still (
'0 built.ug, i- shown, amongst other
: - -lid the great hall, commomly call
fD 01 the Temple were surprised and raas
y the troops of the king. The large
il "! - • >n the stone pavement are said to
ui: x-ent b'nod of the chevaliers, which
■ 'every effort to efface them, retain
- -h hue, a- if to bear eternal witness
■ ' . ty perpetrated on them. Higher
-e mountains, the castle of Landsee ris-
Te tn e surrounding country One of its
' po>se--ors, in coosequeuce of a fit of
j 'C caused Lis young and beautiful wife
tnnred here A few days afterwards,
7 convinced of her innocence, he broke
r** sof her prison. But his repentance
■ .• Overwhelmed by ncessant re
• or his feul deed, the husband made a
. ' the remainder of his davs as a ber
r - the very cell in which his wife had en-
V; he horrors of a death by starvation.
• „ 1 * wg a enrp of six thmiMnd regtilw
* r '- Matthiaa th-ni bim-vlt, and
T aii-t 46 * is<> ' n lime of l"* r *- lhe ,la *
~, *, Ti.s legion mi-u-rrd tle bravest men.,
'. 7-., _ u * r :rr *t!stiUe charge often decided a vicio- ,
"• —l£ tic* the most of tbem by aaune.
THE BRADFORD REPORTER.
ID the vicinity of Landsee, upon a steep rocky
summit, is the fortress of Forcbtensteio, still in
good preservation, wheriu the vast family
treasures of the Princes of Eszterbazy are
guarded by greuadiers kept in their pay.
The most picteresque of all castles in that
neighborhood are the stately ruins of Kirchs
chalg, encircling the brow of a conical moun
tain projection, and overlooking a magnificent
valley and a borough of the same name.
About hall au hour distaut from that place,
in easteily direction, stands an isolated lower
ou a granite block, its mossy walls partly hid
den by lolly fir trees. It was in former times
otic of the fortifieatious erected at the com
mand of Matthias for the protection of the
borders, aud is situated at the left bank of a
mountain rivulet, which at that point, for sev
eral miles, forms the boundary between Hun
gary aud Austria. The secluded nook is
kuowu as the " Grave of the Hungarian Girl,"
a name well adapted to its loneliuess aud sol
emn stillness. But the melancholy the place
iuspires is changed into paiutul sympathy,
when reealhug the traditions attached to it,
the touching as well as soul-stirring episodes
. which invest that otherwise unimportant ruin
! with an unfading interest, and at the same time
| couuects its fate with that of the castle of
The facts, as they were narrated to us, ran
j thus : \\ heu Matthias establish*! his line of
i defence, the land in the vicinity of the " Grave
j of the Uuugariau Girl," fell to the share of
| Karol, a gallant officer in the Black Legion,
who, alter buildiug his stronghold, settled with
his family and a dozen men-at-arms, clearing
trorn the woodiaud as much ground for agri
cultural purposes as was necessary lor their
At that period, the castle of Kirschlag be
longed to a powerful and wealthy Austrian,
Ma gnate, the Count of Fuchheim, who besides
possessed several other castles and seigniories
throughout the land He was of the new fa
vorites ol Frederick IV., hating the Hunga
rians most heartily, and ravaging their coun
try 011 every plausible opportunity. As he
however, plundered uot only Hungarians, but
also his own countrymen, the people bestowed
on him the expressive deuominaliou of the
"j Knight of Evil.
Fuchheim was aw idower, with an only son,
Rudolph, a youth of noble disposition, who,
quite the reverse of his father, abhorred his
nightly revels and predatory excursions. He
therelore, so otteu as he could, withdrew from
the banquetiDg at Kirschlag, and, taking his
bow and arrows, rode out to hunt in the for
ests of his father's dominions, which even now
a-days have an inexhaustible supply of game.
Oue evening, as he bent his way homewards
along the winding course of a rivulet, his ears
caught the tones of a female voice, singing the
" Ave Maria," with touching sweetness, whilst
the eveuing bcii tolled from the castle. With
mingled feelings of pleasant surprise and curi
osity, Rudolph followed the sound, and after
a ?hort walk, at a sudden turn of the path, be
hiud the overhanging cliff, he discovered a
sceue of peculiar interest. On the deep bank
of the sparkling streamlet, which ihere formed
a clear bay, a maiden of uncommon loveliness i
j knelt ou the green turf, teaching her little sis
' ter ttie tuelody of that evening prayer, her
I countenance lightrd up with an expre-don of '
j childlike piety. The group was charming, but
j more so the songstress, who, in the first
bloom of youth, looked the very picture ol in
nocence and beauty. No wonder that the
scene produced a marvellous effect upon the
I young count, and he uncousciously tarried,lost
in contemplation, uutii he was accosted by a
warrior ot imposing appearance w ho, on learn
, ing the name of the stranger, introduced him
to his daughter Gizela, inviting him at the
same time as a good neighbor to bis house.
Karol led his guest and children up a flight
of stairs, rudeiy hewn into the rock, to a spa
cious cieariug, where, round a mas-ive watch
tower, stood several huts, surrounded by a
plot of arable laud,, the whole enclosed by a
rampart and ditch There, ou Hungarian
groiiu 1, Rudoph enjoyed the hospitality of the
simple but true-hearted inhabitants, giving
hnn>elf up wholly to the uucontrolable emo
tions which the presence of the commander's
eldest daughter awoke in hioi. The host's
friendly wish, that the young count should re
peat his visit was a welce me pretext for his
coming agaiu and again to the Hungarian set
tlement, till at last he felt that lie could not
exist one day without listening to that voice
which thrilled through his every nerve—with
out seeing those features that reminded him
of a picture of a guardian angel in the castle
chapel ol Kirschlag. When unable any longer .
to resist the toree of his love, he avowed the
state ot his heart Gizela, whose affections he
already possessed. They mutually plight
ed their faith, aud the father of the maiden
blessed their happiness with a feeling of per
fect and conteut, caring little withiu their owu
fairy circle for the egotistcal scheme of the
outer world, where, however the e'.orm was
already gathering round their heads, that
would so soon break upon their bliss with an ,
Among the gurrison at the watch tower was
a vouth, by birth, a German whom Karol,
when a boy, baa rescued from destruction, at
the storming of an Austrian fortress. From
that time, the warrior kept him iu his family
as a playmate for Gizela. The youth con
ceived a violent passion for the maiden his
suit, however, having been rejected, bis love
changed into hatred to which the saceess of
the young count added fresh aliment. His
keen", jealous eye detected without much diffi
cultv.lhe cause of Rudolph s daily visits, aud
ou remarking the progress be made in the
maiden's favor, the ungrateful miscreant,
forgetting the numerous marks of kindness
bestowed upon hira, by the family of his bene- j
factor resolved on betraying the secret of the
lovers to Rudolph's father. He nccordinglv
hastened to the castle, aud informed Count
Fuchheim Low affairs were going on iu the
Hungarian watch-tower. The wrath of the
haughty magnate was terrible. Besides his j
■ hatred against Hungary, he felt his arristo- j
1 cratic pride and prejudices deeply wounded bj
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. 0. GOODRICH.
the proceedings of his son. In order at once
to put a stop to his youthful lolley, as he
deemed it, he informed his son two weeks from
that day he was to wed the daughter of a neigh
At this intimation lludolph felt the crisis'of
his fate last approaching. Fully aware of the
uelessuess of openly opposing his father's
will or of imploritg his pity, he withdrew ap
parently satisfied, and rode over to Karol, to
communicate the sad intelligence to him. The
warrior knew of only one way to surmount
the mighty obstacle, and that was to go with
out delay to King Matthias at Vienna, Irom
whose justice and humanity he promised him
self the most satisfactory result. WheD the
day for their setting out was once fixed, the
betrothed quickly forgot their troubles aud
now began to look upon their dreams of a
glowing future as already realized.
Although the preparations for the journey
were made with great precaution, still the
Austraiu traitor's suspicions were aroused,
and no sooner were they confirmed, than he
again sped to Kirschlag, imparting the fresh
tidings to the count, who was just then making
merrv with several boou companions, lleateil
by wine and passion, Puchhieui swore, in the
presence of his guests, to prepare a suitable
nuptial couch for his Hungarian daughter-iu
It was the evening before the day of de
parture. Rudolph and Gizela had visited fur
the last time, all the places so endeared to
them by a thousand sweet remembrances. —
Before entering the dwelling, they lingered at
a lovely spot not far from the ramparts, cast
ing a farewell look on the glorious mountain
scenery, bathed in the gray hue of approach
ing twilight. Lost in silent reverie, aud over
whelmed by au inexplicable feeliug of saduess,
they did uot remark that uight" aud darkness
gradually spread over valley and mountain.
As the girl leant on his shoulder, Rudolph,
al! ou a suJdeu, felt her whole frame shudder
violently. Tue uext moment, with a faint
shriek, she sank iuto bis arms, her breast
pierced by au arrow, aud her heart's blood
gu.-hing in a warm stream over her lover,who,
iu a paroxysm ol mingled agony and madness,
I sprang forward towards a thicket, from
whence the deadly miss le was shot. Freeeiv
ing the figure d a man moving off stealthily,
Rudolph, with a bound, fell upon him, plung
ing his dagger, in mute rage, repeatedly into
, the breast of the murderer.
! The catastrophe soon became known at the
settlement, and Karol hastened with lighted
torches to the spot, from whence two bodies
were carried into the fortification ; one was
Rudolph's father, the couut of Fuchheim, and
the other the victim of his vengeance, the
geutie Gizela, lovely even with the impress of
death ou her pallid cheeks. The former still
lived, and he spent his last breath in cursing
Ins son, who Mood aghast between the corpses
of those whom he most loved aud venerated
Gizela was buried near the tower, and her
untimely fate awakened so much sympathy
tiiat the people immortalised her memory by
giving the place the uuuie already meutioned.
The bereaved lather left the mournful spot,
and settled farther eastward iu the Raboitz
Valley, where the village of Karl now stands.
Rudolph, broken-hearted, joined the war iu
the East against the infidels, from whence he
never returned. He was the last of the di
rect line of the Fuehheims. The castle be
came deserted, aud left graduully to fall into
The inhabitants in the vicinity of Kircbs
cag uffirm, that at midnight, they
bear the tramping of Rudolph's horse, as he
gallops up the mountain ri ge that separates
the castle from the watch-tower, where he
halts at the grave of his betrothed, until the
cock calls biui back to his distant resting
THE FF.RIOD IN* WHICH COAL WAS FORMED.—
Of the lapse of time in the formation of our
coal fields we cannot have the faintest concep
tion ;it is only measured by Him with whom
a thousand years are as oue day. But the
magnitude of time is not surpassed by the
boundlessness of the providential care which
laid upon these terre.-triai treasures in store
for his children, whom he was afterwards to
call into being. Let them therefore dismiss
this profitless subject with one illustration
Mr. Maciaren, by a happy train of rcasouing,
for which I refer the reader to his " Geology
of Fife," arrives at the conclusion that it would
require a thousand years to form a bed of coal
one yard thick. Now, in the South Wales
coal field there is a thickness of coal of more
than thirty yard", which would have required
a period of 30,000 years for its formation. If
we now assume that the 15,000 feet of sedi
mentary materials were deposited at the aver
age rate ot two feet in a century, correspond
ing to the rate of subsidence, it would have
required 3.807,000 years to produce this coal- j
field.— Hull's Coal Field of Great Britain.
MENTAL EXCITEMENT. —Bad news weakens
the aciion of the heart, oppresses the lungs,
destroys the appetite, stops digestion, and par- ,
tiaily su?peiids all the functions of the system.
Au emotion of shame flushes the face ; fear
blanches it ; and an instant thrill electrifies a
miliiou of nerves. Surprise spurs the pulse in
to a gallop. Delerium infuses great energy.
Volition commauds, and hundreds of muscles
spring to execute. Powerful emotion ofteu
kills the body at a stroke : Ghilo, Diagaros,
and Sophocles died of joy at the Grecian
games. The news of a defeat killed Philip V.
The door keeper of Congress expired upon
hearing of the surrender of Coruwallis. Emin
eut public speakers bare olteu died iu the
midst of an impassioned burst of eloquence, or
when the deep emotiou that produced it sud
denly subsided. Largrave, the young Parisian,
died when he heard that the musical prize for
which he bad competed was adjudged to
The doctor is often an overtaker that
makes work for the undertaker.
" REGARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER."
A HOLE IN THE POCKET.
Jonas Slack and bis wife commenced house
keeping, as many other young people do, with
■ little means for defraying the necessary expen
ses ; but as he was a good mechanic, he could
geuerally find employment in bis native village,
and she being au iudustrious littie woman, be
sides doing her house-work, earned considera
ble in the course of a year, by doing plain sew
ing. But still they did not seem to prosper as
did Ned Bowen aud his wife, who commenced
house-keeping near theui about the same time,
uuder cimilar circumstances. The reason why
aud the way lie made the discovery, we will
I let him tell in his own words :
My wife said to ce ODe evaniDg— " Mr.
Slack, I wish to get some thread aud needles
at the store, and want a little change."
I felt iu my pocket, examiued my wallet
thoroughly, but could find nothing that would
pass for curreucy at the store, and reported
the unpleasant fact to her.
" Why," said she, " what has become of the
half-dollar I gave you this moruiug, that I
got from Mrs. Jones for sewing ?" (She had
always made me cashier of the firm.)
Alter another unsuccessful attempt to find
it, 1 said :
" Mrs. Slack, I think there must be a hole
in my pocket, lor certaiuly I have not got it,
and 1 do not think of any thing I have paid it
" I will look at your pockets this evening,"
said she mildly, " aud w.U mend them if they
It was not long after this conversation that
I remembered having treated myself and three
friends to ice cream and oranges at a coufec
tiouer's shop, but concluded to keep the discov
ery to myself.
" I could not find any hole in your pocket
last night," said my wile, the next moruiug, iu
a geutie tone, and with a look that my feel
iug- prevented me from scanning closely ; and
all the reply I felt willing to make was, "Ah,
couldn't you ?"
A few days afterwards she called on me for
twenty-five cents she had lately deposited iu
my sub-treasury for safe keepiug.
" Really, Mrs. Slack," said I, thinking it
best to show a bold front, " there must be
some corner oi seam in my pocket that is open"
—though really I could not tiud one, anymore
than I could the missing quarter.
" If there is it is singular that 1 did cot find
it the other eveoiug," she said iu her usnal
quiet way, " but 1 will be sure to liud it this
evening if there is auy."
Uu the way to my work after dinner, while
passing the Arcane Saloon, the fate of my
wife's quarter came distinctly to my mind. It
bad vanished iu smoke iu front of that institu
tion ; i. e., it had paid for five finely flavored
cigars which some of my village friends bad
helped me to dispose of while discussing poli
tics there the previous eveuing.
Mrs. Slack had never told me whether she
found auy hole in my pocket or not ; and I
did not feel disposed to push the investigation
ou the subject auy further.
Although I was seldom entirely out of mo
ney, still it was unpleasantly scarce. Iu fact
I spent more than I was aware of, in small
items, from day to day, for the doable purpose
of maintaining nay reputation of being a "clev
er fellow," aud to gratify my appetite or fame
for thiugs 1 could have doue very well with
The result was that I did without things
at home which tuy wages would have enabled
me to buy, aud left some for charitable pur
Uuc day I was presented with a subscrip
tion paper for the Orphan Asylum, which I
reluctautiy banded back without siguing, with
the remark that I really could not afford
My wife smiled sadly, as she said to me in 1
an undertone :
" Ned Bowen subscribed five dollars."
" I dou't see how he can afford it," I re
plied, " as he does not get any better wages
or work more hours thau I do."
A few days after the foregoing event, on
an iuvit&tiou from Ned Bowen and his wife, 1
we spent an evening at their house, which we
found much better furnished than our own,
though there was no apparent attempt to
make any needless display of furniture.
The evening passed pleasantly away, but I
could aot avoid some unpleasant feelings when
ever I contrasted their home with the appear
ance of "our own.
" I wonder," I said to my wife, on our way
home, " if Bowen don't go in debt for some.of j
their furniture ?''
" He does not," she replied, " for his wife
told me that they do not owe a dollar in the :
" But how can they live as tbey are doing
on his wages, if he gives live dollars at a time j
for charitable purposes ?"
" I think I can tell you," said my wife, in a
" Well, do, if you please," I replied, Dot a
little curious to know what her ideas ou the
"Well," she continued, " iu the first place,
she never buys for herself any unnecessary
finery, and takes good care that uotbiug is lost
or destroyed that comes into the house—" I
" But," said I, interrupting her, " I doubt !
amazingly whether she is more careful iu that
respect than my own model wife,"
" In the second place," said she, " he is as
careful iu these respects as she is. He buys
no ice cream, oranges, cigars, Ac., neither for I
himself nor any of his pretended friends. In
short, my dear Mr. Slack, he has no bole in
It was the first word of suspicion my wife
ever uttered on the subject, and that fact, to- j
getber with the conviction that she clearly saw
—and so unexpectedly—but in so kind a man
ner told me the real cause of the d:ffereoce be- j
tvrcen our home and that of Ned Bowen and
his wife, cut me to the quick—or rather, I
should have said, it sewed me up, &Dd my ,
pockets too ; they have never been in holes j
since that evening. Her chaDge has always
been safe in them ever since, and onr home
now will not suffer by a comparison with that
of our friends, the Bowens. With good books
and papers, I can spend my leisure hours more
pluasantly and profitably at home thau any
where else ; and the saving of small expenses
more than pays for them, aud is the secret of
Too Good to Keep.
An afflicted lady, according to her own ac
count, had a year before, during the perform
ance of her toilet, accidentally taken into her
throat oue of the bristles of her tooth brush.
This bristle had stuck in the top of the gul
let, aud set up au irritation, which she was
convinced was killing her. She had been
from one surgeon of eminence to another, and
everywhere iu Loudon aud iu the contry the
faculty had assured her that she was only the
victim of nervous delusion—that her throat
was in a perfectly healthy condition—that the
disturbance existed only iu her own imagina
tion. " And so they go on, the stupid, obsti
nate, perverse creatures," concluded the poor
lady, " saying there is uotbiug the matter with
me, while I ara—daying—dying—dying !"
" Allow me, my dear lady," said the adroit
surgeon in reply, " to inspect for myself, care
fully, the state of your throat." The inspec
tion was made gravely, and at much length.
"My dear Miss ," resumed the surgeon,
when he had concluded his examination, " you
are quite right, and Sir Benjatniu Brodie and
Sir James Clark are wrong. I can see the
head of the bristle low down, almost out of
sight ; and if yon' l ! let me run home for my in
struments, I'll forthwith extract it for you."
The adroit man retired, and in a few min
utes re-entered the room, armed with a deli
cate pair of forceps, into the teeth of which
he had inserted a bristle taken from an ordi
nary tooth brush. The rest eau be imagined.
The ladv threw back her head ; the forceps
were introduced iuto her mouth ; a prick—a
loud scream ! aud 'twas all over ! and the
surgeon, with a smiling face, was holding up
to the light and inspecting with lively curiosity,
the extracted bristle.
The patient was in raptures at a result
which proved That she was right, and Sir
Benjamin Brodie wrong. She immediately
recovered her health aud spirits, and went
about everywhere sounding the praises of "her
savior," as she persisted iu calling the dexter
ous operator. So enthusiastic was her grati
tude, she offered him her hand iu marriage
aDd her noble fortuue. The fact that the
young surgeon was already married, was an
iuseperable obstacle to this arrangement. But
other proofs of gratitude she lavishly shower
ed on him. She compelled him to accept A
carriage and horses, a service of plate aud a
Unfortunately, the lucky fellow could not
ketp his own good counsel. Like foolish
Samson with Deliliah, he imparted the secret
of bis cunning to the wife of his bosom ; she
confided it to Louise Clarissa, her social friend
who had been her bridesmaid ; Louise Clarissa
told it under vows of inviolable secrecy to six
other particular friends; aud the six other
particular friends—base and unworthy girls—
told it to the world. Ere long the story came
round to the lady herself. Then what a storm
arose ! She was in a transport of furv ! It
was of no avail for the surgeon to remind her
that he had unquestionably raised her from a
pitiable condition to health and happiness.—
That mattered not. He had tricked, fooled,
bamboozled her ! She would Dot forgive him,
she would pursue him with undying vengeance,
she would ruin him I The writer is bappv to
know that the surgeon here spoken of, w h tse
prosperous career has been adorned by much
genuine benevolence, though uuforgiveD, was
How ONE FEELS WHEN HE IS SHOT. —We
take the following from a letter written by
one of our gallaot lowa volunteers, who
fought in the battle near Springfield, Mo., " I
' was standing, or rather kneeling, bebiud a lit
tle bush, reloading my musket, just before the
' rebels engaged in this clo.se worx retreated.—
Suddenly I felt a sharp pain in the shoulder,
and fell to the ground. Jumping up, ooe of
our boys asked me if I was hurt. I replied
that I thought not, drew my musket up to
fire, when he said, " Yes, you are shot right
through the shoulder." I think it was this re
mark, more than the wound, which caused the
field, all at once, to commence whirling around
me in a very strange manner. I started to
leave it, with a half once musket ball in my
shoulder, and ouee or twice fell down with
dizziness ; but in a short time recovered suflfi
. ciently to be able to walk back to Springfield
uiue miles, where the ball was taken out."
A schoolmaster, in a neighboring town
wishing to discover the talents of his scholars
for geoeraphv, aNked one of the youngest of
them, what State he lived in? The boy re
" A state of sin and misery."
■feay Mrs. Fanny Barrows, aged 93, a na
tive of Groton, Conn., who was twelve years
I eld at the time of battle of Fort Griswould,
j and assisted in making garments for the Rev
olutionary soldiers, is now kitting socks for the
R.hode Island volunteers, iu Frovideuce.
Luxuries soon cease to be sources of
pleasure, and become mere necessaries, the
passessiou of which gives no enjoyment, but
the privation of which is a positive pain.
It is a pleasant and profitable habit to
store up agreeable images of the past, with a
view to present and future improvements as
well as enjoyment.
No cabinet maker can make an easy
chair for a discontented man.
6&~ It is estimated that Virginia has al
ready lost more than 5,000 of her slaves.
VOL. XXII. NO. IT.
The annual examinations of teachers for this
couuty, wilt be holden in accordance with the
following programme. In three or four instances
two townships have been put together, in order
that the inspections may all be held before the
winter schools commence. Examinations wilT
commence precisely at 10 o'clock a. m., none
will be inspected who do not come in before
11, unless the delay be unavoidable. Each
teacher must bring Sander's fifth Reader, one
sheet of fools cap paper, pen, ink and led
pencil. All who intend to teach during the
year mast come forward and be examined.—■
None will be examined privately unless an
attendance upon the examination was impossi
ble, old—certificates will not be renewed.—
Directors and others interested, are earnestly
iuvited to attend.
Oct. 15—Wells & South Creek, Rowley School House,
" 16—Columbia. Au-teusviile
" 17—Spriugfield, Centre School House,
" 13—Ridgbury, Pennyville,
" 19—Smithfield, Centre School House,
" 21—Troy £ Armenia, Boro' School House,
" 22—Canton, Corners School House,
" 2J—Franklin £ Leßoy, Chapel's School House,
" 24—Granville, Taylor's School House,
" 25—Burlington, Boro' School House,
" 2ti—Monroe, Borough School House,
" 28—Wysox, £ Standing Stone, Myersburgh,
" 29—Koine, Boro' School House,
" 3D—Orwell, Hill School House,
" 31—Pike, Leßaysville,
Nov. I—Herrick. Laiidon School House,
•' 2—Wyalusing, Merryail,
" 4 —Tuscarora. Ackley School House,
" s—Terry £ Wilmot, Terrytowu.
" 6—Albany £ Overton, Browns School House,
" 7—Towuuda, Boro' School House,
" 11—Asylum, Frenchtown Lower House,
" 12—She-hequin £ Ulster, Kinuy School House,
" 13—Athens, Boro' School House,
" 14—Litchfield, Centre School House.
" 15—Windham, Kuykendall School House,
•' 16—Warren, Boweu School House,
Aug. 3.1861. C. R. COBURN.
Seer The followiug letter, as will be seen,
was writteu in reply to a question of a county
j Superintendent, relative to his duty toward
teachers of his county, who held certificates,
and were in the habit of using profane langu
age. It is an old letter, it is true, but it in
volves principles that are as important now as
they were twenty years ago. If any teachers
who may read this letter, are accustomed to
thus degrade themselves, they will do well to
think upon the subject seriously :
Photnii, Sept. 10, 1824.
DEAR SIR : —Having expressed my convic
tion to a party of teachers not long since,that
1 should consider habitual profanity a suffici
ent grouud for annulling a certificate, some of
them considered me altogether too rigid. I
therefore thought to lay the subject before yoo
for your consideration. Your views upon this
question will be read with interest by the pub
lic, exert a salutary influence on the great mass
of teachers, and confer a lasting benefit on the
O W. RANDALL,
Dept. Sup. Oswego Co.
Hon. SAMUEL YOUNG.
Albany, October 6, 1842.
DEAR SIR : —You iuform me that your
opiniou that habitual profanity wculd be a
sufficient grouud for anuulling a certificate, is
deemed by some teachers "altogether too
rigid," and yon ask my views on this subject.
In the first place, I cannot imagiue under
what construction of law, or code of morality,
an individual addicted to habitual profanity,
could ever have obtained a certificate as a
qualified teacher. 15ut sach a certificate hav
ing been procured, no matter by what means,
I should deem it the imperative duty of any
tribunal haviug the power, to affix upon it at
the earliest moment, the blot of annulment,and
if possible of oblivion.
" Good moral character " is made by the
statute, an indispensable requisite to the quali
fication of a teacher. " Profaße cursing and
swearing " is a legal offence, punishable by fine
and in default of payment by imprisonment.
Can ebony oe mistakeu for topaz? Can "good
moral character" be ascribed to bim, who
" habitually " puts both the laws of God aod
man at defiance ?
Most of the crimes and vices which afflict
and digrace society, can plead that they are
based upon some of the animal gratifications.
It is to satisfy his real or factitious physical
wants, that the thief commits larceny. The
glutton, in the indulgence of bis appetite, is
sustained by a precedent " rnnniug on alt
fours " in the swine ; and the gross debauchee
can claim the goat and the moukey as his
brothers ; hut profanity is a spontaneous ex
hibition of iuiquity, a volunteer sin committed
without temptation, and without reward ; a
bustard vice destitute of parentage—wholly
disowned by nature. Phreuologists profess to
find the location upon the huniau skull of all
the animal propensities. No one, however,
has yet been able to detect the " bump " of
profanity. Pandora's box is full without it;
and the amateurs in human mischief and human
misery have superadded this as a mere gra
I can conceive of nothiug more horrible and
repulsive than to send innocent little children
to a school, where th?y will be taught, either
by precept or example, to stammer oaths and
to lisp profanity. This is to poison the whole
stream ol life at its very source.
If you know any teacher within your juris
diction, who is addicted to the low and vulgar
vice of profanity, I advise you, in conjunction
with the town inspectors,to immediately annul
bis certificate—unless you believe that such
an exercise of power will impair your useful
ness, and not be sustained by public sentiment.
Should you so conclude, I direct that you
send to this department the name of such
teacher ;on the receipt of which,l will relievo
you from all responsibility on the subject.
SAMUEL YOUNG, Sufi Com. SCJMJ
0 W. RANDALL, Esq Drpt. Sufi Osvrge C*.