Newspaper Page Text
THE WAR BEGUN.
FORT SIJMPTER FALLEN.
From the mass of telegraphic dispatches
we give the following most important ones,
which though sufficiently indicating the surren
der of Fort Sumpter, are devoid of particniars :
CHARLESTON, Friday, April 13,12:30 a. nr.
War has at last begun. A terrible fight is
nt this moment going on between Fort Sumter
BDCJ the fortifications by which.it is surrounded.
The issue was submitted to Major Ander
son of surrendering, or of having a fire opened
on him within a certain time.
This he refused to do, and, at 4 o'clock this
morning Fort Moultrie began the bombard
ment by firing two guns. Fort Sumpter re
turned the fire and a fierce canuonading has
been kept up.
CHARLESTON, Aprii 13—Night.
Hostilities have for the present ceased, atrd
the Tictorv belongs to South Carolina. With
the display of the flag of truce on the ramparts
of Sumter, at half-past one o'clock, the firing
ceased, and unconditional surrender was made.
The Caroiioians Lad uo idea that the fight
was at an end so soon.
After the flagstaff of Anderson was shot
away, Col. Wigfall, aid to Gen. Beauregard,
at his commander's request, went to Sumter
with a white flag to offer assistance in extin
guishing the flames. lie approached the burn
ing fortress from Morris Island, and while the
firing was raging on all sides, effected a land
ing at Sumter. He approached a porthole
aud was met by Maj. Anderson. The com
mander of Fort Suuiter said he had just dis
played a white flag, but tbe filing from the
Carolina batteries was kept up, nevertheless.
Col. Wigfall replied tliut Maj. Anderson
must haul down the American flag; that no
parley would be granted. Surrender or fight
was the word. Maj. Anderson then hauled
down his flag, and displayed only that of
All firing instantly ceased, and two others
of Gen. Beauregard's staff, ex Senator Chest
nut and ex-Gcv. Manning, came over in a
boat and stipulated with the Major that his
surrender should be unconditional for the pre
sent, subject to the terms of Gen. Bcaure
Maj. Anderson was allowed to remain with
his men in actual possession of the fort, while
Messrs. Chestnut and Manning came over to
the city, accompanied by a member of the
Palmetto Guards, bearing the colors of his
company. These were met at the pier by
hundreds of citizens and as they marched up the
street to the General's quarters the crowd was
swelled to thousands. Shouts rent the air,
and the wildest joy was maoifestcd on account
of the welcome tidiugs.
After the surrender a boat with an officer
and ten men was sent from one of the ships in the
ofikg to Gen. Simons, commanding on Morris
Island, with a request that a merchant ship,or
one of the vessels of tjie United States be al
lowed to enter and take off the Commander
and garrison of Fort Sumter.
2>ir. Simons replied that if no hostilities
were attempted during that night,and no effort
was made to reenforce or retake Fort Sumter-,
he would give au answer at 9 o'clock on Sun
The officer signified that he was satisfied
with this and returned. This correspondent
accompanied the officers of Gen']. Beauregard's
staff on a visit to Fort Sumter. None but the
officers were allowed to land, however. They
went down in a steamer, and carried three fire
engines for the purpose of putting out the
flames. The fire, however, had been previous
ly extinguished by the excrtious of Major
Anderson and his men.
The visitors reported that Maj. Anderson
surrendered because his quarters and barracks
were destroyed, and he had no hope of recn
forccments. The fleet lay idly by dnring the
30 honrs of the bombardment and either could
not or would not help him; besides, his men
were prostrate from over exertion.
There were but five of them hurt—four
badly, and one, it is thought, mortally—but
the rest were worn out.
The explosions that were heard and seen
from the city in the morning were caused by
the bursting of loaded shells. These were
ignited by the fire, and could not be removed
quick enough. The fire in the barracks was
caused by the quantities of hot shot poured in
from Fort Moultrie. Within Fort Sumter,
everything but the casements is an utter ruin.
The whole thing looks like a blackened mass
of ruins. Many of the guns are dismounted
The side opposite the iron battery of Cnm
roing's Point is the hardest dealt with. The
rifled cannon from this place played great
havoc with Fort Sumter. The wail looks like
a honeycomb. Near the ton is a breach as
big as a cart. The side oppisite Fort Moultrie
is honeycombed extensively,as is that opposite
the floating battery.
Fort Moultrie is badly damaged. The offi
cers' quarters and barracks are torn to pieces.
The frame bouses on the island are riddled
with shot in many instances, and whole sides ot
houses are torn out.
The fire in Fort Sumter was put out and re
caught three times duriug the day.
Dr. Crawford, Major Anderson's surgeon,
is slightly wounded in the face. None of the
Carolinians are injured.
Major Anderson and alibis officers and men
are yet in Fort Sumter. I approached near
enough to the wall to see him bid adieu. In
addition to this, conversations were had,which
have been repeated to me.
A boat was sent from the Fort to-night to
officially notify the fleet at the bar that Major
Anderson had surrendered.
CHARLESTON, Snnday, Aprii 14.
Negotiations were completed last night.—
Major ANDERSON, with his command, will
evacuate Fort Sumter this morning, and will
embark ou board of the war vessels off our
Five of ANDERSON'S men are slightly woun
CHARLESTON, Sunday, April 14.
The steamer Isabel is now steaming up, and
will take Gerr. B-EACRROARDAO Sumter, which
will be turned over by Major ANDERSON to
the Confederate 3tates. ANDERSON and his
commaud, it is reported, will proeeed to New
York in the Isabel.
CHARLESTON, Sunday, April, 14.
Maj. ANDERSON and his men leave to-night
in the steamer Isabel at 11 o'clock for New
The fleet is still ousiJe.
It was a thilling scene when Maj. ANDER
SON and his men took thtir formal leave of
Port S mater.
&ctos from all Rations.
—The editor of the Northwestern Farnrer,
an ngricult-rral journal publUhed in lowa, has received
no less than fifty subscribers from Georgia, the first he
iias ever receive dfrom that part of the country. The
people there are very anxious to get information respect
ing the North with a view of removing thither. He has
also received several letters from South Carolina on the
same subject. There will he a large emigration from the
gulf States to the Northwest this season.
—Mr. Hassaurick, the new Minister to
Ecquador, is said to have thanked the President for hav
ing appointed him " to the highest place in Ms gift,"
which is nine thousand five hundred feet above the level
of the ocean; that being the height of Quito, the capital
in which he will reside.
—The official census of the United States
has just been completed, showing a total ot thirty one
million, four hundred and twenty nine thousand, eight
hundred and ninety one (31, 429, 891). Of these three
millions, Pine hundred and fifty-one thousand eight hun
dred and one are slaves.
—Among recent deaths at the South is
floticed that of an individual by the name ot St. Clair
Morgan, who claimed the honor of having fired the first
shot at the Star of the West, while that vessel was en
deavoring to reinforce Port Sumter. He was killed in a
duel by a Captain o'llarn,an officer ih Dragg's array.
—The Louisville Journal says:—ln 185G
we said luc time would come when any man who should
oppose the re-Opening of the African slave trade would
be denounced as an Abolitionist. Such a time came a
year ago. In the last Presidential canvass we said the
time would soon come when every man opposing the dis
solution of the Union would be denounced as au Aboli
tionist. Such a time has come now.
—The name of the Lock ITaveti <fc Tyrone
Railroad has been changed to that of the Bald Eagle
Valley Railroad, and a re-organizfition taken place, for
the purpose of resuming work upon that improvement.
—ln Erie county, Pa., a woman named
Barnes, 100 years old, is living. She is the widow of a
Revolutionary Pensioner, and receives a pension.
—Johu Morrissey, the pugilist, is reported
to be dead. It is said that he died on last Saturday
moiuing, in New York,of putrid sore throat.
Colonel Fremont has arrived in Paris,
taking with him a despatch hag to the American Lega
-—The London Times assists the memory
of English Creditors in reference to Mississippi Bonds,
of which President Jefferson Dhvis was the "Great ltc
pudiator. The Times suggests that the Bonds of the
Southern Confederacy may prove as valueless as those
—Mr. lieusten, the American Secretary
of Legation at Japan, was murdered by an armed party
of drunken natives, in a narrow street on his way home
—Florida has sold half a million acres of
wild land, to New Orleans speculators, at tico cents per
—The salary of the President is $25,000
per annum; of the Vice President, sfi,ooo; of each member
of the Cabinet, $3,000.
—The Southern people arc grumbiing at
the duty of two dollars a ton on ico. In the South dur
ing the heated term, ice is not merely a luxury, but a
Gen. W. T. Sherman, brother of the
Hon. John Sherman, of Ohio, who has for years been in
charge of the Military School of Louisiana, wrote a note
to the Governor of that State, a few days prior to Seces
sion, resigning his position as Superintendent in case ot
ike secession of that State. He was born under the Star*
and Stripes,and intended to be true to them.
—Rev. Dr. Nott, for nearly sixty years
President of the Union College, at Schenectady, N. Y.,
and Bearly ninety years of age, is seriously ill at Phila
delphia. Fears are entertained that lie may not recover.
—Gen. Scott is said to be engaged in writ
ing a full and accurate history of his own campaign'.—
The second volume is believed to be completed.
—A New Orleans paper says that the
agents of European capitalists who have sent their cap
ita! to Louisiana for profitable investment, have been
notified to withdraw the same and return it to its owners.
Parson Ilrownlow says of Jeff Pavs: "A
vile traitor, a trained rebel, and an inflated bigot, he as
richly deserves to be banged as ever old John Brown
—G. W. Lane, recently confirmed as Judge
for the northern and southern district of Alabama, will,
it is said, endeavor to hold his court at Athens, in the
Union part of the State.
—The Editor of the Allentown Democrat,
says that he was offered a large sum of money to sup
port Senator Schindel in his Tonnage Tax vote, and that
he look the maney.
—The cheerful Washington correspondent
of the Riehmand Examiner has got a new plan for taking
the Tortugas forts. He would sell the islands to France,
and " thus give Brother Johathan a war in which he
would soon get soundly thrashed."
—Gov. Morgan lias again vetoed the Sus
quebanna Railroad bill.
—There is now an active demand for gun
powder. The Argui says that the powder mills at
Schagticoke, near Albany, were recently visited by an
agent of the Government, since which operations on a
very extensive scale have been commenced, and a double
set of operatives put to work. It is understood the pro
prietors have received a large order for powder, and no
little excitement exists at the mills in consequence.
—The National Inlelligtnxr says: It will
be gratifying to the friends of the late President to know
that the reports concerning his health that have occas
ionally been published have no foundation. In a letter to
a friend in this city, dated at Wheatland, the Bth instant.
Mr. Buchanan says: " I have enjoyed excellent health
ever since my return to this place, and have not been sick
a single minute, notwithstanding what the papers say—
I feel ten years younger, though time rolls on apace."
—A day or two since, when one of the mail
bags coming from the South byway of Alexandria, Va.,
was emptied in the court yard of the Post Office, a box
addressed to Abraham Lincoln fell out and was broken
open, from which two copperheads, one four and a half
and the other three feet long, crawled out. The larger
one was benumbed and easily killed; the other was very
lively and venomous, and was dispatched with some dif
ficulty and danger. What are we to think of a people
who resort to such weapons of warfare?
—The Montgomery papers mention a terri
fic bombshell, invented by H. L. St. James, of Mobile, for
the exclusive use of the Confederacy. It is a long shell,
with two compartments, so contrived, that when it hits,
it will explode and scatter a destructive burning fluid,
which water cannot extinguish.
—The number of troops now serving in the
Pacific division, under the command of Brigad er-General
Johnson, is 3,650, including 227 officers. Of this number
1,425 men are stationed in California. The remainder,
1,925, are distributed throughout Oregon and Washing
—Fort Adams, in Newport (R. I.) harbor,
is said to be the largest and most formidable fortress in
the country. It cost about fiTe million dollars.
—The Legislature of Missouri has just pas
sed a bill instituting the death penalty for stealing horses
—Poesticks says that if people were sent
to Tophet by popular suffrage. James Buchanan would
go by a larger majority than any one who has traveled
that reed since the mar. Jhat invented icrnrdeon*.
Fl. O. (jOOI)RICH. } rn/TADe
R. >V. 9TURROCJC t \ EDIT*>RS
Thursday Morning, April 18, 1861.
JKa?" Martial law was declared in the res
trict of Columbia on Monday. Numbers of
volunteers were reporting themselves at the
The Government having exhausted its
forbearance is now about to enter upon the
discharge of its duty with energy. In another
column will be found the proclamation of the
President calling cut a force of seventy-five
thousand men cad 1 convening an extra session
of Congress on the Fourth of July. The call
for troops is enthusiastically icsponded too.
JKS" Our Congressional District under the
new Apportionment Bill is composed of the
following counties : Bradford, Montour, Co
lumbia, Sullivau and Wyoming counties, and
Northumberland county, excepting Lower Ma
hony township, (which is included in the 13th
district.) The judges of this district will meet
at the court house in Bloomsburg in the coun
ty of Columbia.
It is rcpo:ted from Pensacola that Fort
Pickens has been reenforced, and another re
port says that 400 men have been introduced.
This news comes through secession sources,
and cannot be entirely relied on, but it is
probable. Though this number of men will
not make up a full war garrison for the fort,
it will at least enable the defense to make a
more formidabla resistance than was made
by the handful of men in Sumter.
PENNSYLVANIA PREPARED —Gov. CURTIN,
who is now in Washington has declared that
the call upon this State will be responded to
within forty-eight hours, and that the men
may be in Washington by Wednesday evening.
Since he has been in Washington lie has re
ceived from the President of the board cf Phil
adelphia Bank President?, a tender of the en
tire sum of five hundred thousand dollars,
voted bv the Stale, iu anticipation of its being
provided for otherwise. One of the strongest
of the banks also telegraphs Gov. CURTIN that
he may draw at sight for any sum required to
meet present necessities.
PROBABLE ATTEMPT TO SEIZE WASHINGTON
The Administration lias satifactorv information
that the Confederate States have proposed,
immediately after reducing Fort Sumter, to
march on Washington with their army of
twenty thousand men, for which they will have
uothing else to do. Until recently, JEFFERSON
DAVIS was disposed to postpone that step un
till the secessiou of Virginia and Maryland
was effected, hut as he despairs of that now,
he believes that at the approach of his army
those Siates will immediately unite their forces
with his. Men who know those States well say
he is in error.
fiST" Senator Douglas called upon the Prcs
idem on Sunday evcuing, and assured him that
he was prepared to sustain the administration
in the exercise of all its constitutional functions
to preserve the Union, maintain the Gov
ernment, and defend the Federal Capital.—
He said : "Let bygones be bygones. If your
policy is only bold enough and decided enough,
I will stand by you to the end. The Republi
cans and members of all other parties express
the greatest delight at this decided confirma
tion of the conviction that the Northwest will
also be found a unit in this momentous hour.
Mr. DOUGLAS also expressed some chagrin at
the rumor that Illinois is only to be called
upon for three thousand men, as sho rffered
more volunteers for the Mexican war, in pro
portion, than any other State.
THE COMMISSIONERS appointed by the Vir
ginia Convention to wait upon the President
and ascertain from him personally the policy
which the Administration intend to pursue
toward the Confederate States, called upon
him on Saturday and executed the duty im
posed upon him. The President in his answer
which he communicated to them in writing,
simply reaffirms the language of his Inaugural
Address—that lis will "hold occupy and pos
sess" the public property in the Southern Sta
tes. In explanation, he further stated that
this language was intended to apply to the
period of his inauguration, but as the authori
ties at Charleston had seen fit to make an un
provoked assault upon Fort Sumter, lie now
felt himself at liberty to repossess himself of
that fortress. He also intimated that perhaps
he might find it necessary to withdraw mail
facilities from those States which had claimed
to secede, although the fact of secession is not
and will not be acknowledged.
J@-The Free States, in the aggregate lose
under the new apportionment, twelve members,
and gain thirteen, leaving a clear gain of one.
The Slave States lose twelve, and gain six, or
a clear loss of six. Relatively, the North will
staDd setew stronger in the Thirty-eighth Con.
gress than in the present, which, considering
the large increase in the apportionment, is a
very great gain. In the present Congress, tbe
Northern representation is 148, and the South
ern 90. In the Thirty eighth CoDgress, the
first under the new appointment, the Free
States will have 146 representatives, and the
Slave States 64
Message from the Governor.
The followiug is the message of Governor
Curtin, calling the attention of the Legisla
ture to the defects of the militia system of the
State, and recommending that the Legislature
adopt immediate measures to remove such de
PENNSYLVANIA EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, )
Hurrisburg, April 9, 1861. j
To the Senate and House of Representatives of
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania :
As the period Gxed fo? the adjournment of
the Legislature is rapidly approaching, I feel
constrained by a sense ct duty to call your at
tention to the condition of the military organi
zation of the State.
It is scarcely necessary to say more than
that the militia system of the State, during a
long period distinguished by the pursuits of
peaceful industry exclusivaly, has become whol
ly inefficient, and the interference of the Leg
islature is required to remove its defects, and
to render it useful and available to the public
Many of our volunteer companies do not
possess the number cf men required bv our
militia law, and steps should be forthwith ta
ken to supply these deficiencies. There are
numerous companies, too, that are without the
necessary arms ; and of the arms that are dis
tributed, but few are provided with the more
modern appliances to render them serviceable.
I recommend, therefore, that the Legisla
ture muke immediate provision for the removal
of these capital defects ; that arms be pro
cured and distributed to those of our citizm.s
who may enter into the military service of the
State ; and that steps be taken to change the
guns already distributed, by the adoption of
such well known and tried improvements as
will render them effective in the event of their
employment in actual service.
In this connection I recommend the estab
lishment of a Military Bureau at the capital ;
and that the inilitia laws of the Common
wealth be so modified and amended as to im
part to the military organization of the State,
the vitality and energy essential to its practi
cal value and usefulness.
Precautions, such as I have suggested, are
wise and proper at all times, in a Government
like ours ; hut special and momentous consid
erations, arising from the condition o f public
affairs outside of the limits, yet of incalculable
consequence to the people, and demanding the
gravest attention of the Legislature of Penn
sylvania, invest the subject to which your ac
tion is invited by this communication, with ex
traordinary int'-rest and importance. We can
not be insensible to the fact that serious jeal
ousies and divisions distract the public mind,
and that, in portions of this Union, the peace
of the country, if not the safety of the Gov
ernment itself, is endangered. Military organ
izations of a formidable charaeter, and which
seem not to be demanded by any existing pub
lic exigency, have been formed iu certain of
the States. On whatever pretexts these ex
traordinary military preparations may have
been made, no purpose that may contemplate
resistance to the enforcement of the laws, will
meet sympathy or encouragement from the peo
ple cf this Commonwealth. Pennsylvania
yields to uo State in her respect for, and her
willingness to protect, by all needful guaran
tees, the constitutional rights, flr.d constitu
tional independence of her sister States, nor
in fidelity to that constitutioua' Union whose
uuexampled benefits have beeu .howcred alike
upon herself and them.
The most exalted public policy and the clear
est obligations of true patriotism, therefore ad
tnonish us, in the existing deplorable and dan
gerous crisis of affairs, that our militia system
should receive from the Legislature that prompt
attention which public exigencies, cither of the
State or the Nation, may appear to demand
and which may seem, in your wisdom best
adapted to preserve and secure to the people
of Pennsylvania and the Union the blessing of
peace and the integrity and stability of our
unrivalled constitutional government.
The government of this jrreat State was es
tablished by its illustrious founder "in deeds of
peace ; r ' our people have been trained and dis
eiplined in those arts which lead to the promo
tion of their own moral and physical develop
ment and progress, and with the highest re
gard for the rights of others, have always cul
tivated fraternal relations with the people of
all the States devoted to the Constitution and
the Union, and always recognizing the spirit ol
concession and compromise that underlies the
foundation of the government. Pennsylvania
offers no counsel, and takes no action in the
nature of a menace ; her desire is for peace,
and her object, the preservation of the person
al and political rights of citizens, of States,
and the supremacy of law and order.
Animated by these sentiments, and indul
ging an earnest hope of the speedy restoration
of those harmonious and friendly relations be
tween the various members of this Confeder
acy which have brought our beloved country
to a condition of unequalled power and pros
perity, I commit the grave subject of this com
munication to your deliberation.
A G. CURTIX.
A SECESSION NEWSPAPER IN PHILADELPHIA MOD
PHILADELPHIA, Monday, April 15.
An excited crowd assembled this morning
before the printing-office on the corner of
Fourth and Chestnut streets, where the Pal
mello Flag, a small advertising sheet, is pub
lished. and threatened to demolish it. The
proprietor displayed the American Flag and
threw the objectionable papers from the win
dow, also the Stars and Stripes, another pa
per printed at the same office, restoring the
crowd to good humor. The Police was pre
PHILADELPHIA. Monday, April 15—12 M.
There is still much excitement about the
Palmetto Flog office. The whole square is
blocked up with people. The Mayor and
Police have possession of the buiiding. A
large American Aug is suspended across the
street. Some damage has been done to the
interior of the office by the mob. It would have
been entirely torn out but for the interference
of the Mayor.
Mayor HENRY made a speech to the crowd.
A dangerous mob feeling existed.
The Bulletin announces that the Secretary
of the Charelston Secession Convention, who
moved the secession ordinance, is now in the
city, at the house of a relative in the Tenth
The crowd has moved down to the Argus
office in Third-street, opposite the dock, order
ing that the flag should be displayed. The
police are protecting iT
The President's Proclamation.
By the President of Iht United States :
WHF.RF.AS, The laws of the United States
have been for some time past and now are op
posed, and the execution thereof obstructed,
in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, AI
abnina, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and
Texas, by combinations too powerful to be
suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial
proceedings, or by the powers vested in the
Marshals by law ;
Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, Pres
ident of the United States, in virtue of the
power iu me vested by the Constitution and the
laws, have thought lit to rail forth, and here
by do call forth, the Militia of the several
States of the Union, to the aggregate number
of 75,000 in order to suppress said combina
tions, and to cause the laws to be duly exec
cuted. The details for this object will be im
mediately communicated to the State author
ities through the War Department.
I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facili
tate. and aid this effort to maintain the honor,
the integrity, and the existence of our Nation
al Union and the perpetuity of popular go
vernment, and to redress wrongs already long
I deem it proper to say, that the first ser
vice assigned to the force hereby called forth,
will probably be to repossess the forts, places
and property which have been seized from the
Union, and in every event, the utmost care
will be observed, consistency with the objects
aforesaid, to avoid any devastation, any de
struction of, or interference with property, or
any disturbance of peaceful citizens in any
pmt of the country ; and I hereby command
the persons composing the combinations afore
said, to disperse and retire peaceably to their
respective abodes within tweuty days from
Deeming that the present condition of pub
lie affairs presents an extraordinary occasion,
I do, hereby, in virtue of the power in rne
vested by the Constitution, convene both
Houses of Congress. The Senators and Rep
resentatives are therefore summoned to assem
ble at their respective chambers at twelve
o'clock, noon, on Thursday, the fourth day of
July next, then and there to consider anil de
termine such measures as, in their wisdom, the
public safety and interest may seetn to de
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my
hand, and caused the seal of the United
States to be fixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this fif
teenth day of April, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty one,
and of the independence of the United States
WJI. II SEWARD, Secretary of State.
The Apportionment Bill.
The plan to divide the State into Congres
sional Districts, in accordance with the returns
of the late census, has been agreed upon by
the Apportionment Committee, and will un
doubtedly receive the sanction of the General
Assembly. The different counties are distrib
uted as follows :
lsf District Philadelphia, Second, Third,
Fourth, Fifth, Sixth m.d Eleventh Wards,
with a population of Rib,ooo.
•2 1. District Philadelphia, First, Seventh,
Eighth, Ninth and Tenth Wards. Popula
tion of 129,353.
31 District—Philadelphia, Twelfth, Thir
teenth, Sixteenth, Seventeetn, Eighteenth
and Nineteenth Wards. Population, 125,843
4th District—Philadelphia, Fourteenth, Fif
teenth, Twentieth, Twenty fust and Twenty
fourth Wards. Population, 127,864.
sth District—Bucks county, part of Mont
gomery, and the Twenty-fifth. Twenty-third
and Twenty second Wards of Philadelphia.—
Gtli District—Delaware. Cluster and Mont
gomery counties, south of the Schuylkill.—
Population, 115 047.
7th District —Berks and part of Montgom
erv. Population, 143,819.
Slh District—Lancaster, Population, 110,-
Oth District—Schuylkill and Lebanon.—
10th District—Lehigh, Pike, Monroe. Car
bon and Northampton. Population, 136,615
11th District—Susquehanna, Wayne and
Luzerne. Population, 159,281.
12th District—Bradford, Montour, Colum
bia, Sullivan anil Wyoming counties, and the
balance of Northumberland county not in
cluded in the thirteenth district. 133,187.
13th District—Dauphin and Yok counties
and Lower Mahouy township, in Northum
berland co , not included in the 12th district.
14th District—Union, Snyder, Junintn,
Perry and Cumberland counties. Population,
15th District —Somerset, Bedford, Fulton,
Franklin and Adams counties. Population,
IGtli District—Cambria, Blair, Hunting
don and Mifflin counties. Population, 101,-
17th District— Potter, Lycoming,
Clinton and Centre counties. Population,
18th District — Jefferson, Erie, Warren,
McKean, Eik, Cameron, Forest and Clearfield
counties. Population, 121,314
19th District—Crawford, Mercer, Venango
and Clarion counties. Population, 135,050.
20th District Indiana, Westmoreland and
Fayatte counties. Population, 127,382.
21st District —Allegheny county south of
the Ohio and AlUgheny rivers. Population,
22nd District—Allegheny, north of the Ohio
and Allegheny rivers, and Butler and Arm
strong counties. Population, 123,807.
23d District—Lawrence, Beaver, Washing
ton and Greene. Population, 123,287.
®ST" A private letter from a gentleman in
Manchester, England, received in New York,
says under date of March 27th : " What wir.h
bad crops last summer in this country, disturb
ed political affairs in the United States, over
trading to India and China, ete., I have never
seen commercial affairs in a worse condition
than they urc in England at this time; there
is a complete stagnation both in home trade
and shipping; and where the first relief is to
come from it is hard to determine—perhaps
from the United States, as it did iu tlio panic
of '57—'58." _
Adjutant Gen. Carrington, has issued
orders for carrying into effect the militarv law
of Ohio, which will concentrate 25,000 meß.
The Militia Act.
The following is the law adopted a t H •
burg, for (he better organization of the'v!"*
tia of the Commonwealth, and i<Mied |
Governor : °
SECTION 1. Be it enacted, V J- F Q-J
grand staff of the militia of this Com
wealth shall, in addition to the command
ciiief, who shall have one aid for each d : vi 6
to be appointed and commissioned |,y j!
ring his term of office, consist of one adini
general, who, until otherwise ordefed.
as paymaster general, inspector general
judge advocate, one commissary general *!'!!
one quartermaster general, who shall each k,
of the rank of lieutenant colonel, and wt'
shall lie appointed by the Governor, by
with the advice and conset of the Senate "
on the passage of this act, and to hold tiie
commissions during his pleasure ; and th
shall each give security in the sum of SV
SF.C 2 That the adjutant general shall f (
ceivoa salary of five hundred dollars p r
num, and in addition three dollars per d„
when actually engaged in the service of lri ' 0
State ; the quartermaster general andeotan,
sarv genera! shall each receive five dollars t.
day when actually engaged in the service -'
the State. It shall be duty of the Secretin
of the Commonwealth to prepare the rooj
formerly occupied by the canal commi*si ontr(
in the Capitol, for the use of the officers before
named, who shall be allowed one clerk, 4'..
salary of one thousand dollars per annum, to
be appointed by the adjutant general.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the ofEceri
before named to proceed at once to a tkoroua
organization of the militia of the State, r.j
the adjutant general shall keep a comply
and correct record of all the organizd TOIUJ
tecr companies of the State, including the
number of efficient men in each, and the tin®,
her and quality of their arms and equipment
and the captain of each company shall m.
monthly returns of the same to the adjatant
general. And should the President of t'&t
United States at any time make a rpquiaitloa
for part of the inilitia of this State for tj.
public service, the adjutant general shall take
the most prompt measures for supply ng ti
number of men required, and having thete
inarched to the place of rendezvous, and iu3
call them by divisions, brigades, regiments,*
single companies, as directed by tlie comma
SEC 4 That for the purpose of organ!:-;
equipping, and arming the militia of this Sv,-.
the sum of five hundred thousand dollars. •
so much thereof as way be necessary to can
out the provisions of this act, lie, and t!i
same is hereby, appropriated, to lie ynukt
the State Treasurer out of any money sot
SEC. 5. That should the ordinary revcium
of the State not be realized in time to m;
the expenditures that may be incurred nude
the provisions of this act, the (iuveraori
hereby authorized and empowered io am:
pate the excess receipts to the treasury sbme
the ordinary expenditures, including the inter
est 011 the public debt, by temporary loin,
based on the faith of the Commonwealth, 1:
a rate of interest not exceeding six per CM:-
urn. Such loans shall be negotiated bv t!i
Governor, at such times and iu such ainoiaa
(not to exceed the amount appropriate? n
the objects and purposes hereinbeforesuttd
shall require. The certificates of loan thill
be signed by the State Treasurer and emntrr
signed by tLe Governor, and shall not bp ti
tended beyond the close of the next fro
year, to which period the excess receiptsabon
the ordinary expert*)!:ores ar hereby pledged
for the payment of such loans
SEC. ti. That the adjutant general, quart"
master general, and cotnmissany general v,:M
expend such amounts of the money lx
appropriated us may be necessary to carr;B
the purposes of this act. All such e.t;iH
tore shall be made under the direction HOC ■
the advice and consent of the Governor,i*
no bill shall be paid without being eniioflS
by him aini afterwards settled in the 'xul
manner by the Auditor General ami Natl
Treasurer, when the auditor general s-Wi
draw his warrant on the State Treason? lot
SF.C. 1. That so much of any I,in umtr
he supplied by or contlict with rlie provision*
of Ibis act be, and the same are iitti'bj re
In North Towsnda. March 24th. 1861. of
CHARLOTTE, daughter of W. VV. and "
Eastabrooks, aged 16 Tears.
" The fairest (lowers we fondly love.
How soon their beauty dies !
But purer they will bloom above,
Iu bower* of paradise."
Heath entered that happy band of brother* " *
ters, and chose one as his victim. Sweet!) she 'it*! 1
the summons ; bidding an affectionate good bye to a 1
and telling them she was g< i ig home, she passed p*
Yes, GOD hath taken that loved one from earti *
transplanted her in a purer elirae in bowers of /J* 1
Now as the family circle gather together, the
chair, the hearing sigh and the falling tear all tc:. 9
" one is not."
Oh mourning ones, cease thy tears! Know yes*
angel form is lingering near? and though yoaffl*.'
er enjoy the society of that loved one again
you may fril her spirit presence gently wooing ,rt
the path of holiness, and when the great wcrt ■ •"
done, and the hour of departure is near, you nujV
behold her beckoning you away to join the great
circle iu the mansions of the blest.
"• In that bright liapppy land afar.
We'll find the loved, the lost;
And nought our happiness can roar,
Wuen life's rough sea is eroded
"VTOTICE —Tbe citizens of the
Jll cities and throughout the State
to competition for the place at which the nex t ,,.j
At. STATE FA ill shut! be held. Propo>a.-
inducements and advantages directed > th" ' J - _- t
Committee, appointed by the Executive I' x ,.
witl he received up to ami including May , j
Communications should be addressed to eilE'
following tiersous .-
W.M. COLDER.-1 a-.
JOHN 1. IU niEKFOfiP
JOHN II ZEIGI KB.
AMOS K. KAPIV , .n.
VTOTICE.—The stock subscribers I
if Towranda Telegraph Company [
Ward Hone, in TO IVAN DA. on S.tTl 1
day of April iuat.. at 4 o'clock, p nt '° r ' I
choosing a president. Secretary. Trea* ,rtr
rectors. C F WELLESh*|
C L. WAll' 1 .
♦5. F. MASON.
M C. MERC KB.
J £ :S4EL. I